Heritage BC Quarterly Summer 2014

Page 1


Heritage and Sustainability

Heritage BC Conference & Awards Gala

Best Practices, Planning and Values

Windows: Replace vs Refurbish


Thinking About Heritage Enriches Our Thinking About Sustainability


Heritage BC is a not for profit, charitable

organization supporting heritage conservation across British Columbia through advocacy, training and skills development, capacity building in heritage planning and funding through the Heritage Legacy Endowment Fund. We are passionate about building links between heritage conservation and tourism, economic and environmental sustainability, community pride and an appreciation of our common history. Programs include workshops, annual conferences, publications and grants for the conservation of historic buildings and special places. We are funded through membership fees, program and service revenues, charitable gifts and donations as well as sponsorships. Today we have a growing membership of individuals, groups and business members who share a common interest in heritage conservation, historic places, and promoting the value of British Columbia’s heritage for all.

604.428.7243 1.855.349.7243 www.heritagebc.ca 2

The Sustainability Issue The theme of sustainability for this issue of the Heritage BC Quarterly is close to my heart. For over two decades my career focussed on educating and advocating on environmental issues including preservation of our natural places and the most critical issue of our generation, climate change. According to new polling research done by the Pembina Institute, Clean Energy Canada and the Pacific Institute for Climate Solutions, nearly nine of every ten British Columbians think hitting our climate targets is a priority for the province. How does this affect the heritage sector? If 91 per cent of British Columbians think transitioning to buildings that use very little energy is a priority and 89 percent think hitting climate targets is a priority, then there’s no question that the heritage sector should play a role in helping the government of British Columbia to meet its commitments to fight climate change.


Through working with groups like City Green, which offers Energy Efficiency Upgrade Services for Heritage Homes, individuals can make their mark with energysaving renovations and upgrades. City Green advisors receive training in the unique issues related to completing energy efficiency upgrades on heritage homes. They have solutions for retrofitting your home’s heating system, fireplace or stained glass windows while addressing issues like air leakage and still protecting the special visual features that make your heritage home unique.Visit citygreen.ca for more information including ideas for energy efficiency grants and loans. We can encourage municipalities to look at implementing financial incentives for maintaining heritage buildings and disincentives such as deconstruction rulings to encourage environmentally friendly alternatives to demolition. Instead of destroying a building and discarding its materials, deconstruction systematically takes apart a building to maximize reuse, restore, recycling and recovery of the building materials. Better yet, let’s maintain our heritage AND keep our history out of the landfill! I hope this issue of the Heritage BC Quarterly stimulates more ideas and thoughts on sustainability practices in the heritage sector. I look forward to seeing you at the Heritage BC 2014 “Building Bridges” conference this September in Cloverdale where we will explore more ideas on how the heritage sector can make its mark on climate change reduction. Kathryn Molloy Executive Director, Heritage BC Email: kmolloy@heritagebc.ca


The quest for sustainability assumes that our current lifestyles cannot continue in perpetuity because of the resource constraints of a finite planet. There are countless studies of resource flows that demonstrate how we will not continue to have access to cheap energy. Nor will we have all the affordable luxuries, conveniences and goods that come with it. The emissions from burning fossil fuels are contributing to climate change and increased vulnerability to storms, droughts and rising sea levels. In response, many institutions and professions have dedicated their efforts to helping us find ways to consume less energy and resources and produce fewer emissions. In the areas of housing and transportation, some cities have attempted to curb overall energy consumption by promoting compact development with a variety of services and amenities around transportation hubs. This is an old idea with newly discovered relevance. One of the more popular movements in urban planning today is “New Urbanism” and it promotes urban design norms that were practiced before automobiles became so prevalent. It uses traditional urban design to enable more people to live close to shops and services and to not have to rely on driving for all their needs. It is in direct opposition to suburban cul-de-sacs, which leave people with no option but to drive. In this context, upholding the heritage of human settlements that predate the dominance of cars can help us reduce energy expenditure from both cars and homes. In larger and more developed cities, and in more established neighbourhoods, heritage appears on the surface to be in opposition to compact or transit-oriented development. Proponents of a particular architectural heritage of single-family homes may oppose a change to larger buildings with multiple units. However, if we broaden our definition of heritage to include an appreciation of the value of community and the importance of protecting nature, then the calculus changes. We begin to understand that holding on to a specific type of neighbourhood may come at energy and emissions costs that are harmful to both human health and to the global climate. We also find evidence that driving more and walking less leaves us prone to a host of diseases. Compact development begins to appear more attractive. There is a limit, however, to how compact, big and tall we should go. When we consider our cultural heritage of valuing nature as an integral part of our lives, we also begin to temper our enthusiasm for highrise buildings. We begin to realize that forests, farms, parks, gardens, courtyards and patios are all important ingredients for creating a high quality of life. We have to deliberately seek a balance between material and energy efficiency on the one hand, and fulfillment, quality of life, community and humanness on the other. This balance would have us question purely technical or technological solutions. Are very tall buildings and electric cars the answer? Are genetically modified supercrops the answer, or is subsistence agriculture and dispersed living in small farming communities the best solution? It is neither. The answer lies in a cautious middle ground informed by a nuanced understanding of our environmental values and our collective human heritage. Maged Senbel, Associate Professor, School of Community and Regional Planning, University of British Columbia: MAGED IS the KEYNOTE SPEAKER AT THE HERITAGE BC CONFERENCE IN CLOVERDALE, SEPTEMBER 26-27 2014.


