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September 2010

113

No.

關鍵新聞

NEWS BRIEFS

國際焦點 WORLD

ITALIAN TREASURES UP FOR SALE 義大利賣國寶還債? In an effort to reduce its debt, Italy is planning to sell 9,000 nationally owned buildings, islands, mountains, and more. Some of the prime1 pie c e s t h a t w i l l g o o n t h e market are a 900-year-old palace that was once home to kings and islands in Venice’s famous lagoon.2

威尼斯(Venice)潟湖區有數個小島待售, 價位都在數百萬英鎊之譜

為了降低債務,義大利正計畫賣 掉九千處國有建築物、島嶼、山脈及 更多資產。部份即將上市販賣的精華 物件如一座曾為國王住處、有九百年 歷史的皇宮以及威尼斯知名潟湖中的 小島。

字彙 Vocabulary 1.

prime [pra6m] adj.

最好的;主

要的 2.

lagoon [l4`gun] n.

位於西西里島( Sicily )的諾曼皇宮要價 8000 萬英鎊(約 38.96 億台幣)

潟湖

已列入世界遺產( World Heritage )的多羅 邁特山脈開價 300 萬英鎊(約 1.46 億台幣)

位於義大利西邊海上的聖史蒂芬諾島喊價

500 萬英鎊(約 2.43 億台幣)

考古發現 ARCHAEOLOGY

OLD SHIP SURFACES IN THE MIDDLE OF † MANHATTAN 九一一世貿遺址發現十八世紀古船 The busy construction1 site where New York’s World Trade Centers once stood came to a halt2 when a ship from the 18th century was uncovered3 twenty feet below ground. Archaeologists4 say the ship was sunk in the early 1800s to help add land to Manhattan Island. 紐約世貿中心原址所在處的忙碌建築工地因為在地表 下二十英尺處發現一艘十八世紀的船隻而暫停施工。考古 學家說這艘船是在十九世紀初期被弄沉以增加曼哈頓島的 土地面積。

字彙 Vocabulary 1.

construction [k4n`str9k]4n] n.

2.

halt [h7lt] n.

3.

uncover [9n`k9v0] v.

4.

archaeologist [%3rk6`3l4d.6st] n.

建築;施工

暫停;停止 發現;揭露 考古學家

† Manhattan [m1n`h1tx] 指「曼哈頓島;曼哈頓 區」,為紐約市的五大區之一。世貿中心(World Trade Center)原址位於此島南端。


台灣焦點 TAIWAN

TRAVEL TO EU MAY BECOME EASIER

台灣護照持有人要到歐盟旅遊可能很快就可不需簽 證了。旅程將限制在九十天內,而且將包括非歐盟的挪 威、冰島和瑞士等國。這對台灣旅行社來說是好消息, 但這項提案仍需要歐盟議會批准。

暢遊歐洲可望免簽

字彙 Vocabulary

Taiwanese passport holders may soon be able to travel to the EU without a visa.1 Trips would be limited to less than ninety days and would also include the non-EU countries of Norway, Iceland, and Switzerland. This is good news for Taiwanese travel agencies,† but the proposal still needs the approval2 of the EU Parliament.3

1.

生態環保

visa [`viz4] n. 簽證 2. approval [4`pruvy] n. 批准;贊成 3. parliament [`p3rl4m4nt] n. 議會;國會 † EU 為 European Union [%j8r4`pi4n] [`junj4n] 的 首字縮寫,指「歐洲聯盟」,簡稱「歐盟」。non-EU [`n3n`i`ju] 則指「非歐盟的」。 † travel agency [`ed.4ns6] 指「旅行社」。

ENVIRONMENT

SUMMER HEAT A WORLD TREND The series of heat waves this summer may be a sign of worse things to come. In the US, days of nearly 40°C heat caused power blackouts,1 and train travel was disrupted.2 Asia also suffered, with people flooding hospitals due to heat-related illnesses. Some scientists say these unusually high temperatures will be 莫斯科(Moscow) 38 ℃ 德國(Germany) 37 ℃ 紐約(New York) 37 ℃

