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高迪国际HI-DESIGN PUBLISHING 编

欧式新古典

张华慧 李璐

Classic Works that Will Never Fade 永不褪色的经典之作

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高迪国际HI-DESIGN PUBLISHING 编 张华慧 李璐

Classic Works that Will Never Fade 永不褪色的经典之作


新 古 典 主 义 新古典主义作为一个独立的流派,最 早出现于 18 世纪中叶欧洲的建筑装饰设 计界,以及与之密切相关的家具设计界。 从法国开始,革新派的设计师们开始 对传统的作品进行改良简化,运用了许多 新的材料和工艺,但保留了古典主义作品 典雅端庄的高贵气质。这一风格很快取得 了成功,欧洲各地纷纷效仿,新古典主义 自此成为欧洲家居文化流派中特色鲜明的 重要一支,至今长盛不衰。


Origin 起 源

以复兴古希腊、罗马艺术为旗号的古典主义艺术 , 早

井然。套用马克思所提到的一句话来说,法国古典主义就

在 17 世纪的法国就已出现,一直延续到 19 世纪初叶,成

是穿着古罗马的服装,用借来的语言,上演世界历史的新

为欧洲文学艺术的主要思潮。所谓古典主义,就是以古希腊、 局面。 罗马的文学艺术为典范而得名。到了 18 世纪中叶,庞贝城

1789 年法国大革命前夕,资产阶级为取得革命的胜利,

的发掘,德国学者温克尔曼美学思想的传播,引起了人们

在意识形态领域高举反封建反宗教神权、争取人类理想胜

对古典主义的兴趣,古典主义又重新复兴起来,故称“新

利的旗帜,号召和组织人民大众为资产阶级革命而献身。

古典主义”。随着新古典主义的复兴,在 17 世纪出现了一

为取得这一革命斗争的彻底胜利,首先要在人们的心中注

个新现象。法兰西人作为拉丁民族,是古罗马的继承人。

入为革命献身的美德和勇气,那就是为共和国而战斗的英

在政治上罗马帝国始终是法兰西人心目中的光辉榜样。“帝

雄主义精神。古代希腊、罗马的英雄成了资产阶级所推崇

国”这个响亮的称号是当时法国统治阶级所心醉神迷的。

的偶像,资产阶级革命家利用这些古代英雄,号召人民大

他们想在法兰西的土地上恢复古罗马帝国在奥古斯都时代

众为真理而献身。正如马克思所指出的,他们战战兢兢地

的那种宏伟的气场,在文艺上也很想效仿古罗马的风格。

请出亡灵来帮助他们,借用亡灵的名字、战斗口号,穿着

所以说,法国古典主义的原型是拉丁古典主义。法国的 17

这种久受崇敬的服装,开创世界历史的新篇章。就在这样

世纪被称为路易十四时代,这位称霸欧洲的君主不忘建立

的历史环境下,产生了借用古代艺术形式和古代英雄主义

统一的官方艺坛。为国王及其统治集团服务的艺术,把古

题材,大造资产阶级革命舆论的新古典主义。

代和当时的思想、天主教和世俗的思想兼收并蓄,并让现

当时在西班牙全国掀起了驱逐耶稣会教士的活动,兴

实披上神话的外衣。它崇尚古典精神,严整、高贵且秩序

起了古典主义的建筑风格。在耶稣会失利的情况下,巴洛


克风格的建筑也随之日益衰落。来自法国的腓力五世,虽然是西班牙的国王,一心想着的却是法 国建筑风格。他从法国、意大利请来多位建筑师为他服务,极力提倡古典主义,如古典主义建筑 师巴·罗德里格斯·蒂松和胡安·德·比利亚努埃瓦等人。著名的马德里普拉多博物馆、天文台 就是后者的作品。


Expression 表

所谓“新古典主义”,首先是遵循唯理主义观点,认为艺 术必须从理性出发,排斥艺术家的主观思想感情,尤其是在社 会和个人利益冲突面前,个人要克制自己的感情,服从理智和 法律,倡导公民的完美道德就是牺牲自己,为祖国尽责。 “新 古典主义”的“新”在于借用古代英雄主义题材和表现形式, 直接描绘现实斗争中的重大事件和英雄人物,紧密配合现实斗 争,直接为资产阶级夺取政权和巩固政权服务,具有鲜明的现 实主义倾向。因此,新古典主义又称革命古典主义,它的杰出 代表是达维特。 新古典主义是在古典美学规范下,采用现代先进的工艺技 术和新材质,重新诠释传统文化的精神内涵,具有端庄、雅致、 明显的时代特征。古典与现代完美结合的新古典主义起源于古 典时代,却不是仿古、复古,而是推崇神似。所以新古典主义 的特点主要体现在以下几个方面: 1.“形散神聚”是新古典主义的主要特点。在注重装饰效 果的同时,用现代的手法和材质还原古典气质,具有古典与现 代的双重审美效果,其完美的结合也让人们在享受物质文明的 同时得到了精神上的慰藉。 2. 讲求风格,在造型设计上不是仿古,也不是复古,而是 追求神似。


3. 用简化的手法、现代的材料和加工技术追求 传统式样的大致轮廓特点。 4. 注重装饰效果,以室内陈设品增强历史文脉 特色,往往照搬古典设施、家具及陈设品,烘托室 内环境气氛。 5. 白色、金色、黄色、暗红色是欧式风格中常 见的主色调,少量白色糅合,使色彩看起来更加明亮。 新古典主义的室内设计去芜存菁,保留了路易 十四风格的线条,去除了线条上过多的繁杂装饰; 保留了细节,却不过多地堆砌细节以免失去重点; 保留了镶花刻金,却不是满眼金晃晃得让人眼拙。 这种保留了材质、色彩、风格,摒弃了过于复杂的 线条、装饰、肌理,却没有丢失个格,仍然可以让 人强烈地感受到传统的历史痕迹和浑厚的文化底蕴, 便是完美折中的新古典主义风格。 新古典主义的精华:深厚的底蕴、开放的姿态、 精致的细节。 新古典主义的特点:柔和的线条、金银暗调的 色彩、低调奢华的细节。 新古典主义的巧妙:可浓可淡,色泽上多用金 色和暗红色就浓烈而艳,稍加白色糅合则明亮而淡; 加以洛可可的配饰或巴洛克的油画,便尊贵雍容; 配上现代化的皮制品,或间接的床头灯,便优雅非凡。 这种多元化和可伸缩性,便是新古典主义后工 业时代个性化的独到之处。

新古典主义的设计风格其实就是经过改良的古 典主义风格。一方面保留了材质、色彩的大致风格, 同时摒弃了过于复杂的肌理和装饰,简化了线条。 新古典主义的灯具则将古典的繁杂雕饰予以简 化,并与现代的材质相结合,呈现古典而简约的新 风貌,是一种多元化的思考方式。将怀古的浪漫情 怀与现代人对生活的需求相结合,兼具华贵典雅与 时尚现代,彰显出后工业时代个性化的美学观念和 文化品位。


Development History 发展过程

在西方建筑史上,曾出现过两次新古典主义建筑风潮。 一次是从 18 世纪下半叶到 19 世纪末期 (1750—1899 年 ); 另一次是从 20 世纪五六十年代至今。 从 18 世纪 60 年代到 19 世纪,欧美一些国家流行一种 古典复兴建筑风格。当时,人们受到启蒙运动思想的影响, 考古发掘又使古希腊、罗马建筑艺术珍品大量出土,为这种 思想创造了借鉴的条件。采用这种建筑风格的主要是法院、 银行、交易所、博物馆、剧院等公共建筑和一些纪念性建筑, 而对一般的住宅、教堂、学校则影响不大。 法国在 18 世纪末 19 世纪初是欧洲新古典主义建筑活动 的中心。法国大革命时在巴黎兴建的万神庙是典型的古典式 建筑。拿破仑时代在巴黎兴建了许多纪念性建筑,其中雄师 凯旋门、马德兰教堂等都是古罗马建筑式样的翻版。


英国以复兴希腊建筑形式为主,如 伦敦的不列颠博物馆。德国柏林的勃兰 登堡门、柏林宫廷剧院都是复兴希腊建 筑形式的。其中,勃兰登堡门仿制雅典 卫城的山门建成。美国独立以前,建筑 造型多采用欧洲样式。独立后,美国借 助希腊、罗马的古典建筑表现民主、自由、 光荣和独立,因而大兴新古典主义建筑。 美国国会大厦仿照巴黎万神庙建成,极 力表现雄伟,强调纪念性。华盛顿特区 的林肯纪念堂等则充分体现了希腊建筑 形式,这种形式在其他一些纪念性建筑 和公共建筑中表现比较突出。

而在中国,恰恰也同样出现了两次新 古典主义建筑风潮,一次是从 19 世纪末至 20 世纪初,第一批新古典主义建筑随着殖 民主义所强加的文化殖民而出现。各式殖 民建筑对中国,尤其对中国沿海城市的建 筑影响颇深,在 20 世纪 30 年代达到鼎盛。 如天津、上海、大连、哈尔滨、青岛、广 州、沈阳等城市,西方古典主义建筑风格 甚至成为这些城市的“文脉”。中国的第 二次新古典主义风是从 20 世纪 80 年代开 始的,直到今天余波未止。如果说中国的 第一次新古典主义建筑风潮是两方殖民主 义强加的产物,那么第二次在某种意义上 则是自发或主动的。由此,“欧式建筑” 在大众的眼中变成了一种高尚生活的象征, 全国上下掀起了一股巨大的“欧陆旋风”。 这种所谓的欧式风格建筑大多是把西洋古 典建筑的某种柱式、线脚、山花甚至穹隆 圆顶等造型元素,直接运用到立面设计中, 而这些造型元素各自及整体的构图比例、 组合关系往往不严格遵循古典建筑的设计 原则和章法,随意性大,设计质量普遍不高。