Heritage Windows Opening a Discussion on Replacement versus Refurbished Windows in Historically Significant Buildings A conversation between Kathryn Molloy (Executive Director, Heritage BC), Jim Stiven (Principal, Vintage Woodworks and Architectural Column Works, Victoria, BC) and Barry Moore (Consulting Manager, Pella Windows and Doors, Victoria, BC) When we discuss issues around heritage and sustainability, we have to consider complicated questions regarding restoration and/or replacement of key features. We’ve asked two experts on windows to provide information that makes an important contribution to the conversation, and will help in the decision making process. Kathryn Molloy: When upgrading windows, is it necessary to sacrifice the integrity of the design and/or heritage value of a building to ensure that you’re responding to other, more practical values such as energy efficiency, durability etc.? Jim Stiven: It depends on the practical values. Weather stripping doesn’t affect aesthetics but it does affect longevity.When doing new windows, multiple panes per sash can be tricky to duplicate—they must have either thin grills or a wide mullion. If you’re upgrading to double glazing, you need to be aware that it can affect the light penetration into a room. Vintage Woodworks sometimes makes laminated, thermal or single-glaze storm windows that help with sound barriers. Building code requirements can affect the rebuild of a window and these can vary from city to city. If a building is designated heritage, the building owner must get permission to replace the windows with single glaze and bypass the building code (including the Northern American Fenestration Standard, a harmonized performance standard for windows, doors and skylights that was developed and referenced in the 2010 National Building Code for Canada). Barry Moore: There is no need to sacrifice the historically correct profiling of a building, including brick molds, when replacing windows. It is very possible to meet the aesthetic demands of a heritage building while offering a practical, long-term solution for a better building envelope and energy efficiency without sacrificing the look of the building. Pella Windows has done this at the original Oak Bay Firehall where the new windows incorporated the old 4

corbels—the decorative detail at the bottom corner of the sash; they were re-used in order to maintain the heritage integrity. KM: How do your windows measure up when considering various approaches to sustainability such as heat loss/efficiency; source of materials (chain of custody); lifespan; contribution to landfill etc.? BM: This is a complex question, but from the perspective of energy efficiency the net gain on new windows is dramatic.When considering the landfill impacts, old frames and components will ultimately biodegrade. However, at Pella we do a lot of deconstruction and donate old windows to Habitat for Humanity. They sell these to raise funds for affordable home ownership and you will see a lot of old windows in sheds, greenhouses and outbuildings. Not only does this help reduce the impact on the landfill but it has a net social and environmental benefit. We hope that Pella Windows can model responsible practices that will encourage other contractors to consider the social and environmental benefits of donating deconstructed materials to groups like Habitat for Humanity. Environmentally speaking, extending the life of a building with new windows can help to ensure no water ingress and subsequent degradation of the building; this can be done while maintaining the original beauty of the building. I feel strongly that it would be socially irresponsible to remove or replace historically significant glass in a building, e.g. McClure stained glass, and would rather recommend a restoration company for the job. Refurbishing buildings and maintaining heritage facades is critical to maintaining the architectural integrity and social fabric of an era gone by. Social impacts can be significant too when considering window replacement. For example, most of the upgrading of heritage buildings in East Vancouver is for social housing, and using adequate heating and shelter materials is imperative to cost recovery, longevity and aesthetics. Unfortunately, the building code in BC and Canada can be counterintuitive to heritage values. New windows can ensure that buildings like The Willard Hotel in Washington, DC has a new lease on life in terms of longevity while also maintaining historical significance. JS: Comfort is key and sometimes will outweigh the economic return, which can vary depending on the number and size of windows. When looking at the environmental and economic impacts, you have to consider long-term maintenance costs; for

