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Proposal to Drill CA Coast Under Fire Pg 10 Tenga cuidado con estafas de impuestos Pg 19

BITCOIN TO BLOCKCHAIN: The Architecture of Digital Currency Pg 20 VOLUME 39 ISSUE 6 | WWW.EL-OBSERVADOR.COM | FEBRUARY 9 - 15, 2018

COVER CREDIT: PIXABAY/LEILA VELASCO


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OPINION

EL OBSERVADOR | www.el-observador.com

FEBRUARY 9 - 15, 2018

BECOME INFORMED ABOUT ELECTIONS OR BECOMING A CANDIDATE

Hilbert Morales EL OBSERVADOR Democracy involves governance by 'We, The People' who believe in and practice the ideal of 'one person: one vote. What is required is the engagement, involvement and participation of citizens of the jurisdiction in which you reside. TO VOTE IN THE COMING ELECTIONS, YOU MUIST BE REGISTERED TO VOTE (just phone 408-299-8683, Registrar of Voters, County of Santa Clara. In California, precincts are defined by a Citizen’s 'We Draw the Lines' districting commission whose members may not be involved in politics to prevent any 'conflict of interests'. The 2010 Census data is used to define precincts having fairly equivalent number of residents. For example, each 'San Jose City Council District' contains about 100,000 residents (total population is one million). This 2018 year is a 'midterm election year' so called because about one-third of the U.S. Senate and all 435 members of the House of

Representatives are 'up for re-election' and each may be facing a competing candidate who, if elected, becomes the elected official representing that district. Since many voters are not content with the current President's agenda nor with the present legislative gridlocked U.S. Congress controlled by a Republican Party majority with Paul Ryan as Speaker of the House. The Democratic Party, led by Senator Nancy Pelosi (DCA) has plans to 'flip party control' back to a Democratic majority in both the Senate and the House of Representatives. The election of just two Democratic Senators must happen to give Democrats a 'Senate Majority' status. The election of 8 additional House members plus the retention of all 24 Democratic 'House Representatives' who are up for 're-election' will be sufficient to have a Democratic majority in the House of Representatives. That election process occurs Tuesday, June 5, 2018 Gubernatorial Primary Election Day and then 'run-offs' are scheduled for Tuesday, November 6, 2018 Election Day. It is the Office of the Registrar of Voters, County of Santa Clara (Shannon Bushey, ROV) which is

responsible for all preparations and ballots required to conduct all elections within the County of Santa Clara. Go to <www.sccgov.org/ sites/ROV> to see all the information categories which are administered by ROV's staff. New election results will be available online. Categories of information available online include: a) Election Results; b) Find your Polling Place; c) Vote by Mail Ballots; d) Voter Registration Look Up; e) Look up Your District; f) Recall Petitions; g) SCC Vote Mobile Application; h) GO GREEN (opt to receive all information online); I) Volunteer at Polls and j) Events scheduled. Candidates may submit 'citizen signatures' in lieu of paying the required 'candidates filing fee'. One may learn who is an elected official for any and all school boards, City Councils, Board of Supervisors, and boards of special districts, e.g. Santa Clara Valley Water District. A major ROV responsibility is the security practices required to ensure that the 'election vote count' is not vulnerable at all to hacking nor to any form of alterations which are not supported by

votes counted. The public needs to know that no electronic voting device is actually 'connected to any internet system; the central electronic tabulation equipment is kept under surveillance 24/7. Every security measure is employed to ensure that the vote count reflects the aggregated votes collected, verified, and counted. Despite allegations of 'fraudulent votes' by then Presidential Candidate Donald J. Trump, as a member, Voting Rights Advisory Commission, I personally have been informed in the past that less than 4 individuals (out of a total of about 875,000 registered voters) attempted to vote more than once; all were reported to the Department of Justice for legal action under existing laws. The Kiwanis Club, Pueblo de San Jose (Tino DeLeon, President) has members become poll workers who contribute their 'earnings' to their club's treasury as a way to 'raise money' and have participated in 'citizen's monitoring' of vote counts. The Santa Clara County Registrar of Voters administration has always taken all necessary actions to sustain the principle that 'each and every lawful vote is counted;

the principle and ideal of 'one person: one vote' is definitely sustained and conscientiously monitored during each election. During the tenure of ROV Jesse Durazo, the Vote by Mail option was introduced. VBM will probably become the universal way to economize elections by not requiring the hiring and training of up to 5,500 temporary poll workers per national or gubernatorial elections. These days it may be reasonable for the Board of Supervisors to assemble an ad hoc committee whose purpose is to review all security practices presently utilized by the ROV. Current practices may need some monitoring to undercut the future challenges by those who base their actions on 'fake facts'. The accuracy and integrity of this county's election processes must not be vulnerable to being undermined by anyone. EO encourages its readers to learn about election processes at: <www.sccgov.org/sites/ ROV> because if ever you decide to become an elected official, all the information you need to know is already there for your intake and review. The ROV general phone is 408-299-8683.

POLÍTICA DISFUNCIONAL José López Zamorano La Red Hispana Por quinta ocasión consecutiva en el actual año fiscal, el Congreso de Estados Unidos deberá aprobar una resolución temporal del presupuesto para evitar el riesgo de una parálisis del gobierno federal, dejando pendiente la solución a la situación de 690,000 Dreamers, las discrepancias en el gasto de las fuerzas armadas y la ayuda por desastres naturales, entre otros importantes asuntos. Es una grave muestra de impericia o incompetencia cuando ni el poder ejecutivo y ni el legislativo logran forjar acuerdos políticos fundamentales para una de sus grandes responsabilidades: aprobar un presupuesto que corresponda a la importancia de temas

tan vitales como la seguridad nacional. Aparte de las diferencias legítimas entre Republicanos y Demócratas sobre el nivel de gasto en defensa, es indudable que la Casa Blanca ha enturbiado las posibilidades de un acuerdo por su decisión de condicionar un arreglo sobre DACA al dinero para el muro, la imposición de limitaciones a la migración legal y el fin de la lotería de visas.  Dos propuestas de ley, impulsadas en la Cámara de Representantes y en el Senado por republicanos moderados y demócratas buscan un punto intermedio: alivio para DACA a cambio de recursos para seguridad en la frontera y un análisis que determine si el muro es necesario para lograr el control

operativo de la frontera para 2020. Ni la migración legal ni la lotería de visas son parte del plan. Pero la respuesta del presidente fue contundente: sin dinero para el muro cualquier propuesta es un “desperdicio de tiempo”.  Bajo estas circunstancias, un arreglo sobre DACA es prácticamente imposible esta semana.  Las crisis políticas crónicas en Washington y el afán por usar a los latinos como fichas de sus jaloneos políticos tienen sin embargo un antídoto potencial: la participación política y electoral de la comunidad hispana en proporciones que correspondan a su peso demográfico.  Actualmente solo poco más de una

treintena de hispanos ocupan asientos en la Cámara de Representantes y sólo tres en el Senado. Para tener paridad política y demográfica debería haber al menos 70 Representantes y 17 senadores latinos en el Congreso federal. Las elecciones de noviembre están a la vuelta de la esquina. El estancamiento político de Washington es un inmejorable recordatorio de la urgencia de hacerse ciudadanos, registrarse a votar y acudir a las urnas. Sólo con más políticos que defiendan nuestros intereses, podemos esperar que los asuntos de nuestra mayor importancia reciban la alta prioridad que se merecen.  Para más información visita www. laredhispana.com.

1042 West Hedding St. Suite 250 San Jose, CA 95126

PUBLISHER Angelica Rossi angelica@el-observador.com PUBLISHER EMERITUS Hilbert Morales hmorales@el-observador.com ADVERTISING & SALES DIRECTOR Angelica Rossi angelica@el-observador.com ADVERTISING SALES JOB & RECRUITMENT ADVERTISING Justin Rossi justin@el-observador.com MANAGING EDITOR Arturo Hilario arturo@el-observador.com spanish.editor@el-observador.com CONTRIBUTORS Justin Rossi Mario Jimenez Hector Curriel Estephany Haro OP-ED Hilbert Morales english.editor@el-observador.com LEGAL NOTICES Krystle Henriks frontdesk@el-observador.com ACCOUNTING Krystle Henriks frontdesk@el-observador.com GRAPHIC DESIGNER Leila Velasco leila@el-observador.com ABOUT US El Observador was founded in 1980 to serve the informational needs of the Hispanic community in the San Francisco Bay Area with special focus on San Jose, the capital of Silicon Valley. All Rights Reserved. No part of this publication may be transmitted or reproduced by any form or by any means, this includes photo copying, recording or by any informational storage and retrevial systems, electronic or mechanical without express written consent of the publishers. Opinions expressed in El Observador by persons submitting articles are not necessarily the opinions of the publishers.


CALENDAR

EL OBSERVADOR | www.el-observador.com

¡VAMOS A GOZAR!

FEBRUARY 9 - 15, 2018

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Feb 27 - Mar 11, 2018 www.cinequest.org

Spectacular Latino Films

SUBSCRIBE TODAY!

Among 130 World and U.S. Premieres, Cinequest Film & VR Festival brings you gems of Spanish language cinema from around the world. Comedy, dramas, thrillers, sci-fi from Mexico, South America and Spain will enthrall and entertain. Get inspired with Adios Amor portraying Maria Moreno, who led migrant farmers towards their dreams.

ADOPT A ROSE FOR VALENTINE’S DAY Friday February 9, 2018 / All Day Guadalupe River Park 438 Coleman Ave San Jose, CA $60

SAN JOSE HOME SHOW Saturday February 10, 2018 / All Day San Jose McEnery Convention Center 150 W San Carlos St San Jose, CA Free

CALIFORNIA ALL-STATE MUSIC LOS ANGELES AZULES EDUCATION CONFERENCE (CASMEC) Sunday February 11, 2018 / 8pm 15,1.3.indd 2018 / All City National Civic El Observador BW 5.10 xThursday 5.75in withFebruary .25 BLEED 1 Day San Jose Center for the Performing Arts 135 W San Carlos St 255 S Almaden Blvd San Jose, CA San Jose, CA $39 - $99

JOINT VENTURE – STATE OF THE VALLE 2018 Friday February 9, 2018 / 8am San Jose McEnery Convention Center 150 W San Carlos St San Jose, CA $175

SHARKS V. OILERS Saturday February 10, 2018 / 7pm SAP Center 525 W Santa Clara St San Jose, CA $34 - $26

A PROF AND A PINT – THE FUTURE OF ORGANIC FARMING Monday February 12, 2018 / 6:30pm Forager Tasting Room & Eatery 420 S 1st St San Jose, CA Free

OPERA SAN JOSE – GENERAL DIRECTOR’S DINNER Friday February 9, 2018 / 6:30pm California Theatre 345 S 1st St San Jose, CA $500

SJ IMPROV – MO’NIQUE Saturday February 10, 2018 / 7pm San Jose Improv Comedy Club 62 S 2nd St San Jose, CA $40

SHARKS V. COYOTES Tuesday February 13, 2018 / 7:30pm SAP Center 525 W Santa Clara St San Jose, CA $42 - $258

THE SOUND OF MUSIC SING-ALONG Friday February 9, 2018 / 7pm 288 S 2nd St San Jose, CA $14 - $18

LATIN STANDARDS BY MARGA GOMEZ Saturday February 10, 2018 / 8pm MACLA 510 S 1st St San Jose, CA $10 - $25

2018 SAN JOSE JAZZ WINTER FEST Thursday February 15, 2018 / All Day Downtown San Jose San Jose, CA $10 - $260

CINEQUEST FILM FESTIVAL SAN JOSE 2018 February 27 – March 11, 20189:32:25 AM 1/25/2018 410 S 1st St San Jose, CA Various Locations


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EDUCATION

EL OBSERVADOR | www.el-observador.com

MOM AND DAD: PUT YOUR CELLPHONE DOWN, TOO!

FEBRUARY 9 - 15, 2018

Mamá y papá: ¡también baja tu celular!

Photo Credit: Pixabay

Ivanhoe Newswire/Child Trends

Photo Credit: Pixabay

Ivanhoe Newswire/Child Trends PHILADELPHIA, Pa.— There’s been plenty of evidence suggesting that parents should limit their child’s cellphone use. But now, researchers say there are times when mom and dad need to shut off their own phones, too! A new study by child psychologists at Temple University suggests that sudden cellphone interruptions could impact a toddler’s language skills. Jennifer Bell is a Philadelphia area mom using her cellphone in the pursuit of science. Child psychologists asked Bell to teach a new word to her two-year old, but also answer a strategically timed cellphone call. Researchers at Temple University’s Language Learning Lab wanted to know whether or not the interruption by the call caused the language learning process to halt. Turns out it does. “The child doesn’t learn the word when they’re interrupted and does learn the word when you have a conversation,” explained Kathy Hirsh-Pasek, PhD, a child psychologist at Temple University. Scientists hypothesized that young kids would learn better in a live back-andforth conversation. They say that without human social connection, very little learning is accomplished. They call this the “socially gated brain.” Hirsh-Pasek continued, “It’s not just about the quantity, but this kind of research shows us it’s about the quality as well. Preserving that conversation is

what matters. As researchers, we want to understand that a little bit better. What works, what doesn’t work, and why.” “It was kind of a moment,” Bell told Ivanhoe. “There are times that my kids are on devices or I’m on the phone and I am feeling like, hmm, should I be teaching them something and are we passing up learning moments?” So, what can parents do to build children’s language skills? Turn off your cellphone when you are with your child. Start with a few minutes of uninterrupted conversation and work your way up. Draw your child in by noticing and commenting on what he’s doing. Also understand that language skills you foster now may help your child later in reading and in math. There are critical moments now that could build a solid foundation for learning later. As if that information wasn’t enough to make you rethink your cellphone habits, researchers at the University of Texas found merely having a smartphone nearby reduces brain power. In a study of 800 cellphone users, researchers found those with their phones in another room did better on tests than those with their phones on their desks. Contributors to this news report include: Cyndy McGrath, Supervising Producer; Donna Parker, Field Producer; Milvionne Chery, Assistant Producer; Bob Walko, Editor; Kirk Manson, Videographer. Produced by Child Trends News Service in partnership with Ivanhoe Broadcast News and funded by a grant from the National Science Foundation.