西班牙(Spain) 44 ℃ 義大利(Italy) 40 ℃

北京(Beijing) 40 ℃

印度(India) 50 ℃ 科威特(Kuwait) 54 ℃

全球高溫拉警報

3

the norm by 2100. The heat will put stress on crops and livestock4 and cause food and water shortages.5 As we look for ways to battle global warming, we may also need to work on developing ways to live on our hotter planet. 今年夏天的連串熱浪也許是未來事態更糟的一個徵 兆。在美國,連日將近攝氏四十度的高溫造成停電,而且 火車行駛也因此中斷。亞洲也蒙受其害,醫院裡湧進因高 熱相關疾病而來求診的人。有些科學家說這些不尋常的高 溫到二一○○年時將會成為常態。高溫將對作物和家畜造 成危害,並導致糧食和水源短缺。當我們尋找對抗全球暖 化的方法時,我們可能必須同時著手發展出在我們這漸熱 的地球上生存的方法。

字彙 Vocabulary 1.

blackout [`bl1k%a8t] n.

2.

disrupt [d6s`r9pt] v.

停電

中斷;妨礙

3.

norm [n7rm] n.

今年上半年各地高溫紀錄

4.

livestock [`la6v%st3k] n.

根據美國國家海洋暨大氣總署( National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration)數據顯示,今年 1-6 月全球 海陸表面平均溫度為 12.2 ℃ ,創下史上最熱紀錄。

5.

shortage [`]7rt6d.] n.

常態;標準 家畜(總稱)

短缺

圖片來源: flickr、Wikipedia


2010 CONTENTS

September No.113

Live Interactive English

03 人物

22

本月發燒星

美食

Jamming with Jam Hsiao 蕭敬騰——搖滾,不只一種樣子 This talented Taiwanese singer with the quiet personality has a musical style that is universally appealing. 省話一哥蕭敬騰憑藉著不服輸的毅力自學音樂,在選秀節目中一鳴驚 人,舞台上的爆發力及感染力讓他晉身台灣新世代人氣歌手。

09

焦點話題

• high temperature subsidy 高溫津貼 • Gaomei Wetlands 高美溼地

10 故事

• K You All 三振王

1-2 / 慢速 MP3 - 26-27 課程講解》MP3 - 48-49 課文朗讀》正常 CD/MP3 -

世界名劇

In this classic ballet, a prince falls in love with a woman under a spell. Can he break the magic and end her days as a swan? 王子愛上了被魔法師變成天鵝的公主。破除魔咒的關鍵是……

知識

課文朗讀》正常 CD/MP3 -

50

3 / 慢速 MP3 - 28

東西方英語小學堂

Are You Smarter Than an Elementary School Student? 東西方英語小學堂 Answer questions about sports, English, math, and more to prove that you’re smarter than an elementary school student. 東西方的小學生常識比你強,不信?試試這些題目你會多少。

18 旅遊

4-5 / 慢速 MP3 - 29-30 51-52

課文朗讀》正常 CD/MP3 課程講解》MP3 -

追本溯源

Pasta—The Perfect Food 千變萬化的義大利麵 This wonderful food has a long history, and we’ll share with you the stories behind some great Italian pasta traditions. 義大利麵不但外型、醬料變化無窮,而且 便宜又易於烹調,堪稱完美的食物!

26 實用

課文朗讀》正常 CD/MP3 課程講解》MP3 -

55

8 / 慢速 MP3 - 33

追本溯源.應用對話

Pasta—A Personal Choice 點義大利麵難不倒

互動光碟收錄真人影片

各種義大利麵種類和醬料英語一起告訴你,讓你上義大利麵館時可以 用英語流利點出心中最完美的搭配!

《天鵝湖》

課程講解》MP3 -

課程講解》MP3 -

Cal and Tessa will show you how to wade through the pasta and sauce choices to order the perfect meal in English.

Swan Lake

14

6-7 / 慢速 MP3 - 31-32 53-54

課文朗讀》正常 CD/MP3 -

旅遊好趣處

Searching for Paradise on Palawan 單車暢遊天堂之島巴拉望 Join Doug as he takes a bike tour of the Philippine island of Palawan. Paradise is waiting for you. 天堂是什麼樣子?快跟著來自加拿大的 Doug 騎上 單車,到菲律賓的巴拉望島體驗天堂般的仙境!

28 動物

9-10 / 慢速 MP3 - 34-35 56-67

課文朗讀》正常 CD/MP3 課程講解》MP3 -

啊?原來如此!

Are Animals Left-Handed or Right-Handed? 啊!動物也有左撇子? Science is showing that animals are just as picky as people are about which hand they use. 動物不但有分左右撇子,連尾巴或象鼻擺動的方向也能表現個性喔!