example, thermal glass requires replacement—it has a twenty-year life span—and is expensive. If windows make you feel cold, then the R-Value of the window should be considered. Storm windows can improve R-Value to the same level as new double-glazed windows but not to the level of triple glazed or low-emissivity or thermal windows. KM: Can original heritage windows be upgraded to match current energy efficiency standards? JS: Yes! Storm windows and weather stripping can not only improve comfort but will also cut energy costs. Weather stripping can also improve a window’s lifespan, if it is maintained. Noise can also be mitigated by storm windows.Vintage Windows makes a new window that is Energy Star efficient and passes new codes but it has a shorter lifespan requiring ongoing maintenance if you want it to last the lifespan of building. However, adding our storm windows onto to the original window is a better value all around. Saving and retaining original windows can sometimes be the best option. As long as you don’t remove the windows, then new codes don’t apply; if you replace them, you must have the planning departments permission and we recommend using an identical, single-glassed replacement. BM: New windows include improved weather stripping and insulation along with more efficient window design. It’s important to consider that new windows have lower leakage requirements, better water penetration values and overall higher energy standard than single pane glass windows. In terms of comfort, including sound barrier, new windows are superior as long they don’t compromise the historically significant values of the building. At Pella Windows, we go out of our way to create windows that match the original design or carry the best historic flavour of the original design. KM: Can you share any interesting or relevant facts, trivia or tidbits about glass? BM: In the world of low-emissivity glass there is no advantage to any one manufacturer, so the goal is to consider what is best for the building in terms of insulation value, solar gain, UV protection and aesthetic value. The performance of the glass is based on the buildings needs. Pella Windows and Doors is working on many social housing projects and we believe that our new windows are better performers allowing decreased maintenance costs and increased revenue for social programs.

JS: There have been different technologies for making glass over the past century. Drawn or rolled glass softens and disperses the light giving a noticeable wall plane (separating the inside from the outside). Old glass is a little bit less brittle than new and so doesn’t break as easily. KM: Do you have any good stories about specific glass or window upgrades in buildings in BC? BM: When I was working on a building in downtown Victoria, the architect approached city planning staff about upgrading windows. The planner said they had to be wood exterior windows, without exception. Pella did a mock up wooden window and a mock up aluminum-clad window (solid wood frame window with aluminum exterior) for review by planning staff. The planner couldn’t tell the difference without a close, hands-on inspection. In the end, the planner approved the aluminum-clad window. Most people would never know that those windows had been changed for new or that they were aluminum-clad rather than wood. JS: I think it’s interesting that if you drive around some of the more upscale neighbourhoods like Shaughnessy or look at features of older homes in Architectural Digest, you often see that the original windows have been maintained. It’s interesting that some of the wealthiest people have not installed storm windows or replaced their windows when it’s a fair assumption that finances are not a barrier. We can assume that they keep them for their aesthetic value and maybe they know that windows made pre-1930s have a longer lifespan because of the joinery construction of those windows (i.e. heavier sash, pinned-through mortise and tenon rather than glue); they can last virtually forever.

Further reading: Northern American Fenestration Standard: www.fenestrationcanada.ca Pella Windows and Doors: www.pella.com Vintage Woodworks and Architectural Column Works: www.vintagewoodworks.ca



Economic Sustainability

Ten Principles for Integrating Heritage

Jobs and Businesses:

Heritage means more than the preservation of architectural design and locations associated with historic events and personalities. The heritage field has evolved to include not only many types of property but also traditions that are valued in and by communities. Best practices in the field of heritage around the world, including Canada, seek to protect and celebrate built, natural and cultural heritage in communities. Heritage may have aesthetic, historic, scientific, cultural, social or spiritual value or significance, even when buildings or structures are poor examples of architectural styles or vernacular typologies. In 2011, the City of Victoria released a series of discussion papers to launch the visioning stage of public engagement in a comprehensive review and update of their Official Community Plan (OCP). One OCP paper focused on “Heritage and Sustainability in Community Planning” through a survey of international and Canadian policies, programs and projects that connected heritage to environmental, economic and social sustainability in meaningful and practical ways. Emerging from these recent trends, ten principles were identified that are useful to guide the development of municipal land use plans and policies that have a strong role for heritage conservation in sustainable communities.

Environmental Sustainability Green Rehabilitation: Principle 1: The Greenest Building is the One That Already Exists

Heritage retention, rehabilitation and reuse are forms of green building and pre-1930s construction has environmental features (i.e. passive design). Principle 2: Optimize and Improve the Energy Performance of Traditional Design

An effective way to reduce the impact of development on the environment is to preserve and improve the green design features of heritage and older buildings.

Sustainable Land Use Patterns: Principle 3: Reinvest in Historic Areas and Neighbourhoods

Development in historic areas and neighbourhoods helps to concentrate people and activities in city centres, which contributes to efficient management of growth and land use.

