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Give the Gift of Responsible Budgeting Pg 3 Tips for Online Holiday Shopping Pg 5 Virgen de Guadalupe Pg 18

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VOLUME 37 ISSUE 50 | WWW.EL-OBSERVADOR.COM | DECEMBER 9 - 15 , 2016

COVER CREDIT: ARTURO HILARIO/LEILA VELASCO


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OPINION

Hilbert Morales EL OBSERVADOR During my entire childhood (from birth to age 17), my parents never talked to me about money, especially the need to budget what income the family could depend upon. I grew up during the 192940 Great Depression, which was an 'economic recovery process' taking 10 years or so for this nation to recover from the excesses of Wall Street investors and speculators. As one of 12 children (9 boys; 3 girls) and my father working at the steel mill only 40 hours every two weeks (three days one week; two days the next: to distribute available work amongst the local steelworker labor force), you can easily assess that our family was impoverished during this time. As a child, I never had any awareness about our family's impoverishment because both my mother, Guadalupe, and father Toribio, never talked about it openly. Somehow, the rent was paid monthly, clothing, food and a sense of loving security existed. We all

EL OBSERVADOR | www.el-observador.com

DECEMBER 9 - 15 2016

GIVE THE GIFT OF RESPONSIBLE BUDGETING

attended public schools and graduated. It was not until I married and dealt with all the family responsibilities in partnership with my wife, that I realized and appreciated the achievements of my parents. Both knew how to say NO to each and every one of their children when required. Saying 'yes' to every request is irresponsible. In partnership with my wife, I learned not to wait for someone else to lead the way when I was fully capable of making decisions responsibly.

The entry of America into WWII with the unexpected attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941 changed everything. America became the 'Arsenal of Democracy'; all 14 blast furnaces at Gary Steel Works were fired up and operating night and day: 24/7/365. As an outcome of full employment the family budget expanded. However, my two oldest brothers, Seville and Andrew, were drafted, and I became the oldest son at home during my teens. It was during 1941-45 that I now recall dealing with family expenditures. The worst time was from Thanksgiving to New Years -holidays when St. Anthony's held family events. Each attendee was expected

to bring a gift or make a contribution (minimum was $5). It is upon these memories that I base the following rules about money.

(1) Talk with whoever shares responsibility about the money available. (2) Take care of your own family's basic expenses (rent/ mortgage, food, clothing, transportation). After dealing with all essential expenses responsibly, what is left is your 'discretionary money', which you may spend as you choose. (3) Avoid making purchases using credit cards because that adds costs due to the interest charges. My wife, Betty and I had that discussion during the past three days. We wrote our checks, made all payments due and planned for other payments. Upon completion we knew what was left. This approach reduces anxiety and stress levels. Over the years, we have come up with a few of our own rules. First: know what money you have available; Second: Learn to say NO. Third: If a relative

asks for a loan, discuss it with them (purpose and reason), and then GIVE IT rather than loan it, because loans between family members often end up with those involved avoiding each other later.

Make it a point to talk to your children who are planning to attend college. Mince no words about what your family can afford. Understand that it is not the grandparents responsibility to assist you unless they responsibly volunteer to do so. One way to cut costs of college training is to consider attending the first two years at a local community college. WHY? Many change their majors at least five times. Those two years attending a local community college provide that experience at lower costs. Whatever career path is chosen, have that student learn about the medium income level of the career chosen. Ensure that any and all college loans may be repaid within 10 years after graduation. Simply stated, each potential college student needs to prepare a personal 4 year business plan in which all expenses are covered. The objective is 'no surprises'.

It is because many local high school teachers & counselors do not know enough about today's high cost of college education. You do not want a youth to end up with a college loan burden which requires monthly paybacks for 10 years or more. Above all, read the 'fine print' contained in any student loan contract. Many are exempt from bankruptcy proceedings by law & regulation. After graduation, they should seek jobs which forgive or assist with the student loans. This approach will prevent many from being part of that $1.3 trillion national student loan level which exists today. During this holiday season, and into the new year, give the gift of responsible budgeting. Especially to youth applying to college; applying for scholarships; considering student financial aid/loans. If your family has no one with college training experience, ask your school districts about available mentor programs. Understand that today's dreams through responsible budgeting become future achievements and happy memories. HAVE A HAPPY HOLIDAY SEASON!

Why am I including this?

Alto al Odio

Por José López Zamorano Para La Red Hispana En Hermosa, California, un paseo en la playa se convirtió en una pesadilla para un niño latino de 10 años de edad, cuando un adulto de la raza blanca se le acercó sólo para insultarlo: “Beaner (Frijolero)… Lárgate”, le reclamó al menor de edad. En Dallas, un anciano blanco le gritó a un joven hispano sin que mediara provocación: “!Vete a México!”. La humillación sorprendió a las personas que caminaban en los alrededores, pero nadie dijo nada. Y en el condado de Tuscola, en Michigan, una familia latina se sacudió cuando encontró un muro de cajas con las leyendas: “Trump”, “Recuperemos a Estados Unidos” y “Los Mexicanos Apestan”. Las tres deplorables escenas está incluidas en el reporte “Diez

Días Después: Hostigamiento e Intimidación Después de la Elección”, elaborado por el Centro Legal para la Pobreza del Sur (SPLC), y donde se documentan 867 incidentes raciales, discriminatorios y de odio en los primeros diez días después del triunfo de Donald Trump. Las promesas de construir un muro en la frontera con México, de deportar de 2 a 3 millones de inmigrantes que han cometido algún crimen y de equiparar a los indocumentados mexicanos con violadores, criminales y narcotraficantes, legitimaron en la cabeza de los racistas, supremacistas y xenófobos la ofensa como una nueva arma de reafirmación social e identidad cultural. De los 867 incidentes recolectados por el SPLC, un 32 por ciento fueron animados por un sentimiento antiinmigrante, pero el odio es una bestia de mil cabezas. También hubo casos

contra afro americanos (187), contra la comunidad judía (100), contra la comunidad LGBT (95) y contra musulmanes (49) Me atrevo a pensar que sólo son la punta del iceberg, porque muchas personas, en especial en aquellas con mayor vulnerabilidad, como las indocumentadas, han sufrido episodios similares, que no han sido reportados por un temor natural y que los han digerido como muchas otras injusticias en su contra. Hizo bien el presidente electo cuando hizo un llamado a poner fin a los actos de hostigamiento contra latinos, asiáticos y musulmanes. “Basta”, sentenció Trump. Más allá de que sólo habló del tema cuando se lo preguntó Leslie Stahl de 60 Minutes, es importante que ese mensaje no sólo sea un comentario sino una política clara de observancia de los derechos civiles.

PUBLISHER Angelica Rossi angelica@el-observador.com PUBLISHER EMERITUS Hilbert Morales hmorales@el-observador.com ADVERTISING & SALES DIRECTOR Angelica Rossi angelica@el-observador.com ADVERTISING SALES Justin Rossi justin@el-observador.com MANAGING EDITOR Arturo Hilario arturo@el-observador.com spanish.editor@el-observador. com CONTRIBUTORS Justin Rossi Mario Jimenez Hector Curriel OP-ED Hilbert Morales english.editor@el-observador. com LEGAL NOTICES Erica Marie Najar frontdesk@el-observador.com ACCOUNTING Erica Marie Najar frontdesk@el-observador.com GRAPHIC DESIGNER Leila Velasco leila@el-observador.com JOB/RECRUITMENT ADVERTISING Carlos Budhabhatti carlos@el-observador.com

En este marco llama la atención la decisión del alcalde de Nueva York, Bill De Blasio, de montar una campaña de resistencia contra todas las políticas del próximo gobierno que puedan ser racistas, xenófobas o discriminatorias. “Si el gobierno federal pretende que nuestros policías separen a nuestras familias migrantes, nos rehusaremos a hacerlo”, advirtió. El 20 de enero de 2009, Estados Unidos y el mundo fueron escenario de un día histórico, cuando asumió el poder el primer presidente estadounidense afro americano. Ocho años después, el 20 de enero de 2017, el mundo espera ser testigo de una reafirmación de que el racismo no cabe más en este país y que se actuará contra el odio sin miramientos y con firmeza. Para más información <www.laredhispana.org>.

P.O. Box 1990 San Jose, CA 95109 1042 West Hedding St. Suite 250 San Jose, CA 95126

visita

ABOUT US El Observador was founded in 1980 to serve the informational needs of the Hispanic community in the San Francisco Bay Area with special focus on San Jose, the capital of Silicon Valley. All Rights Reserved. No part of this publication may be transmitted or reproduced by any form or by any means, this includes photo copying, recording or by any informational storage and retrevial systems, electronic or mechanical without express written consent of the publishers. Opinions expressed in El Observador by persons submitting articles are not necessarily the opinions of the publishers.


CALENDAR

EL OBSERVADOR | www.el-observador.com

DECEMBER 9 - 15, 2016

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¡VAMOS A GOZAR! NICK GUERRA WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 14, 2016 8:00 PM THE IMPROV 62 SOUTH SECOND STREET, SAN JOSE, CA 95113 TICKETS: $17

Photo Courtesy: NBC Universal

DOWNTOWN ICE Friday December 9, 2016 to Jan 16, 2017 / All Day The Circle of Palms 120 S Market St San Jose, CA Hours and Prices Vary

THE NUTCRACKER –SAN JOSE DANCE THEATRE Friday December 9, 2016 / 7:30pm San Jose Center for the Performing Arts 255 S Almaden Blvd San Jose, Ca Prices Vary

A CHRISTMAS CELEBRATION, THE CAROLS OF CHRISTMAS, THE SOUNDS OF CHRISTMAS, CONSERVATORY CHRISTMAS AND GLORY Friday December 9, 2016 / 8pm California Theatre 345 S 1st St San Jose, CA $6

CHRISTMAS IN THE PARK Friday December 9, 2016 to Jan 1, 2017 / All Day Plaza de Cesar Chavez 194 Market St San Jose, CA Free

HAIRSPRAY Friday December 9, 2016 / 7:30pm Montgomery Theater 271 S Market St San Jose, CA Prices Vary

THE NIGHT ALIVE Friday December 9, 2016 / 8pm San Jose Stage Co 490 S 1st St San Jose, CA $45 - $65

WINTER WONDERLAND Friday December 9, 2016 to January 1, 2017 / All Day Paseo De San Antonio from 4th Street to Market St. and Park Ave. between Market and Almaden San Jose, CA Prices Vary

A DICKENS OF A CHRISTMAS MASHUP Friday December 9, 2016 / 8pm Tabard Theatre 29 N San Pedro St San Jose, CA Prices Vary

DOWNTOWN FOR THE HOLIDAYS Friday November 25, 2016 to January 2, 2017 / All Day Downtown San Jose San Jose, CA Prices Vary

OUT OF THE BOX LUNCH Friday December 9, 2016 / 1pm The New Ballet School 40 N 1st St San Jose, CA Free

LIVIA SOHN- NOON ARTS&LECTURES Friday December 9, 2016 / 12:10pm First Unitarian Church 160 N 3rd St San Jose, CA Suggested $5 at door

HERITAGE HOLIDAY CHAMPAGNE TEA Saturday December 10, 2016 / 11am History San Jose San Jose, CA $40 - $45

DIY ART: FESTIVE FUN Saturday December 10, 2016 / 1pm San Jose Museum of Art 110 S Market St San Jose, CA Free

LEGEND OF ZELDA: SYMPHONY OF GODDESSES Saturday December 10, 2016 / 8pm City National Civic 135 W San Carlos St San Jose, CA $63 - $128


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EDUCATION

EL OBSERVADOR | www.el-observador.com

DECEMBER 9 - 15 2016

West Valley College Sponsoring Popular Kids Can Help Curb Bullying a Discussion On DACA and Undocumented Students Colleen Logan NAPS

program it provides many students respite from the fear of being deported. Last week the leaders of the UC, CSU and California Community Colleges submitted a letter to President-elect Trump urging him to continue this program. Many students are struggling w ith the possibility that their lives and educational aspirations may be dramatically altered should the DACA program be discontinued.

