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Tips for Holiday Gift Returns Pg 5 Las profecías de Nostradamus Pg 18

PUSHING THE MINIMUM: Pg 9 VOLUME 39 ISSUE 1 | WWW.EL-OBSERVADOR.COM | JANUARY 5 - 11, 2018

COVER CREDIT: PIXABAY

San Jose’s Minimum Wage Increases


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OPINION

EL OBSERVADOR | www.el-observador.com

JANUARY 5 - 11, 2018

FAKE FACTS; FAKE NEWS IMPACT INFORMED DEMOCRACY; IS USED BY AUTOCRATS only by President Trump, but also by other autocrats and dictators.

Hilbert Morales EL OBSERVADOR Steven Erlanger's article entitled “AUTOCRATS ECHO CRY OF FAKE NEWS'” (New York Times, Large Print Weekly, 12.25.17, page 3) presents the world-wide impact of President Trump's attacks on The Press'. Until the 2016 presidential campaign, the general public did not question the truthfulness or veracity of information reported by The Mainstream Media'. An empirical assumption is that if democratic governance is to succeed, a requisite is having an educated and informed citizenry. “FAKE NEWS” has been frequently used by President Trump to discredit information and facts presented by mainstream media (defined as national newspapers; magazines, radio and TV). Today many ordinary citizens do not know whether information is truthful and factual because of the extreme amount of propaganda (also called spinmeister tactics') prepared and then disseminated very quickly using social service networks (e.g., Twitter). Many social service networks do not practice high standards of professional journalism. The consequence is that the general public becomes confused and misinformed. It is this featured outcome which is being used not

“An example: President Rodrigo Duterte has used similar media attacks directed toward The Press of the Philippines. Some say the use of Fake News has allowed President Duterte to ignore established democratic norms in the Philippines. “Fake News” is routinely invoked to undermine opponents; rally their political base; and try to discredit Mainstream Media which has aggressively investigated their presidencies (and administrations).” “Other examples are: President Nicolas Maduro who is rolling back democracy in Venezuela; who blamed global media for lots of false versions, lots of lies, saying “this is what we call fake news today.” “Additional examples have happened in Syria (regarding prison deaths), Myanmar (regarding genocide of Rohingya Muslim minority) and the Russian Foreign Minister “uses a big red stamp, “FAKE NEWS” on its website to label news stories it dislikes.” “Around the world, authoritarians, populists, oligarchs and other political leaders have seized on the phrase “FAKE NEWS” ...and the legitimacy conferred upon it by an American President as a tool for attacking their critics and, IN SOME CASES, DELIBERATELY UNDERMINING THE INSTITUTIONS OF DEMOCRACY.”

“Richard Javad Heydarian, a political scientist, De La Salle University, Manila, and author of a book on Philippines President Rodrigo Duterte, said that American soft power, long rooted in advocacy of Democracy, was in a total state of collapse,” allowing strongmen leaders like Mr. Duterte leeway to ignore democratic norms. WITH TRUMP IN POWER, NO ONE IS TALKING ABOUT HUMAN RIGHTS, only about FAKE NEWS” and that is great for Duterte.” “FAKE NEWS” has been around since the 1890's according to Merriam Webster (Dictionary). Mr. Trump is most responsible for making (FAKE NEWS) this year's “WORD OF THE YEAR (2017).” Its use had risen 365% since 2016. “FAKE NEWS” is a real problem. U.S. intelligence agencies have concluded that Russia used FAKE NEWS reports as part of an effort to interfere in the 2016 presidential election. Social media (networks) with its huge reach and its vulnerabilities to manipulation, has helped to UNDERMINE TRUST IN TRADITIONAL JOURNALISM.” “Trump has succeeded in building an alternative reality separate from the mainstream media's efforts at democratic, rational politics,” said John Lloyd, senior research fellow, Reuter's Institute for the Study of Journalism, University of Oxford. “Of course, journalists make mistakes, but

those errors are amplified by the charge of FAKE NEWS,'... THE MAINSTREAM MEDIA IS PROTRAYED AS THE TOOL OF AN ARROGANT, OUT-OF-TOUCH ELITEM, who use that tool to keep down the marginalized (communities).” “Kenneth Roth, Executive Director, HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH, said, “The sad irony is that Trump's greatest harm to human rights may not be his infatuation with abusive strongmen, but his undermining of the fact-based discourse (i.e., discussion or debate) that is essential to reining them in countries where the judicial system is unable or unwilling to enforce (human civil) rights. In most countries---the human (civil) rights movement's main tool is to investigate and publicize official misconduct.” “Autocrats go to great lengths to avoid that shaming, because it tends to delegitimize them before their public and their peers.” EO is fully committed to publication of factual, truthful and useful information and news. It takes time, interested talent and treasure to exercise the due diligence which is required to identify FAKE NEWS.” EO has consistently advised its readers to learn about what is going on; become informed; register to vote, and then decide to cast your ballot in a manner which best serves your private personal interests.

modest monetary contribution of $20 once a year to enable EO management to expand its editorial and investigative reporting efforts. Since 1986, when the Morales's assumed ownership of EO, this publication has been focused upon necessary advocacy and resolution of many local community issues...and without much direct support from the local Silicon Valley community. All advertising revenues earned stayed in this community. Times (and the economy) are changing. This community needs news and information which is out there, but must undergo editorial processing to eliminate the FAKE NEWS'. As a community-based publication, EO is in a very good position to do more, if the EO readers want to become partners and Stakeholders'. An independent newspaper is the 4th Estate of Governance because, as long as it publishes truthful and factual information; commits no defamation of character, nor libelous activity, nor commits plagiarism, EO is protected by this Democracy's U.S. Constitution's First Amendment which ensures Freedom of the Press'. Become an EO stakeholder simply by providing the required support which is used to deal with the challenges of providing accessible, truthful, factual, and useful information which very likely will enable you to improve your personal living standard. In solidarity, We, The People can thwart all schemes of those having autocratic ambitions.

I ask EO's readers to make a

CUENTA REGRESIVA Por José López Zamorano Para La Red Hispana Ante la decisión política del liderazgo republicano y demócrata del Congreso de excluir el urgente asunto sobre los beneficiarios del Programa de Acción Diferida para Llegados en la Infancia (DACA) de las negociaciones para un acuerdo presupuestal, inicia la cuenta regresiva final para aprobarles un alivio migratorio. Aunque formalmente debería encontrarse una solución antes del próximo 5 de marzo, o de lo contrario alrededor de 30,000 “dreamers” empezarán a ser elegibles para la deportación cada mes, la atención debe centrarse en lograr un acuerdo antes del 19 de enero, cuando vence el actual arreglo presupuestal temporal. Es natural que muchos “dreamers” se

sientan decepcionados que los líderes demócratas de la Cámara Baja y del Senado no hayan mostrado la firmeza para colocar el tema de DACA en el seno de las negociaciones presupuestales, a pesar de que se habían comprometido a hacerlo. Todos fuimos testigos de las divisiones que eso causó en las filas demócratas. Pero es claro que existen claras señales tanto de legisladores republicanos como de demócratas que tienen intención de abordar el tema de DACA con la reanudación de sesiones del Congreso, y también es evidente que los “dreamers” van a encargarse de que los líderes políticos no busquen ponerlos en el cajón de los olvidos. Por ello preocupa el mensaje enviado por el presidente Donald Trump dos días antes del fin de año donde afirma que no apoyará ningún tipo de alivio para los beneficiarios de DACA a menos que

obtenga sus prioridades migratorias: el dinero para el muro en la frontera con México, así como la eliminación de la migración en cadena y la lotería de visas. No sólo el presidente está cambiando las reglas a la mitad del juego --agregando el tema de la migración en cadena, uno de los componentes de la iniciativa de Ley Dream-- sino que coloca el tema de los “dreamers” no como una responsabilidad moral de los líderes políticos del país, sino como una simple pieza de una negociación política. La posición presidencial tiene el efecto de complicar, no de facilitar un arreglo político justo y oportuno antes del 19 de enero, toda vez que los demócratas apoyan el financiamiento para la seguridad fronteriza, pero no los fondos para el muro, que ven como una promesa de campaña onerosa e inefectiva.

Nuestros “dreamers” nos han demostrado que han sido capaces de lograr cosas que antes parecían impensables. Su ingenio y tenacidad enfrenta una nueva prueba de fuego. Estoy convencido que desplegarán toda su chispa y capacidad organizativa para presionar tenazmente por una solución que refleje lo justo de su causa, aun cuando no incluya el 100% de sus demandas. La pregunta es si los líderes políticos y legislativos se pondrán a la altura moral de estos jóvenes patriotas, que se merecen una solución permanente, honorable y digna, no ser tratados como mercancías en el mercado de canjes al que Washington nos tiene acostumbrados con cada crisis presupuestal. Para más información visita www. laredhispana.org

1042 West Hedding St. Suite 250 San Jose, CA 95126

PUBLISHER Angelica Rossi angelica@el-observador.com PUBLISHER EMERITUS Hilbert Morales hmorales@el-observador.com ADVERTISING & SALES DIRECTOR Angelica Rossi angelica@el-observador.com ADVERTISING SALES JOB & RECRUITMENT ADVERTISING Justin Rossi justin@el-observador.com MANAGING EDITOR Arturo Hilario arturo@el-observador.com spanish.editor@el-observador.com CONTRIBUTORS Justin Rossi Mario Jimenez Hector Curriel Estephany Haro OP-ED Hilbert Morales english.editor@el-observador.com LEGAL NOTICES Erica Marie Najar frontdesk@el-observador.com ACCOUNTING Erica Marie Najar frontdesk@el-observador.com GRAPHIC DESIGNER Leila Velasco leila@el-observador.com ABOUT US El Observador was founded in 1980 to serve the informational needs of the Hispanic community in the San Francisco Bay Area with special focus on San Jose, the capital of Silicon Valley. All Rights Reserved. No part of this publication may be transmitted or reproduced by any form or by any means, this includes photo copying, recording or by any informational storage and retrevial systems, electronic or mechanical without express written consent of the publishers. Opinions expressed in El Observador by persons submitting articles are not necessarily the opinions of the publishers.


CALENDAR

EL OBSERVADOR | www.el-observador.com

JANUARY 5 - 11, 2018

¡VAMOS A GOZAR!

Nortec Collective Presents: BOSTICH & FUSSIBLE

w/ Raul y Mexia + Suenatron

Friday January 12, 2018 / 8pm The Ritz

400 S. 1st St,

San Jose, CA

Tickets: $20 Advance – $25 Door 21+

Photo Credit: theritzsanjose.com/Nortec Collective

DOWNTOWN ICE Friday January 5, 2017 / All Day Downtown San Jose S Market St San Jose, CA www.downtownicesj.com

SESAME STEET LIVE! LET’S PARTY! Saturday January 6, 2018 / 2pm – 8pm City National Civic 135 W San Carlos St San Jose, CA $23 - $88

THE SOUND OF MUSIC SINGALONG Thursday January 11, 2018 / 7pm 288 S 2nd St San Jose, CA $18

CHRISTMAS IN THE PARK 2017 Friday January 5, 2017 / All Day Plaza de Cesar Chavez 1 Paseo De San Antonio San Jose, CA Free

JAMES GARNER’S TRIBUTE TO JOHNNY CASH Saturday January 6, 2018 / 8pm California Theatre 345 S 1st St San Jose, CA $37 - $57

SHARKS V. COYOTES Saturday January 13, 2018 / 7:30pm SAP Center 525 W Santa Clara St San Jose, CA $42 - $258

US FIGURE SKATING CHAMPIONSHIPS SAN JOSE 2018 Friday January 5, 2018 / All Day SAP Center 525 W Santa Clara St San Jose, CA $12+

OFFICE WALK Monday January 8, 2018 / 12pm Downtown San Jose San Jose, CA Free

ENGELBERT HUMPERDINCK CONCERT Saturday January 13, 2018 / 8pm City National Civic 135 W San Carlos St San Jose, CA $45 - $125

2018 SILICON VALLEY AUTO SHOW Friday January 5, 2018 / All Day San Jose McEnery Convention Center 150 W San Carlos St San Jose, CA $8 - $11

MENOPAUSE THE MUSICAL Tuesday January 9, 2018 / 8pm Hammer Theatre Center 101 Paseo De San Antonio San Jose, CA $54 - $72

ALCATRAZ OFFERING 2-FOR-1 TICKETS Jan 30&31 and Feb 6&7, 2017 / 8:45am – 1:35pm Alcatraz Cruises Bay Area Residents Buy-one-get-one free 415.981.7625

SUBSCRIBE TODAY!

