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Sustainable Architectural Form towards the Low-carbon Cities

迈向低碳城市的可持续建筑形态 ——



MIXED-USE BUILDINGs Sustainable Architectural Form towards the Low-carbon Cities

混合型多功能建筑——迈向低碳城市的可持续建筑形态 上架建议




MIXED-USE B UI L DI NG Sustainable Architectural Form towards the Low-carbon Cities 混合型多功能建筑—迈向低碳城市的可持续建筑形态 高迪国际 HI-DESIGN PUBLISHING 编 卢晓娟 杨灿灿 王超 林奕佳 张方展 刘洋 译







Designing Mixed-use Developments

Tim Gledstone

Partner, Squire and Partners

蒂姆·格莱斯顿 斯奎尔以及合伙人建筑 事务所合伙人


Mixed use developments are important in the creation of diverse and sustainable urban environments. Designed effectively, they can produce vibrant new neighbourhoods for residents, opportunities for businesses and employment growth, and thriving public spaces. However, combining multiple uses such as retail, leisure and residential introduces a number of challenges. At Squire and Partners we extensively explore our three core values of design – culture, innovation and craftsmanship – to ensure mixed use developments are a benefit to the occupier and to the community. In mixed use schemes animation is provided by including a wide range of uses which are ideally complementary to each other and relevant to their context. Large and small retailers, offices, leisure activities and cafes and restaurants will attract visitors and provide goods and services to local residents, as well as promote the character and individuality of the development. A good mix will provide continuous animation to the development 24 hours a day, enduring the elements of each changing season throughout the year, while also providing private space for residents. Integration of both private and affordable accommodation allows for flexibility in building and site layout and attracts a variety of residents. Multiple access points for residents and commercial tenants create both public and privately accessible shared spaces and encourage activity throughout the site. Thorough analysis of the historical uses and the current needs of the site will result in a development that is knitted into the local context both aesthetically and in the choice of uses and activities. Carefully planned visual and physical routes throughout the site ensure permeability, easy pedestrian flow and the comfort of the residents and users. Opportunities for innovation in mixed use developments can be found in many aspects of the design process. Using our Greenwich Creekside development as an example, we identified an opportunity for a shared rooftop garden and multiple sky gardens, an amenity that is under-utilised in the UK, which would provide additional spectacular, flexible and generous outdoor space for all residents. New public routes and communal spaces encourage social events and activities and offer views through the space. Building fabric also provides a unique opportunity for craft and innovation. At Greenwich Creekside the façade needed to be dynamic but within a limited budget. The design responded by breaking down the facade into four simple panel types comprising clear, fritted and opaque glass, and metal ventilation panels as either openable shutters or louvres. The modulation of the facade animates the building, providing depth, layering and shadow, as well as relate to the opaque panels installed on the adjacent Laban Dance Centre. The result is the creation of a new ‘crafted industrial’ vernacular. Commercial units at ground floor will have lasting value if they designed to be adaptable according to function and easily reconfigured for future uses or shared use, depending on need. Finally, when considering a mixed use development, the art of craftsmanship can be overlooked, but it is an integral aspect of the project. The materials used throughout the development should reflect the surrounding context both physically and culturally. Using local materials and craftspeople encourages community engagement in the site and continues a sense of history. Traditional craftsmanship should be encouraged, as well as the adaptation of traditional methods in the use and manipulation of new materials. These themes of culture, craftsmanship and innovation inform the ways in which mixed use developments can be designed to encourage the creation of new, thriving communicates and neighbourhoods in urban environments.


多功能建筑设计 多功能建筑在创建多样化及可持续的城市环境中起到重要作用。通过有效的设计,它们 可以为居民创造出充满生气的新社区,创造商业机会,促进就业增长,繁荣公共空间。 然而,将诸如零售、娱乐和居住等功能结合起来会带来许多挑战。在斯奎尔以及合伙人 建筑事务所,我们广泛地探索三个核心设计价值——文化、创新和技术——来确保多功能建 筑让居住者和社区都受益。

机会,这样的一种便利设施在英国的使用率很低,这些可以为所有的居民提供引人入胜的、 灵活而宽敞的附加户外空间,新的公共路线和空间激励社交活动,并可以通过这些空间观赏 美景。 建筑材料也为工艺和创新提供了独特的机会。在 Greenwich Creekside 多功能建筑, 要求外表面要有活力,但要控制在有限的预算内。设计通过将表面分为四种简单面板类型来









私密的和负担得起的居所的融合为建筑和空间规划提供了灵活性,并吸引各种各样的居 民。为居民和商户提供的多种接入点为整个区域创造了公共和私人可进入的公用空间并鼓励 活动。

在底层的商用单元将会有持续价值,如果它们的设计在功能上适应性强,就能很容易在 需要时为将来使用或公共用途而重新配置。 最后,每当涉及多功能建筑,工艺常常被忽视,但事实上它是整个项目的不可分割的一







在 设 计 过 程 中 的 许 多 方 面 可 以 找 到 在 多 功 能 住 宅 小 区 中 的 创 新 机 会。 以 我 们 的 Greenwich Creekside 多功能建筑为例,我们为共享的屋顶花园和多样的空中花园找到了

文化、手工艺和创新的这些主题说明了多功能建筑的设计方式,这些设计有助于在城市 环境中创造新的、蒸蒸日上的交流和邻里情谊。













约 50 年前,西方国家的规划师们依然普遍认为要在空间和规划用途上使城市功能和农 业功能分隔开来。19 世纪的工业革命带来了向这种方向的巨变,而汽车、高速公路和廉价 汽油的发展势不可挡,进一步助推了新的发展进程。当然,我们不必在这里描述城市规划的 整个发展历史。 然而,人们对这种意义深远的功能分立的高效实用性的认识不断加深,而这种意识正是 多功能建筑崛起的主因。因为最初,这种功能分立确实十分高效。比如:我们有充分理由把

以包括停车场和花园;这些空间或比较私密,或完全对公众开放,或是介于二者之间的各种 层次。在这里,优秀的管理和社会控制至关重要。 阿姆斯特丹运河带可看作是这种情况下的一例最佳实践。1613 年,运河网络的挖掘开 启了过度拥堵的商业城市阿姆斯特丹的扩建工程。运河水道提供了交通方式:富商巨贾位于 运河两侧的房子也充当了仓库。 四个世纪后,那些房子依然矗立。那些建筑已经历经各种功能变迁:从仓库到住宅,到




市规划架构以及运河的公共空间区域优势。据预计,到 2050 年,世界人口将增至 90 亿,其


中 70% 的人口将居住在城市,我们所面临的挑战就是要保持城市的宜居性。不是通过塔楼、





够提升写字楼内的交流互动、工作质量和员工满意度,从而提高公司的财务业绩。同样道理 也适用于城市发展。城市环境中的混合功能缔造新的空间、经济和社会条件。能够形成新的






Roberto Meyer, Architect and Director

MVSA Architects

罗伯特·迈耶 MVSA 建筑事务所建造师,董事


The essential feature of a mixed use building is that it brings back space in the city, and so enhances its liveability: the mixed use building as city in city. A successful mixed use building is a building, or complex, that houses a number of planned uses and public functions. That much is clear, of course. A mixed use project might include offices, homes, hotels, retail outlets, cultural amenities, and sometimes also industrial functions. It is like a miniature city within the urban fabric, in which people live, work and meet, relax, eat and shop. It may seem obvious to design and create buildings in this way, but in fact mixed use buildings have not been around for so very long. Some fifty years ago, it was still axiomatic among planners in western countries to separate all urban – and agricultural – functions both spatially and in terms of their planned use. The industrial revolution of the 19th century brought about a seismic shift in this direction, while the inexorable rise of the automobile, freeways and cheap gasoline took the process still further. Of course it would be going too far to give a description of the entire history of the zoning of cities here. Nevertheless, the growing realisation of how effective and efficient this far-reaching separation of functions could be is an essential aspect of the story of the mixed use building. Because originally this separation was indeed effective.To give just one example: it was for good reason that noisy and polluting factories were built far from cities and residential areas. Industrial zones could only be accessed by train or car. But the deindustrialisation of western cities eliminated this direct necessity. What remained were cities with commercial centers that were dead, deserted and dangerous at night, and dreary suburbs bereft of culture, dynamism or anchoring. With overcrowded roads for all the commuters, while the open landscape steadily disappeared. Social cohesion came under pressure and direct human contact declined.Open work floors, spacious atriums and flexible workstations enhance interaction, work quality and employee satisfaction in an office building, and so improve a company’s financial performance. The same principles apply to the city. Mixing functions in the urban environment creates new spatial, economic and social conditions. New constellations are formed.Increasing urban density reduces the number of commuter miles, and high-quality public transport helps in this. Road congestion is diminished. Journeys are made on foot or by bicycle. The public domain is given back to the people. The quality of life in the city is enhanced. Mixed use buildings contribute to this process. Buildings with multiple functions boost the synergetic effect. What is more, intelligently designed mixed use buildings can adapt themselves to their use and their users. The volume allocated to a particular function can be flexible. And a mixed use building can give back space to the city, through the creation of public areas not only around the buildings, but also in them and on them. These public spaces may include parks and gardens; sometimes more private, sometimes completely public, and with all gradations in between.Good management and social control are the keywords here. The Amsterdam canal belt can be seen as an example of best practice in this context. In 1613, the expansion of the overcrowded mercantile city of Amsterdam was begun with the digging of the canal network. The waterways provided transport: the wealthy merchants’ grand canalside houses also served as warehouses. Four centuries later, they are still standing. The buildings have gone through many changes of function: from warehouse to home, to office, to hotel, and sometimes back to private home again. But they are still there, thanks to the robust urban planning framework and the public spatial domain of the canals.With the prognosis that by 2050 the world population will have risen to 9 billion, 70% of whom will live in cities, the challenge is to make and keep these cities livable. Not with collections of towers and blocks and concrete roads, but with intelligent and well-designed buildings, and a public domain that offers space and forms a sustainable and healthy living environment. The projects in this book give a good impression of what these cities may be like.







