Public Lecture "The Mediterranean Diet in Egypt and Its Socio-economic Impacts"

Page 1

The Mediterranean Diet in Egypt: its Socio-economic Impact Presented by Mr. Mohamed Badry Heritage Management Professional

Founder of HeritageForAll Initiative Ms. Azza Abd El Maqsoud Assistant Curator & Educator at NMEC


The Mediterranean Diet “MedDiet” Cyprus

Morocco

Croatia

MedDiet UNESCOICH 2013

Portugal

(UNESCO-ICH: The Mediterranean Diet, n.d. [accessed 6 Nov. 2017]) 2

MedDiet EG: Socio-economic Impact

Italy

Spain

Greece

Tuesday, 18 June, 2019


MedDiet: Multidisciplinary • Nutritional ingredients: fats, herbs, spices, cereals, wheat, beans, chickpeas, and lentils; meat, fish, vegetables and fruits.

• Culinary typologies: pickling, roasting, cooking, breading, frying, and baking • The consumption level of food and crops • The architectural maintenance and conservation; • The traditional craftsmanship, such as fishing, cultivating, grazing, and harvesting, including its oral expressions, stories, and folk songs. (Dernini, 2008; Petrillo, 2014; Rennaa, et. al., 2015; Scepi & Petrillo, 2015; Scovazzi, 2015) 3

MedDiet EG: Socio-economic Impact

Tuesday, 18 June, 2019


MedDiet’s Concept

Tradit. Food

Art & Constr.

MD

Crafts

“Life Style”

Social Practices

https://youtu.be/SwoFKU4gRqA

©Authors (2017)

4

MedDiet EG: Socio-economic Impact

Tuesday, 18 June, 2019


MedDiet: Beni Culturali the complex historical, intellectual and

material products of human society (‌.) the wide range of values related to the natural function and the broad economic utility of products, including art" - that to be represented in the cultural landscape viewing a multi historical layers of such civilization.

Sassi di Matera Living Culture Landscape, Basilicata, Italy

(Montella, 2015) 5

MedDiet EG: Socio-economic Impact

Tuesday, 18 June, 2019


Traditional Food: Beni Culturali Traditional food refers easily the daily lifestyle of such community in various destinations and periods through their selection, production, distribution and consumption ways according to a group of factors

6

(Montella, 2015; Padilla, et. al. 2005; Scepi & Petrillo, 2015)

• • • • • •

income, prices, preferences, beliefs, cultural traditions, the geographical, social and economic contexts.

MedDiet EG: Socio-economic Impact

Tuesday, 18 June, 2019


MedDiet: a Way of Life Spanish file (2007) to the European Union

Council of Ministers of Agriculture and Fisheries

“a very important component of the

cultural, social, territorial, environmental and gastronomic heritage of the countries and peoples in the region, historically forming part of a way of life� (Scepi & Petrillo, 2015) 7

www.consilium.europa.eu/media/36986/1811_cap_reform_objectives_4_thumb.jpg

MedDiet EG: Socio-economic Impact

Tuesday, 18 June, 2019


MedDiet: UNESCO ICH Criteria The first criterion "Transmitted from generation to generation, particularly through families, MedDiet provides a sense of belonging and sharing and constitutes for those who live in Med. basin a marker of identity and a space for sharing and dialogue". UNESCO ICH. (2003, 2013) 8

MedDiet EG: Socio-economic Impact

Tuesday, 18 June, 2019


MedDiet: UNESCO ICH Criteria The second criterion “Inscription of the element on the Representative List could contribute to raising awareness of the significance of healthy and sustainable food related practices in other parts of the world, while encouraging intercultural dialogue, promoting

testifying respect

to

creativity for

and

cultural,

environmental and biological diversity". UNESCO ICH. (2003, 2013) 9

MedDiet EG: Socio-economic Impact

Tuesday, 18 June, 2019


MedDiet: UNESCO ICH Criteria The third criterion "Safeguarding measures are elaborated that may protect and promote the element." that "Safeguarding measures focus on raising awareness, transmission, documentation,

revitalization as well as legislative actions; emphasis is placed on strengthening cooperation mechanisms between and among the communities and States

concerned". UNESCO ICH. (2003, 2013) 10

MedDiet EG: Socio-economic Impact

Tuesday, 18 June, 2019


MedDiet: UNESCO ICH Criteria The fourth criterion "The element has been nominated following the widest possible participation of the community, group or, if applicable, individuals concerned and with their free, prior and informed consent." that "Through several meetings, the communities concerned in

seven countries participated in the preparation of the nomination and gave their free, prior and informed consent". UNESCO ICH. (2003, 2013)

11

MedDiet EG: Socio-economic Impact

Tuesday, 18 June, 2019


MedDiet: UNESCO ICH Criteria The fifth criterion "The element is included in an inventory of [ICH] present in the territory(ies) of

the submitting State(s) Party(ies), as defined in Article 11 and Article 12 of the Convention." that "The Mediterranean diet and its local manifestations have been the subject of research and documentation in each of the States Parties concerned and figure into one or more inventories in each State." UNESCO ICH. (2003, 2013) 12

MedDiet EG: Socio-economic Impact

Tuesday, 18 June, 2019


MedDiet: Sustainable Development & National Economy in EG 13

MedDiet EG: Socio-economic Impact

Tuesday, 18 June, 2019


Ingredients of MedDiet’s Cuisine The traditional nutritional Egyptian system • the Egyptian meal is mainly based on bread as Ghomous.