Adaptation to Climate Change: Principle 4: Integrate Heritage Conservation and Environmental Risk Management

Beyond natural ecosystems, existing and projected effects of global warming and other environmental problems are serious threats to the historic environment requiring risk management solutions that will properly protect heritage. 6

Principle 5: Heritage is a Resource for Community Economic Development

The historic environment, unique to each place, is a community asset whose conservation generates employment, small business and green jobs, and connects people to places through architectural expression and a sense of local history.

Sustainable Tourism: Principle 6: Sustainable Tourism is Dependent on Community Heritage

Heritage conservation is a cornerstone of sustainable tourism, which attracts visitors and wealth creation, while building social networks.

Urban Revitalization: Principle 7: Leverage Heritage-led Revitalization for Economic Growth

Heritage-led revitalization has the capacity to increase property values, to renew the economic vitality of business districts in historic areas of a community and to rebrand a place as a cultural or creative city.

Social Sustainability Social Cohesion and Inclusion: Principle 8: Strengthen Communities Through Heritage Conservation

Heritage has the power to strengthen communities where citizens associate the historic environment with a shared identity, attachment to place and everyday life, including people who are minorities, disadvantaged or socially excluded.

Affordable Housing: Principle 9: Connect the Retention of Historic Buildings and Affordable Housing

Historic buildings can be a source of affordable housing through adaptive reuse conversions, retention of rental stock and homes, and projects that connect heritage policy and the right to shelter in community development.

Cultural Wellbeing: Principle 10: Protect and Promote Heritage for Cultural Wellbeing

The presence, value and use of historic places as community amenities contributes to cultural wellbeing and quality of life. The City of Victoria applied these principles in developing the new OCP, ensuring that new policies would connect heritage to land use and related issues, such as economic development, housing, climate change and broader disaster mitigation. As a result, heritage has an integral role in sustainable planning in the OCP, which was awarded the Planning Institute of British Columbia 2013 Gold Medal Award for Excellence in Policy Planning within Cities and Urban Areas. Heritage assets must be safeguarded for present and future generations. While the role and impact of conservation is substantial, it should be balanced with other goals in community planning.

Further Reading: Victoria’s Official Community Plan:

» www.shapeyourfuturevictoria.ca HELEN CAIN (MCIP, RPP), City Planner, City of Victoria; Vice President, Heritage BC

Come and visit one of Canada’s National Historic Sites DAILY SELF-GUIDED TOURS




1050 Joan Crescent Victoria BC



Building Resilience “Heritage conservation contributes to creating sustainable built environments and resilient communities.” The statement above is the foundational principle behind a new guidance document scheduled for publication in the spring of 2015. Building Resilience: Practical Guidelines for the Sustainable Rehabilitation of Buildings in Canada, is the result of a collaboration between Parks Canada’s Federal, Provincial and Territorial Collaboration (FPT) on Historic Places and the BC Heritage Branch. Recognition of the connection between heritage and sustainability has become almost mainstream since we reported on Heritage Branch sustainability initiatives and partnerships in the spring 2011 Heritage BC Quarterly. All levels of government are developing policies and programs to strengthen and support capacity building in this field, securing a significant position for historic place conservation within the broader green building and community sustainability agenda. The FPT Collaboration recognizes the importance of sustainable rehabilitation of Canada’s historic places and tsihe multaneous protection of heritage value. Building Resilience is the roadmap that leads from awareness to action, taking these factors into consideration. This practical guide takes a triple bottom line approach as a “green building tool” that enhances and builds on existing sustainable conservation best practices contained in the Standards and Guidelines for the Conservation of Historic Places in Canada (S&G’s). It can be used as a stand-alone reference, but is designed to complement the S&G’s. The new guide re-asserts the notion that traditional or vernacular buildings are often inherently sustainable in their use of renewable materials, design components and their whole-system function. They are constructed of repairable, maintainable, upgradable fabric and by design often take advantage of in situ light and climactic conditions, and can be retrofitted to increase energy efficiency. Building Resilience targets a broad spectrum of users and incorporates material that many in the heritage sector will be familiar with. It also explores less commonly understood concepts such as: • Understanding how buildings are inherently sustainable in design and function before making intervention decisions. This approach challenges home and building owners to do what seems obvious but is often overlooked. The risk of not understanding a building as an environmental system may preclude best decisions for preserving value when upgrading to meet current regulatory and lifestyle standards. • Understanding that buildings constructed between the 1930s and the 1970s present unique conservation challenges as their materials and assemblies age and the threat of modification or demolition becomes a reality.