Yantai Tower

Madero Harbour Buenos Aires

首尔 Mecenatpolis 综合体




Trump Towers Istanbul 伊斯坦布尔特朗普综合体



Castellana 79 Office and Commercial Building in Madrid 马德里卡斯特拉纳 79 商业办公大厦


International Finance Center, Seoul

Multifunctional Complex, Mosfilmovskaya


莫斯科 Mosfilmovskaya 建筑综合体






Net Metropolis 马卡迪 Net Metropolis 综合体




Times Square


New Babylon, The Hague


Höfðatorg 商业综合体




Sea Towers



Eurovea 新区




South Ningbo Business District 宁波南部商务区



Greenwich Creekside


KX200 多功能综合体


UA13 综合建筑


London Tower 伦敦塔


Sumatra Residential and Office Building


Housing and offices in Sète 赛特住宅和办公综合体




One City Marina Center



Suurstoffi 氧气大厦


Dunajski Kristali (Crystals of Vienna) 维也纳水晶商业和住宅综合体





Vilamarina Building

Housing in Coslada

M9-C Paris Rive Gauche

Vilamarina 大厦


巴黎左岸 M9-C 建筑综合体




Chengdu Sanxia Building

La Grande Cour

Europaallee 21


La Grande Cour 综合体

Europaallee 21 综合体




TEDA Urban Fabric

South City Office & Hotel

City Center for Nesselande







SW1 Melbourne Street

Level 建筑综合体

SW1 墨尔本街区


Madrid Architects' Association / Music School / Sport facilities / Day care center / Nursery 马德里建筑师协会 / 音乐学校 / 体育设施 / 日托中心 / 幼儿园



ChangChun Mingyu Financial Plaza 长春明宇金融广场


Hysan Place 希慎广场

476 index 索引


首尔 Mecenatpolis 综合体

Mecenatpolis Location  Seoul, Korea Architect /  The Jerde Partnership

Area /  295,615 m2

Local Executive Architect/Towers Designer & Architect/  EAWES

Photographer /  E Jae-seong, The Jerde Partnership

Located in the evolving Hapjeong neighborhood in downtown Seoul, adjacent to the Hapjeong train station, Mecenatpolis is a transit-oriented destination featuring a composition of three high-rise luxury residential towers, one high-rise class-A office tower, and an expansive, open-air mixed-use public realm at its base, inspired by the elegant form and curve of a natural canyon. Anchoring the soaring landmark towers, and providing a new social destination for people is an open-air village comprising nearly 90,000 square meters of retail and dining, as well as an events auditorium and public park for recreational and cultural activities. The park will serve as an outdoor garden where sculptures from local students will be displayed. Terraced balconies, glass bridges, landscaped roof gardens, open-air spaces, mesmerizing water features and a grand central plaza all


reinforce the idea of a fluid and choreographed circulation system at the core of the retail complex. The high-rise towers include over 160,000 square meters of luxury housing units and nearly 50,000 square meters of creative office space. The organic design of the complex evolved by reinforcing key connections through the site from the station to the surrounding neighborhoods, creating a fluid pedestrian experience within the retail, while making the best use of the location in this emerging neighborhood next to one of Seoul’s busiest transportation hubs. Realizing the highly active nature of the city's residents, the new urban destination celebrates the outdoor experience as a retreat from the fast pace of the surrounding city — an urban park that will stimulate the resurging community while providing a dynamically integrated pedestrian place, authentic to the culture of Seoul.


Site Plan


Schematic Section


Colored Elevations, Courtesy EAWES

Colored Elevations, Courtesy EAWES


Colored Elevations, Courtesy EAWES

Colored Elevations, Courtesy EAWES



Mecenatpolis 地 处 首 尔 市 区 逐 渐开发起来的 Hapjeong 社区,毗邻 Hapjeong 火车站,是一个以交通为 导向的场所。该工程包括三座高层豪 华公寓楼,一座高层 A 级办公楼,和 在楼层底部修建的一个开阔的开放式 混合用途公共区域。这是受一个天然 大峡谷优雅的形态和曲线的启发而设 计的。 以高耸的地标大楼为定位,露天 的休闲中心占地近 90,000 m2,有零 售店和就餐区,以及礼堂和供娱乐文 化活动使用的公共公园,为人们提供 一个新的社交场所。 公园将充当户外花园的角色,并 将展示当地学生的雕塑作品。阶梯状 的阳台、玻璃桥、景观屋顶花园、室 外空间、迷人的水景和宏伟的中央广 场都强调出在零售区中心塑造流畅且 精心设计的循环系统的理念。高层大 厦包括超过 160,000 m2 的豪华住房 和近 50,000 m2 的创新办公空间。 通过加强从车站到周边社区的主 要联系,这座综合体的有机设计得以 形成,旨意在于购物区中创造流动的 步行体验,充分利用了这个新兴的社 区与首尔最繁忙的交通枢纽之一相邻 的位置优势。认识到城市居民高效的 生活特点,新的城市场所将提倡户外 体验,使其成为人们从周边城市快节 奏中脱离的去处——一座城市公园将 刺激社区的复兴发展,提供充满活力 的综合步行场所,维护正宗的首尔文 化。




1F Level Floor Plan


2F Level Floor Plan




B1 Level Floor Plan




Trump Towers Istanbul Location  Istanbul, Turkey Architect /  Brigitte Weber Architects

Project Management /  Secil Kizikaya Alan

Client /  Ortadogu Otomotiv A.S.

Structural Engineering /  Altineller Muhendislik

Electrical /  Erde

Photographer /  Cemal Emden, Sedat Antay

Landscape Architect /  DS Mimarlik

Mechanical /  Birikim Muhendislik

Trump Towers Istanbul is a mixed-use project, bringing an office and a residential tower together on a large, shared podium which houses a major shopping center, and serves as a terminus for intercity bus lines. The ascending and descending form differentiates the floor plans from one another across the height of the two towers. Therefore, rather than a single character to each unit there is variance. The two towers have a compact design that maximizes the space as much as possible.


The architecture and interior design were carried out together to harmonize the space and ensure efficiency, while eliminating wasted floor area within the narrow plans. The ratio of transparent and opaque surfaces on the facade were carefully considered to achieve a maximum balance in terms of both lighting and heating. Rather than having a central system which heats or cools every volume at a fixed amount, each unit has its own control, so that tenants can control their own internal environment.


Context Plan 伊斯坦布尔特朗普大厦是一个综合性项目,它将办公大厦和居民大厦通过一座共用的大型裙楼连在一起。裙楼中有大型购物中心,并 作为城际公交路线的一个终点站。上升和下降模式将这两座大厦从上到下的楼层平面区分开来。因此,每个单元不止是一种单一的风格, 而是有不同的风格。 这两座大厦设计紧凑,这样可以最大限度地利用空间。建筑和内部设计同时进行,以保持空间的和谐和确保高效性,同时在有限的平 面中消除了浪费面积。外立面透明和不透明部分的比例都是经过仔细考虑的,以期在采光和采暖方面达到最大的平衡。没有中心系统定额 供热或制冷,每个单元都有自己的控制装置,以便房客自己控制他们的内部环境。


East Elevation

West Elevation


Longitudinal Section


South Elevation


North Elevation




Cross Section





Ground Floor Plan




Office Tower Typical Floor Plan


Residence Tower Typical Floor Plan





International Finance Center, Seoul Location  Seoul, Korea Architect /  ARQUITECTONICA (Bernardo Fort Brescia, Laurinda Spear)

Structure Type /  Steel, RC, SRC

Architect of Record /  BAUM Architects, Inc. (Jungmyon F. Lee)

Finishing /  Glass, Aluminum, Stone, Stainless Steel

Interior Design /  ARQUITECTONICA (Office), Benoy (IFC MALL),

Area /  33,058 m2 (Site Area), 505,236 m2 (Gross Floor Area)

LRF (Hotel), Remedios (Hotel F&B), Tino Kwan (Lighting)

Client /  AIG KRED

Photographer /  Wonyang Kim (BAUM Architects, Inc.), Arquitectonica, Namgoong Sun

Located in Yeouido with a mass transit capacity and superb access, IFC features three class-A office towers that will be a major destination for the financial industry and a 5-star hotel with 434 guestrooms. IFC Mall and cinema/entertainment facilities also occupy three basement floors. The elevation is a metaphor of natural, uncut crystal which,


when returned to earth, blends right into the surrounding greenery. With strong focus on sustainable building design from the initial stage of the plan, the project aims to acquire a Green level in LEED certification.