Design Connotation 设计内涵

欧洲文化丰富的艺术底蕴,开放、创新的设计思想及其 尊贵的姿容,一直以来颇受大众喜爱与追捧。新古典主义从 简单到繁杂、从整体到局部,精雕细琢、镶花刻金给人以一 丝不苟的印象。一方面保留了材质、色彩的大致风格,同时 摒弃了过于复杂的肌理和装饰,简化了线条。

Design Style 设计风格

新古典主义的设计风格其实是经过改良的古典主义风格。览尽所有设计思想、所有设计风格,无外乎是对生活的一种态度 而已。为业主设计适合现代人居住、功能性强并且风景优美的古典主义风格建筑时,能否敏锐地把握客户需求,这实际上对设 计师们提出了更高的要求。无论是家具还是配饰,均以其优雅、唯美的姿态,平和而富有内涵的气韵,彰显出居室主人高雅之 品位、贵族之身份。常见的壁炉、水晶宫灯、罗马古柱亦是新古典主义的点睛之笔。


高雅而和谐是新古典主义的代名词。白色、金色、黄色、 暗红色是欧式风格中常见的色调,糅合少量白色,色彩看起 来明亮、大方,整个空间给人以开放、宽容的非凡气度,丝 毫不显局促。 新古典主义的灯具在与其他家居元素的组合搭配上也有 文章。在卧室里,可以将新古典主义的灯具配以洛可可式的 梳妆台、古典床头蕾丝垂幔,再摆上一两件古典样式的装饰 品,如小爱神——丘比特像,或挂一幅巴洛克时期的油画, 让人们体会到古典的优雅与雍容。现在,也有人将欧式古典 家具和中式古典家具摆放在一起,中西合璧,使东方的内敛 与西方的浪漫相融合,也别有一番风情。 新古典主义,更像是一种多元化的思考方式,将怀古的 浪漫情怀与现代人对生活的需求相结合,兼具华贵典雅与时 尚现代,彰显出后工业时代个性化的美学观点和文化品位。 如果说现代主义建筑创造的是一种工业化时代的技术 美,那么,新古典主义建筑创造的则是植根于后工业时代的 一种有内涵的形式美。在现代主义建筑中,我们看到的是一 种超越历史时空的工业理性,一种不顾一切的非文化性商业 动机;新古典主义建筑则不同,它着重要表现的是一种历史 感,一种文化纵深感,在这类建筑中,你可以看到某种厚重 的沉甸甸的东西——文化意蕴。就像一首充满典故和丰富历 史隐喻的意境美好的诗歌,新古典主义建筑在其表面形式和 文化内涵之间,创造了一种意义的合成,一种立体的美学合 成。你可以赞美它的浑厚,可以批评它的古奥,也可以抨击 它的怪诞,但是,你无法否认它所具有的深远的文化意义。


Design techniques 设计技巧

新古典主义打破古典框架,突出浓重的现代风格,简 约而充满激情,清新而不失厚重,在追求细节精致的同时, 突出简约舒适的实用功能,以及华美的古典精髓。在这些流 行元素中,家具的创意造型仍是精髓所在,在中式古典装饰 风格中 , 越来越多的人选择了精美、独特、敦实、稳重的 红木家具;而在饰品中,水晶等华美精致的装饰物和考究 的手绘装饰画成为点睛之笔;布艺方面,色调淡雅、纹理丰 富、手感舒适的纯麻、精棉、真丝、绒布等华贵的天然面料 都是必然之选。


餐厅内的精致无处不在,从舒适别致的餐椅,到餐桌上 的水晶花瓶、风情高脚杯,再到壁画、窗帘,每一样都是精选。 即便角落中简单摆放的休闲椅也很考究,颇具艺术感的花瓶、 生机盎然的盆栽、充满现代感的地灯相映成趣。精致更是一 种追求,从托盘到酒杯,即使无美酒,也仿佛清香四溢。

造型简约的深色家具是新古典主义家居风格的主调,饰品的选择则极尽精致考究,从水晶球到手绘建筑风景,奢贵之感绝 非一蹴而就,新古典主义家居风格打破传统的古典框架,将繁复的装饰凝练为含蓄雅致,于古典中注入简约现代的设计,使家 居装饰更有灵性。白、金、银、黄、暗红色是新古典主义家居风格中常见的主色调,窗帘面料以纯棉、麻质等自然舒适的面料 为主,花型讲究韵律,弧线、螺旋形状的花型较为常见,力求在线条的变化中充分展现古典与现代相结合的精髓之美。


Design Features 设计特色

一、艳丽而丰富的色彩。波菲尔的意大利广场,摩尔

二、把古典元素抽象为符号,在建筑中,既作为装饰,又

的 游 泳 池 与 桑 拿 浴 室 更 衣 室( 加 州,1967,Klotz,160),

起到隐喻的作用。如菲利普·约翰逊、文丘里、格里夫斯和

文 丘 里 和 约 翰· 洛 奇 的 纽 黑 文 狄 克 斯 威 尔 消 防 站 (1970—

雅马萨基的一些作品,古典的柱式、拱券乃至山花和线脚,

1973,Klotz,158),文丘里、约翰·洛奇和斯科特·布朗的

在很大程度上,是在历史与现实、建筑与环境之间建立一种

BASCO 超级市场(费城,1976,Klotz,157)和 BEST 超级市场

文脉上的联系,并产生修辞效果。

(宾夕法尼亚,1977,Klotz,157)等作品,通过色彩的巧妙对比,

三、粗与细、雅与俗的对比。在许多新古典主义建筑师

创造了美妙的画境效果。尤其是文丘里等人设计的 BASCO 超级市

的作品中,可以很明显地看到,一方面是高雅精致的细部,

场和 BEST 超级市场,或以体形巨大、色彩艳丽的字母装饰店面,

一方面又有低俗粗犷的浑朴,两种对比鲜明的风格既对抗又

或以巨大的梅花图案装饰墙体,不避雅俗,构思大胆,充分显示

统一。文丘里的作品,多为一种美丽的混乱;而斯特恩的一

了它所标榜的“要素混杂”之美。

些作品,则堪称浑朴与典雅完美结合的范例。


PREFACE Ⅰ 序言一

Catherine Knight, AIA, Principal Knight Architects, LLC 凯瑟琳·奈特 美国建筑师协会会长 奈特建筑有限责任公司

The Parthenon in Athens or the Pantheon in Rome are considered as two greatest buildings of the true “classical” style of architecture. The Parthenon, built in the 5th century B.C. is a stunning example of the Doric style, a rectangular building with Doric columns (simple with rounded tops) across the front. The Pantheon was built in 126 A.D. It is a round building with a square front having Corinthian columns (fancier than the Doric column in that it has more ornate carvings or images at the top) again across the front and the full height of the building. This “classical” style was revived in the 18th and 19th centuries in Europe and America and became known as the “Neo-classical” style of architecture. The word “Neo-classicism” is defined in Webster’s Dictionary as “relating, or constituting a revival or adaptation of the classical especially in literature, music, art or architecture”. The Neoclassical style is not one singular style but incorporates a variety of styles (Greek Revival, Federalist, Anti-Bellum and Beaux Arts). Although these styles were different, they all shared some common elements: columns, pediments, domes, and a symmetrical balance in the design. In England in the 18th century, the Greek Revival style became the dominant force for architecture and is visible today in many of Britain’s most important public buildings, including the Theatre Royal, Covent Gardens, the British Museum and the National Gallery, to name a few. In the United States, the Greek influence caught on in the late

18th and early 19th centuries and can be seen in many of our public buildings (The White House and The Supreme Court) but became very popular for residential buildings. One of the most famous examples of neoclassical architecture in a residence is that of Thomas Jefferson’s Monticello in Virginia. It is symmetry on a grand scale. If you look at a picture of Monticello, you can see many of the elements of Neo-classical style: the dome, columns, the balance of each wing and the essence of style. Mount Vernon, George Washington’s home, also in VA, is another good example of the Neo-classical style. Particularly in the Southern and Eastern United States, the neoclassical inf luences abound in residential, public and private buildings, particularly institutions of higher learning. In residential buildings, this style does seem to symbolize wealth and success, but the beauty of the style is in the symmetry of both the front and rear of the home. You will typically see the columns in the front with a doorway which may have a decorative surround and a pediment above the door, evenly spaced windows divided into 6 or 8 panes and the rear of the home may have a porch again with columns and a feeling of balance. As you review the homes in this book, you will note many of these qualities and sense the grandness, the simplicity of balance and how the elements all work together to create a timeless and extraordinary design.

