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LMT Society


President's message Dear friends, These days, Lebanon is facing formidable challenges, from over population to insecurity and water scarcity. Then again, Lebanon has constantly been faced by numerous difficulties during the course of its history and somehow made it through. No matter how long it takes to restore law and order, as well as water and electricity, the LMT is here to stay! It is our duty to protect something which has been crafted by successive generations of proud mountain people from unwanted development, abuse or neglect. Simply put, the trail is our legacy. The LMT Association has worked tirelessly since 2007 to protect, develop and promote this national treasure. We have come a long way in developing the LMT as a world class destination thanks to the support of a growing circle of friends all along the trail. We have also received support from our friends in major cities around the world including Abidjan, Amman, Amsterdam, Brussels, Dubai, Hamburg, Jeju, London, New York, Stockholm, and Washington DC. It is the combination of magical experiences, unforgettable encounters and breathless views which makes it so unique as well as the gourmet food that no other long-distance trail can rival let alone match! The diversity on the trail and its unparalleled hospitality has earned the LMT international recognition. We all know that our state institutions are unable to safeguard Lebanon’s heritage in these difficult times. This is why we need to redouble our efforts to protect this trail which has brought thousands of people closer together and helped bridge ideological gaps between Lebanese communities. The LMT is also a conservation corridor linking several protected areas. You can discover the LMT one step at a time, any day of the year. On behalf of the Association, we thank you for your generosity and goodwill and invite you all to spend time and money on the LMT to help solidify the benefits it has brought, to honor our ancestors and most importantly of all, to educate our youth. Happy SOCIETY, Karim El-Jisr

Issue No.3 December 2014 2

LMT Society

LMT Society



Trail and Conservation

Jeju Olle Friendship Trail p.05 How to protect the LMT p.06-07 Procedures for trail blazing p.08 LMT – Ehmej Side Trail p.09 Water Awareness on the LMT p.10-11 Lazzab Dannieh Nature Reserve p.12-13 ً ‫ نحو نشاطات جبلية أكثر امانا‬p.14 Ending impunity: how to control hunting p.15

Jeju Olle Friendship Trail

Trail & Conservation

Contacts Us Lebanon Mountain Trail Association Sacré-Coeur Hospital Street Ghaleb Center, 1st Floor Baabda, LEBANON Phone: +961 5 955 302 or 3 Fax: +961 5 955 303 E-mail: Editors Desmond Cooper (EN) - Béatrice le Bon (FR) May Khalifeh (AR) Board Members Béatrice Le Bon/Chami, Outreach Committee Dory Reno, Trail Committee Elie Akl, Trail Committee Jihan Khattar, Secretary Mirvat Bakkour, Outreach Committee Karim El-Jisr, President Paul Khawaja, Vice President / Trail Committee Salam Khalifeh, Treasurer / Guesthouse Committee Sami Mitri, Education Committee

On October 11, the LMTA inaugurated the Jeju Olle Friendship Trail on Section 21 of the Lebanon Mountain Trail. The event took place near the famous Jezzine spring and was organized under the patronage of the Ministry of Tourism. It was attended by the First Secretary of the Korean Embassy in Lebanon, Mr. Yoonho Kim the President of the Jeju Olle Foundation, Ms. Suh Myung-Sook, the Mayor of Jezzine, Mr. Khalil Harfouch, the LMTA President, Mr. Karim El-Jisr, as well as dozens of hikers.

Education LMT education with AEFE p.16 Water education with USAID p.17


President Sue expressed her deep appreciation for the hospitality in Lebanon and the commitment of the LMT Association to promote the Jeju Olle trail in Lebanon. “People were surprised to hear that I would travel to Lebanon to inaugurate a friendship trail in a troubled region” said Ms. Sue who was determined to visit Lebanon and discover its cultural and natural heritage. For his part, “The Municipality of Jezzine is proud to be located on the Lebanon Mountain Trail and we pledge to protect and promote the trail” said Mr. Harfouch. Mr. El-Jisr then explained what Lebanon and Korea have in common including a passion for hiking, breathtaking sceneries, orange plantations in the coastal zone, and a tumultuous history in reference to the Korean War and the Lebanese Civil War. “Today, Korea has 350 peacekeepers in south Lebanon and we hope that one day Lebanon, too, will station peacekeepers in conflict areas around the world”. He then thanked the Jeju Olle Foundation for their hospitality in Korea during their World Trail Conference in 2011, 2012 and 2014.

Spring Thru-Walk 2014 p.18-19 Nos maisons d’hôtes s’embelissent p.20-21 Managing Dwarf Mistletoe infestations p.22-23 Empowering local guides p.24-25

News and Interviews News from American Friends of the LMT p.26 Interview with Youssef Tawk p.27 Team Lebanon - The 7 Summits p.28 Book reviews p.30-31

Financials Our sponsors p.32 Financials 2013 p.33 About the LMT and the LMTA p.34-35


This issue was sponsored by ABC Printed by

About Friendship Trails The LMTA is working with international trail organizations to raise awareness of and support for public footpaths through the creation of Friendship Trails. In each case, a section on the LMT and a corresponding route on the international trail are designated as a Friendship Trail, displaying special signs to mark the partnership. The first Friendship Trail on the LMT was inaugurated in Ehden in November 2012 (LMT Section 5), with the Bruce Trail of Canada.

Photo Courtesy: Cover photo: By Eddy Chouéry for Shouf Biosphere Reserve (Barouk Hill Lake) Inside photos: LMTA except where stated otherwise Layout and Design by Nadine Eid

© Copyright LMT Association, 2014. All Rights Reserved


LMT Society

The Friendship Trail between Lebanon and Korea is a mark of friendship between the two countries. It is also a platform for recreational and cultural exchange. Whereas the LMT extends 470km from Andaqet in north Lebanon to Marjayoun in the south, the Jeju Olle Trail is a series of walking routes on Jeju Island measuring 425km in total. This beautiful UNESCO World Heritage Site is almost sub-tropical in climate, its scenery passing from wind-swept coastline, through countless tangerine groves, crisscrossed by distinctive stone walls, and up to the 1,950m peak of Mt. Halla. The blue figure known as “Ganse” shaped like a Jeju pony is a symbol of the Jeju Olle Trail and appears on all trail signs.

After a ceremonial opening, the group went on a 6-km hike on Section 21 of the LMT and was welcomed at La Maison de la Forêt in Bkassine to a mouthwatering lunch prepared by local women.

LMT Society


An Integrated Approach to Protecting the LMT A. Protecting natural resources The LMTA recognizes the value of protecting natural resources and their importance to the LMT experience. This is why we applied for a grant from USAID to implement an awareness program focused on water and mountain springs (see pp. 10-11). After noticing considerable dieback amongst Syrian Juniper trees, we started coordinating a response with a group of leading Lebanese scientists in consultation with the Ministry of Agriculture (pp. 22-23).




B.Reporting abuses on the trail Trail abuses are common and include waste disposal, quarrying, road construction, leap-frog construction etc. Every April, the LMTA records new abuses during the annual Thru-Walk and reports the most serious of them to local municipalities. Some of these are very difficult to prevent especially in the absence of effective law enforcement. We have, however, stopped the construction of several small roads that were not sanctioned by any authority. Wherever the abuse is considered irreversible, then the LMTA explores trail deviations.

C. Lobbying the Government of Lebanon


D.Connecting Lebanon’s Protected Areas

H E.Expanding the trail

So far, an estimated 20% of the LMT is protected because it passes through nature reserves established by law (Horsh Ehden, Arz Tannourine, Arz el Shouf). The LMTA encourages and supports the establishment of new protected areas on the trail. Most recently, we assisted in the delineation of the Lazzab Dannieh Nature Reserve (a project implemented by ECODIT and funded by the German Technical Cooperation GIZ) which partly covers LMT Section 3 (pp. 12-13).

The LMTA receives frequent requests from rural municipalities to extend the trail to incorporate new towns and villages on the LMT. In 2013, the LMTA worked with the Association for the Protection of Jabal Moussa to develop a 19km long side trail linking the two destinations (see LMT SOCIETY Issue 2). In 2014, the LMTA worked with the Municipality of Ehmej to develop a 23km side trail from Baatara pothole near Chatine to Aaqoura (pp. 9). In 2015, the LMTA is planning to work on proposed side trails in Bkassine (with the Federation of Municipalities in Jezzine) and Jabal Kneisset (with the Municipality of Falougha).

F.Keeping hikers on the trail

The LMTA has been in discussions with key ministries (Environment, Tourism & Justice) as well as members of parliament to advocate for legislation that would help protect the trail. Legal instruments are complex and their use is impacted by land ownership and the status of land surveys in Lebanon. Most of the areas through which the LMT passes have either not been surveyed or have been surveyed but not yet mapped. The LMTA advocates the sanctity of the public domain, including all trails, but large swathes of land on the LMT are private. A group of lawyers are examining the most effective approach for protecting the trail from haphazard construction. The long-term vision of the LMTA is to setup a land trust and this is why we have established the Adrian Life Membership Fund.

