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Designed by Candle Community Trust

All Art Work in this report was created by the Young People

Foreword Mission Statement

Organisational and Strategic Developments

Overview of Programmes

Achievement and Accreditation Literacy Programme

Metal Work & Crafts

Wood Work & Crafts

Health and Fitness

The Connect Project Community Service

Youth Programme

Management, Staff and Funding Agencies Acknowledgments



I am delighted to welcome the publication of the Candle Community Trust Annual Report for 2012/2013. I believe that the Report illustrates the dynamism and vibrancy of the organisation. Creative and imaginative programming continues to be the hallmark of the service and this shines through in the various reflections on the year’s work. However while the Report details the various services and activities, it is the voice of the young people, in words and art, which speaks loudest through these pages. Their lived experience and stories are the best testament to what Candle stands for. The Report grew organically over a period of time and gathers together the threads of the community life at Candle. Its contents, shape and production were greatly influenced by the young people themselves. The desire is to draw you, the reader, into experiencing the enriching quality of life which is created daily at Candle Community Trust. While it is important to give an account of our work, the Annual Report is also an opportunity to celebrate achievements and developments.

And there is much to

celebrate; enthusiastic young people, a dedicated and professional staff, a competent and committed Board of Management, supportive funding agencies, and many many others, all relating and interacting in a manner which creates something special, unique and full of potential. The Report seeks to describe the extent and effects of this rich tapestry. I hope you enjoy the experience of reading the Report and find it both illuminating and inspiring. Brian Johnston Director

To provide a context for ‘at risk’ young people to grow and develop physically, emotionally, intellectually, aesthetically and spiritually in community.

To provide a contact point in a safe, warm and friendly environment for young people. To nurture and develop healthy, trusting and respectful relationships with each young person. To engage and motivate young people creatively. To open new horizons and offer experiences of different ways of being. To provide learning and accreditation opportunities. To support young people in making healthy life choices. To involve families, local services and the wider community as appropriate. To provide positive role models in support of effecting change in their lives.

Organisational and Strategic Development Youth Mental Health “One of the strongest predictors of good mental health in the lives of young people surveyed is the availability of at least “One Good adult” in their lives; someone who knows them personally and is available to them, especially in times of need”. “My World Survey” 2012 (Headstrong, Ireland) Youth mental health is a major concern in Ireland today. While many young people successfully negotiate the transition from childhood to adulthood without any major difficulties, there are an increasing number for whom adolescence is a traumatic experience with sometimes tragic consequences. Adolescence can be an immensely enriching, adventurous and exciting time as a person journeys towards greater self awareness and personal integration. However it can also sometimes be a lonely, confusing and isolating time with stresses that outweigh personal resilience. Add in problem drinking, drug misuse and financial pressures and the mental wellbeing of the young person can be greatly compromised. The “My World Survey”, published in 2012, found that mental health difficulties emerge in early adolescence and peak in the late teens, making this period in young people’s lives a highly vulnerable one. From our work at Candle we can readily relate to these findings and it is our desire to continue offering interventions and approaches which can support young people during these times. In the words of the survey Candle seeks to provide an experience of the “Good Adult” for young people, someone who knows them and believes in them and in their potential, no matter what struggle they may be encountering.

In planning our strategic objectives for the future the issue of youth mental health will play a central role. We are currently ensuring that policies and procedures are robust enough to support and guide existing practice. But in our long-term vision we intend to develop more creative and innovative programming and responses to youth mental health. Building strategic partnerships with relevant agencies is important and ongoing so that a coordinated response in the Ballyfermot area can be established around the issues relating to youth mental health. In an effort to enhance our Service, staff has participated over the last six months in a number of trainings/workshops.

In November 2012 all staff attended briefings presented by Ballyfermot Partnership relating to the effects of substance misuse on mental health. In December Dr Tony Bates, Clinical Psychologist, facilitated an excellent one day workshop for Candle staff on the theme of “Why we work with vulnerable young people”. 2 Days of “Storm Training in Suicide Prevention” took place in April 2013. Also staff attended the one day conference in October 2012 on Youth Mental Health organized by the Irish Association of Suicidology. During 2013 Candle intends to be pro-active in facilitating further discussion about young people and their mental health and will commit to some key strategic goals/objectives in relation to this issue.

Organisational Structure In recent months there has been a significant restructuring within the organization. In October 2012 Catherine Ashe resigned as Director of Candle. The Director post was filled in January 2013 and this had a knock-on effect within the organization, leading to a reconfiguration of staff structures. The role of Associate Director will be assigned in the coming weeks and certain other staff roles and responsibilities have had to be redefined. During 2012 a new Programme Management Team was created and this is now responsible for the implementation and review of the Operational Plan. The overall aim of the restructuring is to create a more efficient and effective service, ready to meet the challenges of the future.

Operational Plan A key development in early 2013 was the formulation of an Operational Plan for 2013. This Plan outlines the various programmes, courses and modules which Candle intends to provide to young people during the year and includes a series of proposed organizational developments. This Plan was formulated following consultation with all relevant stakeholders and will be our guiding agenda as we move through the year. The Plan is based on 4 key foundations: (a) Our Ethos and Strategic Aims Candle aims to provide a context for the personal and educational growth of young people. Underpinning all our work is the notion of community i.e. the establishment of healthy, well-balanced and functioning relationships. In preparing the Operational Plan this philosophy and ethos was of central importance.

(b) The Needs of the Young People Young people’s needs are changing as our society is being constantly reshaped and remodelled. All programmes and courses must be relevant to today’s world and to the current needs of the young people. The Operational Plan represents a genuine attempt to make our service relevant and meaningful for young people today. (c) The Requirements of the Funding Agencies In late 2012 Candle submitted detailed business plans to Funding Agencies outlining a proposed schedule of programmes and courses for 2013. The applications for funding were based on our commitment to provide a quality service and to meet certain criteria and targets. The commitments made in these business plans are fully incorporated into this Plan. (d) The Skills and Talents of Project Staff Candle has a very skilled and experienced workforce. The Operational Plan intends to tap into this rich resource and place all available skills and talents at the service of the organization and of those who use our Service. The Operational Plan is divided into sections covering each quarter of the year. Following a particular quarter the implementation of the plan will be monitored and reviewed with a Report prepared on the outcomes. Future planning of programmes will incorporate the insights gained from these reviews. The Operational Plan is available at Candle for interested parties who may wish to discuss any of its aspects.