雅典的帕特农神庙和罗马的万神庙可谓“古典主义”建筑的代表作。帕特农

(白宫、最高法院)都可以窥见一斑,后来该风格开始在民间流行。新古典主义

神庙建于公元前 5 世纪,是典型的多利克式建筑,长方形的建筑,前部饰有多利

最著名的例子是托马斯·杰弗逊在弗吉尼亚为自己设计的故居——蒙蒂塞洛庄园,

克石柱(简单的石柱,顶部为圆形)。万神庙建于公元 126 年,为圆形建筑,前

它是整体对称的。如果你看一下蒙蒂塞洛的照片,就会发现很多新古典主义的核

部饰有科斯林柱(比多利克柱更繁复,顶部雕有装饰花纹或图形)。古典主义在

心元素:穹顶、石柱、两边侧翼的平衡等。弗吉尼亚州的另一著名建筑——弗农

18 世纪和 19 世纪的欧洲得到了复兴,被建筑界称为“新古典主义”。

山庄,乔治·华盛顿的故居,也是新古典主义的典型范例。

在韦氏词典中,“新古典主义”一词被定义为“在文学、音乐或建筑等领域

新古典主义建筑对美国公共建筑和民居的影响主要是在南部和东部地区,尤

复兴或者改进古典主义的内容”。新古典主义不止一种风格,它包含一系列的风

其是高等学府。在民居中,这样的风格代表着财富和成功,但其美感却在于建筑

格(希腊复兴、联邦风格、战前风格、美术风格),虽然它们不尽相同,但都具

物的前后对称。在门廊处饰有石柱,柱身有装饰,正门上方有山墙。作为平衡,

有一些共同的元素,如石柱、山墙、穹顶以及建筑设计中的对称结构。在 18 世

窗户大多有 6 或 8 个窗格,房子的后部也有带柱子的门廊。当看到这些房子的图

纪的英国,希腊复兴建筑成为主流建筑,许多英国重要的公共建筑物得以保存至

片时,你会发现很多这样的特征,会感受到它们气势恢宏、简洁对称。所有这些

今,如皇家剧院、科芬花园、大英博物馆和伦敦国家美术馆等。

元素结合在一起,成就了恒久流传、超凡脱俗的建筑风格。

在美国,希腊复兴建筑的流行始于 18 世纪末 19 世纪初,从许多公共建筑上


PREFACE II 序言二

Timothy Corrigan, Principal Timothy Corrigan, Inc 蒂莫西·科里根 首席设计师 蒂莫西·科里根公司

Even after its birth about 250 years ago, the Neo-classical style is still considered the epitome of refined elegance, beauty and grace in architecture and the decorative arts. The Neo-classical style with its clean lines and rigid symmetry was first developed in France in the mid-18th century and was quickly adopted throughout Europe. A direct result of the Enlightenment movement, the tastemakers of the period had become tired of the perceived excess of the previous century that was typified by the Rococo style, turned for inspiration to classical art and a desire to move away from overtly grand public spaces to create rooms that are more intimate and of human scale. The Neo-classical style, based on straight lines and rectilinear forms, used a selection of classical ornaments that were first applied to French architecture and decorative arts during the 1760s.

My home in France’s famed Loire Valley, the Chateau du GrandLuce, has been called “one of the most precious elements of architecture of the French Enlightenment”. It is featured here in this book, as well as a book that I wrote entitled: “An Invitation to Chateau du Grand-Luce”. The chateau is a wonderful representation of how the principles of Neo-classical architecture continue to define elegant living on a human scale. What one finds at my chateau is how a structure as potentially imposing as Neoclassican chateau in the French countryside can be turned into a warm inviting place for the way that people actually live today. The guiding principles of Neo-classical architecture (symmetry, clean lines, human-scaled rooms) can be applied equally well to recreations of the past and even to the most contemporary forms of architecture.

即便是在其诞生后大约 250 年前,新古典主义风格仍旧被认为是建筑与装饰

我的家坐落于法国著名的卢瓦尔河谷——大吕克城堡,它被称为“法国启蒙

艺术里精致、美丽、高贵和优雅的象征。以简洁的线条和严格的对称著称的新古

运动最珍贵的元素之一”。它在本书里闪亮登场,在我写的那本《大吕克城堡的

典主义风格在 18 世纪中叶首先在法国得以发展,并迅速风靡整个欧洲。启蒙主

邀请》一书中也有它的“靓影”。这座城堡再现了新古典主义建筑原则诠释人性化、

义运动带来的直接结果之一是这一期间的时尚弄潮儿已对先前泛滥的典型的洛可

高雅的居住理念的全过程。在我的城堡里,一座法国乡村的新古典主义城堡华丽

可式样产生了视觉疲劳,继而转向寻找古典艺术灵感,并渴望摒弃过于宏大的公

变身为一个温暖诱人之所、一个适宜现代人实际生活之地。新古典主义建筑的指

共空间,转而打造更多加贴心、人性化的精致客房。基于直线和直线形式的新古

导原则 (对称、流线型、人性化的空间设计)同样适用于过去的娱乐消遣建筑,

典主义风格在 18 世纪 60 年代被首次应用于法国建筑和装饰艺术的经典作品之中。

甚至适用于当代建筑。


CONTENTS 目

020

Beaux Art Beverly Hills 纯美比弗利山庄

058

Classical House North London 北伦敦古典房屋

070

142

French Chateau 法式城堡

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Brumfield

布拉姆菲尔德住宅

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Hotel Grande Bretagne

Noonan Georgian

090

176

布列塔尼豪华大酒店

努南佐治亚住宅

Farmington, CT Home

Château du Grand-Lucé

104

186

康涅狄格州法明顿住宅

Potomac Estate III 波托马克河房产(三)

114

大吕克城堡

Krone Georgian 克罗恩佐治亚住宅

198

Neo-classical Residence, Princeton, New Jersey

Livre Chinois Town House in New York

130

214

新泽西州普林斯顿新古典主义住宅

King George Athens 雅典乔治国王酒店

纽约中式联排别墅

Hotel del Casco 德尔卡斯科酒店


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308

Gran Meliá Fénix

Malinard Manor

232

322

格兰梅里亚芬尼克斯酒店

玛琳娜德庄园

Tottenham Court Road, London

Casa Gangotena

240

330

伦敦托特纳姆宫廷路建筑

Highland Park House 高地公园住宅

卡萨干戈缇娜酒店

Palazzo Parigi Hotel & Grand Spa, Milan 米兰巴黎宫大酒店

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Downing College 唐宁学院

260

Parkland Residence 帕克兰公馆

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Seaside Residence 海滨公馆

292

Casey Key Mansion 凯西别墅

342

Waldorf Astoria Shanghai on the Bund 上海外滩华尔道夫酒店


BEVERLY HILLS, CA, USA

Beaux Art Beverly Hills 纯美比弗利山庄

ARCHITECT BRIAN BIGLIN FIRM BIGLIN ARCHITECTURAL GROUP BUILDER FINTON CONSTRUCTION AREA 3,252 m2 PHOTOGRAPHER ERHARD PFEIFFER

Inspired by the owner’s affection for Versailles and its ever-breathtaking architectural history, this palatial Beverly Hills home rests in a prime Los Angeles location. The home is intricately detailed, harkening back to the designs of Newport homes in the days of Robber Barons. With Brian Biglin as the architect and John Finton as the builder, the home juxtaposes luxury, creativity, and uniqueness to create the ideal modern palace. Being devoted to find the best possible options for the owner, John Finton travelled through Europe and Asia to find Portuguese hand-carved limestone that now fills the home. The exterior doors and windows are laced with bronze, while over a million dollars’ worth of gold laces the home in plated moldings. Remy Garnier, one of the most prestigious hardware companies that date back to 1874 in Paris, contributes the breathtaking door hardware. The awe-inspiring Beverly Hills draws on the historical Parisian architectural style, and more specifically designs from Versailles to become a project much more than just architecture, but rather, a work of art.

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它的建造灵感来源于业主对凡尔赛宫的钟爱以及其令人叹为观止的建筑历史。富丽堂皇的比 弗利山庄栖身在洛杉矶的最佳地段。该住宅结构复杂,做工精细,借鉴了强盗贵族时期的新港设 计精髓。建筑师布莱恩·比格林和建筑商约翰·芬顿联袂打造了集奢华、创新和独特于一体的梦 幻般的现代宫殿。 约翰·芬顿为了探索最佳的建筑方案,走遍了欧洲和亚洲,直到遇到了现如今已成功“入驻” 比弗利山庄的葡萄牙手工雕刻石灰岩。外部的门窗口镶有青铜器。价值超过 100 万美金的黄金镀 敷之上,金碧辉煌。可以追溯到 1874 年的巴黎,最负盛名的五金公司之一 ——雷米·卡尼尔为 比弗利山庄安装了令人惊艳的门用五金。这座令人叹为观止的比弗利山庄借鉴了巴黎建筑风格, 尤其是凡尔赛宫的建筑特色,绝非一座建筑而已,而是一件精美绝伦的艺术品。

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London, UK

Classical House North London 北伦敦古典房屋

Designer SHH Area 790 m2 Photographer James Balston

The architects and designers of SHH have completed the new interior design and decoration of an elegant and classically-built 790 m2 North London property - for the second time! The previous owner had engaged the services of SHH to fully refurbish this home to an extremely high interior architectural standard and its new owner followed suit, briefing SHH’s Residential Interiors Team to create a new interiors scheme to fulfil their particular vision, which was to combine “the relaxed feel of Ralph Lauren with the grandeur of a Four Seasons hotel” . The house is entered via a solid panelled door into an elegant double

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volume space, dominated by a free floating stone stair case and a giant nickel lantern, which hangs from the cupola on the second level. The floor is laid in classical black and white stone, set out in an overscaled diagonal pattern with matching borders. The entire double volume area, including the skirting, has been finished in a cream limestone. Grand classical architraves and pediments, dental cornicing and the entire staircase were all hewn from the same limestone. The stair is further enhanced with a solid mahogany banister rail, which is repeated in the doors leading to the reception, kitchen and family room.