Like all trail destinations in the world, it is important to remind visitors to walk on the trail and refrain from stepping off it to avoid damaging the flora. That is why it has to be marked (blazed) in order to keep hikers on the right path. The LMTA has developed its own blazing manual and, through the help of volunteers, blazes approximately 100 km of the trail every year. Blazes last approximately 4 years (pp. 8).

G.Encouraging local buy-in of the LMT The LMTA is not the sole custodian of the trail. The LMT stretches 470 Km and its future rests in part on the participation of local communities along the way. Local citizens, institutions and municipalities in trailside communities share responsibility for its long-term condition. We maintain a close rapport with trailside municipalities and more recently have facilitated the genesis of a local committee in Baskinta to help restore and revive the Baskinta Literary Trail. The vision and objectives of this local committee are fully endorsed by the LMTA.


H.Discouraging unwanted behavior As most nature enthusiasts know, hunting in Lebanon is chaotic. Many uninitiated and or reckless hunters shoot all types of birds including migrating soaring birds (storks, pelicans, cranes, etc.) which are specifically protected by international conventions. The LMTA has been pursuing one such case in court since 2012. The fact that it is still going on exemplifies the challenges of ending the impunity enjoyed by hunters who break the law in Lebanon (pp. 15).

Survey and Map status of Lebanon Surveyed and Mapped Delineated not Surveyed Non-Delineated/non- Surveyed


LMT Society

LMT Society


A place of trekking and discovery, the LMT offers unlimited opportunities for economic and social development! The LMT is a patchwork of mostly existing trails and passageways that were stitched together under the USAID-funded Lebanon Mountain Trail project (Dec. 2005 – Mar. 2008). Since then, the LMTA has been working tirelessly to protect and maintain the trail. Whereas we always advocate the services of local guides (because they enrich the hiking experience with local tales and anecdotes), the LMTA also believes that the trail should be accessible to hikers who prefer to walk unassisted. The golden rule however is never to walk alone but always with a friend or as part of a group. Trail blazing is laborious, time-consuming and fun! Blazes help keep hikers on the trail and by walking on a wellmarked trail, we help maintain the trail itself and protect nature by not stepping on wild flowers or seedlings. Blazing the 470km LMT is no easy feat and paint blazes usually last up to 4 years only. Since 2012, the LMTA has blazed 185km (about 41% of the trail distance) thanks to the effort and support of many volunteers. Blazing activities are also coordinated with local municipalities and the nature reserves on the trail including Horsh Ehden, Tannourine Cedar, and Al Shouf Cedar.

Procedures for LMT blazing!

The LMT blaze uses only two colors: white and Tyrian purple SIGNS ON LMT AND THEIR MEANING

Trail blazing update: Section #



The LMT – Ehmej Side Trail With a grant from the USAID-funded Lebanon Industry Value Chain Development program (LIVCD), the LMTA delineated, test-walked, blazed, and mapped a new side trail passing through Ehmej, in coordination with Ehmej Municipality. The side trail distance is 23.8km extending from Chatine (Baatara pothole) to Ehmej, and then from Ehmej to Aqoura, rejoining LMT Section 10.

Trail 1, Chatine (“Baatara” Pothole and Natural Bridge) Ehmej (Auberge Arz Ehmej):8.3km Start your hike from the natural bridge of Baatara (1530m) in a southwesterly direction. Take the dirt road through the orchards and continue along a goat trail under “Aarid Baatara” (cliffs). Then cross by a spring and keep on walking under the cliffs until you reach “Skhour el Istiraha” (army barracks). Go past the telecommunications tower and begin your decent towards “Ain el Chhahir,” passing by “Qrani el Mogher” on the way before you come to “el Ramliye” church (1570m). It’s a steep uphill walk from here eastwards on a goat trail to reach a scenic point (1736m). From there, go downhill to “Ouadi Hafroun” and continue southwest along a rough path to the main paved road. Cross it and walk down into the mixed forest of “Wadi el Mihal” before reaching Auberge “Arz Ehmej” (1360m).


Beqaa Sefrine

























El Akoura




El Akoura











Kfar Aaqab




El Mtain






Ain Zhalta













From the head of the main trail at “Haklet el Heya” (1192m), start walking upwards in a northeasterly direction towards “Qornet el Raheb.” When you reach “Ain el Nasouh”, turn west along a dirt road until you come to some empty terraces. Then go uphill towards “Sahlet Beit Abi Ramia,” a good place to take a short rest and enjoy the tranquil surroundings. From this point, there is a remarkable ascent along a cleared path that leads to “el Ouata” and “el Azer” where a number of apple orchards lie scattered beneath the cliffs. Continue along the dirt road until you come to a paved one and then turn right and start climbing towards “Qornet el Tillaj” (1899m) where some stunning views await you. From here, walk downhill to “Ayoun el Nekhaa” and on towards a beautiful natural hanging bridge.

Km blazed






Then resume the climb beneath a peak called “Qornet el Jraid,” passing by scattered juniper trees on the way (Juniperus excelsa and J. oxycedrus) before reaching “Ain el Charbine” in the “Laqlouq” district. Cross the paved road at “Sahlat el Marj” and continue on towards the wonderful apple orchards of Aaqoura village. From there, you walk down the paved road past “Dahr el Jaouz” towards the village itself (1460m).

Blazes are shown on rocks or trees but many sections have neither. For example, agricultural dirt roads require blazes at each fork or turn but often there are no rocks or trees in the vicinity. Therefore, either we transport rocks to these locations or find the nearest fruit tree to position the blaze. Another challenge is to make sure that the trail is blazed (and navigational) in both directions! The LMTA is currently developing a detailed blazing and signage plan which will become the reference manual for all future work. 8

Trail 2, Ehmej (“Haklet el Heye”) – Aaqoura (North West Entrance):15.5km

LMT Society

LMT Society


Water Awareness on the LMT

LMT Springs Guide

“Yesterday I led a 30-km hike on the Lebanon Mountain Trail from Mar Antonios Qozhaya to Bqaa Sefrine passing through Ehden” said Christian Akhrass who is an LMT mountain guide. “The beauty of the landscape with its cedars, oaks, firs and junipers took my breath away. As we hiked through the Ehden Reserve, we stopped by the mountain spring of Ain Al Naassa and made use of the first edition of the “Springs Guide on the LMT” to find out more about the spring and check it for possible water pollution”.

Removing river trash

Based on this extensive sampling and interviews with local communities, the LMTA came up with the “Springs Guide” to make visitors and hikers aware of the importance of Lebanon’s water heritage. This guide describes each spring on the LMT, its location, history and physical attributes.

The LMTA also organized five “water days” to clean up rivers near the LMT and their banks. Local youth & scouts joined the volunteers and together they collected tires, plastics, metals and other garbage! In Kfardebian, the local LMT guide Nassib Akiki guided them as they tackled the local river. “People deliberately dump their trash away from their houses in natural areas. From there it eventually it finds its way into creeks or storm drains and finally into the rivers. Picking up garbage is a tough thing to do but we try to make it fun,” Naseeb said. “We do everything we can to motivate people during these cleanup events; this way people usually come back and visit again!”

Christian is also the field coordinator on the LMT for “Water Awareness Project” which is funded by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). Its object is to document and protect mountain springs. During the autumn of 2013 and the spring of 2014, he sampled 53 springs together with water expert Hussam Hawa. Based on prior research, they carried out basic physio-chemical analyses on-site for color, odor, acidity (pH), conductivity & temperature and delivered samples to the North Lebanon Water Establishment lab in Tripoli and the Industry Research Institute lab in Hadath.

At the end of each day, the volunteers bring in the day’s haul and set to work sorting it out. “People get a huge sense of accomplishment from seeing the garbage piled up at the end of the day,” he added. “On an average day, they fill up 30 to 40 bags! But cleaning rivers is not our ultimate goal. We need to change people’s behavior and stop littering altogether!”

There, in the labs, microbiological tests were carried out for the following: Total Viable Count, Total Coliform Count, Thermo-tolerant (Fecal), Coliform Count, Escherichia Col and Pseudomonas Aeruginosa as well as chemical tests for Nitrate (NO3-), Nitrite (NO2 -) and Phosphorus (P2O5). The results showed that while 35% of the springs tested were clean and safe for drinking, 57% of them needed further investigation and 8% were contaminated.


This is why on July 12 the Minister of Tourism, Mr. Michel Pharaon, came and participated in the cleanup effort in Ain Zhalta near Nabaa el Safa. Afterwards he congratulated the LMTA for its efforts in promoting cleaner trails!