32 趣聞

課文朗讀》正常 CD/MP3 課程講解》MP3 -

58

11 / 慢速 MP3 - 36

克漏字

Cloze Test:

New Uses for Phone Booths

電話亭新妙用 Learn how people are putting phone booths to good use and improve your cloze test skills at the same time. 被人遺忘的電話亭現在可以變成 網咖、圖書館、水族箱……快來看 還有什麼你想不到的妙用?


每天課程都有約 25 分鐘的中外籍老師講解喔!你可以利用三種方式收聽: 網路下載教學 MP3 http://www.liveabc.com

使用互動光碟

34 節慶

46

12-13 / 慢速 MP3 - 37-38 59-60 生活部落

課文朗讀》正常 CD/MP3 課程講解》MP3 -

生活情境對話

中秋節

專題

An Exciting Holiday 老外過中秋

互動光碟收錄真人影片

What do mooncakes and Mongolians have to do with a fall festival? Holly tells her teacher, Scott, all about it. 中秋佳節除了學習用英語介紹傳統習俗之外,更別錯過烤肉美食圖解!

37 文法

課文朗讀》正常 CD/MP3 課程講解》MP3 -

61

14 / 慢速 MP3 - 39

生態

課文朗讀》正常 CD/MP3 課程講解》MP3 -

歌曲

唱歌學英語

Studying English with Songs:

Charice—Pyramid

互動光碟收錄精彩 MV

夏芮絲:〈愛的金字塔〉

47 教育

19-20 66-67

課文朗讀》正常 CD/MP3 課程講解》MP3 -

本月專題

/ 慢速 MP3 -

62

翻譯練習

15 / 慢速 MP3 - 40

國家地理頻道

Secret Killers of Monterey Bay

生活部落

A great hunter prowls the waters off California’s Monterey coast, but there is another killer that may be even more deadly.

To honor Teacher’s Day, we’re sharing the story of one man’s quest to bring education to remote areas of the world. 諾貝爾和平獎提名人葛瑞格.摩頓森為巴基斯坦和阿富汗的小朋友募款 辦學,讓他們可以透過教育提昇生活品質、停止戰爭。

53

21-22 68-69

課文朗讀》正常 CD/MP3 課程講解》MP3 -

藝文走廊

/ 慢速 MP3 -

Top Masterpieces Land in Taipei 大師藝術在台北

42

Are you ready for a tour through Western art history? Michelle walks you through the incredible“Manet to Picasso”exhibit at the Taipei Fine Arts Museum.

健康

63

16 / 慢速 MP3 - 41

健康訣竅

Say Goodbye to Stress 壓力解套妙方 Are you feeling stressed? We’ll show you some fun games and items that will help you get stress out of your life. 別讓壓力留下傷痕!逗趣可愛的紓壓遊戲及小物 幫你發洩負面情緒,贏回好心情。

近百年的西方藝術大師名作登陸台灣,快跟著 英編 Michelle 一起來品味經典!

58 電影

會話

17-18 / 慢速 MP3 - 42-43 64-65

課文朗讀》正常 CD/MP3 課程講解》MP3 -

主題式會話

Stress No More

熱門新片

Legend of the Guardians 《貓頭鷹守護神》

59 電影

44

46-47

生活部落

科學家發現一種隱形殺手正威脅著加州蒙特里灣殺人鯨的存亡……

課文朗讀》正常 CD/MP3 -

教師節

教育專 題

教育——世界和平的聲音

藝文

聚焦殺人鯨

課程講解》MP3 -

44-45

Education for Everyone

翻譯練習

Translation Practice

40

Live 生活部落有更多補充資訊喔! http://golive.liveabc.com

互動光碟收錄電影預告

熱門影集

生活部落

Kick Buttowski

《冒險王奇克》

本期互動光碟另收錄精采預告片: 互動光碟收錄真人影片

跟壓力說再見 School has just begun, and Allen is already under a lot of stress. He turns to his sister, Clara, for advice about dealing with the pressure. 課業壓力害得艾倫焦慮不安,克萊拉有什麼妙計可以幫他呢?