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BUSINESS

EL OBSERVADOR | www.el-observador.com

The Best Way to Donate Your Car to Charity getting in trouble with the authorities. The following tips from your BBB will help you donate your vehicle safely and successfully:

Photo Credit: Pixabay

Rebecca Harpster Golden Gate Better Business Bureau

The holidays are all about giving, and many households make their largest charitable donations at the end of the year. An increasingly popular form of donation is a vehicle. I frequently encounter ads on the radio, TV, and online urging me to donate my car to a cause (too bad I don’t have one!). However, donating a car to charity isn’t as simple as advertisements make it sound. It’s important to verify that the donated vehicle will actually benefit a charity and that the charity is trustworthy. Additionally, it’s important that you fill out the correct paperwork to avoid

• Research the charity. Give.org can help you make a well-informed giving decision. Charities are evaluated against comprehensive Standards for Charity Accountability, and are accredited if they meet all 20. When you look up an organization at give.org, you can see how the charity operates and where your donation goes – whether it be to programs, salaries, overhead costs, fundraising, etc. Although participation is voluntary, it should raise a red flag for donors if charities haven’t disclosed any of the requested information. You should only be donating your vehicle to a transparent, trustworthy organization. It’s also important to ensure that the charity in question is a 501(c)3, which you can do on the IRS’ website, irs.gov. Make sure the charity is also registered with the California Attorney General at oag. ca.gov/charities. • Avoid scams. In 2016, consumers reported hundreds of charity scams to BBB Scam Tracker (bbb.org/scamtracker). If you’re

La mejor manera de donar su coche a una caridad organizaciones benéficas son evaluados según 20 Estándares de Responsabilidad Caritativa, y son acreditadas si cumplen con todos. Cuando usted busca una organización en give.org, puede ver cómo funciona la organización benéfica y a dónde va su donación, ya sea a programas, salarios, gastos generales, recaudación de fondos, etc. Aunque la participación es voluntaria, debería ser una señal de alerta para los donantes si una organización no ha divulgado ninguna de la información solicitada. Solo debe donar su coche a una organización transparente y confiable. También es importante asegurarse de que la organización benéfica es un 501(c)3: puede hacer eso en el sitio web del IRS, irs.gov. Asegúrese de que la organización benéfica también este registrada con el Procurador General de California en oag.ca.gov/charities. Photo Credit: Pixabay Rebecca Harpster Golden Gate Better Business Bureau

La temporada de fiestas implica generosidad, y muchos hogares hacen sus más grandes donaciones de caridad al final del año. Una forma de donación que está creciendo más popular es un coche. Con frecuencia encuentro anuncios en la radio, la televisión, y en línea, instándome a donar mi automóvil a una caridad (¡que lastima que no tenga uno!). Sin embargo, donar un coche a una caridad no es tan simple como los anuncios lo hacen sonar. Es importante verificar que el vehículo donado realmente beneficiará a una organización benéfica y que la organización es confiable. Además, es importante que usted complete la documentación correcta para evitar problemas con las autoridades. Los siguientes consejos de su BBB lo ayudarán a donar su vehículo de manera segura y exitosa: • Investigue la caridad. Give.org lo ayudará a tomar una decisión de donación bien informada. Las

• Evite estafas. En 2016, los consumidores reportaron cientos d estafas de caridades al Rastreador de Estafas de BBB (bbb.org/ scamtracker). Si alguien se contacta usted sobre la donación de su automóvil a una organización, tenga cuidado. Es posible que la caridad no exista en realidad, y esta usando un nombre falso que suena legítimo y falsificando el identificador de llamadas para crear una falsa sensación de seguridad. Si usted tiene un automóvil viejo que le gustaría donar, es mejor ser proactivo en lugar de reactivo. No debe responder a los anuncios: en lugar encuentre una organización benéfica confiable cuya misión usted respalde que acepte donaciones de vehículos. • Haga preguntas. Pregunte si la organización benéfica acepta automóviles directamente y maneja la transacción ellos mismos. Para maximizar el impacto de su donación, lo mejor es evitar las caridades que utilizan recaudadores de fondos comerciales con fines de lucro para recaudar donaciones de coches. Los recaudadores de fondos comerciales a menudo mantienen un gran porcentaje de los ingresos, dejando poco a la caridad. Si es posible, conduzca su coche a la caridad para que no tengan que pagar por un servicio de remolque. Pregunte a la organización de

contacted out of the blue about donating your car to an organization, be wary. It’s possible that the charity doesn’t actually exist, and is using a fake but legitimate-sounding name and spoofing the Caller ID to create a false sense of security. If you have an old car you’d like to donate, it’s better to be proactive rather than reactive. Don’t be lured by and respond to advertisements – find a trustworthy charity whose mission you support that accepts vehicle donations and go from there. • Ask questions. Ask if the charity accepts cars directly and handles the transaction themselves. To maximize the impact of your donation, it may be best to steer clear of charities that use commercial fundraisers to collect car donations. Commercial fundraisers may keep a large percentage of the proceeds, leaving little to the charity. If possible, drive your car to the charity so that they don’t have to pay for a towing service. Ask the charity if they’ll be using the car for their needs, giving it away to someone less fortunate, or auctioning it off – this is important for your tax records. If the car is being sold, ask about the process and how much of the sale proceeds go to the charity. • Fill out the necessary paperwork. It’s vital benéfica si utilizarán el coche para sus necesidades, entregaránlo a alguien necesitado, o subastándolo: esto es importante para sus impuestos. Si el coche va a ser vendido, pregunte sobre el proceso y cuánto de los ingresos de la venta va a la caridad. • Complete la documentación necesaria. Es vital que transfiera el título del coche al nombre de la organización y guarde una copia de este registro. Si una organización benéfica le pide que deje la asignación de propiedad en blanco en los documentos de donación, eso es una señal de advertencia. Si no transfiera su coche a la organización, va a ser responsable para las multas que el vehículo reciba o si esta usado en un crimen. Según el Procurador General de California, “faltar de transferir un coche ha sometido muchos donantes a penalizaciones y gastos por vehículos donados, la mayoría de las veces son infracciones

JANUARY 5 - 11, 2018 that you transfer the car’s title to the charity’s name and keep a copy of this record. If a charity asks you to leave the assignment of ownership space on the charity donation papers blank, that’s a red flag. If you don’t sign your car over to the nonprofit, you will be held responsible for any tickets the car receives or liable if it’s used in a crime. According to the CA Attorney General, “failure to transfer registration has subjected many donors to subsequent penalties and expenses for donated vehicles, most often accrued parking violations.” For tips on transferring your car’s title and registration, visit the DMV’s website, dmv.ca.gov. • Know how to report it to the IRS. A car is a valuable asset, and reporting your donation to the IRS can be complex. The amount that you can deduct from your taxes depends on whether the car was auctioned off, given to someone in need, or used by the charity after the donation. The IRS publication “A Donor’s Guide to Vehicle Donation” and website, irs. gov, have all the information you’ll need for deducting your donation correctly. You can reach your BBB at info@bbbemail.org or (510) 844-2000, or by visiting goldengate. bbb.org. de estacionamiento acumuladas”. Para obtener consejos sobre cómo transferir el título y el registro de su automóvil, visite el sitio web del DMV, dmv. ca.gov. • Sepa cómo informarlo al IRS. Un coche es valioso y reportar su donación al IRS puede ser complejo. El monto que puede deducir de sus impuestos depende de si el vehículo fue subastado, entregado a alguien necesitado, o utilizado por la organización de benéfica después de la donación. La publicación del IRS “Una guía del donante sobre la donación de vehículos” y el sitio web del IRS, irs.gov, tienen toda la información que necesitará para deducir su donación correctamente. Puede ponerse en contacto con su BBB a través de info@bbbemail.org o (510) 844-2000, o en goldengate.bbb.org.


BUSINESS

EL OBSERVADOR | www.el-observador.com

JANUARY 5 - 11, 2018

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CONSEJOS DE BBB PARA DEVOLUCIONES DE REGALOS Asegúrese de leer la política de devolución publicada para averiguar si las devoluciones están permitidas, que razones se aceptan, si hay tasas de reposición, donde necesita enviar el artículo, y si usted tendrá que pagar por el envió. Es posible que usted puede ahorrar costos de envió por devolviendo un artículo comprado en línea a una ubicación de la tienda.

Rebecca Harpster Golden Gate Better Business Bureau

Cuando la temporada de dar termina, una nueva comienza: ¡La temporada de devolver! Tener que devolver un regalo es casi inevitable – según los datos de la Federación Nacional de Minoristas (NRF), “casi dos tercios de los compradores hicieron al menos una devolución” durante la temporada de vacaciones de 2016. Aunque las devoluciones son comunes, las políticas de devolución varían mucho entre las tiendas, y no todos los minoristas aceptan devoluciones. Según el Procurador General de California, “cuando una tienda muestra claramente una política de no devoluciones o una política limitada… la ley no exige devoluciones ni reemplazos. Además, una encuesta de NRF encontró que el 25% de tiendas cambian su política de devolución para la temporada de vacaciones, por lo tanto los límites de tiempo y otras políticas pueden ser diferentes de los que está acostumbrado. En 2016, alrededor del nueve por ciento de las quejas presentadas con BBB involucraron problemas con reembolsos o reemplazos. Sin embargo, alrededor del 13% de las casi 14,000 quejas presentadas con BBB en 2016 contra minoristas tanto en línea como físicas se debieron a problemas con reembolsos o reemplazos. Aunque devolver regalos puede ser estresante, siguiendo estos consejos de su BBB puede hacerlo más fácil: • Conozca y entienda las políticas. La ley de California tiene detalles sobre cómo una tienda debe revelar su política de devolución al público.

• Re-regale, done, o venda si todo lo demás falla. A pesar de sus mejores esfuerzos, algunos regalos no pueden ser retornados. ¡Pero no deje el artículo ir a la basura! Considere re-regalar, donar, o vender el regalo.

Photo Credit: Better Business Bureau Puede aprender más en oag.ca.gov/consumers/ general/refunds. Como un consumidor, sepa si las devoluciones están sujetas a cualquier cargo, como una tasa de reposición, y si usted recibirá dinero en efectivo o crédito de la tienda. Es posible que hay diferentes políticas de devolución para los artículos comprados en venta, así para ciertos artículos por razones de salud. Las políticas de devolución también pueden ser diferentes durante la temporada de fiestas, así que todavía debe hacer preguntas si está familiarizado con el minorista. ¿Hay límites de tiempo para su devolución? ¿Los artículos deben estar en el empaque original o con las etiquetas adjuntas? ¿Necesita traer el recibo original? También es importante leer y conocer la garantía del producto en caso de que sea defectuosa. • Guarde recibos y embalaje. Guarde los recibos que

vienen con el regalo y tráigalos con usted. Para hacer las devoluciones más fáciles, no quite las etiquetas de la ropa y no retire los artículos de su empaque hasta que está seguro de que desea mantenerlos. Muchos artículos, como electrónicas y juguetes, son difíciles de devolver una vez abierto. • El tiempo es importante. El día después de Navidad es conocido por líneas frustrantemente largas para las devoluciones. Trate de planificar sus viajes por días y horas que estarán menos ocupados. Sin embargo, no espere demasiado. Muchos negocios tienen políticas especiales para devoluciones navideñas y no aceptaran artículos después de que haya transcurrido cierto tiempo. Tenga especial cuidado de saber los límites de tiempo para devolver su regalo. • Sepa cómo devolver regalos comprados en línea.

and-mortar retailers were due to issues with refunds and exchanges. Although returning gifts can be stressful, following these tips from your BBB can make it easier:

Photo Credit: Pixabay

BBB TIPS FOR HOLIDAY GIFT RETURNS Rebecca Harpster Golden Gate Better Business Bureau

Once the season of giving ends, a new one begins: the season of returns! Needing to return a holiday gift at some point is almost inevitable – according to National Retail Federation (NRF) data, “nearly two-thirds of holiday shoppers made at least one return” during the 2016 holiday season. Although returns are common, return policies vary greatly across stores, and not all retailers

accept returns. According to the California Attorney General, “when a store clearly displays a limited or no-refund policy… refunds and exchanges are not required by law.” Additionally, an NRF survey found that 25% of stores change their return policy for the holiday season, meaning time limits and other policies may be different than what you’re used to. In 2016, around nine percent of complaints filed with BBB nationwide were due to issues with refunds or exchanges. However, around 13% of the nearly 14,000 nationwide complaints filed with BBB in 2016 against both online and brick-

• Know and understand the policies. California law specifies how a store should disclose their return policy to the public. Learn more at oag.ca.gov/consumers/general/refunds. As a consumer, know whether returns are subject to any fees, like restocking fees, and if you’ll receive cash or store credit. There may be different return policies for items bought on sale/clearance, as well as certain items due to health reasons. Return policies may also be different over the holidays, so double-check even if you’re familiar with the retailer. Are there time limits for your return? Do items need to be in the original packaging or with tags still attached? Do you need to bring in the original receipt? It’s also important to read and know the product’s warranty in case it’s defective. • Keep receipts and packaging. Keep any receipts that came with the gift and bring them with you. To make returns easier, don’t remove tags from clothing and don’t remove items from their packaging until you’re sure you want to keep them. Many items, like electronics and toys, are difficult to return once opened. • Timing is important. December 26th is known for frustratingly long return lines at stores. Try to plan your trips for days and times that will be less busy. However, don’t wait too long! Many stores have special holiday return policies and won’t accept items after a certain amount of time has passed. Take extra care to know the time limits