LMT Society

LMT Society


‫‪Lazzab Dannieh Nature Reserve‬‬‫!‪A new discovery on the LMT‬‬ ‫مع إنشاء «محمية ل ّزاب الضن ّية الطبيعية»‪ ،‬أصبح ‪ ٨٦‬كلم من درب‬ ‫الجبل اللبناين مي ّر ضمن نطاق أربعة محميات طبيعية هي‪ :‬أرز‬ ‫الشوف‪ ،‬أرز تنورين‪ ،‬حرش أهدن و ل ّزاب الضنيّة‪ .‬فباتت دروب‬ ‫هذه املحم ّيات تشكّل طريقاً رئيس ّياً لدرب الجبل اللبناين‪ .‬ل ُيصبح‬ ‫بالتايل هذا الدرب املمر الطبيعي الوحيد يف لبنان الذي يربط‬ ‫املناطق الطبيعية‪ ،‬املساحات املفتوحة واملناظر الخالبة بعضها‬ ‫ببعض بهدف توفري وسيلة لحركة الحياة الربية وحامية املوارد‬ ‫الطبيعية يف الجبال اللبنانية‪.‬‬

‫محمية ل ّزاب الضن ّية‬ ‫الطبيعية ‪ ...‬رحلة إىل‬ ‫املناظر الطبيعية املذهلة‬

‫‪Trail and Guide Map‬‬

‫إعداد ريتا اسطفان‬

‫منذ التصديق عىل اتفاقية التن ّوع البيولوجي عام ‪ ،١٩٩٤‬ارتفع عدد‬ ‫املحميات الطبيعية تدريجياً يف لبنان من اثنتني عام ‪ ١٩٩٢‬إىل ‪١٥‬‬ ‫(نيسان ‪ .)٢٠١٤‬فهي تغطي حوايل ‪ ٢٦٠‬كلم‪ ²‬من مساحة لبنان‬ ‫وتستقطب هواة امليش يف الطبيعة‪ .‬يف متوز ‪ ٢٠١٤‬ارتفع عدد املحميات‬ ‫الطبيعية إىل ‪ ١٦‬بعد أن وافق مجلس الوزراء عىل مرشوع قانون‬ ‫إحداث «محمية ل ّزاب الضن ّية الطبيعية» (مرسوم رقم ‪)٢٠١٤/٩٢‬‬ ‫الذي تق ّدمت به وزارة البيئة يف آذار ‪ ،٢٠١٣‬وذلك بعد أن أع ّدت رشكة‬ ‫إيكوديت يف العام ‪ ٢٠١٢‬ملف التصنيف والخرائط التفصيلية بالتعاون‬ ‫مع اتحاد بلديات الضنية وبتمويل من الوكالة األملانية للتعاون الدويل‬ ‫عرب صندوق البيئة يف لبنان‪.‬‬ ‫لقد أعطت شجرة اللزاب اسمها إىل هذه املحمية نظرا ً إىل تواجد أعداد‬ ‫كثرية منها ضمن أراضيها واىل عدم وجود محمية أخرى يف لبنان تعنى‬ ‫باللزاب‪ .‬كام أن أشجار اللزاب تواجه خطر القطع العشوايئ والرعي‬ ‫الجائر‪ .‬من هنا برزت الحاجة إىل حامية هذه األشجار التي تعترب‬ ‫أيضاً أعىل نبات شجري عىل الجبال اللبنانية‪ .‬وتقع محمية اللزاب يف‬ ‫أعايل قضاء الضنية ضمن مشاعات قرى جريون‪-‬القرن‪ ،‬كفربنني‪ ،‬مربني‬ ‫والقاممني عىل ارتفاع يرتاوح بني ‪ ١٤٠٠‬و‪ ٢٠٠٠‬مرتا ً عن سطح البحر‬ ‫وعىل مساحة ‪ 23‬كلم‪ ²‬وتجدر اإلشارة إىل أ ّن ‪ ١٤‬كلم من درب الجبل‬ ‫اللبناين مي ّر ضمن أراضيها عرب قسم رقم ‪( ٣‬القاممني‪-‬كفربنني)‪.‬‬ ‫‪13‬‬

‫‪LMT Society‬‬

‫إضاف ًة اىل اللزاب تحتوي املحمية عىل غابة أرز كثيفة معروفة ب‬ ‫«أرز نجيب آغا» ومتتاز طبيعتها بتكوينات جيولوج ّية وتضاريس‬ ‫خلبة وفريدة تنتمي إىل العرص الجورايس ‪ .‬تعترب املحمية‬ ‫كارست ّية اّ‬ ‫موئالً هاماً للنباتات والطيور وبعض الثديات ومن املتوقع أن تستقبل‬ ‫الز ّوار عرب ثالث مداخل مخطط لها من بريسا (أوتسرتاد الضنية‪-‬‬ ‫الهرمل) ومن كفربنني ومن القاممني كام أنّها تحتوي عىل شبكة‬ ‫مسارات بطول ‪ ٣٠‬كلم مقسمة عىل خمسة دروب وهي‪ :‬طريق‬ ‫اإلنكليز – أرز نجيب آغا – القرنة – املعبور – العيون‪.‬‬ ‫‪‬‬

‫‪LMT Society‬‬



‫‪Ending Impunity:‬‬ ‫‪How to control hunting‬‬ ‫?‪in Lebanon‬‬

‫ملخص مبجريات قضية‬ ‫مجزرة الطيور املهاجــرة‬

‫‪We all hear about and often witness bird‬‬ ‫‪massacres on Lebanon’s trails. Unfortunately,‬‬ ‫‪we never hear about the prosecution of‬‬ ‫‪irresponsible hunters. The LMT Association‬‬ ‫‪received in April 2011 information and photos‬‬ ‫‪of a hunter who shot hundreds of storks and‬‬ ‫‪displayed them on his vehicle, in north Lebanon.‬‬ ‫‪The LMT Association shared those documents‬‬ ‫‪with the Lebanese Ministry of Environment, who‬‬ ‫‪immediately mobilized the Ministry of Justice.‬‬ ‫‪Two years later, the LMTA decided to hire the‬‬ ‫‪services of a Lebanese law firm to follow-up on‬‬ ‫‪the case. Below is a chronological summary of‬‬ ‫‪the process from 2011 to date.‬‬ ‫‪It attests to the challenges we all face in‬‬ ‫‪exercising environmental laws and regulations.‬‬ ‫…‪The case is still on-going‬‬

‫‪-6‬تحولت القضية اىل القايض املنفرد الجزايئ يف البرتون الرئيس منري‬ ‫‪-1‬بتاريخ ‪ ، 2011/4/30‬ومببادرة من جمعية درب الجبل اللبناين ‪،‬‬ ‫سـليامن ‪.‬‬ ‫و ّجـه وزير البيئة السيد محمد ناجي رحال كتاباً اىل هيئة القضايا يف‬ ‫وزارة العدل مبوضوع مجزرة بأعداد كبرية من طيور اللقلق األبيض‬ ‫‪-7‬وبتاريـخ ‪ ، 2014/9/19‬صدر قرار عن حرضة القايض املنفرد الجزايئ‬ ‫‪ ،‬مرفق به صورة عن املدعو الياس جرجس وهو يعرض الطيور عىل‬ ‫يف البرتون الرئيس كارال رحال ‪ ،‬قىض بإعالن براءة امل ّدعى عليهم سامي‬ ‫سيارة ‪ ،‬رقم تسجيلها ‪ ، /20136288/‬تس ّجل الكتاب تحت الرقم‬ ‫قصاب لعدم كفاية‬ ‫إيليا ف ّياض وجان سمعان سمعان وفيصل جامل ّ‬ ‫‪ 2011/70‬م ‪.‬‬ ‫الدليل وبر ّد ُمطالبة الدولة اللبنانية بالعطــل والضــرر ‪.‬‬ ‫‪-2‬بتاريخ ‪ 2011/5/16‬و ّجه وزير البيئة كتاباً ثانياً اىل هيئة القضايا‬ ‫إستند حرضة القايض املنفرد الجزايئ إلعالن براءة املدّ عى عليهم عىل‬ ‫بذات املوضوع‪ ،‬حيث ورد يف هذا الكتاب أن الطيور املعروضة هي‬ ‫التعليل اآلتـــي ‪:‬‬ ‫أيضاً من نوع الكريك الرمادي‪ ،‬وأن مجزرة الطيور مخالف ًة إلتفاقية‬ ‫•عدم وجود دليل بأن الطيور الواردة يف الصور جرى صيدها يف لبنان‬ ‫‪ AEWA‬الدولية وقانون حامية البيئة رقم ‪ 2002/444‬ولنظام الصيد‬ ‫أو أن أحدا ً من امل ّدعى عليهم هو من الصيادين أو يمُ كنه صيد مثل‬ ‫الربي يف لبنان رقم ‪.2004/580‬‬ ‫هذه الطيور ‪ ،‬أو أن أحدا ً منهم قد خالف قرار منع صيد أنواع مع ّينة‬ ‫‪-3‬مل تتحرك هيئة القضايا يف هذا امللف لغاية العام ‪ ، /2013/‬اىل أن‬ ‫قامت محامية جمعية درب الجبل اللبناين بزيارة رئيس هيئة القضايا من الطيــور ‪.‬‬ ‫يف وزارة العدل ‪ ،‬الرئيس مروان كركبي ‪ ،‬عارضة له القضية من جديد‪• .‬عدم توافر ما يشكّل دليالً عىل إرتكاب أي جرم ‪.‬‬ ‫•الوقائع الثابتة هي مبثابة أعامل صبيانية بهدف إلتقاط الصور وعرضها‬ ‫‪-4‬عىل أثر هذه الزيارة ‪ ،‬تح ّركت هيئة القضايا وق ّدمت شكوى أمام‬ ‫عىل موقع التواصل اإلجتامعــي ‪.‬‬ ‫النيابة العامة اإلستئنافية يف الشامل تسجلت تحت الرقم‬ ‫‪ 2013/17973‬وع ّينت املحامي األستاذ منري داوود للدفاع عن الدولــة‪• .‬إن إلتقاط صور بقرب الطيور ال يشكّل عرضاً عىل السيارات ويف‬ ‫‪-5‬وبنتيجة التحقيقات التي أجراها مخفر أميون ‪ ،‬إدعت النيابة العامة الطرقات والساحات العامة‪.‬‬ ‫اإلستئنافية عىل السيد سامي ف ّياض وجان سمعان بجرم مخالفة نظام ‪-8‬إستأنفت الدولة اللبنانية الحكم الصادر بتاريخ ‪ 2014/9/19‬عن‬ ‫الصيد الربي ‪.‬‬ ‫القايض املنفرد الجزايئ يف البرتون‪.‬‬


