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Annual Report 2010/2011

Where CMI Is Making a Difference Helsinki, Finland • Headquarters

Black Sea and Central Asia

Brussels, Belgium NEW YORK

Tbilisi, Georgia MIDDLE EAST Amman, Jordan

Africa Monrovia, Liberia


CMI Offices Current Activities


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Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Introduction CMI (Crisis Management Initiative) is a Finnish independent non-profit organization that works to resolve conflict and to build sustainable peace. CMI was founded by President Martti Ahtisaari in 2000. Based in Helsinki and with operations spread across the globe, CMI has a team of over 40 dedicated professionals, bringing their experience and expertise in conflict prevention, conflict resolution and peace mediation to many of the world’s regions most affected by conflict. CMI works for the peaceful resolution of conflict, whether it means collaborating with the African Union on developing best practice in peace mediation, bringing conflict parties to confidence-building dialogue in the Black Sea region, or building tools for foresight in the Middle East. The global public’s attention shifts frequently from one ‘hot-spot’ to another, yet many conflicts continue with little to no attention. CMI’s activities are based on a serious commitment to long-term processes and collaboration with local partners. CMI believes that each and every conflict can and should be resolved.

Because every peace matters.

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Martti Ahtisaari, Nobel Peace Prize Laureate

Word from the Chairman


e have recently celebrated the tenth anniversary of Crisis Management Initiative. The anniversary festivity was an important and proud moment for all of us. Today CMI is a strong and professional actor in the field of conflict resolution and peacebuilding. The pace at which we are growing, our successful history, and the number of current global projects clearly show that we are filling a gap and targeting a need. And not only are we reaching out with solutions, but we are doing so particularly well because of the very experienced and talented CMI crew. One of CMI’s main focus areas is the strengthening of peace. We continue to work intensively in the follow-up of the Aceh Peace Process. While most provisions of the peace agreement signed in 2005 have been implemented, some remain outstanding and we are currently trying to build consensus among the parties on these items. The consistent implementation of the agreement is important for a sustainable peace. And a sustainable peace is a prerequisite for economic development in the Aceh province and the wellbeing of its people. Thus, the signing of an agreement is merely the first step on a very long path to lasting peace. Peace is like a building. It does not take a long time to destroy it, but putting it back together demands collaboration, attention to detail, long-term commitment, and expertise in many areas. This is what CMI specializes in, and this is what I stand for.


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I have always said that wars and conflicts are not inevitable. They are caused by human beings. Therefore I deeply believe that those who have power and influence can also stop them. There are many good examples of successful peace talks, but we should not forget the large number of frozen conflicts that the international community has not been able to help bring to an end. In addition to the human suffering—which in itself should be enough—the immense costs generated by such conflicts should lead us to solve those that remain. CMI is active in many of these conflict areas, such as Palestine, Nagorno-Karabakh and Afghanistan. By supporting confidencebuilding dialogues, CMI is aiming to build confidence and trust among the parties. We have come far and will go further. I have full confidence in all of my very able CMI colleagues.

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Shared Responsibility


MI works to prevent and resolve conflicts, and to build sustainable peace. The context of our work is complicated and complex, sometimes dangerous, always challenging. As a non-state or private diplomacy actor, we bring a different dynamic to conflict resolution, a dynamic that complements and supports the overall international effort. Governments are limited by political realities and challenged by their agencies and structures that lag behind and are often ineffective. Foreign governments can be seen as intruders whose motivations are defined by self interest, whereas independent actors like CMI are not burdened by power politics or their own agendas. We can go to places where traditional diplomats and governments cannot, we can mobilize action quickly and we can rely on our networks on the ground for intelligence and access. Our Achilles’ heel is a narrow funding base. We depend upon and are grateful for public funding from governments, but in order to safeguard a sustainable operation, retain our independence and our ability to act quickly, we need funders from different sectors of society. That means more money from non-public sources, but also new knowledge and skills that can help us to develop and grow as an organization. Being Finnish has served us well. We have an international team of experts but the profile of the organization is no-nonsense Finnish. A small Nordic country without colonial baggage is seen to be focused on problem solving; more interested in peace than power. We

treat people with respect regardless of their background and status, and we, too, have experienced our share of conflicts and suffering relatively recently. Our experience of building a successful nation from poverty resonates. Finnishness is an asset, but at the end of the day, the only thing that matters is the quality of our work. Peace is a joint effort. Why – you may ask – should I care? Because everything is interconnected. Conflicts have regional and global impact. Different forms of violence are linked to each other – local conflicts, organized crime, drugs trafficking, global terrorism. Because working together for people’s safety has always been a central human concern and a driver for the building of villages, cities and nation states. Violence spreads easily from one country to another and leaves refugees, collapsed economies and crushed hopes in its wake. Because we’re touched by human suffering. Every fourth person on this planet lives in a country ridden with conflict or high levels of criminal violence. The death toll of civilians in today’s conflicts is over 85%. Then there are those who survive – rape victims, child soldiers, refugees – but will for the rest of their lives carry the trauma of war. These are our problems as well. Because we’re human. Every peace matters.

