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The N Th Next El Element...

National Institute of Technology, Raipur

Issue:I

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Pages 4

CHEANIT-An Introduction                  * +  1   '

 3 and experienced branch of engineering of NIT Raipur(formerly 

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GCET), Chemical Engineering branch has woven its own pertaining to reaction engineering. The Association along success story. The fact that the alumni of this department are with Dept. of Chemistry and Dept. of Biotechnology sucoccupying key positions in leading organisations of the coun- cessfully conducted â&#x20AC;&#x153;The National Symposium on Reaction try like Mr. Sudhir Vasudeva (ONGC, Director Offshore) who >  6$!#!@ +8J=>6$!#!13 <   '    will be going to head ONGC in few months or Mr. Sanjeev ticipation of many scholars from reputed institutions who presented their Mallick (Lead ideas in form Engineer, of presentaSaudi ARtions, while AMCO) to the guest lecname a few, tures from speaks for itthe alumni self how this and from Engineering other profescan provide sors such as the worth of Dr. K.D.P. the talent. Nigam from From the IIT D,Dr.I.M. last TeachMishra from erâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Day IIT-Roorkee, 5/9/2009.... a Dr. Shrichand spark was igfrom IITnited among Roorkee, Dr. the students Ajay Bansal for the re 8;< 7vival of the landhar, was Chemical an eye opener Associato the window     ing the rules to provide a channel for their vision, marking a of new technological developments. Shri. Sudhir Vasudeva, new milestone in the department history. Going beyond this Director (OFFSHORES) of ONGC, Mumbai, one of the erudite engineering, the journey of conception and innova- alumni, shared the working and functioning of the ONGC( tion started. Under the dynamic leadership & blessings of OFFSHORE) with an interactive presentation, kept simple for Dr.(Mrs.)S.K. Pandey (Director, NITRR) and guidance of our students to understand. An interactive session was also organHead of Department, Mrs. A.B. Soni and with immense help ised where he shared his experiences as a student and as a from Shri V.K. Singh, the association was formed on . This as- Director.(ONGC)  

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sociation was christened of our highly esteemed as â&#x20AC;&#x153;Chemical Engineeralumni, Mr. Sanjeev Maling Association of NIT  A desire to take a revolutionising leap started a series of activities which formed the foundation of lick, the then GM at CALS Raipurâ&#x20AC;? (CHEANIT) =     

with Mr. Singh as the CHEANIT. Lead Engineer, Saudi ARprofessor in-charge while  The initiation of the reaction has to be supported by AMCO, envisioned the the rest of the pillars conthe catalyst minds, absence of which will terminate new prospects being creatsisted of recent pass outs. it, so do contribute to keep the reaction goingâ&#x20AC;Ś. ed worldwide by Chemical Why a need of an AssociEngineers. The interactive ation for a branch which session with the students is running successfully                 - held many answers for entrepreneurship aspirants in technical tioning of dept.? Such questions can buzz in anyoneâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s mind.  ' X 

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    The aim is clear, more than helping in coordinating the dept., ented programming, and the future of consultancy services. CHEANIT will help to provide a platform for the students This is just the beginning, every second inspires to progress to inculcate the spirit of teamwork, leadership qualities, and out more by exploring the hidden opportunities and scale new management in organising events like Dept. competitions, heights. The initiation of the reaction has to be supported by seminars, workshops, symposium and interactive sessions of the catalyst minds, absence of which will terminate it, so do the alumni. And this was certainly the driving force behind contribute to keep the reaction goingâ&#x20AC;Ś. the idea of our Department tabloid â&#x20AC;&#x153;Tattva- the next elementâ&#x20AC;? â&#x20AC;&#x153;The quest for knowledge and imagination has one thing in common- both are boundless.â&#x20AC;? Driven by this thought and Events that were undertaken are as follows:  

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'  keeping a tradition of â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;bigger and betterâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; , weâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ll be working attracting many entries with Ishita Shrivastava and Akanksha in future for the betterment and advancement of the humanity.

