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Hikaru Konno Phone Email Adress Education

+49 (0)152 1906 1024 k.pika.0704 Baierbrunner Str. 44 A127, München Deutschland 01.10.2013 - Present: Exchange Program, Faculty of Architecture, TU München 01.04.2013 - Present: Graduate school of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering, The University of Tokyo 01.04.2009 - 31.03.2013: Department of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering, The University of Tokyo 01.04.2006 - 31.03.2013: Tokyo Gakugei University Senior High School

Languages Skills

Japanese, English Adobe Illustrator CC, Adobe Photoshop CC, Vector Works 2009, Microsoft Office


Gift From You

SS/2013 Diploma

A park for cremation and funerals

After the earthquake

SS/2013 housing for the eldely and a museum of 3.11 earthquake

Expanding MY Place

SS/2011 House for 100 people Residential studio Project award 2011


Gift From You Where are you with your precious in the end?

44

Gift From You


SS/2013 Diploma

A park for cremation and funerals

5


66

Gift From You


7


Site

Functions There were a hospital for pregnat women and neorates.

room

The government decided to close it because of decrease in birth.

crematory

at this area, Setagaya, many houses are located and 2 junior high school is next to the site. waiting rooms control rooms

From Birth To Death natural increase death birth

3000000 2500000 2000000

mourners

minister, etc.

funeral company

manager

m w

collecting bone room mortuary workers’ room control room machine rooom electric room store corider etc.

Entrance hall waiting rounge waiting room small kitchen

kiosk waiting room for minister office restroom store corrider etc. entrance hall funeral hall waitin room for bereaved family

funeral halls

waiting room for minister waiting room for funeral company

restroom store corrider etc.

This is the graph about population. Natural increase will become minus before 2010 and the number of birth is 2050 and remain.

1000000 500000

As increasing the number of death, we have to prepare for

0

1960

2010

2060

-500000

the society of many death. more crematory will be needed in not far away future.

-1000000 -1500000

Program

C

Before

dev

wai

No Crematoy

mo

Machiya Funerarl Hall Yotsugi Funerarl Hall Ochiai Funerarl Hall

Horinouchi Funerarl Hall

Tokyo Minato, Shinagawa, Meguro, Ota, Setagaya Private Company

managed by Ota, Minato, Meguro, Shinagawa, Setagaya Wards. Rinkai Funeral Hall, Kirigaya, Yoyohaya, Ochiai, Machiya Crematory follow these in Meiji Time. Setagaya Ward has no crematoy so the residents have to

Site Kirigaya Funerarl Hall

use one in the other wards. In those days, each crematoy was managed by a community, which was not so

Rinkai Funeral Hall

Funeral hall Waiting room Crematory Connetion part

companies, 1 crematory which is managed by Tokyo, and one which is Except Tokyo Mizue Crematory constructed as a part of urban plannning and

Mizue Crematory Yoyohata Funerarl Hall

bur

 In 23 Wards, there are 7 crematorys which are managed by private

Toda Funerarl Hall

large. There were traditions. As the progress of technology, it has become large-scale. Nowadays, it is only for burning bodies.

Gift From You

mourners  the chief

expected to decrease. The number of death will increaseby

1500000

88

User body/ash apartment Entrance hall Farewell room hall in front of crematory send-off room

After

Fe

gro

rem

A

som

mo

gro

dec


manager worker survice worker maintainance worker

Conventional funeral institution is

vided for the functions such as hall,

iting room, crematory. Two or

ore groups come, hold a funeral and

rn to ashes.

eeling existanse other differnt

oup prevent mouners from

membering the deceased.

As taking apart and assembling as

me of small funeral institution,

ouners do not need to see other

oup’ s mouners. Only for the

ceased the space exists.

9

SECTION 1:400


B

遺族控室

倉庫

控室

僧侶控室

売店

電気室

職員室

残灰室

機械室

炉前ホール

待合棟 職員室 待合棟

風呂場

斎場

A

電気室

男子トイレ

女子トイレ

風除室

倉庫

待合棟

機械室

電気室 残灰室

炉前ホール

倉庫

倉庫

斎場

待合棟

10 10

Gift From You


機械室

電気室

炉前ホール

舞台袖 残灰室

売店

僧侶控室

ホワイエ

倉庫 遺族控室

斎場

職員室

斎場 倉庫

舞台袖

待合棟

女子トイレ 倉庫

待合棟

男子トイレ

待合室 倉庫

待合室

斎場  倉庫

職員室 残灰室

倉庫

炉前ホール 機械室

電気室

機械室

炉前ホール

電気室

倉庫

残灰室

職員室

斎場

ホワイエ

控室

斎場

待合棟

A’

Plan 1:500 11


1982

There was a school, apartment house, and hospital

12 12

Gift From You

2004

At the side of left, there were crematrys.