PHILADELPHIA, Pa.— Existe abundante evidencia de que los padres deben de limitar el tiempo que sus hijos usan los teléfono celulares. Pero un nuevo estudio indica que hay ocasiones en que son los padres los que deben de apagar sus teléfonos. Según psicólogos de la Universidad de Temple, las repentinas interrupciones de un teléfono celular pueden afectar el desarrollo verbal de un pequeño. Esta mamá de filadelfia, está usando su teléfono celular en apoyo de la ciencia. Psicólogos infantiles le pidieron que le enseñara a su hija de dos años una palabra nueva, pero al mismo tiempo que contestara una llamada telefónica que interrumpiría el dialogo. Los científicos del laboratorio de lenguaje de la Universidad de Temple querían saber si esa interrupción haría que se detuviera el aprendizaje y así fue. La hipótesis del estudio es que los pequeños aprenden mejor cuando existe un dialogo continuo, y que sin esa

conexión humana poco se logra enseñar. ¿Que pueden hacer los padres para ir aumentando el vocabulario de sus hijos? Apagar los teléfonos celulares cuando estén con ellos. Generar un dialogo interesándose en lo que está haciendo su hijo. Y entendiendo que un buen dominio del lenguaje les ayudara en la lectura y las matemáticas en un futuro. El dominio del lenguaje es el mejor indicador sobre el futuro escolar de un niño. Si nos tomamos el tiempo para conversar con nuestros hijos y nos concentramos en ellos les ayudaremos a crear un mejor vocabulario. Los contribuyentes a este reportaje incluyen: Cyndy McGrath, Supervisora Productora; Donna Parker, Productora de Campo; Milvionne Chery, Productora Assistente;Bob Walko, Editor; Kirk Manson, Camarografo. Producido por Child Trends News Service en asocio con Ivanhoe Broadcast News y auspiciado por una beca de la National Science Foundation. 


Tips for Buying and Selling Jewelry

against jewelry stores allege poor craftsmanship, issues returning items, and problems with guarantees and warranties. Before you visit any store, check bbb.org to find a trustworthy BBB Accredited jeweler near you. Read through a business’ complaints and Customer Reviews to see others’ experiences. You can also ask family and friends for recommendations. • Visit more than one store. Your first step should be to decide on a budget and expectations. Some jewelry stores are very high-end, while others have great deals. Be clear with store staff about how much you’re willing to spend and what you want to buy – this will help you stay in your price range and avoid making extra purchases. Shop around to find the best prices and most appealing styles.

Photo Credit: Pixabay

Rebecca Harpster Golden Gate Better Business Bureau

Did you receive a necklace over the holidays that you’re not so fond of? Or perhaps you’re starting to think about Valentine’s Day and want to buy your sweetheart some bling. Either way, it can be difficult to know where to start! You can buy and sell jewelry through a jeweler,

pawnbroker, or even the public. Whatever you choose, make sure to do your research. In 2017, consumers nationwide filed nearly 3,500 complaints with BBB against jewelry stores, and hundreds of complaints against pawnbrokers. Keep the following BBB tips in mind to ensure a successful and satisfying jewelry transaction!

Buying Jewelry: • Do your research. Common complaints to BBB

Consejos para comprar y vender joyas

• Read the fine print and ask questions. Before making a purchase, read the refund, warranty, and guarantee policies carefully. If you, or the gift recipient, doesn’t like the item or realizes it doesn’t fit, how long do you have to return it? What happens if your watch breaks or a stone on your ring comes loose? If the store advertises a “lifetime guarantee” policy, ask for the details. • Keep the receipt. Just in case something goes wrong, ask for and make sure to keep a receipt. You can also ask for a certificate of replacement cost or an appraisal listing the qualities of your gemstones or precious metals to accompany your receipt. If your jewelry comes with a gemological certificate, be sure to get the original and keep it with your receipt. This can help with reselling in the future.

artesanía, problemas con devolver artículos, y problemas con garantías. Antes de visitar cualquier tienda, consulte bbb.org para encontrar una joyería Acreditado por BBB cerca de usted en que puede confiar. Lea las quejas de los negocios y los comentarios de clientes pasados para ver las experiencias de los demás. También puede pedir a familiares y amigos para recomendaciones. • Visite más de una tienda. Su primer paso deber ser decidir sobre un presupuesto y expectativas. Algunas joyerías son muy caras, mientras que otras tienen grandes ofertas. Sea claro con el personal de la tienda sobre cuánto está dispuesto a gastar y lo que quiere comprar; esto le ayudará a mantenerse dentro de su rango de precios y evitar realizar compras adicionales. Visite varias tiendas para encontrar los mejores precios y los estilos más atractivos.

Photo Credit: Better Business Bureau

Rebecca Harpster Golden Gate Better Business Bureau ¿Usted recibió un collar durante la temporada de fiestas que no le gusta tanto? O tal vez esta empezando a pensar en el Día de San Valentín y quiere comprar algunas joyas para tu novia. De cualquier manera, puede ser difícil saber por dónde empezar. Puede comprar y vender joyas a través de una joyería, una casa de empeño, o incluso el

BUSINESS

EL OBSERVADOR | www.el-observador.com

FEBRUARY 9 - 15, 2018

público. Lo que sea que elija, asegúrese de hacer su investigación. En 2017, los consumidores presentaron casi 3,500 quejas con BBB contra las joyerías, y cientos de quejas contra las casas de empeño. ¡Tenga en cuenta los siguientes consejos de BBB para asegurar una transacción de joyas satisfactoria y exitosa!

Comprando joyas: • Haga su investigación. Las quejas comunes que BBB recibe contra las joyerías alegan mala

• Lea la letra pequeña y haga preguntas. Antes de realizar una compra, lea atentamente las políticas de reembolso y garantía. Si a usted, o al destinatario del regalo, no le gusta el artículo o no le cabe, ¿cuánto tiempo tiene para devolverlo? ¿Qué sucede si su reloj se rompe o se suelta una piedra en su anillo? Si la tienda anuncia una política de “garantía por vida”, pregunte sobre los detalles. • Guarde el recibo. En caso de que algo salga mal, solicite y asegúrese de guardar un recibo. También puede solicitar un certificado de costo de reemplazo o una avaluó que liste las calidades de sus gemas o metales preciosos para acompañar su recibo. Si sus joyas vienen con un certificado gemológico, asegúrese de obtener el original y guárdelo junto con su recibo. Esto puede ayudarle con la reventa en el futuro.

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Selling Jewelry: • Shop around. Research every business at bbb. org – you want to be able to trust them! If you’re considering a pawnbroker, make sure they have a “secondhand dealers” license with their local licensing agency. Take your time, and consider it a red flag if you’re being pressured to rush into a transaction. Get four or five estimates to determine the market value of your piece. • Be careful using a mail-away service. Understand all of the terms and conditions before you mail your jewelry. Take photos and make a list of your items and insure them before sending. Know how long it takes to receive an offer and how long you have to accept or reject that offer. • Know your worth. Keep in mind that jewelers and pawnbrokers intend to resell your piece. You may be able to make more by selling to the public, but it comes with additional risk. Don’t let your jewelry of different karat value be weighed together. Separate your jewelry by karat value before selling and be wary of dealers who weigh all jewelry together and pay you the lowest karat value. Ask the buyer what the melt value of your items is so you can make an informed decision. If you have an issue with a jewelry buyer or seller, your BBB is here to help! You can easily file a complaint online at bbb.org/complain. You can reach your BBB at info@bbbemail.org or (510) 844-2000, or by visiting bbb.org.

Vendiendo joyas: • Evalué sus opciones. Investigue cada negocio en bbb.org - ¡quiere poder confiar en ellos! Si está considerando una casa de empeño, asegúrese de que tengan una licencia de “comerciante de segunda mano” con su agencia de licencias local. Tómese su tiempo y considérelo una señal de alerta si un negocio presiona usted a realizar una transacción. Obtenga cuatro o cinco estimaciones para determinar el valor de mercado de sus joyas. • Tenga cuidado con servicios de envió por correo. Comprenda todos los términos y condiciones antes de enviar sus joyas por correo. Tome fotos, haga una lista de sus artículos, y asegúrelos antes de enviarlos. Sepa cuánto tiempo tome para recibir una oferta y cuánto tiempo tiene para aceptarla o rechazarla. • Sepa su valor. Tenga en cuenta que las joyerías y los prestamistas quieren revender sus joyas. Puede ganar más vendiéndolos al púbico, pero hay riesgo adicional. No permita que sus joyas de diferentes valores de quilates se pesen juntas. Separe sus joyas por valor de quilates antes de venderlas y tenga cuidado con los compradores que pesan todas las joyas juntas y le pagan el valor más bajo de quilates. Pregunte al comprador cual es el valor de fundir de sus artículos para que usted pueda tomar una decisión informada. Si usted tiene un problema con un comprador o vendedor de joyas, ¡su BBB está aquí para ayudarlo! Puede presentar una queja en línea fácilmente en bbb.org/complain. Puede ponerse en contacto con su BBB a través de info@bbbemail.org o (510) 844-2000, o en bbb.org.


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HEALTH

EL OBSERVADOR | www.el-observador.com

¿TIENE PREGUNTAS SOBRE LA SALUD DE SU MASCOTA?

veterinario de servicio técnico. 2. Presente el FORM FDA 1932a (PDF en inglés)  - haga click  en el enlace para descargarlo. El Formulario FDA 1932a se puede llenar y enviar por correo (ya tiene el destinatario y el porte pagado). 3. Llame al Centro de Medicina Veterinaria: 1-888-FDA-VETS. Deje su nombre, domicilio, número de teléfono, y la marca del medicamento de que se trate. Pida que le envíen un Formulario FDA 1932a o el número telefónico de la compañía del medicamento a la que debe llamar para denunciar el problema. Toda denuncia que presente ante la FDA es confidencial. ¿Por qué necesito una receta de mi veterinario para comprar medicamentos para mascota en una farmacia para mascotas por Internet?

Photo Credit: FDA

¿Tiene preguntas sobre los alimentos, los medicamentos u otras cuestiones relacionadas con su mascota? El Centro de Medicina Veterinaria (CVM) de la Administración de Alimentos y Medicamentos (FDA) podría responderlas. La FDA tiene reglamentos para los medicamentos, los alimentos (incluyendo los alimentos para mascotas) y los dispositivos médicos para animales, y realiza investigaciones que ayudan a forjar las decisiones sobre reglamentos, entre otras actividades. Enseguida se reproducen las respuestas del CVM a siete preguntas que recibe con frecuencia de los consumidores sobre sus mascotas. ¿Cómo puedo saber si un medicamento que le doy a mi mascota está aprobado por la FDA? Vea la etiqueta del medicamento. Todos los medicamentos para animales aprobados por la FDA tienen un número de Nueva Solicitud de Medicamento para Animales (NADA, por sus siglas en inglés), o para los medicamentos genéricos para animales, un número de Nueva Solicitud Abreviada de Medicamento para Animales (ANADA, por sus siglas en inglés). Muchos de los fabricantes de medicamentos incluyen en la etiqueta del medicamento el número de seis dígitos de NADA o de ANADA y el letrero “Approved by FDA” (“Aprobado por la FDA”), aunque no se les exige que lo hagan. Si no ve ese número NADA o ANADA en la etiqueta, la mayoría de los medicamentos

para animales aprobados por la FDA se encuentran en la lista de Animal Drugs@ FDA, una base de datos en línea que se puede buscar en Internet. En el portal electrónico de la FDA hay detallada sobre este tema. Mi mascota tuvo una reacción adversa a un medicamento; ¿cómo lo denuncio? “Si usted sospecha que su animal ha tenido una reacción adversa luego de tomar un medicamento, lo primero que hay que hacer es comunicárselo a su veterinario de inmediato”, señala Carmela Stamper, veterinaria de la FDA. Asimismo, la FDA insta a los dueños de mascotas y a los veterinarios a que denuncien las reacciones adversas a un medicamento y los productos defectuosos a la FDA. “La información de estas denuncias ayuda a la FDA a llevar fichas sobre la seguridad de los productos y ver los posibles problemas relacionados con un medicamento. Toda denuncia que nos llega es importante”, afirma Stamper. Hay tres maneras en que usted puede denunciar reacciones adversas, falta de eficacia u otros defectos en el producto (como tabletas rotas y dispensadores agujerados): 1. Llame a la compañía del medicamento para informar sobre una reacción adversa en un medicamento aprobado por la FDA. Generalmente puede encontrar el número telefónico de la empresa en la etiqueta del producto. Dígales el motivo de su llamada y pida hablar con un

Según la Ley Federal de Alimentos, Medicamentos y Cosméticos, que es la que le concede a la FDA la mayoría de sus facultades de control, una farmacia para mascotas no puede venderle un medicamento de prescripción veterinaria sin una receta válida u otra clase de orden de un veterinario autorizado. Los medicamentos recetados tienen su motivo para serlo: se necesitan los conocimientos de un veterinario profesional para diagnosticar la afección de que se trate, para vigilar la respuesta al tratamiento y para supervisar al paciente por si hay indicios de reacciones adversas. Si una farmacia para mascotas por Internet le dice que no necesita una receta para comprar un medicamento recetado por un veterinario, eso constituye una contravención a la ley. En ese caso, quizás sea mejor que busque otra farmacia para mascotas por Internet. Los medicamentos de venta libre para mascotas no requieren receta medica, pero asegúrese de revisar la etiqueta para asegurarse de que esté aprobado por la FDA. ¿Qué productos se consideran “para el cuidado y el aseo”? ¿Los controla la FDA? El equivalente para animales de un cosmético se le denomina por lo general “producto para el cuidado y el aseo” y no están regulados por la FDA. Estos son productos destinados únicamente para la limpieza o para realzar el atractivo de los animales, o como el champú para perros o gatos, simplemente para la limpieza. Sin embargo, dependiendo del uso a que se destine el producto (afirmaciones), se podría considera al producto como medicamento para animales. Por ejemplo, si el producto se supone que tiene un propósito terapéutico (médico), como el control de una infección micótico o picazón ocasionada por alergias, estaría regulado por la FDA como medicamento. Sospecho que mi mascota tuvo una reacción a un alimento; ¿cómo puedo denunciar esto?