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CMI’s goal is conflict resolution


Peace mediation support and expertise

Confidence building dialogues

Strengthening the mediation and conflict resolution capacity of international and regional organizations and governments. This includes expert advice on mediation, mediation support and conflict resolution, as well as capacitybuilding for track 1 and 1.5 actors in integrating all the relevant actors and stakeholders to official peace processes.

Identifying, initiating and facilitating informal dialogue processes that can feed into official mediation efforts in all phases of the peace process. CMI strives to achieve this through building trust among conflicting parties and international stakeholders, building common ground for peace processes through the formulation of shared interests and agendas, and feeding the results into the official peace process.

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Strengthening of peace Strengthening local capacities and identifying practical solutions needed to implement peace accords and support fragile governments. This includes supporting peace accord implementation and local planning capacities for peace building and conflict prevention, as well as joint development of innovative measures and alternative solutions for reaching out to the people and societies during peace implementation and consolidation.

Flexible support to mediators and our own peace building efforts In addition to these priorities, CMI maintains a rapid-reaction capacity to provide flexible responses to requests and to act quickly—on an on-demand basis—in different phases of the peace process.

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Research and Development


n general, the R&D team aims to answer the question “How?”. How CMI conducts dialogue and how it supports fragile governments on the way from war to peace. Instead of acting in a vacuum, the R&D team acts in close cooperation with the regional teams to implement and learn how the “How?” could be continuously improved—especially concentrating on approaches that have been identified as crucial across all the regions that CMI works in. At present, at least three methodologies can be identified as something that CMI wants to adapt broadly in all the regional teams:

• Participatory foresight methodologies possess great potential, both in conflict resolution efforts, as well as in governance planning in fragile environments. Based on the experiences of the projects in the Middle East—future-oriented processes, where participants are fostered to rank and characterize the elements of conflicts in a systematic manner—foresight methodologies have proven to bring fresh thinking to long-lasting conflicts.

• Decision support tools can be beneficial in the early phases of the dialogue processes. In CMI, special efforts have been paid to the development of methodologies, where dialogue processes can be supported by participatory conflict analysis that highlight issues receiving high interest among conflicted groups, as well as similarities and differences in the preferences of different actors.

VILLE BRUMMER Head, Research & Development


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• Since its very beginning, CMI has worked to analyze, adopt and promote ICT technologies in support of peace processes. At present, CMI works with post-war governments and technology companies to strengthen their ability to deliver to their citizens, using the newest technological solutions. In the future, CMI will continue to work also on identifying new entry points, where ICT technologies could provide added value for peace processes.

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Strengthening of peace

Follow-up of the peace agreement in Aceh, Indonesia


he Aceh Peace Process has been a success story since the signing of the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between the Government of Indonesia and the Free Aceh Movement in Helsinki in August 2005. The peace agreement is considered as a key achievement on the road to sustainable peace in the Aceh province. Although to date many aspects of the MoU have been implemented and transferred to legal frameworks and regulations, the six years following the peace agreement show that some important questions still remain to be resolved. With the aim of supporting the positive development in the province and the sustainability of the peace process, Martti Ahtisaari and CMI continue to remain engaged with the parties and stakeholders of the peace process, and to support more intensively the process of effective communication between them as a follow-up to the peace process. CMI is also working on enhancing knowledge of the peace process through a series of commissioned studies regarding issues topical to the current situation in Aceh. The Aceh Peace Process Follow-up project is supported by the European Union.


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President Ahtisaari and CMI team meeting with Acehnese representatives in Jakarta.

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espite many encouraging developments in Africa over recent years, political instability remains an issue in all regions of the continent. It slows down economic growth, and negatively affects people’s well-being. Instability in Africa has many sources. There are still a number of unresolved conflicts on the continent, many deriving from an unequal distribution of power and resources. Some of the recent peace agreements have not been implemented, leaving seeds of mistrust within the structures of the society. The transition from post-conflict recovery to well-functioning and stable governance remains challenging: governments continue to be confronted by armed militias, and elections often lead to a further escalation of tension. However, there is a will for change and peace in Africa. There are several on-going processes on various levels, through which our African partners actively seek to address instability and conflict through their own mechanisms. The role of CMI in Africa is to work in cooperation with key African organisations to support peace processes and the peaceful resolution of conflicts on the continent. Our partners value CMI’s decade-long experience in managing peace processes, as well as the unique methodologies CMI can offer.



