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Eye Nav Interactive App Manual

Contents Mission Statement 4 Target Market 5 Point of Difference 6 User Personas Smith Family 8 Nguyen Family 10 Linda Watson 12 ONE MORE HERE Introducing Eye Nav 14 Tutorial for Eye Nav


Mission Statement The aim of this project is to design and develop a smart phone app that would assist with navigation and travel for those with vision impairment that is solely user focused and uses GPS tracking, mapping and a planning device. The development of this unique app will assist with everyday planning and travel through modes of transport as well as communicating through audio/voice recognition. By using existing technology, our hope is that the user will quickly adapt to this app and use it often for travel. Basing the research on the Royal Society for the Blind and David Marr’s vision perception, the development of the app will ensure maximum accessibility at the touch or a swipe of a finger, the principles of this app is practicality over aesthetics, the simplistic design of this app will show hierarchy of information, high contrast from other apps and challenge the assumptions of visual communication for those who are visually impairment. 4

Target Market Through personal experience and observation from my surroundings, it has come to no surprise that we as a society rely on technology with everyday lifestyles such as FaceTime, social networking, GPS Google Maps, internet access at the touch of a finger. However technology has proven to give accessibility to the world more than we know. The use of existing technology can be adapted to create a better, more effective software or app to give a helping hand to people with vision impairment. Our assumptions about visual communication are challenged as we are to design an app for an audience who has visual difficulty interpreting information yet it is our pleasure to push past these assumptions to create an ideal app that will build on independent travel. The idea of this is app is create accessible design for a larger market, also to develop a chance for those with visual impairment to freely travel with confidence.

Point of Difference The priority audience is for individuals and families who suffer from some form of loss or degenerating eyesight. It is not often that in the visual communication or graphic design field that one would see accessible design in terms of designing for those with vision impairment. Often we are surrounded by fast moving imagery, a thousand different typefaces and tiny type which many can not see extremely well – it is our interest to develop an app using size 18pt+, a minimal colour palette, primary imagery (keeping this to a minimal also), visual hierarchy, beautifully kerned lettering and the ability to converse with technology. When we say conserving, it goes on the lines of using Siri, voice recognition or speech software that is developed to make life that little bit easier. The visuals are there, maps and important information but as a back up assistance, there is a feature that reads/informs the user of their desired route.


This may be from telling the user what bus stop to catch the bus, what time the bus will arrive, how long to walk before a traffic hazard or their destination. Usually degenerating eyesight gradually occurs starting from normal to mild then slowly decreasing, therefore a magnifying tool is imbedded within the app to give the user the ability to adjust the scale of magnification of information and maps. Considering this unique interactive app is new to the market, it has been decided that a tutorial that plays on first download or by request for first time users or simply if an icon or navigation is forgotten. This creates a higher accessibility and user-friendly experience this app aims for. Essentially the goal for this app is to provide user at any level of vision impairment more accessibility to technology and the environment also making visual communication and graphic design more accessible to a wider audience.

The Smith Family - Father, mother and 2 sons. John, Sophie, Ian (16 yrs) and George (18 yrs) Motivation: Smith family is high active, they have a passion for sports, travelling and keeping active as a family. Strong relationship – as John and both sons have a mild form of degenerating sight, they often reply on each other (dependent) – creates some what pressure. They all were glasses/ contacts to improve sight. Due to playing sports, the Smith family often need to travel around a lot, they like to hike and find new camping sites therefore this app would be of great use for the family; as a family as well as individual use for John and the two boys. The app would assist with GPS navigation to games, hiking trails, routes from destination A – B – C. This would create a higher chance of confidence in travelling Activities: Highly active family – sports (both children play sports; soccer and tennis), camping, hiking and often travelling internationally and nationally. Teenage boys who are social, John works from home, whilst Sophie is a high school arts teacher. 8

Attitudes: Highly technology savvy as they encounter technology everyday – at school (as students and teacher) and with John working at home. Considering majority of the family needs visual assistance (glasses/contacts) it would be best to design the app as simple as possible, showing hierarchy, visual balance and high contrast – yet keeping in mind of visual interest. Aptitudes: The Smith’s family have the capability to learn and adapt quite efficiently with the app. As the app would use existing technology/connecting with other apps, accessibility and navigation of the app would be fairly easy. Considering the sole purpose of this app is to be designed for simplicity, accessibility for those with visual impairment and building independence for the users. The navigation of the app will be short, sharp and simple therefore being very user-friendly.

The Nguyen Family - Widower, Desmond Nguyen & daughter, Chloe Nguyen (12 yrs) Motivation: Being a widower is hard, especially for Desmond Nguyen who also has a form of visual impairment that has proven some difficulty seeing clearly as well as caring for a young daughter. His family would benefit from this app as it would assist with public transport, planning out routes and accessing public places/venues such as zoo, park, doctors, schooling institutions etc. Desmond is unable to drive so therefore would rely on public transport timetables, linking routes, best way to get to his destination and so forth, he would greatly benefit from this app as it would essentially make his life a little bit easier. This would also emotionally assist with confidence in taking his daughter out and give him control and confidence within himself. Attitudes: Moderately confidence with technology, it would take some getting use to but Desmond is willing to learn – thus the app would be designed with easy navigation and clear information. As his 10

daughter is still young, this app could also help her in navigation skills and communication is to be crystal clear; she could help her father walk to destination. Aptitudes: Desmond and his daughter are moderately confidence with using technology however it may take longer to adjust with the GPS tracking and public transport routes. The app will assist with any necessary precautions to ensure the Nguyen family travel safely and efficiently with confidence and trust. The simplicity of the app should enable easy to understand, clear communication and visual appeal for maximise user ability.