Contrary to previous research that suggested that as students’ popularity increased so did their bullying behavior, many parents may be surprised to learn the results of a recent study from Princeton, Rutgers and Yale Universities. It found that popular kids who publicly stand up against bullying may actually help more than school officials’ efforts to curb the behavior. While this new research is hopeful, targets of bullying are more likely than non-targets to consider suicide, which leads to nearly 4,600 young lives lost each year, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Signs Your Child Has Been Bullied

Saratoga, CA - West Valley College will sponsor a discussion on undocumented students and the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) this Wednesday, December 7, at 2:30 p.m. in the WVC Campus Center. Leading the discussion will be Bill Ong Hing, director of the Immigration and Deportation Defense Clinic and law professor at the University of San Francisco. DACA maintains that individuals who entered the country as children and met the guidelines could request discretionary consideration of deferred action against deportation for a period of two years. DACA does not grant lawful status, but by volunteering for this

West Valley College President Bradley Davis is committed to supporting our students as they face an uncertain future. “We have many DACA and undocumented students at West Valley who need our support in this difficult time. We are committed to celebrating the diversity of backgrounds, perspectives and ideas of every member of the campus community. Simply put, we will stand and face this challenge together,” said Davis. Photo Caption: Bill O Hing, Professor at the University of San Francisco & Director of the Immigration and Deportation Defense Clinic (usfca.edu/law/faculty/bill-hing)

Warning signs that children have experienced bullying include depression, anxiety, loneliness, changes in sleep and eating patterns, and loss of interest in activities they used to enjoy. They may also experience a decrease in academic achievement and participation. Long-Term Effects Of Bullying Those who were bullied and sur v ive the challenging tween and teenage years may face mental health issues in adulthood, including from anxiety and depression, and may even consider self-harm and suicide later in life. While all children face conflict, disagreements among peers can usually be resolved in some way; however, experts say, it’s the repetitive nature of bullying that can cause harm. Even as kids start standing up for each other, parents must remain involved and watch what their kids say and do faceto-face and online. Consistent and early intervention at schools and in the home can help mental health issues in adulthood as a result of bullying. During October, which is Bullying Prevention Month, and throughout the year, you can encourage

your children to stand up for their peers. One way is to approach bullying from a strength stance and teach youths to be upstanders, not bystanders. What Kids Can Do

•​Children should be encouraged to say something if they see bullying behavior. By standing up and saying that it’s not OK, they will show others that bullying will not be tolerated. •​Kids should also get a responsible adult involved and properly report the bullying incident. Bystander silence won’t help curb the bullying behavior. •​B efriending those who are bullied can go a long way. While there are many reasons bullies pick their targets, those who seem less vulnerable may no longer be targets. •​Participating in school zero-tolerance policies can help shape the future of bully prevention methods. As kids are empowered to stand up for each other, administration and faculty as well as parents should reward the good behavior instead of only punishing the bad behavior. •​To help even more, children can actively participate in anti-bullying activities and projects. Dr. Logan, program director for the MS in Marriage, Couple, and Family Counseling at Walden University, specializes in bullying issues, including personal and societal impacts along with effects within the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) community. She is a past-president of the American Counseling Association. Learn more about encouraging upstander behavior at <www. WaldenU.edu/bullyprevention>. Teaching kids to be upstanders—not bystanders— when they see bullying can have a lifelong effect.


DECEMBER 9 - 15, 2016

EL OBSERVADOR | www.el-observador.com

DO YOUR HOLIDAY SHOPPING ONLINE WITH CONFIDENCE product and either never receive it or realize the advertisement or product details were misleading. Take your time and read the fine print before submitting your order.

Photo Credit Pixabay

Better Business Bureau The holiday season is the busiest shopping time of the year. This can lead to crowded malls with long lines and packed parking lots. Luckily, there’s another option. These days you can do all of your holiday shopping online without having to leave your couch or comfy pajamas. This is especially useful for those who travel over the holidays and don’t have room in their luggage for bulky gifts. Online shopping is a growing trend: according to a Google Post Holiday Shopping Intentions Study, in 2015 a whopping 40% of holiday shopping happened online. It’s not hard to see why - the convenience of 24/7 shopping on your computer or phone combined with great deals and the ability to do research and comparison shop on the spot is hard to resist. Online shopping has many benefits, but there are also risks involved. So far in 2016, more than 1,700 online purchase scams have been reported to BBB Scam Tracker – and the median loss is $129. Your Better Business Bureau suggests following these seven tips to avoid an online shopping mishap this holiday season: 1. Do your research. Before buying, look up the business at <bbb.org> and read its BBB Business Profile for its rating, complaint history, and customer reviews. Researching a company and reading reviews before making a purchase can save you from making the same mistake many others did before you. 2. Beware of “too good to be true” deals and deceptive ads. Don’t believe every holiday sale ad you see. You’ll probably see ads online or receive email offers from lesserknown brands advertising suspiciously low prices. Make sure the site is professional, and free of spelling and grammatical errors. Better safe than sorry; it’s better to pass up on a “great deal” than pay for a

3. Beware of phishing. Don’t open any links or attachments from unsolicited emails. It’s better to find the website directly through a search engine or look up the company on <bbb.org> and follow the link in its BBB Business Profile. Also, be on the lookout for phishing emails and websites that are impersonating real businesses. Hover over links, and examine logos carefully. Remember that impersonation is easy; anyone can take a company’s logo and products and set up a fake website using a legitimate domain. If you suspect you’re being phished, report it to BBB Scam Tracker at <bbb. org/scamtracker/> to help warn others. 4. Be secure. Check the site’s security settings, and privacy policy, and understand them. Make sure the URL starts with “https://”, where the “s” stands for secure. Look for the small closed lock icon and other trust marks. Don’t give away any unnecessary personal information, and be certain that you’re giving your payment information through a secure website. Protect your computer as well: make sure you have firewall, anti-virus, and antispyware software. Run virus scans regularly and make sure your software is up-to-date. 5. Pay with a credit card. A credit card may offer more protection than other payment methods; you can dispute a charge if you don’t receive the item. Additionally, consider it a red flag if the site will only let you use less-traceable payment forms. 6. Read the return, cancellation, and refund policies very carefully. Make sure to look at the site’s contact page and FAQ to see what methods of contact are available should an issue arise. Consider it a red flag if they don’t have a toll free phone number and can only be contacted through email. Keep documentation of all confirmation pages, emails, and any other records. Print these out to be extra safe. 7. Carefully read the product details. Many people think they’re buying one thing, but receive another because they didn’t read the fine print of the product deals. Make sure you’re getting the size, color and other specifications that you want. Follow these tips to feel confident shopping online this holiday season. Check out BBB’s Digital IQ at <bbb.org/digitaliq/> to learn more about how to be a savvy consumer on the Internet and test your own Digital IQ.

BUSINESS

Compra regalos en línea con confianza Better Business Bureau

La temporada de fiestas es el momento más concurrido para ir de compras del año. Los centros comerciales están abarrotados, hay líneas largas, y los estacionamientos están llenos. Afortunadamente, hay otra opción. Ahora usted puede comprar todos sus regalos en línea sin tener que dejar su sofá o sus pijamas cómodos. Esto es especialmente útil para aquellos que viajan durante la temporada de fiestas y no tienen espacio en su equipaje para regalos voluminosos. Hacer compras en línea es una tendencia creciente: según un estudio de Google, en 2015 40% de compras navideñas sucedieron en línea. No es difícil entender por qué – la conveniencia de 24/7 compras en su computadora o teléfono combinado con grandes ofertas y la capacidad de leer comentarios y comparar productos en el momento es difícil de resistir. Hacer compras en línea tiene muchos beneficios, pero también hay riesgos involucrados. Hasta ahora en 2016, más de 1.700 estafas de compras en línea han sido reportadas al Rastreador de Estafas de BBB – con una pérdida promedio de alrededor de $130. Su Better Business Bureau sugiere seguir estos siete consejos para evitar un problema cuando hacer compras en línea esta temporada de fiestas: 1. Haga su investigación. Busque el negocio en <bbb.org> y lea su Perfil de Negocio de BBB para ver su calidad, historia de quejas, y comentarios de sus clientes. Investigando una empresa antes de hacer una compra y leyendo críticas puede ahorrarte de cometer el mismo error que otros hicieron antes. 2. Tenga cuidado con ofertas que parecen demasiado buenas para ser verdad. No debe creer cada anuncio que veas. Usted probablemente va a ver anuncios en línea o recibir ofertas por correo electrónica de marcas menos conocidas anunciando precios sospechosamente bajos. Asegúrese de que el sitio es profesional, y libre de errores de ortografía y gramática. Es mejor pasar en una “gran oferta” de pagar por un producto y no recibirla o realizar el anuncio o los detalles del producto fueron engañosas. Tómese su tiempo y lea las letras pequeñas antes de ordenar. 3. Tenga cuidado con phishing. No debe abrir ningún enlace o adjunto de correos electrónicos no solicitados. Es mejor escribir la URL directamente en la barra de búsqueda, o buscar la compañía en <bbb. org> y siga el enlace en su Perfil de Negocio de BBB. También, busque sitios web de phishing que están imitando empresas

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reales. Pase el ratón sobre los enlaces del sitio, y examina logotipos cuidadosamente. Recuerde que la suplantación es fácil; cualquier persona puede tomar el logotipo y los productos de una empresa y crear un sitio web falso usando un dominio que parece legítimo. Si usted tiene sospecho que está siendo phished, repórtelo al Rastreador de Estafas de BBB en <bbb. org/scamtracker/> para advertir a otros. 4. Sea seguro. Compruebe la configuración de seguridad y la política de privacidad del sitio, y entiéndelas: asegúrese de que la URL comienza con “https://”, donde la “s” significa “seguro”. También, busque el pequeño icono de candado cerrado y otras marcas de confianza. No dé ninguna información personal innecesaria, y está seguro de que usted está dando su información de pago a través de un sitio web seguro. Si el sitio muestra un Sello de BBB, haga clic en él y asegúrese de que esta enlazado al Perfil de Negocio de BBB del negocio para confirmar su autenticidad. También proteja su computadora: asegúrese de que tiene cortafuegos, y software anti-virus y anti-spyware. Ejecute análisis de virus con regularidad y asegúrese de que su software esta actualizado. 5. Pague con una tarjeta de crédito. Una tarjeta de crédito puede ofrecer más protección que otros métodos de pago; usted puede disputar un cargo si no se recibe el artículo. Además, considérelo una señal de alerta si el sitio sólo se le permitirá utilizar formas de pago menos rastreables. 6. Lea las políticas de retorno, cancelación, y reembolso con mucho cuidado. Asegúrese de leer la página de contacto del sitio y preguntas frecuentes para ver que métodos de contacto están disponibles si se presenta un problema. Considérelo una señal de alerta si no tienen un número de teléfono gratuito y solo pueden ser contactados a través de correo electrónico. Mantenga la documentación de todas las páginas de confirmación, correos electrónicos, y cualquier otro archivo. Imprima estos para ser más seguro. 7. Lea cuidadosamente los detalles del producto. Muchas personas piensan que están comprando una cosa, pero reciben otro porque no leen la letra pequeña de los detalles del producto. Asegúrese de que está ordenando el correcto tamaño, color, y otras propiedades. Siga estos consejos para sentirse seguro cuando usted hace compras en línea esta temporada de fiestas. Echa un vistazo al Digital IQ de BBB en <bbb.org/digitaliq/> para aprender más sobre cómo ser un consumidor inteligente en el Internet y probar su propio Digital IQ.


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HEALTH

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S AY Y E S T O ' H O - H O - H O ' A N D N O T O H O L I D AY A L L E R G I E S

Photo Credit: BPT

BPT Shouldn’t this be the season for walks in the snow, gift-shopping, family gatherings, ho-ho-ho and mistletoe? So why are you still sneezing? Granted, certain times of year are more allergen-filled than others, but the truth is, allergy symptoms can hit you in any season – even the holiday season! What’s more, the holidays bring unique triggers such as mold from evergreens inside your home, dust from long-stored decorations and food allergens in holiday foods. “When you top off holiday allergens with the hectic pace and stress this time of year can bring, you have a recipe for a very sneeze-filled season,” says Dr. Stephen Tilles, president of the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology (ACAAI). “No one wants to be a Scrooge during the holidays. With some planning and precautions, it’s possible to reduce your exposure to allergens and have a more pleasant season.” The ACAAI offers these tips to help navigate the many seasonal triggers you may face during the holidays: Dodging decoration disaster Decorations are meant to make the holiday season bright, but holiday adornments can harbor allergens. Mold from Christmas trees can trigger sneezing and wheezing. Aromas from scented candles can cause congestion and affect breathing. Decorations stored in attics or garages from year to year can be a home for sneeze-inducing dust mites. Artificial trees, wreaths and garlands can be an alternative to live decorations that host mold. Remove dusty decorations from storage and clean them outside before bringing them indoors. At the end of the season, store them in sealed containers to keep out dust. Avoid using artificial scents like candles and room sprays that can trigger symptoms for people with allergies and asthma. Instead, fill your home with natural aromas by

baking holiday goodies or setting out a dish of unwrapped peppermints. Safer holiday feasting Seasonal foods are as much a part of the holiday season as tinsel and twinkling lights. However, dining as a guest in someone’s home can be a problem for people with food allergies. If you have food allergies, alert your host ahead of time. Offer to bring a dish or two that you know will be safe for you to eat. Carefully read labels on prepared foods to ensure they haven’t been made with trigger ingredients or in a facility where they might have come in contact with allergens. If you’re hosting someone with food allergies, be sure to prepare some allergen-free dishes and clearly label those that have common trigger ingredients like shellfish, tree nuts and peanuts. Avoid travel trip ups Whether you’re visiting distant relatives or sharing a holiday meal with nearby neighbors, traveling during the holidays can mean exposure to allergens. Your neighbor’s beloved dog or cat may trigger pet allergies, no matter how well she cleans the house. The sheets on your hotel room bed may be washed in a detergent that causes itching, and the pillows may expose you to dust mites. Be sure to pack your allergy medication before traveling. If you’re hosting, check with guests before they arrive to see what their allergy triggers are and get their guidance on what you can do to mitigate their exposure to allergens in your home. Finally, don’t forget that it’s also flu season and flu can trigger or make existing allergy and asthma worse. Get a flu shot, and be sure to wash your hands regularly throughout the holidays. If you do experience an allergy or asthma attack, see your board-certified allergist. You can get more information about allergies and asthma, and find an allergist near you at <AllergyAndAsthmaRelief.org>.