Going the Distance

《真愛零距離》

60 General English Proficiency Test 全民英檢中級模擬試題 67 Chinese Translation 中文翻譯 73 GEPT Answer Key 全民英檢模擬試題解答


2010 September No.113 1 世界名劇

本月發燒星

5

朗讀 CD/MP3 2 講解 MP3 49

UNIT 1

焦點

焦點話題

6 旅遊好趣處

7

旅遊好趣處

8

9

追本溯源

朗讀 CD/MP3 4 講解 MP3 51

朗讀 CD/MP3 5 講解 MP3 52

朗讀 CD/MP3 6 講解 MP3 53

UNIT 3

UNIT 3

UNIT 4

UNIT 2

《天鵝湖》 p. 10

新聞

Live 關鍵新

朗讀 CD/MP3 3 講解 MP3 50

UNIT 1

《天鵝湖》 p. 3

3 東西方英語小學堂 4

2 世界名劇

朗讀 CD/MP3 1 講解 MP3 48

蕭敬騰—— 搖滾,不只 一種樣子

這是我們為你每月精心調配的學習菜單,營養百 分百。學習貴在有恆,天天都要互動喲!

東西方 英語小學堂 p. 12

p. 14

11

10 應用對話

追本溯源

朗讀 CD/MP3 7 講解 MP3 54

朗讀 CD/MP3 8 講解 MP3 55

UNIT 4

p. 4

圖解

圖解單車

UNIT 4

單車暢遊天堂之 單車暢遊天堂之 千變萬化的義大 千變萬化的義大 點義大利麵難不 島巴拉望 利麵 利麵 倒 島巴拉望

12

p. 9

圖解

13 啊?原來如此! 14 啊?原來如此! 15 克漏字

BBQ 美食圖 解

p. 36

19

電影

《貓頭鷹守護 神》

p. 58

26

英檢

全民英檢中 級模擬試題 聽力測驗

p. 60

週 考 範 圍

p. 18

p. 20

p. 22

p. 24

p. 26

16 生活情境對話 17 生活情境對話 18

朗讀 CD/MP3 9 講解 MP3 56

朗讀 CD/MP3 10 講解 MP3 57

朗讀 CD/MP3 11 講解 MP3 58

朗讀 CD/MP3 12 講解 MP3 59

朗讀 CD/MP3 13 講解 MP3 60

UNIT 5

UNIT 5

UNIT 6

UNIT 7

UNIT 7

老外過中秋

老外過中秋

月餅由來

月亮傳說

20 翻譯練習

p. 30

p. 32

生活部落

p. 34

p. 35

生活部落

22 健康訣竅

23 主題式會話

朗讀 CD/MP3 14 講解 MP3 61

朗讀 CD/MP3 15 講解 MP3 62

朗讀 CD/MP3 16 講解 MP3 63

朗讀 CD/MP3 17 講解 MP3 64

朗讀 CD/MP3 18 講解 MP3 65

UNIT 8

UNIT 9

翻譯練習

UNIT 10

UNIT 10

UNIT 10

聚焦殺人鯨

壓力解套妙方

跟壓力說再見

跟壓力說再見

解決壓力問題

大聲宣洩

21 國家地理頻道

p. 37

27 本月專題

p. 40

p. 42

24 主題式會話

29 藝文走廊

30 藝文走廊

朗讀 CD/MP3 19 講解 MP3 66

朗讀 CD/MP3 20 講解 MP3 67

朗讀 CD/MP3 21 講解 MP3 68

朗讀 CD/MP3 22 講解 MP3 69

UNIT 11

UNIT 11

UNIT 12

UNIT 12

第一週週考 UNITS 1–4

生活部落

pp. 10–27

第三週週考 UNITS 8–10 pp. 37–45 生活部落 在網站

p. 50

生活部落

第二週週考 UNITS 5–7

p. 54

生活部落

pp. 28–35

第四週週考 UNITS 11–12 pp. 47–57

http://golive.liveabc.com 上面有更多的補充資訊喔!

電視

p. 45

p. 59

全民英檢中 級模擬試題 閱讀測驗

大師藝術在台北 大師藝術在台北

p. 48

25

英檢

教育——世界和 教育——世界和 平的聲音 平的聲音 生活部落

p. 46

《冒險王奇克》

p. 44

28 本月專題

音樂

夏芮絲:〈愛 的金字塔〉

啊!動物也有左 啊!動物也有左 電話亭新妙用 撇子? 撇子? p. 28

p. 16

p. 56

p. 64

閱讀單元的難易度 朗讀 CD/MP3 1

課文朗讀正常速

講解 MP3 49

課程講解 和高中課本相關


K You All 三振王 在進入本月內容之前,我們先來看 看這陣子熱門的話題有哪些吧。

旅美強投郭泓志(Hong-Chih Kuo)日前獲選為大聯 盟明星賽球員,其強勁的三振功力讓台灣網友給他取

Most Popular Topics high temperature subsidy [`s9bs4d6]