Linda Watson (23 yrs), university student studying accounting Motivation: Young accounting student, who wears glasses (strong) often gets lost within university ground as lectures, classrooms/tutorial lessons often change places. Linda also catching public transport from home to city campus and back home, 4-5 days a week. Linda suffers from long distance eyesight (difficulty seeing long distances) due to late night study sessions, often on her laptop and constantly reading textbooks with small type. She is a very social person – likes to go out to eat, shopping, fashion events etc. She would benefit from this app, as it incorporates google maps, it would give suggestions of nearby places for her to go, transport timetables and route planning and clear information displayed on screen is a key feature for Linda. Attitudes: Linda is always using technology for university work such as documenting work, excel, 12

presentations, researching and social media. Often, Linda is faces the advancement of technology so using existing apps and features that maximises user ability and accessing information for travelling on public transports, GPS tracking and satellite views of maps. Aptitudes: Highly confidence with using new technology and quick learner, she has the ability to adapt with new app however with the existence of google maps, GPS tracking and metro Adelaide time tables should come easy to Linda. The app should be efficient with finding information.

Introducing Eye Nav Eye Nav is a newly developed interactive app that is designed to ultimately push boundaries in accessible design for a wide audience. Sight is one of the five primary sensory modalities of the human being, along with smell, touch, taste and hearing yet it has come to great interest that graphic design and visual communication has not been effectively designed for the visually impaired. Due to the strain and pressure of everyday activities such as late night studying to constantly on the computer and simply a hereditary issue, it is common for people to develop low vision or gradual loss of vision consequently processing or interpretation of information decreases. The aim of Eye Nav is to create balance within accessible design, environmental design and adaptive technology. The concept for this app is simplistic design that communicates clearly through large type and high contrast for those with visual impairment as well as combining technology to further adapt with one’s other senses, hearing. This uses audio and voice recognition to increase communication levels as reading may mislead or interpreted differently so the audio ensures the correct information is processed. As well as intergrating Google Maps and Adelaide transport. 14

Eye Nav Tutorial The tutorial option is available at first download from the app store onto your smart phone to help with understanding and adapting however the tutorial option can be turned on and off at any time of use. Users have the chance to learn and adapt to new technology and software. The following tutorial shows yellow as an indication of movement or for user to touch/ tap the screen throughout the app. There is a change of weight within the type as this shows different movement as this shows hierarchy and contrast. Eye Nav has the feature of voice recognition and speech software that enables the user to speak to the phone and the voice recognition replies. To access this primary feature there is a large icon of a microphone that is essentially on every page or accessible by tapping on the screen to have the microphone appear.

Type Key: Walking: Helvetica Light Public Transport: Helvetica Regular At Destination: Helvetica Bold

Eye Nav Tutorial Linda Watson as the example persona.


Plan Route Maps Tap on the desired link.

Saved Route Settings

The home page has listed the primary features and links to use the link.


Search Nearby from your history

Botanic Gardens

Swipe across the screen to view other places or options. Either tap on the desired destination for maps.

Saved Routes

Royal Society for the Blind Office

Tap on the microphone to ask questions about travelling to destinations

Settings Settings Settings gives users more flexibility within the app such as magnifying tool which increases scale of screen sizes. There are ON/OFF switches for audio/speak back settings and tutorial option.

Magnifying Tool Audio




Magnifying Tool

Plan Route




Saved Routes Settings




Example of 150% larger scale of screen display - suitable for users with different levels of vision loss.

Plan route - Public Transport Eye Nav intergrates Adelaide metro to get public transport information such as bus stops, arrival times and what bus to catch to desired destinations.

Option 1:

9:33am 9:57am

Linda: take me from current location to the Royal Adelaide Hospital Siri: directing route from 12 Hutton Street, Vale Park to Royal Adelaide Hospital, North Terrace. Are you catching the bus?


Option 2:

10:03am 10:27am

Indicates page currently on and remaining pages left of the journey

Wed 23rd Oct @ 9:33am 9:37am Depart Stop 17 North East Rd

Linda: Yes, I’d like to review the bus timetable Siri: Adelaide Metro - next scheduled bus is at 9:33am at stop 17 North East Road. Next bus departs at 10:03am

Get off stop 4 Frome Rd Walk south on Frome Rd 141m

Siri: continue walking south on Frome Rd (*turn around) for 141m. /gradual beeping noise to indicate movement - closer beeps mean closer to destination.


Left on North Terrace 97m

Siri: Turn left on North Terrace for 97m, continue walking until destination.

Right on Royal Adelaide Hospital entrance

Siri: You are at your destination, Royal Adelaide Hospital entrance.

Google Maps view Another feature available, Google Maps shows the user a view of maps enabling the user to see their journey.


Swipe to view a different map view such as a satellite viewing.

Google Maps satellite view This is more ideal for visual connection between the user and their surroundings (if they were to be walking).

To return to the previous page (bird’s eye map view), simply swipe in the opposite direction. Essentially giving users more flexibility with preferences viewing maps differently.

Iconography Suite There is not a large sum of icons used throughout this app as it was left intentially simplistic, purely relying on type to communicate efficiently with potential users.

University of South Australia Art, Architecture and Design Major Design Studio 4 GRAP 3007 November 2013 Hieu Ho Major Design Research Project

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