国际金融中心坐落在汝矣岛公园。 汝矣岛公园公共交通便利,入口壮观。 国际金融中心拥有三座 A 级办公楼,办 公楼将会是金融业的主要聚集地;还有 一家五星级酒店,酒店有 434 间客房。 国际金融中心商场和影院 / 娱乐设施占 据了三层地下室。它的立面隐喻天然未 经切割的水晶,在靠近地面的部分,和 周围环境中的绿地融为一体。这个计划 从初始阶段一直注重可持续建筑设计。 这项项目旨在获得 LEED 的绿色认证(能 源与环境设计先锋奖)。










Times Square Location  Seoul, Korea Architect /  Junglim Architecture Client /  Kyungbang Structure /  R.C, S.R.C

Finish Material /  THK30 Granite, THK4 AL. Composite Panel, THK0.7 ZINC, THK24 Multi-functional Glass THK24 Pair Glass

Area /  44,291.10 m2 (Site Area) 26,329.33 m2 (Building Area) 340,895.38 m2 (Gross Floor Area)

Yeongdeungpo Times Square, which we performed construction and design on from the initial stage to the master plan, has emerged as a landmark of the southwesternzone, with 210,000 daily visitors on average in the month following its grand opening. Times Square is a large-scale complex shopping mall composed of a department


Photographer /  Park Wansun

store, mall, theatre, hotel, large-size bookstore, supermarket, and rental office. It has been receiving favorable comments in diverse media outlets as a space that considers customers and city, while maintaining harmony with the surroundings.


Master Plan


준공업지역 최고높이 80m



일반상업지역 최고높이 60m



South Elevation Section 1. Retail 2. Cinema 3. Main Atrium 4. Hall 5. Event Plaza 6. Roof Garden 7. Parking 8. Utility

Office 1

Office 2


New Construction

Department Store


South Elevation 1. THK30 화강석 혼드(지정석) 2. THK30 화강석 물갈기(지정석) 3. THK24 로이복층유리(일면 반강화)

9. THK24 컬러복층유리(일면반강화샌드블라스터) 10. THK24 컬러복층유리(일면반강화) 11. THK3 4 복층유리(양면반강화)

4. THK24 로이복층유리(일면반강화/ Frit 유리) 5. 컬러복층유리 6. THK24 복합기능성유리(일반 반강화)

12. THK3 AL. SHEET 13. AL 루버 14. AL 그릴 15. THK4.0 복합패널 16. THK3 천공메탈패널 17. 노출콘크리트/ 발수제

7. THK24 복합기능성유리(일반반강화/ Frit 유리) 8. THK24 복합기능성유리(양면반강화)



North Elevation



5 4 2



4 4



1 2 3 4 5

Main Entrance Lobby Atrium Retail Department Store




我们建造和设计的永登浦区时代广场,从最初阶段到总体规划,已经成为西南地区的地标性建筑。在其盛大 开业后的一个月内平均每天有 21 万的客流量。时代广场是一个大规模综合性购物中心,包括百货商店、购物商场、 电影院、饭店、大型书店、超市及租赁办公楼。它已经得到了多家媒体机构的好评,称其在与周围环境保持和谐 的同时又考虑到了顾客和城市。



2nd Floor Plan

➋ ➍

1. Main Atrium 2. Retail 3. Department Store 4. Book Store



3rd Floor Plan

➎ ➋

1. Main Atrium 2. Retail 3. Department Store 4. Multiplex 5. Food Court


4th Floor Plan

➌ ➎ ➏ ➋

1. Main Atrium 2. Retail 3. Department Store 4. Multiplex 5. Hotel 6. Game Center 7. Retaurant



6th Floor Plan

➊ ➏

➎ 1. Main Atrium 2. Department Store 3. Multiplex 4. Hotel 5. Office 6. Roof Garden




莫斯科 Mosfilmovskaya 建筑综合体

Multifunctional Complex, Mosfilmovskaya Location  Moscow, Russia Architect /  S. Nekrasov, I. Ilyin, P. Karpovsky, A. Nigmatulin, Y. Kovaleva

Chief Engineer /  A. Kolubkov

Firm /  Sergey Skuratov Architects, ltd.

Client /  Donstroy

Chief Architect /  S. Skuratov

Area /  220,715 m² (Total), 20,780 m² (Site), 10,040 m² (Building)

Chief Structural Designer /  I. Shipetin

Photographer /  I. Ivanov, Y. Palmin

Main elements forming the composition of the complex are the 213 meters high “A” tower and the 130 meters high plate of the high-rise “B” block. Both multistory buildings are connected with each other by a pair of parallel eight-storeyed buildings of block “B”, forming an atrium space between them, filled with natural light in spite of giant buildings nearby. The whole aboveground part of the complex rests on the three-leveled stylobat, where the underground parking, trade and sport facilities are located. Office and living entry zones, sport-grounds, playgrounds, and recreational facilities are situated on the roof of the stylobat. Offices and trade center are separated from blocks A, B and C. The main tower (A) and the low-storeyed prisms of block B are raised 17 meters over the stylobat top, standing on 50 symmetrically positioned vertical and tilted columns made of carbon black reinforced concrete. Lightweight “alpolic” facade panels having 8 different shades of color emphasize the height of the main tower. Composition of the panels was set to make a mosaic gradient


from bottom up: from marble white on the very top, to the dark tints of Jurassic stone on the bottom. The “B” block plan is also very sculptural. It has a woven basket-like composition of facade planes. Their interlacing flat surfaces turn either to the sky or to earth in turns, changing the color of reflection accordingly, to create wider variety. Three different types of facade panels are used in facade facing. Two-storeyed prism of the trade center contains a supermarket on the first underground level, trade galleries, club and restaurant. Office block was added to the composition by the client at the closing stage. It consists of two parts of different height, which have a common atrium at their meeting point in the center. Black and transparent (for the vertical parts) glass is used on the facade.



组成该建筑综合体的主要部分分别是 213m 高的“A”塔楼和 130m 高的板状“B”座大厦。 两座多层高楼由“B”座大厦的两座平行的 8 层建筑相互连接,在两座高楼之间形成一个中庭, 尽管周围有许多大楼,中庭的自然光线依然充足。整个建筑群的地上部分坐落在一个三层的柱 座上,这里设有地下停车场、市场和运动设施。办公和住宅入口区,运动场、游乐场和娱乐设 施都安置在柱座顶部。办公区和贸易中心区从 A、B、C 三座大厦中被分开。主塔楼(A)和 B 座大厦的低层棱柱体从离柱座 17m 的地方开始拔高,坐落在 50 根匀称放置的垂直和倾斜的炭 黑色钢筋混凝土立柱上。

底部到顶部营造出一种马赛克渐变效果:从顶部的大理石的亮白,到底部的侏罗纪石的暗黑。 “B”座大厦的平面图也具有雕刻效果。外立面的构成就像一个编织篮。大楼交错的平面 依次或是朝向天空或是朝向地面,并相应地改变反射的色调,从而创造出更多样的变化。外墙 饰面采用了三种不同类型的立面板。 贸易中心的两层棱柱体包括了地下一楼的超市、贸易长廊、俱乐部和餐厅。开发商在项目 收尾阶段将办公大楼加入到主建筑群中。办公大楼由不同高度的两部分组成,并在中央交会点 共享一个中庭。外立面采用的是黑色透明(垂直部分)的玻璃。







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New Babylon, The Hague Location  Hague, the Netherlands Architect /  MVSA Meyer en Van Schooten Architecten

Area /  143,000 m2

New Babylon is the transformation from a closed and introverted 1970s building into a high-rise cityscape, seamlessly integrating work and living space. To take maximum advantage of the building’s structural integrity while avoiding costly and undesirable demolition work, MVSA decided to embrace the existing structure within a two-tower high-rise complex. The addition of living space, combined with the building’s central location, is a major contributor to sustainable urban development. The two towers contain 335 luxurious owner-occupied and rental apartments. The apartments start at level 2 and range from 90m² to 280m² for the penthouses, each having its own balcony or roof terrace. The program will increase from 44.500m² up to 143.000m² in total. On the first two floors one will find shops, restaurants, cafes and additional commercial functions. On the floors right above that, as far up as to the 11th floor, there will be the offices and

Photographer /  Rob Hoekstra, Jurriaan Brobbel, DPI

the conference center. The ‘old’ Babylon will remain to be a combination of a hotel and offices. Within the building one can experience the spatial weaving of the office floor with the lower shopping floors. The impressive glass atrium roof enables one to also see the towers from inside the building and to feel their presence. The open character of the façades in their turn reinforce the relationship of the buildings base with the public space of the squares and streets around the building. Thus New Babylon creates new spatial conditions in which people live, work and recreate. The synergy related to that will give an impulse and momentum to revitalize this city’s prominent location.