FEBRUARY 9 - 15, 2018 Usted puede reportar quejas sobre alimentos para mascotas en Internet  o llamando al  Coordinador de Quejas del Consumidor de la FDA en su estado. Tenga a la mano lista la siguiente información: • Nombre del producto, tipo de empaque, número del lote, donde se compró; • Una descripción del problema, como el olor, color, objeto extraño encontrado; y • Una descripción de su animal, el peso, edad y raza. Stamper dice que las golosinas para mascotas también se consideran alimentos para mascotas y están reguladas por la FDA. Quiero hacer golosinas para mascotas en casa; ¿qué debo saber? No hay ningún problema en que haga golosinas para mascotas en su casa para el consumo de sus animales. Sin embargo, la producción y venta de golosinas —ya sea en el mercado local, el mercado de granjero, una tienda minorista o por Internet— está sujeta a los reglamentos federales, estatales y locales. Se puede informar más sobre los requisitos para vender golosinas para mascotas en la Asociación de Funcionarios Estadounidenses para el Control de Alimentos o Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO por sus siglas en inglés). Si usted hace golosinas para sus mascotas, tenga en cuenta que ciertos ingredientes pueden ser dañinos, dice Stamper. Según la Sociedad Estadounidense para la Prevención de la Crueldad a los Animales (ASPCA, por sus siglas en inglés), entre los alimentos dañinos se encuentra el chocolate, el aguacate, masa cruda para pan, alcohol, pasas y uvas, nueces de macadamia, cebollas y ajo.  “La mayoría de las golosinas para mascotas no están diseñadas para que sean completamente nutritivas”, dice Stamper. “Es como una persona que come mantecados”. Voy a llevar mi mascota al extranjero; ¿qué debo saber? Puede encontrar información para llevar una mascota al extranjero en el portal electrónico del  Servicio de Inspección de Salud a Plantas y Animales del Departamento de Agricultura de Estados Unidos. Si tiene otras preguntas con relación a su mascota, puede preguntarle a los expertos del CVM por  correo electrónico  o al teléfono (240) 276-9300. Este artículo está disponible en la página de Artículos para el Consumidor de la FDA, en la cual se publican las últimas novedades sobre todos los productos regulados por la FDA..


MINT MATCHA CREAM PIE WITH CHOCOLATE COOKIE CRUST

The recent run-up in price for Bitcoin and other virtual currencies has piqued investors’ interest. However, the U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) advises investors to understand the risks that go with virtual currencies before adding them to their portfolios. What is Bitcoin? Bitcoin is a convertible virtual currency. Virtual currency is a digital representation of value that may function as a medium of exchange, a unit of account, and/or a store of value. Is Bitcoin a commodity? Yes, Bitcoin and other virtual currencies have been determined to be commodities under the Commodity Exchange Act (CEA). Does the CFTC oversee Bitcoin?

Photo Credit: Simple Mills

Ingredients: • 1 box Simple Mills  Chocolate Muffin & Cake Mix • 1/4 cup (4 Tbsp) butter or coconut oil, melted and slightly cooled • 1 large egg white • Special tools: parchment paper and pie weights or 2 bags dry beans (cheaper than pie weights!) •  2 large avocados (about 1/2 lb each) • 1x 13.5 ounce can of coconut cream (not coconut milk)

4. Gather the dough into a ball and let it sit for 5 minutes (it will become firmer and more workable) 5. Turn the dough out onto a piece of parchment paper, cover with another piece and roll out into a disc. Carefully transfer the disc into the prepared pie plate and use the heel of your hand to gently press the dough into the pan. Pinch the edges to finish 6. Cover with a fresh piece of parchment paper and fill the crust with pie weights or dried beans. This will prevent the crust from rising too much 7. Bake for 45-50 minutes until the edges start to firm up, then remove the beans or weights and parchment and bake another 10-20 minutes until the crust is firmed up throughout 8. Allow the crust to cool while you make the filling: in the bowl of a food processor fitted with the “s” blade, puree the avocados and coconut milk until smooth. Add the stevia, matcha, peppermint extract and salt and process for a few minutes to combine. 9. Add the gelatin and puree until smooth. 10. Pour the filling into the baked and cooled pie crust and smooth into an even layer.

The CFTC’s jurisdiction is implicated when a virtual currency is used in a derivatives contract, such as futures or options contracts. The CFTC’s oversight over commodity cash markets is limited. The CFTC maintains general anti-fraud and manipulation enforcement authority over virtual currency cash markets as a commodity in interstate

SUNDAY- 9:30AM

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11. Transfer to the refrigerator for 2-4 hours until the crust has firmed up.

• 2 Tbsp matcha (green tea powder)

12. Serve immediately.

• 1 tsp peppermint extract

Notes:

• 1 pinch of salt

- You can find matcha online or in Asian Supermarkets

BANDA RECODO

-You can find coconut cream online, in Asian supermarkets, or in the ethnic aisles of many supermarkets. Do not use coconut milk.

SAP CENTER,

-You can get unflavored gelatin online or in most major supermarkets.

SAN JOSE

Instructions: 1. Preheat the oven to 350° 2. Lightly grease a pie pan and set aside 3. In a large mixing bowl, whisk together the butter and egg white. Add the cake mix and stir vigorously until smooth and evenly combined

-Store leftovers, tightly wrapped, in the refrigerator for up to 48 hours.

commerce. What risks come with virtual currencies? While virtual currencies may have potential benefits, purchasing virtual currencies on the cash market—spending dollars to purchase Bitcoin for your personal wallet, for example—comes with a number of significant risks, including: • Most cash markets are not regulated or supervised by a federal government agency. • Platforms in the cash market may lack system safeguards, including customer protections. • Cash market manipulation. • Platforms selling from their own accounts and putting customers at a disadvantage. • Price volatility risks. • Cybersecurity risks. What do I do if I suspect fraud? To report suspicious activity, contact the CFTC at (866) 366-2382, consumers@cftc. gov, or visit SmartCheck.gov/SubmitaTip. For more information, visit  www.cftc.gov/ bitcoin.

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KNTV/KSTS-SAN JOSE, SAN FRANCISCO, OAKLAND

• 1/2 cup granulated Stevia

• 1/4 cup unflavored gelatin

7

KNOW THE BASICS ABOUT VIRTUAL CURRENCIES NAPSI

We're happy to report that, like most of the shockingly, unnaturally green-hued St. Patty’s Day food that you’ll find on a plate of Pinterest feed this in March, this particular pie’s green tint is entirely natural! The color is thanks to a combination of two superfoods: avocado and matcha (green tea powder, which is shockingly green and bursting with antioxidants). Avocado is naturally green and full of healthy fat, while matcha is a wonderful natural green dye, is bursting with antioxidants, and has calming and immune-boosting properties. How’s that for a green dessert worth throwing a party for?

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50 YEARS OF FREE TAX HELP FROM AARP FOUNDATION Nancy McPherson, state director of AARP California, said 97 percent of the people who use the service say they'd recommend it to others.

FEBRUARY 9 - 15, 2018

SUBSCRIBE TODAY!

"Last year, we helped 2.5 million people. They received $1.37 billion in income-tax refunds and more than $222 million in Earned Income Tax Credit," McPherson said. "And that's something people often don't know they're even eligible for - are their EITCs." Tax-Aide assistance is open to people of any age, but is meant to serve seniors who might not otherwise be able to afford a taxpreparation service. There are 378 locations in California alone. To find one near you, visit AARPFoundation.org/taxhelp.

In California alone, more than 2,800 volunteers for the AARP Foundation's Tax Aide program will be on duty through mid-April. Photo Credit: Jeffrey Salter Suzanne Potter California News Service

LOS ANGELES - The deadline for filing income-tax returns is only 10 weeks away, and the AARP Foundation's free taxpreparation service is now in full swing.

Tax-Aide turns 50 this year, with an army of nearly 34,000 IRS-trained volunteers to help people with their state and federal tax returns. Tax-Aide sets up shop at libraries, senior centers, banks and malls across the nation. More than 2,800 volunteers will be helping in the Golden State alone.

Since its inception in 1968, McPherson said, Tax-Aide volunteers have served more than 50 million people. And they're also up on the latest changes to the Tax Code. "And they go through IRS training each year in order to qualify to participate," she said. "And many of these folks are retired accountants, tax lawyers, tax preparers, other people who like working with numbers." McPherson said In California last year, TaxAide volunteers assisted close to 185,000 people file their returns, helping them secure almost $96 million in refunds.

Fundación AARP: 50 años de “Tax Aide”, ayuda gratis para el reporte de impuestos de dolares en reembolsos y mas de 222 millones en Credito Fiscal en Impuesto al Ingreso -y algo a lo que la gente muchas veces no sabe que es elegible, son sus EITCs." La asistencia tributaria esta abierta a la gente de cualquier edad, pero su objetivo es ayudar a las personas mayores que de otra manera pudieran no poder pagar un servicio de preparacion de su declaracion de impuestos. Hay 378 locaciones tan solo en California. Encuentre la mas cercana en 'aarpfoundation.org/taxhelp' 35 mil voluntarios del servicio “Tax Aide” estarán disponibles para ayudar a la gente con su declaración de impuestos hasta mediados de abril. Photo Credit: Pixabay

Suzanne Potter California News Service

LOS ANGELES - Llego la hora de empezar a alistarse para el dia de pago de impuestos ('Tax Day'), y los voluntarios del servicio de ayuda Tax Aid de la Fundacion AARP tienen horario especial de oficinas desde ahora hasta mediados de abril. Tambien es el 50 aniversario de este servicio. La fecha limite para presentar la declaracion de impuestos esta a solo 10 semanas de distancia, asi que el servicio de preparacion de la Fundacion AARP ya esta a toda marcha. Ese ano la ayuda tributaria "Tax Aide"

celebra su 50 aniversario, con un ejercito de casi 35 mil voluntarios entrenados del IRS para ayudar a la gente con sus declaraciones estatal y federal. Los juegos de papeleria pueden adquirirse en bibliotecas, centros para adultos mayores, bancos y centros comerciales de todo el pais. Mas de 2 mil 800 voluntarios estaran ayudando tan solo en el Estado de California, el Golden State. Nancy McPherson, directora estatal de la AARP California, dice que el 97 por ciento de la gente que usa este servicio afirma que lo recomendarian a otros. "El ano pasado apoyamos a 2.5 millones de personas. Recibieron 1.37 billones

McPherson comenta que desde su inicio en 1968, los voluntarios del Tax-Aide han atendido a mas de 50 millones de personas y agrega que estan actualizados en los mas recientes cambios a la ley de impuestos. "Y recorren el IRS entrenando cada ano para que se preparen y participen. Y muchos de ellos son contadores retirados, abogados fiscales, preparadores de impuestos y otra gente a la que le gusta trabajar con numeros." Dice que el ano pasado, en California, los voluntarios de Tax-Aide ayudaron a casi 185 mil personas a llenar sus formas de retorno fiscal, con lo que aseguraron la devolucion de casi 96 millones de dolares. El numero para llamar sin costo al "Tax-Aide" es: 888-227-7669. Su sitio de internet (en ingles) es: www. aarpfoundation.org/taxhelp.

¡Boletos desde $15! Restricciones, exclusiones y cargos adicionales podrían aplicar. Sujeto a disponibilidad.

OAKLAND-ALAMEDA COUNTY COLISEUM

17 y 18 de febrero Pit Party

17 de febrero 2:30 – 5:30 PM 18 de febrero 11:30 AM – 1:30 PM

Competidores sujetos a cambios. © 2017 Feld Entertainment, Inc.

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BOARD OF SUPERVISORS APPOINTS PERFORMANCE POET AND COMEDIAN MIKE MCGEE AS 2018-19 SANTA CLARA COUNTY POET LAUREATE New poet laureate to create writing and performance poetry initiative at middle schools and high schools

of San José Poetry Slam. He is also a board member for Poetry Center San José. Through McGee’s travels in North America and Europe, he has seen the lasting impact that performance poetry can have on youth development and creativity. He is an advocate of expanding opportunities for youth to discover the poetic arts, and instilling an early interest, love and appreciation for poetry.

Photo Credit: SCCGOV.org

SANTA CLARA COUNTY, CALIF. —The County of Santa Clara Board of Supervisors has appointed Mike McGee to the honorary post of Santa Clara County Poet Laureate for a two-year term ending Dec. 31, 2019. McGee, a long-time resident of the San José area and a local fixture in the poetry community,  is a performance poet, storyteller, writer, comedian, creator of open mic events, and facilitator of San José Poetry Slam since its inception. “The Poet Laureate is our County’s honorary ambassador for the literary arts,” said Supervisor Joe Simitian, President of the Santa Clara County Board of Supervisors. “We appreciate his creativity and ability to engage through storytelling and performance poetry.” The Poet Laureate's role is to elevate Santa Clara County residents’ awareness of poetry, and to help celebrate the literary arts.  McGee was recommended to the Board following the call for applications, and a two-step review process organized by the County of Santa Clara, Silicon Valley Creates (SVCreates), and the Santa Clara County Library District.  “SVCreates is a proud partner in Santa Clara County's Poet Laureate program and has been since its inception.  This is one of several SVCreates programs that accelerate and elevate the arts within our county,”  said Connie Martinez, Chief Executive Officer of Silicon Valley Creates. “We are thrilled that Mighty Mike McGee has been selected this year to demonstrate the power of poetry and its relevance to contemporary lives.” McGee started his career in spoken word, poetry slam and performance poetry in 1998. He is the creator and host of Live Lit Writers Open Mic events, and an organizer

“I am honored to be appointed as Santa Clara County Poet Laureate and be given the opportunity to sponsor a writing and performance poetry initiative at middle schools and high schools,” Mike McGee said. “We will encourage new writers to explore what poetry means to them, and by showing genuine interest in the voices of young writers, we can foster exponential growth in creative writing throughout the community.” McGee will visit schools, libraries and community spaces to introduce performance poetry and offer them a curriculum of poetry for their young community. He is already engaging youth in poetry through a workshop at Willow Glen High School.

Feb 27 - Mar 11, 2018 www.cinequest.org

Spectacular Latino Films Among 130 World and U.S. Premieres, Cinequest Film & VR Festival brings you gems of Spanish language cinema from around the world. Comedy, dramas, thrillers, sci-fi from Mexico, South America and Spain will enthrall and entertain. Get inspired with Adios Amor portraying Maria Moreno, who led migrant farmers towards their dreams.

El Observador BW 5.10 x 5.75in with .25 BLEED 1.3.indd 1

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“Mike stands out among poets, bringing a blend of spoken word, humor and performance poetry that is fresh and appealing to youth and adults alike,” said Nancy Howe, Santa Clara County Library District Librarian. Mike  McGee holds several poetry slam championship titles, and is the first slam poet to win both the American National Poetry Slam Individual Grand Championship (2003) and the Individual World Poetry Slam Championship (2006). McGee’s poetry publications include  “The Graveyard Shift,” From Page to the Stage; “Open Letter to Neil Armstrong,”  Spoken Revolution Redux; and  In Search of Midnight: A Collection of Poems by Mike McGee.  As a poet, he has toured throughout the U.S., Canada and Europe. He has performed at the University of Paris, on HBO's  Def Poetry Jam, on CBC Radio & Television, and is a regular on NPR's Snap Judgment. McGee is the fifth poet laureate to be appointed by the County of Santa Clara Board of Supervisors. Nils Peterson was the County’s first Poet Laureate (20092011), followed by Sally Ashton (201213),  David Perez  (2014-2015), and Arlene Biala (2016-17). 