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CHEMOTXICA Chemblog

Crisis Sparks k Opportunity

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risis is two edged sword. It brings the destruction of life as we have known it. It threatens our status quo, creating chaos where there was once stability. It challenges our beliefs & response patterns. It pushes our ability to cope. But crisis always brings opportunity for something new to develop from the ruins of our old way of life. It stresses us like the calculus problem in exam hall, too much to bear, yet easily forgotten with t h e j o y of an eight point something. Crisis offers many hidden X     ' 

the challenge to transform in the face of disaster. As people re-evaluate the meaning of life during their crisis, they often discover their life mission, giving them a greater sense of direction & purpose. J  

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strength they never knew existed. Crisis invites you to experience and release old fears. I can still recall the day when, one of my good friend, seemed to loose her power of speech in front of audience. It was my belief and her strength that          Y 3      X    



department, our professors played stellar role in acting as crisis manager and a guiding tool in preparing and moulding us. When in the face of crisis, many of us develop a profound sense of trust. Crisis is an opportunity, not a cert a i n t y. You can choose to take advantage of the energy in crisis or one can surrender to the feeling of despair & hopelessness. The adventure begins when you choose to use this opportunity to grow. I have heard & seen the people who have accepted the challenges and transformed their lives. These people are not special. They are not god-gifted. They are ordinary students just like you. If they can do it, so can youâ&#x20AC;Ś..

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ISSUE:I

I Think ...

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thought when I got this news. It may feel unrelated to, but I think its that.         Z    [

\     Tech club,which include USA, UK, China, Canada try, India has joined thee elite Techno breakt and Republic off Korea. This breakthrough for India was achieved by CSIR scienng at Institute of genomics g cs and Integrated Biology; who mapped a huge tist working      _      

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   X on chemical pairs in it, using sequencing nc lion technique that uses a supercomputing   '     J;=   '   <6{  '    %!!!

es that of desctop with Intel Core 2 Extreme Ext times processor! This project, Project Ch was announced in 2007 when Prof. ro S.Brahmchari (DG-CSIR) said :â&#x20AC;&#x153;It Blue Chip, ies having ng huge genetic ge would be a boom for countries resources.â&#x20AC;? He indicated that ut huge population, populati , diversity, homogamy m and low mobility of group.And time about hink gives Indiaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s I ia â&#x20AC;&#x153;Unity in diversityâ&#x20AC;? tyâ&#x20AC;? a true meaning. We, all of the its what I think

     

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Chem-Times

Using the sun to decontaminate wastewater

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photocatalytic water-cleaning system that removes organic and inorganic          XY'

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solar radiation has decomposed the contaminants. Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s effective for decontaminating water containing pharmaceutical agents; X-ray contrast media, chlorinated hydrocarbons from contaminated groundwater; harmful substances in exhaust-air scrubbing solutions from textile manufacturing; and toxic materials in municipal wastewater. It has a solar reactor 49-m long and 470-cm wide and can clean about 4,500 L of industrial wastewater, removing of all oxidizable contamination in 2 h(suitable conditions). The demonstration unit is able to completely clean the cooling water from the engine test facilities which is contaminated with rocket fuels and their combustion products, such as hydrazine derivatives. The hydrazine derivatives are slow to degrade with previously applied ultraviolet (UV) oxidation technology. The UV reactors consume large        

 

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the oxidant requirement of the iron-catalyzed RayWOx process is close to the theoretical demand, which saves 50â&#x20AC;&#x201C;80% of the hydrogen peroxide required. Modular construction of the RayWOx technology makes it easy to install and well suited to all building systems. KACO new energy has commercialized the technology under the RayWOx trade name. Source: www.che.com

â&#x20AC;&#x153;Those who educate children well are to be honoured more than parents, for these only gave life, those the art of living well.â&#x20AC;?


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Scintillations

Company Profile

The shadow over the seaThe BIG Spill !