Site Plan




floor plan level +3

新巴比伦是一座封闭内敛的 20 世纪 70 年代的建筑通过改造而成的高层城市景观大楼,将工作 和生活空间完美结合起来。为了最大限度利用该建筑的结构完整性,同时避免昂贵和不需要的拆毁 工作,MVSA 决定将现有的结构包围在一座双塔高层综合体中。居住空间的扩大加上建筑所处的中 心位置,为城市的可持续发展做出了重要贡献。两座塔楼包括了 335 间豪华的业主自住型和出租型 公寓。2 楼以上是公寓住宅,顶层房间面积从 90 m² 到 280 m² 不等,每间都有专属的阳台或屋顶平台。 项目的总占地面积将从 44,500 m² 增加到 143,000 m²。建筑的第 1、2 层楼为人们提供了商店、 餐厅、咖啡厅和附加的商业功能。从第 3 层楼起一直到第 11 层楼,是办公和会议中心。“老”巴


floor plan level +12

比伦将保持酒店和办公相结合的特点。 人们在大楼里可以体验到办公楼层和低层购物楼层之间的空间结合。令人印象深刻的玻璃中庭 的屋顶让人们从大楼里面也能看到塔楼,从而感受到它们的存在。开放的建筑外立面又强化了建筑 底座和周围广场及街道的公共空间的联系。 由此新巴比伦创造了新的空间条件供人们生活、工作和娱乐。与此相关的协同效应将刺激和带 动这座城市的黄金地段的复兴。


Eurovea 新区

Eurovea Location  Bratislava, Slovakia


Architect /  Marek Tryzybowicz (Concept Architect)

Area /  240,000 m2

Firm /  Bose International Planning and Architecture

Photographer /  Bartosz Makowski

Eurovea ITC is the new riverfront district in Bratislava, Slovakia. The project is located

the development results in approximately 250,000 m2 of retail, leisure, entertainment,

in the heart of the city, on the edge of the historical town centre. Project connects

office, hotel, underground parking and residential space as well as an innovative

and completes the city of Bratislava to the River Danube.

riverfront park, pedestrian friendly streets and a major new public square and is

The scheme provides a vibrant new mixed-use urban district of high quality

destined to become the new commercial heart of the City.

architecture and public spaces that connects to and unifies the immediate

Eurovea is easily accessible by public and private transport and is within direct

environment. With a new public square at its centre, incorporating the Slovakian

pedestrian reach of most major destinations in the area including: private and public

National Theatre, Eurovea acts as an extension of the historic heart of the City with

administration/offices, universities, historical landmarks, museums, hotels, shops,

its carefully restored Habsburg style architecture and vibrant cafĂŠ culture. Phase 1 of

restaurants, bars, clubs, opera, theatres, residential concentration, etc.



Eurovea 国际贸易中心是位于斯洛伐克布拉迪斯拉发的滨江新区。该项目位于城市的心脏地 带,在老城区中心的边缘。项目让布拉迪斯拉发城和多瑙河相连,并在那里结束。

酒店、地下停车场、住宅空间以及创新滨江公园、行人友好街道和一个新的大型广场。使其注定 成为该城市新的商业中心。


Eurovea 的公共交通和私人交通均很便利。从这里出发,步行就可以直达大部分主要目的地,

共空间。新型公共广场坐落于 Eurovea 的中心地带,包含有斯洛伐克国家大剧院。该城市的历

如私人和公共管理机构 / 办事处、大学、历史建筑、博物馆、酒店、商店、餐厅、酒吧、俱乐部、

史中心以精心修复的哈普斯堡皇室风格建筑和充满活力的咖啡馆文化为特色,而 Eurovea 则是



它的一种扩展。该项目第一阶段开发总面积约 250,000 m ,主要包括:零售、休闲、娱乐、办公、























Vilamarina 大厦

Vilamarina Building Location  Barcelona, Spain Architect /  Enric Batlle, Joan Roig, Ricardo Sanahuja, Juan Manuel Sanahuja

Area /  197,000 m2

Firm /  Batlle I Roig Arquitectes

Photographer/  José Hevia

The town of Viladecans is situated in the county of Baix Llobregat, in Barcelona province. The Vilamarina sector, residential, commercial and tertiary area situated to the west of the Parc de la Marina, is situated between Avinguda Germans Gabrielistes, the street that borders the park, and the Carretera de la Vila road, which communicates the centre of Viladecans with the new railway station situated beside the motorway. The building was designed with a great prismatic base of three storeys that occupied the entire site. The primarily commercial ground floor is laid out around the shop and entrance to the dwellings on Avinguda Germans Gabrielistes, which was envisaged as a great pedestrian thoroughfare with the power to relate the whole with the park and the town with the station. The shopping centre, conversely, was situated adjacent to the Carretera de la Vila road. The mall or central axis was laid out parallel to the street with its main entrances at either end, leading to the railway station and the town centre, and


acting as a passage that communicates Viladecans and its station. The 320 dwellings are distributed in ten blocks of 12 storeys, interrelated on the first and second floors by a strip of duplex apartments over the shop on the avenue, with the aim of bringing new life to the street and revitalizing the front overlooking the park. The dwellings in the tower blocks (three per landing) are laid out facing east and west, prioritizing views of the park over the south-facing orientation with views of the agricultural park in the delta. The guiding idea of unifying the whole led us to use just two materials in the façade, for both the commercial base and the tower blocks. The complex functions as a neighbourhood with all the necessary facilities and services, at the same time joining up with the old town of Viladecans, continuing the town’s growth towards the new transport systems.





Viladecans 镇 位 于 巴 塞 罗 那 省 Baix Llobregat 郡。 集 居 住、 商 业 和 服 务 于 一 体 的 Vilamarina 区 位 于 Parc de la Marina 西 部, 坐 落 在 毗 邻 公 园 的 Avinguda Germans Gabrielistes 街和 Carretera de la Vila 路之间。这条路将 Viladecans 中心和位于高速公路旁边 的新火车站相连通。 该 建 筑 设 计 有 三 层 占 据 整 个 场 地 的 大 型 菱 形 基 础。 主 要 的 商 业 底 层 是 在 商 店 和 朝 向

这 320 套民居分布于十个 12 层楼区里,一层和二层通过临街商店上方的一排双层公寓相连接, 以期给街道带来新的生命,使俯瞰公园的正面充满活力。大厦内的公寓(每三户共用一个楼梯平台) 是东西朝向的,优先考虑到朝南方向的公园的景色和三角洲上的农业公园的景色。一体化的主导 思想促使我们对外立面仅使用两种原材料,对于商业底层和高层建筑都是如此。这个综合建筑就

Avinguda Germans Gabrielistes 街的居民区入口周围,它被设想为大型行人通道,可以将整体

像一个居住区,拥有一切必要的设施和服务,同时与 Viladecans 旧城相连接,延续着城镇朝着

与公园、城镇和车站连接起来。反过来,购物中心和 Carretera de la Vila 路毗邻。位于中心轴


线上的购物商场与街道平行,两端都有主要入口,通向火车站和城镇中心,作为连接 Viladecans













马德里建筑师协会 / 音乐学校 / 体育设施 / 日托中心 / 幼儿园

Madrid Architects' Association / Music School / Sport facilities / Day care center / Nursery Location  Madrid, Spain Architect /  Gonzalo Moure Lorenzo

Client /  Madrid Architects' Association, Madrid City Council


Area /  7,324 m2 (Site Area), 36,486 m2 ( Gross Floor Area)

Project Team /  Myriam Pascual, Pedro Barranco, José María Cristóbal(Architects); Pablo Matilla,

Photographer /  Jorge Crooke Carballal

David Manso, Marcos S. Gutiérrez, Vanesa Antigüedad, David Torres, Enrique Carreras(competition, project and execution); Nicolás Villaseca, Pablo Urbano(Technical Architects)


Cross Section Hortaleza Street


Site_Plan 444

Elevation Hortaleza Street

The goal of the project is the restoration and insertion of a mixed-use program of social interest. Such program included the New Headquarters for the Architects Association of Madrid, its Cultural Foundation, a nursery, a day care and senior center, mixed sport facilities and a music school. The program is regarded as an opportunity to consolidate a very diverse array of activities and interests in a single architectonic response. The project operates on two different gazes...a long one that relates naturally to the context, as it proposes a generous garden with trees that "stitches" different green spaces within the city,...a green "chamber" for the Gardens of Pedro Ribera...defining a space for men to live and interact. "The shade of a tree" is regarded as a space of unparalleled value. The true transformation

of an urban space is produced both trough its buildings as well as its trees. If we are able to pass on a garden with trees in this part of the city as inheritance to our children, we will have built valuable urban heritage. The value that the project seeks is to create a serene -yet full of lively contentmentatmosphere. A place of quietude that embraces life,...a place for reunion. A secluded space with an open character. A place where trees are discovered through transparency at street level...an open space where life unwinds naturally. Honest and clear construction, a doric attitude, an approximation to essence, where matter reveals its natural values...the understanding that, "in architecture, honesty is an intellectual position".


