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Hillsboro Banner Friday, August 31, 2012

Journey to be a priest includes roadblocks

Extension Notes

FATHER CASEY Continued from page 1

Kendall Nichols


Extension Agent TRAILL COUNTY

Cool stored grain Warm temperatures may have helped this year’s grain harvest, but those temperatures also may have created conditions that can cause stored grain to deteriorate. “Harvested grain temperatures of about 100 degrees are being reported,” says Ken Hellevang, a North Dakota State University Extension Service agricultural engineer. The optimum temperature for insect infestations and mold growth is about 80 degrees. Temperatures below about 70 degrees slow insect reproduction and feeding activity, and insects are dormant below about 50 degrees. The best way to keep stored grain from deteriorating or becoming infested with insects is to cool it. The allowable storage time, which is related to mold growth, is approximately doubled for each 10 degrees the grain is cooled. For example, the allowable storage time of 16 percent moisture content wheat is about 40 days at 80 degrees, 70 days at 70 degrees, 120 days at 60 degrees and 230 days at 50 degrees. Stored grain should be cooled with an aeration system immediately after harvest. The goal should be to cool it to near or below 70 degrees. As temperatures drop in the fall, stored grain will need to be cooled again, using aeration, whenever outdoor temperatures are 10 to 15 degrees cooler than grain temperatures. The grain temperature eventually should be cooled to about 25 degrees for winter storage. Air takes the path of least resistance, so cooling times will vary within a bin or grain storage. Check the grain temperature at several locations to ensure that all the grain has been cooled. Moisture migration is another issue in stored grain. Moisture migration will increase the grain moisture content near the top center of the stored grain if the grain is about 20 degrees warmer than the average outdoor temperature. That occurs because the air in the grain void spaces near the perimeter of the bin will cool as outdoor temperatures cool. The cool air will settle to the bottom of the bin along the bin perimeter, pushing air in the middle of the bin upward. As this air approaches cooler grain on or near the top surface of the bin, moisture will move from the air to the grain. These convection currents can increase the moisture content of the grain at or near the top surface by several percentage points, leading to grain deterioration. The magnitude of moisture problems due to moisture migration increases with bin size. Cooling the grain as outdoor temperatures cool reduces the convection currents and moisture migration. Grain stores best when it is dry, clean and cool. Weed seeds and fine foreign material, which usually are wetter than the grain, will accumulate in the center when the grain is loaded into a bin without a distributor, which can cause storage problems. This material should be removed from the grain by using a grain cleaner before placing the grain in the bin or by removing some of the grain from the bin after it has been filled, which sometimes is referred to as coring the bin. More information about grain aeration, handling and storage is available at You also can find this website by doing a search for NDSU grain drying and storage. Extension Notes sponsored in the Banner each week by —


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monsignor and the archbishop of Krakow during Casey’s youth was Karol Józef Wojtyła, who would later be named Pope John Paul II. “I would say I had very good examples,” he says. However, in the winter and spring of 1987, his journey to become a priest hit a roadblock after accusations were made against Casey by a new local pastor and associate pastor. On April 14 of that year, he was expelled from the seminary. “They fabricated a number of stories,” he says. “There were about 36 counts, and each of them disqualified me from becoming a priest.” Though the whole list was never revealed to him, the accusations included both clerical and behavioral issues that Casey was later cleared of by three independent commissions. He still doesn’t know the exact reason he was targeted. He insists many religious authority members were blackmailed into backing the government, as he believes the two pastors were collaborators with the government and secret service. After the allegations were found untrue, Casey remembers the director of the seminary calling out to him in distress, “What have I done? What have I done to you?” The director gave Casey permission to attend any seminary, in Poland and abroad, with an excellent evaluation. After receiving offers from across Europe, including Germany and Austria, he spoke with his uncle on the best course to pursue. “He said, ‘I’d rather you to go as far as possible because the Communists have long hands,’” Casey recalls. “And they did.”

Coming to America

On Dec. 22, 1988, Casey arrived in Detroit and passed an English proficiency test to allow him to attend American colleges. Locally, he completed theology and philosophy courses before transferring to the University of St. Mary of the Lake near Chicago in the summer of 1990. While at the institution, Casey had a number of classes taught by Father Jerome Listecki, current archbishop of Milwaukee. “I was very impressed with his style, his knowledge, wisdom and his kindness,” Casey says. “He was an excellent teacher – someone I look very much up to.” Listecki helped spark Casey’s interest in moral theology and applying Canon law in real life circumstances. His own circumstances took a harsh turn for the worse while in Chicago, however. The terms of Casey’s student visa did not allow him to seek employment outside of the campus community. “In Michigan I would work at the cafeteria or library,” he says. “The pay was around $1.60 an hour.” The University of St. Mary of the Lake campus closed during the summer, however. A foreign student with no ties to the area, Casey lacked a place to live and had no


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Casey’s pursuit of the priesthood has taken many turns, the latest being to Hillsboro.

employment options during the vacation period. Facing a homeless life or deportation, Casey attempted to hide as long as possible in his dormitory during his first June as a student. However, a security guard discovered him one night during the first week of vacation and forced him to leave. He took a pillow and a blanket and climbed into his 1982 Oldsmobile Delta 88 to stay for the next several days. Within 10 days, an overnight rain caused Casey to forget to roll down the windows, allowing the glass to fog. The same security guard entered the lot and asked him what he was doing there. “I said, ‘I told you a week or so ago I don’t have a place to go,’” he remembers. “He said, ‘You cannot stay here. Your car, since it has insurance, can stay here but you cannot be here.’ “So, I left.” Casey decided to stay under one of the city’s bridges that night and proceeded to stay there during two additional summers. During his second summer under the crossing, he was broke, had little food and was forced to pump liquid soap from a local rest stop dispenser for baths at a local lake. “(Those baths) would last me for a week or so,” he says. In communist Poland, Casey always had food, he adds. That summer in Chicago, he discovered what hunger felt like. One evening, after having nothing to eat the previous three days, he noticed the workers at a local Mundelein, Ill., McDonald’s taking the garbage out about 11 p.m. “I decided when everybody left around half an hour later, close to midnight, I’d check what’s in the garbage,” he says. In a large, black bag, he discovered hundreds of discarded hamburger buns. “Bread,” he says with a smile. “Clean and very tasty. “That’s how I managed to live that summer and the next summer, eating bread thrown out of the local McDonald’s.” (Editor’s note: Part 2 of Casey’s journey will appear in next week’s Banner.)

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