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THE ORANGE CROSS PR ACTICE BOOK PRACTICE BOOK SUPPLEMENTARY TO THE ORANGE CROSS BOOK


THE ORANGE CROSS PRACTICE BOOK PRACTICE BOOK SUPPLEMENTARY TO THE ORANGE CROSS BOOK 26th edition


II

Colophon  uthor A HansvanderPols (TheOrangeCross) Editor MarijkevanOoijen,Utrecht Graphicdesign JeanKlare,Deventer Photographer FotostudioLighthouse,Breda Translation JosephineE.Bruijn,Leiden

ThiemeMeulenhoffdevelopsstudymaterialsfor primaryeducation,secondaryeducation,vocational andadulteducationandforhighervocational training. Youwillfindmoreinformationabout ThiemeMeulenhoffandasurveyofour educationaltoolsonwww.thiememeulenhoff.nl ISBN9789006921731 26th edition, second issue 2011 ŠThiemeMeulenhoff,Amersfoort,2011 Allrightsreserved.Nopartofthisbookmay bereproduced,storedinanautomateddata fileorpublishedinanyformorinanyway,be itelectronically,mechanically,bymeansof photocopies,recordingsorinanyotherwaywithout priorpermissioninwritingfromthepublisher. Insofarasmakingreproductionsofthisbookis allowedonthebasisofsection16BoftheDutch CopyrightsAct1912jotheDecreeofthe20thofJune 1974,DutchBulletinofActsandDecrees471and section17DutchCopyrightsAct1912,thelegally payableindemnitiesshouldbepaidtoStichting Reprorecht(PObox3060,2130KBHoofddorp, TheNetherlands).Thosewhowanttoincludeapart orpartsofthisbookinanthologies,readersorother compilations(section16DutchCopyrightsAct1912) shouldcontactthepublisher. Thepublisherhasaimedatregisteringthe copyrightsinaccordancewiththelegalprovisions. Thosewhoareoftheopinionthatthey,inspiteof this,areinapositiontoexercisecertainrights,can asyetcontactthepublisher.


III

Foreword EachpreviousissueoftheOrangeCrossBookwasaccompaniedbyapracticebook.Thisbook enablescourseparticipantstopractiseathomeorcheckwhethertheystillhavecommandof thecoursecontentsatanymomentafterthecourse.The26thissuehasitsownpracticebook aswell.Thispracticebookhasbeenadjustedtothenewresuscitationguidelines2011issued bytheDutchResuscitationBoard. Thequestionsinthisbookhavebeennumberedbysection(ItoIVincluding).Inthecasesthat follow,1to18including,thecoursematerialisbroughtupinrandomorder.Youwillfindthe answersatthebackofthisbook. E.G. van Ankum Briggen, MD chairman

B.A.J. Jongejan, MD director


Table of contents PART I

General 7 Introduction 8

1

Giving first aid: five important points 9

2

Emotional reactions 15

3

Providing first aid and the risk of infection 16

PART II Impairment in vital body functions 17 Introduction 18 1

Impaired consciousness 19

2

Breathing difficulties 22

3

Resuscitation 28

4

Active blood loss 32

5

Shock 34

PART III Injuries 35 Introduction 36 1

Wounds 37

2

Electrical injuries 41

3

Bruises and sprains 42

4

Bone fractures and dislocations 43

5

Injuries of the eye, nose and ear 46

6

Tooth injuries and tooth through the lip 48

7

Overheating (hyperthermia) 49

8

Hypothermia 50


V

Frostbite 52

10

Poisoning 53

11

Stings and bites 54

PART IV Dressings, bandages and other materials 55 1

Dressings and bandages 56

2

Other materials 57

Cases 59 Answers 65 Part I

General 66

Part II

Impairment in vital body functions 70

Part III Injuries 78 Part IV Dressings, bandages and other materials 88 Cases 90



9


PART 1 GENERAL


8

General>Introduction

Introduction 1

The first aider is the first link in the chain of emergency care. What does this mean for your actions as a first aider?


9

2

Giving first aid: five important points Which five important points are always addressed when you give first aid? 1 2 3 4 5

3

Which of the following statement(s) is or are correct? I Whenyougivefirstaid,thefiveimportantpointsarealwaysaddressed. Theaction‘Beawareofanydanger’shouldbeperformedbeforetheaction‘Helpthe victimattheplacewhereheliesorsits’. II Whenyougivefirstaidaccordingtothefiveimportantpoints,youfirstassessthe victim. A B C D

4

OnlystatementIiscorrect. OnlystatementIIiscorrect. Bothstatementsarecorrect. Bothstatementsareincorrect.