DECEMBER 9 - 15 2016


EL OBSERVADOR | www.el-observador.com

DECEMBER 9 - 15, 2016

COUNTY AGAINST MASS DEPORTATIONS County Board Votes Unanimously to Plan Expanding Legal Representation Mass Deportation Victims

DOWNTOWN

ICE

“We just want to make sure that everyone enjoys due process of law and has the basic right to be represented by counsel,” said Supervisor Cindy Chavez. “Because most of the people in Immigration Court have lived here for over ten years and have been separated from their families, we need to make sure that the Court gets it right.” Reports of “notario fraud” and predatory business practices exploiting the fears of immigrants are on the rise. County staff and educators have already begun reporting a massive decline in student attendance, patients and clients not showing up for

Environmental Services Department has removed more than 320 tons of dumped materials, enhancing community appearance

Circle ofPalms downtownicesj.com (408) 610-4055

EL OB

SAN JOSE, Calif. - San José residents are noticing a decrease in blight on city streets and open areas as a result of comprehensive, innovative, and successful efforts by the city’s Environmental Services Department (ESD) to reduce illegal dumping.

Receive One Free Admission with One Paid Admission Valid on these dates: Nov. 28-Dec. 1, Dec. 5-8, Dec. 12-15 and Jan. 9-12 Limit one (1) free admission per ad. Free admission applies to the same or lesser value. Not valid with other discounts or promotions. Skating subject to availability and weather. Check website for schedule. A San Jose Downtown Association Production

Keep America Beautiful, a national nonprofit organization, recognized these efforts by awarding the City of San José with its 2016 National Community Improvement award for Litter Prevention. Established in 1953, Keep America Beautiful provides the expertise, programs, and resources to help people end littering, improve recycling, and beautify America's communities. “This is a tremendous honor by a national organization that underscores our collaborative approach to a complex issue,” said Kerrie Romanow, director of the San José Environmental Services Department, which leads the program. “Because of our strong internal and community partnerships, we’re seeing visible results that are making our community cleaner and greener and engaging our residents to strengthen our neighborhoods.” As in many large cities, illegal dumping has been a growing problem in San José. A 2015 assessment revealed a 50 percent increase in illegal dumping incidents on public property within the last three years.

Special thanks to our sponsors Hawaiian Airlines • Kristi Yamaguchi’s Always Dream Foundation • The Sobrato Organization KT Urban • C2K Architecture Inc. • Bay Area News Group • The Mercury News Silicon Valley Community Newspapers • Clear Channel Outdoor • VTA • NBC Bay Area 98.9/99.1 La Que Buena • Univision 14 Area de la Bahia • 100.3 Mas Variedad El Observador • 94.5 KBAY • MIX 106.5 • KQED • Republic Services Supported in part by a Cultural Affairs grant from the City of San Jose

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appointments or even picking up medication. Mass deportation would result in the separation of many local families. This would require an immediate response by the County and non-profit agencies to assure child welfare and social services. “The fear of mass deportation is making our community more dangerous, because people are afraid to engage with their local government and law enforcement authorities, including to report crime, domestic violence, and child abuse or neglect,” said Supervisor Cindy Chavez, one of the authors of the proposal. The County Administration was directed to coordinate pro bono legal representation to ensure that the subjects of mass deportation receive due process of law. In addition, the Office of Immigrant Relations was directed to partner with the City of San Jose and other interested municipalities and non-profits to develop a plan to ensure that immigrant individuals and families receive accurate and timely information about relevant immigration law, federal enforcement, local government response and available resources. The Administration and County Counsel will return to the Board at its meeting of December 13 with a report detailing their assessment of resources required for both the community outreach and legal representation components of this program.

San José Wins Award for Innovative Tactics to Combat Illegal Dumping

Nov. 18 - JAN. 16

BUY ONE, GET ONE FREE

Santa Clara County, CA—On December 6th the Santa Clara County Board of Supervisors voted unanimously to direct Administration to come back with a plan to provide community outreach and legal representation to victims of mass deportation at its December 13 meeting. This is in response to community concerns about potential changes in deportation policies, given the incoming federal administration’s public and explicit support of mass deportations.

COMMUNITY

In response, a citywide task force led by ESD developed a comprehensive program focused on prevention, cleanup, El Observador education, and community engagement to provide practical and 2 column x 10 inch convenient alternatives to reduce illegal dumping. In addition, it 10) to remove items such as abandoned (3.347 x effort included a coordinated mattresses, furniture, and trash from streets and waterways.

“Our program includes free curbside pickup of large items like furniture and appliances, regular cleanup routes in areas with a high incidence of illegal dumping, and a new full-time illegal dumping rapid response team to address resident cleanup requests,” said Romanow. Along with a broad public education campaign, partnerships with neighborhood associations, CommUniverCity (an innovative partnership between the City of San José, San José State University, and downtown neighborhoods that works with low-income communities), and the Behavioural Insights Team through Bloomberg Philanthropies’ What Works Cities initiative have helped assess the problem, identify solutions, and maximize outreach. “I’m not surprised that the City of San José won such an award,” said Pete Kolstad, chair of the San José Neighborhoods Commission. “Their creativity and enthusiasm have energized San José.” Since July 2016, the city’s illegal dumping rapid response team has removed more than 320 tons of dumped materials and trash, including 1,193 mattresses and 620 shopping carts, from San José streets and public areas. Keep America Beautiful’s National Awards program recognizes the best of the best among their network of community-based affiliates, leading corporate partners, and individual volunteers across the country who have committed to delivering cleaner, greener, and more beautiful communities. “It’s my privilege to recognize the City of San José for such valuable, mission-based work that helps their community be more socially connected, environmentally healthy, and economically sound,” said Becky Lyons, chief operating officer of Keep America Beautiful.


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EL OBSERVADOR | www.el-observador.com

DECEMBER 9 - 15 2016

HISPANIC CAUCUS BACKS PELOSI IN DEM LEADERSHIP RACE Heather Caygle

The Congressional Hispanic Caucus is backing Nancy Pelosi ahead of Wednesday’s Democratic leadership elections, the group announced in a letter on Tuesday November 29th. The group’s support comes as Pelosi heads into the first real test to her leadership since 2010 as Ohio Rep. Tim Ryan challenges her for the top spot. “Now, more than ever, we need experienced leadership that understands how to fight against attempts to unravel eight years of progress, roll back civil rights protections, and implement new policies that will harm our nation,” the members wrote in a letter signed by a majority of the CHC.

where they stand in support of the long-time Democratic leader. Sánchez is running against Rep. Barbara Lee (D-Calif.) for the open caucus vice-chair position. Pelosi hasn’t endorsed in that race. Rep. Ruben Gallego (D-Ariz.) is the only member of the CHC to endorse Pelosi’s challenger so far. "You’re seeing members moving to Tim Ryan and in general, just [moving] for change and accountability within the caucus. You’re seeing that on all avenues,” Gallego said in an interview on Tuesday November 29th. Ryan, who isn’t expected to win, has only been backed by 10 of his colleagues to date.

“For these reasons, we strongly support Leader Pelosi in the upcoming Democratic leadership elections and urge you to stand with us.”

The CHC endorsement comes as Pelosi's relationship with another important group, the Congressional Black Caucus, is being tested.

Twenty-one members of the CHC, including the group’s chair Linda Sánchez (D-Calif.), signed the letter. A handful of CHC members are not listed as signatories but it’s unclear

Rep. Cedric Richmond (D-La.), who's running to lead the CBC, circulated a memo last week highlighting caucus concerns with some of Pelosi's proposed leadership changes.

Property Taxes Need to be Paid by December 12, 2016 San Jose, CA The first installment of the 2016/2017 property taxes was due and payable on November 1 and will be delinquent if not paid by 5:00 p.m., Monday, December 12, 2016. If delinquent, a 10 percent penalty and a $20 cost will be added, in accordance with the California Revenue and Taxation Code. Tax installment payments should be mailed, along with the respective installment stubs, to the Office of the Tax Collector, 70 West Hedding Street, 6th Floor, East Wing, San Jose, CA 95110. To ensure timely payment of your tax bill, mail your payment early enough to account for unforeseen delays in mail handling. The United States Postal Service or U.S.P.S. postmark must reflect December 12th or earlier to avoid penalties. Taxpayers who send their payments by mail are cautioned that the U.S.P.S. only postmarks certain mail depending on the type of postage used, and may not postmark mail on the same day deposited by a taxpayer. If a payment is received after December 12th with no U.S.P.S. postmark, the payment is considered late and penalties will be imposed by law. It is recommended

to mail early or obtain a proof of mailing receipt from the post office. Checks are accepted by mail, but cash is not. Cash payments must be made in person at the Office of the Tax Collector, 70 West Hedding Street, East Wing, 6th Floor in San Jose. To pay taxes with a credit card, debit card or e-check, visit the Office of the Tax Collector website at <www.scctax.org>. A convenience fee is associated with credit or debit card payments and will need to be paid by the taxpayer. eCheck payments are not subject to a convenience fee. Property owners are responsible for the taxes even if they have not received a bill. If you have not received your bill and need a duplicate, contact the Office of the Tax Collector at (408) 808-7900. Property owners whose taxes are paid by their lending agency usually receive a copy of the tax bill indicating that the original statement was sent to the lending agency. Property owners who need information about paying their taxes can visit the Santa Clara County Office of the Tax Collector website at <www.scctax.org> or call (408) 808-7900.

Discovery

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DISCOVERY CHARTER SCHOOL K-8 Escuela Pública de Elección

Escuela Reconocida por su Excelencia

•Programa Academico •Programas de Enriquecimiento

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2017-18 Periodo Abierto de Inscripciones: Dic. 2, 2016 – Feb. 2, 2017 Juntas Informativas Dic. 2, 2016 – Feb. 2, 2017

Recorridos/Casa Abierta: Dic. 7, 2016 – Enero 30, 2017 Registrese para las juntas informativas & los recorridos en:

www.discoveryk8.org (408) 243-9800

Visitenos para obtener más información acerca de nuestras excelentes escuelas y programas. Nuestras escuelas están localizadas en el sur y oeste de San José.

¿Es usted una Latina portadora del gen BRCA1/2? Si es que sí, puede participar en este estudio de investigación

¿Quienes somos? La Universidad de Georgetown está haciendo una investigación con mujeres latinas de 21 años o más, que sean portadoras de la mutación BRCA1/2. Si los resultados de su examen fueron positivos, ¡usted puede ser parte de este estudio! ¿En qué consiste la participación? 1. Completar una entrevista telefónica de 30 minutos 2. Una copia de los resultados de su examen ¿Hay alguna compesación? Recibirá una tarjeta de regalo de $25 ¿Cómo puede ponerme en contacto? Para más información o si está interesada en participar, contacte a Adriana Serrano: 202-687-0806 Adriana.Serrano@georgetown.edu


DECEMBER 9 - 15, 2016

EL OBSERVADOR | www.el-observador.com

Thousands of CA Vets Almost Free from Paying Back Bonuses

Logan Pollard California News Service LOS ANGELES - It looks like thousands of California veterans will soon be released from any obligation to pay back millions of dollars to the Pentagon. The new agreement was folded into the latest National Defense Authorization Act, the defense appropriations legislation that the Senate takes up this week. Roughly ten years ago, in an effort to increase the number of troops at the height of the Iraq and Afghanistan wars, 10,000 California National Guardsmen and women were incorrectly offered bonuses to re-up their service. Now, Congress appears to be coming together to protect them from their employer's mistake. Congressman Adam Schiff, D-Dist. 28, who represents the Greater Los Angeles area, said a tremendous number of veterans received these bonuses - and then years later, were targeted by the Pentagon for repayment.

A California National Guardsman with family member before a deployment to Afghanistan. (Staff Sgt. Emily Surh/Army National Guard)

"Several of these soldiers then paid them back, or suffered consequences in terms of their credit. Others really faced a terrible predicament because they used this money to buy a home or to get an education," Schiff said. "It's a terrible position to be in." Schiff 's petition to allow the guard members to keep the bonus money was widely

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supported. But the defense bill has been called bloated by detractors who object to increasing military spending by $3 billion beyond what the president had sought. The bill would also give troops a pay raise of 2.1 percent - slightly more than the Pentagon had requested. And it specifically prohibits the Obama Administration from fulfilling its promise to close the prison at Guantanamo Bay. The defense appropriations bill is expected to pass in the Senate, and will likely be signed by the president. In the meantime, the Pentagon has until July 2017 to bring any cases against soldiers believed to have committed fraud in receiving bonuses. Schiff said he's ready to stand by the vets. "These soldiers had every right to feel betrayed," he said. "They were made this bargain, they were offered these bonuses; there was no reason for them to question them. And for the Pentagon, so many years later, to come after them and essentially say, 'You shouldn't have been offered that bonus, we want you to pay it back' - it's just a terrible disservice." Schiff said he's cautiously optimistic that Congress can work together to get things done in the New Year, as evidenced by this progress for veterans. He said he thinks common ground could be found with an infrastructure bill, to fix roads and update the telecommunications and energy grids.