Jazmine Turner Photography Specializing in Weddings, Couples, Maternity and Senior Portraiture.

jazmineturnerphotography@gmail.com

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I’VE HEARD THAT THE CHEMICALS WE USE TO UNCLOG BACKED-UP DRAINS ARE HARMFUL TO OUR HEALTH AND THE ENVIRONMENT. CAN YOU SUGGEST SAFER ALTERNATIVE PRODUCTS OR METHODS? big risks. The Environmental Working Group (EWG) Guide to Healthy Cleaning gives drain clog removers from the likes of Amway, Clorox, CVS, Drano, Liquid Plumr and Safeway an “F” grade, given their toxicity to humans and animals and harshness to the environment. And don’t be fooled by a product’s branding, as an eco-friendly name can sometimes belie toxic ingredients. To wit, EWG also gave an “F” to Up and Up Drain Pipe Opener and Earthworm Family-Safe Drain Cleaner for their environmental and health dangers.

Simple devices like the TubShroom can trap hair before it gets into your drain and causes a back-up. Photo Credit: EarthTalk

EarthTalk

Chemical drain clog removers do contain some pretty harmful stuff. The three main types available to consumers—caustic, oxidizing and acid—work by using harsh chemicals that heat up clogs to melt the congealed grease impeding the outflow. All three are acutely toxic to humans and

animals if swallowed, and coming into contact with them can burn your eyes, skin and mucous membranes. Even the fumes can cause respiratory distress. These chemicals can also explode inside your home’s pipes—especially if inadvertently mixed with other chemicals or cleaners. Unfortunately, you’ll have to look hard to find drain clog removal formulations that don’t come with

PUBLIC HEARING & MARCH AGAINST DRILLING OFF CALIFORNIA COAST

EWG found that a few products—Biokleen Bac-Out Drain Care Gel, Drainbo The Natural Solution Natural Drain Cleaner and Earth Friendly Products’ Earth Enzymes Drain Opener—did a decent job unclogging drains without using especially toxic chemicals, but it’s always better to try to avoid the problem in the first place. In the kitchen, refrain from putting eggshells, coffee grounds, pasta, potato peels, rice, flour, produce stickers, paint and cleaning products down your sink drain, even if you have a garbage disposal. As for keeping grease out of the drain, try to scrape or mop it up with a paper towel and throw it away. Also, keeping your garbage disposal clean—pour a little dish detergent down the drain and run the disposal under cold water for a minute or two each night after doing the dishes—will also prevent back-ups.

undersea oil and gas reserves. Opponents in California are hoping the public will flood a website, regulations.gov, with complaints before the public comment period ends on March 9. Rivero notes that a catastrophic spill would ruin the $20 billion tourism economy and do severe harm to the fishing industry. And she says, more drilling would take the energy sector backward, not forward. "Expansion of offshore drilling operations would

As for the bathroom sink, shower or tub, hair—whether from dad’s shaving or sister’s styling—is likely the chief suspect in clogs. A hair catcher like the TubShroom (or SinkShroom or ShowerShroom) could help. This ingenious little mushroom-shaped device pops into the drain and attracts and coils hairs around itself before problems start. Pop it out every couple of weeks, peel off and dispose of the collected hair in the garbage, and start the process all over again. A little preventive maintenance goes a long way to keep drains clear. Health and wellness site Mercola.com suggests filling sinks with a mix of white vinegar and warm water, then releasing the drain so this all-natural dynamic cleaning duo can do its work degreasing your outflow pipes. If the drain still runs slowly, pour in several tablespoons of baking soda followed by a white vinegar chaser. CONTACTS: HowStuff Works’ “How Drain Cleaners Work,” home.howstuffworks. com/ home-improvement/plumbing/draincleaner2.htm; TubShroom, tubshroom.com; Environmental Working Group’s Guide to Healthy Cleaning, ewg.org/guides/cleaners; Mercola.com, mercola.com. EarthTalk® is a weekly syndicated column produced by the non-profit EarthTalk. To find out more, submit a question, or make a donation, visit us at EarthTalk.org.

only increase our dependence on fossil fuels, exacerbating climate change at a time when California should be moving towards a lowcarbon economy," she stresses. The Trump administration took Florida's coasts off the list for drilling when that state's Republican governor complained that drilling would hurt tourism and the environment. Both Gov. Jerry Brown and State Attorney General Xavier Becerra have demanded that the Trump administration take the California Coast off the list for new drilling.

Conservation groups say new offshore oil drilling on the Pacific coast would be especially harmful to whales, seals and sea lions. Photo Credit: BOEM

Almaden Kitchen & Granite Inc. Suzanne Potter Public News Service ` SACRAMENTO, Calif. – The Trump administration has proposed  opening up almost all federal waters to oil and gas drilling, including the California coast – and the one and only public hearing in the state took place Thursday afternoon in Sacramento.  A coalition of opposition groups is planning a march and rally on the steps of the State Capitol just before the hearing, which is being held by the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management.  Analise Rivero, California program coordinator with the group Defenders of Wildlife, says new offshore drilling would be extremely disruptive for

marine life. "For example, the deafening seismic testing that precedes drilling exploration wreaks havoc on marine wildlife, disturbing their natural behaviors and impairing their hearing," she points out. No new drilling in state waters has been allowed since 1969, when 100,000 barrels of oil fouled the Santa Barbara coast and helped launch the modern environmental movement. No new leases in federal waters have been permitted since 1984. But the Department of the Interior wants to have the first lease sale in Southern California in 2020 and in Northern and Central California in 2021.  The Trump administration argues that the U.S. should fully develop the commercial potential of

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SIERRA & TIERRA. UN AÑO QUE PARECIÓ UN SIGLO: TRUMP EN EL PODER La Resistencia sigue firme

Photo Credit: J. Sierra Javier Sierra Sierra Club “Amo a los hispanos”, mintió un mal día Donald Trump como celebración del Cinco de Mayo. Hay amores que matan, porque la comunidad hispana ha sufrido lo indecible durante este primer año de Trump en el poder. El caos de la presidencia de Trump se puede resumir en la frase más famosa que ha usado en estos 12 meses, “shithole countries”, o “países de mierda”, en referencia a El Salvador, Haití y todo el continente africano durante una reunión bipartidista sobre la política migratoria. El embajador salvadoreño, Hugo Martínez,  lamentó que Trump ofendiera “la dignidad de El Salvador y de otros países”, rechazando “enérgicamente”, al igual que el resto del mundo civilizado, este tipo de expresiones. Irónico que Trump sea tan meticuloso al elegir los países de los que deben provenir los inmigrantes. Su propia madre emigró a Estados Unidos escapando de la extrema pobreza de un miserable rincón de Escocia. La intransigencia de Trump causó el cierre del gobierno federal. Y hasta la fecha, sigue condicionando la  renovación del  DREAM Act y el futuro de 800.000 jóvenes inmigrantes (los “soñadores”) a que el Congreso acceda a entregar $25.000 millones para construir su muro fronterizo, un monumento a la xenofobia y el racismo que causaría daños  irreparables a las comunidades y la vida silvestre fronterizas. ¿Recuerdan cuando Trump prometió repetidamente que México iba a pagar el muro? Irreparable también sería el daño humano y económico si Trump cumple su amenaza de  deportar a 200.000 salvadoreños acogidos al Estatus de Protección Temporal que les ha permitido vivir en Estados Unidos desde 2001 después que terremotos devastaran su país y su economía. Y hablando de catástrofes, Trump dijo en su discurso del Estado de la Unión que su gobierno seguiría  asistiendo a las comunidades asoladas por los desastres naturales ocurridos en 2017. Increíblemente, horas antes, su Agencia Federal

de Gestión de Emergencias anunció que dejará de proveer ayuda a Puerto Rico, pese a que el 35% de los residentes sigue sin fluido eléctrico y decenas de miles carecen de acceso a agua potable, más de cuatro meses tras la devastación sembrada por los huracanes María e Irma. Por fortuna, un día más tarde FEMA se arrepintió de su decisión. En esta atmósfera xenófoba y racista que respira la comunidad hispana, no es de extrañar que tema por su seguridad física. Una reciente  encuesta nacional de Latino Decisions reveló que el 64% de los hispanos se ha sentido maltratado o abusado por las autoridades. El 57% se siente menos seguro tras el triunfo de Trump y un 72% cree que tras la elección los blancos se comportan de manera más discriminatoria y furiosa contra ellos. Los hispanos, y el resto del país, también tienen que sentir su salud amenazada tras el peor asalto contra las salvaguardas ambientales en la historia del país. La Agencia de Protección Ambiental y Departamento del Interior de Trump son los autores, entre otros, de los siguientes desmanes: —El debilitamiento de los estándares de limpieza del aire y el agua. —La apertura de prácticamente la totalidad de las costas del país a las explotaciones petroleras. —Permitir la construcción del Oleoducto Keystone XL.

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—La reducción de monumentos nacionales y el abusivo encarecimiento del acceso a los parques nacionales, que hará  imposible a millones de hispanos visitar estos magníficos parajes. No es ninguna sorpresa que Trump tenga los peores índices de popularidad en el primer año de cualquier presidente. El país apoya abrumadoramente una política migratoria humana y justa, incluyendo acceso a la ciudadanía para los “soñadores”; construir puentes y no muros con el resto del mundo; no dar la espalda a Puerto Rico tras la peor catástrofe de su historia, y sobre todo, tratar a todos los habitantes de este país con dignidad y decencia, algo que echamos dolorosamente de menos. Javier Sierra es un columnista del Sierra Club. Sígalo en Twitter @javier_SC

*Based on Informa Research, CUNA, NCUA, and DataTrac data as of Q2-2017. **Based on Raddon Financial Group, CUNA, and DataTrac data, plus Bankrate.com Banking Checking Survey.

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Security Leads and Security Officers First Security Services are looking for top talent. Our mission is to enhance life and safety utilizing the finest integrated security solutions, while providing a genuine opportunity for personal growth and career advancement for our employees. If you are looking to join a company that you can grow with, we invite you to apply online. If there is a match with your qualification and our employment needs, you will be contacted by a member of our management team. Schedule: 1) Saturday - Sunday; 0700-1500 + Monday Wednesday; 1500-2300 (Lead position) 2) Monday; 2300-0700 + Thursday - Sunday; 1500-2300 (Lead Position) 3) Wednesday - Saturday; 1500-2300 (Security Officer) 4) Friday - Tuesday; 1500-2300 (Security Officer) 5) Thursday - Sunday; 0700-1500 (Security Officer) 6) Friday - Tuesday; 2300-0700 (Lead Officer on Tuesdays) 7) Tuesday - Saturday; 2300-0700 (Security Officer) Job Description Security Shift Leads and Security Officers for a community patrol in East Palo Alto. Must have a clean driving record (less than 2 points on DMV record) and 21+ years old; As driving a marked patrol vehicle is a function of this post. Bilingual in Spanish is a plus; it will be a large factor in the selection process. Security Officers assigned to this post will earn $17.50 - $18.00 per hour. Officers assigned to this post will be required to carry cuffs, OC, baton and Taser. Must have a valid CA Guard Card. Possession of these credentials required; but can also assist in obtaining. Must be able to communicate professionally and present oneself the same. Must be able to start by Feb. 1, 2018. First Security Services 2015 Pioneer Court, Suite P-2 San Mateo, CA 94403 650-938-1110 First Security Services is a Equal Opportunity Employer and Affirmative Action Employer.

NOTICE OF DEATH OF Ann Florence Winstead To all heirs, beneficiaries, creditors, contingent creditors, and persons who may otherwise be interested in the will or estate, or both of Ann Florence Winstead, who was a resident of Santa Clara County, State of California, and died on January 19, 2018, in the City of San Jose, County of Santa Clara, State of California. IF YOU ARE A CREDITOR or a contingent creditor of the deceased, you must file your claim within four months from the date of first publication with the DERMER LAW FIRM, 15720 Winchester Boulevard, Suite 200, Los Gatos, California 95030 (408) 395-5111 Joseph D. Dermer, Esq. DERMER LAW FIRM 15720 Winchester Blvd., Ste 200 Los Gatos, CA 95030 Tel (408) 395-5111 Fax (408) 354-2797 February 9, 16, 23; March 2, 2018 NOTICE OF DEATH OF Anthony John Moffa To all heirs, beneficiaries,

creditors, contingent creditors, and persons who may otherwise be interested in the will or estate, or both of Anthony John Moffa, who was a resident of Santa Clara County, State of California, and died on January 4, 2018, in the City of San Jose, County of Santa Clara, State of California. IF YOU ARE A CREDITOR or a contingent creditor of the deceased, you must file your claim within four months from the date of first publication with the DERMER LAW FIRM, 15720 Winchester Boulevard, Suite 200, Los Gatos, California 95030 (408) 395-5111 Joseph D. Dermer, Esq. DERMER LAW FIRM 15720 Winchester Blvd., Ste 200 Los Gatos, CA 95030 Tel (408) 395-5111 Fax (408) 354-2797 February 9, 16, 23; March 2, 2018 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO. 18CV322498 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Barachiah Chezkiyan. Petitioner(s)

EL OBSERVADOR | www.el-observador.com KITCHEN & BATHROOM INSTALLERS NEEDED (Santa Clara County) Compensation: Pay is based on experience. Employment type: full-time Residential design & remodeling company seeking multi-skilled kitchen and bathroom craftsman (apprentice, journeyman and sub-contractors) to join our team of installers. REQUIREMENTS: Effective Communication & Customer Service Skills. Must have current drivers license and submit to a background check. Must have Truck and Tools. Contact: Tom 408 595-6831 Barachiah Chezkiyan has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Barachiah Chezkiyan to Elijah Sonic. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 5/01/2018 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. January 29, 2018 Rise Jones Pichon Judge of the Superior Court February 9, 16, 23; March 2, 2018 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO. 18CV321490 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Jaclyn Sanchez. Petitioner(s) Jaclyn Sanchez has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Eliot Avi Marin to Eliot Avi Sanchez Marin. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 4/10/2018 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least

once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. January 4, 2018 Rise Jones Pichon Judge of the Superior Court February 9, 16, 23; March 2, 2018 FICTITIOUS BUSINESS NAME STATEMENT NO. 638259 The following person(s) is (are) doing business as: Redzreferrals, 1930 Camden Av #5, San Jose, CA 95124, Santa Clara County. Jeanene Mathews, 951 Plum Ct, Hollister, CA 95123. This business is conducted by an individual; registrant has not begun transacting business under the fictitious business name or names listed hereon. “I declare that all information in this statement is true and correct.” (A registrant who declares as true information which he or she knows to be false is guilty of a crime.) Jeanene Mathews February 9, 16, 23; March 2, 2018 This statement was filed with the County of Santa Clara on 1/30/2018 FICTITIOUS BUSINESS NAME STATEMENT NO. 638089 The following person(s) is (are) doing business as: Caseras, 1232 Farringdon Dr., San Jose, CA 95127, Santa Clara County. Nestor Aguilar, 1232 Farringdon Dr., San Jose, CA 95127. This business is conducted by an individual; registrant has begun transacting business under the fictitious business name or names listed hereon, 01/19/2018. “I declare that all information in this statement is true and correct.” (A registrant who declares as true information which

he or she knows to be false is guilty of a crime.) Nestor Aguilar February 9, 16, 23; March 2, 2018 This statement was filed with the County of Santa Clara on 1/25/2018 FICTITIOUS BUSINESS NAME STATEMENT NO. 638311 The following person(s) is (are) doing business as: IC Tax Services, 2695 Moorpark Ave, Suite# 105 San Jose, CA 95128, Santa Clara County. Isamar Yareli Camberos Gonzalez, 2695 Moorpark Ave, Suite# 105 San Jose, CA 95128. This business is conducted by an individual; registrant has begun transacting business under the fictitious business name or names listed hereon, 01/31/2018. “I declare that all information in this statement is true and correct.” (A registrant who declares as true information which he or she knows to be false is guilty of a crime.) Isamar Yareli Camberos Gonzalez February 9, 16, 23; March 2, 2018 This statement was filed with the County of Santa Clara on 1/31/2018 FICTITIOUS BUSINESS NAME STATEMENT NO. 637889 The following person(s) is (are) doing business as: O-M Electrical, 1135 N 4th St., San Jose, CA 95112, Santa Clara County. Osbaldo Miranda, 1135 N 4th St., San Jose, CA 95112.This business is conducted by an individual; registrant has begun transacting business under the fictitious business name or names listed hereon, 01/18/2018. “I declare that all information in this statement is true and correct.” (A registrant who declares as true information which he or she knows to be false is guilty of a crime.)