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CMI’s Africa Team works with the African Union and African sub-regional organisations in responding to conflicts through preventive diplomacy and mediation. We promote professional approaches to conflict resolution, multi-track strategies and inclusivity. The Africa Team also has the ability to facilitate dialogue between conflicting parties and to create a link to the official peace processes. We also work in support of post-conflict states in strengthening governance and ensuring that peace will last. On the next pages, my team will introduce you to some of the activities we are currently working on.

Gender-based violence and conflict mediation

Multi-track strategies in conflict mediation

CMI strengthens the professional practice in addressing gender-based violence in conflict mediation processes in West Africa. Through the collection of experiences and comparative analysis of West African conflicts and peace processes, we develop guidance for mediators and peace-building practitioners on how to address gender-based violence in conflict mediation and conflict resolution processes.

CMI works with the Kofi Annan International Peacekeeping Training Centre (KAIPTC) to develop a comprehensive training programme for multi-track mediation and conflict analysis for key decision-makers in West Africa. We have built the programme on three key building blocks: we document West African experiences, develop new methodologies for conflict analysis, and translate these into training programme curricula and materials. We seek to contribute to the understanding of the relevance of multi-track strategies to successful peace processes and to build specific skills on how to conduct the strategies.

Supporting Peace Consolidation in South Sudan CMI supports the peaceful transformation of South Sudan into a stable, independent country. We work with the Ministry of Peace and Comprehensive Peace Agreement Implementation and facilitate participatory dialogue processes which build confidence between and among youth from different subdivisions of the society. We also work towards deepening the youth participation and ownership overshaping the future of South Sudan.

Supporting Peace Consolidation in Liberia Governance out of a Box In order to support the Government of Liberia to consolidate peace in the country, CMI has made available the Governance out of a Box concept to the Liberian state administration. The concept seeks to identify

technological solutions that enable the rapid deployment of basic services in demanding, post-conflict environments. The longterm goal is to strengthen the state–society relationship through the provision of public services. Since 2009, CMI has supported the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare to decentralise the birth registration process into all 15 counties of Liberia with the help of a mobile phone solution. Planning collaborative governance processes CMI works with the Civil Service Agency of Liberia (CSA) to enhance their capacity to develop the Liberian public administration to better serve the peace consolidation needs of the country. We do this by adopting a rigorous methodology called Enterprise Architecture. We work with the CSA to streamline the existing structures and mandates of ministries and agencies while simultaneously identifying potential overlaps and synergies. The collaboration is expected to yield a sound methodology that can subsequently be applied to the whole Liberian public administration with the lead of the CSA. A n n ua l R e p o rt 20 1 0/ 20 1 1


Peace mediation support and expertise

African Union


ince 2009, CMI has worked towards enhancing the mediation support capacity of the African Union in line with the current priorities of the continental organisation. The need for this kind of support can be illustrated by looking at the level of activity of the AU in the field of mediation: in 2010, the AU undertook various mediation initiatives to strengthen peace and security on the continent, and it seems that this trend will continue well into the future.

the AU about the peace mediation expertise that exists on the continent and, more importantly, better links the work of the AU and African private diplomacy actors together.

The project builds a network of African experts on different thematic areas relevant to peace mediation. The experts can be called upon by the AU to support its mediation efforts. We create opportunities for the experts to network by arranging workshops, which also deepen the expertise on chosen thematic issues on the African continent. Seminars have been organised on themes such as transitional justice, women and mediation, and resource-based conflicts and mediation, in which experts have provided recommendations and mediation advice for the AU. We have also produced short video clips for the AU and a wider audience, with the purpose of unpacking key concepts of peace mediation featuring a wide range of different African experts and AU officials. Recognising the importance of different tracks on supporting each other in mediation, CMI compiles information on African Track II actors currently active in the field of mediation. This effort informs


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Participants of CMI-IPI seminar on election-related violence in Africa, held in Addis Ababa, on March 30-31, 2011

CMI’s African Union project supports the organization to better respond to conflicts on the continent through peace mediation.