‫‪LMT Society‬‬


‫نحو نشاطات جبلية اكرث اماناً‬ ‫نظم املركز اللبناين لألعامل املتعلقة بنزع األلغام يف الجيش اللبناين‬ ‫وجمعية درب الجبل اللبناين بالتعاون مع الصليب األحمر اللبناين ندوة‬ ‫توعية حول واقع األلغام يف لبنان وكيفية الحد من مخاطرها وذلك يف‬ ‫‪ 15‬آذار ‪ 2014‬يف قاعة املحارضات يف ثكنة فوج املغاوير يف رومية‪.‬‬ ‫حرض الندوة رئيس املركز اللبناين لنزع األلغام العميد الركن عامد‬ ‫عضيمي وقائد فوج املغاوير العميد الركن شامل روكز وعدد من‬ ‫الضباط يف الجيش اللبناين ورئيس جمعية درب الجبل اللبناين املهندس‬ ‫كريم الجرس وعدد من أعضاء مجلس إدارة الجمعية‪ ،‬باإلضافة اىل‬ ‫عدد كبري من ممثيل الجمعيات البيئية واملحميات الطبيعية ورشكات‬ ‫السياحة البيئية والجمعيات التي تنظم رحالت امليش عىل الدروب‬ ‫الجبلية اللبنانية‪.‬‬ ‫افتتحت الندوة بالنشيد الوطني اللبناين‪ ،‬ثم ألقيت كلامت من قبل‬ ‫رئيس جمعية درب الجبل اللبناين والعميد الركن عامد عضيمي‬ ‫وممثلني عن املركز اللبناين لألعامل املتعلقة باأللغام وممثل الصليب‬ ‫األحمر اللبناين‪.‬‬ ‫تضمنت هذه الكلامت موجزا ً عن األعامل التي قامت بها جمعية‬ ‫درب الجبل اللبناين منذ تأسيسها وموجزا ً عن وضع األلغام وخاصة‬ ‫يف املناطق التي شهدت مواجهات عسكرية خالل الحرب اللبنانية‬ ‫واملناطق التي تعرضت للعدوان اإلرسائييل خاصة خالل حرب متوز‬ ‫‪ 2006‬والصعوبات التي تواجه عمل املركز أكانت مادية‪ ،‬لوجستية‪،‬‬ ‫تقنية أم برشية ووصف دور املركز يف معالجة األلغام ��ف لبنان‬ ‫واإلنجازات التي حققها منذ تأسيسه اىل اليوم وبيان خريطة األماكن‬ ‫التي تعترب ملوثة ومشبوهة واملساحات التي نظفت وأنواع األلغام‬ ‫وأشكالها وخطرها واإلشارات التحذيرية املعتمدة واملوضوعة يف‬ ‫األماكن املشبوهة ورشح كيفية الترصف السليم عند مواجهة أي‬ ‫جسم مشبوه أو الدخول يف حقل لأللغام وكيفية اإلبالغ عن االجسام‬ ‫املشبوهة واإلصابات الناتجة عنها وكيفية معالجتها عىل األرض بانتظار‬ ‫وصول املساعدة من قوى الجيش واملسعفني وكيفية اإلجالء الصحي‪.‬‬

‫‪LMT Society‬‬

‫ثم عرض فيديو مصور للمركز اللبناين لألعامل املتعلقة باأللغام مع َرفاً عن‬ ‫األعامل التي يقوم بها لتنظيف املناطق امللوثة باأللغام والنشاطات اإلنسانية‬ ‫واالجتامعية ملساعدة مصايب األلغام و حمالت التوعية التي يقوم بها املركز‬ ‫من أجل حامية املواطنني ومواكبتهم يف حال مواجهة أي خطر‪.‬‬ ‫شددت الكلامت عىل التعاون الوثيق الذي قام بني الجمعية والجيش اللبناين‬ ‫وخاصة مديرية الشؤون الجغرافية وتضمنت تأكيدا ً عىل أن العمل جار عىل‬ ‫قدم وساق بحرفية كبرية لتنظيف كافة األماكن املشبوهة‪.‬‬



Water Education is the foundation of progress

Education Présentation du LMT à la réunion annuelle de l’AEFE «Nous n’héritons pas de la Terre de nos parents, nous l’empruntons à nos enfants.» (Antoine de St Exupéry) Nous tenons tout d’abord à remercier M. Bernard Roesch, conseiller de coopération adjoint, en charge de l’enseignement scolaire à l’Agence pour l’enseignement français au Liban (AEFE) pour l’opportunité qu’il nous a offerte de présenter le LMTA - en essentiellement nos activités en terme d’éducation - aux directeurs des écoles du réseau de l’AEFE, le 14 mars. Réseau qui touche près de 65.000 élèves au Liban. Une quarantaine d’écoles françaises (ou homologuées françaises) étaient représentées lors de cette réunion. Ce que le LMTA a proposé, c’est de développer des activités parascolaires en partenariat étroit avec chaque école. Ces activités devraient permettre d’allier l’étude de la géologie, de la faune et de la flore, des ressources naturelles (de l’eau en particulier), de l’histoire, de la culture  et de l’archéologie, avec la randonnée sur le LMT. Ainsi les élèves pourraient puiser des exemples concrets tout en marchant, ce qui leur permettrait de s’approprier les connaissances sur le terrain. A travers les projets éducatifs que le LMTA développe, nous voulons sensibiliser les enfants au respect de l’environnement, en particulier à la lutte contre les carrières sauvages, le massacre d’oiseaux, la protection de nos forêts, de nos ressources et de nos sites historiques. En responsabilisant les jeunes, nous contribuons à notre mission de protection du LMT.

Il y a des chemins

Il y a des routes immortelles, il y en a d’autres qui disparaissent. La route de la Soie, la route du Rhum, la route du Thé et bien d’autres encore. Il y a des chemins qui tapissent nos vallées, serpentent nos montagnes et défilent comme des fleuves. Ces chemins, dont le LMT fait partie, viennent enrichir notre patrimoine géographique. Trop nombreux encore sont ceux qui ignorent la splendeur de nos richesses naturelles. En avril dernier, une trentaine d’élèves de Premières du Collège Melkart ont participé à notre « Thru Walk » annuel. Dans un esprit de camaraderie, ils ont partagé avec une équipe de randonneurs venus du Liban et d’ailleurs, un tronçon de nos 470 kilomètres de sentiers, entre Niha et Maaser el Chouf. Cette randonnée leur aura montré que loin du bitume et des embouteillages, notre Liban a encore de belles facettes à découvrir. C’est avec les générations du futur que nous devons collaborer pour rendre notre LMT immortel ! Ahlan wa sahlan fikoun ! Sami MITRI

Under the “Water Awareness Project on the LMT” funded by USAID, the LMTA has developed a “Water Curriculum” to fill a critical gap which exists in water education both in public and private schools. This curriculum teaches students about Lebanon’s water resources and how to protect them. It is designed for students in Grades 3 to 10 (ages 8 to 15) and each chapter can be adapted to the needs and learning levels of the students in those grades. It is inter-disciplinary and suitable for the following classes: chemistry, life science, math, geography, civic education and visual arts. It also contains water conservation tips that can be implemented at school and at home.

WAT Partner Schools El Fekha Secondary School Mar Takla School El Khreybeh Secondary School Hasbaya Secondary School Collège des Frères Champville Ecole des Sœurs de la Charité Besançons Baskinta Secondary School Shebaa Secondary School Institut de Rééducation Audio Phonétique (IRAP) Secondary School of Kfardebian Collège du Bon Pasteur Hammana Al Rai’ai Al Saleh Hammana Broumana High School Collège Saint Pierre Baskinta

Nous avons insisté auprès des directeurs d’établissements sur le fait que leurs écoles pourraient être un des moteurs de la protection du LMT, sentier qui est notre mémoire et le plus beau lien entre les différentes communautés rurales de nos montagnes.