¿Cómo escoger el mejor plan de salud para tí? confidencial. Para más información visita www.coveredca.com/espanol o llama al 1-800-300-0213.

5 consejos para escoger el plan de Covered

3. Escoge a tu doctor. Si ya tienes un doctor de cabecera asegúrate que acepta tu nuevo plan. Si aún no tienes un doctor tienes la opción de comparar y escoger dentro de tu red de cobertura o tu plan te asignará a alguien. Puedes cambiar a tu médico de atención primaria cuando desees.

California que más se ajusta a tus necesidades. Redacción de Covered California

Ahora que estamos en el período de inscripción abierta de Covered California, es un buen momento para comparar y comprar el mejor plan que se ajuste a tus necesidades de salud. Durante este período que inició el pasado 1 de noviembre y se extiende hasta el 31 de enero del 2017, tú puedes elegir entre 11 planes de salud de marca que ofrecen cobertura de calidad y económica. A continuación algunos consejos útiles.

A nivel estatal hay cientos de navegadores y agentes certificados disponibles para ayudarte a encontrar el mejor plan para tus necesidades de salud. 1. Compara. Covered California tiene una herramienta en su página web www.coveredca.com/espanol que te dará información detallada sobre los planes de salud disponibles en tu zona. Ahí mismo puedes comparar los cuotas mensuales, los niveles de cobertura y la ayuda financiera que

podrías recibir para ayudarte a pagar la cuota mensual. 2. Obtén ayuda en persona. Obtén ayuda en persona. Si necesitas ayuda hay miles de agentes certificados de Covered California y navegadores que te pueden ayudar de forma gratuita y

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4. Planes dentales y de visión están disponibles. Los miembros de Covered California también tienen la oportunidad de comprar planes dentales y de visión a precios económicos. 5. Inscríbete ya. Para que tu cobertura comience el 1 de enero debes inscribirte antes del 15 de diciembre.


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EL OBSERVADOR | www.el-observador.com

DECEMBER 9 - 15 2016

PAID ADVERTISEMENT

UNA CONVERSACIÓN SOBRE EL FUTURO DE LA ENERGÍA DE CALIFORNIA

Construyendo un puente hacia el futuro de la energía de California P O R G E I S H A W I L L I A M S , P R E S I D E N TA D E O P E R A C I O N E S E L É C T R I C A S , P A C I F I C G A S Y E L E C T R I C C O M P A N Y ¿Cómo construimos una mejor California – con energía segura, limpia, confiable y asequible? Lo hacemos juntos. Eso es exactamente lo que sucedió con el anuncio histórico de que PG&E, el proveedor de electricidad más grande del estado, estaba trabajando con organizaciones medioambientales y laborales para abordar el cambiante panorama energético de California. Encontramos una manera de lograr algo que pocos pensaron que fuera posible. Y lo hicimos conjuntamente. Presentada en junio, la propuesta conjunta reemplazaría la energía producida por dos reactores nucleares en la Central Eléctrica de Diablo Canyon con una cartera limpia y rentable de energías renovables, eficiencia energética y almacenamiento. El periodo de transición de ocho a nueve años proporcionará el tiempo para un cierre organizado – sin recurrir a los combustibles fósiles para utilizar el exceso y provocar un aumento de las emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero – como ha ocurrido en otros lugares.

En el acuerdo histórico se encuentran incluidos PG&E, Friends of the Earth, Natural Resources Defence Council, Enviroment California, Alliance for Nuclear Responsibility, International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers 1245 y la Coalition of California Utility Employees. El acuerdo también incluye el compromiso de PG&E con un objetivo de energía renovable del 55 por ciento en 2031, un pacto voluntario sin precedentes, hecho por una importante empresa de energía estadounidense. El acuerdo refleja la realidad de la producción solar y eólica que desempeñará, cada vez en mayor medida, un papel importante en el futuro energético de California y la producción completa de Diablo Canyon dejará de ser necesaria. También comprendemos que Diablo Canyon ha desempeñado un inmenso papel en la economía regional de la Costa Central. Como apoyo a su mano de obra altamente calificada

El acuerdo refleja la realidad de la producción solar y eólica que desempeñará, cada vez en mayor medida, un papel importante en el futuro energético de California y la producción completa de Diablo Canyon dejará de ser necesaria.

Reemplazando la energía nuclear

Como parte del acuerdo histórico para cerrar la Central Eléctrica de Diablo Canyon, la energía nuclear será reemplazada con una cartera rentable de energías renovables, eficiencia energética y almacenamiento.

y a sus comunidades, — así como continuar con el registro ininterrumpido de un servicio inteligente y confiable de la planta durante sus años de funcionamiento restantes — PG&E proporcionará incentivos para conservar a los empleados, junto a un programa de reentrenamiento y desarrollo para facilitar la reorganización de una parte del personal del proyecto de desactivación de la planta hacia otros puestos de trabajo dentro de la empresa. Además, la propuesta incluye los pagos hechos por PG&E al Condado de San Luis Obispo, destinados a compensar la disminución de impuestos a la propiedad, debido a la pérdida de la planta Diablo Canyon ha sido un activo valioso para PG&E y para California. Cuando sus licencias para funcionar expiren al finalizar su periodo de 40 años, la planta habrá producido energía asequible y libre de GEI, en un momento en el que las fuentes renovables no estaban disponibles o tenían un precio exorbitante. Esto nos llevó a través de los tiempos, cuando la electricidad generada por el carbón aún se utilizaba y los precios del gas natural se dispararon. Pero los tiempos han cambiado,

y en virtud de las políticas energéticas de California, la planta no es necesaria más allá de su período activo original autorizado. Reconocemos que en la lucha contra el cambio climático, la colaboración es la clave del éxito. Necesitaremos trabajar conjuntamente – y hacerlo a gran escala–. Es por eso que nos sentimos muy orgullosos de la propuesta conjunta. El acuerdo que hemos creado refleja un nuevo compromiso de los principales interesados en California para trabajar en colaboración con la finalidad de reducir las emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero y modernizar la red eléctrica del estado. Y es también otra muestra de que cuando en PG&E decimos que juntos estamos construyendo una mejor California, eso es exactamente lo que estamos haciendo.

Para leer más secciones, visite pge.com/energyfuture


DECEMBER 9 - 15, 2016

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GREEN

EL OBSERVADOR | www.el-observador.com

No Parking, No Problem

Massive Wildlife Crossing Inches Closer to Reality Logan Pollard California News Service MALIBU, Calif. - The mountain lion known as "P-45" that is roaming the Los Angeles area now is in hunters' sights over the deaths last weekend of at least 10 domestic alpacas. It's just one example of the growing tensions between civilization and nature, prompting new interest in building a wildlife crossing over the busy 101 freeway.

SpotOn Parking is trying to help parking spot owners and drivers connect to reduce "cruising" and ease congestion in San Francisco. Photo Credit: Chris Chabot, FlickrCC.

Driving around and around city blocks looking for parking seems like a colossal waste of fuel (and time). Is anyone working on ways to reduce this extra traffic and emissions burden?​

connecting drivers with property owners looking to monetize under-utilized parking spots. Users of the free SpotOn app can search for available spaces nearby—and reserve and pay with the click of a virtual button.

Roddy Scheer & Doug Moss EarthTalk

Of course, another way to reduce the need to park is to embrace public transit and ridesharing. If you ride the bus or train—or walk or bike—you won’t have to waste time or fuel looking to park. Another way to avoid parking hassles is by using Uber or Lyft, or by joining a car-share service like Zipcar which provides dedicated parking spots all around town for its vehicles.

It’s true that we waste lots of gas and time— and create lots of stress for ourselves—in the constant search for parking spaces. UCLA urban planning professor Donald Shoup and his students observed hundreds of cars driving around four sites in Los Angeles’s bustling Westwood Village, a commercial district next to the UCLA campus, and found about one in three drivers was “cruising” in search of a spot. On average, each cruising driver spent only 3.3 minutes on the hunt over about a half-mile in distance — but the numbers add up quickly, given that some 8,000 cars park in Westwood Village each day. “Over a year, cruising in Westwood Village creates 950,000 excess VMT [vehicle miles traveled]—equivalent to 38 trips around the earth, or four trips to the moon,” says Shoup. This excess mileage in just one small business district waste some 47,000 gallons of gasoline while producing 730 tons of CO2 emissions annually. Shoup thinks crowded metro areas should increase the price of street parking to make it cost as much or more than commercial or private parking garages so as to discourage all this wasteful cruising and force drivers into dedicated parking facilities where they won’t slow down other motorists. Luckily there’s a slew of new services that make it easier than ever to park responsibly. BestParking, Parking Panda, Parker, ParkWhiz and ParkMe each provide users with access to hundreds of garages and lots in major cities across the U.S. through easy-touse Smartphone interfaces. SpotHero works on a similar model but also offers up its own dedicated discounted spots in select parking facilities. Meanwhile, SpotOn Parking is using San Francisco as a testing ground for its new service

At the meta level, American cities could follow the lead of some of their forward-thinking European counterparts like Antwerp and Zurich which have significantly reduced the overall number of (private and public) parking spaces available, in turn leading to a measurable downturn in vehicle miles travelled within city limits. If people have nowhere to park, they won’t bother driving their own car into the city. While encouraging people to use public transit, car sharing or at least parking apps is a step in the right direction, policy changes that reduce the number of spots altogether might be our best bet in reducing gas consumption, carbon emissions and the waste of time we all experience hunting for that next parking spot. CONTACTS: BestParking, www.bestparking. com; ParkWhiz, www.parkwhiz.com; Parker, www.theparkerapp.com; Panda Parking, www.parkingpanda.com; ParkMe, www. parkme.com; SpotHero, www.spothero. com; SpotOn Parking, www.spotonparking. com; “Europe’s Parking U-Turn: From Accommodation to Regulation,” www. itdp.org/europes-parking-u-turn-fromaccommodation-to-regulation/; Donald Shoup’s “Cruising for Parking,” http://shoup. bol.ucla.edu/CruisingForParkingAccess.pdf. EarthTalk® is produced by Roddy Scheer & Doug Moss and is a registered trademark of the nonprofit Earth Action Network. To donate, visit www.earthtalk.org. Send questions to: question@earthtalk.org.

DECEMBER 9 - 15 2016

State Sen. Fran Pavley, D-Agoura Hills, said it would be the largest such man-made crossing in the world, over the major commuter route that bisects the state. "Now the real work begins," she said. "The land is saved on each side of the freeway. We have to raise millions of dollars to construct an overpass over the busy 10-lane freeway." Pavley and supporters of the project broke ground before Thanksgiving on the contentious 71 acres that would be the connecting point for a future land bridge over the 101. Opponents have balked at the ambitious size of the wildlife corridor, saying the land near the freeway had been slated for commercial development in the past decade.

Pavley said many types of wildlife could use a land bridge, since the freeway creates an artificial boundary that limits their natural habitat. "And what happens if they can't crisscross it? They end up breeding and having babies," she said, "and then you become overpopulated and sort of trapped, if you will, in an area that becomes almost like an island." What the project needs most is money, Pavley said, adding that tens of millions of dollars still have to be raised. The state transportation department will design and build the wildlife overpass, but the lion's share will come from private funds. "So, we're not spending state money that goes for specific purposes like schools and roads," she said. "This is done through donations of people who think keeping some of Los Angeles County wild is worth the efforts." The Southern California overpass might be the biggest but it wouldn't be the first. Colorado, Montana, Washington and some parts of Europe also have created wildlife corridors to promote better balance between humans and wildlife. More information on wildlife corridors is online at <blog.nwf.org>.


DECEMBER 9 - 15, 2016

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EL OBSERVADOR | www.el-observador.com

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El o r u f ut

de l l o ñ a p es

¿Cuál será el destino de la lengua española? Photo Credit: Pixabay

Sandhya Kalavacherla Especial para El Observador

La comunidad latina es la minoría más grande en los Estados Unidos, la cual compone el 17% de la población nacional. Para 2060, se estima que hispanos constituirán el 28% de la población total, lo que equivale a unos 119 millones de habitantes. Con estos números, es natural suponer que la creciente base hispana aumentará la prevalencia de la lengua española en los Estados Unidos. Cada vez más, las escuelas están incorporando programas de inmersión en español, telenovelas españolas a menudo superan programas de televisión en inglés en las calificaciones, y traducciones al español se ofrecen en casi todas partes. De acuerdo con los datos del censo reciente, el Español es el segundo lenguaje más hablado en los EE.UU. Sin embargo, una nueva investigación muestra que esto podría cambiar en el futuro próximo.