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To the left of the entrance to the reception room sits an 18th antique English mahogany hall table, complete with grey marble top, as well as a French arm chair. To update the chair, the seat was upholstered in leather and the back was covered in a rich tapestry fabric. To the right as one enters from outside, sits a unique English hall consul in a violin shape with a black basalt top and, over this, a Classical English mahogany mirror. Lighting here consists of a giant nickel ceiling pendant from Charles Edwards, in the style of a Chinese lantern, as well as two pairs of French wall sconce candelabra. The stair runner is a bespoke Aubusson design from Tim Page Carpets. The entire first floor is occupied by the master suite, which is entered by way of the grand mahogany double doors. The floor finish here is new oak parquet in the Versailles style. The room very much carries on the theme of the rest of the house with the use of the high gloss lacquer and wood furniture, all from Ralph Lauren. The centre piece of the room is definitely the leather bed from Baxter, which dominates, but doesn’t overcrowd the room. Other key features include curtains made from a soft sage tapestry linen from De La Cuona, bespoke gilded stools from David Salmon and a further leather chair from Baxter.

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该建筑位于伦敦北部,占地 790 平方米,散发着古典优雅的气息。这是 SHH 的建筑师和设计师第二次完成 该房屋的全新内部设计及装饰。先前的业主曾委托 SHH 承接房屋的全面翻新工作以呈现较高的室内建筑水准, 而新业主承袭了之前的诉求并简要地委托 SHH 住宅室内设计团队制订新的室内设计计划以实现其独特的构想: 将拉夫劳伦品牌的轻松与四季酒店的宏伟完美统一。 建筑的入口处是一扇牢固的镶板门,随后映入眼帘的是优雅的双层空间,特色是浮动式的石质阶梯和一个高 巨大的镍质吊灯。地面铺设古典的黑白理石,错落叠加的大尺度形式打造出夸张的边界效果。整个双层空间,包 括壁角板,都选用奶油色的石灰岩。宏伟的古典框缘、楣饰、飞檐和整个楼梯台阶都选用同一种石灰岩。楼梯的 栏杆选用坚实的红木,格调高雅。通往待客厅、厨房及家庭活动室的房门也均选用此木。 待客厅入口的左侧是 18 世纪的英式古风红木迎宾桌,配有灰色理石桌面,旁边是一把法式红木扶手椅。为 了使椅子更具现代感,椅面以皮革装饰,椅背配以艳丽的挂毯织物。入口的右侧是一个别致的英式大堂雕塑,呈 小提琴状,顶部为黑色玄武岩,雕塑正上方是古典的英式红木镜子。悬于穹顶上的查尔斯爱德华兹时期的巨大镍 质吊灯,仿拟了中国灯笼的风格,与两组法式壁挂烛台一起为房间提供照明。台阶上的条形毯是从 Tim Page 地毯 公司定制的,由奥布松设计。 第一层是主卧套房,由宏伟的红木双扇门进入。地面铺设凡尔赛风格的橡木地板。每间房间都使用了拉夫劳 伦高光泽漆,配有拉夫劳伦的实木家具。房间中最醒目的当数 Baxter 的皮质床具,它占据房间中心却丝毫不让房 间显得局促。其他亮点包括来自 Da La Cuona 的柔软亚麻挂毯、David Salmon 的定制镀金凳子和 Baxter 的皮质椅子。

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Athens, Greece

Hotel Grande Bretagne 布列塔尼豪华大酒店

ARCHITECT Pantelis Masouridis

The prestigious Hotel Grande Bretagne re-opened on March 17, 2003, after a USD $100 million restoration. The restoration followed the signing of a new management contract between Lampsa Greek Hotels Company, a public company that has owned the Hotel Grande Bretagne since 1874, and Starwood Hotels & Resorts Worldwide, Inc. The Hotel Grande Bretagne now operates under “The Luxury Collection” brand. The Hotel Grande Bretagne, is a local landmark situated in the very heart of Athens. The property was built in 1862, and has hosted politicians, diplomats, famous movie stars and VIPs from all over the world. The Hotel Grande Bretagne boasts 320 rooms and suites offering spectacular views of Athens. Its interior, designed by architects of the internationally renowned American company Hirsch, Bedner & Associates, combines state-of-the-art technology with luxurious comfort. In addition to the new rooms, the hotel features new luxury areas,

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such as the Grand Ballroom and the Golden Room, dedicated to celebrations, events and conferences. The Hotel’s numerous restaurants and bars conjure up an atmosphere of distinct elegance. The new Royal Suite takes luxury to a new height with features such as private sauna and gym, dining room and fireplaces. Additionally, a Presidential Suite features Greek architectural masterpieces in its 200 m2. The hotels exclusive Butler service guarantees that guests’ wishes are responded to immediately. An impressive SPA and wellness center with an indoor-pool, rooms for beauty and relaxation treatments as well as a brandnew fitness center featuring the latest sports equipment have also been introduced as part of the refurbishment. The highlight is the rooftop swimming pool with a sun deck and a pool bar with a wonderful view to the city and the Acropolis.


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著名的布列塔尼豪华大酒店在经过了耗资一亿美元的修缮后于 2003 年 3 月 17 日重新营业。 此次修缮按照 Lampsa 希腊酒店公司与喜达屋公司签订的新的管理合同进行,前者作为一家上 市公司,从 1874 年以来一直拥有该酒店。酒店目前以 “豪华酒店”的品牌理念来运营。 布列塔尼豪华大酒店位于雅典市中心,是当地的地标性建筑。建筑始建于 1862 年,曾接 待过政治家、外交官、著名影星及来自全世界的重要人士。 布列塔尼豪华大酒店拥有 320 间客房和套房 , 并可以一览壮丽的雅典城美景。其内部建 筑是由国际知名的美国设计公司 HBA 设计的,体现了科学技术与奢华舒适的完美结合。 除了崭新的房间,酒店更设有奢华区域,如大型舞厅、金色房间等专门用于特殊庆典、 社交活动、商务会议等事宜。酒店内众多的餐厅、酒吧营造出别致高雅的氛围。 全新的皇家套房引领奢华的时尚潮流,内设桑拿健身房、餐厅和壁炉。另有 200 平方米 的具有浓郁希腊建筑风格特色的总统套房。酒店特有的男管家服务保证在第一时间对客人的诉 求作出回应。 令人难以忘怀的水疗及康体中心、美容休闲厅以及配有最新运动设备的全新健身中心都 是酒店重新修缮过的部分。酒店的亮点非屋顶泳池莫属,泳池配有遮阳棚和一个池畔吧,在这 里可将整个雅典卫城的美景尽收眼底。

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FARMINGTON, CONNECTICUT, USA

Farmington, CT Home 康涅狄格州法明顿住宅

DESIGNER DEBRA J. STEIN, ASID FIRM DEBRA J INTERIORS ARCHITECT JACK KEMPER, AIA AREA 1,022 m2 PHOTOGRAPHER RANDALL PERRY

The property on Northeast Road was established in 1958. The design goal was to fully utilize the potential of this site while maintaining the eclectic charm of the house and to reflect the owner’s taste and lifestyle. When entering the estate, one would first notice the interesting design of the marble floors in the foyer. As you walk through the home, you will be surprised that there is nothing predictable about the floor plan or its design elements. The detailed wainscoting; it is just one of the many custom elements which make this home so dramatic. Custom cabinetry, faux painted molding, and architectural detailed ceilings all add a special feeling to the property. Every design detail has been addressed, even the unique tiling on the

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risers of the staircases. Just to the left of the foyer is an impressive two-story classical library that is accented in reddish hues and surprises you with its dynamic red ceiling. The expansive living room has strong architectural elements juxtaposed against its soft pink hues. The combination is pure elegance. The master suite has his & her bathrooms, its own private sitting room and a sleeping chamber with a fireplace, inlayed within the custom built-ins. This beauty and elegance extends to the outside space. Terraces are layered on the outside of the house to insure that the views of the Connecticut River Valley are captured from all angles.


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该案于 1958 年建造在东北大道之上。 设计旨在兼收并蓄、博采众长,充分挖掘该址的潜力,并体现业主的品位和生活方式。 一步入房门,首先映入眼帘的是门厅处有趣的大理石地板设计。当你徜徉在屋内,会惊诧于 意料之外的楼层平面布局和设计元素。精雕细琢的护墙板只是让这个家变得如此别具一格、精美 绝伦的定制元素之一。定制家具、装饰画、雕梁画栋等都给该案增添了独特的韵味。每一个设计 细节都被淋漓尽致地展现出来,就连楼梯的竖板上的瓷砖都别出心裁、与众不同。门厅左侧是令 人印象深刻的两层古典式图书馆,炫目的红色调与极具动感的红色天花板让人惊艳不已。 客厅明亮、宽敞,建筑元素具有很强的感染力,配以柔和的粉红色调,绝对高端大气、优雅得体。 主人套房有浴室、私人会客厅和卧室,并配有内嵌式壁炉。 美丽和优雅由内向外散发出来。阳台位于屋外以确保把康涅狄格河谷的全景尽收眼底。

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HOUSTON, TEXAS, USA

French Chateau 法式城堡

ARCHITECT ROBERT DAME DESIGNS CONSTRUCTION CHRISTOPHER SIMS CUSTOM HOMES AREA 2,787 m2 PHOTOGRAPHER MARK KNIGHT PHOTOGRAPHY

This expansive home in an upscale private community of Houston, Texas was inspired by French chateau style architecture. The home includes 7 bedrooms and 10 bathrooms. With over 2,787 m2 of covered area and 2,415 m2 of living area, this home features several specialty rooms including a theatre, commercial kitchen, arcade, pavilion, cabana, photo room, salon and billiard room. There are fine finishes throughout the interior of the home such as cherry and walnut flooring, plaster mouldings, white oak raised paneling, and fine wood cabinetry. The exterior of the home is composed of plaster and stone with a slate roof and lead-coated copper finials, gutters and downspouts. This Christopher Sims Custom Home won several Houston Prism Awards, including Custom Home of the Year, Best Custom Home Kitchen and Best Custom Home Elevation.