了 K You All(K 光你們)這個綽號,也恰巧和他姓氏 的英文 Kuo 拼字音相同。快來用英語為郭泓志加油更 酷喔! u

the Cockroach

u

MLB

u

Kuotastic [gwo`t1st6k] 棒極了(由 Kuo 加 fantastic 結合而成,外媒用以稱讚郭的出色表現)

今夏北半球連連出現破紀錄的高溫,工商界討論起高溫 津貼及高溫假問題。避暑時相關英語也要學起來!

heatstroke [`hit%strok]

u

u u

heat wave day

高溫警報

高溫假

All-Star Game

明星賽

u

relief pitcher [r6`lif] [`p6t]0] 救援投手;中繼投手 ERA 防禦率(為 earned run average [`1v(4)r6d.] 的縮寫)

u

strikeout [`stra6k%a8t]

u

中暑

excessive heat warning [6k`s5s6v] heat wave 熱浪

u

美國職棒大聯盟(為 Major League Baseball [lig] 的

縮寫)

高溫津貼

u

打不死的小強(道奇隊友對郭的暱稱)

三振

Hong-Chih Kuo is the first Taiwan-born player to be selected for the MLB All-Star Game. 郭泓志是第一位獲選參加大聯盟明星賽的台灣球員。

The company didn’t offer a heat wave day because the workplace was air-conditioned. 那家公司沒放高溫假,因為工作場所有冷氣。

Gaomei Wetlands 高美溼地 位於台中清水的高美溼地近來因媒體、民眾擅自闖入而 頻遭破壞。一起來學學保育相關英語怎麼說。 u

conservation area [%k3ns0`ve]4n]

u

Saunders’s gull [`s9nd0z6z] [g9l]

u u

pollute [p4`lut] fine 罰款

保育區 黑嘴鷗

污染;破壞

The company received a fine after polluting a conservation area. 那家公司因為污染一處保育區而遭到罰款。

9 圖片來源︰達志影像、flickr


UNIT 7

生活情境對話

生活部落

An Exciting Holiday

1

中秋節

專題

老外過中秋

H: A long time ago, the Chinese used mooncakes to send a secret message4 about fighting the Mongolians. S: Mooncakes? Mongolians? Wow, you have exciting holidays in Taiwan! *中文翻譯請參閱第 69 頁

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1. Mooncakes and Mongolians h

關鍵解析 Language Notes

forget 的用法 forget 的三態為 forget–forgot–forgotten,指「忘記」, 常用句型有:

h

Scott has just finished teaching an English class in Taiwan. His best student, Holly, stays behind. S Scott

H Holly

S: Oh, don’t forget that there’s no class next week. H: Is it canceled1 because of Mid-Autumn Festival? S: Right. It’s an important holiday in Taiwan, isn’t it? H: Yes, it is. It’s also called Moon Festival. Are you going to celebrate it? S: I don’t think so. I heard it’s a family holiday, and my family is back in the States. H: Why don’t you join my family for a barbecue? It’s a chance to learn about Taiwanese culture.2 S: I’d love to come! So, what happens for the festival? H: Well, it’s similar3 to an American Thanksgiving. Families get together and eat lots of good food. S: Really? Do you have pumpkin pie? H: No, but we have something that’s just as special—mooncakes! S: What’s so special about them?

34

(that) S. + V. forget +

to V.

忘記某事

忘記要做某事

V-ing

忘記已經做過某事

• Andy forgot (that) it was his sister’s birthday, and she was sad. 安迪忘記今天是她妹生日,她很難過。

• I’m sorry that I forgot to buy some milk at the store. 很抱歉我忘了在店裡買些牛奶。 (應該要買但忘記)

• Jane forgot sending the letter until she got a reply. 珍忘記她寄過那封信,直到收到回信才想起來。 (已寄但忘 了)

字彙 Vocabulary * 1.

cancel [`k1nsy] v.

*為大考出現過的字彙

取消

School was canceled because of the typhoon. * 2.

culture [`k9lt]0] n.

文化

I read a book about French culture before my trip to France. * 3.

similar [`s6m4l0] adj.

「A 和 B 類似」)

類似的(A + be similar to + B 指

Martin’s new apartment is similar to mine. * 4.

message [`m5s6d.] n.