South Elevation - Garden Facade Details

Elevation San Ant贸n Garden - Passage


Cross Section Details - Loggia

Longitudinal Section



Urban Profile and Elevation Hortaleza Street


Preexistent and New Facade Details




First Floor Plan

该工程旨在重建和植入一个具有社会利益 的多功能项目。该项目包括马德里建筑师协会 新总部、文化基金会、幼儿园、日托中心和老 年中心、综合体育设施和音乐学校。该项目被 认为是一次将多样化的社会活动和兴趣整合在 一个单一建筑体系内的机会。 该项目从两种不同的视角上运作……一个 长期观点是与环境自然融合,因为它将建造一 个绿树成荫的偌大花园,在城市内部“嵌入” 绿化区……另外一个是为 Pedro Ribera 花园建 造一个绿色的“会所”……为人们的生活和互 动提供空间。 “绿荫”被认为是具有无与伦比的价值的 绿色空间。真正的城市空间改造通过城市建筑 和绿树得以实现。如果我们能将这座绿荫花园 作为该城市的遗产流传后世,我们就建造了一 份宝贵的城市遗产。 该项目所追求的价值是打造一片宁静安 详——充满着勃勃生机,营造称心如意的氛围。 一个拥抱生命的静谧的地方……一个享受团圆 的地方,一个开放式的隐蔽空间。一个街道上 处处绿树尽入眼帘的地方……一个恣意人生的 开放空间。 诚实施工、明确建设、多利安式朴素的态度、 返璞归真的风格,处处流露出该项目的自然价 值……当知:“在建筑中,诚实是文明本色。”


Loggia Floor Plan


Access Floor Plan





ChangChun Mingyu Financial Plaza Location  Changchun, Jilin Province, China Architect /  Ming Lai Architects Inc.

Area /  443,189 m2

The project is located on the landscape axis of Changchun Jingyue economic development zone, composing of six 100-150m high of five-star hotel (including serviced apartments), commercial office buildings, apartments and a four-storey commercial complex, combined with 120,000 m2 of green space landscape, which will form a comprehensive urban plaza. The hotel tower is located at the most north-east of the A plot, adjacent to the recreation square in the North, overlooking the entire square to the north, with intentions of forming a portal with other buildings southward. The hotel (including serviced apartment) is 150m high, and the standard floor height is 3.6m, the four floor podiums of the hotel mainly accommodates supporting facilitates . The main entrance is located on the second floor, vehicles can get to the second floor through the ramp, which enhances the momentum of the hotel entrance; the banquet entrance is located on the first floor, thus banquet crowd can be separated from hotel guests, which guarantees the quality of the hotel. Commercial office buildings: two commercial office buildings, a 150m and a 135m respectively, locate on the west side and the south side of the hotel respectively.


The standard floor height is 4m. the tall well-lit two-story office lobby embodies the splendid image of office building entrance.Upon entering the lobby, the lift halls of lower floors and upper floors are completely independent, and each elevator reaches their respective floors.the use of the group control system makes the elevator run intelligently, which reduces the waiting time of passengers, thus increases efficiency dramatically. Nearly 11m deep column-free rental space between the outer curtain wall and the core tube, meets the standards of commercial offices, and is easily separated into a single or multiple units for rental. The 4m floor height also ensures the comfort of commercial office buildings. The 1.1m deep suspended ceiling and 10cm raised floor will meet the distribution of communication system and network, while also ensure the reasonable distribution of the efficienct central air conditioning system.. Apartment: a 135m high building is placed in the southwest corner of the A plot, which is close to the side of Cai Yu xi Road, and the standard floor height is 3.6m, and it stands symmetrically with the commercial office buildings on the east side. Two 100m high apartments are symmetrically positioned in the B plot, and the standard floor height is 3.4m.



项目位于长春净月经济开发区景观轴线 上 , 由 6 栋 100m 到 150m 的五星级酒店 ( 含酒店式公寓 )、商业办公楼、公寓及四 层高的商业楼群所组成 , 结合 120,000 m2 绿地景观,未来将形成一个城市综合广场。 酒店塔楼位于 A 地块最东北面,毗邻北 面的休闲广场,往北可俯瞰整个休闲广场, 南向与其他办公楼形成门户的意向。酒店 ( 含 酒店式公寓 ) 楼高 150m,标准层高 3.6m, 酒店 4 层裙房主要功能为其配套设施,酒店 大堂主入口设在 2 楼,车辆通过坡道到达 2 层,增强酒店入口的气势,酒店宴会入口设 在 1 楼,宴会人流与酒店客流分开,保证酒 店的品质。 商 业 办 公 楼: 两 栋 分 别 为 150m 及 135m 商业办公楼,分别位于酒店西侧及南 侧。标准层高 4m,两层挑高的办公大堂, 光线充足,体现气派的办公大楼入口形象。 进入大堂后,低区办公和高区办公的候梯厅 完全独立,分区电梯分别到达各自服务的楼 层,同时利用群控系统,使电梯运行智能化, 使乘客等待时间缩短,运行效率大幅提升。 外幕墙到核心筒间近 11m 深无柱的出租空 间,满足商业办公的标准,亦方便分割成单 一或者多个租户使用。4m 的办公层高亦保 证了商业办公楼的舒适性。1.1m 的吊顶深 度及 10cm 高的架高地板满足通信及网络的 系统分布,同时也保证了高效的中央空调系 统合理地布置到各个位置。 公 寓: 一 栋 高 135m 布 置 在 A 地 块 西 南角,靠近彩宇西路一侧,标准层高 3.6m, 与东侧商业办公楼对称布局。另一栋 100m 公寓对称布局在 B 地块,标准层层高 3.4m。









Hysan Place Location  Hong Kong, China Architect /  DENNIS LAU & NG CHUN MAN ARCHITECTS & ENGINEERS (HK) LTD

Hysan Place is a holistically integrated commercial development composed of retail mall and office building. It is the first private initiative to create one of the most sustainable skyscrapers in Hong Kong. The design deviates from the common norm of skyscraper design in Hong Kong. Instead of a conventional tower + podium composition, the design proposed a new typology. Tectonically it is a vertical stacking of rectangular volumes (boxes), challenging common perception of scale and proportion, therefore diminishing the distinction between tower and podium. The design also capitalizes on latest statutory codes and regulations (e.g. flexible site coverage and green features) and resulted in a complex composite urban skyscraper form with a series of setbacks, terraces, large scale openings which all create a unified and memorable impact on the urban environment.


Despite its compactness of program, the building form has a distinct quality of openness, transparency and permeability with the above green features. Apart from its exceptional visual quality, the design also has distinct environmental impact by improving the air quality and heat island effect of the district. Despite its complexity of functions (office / retail), the design has achieved a holistic, harmonious unity. The building form simulates a stacking of boxes, with its offsetting and displacement creates large urban windows as well as variety of green roof terraces. The interplay of solid and void creates a spatial rhythm vertically throughout. The different functional components (office / retail) adopt similar material for its external enclosure to achieve a harmonious expression, seamlessly transforming from top to bottom.