• Tenga en cuenta las políticas de devoluciones cuando hacer compras. Es inteligente verificar la política de devolución antes de comprar un regalo. Según la NRF, durante las temporadas de compras navideñas de 2016, “tres cuartos de los compradores verificaron las política de devolución antes de hacer una compra, y el 22% finalmente no realizó una compra debido a una política de devolución inconveniente”. Si un minorista no tiene una política transparente, considere comprar en otro lugar. Negocios Acreditados por BBB están comprometidas con las Normas de BBB para Establecer Confianza, que incluyen “ser transparente”, “honrar promesas”, “decir la verdad”, y “publicar honestamente”. Puede encontrar Negocios Acreditados por BBB en bbb.org. Además, la encuesta de NRF encontró que el 32% de las personas raramente o nunca incluye recibos con sus regalos, lo que hace que los retornos sean más difíciles - ¡sea considerado e incluya un recibo cuando regale! Puede ponerse en contacto con su BBB a través de info@bbbemail.org o (510) 844-2000, o en goldengate.bbb.org.

for returning your item. • Know how to return gifts bought online. Read the posted return policy to find out if returns are allowed, what reasons are accepted, if there are restocking fees, where to send the item and whether you’ll have to pay for return shipping. You may be able to save shipping costs by returning an item bought online to a store location. • Re-gift, donate or sell if all else fails. Despite your best efforts, some items may just not be returnable. But don’t let the item go to waste! Consider re-gifting it, donating it or selling it. • Keep return policies in mind when shopping. It’s smart to check out the return policy before buying a gift. According to the NRF, during the 2016 holiday shopping season, “three of four holiday shoppers checked return policies before making a purchase… and 22 percent ultimately backed out of a holiday purchase due to an inconvenient return policy.” If a retailer doesn’t have a transparent return policy, consider shopping somewhere else. BBB Accredited Businesses are committed to BBB’s Standards for Trust, which include “be transparent”, “honor promises”, “tell the truth”, and “advertise honestly”. You can find local BBB Accredited Businesses at bbb.org. Additionally, the NRF survey found that 32% of people rarely or never include receipts with their gifts, making returns potentially more difficult - be thoughtful and include a receipt when gifting! You can reach your BBB at info@bbbemail.org or (510) 844-2000, or by visiting goldengate.bbb. org.


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HEALTH

EL OBSERVADOR | www.el-observador.com

JANUARY 5 - 11, 2018

Health Care Fights to Watch For in 2018 Suzanne Potter California News Service

million Americans are on Medicaid, and 55 million rely on Medicare. Republican leaders have said entitlement reform is necessary to keep the programs solvent.

SACRAMENTO, Calif. -- Some health experts are predicting the mother of all Medicaid and Medicare battles this year, as the Republicans take a run at cutting social service programs in order to reduce the deficit. The GOP failed twice to repeal the Affordable Care Act in 2017, but succeeded in undermining Obamacare by stopping cost-sharing reduction payments to insurers and repealing the individual mandate to buy health insurance. Anthony Wright, executive director at Health Access California, said the ingredients are there for a showdown in 2018. "The congressional leadership has made clear that they intend to pay for the tax

President Donald Trump has repeatedly said that the ACA is in a death spiral. Wright noted that Trump's policies continue to impose significant costs on patients.

Medicaid serves more than 74 million children, low-income adults, and people in nursing homes across the United States. Photo Credit: NACHC

cuts that they just passed by cutting major health care programs," Wright said. "They call it entitlement reform. What their budget indicates is a $1.5 trillion cut to Medicaid, Medicare and other vital health

RESOLUCIONES DE AÑO NUEVO PARA UN BEBÉ SALUDABLE

March of Dimes ofrece consejos para las mujeres que planean un embarazo

programs. " The Congressional Budget Office said that the GOP tax reform bill will leave 13 million people uninsured and lead to at least a 10 percent rise in premiums. Currently, 74 menudo con jabón y agua, especialmente antes de preparar o comer alimentos, o después de estar con mascotas u otros animales. Si está cerca de niños pequeños, no comparta sus alimentos, vasos o utensilios y no ponga su vaso o chupete en la boca Los defectos de nacimiento afectan a 1 de cada 33 bebés nacidos en los Estados Unidos cada año, según los Centros de Control y Prevención de Enfermedades de los Estados Unidos. Enero es el

SUNDAY- 9:30AM

WHITE PLAINS, Nueva York - Si es una mujer que espera quedar embarazada durante el Año Nuevo, haga una importante resolución de estar lo más saludable posible en 2018, dice March of Dimes, el líder de la nación en el embarazo y la salud del bebé. "Las mujeres saludables tienen las mejores probabilidades de tener un embarazo a término y un bebé sano", dice Stacey D. Stewart, la presidenta de March of Dimes. "Así que, haga todo lo que pueda para asegurarse de estar saludable y que su cuerpo esté listo para un embarazo". El consejo principal de March of Dimes: visite a su proveedor de salud en el Año Nuevo para una revisión antes del embarazo. Hable con su proveedor sobre maneras de prepararse para el embarazo y aprender los pasos que puede tomar para proteger su salud y la del bebé. Más consejos de March of Dimes para un bebé saludable en su futuro: • Tome a diario una multivitamina con 400 microgramos de ácido fólico: una vitamina B. Está comprobado que tomar el ácido fólico todos los días,

Wright said he expects 10-20 states will see insurers leaving the individual market altogether in 2018. Mes de la Prevención de los Defectos de Nacimiento y la semana del 7 al 13 de enero es la Semana de Concientización sobre el Ácido Fólico. Únase a la conversación y aprenda más en Twitter siguiendo la etiqueta #prevent2protect. Inscríbase ahora en Thunderclap para publicar automáticamente un mensaje de apoyo y concientización en sus cuentas de medios sociales el 10 de enero:  https://www. thunderclap.it/projects/65683-prevent2protect

SATURDAY- 5:30PM

KNTV/KSTS-SAN JOSE, SAN FRANCISCO, OAKLAND

Photo Credit: Pixabay PR Newswire

"Between the repeal of the ACA mandate and the defunding of cost-sharing reductions, that introduces a lot of uncertainty, which causes premiums to go up," he said. "It causes some insurers to withdraw from the market, leaving consumers with fewer choices and more expensive premiums."

comenzando antes del embarazo y continuando durante el embarazo, puede ayudar a prevenir los defectos de nacimiento graves del cerebro y la médula espinal. También es buena idea comer alimentos que contienen folato, la forma natural del ácido fólico, incluyendo lentejas, verduras de hoja verde, frijoles negros y jugo de naranja. March of Dimes también recomienda alimentos hechos de harina de granos enriquecidos, tales como pan, pasta y cereales, y alimentos hechos de harina de masa de maíz enriquecida, tales como pan de maíz, tortillas de maíz, tacos y tamales. • Tenga sus vacunas al día: Pregúntele a su proveedor sobre las vacunas que debería recibir antes del embarazo, incluyendo la vacuna contra la influenza y el refuerzo contra la tos ferina. • Aprenda a evitar otras infecciones como el Virus Zika, el citomegalovirus (CMV), e infecciones transmitidas sexualmente. • Evite las picaduras de mosquitos y otros insectos  utilizando un repelente de insectos y usando camisas con manga larga y pantalones largos. Considere no viajar a áreas con el Virus Zika. • Practique la buena higiene: lávese las manos a

Comunidad Del Valle Con: Damian Trujillo

DAY OF ARTS & SOLIDARITY AT MEXICAN HERITAGE PLAZA,

SAN JOSE JANUARY 15, 10AM

WWW.SCHOOLOFARTSANDCULTURE.ORG

THE TRADITION CONTINUES LOS TRES REYES MAGOS ENDS JAN. 7 AT 5PM CHILDREN'S DISCOVERY MUSEUM, SAN JOSE TEOTIHUACÁN CITY OF WATER, CITY OF FIRE AT SF DEYOUNG MUSEUM THROUGH JANUARY 11 https://deyoung.famsf.org


JANUARY 5 - 11, 2018

RECIPE/HOME

EL OBSERVADOR | www.el-observador.com

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CONSEJOS PARA ALCANZAR TUS PROPÓSITOS FINANCIEROS DE AÑO NUEVO afectar si las alcanzas o no.

5 Metas Financieras para el 2018

Sé específ ico en tus metas

Si esta buscando inspiración para el nuevo año, te comparto 5 propósitos que pueden ayudarte con tus f inanzas.

Una vez que sepas lo que quieres y el porqué, puedes empezar a ver cómo alcanzarlas. ¿Cuánto debes y cuánto quieres ahorrar? Cuando tengas un número específ ico en mente, será más fácil monitorear tu progreso. Crea un sistema Después de que hayas creado el proceso, enfoca tus f inanzas hacia esa dirección. Programa tus pagos y transferencias automáticamente hacia tus metas. También puedes cambiar tus hábitos y ajustar tus f inanzas en este nuevo año.  Esto incrementará tu probabilidad de alcanzar el éxito y tus metas.

Photo Credit: Pixabay

Lisa Greene-Lewis Entiende el porqué

Tómate unos minutos para averiguar el porqué de tus metas. ¿Quieres salir de tus deudas porque te obliga a quedarte en un trabajo que no te gusta?

Pagar todas tus deudas y ahorrar dinero puede hacer maravillas a tus f inanzas, pero si los números son tu única motivación podrías desmotivarte cuando las cosas se compliquen.

¿Quieres ahorrar dinero para poder viajar y explorar? ¿Quieres tener un colchón para trabajar medio tiempo y pasar más tiempo con tus hijos? La motivación detrás de tus metas puede

TRES CONSEJOS SIMPLES PARA ELABORAR CENAS DELICIOSAS Y BALANCEADAS DE LUNES A VIERNES sentido más profundo de resiliencia. Pero las familias con demasiadas actividades pueden encontrar el tiempo para sentarse todos juntos con más frecuencia, afirma Colleen Burns, experta en estilo de vida y vocera del programa Balance Your Plate (Equilibre Su Plato) de Nestlé. Para tener éxito, establezca la intención con buena planificación y estrategias inteligentes. Más aun, esas comidas también pueden ser deliciosas y nutritivas.

Photo Credit: BPT/ Nestle

BPT

Como la programación de lunes a viernes suele ser intensa, la primera víctima de todo ese caos es la cena familiar. Si bien la mayoría de las familias asegura que cenar juntos es una gran prioridad, la realidad cotidiana es diferente. Según una encuesta realizada en el 2013 por NPR y la Fundación Robert Wood Johnson, solo el 50 por ciento de los niños en los Estados Unidos pertenecen a familias cuyos integrantes cenan juntos. Sin embargo, una investigación citada por American Academy of Pediatrics revela que los niños obtienen muchos beneficios de las comidas habituales en familia, desde un mejor rendimiento académico, a la creación de un

"Cuando contamos con soluciones simples a nuestra disposición para poner esas comidas bien balanceadas y sabrosas en la mesa con el poco tiempo que tenemos, eso nos permite el establecimiento y mantenimiento de un importante ritual familiar", afirma Burns, quien es, además, una madre ocupada con seis chicos. "A la misma vez, no nos abrumamos, un factor clave para mantenernos motivados e inspirados". Para ayudarle a comenzar, Burns nos ofrece tres sencillos consejos para elaborar comidas deliciosas y nutritivas en tiempo récord. Comprar en la sección de productos congelados: Cuando no se dispone de tiempo, los alimentos congelados tienen muchas ofertas que constituyen una buena base para cualquier comida hecha en casa, asegura Burns. Con frecuencia, la calidad es tan buena como la de los productos frescos, y eliminan muchos pasos de preparación, independientemente de que estés buscando platos principales, verduras o platos acompañantes. Además, las frutas y verduras son congeladas rápidamente, un proceso que

• Ten seis mes de gastos ahorrados en caso de emergencia • Crea un presupuesto para todo el año • Programa tus ahorros automáticamente • Liquida al menos una de tus tarjetas de crédito • Comienza un negocio

Lisa Greene-Lewis es Contadora Pública Certificada (CPA) y experta en impuestos de TurboTax.

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preserva y fija los nutrientes.

• Aliño de miel y mostaza

No te sacrifiques: Si sabes lo que vas a buscar cuando vayas de compras al mercado, puedes encontrar platos principales y acompañantes convenientes sin sacrificar sabor ni calidad.

• 3 cucharadas de mantequilla derretida

Burns recomienda Stouffer's Macaroni & Cheese como una solución fácil que le ayuda a elaborar una comida magnífica, pues cuenta con los ingredientes que usaríamos en nuestras propias cocinas, como pasta recién hecha, mantequilla, queso chédar y leche. A Burns le gusta servirlos como acompañante del pollo adobado (ver la receta más adelante) y verduras de temporada asadas, porque es una solución simple que los hace sentir bien con la cena, tanto ella como su familia.