Osbaldo Miranda February 9, 16, 23; March 2, 2018 This statement was filed with the County of Santa Clara on 1/18/2018 FICTITIOUS BUSINESS NAME STATEMENT NO. 638626 The following person(s) is (are) doing business as: Tepeke Transmissions, 230 Umbarger Rd, San Jose, CA 95111, Santa Clara County. Victoriano G Romero, 3398 Senter Rd, San Jose, CA 95111. This business is conducted by an individual; registrant has begun transacting business under the fictitious business name or names listed hereon, 02/07/2018. “I declare that all information in this statement is true and correct.” (A registrant who declares as true information which he or she knows to be false is guilty of a crime.) Victoriano Romero G February 9, 16, 23; March 2, 2018 This statement was filed with the County of Santa Clara on 2/7/2018 FICTITIOUS BUSINESS NAME STATEMENT NO. 638622 The following person(s) is (are) doing business as: 1. Blingbetty Media 2. Corgishire Books, 526 Piazza Dr, Unit A, Mountain View, CA 94043, Santa Clara County. Schulz Group Inc 526 Piazza Dr, Unit A, Mountain View, CA 94043. This business is conducted by a corporation; registrant has begun transacting business under the fictitious business name or names listed hereon, 01/1/2018. “I declare that all information in this statement is true and correct.” (A registrant who declares as true information which he or she knows to be false is guilty of a crime.) Regina Schulz President February 9, 16, 23; March 2, 2018 This statement was filed with the County of Santa Clara on 2/7/2018 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO.18CV322389 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Elana Tsigaris. Petitioner(s) Elana Tsigaris has filed a petition

FEBRUARY 9 - 15, 2018 for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Elana Tsigaris to Elana Dimopoulos. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 5/01/2018 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. January 26, 2018 Rise Jones Pichon Judge of the Superior Court February 2, 9, 16, 23, 2018 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO.18CV322363 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Yen Hong Nguyen. Petitioner(s) Yen Hong Nguyen has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Yen Hong Nguyen to Amber Yen Truong. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 5/01/2018 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. January 25, 2018 Rise Jones Pichon Judge of the Superior Court February 2, 9, 16, 23, 2018 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO.18CV322264 Superior Court of California, County of Santa

Clara-In the matter of the application of: Josephine Chia-Fen Chang and YungSyau Chen. Petitioner(s) Josephine Chia-Fen Chang and Yung-Syau Chen have filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Brian Y. Chen to Brian Yunli Chen. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 5/01/2018 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. January 24, 2018 Rise Jones Pichon Judge of the Superior Court February 2, 9, 16, 23, 2018 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO.18CV322362 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Luz Adriana Perez and Alfredo D. Torio. Petitioner(s) Luz Adriana Perez and Alfredo D. Torio have filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Theron Ronan Torio to Johnny Ronan Torio Perez. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 4/24/2018 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. January 25, 2018 Rise Jones Pichon Judge of the Superior


EL OBSERVADOR | www.el-observador.com

FEBRUARY 9 - 15, 2018 Court February 2, 9, 16, 23, 2018 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO.18CV322347 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Daisy Elizabeth Herrera Aguilar. Petitioner(s) Daisy Elizabeth Herrera Aguilar have filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Daisy Elizabeth Herrera Aguilar to Daisy Elizabeth Aguilar Herrera. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 5/1/2018 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. January 25, 2018 Rise Jones Pichon Judge of the Superior Court February 2, 9, 16, 23, 2018 FICTITIOUS BUSINESS NAME STATEMENT NO. 638090 The following person(s) is (are) doing business as: Premier Properties and Estates, 20510 Henwood Road San Jose, CA 95120, Santa Clara County. Premier Properties and Financial INC., 20510 Henwood Road San Jose, CA 95120. This business is conducted by a corporation; registrant has begun transacting business under the fictitious business name or names listed hereon, 1/25/2018. “I declare that all information in this statement is true and correct.” (A registrant who declares as true information which he or she knows to be false is guilty of a crime.) Timothy Jon Woodward President February 2, 9, 16, 23, 2018 This statement was filed with the County of Santa Clara on 1/25/2018 FICTITIOUS BUSINESS

NAME STATEMENT NO. 638191 The following person(s) is (are) doing business as: Tomoe Consulting, 530 Showers Drive #7226 Mountain View, CA 94040, Santa Clara County. Maud Calegari, 530 Showers Drive #7226 Mountain View, CA 94040. This business is conducted by an individual; registrant has begun transacting business under the fictitious business name or names listed hereon, 1/01/2018. “I declare that all information in this statement is true and correct.” (A registrant who declares as true information which he or she knows to be false is guilty of a crime.) Maud Calegari February 2, 9, 16, 23, 2018 This statement was filed with the County of Santa Clara on 1/29/2018 FICTITIOUS BUSINESS NAME STATEMENT NO. 638192 The following person(s) is (are) doing business as: Tomoe Capital Management, 530 Showers Drive #7226 Mountain View, CA 94040, Santa Clara County. Maud Calegari, 530 Showers Drive #7226 Mountain View, CA 94040. This business is conducted by an individual; registrant has begun transacting business under the fictitious business name or names listed hereon, 1/01/2018. “I declare that all information in this statement is true and correct.” (A registrant who declares as true information which he or she knows to be false is guilty of a crime.) Maud Calegari February 2, 9, 16, 23, 2018 This statement was filed with the County of Santa Clara on 1/29/2018 FICTITIOUS BUSINESS NAME STATEMENT NO. 638268 The following person(s) is (are) doing business as: K & M Emporium, 3430 Cortese Circle San Jose, CA 95127, Santa Clara County. Monica Botero, Costa and Karla Leticia Rojas Meza, 3430 Cortese Circle San Jose, CA 95127. This business is conducted by a general partnership; registrants have begun transacting business under the fictitious business name or names listed hereon, 1/30/2018. “I declare that

all information in this statement is true and correct.” (A registrant who declares as true information which he or she knows to be false is guilty of a crime.) Monica B Costa February 2, 9, 16, 23, 2018 This statement was filed with the County of Santa Clara on 1/30/2018 FICTITIOUS BUSINESS NAME STATEMENT NO. 636872 The following person(s) is (are) doing business as: 5 Stars Janitorial Services, 1400 E Campbell Ave, Campbell, CA 95008, Santa Clara County. Victor Ramos, 1400 E Campbell Ave, Campbell, CA 95008. This business is conducted by an individual; registrant has begun transacting business under the fictitious business name or names listed hereon, 07/15/2017 “I declare that all information in this statement is true and correct.” (A registrant who declares as true information which he or she knows to be false is guilty of a crime.) Victor Ramos February 2, 9, 16, 23, 2018 This statement was filed with the County of Santa Clara on 12/15/2017 FICTITIOUS BUSINESS NAME STATEMENT NO. 637951 The following person(s) is (are) doing business as: Annix Beauty, 1082 Lincoln Ave #23 San Jose, CA 95125, Santa Clara County. Bertha Ana Gonzalez, 828 Hopkins Ave Redwoodcity, CA 94063. This business is conducted by an individual; registrant has begun transacting business under the fictitious business name or names listed hereon, 01/22/2018 “I declare that all information in this statement is true and correct.” (A registrant who declares as true information which he or she knows to be false is guilty of a crime.) Bertha Ana Gonzalez February 2, 9, 16, 23, 2018 This statement was filed with the County of Santa Clara on 1/22/2018 FICTITIOUS BUSINESS NAME STATEMENT NO. 638353 The following person(s) is (are) doing business as: A & O Multi Professional Services, 698 Albanese Cir San Jose, CA 95111, Santa Clara County. Jorge

A Arreola, 698 Albanese Cir San Jose, CA 95111. This business is conducted by an individual; registrant has begun transacting business under the fictitious business name or names listed hereon, 02/08/2005 “I declare that all information in this statement is true and correct.” (A registrant who declares as true information which he or she knows to be false is guilty of a crime.) Jorge A Arreola February 2, 9, 16, 23, 2018 This statement was filed with the County of Santa Clara on 1/31/2018 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO.18CV321740 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Liyu Lu and Jeffrey Liou. Petitioner (s) Liyu Lu and Jeffrey Liou has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Liyu Lu to Judy Jialing Lu b. Blake Liou to Blake Shen Liou. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 4/17/2018 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. January 12, 2018 Rise Jones Pichon Judge of the Superior Court January 26; February 2, 9, 16, 2018 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO.17CV319522 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Linda Phan Dang and Aj Trung Nguyen. Petitioner (s) Linda Phan Dang and Aj Trung Nguyen has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree chang-

ing names as follows: a. Anthony Hieu Dang to Anthony Hieu Nguyen. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 3/6/2018 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. November 22, 2017 Rise Jones Pichon Judge of the Superior Court January 26; February 2, 9, 16, 2018 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO.18CV322256 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Yayuan Mo and Feng Xiong. Petitioner (s) Yayuan Mo and Feng Xiong has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Ziyue Xiong to Abigail Ziyue Xiong. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 4/24/2018 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. January 24, 2018 Rise Jones Pichon Judge of the Superior Court January 26; February 2, 9, 16, 2018 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO.18CV321741 Superior Court of California, County of Santa

Clara-In the matter of the application of: James Cham and Yangsze Choo. Petitioner (s) James Cham and Yangsze Choo has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Mikaela An Mei Cham to Mika Cham. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 4/17/2018 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. January 12, 2018 Rise Jones Pichon Judge of the Superior Court January 26; February 2, 9, 16, 2018 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO.18CV322129 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Kimberly Elizabeth Grass. Petitioner (s) Kimberly Elizabeth Grass has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Kimberly Elizabeth Grass to Alex J Grass. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 4/24/2018 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. January 22, 2018 Rise Jones Pichon Judge of the Superior Court

CLASSIFIEDS / LEGALS January 26; February 2, 9, 16, 2018 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO.18CV322011 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Long Bao Vu. Petitioner (s) Long Bao Vu has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Long Bao Vu to Anton Baolong Vu. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 4/24/2018 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. January 19, 2018 Rise Jones Pichon Judge of the Superior Court January 26; February 2, 9, 16, 2018 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO.18CV322183 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Nhan Trong Le-Thuy Ngoc Thi Nguyen. Petitioner (s) Nhan Trong Le-Thuy Ngoc Thi Nguyen has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Phuc Huu Hoang to Ethan Hoang. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 4/24/2018 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador,

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a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. January 23, 2018 Rise Jones Pichon Judge of the Superior Court January 26; February 2, 9, 16, 2018 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO.18CV321888 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Merlin Tatel Texon. Petitioner (s) Merlin Tatel Texon has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Merlin Tatel Texon to Murell Taule Tatel. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 4/03/2018 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. January 17, 2018 Rise Jones Pichon Judge of the Superior Court January 26; February 2, 9, 16, 2018 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO.18CV322164 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Yu Chuang Chang. Petitioner (s) Yu Chuang Chang has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Yu Chuang Chang to Ivy Trang Truong. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 4/24/2018 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San


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CLASSIFIEDS / LEGALS

Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. January 23, 2018 Rise Jones Pichon Judge of the Superior Court January 26; February 2, 9, 16, 2018 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO.18CV322070 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Maria Teresa Vega. Petitioner (s) Maria Teresa Vega has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Maria Teresa Vega to Maria Teresa Tinajero. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 4/24/2018 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. January 19, 2018 Rise Jones Pichon Judge of the Superior Court January 26; February 2, 9, 16, 2018 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO.18CV322036 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Edit Boghozian. Petitioner (s) Edit Boghozian has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a Edit Boghozian to Tina Boghozian. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before

this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 4/24/2018 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. January 19, 2018 Rise Jones Pichon Judge of the Superior Court January 26; February 2, 9, 16, 2018 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO.18CV322014 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Maria L. Echeverria Yohn. Petitioner (s) Maria L. Echeverria Yohn has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Maria L. Echeverria Yohn, Maria Echeverria-Yohn, Maria Echeverria, Maria Yohn, Maria Yohn Echeverria to Maria de la Luz Echeverria Morales. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 4/24/2018 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. January 19, 2018 Rise Jones Pichon Judge of the Superior Court January 26; February 2, 9, 16, 2018 FICTITIOUS BUSINESS NAME STATEMENT NO. 637892 The following person(s) is (are) doing business as: L & R Professional Handyman Services 551