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FEST ALERT

Mood Indigo,IIT Bombay

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PRAYOGâ&#x20AC;&#x201C;The Step Taken

ISSUE:I

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Techfest, IIT Bombay

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Springfest, IIT Kharagpur

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Saarang, IIT Madras

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Kshitij, IIT Kharagpur

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his past month has seen a lot of news stories about a â&#x20AC;&#x153;Manhattan-sizedâ&#x20AC;? plume of oil found in the Gulf of Mexico by researchers near the site of the BP Deepwater Horizon well. This sent my BS detector into the yellow zone, so I have been trying to get a better idea of just how much oil remains in the Gulf from this di  3 ;Â&#x2DC;  

  3 So I went to Wikipedia. There, you can        8' Â?Y <  ticle from the beginning of August, where the total volume of the leak was estimated to be 780,000 cubic metres of oil. Now, thatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s clearly in the category of â&#x20AC;&#x153;reasonable guessâ&#x20AC;? â&#x20AC;&#x201C; no one knows for sure. But it is very unlikely to be a factor of too larger or smaller than that, so letâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s just use that for now. There are a lot of other uncertainties, for example, the amount of natural gas (methane) that came  '     '  {'   

with time, and so on. But again, letâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s just ignore those. I can imagine two reactions to this com  Â&#x201D; #1 ^  Â&#x2DC;      $1

Thatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s tiny compared to the volume of the Gulf of Mexico! (I bet oneâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s political views might play a role in which reaction   Â&#x17E;1

If we were to take this volume and spread  

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cover an area of 780 million square metres, which is a square about 28 kilometres on a side. The satellite images of the oil slick showed affected regions much larger than that, from which I conclude that the thickness of the surface layer must have X

  

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times. (But check my math, somebody!) If all the oil were dissolved uniformly into the Gulf, which has a total volume three million billion times the size of the leak, the concentration would be about one third of one part per billion. Thatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s an interesting number all by itself, and not at all as small as it seems. But not all the oil leaked is in the Gulf â&#x20AC;&#x201C; much of it evaporated and a good deal has been consumed by bacteria. But the rest of it went somewhere, right? Now to the underwater plume. In the abstract of the Science Magazine paper that led to all the news stories, the authors said

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 Â&#x2026;  ##!!    sisted for months without substantial biodegradation.â&#x20AC;? So what is this plume? The authors de    Â&#x2018;      ' 

hydrocarbon signals or signal surrogates (i.e., coloured dissolved organic matter or   X

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than two standard deviations above the root-mean-square baseline variability.â&#x20AC;? That is, a place in the water where there is clearly oil present at detectable levels. It can be at quite low concentrations and still be detectable. One of the articleâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s main   '  Â&#x2018;\   

analyses for only monoaromatic hydrocarbons of several water samples gathered using survey guidance  

X zene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and total xylenes (BTEX) concentrations in excess of 50 Â&#x; "Â&#x161; ' 

   #Â&#x152; Y ' range from the well site.â&#x20AC;? This is all bad stuff we donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t want in the water or getting into the food we eat. The authors took a stab at making an estimate of how much oxygen depletion was occurring due to biodegradation of the oil, concluding that â&#x20AC;&#x153;it may require many   X  X   tenuate the hydrocarbon plume to the point that oxygen minimum zones develop that      Â&#x17E; 

\  eries.â&#x20AC;? Thatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s good news for marine life, I assume, but means that the subsurface oil will take quite some time to be biodegraded, which is bad in the longer term. So why hasnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t the media talked about that aspect of the article? There is no question that this was a huge amount of oil leaked into the Gulf and that the impacts will be felt for many years to come. It is an epic disaster by any measure and may have consequences no one has considered yet. But we have to be rational about the real impacts of the disaster, and rational about the real risks involved in deep water drilling. The only way is to continue vigorously the kind of research we saw in the Science Magazine article,   X     3 Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2013;



to release publicly everything it knows about the spill.

Source:Wikipedia.com

â&#x20AC;&#x153;Imagination is far more important than knowledge. Knowledge is what we know now. Imagination is all we may ever know.â&#x20AC;?


4

PEN WORKS

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For suggestions and queries mail at tattva.cheanit10@gmail.com

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ISSUE:I

Tattva, the next element.  

tattva chemical engineering tabloid nit rr national institute of technology raipur NITRR

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