希慎广场是一座集零售商场与写字楼为一体的全方位多功能型综合商业大厦。它是香港首个 私人发起的,旨在打造最具可持续性发展的摩天大楼之一。其设计脱离了香港摩天大楼的设计规范。 摒弃了传统的塔楼加裙楼的组合方式,希慎广场的设计独辟蹊径。从外观构造上而言,希慎 广场是由矩形块(像盒子一样)垂直堆叠拔地而起,在规模和比例上挑战常规设计理念,因此弱 化了塔楼和裙楼之间的差别。 该设计同时充分解读最新的法律法规和条例(如:占地面积和环保设施灵活变通)。因此, 一座复杂的综合型城市摩天大楼重磅落成,整合了一系列外墙缩进、阳台、大型露天台,这些都 在城市环境中留下了不可或缺、值得纪念的一笔。


尽管这项建筑计划简明扼要,建筑形式的质量却不同一般,开放性、透明性和通透性与绿色 环保特性浑然天成。除了非同凡响的外观视觉质量之外,该设计还通过改善该地区的空气质量和 热岛效应,彰显截然不同的环保特色。 尽管希慎广场的功能(写字楼 / 零售)复杂多样,其设计却实现了整体的和谐统一。其建筑 形式模拟方块叠加,通过体块的大小不一和位移创建了大型城市窗口和各种绿色屋顶露台。这些 实体和空隙的相互作用在整个垂直高度产生了空间韵律感。 不同功能的建筑(办公室 / 零售)采用了相似的外部材料,从而获得了和谐的效果,以及自 上而下的无缝转换。





CONIX RDBM Architects

A2RC ARCHITECTS was established in Brussels (Belgium) in 1983 by architects Brigitte D’Helft (1955) and Michel Verliefden (1953), with the aim of forming a close link between art, architecture and urban environment. Brussels, a city known in the Seventies for disastrous urbanization, is a terrain of choice for the firm’s work in order to implement new ways of urban living. A2RC ARCHITECTS has pursued the rehabilitation of Brussels by offering full architectural services for the construction of new buildings and urban communities as well as for the transformation, restoration, and re-adaptation of noteworthy buildings. A2RC ARCHITECTS has designed a large variety of building types from small housing and renovation projects in city centres to large-scale mixed-use ensembles and urban communities and from obsolete airport’s rehabilitation to high-rise buildings while in the field of theatres, opera houses, arts and cultural centres, museums, convention centres, parliament buildings and other gathering places.

Allford Hall Monaghan Morris makes buildings that are satisfying and enjoyable to use, beautiful to look at and easy to understand. They design very different buildings for very different people to use in very different ways. They believe in making places as well as buildings, that work over time and have lasting qualities intrinsic to their architecture. Allford Hall Monaghan Morris pursue a pragmatic, analytical and open working method that produces responsive, intelligent architecture. This clarity with which they work facilitates discussion between all parties, including clients, users, planners and contractors, and results in an aesthetic approach that is clear and logical. They innovate because they know that innovation is as much about finding simpler ways of doing things better as it is about finding new things to do. Their work is also international, with overseas projects currently underway in Amsterdam, Ghana and Oklahoma City that feature commercial, retail, residential, amenity and educational elements.

Allford Hall Monaghan Morris Junglim Architecture Two trees( 木 ) have come together to form a lush forest( 林 ). JUNGLIM( 正林 ) was founded in 1967 by brothers Jung-Chul Kim and JungShik Kim. The Founders’ humanity, passion, and generosity formed the roots of JUNGLIM, whose two trees have grown into a firm of over 500 employees. JUNGLIM’s steadfast roots ensure that they exist as more than a successful corporate machine. They are a group of unique individuals who demonstrate a true love of architecture, creative problem-solving, innovative design methods, and social awareness. As JUNGLIM continues to expand in the future, they firmly believe that their roots will keep them grounded and committed to the philosophy that architecture is a cultural treasure as well as a humanitarian contribution. JUNGLIM’s social commitment reaches both within and outside the firm. Their mission is to build safe and beautiful spaces for the public while maintaining a productive and happy workplace for employees.

Allford Hall Monaghan Morris makes buildings that are satisfying and enjoyable to use, beautiful to look at and easy to understand. They design very different buildings for very different people to use in very different ways. They believe in making places as well as buildings, that work over time and have lasting qualities intrinsic to their architecture. Allford Hall Monaghan Morris pursue a pragmatic, analytical and open working method that produces responsive, intelligent architecture. This clarity with which they work facilitates discussion between all parties, including clients, users, planners and contractors, and results in an aesthetic approach that is clear and logical. They innovate because they know that innovation is as much about finding simpler ways of doing things better as it is about finding new things to do. Their work is also international, with overseas projects currently underway in Amsterdam, Ghana and Oklahoma City that feature commercial, retail, residential, amenity and educational elements.

Gonzalo Moure Lorenzo

Squire and Partners

Gonzalo Moure Lorenzo (Tuy, 1958) is a licensed architect by the Madrid Technical School of Architecture (ETSAM), where he has been a Professor at the Architectural Design Department since 1991. His work has been distinguished with architectural prices, nominated for the European Union Prize for Contemporary Architecture - Mies van der Rohe Award 2013 and selected to be included as part of the Contemporary Spanish Architecture Archive; he has participated in different displays and exhibitions of Spanish architecture and taken part in the exhibitions at the Spanish Pavillion of the IX Biennale di Architettura di Venezia. He has been visiting professor, participated in courses, seminars and conferences at several Spanish and European universities like the Bauhaus University in Weimar (Germany); he’s been a lecturer at some architectural heritage conventions in El Salvador, Merida y La Rioja; his work has been included in national and international publications.

Squire and Partners are an award-winning architectural practice who have been designing and executing buildings on key sites in London and internationally for over 35 years. The practice’s approach to design assumes that every site has its own history, character and needs. Derived from a sense of place, buildings respond to underlying themes of materiality, scale and proportion which are common to their locations, whilst revealing a commitment to contemporary design and detailing. Key projects include the Reiss Headquarters, One Tower Bridge, masterplans for Chelsea Barracks and the Shell Centre, and the Knightsbridge Apartments.

[BP] Architectures Jean Bocabeille and Ignacio Prego founded their [bp] Architectures agency in 1999. Together they have completed a dozen buildings in France and abroad. Schools and nurseries, social and private housing, institutional buildings… They’ve had a chance to try their hand at all kinds of projects and contexts. In 2011, after 15 years of fruitful collaboration, they decided to go their separate ways and try out a more personal style. Jean Bocabeille set up JBA (www.jb-a.fr) and Ignacio Prego founded IPA (Ignacio Prego Architectures). They both still belong to the collective Plan 01 (www.plan01.com) and they still share the same premises in Paris’s 12e arrondissement.


Amann Canovas Maruri Atxu Amann, Andrés Cánovas and Nicolás Maruri associate in 1987 and settle in Madrid. Since then, they have focused on searching new housing units types and housing blocks reconfiguration, according to contemporary public space and urban issues. As an office they have received more than seventy national and international awards, such as, Best State Subsidized Housing Block by Government of Madrid, Best Architectural Proposal by the Government of Murcia, First Prize Biennale Zaragoza and National Housing Award forefront. His most recent exhibitions were held at the AA in London, in NAI Rotterdam in IIT Chicago, Arizona CAPLAN, in the Venice Biennale, at the Cervantes Institute in Rio, Sao Paulo, Paris, Rome and New York, AEDES Gallery in Berlin, at the RIBA in London, and in many colleges and halls of architecture in Spain. They teach at the ETSAM (Madrid School of Achitecture). His work has been broadcast in more than three hundred magazines and books worldwide.


Brigitte Weber

The company APLAN d.o.o. based in Koper, Slovenia, was renamed from the LINEA, which was established in 1991. By entering Darko Lečnik in the company on 1994, APLAN set up a branch office in Ljubljana. Activity is the architectural design, planning, consulting and engineering. The company is successfully operating in both cities since the establishment for 21 years.The owners of the company are Darko Lečnik univ.dipl.ing.arch. and Milojka Lečnik Urbar univ.dipl.ing.arch.. Under their authorship and management, there were over 300 major projects made, mainly in the field of residential, commercial, service, hotel, medical and other works, as well as town planning and projects in relation to land use planning. APLAN bureaus are manufactured architectural and urban planning projects and competitions. The company also manufactures a complete range of project documentation and engineering, and has a number of participating companies for construction engineering, surveys, installation and other necessary projects and studies.

The Jerde Partnership The Jerde Partnership is a visionary architecture and urban design firm that creates unique places that deliver memorable experiences and attract over 1 billion people annually. Founded in 1977, the firm has pioneered "placemaking" throughout the world with projects that provide lasting social, cultural and economic value and promote further investment and revitalization. Based in a design studio in Los Angeles with project offices in Shanghai, Hong Kong, Seoul, and Berlin, Jerde takes a signature, cocreative approach to design and collaborates with private developers, city officials, specialty designers and local executive architects to realize the vision of each project. The firm has received critical acclaim from the American Institute of Architects, Progressive Architecture, American Planning Association, and The Chicago Athenaeum Museum of Architecture and Design. To date, over 100 Jerde Places have opened in diverse cities, including Atlanta, Budapest, Hong Kong, Istanbul, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Osaka, Rotterdam, Seoul, Shanghai, Tokyo and Warsaw.

MVSA Architects MVSA Architects, founded in 1984 as Meyer and Van Schooten Architects, is an international agency that strives for innovation in design, approach and implementation. The office is led by Roberto Meyer. With its renowned designs, characterised by elegant pragmatism, transparent construction and technological ingenuity, MVSA has made its mark on the international architecture landscape. Since the 1990s MVSA’s portfolio has grown considerably, in both range and scope. The agency’s work currently includes residential projects, offices, infrastructural projects, hotels, university buildings and hospitals. The architectural work of MVSA is characterized by a clear, consistent and innovative design. An integrated approach of design and thinking from an early stage on up to the actual implementation is the key to provide solid and sustainable architectural solutions. In addition to its head office in Amsterdam, MVSA Architects now also has an office in Switzerland.