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Black Sea and Central Asia


he protracted conflicts in the post-Soviet space are not in reality as stagnant as often presented— that is, “frozen” —as illustrated by the Russia– Georgia war in 2008. The same is true of the conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh, where exchanges of fire over the line of contact take place daily. The ethnicallybased violence in Kyrgyzstan in June 2010 is a sad reminder of conflicts and grievances boiling under the surface in Central Asia. Further south, many in the international community are increasingly pessimistic about the prospects for peace in Afghanistan. CMI believes that in such circumstances, working with local civil societies and conflict-affected groups to increase their capacity and possibilities to engage in peacebuilding and conflict resolution is key to improving the situation. Through our long-standing regional engagement— the Black Sea Peacebuilding Network— CMI has been able to develop our understanding and networks in the region. This has helped us in initiating new projects, such as our participation in a partnership of European NGOs aiming to contribute to conflict resolution in NagornoKarabakh. In 2010, CMI expanded its Black Sea programme to include Central Asia, where CMI has previously worked in advising President Ahtisaari as the Personal Envoy for Central Asia of the OSCE CiO in 2003–2004. Preparatory work in 2010 for a project on local level conflict resolution in Afghanistan has led to the starting of the project in the beginning of 2011, and thus to a further expansion of the geographical reach of the programme.

Meeri-Maria Jaarva Head, Black Sea and Central Asia


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Peaceful Settlement of the Conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh In June 2010, CMI became one of the five members of the European Partnership for the Peaceful Settlement of the Conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh (EPNK). EPNK is a partnership of European NGOs working to contribute to the peaceful settlement of the conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh. EPNK draws together the complementary geographic and thematic expertise of five non-governmental organisations, while structuring three specific strands of work into one joint project: media initiatives, conflict affected groups and public policy. The members of the partnership are International Alert, Conciliation Resources, Kvinna till Kvinna, the London Information Network on Conflicts and State Building (LINKS), and CMI. In the EPNK framework, CMI aims to strengthen the capacity of conflict-affected groups (particularly young leaders) to engage in the conflict resolution processes.

The Black Sea Peacebuilding Network The Black Sea Peacebuilding Network, which started in 2009 in four countries of the region (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Moldova), expanded to support the activities of civil society expert councils for peace initiatives and conflict resolution in three additional countries: Turkey, Ukraine and Russia. New initiatives by the expert councils increased opportunities for dialogue as, for example, the Georgian and Russian expert council members initiated a joint dialogue project. Inclusivity of the project was increased, for example in Ukraine, through working meetings of the expert council in different provinces of the country, giving opportunities for experts from outside the capital to participate. The year 2010 was concluded with a regional meeting in Kiev, Ukraine, which brought together representatives of all the seven expert councils.

Dialogue on possibilities for conflict resolution in Afghanistan CMI started to look for possibilities to engage in Afghanistan in Autumn 2009 and project activities were started in January 2011. In the preparation phase of the project, following several visits to the country, the original approach was redeveloped. CMI is seeking for possibilities to facilitate a dialogue process with structured groups of representatives from different sections of Afghan society, who may not have yet had their say in defining the future of Afghanistan. The project is built on the assumption that the settlement in Afghanistan must come through a negotiation process, not militarily, and that support from the Afghan population is of utmost importance for the acceptance and sustainability of a solution.

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About 25 experts in the fields of human rights, conflict analysis, international humanitarian law and international criminal law were involved in the KIC project.


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Flexible support to mediators and our own peace building efforts

Kyrgyzstan Inquiry Commission


ollowing the ethnic violence in southern Kyrgyzstan in June 2010, an independent international commission of inquiry was formed to investigate the events. CMI was chosen to act as the secretariat for this Kyrgyzstan Inquiry Commission (KIC), which consisted of seven prominent experts in different fields from seven different countries (Australia, Estonia, Finland, France, Russia, Turkey, and the United Kingdom). The KIC, with CMI’s logistic and administrative assistance, sent teams of experts to southern Kyrgyzstan in an effort to try to establish the facts leading to the tragic events, as well as the possible violations during and after the violent clashes that led to hundreds of people losing their lives, and thousands more being injured. During the more than three months in the field, the teams interviewed hundreds of witnesses, including members from all ethnic groups, the authorities, and representatives of NGOs and the civil society. Thousands of photographs and dozens of hours of video footage were also gathered. Separate teams also worked in several cities in Russia interviewing witnesses who took refuge there after the events.

Aerial view of Bishkek.

With CMI’s facilitation, the KIC prepared a comprehensive report on the findings, including recommendations. The report was made public in early May 2011.