2012

All place became funeral in

placed in the right side. ther


nstitution. Crematry is not

re were onky follies.

2040

2XXX

All kasobas are placed. the number of death

the population will decrease so the number of death

is at the top in 2040.

also will decrease. Only one kasoba still work and the other are not used and gradually melted, at last they will bacame the hills.

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14 14

Gift From You


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Scene Each cremation furnace has its own hall. moumers can spend last time with the deceased without interference

Hills are great space for children’ s playing

There should be many ways to spend the last time with the deceased.

Folly. Moumers can remember the deceased where they want.

A flat roof and cubes. We want to remember how the day when he or she dies is.

Path. Like walking in a forest. We can get far away from ordinary life. the precious day.

a coffin can be put under the sky.

Folly for waiting for cremating.

Afuneral procession. Walking in a long way to crematory makes us reminds of the deceased.

Difference of GL GL of the place where crematoys were build is over 2 meter lower than the other places. The difference of GL prevents moumers from seeing ordinary scene and neighborhood can visit the site without thinking about crematoys very much. But the ordinary life is very next to the death. Life and Death are front and back of coins.

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Gift From You


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After the earthquake


After the earthquaeke SS/2013 housing for the eldely and a museum of 3.11 earthquake

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Site on 11th March, 2011 a magnitude 9.0 undersea megathrust

population pyramid of Iwate Prefecture  

earthquake stroke Japan. It was the most powerful known earthquake ever to have hit Japan, and the fifth most powerful earthquake in the world since modern record keeping began in 1900. The earthquake triggered powerful tsunami waves that reached heights of ut to 13.8 meters in Rikuzentakata City, Iwate Prefecture. In Rikuzentakata City, about 1700 people were killed in the disaster and 3368 buildings destroyed.

250

200

150

100

50

5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100~ 0

elderly people

50

100

150

200

250

2012 岩手県毎月人口推計(年報)

30000

Population aging rate Rikuzentakata-shi 34.9% Japan 23.3% Iwate-ken 27.9%

25000

2011 the earthquake

20000

the epicenter

15000 1990

1995

2000

2005

2010

 The population of Rikuzentakata City tends to decrease before the earthquake. The earthquake encourages a rapid decrease in population. A large amount of money is needed to for reconstruction but Rikuzentakata City will shrink as well as other provincial towns in Japan. Should a mint of tax be used for only one of small cities which will shrink? And population aging rate of Rikuzentakata City is higher than average rate of Japan. What is “reconstruction” Do we need to construct as many as buildings and roads before the earthquake?

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After the earthquake


Master Plan Changes of the major roads

Changes of the major roads

The governmnet of Rikuzentakata City made

“Rikuzentakata City Earthquale Disaster Reconstruction Plan.� Before the earthquake, the ground near sea level was the center of the city but to decrease damage due to future disasters, the center of the city is being planed to move to upper area. the area flushed away by tsunami isbeing made higher by rising the fround level.

1600-1800

Delay of Reconstruction very late late neutral fast very fast no answer 2013

2012

how do you feel about reconstruction of Rikuzentakata City?

65% of the citizens of Rikuzentakata City feel that

before the earthquake

reconstruction is delayed. Many people who had lived in Rikuzentakata City before the earthquake could not stay there because some lost their houses, some lost their families. Under that situation, people want to know where and when they can live in Rikuzentakata City as before. the governmnet have to decide master plan, such as road, area, before about housing. So the effort of government have difficulty to be transmitted. Reconstruction Plan

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Houses for eldrly pople to live by himself

+420 +420

+420

+420

Plan 1:100

Engawa, Japanese traditional veranda is exsisted in each house. The elderly who has some troubles in his leg(s) hardly walk by himself. He tends to spend all day in his house alone. With Engawa and semi-public garden, they can talk with neighborhooods in his house. The floor level of Tatami living room is 450mm high at the floor level. they can sit down on tatami, and of course they can lie, sleep on the tatami.

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After the earthquake


Preservation of temoporary housing

renting garden

In Iwate Prefecture, 2168 temporary houses were build.

Restaurant delivery meal

payment payment

meal

meal

Student

After refugees moved out to other houses, it was not sure

payment meal

tourist

learnings

payment

staying in temporary housing

payment

keep them.

staying in

payment tail, memory

care survice

care survice home visiting care survice

how temporary houses were treated. most houses were scrapped. They were only for emergency so it will cost to

learnings temporary housing

museum

citizens

payment

payment

We forget all, do we? There are many problems about residents

temporary houses. because we never forget today’ s temporary houses, they should be preserved. In this site, there are 25 houses. students who come to learn about the earthquake and lives after it stay in them. they will feel how to live in them.

