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Featuring: Mark TERRY | Documentary Filmmaker ICSF Newsletter | 2012

SPARKLING AT NIGHT Earth Hour Bogor 2012

Indonesian Climate Student Forum

Content 3

Special Report


Earth Hour Bogor 2012

4 Activity Pendidikan Iklim dan Lingkungan Hidup (PILH) Climate and Environmental Education

Perdinan Achmad Faqih


Hijjaz Sutriadi Fauziah Nur Nyayu Fatimah Zahroh Hijjaz Sutriadi

Energy 5 Biomass Innovative and Renewable

Annisa Noyara Ahmad Sururi PHOTOGRAPHY Agung Sudomo Nofriyadi Widodo

6 Feature Mark TERRY: Documentary Film Maker

Nyayu Fatimah Zahroh

8 Geothermal An Asset for Indonesia

9 MicroHydro Power Turning On Indonesia even Further

Indonesian Climate Student Forum Departemen Geofisika dan Meteorologi Kampus IPB Dramaga Gedung FMIPA Wing 19 Level 4 Jalan Meranti Bogor Indonesia 16680

E-mail : Blog : @ICSFun

S pecial Report

EH Bogor 2012

Earth HOUR

GRAHA WIDYA WISUDA (GWW) parking area of Bogor Agricultural University was once simmered amid cooling night. A flock of dazzling candles turned on the dark. PHOTOGRAPHS BY AGUNG SUDOMO HEAD OF EVENT ORGANIZER : ACHMAD SURURI REPORT BY HIJJAZ SUTRIADI


MINUTES long the candles flick to keep the night alive. It is lightened up just the clock fits a half to nine. All participants out of the blue to keep silent for some minutes until performances start to show respectively. However the dark is just around, we have to wait until 9.30 Western Indonesian Time (GMT+7).

It has been an hour or sixty minutes, the electric powered lamps soon spread the flashing light. Our eyes just need some minutes to adjust the brightness as pupils tighten while white light of street lamps intensely shoot. Parking area of Graha Widya Wisuda (GWW) immediately gets full of thirsty power of flash. People around become obvious right now, at least their face are surely identified. The event has not finished yet though. Achmad Sururi (Ruri) who turns out member of ICSF as well gives a speech of appreciation for all people who come tonight. For the reason he is in charge whose owing a song if only Earth Hour Bogor 2012

successfully counts more than 500 subscribers to vote online supporting the event. Out of his prediction, it counts even more. Thus he is once screwed by participant there to sing. “Stand Up for Love� by Beyonce he covers to amuse the crowd there. It signs officially putting Bogor on among 26 cities in Indonesia who participate in Earth Hour worldwide on March 31st 2012. More than merely an euphoria, Ruri together with team have a great mission to get people involved in an hour contemplation of our earth and its energy. The gorgeous support comes from Mayor of Bogor along with organization, institution, youth group, community, and not to missing

Bogor Agricultural University (IPB) for its eager students to organize EH Bogor 2012 successfully done.

Saving Energy is the theme of the year focus. He voices to wisely use energy starting from the simple one, turning off our room lamp if we are either sleeping at night or out of the bedroom. Sometimes we might ignore a little thing yet it deals great thing.

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A ctivity Pendidikan Iklim dan Lingkungan Hidup Climate and Environmental Education “ We can not teach people anything, we only can help to discover within themselves” (Gallileo Galilei)

ICSF (Indonesian Climate Student Forum) tackles initiative since as early as it’s formed to put education as major tool to promote idea and knowledge on field of environment and climate as well as agriculture. Moreover, experience sharing takes its place as it is emphasized through practical way. Thus PILH (Pendidikan Iklim dan Lingkungan Hidup: id) or literally turns out Climate and Environmental Education has been running to realize trigger member’s dedication as responsibility to spread beneficial experience and knowledge to younger stage decently.

Dramaga to give opportunity to undergraduate student sharing their basic and related science in particular justified curricula specializing to elementary student.

The program conducted once every two weeks on Saturday. Volunteer visit these three schools respectively after one’s turn in which an hour given for each school though it’s brief. It’s started from 09.00 am to 10.00 am PILH begun at SDN 4 Dramaga subsequently volunteer commute to SDN 1 Dramaga around a hundred meters away from 11.00 am until 12 at noon. Subject PILH on the second turn started to congiven at every single time the twoduct the program on September 2011 weekly program is the same for each which involves keen student whose misschool. And so does SDN 3 Dramaga to sion is the same. Most of volunteers are be visited right two hour after the previfrom Major of Applied Meteorology, Facous school’s turn. It’s started 2 pm until ulty of Natural Science, Bogor Agricultural 3 pm volunteer appear to meet young University to make cooperation with des- curious student whose passion in fun ignated rural elementary schools in Dralearning is immense. Though the time maga, Bogor, West Java. Some three seems tight but the meeting is always elementary schools welcome volunteer fruitful. (Continue to Page 9) such as SDN 1, SDN3, and SDN 4