• The Egyptian kitchen is majorly depended on oil more than diarydivided fats. FAO FAOSTAT Nutrition Country Profile [Egypt, 2003] (Padilla, Ahmed, & Wassef, 2005)

14

MedDiet EG: Socio-economic Impact

Tuesday, 18 June, 2019


Fundaciรณ Dieta Mediterrรกnea (2010)

15

MedDiet EG: Socio-economic Impact

Tuesday, 18 June, 2019


SDGs and National Economic • Sustainable lifestyle (Bio-culture) • Preserving the neighborhood relationships between the coastal countries • Upgrading the sense of conviviality and social peace • Enhancing the socio-environmental sustainability. • Farmers or fishers can preserve in-situ their genetic resources following the traditional lifestyles and safeguarding the food resources for the present and future generations. • a result of consuming the common fresh, and natural products … the respective territories

(Barcelona Declaration 2007; Dernini, 2008; FAO, 2009 ; Petrillo, 2014) 16

MedDiet EG: Socio-economic Impact

Tuesday, 18 June, 2019


MedDiet: Socio-economic Impacts Estimating the economics of the consumption perspectives “the

nutritional system” in the Mediterranean countries, • the prices of the traditional products

• the cost of the suitable lifestyle • the quality and availability of Med. food for various socio-

economic categories. (Lacirignola et al., 2005) 17

MedDiet EG: Socio-economic Impact

Tuesday, 18 June, 2019


Socio-economic Intercultural Consequences of Implementing MedDiet System Curating the heritage characteristics of EG cities and reviving the national cultural identity at each EG city.

Decreasing the national debt via operationalizing the national export and import process among MedDiet State Parties, regarding MedDiet ingredients.

Upgrading the national income via to save the level of foreign currencies.

18

MedDiet EG: Socio-economic Impact

Tuesday, 18 June, 2019


Socio-economic Intercultural Consequences of Implementing MedDiet System Activating the national and international "cultural" tourism. In diplomatic collaboration with MedDiet State Parties, EG cultural tourism obtains new distribution channels.

Delivering the "cultural" tourism among the whole EG cities.

Creating a new type of heritage tourism "Social Exchange Tourism" with MedDiet State Parties. Egypt can deliver its Med. culture with these state parties creating events, festivals, and fairs presenting our MedDiet– divided traditional foods, crafts, and so on.

Transforming practically the heritage knowledge from generation to generation via to invest the role of women in EG society.

19

MedDiet EG: Socio-economic Impact

Tuesday, 18 June, 2019


Recommendations The heritage managerial objectives developing the qualified context of preserving and sustaining MedDiet in Egypt Applying effectively the criteria of inscribing UNESCO ICH representatives from criterion no. 3 to criterion no. 5 Developing a legislative action the international conventions of safeguarding an intangible cultural heritage

20

MedDiet EG: Socio-economic Impact

Tuesday, 18 June, 2019


Recommendations Creating a research and documentation project, in collaboration with MedDiet Foundation, to preserve MedDiet-derived practices in EG

Viewing the popular dishes at the menu of the local or popular restaurant as well as a tourism restaurant Cooperating with governmental and non-governmental entities to put directly ICH in general and MedDiet in particular at the action of the national plan of sustainable development

Promoting nationally and internationally the popular festive events

21

MedDiet EG: Socio-economic Impact

Tuesday, 18 June, 2019


MedDiet in Siwa Oasis 22

MedDiet EG: Socio-economic Impact

Tuesday, 18 June, 2019


MedDiet & Identity

Emblem Marsa Matrouh Governorate, http://bit.ly/2ySipVI

Siwa Oasis and Matrouh (Geographic Map) http://bit.ly/2zSl3Mu [accessed 17 Nov. 2017]

23

MedDiet EG: Socio-economic Impact

Tuesday, 18 June, 2019


Traditional Food Dal = Lentils Bhat = Rice

Roti = Bread Achar = Pickles

Sabji = Vegetables Siwan Traditional Cuisines (http://im.hunt.in/cg/Siwan/City-Guide/thalo.jpg) Siwan Cuisines www.siwanonline.in/city-guide/food-in-siwan 24