Reflective Practice Youth work can be incredibly rewarding, it can also be incredibly challenging! In 2013 the Candle Board of Management decided to introduce regular sessions of “reflective practice” for all frontline workers. The aim of reflective practice is to improve service delivery to young people and to provide support for frontline workers. It is a regular, protected time for staff to reflect on work practices. Elements that make up reflective practice include: A forum for reflection, learning and accountability The focus is on experiential learning An opportunity for consultation on current practice and debriefing on past practice

It enhances knowledge and skills through reflection and discussion on practice It provides constructive feedback on practice and assists in setting goals Professional ethics are reviewed, practiced and internalized into daily practice Time is spent on reviewing decisions and judgements, considering alternative options, recognizing subjective elements, and learning from experience. Reflective Practice sessions will take place in groups of 3 every 6 weeks and will be facilitated by an external supervisor. It is believed that this practice will bring great benefits to the young people, to staff and to the organization generally.

Community Networking and Organisation Integration Over the past report period Candle has been actively widening its scope and profile within Ballyfermot and the wider Dublin community. The organization is confident that it can make a meaningful contribution to the challenges facing our society today and is proud of the expertise it brings to the ever changing youth sector sphere. In recent months representatives of Candle have made presentations to Social Work students at Tallaght Institute of Technology. We have also taken student placements from Ballyfermot College of Further Education and are now recruiting a panel of suitable volunteers. In addition we are mindful of the need for greater integration of the youth sector in Ballyfermot so as to ensure that, despite the financial constraints, young people can receive a more enhanced service. We have made our premises available to other youth organizations and are currently in the process of planning a Summer Integration Programme with two other services in Ballyfermot.

Financial Challenges Few people within Irish society have remained untouched by the effects of these recessionary times. Candle is no exception. Between 2009 and 2012 we have seen significant reductions in overall funding with further reductions now being administered in 2013 and more flagged for 2014. It has been an immense

challenge for the Candle organization to ensure that there is no cut back in the much needed frontline services to young people. The delivery of quality services to the highest standards of best practice to those most in need has always been, and remains, our main priority. Over the years some difficult decisions have had to be made so as to guarantee the maintenance of our service. We are indebted to all who have had to make sacrifices so that Candle can remain a vibrant and viable organization.

Brian Johnston Director

Candle Programmes Candles’ holistic approach to working with young people underpins the core value for all who participate in the project. At different times particular needs emerge as our society continues to change and every effort is made to shape our practice to meet the emerging needs. However the underlying philosophy, that of supporting the development of the young person in each aspect of their being, physically, emotionally, intellectually and spiritually, is constant. Emphasis has always been placed on Candle as a community, especially in the context of relationship building, thereby recognizing that healthy relationships are central for each person to realize their potential. It is through our wide range of services delivered in four main programmes that Candle truly expresses the overall aim of the project. The four main programme areas are:

1. Training and Education Workshops The Training and Education Workshops offer a range of programmes and modules for young people between the ages of 15 to 19. There are 20 places available and the duration of the programme is initially one year but an extension into a second year is possible if deemed appropriate. The FETAC Employability Skills Award (level 3) is awarded to those who successfully complete the Programme. During the training great emphasis is also placed upon the developmental needs of the young person. All participants receive individual key working sessions whereby they can reflect on their lives. Referrals come mainly through the Probation Service, JLO and the Youth Programme. The full list of Programmes/Activities is included in this Report.

2. Pre-Training and Options Programme Pre-Training is tailor-made for those registered and waiting to participate in full-time training. The programme involves an initial assessment, practical skills sampling, preparation for progressing to the full time training programme and advocacy. The Options programme is for those who may not be suitable for the full-time programme, yet need to be offered support and education. As part of Candle’s

Options programme contacts are maintained through bi monthly prison visits with former trainees and prospective clients. Often prison can be a very lonely and isolating experience and consequently a prison visit by Candle staff can be very supportive of and much appreciated by the person. Working with the Probation Service in the Prison we often develop a programme under the Community Release imitative whereby young people can gain early release and be place into our care.

3. Connect Project The Connect Programme provides educational and developmental modules to young people referred through the Courts and the Probation Service. A variety of modules both educational and development are offered in small group and individual settings as well as one to one key working sessions.

4. Youth Programme The Youth Programme offers a number of drop-in sessions for young people each week. The primary focus is on providing personal and social education to young people in an informal setting. The attendance and participation in this programme has been especially high this year.

Activity Report Workshop Training Programme May 12 – April 2013 Learner outcomes Number in training during period Numbers commenced during period Numbers finished during period Number progressed further training/education Number progressed to employment Number who completed programme(without employment or further education) Number dropped out due to personal circumstances

38 17 18 3 1 4

Number dropped out due to inability to participate



Learner profile Numbers aged 16/17 (at commencement)


Numbers aged 18-20 (at commencement)


Learner development Induction Programmes completed Care Plans developed and reviewed Literacy input Progression plans developed

37 35 21 15

Referrals for the period The Probation Service Candle Day Centre/Youth Programme Self Referral Youth Agencies

27 1 8 2

Pre-training programme Number who progressed to Training Workshop


Tracking and support Number of ex-trainees who received support


Careplanning and Developmental Processes Candle strives to create a safe and nurturing environment for all the young people who use our services. It is our conviction and experience that a welcoming and supportive community spirit is conducive to the development of personal and social growth. Building appropriate and respectful relationships between staff and young people is at the heart of this community approach and in turn the young people respond by allowing their defences to come down letting their true selves be seen. Opening oneself in such a supportive environment can be the first step on the road of change.

Individual care plans are prepared for each young person who attends the Training Workshop and Connect Programme. Following an assessment of the individuals needs an overall plan is drawn up for their time at Candle. Long term and short term goals are identified which include educational and developmental targets.

The educational plan is based on the person’s educational history and aptitude. It is the intention that all trainees will achieve FETAC Level 3 Major Award in Employability Skills during their placement. Developmental programmes are run periodically and at times in direct response to the young peoples’ needs. The small group work is incorporated into the existing timetable.