訊息;留言

Peter left a message for me on my desk.

中秋節小辭典 mooncake [`mun%kek] n. 月餅 h Mongolian [m3;`gol64n] n. 蒙古人 h


Live Talk

An Exciting Holiday•

S: So, where does barbecuing come in?† Is there a story about that?

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2. Putting the Moon in Moon Festival Scott learns more about Mid-Autumn Festival. S Scott

H Holly

S: Are there any other stories about Mid-Autumn Festival? H: There’s one about a beautiful woman on the Moon and a man who shoots down nine suns. S: Nine suns? How is that even possible? H: Another story is about a man on the Moon. He has to chop1 a tree forever.2 S: Poor guy. H: My favorite story is about the Jade Rabbit.† Three wise men begged food from a fox, a monkey, and a rabbit.

H: No. It’s a newer tradition.4 It probably started because we Taiwanese love to eat! *中文翻譯請參閱第 69–70 頁

關鍵解析 Language Notes

使役動詞的用法 「使役」指讓別人 / 叫別人 / 要別人去做某動作。複習一下 常見的使役動詞用法:

a let 三態為 let–let–let,表示「讓;允許」,句型為:

let + O. + V.

• My mother lets me stay out late on weekend nights. 我媽讓我在週末夜晚晚歸。

b make 三態為 make–made–made,表示「強迫; 要」 ,主動句型與 let 相同。 • Timmy’s mother made him clean his room. 提米的媽媽強迫他打掃他的房間。

c have 三態為 have–had–had,表示「要求;叫」,主動 句型與 let 相同。 • The man had his cook make a special dinner for his guest. 那個男人要求他的廚師為客人煮一頓特別的晚餐。

字彙 Vocabulary * 1.

S: What happened next? H: The animals couldn’t find any food, so the rabbit jumped into the fire and cooked himself for the men. S: That’s a generous3 rabbit! H: The wise men then let the rabbit live on the Moon forever. S: The Moon comes up often in these stories. H: That’s why this day is called Moon Festival. Also, the Moon looks really big and bright this time of the year.

讓某人事物……;允許某人事物……

chop [t]3p] v.

*為大考出現過的字彙

砍;切成小塊

Could you chop these tomatoes for the soup? * 2.

forever [f0`5v0] adv.

永遠地

The island was so beautiful that I wanted to stay there forever. * 3.

generous [`d.5n4r4s] adj.

慷慨的;大方的

My uncle is so generous that he bought me a new car. * 4.

tradition [tr4`d6]4n] n.

傳統;風俗

Giving gifts is my favorite Christmas tradition. †

為補充說明

† Jade Rabbit [d.ed] 在此指中國神話故事中的「玉兔」。 † come in 在此指某事物「流行起來;開始風行」。

35


生活情境對話

BBQ 美食圖解

e q

t

r

w

u

y

d f

i o

a s

g

q green pepper [`p5p0] 青椒

i barbecue fork 烤肉叉

w corn on the cob [k3b] 玉米

o mushroom [`m9]rum] 蘑菇

e barbecue sauce 烤肉醬

a pork chop 豬排

r soft drink 汽水

s charcoal [`t]3r%kol] 木炭

t tongs [t3;z] 夾子(也可唸成 [t7;z])

d aluminum foil [4`lum6n4m] [f76l] 鋁箔紙

y grill [gr6l] 烤肉架

f steak 牛排

u sausage [`s7s6d.] 香腸;臘腸

g basting brush [`best6;] 烤肉刷

36


UNIT 11

本月專題

生活部落

1

Education for Everyone 教育——世界和平的聲音

教師

教育專節 題

—Tina Chen

"The first time you share tea . . . you are a stranger. The second time you take tea, you are an honored guest. The third time you share a cup of tea, you become family, and for our family, we are prepared to do anything, even die. 科爾飛村長說:「敬上第一杯茶,你是一個陌生人,再奉第二杯茶,你是我們的朋友,第三杯茶,你是我的家人, 我將用生命來保護你。」

"Yes," said Mortenson, "I promise to come and build you a school." 「是的,」摩頓森說:「我答應為你們蓋學校。」

現代愚公: 葛瑞格.摩頓森(Greg Mortenson) 原為熱愛登山的急診室醫護人員,感懷於巴基斯 坦科爾飛村民的善心招待,成為推動中亞地區兒 童教育的人道工作者。現任中亞協會負責人,畢 生職志是以教育為阿富汗與巴基斯坦帶來和平。