MedDiet EG: Socio-economic Impact

[accessed 12 Nov. 2017] Tuesday, 18 June, 2019


Traditional Food Lentils + Chard

Makhmakh - Uncultivated Grass

Molokhia & Mutton http://bit.ly/2TjiNWM

http://bit.ly/2U2enbd

[accessed 12 Nov. 2017] 25

MedDiet EG: Socio-economic Impact

Tuesday, 18 June, 2019


Traditional Food El Boh Mardam

Cooking el boh mardam – Shali rice + mutton http://bit.ly/2CuktqU; http://bit.ly/2yTrTnU [accessed 12 Nov. 2017] 26

MedDiet EG: Socio-economic Impact

Tuesday, 18 June, 2019


Traditional Food Dessert during ceremonies “Puja” Pittha – Ghugni - Pua • Rice • Sugar • Milk

• Honey • Ghee Makhana (http://im.hunt.in/cg/Siwan/City-Guide/kheer.jpg) Siwan Cuisines www.siwanonline.in/city-guide/food-in-siwan [accessed 6 Nov. 2017] 27

MedDiet EG: Socio-economic Impact

Tuesday, 18 June, 2019


Traditional Food Tagellan Inteni

Tagellan inteni is a unique Siwan dish made from ground dates and wheat flour. ŠM. Hermann (FAO 2016) 28

Cooking Tagellan inteni ŠMohamed Badr (www.vetogate.com/upload/photo/gallery/125/1/61.jpg) [accessed 6 Nov. 2017]

MedDiet EG: Socio-economic Impact

Tuesday, 18 June, 2019


Traditional Food Tagellan Inteni

Nestle Cerelac – (Wheat + Dates) http://bit.ly/2OfLZgx

Biscuits filled with dates – BiscoMisr www.biscomisr.com/images/Products /Datto%20Big.png 29

[accessed 13 Nov. 2017] MedDiet EG: Socio-economic Impact

Tuesday, 18 June, 2019


Crafts

Olive Oil Factory - www.safiegypt.com/pluginAppObj_23_04/O000.jpg [accessed 4 Dec. 2017] 30

MedDiet EG: Socio-economic Impact

Tuesday, 18 June, 2019


Crafts

Date Factury - http://bit.ly/2TNFRlq; http://bit.ly/2um9E5O; http://bit.ly/2ujvjeL; http://bit.ly/2JsTkuj [accessed 4 Dec. 2017] 31

MedDiet EG: Socio-economic Impact

Tuesday, 18 June, 2019


Crafts

Curtains made of dates seeds ©Usama Ghazali (http://bit.ly/2zk0EQd; http://bit.ly/2zj8FEW) [accessed 6 Nov. 2017] 32

MedDiet EG: Socio-economic Impact

Tuesday, 18 June, 2019


Crafts

Chair made from leaf midribs 33

Farm worker producing rope from fibrous sheaths of petiole base MedDiet EG: Socio-economic Impact

ŠM. Hermann (FAO 2016) Tuesday, 18 June, 2019


Crafts

Baskets woven from palm, used to carry vegetables and other general items http://bit.ly/2izErpn 34

Basketry manufacturing http://bit.ly/2izEYHF MedDiet EG: Socio-economic Impact

Little girl is waving basketry – Siwa Oasis Community http://bit.ly/2y8oKMi [accessed 6 Nov. 2017] Tuesday, 18 June, 2019


Art & Embroidery

Traditional Clothes “Bride Dress” – Palm tree-inspired Embroidery National Museum of Egyptian Civilization– Cairo ©Author (2019) 35

MedDiet EG: Socio-economic Impact

Tuesday, 18 June, 2019


Art

Necklace from wood , palm seeds, and doum http://bit.ly/2uh9fS6 [accessed 6 Nov. 2017] 36

Ornament (Pendant – Bracelet) Tradition Crafts Center – Siwa Oasis ©Author (2017) MedDiet EG: Socio-economic Impact

Tuesday, 18 June, 2019


Art Traditional drying and processing of harvested dates in Siwa Oasis Painted by Siwan Artist Yussef Ibrahim

FAO (2016) 37

MedDiet EG: Socio-economic Impact

Tuesday, 18 June, 2019


Construction

Use of date palm trunks as floor beams

38

Modern karshif building (CULTNAT Siwa) MedDiet EG: Socio-economic Impact

Fence made of date palm fronds ©M. Hermann (FAO 2016) Tuesday, 18 June, 2019


Social Practices

Date Festival (2017) - http://siwafestival.com/ [accessed 6 Nov. 2017] 39

MedDiet EG: Socio-economic Impact

Tuesday, 18 June, 2019


Social Practices

Siwa Date Festival (2015) & (2016) – (From left to right) http://bit.ly/2zQNVHN; http://bit.ly/2Ay0KTK; http://bit.ly/2zA98or; http://bit.ly/2zROHV0 [accessed 12 Nov. 2017]