These include the following modules/programmes: Copping On Programme – seeking to address offending behaviour and looking at crime and our response Relationships and important issues



Anger Management – looking at anger in my life Drug awareness- developing an understanding of the effects of drugs on physical, emotional and mental health

Weekly Forums – space to discuss issues relevant to our time in Candle Physical and Social Recreation – weekly programmes held in the local gym and boxing club Cultural and socialisation - day trips to places or exhibitions of interest to broaden the young people’s experience of their surroundings, build relationships and have fun

Through our use of the ‘Outcome Star’ in key working the young person also reflects on his/her current status in relation to a number of key areas such as physical health, motivation and taking responsibility, offending, self care and living skills etc at the beginning, middle and end of his or her placement. Motivational interviewing is at the heart of the process used with participants.

Regularly the plan will include work on anger management, offending behaviour, relationships and sexuality, grief, anxiety and other developmental issues. As the sessions progress and the relationships grow, the young people often feel confident enough to talk about their personal worries and struggles. Supporting young people to make healthy life choices is often the goal of key-working and this is particularly true for those caught into the cycle of offending behaviour. Key-working provides a safe space for reflection which can lead a young person to greater self-awareness and the taking of personal responsibility.

The emotional well being and mental health of our young people are paramount and their stress levels and anxiety are tangible at times. In response staff has had further training in motivational interviewing and mental health issues. We strive for best practice at all times but are always searching for the most effective and creative ways to work with our young people, to be relevant and have a meaningful contribution to their lives. Along with their FETAC major award in hand we would hope that when they leave Candle they are equipped with the confidence, self esteem and coping skills to deal with life’s ups and downs.

Dervella McNee Connect Co-Ordinator

“The Candle is a Fás around the corner from my house. I’ve been going here for the past 4 months, about. The place is good most of the time but in the last while there’s been some restrictions. Even though changes have happened I still love the place. The people who work here and go are mad sound. I get along with all of them very well. The most favourite thing about the place is the good atmosphere and the workshops. I love working with my hands and making cool stuff. I think it’s the best Fás around.” (John, 19)

Achievement and Accreditation This year was a very successful one for accreditation in Candle Community Trust, 8 Level 3 Major Awards and 63 minor awards were achieved by our learners. The accredited modules include Communications, Application of Numbers, Career Preparation, Work Experience, Computer Literacy, Manual Arc Welding, Woodwork, Art & Design, Breakfast Cookery and Outdoor Vegetable Crop Production. There were also number of optional Level 4 modules namely Caring for Children and Woodcraft that 3 of our trainees received accreditation in. In promoting participants' sense of self-worth and identity, Candle places a strong emphasis on achievement. Therefore a broad range of certification is made available to the learners at the centre. We currently provide more than 16 modules and hope to increase this number in the coming months. The Common Awards System continues to be the coherent and structured way of developing FETAC awards at Candle and is consistent with the National Framework of Qualifications. This means that all awards will share common characteristics including a focus on outcomes of learning and a common format. The Level 3 Major Award in Employability Skills is the principal accreditation goal of each young person that attends the training programme. It represents a significant volume of learning outcomes. The purpose of this award is to enable the learner to develop the relevant knowledge, skill and competence to use a range of skills and tools, under direction and with limited autonomy, related to seeking employment or in employment. It enables the learner develop personal qualities and strengths to make informed choices to pursue a range of employment opportunities or to progress to further education or training. Learners can use component certificates (Minor Awards) to build recognition for learning right across all further education and training provision– over time and at their own pace. Obstacles to progression are being removed. The Minor Awards each have a credit value of 5 or 10 credits, each amount reflects the amount of learning

required. To achieve a Major Award individuals must meet all the assessment requirements in the four or five core modules as well as others from the elective list obtaining a total credit value of 60 points. The awards structure for Employability Skills is as follows: Level 3 Major Award in Employability Skills 60 Credits Four Core Modules Communications 10 credits Application of Numbers 5 credits Career Preparation 10 credits Computer Literacy 10 credits

Some Elective Modules Woodwork 10 credits Manual Arc Welding 10 credits Functional Maths 5 credits Art and Design 10 credits Work experience 10 credits Breakfast Cookery 10 credits Word Processing 10 credits Spreadsheets 10 credits Outdoor Vegetable Crop Production 10 credits

On completion of the Level 3 Major Award in Employability Skills the learners have the opportunity to pursue an additional Level 3 Major Award in Working with Computer Application (ICT) which also carries a value of 60 credits. The awards structure for this award is as follows:

Level 3 Major Award in Working with Computer Application (ICT) 60 Credits Five Core Modules Communications 10 credits Application of Numbers 5 credits Functional Maths 5 credits Career Preparation 10 credits Computer Literacy 10 credits

Some Elective Modules Database 10 credits Desktop Publishing 10 credits Digital Media 10 credits Internet Skills 10 credits Spreadsheets 10 credits Word-processing 10 credits

We are a centre that recognises the prior learning of young people that attend the training programme and see it as an educational response to the need to widen participation in education and training for economic advancement and social inclusion. Recognition of prior learning enables the learner with prior learning i.e. Junior Certificate and FETAC Awards to receive formal recognition for skills, knowledge and competences they already have.

Communications At present, Candle offers the communications module at two levels, FETAC level 3 and 4. The majority of the trainees are either taking the course or have completed the course at level 3, as it is a core module requirement for achieving the Level 3 Major Award in Employability Skills. However a significant proportion of learners have already progressed to level 4 Communications this year. The participants are very cooperative and are eager to complete the Communications modules and achieve accreditation in 2013. Communications is recognised as a core and underpinning skill by employers. However the module is not entirely vocational in thrust; there is a strong emphasis on general education and personal development. The purpose of this module is to equip the learner with the knowledge, skill and competence to communicate effectively in familiar social, work and public contexts in one-to-one or in small group situations. The module offers learners the opportunity to take part in such activities as identifying/expressing personal learning goals, role-plays, study of media, literature and creative writing. This module is of huge benefit to the trainees as it encourages them to work towards FETAC accreditation, while at the same time developing skills to communicate effectively in a variety of situations appropriate to their personal, social and cultural needs.

Mathematics At present 14 of our trainees are following one of the Level 3 Maths syllabus on offer at the centre. They begin with Application of Numbers, a core module required for accessing both of the Major Awards and then may progress onto the Functional Mathematics, an elective module.