Un estudio realizado por el Instituto de Investigación Pew encontró que mientras que la fluidez Inglés entre los hispanos en los EE.UU. se ha incrementado en más de 9 puntos porcentuales entre 2000 y 2013, el número de hispanos que hablan predominantemente español en el hogar se ha reducido en 5 puntos porcentuales durante este periodo. También, hay un aumento dramático en el número de hispanos nacidos en los EE.UU., en comparación con el número de hispanos nacidos en el extranjero que viven en los EE.UU. De hecho, el estudio afirma que “el 89% de los latinos nacidos en Estados Unidos hablaban Inglés con soltura en 2013, frente al 72% en 1980”. Al mismo tiempo, el número de latinos nacidos en el extranjero en los EE.UU. que hablan Inglés con soltura se ha mantenido prácticamente sin cambios desde 1980. Estudios indican que se necesitan alrededor de dos generaciones para que las familias latinas se integran lingüísticamente en los Estados Unidos. Por la tercera generación,

las familias de origen hispano hablan principalmente inglés.. Los sociólogos a través del país añaden que pocos latinos nacidos en Estados Unidos pasan el idioma español a su descendencia. “Shift Happens”, un estudio sociológico y lingüístico de 2004, encontro que si no hay nuevos inmigrantes nacidos en el extranjero entrando a los EE.UU., el español morirá en el siglo. Este ha sido el destino de idiomas como el alemán y el italiano en los EE.UU. --a la vuelta del siglo 20, durante el auge de la inmigración europea, las lenguas europeas se hablaban extensamente; sin embargo, estas lenguas son ahora mucho menos común ya que estas familias europeas se han asimilado a través de generaciones y la inmigración de europeos nacidos en el extranjero ha disminuido. El recién electo presidente Donald Trump tiene como objetivo reforzar el control de fronteras y hacer cumplir las políticas de inmigración más estrictas, lo que probablemente conducirá a una disminución de la afluencia de los hispanos nacidos en el

extranjero en los EE.UU. Con el crecimiento de la población latina en los EE.UU. condujo por los hispanos nacidos en los EE.UU., es probable que la lengua española perderá su posición como el segundo idioma más hablado en los EE.UU.; sin embargo, las influencias culturales españolas seguirán determinando los valores e identidades estadounidenses durante el próximo siglo. También, es posible que la presencia del español comenzará a alterar el inglés. Junot Díaz, un autor español que ganó el Premio Pulitzer en 2008, pretende “marcar constantemente cómo el inglés está transformando a español y español está transformando el inglés”. Díaz destaca la capacidad del español para reconstruir las lenguas con que se mezcla. La historia de la lengua española en los últimos siglos incluye conquista, dominación y supervivencia, pero el español ha logrado sobrevivir a través de su capacidad de adaptación. Como dice Díaz, El español “no es un idioma minoritario sino uno que transforma otros”.

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CLASSIFIEDS / LEGALS

EL OBSERVADOR | www.el-observador.com Directiva del Peninsula Corridor Joint Powers NOTIFICACIÓN DE AUDIENCIA PÚBLICA Y REUNIONES Cambios Propuestos al Servicio de Caltrain

The Lathrop Cafe is hiring for all positions! Set to open in the beginning of January 2017. Our new location will feature our delicious pastries as well as a bounty of standard and rotating menu of savory breakfast and lunch offerings in a cafeteria café set on the beautiful campus of Stanford University. We are seeking happy, energetic, dependable people that want to be a part of a fun, supportive team oriented, focused work environment. This is a great opportunity to grow with our company and expand or show off your skill set! Your experience and qualifications will help determine competitive compensation as well as the right attitude and work ethic. Become part of our team and help bring simple but worldly taste to fast paced, discerning appetites. ALL Candidates must be able to: - Stand for long periods of time - Lift up to 50 pounds - Communicate effectively - Work with a committed team to ensure that guests are taken care of quickly and efficiently - Show up on time ready to work There are opportunities to move up in our quickly growing company. Pay for this position is competitive and depends on experience. We are willing to train the right candidate if experience is limited. California state law requires all food handlers to have a California Food Handler Card. Full Time and Part Time Shifts are available! Experienced Kitchen Manager: Must have at last three years of high volume (hands on) kitchen management experience. We are looking for a positive individual that will provide great leadership, clear communication to our staff. This position will work directly with Exec Chef in menu creation and execution. Basic responsibilities include but are not limited to: • Oversee and make sure service runs smoothly and efficiently • Oversee kitchen production to ensure low product waste and efficient labor • Help maintain set food and labor costs • Kitchen administrative duties • Inventory and ordering of ingredients, and non-food items • Training and scheduling of staff Line Service: Experience in high volume line service is needed for this position. Previous experience with panini grill a bonus. Basic duties include but not limited to: • Set up and break down of station for breakfast, lunch service • Keeping ingredients, packaging stocked and ready for service • Accurate plating of menu items ingredients and measurements to keep portions consistent • Good knife skills for fast, safe prep of ingredients for station • Good communication, customer skills to keep line moving and fulfilling accurate orders Prep Cooks: We are seeking energetic, team oriented and reliable individuals who are willing to help with a wide variety of tasks including but not limited to: • Proper preparation and handling of food items • Reaching production pars for ingredient prep for menu items on a daily basis • Accurate assembly of to-go and packaged items • Basic food preparation (I.e. peeling/roasting vegetables, slicing meats/cheeses, etc.) • Keeping prep area clean and organized, proper rotation of stock and inventory for salad bar Dishwasher/Busser: We are seeking energetic, team oriented and reliable individuals who are willing to help with a wide variety of tasks including but not limited to: • Cleaning dishes and food prep equipment • Sweeping and mopping • Bussing and wiping down tables • Sorting and taking out trash Benefits Include: Medical insurance available after three months employment Competitive Wages !! Food Discount Please Send Your Resume! Great Work Environment Send to: cpiumarta@pastrycupboard.com

No Attachments Please – Place resume in the body of the email

Conduce para Lily y conoce el país mientras trabajas! Lleva a tu equipo a una empresa con la tarifa de mejor retención en la industria. Como conductor de Lily se te garantiza tener una corta semana de trabajo y sin estar fuera de tu casa. ¡Los amigos, esposos y parientes tambien hacen grandes equipos! ¡Los conductores ganan hasta $68 mil al año! Para obtener más información, visita lily.com/careers

CA Faculty Association seeks Representation Specialist Should be skilled in identifying contract violations, filing grievances, representing members in arbitrations, and writing post-hearing briefs. Experience handling unfair labor practices is also useful in this position. Excellent research and writing skills required. Position requirements and application instructions visit www.calfac.org

Audiencia Pública La Directiva del Peninsula Corridor Joint Powers llevará a cabo una audiencia pública para recibir comentarios sobre los propuestos cambios al servicio de Caltrain para acomodar el Proyecto de Electrificación del Peninsula Corridor (PCEP), mejorar y aerodinamizar el servicio Caltrain service durante la construcción del PCEP. Las propuestas a considerarse incluyen: Cambios al Servicio en Días de Semana (Propuestos a tomar efecto el 10 de abril, 2017) • La adición de (6) paradas – Sunnyvale, California Avenue, San Carlos, San Mateo, Burlingame, San Bruno – al tren 305 para atraer más viajeros a este tren de la mañana hacia el norte en la hora pico • La separación de los trenes Baby Bullet 312 y 314; 322 y 324 hacia el sur por la mañana en hora pico, que actualmente corren uno atrás del otro, para mejor eficacia y espaciar el tiempo para los pasajeros • El ajuste de algunos trenes de servicio en reverso de horas pico de la Estación Tamien que tiene muy pocos viajeros para permitir el incremento de abastecimiento de combustible y servicios de mantenimiento en las Instalaciones Centralizadas de Mantenimiento de Equipo y Operaciones en San José • Ajustes al tiempo de salida durante los períodos de horas no pico para permitir que los encuentros de trenes ocurran en puntos controlados los cuales permitirán flexibilidad a la operación para acomodar los períodos del trabajo del PCEP Cambios al Servicio de Fin de Semana (Propuestos a tomar efecto en el verano del 2017) • Cambiar los intérvalos del servicio local de 60 a 90 minutos con servicios de Baby Bullet para apoyar los períodos de trabajo del PCEP, y por consiguiente, reducir el número de trenes que corren el sábado de 36 a 28 y el domingo de 32 a 24. El horario propuesto estará disponible el 9 de diciembre en www.caltrain.com/proposedchanges o llamando al 1.800.660.4287 (TDD solamente 650.508.6448). Los cambios propuestos al calendario ayudarán a facilitar el PCEP sin requerir opciones más drásticas como la terminación de todo el servicio de Caltrain del fin de semana. La audiencia pública se llavará a cabo: Jueves, 2 de marzo, 2017 a las 10 a.m. Oficinas Administrativas de Caltrain 1250 San Carlos Ave., San Carlos Antes de la audiencia, se podrán enviar comentarios por correo, correo electrónico o teléfono al: Peninsula Corridor Joint Powers Board, JPB Secretary P.O. Box 3006, San Carlos, CA 94070-1306 Changes@caltrain.com  1.800.660.4287 Los encuentros del Analisis Title VI Equity para los propuestos cambios al servicio de 2017 serán presentados en las reuniones públicas. Reuniones Públicas Caltrain llevará a cabo reuniones públicas para presentar las propuestas y recibir comentarios. Las reuniones tomarán lugar en las siguientes localidades y horas:

DECEMBER 9 - 15 2016

matter of the application of. Thuy Hai Nguyen. Petitioner Thuy Hai Nguyen has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court f or a decree changing names as follows: a. Thuy Hai to Maggie Thuy Nguyen. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 1/31/2017 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. December 06, 2016 Thomas E. Kuhnle​ Judge of the Superior Court​ December 9, 16, 25, 30, 2016 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO. 16CV303167 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of. I Chen Lu. Petitioner I Chen Lu has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. I Chen Lu to Elaine I-Chen Lu. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 1/31/2017 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. November 28, 2016 Thomas E. Kuhnle​ Judge of the Superior Court​ December 9, 16, 25, 30, 2016

Estación Caltrain de Millbrae – Domingo, 8 de enero, 11 am – 1 pm; Jueves, 12 de enero, 5:30 pm – 7:30 pm 100 California Dr.

FICTITIOUS BUSINESS NAME STATEMENT NO. 623388 The following person(s) is (are) doing business Little Tykes Home Daycare 877 Clarkston Dr. San Jose, Ca 95136, Santa Clara County. Anais Janke-Bueno 877 Clarkston Dr. San Jose, Ca 95136. This business is conducted by an individual; registrant has begun transacting business under the fictitious business name or names listed hereon, 12/15/2006 “I declare that all information in this statement is true and correct.” (A registrant who declares as true information which he or she knows to be false is guilty of a crime.) Anais Janke-Bueno December 9, 16, 23, 30, 2016 This statement was filed with the County of Santa Clara on 11/10/2016

Estación Caltrain de Palo Alto – Lunes, 9 de enero, 6 am – 8 am; Domingo, 15 de enero, 10:30 am – 12:30 pm 95 University Ave.

SUMMONS (Parentage – Custody and Support)

San Carlos – miércoles., Diciembre. 21 de 4:30 pm – 5:30 pm (antes de la reunión de Caltrain Citizens Advisory Committee) Oficina Administrativa de Caltrain, 1250 San Carlos Ave. Estación Caltrain de San Francisco – Sábado, 7 de enero, 8 am – 11:30 am; Miércoles, 11 de enero, 8 am – 11:30 am 4th & King St., bajo el reloj de la estación Estación Caltrain de Redwood City – Sábado, 7 de enero, 10:30 am – 12:30 pm; Lunes, 9 de enero, 6:30 am – 8:30 am 1 James Ave. Estación Tamien de Caltrain – Sábado, 7 de enero, 10 am – al mediodía 1355 Lick Ave, San Jose Estación Caltrain de San Mateo– Domingo, 8 de enero, 11 am – 1 pm; Jueves, 12 de enero, 5:30 pm – 7:30 pm 385 First Ave.

Estación Caltrain de Morgan Hill – Martes, 10 de enero, 6 am – 7:30 am 17300 Depot St. Estación Diridon de Caltrain en San José – Miércoles. 11 de enero, 5:30 am – 8 am; Domingo, 15 de enero, 9:30 am – 11:30 am 65 Cahill St. Para servicio de traducción, llame a Caltrain al 1.800.660.4287 tres días antes de cada reunión.

ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO. 16CV298734 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Gena Payne. Petitioner Gena Payne has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Angelo Jerrold Ayala Payne to Angelo Josiah Jerrold Ayala. THE COURT ORDERS

that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 1/10/2017 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a

newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. November 4, 2016 Thomas E. Kuhnle​ Judge of the Superior Court​ December 9, 16, 25, 30, 2016 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO. 16CV303640 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the

NOTICE TO RESPONDENT (Name): Victoria Alvarez Perez AVISO AL DEMANDADO (Nombre): ​​ You have been sued. Lo han demandado. Petitioner’s name is:​Lino Rodriguez Gutierrez Nombre del demandante: ​​​Case Number (Número de caso): ​​​​16CP023089 You have 30 CALENDER DAYS after this Summons and Petition are served on you to file a Response (form FL-120) at the court and have a copy served on the petitioner. A letter, phone call, or court appearance will not protect you.

