Lifestyle Diseases Lifestyle and Lifestyle Diseases Unhealthy behaviors and other factors can cause disease. Lifestyle diseases include cardiovascular disease, many forms of cancer, and type II diabetes. There are risk factors you can control: • Your diet and weight • Daily levels of physical activity • Level of sun exposure • Smoking and alcohol abuse However, the uncontrollable risk factors, the things you just can’t control: • Your age • Gender • Ethnicity • Heredity A couple of things you can do to lower your risk of developing a lifestyle disease is to lead a healthy life by eating right and exercising; and to also not smoke or drink.
Cardiovascular Diseases A diet that’s high in fat and sodium can build accumulation of fat around the heart, plaques in the arteries, etc. There are four types of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) • Stroke- a blood vessel bursts or becomes blocked in the brain, resulting in a sudden weakness or paralysis • High blood pressure- the force blood exerts on the wall of the blood vessel. This can injure the walls, causing further problems • Heart attack-sudden loss of blood flow to the heart • Atherosclerosis- fatty materials build up on artery walls. This can make clots, resulting on strokes or heart attacks Two ways to detect CVDs • electrocardiograms (EKGs) that measure the electrical activity of the heart • ultrasound images of the pumping heart and heart valves
Two ways to treat CVDs would be diet and exercise, and medicine. In severe cases, would one need surgery. Things you can do to lower your risk for cardiovascular diseases: • Reducing the amount of saturated fats, cholesterol, and salt you consume • Keep a recommended weight. • Exercise regularly • monitor blood pressure and cholesterol levels
Cancer Cancer is a disease caused by uncontrolled cell growth. Tumors are the result of the uncontrolled growth. A malignant tumor is a mass of cells that destroys your normal tissue. Whereas a benign tumor is just a large mass of cells that are actually harmless. When the cancer spread to other parts of the body, then it is called metastasis. Some common forms of cancer include: • Breast Cancer• cancer on the tissue of the breast. It affects mostly women, but men can get it as well • Prostate Cancer-cancer of the prostate, which is part of the ,ale reproductive system. • Leukemia- cancer of the tissues that produce blood • Lymphoma- of the lymph nodes or tissue Types of ways to detect for cancer; • Biopsies (tissue sample) • Blood and DNA tests • MRIs/x rays
Treatments for cancer include • Surgery • Chemotherapy • Radiation therapy There are some things you can do to lower your risk. • Don’t smoke • Limit exposure to UV radiation • Eat less saturated fats and more fruits, vegetables, and fiber • Exercise and maintain a healthy weight • Get check-ups regularly
Diabetes Glucose is what gives energy to our cells as it travels through the blood stream. Insulin is a hormone that causes cells to remove glucose from the blood. When cells are unable to remove the glucose from the blood, it results in high bloodglucose levels. This is also known as diabetes. There are two different types of diabetes: • Type 1 diabetes- the pancreas don’t produce enough insulin • Type 2 diabetesinsulin is produced, but the cells fail to respond to it
Both of them result in a buildup of toxic substances in the blood because the body uses fat and protein instead of glucose for energy. A diabetic coms is losing consciousness when there is too much blood sugar and toxic substances in the blood. Detection and treatments: Type 1- symptoms include increased thirst, frequent urination, fatigue, weight loss, blurred vision, and absence of menstruation. Treatments would be a diet and insulin injections. Type 2- symptoms include increased thirst, frequent urination, fatigue, weight loss, blurred vision, frequent infections, and slow healing sores. Treatment would be healthy diet with exercise and moderate amounts of sugar. • currently, there is no known way to prevent type 1 diabetes, but one can prevent type 2 diabetes if they maintain a healthy weight eat a healthy diet amongst other things.