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The Middle East


he Middle East can certainly be described as very conflict-prone. The region hosts distinctly prolonged, frozen conflicts, such as the Israeli–Palestinian conflict, but also experiences rapid changes and often unanticipated political dynamics causing conflicts, such as the invasion of Iraq and the Palestinian divide. The recent wave of revolutions in Egypt and Tunisia and the demands for change in most of the Arab countries are fresh examples of unforeseen circumstances, which may lead both to further violence and negotiations about new state– citizen relations within the Arab countries. A few years ago, CMI made a long-term commitment to establish field activities in the Middle East to support the prevention and resolution of conflict. As in every conflict case, only conflict parties and conflict-affected societies in the Middle East can make peace. CMI does not advocate any cause or take sides, but provides support if needed. CMI as an external, specialised organisation can, for example, provide support processes, facilitation, private diplomacy services and technical know-how to assist the actors in their often long journey in making peace. Often CMI works not with those in the immediate core of political decision-making, but with those who mediate, negotiate, advise and represent different views. In these first years, CMI has focused on the foresight of conflict trends in Egypt, Lebanon and Jordan, as well as supporting dialogue for joint agenda-setting in Palestine and Yemen.

Heidi Huuhtanen Head, Middle East


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Maintaining utmost neutrality is the key guideline for CMI in the Middle East. Responding to the ever-changing needs and realities is the real challenge.

Supporting Palestinian National Dialogue

Supporting Confidence Building in Yemen

In January 2010, CMI began a multi-stakeholder dialogue and consultation process in Palestine. The project aims to deepen inter-Palestinian dialogue and broaden it to include a wider array of stakeholders. In the project, participants formulate, develop and achieve consensus on a set of mechanisms and instruments to support sustainable national unity. During the first year, CMI held consultations with a large number of Palestinian stakeholders to raise commitment to the project and map possible initiatives. CMI also organises workshops, where participants are brought together to further develop and achieve consensus on the instruments and mechanisms they have proposed. The results are thereafter presented and advocated to gain endorsement by national, regional and international decisionmakers.

Before the uprising and widespread demonstrations in Yemen, CMI had received funding for a project that aimed to promote the strengthening of state capacities in terms of delivering services in some central Yemeni governorates. This was intended to be done by promoting confidence-building measures and dialogue between tribal and state representatives. However after the mass protests in spring 2011, the wide calls for national dialogue on the one hand and the worsening security situation on the other hand have led to a reassessment of the project focus. There have been calls for external dialogue and mediation support by the parties in Yemen. CMI therefore continues to seek to promote dialogue based on equal participation to support peace, stability and development in the country.

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Strengthening of peace

Foresight for Conflict Prevention in the Middle East


wo years before the current revolutions and civil protests in the Middle East and North Africa, CMI discussed with partners in Egypt, Jordan and Lebanon about the importance of socio-economic and environmental trends, such as unemployment, income inequalities, drought and raising non-state actors, as potential causes of conflict in the region. A joint project for building capacities of the state administrations on trends that may cause conflict, and creating policy recommendations started in early 2010 with the Al-Ahram Center for Political and Strategic Studies in Egypt, the Center for Strategic Studies in Jordan, and the Lebanese Center for Policy Studies. The aim of the project is to emphasise economic, socio-political and environmental policy tools in conflict prevention—in other words, development and human security as a source of stability in these countries. For the first time in the region, this project applies foresight methods—widely used for policy planning in the Western world—to conflict prevention. Recent revolutions and protests that are currently taking place in different countries in the region have taken all of us, especially our stakeholders, by surprise, and indeed have highlighted the gravity of the problems and trends that are already being discussed in our project. Hence, our attention has shifted from foreseeing the future to assessing the current causes of protest and thus seeking to come up with explanations and possible solutions. It was also decided to include public opinions, including those of youth leaders. For more information, please visit the project’s website:


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From left to right: Saana Keskitalo, Dr Mohamed Raouf, Dr Ville Brummer, Mr Oussama Safa, Dr Nawaf Tell, Mr Mouin Rabbani, Mr Magdy Sobhy, Mrs Tuija Talvitie, Dr Heidi Huuhtanen.

Foreseeing a more secure Middle East.

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European Union


MI has a long history of working with the European Union to enhance its capacities in preventative diplomacy, mediation and crisis management. In 2010, CMI continued this work in two dedicated networks.