Kojukai manages

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Site After the eaethquake a social welfare corporation, whose name is Kojuen, bought a piece of land that is located on a top of hill. The leader of Kojuen said “We want to do something for these who were made thier houses destroyed. Of coursethe government is doing but their help is too slow.” He supposed to build houses for elderly people, who were made their houses destroyed or whose family were killd, or for some reason, who have to live alone or Terrace

only with their partner.

Gallery

As a people get older, he cannot live by himself. In this project, we created the system that elderly peole can live alone as long as they want. these houses don’t have barriers and can be easiliy used by people with a wheelchair. Almost all the people who will live in the houses may have been retired. They had worked very hard so after retiring, they may have no idea what they do. We must

Museum Plan 3F 1:250

think not only what houses they live but also how they live. by placing a museum for the earthquale with houses, we can create works for them.

Gallery

In the museum, the people tells visitors his experiences. Some may be about the

Store

EV

old lifestyle of Rikuzentakata City, some may be about the earthquake. Visitors can learn about Rikuzentakata City not only by seeing exhibisions, but also by listening. EV Classroom EV Conference room Kitchen

Restaurant

Museum Plan 2F 1:250 Museum Elevation 1:250

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After the earthquake


Master Plan 1:250

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26

After the earthquake


Temporary housing 30m2 26 houses Houses for the eldery house for one person 41.3m2  25 house for two person 51.3m2  6 each house has a parking area museum/care survice center/ delivery meal building area 810m2 total floor area 1,054m2 1F 503.9m2 2F 722.7m2 3F 277.4m2 house visiting care survice 40m2 restaurant 109m2 gallery 697.3m2 parking area 14cars (including 2 bus)

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After designing 3 groups were in the design studio. Each leader ad Professors went to Rikuzentakata City to visit Kojukai and present our design to people working in the special nursing home for the aged. Each group made 4 A1 panels, 1 A4 sheet of paper, and models. we presented for 10 minutes then were asked. each audience had some piece of Post-it, which were blue and red. When they thought an idea was nice, they wrote down in a blue Post-it and put it on panels or models. when they thougt an idea was not good, they wrote in a red one. Our studio is managing to realize our design. we have been to Rikuzentakata City many times and talked with the leader of Kojukai.

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After the earthquake


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Expanding MY Place


Expanding MY Place SS/2011 House for 100 people

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Sharing traffic lines

Expanding MY Space MY room YOU and MY room an area per a person

OUR room

To increase the number of people who share space, The area of space is determined according to how many people use it.

Instead of monopolizing space, each person provide some space to common space. Though its area is not so large, to collect all the areas which each provide can make a large space. He can use much

How to use space may differ depending on the number of people to share or when to use. a few of

largaer space than he monopolizes.

people share a kitchen or, a bathroom etc, many people share a large livingroom, a study, or a theater room, which only a person cannot have.

Common space of a conventional apartment in Japan is only used for corridor or entrance hall but to share can make common space more valuable.

How to decide dark

Cafe Music Office

noisy

Kids

1.

Pets

Books Movie Studio

quiet

light

The site is devided into 7m×7m square. Put OUR rooms according to their charactor.

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Expanding MY Place

Cafe Music Office Kids

Pets

Cafe Books Movie Studio

Music Office

Kids

Pets

Books Movie Studio

Cafe

Music Office Kids

Pets

Books Movie Studio

2.

3.

4.

Remove squares as more than two sides

100 MY rooms are put as each MY

Replace as all rooms are in the

of a blue square face outside.

room face outside.

site.


Changing who live At the basis of the population statistics of Tokyo, The number of households wre determined. After decades year, the ratio of family structure will be different. but because each resident has his own MY rooom, they can change how to live and who to live with. What is shared is different among rooms. If some want to live in shared room and share kitchen but have his own bathroom, he can. other don’ t want to share, he can too. This apartment have various rooms so it can respond their various needs. Now:Family using

100 People 47 households

After X years: Shared with 5 people

100 People 100 households

1 person  20 20 households 3 persons 21  7 households 2 persons 24 12 households 4 persons 24  6 households              5 persons  5 1 household 6 persons 6 1 household

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Cafe The cafe whose owner is a resident. One cup of coffee after shoping. With neigborhoods and enjoy talking.

Kids Playing space. Mothers can talkeach other and kids can make friends.

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Expanding MY Place

Music

Everybody can play the piano. On a holiday, a mini concert is held. Lovely melody can be heard in MY room.

A small co discussion dents. Dog run. Communicating with dogs prompts owners to communicate

Pet


Office

onference room. Residents use it for n and they can rent it to non-resi-

PLAN 2F 1:400

Book

A library. Residents colletct books by their own. They can read boooks and study there.

movie There are a large screen. Sharing a screen and other squipments can enable to get very confortable environment to watch movies or videos.

Dance Studio To allow non-residents to use can make the cost of maintainance lower.

PLAN 1F 1:200

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