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该案是坐落于德克萨斯州休斯敦的一处高档私人社区里的一栋大宅,设计灵感来源于法国城 堡式风格建筑。大宅包括 7 间卧室和 10 间浴室。建筑面积为 2787 平方米,居住面积为 2415 平方 米。该大宅还建有特色房,包括:剧院、商业厨房、拱廊、亭榭、茅舍、照相馆、沙龙和桌球室。 大宅内部的饰面十分考究,精益求精,例如:樱桃木和胡桃木地板、石膏装饰线、白橡木凸镶板 以及细木家具。大宅外观由石膏、石头,以及石板屋顶、铅镀铜窗帘杆头、铅镀铜水槽、铅镀铜 落水管等打造而成。这幢克里斯托弗·西姆斯定制大宅荣获了多个光电行业的休敦顿棱镜奖,包括: 年度最佳定制大宅奖、最佳定制厨房奖、最佳定制大宅立面奖。

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USA

Brumfield 布拉姆菲尔德住宅

Architect William T. Baker & Associates, Ltd.

This expansive mansion leaves people the impression of meticulosity from simplicity to intricacy, from the whole to the parts. Every detail counts, with every detailing finely crafted. Whiling maintaining the general style of textures and colors, it discards overly complex textures and decorations and simplifies lines without losing the strong feeling of history and rich cultural heritage. European furnishings are famous for magnificence and elegance, which pay special attention to the design of the detailing. The Neo-classical European furniture is an eclectic mix of luxury and elegance of the European royal. With strong feelings and atmosphere of arts, it fully demonstrates the owner’s taste of culture. It is a perfect combination of luxury and arts, which also holds people’s expectation for romance and happiness.

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该座大宅设计上从简单到繁杂、从整体到局部,精雕细琢,给人以一丝不苟的印象。它一方 面保留了材质、色彩的大致风格,同时摒弃了过于复杂的肌理和装饰,简化了线条,却仍然可以 让人很强烈地感受到传统的历史痕迹与浑厚的文化底蕴。欧式家具多以大气、优雅著称,在设计 上尤其注重细节。而欧式新古典家具,更是兼具了欧洲皇家的奢华与典雅,艺术感十足,充分展 现了业主的文化品位,是奢华与艺术的完美结合,也承载着人们对浪漫和幸福的期盼。

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usa

Noonan Georgian 努南佐治亚住宅

Architect William T. Baker Firm William T. Baker & Associates, Ltd.

The house seems to have existed for 100 years, but actually its real “age” is less than 10 years. Classical design is not the mere replication of historical forms as what we thought. The designers are fond of applying classical forms and spaces into contemporary living environments. Taking Mr. Baker’s recent work for example, he laid

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emphasis on natural stones which not only endows the building with classical charm, but also integrates the building with the natural environment. Extremely elaborate main entrance and staircase are the favorite of every Neo-classicist. The entire residential design represents the exceptionally high-end lifestyle.


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这座看上去已有 100 年的房子,房龄其实不到 10 年。古典主义设计不像我们想象的那样仅仅是 历史形式的复制,设计师更加热衷于将古典的形式和空间运用到当代的生活环境之中。以贝克先生 近期的作品来说,他非常注重天然石材的运用,使得建筑既有古典神韵,又能与自然环境相融合。 非常精致的大门入口以及楼梯是所有钟情新古典主义者的最爱。整个住宅的设计彰显出高端奢华的 生活方式。

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Loire Valley, France

Château du Grand-Lucé 大吕克城堡

Designer Timothy Corrigan FIRM Timothy Corrigan, Inc. Original Architect Mattieu de Bayeaux Area 319,700 m2 Main Material French Limestone Photographer Eric Piasecki

The chateau, which is a French Historical Landmark, needed a total restoration, as there was no working electricity, bathrooms or kitchen in the main chateau. The objective was to appropriately update the structure for use as a vacation home while maintaining all of the architectural integrity of the 18th century. From a design perspective, the goal was to create an environment of comfortable elegance befitting the grandeur of the chateau and its role in France history.

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大吕克城堡,作为法国的地标性建筑,由于主体没有工作用电、淋浴 间和厨房,需要一次全面修缮。此次修缮是在保留其 18 世纪建筑的完整性 的基础上,适当地更新建筑结构从而打造一个度假式的家园。从设计角度 来讲,此次设计力求营造一个舒适高雅的环境,以彰显宏伟的法式城堡在 法国历史中的重要作用。

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USA

Krone Georgian 克罗恩佐治亚住宅

Architect William T. Baker Firm William T. Baker & Associates, Ltd.

This project continues the basic style of texture and color of the classical European style. The architect illustrates his excellent craftsmanship in the detailing, from the whole to the parts, from the orientation of the elements to the selection of materials, every small detail making a big difference, keeping the nobleness and elegance of classicism. Each space has its different functional requirements. The designers use the contrast of colors and change of patterns and other particular treatments to deploy the interior environmental

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experiences through various modern furnishings, and complete the space division without changing the overall style. Neo-classicism is for the purpose of respecting nature, pursuing the truth and reviving the ancient art form. However, it archaizes but not restores. On the basis of the rules of modern arts, Neo-classicism takes the outline features of traditional style, using simplified techniques to keep the classic elegance, dignity and nobleness and enables people to achieve the spiritual pursuit while enjoying the material civilization.


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该案延续了古典欧式中材质和色彩的基础格调,设计师在方案中精雕细琢,从整体到局部,从元素的定 位到材料的选取,点滴间可见其用心,最大限度地保持了古典主义风格高贵、典雅的气质。 每个空间有不同的功能需求,设计师运用色彩的对比和花样的变化等细节的处理,通过各种现代装饰材 料来调配室内的环境,在没有改变整体风格的前提下完成了空间的合理化分割。 新古典主义以尊重自然、追求真实、复兴古代的艺术形式为宗旨,它仿古但不复古 , 取其传统样式的大 致轮廓特点,在现代艺术规律的基础上,用简化的手法,保持了复古化的典雅、端庄和高贵,在尽享物质文 明的同时实现精神上的追求。

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New York, NY, USA

Livre Chinois Town House in New York 纽约中式联排别墅

Designer Juan Pablo Molyneux. FIRM J. P. Molyneux Studio LTD.

Juan Pablo Molyneux began this project by restoring his 6 floor limestone Townhouse to its original state. Originally built in the early 20th Century it was redesigned in the Neo-French classical style. When it was purchased by the Molyneux ’ s in 1989 the interiors had been subdivided into several apartments. The volumes of this classical space had lost their character and the coherent organization of noble living. On the 1st floor, the vestibule walls of the Piano Nobile are covered with Chinese lacquered panels that were inspired by a 17th-century Chinese screen. In Europe during the 18th century, Chinoiseries illustrated the European curiosity for China and were very fashionable. On both sides of this central vestibule, two hand-cast arched bronze doors lead to a pair of symmetrical spaces. Black and white marble pavers laid on the diagonal unify all three rooms creating an enfilade when the doors are open. The pair of bronze doors match 198

the shape of the curved windows of the first Salon. In the first salon, the walls and paneled moldings of the rooms are fully upholstered in different colors and patterns of velvet. The effect mimics traditional wood paneling. In the Library, the walls are finished in “scagliola”. An antique technique of applied stucco made to resemble marble. Very popular in Europe in the 17th century, it provided a complex texture and richness of color not available in natural marble. Molyneux chose to replicate tortoise shell as well as beige and black marble in the “scagliola” of this space. On the other three floors of the home, Molyneux used the same elements of traditional design that help define his own Classical style. He whimsically mixes French antiques with modern art creating eclectic spaces rooted in traditionalism. The house ends with a duplex roof garden that includes a lap pool, and generous garden space.