• 1 cucharada de zumo de limón

Mantener el balance: Busca una variedad de platos principales y acompañantes que le aporten un balance nutritivo, así como deliciosos sabores al menú de tu cena. Burns recomienda optar por proteínas sin grasa como pescado y pollo, servidos con verduras frescas o congeladas. Para más detalles, mira su video explicativo aquí. Muslos de pollo asado sazonados con ajo, limón, y aliño de miel y mostaza • 10 muslos de pollo • 1 limón grande (zumo y ralladura) • 1/4 taza de aceite de oliva extra virgen • 3 dientes enteros de ajo, picados • 1 cucharadita de pimentón • 1 cucharadita de orégano • 1 pizca de sal y otra de pimienta • Perejil picado para decoración

• 1/2 taza de miel • 1/2 taza de mostaza

• Elaboración Mezcla en un tazón grande el zumo y la ralladura de limón, el aceite de oliva, ajo picado, pimentón, orégano, sal y pimienta. Añade los muslos de pollo y revuelve para que estén completamente cubiertos con la mezcla. Cubre el tazón con envoltura plástica y ponlo en el refrigerador al menos durante 30 minutos. Cuando estés lista para cocinar, deja que el pollo vuelva a tener la temperatura ambiente, dejándolo afuera durante unos 20 minutos. Precalienta el horno a 375 grados. Coloca el pollo en una bandeja cubierta con papel de aluminio aceitado. Hornea sin cubrir durante 20 minutos. Voltea los muslos y sigue horneando durante otros 10 minutos hasta que alcancen los165 grados y pierdan la coloración rosada. Elabora el aliño en un tazón pequeño revolviendo la mostaza y la miel. Añade agua como estimes necesario a fin de darle consistencia para elaborarlo. Con una brocha pequeña de pastelería, aplica el aliño al pollo y asa durante 5 minutos hasta que haga espuma. Coloca los muslos de pollo en una bandeja para servir y espolvoréalos con el perejil.


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COMMUNITY

EL OBSERVADOR | www.el-observador.com

JANUARY 5 - 11, 2018

NEW LIGHT FOR A NEW YEAR California First to Phase Out the Incandescent Bulb Suzanne Potter California News Service

to be as high as $20 per bulb, but are now $2 to $3 apiece when purchased in multi-packs, and they last for decades. So over the lifetime of each bulb, the user saves $50 to $150.

SACRAMENTO, Calif. Light bulb! Here's an idea - experts say Californians can save money and energy by choosing Light Emitting Diode (LED) or Compact Fluorescent (CFL) bulbs. 

California has an estimated 250 million screw-in light sockets that are covered by the regulation, and once they're all switched over, it is estimated the savings will be up to a billion dollars a year. Horowitz says switching to energy efficient bulbs on a mass scale also goes a long way in the fight against climate change.

And starting Jan. 1, the incandescent bulbs that have been around since Edison's time will be illegal to manufacture in the Golden State. California is the first state in the nation to implement the new standards laid out in the 2007 energy bill signed by President George W. Bush.  Noah Horowitz, senior scientist with the Natural Resources Defense Council, says any bulbs produced for sale in California starting in 2018 will have to produce about three times more brightness per watt of energy. He points out that "LEDs are a far superior product. They give off the same

real hassle."

"People need to remember that, when you f lick the switch and turn your light on, that electricity comes from somewhere and often, it's from power plants that are operated by fossil fuel," he says, "and burning fossil fuels is what causes climate change."

Opponents of the phase-out say the new bulbs, which are a bit more expensive, impose an unnecessary cost on businesses and consumers. However, the cost of LEDs has moderated - it used

The new standards go into effect in the rest of the country in two years. Businesses will still be allowed to sell out their remaining stock of incandescent bulbs.

California petitioned Congress to be able to implement new, more efficient light-bulb standards two years before the rest of the country. Photo Credit: Alvimann/Morguefile

light that an incandescent does, but it doesn't waste energy." Horowitz adds, "In addition, LEDs last up to 25 years, where with an incandescent, you had to change the bulb almost once a year, which was a

,

S A M A R B E L E C P. CON VH

VHP quiere que celebres más. Sirviendo a nuestra comunidad por más de 30 años en el condado de Santa Clara, nosotros ofrecemos los precios más bajos de Covered California con beneficios como acceso a MDLIVE telehealth las 24 horas al día y farmacias nacionalmente — donde quiera que la aventura te lleve, VHP te tiene cubierto. Compara y ahorra en valleyhealthplan.org


JANUARY 5 - 11, 2018

EL OBSERVADOR | www.el-observador.com

San Jose Minimum Wage Rises to $13.50

benefit from the $13.50 per hour rate. In a press release by the City of San Jose, a brief timeline of the push for a higher minimum wage was overviewed. “In September 2015, Mayor Sam Liccardo launched an effort with fellow Santa Clara County mayors and the Cities Association of Santa Clara County to raise the minimum wage across the region. San Jose City Council adopted a multi-step increase in the minimum wage that brings the minimum wage to $13.50 on Jan. 1, 2018 and $15 on Jan. 1, 2019. Thereafter, the San Jose minimum wage will be automatically adjusted with cost-of-living increases (based on CPI, up to 5%) annually.”

Photo Credit: Pixabay  

Arturo Hilario El Observador San Jose, Calif. – On January 1st the minimum wage in San Jose rose to 13.50 per hour, the most recent step to raise the minimum wage around the Bay Area to $15 per hour by 2019. San Jose is among other cities across 19 states whose minimum wage raises went into effect on January 1st. San Jose is on

course to raise their minimum wage to $15 per hour by January 1st, 2019. On the state level the $15 figure is set to be state minimum by 2022. The United States’ federal minimum continues to sit at $7.25, since its last change in 2009. The minimum wage takes effect on any employers who pay a San Jose Business License Tax, or who “maintain a facility in San Jose”. Any employee who performs at least two hours of work will

RAISING MINIMUM WAGE HELPS TEENS, THEIR FAMILIES

The efforts of Mayor Liccardo and other Santa Clara cities have led to them adopting ordinances to raise the minimum wage to $15 by next year. These cities include Cupertino, Los Altos, Milpitas Mountain View, Palo Alto, Santa Clara and Sunnyvale. According to the Mayor’s office, Sunnyvale and Mountain view will hit the $15 minimum wage later in 2018. Mayor Liccardo says, “By moving forward with many of our neighboring cities, we’ll ensure that more of our residents benefit from a higher wage and that we have a more even playing field for our small businesses.” state, Noah Berger, president of the Massachusetts Budget and Policy Center, says for many, it would mean a boost for their entire family. "Those 12 percent who are teenagers, their income is an important part, very often, of their family income, of being able to help their family to pay for basic necessities," he points out. The study found that working teens in families with total earnings below $47,000 a year bring in almost 18 percent of the family income. Opponents of raising the minimum wage maintain it would put many teens out of work.

Students who spend more than 20 hours a week at a job are less likely to graduate. Photo Credit: Pixabay

Andrea Sears Public News Service

On Monday, 18 states saw their minimum wages increase, but Massachusetts wasn't among them.

BOSTON – A new study from the Massachusetts Budget and Policy Center  says raising the minimum wage has little impact on teen unemployment, but can have a big impact on teens and their families. 

A bill in the state legislature would raise the minimum to $15 an hour by 2021, and if that fails, the issue could be on the ballot in November. And while teens are only 12 percent of minimum wage workers in the

A $15 minimum would raise the pay of almost 90 percent of teenage workers. Berger says that would be especially helpful to students. "Eighty percent of the college and

COMMUNITY/NATIONAL

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This outcome has been the work of not only county leadership, but of unions and worker’s rights organizations like Fight for $15. In Silicon Valley especially, the rising costs of living along with the disparity in wages from tech workers and those not in those positions who work a stone’s throw from each other. These strikes and union organization has led to increased raises from many corporations like McDonald’s and Target. According to the Fight for $15 organization, their efforts have garnered “$62 billion in raises for 22 million people across the country.” San Jose is one of the most progressive cities when it comes to minimum wage efforts and although more focus on housing will need to be taken before congratulating itself, the minimum wage rise should theoretically help workers across the Bay Area. Mayor Liccardo acknowledged this by saying, “Our efforts to raise the minimum wage will provide a significant boost for the thousands of hard-working families across the valley who continue to struggle to keep up with rising costs.” San Jose’s Minimum Wage Bulletin can be read at: sanjoseca.gov/ DocumentCenter/View/73163.

university students in Massachusetts are working, and 60 percent are working more than 20 hours a week," he states. Berger says other research has shown students who work more than 20 hours a week get lower grades and are less likely to graduate. Berger notes a number of studies have shown that raising the minimum has little or no impact on teen employment levels, and the experience in Massachusetts bears that out. "After a couple of years of significant minimum wage increases, we actually have the lowest level of teen unemployment that we've had in a long time – that is, more teens are working," he stresses. The study found that overall economic trends have a much bigger impact on teen employment rates than minimum wage hikes.

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EL OBSERVADOR | www.el-observador.com

JANUARY 5 - 11, 2018


11

EL OBSERVADOR | www.el-observador.com

JANUARY 5 - 11, 2018 El Proyecto de ley del senado 1 ofrece oportunidades para las pequeñas empresas de California

EONEWS ONLINE

El Proyecto de ley del senado 1 (SB1) proporcionará $54 mil millones de financiamiento para el transporte durante los próximos 10 años, tanto para carreteras estatales como locales. Esta es una oportunidad para la participación de las pequeñas empresas en los proyectos de planeación y obras públicas con las agencias de transporte locales y estatales.

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Caltrans estará ofreciendo talleres por todo el estado sobre “Cómo hacer negocios con Caltrans”, “Contratación principal” y “Subcontratación”. Además de ofrecer talleres para la Certificación de Empresa en Desventaja (DBE).

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Almaden Kitchen & Granite Inc. twitter.com/ eonews

La pequeña empresa es gran negocio para la contratación de Caltrans. No pierda la oportunidad de aprender sobre las oportunidades de licitación y certificación. Sigue este enlace para información sobre los talleres: http://www.dot.ca.gov/hq/bep/calendar2.htm y para más información sobre SB1 – rebuildingca.ca.gov.

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¡Hay cambios próximos! Nuevas tarifas Mejor servicio Trasbordos gratis con Clipper A partir del 1º de Enero de 2018

DISCOVERY CHARTER SCHOOL K-8 Escuela Pública de Elección 2 oras na LIBRENG transfer kapag ginamit ninyo ang Clipper.

En VTA le damos “Solutions that move you”, soluciones en todo nuestro condado para el tráfico, la congestión y los estresantes viajes habituales. Para lograrlo, VTA modificará sus tarifas, y mejorará los servicios de transporte público. Estos son algunos de los beneficios que le ofrecemos: Trasbordos gratis con Clipper Las tarifas pagadas con tarjeta Clipper serán válidas por 2 horas, e incluirán trasbordos gratuitos a todos los autobuses y tranvías VTA, excepto los autobuses express. Tarifas juveniles reducidas, y nuevas tarifas para adultos, personas mayores y discapacitados Tarifas juveniles con descuentos: $1.00 por viaje sencillo, $3.00 por pase de un día Day Pass, y $30.00 por pase mensual Monthly Pass. Todas las nuevas tarifas aparecen en el sitio web de VTA. Mejor servicio Además, mejores servicios en rutas selectas de tranvías y autobuses VTA. ¡No pierda la oportunidad de obtener una tarjeta Clipper® GRATUITA! Para consultar la lista de eventos de difusión en la comunidad durante Diciembre y Enero, visite www.vta.org/fares. Cantidades limitadas. 1709-1370C

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Discovery

Aproximadamente $5.4 mil millones se asignarán anualmente para proyectos del Sistema estatal de carreteras, reparación de vías locales, puentes estatales y alcantarillas, transporte activo, mejoras a los corredores comerciales, corredores congestionados, becas para la planeación local, fondos de contrapartida y el transporte público.

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Visítenos para obtener más información acerca de nuestras excelentes escuelas y programas. Nuestras escuelas están localizadas en el sur y oeste de San José.


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CLASSIFIEDS / LEGALS

EL OBSERVADOR | www.el-observador.com

JANUARY 5 - 11, 2018

TASSOS RESTAURANT AND BAR Brand new restaurant hiring for all positions!! Cooks, Bus Boys and Dishwashers. Stop by our location at 1530 Southwest Expressway, San Jose, CA 95126

PARA PEQUEÑAS EMPRESAS

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• Internet, servicios públicos y suficiente estacionamento incluido • Ubicado en la hermosa área de Rose Garden • Renta baja (408) 457-1192 angelica@el-observador.com

• Internet, Utilities and Plenty of parking included • Located in the beautiful Rose Garden area • Low-rent (408) 457-1192 angelica@el-observador.com

Entrevista de Trabajo Flexible disponible-mañana, el trabajo la próxima semana! ¿Necesita un ingreso extra?