Mention three measures that you can take to make a dangerous situation safer for yourself, for bystanders or for the victim. 1 2 3

5

If an accident just happened you may have the tendency to take action immediately to examine what is the matter with someone. Why is it important that you do not do this until you have first performed point 1 of the five important points?

6

What do you need to do if the police are at the place of the accident and you want to remove the victim from the dangerous situation?

General>Givingfirstaid:fiveimportantpoints

1


10

General>Givingfirstaid:fiveimportantpoints

7

In which two ways can you assess what has happened? 1 2

8

Why do you first assess what has happened and only afterwards examine what is the matter with the victim?

9

What do you always assess first when you want to establish what is wrong with the victim? A B C D

Breathing. Consciousness. Circulation. Airway.

10

The ABC method tells you in which order you need to assess the victim’s situation. What do A, B and C mean?

11

Why is it important to assess the victim’s vital body functions first and only then start examining other injuries?

12

Which victim would you treat first if there are several victims?

13

Which of the following statement(s) is or are correct? I Theinformationonamedicalalertpendantisimportantforthefirstaider. II Theinformationonamedicalalertpendantisimportantfortheprofessional rescuers. A B C D

OnlystatementIiscorrect. OnlystatementIIiscorrect. Bothstatementsarecorrect. Bothstatementsareincorrect.


11

Which of the following statement(s) is or are correct? I Youasafirstaidershouldcomeacrossascalm,caringandrespectfulbecause victimsmaybefrightenedoranxiousandsometimesirritatedoraggressiveaswell afteranaccident. II Ifavictimislyingontheground,yousitonyourkneesbesidehiminsucha positionthathecanseeyou. A B C D

15

OnlystatementIiscorrect. OnlystatementIIiscorrect. Bothstatementsarecorrect. Bothstatementsareincorrect.

Suppose you find a victim of a car accident. In which ways can you reassure him? Mention three ways. 1 2 3

16

Mention three characteristics of correct behaviour for a first aider. 1 2 3

17

With which two threats are victims confronted if they are not sheltered adequately?

1 2 18

How do you call in professional rescuers in each of the situations below? a Inthecaseofsevereaccidentsoraccidentsthatinterferewiththetrafficflow.

b Insituationsthatarelessurgent.

General>Givingfirstaid:fiveimportantpoints

14


12

General>Givingfirstaid:fiveimportantpoints

19

Which information do you need to pass on when you call the emergency medical dispatch centre?

20

The Orange Cross Book states that you can only leave a victim alone to fetch help if there is no other way. Can you give an example of a situation where this could be the case?

21

You have someone call in professional rescuers. Why is it important for you that this person comes back after the call?

22

Fill in the missing words. Ifyoucall1-1-2youcomeintocontactwitha(n) Youor(thepersonwhocalls)have(has)toaskfora(n)

23

 .

You give the dispatcher clear information about the accident. Which other measures can you take to ensure that the professional rescuers who have been called in reach the victim as quickly as possible?


13

Which additional information do you provide to the paramedics when you transfer the victim? Mention 4 points. 1 2 3 4

25

Why is it preferable to give first aid to a victim at the place where he lies or sits?

26

What do you do if the victim wants to stand up?

27

In which cases do you really need to move the victim?

28

What is the preferred way to move a victim who can no longer walk?

29

What do you do if you cannot move the victim in the way mentioned in question?

30

In which cases is it allowed to remove a victim from a car after a severe traffic accident?

General>Givingfirstaid:fiveimportantpoints

24


14

General>Givingfirstaid:fiveimportantpoints

31

How do you move a victim who can still bear weight with one leg?

32

The action in the photograph below is not performed correctly. a Whatiswrong?

b Howshouldtheactionbeperformed?

33

The action in the photograph below is not performed correctly. a Whatiswrong?

b Howshouldtheactionbeperformed?


15

Emotional reactions

34

What do you need to do if after several weeks you are still reminded of a serious accident?

35

Mention three emotional reactions that victims or bystanders may show if there has been an accident. 1 2 3

36

How can you generally prevent bystanders from interfering with you when you give first aid?

37

People in groups are less inclined to provide help. How can you try to overcome this?

General>Emotionalreactions

2


THE ORANGE CROSS PRACTICE BOOK The Orange Cross Practice Book supplementary to The Orange Cross Book (26e edition)

This Practice Book enables you to test if you know enough of the course material that prepares for the First Aid Certificate of The Orange Cross.

The Orange Cross Practice Book  

This Practice Book runs parallel to the 26th edition of the Orange Cross Book and enables course participants to get to grips actively with...

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