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胡安·巴布罗·莫利纽克斯的设计方案旨在翻新他的 6 层石灰岩质地的联排别墅,再现昔日 光彩。该建筑始建于 20 世纪初期,后又按照新法国古典风格被重新设计。1989 年该建筑被莫利 纽克斯购买时,内部构造已支离破碎。古典的空间格局已经丧失其应有的特点与高端生活的连贯 组织。 在一楼,主厅的门厅墙上装有中式涂漆板画,此设计受到 17 世纪中式屏风的启发。在 18 世 纪的欧洲,这些具有中式风格的物品十分盛行,充分显示了欧洲人对中国的好奇心。 在中央门厅的两侧,两扇手工铸造的拱形铜门通向一组对称空间。黑白相间的大理石地砖呈 对角线排列,当大门打开时,这些地砖就会将三个房间纵向连接起来。铜铸大门与第一间客厅的 弧形窗户相得益彰。 在第一间客厅内,不论是房间的墙壁还是镶嵌的踢脚线上均被覆盖了颜色、款式各异的天鹅绒。 设计效果酷似传统的木质镶板。 藏书室的墙壁用仿云石装饰。这是一种古老的工艺。人们使用灰泥来仿制理石。在 17 世纪的 欧洲,这种工艺尤为盛行,它可以呈现出天然理石所不具备的质感与丰富的色彩。莫利纽克斯选 择龟甲色以及米黄色和黑色的仿云石来打造这一空间。 莫利纽克斯也在该建筑的其他三层中使用了同样的传统元素,以诠释他自己的古典风格。他 充分发挥想象力,异想天开地将法国古典风与现代艺术相融合,从而打造出以传统主义为根基, 糅合法国古典风与现代艺术的艺术空间。 联排别墅的最顶层有一个带有小型游泳池和宽敞园林的复式屋顶花园。

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Parkland, Florida, USA

Parkland Residence 帕克兰公馆

DESIGNER PERLA LICHI ARCHITECT WCI COMMUNITIES PHOTOGRAPHER BARRY GROSSMAN

In designing this 557 m 2 home in the Parkland area of Fort Lauderdale, Florida, Interior Designer Perla Lichi achieved the look of Old World Italy. A hand-painted mural replica of a Michelangelo painting adorns the cupola ceiling. A dramatically curved circular staircase with Old World wrought-iron detailing leads to three upstairs bedrooms. A painted mural flows from the family room into the kitchen, bringing to life Old World motifs of Venice and Tuscany. Over-sized dark leather seating faces the large screen TV and built-in wall unit with display shelving and storage cabinetry. Saturnia flooring flows throughout the home that is highlighted with interior architectural detailing, making ample use of Corinthian columns and pilasters. Two caryatids flank the entrance to the formal dining room. Intricately designed coffered ceilings that follow the shape and contours of the spaces below were detailed with stone gothic friezes to add additional depth. The lady of the house really wanted a place to show off her extensive

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doll collection and Perla Lichi transformed one of the upstairs bedrooms to meet this need. Glass-front armoires provide the focus along one wall. The ambiance was completed with mirrors, gilded decorative crown moldings and wine-colored velvet upholstered chairs. The master suite, positioned at the end of a hallway on the ground floor, features the bedroom to one side and a his-and-hers bath to the other, with closets and storage in between. The master bath provides a sumptuous retreat with a roman tub and shower, separated by a hand-cut glass divider featuring neoclassical images highlighted in gold that allows natural light to enter the room. The master bedroom is a study in decorative embellishment. A semicircular niche above the carved wood bed features a handpainted mural. The ceiling features an octagonal triple-tray ceiling adorned with hand-painted, hand-gilded molding. Flowing draperies are crowned with silk swags. At the foot of the bed is an upholstered bench. The room is completed with brown silk upholstered, oversized seating.


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在设计这栋位于佛罗里达州的劳德尔堡、占地 557 平方米的大宅时,室内设计师佩拉·里奇赋 予这栋建筑浓郁的意大利古典风情。圆顶天花板上装饰着仿米开朗基罗的手绘壁画。楼梯为古式铁 艺设计,弧度较大,呈螺旋式上升,盘旋而上至三层卧室。 一幅手绘壁画,从客厅一直延伸至厨房,给旧时威尼斯和托斯卡纳区的古典装饰基调注入了勃 勃生机。一张特大号的黑色皮椅正对着一台大屏电视机和嵌入式陈列架及储物柜。 整个大宅均铺有希腊黄瓷砖,内部装修精良,精雕细琢,并且大量运用了科林斯式石柱和壁柱。 餐厅正入口的两侧分别伫立着一尊女像柱。用镶板装饰的天花板,设计极为复杂,与建筑主体形状 和下面的空间轮廓相得益彰,石制哥特式雕带增加了视觉深度。 房屋的女主人特别希望拥有一个可以展示其收藏的大量玩具娃娃的地方。设计师佩拉·里奇将 楼上的一间卧室改造成一个玩具间以满足女主人的需要。配有玻璃门的大型衣橱占据了一整面墙, 尤为引人注目。镜子、镀金装饰的皇冠造型和铺有酒红色天鹅绒软垫的座椅营造出典雅高贵的氛围。 主卧套房位于一楼门厅尽头,卧室和男女浴室正对着,中间是衣橱和储藏室。主浴室装修极其 奢华,内部配有罗马式浴缸和淋浴设施,由刻花隔板隔开,隔板上刻有新古典主义的金色图案,自 然光可透过玻璃隔板射入室内。 主卧其实是一间豪装过的书房。半圆形壁龛位于精雕细琢的木床上方。壁龛上有精美绝伦、独 一无二的手绘壁画。天花板为八角叠级造型,上面饰有手绘的镀金嵌线。垂下来的帷幔上点缀着真 丝饰品。床脚位置摆放着铺有软垫的长凳和配有褐色真丝坐垫的特大号座椅。

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Hollywood, Florida, USA

Seaside Residence 海滨公馆

DESIGNER PERLA LICHI ARCHITECT ROBERT SHELLEY, SHELBY HOMES PHOTOGRAPHER BARRY GROSSMAN

Perla Lichi designed this home for one of South Florida’s most prominent private builders and developers. He and his wife wanted to use their own art and accessories. It was the designer’s task to create a warm, comfortable background through finishes and furnishings that would result in a palatial look for this three-story home. From the foyer one looks up three floors to a circular dome ceiling. Wrought-iron scrollwork balustrades wind upward along the stairway as light filters through narrow Arabic-style windows filled with frosted pale green glass with gold metal inserts. Camelback arches divide the foyer from the living room, the living room from the dining room. Bas relief scrollwork motifs on arches and columns are enhanced with faux painting. Custom ceilings were created for each room. The living room, for example, features an elongated octagonal triple tray ceiling that creates a canopy of beauty overhead. The dining room called for an oval ceiling treatment to contrast the rectangular formal dining table and provide a suitable frame for a magnificent chandelier elegantly framed by an elaborate, hand gilded ceiling medallion.

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The kitchen exudes warmth and charm with intricate carved and etched cabinets and a mosaic fruit basket that creates a focal point within a tumbled stone backsplash. Subtle hand-carved wood scrollwork in the main area of the cabinetry echoes the bas relief scrollwork from the main living areas. The family room features a floor-to-ceiling built-in cabinet that houses audio video equipment and provides ample room for displaying collectibles. In the master bedroom, mahogany crown molding surrounds the ceiling line, followed by a gilded decorative painted effect on the inside of the tray. The master bath custom cabinets are European-style in a light painted custom finish. The ceiling is hand-painted with shimmering gold, bronze and silver effects. A winding stairway leads from the den to the third floor landing and the owner’s vast collection of brightly painted antique mugs. A bar and game room invites fun and relaxation. On the third landing, one can more closely admire the foyer’s beautiful dome ceiling with all its splendid detailing.


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该案是佩尔拉·里奇为南佛罗里达州赫赫有名的一位私人建筑商和开发商量身打造的。他和他的妻 子想使用他们自己的艺术作品和饰品装点自己的房屋。建筑师的任务就在于通过色调和装饰材料的巧妙搭 配为房屋营造一个温馨、舒适的环境,使这个三层楼房华丽变身为一座富丽堂皇的梦幻殿堂。 从门厅仰视,可见三层楼梯直至圆形穹顶天花板。熟铁制成的漩涡状楼梯扶手蜿蜒而上。光线穿过 狭窄的阿拉伯风格的窗户,上面镶嵌着被金色金属分割开的浅绿色玻璃。 弓形拱门将起居室与门厅、餐厅与起居室划分开来。拱门和圆柱上的浅浮雕涡卷形装饰图案通过绘 画作品得以彰显。 每个房间都独享为其专门定制的天花板。例如,起居室内有一个细长的八角叠级造型的天花板,这 为高处的顶棚创造出美感。餐厅则需要搭配一个椭圆形的天花板,以与长方形的中规中矩的餐桌形成鲜明 的对比。同时,手工镀金、设计精巧的椭圆形天花板也为华丽的吊灯提供了恰到好处的安身之处。 厨房内到处洋溢着温馨且令人陶醉的气息。橱柜的雕刻和蚀刻工艺极为复杂。嵌着马赛克的水果篮 是滚磨面石制防溅墙的焦点和点睛之笔。橱柜的主要部位有精巧的手刻木质涡卷装饰,这与主要生活区的 浅浮雕涡卷形装饰、交相辉映。 客厅内有落地嵌入式橱柜,里面可容纳音响设备并为藏品提供大量展示空间。在主卧内,红木王冠 造型环绕着棚线,与天花板内侧的浅盘共同呈现出镀金手绘图案的装饰效果。 主浴室的定制橱柜是欧式风格,并且经过专门的浅色油漆面层处理。手绘天花板闪耀着金色、铜色 和银色的光芒,光彩夺目。 蜿蜒的楼梯从房间一直盘旋至三楼,那里有业主收藏的不计其数的马克杯,这些杯子色彩亮丽、古 色古香。酒吧和游戏室让人身心愉悦、放松。置身三楼,人们可以更加近距离地欣赏门厅那美丽的圆形穹 顶天花板及其华丽的设计细节。 283


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FLORIDA, USA

Casey Key Mansion 凯西别墅

DESIGNER PERLA LICHI ARCHITECT CLIFFORD M. SCHOLZ BUILDER MICHAEL K. WALKER LANDSCAPE ARCHITECT STEPHEN HAZELTINE PHOTOGRAPHER KIM SARGENT, GREG WILSON

This magnificent villa, located on a 2-hectare estate on Florida’s Gulf Coast, exemplifies Venetian Mediterranean-style architecture. Filled with light, the living room takes in vistas of sky and water through mahogany-framed double doors and arched windows. In the main living areas, creamy Venetian plaster walls lend luster to the Old World decor. The walls also provide a neutral backdrop for distinctive architectural elements such as Corinthian columns in the second-floor gallery and row of columns adjoining the living room. An entablature designed by the architect and detailed by Perla Lichi, separates the doors from the windows. An oversized fireplace with a marble surround and mantel serves as the room’s focal point. Just above it, a hand-painted mosaic brightens a Moorish-inspired niche. Strong architectural elements of columns, niches and windows give the living room its dramatic look. Because of the large dimensions of the living room, Perla Lichi created two separate conversation areas that are linked together by placement of sofas back-to-back in a tete-a-

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tete arrangement. An area rug pulls the seating together. Pointed-arched windows on the stairway rotunda inspired Perla Lichi to design arched openings in the dining room. Decorative wrought iron enhances each opening, creating the effect of Venetian screens. The crema marfil marble floor in the second floor gallery has inlays of onyx, granite and marble. The ceiling features decorative painting. The home features beautiful views of the Gulf of Mexico. With windows that resemble portholes, the breakfast area seems like the prow of a ship. To keep the view unobstructed, Perla Lichi adorned the rectangular windows with simple taupe silk swags. Wood-framed armchairs encircle a table with a base of mahogany and a water jet marble top. This home flows easily to the outside, where the patio and pool area takes its cues from the canals of Venice. A gently arched, covered bridge links the guesthouse to the pool. The pool is designed with a beach entry so that guests can easily step in and walk down to water’s edge.