Initiative for Peacebuilding Advancing the practice of mediation as an acceptable and workable conflict resolution tool for the European Union has been one of CMI’s core work areas in 2010. As the mediation cluster coordinator for the EU funded “Initiative for Peacebuilding”, uniting ten specialized peacebuilding NGOs and think tanks, CMI brought together experts from NGOs, governments, UN, OSCE and EU institutions. In the frame of the Initiative for Peacebuilding project, CMI worked intensively in supporting the EU in strengthening its mediation and dialogue capacities. A series of workshops was organized on thematic issues in order to sharpen and fine-tune the EU concept on mediation: “Mediation as a tool for CSDP Missions” and “Evaluating mediation efforts”. An expert seminar was also organized in cooperation with the EU Commission in order to update the EU special representatives on the new trends and practices in international peace mediation. In addition, in partnership with the EU Delegation to Indonesia, CMI hosted an Expert Workshop on International Peace Mediation between the EU and ASEAN on the practice of international peace mediation.

ACRIMAS From the beginning of 2011, CMI is participating in a research project, which aims to experiment and demonstrate a concept and methodology for a testbed to be used for developing a Europe-wide crisis management system. This system is capable of supporting a coordi-


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nated response to large-scale incidents and disasters both within and outside the EU. The Aftermath Crisis Management System-of-systems Demonstration (ACRIMAS) is a scenario-based and user-centric Research & Development project. It is conducted by a consortium comprised of fifteen organizations ranging from NGOs to think tanks and private sector actors to governmental research institutions. These entities come from various European countries. The ultimate object of the project is to enable a gradual evolvement of crisis management (CM) capabilities, procedures, technologies, policies and standards. This will be carried out through real field tests, facilitating European-wide collaboration, cooperation and communication in CM, and improving cross-fertilization between MS organizations. CMI is participating in the CM framework and policy analysis as well as task and mission analysis from the EU CSDP civilian missions’ point of view.

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CMI’s Staff


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Members of the board Ahlberg Joel

Metsäniemi Mika

Martti Ahtisaari, chairman

Ahtisaari Martti

Mirziashvili Mikheil

Gunvor Kronman

Behabtu Alex

Nicolescou Augustin

Johnny Åkerholm

Brummer Ville

Oksanen Jaakko

Martti Koskenniemi

Conteh Mariama

Puura Hanna

Pekka Korpinen

Cristescu Roxana

Qatarneh Yasar

Aleksi Neuvonen

Danoyan Marina

Rabbani Mouin

Pauliina Parhiala

Elfving-Gomes Anna

Reimann Cordula

Kristina Pentti-von Walzel

Heikka Tiina

Roberts Gama B.

Juha Rantanen

Herrberg Antje

Ruokonen Irina

Kirsti Lintonen

Hislaire Peter

Saarinen Juha

Hokkanen Nina

Saparalieva Anastasia

Huuhtanen Heidi

Savolainen Taru

Huusko Saila

Seppänen Juha-Matti

Jaarva Meeri-Maria

Talvitie Tuija

Joenpolvi Kirsi

Tanskanen Tuula

Jäminki Marko

Thompson Stephen

Karvonen Antero

Tiits Alina

Keskitalo Saana

Tuominen Suvi

Kotipelto Hannu

Weurlander Pia

Kukkonen Minna

Wevelsiep Matthias

Lehtinen Elina Marjamäki Riikka Marshall Andrew Matveev Denis Meriläinen Teemu A n n ua l R e p o rt 20 1 0/ 20 1 1


Financial Information CMI’s total income in 2010 was €3.6 million. The percentage of growth compared to the previous year is 116%. The majority of CMI’s funding – about 50% – comes from the Government of Finland. Other European governments as well as the European Commission are also important supporters. Efforts to broaden the source of funding have been successful and the number of donors was almost doubled during the year. These efforts continue in 2011: a fundraising permit was acquired and a fundraising website was opened as part of CMI’s 10th anniversary celebrations. The collaboration with private sector companies is in its early stages, but looks promising. The focus of the work in 2010 was in the improvement of financial processes and competence throughout the organization as well as in improving profitability. The key actions to improve profitability were fundraising, improving financial awareness throughout the organization and re-evaluating the extent and need for external administrative services. Due to these activities the financial result was remarkably improved from the previous year. In 2010, CMI’s accounting and payroll functions were outsourced to Accounting Services Tilimatik, which also prepared the 2010 financial statements. In 2010, a Finance Manager was recruited to CMI. During the year, new finance software was identified and selected and, with effect from January 2011, the accounting function was insourced to CMI and strengthened by recruiting an accountant. The 2010 annual financial statements have been audited by Ernst & Young.