Application of Numbers The purpose of this module is to equip the learner with the relevant knowledge, skill and competence to understand and apply to real-life situations, a limited range of basic mathematical functions relating to number, measurement and capacity. At present 14 of our trainees are following the Application of Numbers syllabus. It is a popular well structured module. A lot of the exercises are practical in nature and focus on personal finance and budgeting allowing the trainees to perform a variety of mathematical operations and applications relevant to personal, social and work situations.

Functional Mathematics The purpose of this module is to equip the learner with the relevant knowledge, skills and competence to understand and apply to real-life situations, a limited range of basic mathematical functions relating to numbers and algebra. On completion of the Application of Numbers module the trainees will then begin work on the Functional Mathematics module. It is estimated that 4 of our young people will complete this module this coming year.

Career Preparation The purpose of this module is to equip the learner with the knowledge, skills and competence to engage effectively in personal career preparation and planning under supervision. It has a very user friendly yet comprehensive structure and the young people are facilitated in setting personal and educational goals that increase their self-esteem, skill and knowledge base and employability.

This is a practical skills based course and a core module the trainees must undertake in order to achieve their FETAC Major Award. The practical nature of this module prepares the young person for the process of both applying for and coping with Career Preparation. The trainees love the complex nature of this module as it requires a lot of individual and group participation and discussion. This year 4 of our trainees received accreditation in this module and a further 8 of our young people are working towards completion of this module in 2013.

Information Technology The computer literacy module is an essential program and one of the core modules necessary to achieve the Major Award. As technology continues to play a larger role in all aspects of life, learners need to have the knowledge necessary to navigate the technological world with skill and responsibility. Computer literacy in education has the potential to level the playing field and give learners of all backgrounds and abilities the opportunity to learn more. The purpose of the computer literacy award is to equip the learner with the knowledge, skill and competence to describe the role of computers in everyday life and to operate a personal computer safely in a supervised environment.

At the Centre we still give the young person the opportunity to participate in the new Spreadsheets and Word Processing modules available as elective modules. They have been designed to provide learners with an understanding of and practical experience in the use of the common generic applications. They provide an introduction to computer applications which will enable the learner to use the computer in a working environment. Through participation in all of the Information Technology modules the trainees will learn practical IT skills such as emailing, budgeting and general internet use as well as have the opportunity to obtain accreditation in a Level 3 Working with Computer Application Major Award.

Martina Galvin Classroom Teacher

Art and Design An art and craft class is offered every Wednesday for trainees and Friday for the Connect Project participants to take part in. The new art programme has proved a great success; the participants’ creative response to the curriculum has become more expressive and audacious. The quality and quantity of work expected from the participants for their portfolio is higher and demanding yet the young people have risen to the challenge.

The new module focuses primarily on painting but an understanding of printmaking and clay modelling is also developed and explored. The young people have an opportunity to work with a wide variety of mediums and techniques. They are encouraged to explore self expression through manipulating the medium and utilising their skills in an open and experimental approach to their practice. A unit of the course requires an introduction to the history of art through books, the internet and visual aids on a diverse range of artistic periods and artists’ and this in turn has informed their own work, developing their imagination and understanding of creative processes. Four Trainees have completed the new revised level 3 module in Art and Design and have successfully received certification from FETAC. Three portfolios of participants work is being put forward for assessment in June 2013 and four young people commenced the course this March.

Connect Project participants are following the same curriculum though unfortunately their work can no longer be certified through FÁS. Only young people registered on a FÁS course will now be accredited. Their portfolios will be assessed if and when they progress to a full time FÁS training programme. The new level 4 Painting module curriculum has yet to be developed and will be made available to those who wish to continue their visual arts practice as soon as it is in existence. In March the trainees attended a stencil making and graffiti workshop over a two day period with an external facilitator. The result is the Candle Community Trust logo on our wall as you enter the gates. This has also inspired the young people to explore a creative response to the remaining wall.

Healthy Eating and Cookery Programmes In August 2012 our kitchen was updated to meet the requirements of both FAS and Dublin City Council. All FETAC accredited cookery programmes can now only be held in HACCP approved kitchens. Dublin City Council also requested the upgrade as we are deemed a commercial kitchen as we provide food to our trainees. A large amount of time and planning was allocated to the design and function of the space as it had to work as a canteen but also as work stations for the participants of the cooking programme. The new kitchen and HACCP training has created a lot of excitement and desire to make positive changes to the food we provide to the young people. The kitchen staff, Lorraine and Noreen, reviewed the menu to promote healthy eating and nutritious food for the young people while also encouraging a more adventurous palate. They have also been extremely accommodating when asked to share the kitchen area with the cookery class.

The Breakfast Cookery programme introduces young people to healthy and nutritious food preparation and the opportunity to learn this most valuable skill. The participants develop a surprisingly wide range of cooking skills such as poaching, grilling, frying and baking in this module, focusing on preparing a full Irish breakfast and a continental breakfast buffet. 3 Trainees have recently successfully completed the module and skills demonstration, their portfolio of work will be put for accreditation in June. The integrated programme with Connect and Workshops has continued to develop, by sharing our resources we offer the trainees the opportunity to avail of the Breakfast Cookery programme and Connect Participants to become familiar with wood and metal workshop practice. The success of the integrated program has widened the range of activities offered to both Trainees and Connect Participants.

Dervella McNee Connect Co- Ordinator

Literacy Programme ‘Developing good literacy and numeracy skills among all young people is fundamental to the life chances of each individual and essential to the quality and equality of Irish society’ The National Strategy to Improve Literacy and Numeracy among Children and Young People (2011). Improving the literacy and numeracy standards of Irish students is a priority of the programme for government. This strategy identifies a need for a comprehensive approach to improving standards, a broad definition of literacy, a high standard of teaching and an improved progress assessment. It also recognises that our young people need to develop their literacy and numeracy skills to participate fully in society as active and informed citizens. Literacy, in this context of government goals, means the ability to read and analyse various forms of communication including oral, print text, and digital media. Numeracy includes the ability to use mathematical reasoning and skills to solve problems and apply this to real life situations.