Images courtesy of Central Asia Institute

47


本月專題

UNIT 11

▲ 摩頓森協助二OO五年喀什米爾震災後的小朋友就學

▲ 巴基斯坦學校落成時的紀念合照

27

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right to education is recognized2 as

Mortenson sold his car, left his job, and

a basic human right by the United

gave speeches to raise money. Finally, he

HE

3

Nations. Therefore, promoting education is

05

20

cocreated the nonprofitu organization Central

not only a teacher’s or parent’s duty. It is

Asia Institute (CAI). Its purpose is to build

something that everyone should do his or her

schools in remote areas of South Asia. In

part to help with. Nobel Peace Prize

1996, Mortenson made good on his promise

u

nominee Greg Mortenson sets a great example for those in support of this basic human right.

hiking trip and was saved by the kind people †

of the remote4 village of Korphe in Pakistan.

He was surprised to find that the village had no school. The local children’s only way to practice writing was with sticks in the mud. As he left the village, Mortenson promised5 that he would return to build a school.

▼ 位於阿富汗邊境的西塔拉學校,共有一千六百名學生

48 Images courtesy of Central Asia Institute

by building a school and a bridge for the 25

Korphe villagers.

* 中文翻譯請參閱第 71 頁

▼ 還沒有學校的小朋友在露天環境中努力自學

In 1993, Mortenson got lost and hurt on a

10

15

▲ 因地勢崎嶇,工人需靠人力將建材運進科爾飛村


Monthly Focus

Education for Everyone•

關鍵解析 Language Notes

1. Greg Mortenson sets . . . human right.

長句解析

a 省略關代及 be 動詞 b Greg Mortenson sets a great example for those [who are] in support of this basic human right. a set an example for sb 指「為某人立下榜樣」。example 前可加形容詞修飾,如 great(很棒的 )、bad(差勁的)。

• Millie set a good example for her younger sister by working hard in school. 米莉藉由在學校努力用功,為她妹妹立下一個好榜樣。

b 名詞 support [s4`p7rt] 指「支持」。片語 be in support of . . . 指「支持……;贊成…… 」。

• I am in support of Rachel’s decision to study in Canada for a year. 我支持瑞秋到加拿大唸一年書的決定。

2. co- 當字首 co- 可加在名詞或動詞前,表示「共同的」。文中用 co-(共同)加上 create(創造),形成動詞 cocreate(共同創 建)。其他例子還有:

co

write 寫 + design 設計 star 明星

= cowrite 共同撰寫 = codesign 共同設計 = costar 共演明星

字彙 Vocabulary * 1.

* 2.

*為大考出現過的字彙

education [%5d.4`ke]4n] n.

教育(educate [`5d.4%ket]

Give It a Try

請將括號內的英文重組成正確順序。

q Jordan (example / team / bad / his / for / set /

You will need a good education if you want to become a doctor.

a) by arriving late to work. = Jordan _______________________________ _________________ by arriving late to work.

recognize [`r5k4g%na6z] v.

認可;認定

promote [pr4`mot] v.

推廣;促進

There are many groups that promote world peace. * 4.

那位演員不喜歡他在那部電影裡的共演影星。

為動詞)

After the game, Jack was recognized as the best chess player in the town. * 3.

• The actor did not like his costar in the movie.

remote [r6`mot] adj.

w The president received letters from (in / of /

support / people) the new law. = The president received letters from _______ ___________________________ the new law.

偏遠的

*答案請參閱第 72 頁

My uncle’s house is very remote, and it will take many hours to get to it. * 5.

promise [`pr3m6s] v., n.

承諾;諾言(make good on

one’s promise 指「實現某人的諾言」)

Andrea promised me that she would visit next summer. u 字彙小筆記:僅供參考 u u

† † †

† 為補充說明

nominee [%n3m4`ni] n. 被提名人 nonprofit [%n3n`pr3f6t] adj. 非營利的 the United Nations [ju`na6t6d] 指「聯合國」。 Nobel Peace Prize [no`b5l] 指「諾貝爾和平獎」。 Korphe [`k7rfe] 指「科爾飛村」,位於巴基斯坦(Pakistan [%p1k6`st1n])東北部的高原,原本是個沒水沒電的貧苦村落。

好•書•放•送 摩頓森把在他阿富汗辦學的經歷用第 一人稱娓娓道來,寫成《石頭變學校》 (Stones into Schools)一書。快上 Live 生活部落 http://golive.liveabc.com/ 欣賞精彩原文,發表你的閱 讀心得,還有機會獲得中文版好書喔!