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Financial years 2009–2010



Income and Expenditure (EUR) Income Governments 3 034 058 1 488 799 Private Foundations and Societies 526 830 139 320 Private Sector Companies 46 776 26 668 Other 13 829 23 646 Total grants and Donations 3 621 493 1 678 432

Expenses External Professional Services 663 379 231 924 Personnel Costs 1 380 942 901 756 Other Costs 1 487 266 944 104 Total expenses 3 531 587 2 077 784 Surplus/Deficit 89 906 -399 353 2010 2011 Balance sheet Assets Non-current assets Machinery and Equipment 12 617 12 738 Current assets Project Income Receivables 426 694 176 990 Pre-payments and deposits 57 614 31 465 Cash and Bank 872 608 702 734 1 356 915 911 189 Total Assets 1 369 532 923 927

Liabilities Equity Equity Capital 14 223 14 223 Carryforward from previous years -399 352 1 Surplus/Deficit 89 906 -399 353 -295 223 -385 129 Short-term Liabilities Project Income Advances 1 101 153 1 033 566 Accounts payables and other accruals 563 602 275 490 1 664 755 1 309 056 Total Liabilities 1 369 532 923 927

Sources of Grants and Donations Government of Finland Other Governments European Commission Private foundations and societies Other Sources (incl. Private companies)

50 % 18 % 15 % 15 % 2%

CMI would like to thank the following donors for their support in 2010 The European Commission George F. Russell Foundation Government of Belgium Government of Denmark Government of Estonia Government of Finland Government of Germany Government of Ireland Government of Norway Government of Qatar Government of Sweden Government of Switzerland Government of Turkey ICT4Peace Foundation Jenny and Antti Wihuri Foundation JSP International Kone Ltd. Alfred Kordelin Foundation Foundation for Economic Education Nippon Foundation Open Society Institute The Paulo Foundation Swedish Cultural Foundation in Finland UNDP Finnish Industry Investment Ltd. British Council Important in-kind support has been provided by Deloitte Hannes Snellman Krogerus Attorneys Ltd Nokia

Corporate partners 2011 In conjunction with its 10th anniversary celebration, CMI also launched a fundraising campaign in the beginning of 2011. This campaign aims to broaden the organization’s funding base as well as develop new and responsible models of cooperation with businesses. A team of notable companies are supporting CMI - its special events and project activities. CMI seeks to build a mutually beneficial relationship with all of its partners. Leading partners:


CMI would like to thank the service providers in arranging CMI’s 10th Anniversary Seminar: Aalto University, Area Travel Agency Ltd, Eastway Sound & Lighting Oy, Oy Karl Fazer Ab, the Finnish National Theatre, Franck Media Ltd, Hiekka Graphics Oy, Hotel Haven, Iittala Group Oy Ab, Infront Finland Ltd., !NOOB Digital Oy, Lönnberg Print & Promo, Metropolia University of Applied Sciences, the Ministry for Foreign Affairs, MTV Oy, Muuttopalvelu Niemi Oy, Planeetta 10 Oy, Pluto Finland, Restaurant Savoy, Sanoma Magazines Finland Oy. A n n ua l R e p o rt 20 1 0/ 20 1 1


CMI 2010 Highlights

March 2010 9-11 March GooB1 project presentation at Digital Africa summit 2010, Kampala, Uganda 30 March AU (African Union) project Steering Committee meeting, Durban April 2010 13-15 April CMI Staff Retreat at Hanaholmen, Helsinki 15 April Seminar on the Continuum from War to Peace, organized by the Finnish Refugee Aid, Helsinki May 2010 4 May Joint FIIA2-CMI seminar on Legitimacies and Capacities in State building, Helsinki 8-9 May Foresight for Conflict Prevention in the Middle East, 1st Management Team meeting, Amman 12-18 May BSPN3 meetings with expert councils in Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia 24-25 May UN Security Council Sanctions seminar (Königstedt I), Sipoo 28-31 May BSPN consultation with partners in Turkey


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June 2010 2-3 June EPNK4 management committee, London 3 June CMI Spring Seminar & Annual Meeting 3 June GooB project presentation at “Perspectives on ICT and Innovation in Africa II” seminar, Espoo 3 June Annual Seminar on Conflicts in the Horn of Africa July 2010 3-4 July Foresight for Conflict Prevention in the Middle East, 2nd Management Team meeting, Beirut 3-7 July BSPN meetings with expert councils of Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia 14 July EPNK steering committee, Tbilisi 15-16 July Expert meeting “Peace and Justice: Challenges and Way Forward for the African Union”, Addis Ababa 21-25 July BSPN meeting with expert council in Turkey 30 July Participating in Universal Birth Registration campaign launch at JFK Hospital, Monrovia