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Green Energy

Biomass Energy: Innovative and Renewable Motorcycle Growth in Indonesia

According to statistical data from Indonesian National Police (2009), the number of motorcycle in Indonesia amounted to 30,706,705 in 2005, 38,156,278 in 2006, 45,678,990 in 2007, 56.8887 million in 2008, and up to 61,956,009 vehicles in 2009. This growth has caused the use of petroleum fuel increases rapidly. According to the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources (2009), the fuel energy reserves that exist today can not be expected for a long time. Predicted in 2012, the imports of oil fuel (BBM) of Indonesia will increase to about 60% - 70% of domestic demand. This certainly would make Indonesia as Asia's largest

New energy alternatives and innovative solution are needed to overcome these problems. The new energy is expected to be a sustainable energy (renewable) so as to optimize the effort to fulfill a domestic fuel. In addition to solution-based, innovative, and renewable energy sources are also being pursued is a synergistic energy with the environment (no pollution from combustion emissions). This is very reasonable,the proliferation of climate change and global warming likely spread in recent years. In addition, harmful to the health of living things, the burning of fossil fuels could lead to explosion number of CO2 molecules that has an impact on global warming. One of renewable energy is biomass energy. It can be derived from organic materials such as plantation or farm, forest, or even waste, both domestic waste and agricultural waste. Biomass can be used to direct energy source and convert it into fuel. The use of biomass

70 60 50 million

Limited amount of fossil fuels besides the growing need is a serious problem faced by most developing countries in recent years. Increased use of gasoline-fueled vehicles become the basis of the scarcity of energy from year to year. It fairly occurs in Indonesia, which is actually a developing country with the increasing of motorcycle and car is just around. No doubt the energy crisis is a major issue that has yet to be solved by this country.

oil importer (Suara Merdeka October 23rd, 2008).

40 30 20

10 0


2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

as an energy source will not produce carbondioxide (CO2) by the gas used for the formation of biomass itself. The results of the conversion of biomass could be biogas, ethanol gel, biodiesel, coal and so forth. For the future, bioethanol and biodiesel gel is expected to shift the position of the fuel in moving vehicles. Bioethanol can be developed from the gelbased starch or lignocellulosic biomass. However, starch-based biomass are generally used as food, so its use as an alternative energy will worsen food security. This is certainly contrary to the vision of our government. Therefore, the utilization of lignocellulosebased biomass should be developed. Sort of lignocellulosic biomass is such based on cobs, wood, seagrass, and banana weevil.


Special points of interest: Fossil fuels is limited while the need is growing New energy alternatives and innovative solution-is needed Biomass energy can be derived from organic materials The use of biomass as an energy source will not hugely produce carbondioxide (CO2)


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F eature the mid of his bustling time, Mark TERRY once welcomed to be cyber interviewed for his view since bunch of experience in environmental action is his. Hijjaz Sutriadi captures his opinion on answers of proposed inquiries.


What do you think about youth involvement and their action in climate change currently?

Photo: IMDB

“Today’s youth is a dynamic force internationally. Their pasA documentary filmmaker focusing on reporting on new climate research. During the last two Framework Conventions on Climate Change, held in Copenhagen and Cancun, Terry was invited by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) to bring his latest films to screen to world leaders attending these conferences. The two films – The Antarctica Challenge: A Global Warning and The Polar Explorer – reported the latest climate research being done at the polar regions by the world’s scientific community. Knowing him out on IMDB Terry’s Project on Youth Climate Report can be accessed on

sion for pursuing solutions to our environmental problems knows no bounds. We have had enthusiastic responses from groups of young people at conferences, film festivals, schools and universities throughout the world. Several organizations are forming quickly focused on youth involvement in climate literacy and action. We at the Youth Climate Project find this very encouraging for our work as well as for the world”

How important their action influence other people?

“Without the socio-political limits generally associated with adult action, young people have more freedom and desire to be heard and to act. The events they stage are often wellattended by their peers and the media. As a result, their voices are heard often more loudly than adult programs. Their focus is also unimpeded by the distractions of adult life (career, family, finances, etc.) giving them a relentless passion for solving the world’s climate crises.” (Continue to Page 7)



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INDONESIA timeline toward carbon emission reduce | ….. What is your opinion about Kyoto Protocol which will be expired at then 2012?


2009 •••

a renewed protocol or new document altogether

needs to be in place by this deadline. I am convinced that the annual amendments made to it these past 16 years show a desire from the world to create a globally realistic working document that takes into account not just environmental solutions, but also the economic concerns of implementing them. It will also provide an excellent opportunity to review the thresholds and deadlines for specific actions included in the Protocol to see where we stand today and what further extensions of these resolutions will be required.”


What do you think about Indonesia's effort to decrease its emission?