EL OBSERVADOR | www.el-observador.com Avalani Avenue Suite 3 San Jose, CA 95133, Santa Clara County. Higinio Lozano 551 Avalani Avenue Suite 3 San Jose CA 95133. This business is conducted by an individual; registrant has begun transacting business under the fictitious business name or names listed hereon, 1/18/2018. “I declare that all information in this statement is true and correct.” (A registrant who declares as true information which he or she knows to be false is guilty of a crime.) Higinio Lozano January 26; February 2, 9, 16, 2018 This statement was filed with the County of Santa Clara on 1/18/2018 FICTITIOUS BUSINESS NAME STATEMENT NO. 637965 The following person(s) is (are) doing business as: Maz Handyman 2197 Whinchester Blvd Campbell, CA 95008, Santa Clara County. Manuel Zepeda 2197 Whinchester Blvd Campbell CA 95008. This business is conducted by an individual; registrant has not begun transacting business under the fictitious business name or names listed hereon. “I declare that all information in this statement is true and correct.” (A registrant who declares as true information which he or she knows to be false is guilty of a crime.) Manuel Zepeda January 26: February 2, 9, 16, 2018 This statement was filed with the County of Santa Clara on 1/22/2018 January 26; February 2, 9, 16, 2018 Amended Notice of Petition to Administer Estate of Chin-Shu Liang No.17PR182408 A Petition for Probate has been filed by Yungfu F. Liang in the Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara. The Petition for Probate requests that Yungfu F. Liang be appointed as personal representative to administer the estate of the decedent, Chin-Shu Liang. The petition requests authority to administer the estate under the Independent Administer of Estate Act. (This authority will allow

the personal representative to take any actions without obtaining court approval. Before taking certain very important actions, however, the personal representative will be required to give notice to interested persons unless they have waived notice or consent to the proposed action.) The independent administration authority will be granted unless an interested person Files and objection to the petition and shows good cause why the court should not grant the authority. A hearing on the petition will be held in this court as follows: 3/7/2018 at 9:00am, Dept. 12, located at 191 North First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. If you object to the granting of this petition, you should appear at the hearing and state your objections or file written objections with the court before the hearing. Your appearance may be in person or by your attorney. If you are a creditor or contingent creditor of the decedent, you must file your claim with the court and mail a copy to the personal repres5entative appointed by the court within the later of either: 1) four months from the date of first issuance of letters to a general personal representative as defined in section 58(b) of the California Probate Code, or 2) 60 days from the date of mailing or personal delivery to you of a notice under section 9052 of the California Probate Code. Other California statutes and legal authority may affect your rights as a creditor. You may want to consult with an attorney knowledgeable in California law. You may examine the file kept by the court. If you are a person interested in the estate, you may file with the court a Request for Special Notice (form DE-154) of the filing of an inventory and appraisal of estate assets or of any petition or account as provided in Probate Code section 1250. A Request for Special Notice form is available from the court clerk. Attorney for Petitioner: Jan-Yung Lin of Concorde Law, PC 91 Gregory Lane, Suite 5 Pleasant Hill, CA 94523

925-979-5467 January 26; February 2, 9, 16, 2018 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO. 17CV321219 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Disha Nanda. Petitioner (s) Disha Nanda has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Disha Nanda to Disha Nair. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 4/3/2018 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. December 29, 2017 Rise Jones Pichon Judge of the Superior Court January 26; February 2, 9, 16, 2018 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO. 17CV320596 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Amira Ezzat Antoun Badrous. Petitioner (s) Amira Ezzat Antoun Badrous has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Amira Ezzat Antoun Badrous to Jessy Ezzat Saed. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 3/27/2018 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the

FEBRUARY 9 - 15, 2018

date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. December 15, 2017 Rise Jones Pichon Judge of the Superior Court January 26; February 2, 9, 16, 2018 AMENDED ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO. 17CV314880 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Serra Sullivan. Petitioner (s) Serra Sullivan has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Nicholas Thomas Castillo to Nicholas Thomas Sullivan - Castillo. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 3/6/2018 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. November 22, 2017 Rise Jones Pichon Judge of the Superior Court January 26; February 2, 9, 16, 2018 SUMMONS (Family Law) NOTICE TO RESPONDENT (Name): Alberto Euan Echeverria AVISO AL DEMANDADO (Nombre): Alberto Euan Echeverria You have been sued. Lo han demandado. Petitioner’s name is: Maria Elena Torres Nombre del demandante: Maria Elena Torres Case Number (Número de Caso): 109FL152471 You have 30 CALENDAR

DAYS after this Summons and Petition are served on you to file a Response (form FL-120) at the court and have a copy served on the petitioner. A letter, phone call, or court appearance will not protect you. If you do not file your Response on time, the court may make orders affecting your marriage or domestic partnership, your property, and custody of your children. You may be ordered to pay support and attorney fees and costs. For legal advice, contact a lawyer immediately. You can get information about finding lawyers at the California Courts Online Self-Help Center (www. courts.ca.gov/selfhelp), at the California Legal Services Website (www. lawhelpca.org), or by contacting your local court or county bar association. Tiene 30 DIAS DE CALENDARIO después de haber recibido la entrega legal de esta Citación y Petición para presentar una Respuesta (formulario FL-120) ante la corte y efectuar la entrega legal de una copia al demandante. Una carta o llamada telefónica o una audiencia de la corte NO basta para protegerlo. Si no presenta su Respuesta a tiempo, la corte puede dar órdenes que afecten su matrimonio o pareja de hecho, sus bienes y la custodia de sus hijos. La corte también puede ordenar que pague manutención, y honorarios y costos legales. Para asesoramiento legal, pónganse en contacto de inmediato con un abogado. Puede obtener información para encontrar a un abogado en el Centro de ayuda de las Cortes de California (www.sucorte.ca.gov), en el sitio Web de los Servicios Legales de California (www.lawhelpca.org) o poniéndose en contacto con el colegio de abogados de su condado. NOTICE; The restraining orders are effective against both spouses or domestic partners until the petition is dismissed,

a judgment is entered, or the court makes further orders. They are enforceable anywhere in California by any law enforcement officer who has received or seen a copy of them. AVISO; Las órdenes de restricción están en vigencia en cuanto a ambos cónyuges miembros de la pareja de hecho hasta que se despida la petición, se emita un fallo o la corte de otras ordenes. Cualquier agencia del orden publico que haya recibido o visto una copia de estas ordenes puede hacerlas acatar en cualquier lugar de California. FEE WAIVER: If you cannot pay the filing fee, ask the clerk for a fee waiver form. The court may order you to pay back all or part of the fees and cost that the court waived for you and the other party. Exención De Cuotas: Si no puede pagar la cuota de presentación, pida al secretario un formulario de exención de cuotas. La corte puede ordenar que usted pague, ya sea en parte o por completo, las cuotas y costos de la corte previamente exentos a petición de usted o de la otra parte. 1. The name and address of the court is (el nombre y dirección de la corte son): Superior Court of Santa Clara County 201 N. First Street. San Jose, California 95113 2. The name, address, and telephone number of petitioner’s attorney, or the petitioner without an attorney, are: (El nombre, dirección, y número de teléfono del abogado del demandante, o del demandante si no tiene abogado, son): Shawn R. Parr 1625 The Alameda, Suite 900 San Jose, California 95126 (408) 267-4500 Date (Fecha): 8/30/2017 Clerk, by (Secretario, por) /s/ K. Hirose, Deputy (Asistente): STANDARD FAMILY


EL OBSERVADOR | www.el-observador.com

FEBRUARY 9 - 15, 2018 LAW RESTRAINING ORDERS Starting immediately, you and your spouse or domestic partner are restrained from 1. Removing the minor child or children of the parties from the state or applying for a new or replacement passport for those minor children without the prior written consent of the other party or an order of the court; 2. Cashing, borrowing against, canceling, transferring, disposing of, or changing the beneficiaries of any insurance or other coverage, including life, health, automobile and disability, held for the benefit of the parties and their minor child or children: 3. Transferring, encumbering, hypothecating, concealing, or in any way disposing of any property, real or personal, whether community, quasi-community, or separate, without the written consent of the other party or an order of the court, except in the usual course of business or for the necessities of life; and 4. Creating a nonprobate transfer or modifying a nonprobate transfer in a manner that affects the disposition of property subject to the transfer, without the written consent of the other party or an order of the court. Before revocation of a nonprobate transfer can take effect or a right of survivorship to property can be eliminated, notice of the change must be filed and served on the other party. You must notify each other of any proposed extraordinary expenditures at least five business days prior to incurring these extraordinary expenditures and account to the court for all extraordinary expenditures made after these restraining orders are effective. However, you may use community property, quasi-community property, or you own separate property to pay an attorney to help you or to pay court costs. NOTICE - ACCESS TO AFFORDABLE HEALTH INSURANCE:

Do you or someone in your household need affordable health insurance? If so, you should apply for Covered California. Covered California can help reduce the cost you pay towards high quality affordable health care. For more information, visit www.coveredca.com Or call Covered California at 1-800-300-1506. WARNING – IMPORTANT INFORMATION California law provides that, for purposes of division of property upon dissolution of a marriage or domestic partnership or upon legal separation, property acquired by the parties during marriage or domestic partnership in joint form is presumed to be community property. If either party to this action should die before the jointly held community property is divided, the language in the deed that characterizes how title is held (i.e. joint tenancy, tenants in common, or community property) will be controlling, and not the community property presumption. You should consult your attorney if you want the community property presumption to be written into the recorded title to the property. ORDENES DE RESTRICCION NORMALES DE DERECHO FAMILIAR En forma inmediata, usted y su cónyuge o pareja de hecho tienen prohibido: 1. Llevarse del estado de California a los hijos menores de las partes, o solicitar un pasaporte nuevo o de repuesto para los hijos menores, sin el consentimiento previo por escrito de la otra parte o sin una orden de la corte; 2. Cobrar, pedir prestado, cancelar, transferir, deshacerse o cambiar el nombre de los beneficiarios de cualquier seguro u otro tipo de cobertura, como de vida, salud, vehículo y discapacidad, que tenga como beneficiario(s) a las partes y su(s) hijo(s) menor(es); 3. Transferir, gravar, hipotecar, ocultar o deshacerse de cualquier manera de cualquier propiedad,

inmueble o personal, ya sea comunitaria, cuasicomunitaria o separada, sin el consentimiento escrito de la otra parte o una orden de la corte, excepto en el curso habitual de actividades personal o para satisfacer las necesidades de la vida; y 4. Crear o modificar una transferencia no testamentaria de manera que afecte la asignación de una propiedad sujeta a transferencia, sin el consentimiento por escrito de la otra parte o una orden de la corte. Antes de que se pueda eliminar la revocación de una transferencia no testamentaria, se debe presentar ante la corte un aviso del cambio y hacer una entrega legal de dicho aviso a la otra parte. Cada parte tiene que notificar a la otra sobre cualquier gasto extraordinario propuesto, por lo menos cinco días hábiles antes de realizarlo, y rendir cuenta a la corte de todos los gastos extraordinarios realizados después de que estas órdenes de restricción hayan entrado en vigencia. No obstante, puede usar propiedad comunitaria, cuasicomunitaria o suya separada para pagar a un abogado o para ayudarle a pagar los costos de la corte. AVISO-ACCESO A SEGURO DE SALUD MÁS ECONÓMICO: ¿Necesita seguro de salud a un costo asequible, ya sea para usted o alguien en su hogar? Si es as¡, puede presentar una solicitud con Covered California. Covered California lo puede ayudar a reducir el costo que paga por seguro de salud asequible y de alta calidad. Para obtener mas información, visite www. coveredca.com. O llame a Covered California al 1-800-300-0213. ADVERTENCIA – INFORMACION IMPORTANTE De acuerdo a la ley de California, las propiedades adquiridas por las partes durante su matrimonio o pareja de hecho en forma conjunta se consideran propiedad comunitaria para los fines de la división de bienes que ocurre cuando se

produce una disolución o separación legal del matrimonio o pareja de hecho. Si cualquiera de las partes de este caso llega a fallecer antes de que se divida la propiedad comunitaria de tenencia conjunta, el destino de la misma quedará determinado por las cláusulas de la escritura correspondiente que describen su tenencia (por ej. tenencia conjunta, tenencia en común o propiedad comunitaria) y no por la presunción de propiedad comunitaria. Si quiere que la presunción comunitaria que registrada en la escritura de la propiedad, debería consultar con un abogado. January 19, 26; February 2, 9, 2018 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO.17CV320822 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Heap Kim Savoeun. Petitioner (s) Heap Kim Savoeun has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Heap Kim Savoeun to Hope Kim Savoeun. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 3/27/2018 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. December 20, 2017 Rise Jones Pichon Judge of the Superior Court January 19, 26; February 2, 9, 2018 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO.17CV320299 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of:

Amr Amin Hafez Amin Abouelsonoun. Petitioner (s) Amr Amin Hafez Amin Abouelsonoun has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Amr Amin Hafez Amin Abouelsonoun to Amr Amin Hafez. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 3/20/2018 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. December 12, 2017 Rise Jones Pichon Judge of the Superior Court January 19, 26; February 2, 9, 2018 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO.17CV319589 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Ruben Dyami Lee. Petitioner (s) Ruben Dyami Lee has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Ruben Dyami Lee to Shean Galleay. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 3/06/2018 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. November 27, 2017 Rise Jones Pichon Judge of the Superior Court January 19, 26; February

2, 9, 2018 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO.18CV321768 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Thu Thuy Hong Nguyen. Petitioner (s) Thu Thuy Hong Nguyen has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Thu Thuy Hong Nguyen to Katherine Thu Nguyen. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 4/17/2018 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. January 12, 2018 Rise Jones Pichon Judge of the Superior Court January 19, 26; February 2, 9, 2018 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO.18CV321827 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Jocelyn Jane Fatha. Petitioner (s) Jocelyn Jane Fatha has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Jocelyn Jane Fatha to Jocelyn Jane Howard. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 4/17/2018 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the

CLASSIFIEDS / LEGALS petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. January 16, 2018 Rise Jones Pichon Judge of the Superior Court January 19, 26; February 2, 9, 2018 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO.17CV321401 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Neema Akbarzadeh. Petitioner (s) Neema Akbarzadeh has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Neema Akbarzadeh to Neema Tootoonchi. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 4/10/2018 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. January 08, 2018 Rise Jones Pichon Judge of the Superior Court January 19, 26; February 2, 9, 2018 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO.17CV320747 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Qiyao Yin. Petitioner (s) Qiyao Yin has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Qiyao Yin to Angelina Sukie Yin. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 3/27/2018 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at

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191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. December 19, 2017 Rise Jones Pichon Judge of the Superior Court January 19, 26; February 2, 9, 2018 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO.17CV320733 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Angelique Meeks. Petitioner (s) Angelique Meeks has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Angelique Meeks to Anglique Malone. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 3/27/2018 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. December 19, 2017 Rise Jones Pichon Judge of the Superior Court January 19, 26; February 2, 9, 2018 FICTITIOUS BUSINESS NAME STATEMENT NO. 637775 The following person(s) is (are) doing business as: Nighthawk Audio Video 2736 Ophelia Ave San Jose CA 95122, Santa Clara County. Sidney Anthony Ceballos 2736 Ophelia Ave San Jose CA 95122. This business is conducted by an individual; registrant has begun transacting business under the fictitious business name or names listed hereon, 1/16/2018. “I declare that all informa-


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LEGALS/NATIONAL

tion in this statement is true and correct.” (A registrant who declares as true information which he or she knows to be false is guilty of a crime.) Sidney Ceballos January 19, 26; February 2, 9, 2018 This statement was filed with the County of Santa Clara on 1/16/2018 NOTICE OF DEATH OF Delores Gatzert To all heirs, beneficiaries, creditors, contingent creditors, and persons who may otherwise be interested in the will or estate, or both of Delores Gatzert, who was a resident of Santa Clara County, State of California, and died on December 21, 2017 as a resident of the City of San Jose, County of Santa Clara, State of California. IF YOU ARE A CREDITOR or contingent creditor of the deceased, you

must file a claim within four months from the date of first publication with the DERMER LAW FIRM, 15720 Winchester Boulevard, Suite 200, Los Gatos, California 95030 (408) 395-5111. Joseph D. Dermer, Esq. DERMER LAW FIRM 15720 Winchester Blvd., Ste. 200 Los Gatos, CA 95030 Tel (408) 395-5111 Fax (408) 354-2797 January 19, 26; February 2, 9 2018 NOTICE OF REQUEST FOR ORDER REGARDING MISSED ASSET CASE NO. 111FL157537 (Probate Code Secs. 2552, 2556) Petitioner: Rosa Munoz (Mariscal) Respondent: Carlos V. Mariscal REQUEST FOR ORDER Other: FC 2552 (Missed Asset)

EL OBSERVADOR | www.el-observador.com NOTICE OF HEARING 1. To: Carlos V. Mariscal, Respondent 2. A COURT HEARING WILL BE HELD AS FOLLOWS: Date of hearing: March 5, 2018 Time of hearing: 1:30 p.m. Address of court: 201 N. First Street San Jose, California 95113 Department 73 3. WARNING to the person served with the Request for Order: The court may make the requested orders without you. If you do not file a Responsive Declaration to Request for Order (form FL-320), serve a copy on the other parties at least nine court days before the hearing (unless the court has ordered a shorter period of time), and appear at the hearing. (See form FL-320-INFO for more information.)