In 2012 Candle redesigned its Literacy programme to provide more accessible and equitable support to all trainees in the Centre. All trainees now have access to a minimum of one session per week of one to one literacy support. Candle offers this programme for up to one year. Thereafter literacy support will be available if the trainee wishes to continue or if the tutors agree that there is a continued need for support. This programme enables a thorough assessment of literacy levels and support needs among new trainees. When these needs are identified, this programme allows for progress to be tracked. It also allows for the development of a comprehensive learning plan specific to individual needs both in terms of content and pace of delivery. We use a method that allows for progress tracking in areas such as ‘independence’ ‘confidence’ and as well as ‘fluency’ and’ knowledge of skills’. As each trainee now has a one to one tuition session in their weekly timetable, specific support needs can be easily and efficiently addressed.

As early school leavers many of the young people attending Candle have had disruptions to the course of their literacy development. The aim of the programme is to reengage them in this process. There is an established link between frequent reading and improved literacy and so there is a particular emphasis on reading in these sessions. The programme endeavours to create a comfortable environment where trainees can work without distraction at their own pace towards agreed goals. These sessions have proven to be extremely effective in improving literacy and numeracy standards. We also strive to provide a ‘literate environment’ in the centre providing access to a library, daily newspaper, and discussion opportunities. Digital literacy is also a focus area and young people have computer access in the classroom.

On a practical level, improved literacy and numeracy standards help trainees achieve their goals in the classroom and the workshops. It also gives them a sense of personal achievement and an increased confidence in their own abilities. From a broader perspective, improved literacy and numeracy standards equip young people to fulfil their potential and allows for a more equitable and fair society.

Breda Slevin Teacher

Metalwork This past year my main focus for the metalwork programme has been on getting the young people to the level required in order to achieve an award in manual arc welding. This is no easy task considering that their main focus is anything but. Many of them find it hard to deal with the noise levels or the grease and the oil that comes with the territory, a bunch of lads who are very proud of their appearance, so to speak! Perseverance and patience are the key words in the workshop and with time the standard can be reached. To date several young people have reached the required standard and have had their papers submitted for which they received an award. As it stands there are several more that I feel are up to standard and these will in the coming weeks do a skills demonstration.

In a world where manual skills are competing with those in the IT sector it is important to keep those skills alive as there may very well be a need for such skills when the economy picks up. As we move forward though to a mainly technology based future it would be on Candles’ wish list to expand its’ range of programmes to facilitate this with training in areas such as film making and video editing.

This past year was tinged with the sad news that one of our ex trainees died in tragic circumstances. I think it is fair to say that this young man made a lasting impression on the members of Candle Community. So it was no surprise that some of the young people decided to make a gesture in his memory. They designed and made a garden bench which will be located on the back patio for a period of time before being presented to his family. For this gesture I would just like to say, well done guys!

I would like to acknowledge the fine work that my assistant Noel Behan has put in over the last year and to thank him for his never ending patience with me!!! Thanks Noel.

Andy Doyle Metal Work Instructor

Carpentry and Woodcraft Workshop In 2012/13 the trainees of woodwork/woodcraft achieved a total of 7 FETAC level 3 awards. Given that the new Level 3 FETAC certification which was introduced in January 2012 is much more complex and detailed, it was decided to grant additional internally certified awards to trainees who achieved the standard of the Old FETAC Level 3. This was introduced in order to acknowledge the trainees level of achievements and 14 awards were granted in this category. The training workshop offers a range of programmes and modules for young people between the ages of 15 to 19. The woodwork shop includes training in general carpentry and woodcraft, furniture making and wood-burning. The trainees initially learn basic carpentry skills and then progress to assist in the making of bedroom furniture e.g. beds, drawer units, garden furniture, dog kennels etc. They obtain a wide range of experience in planning, measuring, cutting out materials etc. All the trainees get the opportunity to work on individual small projects of their own choosing e.g. shelving, dog kennels, coffee tables and beds which they often make for use in their own homes. We have found that working on individual projects helps the trainees to take a sense of pride in what they are doing and they feel a great sense of achievement when the projects are completed. The trainees are also trained in the art of reading drawings and studying craft drawings. This training eventually leads to certification in F.E.T.A.C. Some young people who commence the woodwork course have previous experience from school while for others the subject is a total new programme. At the early stages of the programme a lot of emphasis is paid to Health and Safety in the workshop which is very important in the day to day running of the workshops. The new F.E.T.A.C. examination for 2012 consisted of 1 major exercise/project which the trainees have to make once they have a 100 hours training time. The trainees are examined in their ability to understand project drawings, measurements, proper use of workshop tools, health and safety aspects as well as their specific woodwork skills. Achieving FETAC accreditation in the subject is always a special event and this helps

to build personal and professional confidence in the young people. Once they leave Candle some of the young people continue to build upon the woodwork skills and experience obtained while in Candle. We continuously seek work placements for the trainees outside Candle. This outside experience is very valuable to the trainees and can be a great help to put on CVs etc. However due to the current economic climate it is becoming more and more difficult to obtain such placements. Many thanks our workshop assistant Tom who assists me in the workshop and to many of the other staff who help out from time to time. Thanks also to George for all his assistance with the general maintenance of the buildings and the grounds.

Horticultural Project In 2012 in order to add an extra dimension to the overall Candle experience for the trainees we continued with the horticulture project which we started 2 years ago by creating a raised vegetable garden involving three of the trainees plus participants from the connect project. This was introduced on a trial basis and trainees who displayed an interest in horticulture were invited to participate. The project involved the preparation of the ground/clay, fertilising, seeding and planting of vegetables such as lettuce, cabbage, carrots, spinach, curly kale, onions and beetroot; maintenance and the harvesting. This proved to be very successful and some trainees obtained level 3 certification in horticulture modules. Due to the success of this project we are hoping to repeat it again this year.

Harry Shannon Wood work Supervisor

Workshop Health and Fitness/Outings The programme aims to promote a healthy lifestyle and to encourage young people to use the sporting facilities in the area. Activities include football, bowling, and golf at the driving range. As well as the obvious heath benefits from active participation in the sports it also promotes healthy interaction among the trainees themselves.