If you do not file your Response on time, the court may make orders affecting your marriage or domestic partnership, your property, and custody of your children. You may be ordered to pay support and attorney fees and costs. For legal advice, contact a lawyer immediately. You can get information about finding lawyers at the California Courts Online Self-Help Center (www. courtinfo.ca.gov/selfhelp), at the California Legal Services Web Site (www.lawhelpcalifornia.org), or by contacting your local court or county bar association. ​ iene 30 DIAS CORRIDOS T después de haber recibido la entrega legal de esta Citación y Petición para presentar una Respuesta (formulario FL-120) ante la corte y efectuar la entrega legal de una copia al demandante. Una carta o llamada telefónica o una audiencia de la corte NO basta para protegerlo. Si no presenta su Respuesta a tiempo, la corte puede dar órdenes que afecten su matrimonio o pareja de hecho, sus bienes y la custodia de sus hijos. La corte también puede ordenar que pague manutención y honorarios y costos legales. Si desea obtener asesoramiento legal, pónganse en contacto de inmediato con un abogado. Puede obtener información para encontrar a un abogado en el Centro de ayuda de las Cortes de California (www.sucorte. ca.gov), en el sitio Web de los Servicios Legales de California (www.lawhelpcalifornia.org) o poniéndose en contacto con el colegio de abogados de su condado. NOTICE; The restraining orders are effective against both spouses or domestic partners until the petition is dismissed, a judgment is entered, or the court makes further orders. They are enforceable anywhere in California by any law enforcement officer who has received or seen a copy of them. AVISO; Las órdenes de restricción están en vigencia en cuanto a ambos conyuges miembros de la pareja de hecho hasta que se despida la petición, se emita un fallo o la corte de otras ordenes. Cualquier agencia del orden publico que haya recibido o visto una copia de estas ordenes puede hacerlas acatar en cualquier lugar de California. NOTICE: If you cannot pay the filing fee, ask the clerk for a fee waiver form. The court may order you to pay back all or part of the fees and cost that the court waived for you and the other party. Exencion De Cuotas: Ai no puede pagar la cuota de presentacion, pida al secretario un formulario de exencion de cuotas. La corte puede ordenar que usted pague, ya sea en parte o por completo, las cuatas y costos de la corte previamente exentos a petición de usted o de la otra parte. 1. The name and address of the court is (el nombre y dirección de la corte son): Surerior Court of California, county of Santa Clara Family Division 170 Park Ave San Jose, CA 95113 2. The name, address, and telephone number of petitioner’s attorney, or the petitioner without an attorney, are: (El nombre, dirección, y número de teléfono del abogado del demandante, o del demandante si no tiene abogado, son): Lino Rodriguez Gutierrez 2733 Wil mar Ave San Jose, Ca 95127 (669) 225-3540

Date (Fecha): May 19, 2016​​​ Clerk, by (Secretario, por) David H. Yamasaki Deputy (Asistente): T. Vu ​​​

WARNING – IMPORTANT INFORMATION WARNING: California law provides that, for purposes of division of property upon dissolution of a marriage or domestic partnership or upon legal separation, property acquired by the parties during marriage or domestic partnership in joint form is presumed to be community property. If either party to this action should die before the jointly held community property is divide, the language in the deed that characterizes how title is held (i.e. joint tenancy, tenants in common, or community property) will be controlling, and not the community property presumption. You should consult your attorney if you want the community property presumption to be written into the recorded title to the property. STANDARD FAMILY LAW RESTRAINING ORDERS Starting immediately, you and your spouse or domestic partner are restrained from 1.​Removing the minor child or children of the parties, if any, from the state without the prior written consent of the other party or an order of the court. 2.​Cashing, borrowing against, canceling, transferring, disposing of, or changing the beneficiaries of any insurance or other coverage, including life, health, automobile and disability, held for the benefit of the parties and their minor child or children: 3.​Transferring, encumbering, hypothecating, concealing, or in any way disposing of any property, real or personal, whether community, quasi-community, or separate, without the written consent of the other party or an order of the court, except in the usual course of business or for the necessities of life; and 4.​Creating a nonprobate transfer or modifying a nonprobate transfer in a manner that affects the disposition of property subject to the transfer, without the written consent of the other party or an order of the court. Before revocation of a nonprobate transfer can take effect or a right of survivorship to property can be eliminated, notice of the change must be filed and served on the other party. You must notify each other of any proposed extraordinary expenditures at least five business days prior to incurring these extraordinary expenditures and account to the court for all extraordinary expenditures made after these restraining orders are effective. However, you may use community property, quasicommunity property, or you own separate property to pay an attorney to help you or to pay court costs. ADVERTENCIA – INFORMACION IMPORTANTE ADVERTENCIA: De acuerdo a la ley de California, las propieades adquiridas por las partes durante su matrimonio o pareja de hecho en forma conjunta se consideran propiedad comunitaria para los fines de la división de bienes que ocurre cuando se produce una disolución o separación legal del matrimonio o pareja de hecho. Si cualquiera de las partes de este caso llega a fallecer antes de que se divida la propiedad comunitaria de tenencia conjunta, el destino de la misma quedará determinado por las cláusulas de la escritura correspondiente que describen su tenencia (por ej. tenencia conjunta, tenencia en


EL OBSERVADOR | www.el-observador.com

DECEMBER 9 - 15, 2016 común o propiedad comunitaria) y no por la presunción de propiedad comunitaria. Si quiere que la presunción comunitaria que registrada en la escritura de la propiedad, debería consultar con un abogado. ORDENES DE RESTRICCION NORMALES DE DERECHO FAMILIAR En forma inmediata, usted y su conyuge o pareja de hecho tienen prohibido: 1.​Llevarse de estado de California a los hijos menores de las partes, si los hubiera, sin el consentimiento previo por escrito de la otra parte o una orden de la corte. 2.​Cobrar, pedir prestado, cancelar, transferir, deshacerse o cambiar el nombre de los beneficiarios de cualquier seguro u otro tipo de cobertura, tal como de vida, salud, vehículo y discapacidad, que tenga como beneficiario(s) a las partes y su(s) hijo(s) menor(es); 3.​Transferir, gravar, hipotecar, ocultar o deshacerse de cualquier manera de cualquier propiedad, inmueble o personal, ya sea comunitaria, cuasicomunitaria o separada, sin el consentimiento escrito de la otra parte o una oarden de la corte, con excepción las operaciones realizadas en el curso normal de actividades o para satisfacer las necesidades de la vida; y 4.​Crear o modificar una transferencia no testamentaria de manera que afecte el destino de una propiedad sujeta a transferencia, sin el consentimiento por escrito de la otra parte o una orden de la corte. Antes de que se pueda eliminar la revocación de una transferencia no testamentaria, se debe presentar ante la corte un aviso del cambio y hacer una entrega legal de dicho aviso a la otra parte. Cada parte tiene que notificar a la otra sobre cualquier gasto extraordinario propuesto, por lo menos cinco días laborales antes de realizarlo, y rendir cuenta a la corte de todos los gastos extraordinarios realizados después de que estas órdenes de restricción hayan entrado en vigencia. No obstante, puede usar propiedad comunitaria, cuasicomunitaria o suya separada para pagar a un abogado o para ayudarle a pagar los costos de la corte. December 9, 16, 23, 30, 2016 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO. 16CV302906 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Ly Hoang. Petitioner Ly Hoang has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Ly Huong Hoang to Evelyn Huong Hoang b. Giang Phuong Hoang to Rosalme Phuong Hoang. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 1/24/2017 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. November 18, 2016 Thomas E. Kuhnle​ Judge of the Superior Court​ December 02, 09, 16, 23, 2016 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO. 16CV303113

Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of. Yesenia Lozano Ramirez Petitioner Yesenia Lozano Ramirez has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court f or a decree changing names as follows: a. Anai Torrez Lozano to Anai Juarez Lozano . THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 1/31/2017 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. November 23, 2016 Thomas E. Kuhnle​ Judge of the Superior Court​ December 02, 09, 16, 23, 2016 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO. 16CV303297 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of. Sayed Mobin-Roqia Ahmad Shah-Sayed Ali Sayed Mobin Petitioners Sayed Mobin-Roqia Ahmad Shah-Sayed Ali Sayed Mobin have filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Sayed Mobin to Sam Shah b.Roqia Ahmad Shah to Rose Shah c. Sayed Ali Sayed Mobin to Aaron Shah . THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 1/31/2017 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. November 30, 2016 Thomas E. Kuhnle​ Judge of the Superior Court​ December 02, 09, 16, 23, 2016 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO. 16CV302830 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of. Mariadejesus Fonseca-Espinoza. Petitioner Mariadejesus FonsecaEspinoza has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Mariadejesus Fonseca-Espinoza to Marichuy Fonseca. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 1/24/2017 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. November 17, 2016 Thomas E. Kuhnle​ Judge of the Superior Court​ December 02, 09, 16, 23, 2016 FICTITIOUS BUSINESS NAME STATEMENT NO. 623821 The following person(s) is (are) doing business 100 Percent Sweet 1456 Blossom Hill Rd San Jose, CA 95118, Santa Clara County. Maria C Galindo 1456 Blossom Hill Rd San Jose, CA

95118. This business is conducted by an individual; registrant has begun transacting business under the fictitious business name or names listed hereon, 10/21/2016 “I declare that all information in this statement is true and correct.” (A registrant who declares as true information which he or she knows to be false is guilty of a crime.) Maria C Galindo December 2, 9, 16, 23, 2016 This statement was filed with the County of Santa Clara on 11/28/2016 FICTITIOUS BUSINESS NAME STATEMENT NO. 623697 The following person(s) is (are) doing business R&R Professional Staffing 1984 The Alameda #2 San Jose, CA, 95126, Santa Clara County. Rebecca Ann Trigos 1346 The Alameda St 7-198 San Jose, CA 95126. This business is conducted by an individual; registrant has not begun transacting business under the fictitious business name or names listed hereon “I declare that all information in this statement is true and correct.” (A registrant who declares as true information which he or she knows to be false is guilty of a crime.) Rebecca Trigos December 2, 9, 16, 23, 2016 This statement was filed with the County of Santa Clara on 11/21/2016 FICTITIOUS BUSINESS NAME STATEMENT NO. 623832 The following person(s) is (are) doing business Helados Santa Clara 5039 Las Cruces Ct San Jose, CA 95118, Santa Clara County. Jose Paz Soberanes 5039 Las Cruces Ct San Jose, Ca 95118. This business is conducted by an individual; registrant has begun transacting business under the fictitious business name or names listed hereon, 05/15/2005. “I declare that all information in this statement is true and correct.” (A registrant who declares as true information which he or she knows to be false is guilty of a crime.) Jose Paz Soberanes December 2, 9, 16, 23, 2016 This statement was filed with the County of Santa Clara on 11/29/2016 SUMMONS (CITACION JUDICIAL) NOTICE TO DEFENDANT: Raul Salgado Dominguez, Jose Adrian Sabbag, Does 1-10 (Aviso Al Demandado) YOU ARE BEING SUED BY PLAINTIFF: Ali Awad Sarsak (LO ESTÁ DEMANDANDO EL DEMANDANTE): NOTICEl You have been sued. The court may decide against you without your being heard unless you respond within 30 days. Read the information below. You have 30 CALENDAR DAYS after this summons and legal papers are served on you to file a written response at this court and have a copy served on the plaintiff. A letter or phone call will not protect you. Your written response must be in proper legal form if you want the court to hear your case. There may be a court form that you can use for your response. You can find these court forms and more information at the California Courts Online Self-Help Center (www.courtinfo.ca.gov/Selfhelp), your county law library, or the courthouse nearest you. If you cannot pay the filing fee, ask the court clerk for a fee waiver form. If you do not file your response on time, you may lose the case by default, and your wages, money, and property may be taken without further warning from the court. There are other legal requirements. You may want to call an attorney right away. If you do not know an attorney, you may want to call an attorney referral

service. If you cannot afford an attorney, you may be eligible for free legal services from a nonprofit legal services program. You can locate these nonprofit groups at the California Legal Services Web site (www.lawhelpcalifornia. org), the California Courts Online Self-Help Center (www.courtinfo. ca.gov/selfhelp), or by contacting your local court or county bar association. NOTE: The court has a statutory lien for waived fees and costs on any settlement or arbitration award of $10,000 or more in a civil case. The court's lien must be paid before the court will dismiss the case. Aviso Lo han demandado. Si no responde dentro de 30 días, la corte puede decidir en su contra sin escuchar su versión. Lea la información a continuación Tiene 30 DÍAS DE CALENDARIO después de que le entreguen esta citación y papeles legales para presentar una respuesta por escrito en esta corte y hacer que se entregue una copia al demandante. Una carta o una llamada telefónica no lo protegen. Su respuesta por escrito fiene que estar en formato legal correcto si desea que procesen su caso en la corte. Es posible que haya un formulario que usted pueda usar para su respuesta. Puede encontrar estos formularios de la corte y más información en el Centro de Ayuda de las Cortes de California (www.sucorte. ca.gov), en la biblioteca de leyes de su condado o en la corte que le quede más cerca. Si no puede pagar la cuota de presentación, pida al secretario de la corte que le dé un formulario de exención de pago de cuotas. Si no presenta su respuesta a tiempo, puede perder el caso por incumplimiento y la corte le podrá quitar su sueldo, dinero y bienes sin más advertencia. Hay otros requisitos legales. Es recomendable que llame a un abogado inmediatamente. Si no conoce a un abogado, puede llamar a un servicio de remisión a abogados. Si no puede pagar a un abogado, es posible que cumpla con los requisitos para obtener servicios legales gratuitos de un programa de servicios legales sin fines de lucro. Puede encontrar estos grupos sin fines de lucro en el sitio web de California Legal Services, (www.lawhelpcalifornia. org), en el Centro de Ayuda de las Cortes de California, (www. sucorte.ca.gov) o poniéndose en contacto con la corte o el colegio de abogados locales. AVSO: Por ley, la corte tiene derecho a reclamar las cuotas y los costos exentos por imponer un gravamen sobre cualquier recuperación de $10,000 ó más de valor recibida mediante un acuerdo o una concesión de arbitraje en un caso de derecho civil. Tiene que pagar el gravamen de la corte antes de que la corte pueda desechar el caso. Case Number: (Numero de Caso) 16CV291729 The name and address of the court is: El nombre y dirección de la corte es: Superior Court of California, County Santa Clara 191 N. First St., San Jose, CA 95110 The name, address, and telephone number of plaintiffs’ attorney, or plaintiff without an attorney, is: (El nombre, la dirección y el número de teléfono del abogado del demandante, o del demandante que no tiene abogado, es): Sidney C. Flores, 601 N. First St. Ste. 200, San Jose, CA 95112, 408-292-3400 Date: February 18, 2016 Chief Executive Officer, Clerk, David H. Yamasaki Deputy C. Page (Fecha) (Secretario) (adjunto) December 2, 9, 16, 23, 2016

ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO. 16CV301369 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Babak Farhat. Petitioner Babak Farhat has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Babak Farhat to Bobby Farhat. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 12/20/2016 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. October 20, 2016 Thomas E. Kuhnle​ Judge of the Superior Court November 25; December 2, 9, 16, 2016​ ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO. 16CV302790 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Victor Alfonso Ortiz Jop and Sinddy Fabiola Coloma Alvarado. Petitioners Victor Alfonso Ortiz Jop and Sinddy Fabiola Coloma Alvarado has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Derek David Ortiz Coloma to Dereck David Ortiz Coloma. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 01/24/2017 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. November 17, 2016 Thomas E. Kuhnle​ Judge of the Superior Court November 25; December 2, 9, 16, 2016​ ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO. 16CV303003 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Arash Babaahmadian. Petitioner Arash Babaahmadian has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Arash Babaahmadian to Arash Ahmadi. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 01/24/2017 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. November 22, 2016 Thomas E. Kuhnle​ Judge of the Superior Court November 25; December 2, 9, 16, 2016 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO. 16CV302230 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Valentina Kolesov. Petitioner

Valentina Kolesov has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Valentina Kolesov to Valentina Kolesova. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 01/03/2017 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. November 02, 2016 Thomas E. Kuhnle​ Judge of the Superior Court November 25; December 2, 9, 16, 2016​ ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO. 16CV303074 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Samrudha Panse. Petitioner Samrudha Panse. has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Samrudha Panse to Rohit Koratkar. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 01/31/2017 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. November 23, 2016 Thomas E. Kuhnle​ Judge of the Superior Court November 25; December 2, 9, 16, 2016​ ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO. 16CV302561 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Vera Ristic. Petitioner Vera Ristic has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Vera Ristic Savich to Vera Velini b. Vera Savich to Vera Velini c. Vera Ristic to Vera Velini. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 01/17/2017 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. November 10, 2016 Thomas E. Kuhnle​ Judge of the Superior Court November 25; December 2, 9, 16, 2016​ ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO. 16CV302949 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Joseph Peter Cherhoniak, Jr. Petitioner Joseph Peter Cherhoniak, Jr has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Joseph Peter Cherhoniak, Jr to Joseph Petr Shiloh. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court

CLASSIFIEDS / LEGALS

at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 01/24/2017 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. November 21, 2016 Thomas E. Kuhnle​ Judge of the Superior Court November 25; December 2, 9, 16, 2016​ ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO. 16CV303030 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Caixing Xie. Petitioner Caixing Xie has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Caixing Xie to David Shie. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 01/31/2017 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. November 22, 2016 Thomas E. Kuhnle​ Judge of the Superior Court November 25; December 2, 9, 16, 2016​ FICTITIOUS BUSINESS NAME STATEMENT NO. 623493 The following person(s) is (are) doing business Al Sanchez Income Tax and Bookkeeping Service 31 S. Jackson Ave San Jose, CA 95116. Alberto Sanchez 3572 Estate View Ct. San Jose, CA 95148. This business is conducted by an individual; registrant has begun transacting business under the fictitious business name or names listed hereon, 11/15/2016 “I declare that all information in this statement is true and correct.” (A registrant who declares as true information which he or she knows to be false is guilty of a crime.) Alberto Sanchez November 25; December 2, 9, 16, 2016 This statement was filed with the County of Santa Clara on 11/15/2016 FICTITIOUS BUSINESS NAME STATEMENT NO. 622806 The following person(s) is (are) doing business J&M Express 283 Tradewinds Dr #6 San Jose, CA 95123. Miguel A. Barreras, Jr. 283 Tradewinds Dr #6 San Jose, CA 95123. This business is conducted by an individual; registrant has not begun transacting business under the fictitious business name or names listed hereon. “I declare that all information in this statement is true and correct.” (A registrant who declares as true information which he or she knows to be false is guilty of a crime.) Alberto Sanchez November 25; December 2, 9, 16, 2016 This statement was filed with the County of Santa Clara on 10/26/2016 FICTITIOUS BUSINESS NAME STATEMENT NO. 623634 The following person(s) is (are) doing business Sun Construction & Design 2290 Harrison St. Santa Clara, CA 95050. Weilung Sun 2290 Harrison St. Santa Clara, CA 95050. This business is conducted

15

by an individual; registrant has begun transacting business under the fictitious business name or names listed hereon, 07/15/2010 “I declare that all information in this statement is true and correct.” (A registrant who declares as true information which he or she knows to be false is guilty of a crime.) Weilung Sun November 25; December 2, 9, 16, 2016 This statement was filed with the County of Santa Clara on 11/18//2016

FICTITIOUS BUSINESS NAME STATEMENT NO. 623605 The following person(s) is (are) doing business Innovative Homecare Services 2110 Huran Dr San Jose, CA 95122. Yvonne E Rili 2110 Huran Dr. San Jose, CA 95122 and Abigail S Gamboa 4629 Royal Forrest Ct San Jose, CA 95136. This business is conducted by a general partnership; registrants have not begun transacting business under the fictitious business name or names listed hereon. “I declare that all information in this statement is true and correct.” (A registrant who declares as true information which he or she knows to be false is guilty of a crime.) Yvonne E Rili November 25; December 2, 9, 16, 2016 This statement was filed with the County of Santa Clara on 11/17//2016 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO. 16CV302582 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Hung Truong. Petitioner Hung Truong has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Hung Truong to Paul Minh Truong. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 1/17/2017 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. November 14, 2016 ​ Thomas E. Kuhnle Judge of the Superior Court November 18, 25; December 2, 9, 2016​ ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO. 16CV301790 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Vahid Taghinezhad and Maryam Halajha. Petitioners Vahid Taghinezhad Maryam Halajha have filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Aria Taghinezhad to Arya Taghinezhad. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 01/03/2017 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. October 27, 2016 ​ Thomas E. Kuhnle Judge of the Superior Court November 18, 25; December 2, 9, 2016


16

COMMUNITY

EL OBSERVADOR | www.el-observador.com

DECEMBER 9 - 15 2016

Subvenciones concedidas de la Medida Q Espacio abierto urbano superan los $1.5 millones espacio abierto propuesto está bordeado por un muro de reducción de sonido que separa Midfield de la Highway 101. El proyecto toca múltiples categorías de subvenciones: restauración medioambiental sembrando vegetación autóctona, espacio de parque para familias y reuniones comunitarias, y un huerto comunitario para promover la agricultura urbana.

Photo Credit: Santa Clara Open Space Authority

Quince organizaciones, incluyendo los Latinos United for a New America (LUNA), reciben fondos para reforzar proyectos medioambientales locales

San José, CA-La Junta Directiva de la Santa Clara Valley Open Space Authority ha concedido $1,553,077 en el ciclo inicial de subsidios para el programa de subvenciones competitivo de la Medida Q Urban Open Space. Quince organizaciones que sirven a los residentes del Condado de Santa Clara, incluyendo organizaciones sin ánimo de lucro, ciudades y el Condado, recibieron fondos de subsidio para huertos comunitarios, capacitación de líderes de la naturaleza, educación medioambiental, personas sin hogar protectores de arroyos, sistemas alimenticios sostenibles y más. Los $1.5 millones en concesiones de subvenciones hace uso de más de $1.1 millones en fondos de contrapartida de las organizaciones recipientes de los subsidios para la inversión en espacio abierto urbano de un total de más de $2.6 millones. "Muchos residentes del Sur de la Bahía, sobre todo los del nucleo urbano, no tienen acceso fácil a la naturaleza", dijo Andrea Mackenzie, Directora General de la Open Space Authority. "Deben superar muchas barreras relacionadas con la transportación, los ingresos, el idioma y la cultura. Tenemos la fortuna de tener unas escuelas increíbles, además de organizaciones sin ánimo de lucro, ciudades y departamentos del condado de la región que están ayudando a la gente tirar abajo estas barreras ... La Authority tiene el honor de invertir en quince de estas organizaciones con sus proyectos creativos e impactantes que conectan a la gente con la naturaleza, como llevar niños de escuelas Title I de excursión a visitar un arroyo, hacer huertos comunitarios y hacer conexiones con senderos regionales". El Programa de subvenciones de la Medida Q Urban Open Space fue diseñado para

conectar a la gente con la naturaleza dentro de sus barrios y concentrarse en zonas que no tienen fácil acceso a parques, huertos comunitarios y senderos urbanos. Los criterios que se usaron para evaluar las propuestas para las subvenciones incluían el enfoque del proyecto y su alineación con los objetivos de conservación de espacio abierto, el nivel de participación y apoyo de la comunidad, el plan del proyecto, objetivos, presupuesto, impacto, sostenibilidad y la capacidad de la organización para completar el proyecto. Las propuestas ganaban más puntos por dirigirse a comunidades marginadas, la creación de lazos comunitarios, que demostraban liderazgo e innovación - y que proporcionaban más del 25% en fondos de contrapartida. En este ciclo de subvenciones inicial, la Authority recibió veintisiete solicitudes elegibles que pedían un total de $3.3 millones. La plantilla de la Authority evaluó las propuestas y celebró una reunión especial del Comité Asesor de Ciudadanos para más estudio y comentario público a la que asistieron más de cuarenta miembros de la comunidad. El programa de subvenciones de Medida Q Urban Open Space otorga subvenciones en una o más de cuatro categorías, incluyendo: • Protección y restauración medioambiental • Parques, senderos y acceso público • Educación Medioambiental • Agricultura urbana/sistemas alimenticios La Authority concedió subvenciones en cada uno de sus siete distritos, llevando beneficios a comunidades por toda su jurisdicción, que incluye Milpitas, San José, Santa Clara, Campbell, Morgan Hill y partes no incorporadas del condado. Mecibió $250,000 para Nuestro Lugar, un espacio abierto multi-uso a lo largo de un cuarto de milla de la Avenida Midfield en East San Jose. La longitud entera del

"El impacto duradero más importante de este proyecto es que creará una nueva capacidad en la comunidad de Midfield para actuar en su propio nombre", dijo Chava Bustamante, Director Ejecutivo de LUNA. "Los actuales miembros de la comunidad están aislados los unos de los otros, a menudo son víctimas de delitos y viven hacinados para poder pagar la renta. Este proyecto unirá a los residentes en una causa común, los juntará mientras comparten su nuevo (y único) espacio abierto, y establecerá una relación entre los residentes y entre entidades gubernamentales y funcionarios elegidos que sentarán las bases para más acciones que mejoren la comunidad". Un segundo recipiente de subvención, Bay

Area Wilderness Training (BAWT) recibió $40,000 para su Proyecto de Desarrollo de Capacidades del Sur de la Bahía (Llevar a la juventud marginada al aire libre). El proyecto aumentará el número de socios del programa y educadores medioambientales en el Condado de Santa Clara, que lleva a más oportunidades para jóvenes diversos para vivir la naturaleza. "Muchos profesores y trabajadores juveniles quieren llevar a los jóvenes al aire libre pero les falta experiencia en cuanto a la organización de tales salidas y no están familiarizados con la logística, equipo y habilidades de seguridad que conlleva", dijo Scott Wolland, Director Ejecutivo de BAWT. "BAWT solventa esta barrera educándolos mediante nuestros cursos prácticos de capacitación de líderes, que les da los conocimientos y confianza necesarios para llevar a sus jóvenes a excursiones al aire libre". Todos los recipientes de las subvenciones del programa de la Medida Q Urban Open Space de 2016 y sus proyectos están en la lista abajo y hay más detalles en <openspaceauthority.org>.