(Forms FL-300-INFO and DV-400-INFO provide information about compelling this form.) 8. Other Orders Requested (specify): Please see attached declaration. 10. Facts to Support the orders I requested are listed below. The facts that I write in support and attach to this request cannot be longer than 10 pages, unless the court gives me permission. Please see attached declaration. (attachment 10). Rosa Munoz (Mariscal) (Signature of Applicant) In Re: MARISCAL Case No. 111FL157537 Attachment “10” DECLARATION OF ROSA MARISCAL-MUNOZ I, Declare: I am the Petitioner in the instant matter. I married Respondent (Carlos) on June 23, 1986. We separated on or about mid-June 2007. There were no children of the marriage. I am submitting the is

request for order to ask the court to exercise its jurisdiction over the single family dwelling known as 536 North Santa Ana Street, Los Banos, 95365. (Los Banos) and adjudicate the parties respective interest in Los Banos as a missed asset under Family Code § 2556. Both Carlos and I were born in Mexico. To make ends meet we both worked and tried to be careful with money. But despite our efforts at the time of separation we were in debt to the IRS for about $4,000 in addition to about $3,000 in consumer debt. Other than odd pieces of furniture and an old car there were NO community assets. Carlos was convicted of child molestation in 2006 and spent about six months at the Elmwood Correctional Facility in Milpitas. Upon his release, Carlos deported back to Mexico. In our

culture child molestation is the most detested of behaviors, so it is no surprise that I have had NO contact from Carlos since he was deported 10 years ago. I would not be surprised if he left Mexico and/or changed his name, as his association with child molestation puts not only himself but his family members at some risk. In 2011, I purchased Los Banos. As I was still legally married my status was noted on the title. To purchase No. Santa Ana I needed a $10,000 down payment. I had accumulated $3,000 in savings over the prior 5 years and a cousin lent/gave me the $7,000 balance. I initially filed for dissolution on March 3, 2011. I was then unaware of service by publication and attempted to locate Carlos in order to serve him. I contacted the Mexican immigration authorities to see if they could provide some assis-

FEBRUARY 9 - 15, 2018 tance. That proved most unproductive. I became discouraged. When I tried to restart the matter in 2012. I was informed I had waited too long and would have to refile. I did so March 23, 2012. I then employed a paralegal service to help me. I informed the service I owned Los Banos, but was told since Carlos and I were separated when I purchased it, I didn’t have to and didn’t reference the property on any of the documents. The Judgment of Dissolution was entered on June 7, 2013. It stated there were no assets. I am now interested in selling Los Banos, but I am informed the buyer will not be able to obtain title insurance so the property is essentially unsaleable until title issues are addressed. I respectfully request the court exercise its jurisdiction over 536 North Santa Ana Street, Los Banos as a missed

asset pursuant to Family Code §2556 and adjudicate the nature and extent of our respective interests in said property. I declare under penalty of perjury under the laws of the State of California that information provided in this form and all attachments is true and correct. October 26, 2017. Rosa Munoz (Mariscal) January 19, 26: February 2, 9, 2018

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NATIVE AMERICAN HEALTH INEQUITIES OFTEN FLY UNDER THE RADAR "I know a lot of people who sometimes wait for years for surger y that's needed or different types of needed inter ventions, and are told that they're going to have to wait, or they don't have the funding to do it, or they don't have the resources at the hospital to provide the needed medical care," she states.

Eric Tege thoff Public News Ser vice MISSOULA , Mont. – It was when Annie Belcour t was having her own children that she realized some of the insidious ways health disparities for Native Americans reveal themselves. Belcour t, a psychologist and University of Montana professor who grew up on a Blackfee t Reser vation, now studies the care inequities in Native American communities.  Statistics show these communities face greater risks than the general population in just about ever y health-related categor y, including cancer, diabe tes and suicide.  Belcour t recalls during her own pregnanc y, she had to drive fourand-half-hours for prenatal care – a situation not uncommon. "For people who need dialysis or different types of care, having to travel two to three hours one way to access ser vices is a real barrier, and leads to a lot of people making ver y diffic ult decisions, some times not being able to afford transpor tation

Some Native Americans are turning to traditional healing methods and culture to address health disparities for their communities. Photo Credit: Kate Brady/Flickr

to medical care,” she points out. “And that has an impac t on the whole family and the community."

the primar y health care provider for these communities, is in a position to change these trends.

Even the drive can be dangerous. T he rate of motor vehicle deaths for Native Americans is about 2.5 times higher than the general population.

But Belcour t says lack of funding and mismanagement have gotten in the way.

On average, Native Americans live 20 fewer years than whites in Montana, according to state data. T he Indian Health Ser vice (HIS),

As an example, she says the IHS didn't provide her uncle a followup for two years after a spot was found on his lung. By then, the cancer had spread to his brain and he died shor tly after.

Belcourt adds that Native American communities also rely on other federal programs and agencies threatened by funding c uts, such as the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP), Medicare and Medicaid and Veterans Affairs. To fill the gap, some are turning to traditional healing methods, and using traditional c ulture to heal as well. "There's a lot of hope with regard to thinking about the future and tribal colleges, and bringing back languages and prac tices, and thinking about how that can improve some of the health inequalities that we see," Belcourt says. Belcourt wrote about health disparities for Native communities for the website The Conversation.


FEBRUARY 9 - 15, 2018

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Sexual harassment and assault are pervasive in the janitorial industry, women's and workers' advocates say. Photo Credit: deepcove/Flickr

Oregon Law Protects Vulnerable Workers from Harassment Er ic Tegethof f Public News Ser v ice SA L EM, Ore. – Months before the #MeToo movement gained steam, Oregon law ma kers pa ssed leg islation to protec t women work ing in the shadows, litera lly. Now that law is in ef fec t.  At the beg inning of this year, janitor ial contrac tors star ted joining a reg istr y that ensures they're in compliance w ith workplace hara ssment laws.  State R ep. A ndrea Sa lina s says sex ual hara ssment and even a ssault are per va sive in the janitor ial industr y and women in this industr y of ten aren't able to spea k up because of non-disclosure ag reement s f rom set tlement s or threat s f rom their managers.  Even so, Salina s says the testimonies women gave in suppor t of this leg islation la st year were mov ing.

" This just shows you that an industr y where the workers tr uly do work in the shadows – they work at night , they work a lone, sometimes their families don't k now the locations of where they're work ing, their job site – for a few of them to come for ward wa s really power f ul," she states. Sa lina s says there are some technical issues the L eg islature w ill clear up this session. She says the law ended up captur ing more contrac tors than law ma kers intended. Many people who work in the janitor ial industr y are undocumented, ma k ing it harder for them to come for ward and repor t hara ssment or a ssault , Salina s ex plains. Some receive threat s of depor tation if they spea k up. Sa lina s says a big component of this law is ma k ing sure undocumented workers k now their r ight s and that they can go to law enforcement in these situations. 

Still, Salina s says some contrac tors have complained that the law is too onerous on their businesses. " We have got ten some pushback, but I think it's really hard to arg ue against put ting in place a system that w ill help to prevent women and workers f rom being raped at their work sites," Salina s stresses. Felisa Hag ins, political direc tor of Ser v ice Employees Inter national Union (SEIU) L oca l 49, says it's impor tant for women to k now where to go and what to do when inappropr iate behav ior star t s, and that this law prov ides a process where you can repor t that behav ior early and be heard. SEIU L ocal 49 helped pa ss the law. "My biggest hope is that when we get to the end of this, if one single sex ual a ssault or hara ssment is prevented, then this bill ha s really done it s work," Hag ins states.

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18

VIBRAS

EL OBSERVADOR | www.el-observador.com de rezos y plegarias dirigidas a Jesucristo, y la convirtió al cristianismo, a ella y a toda su familia. El Emperador enfurecido le mandó a apedrear y decapitar. Una día antes que se llevara a cabo la cruel sentencia, el Santo le envió una nota a la muchacha, diciéndole que por todos los años que había sufrido sin poder ver, él le prometía ayudarle desde el mundo espiritual para que encontrara un gran amor que la hiciera inmensamente feliz por el resto de su vida, en la firma al final de la nota se leía: “Tu Valentín”. A las pocas semanas de su muerte, un joven noble escandinavo, conoció a la muchacha, se enamoró y se casó con ella.

Photo Credit: Pixabay/Wikipedial.org

SAN VALENTÍN, PATRÓN DEL AMOR Y LA AMISTAD La conmemoración a San Valentín data del año 400 después de Cristo y se ha venido celebrando religiosamente año con año desde ese entonces. San Valentín fue un sacerdote que vivió en Roma en el siglo III, en esa época el Emperador Claudio II, había prohibido la práctica del cristianismo y se condenaba a muerte a quien desobedeciera esa ley

insensata. San Valentín desobedecía la ley romana, consolaba a mártires, a hombres y mujeres que eran perseguidos y casó a muchas parejas cristianas en secreto. Cuando el Santo fue arrestado, fue encarcelado, y enfureció al Emperador, porque rechazó frente a él, a los dioses paganos de Roma, entonces Claudio II, le mandó a encarcelar por un magistrado cuya hija estaba ciega. San Valentín le devolvió la vista a la joven a través

Notificación Pública: Plan Para el Año Fiscal 2019 El 26 de febrero de 2008, el Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) de los EE. UU. firmó los acuerdos de 10 años Moving to Work (MTW) con la Housing Authority (Autoridad de la Vivienda) del condado de Santa Clara y la Housing Authority de la ciudad de San José. Una extensión de la demostración, que terminará en el año 2028, se firmó el 14 de abril de 2016. Ambas agencias funcionan conjuntamente como la Autoridad de Vivienda del Condado de Santa Clara (SCCHA). La demostración de MTW le brinda al SCCHA cierta flexibilidad para desarrollar políticas que se encuentran fuera del alcance de las limitaciones de algunas leyes de viviendas públicas y de los bonos de la Sección 8 para mejorar su capacidad de satisfacer los requisitos de vivienda de las personas de bajos ingresos y la comunidad en el condado de Santa Clara. Cada año, el SCCHA crea un MTW Plan (Plan de MTW) anual para el próximo año fiscal. El borrador de este plan anual para 2019, vigente a partir del 1 de julio de 2018 hasta el 30 de junio de 2019, permitirá que el SCCHA desarrolle más programas y actividades, sujetos a la aprobación del HUD, que difieren de los programas de viviendas públicas y bonos de la Sección 8, pero que se ocupan de las necesidades de vivienda asequible de forma coherente con los objetivos y requisitos de la demostración de MTW. El borrador del Plan anual de MTW para 2019 estará disponible para su revisión en la siguiente ubicación desde el 20 de febrero hasta el 21 de marzo de 2018: Autoridad de Vivienda del Condado de Santa Clara 505 West Julian Street, San Jose, CA 95110 Horario de atención: De lunes a viernes de 7:30 de la mañana a 5:00 de la tarde (cerrado el 23 de febrero y el 9 de marzo de 2018). Se realizará una audiencia pública sobre el plan borrador el miércoles 28 de febrero de 2018, de 2:00 a 3:00 de la tarde, en este mismo lugar. El borrador del Plan anual de MTW para 2019 también estará disponible en el sitio web del HACSC en la página www.scchousingauthority.org, a partir del 15 de febrero de 2018. También podrán enviarse comentarios escritos del público por correo electrónico o correo postal hasta el 21 de marzo de 2018, a las siguientes direcciones: Correo Electrónico: Aimee.Escobar@scchousingauthority.org Correo: Aimée Escobar, Analista Senior de Políticas de Vivienda Departamento de Programas de Vivienda | Autoridad de Vivienda del Condado de Santa Clara 505 West Julian Street | San José, CA 95110 De conformidad con la Rehabilitation Act (Ley de Rehabilitación) de 1973, la Housing Authority hará esfuerzos razonable para ofrecer las adaptaciones que necesiten las personas con discapacidades. Por favor llame al (408) 275-8770 al menos tres días antes de la audiencia pública si necesita adaptaciones especiales. Los usuarios de TDD/TTY deben llamar al 408-993-3041. La Housing Authority del condado de Santa Clara proporciona oportunidades de empleo igualitarias. Este lugar es accesible con sillas de ruedas.