August 2010 1-15 August Consultations on EPNK with local stakeholders September 2010 2-3 September KIC5 planning seminar, Helsinki 8-9 September EPNK management committee, Brussels 23-14 September Expert meeting “Women and Peace Mediation”, Addis Ababa 26-28 September EPNK joint expert workshop in Tbilisi October 2010 4 October Joint FIIA-ISS-CMI seminar on New Forms of Governance and Multilateralism in Africa 14-15 October KIC Panel Meeting, Helsinki 20-21 October Foresight for Conflict Prevention in the Middle East, 3rd Management Team meeting, Helsinki 21-23 October Black Sea NGO forum, Constanta 22 October CMI Autumn Seminar with Helsinki University on ME Foresight 25-26 October Mediation Support Network meeting, Geneva

29 October AU Project Management meeting, Addis Ababa November 2010 8 November AU project Steering Committee meeting, Addis Ababa 16-17 November KIC Panel Meeting, Helsinki 22-23 November UN Peace Operations -seminar (Königstedt II), Vantaa 22-23 November Expert meeting “Resource Based Conflicts and Mediation Strategies for the African Union”, Addis Ababa 22 November-6 December First round of EPNK trainings 22-26 November Mid-Term Evaluation mission of the GooB project led by VTT, Liberia 23-25 November BSPN meeting with expert council in Moldova 26-27 November “European Perspectives in the Context of Eastern Partnership and the Process of Negotiation of Associated Agreement” conference, Yerevan 29 November CMI Annual Meeting and Open House -event

December 2010 3 December Opening of CMI’s 10th Anniversary Campaign, CMI Cocktail Party for Stakeholders 7-8 December ”Fostering Palestinian Dialogue”, 1st workshop, Helsinki 8-10 December BSPN regional meeting, Kiev 11 December Foresight for Conflict Prevention in the Middle East, 4th Management Team meeting, Cairo 12-13 December “Foresight for Conflict Prevention in the Middle East”, 1st Panel Meeting, Cairo 14 December AU Panel of the Wise high-level meeting, Algiers January 2011 12-14 January EPNK management committee, London 23-28 January KIC Panel field visit to Kyrgyzstan February 2011 2 February EPNK steering committee, Tbilisi 4-11 February Second round of EPNK trainings 13-25 February Field trip to Afghanistan 18-21 February KIC Panel Meeting, Helsinki

28 February-3 March BSPN Meetings with Turkish and Moldovan partners March 2011 28 March-4 April Field trip to Afghanistan 30-31 March Towards Implementing the Recommendations of the Report of the AU Panel of the Wise on Election-Related Disputes and Political Violence, Addis Ababa. Organized together with IPI. 31 March-5 April Third round of EPNK trainings April 2011 4-5 April BSPN meetings with partners in Ukraine 12-13 April Mediating Power Sharing: Options for the African Union, Addis Ababa 1. Governance out of a Box 2. The Finnish Institute of International Affairs 3. Black Sea Peacebuilding Network 4. European Partnership for the Peaceful Settlement of the Conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh 5. Kyrgyzstan Inquiry Commission

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CMI's 10th Anniversary Seminar CMI Celebrated its 10th anniversary on April 19th 2011 with a high-profile seminar.

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1. Kofi Annan: “Succesful mediation efforts are often not heralded, they are often conducted discreetly and attract little attention.” 2. Kofi Annan: "Ahtisaari is the only man I know who has made peace on three continents.” 3. Swanee Hunt: “Sometimes your decision is only 52% right and 48% wrong. It is difficult to stare at the 48%.” 4. Emmanuel Jal: “Involve more young people and bring in music, let the people dance before negotiations!”


5. Alexander Stubb: “There is no one-sizefits-all solution to all conflicts.” 6. Afif Safief: “The best man for the job is usually a woman.” 7. Tuija Talvitie: “A world class captain needs a world class crew. Big thanks to the staff of CMI!” 8. Martti Ahtisaari: “I have never been neutral in my tasks, but tried to be an honest broker.” See more at: crisismanagementinitiative



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Etel채ranta 12, FI-00130 Helsinki, Finland, tel +358 9 424 2810, 205 Rue Belliard, Box 3, BE-1040 Brussels, Belgium, tel +32 2 239 2115,

Design: Hiekka Graphics, Printed by Yliopistopaino, 2011 Cover photos: Cornelis van Voorthuizen Photography: Crisis Management Initiative, Cornelis van Voorthuizen, Tuomo Manninen, Ossi Gustafsson, Elvi Rista, George Darchiashvili, Shutterstock, Jarmo Knuutila

CMI Annual Report 2010/2011  
CMI Annual Report 2010/2011  

CMI Annual Report 2010/2011