RECIPE

EL OBSERVADOR | www.el-observador.com

DECEMBER 9 - 15, 2016

Laura Posada comparte su postre favorito para la época navideña

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Jazmine Turner Photography Specializing in Weddings, Couples, Maternity and Senior Portraiture.

jazmineturnerphotography@gmail.com

408.480.7989

Photo Credit: Wonderful Pistachios

Ingredientes: 12 tazas de palomitas de maíz 1 taza de pistachios ligeramente picados 1 taza de cerezas o arándanos ½ taza de jarabe de maíz ¾ taza de azúcar morena ¼ taza de mantequilla sin sal ½ cucharadita de sal 1 cucharadita de extracto de vainilla ½ cucharadita de bicarbonato de sodio Direcciones: 1. Coloca papel pergamino en una

bandeja para hornear

2. En una olla grande, coloca el popcorn,

las cerezas secas y pistachios, mezclándolas completamente. 3. En una cacerola mediana combina el

jarabe de maíz, azúcar, mantequilla y sal. Hierve la mezcla a fuego lento moviéndola constantemente. Continúa moviendo e hirviendo por dos minutos. Retíralo del calor y agrega la vainilla y el bicarbonato de sodio. Ten cuidado ya que la mezcla puede burbujear.

Compra un producto y llevate el otro GRATIS en la linea Mirada Provence! La linea Mirada Provence es hecha en Francia y es de la mejor calidad!

LE INVITAN A USTED Y UN ACOMPAÑANTE AL PREESTRENO DE

4. Vierte

la mezcla de jarabe de maíz sobre el popcorn y mezcla para cubrir bien. El popcorn continuará caliente por el jarabe. Para mantener las manos limpias, utiliza bolsas plásticas con spray para cocinar o mantequilla.

5. Rápidamente,

forma bolitas pequeñas utilizando la mezcla de popcorn. Colócalas en la bandeja forrada con pergamino para enfriar.

¡EL 14 DE DICIEMBRE EN SAN JOSE! Para participar en este concurso sólo tienes que registrarte en: www.el-observador.com © 2016 Disney

Laura Posada, personalidad de televisión y coach de vida profesional, comparte una receta de bolitas de popcorn con cerezas y Wonderful Pistachios muy fácil y rápida de preparar que será un éxito con tus invitados.

NO ES NECESARIO COMPRAR. Hasta agotar existencias. El premio no puede ser intercambiado, sustituido o transferido en parte o por completo. Sólo serán válidos para participar en el sorteo los cupones que estén completos. No se aceptan copias, solo originales. Patrocinadores, sus empleados, miembros de la familia y sus agencias no son elegibles. Todas las regulaciones federales, estatales y locales son aplicables. El ganador asume cualquier y todos los riesgos relacionados al uso del mismo, y acepta cualquier restricción requerida. WDSMP, Allied Hispanic, El Observador y sus afi liadas no serán responsables o culpables en relación con cualquier pérdida o accidente ocurrido por el uso de un premio. No existirá responsabilidad por pérdida, demoras o error en la dirección de la inscripción. LOS ASIENTOS SE LIMITAN, ASÍ LLEGUE TEMPRANO. EL PASE NO GARANTIZA UN ASIENTO EN LA PROYECCIÓN.

¡EN CINES EL VIERNES, 16 DE DICIEMBRE! LaLaLand.Movie

/LaLaLand

@LaLaLand #LaLaLand


18

VIBRAS

EL OBSERVADOR | www.el-observador.com

La devoción a la Virgen de Guadalupe

La devoción a la Virgen de Guadalupe, se ha convertido con el paso de los siglos, en todo un dogma inalterable de la fe católica. Sin embargo, existen personas que han puesto en duda que dichas apariciones sean reales, ha llamado mucho la atención los comentarios del Papa Francisco al respecto de si son verídicas o no dichas apariciones. Un Abad llamado Guillermo Schulenburg, también puso en duda las apariciones de la Virgen Morena y hasta intentó desacreditar la existencia del indio Juan Diego, enviando una carta al Vaticano para que se le pusiera un alto a su canonización. En aquel momento miles de sacerdotes, obispos y cardenales, se opusieron al abad, adjudicándole el nombre de “católico de pobre fe”.

Photo Credit: Joaquín Martínez Rosado /via Wikimedia Commons

Mario Jiménez Castillo El Observador Millones de fieles devotos conmemoran en estas fechas a la Virgen Morena, Virgen de Guadalupe, son millares de personas quienes llegan a la Basílica de la Virgen en la ciudad de México, el día 12 de diciembre, según los fieles, el caudal de sus milagros es incalculable. La Virgen de Guadalupe fue coronada canónicamente el 12 de

La Virgen Morena, La Sagrada Virgen de Guadalupe, es la Reina de México y Emperatriz de América.

octubre de 1895 por el Papa León XIII. Son también notables los santuarios a la Virgen de Guadalupe en Cáceres, España y en San Salvador, El Salvador, lugar en donde también se apareció la Virgen Morena en 1953, por lo que se le edificó una hermosa basílica. San Juan Diego fue finalmente canonizado en el año 2002 por el Papa Juan Pablo II, convirtiéndose así, en el primer Santo de origen indígena.

La controversia surgió debido a unas pruebas que se le hicieron a la mantilla original, la cual según la historia, Juan Diego presentó como evidencia de las apariciones ante el poder eclesiástico. Uno de los investigadores puso en tela de juicio la autenticidad de la mantilla. Las apariciones de “la Virgen María” siempre han sido puestas en duda, lo mismo sucedió en Fátima, Portugal y con la Virgen de Lourdes en Francia.

DECEMBER 9 - 15 2016 La Virgen de Guadalupe se apareció por primera vez al indio Juan Diego, en el Cerrito del Tepeyac, el 9 de diciembre de 1531, pidiendo que en ese lugar se levantara un templo en su honor. El obispo de ese entonces, Fray Juan de Zumárraga, recibió la noticia con mucha reserva. Posteriormente el 12 de diciembre la Virgen volvió a aparecerse y le pidió al indio que recogiera las rosas que brotarían en el cerro. Juan Diego las recogió, las colocó en su ayate y fue y las mostró al Frayle como prueba de la aparición. Cuando el indio desdobló su ayate, la imagen de la Virgen de la Concepción estaba plasmada en la túnica. Y fue así como el Frayle y los demás prelados de la iglesia fueron testigos de aquel milagro. Oración a la Virgen de Guadalupe Piadosa Virgen María de Guadalupe, dales clemencia, amor y comprensión a todos los fieles que te veneran y vuelan en busca de tu noble protección. Que tu intercesión, al igual que la fragancia dulce de las rosas, ascienda a tu divino hijo, nuestro Señor Jesucristo. Que él pueda oír nuestras oraciones, escuchar nuestras súplicas, secar nuestras lágrimas, y darnos sagrada ayuda y asistencia. Amén.

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EL OBSERVADOR | www.el-observador.com

DECEMBER 9 - 15, 2016

SHOULD YOU BUY AN ULTRA HD PREMIUM (4K HDR) TV? Shelly Palmer What Exactly Is 4K HDR?

Ultra HD (aka 4K) televisions have been widely available (at reasonable prices) for only a couple of years. The sets have four times the pixels of good old-fashioned HDTVs (aka 2K) and come in practical sizes up to 7′ diagonal. That’s all great, but with the advent of 4K HDR (high dynamic range), about 10 million first-generation 4K sets may experience an extinction-level event. So, should you buy one? Like its Ultra HD predecessor, 4K HDR (aka Ultra HD Premium) has 3840×2160 pixels. But collectively packaged under the HDR specification, 4K HDR sets feature several enhancements for your viewing pleasure, including whiter whites, blacker blacks, and a zillion more colors (that’s a technical term).

It took the industry a while to reach consensus. In 2014, the Ultra HD Alliance (UHD-A) was formed to establish voluntary minimum 4K performance criteria. There were lively discussions about exactly what the “H” in HDR stood for, what the “W” in WCG (wide color gamut) stood for – that’s the “zillion more colors” I referenced above – and how to set the minimum requirements for a 4K HDR set to sport the “Ultra HD Premium” logo. Do I Really Need a 4K HDR Ultra HD Premium TV? It doesn’t matter if you think you need a 4K HDR set or not. Soon, you won’t have a choice; it’s all anyone is going to manufacture. Until then, here are some

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general rules to buy by. If you are purchasing a flat screen, less than 60″ diagonal, you can get a high-quality 2K (regular old HDTV) set and be very, very happy. The main reason to have lots of pixels is to increase resolution for bigger screens. Once your screen gets over 65″, you will really see a difference between 2K and 4K. If affordable, 4K HDR is the way to go. Would I choose a 2K HDR monitor (Yes, there’s 2K HDR, and it looks amazing!) over a regular 4K monitor? Under 60″, absolutely! At 75″, I would struggle with the decision but probably still opt for 2K HDR over regular 4K. 2K sets over 75″ (if you can even find one) is a bad idea – you will see the pixels at normal viewing distances. Still a Long Way to Go While Netflix and some cable companies offer 4K and HDR content, you may not have enough bandwidth available. To stream Netflix content in 4K, you’ll need a minimum of 15 Mbps; for shows and movies in HDR, you’ll need even more bandwidth (closer to 20 Mbps) Netflix recommends a minimum of 25 Mbps to enjoy Ultra HD (4K) and 4K HDR. Even with the best compression, 4K files are still

TECHNOLOGY

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twice as large as HD files, so bandwidth may become an issue. 4K Ultra HD Blu-ray … Really? There’s no way to get around this: in the world of 4K, the best picture quality is on 4K Ultra HD Blu-ray discs. These discs (with far more capacity than standard Blu-ray discs) include metadata that tells your TV how to properly interpret color and brightness. I’m not advocating for the format, but this is a great cocktail party factoid. They’re Selling Like Hotcakes According to the CTA™, 2016 was a flagship year for 4K TVs, thanks in large part to the rollout of HDR. 4K shipments were estimated at 15 million units (+105% YoY) with a revenue exceeding $12.9 billion (+69% YoY). Most industry experts believe this trend will continue. A new report from Strategy Analytics’ Intelligent Home Group says around 250 million TV viewers will be able to watch shows in HDR by 2020, when the annual worldwide sales of HDR-enabled TVs will reach 58 million units, bringing the number of homes with at least one HDRenabled TV to 107 million.


20

SPORTS

EL OBSERVADOR | www.el-observador.com

Bay Area Sports Team Come Together to Support Community After Oakland Warehouse Fire

DECEMBER 9 - 15, 2016

City of Oakland and most importantly, the families of the victims. Of these fundraisers, one of the largest in terms of social media movement and monetary support, has come from the Bay Area's sports franchises. As news began trickling in Saturday December 3rd, the Oakland A's were first to twitter, posting at 11:00am “Our thoughts are with everyone affected by the #OaklandFire. We are Oakland. Donate to help.” A link to the crowdfunding website YouCaring was listed and the A's offered to match the public's donations, up to $30,000. The Oakland Raiders followed suit and agreed to match the A's funds, and when the initial $30,000 per team total was surpassed each team offered to match $50,000.

Through means of social media and crowdfunding, relief efforts accumulate for those involved in the December 2nd tragedy Arturo Hilario El Observador

has been met with sadness, anger, speculation and support. Many questions have been answered, but more remain about the circumstances that allowed a warehouse living space and art studio to become the location of Oakland's deadliest fire.

Last week's catastrophic “Ghost Ship” warehouse fire, where 36 people perished,

During the weekend various fundraisers were created to help the Red Cross, the

The Warriors joined with a one-off donation of $50,000, but later bumped it up to $75,000 and collaborated with the two other teams to increase the fundraising efforts. Across the bay the San Francisco Giants and San Francisco 49ers showed support through social media, with the Giants offering to support the fundraiser as well.

based off their Sharks Foundation raffles, which are termed “50/50 raffles”, with half the money garnered going to the foundation, the other to a raffle winner. In this case, the raffles for the December 7th and 10th games were altered to collect funds specifically for the American Red Cross to help with the Oakland fire assistance. They also collected direct donations during the games at SAP Center. In a video released by the Warriors, the team expressed gratitude towards the outpouring of help and compassion, as well as the efforts of the first responders at the warehouse site in Oakland. In the spirit of community and teamwork, these local teams have managed to come together and help as they can to a grieving Bay Area. Although money isn't the only way to support, this will provide crucial aid to the people affected by this tragedy. On a final note, as of writing the YouCaring fundraiser sat at over $420,000. Donations for the Oakland fire relief fund can be made at <https://www.youcaring. com/oaklandfirevictimsfrom130531stavei noakland-706680#mlb-oakland>.

The San Jose Sharks had two fundraisers

CHECK IT OUT!

Photo Credit: Twitter/@Athletics

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