La iglesia sustituyó un antiguo festival pagano del amor, en honor de la diosa de la fertilidad Februata Juno, que se celebraba a mediados de febrero, por la celebración a San Valentín, un Santo católico. Sin embargo, el mes de febrero lleva su nombre en honor a la antigua deidad. Peticiones: se le pide para ser feliz en el amor, para encontrar amigos nobles y sinceros. También se le ora con fe para recuperarse del dolor ocasionado por la ruptura de una relación o la pérdida de un amor. Y para reconciliarse con amigos y parientes. Muchos de sus devotos le ofrendan veladoras y flores color de rosa, hacen una promesa y le rezan una novena por catorce días, todo ello con el propósito de alcanzar de él, favores, especialmente de tipo romántico y

FEBRUARY 9 - 15, 2018 de amistad. Antiguos almanaques afirman que muchos fieles han encontrado a su alma gemela, ofrendando rosas en la iglesia en nombre de San Valentín, los días catorce de cada mes. El día del amor y la amistad se celebra en todo el mundo desde hace más de quinientos años.

Oración a San Valentín

Venerado San Valentín, santo patrón del amor y la nobleza en el mundo entero. Acudo a tu magna presencia para pedirte que conduzcas mi vida por el camino de la fe, el cariño y la confianza divina. Ilumina, sustenta y defiende los más puros sentimientos humanos y reconforta el espíritu de aquellos que claman y buscan tu sagrado auspicio y por ese medio y con tu santa intercesión, puedan encontrar la justicia, la serenidad y el amor que tanto anhelan. Amén.


FEBRUARY 9 - 15, 2018

EL OBSERVADOR | www.el-observador.com

UNDERSTANDING AND AVOIDING TAX IDENTITY THEFT

Have you started filing your taxes? Although taxes aren’t due until April 17, the sooner you file, the better. One of the biggest benefits is that filing early can help prevent tax-related identity theft. According to the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), “tax-related identity theft occurs when someone uses your stolen Social Security number to file a tax return claiming a fraudulent refund.” Scammers’ aim is often to steal personal information, which can lead to identity theft, and they love tax season! Tax scams were BBB’s #1 scam for both 2015 and 2016. BBB saw around a 60% decrease in tax scam reports from 2016 to 2017, but consumers nationwide still reported more than 3,100 of them to BBB Scam Tracker (bbb.org/ scamtracker). The following tips from your BBB will teach you the signs of tax identity theft and help you learn how to avoid and deal with it: • Know the signs. You could find out when trying to file a tax return – the IRS notifies you that another return using your Social Security Number (SSN) has already been filed. You may also receive an IRS notice stating that you’ve received wages from somewhere you never worked, or receive other notices that don’t actually apply to you. Another big red flag is if you receive a notice that “you owe additional tax, refund offset or have had collection actions taken against you for a year you did not file a tax return” (IRS). • Watch out for tax scams. Watch out for any phone calls, emails or other contact from the “IRS”. These scams are designed to convince consumers of their legitimacy and trick you out of your money or personal information, but don’t be fooled. The IRS will never initiate contact with you over phone, social media or email. If you do receive unsolicited contact from the IRS, hang up and contact them directly at 1-800-829-1040 to verify legitimacy. For more information, visit bbb. org/taxscams.

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Comprender y evitar el robo de identidad relacionado con impuestos

Photo Credit: Pixabay

Photo Credit: Better Business Bureau

Rebecca Harpster Golden Gate Better Business Bureau

BUSINESS

• Employers should also exercise caution. Tax ID theft often occurs when a workplace’s payroll or Human Resources department falls victim to a W-2 phishing scam. In this scheme, a fraudster pretends to be the “CEO” of a company and requests a list of employees and personal information (like SSNs, W-2s, etc.). The IRS “urges company payroll officials to double check any executive-level or unusual requests” for this type of personal information. • How to reduce your risk. Everyone can reduce their individual risk of tax identity theft by protecting their personal information. Learn to recognize and avoid all scams, not just tax scams – check out bbb.org/avoidscams. Always run updated anti-virus software on your devices, and use strong passwords (bbb.org/passwords). Don’t click on links or download attachments from unsolicited or suspicious emails. Finally, make sure to always protect your personal data. This includes shredding sensitive documents, guarding your SSN, and securing your tax records. • What if you’re already at risk? If you have been a prior victim of identity theft, had your SSN exposed in a data breach, or work at a company that was affected by a W-2 scam, you may be at greater risk. It’s important to file your taxes promptly, before a scammer can file them in your name. You may also want to consider getting an IP PIN from the IRS, a “number assigned to eligible taxpayers that helps prevent the misuse of their Social Security number on fraudulent federal income tax returns”. • What to do if you’re affected. If you receive any of the above “red flag” notices from the IRS, immediately respond by calling the number provided. If your return is rejected due to a duplicate filing, you’ll want to complete IRS Form 14039, Identity Theft Affidavit. Make sure to file a complaint with the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) at identitytheft.gov to learn next steps. You can reach your BBB at info@bbbemail. org or (510) 844-2000, or by visiting bbb.org.

Rebecca Harpster Golden Gate Better Business Bureau

¿Ha comenzado a presentar sus impuestos? Aunque los impuestos no se deben hasta el 17 de abril, el más pronto se presente, mejor. Uno de los mayores beneficios es que presentar pronto puede ayudar a prevenir el robo de identidad relacionado con impuestos. De acuerdo con el Servicio de Impuestos Internos (IRS), “el robo de identidad relacionado con los impuestos se produce cuando alguien utiliza su número de Seguro Social robado para presentar una declaración de impuestos para reclamar un reembolso fraudulento.” El objetivo de los estafadores frecuentemente es robar información personal, lo que puede resultar en el robo de identidad. Las estafas de impuestos fueron la estafa #1 de BBB en 2015 y 2016. BBB vio una disminución de alrededor de 60% en los informes de estafas de impuestos de 2016 a 2017, pero los consumidores de todo el país todavía presentaron más de 3,100 de ellos al Rastreador de Estafas de BBB (bbb.org/scamtracker). Los siguientes consejos de su BBB le enseñarán los signos del robo de identidad relacionado con impuestos y lo ayudarán a aprender cómo evitarlo y manejarlo: • Conozca las señales. Puede descubrirlo cuando presente su declaración de impuestos: el IRS le notifica que ya se ha presentado otra declaración utilizando su Número de Seguro Social (SSN). También puede recibir un aviso del IRS que indica que ha recibido un salario de un lugar donde nunca trabajó, o recibe otros avisos que no se aplican a usted. Otra gran señal de advertencia es si recibe un aviso de que “usted adeuda impuestos adicionales, compensación del reembolso o ha tenido acciones de cobro tomadas contra usted por un año en el que no presentó una declaración de impuestos” (IRS). • Tenga cuidado con estafas de impuestos. Tenga cuidado con cualquier llamada telefónica, correo electrónico u otro contacto del “IRS”. Estas estafas están diseñadas para convencer a los consumidores de su legitimidad y engañarlos de su dinero e información personal. El IRS nunca iniciará contacto con usted por teléfono, redes sociales o correo electrónico. Si recibe un contacto no solicitado del IRS, cuelgue y contáctelos directamente al 1-800-829-1040 para verificar la legitimidad. Para obtener más información, visite bbb.org/taxscams.

• Los empleadores también deben tener cuidado. El robo de identidad relacionado con impuestos a menudo ocurre cuando el departamento de Recursos Humanos o departamento de nómina de sueldos de un negocio son víctimas de una estafa de W-2. En esta estafa de phishing, un estafador pretende ser el “CEO” de un negocio y solicita una lista de empleados e información personal (como SSN, W-2, etc.). El IRS “insta a los funcionarios de nómina de empresas a verificar dos veces las solicitudes inusuales o de nivel ejecutivo” para este tipo de información personal. • Cómo reducir su riesgo. Todos pueden reducir su riesgo individual de robo de identidad relacionado con impuestos al proteger su información personal. Aprenda a reconocer y evitar todas las estafas, no solo estafas de impuestos: consulte bbb.org/avoidscams. Siempre ejecute un software antivirus actualizado en sus dispositivos y use contraseñas seguras (bbb.org/passwords). No haga clic en enlaces ni descargue archivos adjuntos de correos electrónicos no solicitados o sospechosos. Finalmente, asegúrese de proteger siempre sus datos personales. Este incluye triturar documentos confidenciales, proteger su SSN, y proteger sus registros impositivos. • ¿Qué pasa si ya está en riesgo? Si ha sido víctima de robo de identidad en el pasado, su SSN estuvo expuesto en una violación de datos, o trabaja en una empresa que fue afectada por una estafa de W-2, puede estar en mayor riesgo. Es importante presentar sus impuestos puntualmente, antes de que un estafador pueda presentarlos usando su nombre. También puede obtener un PIN IP del IRS, “un número de 6 dígitos que se asigna a los contribuyentes elegibles, que ayuda a prevenir el uso indebido de sus números de Seguro Social en declaraciones fraudulentas del impuesto federal sobre los ingresos.” • Qué hacer si está afectado. Si recibe alguno de los avisos que son señales de advertencia del IRS, responda inmediatamente al llamando al número proporcionado. Si su declaración es rechazada debido a una presentación duplicada, deberá completar el Formulario 14039 del IRS, Declaración Jurada de Robo de Identidad. Asegúrese de presentar una queja con la Comisión Federal de Comercio (FTC) en robodeidentidad. gov para aprender los próximos pasos. Puede ponerse en contacto con su BBB a través de info@bbbemail.org o (510) 844-2000, o en bbb. org.


20

TECHNOLOGY

EL OBSERVADOR | www.el-observador.com Photo Credit: Pixabay

FEBRUARY 9 - 15, 2018

the PoW, (2) add the transaction and grant the miner a reward (in bitcoin mining, the rewards are bitcoins), and (3) create a new block and add it to the blockchain. Peer-to-Peer (Mesh) Networks Lastly, distributed ledgers derive their power from being distributed and decentralized. To accomplish this, a distributed ledger needs a method of accepting new nodes and a way to implement a consensus algorithm to resolve conflicts and to ensure the veracity of the blockchain.

WHAT IS BLOCKCHAIN? Blockchain, the underlying technology that powers bitcoin, is one of the buzzwords of the past year. Practically everyone is talking about blockchain, and for good reason. Distributed ledgers, the term of art for blockchain’s underlying technology, offer an exciting new way to transact business without a central authority. Here’s a nontechnical, simplified description of the component parts.

key to blockchain’s value. The user’s “public key” is stored in a block and becomes an “address” on the blockchain. Files such as cryptocurrencies or other digital assets are recorded as belonging to a specific block. A corresponding “private key” is required to access the associated digital assets. Keeping your private key private is so important that to protect their digital assets from hackers, many people do not keep digital copies of their private keys. They write the number on a piece of paper and keep the paper in a secure location (like a wall safe.)

Blockchain Defined

Proof of Work (PoW)

A blockchain, or distributed ledger, is a continuously growing list (digital file) of encrypted transactions  called “blocks” that are distributed (copied) to a peer-topeer (P2P) network of computers.

Once a blockchain is instantiated, a Proof of Work algorithm (PoW) is used to create or “mine” new blocks.

Shelly Palmer

Blocks As described above, a blockchain is an immutable, sequential chain of records known as blocks. A block may contain any type of data, such as unique digital identifiers of physical products. Blocks are “chained” together using hashes. A hash is a function that takes an input value and from that input creates an output value deterministic of the input value. In addition to user data, each block will contain an index, a timestamp, a list of transactions, a proof, and the hash of the previous block. The Hash The hash plays a critical role. Because each new block will contain a hash of the previous block, blockchains are immutable. If a hacker were to corrupt an earlier block in the blockchain, all subsequent blocks would contain incorrect hashes. Encrypted Transactions Encrypted transactions (using conventional public/private key cryptography) are also

This is done over a P2P or mesh network, a decentralized computer network where each computer (node) acts as both a client (a computer that accesses information on a server) and a server (a computer that serves information to clients). At scale, P2P networks are self-healing and very stable because the information is replicated in thousands, and in some cases millions, of places. Public or Private There are two general types of blockchain networks: anonymous networks, where each user has a copy of the entire blockchain and helps process and confirm transactions; and permission-based (non-anonymous) networks, where permission is required to possess a copy of the blockchain and to help process and confirm transactions. Other Than Cryptocurrencies, What Can

Your key question is: “For this project, is a blockchain a better choice than a wellcrafted, secure database?” After that, you’re on your way! Author’s Note: This article contains some material from a previous article titled “Nuber – The End of Uber and Central Authority,” which describes how blockchain technology might be used to create an Uberlike ridesharing service without the need for a company like Uber to run it. This is not a sponsored post. I am the author of this article and it expresses my own opinions. I am not, nor is my company, receiving compensation for it.

Lawyer, Paralegal, Realtor, Mobile Notary & Same Day Services

•REAL ESTATE/FORECLOSURE OPTIONS •DIVORCES/CHILD SUPPORT/CHILD CUSTODY •RESTRAINING ORDER •CIVIL LAW/EVICTION/BANKRUPTCIES •PREPARATION OF LEGAL DOCUMENTS •EXPUNGEMENT/NAME CHANGE/IMMIGRATION •WILLS/TRUSTS •RETIREMENT/LIFE INSURANCE •COURT FILING & RESEARCH/TRANSLATION •PUBLISH LEGAL NOTICES •CREDIT REPAIR •TAXES/BOOKEEPING •WEB & GRAPHIC DESIGN

The API (Application Programming Interface)

The API will also feature a “mining endpoint,” which will do three things: (1) calculate

Blockchain offers a way to verify transactions without the need for a central authority. This means you can create smart contracts using distributed ledgers. For example, a landlord might put an IoT door lock on your rental apartment. The door lock might check the blockchain to see if your rent is paid. If it isn’t, the door lock (that is, the smart contract) would not let you into the apartment. In a more complex case, a corporation could issue its own bonds and buyers could monitor payments via a distributed ledger. An even more complex use case would be the creation of self-enforcing trade agreements. The list of uses for blockchain is practically endless. From title searches to delivery verification, distributed ledgers offer a completely new, secure way to do business.

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The current bitcoin mining technique provides a good example of PoW usage. This technique is described in Wikipedia as follows: “A bitcoin miner runs a computer program that collects unconfirmed transactions from coin dealers in the network. With other data these can form a block and earn a payment to the miner, but a block is accepted by the network only when the miner discovers by trial and error a ‘nonce’ number that when included in the block yields a hash with a sufficient number of leading zero bits to meet the network’s difficulty target. Blocks accepted from miners form the bitcoin blockchain that is a growing ledger of every bitcoin transaction since the coin’s first creation.”

The next step in the development of a distributed ledger is to set up an API (application programming interface) so that organizations that wish to transact may do so by using the internet. Transaction endpoints allow permission-based access to the data on the blockchain.

You Do with Blockchain?

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El Observador_02/09  

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El Observador_02/09  

Follow us! ~ Instagram & Twitter as @eonews | Facebook: EONewsSJ | Youtube: EO News San José