Hai Di Lao Hot Pot es una cadena internacional de restaurantes de hot pot. Estamos buscando candidatos con pasión por la industria de los restaurantes. Posiciones de personal de cocina disponibles desde $15- $28 la hora ¡Aplique hoy para unirse a nuestro equipo! Ubicación: 19409 Stevens creek Blvd Ste 100, Cupertino, CA 95014 Teléfono: 626 510-3446 Se habla español. Correo electrónico: Haidilaohr@gmail.com ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO. 17CV312358 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Amy Fechner. Petitioner (s) Amy Fechner has filed a petition for Change of

Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Caden Brookyn Fechner to Caden Brooklyn Stephens Fechner. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at

the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 4/10/2018 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause

BlueCrew está buscando profesionales y confiables motores, instaladores, personal del almacén, y los conductores para llenar aperturas inmediatas en su área. Los candidatos ideales tendrán: -Experiencia En puestos de trabajo, físicas exigentes -Un Fuerte ética de trabajo y un deseo de avanzar dentro de una empresa -Fuerte compromiso, seguir adelante, y la integridad Si usted está interesado en este papel y convertirse en parte del equipo de Flex Blue Crew, esperamos con interés la reunión con usted. Una vez aceptados, los trabajos de movimiento son sólo el principio. Se puede trabajar varios tipos de puestos de trabajo cada semana, ofrecemos beneficios completos y una estructura de promoción para acelerar excelentes candidatos mientras trabaja tantas horas a la semana como desee ¿Quieres unirte al equipo? Envía la palabra: JOB al (415) 212-4213 O Incríbete en: bluecrewjobs.com Más Información: http://help.bluecrewjobs.com/application-and-hiring-process/ bluecrew-en-espanol shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. January 3, 2018

Rise Jones Pichon Judge of the Superior Court January 5, 12, 19, 26, 2018 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO. 17CV321219 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In

the matter of the application of: Amy Disha Nanda. Petitioner (s) Disha Nanda has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Disha Nanda to Disha Nair. THE COURT ORDERS that all

Drivers: Local San Mateo, Home Daily! $2,000.00 Sign-On Bonus! $85k+/yr, Monday-Saturday Flatbed Openings Full Benefits, Many Bonuses & More!! 1yr Class-A or Class-B Exp. Req. (Moffett Exp. a plus) Hub Group Dedicated: 855-902-6394 persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 4/3/2018 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. December 29, 2017 Rise Jones Pichon Judge of the Superior Court January 5, 12, 19, 26, 2018 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO. 17CV321163 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Karl Sanchez De Las Penas. Petitioner (s) Karl Sanchez De Las Penas has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Karl Sanchez De Las Penas to Karl Joseph Wolfmessing. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 4/3/2018

at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. December 28, 2017 Rise Jones Pichon Judge of the Superior Court January 5, 12, 19, 26, 2018 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO. 17CV321133 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Diane Bui Pham. Petitioner (s) Diane Bui Pham has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Diane Bui Pham to Minhchi Thi Bui. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 4/3/2018 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. December 28, 2017 Rise Jones Pichon Judge of the Superior Court January 5, 12, 19, 26, 2018 FICTITIOUS BUSINESS NAME STATEMENT NO. 636509 The following person(s) is (are) doing business Silicon Valley Janitorial 1594 Trieste Way, San Jose CA 95122, Santa Clara County. Alexis Gonzalez 1594 Trieste Way, San Jose CA 95122. This business is conducted by an individual; registrant has not begun transacting business under the fictitious business name


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JANUARY 5 - 11, 2018 or names listed hereon. “I declare that all information in this statement is true and correct.” (A registrant who declares as true information which he or she knows to be false is guilty of a crime.) Alexis Gonzalez January 5, 12, 19, 26, 2018 This statement was filed with the County of Santa Clara on 12/04/2017 SUMMONS (Family Law) NOTICE TO RESPONDENT (Name): Carmen Chavez AVISO AL DEMANDADO (Nombre): You have been sued. Lo han demandado. Petitioner’s name is: Guillermo Chavez Cortes Nombre del demandante:

el sitio Web de los Servicios Legales de California (www.lawhelpca.org) o poniéndose en contacto con el colegio de abogados de su condado. NOTICE; The restraining orders are effective against both spouses or domestic partners until the petition is dismissed, a judgment is entered, or the court makes further orders. They are enforceable anywhere in California by any law enforcement officer who has received or seen a copy of them. AVISO; Las órdenes de restricción están en vigencia en cuanto a ambos conyuges miembros de la pareja de hecho hasta que se despida la petición, se emita un fallo o la corte de otras ordenes. Cualquier agencia del orden publico que haya recibido o visto una copia de estas ordenes puede hacerlas acatar en cualquier lugar de California.

FEE WAIVER: If you cannot pay the filing fee, ask the clerk for a fee waiver form. The court may order you to pay back all or part of the fees and cost Case Number (Número de caso): that the court waived for you and the other party. 17FL002415 You have 30 CALENDAR DAYS after this Summons and Petition are served on you to file a Response (form FL-120) at the court and have a copy served on the petitioner. A letter, phone call, or court appearance will not protect you. If you do not file your Response on time, the court may make orders affecting your marriage or domestic partnership, your property, and custody of your children. You may be ordered to pay support and attorney fees and costs. For legal advice, contact a lawyer immediately. You can get information about finding lawyers at the California Courts Online Self-Help Center (www. courts.ca.gov/selfhelp), at the California Legal Services Web Site (www. lawhelpca.org), or by contacting your local court or county bar association. Tiene 30 DIAS DE CALENDARIO después de haber recibido la entrega legal de esta Citación y Petición para presentar una Respuesta (formulario FL-120) ante la corte y efectuar la entrega legal de una copia al demandante. Una carta o llamada telefónica o una audiencia de la corte NO basta para protegerlo. Si no presenta su Respuesta a tiempo, la corte puede dar órdenes que afecten su matrimonio o pareja de hecho, sus bienes y la custodia de sus hijos. La corte también puede ordenar que pague manutención y honorarios y costos legales. Si desea obtener asesoramiento legal, pónganse en contacto de inmediato con un abogado. Puede obtener información para encontrar a un abogado en el Centro de ayuda de las Cortes de California (www.sucorte.ca.gov), en

Exención De Cuotas: Si no puede pagar la cuota de presentación, pida al secretario un formulario de exención de cuotas. La corte puede ordenar que usted pague, ya sea en parte o por completo, las cuotas y costos de la corte previamente exentos a petición de usted o de la otra parte. 1. The name and address of the court is (el nombre y dirección de la corte son): Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara Family Justice Center Courthouse Street Address: 201 N. First St. Mailing Address: 191 N. First Street San Jose, CA 95113 2. The name, address, and telephone number of petitioner’s attorney, or the petitioner without an attorney, are: (El nombre, dirección, y número de teléfono del abogado del demandante, o del demandante si no tiene abogado, son): Guillermo Chavez Cortes 7311 Eigleberry St #C Gilroy, CA 95020 Date (Fecha): June 8, 2017 Clerk, by (Secretario, por) C. Sprugasci Deputy (Asistente): WARNING – IMPORTANT INFORMATION WARNING: California law provides that, for purposes of division of property upon dissolution of a marriage or domestic partnership or upon legal separation, property acquired by the parties during marriage or domestic partnership in joint form is presumed to be community property. If either party to this action should die before

the jointly held community property is divide, the language in the deed that characterizes how title is held (i.e. joint tenancy, tenants in common, or community property) will be controlling, and not the community property presumption. You should consult your attorney if you want the community property presumption to be written into the recorded title to the property. STANDARD FAMILY LAW RESTRAINING ORDERS Starting immediately, you and your spouse or domestic partner are restrained from 1. Removing the minor child or children of the parties, if any, from the state without the prior written consent of the other party or an order of the court. 2. Cashing, borrowing against, canceling, transferring, disposing of, or changing the beneficiaries of any insurance or other coverage, including life, health, automobile and disability, held for the benefit of the parties and their minor child or children: 3. Transferring, encumbering, hypothecating, concealing, or in any way disposing of any property, real or personal, whether community, quasi-community, or separate, without the written consent of the other party or an order of the court, except in the usual course of business or for the necessities of life; and 4. Creating a nonprobate transfer or modifying a nonprobate transfer in a manner that affects the disposition of property subject to the transfer, without the written consent of the other party or an order of the court. Before revocation of a nonprobate transfer can take effect or a right of survivorship to property can be eliminated, notice of the change must be filed and served on the other party. You must notify each other of any proposed extraordinary expenditures at least five business days prior to incurring these extraordinary expenditures and account to the court for all extraordinary expenditures made after these restraining orders are effective. However, you may use community property, quasi-community property, or you own separate property to pay an attorney to help you or to pay court costs. ADVERTENCIA – INFORMACION IMPORTANTE ADVERTENCIA: De acuerdo a la ley de California, las propiedades adquiridas por las partes durante su matrimonio o pareja de hecho en forma conjunta se consideran propiedad comunitaria para los fines de la división de bienes que ocurre cuando se produce una disolución o separación legal del matrimonio o pareja de hecho. Si cualquiera de las partes

de este caso llega a fallecer antes de que se divida la propiedad comunitaria de tenencia conjunta, el destino de la misma quedará determinado por las cláusulas de la escritura correspondiente que describen su tenencia (por ej. tenencia conjunta, tenencia en común o propiedad comunitaria) y no por la presunción de propiedad comunitaria. Si quiere que la presunción comunitaria que registrada en la escritura de la propiedad, debería consultar con un abogado. ORDENES DE RESTRICCION NORMALES DE DERECHO FAMILIAR En forma inmediata, usted y su cónyuge o pareja de hecho tienen prohibido: 1. Llevarse de estado de California a los hijos menores de las partes, si los hubiera, sin el consentimiento previo por escrito de la otra parte o una orden de la corte. 2. Cobrar, pedir prestado, cancelar, transferir, deshacerse o cambiar el nombre de los beneficiarios de cualquier seguro u otro tipo de cobertura, tal como de vida, salud, vehículo y discapacidad, que tenga como beneficiario(s) a las partes y su(s) hijo(s) menor(es); 3. Transferir, gravar, hipotecar, ocultar o deshacerse de cualquier manera de cualquier propiedad, inmueble o personal, ya sea comunitaria, cuasicomunitaria o separada, sin el consentimiento escrito de la otra parte o una orden de la corte, con excepción las operaciones realizadas en el curso normal de actividades o para satisfacer las necesidades de la vida; y 4. Crear o modificar una transferencia no testamentaria de manera que afecte el destino de una propiedad sujeta a transferencia, sin el consentimiento por escrito de la otra parte o una orden de la corte. Antes de que se pueda eliminar la revocación de una transferencia no testamentaria, se debe presentar ante la corte un aviso del cambio y hacer una entrega legal de dicho aviso a la otra parte. Cada parte tiene que notificar a la otra sobre cualquier gasto extraordinario propuesto, por lo menos cinco días laborales antes de realizarlo, y rendir cuenta a la corte de todos los gastos extraordinarios realizados después de que estas órdenes de restricción hayan entrado en vigencia. No obstante, puede usar propiedad comunitaria, cuasicomunitaria o suya separada para pagar a un abogado o para ayudarle a pagar los costos de la corte. January 5, 12, 19, 26 2018 Petition Marriage/ Domestic Partnership 17FL002415 Petitioner: Guillermo Chavez Cortes

CLASSIFIEDS / LEGALS RESPONDENT: Carmen Chavez CASE NUMBER: 17FL002415 PETITION FOR __ Amended _X Dissolution (Divorce) of: X Marriage _ Domestic Partnership _ Legal Separation of: _ Marriage _ Domestic Partnership _ Nullity of: _ Marriage _ Domestic Partnership 1. LEGAL RELATIONSHIP (check all that apply): a. X We are married. b. __ We are domestic partners and our domestic partnership was established in California. C.__ We are domestic partners and our domestic partnership was NOT established in California. 2. RESIDENCE REQUIREMENTS (check all that apply): a. X Petitioner __Respondent has been a resident of this state for at least six months and of this county for at least three months immediately preceding the filing of this Petition. (For a divorce, at least one person in the legal relationship described in items 1a and 1c must comply with this requirement) b. __ We are the same sex and were married in California but are not residents of California. Neither of us lives in a state or nation that will dissolve the marriage. This case is filed in the county in which we married. Petitioner's residence (state or nation): Respondent's residence (state or nation): c. __ Our domestic partnership was established in California. Neither of us has to be a resident or have a domicile in California to dissolve our partnership here. 3. STATISTICAL FACTS a. X_ (1) Date of marriage (specify): February 12, 1994 (2) Date of separation (specify): December 10, 2014 (3) Time from date of marriage to date of separation (specify): 19 Years Months b. __ (1) Registration date of domestic partnership with the California Secretary of State or other state equivalent (specify below): (2) Date of separation (specify): (3) Time from date of registration of domestic partnership to date of separation (specify): Years Months 4. MINOR CHILDREN (children born before (or born or adopted during) the marriage or domestic partnership): a. X There are no minor children. b. __ The minor children are: Child's name Birthdate Age Sex (1) __ continued on Attachment 4b. (2) __ a child who is not yet born. c. if there are minor children of Petitioner and Respondent, a completed Declaration Under Uniform Child Custody Jurisdiction and Enforcement Act (UCCJEA) (form FL-105) must be attached.