Practical strategies and guidance for renewing, upgrading and adapting our historic and existing buildings and areas


Vernon School of music

• The critical nature of structural systems and their role in maintainting the integrity of historic buildings where these systems may also be visible are character-defining elements and must be treated sensitively during upgrades. • The arrangement of interior spaces in traditional construction and its important relationship to exterior form and building function including providing access to natural light and ventilation. Sustainability upgrades must understand and consider impacts to these features and their spatial relationships. • The emphasis of contemporary rating systems to achieve mechanical and electrical efficiencies must be balanced with the protection of heritage character in historic buildings. Improper interventions may alter the behaviour of traditional buildings and undermine character defining features. • Groupings of buildings, such as historic town centres designed to take advantage of district servicing within the area such as heating and cooling systems. These

systems may be adapted for contemporary technologies such as fuel-fired, geo-thermal, bio-gas, co-generation (waste capture) and deep-water cooling. Each chapter of Building Resilience defines the issues, describes inherently sustainable elements, presents sustainability challenges, explains interrelationships with other building elements and functions, and offers practical guidance or strategies for sustainable intervention. A series of illustrated Case Studies is an important component of the document and provides real-life examples of best practices drawn from jurisdictions across Canada. The concept of an interconnectedness between all elements of the building is a critical theme throughout the document and underscores the necessity of taking an intergrated approach to achieving sustainability upgrades in traditional or vernacular construction. The aim of these pan-Canadian best practices for sustainable heritage conservation is to provide practical strategies and guidance for renewing, upgrading and adapting our historic and existing buildings and areas. It responds to a growing awareness of the resilience and durability of traditional building construction and design, and appropriately guides those working in the heritage sector, the broader design and building industry and individual homeowners. The toolkit helps to facilitate future retention and continued use of Historic Places which in turn illustrate model stewardship for the existing built environment generally. Pam Copley, Heritage Planner, BC Heritage Branch - Ministry of Forests, Lands and Natural Resource Operations

Putting A Value On Heritage Preserving our heritage does not mean giving up progress and/or economic development. Heritage conservation is not only compatible with economic development, but it can also be part of an effective, sustainable economic development tool. Canada-wide, heritage conservation supports the development of a skilled, well-paid workforce in the building trades and in traditional craft. It also creates demand for professional services in the field of engineering and architecture. Further, heritage tourism is a growing industry, with over one million Canadian’s visiting a historic site between 1998 and 2000 (Canadian Tourism Commission, 2003). More recently, in a study developed by the Cultural Human Resources Council, it was stated that, in Canada in 2005, an estimated 3,800 to 5,300 people worked in specialized built heritage occupations (such as heritage institutions, government, professionals, heritage crafts and heritage trades). This does not include any non-specialized occupations (such as engineers, non-specialist architects and contractors). (Cultural Human Resources Council, 2005). In British Columbia, public and private expenditures on historic place promotion and rehabilitation create economic activity, which in turn generates gross domestic product (GDP), employment, and tax revenues for all levels of the province. In addition, tourists from outside the province are drawn to BC for the purpose of visiting heritage sites, further stimulating the economy and sustainable development of the province. In 2012, it was estimated that $209,615,836 was generated through heritage tourists in BC. Public expenditure on interpretation and promotion of historic places was estimated at $546,451 with a further $12,628,753 generated through the rehabilitation of historic places. A total of 3,611 people were employed in heritage activity in 2012, with a total economic impact of $190,791,125 to GDP. (BC Heritage Branch, “Heritage Conservation in BC Fact Sheet,” 2012). This is a significant contribution to Canada’s revenue generation, and it is important to recognize the positive impact the heritage sector has had and will continue to have on BC’s economic development. SARAH IRWIN, HERITAGE BC

Bose Farms

Heritage adds value to a new development Three historic buildings in Surrey are being integrated onto the site of a new development of condominiums. Three generations of the Bose family farmed land in Cloverdale for more than one hundred years. Steeped in rural heritage, the planned new development is centred on three iconic landmarks: Meadowbridge Barn, Dairy Shed and the Bose Family Farmhouse. The shed will remain as is, while the barn will provide space for meetings, movies and other community events. Barns are often tumble-down structures whose heritage value is overlooked. This project highlights how a heritage building can add value, particularly because the buildings have already become a central feature of the developer’s sales and marketing efforts, adding a unique point of interest to the development. 9