During the summer we had our usual summer outings. This year we went to Avov-Ri adventure centre in Blessington where the trainees participated in canoeing, wall climbing, adventure trails, ab-sailing, etc., The activities in the Avon-Ri centre proved to be very exciting and everyone had a great day out, it was highly engaging and entertaining. We also had an outing to the paint balling centre in Wicklow which proved to be a very enjoyable experience for all concerned. The paint balling provided an opportunity for great teamwork with the trainees and a very good time was had by all. Our Christmas outings involved bringing all the trainees to Puddinghill activity centre in Ashbourne to take part in gokarting.

Boxing Some months back Candle was approached by Cherry Orchard Boxing Club about the possibility of having a boxing ring built. Within a week or so an agreement was reached and within a month COBC had its’ new ring. As a result of this arrangement COBC offered Candle the use of its’ facilities along with a boxing coach for our young people to avail of. Initially Candle had one hour a week coaching available to them but more recently we were offered an extra hour a week in which the young people could get some sparring practice. In the beginning it was a little difficult to persuade the trainees to take part in this programme which became a part of the overall health and fitness programme for Candle but with time it has become increasingly popular with a number of them. It is hoped that the programme will continue to grow as it is an excellent facility to have. Candle would like to thank Siobhan Casey, Pat Cullen and Liam Murphy for accommodating us and our young people in this respect and it is hoped closer links will be forged between COBC and Candle in the future.

Gym As part of the health & fitness programme, a weekly session to the gym in the Ballyfermot leisure centre was organised in January of this year. This garnered great interest amongst a number of the trainees, who were very keen to be involved. Each interested party was spoken to individually and consulted with on what they wanted to get out of the programme. Varying levels of knowledge and fitness needs emerged from these consultations, so basic workout information sessions were devised and run with small groups of the trainees. These information sessions covered the following areas: healthy diet, diet to promote toning and muscle development, proper warmup & warm down techniques and simple and safe weight exercises. The trainees participated very well in all of the discussions and it helped with the motivation and focus of the planned gym visits. The gym sessions have taken place every week on a Wednesday afternoon since the 9th of January and a core group of trainees have stuck with the activity and appear

very pleased with its progress and the physical developments they have made. The group participating each week have shown good maturity while in the gym and have shown due respect to the weight equipment and the importance of its safe use. What is very satisfying to notice from the group is how they have been supportive of each other while exercising, helping out one another, as well as appropriately encouraging each other when necessary. The initial number of sessions saw a number of the trainees jump from one weight exercise to another, with an energy and excitement that was very difficult to maintain. They all have gotten into a more beneficial and relaxed rhythm as the sessions have progressed and a number of them not only do the attractive weight exercises but have learned to incorporate some cardio exercises into their routines as well. All in all, the gym programme has been a very positive and welcome addition to the health & fitness programme in Candle and excusing the pun, is a weekly activity that is going from strength to strength.

The Connect Project The Connect Project offered a total of 38 young people a place on the programme over the past year and 13 of the participants progressed to our full time training programme. The majority of our young people have been referred to us by their Probation Officer or Junior Liaison Officer and the remainder are made by parents and/or self referral. As a significant number of our young people have been out of the educational system for a number of years we strive to introduce routine, structure, support and responsibility back into their everyday lives. Our aim is to provide a unique, innovative and creative approach to working with young people in small group settings. The main emphasis is on fostering and supporting the development of pro social attitudes and behaviours. We do so by offering a number of developmental and educational programmes tailor made to meet the young person’s needs. We use a child centred approach to ensure that they are fully supported in developing their own skills and talents, learning key life skills and building self efficacy and self esteem whilst also addressing any anti social attitudes and offending behaviour. An individual care plan is developed with the young person through the induction process and one to one keyworking. We use Candle’s adapted version of Outcome Star to map the young person’s journey of their time in Candle. It is reviewed on a regular basis with the young person addressing any new concerns and/or issues that may arise over the duration of their time in Candle. The purpose of Outcome Star is to ensure that the young person gets the appropriate attention and additional support in problematic areas including offending behaviour, anger and stress management, drug & alcohol awareness, positive mental health, healthy lifestyle choices and personal development.

As the needs of our young people are constantly changing the Connect Project also adapts and changes with them. The past year has witnessed a greater emphasis being placed on the individual ensuring structure, routine, encouragement and support are introduced into their young lives. We also recognise the importance of education and learning valuable life skills. Consequently the programmes that we offer include Computer Literacy, Communications, Art & Design, Culinary Skills, Health & Fitness, Horticulture, Wood and Metal Craft, Preparation for Theory Test, Drug Awareness, Offending Behaviour, Money Management, Anger Management and One to One Key working. Some of these programmes lead to FETAC Level 3 Accreditation.

Computer Literacy All our young people participate in the Computer Literacy programme and recognise the importance of improving computer knowledge. The programme allows them to develop both practical skills and theoretical knowledge in this area while working towards FETAC Level 3 accreditation. They expand their skills and knowledge in various software programmes including word, publisher, excel and paint.

Literacy skills As the majority of our young people have been absent from mainstream education for a number of years, many of them come to us with the desire to improve their reading and writing skills. This takes place in a one-to-one setting and also in groups. The emphasis is placed on building their confidence through reading comprehensions, group discussions and creative writing.

Art & Design Art & Design has proved very popular with our young people. Many of them find it a therapeutic way to relax while also developing their skills and talents. A total of 3 young people successfully completed FETAC Level 3 in Art & Design in the past year and a further 3 young people are close to completion.

Health & Fitness We have recently introduced a new Health & Fitness programme in Connect and it has been running extremely well. The young people have shown a keen interest and attend the local gym on a weekly basis. A total of 4 young people have commenced the programme with a further 2 more young people showing an interest in participating.

Culinary skills Our new professional kitchen has provided so many of our young people the opportunity to learn a valuable life skill. Food safety and hygiene plays an integral part of our cooking programme along with the introduction to new food choices, healthy recipes and cooking techniques. To date 3 of our young people are working towards FETAC Level 3 in Breakfast Cookery and are close to completion.

Driver Theory test Over the past year a small number of young people expressed an interest in applying for their theory test. Consequently we offered them the opportunity to study for the test with assistance regarding the explanation of questions and answers. They use the computers provided to undergo ‘practice’ tests in preparation for the theory test. We currently have one young person who is studying for this test.