40

MedDiet EG: Socio-economic Impact

Tuesday, 18 June, 2019


Social Practices

Egypt's first date palm festival in Siwa (http://bit.ly/2ulFT50) [accessed 12 Nov. 2017] 41

MedDiet EG: Socio-economic Impact

Tuesday, 18 June, 2019


Social Practices

Annual Siwa Date Festival - http://bit.ly/2U2tTUq [accessed 6 Nov. 2017] 42

MedDiet EG: Socio-economic Impact

Tuesday, 18 June, 2019


Siwan Traditional Dance ‘Tajo Tajo’

https://youtu.be/xQeg3WO4fKo 43

MedDiet EG: Socio-economic Impact

Tuesday, 18 June, 2019


MedDiet in Kafr el-Shiekh Governorate 44

MedDiet EG: Socio-economic Impact

Tuesday, 18 June, 2019


MedDiet & Identity

Kafr el Sheikh Geographical Map, http://bit.ly/2zxCZ13; https://upload.3dlat.net/u ploads/13788266361.png [accessed 12 Nov. 2017] 45

MedDiet EG: Socio-economic Impact

Tuesday, 18 June, 2019


Traditional Food • Fish • Rice

• Vegetables • Spices Traditional Cuisine in Kafr el Sheikh’s urban cities (http://bit.ly/2U2S2KD; http://bit.ly/2TTg9w7) [accessed 12 Nov. 2017]

46

MedDiet EG: Socio-economic Impact

Tuesday, 18 June, 2019


Traditional Food • Fish • Rice

• Vegetables • Species Traditional Cuisine in Kafr el Sheikh’s rural communities (http://bit.ly/2hmeE3K; http://bit.ly/2UKuWoZ) [accessed 12 Nov. 2017] 47

MedDiet EG: Socio-economic Impact

Tuesday, 18 June, 2019


Traditional Food

Fesekh Industry (http://bit.ly/2OkScaJ; http://bit.ly/2hof7md) [accessed 12 Nov. 2017]

48

MedDiet EG: Socio-economic Impact

Tuesday, 18 June, 2019


Traditional Food Salted Fish - Sardeen

Sardeen (http://bit.ly/2yUyz56) [accessed 12 Nov. 2017]

49

MedDiet EG: Socio-economic Impact

Tuesday, 18 June, 2019


Crafts

Fishing craft – (http://bit.ly/2ySunCF; http://bit.ly/2TRLSNW; http://bit.ly/2FrW8no) [accessed 12 Nov. 2017]

50

MedDiet EG: Socio-economic Impact

Tuesday, 18 June, 2019


Crafts

Fishing craft – (http://bit.ly/2JEVNlE; http://bit.ly/2Oj8sJw; http://bit.ly/2TWVPJv) [accessed 12 Nov. 2017]

51

MedDiet EG: Socio-economic Impact

Tuesday, 18 June, 2019


Crafts

52

Fish Farming (http://bit.ly/2CvSB5L; http://bit.ly/2Fjvv2N; http://bit.ly/2OifFJP; http://bit.ly/2WeoQxG; http://bit.ly/2UNrPNn) [accessed 12 Nov. 2017] MedDiet EG: Socio-economic Impact

Tuesday, 18 June, 2019


Socio-Economic Practices

Fish Market– (http://bit.ly/2UPTXz9; http://bit.ly/2CuXsEg; http://bit.ly/2TWd3Xm) [accessed 12 Nov. 2017] 53

MedDiet EG: Socio-economic Impact

Tuesday, 18 June, 2019


Art & Construction

Fishing Community & Art – Via Amr Nabil photography (http://bit.ly/2ySVoWL; http://bit.ly/2i6FD48) [accessed 12 Nov. 2017]

54

MedDiet EG: Socio-economic Impact

Tuesday, 18 June, 2019


Art & Construction

Burullus murals. Courtesy: Walk Like an Egyptian Facebook page

By Ahmed Kafafi. Photos courtesy of Ibrahim Shalabi and Abdel Wahab Abdel El Mohsen Foundation for Culture, Arts and Development Fishing Community & Art – (http://bit.ly/2WlNhth; http://bit.ly/2Jtmr0p) [accessed 12 Nov. 2017]

55

MedDiet EG: Socio-economic Impact

Tuesday, 18 June, 2019


THANKS FOR ALL https://issuu.com/heritageforall https://youtu.be/bJEZbl3NkbQ

www.linkedin.com/in/HeritageForAll

www.facebook.com/HeritageForAll/ ​@heritage4all info.heritageforall@gmail.com