中文書封、資料、贈書提供:馬可孛羅出版

49


UNIT 11

本月專題

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Mortenson’s story spread. At the request1 of local leaders, he started to build schools for boys and girls in Afghanistan.u By doing so, he is challenging2 the area’s traditional belief that women should not be educated. ▲ 中亞協會打破當地的傳統觀念,致力於女性教育

05

He also faces many difficulties, such as threats3 from terrorists,u wars, and earthquakes.4 However, he and the locals he works with believe that education is the only way to make a positive and long-lastingu change. For the local people, education is the best way to

10

improve their lives and control their future. Instead of picking up weapons,5 the children are taking up pens.

▲ 阿富汗有許多女學生因為中亞協會而得到教育機會

Over the years, CAI has built 131 schools, benefiting 58,000 students. Over half of those are girls who weren’t allowed education in the past. Even so, there 15

are 120 million children in the world that don’t have access to education. CAI and Mortenson have started a campaign,u Pennies for Peace, to ask for the world’s help for these children. Every penny and pencil gives a child a chance for proper education and hope for peace in the world. * 中文翻譯請參閱第 72 頁

50 Images courtesy of Central Asia Institute


Monthly Focus

Education for Everyone•

關鍵解析 Language Notes

1. instead of

字彙 Vocabulary

而非;取代

* 1.

• Instead of complaining, you should do something to fix the problem. 放句首時加逗號 與其抱怨,你應該設法解決這問題。

• I want the hamburger with salad instead of fries. 我的漢堡要搭配沙拉而不是薯條。

* 2. * 3.

* 4.

threat [qr5t] n.

威脅;恐嚇

earthquake [`-q%kwek] n.

地震

Julia became very scared during the big earthquake. 5.

weapon [`w5p4n] n.

武器

Some people are trained to use their hands as weapons.

instead 為副詞,指「替代」,可放句首或句尾。

• Holly did not swim this morning. Instead, she ran 加逗號 for thirty minutes.

放句尾時不加逗號

挑戰

The threat of rain made me want to stay inside on Saturday.

延伸學習

= Holly did not swim this morning. She ran for thirty minutes instead.

challenge [`t]1l6nd.] v.

Ben challenged Grace to a game of tennis, but he lost.

放句中時不加逗號

荷莉今天早上沒有游泳。她跑步三十分鐘作為替代。

請求;要求

I got a request from my teacher to write an essay about cats.

片語 instead of [6n`st5d] 後接名詞或 V-ing。要表示 「(某人)……而非…… 」,可用:

Instead of N./V-ing, S. + V. = S. + V. + instead of + N./V-ing

request [r6`kw5st] n.

*為大考出現過的字彙

u 字彙小筆記:僅供參考

Afghanistan [1f`g1n4%st1n] n. 阿富汗 u terrorist [`t5r4%r6st] n. 恐怖主義者 u long-lasting [`l7;`l1st6;] adj. 長久持續的 u campaign [k1m`pen] n. 活動;運動 u

2. access 的用法 access [`1ks5s] 當名詞指「使用權;接觸機會」。 文中片語 have access to N. 指「有辦法使用、接觸到 某人事物」。

• I have access to a car this weekend because my brother is letting me use his. 我這週末有辦法用車,因為我哥允許我用他的車。

access 還可當動詞,表示「存取(電腦檔案);使 用」。

• Only the top people in the company can access those files. 只有公司的高層人員才能存取這些檔案。

Pennies for Peace

捐一塊錢給和平

這項國際性(international)計畫包括拓展已開發國 家(developed countries)兒童的世界觀,請學校 協助募款資助偏遠地區的建 校軟體需求,如:紙筆、書 桌、制服等等。其理念是一 分錢( penny )不嫌少,因 為在偏遠地區,一分錢可以 買到一枝鉛筆,成為幫助兒 童學習的工具。 你的小小零用錢也可以為世界和平大大加分,快上活 動官網:http://www.penniesforpeace.org/

Give It a Try

請依提示改寫句子。

q I want to drink coffee instead of tea.

w Only club members have access to the pool.

= I do not want to drink tea. Instead, _______ ______________________________________.

= Only club members can __________ the pool. *答案請參閱第 72 頁

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Live互動英語雜誌 No.113