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这座宏伟的别墅位于佛罗里达州的海湾沿岸,2 公顷的庄园淋漓尽致 地展现了威尼斯地中海风格的建筑。 在洒满阳光的客厅中,透过红木双扇门和拱形窗户可以饱览天与水 的优美画卷。 在主要起居区中,奶油色的威尼斯石膏墙为旧式装潢增光添彩。此外, 奶油色的墙体为独特的建筑元素,提供中性的背景,例如:二楼长廊里 的科林斯式圆柱以及与起居室毗邻的一排柱子等。 由建筑师设计并经由 Perla Lichi 精雕细琢的柱上楣构使门与窗棂分 离开来。大理石饰边的超大号壁炉和壁炉架是房间的焦点。壁炉上面的 手绘马赛克使摩利斯风格的壁龛熠熠生辉。 柱子、壁龛和窗棂这些重要的建筑元素使客厅更加引人注目。因客 厅空间较大,Perla Lichi 打造了两个独立的会客区,由背靠背“亲密”接 触的沙发连接。一块地毯让座位区连成一体。 圆形大厅上的尖拱窗户给了 Perla Lichi 设计灵感,于是在餐厅中运 用了拱形入口。装饰铁艺使每个入口更完美,营造出威尼斯隔断的效果。 二楼长廊的西班牙米黄大理石地板镶嵌着玛瑙、花岗岩和大理石。 天花板的独具匠心之处是装饰画。 该别墅尽享墨西哥海湾的视觉盛宴。窗户类似于舷窗,早餐区看起 来像一艘船的船头。为保持视野一览无余,Perla Lichi 用简约的灰褐色丝 绸垂花饰装饰矩形窗。若干木扶手椅子围绕着一张有红木基座、大理石 面的桌子。 该别墅并非与世隔绝,而是融合入世。其庭院和游泳池的设计均从 威尼斯的运河获得灵感。一座微微拱起的廊桥连接客房和游泳池。游泳 池设计了海滩入口,以便客人可以轻松自如地走到池边。

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INDEX

Timothy Corrigan Hailed in Architectural Digest as “Today’s Tastemaker”, Timothy Corrigan’s clients include royalty, celebrities and corporate leaders. With offices in Paris and Los Angeles, his distinctive design philosophy of comfortable elegance has earned him a place on the AD100 list for the last nine years. His work has been published in numerous publications including Elle Decor, Veranda, Traditional Home, Luxe Interiors + Design and The Wall Street Journal. Rizzoli recently published his first book, “An Invitation to Chateau du Grand-Luce”. In March 2014, he received the “Star of Design” award from the Pacific Design Center, and also introduced the first fully integrated line of fabrics, trims, furniture and floor covering for Schumacher and Patterson, Flynn & Martyn. A tabletop collection for Royal Limoges debuted spring 2014. His line of bath fixtures for THG Paris will launch in 2016. Prior to forming his design firm in 1998, Timothy Corrigan had a successful career in advertising where he headed up Bates Worldwide’s international operations.

Finton Construction For over 20 years, Finton Construction has built its reputation as the leader in high-end custom home construction, with offices in Los Angeles, Orange County and Mexico. Identifying a market gap for high-quality, professionally managed residential construction, John Finton established what is today a business consistently praised on the pages of AD, Veranda and the NY Times. With thirty on-going local and international projects annually, Finton Construction prides itself on excellent service, luxurious and eco-friendly homes with quality, detail-oriented finishes.

Christopher Sims Custom Homes Christopher Sims Custom Homes was established in 1988 with the goal of creating the finest homes in the Houston area. For 25 years now, the Christopher Sims team has been doing just that. Our homes have earned numerous industry awards at both the local and national levels, and continue to elevate the art of luxury home construction. As a result, the solid word-of-mouth reputation we have garnered has served as our most valuable source of advertising. After all this time, each new project still ignites the same passion and commitment within us to deliver the very best to our clients.

William T. Baker William T. Baker is the Founder and Principal of one of the foremost residential architecture firms in the United States today. He has achieved an international reputation for high-design combined with a keen sensitivity for plans that live well. Mr. Baker founded his Atlanta based firm, William T. Baker & Associates, in 1985. William T. Baker enjoys a reputation for the impeccable design of private residences, commercial projects, and historic renovations. His work spans the world and has been featured extensively in print and broadcast media. He writes and lectures on a variety of subjects including architectural design, theory, and the history of architecture. William T. Baker holds professional memberships in the Institute of Classical Architecture (ICA), the American Institute of Building Designers (AIBD), and the International Network for Traditional Building, Architecture & Urbanism (INTBAU). He has served on the board of a number of community organizations focused on affordable housing initiatives and low-income challenges and holds memberships in several historical societies.

SHH SHH is an architects’ practice and interior design consultancy, formed in 1991 by its three principals: Chairman David Spence, Managing Director Graham Harris and Creative Director Neil Hogan. With a highly international workforce and portfolio, the company initially made its name in ultra-high-end residential schemes, before extending its expertise to include leisure and workspace schemes. SHH has won or been shortlisted for over 80 creative awards for its projects, across three continents, and is work appears several times each week in leading design and lifestyle publications all over the world.

Cravotta Interiors Cravotta Interiors designs homes people love being in and escaping to, homes that embrace a sense of history and a sense of adventure, homes that become part of their biography and tell the world who they are. Taken all together that sense of belonging can be translated into a place called home. We don’t just collect pieces, we compose spaces for living. We curate every piece and every aspect of your home…from your front door, to your art collection, and all points in between. We create a living experience that’s as beautiful as it is functional. A Cravotta Interior lets life unfold in livable luxury, among surroundings that express the highest ideal of who you are.


索 引

Haleh A. Niroo

DEBRA J INTERIORS

During Haleh’s 20 years as an architectural designer, she has become a trusted voice on creating grand interior and exterior spaces for clients in Georgia, Maryland, Virginia, Washington, DC and California. With an exacting and intuitive feel for proportion and scale and a refined sense of lavish finishes and virtuosity in old-world detailing, she creates comprehensive and considered programs for magnificent homes that speak of restraint and polished elegance. Grounded and connected to the finest and most beautiful things in the world, Haleh was born to the world of design. The daughter of a textile executive and innovator who advanced Iran’s reputation for high quality silks and upholstery fabrics, her life has been shaped by her early embrace and consistent devotion to the discipline. Her sensitivity for the exquisite and timeless was shaped and enhanced by the foundation of a traditional education in Switzerland and France, extensive international travel, formal design study, and firsthand knowledge of and experience with all elements of construction and energy conservation.

Debra J Interiors is an interior design firm guided by a simple, yet profound mission to enhance lifestyles through design. At Debra J, I am committed to tailoring my residential and commercial interior design projects to my clients exact specifications. I translate their design dream into reality through careful planning, teamwork and a relentless commitment to their satisfaction. I have three tenets in my design philosophy. Firstly, each space should be as unique as the people who are living there. Secondly, the difference between good and great design is the perfect balance in color, space and texture. Finally, no matter how good it looks, it must also feel great as well. Comfort should take the utmost priority. I offer timeless design with personalized attention to details that add value to a property. I use only dedicated tradesman and time proven resources. My team works in tandem to ensure that every facet of a client’s project is handled with the utmost professionalism. We absorb the demands of the project while our client's enjoy the process by supervising every aspect from conception to walk through.

Juan Pablo Molyneux

Quinlan and Francis Terry Architects LLP

Juan Pablo Molyneux is an internationally acclaimed interior designer based in New York and Paris. He is known as a committed classicist but his production is much broader than that. His accomplished style does not reject any component, provided that it is of extreme quality. His work is bold, eclectic, witty… and unmistakably his own. Molyneux brings to each of his projects a wide-ranging curiosity about all matters aesthetic. His interiors (whether they are classical or modern) reflect a strong sense of place. They are exquisitely crafted and perfectly proportioned. Firm: J. P. Molyneux Studio LTD

Quinlan and Francis Terry Architects LLP is a firm of architects who specialise in new build classical architecture. The office was established by Raymond Erith in 1928, making it one of the oldest existing practices of classical architects. It is based in Dedham, a village near Colchester which is 60 miles northeast of London. The senior partner Quinlan Terry, works in collaboration with his son Francis, on all projects. The designs are detailed by a small group of draftsmen, most of whom have been with the practice since their apprenticeships. The firm has considerable experience of a variety of projects both in the UK and overseas.