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d. __ Petitioner and Respondent signed a voluntary declaration of paternity. A copy __ is __ is not attached. Petitioner requests that the court make the following orders: 5. LEGAL GROUNDS (Family Code sections 2200-2210, 2310-2312) a. _X Divorce or __ Legal separation of the marriage or domestic partnership based on (check one): (1) X irreconcilable differences. (2) __ permanent legal incapacity to make decisions. b. Nullity of void marriage or domestic partnership based on: (1) __ incest. (2) __ bigamy. c. __ Nullity of voidable marriage or domestic partnership based on: (1) __ petitioner's age at time of registration of domestic (4)__ fraud. partnership or marriage. (2) __ prior existing marriage or domestic partnership. ( 5) __ force. (3) __unsound mind. (6) __ physical incapacity. 6. CHILD CUSTODY AND VISITATION (PARENTING TIME) Petitioner Respondent Joint Other Petitioner Respondent Joint Other a. Legal Custody of children to …………………………………………… ___ ___ ___ ___ b. Physical Custody of children to …………………………………………… ___ ___ ___ ___ C. Child visitation (parenting time) be granted to …………………………. ___ ___ ___ ___ As requested in: __ form FL-311 __ form FL-312 __ form FL-341(C) __ form FL-341(D) __ form FL-341(E) __ Attachment 6C(1) d. __Determine the parentage of children born to Petitioner and Respondent before the marriage or domestic partnership. 7. CHILD SUPPORT a. if there are minor children born to or adopted by Petitioner and Respondent before or during this marriage or domestic partnership, the court will make orders for the support of the children upon request and submission of financial forms by the requesting party. B. An earnings assignment may be issued without further notice. c. Any party required to pay support must pay interest on overdue amounts at the "legal" rate, which is currently 10 percent. d. __ Other (specify): 8. SPOUSAL OR DOMESTIC PARTNER SUPPORT a. __ Spousal or domestic partner support payable to __ Petitioner __ Respondent b. __ Terminate (end) the court's ability to award support to _ Petitioner __ Respondent c. Reserve for future determination the issue of support payable to __ Petitioner ___ Respondent d. X Other (specify): 9. SEPARATE PROPERTY a. X There are no such assets or debts that know of to be confirmed by the


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CLASSIFIEDS / LEGALS

court. b. Confirm as separate property the assets and debts in _ Property Declaration(form FL-160) _ Attachment 9b __ the following list. __ item __Confirm to 10. COMMUNITY AND QUASI-COMMUNITY PROPERTY a. X There are no such assets or debts that I know of to be divided by the court. b. __ Determine rights to community and quasicommunity assets and debts. All such assets and debts are listed __ in Properly Declaration (form FL-160) __ in Attachment 10b. __ as follows (specify): 11. OTHER REQUEST a. X Attorney's fees and costs payable by ___ Petitioner _X_ Respondent B. __ Petitioner's former name be restored to (specify): C. _ other (specify): Each party to pay his or her own attorney's fees and costs. __ Continued on Attachment, 11c. 12. I HAVE READ THE RESTRAINING ORDERS ON THE BACK OF THE SUMMONS, AND I UNDERSTAND THAT THEY APPLY TO ME WHEN THE PETITION IS FILED I declare under penalty of perjury under the laws of the State of California that the foregoing is true and correct. Date: 05/30/2017 Guillermo Chavez In Proper January 5, 12, 19, 26 2018 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSEFOR CHANGE OF NAME NO. 17CV318217 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Chelsey Kapiolani Plyler. Petitioner (s) Chelsey Kapiolani Plyler has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Chelsey Kapiolani Plyler to Chelsey Kapiolani Cabacungan. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 2/06/2018 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at

191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. October 26, 2017 Rise Jones Pichon Judge of the Superior Court January 5, 12, 19, 26, 2018 Notice of Petition to Administer Estate of Arthur C. Gomez No.17PR182398 A Petition for Probate has been filed by Reuben Gomez and Albert A. Gomez in the Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara. The Petition for Probate requests that Sidney C. Flores be appointed as personal representative to administer the estate of the decedent, Arthur C. Gomez. The petition requests authority to administer the estate under the Independent Administer of Estate Act. (This authority will allow the personal representative to take any actions without obtaining court approval. Before taking certain very important actions, however, the personal representative will be required to give notice to interested persons unless they have waived notice or consent to the proposed action.) The independent administration authority will be granted unless an interested person Files and objection to the petition and shows good cause why the court should not grant the authority. A hearing on the petition will be held in this court as follows: 2/16/2018 at 9:00am, Dept. 12, located at 191 North First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. If you object to the granting of this petition, you should appear at the hearing and state your objections or file written objections with the court before the hearing. Your appearance may be in person or by your attorney. If you are a creditor or contingent creditor of the decedent, you must file your claim with the court and mail a copy to the personal repres5entative appointed by the court within the later of either: 1) four months from the date of first issuance of letters to a general personal representative as defined in section 58(b) of the California Probate

EL OBSERVADOR | www.el-observador.com Code, or 2) 60 days from the date of mailing or personal delivery to you of a notice under section 9052 of the California Probate Code. Other California statutes and legal authority may affect your rights as a creditor. You may want to consult with an attorney knowledgeable in California law. You may examine the file kept by the court. If you are a person interested in the estate, you may file with the court a Request for Special Notice (form DE-154) of the filing of an inventory and appraisal of estate assets or of any petition or account as provided in Probate Code section 1250. A Request for Special Notice form is available from the court clerk. Attorney for Petitioner: Reuben Gomez and Albert A. Gomez 781 Elm Street San Jose, CA 95126 408-726-7275 January 5, 12, 19, 26, 2018 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO. 17CV30569 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Amira Ezzat Amtoun Badrous. Petitioner (s) Amira Ezzat Amtoun Badrous has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Amira Ezzat Amtoun Badrous to Jessy Ezzat Saed. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 3/27/2018 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. December 15, 2017 Rise Jones Pichon Judge of the Superior Court December 29, 2017; January 5, 12, 19, 2018 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO. 17CV319598 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Vruce Harry, Baroro.

Petitioner (s) Vruce Harry, Baroro has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Vruce Harry, Baroro to Bruleo Boleo, Loar. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 3/6/2018 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. November 27, 2017 Rise Jones Pichon Judge of the Superior Court December 29, 2017; January 5, 12, 19, 2018 Amended ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO. 17CV319598 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Serra Sullivan. Petitioner (s) Serra Sullivan has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Nicholas Thomas Castillo to Nicholas Thomas Sullivan - Castillo. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 3/6/2018 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. November 22, 2017 Rise Jones Pichon Judge of the Superior Court December 29, 2017; January 5, 12, 19, 2018 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO. 17CV321072 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application

of: Vu Nguyen. Petitioner (s) Vu Nguyen has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Vu Anh Nguyen to Marc Vu Nguyen b. Jeremiah Jay Uon-Nguyen to Jay Ivan Nguyen. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 04/03/2018 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. December 27, 2017 Rise Jones Pichon Judge of the Superior Court December 29, 2017; January 5, 12, 19, 2018 Notice of Petition to Administer Estate of Deborah Ann Reed No.17PR182471 A Petition for Probate has been filed by Rebbecca Reed-Arthurs in the Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara. The Petition for Probate requests that Rebbecca Reed-Arthurs be appointed as personal representative to administer the estate of the decedent, Deborah Ann Reed, Deborah A. Reed, Deborah Reed. The petition requests authority to administer the estate under the Independent Administer of Estate Act. (This authority will allow the personal representative to take any actions without obtaining court approval. Before taking certain very important actions, however, the personal representative will be required to give notice to interested persons unless they have waived notice or consent to the proposed action.) The independent administration authority will be granted unless an interested person Files and objection to the petition and shows good cause why the court should not grant the authority. A hearing on the petition will be held in this court as follows: 03/5/2018 at 9:00am, Dept. 12, located at 191 North First Street,

San Jose, CA 95113. If you object to the granting of this petition, you should appear at the hearing and state your objections or file written objections with the court before the hearing. Your appearance may be in person or by your attorney. If you are a creditor or contingent creditor of the decedent, you must file your claim with the court and mail a copy to the personal repres5entative appointed by the court within the later of either: 1) four months from the date of first issuance of letters to a general personal representative as defined in section 58(b) of the California Probate Code, or 2) 60 days from the date of mailing or personal delivery to you of a notice under section 9052 of the California Probate Code. Other California statutes and legal authority may affect your rights as a creditor. You may want to consult with an attorney knowledgeable in California law. You may examine the file kept by the court. If you are a person interested in the estate, you may file with the court a Request for Special Notice (form DE-154) of the filing of an inventory and appraisal of estate assets or of any petition or account as provided in Probate Code section 1250. A Request for Special Notice form is available from the court clerk. Attorney for Petitioner: Shahram Miri 802 Gilman Ave, Suite 27 Campbell, Ca 95008 (408)866-8382 December 29, 2017; January 5, 12, 19, 2018 Notice of Petition to Administer Estate of Celeste Monique Grayson No.17PR182402 A Petition for Probate has been filed by Bettina Grayson Jones in the Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara. The Petition for Probate requests that Bettina Grayson Jones be appointed as personal representative to administer the estate of the decedent, Celeste Monique Grayson. The petition requests authority to administer the estate under the Independent Administer of Estate Act. (This authority will allow the personal representative to take any actions without obtaining court approval. Before taking certain very important actions, however, the personal representative will be required to give

JANUARY 5 - 11, 2018 notice to interested persons unless they have waived notice or consent to the proposed action.) The independent administration authority will be granted unless an interested person Files and objection to the petition and shows good cause why the court should not grant the authority. A hearing on the petition will be held in this court as follows: 02/26/2018 at 9:00am, Dept. 12, located at 191 North First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. If you object to the granting of this petition, you should appear at the hearing and state your objections or file written objections with the court before the hearing. Your appearance may be in person or by your attorney. If you are a creditor or contingent creditor of the decedent, you must file your claim with the court and mail a copy to the personal repres5entative appointed by the court within the later of either: 1) four months from the date of first issuance of letters to a general personal representative as defined in section 58(b) of the California Probate Code, or 2) 60 days from the date of mailing or personal delivery to you of a notice under section 9052 of the California Probate Code. Other California statutes and legal authority may affect your rights as a creditor. You may want to consult with an attorney knowledgeable in California law. You may examine the file kept by the court. If you are a person interested in the estate, you may file with the court a Request for Special Notice (form DE-154) of the filing of an inventory and appraisal of estate assets or of any petition or account as provided in Probate Code section 1250. A Request for Special Notice form is available from the court clerk. Attorney for Petitioner: Robert P. Bergman, Attorney at Law 1777 Saratoga Ave., Ste 208 San Jose, CA 95129 408-247-0444 December 29, 2017; January 5, 12, 19, 2018 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO. 17CV320101 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Arturo Buenrostro. Petitioner (s) Arturo Buenrostro has filed a petition

for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Arturo A. Buenrostro to Alejandro Cyrus. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 3/13/2018 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. December 6, 2017 Rise Jones Pichon Judge of the Superior Court December 22, 29, 2017; January 5, 12, 2018 AMENDED ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO. 17CV315935 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Okokon Matthew Ibanga. Petitioner (s) Okokon Matthew Ibanga has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Okokon Matthew Ibanga to Matthew Ibanga. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 3/20/2018 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. December 18, 2017 Rise Jones Pichon Judge of the Superior Court December 22, 29, 2017; January 5, 12, 2018 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO. 17CV318362 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Bobby Nguyen. Petitioner (s) Bobby Nguyen has filed


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JANUARY 5 - 11, 2018 a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Bada Zimniski to Neylan Bada Nguyen. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 2/06/2018 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. October 30, 2017 Rise Jones Pichon Judge of the Superior Court December 22, 29, 2017; January 5, 12, 2018 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO. 17CV317759 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Tonek Alkhspor Ordshahi, Lorance Malkham Khanghah and Sainet Alkaspor Ordshahi. Petitioner (s) Tonek Alkhspor ordshahi, Lorance malkham Khanghah and Sainet Alkaspor Ordshahi have filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Tonek Alkhspor Ordshahi to Tonek Alkhas b. Lorance Malkham Khanghah to Lorance Malkham Alkhas c. Sainet Alkhaspor Ordashi to Sainet Alkhas. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 1/30/2018 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. October 18, 2017

Rise Jones Pichon Judge of the Superior Court December 22, 29, 2017; January 5, 12, 2018 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO. 17CV320496 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Samantha K Carpenter. Petitioner (s) Samantha K Carpenter has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Samantha K Carpenter to Samantha Carpenter Totoni. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 3/20/2018 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. December 14, 2017 Rise Jones Pichon Judge of the Superior Court December 22, 29, 2017; January 5, 12, 2018 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO. 17CV320529 Superior Court of California, County of Santa ClaraIn the matter of the application of: Veronica Marina Hernandez. Petitioner (s) Veronica Marina Hernandez has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Veronica Marina Hernandez to Veronica Marina Madriz. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 3/27/2018 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least

once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. December 13, 2017 Rise Jones Pichon Judge of the Superior Court December 22, 29, 2017; January 5, 12, 2018 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO. 17CV317786 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Marta Hailu Abay. Petitioner (s) Marta Hailu Abay has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Marta Hailu Abay to Marta Abay Woldeyohannes. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 01/30/2018 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. October 20, 2017 Rise Jones Pichon Judge of the Superior Court December 22, 29, 2017; January 5, 12, 2018 FICTITIOUS BUSINESS NAME STATEMENT NO. 636652 The following person(s) is (are) doing business Bay Events 872 N. 4th St San Jose, CA 95112, Santa Clara County. Tracie Ho 872 N. 4th St San Jose, CA 95112. This business is conducted by an individual; registrant has begun transacting business under the fictitious business name or names listed hereon, 12/01/2017 “I declare that all information in this statement is true and correct.” (A registrant who declares as true information which he or she knows to be false is guilty of a crime.) Tracie Ho