Did you know that 80% of all potable water in Lebanon comes from groundwater sources and that household usage is the second largest consumer of water in our country?

LMT Society

As part of the WAT project, the LMTA and Responsible Mobilities (trip organizer) organized 11 nature trips for 500 students from public and private schools. They visited different regions and areas of the LMT where they learned about the critical importance of these mountain springs and why we should do more to protect them. The WAT project engaged additional schools through theater and water-related puppet shows. In total, 14 schools partnered with the LMT: 7 private, 6 public, and 1 association.

LMT Society


1st Prize: People “Contrast” by Niels Rasmussen

Agissons! Iman Rayess


Le Liban est mon pays natal, mais lorsque je l’ai quitté, je n’étais qu’une enfant. Le fait d’y retourner de temps en temps pour les vacances n’a jamais été suffisant pour créer un réel lien, une connexion, un sentiment de patriotisme.

Spring Thru-Walk 2014 The LMTA organized its sixth annual thru-walk from Marjayoun to Andqet (April 5 - May 5).This year, we walked for trail protection because protection remains the single-most important challenge for the LMT and Lebanon’s heritage in general. In total, 165 hikers from 9 countries (Lebanon, Kuwait, The Netherlands, the United Kingdom, USA, etc.) participated including 8 thru-hikers. With the support of Nikon, we organized a photo competition to encourage all hikers to share their best photos in three categories: Trail, People, and Nature. We received 65 photos of which 12 were selected by an independent panel. The prizes for the top three photos (left) included cameras and photography lessons, courtesy of Nikon. All 12 photos were put on display at the 2014 Garden Show in the Beirut Hippodrome! Photo: AFLMT

On dit que l’on finit toujours par ressentir le besoin de retourner d’où l’on vient. Je ne m’étais jamais réellement considérée comme issue du pays des cèdres avant la fabuleuse expérience que j’ai eu l’opportunité d’avoir avec le LMT cette année. En marchant pendant quelques jours à travers des paysages contrastés, colorés et aux reliefs escarpés, j’ai ressenti un sentiment de fierté et surtout d’appartenance à notre beau pays. J’ai redécouvert le Liban tel que conté par mes parents, le Liban de Fayrouz. Petit pays certes, mais d’une immense beauté, notre patrie regorge de richesses et d’authenticité. Mais j’ai surtout rencontré un peuple bon et chaleureux, généreux comme une bonne tabkha épicée dont nous avons encore le secret.

2nd Prize: Nature “Hiding” by Dany Lahoud

A travers ces quelques lignes, je voudrais rendre hommage à notre beau pays et à cette superbe équipe, dynamique et courageuse du LMTA qui met tout en œuvre pour préserver et pérenniser le précieux patrimoine libanais. Leur mérite est d’autant plus grand que leurs moyens sont petits.

Amoureuse du LMT Maya Karkour C’est lors d’un weekend passé à Niha et Jezzine il y a 6 ans que j’ai découvert le LMT. J’en suis immédiatement tombée amoureuse ! Depuis, j’ai été une ardente adepte du LMT et chaque année, j’ai rejoint les marcheurs pour quelques jours. Mais l’expérience de cette année a été unique et magique: entreprendre la totalité du Thru-Walk – un mois entier de marche - apporte un bonheur et une évasion difficilement exprimables.

3rd Prize: Trails “Keep the trail clear” by Wim Balvert


Si tout le monde pouvait mettre un peu du sien, le résultat serait spectaculaire. Alors agissons !

Finalists Adib Hachem Dany Lahoud Fadi Baaklini Jessy Salloum Niels Rasmussen Omar Katanani Rend Haffar Walid Khoury Wim Balvert Zeina Boustany

Parcourir à pied tout notre pays de Marjayyoun au Akkar, voir défiler les paysages époustouflants de nos sublimes montagnes, être accueillis à bras ouverts dans les charmantes maisons d’hôtes à caractère traditionnel, goûter le long du chemin les recettes tellement variées de chaque village avec chacun ses spécialités locales, découvrir le long du trajet des sites historiques et culturels, s’émerveiller devant une variété inouïe de papillons, coccinelles, grenouilles… S’adonner de tout cœur à ses passe-temps préférés, quelle joie! Mais - et au-delà de tout cela - partager cette merveilleuse aventure avec des marcheurs venus de tous les coins du monde, rire, rire, et encore rire et créer des liens qui perdureront, j’en suis certaine. Une expérience fabuleuse que je recommande à tous pour se recharger d’une bonne dose d’énergie dont nous avons grandement besoin vu le rythme chaotique de nos vies modernes ! LMT Society

LMT Society


Rien n’aurait pu se faire sans votre générosité ! Merci à tous les donateurs individuels qui ont contribué à raison de 25,690 US$. Merci également à nos généreux sponsors. Grâce à vous, ces huit familles vont désormais pouvoir bénéficier d’un revenu supplémentaire et améliorer leur quotidien.

Nos maisons d’hôtes s’embellissent pour mieux vous accueillir Une des missions du LMTA est de participer au développement économique des villages limitrophes du LMT en promouvant un tourisme durable. Le comité des « maisons d’hôtes » s’est tout d’abord fixé pour tâche d’établir des normes et critères de qualité des maisons d’hôtes. En effet, une de nos préoccupations majeures est d’assurer la qualité de l’hébergement sur le LMT afin de répondre aux attentes des utilisateurs. Le comité a ensuite identifié les besoins prioritaires. Après avoir visité toutes les maisons d’hôtes le long du LMT et évalué les réponses à l’enquête de satisfaction réalisée lors du TW 2013, le comité a sélectionné huit maisons d’hôtes sur lesquelles il a concentré ses efforts. Afin d’assurer la pérennité de nos relations, un contrat de 5 ans est signé entre les propriétaires des maisons d’hôtes et le LMTA.



Travaux de construction


Valeur en US$


75 matelas de qualité offerts gratuitement



Draps et couvertures pour 75 lits, serviette de bain



Aluminium et verre offerts pour 2 maisons


Key Architects

Sanitaires et plomberie offerts gratuitement



Panneau solaire offert gratuitement



Terrasse Baskinta





Capacité d’accueil


Wael Shmais

Aluminium, peinture et sanitaires

Lits, draps, matelas, robinetterie


Rachaya Wadi

Mehde Fayed


Lits, matelas, draps, canapé



Famille Mansour

Peinture, eau, chauffage, salle de bain

Rééquipement complet



Chafic Mourched

Chauffage, réservoir d’eau

Tabourets, cadres photos


Ain Zhalta

Houssam Eid

Réservoir, WC, panneaux solaires

Draps et couvertures



Famille Tabeshrani

Terrasse, aluminium, portes et WC

Salon, portes, lits et draps



Abdel Aziz Mohamed

Rajout d’une salle de bain complète

Lit, matelas, draps et tissus



Mohamed Taleb

Aluminium et peinture

Lits, matelas, draps, table



En louant les services des guides locaux et en utilisant les maisons d’hôtes sur le LMT, vous contribuez à soutenir les familles libanaises dans le monde rural. Si chacun apporte une brique pour construire notre mur, la vie sera définitivement plus simple. Et cela en est un très bel exemple! A très bientôt dans nos maisons d’hôtes!

Ci-dessous la liste des villages et familles qui ont bénéficié de ce soutien : Village


“Vivre simplement et généreusement pour que d’autres puissent simplement vivre” (Gandhi)

LMT Society

LMT Society


Managing Dwarf Mistletoe Infestations on Juniperus drupacea in Lebanese Mountains The Syrian Juniper, Juniperus drupacea, ‫ الدفران‬is one of the iconic coniferous species, distributed along the LMT in north and north-central Lebanese mountain massif. Although it is not as well-known as the Cedar of Lebanon (Cedrus libani), it forms a significant part of the mountain forest environment and natural heritage of Lebanon. In some cases, it is the sole colonizer of the very arid mountain tops.

A Figure 1. Juniperus drupacea from Ehmej. A. Female cones B. Healthy adult Syrian Juniper ‫دفران‬

In the last few years, reports on death of Juniperus drupacea trees were recorded in several high elevation areas of Lebanon. Most reports stated a sudden browning of leaves and death of branches, followed by the death of the whole tree. In May 2013, LMT collaborated with ACDI/VOCA’s Farmer-to-Farmer project to bring from the U.S. a forest disease expert, Yurij Bihun, to assess the causes of dieback observed by LMT guides, among others, on several Juniperus drupacea trees along the trail. The assessment showed the presence of the dwarf mistletoes (Arceuthobium oxycedri), an aerial, leafless parasitic plant that infect several coniferous or evergreen tree species. Dwarf mistletoes produce root-like structures that grow in the living tissue just under the bark (phloem) and in the wood (xylem), where they extract both nutrients and water from their host plants. They can live attached to their host for several decades and eventually kill the host when it is weakened or stressed by other factors. Dwarf mistletoes are obligate parasites meaning that they die when their host tissue dies. Before dying, however, they produce seeds that are explosively discharged as far as 10 m away. Seeds are coated with a sticky substance that allows them to stick to any juniper branch they encounter during their dispersal.