While a devoted group of people in Indonesia are working hard with organizations like the World Wildlife Fund and Greenpeace, the large and financially strong palm oil industry are making these efforts difficult. Unsustainable practices on the part of this industry to harvest palm oil are causing mass deforestation and fatal habitat consequences on endangered species throughout Indonesia. This has a negative impact on global and local efforts to reduce carbon emissions. In this regard, you have an uphill battle to fight, but opposition must continue. Indonesia’s own emission reduction targets are very laudable. In 2009, your president Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono announced at the G20 Major Economies Summit in Pittsburgh that by 2020 Indonesia would unilaterally reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 26 per cent, and by as much as 41 per cent with international support. As about 80 per cent of Indonesian emissions are a result of the deforestation I mentioned earlier, this is where Indonesia needs to cut emissions to achieve the target. In May 2010, Indonesia signed a Letter of Intent with Norway to undertake measures to reduce its emissions from deforestation and forest degradation. Under the agreement, Norway will provide one billion dollars over five years to assist efforts to reduce emissions, including a two-year moratorium on granting new forest conversion permits. Yes! This is exactly the kind of action required and kudos to Norway for helping out. In May 2011, President Yudhoyono announced a two-year moratorium on the issuing of new licenses for development in primary forests and peat lands. You have a strong president who is doing what needs to be done for your country and the world when so many other politicians often fall on the side of affluent industries who make substantial political contributions. Again, as I said before with your own youth project, keep up the good work!”

Letter of Intent

2020 26 %


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Earth Energy


ndonesia is a country that rich in its energy sources both renewable and non renewable.

G eothermal: An Asset for Indonesia is formed as result of interaction of three plates such the Pacific Plate, India -Australia Plate and the Eurasian Plate.

SOURCE: World Geothermal Congress 2010. Bali

However, non-renewable energy becomes obsolete meanwhile developed countries began to look for a solution how to keep renewable energy to replace nonrenewable energy. Geothermal energy is one of solution of the energy conversion.

“Indonesia is home of geothermal energy potential which occupies about 40% that of the world� This geothermal energy, including renewable energy because of the geothermal fluid can be utilized after reinjected into the soil. More than 265 geothermal fields spread across Java, Sumatera, Celebes, Bali, Maluku, NTT, and some in Borneo. This advantage is caused by Indonesia geography crossed by the Pacific ring or circle pacific volcano and has 129 active volcanoes. Ring of fire is formed upon the collision between tectonic plates. For instance, Indonesia island which


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Potential of geothermal energy in Indonesia is so abundant, estimated 28,000 megawatts of energy produced or approximately equal to light 28 million homes on the islands. However, there has not been yet much energy to be utilized , since only about 4% of the energy takes the portion. We are still using nonrenewable energy which is not fairly environmentally friendly such as coal, petroleum and other fossil fuels. In fact we have to face increasing demand long term using of energy, meanwhile it just always likely dwindles. Geothermal energy development should be supported by all parties, both government and citizens due to its role is very promising as a supplier of electricity to areas that are not powered. By this, we will not fully depend

on fossil fuel, in the mean time it will reduce carbon emissions that can lead to increased greenhouse effect and temperature at the earth's surface. When the scientists develop a technology for utilization of geothermal, with proud we can develop geothermal energy independently and serving more energy for people. By NYAYU FATIMAH ZAHROH

SOURCE: Chevron Crop; Geothermal Education Office; USGS

MicroHydro Power Turning On Indonesia Even Further For a long time micro hydro also known as ‘white resources’, as said so because this kind of installation using the resources that already available in nature. The fact that nature have big rivers, streams, waterfalls, and many other features which flow support this simple technology to make full of using how this water flows from high to lower place and can be converted into electrical energy. Those explanations above make micro hydro actually belong to the hydro-power-plant group. What differ between micro hydro power to commonly heard PLTA (Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Air) is the power output that produced. A micro hydro power produce less than 100 W and a micro hydro can produce up to 10.000 W. A reguler PLTA will have above that number. But then, micro hydro is easier to be cultivated since it acquires less expense, less investation and operational fund, and even nowadays the government support the development of renewable energy Micro hydro electric power recently became a hot talking after a news released informing that Indonesian National Electricity or PLN planning to build149 micro hydro power plants. This investment costs amount US$ 2.500 kWH. "149 projects has been already submitted, now ongoing process, reconstruction, some other numbers are going to submit to Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources" said Nur Pamudji, Chief Director of PLN at the MoU signing event with PIP (Government Invention Center) at PIP’s head office, Jakarta, Wednesday (16/5). PIP had already stated that they willing to support this project by preparing Rp 3,4 trillion fund. Those huge amount of money was intentionally prepared for supporting this so-called electricity power with renewable energy. By Annisa Noyara Rahmasari

Climate and Environmental Education Involving Volunteers

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Annisa Noyara R.

Achmad Sururi

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Arridha Komeji

Santi Agustina

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Wengky Aryando

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Khariza Dwi Sepriani

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Hijjaz Sutriadi Nofriyadi Widodo Hanifah Nurhayati Sarah Purnamawati Doddi Wijaya Kho Di Dzza

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