HBA (Hirsch Bedner Associates)

GRAN MELIA FENIX

World-renowned as the “Number 1 Hospitality Design Firm” (Interior Design) and honored in 2013 at the Hospitality Design Awards, Perspective Awards, Boutique Design Awards, and the European Hotel Design Awards, HBA unveils the world’s most anticipated hotels, resorts, and spas.z Leading the hospitality interior design industry since 1965, HBA remains keenly attuned to the pulse of changing industry trends. The company’s international presence, depth of experience, and detailed industry knowledge enables them to identify interior design trends at their source, make definitive predictions about new directions and innovations, and influence design standards at a global level.

Melia Hotels International was founded in 1956 in Palma de Mallorca, Spain, and is one of the world’s largest resort hotel chains, as well as Spain’s leading hotel chain. It provides more than 350 hotels in 35 countries on 4 continents under its brands: Gran Melia, Melia, ME, Innside, Tryp by Wyndham, Sol and Paradisus. Gran Melia Hotels are the finest hotels within the MHI portfolio and a definitive statement of contemporary luxury. Their style, design and location make them the preferred hotels of the most discerning guests. Offering luxury services in incomparable surroundings, Gran Melia Hotels are located in the heart of the most important cities and exclusive tourist destinations in the world. Gran Melia's exclusive Red Glove Service combines the traditional white glove and red carpet concepts with the inherently Spanish passion for service.


Hotel Grande Bretagne

King George Athens

A Luxury Collection Hotel, Athens. Eternal elegance at the heart of Europe’s historic capital. Located in the heart of Athens and within walking distance of exclusive shopping areas and museums, the Hotel Grande Bretagne enjoys the ideal location in the city centre. Approximately 26 kilometers from Athens Airport (ATH), this historic landmark has been repeatedly awarded by significant international communities. With meticulous attention to detail, the 320 rooms & suites marry charming old-world elegance with state-of-the-art facilities and enjoy additional benefits including personalised Butler Service. Guests can indulge themselves within the renowned GB Spa and experience the utmost dining service within the GB Roof Garden, the Winter Garden, the Alexander’s Bar or the Alexander’s Cigar Lounge.

King George, a Luxury Collection Hotel, Athens. The residence of discrete luxury in Athens. Located in the very center of Athens since 1930, King George, a Luxury Collection Hotel represents the absolute essence of a fascinating boutique hotel, having hosted renowned celebrities and being always recognized for its iconic rooms with the finest natural hardwood floors. With 102 rooms & suites and incomparable views of the luminous city and the Parthenon, it also encapsulates the unique experience of a Penthouse Suite with private outdoor pool overlooking the famed Acropolis. Located on the 7th floor, the Tudor Hall Restaurant features a unique neo-classical decor, unrivaled views of the Acropolis, Modern Greek cuisine as well as signature cocktails. The inviting environment of the King George finds its best expression in the outstanding and always personalized service.

Paola Giambelli

Knight Architects, LLC

Architect Paola Giambelli, owner and architectural designer of Palazzo Parigi, unveils her latest project in the center of Milan drawing from her extensive experience in the real estate sector, of which involved the design and operation of hotels. Ms. Giambelli holds a degree from the Politecnico di Milano and began her career with Giambelli S.p.A., a family business. Well-known within the construction industry, her role Giambelli S.p.A. involved overseeing the residential, commercial and tertiary property projects, as well as the renovation of historic and contemporary buildings. In continuing her role with the company, in 1987, Ms Giambelli focused heavily in the hotel industry where she perceived unexplored opportunities, particularly in the business sector. The first creation was the Cosmo Hotel, Vimercate, in the Torri Bianche area, followed by the Cosmo Palace Hotel in Cinisello Balsamo, just a mile outside of Milan. Her work explored the challenges of developing innovative hotel structures, involving a keen sense of architecture and high level of management, in areas which previously were mainly dedicated to the service sector. Additionally, the restoration of Villa Trivulzio at Agrate Brianza allowed Ms. Giambelli to take on her own style with the development of floor plans and exploration of historical stylistic approaches for the project. Ms. Giambelli’s design is noted for its distinctive features and her attention to voluminous architecture, atmospheric settings, and modular, open spaces, all of which have been taken to an elite level with the design of Palazzo Parigi. Paola Giambelli has held the title of Technical Manager of Giambelli S.p.A. since 1990.

Knight Architects, LLC is a full service architecture firm in Princeton, New Jersey that has specialized in residential renovations, additions and new construction since 1991. The firm has a successful practice offering beautiful, functional, well designed homes to many clients in many locales. Our new homes are Energy Star rated for optimal performance and reduced fuel costs. Projects include a home of French provincial style on a prime corner in Princeton NJ, a stunning gambrel colonial estate on a picturesque lake lot in New Hampshire, a stone farmhouse addition and renovation in Bucks County Pennsylvania, and this historical renovation of a neo classical home also in Princeton, NJ. As a small business led by its principal Catherine Knight, AIA and Project Architect Louisa Clayton, AIA the firm is highly regarded in the community for outstanding projects and service. Knight Architects provides design services, zoning analysis, master planning, space planning, construction documents, bid phase coordination, and construction administration services. The firm’s services are available throughout the MidAtlantic States and New England.


Casa Gangotena

Hotel del Casco

Situated in a restored historic mansión in the corner of Plaza San Francisco and overlooking Quito’s Old Town squares and churches, the Casa Gangotena harbors 31 rooms, each a showcase of eye-catching style, contemporary design, fine furnishings, modern technologies and quintessential comforts to impress the most discerning guests. Winner of 2014 Travellers’ Choice Awards: *#6 Best Hotel in the World *#1 Best Hotel in South America and Ecuador

Located in the historic and exclusive San Isidro district, home to wealthy suburbanites since the 18th century, Hotel del Casco is housed in a splendid 19th-century neo-classical palazzo, carefully renovated with attention to its original classic design and sophisticated elegance. Steep yourself in history in this 1890’s colonial house accented with whitewashed porticoes, wroughtiron lanterns and striking interior glass-ceilinged patio. Built in 1892 as a summer house for an aristocrat family, Hotel del Casco is now renovated to a 20 room luxury hotel and retains the architecture and style of that era.

Perla Lichi Perla Lichi is a renowned interior designer who has designed hundreds of luxury homes, villas and palaces around the world. She is a specialist in art history, color, and space planning and creates sumptuous, richly detailed interiors that many refer to as having “The Perla Lichi Look.” Her main offices are in Coral Springs, Florida and Dubai. Clients include doctors, lawyers, entrepreneurs and business people, well-known figures in the world of sports and entertainment, and royalty. Perla Lichi is an outspoken champion of encouraging people to hire a professional interior designer and has given presentations in the USA and international venues, always entertaining audiences with humorous anecdotes from her vast experience in international design. Perla Lichi was honored by her peers in the 2014 Design/Architecture Awards Program of the Florida Atlantic Building Association with 29 interior design awards and a Best of Show for her treatment of a South African estate home. In an unprecedented result, she garnered a 100 percent rating from all judges in several categories. She was recently awarded a “Best of Houzz” badge by the leading online platform for home remodeling and design. Two projects have been shortlisted in the 2014 international design awards program sponsored by London-based Luxe et al Magazines.


ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 鸣谢

We would like to thank everyone involved in the production of this book, especially all the artists, designers, architects and photographers, for their kind permission to publish their works. We are also very grateful to many other people whose names do not appear on the credits but who have provided assistance and support, for their contribution of images, ideas and concepts, as well as their creativity to be shared with readers around the world. 在此,我们非常感谢参与本书编写的所有人员,尤其是各位艺术家、设计师、建 筑师和摄影师,他们授权我们出版他们的作品。我们亦感谢为本书编写提供支持和 帮助的人员,虽然他们的名字并没有出现在本书中。感谢他们提供图片、思想和理 念,并将其创意分享给全世界的读者们。

The people involved in the book are: 参与本书编写的人员有:

Brian Biglin, Biglin Architecture, Finton Constructione, Erhard Pfeiffer, William T. Baker & Associates, Ltd., Timothy Corrigan, Timothy Corrigan, Inc ., Mattieu de Bayeaux, Eric Piasecki, SHH, James Balston, Robert Dame Designs, Christopher Sims Custom Homes, Mark Knight Photography, Catherine Knight, Knight Architects, LLC, Pete Weigley, Haleh A. Niroo, Haleh Design, Gordon Beall, Debra J. Stein, Debra J Interiors, Jack Kemper, Randall Perry, Juan Pablo Molyneux, J. P. Molyneux Studio Ltd., Pantelis Masouridis, Alexandros Samaras, Alvaro Sans, Luis Moreno de Cala, Paola Giambelli, Pierre-Yves Rochon, HBA (Hirsch Bedner Associates), Ken Hayde, Quinlan Terry, Francis Terry, Quinlan and Francis Terry Architects LLP, Nadir Khan, David Grandorge, Dward Tyler, Mark Cravotta, Cravotta Interiors, Paul Bardagjy, Perla Lichi, Clifford M. Scholz, Michael K. Walker, Stephen Hazeltine, Kim Sargent, Greg Wilson, Pedro Jaramillo, Diego Arteta, Wci Communities, Barry Grossman, Robert Shelley, Shelby Homes.

European Neo-classical Style II  

ISBN: 978-7-5537-3926-7, 2014.11

European Neo-classical Style II  

ISBN: 978-7-5537-3926-7, 2014.11

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