December 22, 29, 2017; January 5, 12, 2018 This statement was filed with the County of Santa Clara on 12/08/2017 FICTITIOUS BUSINESS NAME STATEMENT NO. 636872 The following person(s) is (are) doing business 5 Star Janitorial Services 1400 E Campbell, CA 95008, Santa Clara County. Victor Ramos 1400 E Campbell, CA 95008. This business is conducted by an individual; registrant has begun transacting business under the fictitious business name or names listed hereon, 07/15/2017 “I declare that all information in this statement is true and correct.” (A registrant who declares as true information which he or she knows to be false is guilty of a crime.) Victor Ramos December 22, 29, 2017; January 5, 12, 2018 This statement was filed with the County of Santa Clara on 12/15/2017 FICTITIOUS BUSINESS NAME STATEMENT NO. 636115 The following person(s) is (are) doing business Car West 521 Charcot Ave Suite 157 San Jose, CA 95131, Santa Clara County. MCG Investment INC 521 Charcot Ave Suite 157 San Jose, CA 95131. This business is conducted by a corporation; registrant has not begun transacting business under the fictitious business name or names listed hereon. “I declare that all information in this statement is true and correct.” (A registrant who declares as true information which he or she knows to be false is guilty of a crime.) Tayfun B Tufekcioglu President December 15, 22, 29, 2017; January 5, 2018 This statement was filed with the County of Santa Clara on 11/20/2017 FICTITIOUS BUSINESS NAME STATEMENT NO. 636513 The following person(s) is (are) doing business Mo Land 3500 Granada Ave Santa Clara, CA 95051, Santa Clara County. Mohsen Asefi 3500 Granada Ave Santa Clara, CA 95051. This business is conducted by an individual; registrant has begun transacting business under the

fictitious business name or names listed hereon, 12/04/2017. “I declare that all information in this statement is true and correct.” (A registrant who declares as true information which he or she knows to be false is guilty of a crime.) Mohsen Asefi December 15, 22, 29, 2017; January 5, 2018 This statement was filed with the County of Santa Clara on 12/04/2017 FICTITIOUS BUSINESS NAME STATEMENT NO. 636653 The following person(s) is (are) doing business JJ Gardening Services 1681 Scotty St San Jose, CA 95122, Santa Clara County. Juan Jose Arciniega Lopez 1681 Scotty St San Jose, CA 95122. This business is conducted by an individual; registrant has begun transacting business under the fictitious business name or names listed hereon, 10/10/2017. “I declare that all information in this statement is true and correct.” (A registrant who declares as true information which he or she knows to be false is guilty of a crime.) Juan Jose Arciniega Lopez December 15, 22, 29, 2017; January 5, 2018 This statement was filed with the County of Santa Clara on 12/08/2017 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO. 17CV317349 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Josefina Serrano. Petitioner (s) Kaylee Gricell Justiniano Serrano has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Kaylee Gricell Justiniano Serrano to Kaylee Gricell Serrano. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 1/23/2018 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador,

a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. October 13, 2017 Rise Jones Pichon Judge of the Superior Court December 15, 22, 29, 2017; January 5, 2018 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO. 17CV320057 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Angela Kerstin Pariseau. Petitioner (s) Angela Kerstin Pariseau has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Angela Kerstin Pariseau to Angie Kaiyah Love. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 3/13/2018 at 8:45 am, Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. December 5, 2017 Rise Jones Pichon Judge of the Superior Court December 15, 22, 29, 2017; January 5, 2018 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME NO. 17CV320023 Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara-In the matter of the application of: Morteza Monemizadeh and Samira Hozeifi. Petitioner (s) Morteza Monemizadeti and Samira Hozeifi has filed a petition for Change of Name with the clerk of this court for a decree changing names as follows: a. Diana Monemizadeh to Lillian Monemizadeh. THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted on 3/13/2018 at 8:45 am,

CLASSIFIEDS / LEGALS Probate Dept., located at 191 N. First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. A copy of the Order to Show cause shall be published at least once a week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in El Observador, a newspaper of general circulation, printed in the county of Santa Clara. December 5, 2017 Rise Jones Pichon Judge of the Superior Court December 15, 22, 29, 2017; January 5, 2018 NOTICE OF SERVICE OF PROCESS BY PUBLICATION STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA NEW HANOVER COUNTY In the District Court 17CVD3337 Yumary Axaela Garcia Gregoria v. Elmer Chas Carrillo. To: ELMER CHAS CARRILLO: Take notice that a pleading seeking relief against you has been filed, in the above-entitled action. The nature of the relief being sought is as follows: CUSTODY. You are required to make defense to such pleading not later than January 17, 2017 and upon your failure to do so the party seeking service against you will apply to the court for the relief sought. This, the 8th day of December 2017 Margaret Jennings, Attorney for Plaintiff 1501 S. 3rd St., Wilmington, NC 28401. (910)7620850 December 8, 15, 22, 29, 2017 Notice of Petition to Administer Estate of Juan Manuel Echeverria No.17PR182201 A Petition for Probate has been filed by Hector Echeverria Varela in the Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara. The Petition for Probate requests that Hector Echeverria Varela be appointed as personal representative to administer the estate of the decedent, Juan Manuel Echeverria. The petition requests authority to administer the estate under the Independent Administer of Estate Act. (This authority will allow the personal representative to take any actions without obtaining court approval. Before taking certain very important actions, however, the personal representative will be required to give notice to

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interested persons unless they have waived notice or consent to the proposed action.) The independent administration authority will be granted unless an interested person Files and objection to the petition and shows good cause why the court should not grant the authority. A hearing on the petition will be held in this court as follows: 1/19/2018 at 9:00am, Dept. 12, located at 191 North First Street, San Jose, CA 95113. If you object to the granting of this petition, you should appear at the hearing and state your objections or file written objections with the court before the hearing. Your appearance may be in person or by your attorney. If you are a creditor or contingent creditor of the decedent, you must file your claim with the court and mail a copy to the personal repres5entative appointed by the court within the later of either: 1) four months from the date of first issuance of letters to a general personal representative as defined in section 58(b) of the California Probate Code, or 2) 60 days from the date of mailing or personal delivery to you of a notice under section 9052 of the California Probate Code. Other California statutes and legal authority may affect your rights as a creditor. You may want to consult with an attorney knowledgeable in California law. You may examine the file kept by the court. If you are a person interested in the estate, you may file with the court a Request for Special Notice (form DE-154) of the filing of an inventory and appraisal of estate assets or of any petition or account as provided in Probate Code section 1250. A Request for Special Notice form is available from the court clerk. Attorney for Petitioner: Patricia Uro-May, Esq. 1625 The Alameda, Suite 800 San Jose, CA 95126 408-227-0900 November 3, 10, 17, 24, 2017


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GREEN

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INDOOR AIR POLLUTION

Do you have any tips for how to improve my home’s air quality without breaking the bank?

Getting a few houseplants is one way to start cleaning up the air quality inside your home. Photo Credit: Stephanie Vacher, FlickrCC.

Roddy Scheer & Doug Moss EarthTalk The key to a healthy indoor environment is clean air, but many of the finishes and furniture in a typical home or office off-gas pollutants that can compromise air quality. While opening a window might help, it also could make matters worse by introducing auto exhaust and other noxious emissions in. So, what’s a clean air lover to do about keeping the indoor environment safe? For starters, it can’t hurt to change the filters on your furnace and air conditioner(s) on a regular, scheduled basis. Manufacturers recommend changing out furnace filters every three months, but mileage may vary depending on square footage and other factors. (When you install a new filter, write the date on it when it should be changed to keep yourself honest.) Also, getting your HVAC air ducts cleaned once every few years—or more frequently if you have pets or lots of people using the space in question. Another way to help filter your indoor air is the all-natural way: with house plants. While humans have always had a special relationship with the plants around them, it wasn’t until NASA published research in the 1980s that

we knew just what an important role house plants could play in ridding indoor environments of noxious chemical pollutants. Plants scrub particulates from the air while taking in carbon dioxide and processing it into oxygen, thereby creating more clean air for us to breathe. Garden mums, spider plants, dracaenas, ficus, peace lilies, Boston ferns, snake plants and bamboo palms are great choices given their especially powerful air purifying abilities. Yet another relatively easy fix would be to purchase an air purifier that plugs into the wall and uses carbon filtration or other methods for filtering contaminants out of the indoor environment. The Coway Mighty and Winix 5500-2 share top rankings from leading consumer review service, Wirecutter, while the Dyson Pure Hot+Cool Link gets kudos for great air cleaning with style. If you really want to go all out, think about repainting interior walls with paint formulations that use little or no volatile organic chemicals (VOCs) that have been linked to respiratory problems, headaches, nausea, dizziness and fatigue, among other health worries. AFM Safecoat is the industry leader in low- and noVOC paints and finishes, but the big players like Sherwin-Williams and Benjamin Moore now also have healthier formulations for a quickly

increasing number of eco-conscious home improvement customers. Another easy albeit more costly way to green up your indoor environment would be to get rid of those old couches, mattresses and other furniture which were required by law to contain flame retardant chemicals before we knew how harmful they could be to our indoor environment and health. Now that California has mandated that new furniture products cannot contain these noxious chemicals, more and more manufacturers (including Ikea and Pottery Barn) are starting to phase them out, so it’s a great time to replace that old mattress with a new one that won’t off-gas carcinogens every time you plop down onto it. CONTACTS: Coway, coway.com/ P r o duc t/D e t a i l? pr o d _ d i sp_ no=47; Winix, winixamerica.com/ product/5500-2; Dyson, http:// w w w.dyson.com/air-treatment/ purifiers/dyson-pure-hot-cool-linkevo/overview.aspx; NASA’s “Indoor Landscape Plants for Indoor Air Pollution Abatement,” https://goo. gl/j7WzPU; AFM Safecoat, www. afmsafecoat.com. EarthTalk® is produced by Roddy Scheer & Doug Moss and is a registered trademark of the nonprofit Earth Action Network. To donate, visit www.earthtalk. org. Send questions to: question@ earthtalk.org.

JANUARY 5 - 11, 2018

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NATIONAL

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4210 Technology Drive P.O. Box 5008 Fremont, CA 94538 (510) 657-2350 www.fremont.k12.ca.us

DISTRITO ESCOLAR UNIFICADO DE FREMONT

AVISO AL PÚBLICO PERÍODO DE CONSULTA PÚBLICA Y AUDIENCIA INFORME EQUIVALENTE DE EVALUACIÓN AMBIENTAL PRELIMINAR El Distrito Escolar Unificado de Fremont (el Distrito Escolar) ha redactado un Informe equivalente de evaluación ambiental preliminar (PEA, por su sigla en inglés) de conformidad con el artículo 17213.1, subincisos (a)(4)(B) del Código de Educación. El Distrito Escolar ha presentado el Informe equivalente de PEA al Departamento de Control de Sustancias Tóxicas (DTSC, por su sigla en inglés) para que éste lo revise y ha decidido poner dicho informe a disposición del público a fin de que se revise y se consulte de conformidad con el artículo 17213.1, subincisos (a)(6)[(A)] del Código de Educación. Designación del proyecto: Proyecto de Walters Junior High School 39600 Logan Drive Fremont, CA 94538

President Barack Obama speaks to the crowd in Oakland, Calif., in 2007. Photo Credit: Devin Kearns/Wikimedia Commons

MORE WHITE AMERICANS FEEL THEY'RE VICTIMS OF BIAS Suzanne Potter California News Service SACRAMENTO, Calif. - The number of white Americans who believe they face discrimination is on the rise. According to a recent poll, 55 percent of white Americans believe their group experiences racial discrimination.  Clara Wilkins, an assistant professor of psychology at Wesleyan University who studies prejudice, says this perception has grown rapidly since Barack Obama was elected president.  Wilkins says a subset of white Americans saw this not as progress but as upsetting the social order.  But her research finds people who believe the country is fair and just also are more likely to now see discrimination against white people. "For people who think society is fair, they're the ones who sort of tend to think that the order of society where whites have greater access to wealth, power, status, etc. - that is legitimate and it's fair and it's not based in bias," she states. "And so, if you reject those beliefs - you think that it's not fair - then those are the people who actually welcome social change." As Wilkins notes, the reality is that vast inequalities in wealth and electoral representation still exist for racial minorities. 