The C.P.C Group The Coast Palisades Consulting Group (C.P.C. Group) is an architectural design firm operating in Vancouver and Shanghai. The firm specializes in architectural design, planning, urban design and landscape design. Most members of the firm have more than one university degree in architecture or a related field such as planning and urban design.

Born: 28.01.1964, Austria Nationality: Austrian Office: Brigitte Weber Architects Office established: 2005, Istanbul - TURKEY Diploma in architecture: 1994, Technische Universität Wien, TU Wien - Vienna, AUSTRIA

Batlle I Roig Arquitectes Batlle I Roig Arquitectes is an architectural practice founded in 1981 by Enric Batlle and Joan Roig, formed by a multidisciplinary team able to reach all areas of architecture, landscape, environment, sustainability, engineering and technical architecture. The goal of our firm is the architecture and the client, to whom we offer our service in the broadest sense, having as general guidelines when making our projects the social and cultural commitment, the technological innovation, creation and respect for the environment. The practice consists of 40 professionals of all areas of architecture, landscape, engineering and technical architecture, we also have a number of external collaborators with an important career and extensive experience in each area, a working system that allows the whole to respond quickly and reach a capacity of commitment to our clients and their projects. Our team is divided into different areas that allow executing projects globally, the team is constantly training by the own firm since the formation and implementation of the latest technologies allow us to guarantee an optimal result where the efficiency, integration, sustainability and architectural quality is our basis to continue.

DENNIS LAU & NG CHUN MAN ARCHITECTS & ENGINEERS (HK) LTD. Founded in 1972, today Dennis Lau and Ng Chun Man Architects & Engineers (HK) Limited (DLN) is an international architectural practice of 330 personnel headquartered in Hong Kong with branch offices in Abu Dhabi, Dennis Lau & Ng Chun Man Architects & Engineers (HK) Ltd Shenzhen, Beijing, Shanghai and Macau. The firm’s ethnically diverse teams have worked on some of the most interesting and dynamic architectural projects spanning Europe, the Middle-East and many Asian regions. Internally, we are promoting constant growth towards green designs with a dedicated in-house specialist department as well as a growing team of green qualified professionals. DLN's portfolio of building projects is rich and varied. From skyline-changing skyscrapers, luxury hotels and residents to award-winning convention centres, university buildings, hospitals, industrial and logistic structures, we strive to add value via intelligent integration that suits to different social, cultural and historical contexts.

Arquitectonica Arquitectonica is a fullservice architecture, interior design and planning firm that began in Miami in 1977 as an experimental studio. Led by Bernardo Fort-Brescia, FAIA, and Laurinda Spear, FAIA, ASLA, the studio has evolved into a worldwide practice, combining the creative spirit of the principals with the efficiency of delivery and reliability of a major architectural firm. Its affiliated firm, ArquitectonicaGEO, provides landscape architecture services. Today Arquitectonica has a practice across the United States directed from regional offices in Miami, New York and Los Angeles. Arquitectonica’s international practice is supported by their European regional office in Paris; Asian regional offices in Hong Kong, Shanghai, Manila; Latin American regional offices in Lima and São Paulo; and the Middle East office in Dubai.



Erick van Egeraat

Kokaistudios was founded in Venice in 2000 by Italian architects Filippo Gabbiani and Andrea Destefanis. Established with the dream to create a collaborative office of talented architects associated together to work on challenging and interesting projects on a world-wide basis the firm started with offices in Venice, Copenhagen and Hong Kong. From these early expansions the firm developed a multi-cultural and multi-disciplinary approach to projects which helped lead to the establishment in 2002 of the Shanghai office which today is the heart of Kokaistudios operations worldwide. Group of over 30 architects and interior designers are united in developing interesting and innovative commercial, institutional and hospitality projects in the field of architecture, heritage architecture, and interior design.

During his over 25 years of successful practice, Erick van Egeraat (Amsterdam 1956) built a highly diverse portfolio containing ambitious and highprofile projects in the Netherlands, Europe and the Russian Federation. He has led the realisation of over 100 projects in more than 10 countries ranging from buildings for public and commercial use to luxury and social housing projects, projects for mixed use and master plans for cities and even entire regions. Each of these projects represents his very personal and expressive vision on architecture and urban development. Both Erick van Egeraat and his work have been the recipients of numerous international awards and citations such as the For Budapest Award 2006 for his design of architectural masterpieces in Budapest and the RIBA Award 2007 for the Middlesbrough Institute of Modern Art.

MVRDV MVRDV was set up in Rotterdam (the Netherlands) in 1993 by Winy Maas, Jacob van Rijs and Nathalie de Vries. MVRDV engages globally in providing solutions to contemporary architectural and urban issues. A research based and highly collaborative design method engages experts from all fields, clients and stakeholders in the creative process. The results are exemplary and outspoken buildings, urban plans, studies and objects, which enable our cities and landscapes to develop towards a better future. The products of this approach vary and range from buildings of all types and sizes, to urban designs to publications and installations. The work is exhibited and published worldwide and receives international awards. Together with Delft University of Technology MVRDV runs The Why Factory, an independent think tank and research institute providing argument for architecture and urbanism by envisioning the city of the future.

Colboc Franzen & Associates Benjamin Colboc, Manuela Franzen and Arnaud Sachet make up the Franco-German trio at this Parisian agency established in 2004. Benjamin Colboc and Manuela Franzen started working together in 2000. They have won several awards including the 2001 CIBBAP housing for the homeless prize. They won a 2003/2004 ‘Nouveaux albums des jeunes architectes’ award and founded their agency immediately afterwards. Arnaud Sachet became a partner in 2007. The three young architects now work together and manage a team of 8 people (6 architects, an office manager and a communication assistant). Their current work covers housing projects, public amenities and office buildings, both in France and abroad (especially in Germany and China). They draw widely on their great curiosity for building projects anywhere and everywhere. The agency also takes part in international competitions, urban and lands caping projects. They also design custom-built furniture for their ongoing projects.

Cox Rayner Architects Cox Rayner Architects is the Queensland office of Cox Architecture, an Australian and international practice with projects in Singapore, China, India, Indonesia and the Middle East. Cox Rayner is renowned as a practice which translates urban design into architecture which responds integrally to context, place and culture. The practice is especially distinguished in creating innovative solutions for tropical and subtropical climates, with environmental performance at the fore. The practice is internationally recognized by winning two World Architecture Festival(Barcelona) Awards for the Helix Pedestrian Bridge in Singapore and the Kurilpa Pedestrian Bridge in Brisbane. Durability to create inventive ways to integrate structure and architecture has also results in a specialization in Exhibition and Convention Centers, major examples being Brisbane, Cairns North Queensland and Changi Singapore.

LAB Architecture Studio Formed as a partnership b et w een t h e t wo d i r ec t or s , Donald Bates and Peter Davidson, LAB architecture studio is an international practice pursuing insightful, innovative and dynamic projects through the particular circumstances of each individual commission. As architects and urban designers, the principle aim is to provide the spatial imagination necessary for designing innovative and sustainable projects within the framework of real-world constraints and opportunities. LAB operates by processes of critical interrogation, meaning that nothing is presupposed and everything is worthy of consideration. Our belief is that there are no fixed or repeatable formulas for the creation of successful projects, but there is the demand for an attentive, intelligent and considered exploration that posits and tests an array of possibilities – reformulating and reconfiguring the opportunities. LAB Architecture Studio’s architecture, masterplans, project and interior designs have been recognised internationally, recipients of major national and international architecture and design awards, LAB is published widely in books and magazines in over thirty-five languages. LAB currently maintains offices in Melbourne, Shanghai and Delhi.

MSAA GROUP MSAA GROUP is a Barcelona based practice working internationally for both the public and the private sectors. Its mission is to produce high quality liveable spaces at the heart of open and evolutive cities. More than 25 people make up the team of MSAA GROUP, with a broad range of skills and professional backgrounds who have a strong commitment to work closely with its clients to achieve outstanding results in all types of commissions. MSAA GROUP is a brand owned by Martínez&Sisternas Arquitectes i Associats (MSA+A), an architectural and urban design office which has completed projects throughout Barcelona, Catalonia and Spain since its establishment in 1984. The practice has been awarded several local and international prizes including the Puig i Cadafach architecture prize (2007), the prizes at the international competitions for the transformation of the west seafront of Malaga, and the railway area of El Portillo in Zaragoza and the shortlisting of the New Council in Castellcir at the Premio Internazionale di Architettura Andrea Palladio


Sergey Skuratov In 2002 Sergey Skuratov organizes his own architectural bureau. By that moment he was already professionally well known and he also had certain authority as a professor in Moscow architectural institute and also as an architect who builds quite a lot working together with other well known local architects. From the very beginning Sergey Skuratov outlines the main target to his colleagues - the team must be able to work out the project in full. The engagement of all design specialists except for architects was organized on subcontract basis, though general design functions during all design stages including field supervision this bureau fulfills completely on its own. The majority of Sergey Skuratov`s design works were implemented into buildings here in Moscow. But geography of his design works includes the names of such cities as Perm, Vyshhij Volochek, Volgograd, Rostov-Don, Kiev… Company name “Sergey Skuratov Arrchitects” is now a registered trade mark. During ten years of its existence his bureau has all necessary licenses and authorizations which usually allow all design professionals to cover all requests from developer`s side.