Memorandum of Understanding with the Lebanese Ministry of Agriculture The LMTA is preparing an agreement with the Ministry of Agriculture to effectively prune diseased trees and limit the spread of the dwarf mistletoe. In parallel, assessments will be conducted in different sites, starting from one pilot site, to map and monitor the spread of the disease and define different emergency zones in terms of speed of management. 22


Photos by Elsa Sattout and Christian Akhrass

In an effort to understand the spread of the disease and guide management practices to preserve the now-endangered Juniperus drupacea species, a group of Lebanese experts* has been working with LMT to develop an assessment protocol to monitor the disease spread and recommend best management practices. The group visited several sites in Kfar Bebnine,Jabbal Moussa and Ehmej, where they found around many dead Juniper trees, and a large number of infested trees at different levels of infestation. Unfortunately, none of the trees inspected during the visit was disease free. With this alarming situation, the LMT group visited the Ministry of Agriculture and shared their findings. The Syrian juniper is seriously threatened by the dwarf mistletoe and the species could be decimated if action is not taken quickly. Monitoring and eradication measures should start as soon as possible to save the trees!!!

LMT Society

Figure 2. Dead Juniperus drupacea trees in Kfarbebnine

Figure 3. Branches of Juniperus drupacea infested with the dwarf mistletoe *Boushra Doueihy PhD in Plant Ecology, Assistant Professor at Lebanese University

Maya Nehme PhD in Entomology & Lecturer at AUB

Elsa Sattout PhD in Agricultural Botany, Conservation Leadership Programme, University of Cambridge, UK.

Khaled Sleem Native Nurseries, Production Manager & Director of AUB Nature Conservation Center

Jean Stephan PhD in Plant Physiology, Assistant Professor Faculty of Sciences, Lebanese University

Mohammad El Zein Plant Biology and Ecology Instructor, Member of the AUB Nature Conservation Center

LMT Society


Empowering local guides on the LMT The LMTA believes that local guides are agents for change. In addition to guiding hikers and visitors on Lebanon’s trails, Local guides help us monitor abuses on the trail, maintain the trail, and also influence local decision making in favor of greener development. In an effort to improve their skillsets, the LMTA with the support of Gilbert Moukheiber (33North) and Pascal Abdallah (Responsible Mobilities) started designing a full training program with three mandatory modules: basic, intermediate, and advanced.

Mohamad Taleb

‫محمد طالب‬

‫ القاممني – املنية الضنية‬1982‫مواليد‬ ‫درس مهنة املحاماة و يزاولها حاليا‬ ‫بدأ هواية امليش منذ الصغر و انضم اىل مرشوع درب الجبل‬ 2006 ‫اللبناين يف ال‬ ‫رئيس جمعية وادي الزهور الخريية األجتامعية‬ ‫من هواياته امليش – قيادة سيارات الدفع الرباعي – القرائة‬ ‫كفربنني‬-‫ القاممني‬2 ‫عني مرشد محيل عىل مسار رقم‬

Georges Sarkis ‫جورج رسكيس‬

‫ تنورين الفوقا – البرتون‬1965 ‫مواليد‬ ‫اكمل دراساته الثناوية و نذر حياته لحامية غابة ارز‬ ‫تنورين حتى اصبح احد حامة هذه املحمية‬ ‫يعمل كموظف داخل محمية ارز تنورين‬ ‫ميلك بيت ضيافة و من هواياته امليش و مراقبة الطيور‬ – ‫ حرصون‬10 ‫ و‬9 ‫عني مرشد محيل عىل مسار رقم‬ ‫تنورين – العاقورة‬


Introduction to Trail Guiding Local guides on the LMT are essential companions during your walks and hikes! But trail guiding and interpretation is an acquired skill which must be organized and regulated to ensure quality. The LMTA is very much committed to building the capacity of trail guides on the LMT and in other parts of the country, by providing them the tools necessary to do their job well. In an effort to formalize the training sector in Lebanon, the LMTA and in coordination with the Lebanese Ministry of Tourism started implementing a training program for local guides with three levels: basic, intermediate, and advanced.

With the technical assistance of Gilbert Moukheiber (33North) and Pascal Abdallah (Responsible Mobilities), and the participation of Ehmej Municipality, the LMTA organized two trainings for 30 trail guides (see program in box). The LMTA aims to setup a permanent training academy for local trail guides in Lebanon, and the region. Trail guides on the LMT will obtain a training certificate (with the corresponding training level) and an identification number, recognized by the Lebanese Ministry of Tourism.

Habib El Helo ‫حبيب الحلو‬

‫ انهى دراسته الجامعية و دخل عامل التجارة‬.‫ جزين‬1974 ‫مواليد‬ ‫ دخل عامل الطبيعة منذ الصغر و انضم ملرشوع درب‬.‫العامة‬ ‫الجبل اللبناين منذ بدايته‬ ‫من هواياته األستغوار و امليش و ركوب الدراجة الهوائية‬ ‫ جزين – عيتنيت‬22 ‫عني مرشد محيل عن منطقة مرحلةرقم‬



Maasser el Shouf (auberge)

Sept. 20-21

11 local guides


Mar Antonios Qozhaya

Sept. 27-28

19 local guides

Introduction to Trail Guiding: Basic Module About the Lebanon Mountain Trail Introduction to the tourism industry Introduction to hiking and trails Roles and responsibilities of local trail guide Legal issues and options Practicum: tips in the field Introduction to First Aid Introduction to product development and pricing Water awarness on the lebanese mountain trail

Mireille Tebechrani ‫مرياي طبرشاين‬

‫ بسكنتا – املنت‬1980 ‫مواليد‬ ‫درست تصميم و تنفيذ اآلزياء و هي ربة منزل‬ ‫تزاول رياضة امليش منذ عدة سنوات‬ ‫هواياتها هي التزلج و الرسم و امليش‬ ‫لديها بيت ضيافة و هي املرشد النسايئ الثاين عىل درب الجبل‬ 2009 ‫ بدأت رحلتها عىل درب الجبل اللبناين سنة‬.‫اللبناين‬ ‫مبواكبة مجموعات امليش ملساعدة زوجها‬ ‫ بسكنتا – متني اضافة اىل‬14 ‫تم تعيينها مرشدة عىل مسار رقم‬ ‫الدرب اآلديب‬

LMT Society

LMT Society


News from the American Friends of the LMT

Expanding LMT’s Reach in the United States As part of its Mission, the American Friends of the LMT (AFLMT) works to strengthen ties between Lebanon, in particular the LMT community there, and the USA. The AFLMT encourages Lebanese Americans and American hikers and friends of Lebanon to visit Lebanon, walk on the LMT, and discover or re-discover the unique natural and cultural heritage of its mountains. To better serve this objective, the AFLMT has begun to overhaul its social media infrastructure, in particular its website and Facebook Page. This effort has included a sustained campaign of targeted Facebook postings on LMT activities as well as stories about heritage and life in the mountains of Lebanon. As a result, the number of page fans more than doubled in a period of four months, increasing from less than 700 in early April 2014 to more than 1,500 by mid-July 2014. As page fans share posts within their

Expanding LMT’s Reach in the United States As part of its Mission, the American Friends of the LMT (AFLMT) works to strengthen ties between Lebanon, in particular the LMT community there, and the USA. The AFLMT encourages Lebanese Americans and American hikers and friends of Lebanon to visit Lebanon, walk on the LMT, and discover or re-discover the unique natural and cultural heritage of its mountains. To better serve this objective, the AFLMT has begun to overhaul its social media infrastructure, in particular its website and Facebook Page. This effort has included a sustained campaign of targeted Facebook postings on LMT activities as well as stories about heritage and life in the mountains of Lebanon. As a result, the number of page fans more than doubled in a period of four months, increasing from less than 700 in early April 2014 to more than 1,500 by mid-July 2014. As page fans share posts within their own networks, posts on the AFLMT Page are now also reaching thousands of people and wider audiences. As more people learn about the LMT, the AFLMT hopes that the circle of LMT friends and benefactors will continue to widen.

networks, posts on the AFLMT Page are now also reaching thousands of people and wider audiences. As more people learn about the LMT, the AFLMT hopes that the circle of LMT friends and benefactors will continue to widen. AFLMT Grants to LMTA since 2010 Year

Grant Amount

Grant Purpose

2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2014 2014

$20,000 $7,500 $7,000 $3,000 $650 $7,500 $3,000

LMT Video Documentary General Support - Matching Grants Adopt the Baskinta Literary Trail Signage Prototype for the LMT Customer Relations Management Software Beds and Beddings for LMT Guesthouses Baskinta Guesthouses Upgrades

The LMTA wishes to thank the AFLMT and its benefactors for their continued support over the years.