Ubicación del proyecto: El Sitio se encuentra dentro del campus de la actual Walters Junior High School. La extensión total del campus es de aproximadamente 162 hectáreas y la propuesta del proyecto incluye dos localidades en el campus: (1) nuevos edificios de aulas en la parte sudeste del campus y (2) un área para ampliar el estacionamiento que abarca el estacionamiento principal y el área de carga y descarga en la parte sur. Descripción de la evaluación: Earth Systems Pacific redactó el Informe Equivalente de PEA para presentarlo al Departamento de Control de Sustancias Tóxicas de la Agencia de Protección Ambiental de California (Cal-EPA, por su sigla en inglés). Dicho Informe Equivalente de PEA fue redactado bajo la supervisión del DTSC de conformidad con las directrices de esta entidad, tal como se detalla en el Manual de orientación de la PEA (publicado por DTSC en 2013).

And she sees the growing number of hate groups nationwide after Obama's election as a real danger.

El Distrito Escolar planea poner el Informe Equivalente de la PEA a disposición del público para que se revise y se consulte de conformidad con la opción A, como lo estipula el artículo 17213.1, subincisos (a)(6)[(A)] del Código de Educación.

Observers note that the white supremacists who gathered in Charlottesville last summer seemed motivated by what they described as a sense of injured entitlement.

Resumen equivalente de la PEA: El Informe equivalente de PEA contiene los resultados de la Evaluación Ambiental del Sitio del Proyecto, Fase I presentada por Baseline (2017), el Muestreo y Análisis, Fase II, suplementaria, de Earth Systems (2017) y la Evaluación de los Chequeos Médicos de Kleinfelder, Inc. (2017). En suma, con base en los resultados de los antedichos documentos, Earth Systems opina que los suelos dentro del área de trabajo en el sitio de la obra son adecuados para usarse sin restricciones y Earth Systems recomienda que no se tome ninguna medida posterior.

Wilkins says she's been able to measure similar feelings. In one study, participants either read an article on racial progress or one that had nothing to do with race. Those who read the article on racial progress were more likely to believe white people experience discrimination.  And according to Wilkins, further research shows this group isn't likely to stay on the sidelines. "The problem is that for these people who really think that the order of society should be a particular way - what they experience by perceiving bias is that they should do something to re-establish that order," she explains. Wilkins says demographic projections showing that white Americans will become the minority in the next few decades is contributing to the idea that white people are under attack.  She says while fighting back against this perception is hard, the best way might be to downplay the idea of competition between different groups of people.

Mesa Directiva de Educación Ann Crosbie Dra. Yang Shao Dra. Michele Berke Desrie Campbell Larry Sweeney

Directora Dra. Kim Wallace (510) 659-2542 Subdirector Raúl A. Parungao (510) 659-2572

Subdirectora de Enseñanza Dra. Denise Herrmann (510) 659-2583 Director Auxiliar de Recursos Humanos Dr. Raúl M. Zamora (510) 659-2556

Los documentos del Informe equivalente y de apoyo de PEA están disponibles para consultarse usando la siguiente información: Distrito Escolar Unificado de Fremont 4210 Technology Drive Fremont, California 94538 A la atención de: John Chwastyk, Director de Instalaciones Teléfono: 510-650-2559 Correo electrónico: clemos@fremont.k12.ca.us Horario: De lunes a viernes de 8 a.m. a 4:30 p.m. Biblioteca del Condado de Alameda - Biblioteca Principal de Fremont 2400 Stevenson Blvd Fremont, CA 94538 Póngase en contacto con el mostrador de información Horario: Lunes y martes de 1 p.m. a 9 p.m., miércoles de 12 p.m. a 6 p.m., jueves y viernes de 11 a.m. a 6 p.m., sábados de 10 a.m. a 5 p.m. y domingos de 1 p.m. a 5 p.m. También se puede acceder a los documentos en las siguientes direcciones de Internet: http://www.fremont.k12.ca.us o en la base de datos EnviroStor del DTSC https://www.envirostor.dtsc.ca.gov/public/profile_report?global_id=60002522. Período de consulta pública: Un período de consulta pública para el Informe equivalente de PEA comienza el 5 de enero de 2018 y termina el 5 de febrero de 2018, y durante este período se aceptarán las consultas orales y escritas sobre el Informe equivalente de PEA. Las consultas se deben dirigir a John Chwastyk, Director de Instalaciones, llamando al (510) 659-2559, Ext. 12445 o a la siguiente dirección de correo electrónico: jchwastyk@fremont.k12.ca.us. Audiencia Pública: Se celebrará una audiencia pública para tratar el Informe equivalente de PEA el 10 de enero de 2018 alrededor de las 6 p.m., o tan pronto como sea posible después de esta hora, en el Centro de Educación —sala de juntas— de la Dirección Regional, ubicada en 4210 Technology Drive en Fremont, California 94538. Se admitirán las consultas sobre el Informe equivalente de PEA durante la audiencia pública. Distrito Escolar Unificado de Fremont


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VIBRAS

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JANUARY 5 - 11, 2018

LAS PROFECÍAS DE NOSTRADAMUS Europa, dedicado de lleno a la astrología científica. Muchas veces fue perseguido, sin embargo; varios nobles le protegieron y le ocultaron de los temibles inquisidores. En su faceta de médico y científico, salvó la vida de muchas personas durante la peste negra que afectó a casi toda Europa en aquella época. Paradojicamente, no pudo salvar a su primer esposa ni a su primogénito, la peste se le adelantó. Después de estos acontecimientos se dedicó a viajar y comenzó a escribir sus profecías en periódicos y publicaciones de Francia y otros países. Estas profecías han tenido miles de interpretaciones y han sido traducidas en la mayoría de idiomas existentes; en ellas se encuentran pasajes que señalan la primera y segunda guerra mundial, el ascenso de Hitler al poder, el asesinato de los hermanos Kennedy, la invención de la computadora, la aparición de un hombre que porta un sombrero, gorro o turbante azul, quien se convertiría en el tercer Anticristo, incluso hace alusión a la decadencia de la religión católica, al predecir que un escándalo peor que el de la pedofilia será puesto al descubierto antes del año 2022. También escribió que los cristianos volverían a ser perseguidos del mismo modo que ocurrió hace dos mil años atrás.

Photo Credit: Wikipedia.org Mario Jiménez Castillo El Observador

Michael de Nostre Dame era su nombre, nació en Provenza, Francia (1503—1566). Todas sus predicciones fueron escritas en centurias (3764 versos en francés escritos en cuartetas de diez silabas) En aquel tiempo tenía que maquillar y utilizar alegorías en los escritos que plasmaban sus visiones y creencias ya que la tristemente célebre Santa Inquisición, exterminaba a todo aquel que tuviera ideas o expresará conceptos diferentes a los razonamientos y dictámenes de la iglesia.

Nostradamus habló de grandes terremotos que ocurrirían entre el año 2018 y el año 2024, hace referencia a inundaciones, huracanes, tempestades, erupciones volcánicas y a una lluvia de meteoritos

Nostradamus era un médico afamado en

que podría alcanzar a la superficie de nuestro planeta. También hace referencia a un asteroide que pudiera acercarse peligrosamente a la Tierra en los años venideros. Y a la temible aparición del planeta Nibirus, planeta mencionado en los escritos de los Sumerios. Asimismo, hace alusión a un enfrentamiento bélico que podría dar inicio a la tercera guerra mundial entre las tres grandes potencias. Relató también que un misil podría alcanzar a una de las ciudades más importantes de la llamada nueva potencia, y que ésta, tiene dos enemigos ocultos, quiénes han venido tramando en su contra desde hace varias décadas, y han creado armas de destrucción masiva para usarlas en contra de las grandes ciudades. Sus profecías se acercan bastante a la realidad y en sus últimas visiones se dice que alcanzó a visualizar que la raza humana trascenderá la materia, logrando al mismo tiempo colonizar el espacio. Algunas de las interpretaciones de las centurias coinciden en señalar que faltan dos planetas por descubrir en el sistema solar, uno de ellos se encontrará entre Mercurio y el Sol, y el otro se hallará más allá de la orbita de Plutón. Nostradamus, al contrario de lo que se cree sobre el universo, afirmó que éste no es infinito y que los hoyos negros que resultan de la explosión de una super nova (estrella en evolución) son los que conducen a los límites del mismo. Sin lugar a dudas Nostradamus, ha sido el profeta visionario más reconocido después de los grandes profetas de la Biblia.

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The Case for Responsible Innovation

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Shelly Palmer We have questions: Can self-driving cars ever be safe? How dangerous is Alexa? Will artificial intelligence (AI) take my job? Do cryptocurrencies empower terrorists? Can a cardiac pacemaker be hacked? We have concerns: Fake news, fake ads, fake accounts, bots, foreign governments interfering with our elections … Is technological innovation good or bad? The courts have consistently decided that technology is neither intrinsically good nor bad, but they have expressed the opinion that people must be responsible and held accountable for how it is used. The problem is that technology is almost always ahead of strategy, tactics, and the law. It’s illegal to txt and drive. Should it be illegal to wear an AR headset when driving? Should a provision for Level 5 driving automation, at which the system never needs intervention, be carved out in law? Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits discrimination based on race, color, national origin, sex, and religion. Should the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) have the power to regulate AI systems that train themselves to select or manage employees? Fear, Uncertainty and Doubt Once a beacon of optimism, the tech industry has come under pressure as concerns about potential negative impacts of innovation mount. Opportunistic politicians are preying

on these concerns by sensationalizing or simply mischaracterizing potential outcomes to encourage support for new government regulations. My colleagues at PwC and I agree that the time has come to seriously consider a responsible approach to innovation. We believe the circumstances require something new and different: a collective, self-regulatory approach from the key players in the industry. At CES®  2018  we’ll present a discussion that explores the three basic approaches to the problem of regulating technological innovation:   1. Government Regulation  — The most traditional approach is to have policy makers and regulators step in and implement a regulatory regime that addresses policy concerns such as privacy, public safety, and national security. We have seen that recently, in legislation proposed in Congress to regulate highly automated vehicles and in several state and local laws regarding drone operations. The problem with the traditional regulatory approach is that it moves too slowly to keep pace with technological innovation. Policy makers and their staffs just do not have sufficient technological understanding or efficient procedures to implement effective regulatory regimes in a timely manner. 2. Self-Regulation — A second approach would be to ask individual companies to consider the societal impact of their technologies before those technologies are introduced to the public. This often falls under the category of “corporate social responsibility,” and it can cover anything from environmental protection to addressing sexual

harassment in the workplace. We have seen new policies, procedures, and controls adopted to address concerns about bias and “fake news” on social media sites. Although the efforts are commendable, they came only after problems occurred and only after several missteps raised the stakes and brought unwanted attention on the companies. Also, there is an inherent commercial conf lict when individual companies are asked to self-regulate. Regardless of corporate responsibility officers’ altruistic goals, companies are in the business of making money for their shareholders. The problem is compounded by the need to speed new technologies to market, a differentiating factor that is critical to financial success. 3. A Self-Regulatory Organization (SRO) — If the regulatory approach is too slow and the “do it ourselves” approach is too rife with conf lict, what is the answer?   We believe the answer is a collective, self-regulatory organization (SRO). An SRO for emerging technologies would be made up of the leading organizations in the industry that would come together to define responsible innovation principles that all members of the SRO would agree to abide by. The SRO would also oversee and regulate compliance with those principles, levy fines, and refer any violations to a federal regulatory agency such as the Federal Trade Commission. This approach has worked in other industries, such as the financial services industry, where the Financial Industry Regulatory Association (FINRA) regulates and oversees broker/dealers and exchanges. Our Thinking Why do we think an SRO is the right approach now? If the industry is serious about responsible innovation, taking such a self-regulatory approach would put their proverbial money where their mouth is. The collective industry, more so than any think tank, regulatory agency, or policy-making body, has the insight, technical knowledge, and

TECHNOLOGY

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incentive to create workable principles for responsible innovation. Policy makers may initially balk at this usurpation of their authority, but they will quickly realize that this is a far more thoughtful, efficient, and effective approach to ensuring responsible technological innovation. If this approach includes some level of governmental oversight, policy makers will be able to inf luence the policy direction of the new Innovation SRO and provide any necessary enforcement. For the industry participants, while there will still be plenty of room to differentiate their technologies, they will know that their competitors are all subject to the same principles of responsible innovation. An Innovation SRO can transcend borders – something that will become increasingly important as technologies continue to evolve – and provide a globally level playing field. We Need You! We’ve been talking about responsible technological innovation for years, and tremendous insight has been provided by many industry organizations and think tanks on how to innovate responsibly and how emerging technologies should be regulated in a Regulation 2.0 environment. All of these efforts should continue. But a true call to action should start today. Let’s start a discussion about the role and mission of an Innovation SRO. We invite you to join the conversation. It all starts Wednesday, January 10, circa 8 am at CES 2018. Please request your invitation. Author’s note:  David Sapin, Principal US Advisory Risk and Regulatory Leader, PwC and  Rob Mesirow, Principal, PwC Connected Solutions contributed to this article. This is not a sponsored post. We are the authors of this article and it expresses our own opinions. We are not, nor are our respective companies, receiving compensation for it.

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