Workshops All of our young people are provided with the opportunity to develop and/or expand their knowledge of woodwork and metalwork. They attend the workshops 1-2 days a week under supervision and direction of our Metal/Wood work tutors. This is a great opportunity for young people considering joining the full time programme as they are introduced to the workshops in smaller groups and become more familiar with the programmes delivered in the full time programme.

Prison Visits The majority of our young people who attend the Connect Project are on Probation due to engaging in offending behaviour and for unfortunately struggle to make real changes in their lives. Consequently some of them are placed or returned into Detention Centres. As we place a particular importance of maintaining contact with them during their time in detention we believe prison visits are an integral part of this. In the past year we have visited a total of 3 young people on numerous occasions.

Developmental programmes The past year has seen an increase in more structured developmental group work including offending behaviour, money management, anger management and drug awareness. The purpose of these group sessions is to provide the young people with the opportunity to discuss issues that may be significant to them. Some of our young people are more comfortable discussing such issues in group settings as opposed to one-to-one. The developmental programmes have worked very well throughout the past year. The young people participate in the session and excellent group discussions ensue.

Outings Over the past year the young people were offered and participated in a number of extracurricular activities. Our summer programme included paintballing and a trip to Collins Barracks and our winter programme involved a trip to the cinema and go-karting. The programmes were a chance for the young people to interact with each other in a social setting and proved very successful.

We continue to work closely with Young Peoples Probation, liaising with the Probation Officers on a regular basis to ensure the success of the young persons Care plan. It is our intention to continue working with young people most ‘at risk’ in our society by providing them with a safe space. Our aim is to support and encourage the young people by providing them with opportunities and positive pathways to choose.

Community Service and Community Return Candle has recently created a programme whereby young offenders can complete their Community Service and Community Return within the Centre. The central focus of the programme is on reparation, whereby the young person compensates the community for the wrong they committed and offers something back in return.

In the past year there have been a number of significant changes regarding Child Protection and Detention facilities in Ireland. This in turn has led to a greater demand on alternative centres for young offenders. Consequently, Candle adapted its programme structure to facilitate programmes including Community Service, Community Return and Day Centre Orders. In the past year we have successfully facilitated 2 Day Centre Orders, 2 Community Service Orders and 1 Community Return within the centre.

Through collaboration between Candle and the Probation Service, suitable candidates are referred and selected for the programme. The young offenders and their parent/guardian meet with us to discuss the programme and sign a contract. This programme facilitates the sessions outside of normal FĂ S training hours. Candle reports hours and attendance to the young persons probation officer on a weekly basis and also informs them if the young person fails to attend. Candle makes every effort to support the young person, however the overall supervision and monitoring of the placement is the responsibility of the young persons probation officer. Candle reviews the young persons involvement in the placement on a regular basis, if the young person fails to attend for a length of time termination of the placement can occur.

Candle Community Trusts’ goal is to offer a setting, where the focus is not primarily on offending behaviour but on reparation. It strives to offer the young offenders a learning experience where they actively engage in situations and roles that allow them to gain useful and valued skills and practice being competent. There is potential for development incorporating reparation, restoration and reintegration.

Carol Leonard Connect Project Worker

Youth Programme A challenging, but rewarding year has just passed, with the Candle Youth Programme being a service full of activity and energy. There has been much change this year, on a funding and organisational level, which has brought about its own difficulties and issues. It is a testament to the work being done by the Candle youth team that the service being delivered to the young people not only has been maintained but I believe has improved. Below is a table of the individual youth groups that make up the weekly youth service.

Youth Programme Groups NAME OF GROUP




Afternoon Girls Group

10-12 years


2.30pm – 4.30pm

Evening Drop-In

15-18 years


6.30pm - 8.30pm

Afternoon Boys Group

10-12 years


2.30pm – 4.30pm

Evening Drop-In

15-18 years


6.30pm – 8.30pm

Youth Café

13-15 years

Wednesday 6.30pm – 8.30pm

This report year has seen an enormous increase in the numbers of young people attending the service, with all groups and especially the evening sessions experiencing huge numbers. In total there have been 216 young people who have availed of the service consistently over the past 12 months. The sessions have been overwhelmingly positive with a lovely atmosphere prevailing. This is due in part to the endeavours of staff, but also due to the continued attendance and attitude of the young people. They have taken greater ownership and responsibility within the sessions and have created an environment that promotes respect and creativity. On any given evening there can be around 30 young people in the centre engaged in some form of recreational activity.

April 2012- March 2013 No. of Individual Young People

No. of Overall Formal Contacts


2, 876

From this recreational forum and great and regular attendance figures, the youth programme has been able to devise varying and needs based programmes over the past 12 months, in close conjunction with the young people.

Programmes and Activities The following is a list of programmes and activities that have run throughout the youth groups this report period: Art & Design Beauty Treatment Programme Health and Hygiene Youth Committee Sessions Anger Management Programme Football programme Healthy food programme Cooking Programme Safe Driving Skills Programme Pool Competitions Homework Support Outdoor Table Tennis Competitions DJ/Party Nights Youth Elections

I go to Candle every Monday after school. Candle is a great place to go and all the people there are so nice. They are supportive on everything. I feel that it is important to mix with everyone in Candle because we are in sixth class and we are about to go into secondary school. If we mix with people in Candle they might go to your secondary school and you could become great friends with that boy or girl. I love Candle because there are so many things to do like table quizzes, woodburning, painting, computers, pool, cooking, socialising and communicating.

The staff are very supportive and they do lots of fun things with us and bring us on outings. They are there if you need them and they help us a lot on our homework and other problems we have. The people in Candle are very easy going and funny. You will never go home without a smile on your face. I love the activities in Candle, especially the woodburning. I am coming to Candle a few months now and I hope to come here for a long time. (Sarah, 12)

Summer and Christmas Programmes The summer outings ran during the months of June and August 2012. Each youth group was represented on trips with 52 young people being brought out. All of the trips were booked and organised following close collaboration with the young people who ultimately voted on where they most wanted to be taken. The following are the trips which were undertaken: Clara Lara Funpark, Quad Attack Wexford, Carlingford Adventure and Skirmish Paintball. Due to the ever increasing numbers experienced in the evening group sessions it was decided, in conjunction with the young people, that instead of outings for Christmas the young people attending the evening youth groups would attend a disco night in Candle on the 17 th of December. A young person attending the evening drop-in was the DJ for the evening and a band made up of two youth cafĂŠ members played for the first half an hour. The evening was a huge success, with 52 young people attending. The event itself occurred without a hitch and the young people were impeccably behaved throughout. The Afternoon groups both had a Christmas party meal in Candle as their treat and were then brought to the Vue Cinema in Liffey Valley for a film.