News Overseas

LMT Photo exhibition in Brussels, by Rend Haffar

The LMT in Amsterdam

The first time I walked the LMT was for 10 days from Beqaa Sefrine to Hrajel in the summer of 2012. Along the way, I took some photos and showed them to my friends in Belgium, who encouraged me to put on an exhibition. So I contacted a friend who runs a photo gallery in Brussels called “Galerie Verhaeren” and we agreed to organize the exhibition in December 2013!

The LMT was represented at the Cycling & Hiking fare in Amsterdam (dates) by Wim Balvert, our Dutch ambassador to the LMT! The fair received more than 20000 visitors most of who are serious hikers or cyclists. LMT publications were on display and Wim gave two presentations about the LMT which drew about 60 visitors who expressed solid interest in the LMT and the annual thru-walk.

When the LMTA announced its annual Through Walk, I felt the need to walk the trail again and cover new sections from Falougha to Marjaayoun where the trail ends! The contrast between the snow-covered mountains in the north and the sun-soaked fields in the south typifies Lebanon’s diverse climate. The exhibition was well attended and followed by a meeting with people who expressed interest in the country, the trail and the photos. Many people came to the exhibition because the word “Lebanon” already meant something to them; the exhibition gave them a more nuanced vision of the country. Proceeds from the sale of the photos went to support the activities of the LMTA.

The 4th World Trails Conference (Jan.15-17, 2014)

Attended by 50 trail institutions and organizations from 18 different countries including Lebanon, the 4th World Trails Conference was a stunning success! Hosted by the Jeju Olle Foundation in Korea, the WTC saw the official launch of the Asia Trails Network (a council of 12 major trail organizations from Korea, China and Japan) and the establishment of the ‘World Trails Network’ (see box). The LMTA was represented by Board member Ms. Mirvat Bakkour who participated in three days of conferences and activities, as well as the official opening of the Lebanon Mountain Trail Friendship Trail on Jeju Olle (Route 9). The WTC is the world’s leading trail event where trail personnel and volunteers convene and discuss the strategic direction for the trail industry. The LMTA thanks Jeju Olle Foundation for their hospitality and impeccable organization of this event!

The World Trails Network (WTN) The WTN brings trail associations, trail advocates, walkers and hikers together from around the world to foster global collaboration and networking for the betterment of the world’s great trail destinations. The network was established during the 2012 World Trails Conference in Jeju, with a leadership committee of 12 renowned trail organizations.and impeccable organization of this event! « The spirit of international cooperation and sharing we are championing I hope will go a long way to ensure trails continue to play an important role in local communities unlocking real benefits, while inspiring hikers and walkers across the world for generations to come.» Galeo Saintz, Founding Chair WTN

Thank you AFLMT! Thank you AFLMT Benefactors!  


LMT Society

LMT Society


Interviews and News Youssef Tawk

25 000 arbres plantés à lui tout seul et ce n’est pas fini !

Tabib et non hakim, médecin et non sage comme il aime le souligner. Youssef Tawk a pourtant donné à la nature ce que seul un homme sage pouvait entreprendre. Après des études de médecine en Belgique, il rentre au Liban en 1990 pour diriger l’hôpital de Bcharré. Mais l’appel de la nature est là! Ne retournons-nous pas tous un jour nous ressourcer dans ses entrailles ? Au Nord Liban, le cèdre est roi, résistant au froid et au temps. Pourtant, à ses côtés pousse un arbre moins connu, le genévrier. Il pousse même jusqu’à plus de 2300 mètres alors que le cèdre ne s’aventure pas à plus de 1900 mètres. Les genévriers, dont il existe 4 genres au Liban, représentent encore seulement 10% de nos 2000 hectares de forêts.

Pourquoi le genévrier est-il resté si longtemps dans l’ombre? Paysans et agriculteurs ont toujours cru que cet arbre ne pouvait se reproduire que grâce à la grive, oiseau qui transporte dans son bec les graines de genévrier afin de permettre leur reproduction. Le Dr Tawk, lui, a voulu tenter sa chance. Après plusieurs tentatives d’ensemencement, quelle ne fût pas sa surprise de voir que les pousses faisaient surface… après un à trois ans ! Voilà pourquoi d’autres n’y croyaient pas : les graines poussant si lentement étaient considérées mortes. Et ce sera là le début d’une merveilleuse aventure. A lui seul, le tabib reboisera une partie de la montagne de Bcharré. Sur les quelques milliers de graines semées, 25.000 pousseront. Vingt ans plus tard, on peut apercevoir les arbustes qui ont entre 7 et 8 ans, éparpillés sur les flancs escarpés qui mènent à la vallée de la Qadisha. L’arrosage se fait encore de 28

façon traditionnelle, mais le Dr Tawk est convaincu que l’arrosage automatique permettrait de réduire de quatre fois le besoin en eau. L’infrastructure de base serait assez coûteuse mais devrait être vite amortie. Le genévrier a besoin d’une bonne terre calcaire et de temps : 10 ans pour bien pousser… jusqu’à 200 ans pour étendre ses branches comme le cèdre. Malheureusement, il est menacé par les intempéries, les incendies, la pollution, les chèvres et certains insectes. Menacé également par les hommes qui les abattent pour le commerce du bois et leurs besoins personnels. Le Dr Tawk compte sur nous tous ! Il compte aussi sur l’aide de l’armée pour protéger les forêts et poser des barbelés autour des terres. Longue vie à toutes ces forêts de la Bekaa du nord notamment, Barka, Rabia, Nabaa, Jjroud el Hermel, Denniye, Akkar ou encore Mechmech ! Jusqu’à ce jour, le Dr Tawk continue de planter de ses propres mains jusqu’à 100 arbres par an. Mais il n’est plus seul dans cette aventure. Il fait partie du Comité de sauvegarde de l’environnement de Bcharré, qui grâce à l’intervention de Mme Désirée Sadek recevra une aide financière de l’association Yves Rocher. Il a également remis son flambeau à l’Amical des amis du Cèdre qui a toujours été active sur le terrain et compte sur l’aide du programme américain « Lebanon Reforestation Initiative ». Le défi actuel de ces hommes est de reboiser la montagne depuis les Cèdres jusqu’à Tannourine. De l’autre côté de l’Atlantique, Alfredo Harb a entendu parler de cette volonté collective et, depuis bientôt cinq ans, appuie financièrement ces associations. Confiant en la nature et le cycle de la vie, le Dr Tawk pourrait proposer un plan de reboisement qui s’étalerait sur vingt ans. La foi peut déplacer les montagnes et les reboiser... à bon entendeur, salut ! Merci à cet amoureux de la nature immortelle. LMT Society

Casa de Piedra 3240m, Aconcagua, Argentina

The 7 Summits project The LMTA encourages all forms of non-motorized outdoor sports, adventure and discovery. We met with Team Lebanon to learn more about their “7 Summits Project”. We are a team of 7 Lebanese mountaineers with diverse professional backgrounds and a common goal: to climb the 7 summits and become the FIRST ALL-LEBANESE TEAM to raise the national flag on top of the world. While achieving this goal, one summit at a time, we want to raise awareness around the role of the Lebanese Red Cross and fundraise to support its activities. The donations will come through several channels: Online, SMS, donation boxes, and events. Everyone can track the donations through the “Virtual Mountain” on our website with the objective to reach a Donations Goal of $100,000. Last, we wish to inspire the youth of our country to follow their own dreams and live their passions, to push themselves beyond their comfort zones, overcome adversity and achieve great challenges in their lives.

The Team: Avedis Kalpaklian - The Mountain Guide Age 43 Peter Mouracade - The Communication Expert Age 35 Joyce Azzam - The Architect Age 30 Lindos Daou - The University Teacher Age 29 Georges Mikhael - The Pharmacist Age 34 Rana Samaha - The Energy Expert Age 35 Sebastien Wakim - The Engineer Age 34 Barrel Huts 3900m, Elbrus Russia

Plaza Argentina 4100 m, Aconcagua, Argentina The 7 summits and the Team Lebanon plan to climb them: DESCRIPTION




January. 2012


South America Expedition style climbing, non-technical


July. 2012





Easy-Moderate Rock climbing, exotic terrain Easy-Moderate, non-technical


Easy glacier slopes to a high summit


March. 2014




June. 2015


North America Arctic, extreme cold, moderate difficulty


January. 2016



Arctic, extreme cold, moderate difficulty


May. 2016



Extreme altitude expedition climbing

For more info, please visit

LMT Society


MEMOIRS OF A CEDAR by Faisal Abu-Izzeddin


The book is a wonderful reminder that the Cedar forests have been documented through a greater bracket of time than any other forests in the world. It is a unique distinction that the cedars are recorded in the oldest known writings, the cuneiform clay tablets of ancient Sumeria, traceable back almost 5,000 years.

by Ricardus M.Haber and Myrna Semaan Haber A review by Henri Zoghaib* Who follows the writings of Ricardus and Myrna Haber thinks that he remains in the same sequence with their new book produced in English in 360 pages of a luxurious large format, elegantly printed, enjoyably organized and treasured with 920 photos. However, in their ‘Holy Land of the Phoenicians, Adonis River Valley of the Dancing Shadows’, they have surpassed the framework of Lebanon’s nature and its beauties to the historical and cultural depth of the Adonis Valley, which is known today – historically unfair – under the name of ‘Valley of Nahr Ibrahim’.