What Are The Issues? Are you concerned about heritage conservation and planning in your community? Are there heritage issues you would like your municipal government to address? Does your community need a Heritage Commission, a Heritage Register, or long-term heritage conservation planning in your Official Community Plan? Are you a candidate running for municipal election who needs more information about why heritage is important for your community? The upcoming province-wide municipal election in British Columbia on November 15, 2014 is a perfect opportunity to take your heritage questions and issues to the candidates, and to educate candidates about why heritage is significant for your community. Heritage conservation and planning are municipal concerns. Part 27 of the Local Government Act provides and describes the tools municipalities need to undertake heritage conservation in their communities. Local governments have the authority to appoint a Community Heritage Commission to help manage and implement community heritage planning and activities. Only one-third of local governments in BC have Community Heritage Commissions. Local governments can also create a Community Heritage Register, an official listing of properties identified as having heritage character or heritage value to the community. Less than half of the communities in BC have a Community Heritage Register. Providing Heritage Designation to a property also falls under the jurisdiction of local governments, and can be used to conserve a heritage resource and prohibit demolition. A Heritage Conservation Area can be created by local governments to protect and conserve groups of buildings or specific areas within the community that have heritage value. Only about thirty Heritage Conservation Areas exist in BC. 1

Take your heritage questions and issues to the candidates in the upcoming municipal elections and educate them about why heritage is significant for your community. Look for Fact Sheets and other tools for bringing heritage issues into your municipal election: www.heritagebc.ca

To encourage heritage conservation and assist property owners with conserving the heritage value of their properties, local governments can provide a range of tools and incentives including monetary grants for conservation work, tax exemptions on heritage properties being conserved, or non-monetary support such as technical advice. Local governments can also include heritage conservation and planning throughout Official Community Plans to ensure a comprehensive approach to addressing heritage. According to 2013 survey results, less than ten per cent of local governments in BC have recently provided heritage conservation incentives in their communities. What can you do to bring these issues to your local candidates? Consider attending all-candidate forums and asking questions about heritage conservation. Or host an all-candidates forum on heritage, arts, and culture issues in collaboration with other local organizations. Here are some questions to ask your candidates: • What do you think is the single most important action the local government could undertake to encourage heritage preservation in the community? • Will you support funding, laws, policy, and appointments that encourage heritage conservation? Please specify any initiatives that you would propose. • Would you encourage the adaptive reuse of your community’s built heritage when its traditional uses are no longer feasible? • Will you support financial assistance and advice to those who seek to conserve and restore their heritage properties? • How will you balance development pressures against the need to preserve archaeological, natural, and heritage structures and neighbourhoods? • Do you think heritage conservation areas help communities?


• Are there examples in your community of lost heritage that you think should have been saved? If so, what would have been needed to change the outcome? • What do you see as the value to the community of the preservation of heritage properties? What have you done to save built heritage in your community? • Do you agree that a municipal council should act if necessary to designate a heritage property even where the owner disagrees? Beyond the preservation of heritage resources as significant representations of the past for present and future generations to enjoy, why else should heritage be an issue in for municipal candidates? Heritage conservation is linked to several other important issues for local governments and communities:

Heritage and Tourism:

Heritage and Cultural Tourism is one of the fastest growing segments of the tourism market. Heritage Tourism enthusiasts make up a large portion of American and Canadian tourists visiting Canada, and on average spend more time and money during their visits than other types of tourists, and visiting heritage and historic sites is their numberone activity. In 2012 heritage tourists spent over $200 million in British Columbia, and the heritage tourism industry employs over three thousand people in the province. 3 Conserving your community’s heritage is a significant way to build tourism in your area.

Heritage and Downtown Revitalization:

The adaptive reuse of heritage buildings stimulates downtown revitalization by providing unique and authentic retail experiences, and affordable space for smaller businesses and new start-ups. Older, smaller buildings house significantly greater concentrations of jobs per square foot of commercial space.4 The adaptive reuse of heritage buildings in urban cores is a strong tool in creating affordable housing and a diversity of housing options. Heritage conservation improves neighbourhood livability, and triggers positive socioeconomic change.

M&L Heritage

Building Conservation Specialists www.macdonaldandlawrence.ca

repairs • condition assessment • non destructive testing • structural analysis • roped access • repair specification • survey

Heritage and the Economy:

Heritage conservation generates a diverse variety of jobs, including working in heritage institutions, governments, heritage crafts and trades, as well as professionals, engineers, architects, consultants and contractors. Heritage conservation work is labour intensive and provides many employment opportunities compared to equivalent new construction. 5 The nature of the construction work for heritage buildings means that many of the materials for conservation projects can be locally sourced, stimulating the local economy. Over $39 million was spent in the Province of BC in 2012 on heritage rehabilitation activities.6

Heritage and the Environment:

The redevelopment of existing buildings is the best policy option to achieve smart growth, and it supports ecological health through the reduction in automobile dependency and use, and energy use. It also supports ecological health by preserving scenic vistas and farmlands from development and urban sprawl. 7 Rehabilitation of heritage buildings conserves energy and waste by diverting demolition materials from landfills and reducing energy and materials required for new construction. 8 Older neighbourboods with a mixture of small, mixed-age buildings have significantly higher Walk Score and Transit Score ratings than neighbourhoods with large, new buildings. 9