Michael Ruddy Youth Programme Co Ordinator

“My name is Lorraine Howe. I have worked in Candle for 16 years. Things have changed a lot over the years. The clubs are getting a lot bigger in the evenings. We have 35-40 young people on Monday and Tuesday nights and Wednesday we have 25+ young people. On Monday night Mick runs a driving theory course with 10 young people. We are hoping that the young people will do well at this course and the they will be able to go on and do the driving test and pass. On Tuesday night we do a lot of art & crafts, we play cards, pool and computers.

On Wednesday night myself and Carol do a healthy eating programme with 6 young people. We teach them how to cook healthy, eat healthy and look after themselves. The rest of the staff look after the rest of the young people doing recreational activities. We have been cut many times in the past. I really hope we are not cut too much this year as it is the young people that are affected with the cuts, but we in Candle will soldier on.�

Lorraine Howe Youth Worker

Board of Management Trustees Seamus Taaffe (Chairperson) Mary Rose O’Connor (Vice Chairperson) Fr. Roy Donovan John Duffy Sr. Caitriona Geraghty O.P. Colm Gorman Pat Lavelle John O’Gorman Grainne Reilly

Board of Management Committee Seamus Taaffe (Chairperson) Mary Rose O’Connor (Vice Chairperson) John Duffy (Secretary) Inspector Frank Dunleavey (Garda) Ursula Fernee (Probation Service) Colm Gorman Pat Lavelle Dervella Mc Nee (Staff Representative) Robert O’Connor (CDYSB) John O’Gorman Grainne Reilly

Funding Agencies

Staff Director Brian Johnston

Workshop Training Programme Harry Shannon: Woodwork Supervisor Andy Doyle: Metalwork Instructor Martina Galvin: Teacher Breda Slevin: Teacher Noel Behan: CE Participant Metalwork Assistant Tom Creaner: CE Participant Woodwork Assistant

Connect Programme/ Options Programme Dervella McNee: Connect Project Co-Ordinator Carol Leonard: Connect Project Worker

Youth Programme Michael Ruddy: Youth Programme Co-Ordinator Veronica Bowden: Youth Worker Carmel Buckley: Youth Worker Lorraine Howe: Youth Worker Joe Fitzgerald: Youth Worker & Volunteer Sarah Byrne : Volunteer

Finance and Administration Toni Kavanagh: Financial Administrator Elizabeth Moles: Finance Support

Housekeeping and Maintenance Noreen Bannigan: CE Participant Housekeeper Elizabeth O’Reilly: CE Participant Housekeeper Betty Stokes: CE Participant Housekeeper Lorraine Whelan: CE Participant Housekeeper George Hynes: CE Participant Caretaker

Programme Management Team Brian Johnston (Director) Dervella McNee (Connect Co-ordinator)

Harry Shannon (Woodwork Supervisor) Michael Ruddy (Youth Co-ordinator)

Acknowledgements Candle Community Trust continues to be in a position to deliver high quality services to young people because of the commitment, dedication and hard work of many people. I wish to take this opportunity in our Annual Report to record my thanks and gratitude to the various people and organizations who have been instrumental in enabling Candle continue as a lead Agency. Firstly I want to thank the many young people who participate so willingly and enthusiastically in the various Programmes and Activities. They are at the heart of the community life and it is their energy and openness that creates such a special dynamic at Candle. Thank you to Seamus Taaffe, our Chairperson, for leading the organization with great conviction. His expertise, commitment and generosity have contributed immensely to making Candle the vibrant organization it is today. Personally I thank Seamus for his support during the recent months of transition. Candle is fortunate to have the expertise of an insightful Voluntary Management Committee. Coming from various backgrounds the members share their skills and give significant time and energy to their role as Directors. I thank each of them for the differing ways they have been involved as Board members over the past year. The staff at Candle is our greatest resource. I am privileged to work with a group of people who have a passion for youth work, who make great personal commitment to the young people, who readily share their skills and talents, and who challenge and motivate each other in a vibrant team spirit. I acknowledge each person and thank them for the work over the past year. Without the Funding Agencies Candle could not continue as it is. I acknowledge the Probation Service, FAS, CDYSB and CDVEC for their sterling support of Candle’s work, particularly during these difficult economic times. I wish to record my thanks to: Paul McDonnell and Ursula Fernee, The Probation Service; John Murphy and Brenda Long, FAS; Mary Mooney, Gerry Seery and Robert O’Connor, CDYSB; Deirdre Nolan, Kylemore College (CDVEC). I would particularly thank the various Probation Officers with whom we work in partnership on a weekly basis. In our collaboration we have developed many approaches which, I believe, are creative and indeed ground-breaking. Our work together has been very enriching.

The Jobs Initiative and Community Employment Schemes are critical to enabling Candle provide its current level of Service. It has been a pleasure to work with those who oversee these schemes at Candle: Cecilia Shortt and Michelle McEvoy, J.I. Co-ordinators; Henry Harding and Dave Fleming, C.E. Supervisors. The Congregations of Dominican Fathers and Dominican Sisters in Ireland have been invaluable supporters of Candle Community. Thank you to both religious orders for their financial and moral support through the years and we look forward to continuing our relationship into the future. There is a wide network of people and Agencies who have contributed significantly to the life and work of Candle over the past year. I acknowledge these mutually fruitful relationships and we are committed to furthering our inter-agency work in the service of the young people in our area. Finally, thank you to Sr. Caoimhin, our founding member, who continues to visit the Candle Centre on a regular basis, offering support and encouragement. It is our intention to remain true to her imaginative spirit and to respect the values which she passionately inculcated into the organization.

Brian Johnston Director

Candle Community Trust Lynchs Lane Ballyfermot Dublin 10

Tel: 01 626911/ 6269112 Fax: 01 6269379 Email: Web:

Candle Annual Report 2012-2013  

Annual Report issued bt the Candle Community Trust, Ballyfermot, Dublin, Ireland