The authors proceed from the mythological theme to prove in text and photos that the region from Byblos to the heights of the valley maintain the complete sequence of human development from prehistoric times in an integral cultural compound anciently inhabited coast and mountain, bound by one history of multiple facets. So they emphasize, which makes the book the first scientific treatment of the valley. 30

I was delighted to read Faisal Abu-Izzeddin’s new book, ‘Memoirs of a Cedar’. Having joined Faisal in years past on visits to his beloved cedar forests, I believe no person would be better qualified to write the ‘Memoirs of a Cedar’. Faisal cleverly retells history through a forest prism; hence ‘Memoirs of a Cedar’, a reminder that some forests have played key roles in human history, none more so than the cedar forests of Lebanon. Much of the book comprises a well-selected sequence of quotes from some of the many people from afar that visited the Cedars of Lebanon over thousands of years, beginning with an account of King Gilgamesh’s visit to confront Humbaba, guardian of the cedar forests.

Book Reviews

The book is of a profound Lebanese message with focused features on the valley. Adonis river was part of the cultural, religious and ideological life of ancient civilizations: people used to worship Adonis & Astarte marching the valley up to Afqa, and when the river water reddens by the action of natural phenomena the people reckoned that “Adonis has died”, remembering the legend of the lover Adonis who adored the Goddess Astarte angering her god lover and provoking his vengeance. The river was since named Adonis River carrying its symbol in the blood-red color, and blooming anemones on its banks announcing the return of the Adonis to life and of nature to early spring.

A review by Peter Hitchock*

* Peter Hitchcock is a forest conservation and heritage consultant who has been researching numerous ‘trees in history’, not the least of which is the Cedar of Lebanon. He lives in his rainforest abode near Cairns in tropical Australia.  

The eight chapters of the book promote the river, the myth and the rituals, to natural resources and through civilization history. On its pages, wide scopes of information and beautiful photos from the various sides of the valley unfold: plains, fields, rocks and mountains, shadows and stones that were once houses or palaces or temples, which brings to memory that time when Lebanon was the hub of civilizations.

The historic quotes are fascinating, indeed often quite entertaining viewed from a distance of hundreds, even thousands, of years. More than just fascinating excerpts of history, Faisal›s passion for the cedars, together with his insight into their past and future, bubbles through as he injects his often frank but informed opinions on the subject. ‘Memoirs of a Cedar’ is a generously illustrated and wonderfully readable story about one of the most important trees in human history. Faisal Abu-Izzeddin is more than the messenger of this wonderful story but also a latter-day Humbaba, ‘guardian of the cedar’. This book is a fine contribution to their on-going conservation through awareness; indeed it is a wake-up call.

ECO-LEBANON: NATURE AND RURAL TOURISM - A guide to unveil Lebanon, by Nour Farra-Haddad Published in 2013, Eco-Lebanon is your guide to the outdoors! All you want to know about ecotourism, responsible tourism and rural tourism in Lebanon, in one book. Available in all bookstores.

Holy Land of the Phoenicians, Adonis River – Valley of the Dancing Shadows for Ricardus Haber and Myrna Semaan Haber, is an encyclopedia of the beauties of Lebanon that illuminates its history, culture and ancient rituals in a valley, river and city that are a jewel on the face of yesterday. * Henri Zoghaib is a poet and writer   LMT Society

LMT Society


Thank You to all donors in 2014!

Financials 2013

The LMTA thanks all our Donors The LMTA also thanks our Gold and Supporters Sponsors at the Annual Gala The LMTA greatly appreciates each and every gift we Fundraiser (December 5, 2014)

The LMTA has an “Accounting & Procurement” reference manual which was developed for the LMTA in 2013. That same year, the LMTA started using the Visual Dolphin accounting software. Our accounts follow the cash-basis of accounting in accordance with International Financing Reporting Standards, and are audited by BERCER.

receive. We know you have choices about who you are able to support. We sincerely value your patronage and would like to acknowledge the following donations in 2014 listed chronologically: Béatrice Le Bon Chami


Hania Khalil


Claudine Abdul Massih


Aboud Fakhry


Zanouba Omais Friends of Salam Khalife

Revenues (in Lebanese Pounds LL)

$500.00 $450.00

Total revenues



Lina Fakhry


American Friends of the LMT




Souhail Ghazi


Joan Farwaji


Maya Karkour


Tammar Hadijian


Rend Haffar


Abdallah Sifaoui


American Friends of the LMT


Fondation Nady Rayess


Saad Khalife


Salam Khalife


Fadia Mansour


Christiane Ghandour


Sara Jaber


Georgette Abdi


Bassam & Ghida Yammine


Combined schedule of revenues and expenses for the year ended December 31, 2013.

2,724,000 116,797,557 23,089,365 165,406,260 120,551


Expenses (in Lebanese Pounds LL) Goods Transportation Postage Communication Maintenance and repairs Rent and building expenses Electricity expenses Venue rental Consultancy (project –based) Cleaning expenses Blazing expenses Water testing expenses Thru-walk expenses Information technology Office equipment Office supplies Fall trip expenses Personnel expenses Other expenses Total expenses Cash and cash equivalent on 01.01.2013 Net for 2013

Gala planner and sound:

Cash and cash equivalent on 31.12.2013

The LMTA (through the AFLMT), received $4,012 in donations during its Fall Trek. These donations, collected using the Razoo crowdfunding platform, will be used to support the renovation of four guesthouses on the trail. 32

The Lebanon Mountain Trail Association

Sales Events Membership Donations and grants Other

Anis Abadi

Total (through Dec. 1, 2014)

The LMTA organized its first Gala dinner in Beirut to promote the LMT and raise funds to support its mission. The event was held at the Phoenicia Hotel and solicited the following Gold Sponsorships:

5,134,215 11,329,660 422,500 3,802,875 1,939,535 12,144,034 1,136,000 2,068,165 63,637,354 1,802,250 2,953,875 11,583,500 39,371,378 4,925,002 8,923,062 4,822,512 5,060,678 32,399,393 1,600,472 215,056,460 73,426,493 93,081,273 166,507,766

This schedule is an extract from the audited financial statements of the Lebanon Mountain Trail Association. The complete financial statements, including all related notes, may be consulted in our office.

LMT Society

LMT Society


What you should know about the LMT

About the LMT Association OUR VISION


The Lebanon Mountain Trail becomes a world-class destination for outdoor and responsible tourism. The trail is protected by the Government of Lebanon, Municipalities, and local communities, and is recognized by international organizations.

‫أن يصبح درب الجبل اللبناين وجهة عاملية للسياحة يف‬ ‫ يتمتع الدرب من‬.ً‫الهواء الطلق واملسؤولة إجتامعيا‬ ،‫حامية الدولة اللبنانية والبلديات واملجتمعات املحلية‬ .‫ومعرتف به من قبل املنظامت الدولية‬



470Km 600-2000m 27 Trail Distance

Elevation Profile

−To maintain, protect and develop the LMT and its side trails −To promote the LMT as a destination for rural tourism and wellness −To conserve natural resources and protect the cultural heritage on the LMT −To advance economic opportunities on the LMT through responsible tourism −To encourage behavior change through targeted education and outreach

Number of Sections

‫الحفاظ عىل درب الجبل اللبناين والدروب املتفرعة وصونها وتطويرها‬− ‫تعزيز درب الجبل اللبناين كمنتج سياحي ريفي‬− ‫الحفاظ عىل املوارد الطبيعية وحامية الرتاث الثقايف املتاخمة لدرب الجبل اللبناين‬− ‫تعزيز الفرص اإلقتصادية عىل درب الجبل اللبناين من خالل السياحة املسؤولة‬− ‫التأثري عىل السلوكيات من خالل النشاطات الرتبوية الهادفة والتوعية‬− OUR VALUES Commitment Diversity Hospitality Integrity Voluntarism Teamwork

The Trail crosses Word Heritage 1 Biosphere Site


2 Reserves Protected 4 Areas Villages 75 &Towns

‫االلتزام‬ ‫التنوع‬ ‫الضيافة‬ ‫النزاهة‬ ‫التطوع‬ ‫العمل الجامعي‬ | Follow us on: 34

LMT Society

LMT Society


Lebanon Mountain Trail Association

Annual Gala Fundraiser PHOENICIA Hotel - December 5, 2014

Our PLATINUM Sponsors


LMT Society

Lebanon Mountain Trail SOCIETY _ Winter 2014