Heritage and Climate Change:

The Green Communities legislation, which amended the Local Government Act and Vancouver Charter, enables governments to address climate change in their communities, and requires local governments to have targets, policies and actions to reduce Green House Gas emissions in their Official Community Plans. The rehabilitation of heritage buildings reduces greenhouse gas emissions due to a reduced need for energy, raw materials and waste production. Heritage buildings are composed of low energy-intensive building materials such as wood as compared to highly-intensive materials (with a high level of greenhouse gas emissions), such as vinyl. 10

Heritage Branch Annual Survey: 2013 Summary Report, Building Capacity for Heritage Conservation Survey, BC Heritage Branch


Heritage Branch Annual Survey: 2013 Summary Report, Building Capacity for Heritage Conservation Survey, BC Heritage Branch


Heritage Conservation in BC Fact Sheet, BC Heritage Branch


Older, Smaller, Better: Measuring how the character of buildings and blocks influences urban vitality, National Trust for Historic Preservation, May 2014


Heritage Conservation Briefs: Job Creation, University of Waterloo Heritage Resource Centre


Heritage Conservation In BC Fact Sheet, BC Heritage Branch


Heritage Conservation Briefs: Smart Growth, University of Waterloo Heritage Resource Centre


Heritage Conservation Briefs: Sustainable Development, University of Waterloo Heritage Resource Centre


Older, Smaller, Better: Measuring how the character of buildings and blocks influences urban vitality, National Trust for Heritage Preservation, May 2014


10 Heritage Conservation Briefs: Climate Change, University of Waterloo Heritage Resource Centre


Heritage BC Annual Conference & Awards Gala

Building Bridges

Bringing it all together and building bridges across diverse interests, challenges and approaches to heritage conservation. Two informative and energizing days of speakers, workshops, award recognition, tours and more in Cloverdale – the historic centre of Surrey BC.

Friday September 26

Sept 26-27 2014 Cloverdale BC

Register Online! Conference Fees: $75 Students $125 Members $160 Non-members •


Visit us online For special

8:30 - 10:00am

Concurrent Workshops #3 3A Provincial Roundtable on Heritage Education and Training 3B Hands on Timber Conservation Demonstration 3C Community Heritage Commissions (CHC) Reports

10:00 - 10:15am Break 10:15 am - 12:00

Concurrent Workshops #4 4A Snapshots of Surrey History 4B Student Projects 4C Hands on Masonry & Traditional Plaster Conservation Demo

8:30 - 9:00am

Welcome and Opening Remarks

9:00 - 10:00am 10:00 - 10:15am

Keynote Speaker: Associate Professor Maged Senbel, UBC School of Community and Regional Planning Break

On Saturday afternoon at 1:00 pm there will be an opportunity to experience the local heritage and history of Cloverdale BC – the historic centre of Surrey. We’re still finalizing details – participants will be able to select their tours at the conference registration desk.

10:15 - 11:45am

Member Reports: Share what’s new in your organization or community

Surrey Museum: Every River Tells a Story

11:45am - 1:15pm Lunch & Heritage BC Annual General Meeting 1:15 - 2:45pm Concurrent Workshops #1 1A Heritage and Cultural Tourism 1B Writing Statements of Significance & the Community Heritage Register 1C Social Media Skills and Promoting your Non Profit 1D How To Guide: Standards and Guidelines for the Conservation of Historic Places 2:45 - 3:00pm Break 3:00 - 4:30pm

Workshop Session #2 2A Heritage and Sustainability 2B Community Heritage Commissions (CHC) Information Session 2C New Technology for Heritage and Cultural Planning 2D Fundraising for Non Profits

4:30am – 5:00pm Wrap Up Session 8:30am – 4:30pm Heritage Marketplace

IN Cloverdale and


7:30am - 8:30am Registration

Registration – Cloverdale Recreation Centre

The Holiday Inn and Suites


Cloverdale Recreation Centre and BC Vintage Truck Museum

7:30 - 8:30am

conference Discounts at

The Ramada Hotel IN Langley

Saturday September 27

Heritage Marketplace Do you have products, services and opportunities of special interest to the heritage conservation community in BC? Reach out directly with an information booth in the atrium of the Cloverdale Recreation Centre throughout our Annual Conference. Call us for details and booth rental. 8:30am - 4:30pm Friday Sept 26 8:30am - 1:30pm Saturday Sept 27

Saturday Talks & Tours:

With the Exhibit Curator as your guide, explore Surrey Museums most recent display on how rivers have shaped our identify; followed by tea, treats and nostalgic music.