Oppenheim Architecture + Design

Ming Lai Architects Inc


M L A I p r o v i d e s s e r v i c e t o l a r g e - s c a l e m i x- u s e development projects, office buildings, star hotels, service apartments, corporation headquarters and many more. Its distinctive style hints of the design philosophy of master architect Mies Van der Rohe. To the premise of rationality and economics, it is able to incorporate local culture and traditions with the use of technological advances and ideas of sustainable construction to create simple, but elegant architecture.

Oppenheim Architecture + Design is an architecture, interior design, and planning firm based in Miami with an office in Basel, Switzerland. With over 60 firm distinctions, including over 40 AIA Awards, the work is based on both a physical and spiritual contextual sensitivity, supported by evocative and economic design solutions. The firm designs with a sensitivity towards man and nature, harmonizing with the surroundings of each context. Projects spanning 25 countries are crafted to establish the perfect balance between artistry and economics - a timeless architecture that is as beautiful as it is functional. The firm specializes in mixed-use hotels and resorts, retail, commercial offices, and residential buildings worldwide that all serve to ENHANCE LIFE.

Rafael de La-Hoz Rafael de La-Hoz (Cordoba, Spain) is an architect (ETSAM) and MDI (Master’s degree in Management for Construction and Property Companies) from the Polytechnic University of Madrid. For more than two decades he has managed his own architectural studio, specializing both in urban planning projects and in the design and construction of notable architectural complexes in Spain, the United Arab Emirates, Hungary, Portugal, Poland or Rumania, with a wide presence nowadays in France, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Marocco or Panama. His work has been described in several monographs and specialized national and international journals.

Holzer Kobler Architekturen

Annette Gigon and Mike Guyer Annette Gigon and Mike Guyer both graduated from the ETH Zurich and established their office together in 1989. With museum projects such as the Kirchner Museum in Davos, Museum Liner in Appenzell and the archaeological museum and park in Kalkriese near Osnabrück, Germany, they attracted international attention. Since 2012 Annette Gigon and Mike Guyer are Professors of Architecture and Technology at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) in Zurich. For their work Gigon and Guyer have been awarded many prizes within the country and abroad, including the Fritz Schumacher Prize in Germany, the RIBA Fellowship in Great Britain, and the Daylight Award, the highest endowed architecture prize in Switzerland.

David Chiperfield

H o l z e r K o b l e r Architekturen was formed in Zurich in 2004 by Barbara Holzer and Tristan Kobler. The studio operates internationally, covering a broad spectrum of activities from urban planning to architecture, from scenography to exhibition curatorship. A multidisciplinary team comprising architects, designers, graphic artists and curators shapes its special approach to projects. Close collaboration with clients in both public and private sectors is integral to Holzer Kobler Architekturen projects, as is a tightly knit network encompassing business, academia, research, arts and culture. A second studio in Berlin was founded in April 2012.

Sir David Chipperfield studied at Kingston School of Art and the Architectural Association in London. After graduating he worked at the practices of Douglas Stephen, Richard Rogers and Norman Foster. He established David Chipperfield Architects in 1985 in London and opened further practices in Berlin, Milan and Shanghai. David Chipperfield has taught and lectured worldwide. In 2009 David Chipperfield was awarded the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany and in 2010 he was knighted for services to architecture in the UK and Germany by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II. In 2012 David Chipperfield was Curator of the 13th International Architecture Exhibition of the Venice Biennale.

MADA s.p.a.m.

Max Dudler

Founded by Mr. QingYun Ma and ZhanHui Chen in 1996 in New York and, launched in Shanghai in 1999, MADA s.p.a.m. has been developed into the most energetic and creative design firm in China. Based on its trans-cultural mission and cross-pacific practice, MADA has become one of the most visible firms both in China and around the world through its critical thinking and participative practice. MADA s.p.a.m.'s work has been widely published and exhibited, including the first cultural facility exhibited in the Venice Biennale, the Pompidou Center in Paris, and the first solo show from China in Aedes Gallery in Berlin. Currently they have more than 50 designers and architects based in the head office in Shanghai.

Max Dudler was born in Altenrhein in Switzerland. He studied architecture at the Städelschule in Frankfurt am Main and at the Hochschule der Künste in Berlin. After working for Oswald Matthias Ungers, he founded a studio with Karl Dudler and Pete Wellbergen in 1986. In 1992 he set up his own firm, with branches in Berlin, Zurich and Frankfurt am Main. Max Dudler is professor at the Kunstakademie Düsseldorf. His Hambach Castle project in Neustadt an der Weinstrasse was honoured with the DAM Award for Architecture in Germany in 2012.

BAUM ARCHITECTS Bose International Planning and Architecture Bose International Planning and Architecture was established in 2001 by two architects, Oru Bose and M a r e k Tr y z y b o w i c z . T h e group provides quality design services in fields of master planning and mixeduse developments including: retail, office, residential, entertainment, sport and leisure. Projects designed by Bose International have been developed in the USA, India, Eastern and Central Europe, Middle East and China.The team’s philosophy reflects a global, international approach adapted to specific local conditions. It is Bose team unique expertise to successfully design multifunctional developments in geographically diverse and culturally sensitive locations.

Dedication to the Cause of Architecture. Since 1984, BAUM Architects has been performing a wide range of architectural design projects with a professionality and enthusiasm for the cause of architecture supported by the state-of-the-art expertise. Especially, BAUM’s design capability and professional technology is unparalleled in super tower design and its specialty teams are successfully leading the design in diversified fields such as cutting edge R&D facility, master plan, mixed-use development, sustainable environment, carbon-neutral building as well as BIM, creating its unique design value. Owing to it tangible experience, BAUM is currently extending its activity toward overseas market including China, Vietnam, Libya and Tanzania and establishing a high reputation as an international design firm.


PfZ Arquitectos

Architekturbuero Andrzej Kapuscik The study begins its activities on the year 1992 under the name Pfeifer-Zurdo Arquitectos, following the original founders Juan Pfeifer and Oscar Zurdo. On the year 2002, the study welcomed as partners the architects Eduardo Di Clérico, Walter Pfeifer, and Amelia Qüesta, and updated the name to PfZ Arquitectos/ Pfeifer-Zurdo-Di Clérico-Pfeifer-

Qüesta, as it is known to this day. Their professionals are part of an architecture group which specializes in mixed uses, urban planning, malls, residence buildings, hotels, and office buildings.

Architekturbuero Andrzej Kapuscik was founded by A. Kapuscik in 1996 in Vienna. In 2002, as a consequence of having won several competitions in the country and an adoption of a clear orientation towards the market in Poland, Andrzej Kapuscik, founded a new office in Warsaw – A. Kapuscik – Biuro Architektoniczne sp. z o. o. closely co-operating with the main office in Vienna. The creative potential of the offices is based on a long-lasting experience of their founder and architects co-operating with it for many years, as well as the creativity, ambitions, and a huge engagement of the team of young, talented architects.

BAU BAU was established in 1989 by professor Joan Busquets as an office for urban planning, urban design and architecture. Over the last 20 years BAU has gained international reputation for the successful implementation of complex design issues in the public realm. From beginning 2004, he leaderships BLAU team on Chinese projects such as Ningbo, Nanjing, Beijing, Wuhan, Tianjin, Shanghai, Rizhao and Shenzhen. He has been awarded recently the world-known Erasmus Prize from The Netherland in 2011; the Country Cultural Prize in Urbanism of Catalunya Spain; the Grand Prize in Urbanism from France in 2012.


PK ARKITEKTAR PK ARKITEKTAR is an icelandic based architecture and design studio estabilished in 1986 by the architect pálmar kristmundsson. Recently completed architectural projects comprise office buildings, single-family houses, sports facilities and interiors. PK ARKITEKTAR has finalized a master plan and completed two buildings at höfdatorg, an 80.000 square meter mixed-usage area in the center of reykjavik.Twice nominated for mies van der rohe awards, the studio has its work published in several design and architectural magazines such as A10, Forum (sweden), architectural review (uk), nikkei architecture (japan), living architecture (denmark), bauwelt (germany), ait (germany), wallpaper (uk), architecture mag (us), frame (holland), domus (italy), opus (germany) and l´architecture d´aujourd´hui (france).


Mixed Use Buildings - Sustainable Architectural Form towards the Low-carbon Cities  

ISBN: 978-7-5633-8727-4 480 Pages

Mixed Use Buildings - Sustainable Architectural Form towards the Low-carbon Cities  

ISBN: 978-7-5633-8727-4 480 Pages