Cloverdale Library Genealogy Talk

A talk about using ancestry and heritage quest to understand family history.

Downtown Cloverdale Walking Tour Meet representatives from the local Historical Society for a tour on the history and development of Cloverdale.

BC Vintage Truck Museum Tour

View this fascinating vintage collection of trucks from the 1935 Hayes Trailer and Dodge Airflow to the 1946 Chevrolet Maple Leaf.

Sponsorship Opportunities Ask us about the many ways to support our Annual Conference and demonstrate the commitment of your company or organization to heritage conservation in BC – from event sponsorship, to providing student bursaries, advertising and more.

Volunteers Wanted We’ve got an exciting and expanded program this year and are looking for volunteers to help with registration, logistics and technology for workshops, tours, the Heritage Marketplace and the Awards Gala. Contact us to volunteer!

Join us! The 2014 Heritage BC Conference & Awards Gala is a great opportunity for building bridges and networking about Heritage Conservation, Cultural Tourism, Sustainability, Community Engagement, and Education & Training. Register online now!

Awards Gala

A Night at the Races!

We invite you to join us for an entertaining evening at the Clubhouse at Fraser Downs Racetrack and Casino. Our Annual Awards ceremony recognises important contributions in heritage conservation, planning and awareness in BC. Delicious appetisers, a photobooth with traditional racing props to capture special moments, and our own racetrack teller on hand to place bets – it’s set to be a night of roaring success from starting post to finish line. Tickets $35 (This is a 19+ event and two pieces of ID are required for all guests) Order your tickets online on the Conference Registration Form

GET ALL THE DETAILS about SPEAKERS, workshops, TOURS & Heritage Marketplace! REGISTER ONLINE TODAY 13





















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Heritage Canada The National Trust Annual Conference

British Columbia Museums Association Conference 2014

Heritage Builds Resilience

The Third Space – Re-imagining our Cultural Landscape

Heritage Canada The National Trust’s Annual Conference: Heritage Builds Resilience, in association with the Canadian Association of Heritage Professionals and in collaboration with the Prince Edward Island Museum and Heritage Foundation, will take place from October 2 to 4, 2014 at the Confederation Centre of the Arts in Charlottetown, PEI. This conference is the largest learning and networking event for Canada’s heritage sector, attracting over 400 participants. The keynote speaker is Tonya Surman, a social entrepreneur, community animator and mayhem choreographer, and founding CEO of the Centre for Social Innovation; Tonya has a passion for bringing life to world-changing projects. The conference is an opportunity to build skills, become inspired and connect with heritage workers from coast to coast. Participants will have the opportunity to get involved in intensive workshops and learning tours.

The BC Museums Association (BCMA) Conference is being held this year in Penticton from October 22 to 25. The conference will provide participants with the opportunity to explore the concept of the “third space” and its importance in contemporary Canadian society. The discussions will look at the gathering places where cultural institutions such as museums, galleries, heritage sites and cultural centres exist— places that are separate from but reflective of the spaces of work and home. We will re-imagine concepts of creativity, connection, learning and community involvement in engaging social spaces. For full details, including schedule, a list of speakers, and information about how to register, visit the BCMA website: » www.museumsassn.bc.ca

Advanced registration is now open: » www.heritagecanada.org

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Heritage BC CORPORATE Members Barkerville Historic Town Bastion Group BC Association of Heritage Professionals Brian Childs & Co. Construction Ltd. City of Rossland Comox Valley Regional District Coquitlam Heritage Society Donald Luxton & Associates Inc. Eileen Fletcher, Architect Golder Associates Ltd. Iredale Group Architecture Jonathan Yardley Architect Inc. Kickstart Technologies Ltd. Ladysmith Maritime Society Macdonald & Lawrence Timber Framing Ltd. McGinn Engineering & Preservation Ltd. McLeod Masonry International Corp. Pattison Architecture Portfolio Art Services Ravenstone Masonry & Conservation Inc. TRB Architecture Inc. Vintage Woodwork Inc.

Remembering Larry Foster

President’s Message

Treading Lightly In the Fall of 2010 I took a Heritage Resource Management course, “Caring for Historic Places”, through the University of Victoria. I enjoyed it and learned so much, especially in the section about “Sustainability”. Looking back over the course material, I see many underlined sentences, and am reminded of the strong linkages between heritage conservation and our desire to become an increasingly more sustainable society. Sustainable development starts with the premise that we live in a world of finite resources and an awareness that if we continue to expend resources at our current rate we will exhaust them. On a practical level, the reuse of a building to accommodate current needs will result in smaller landfills and will consume less energy and resources. Victoria Angel, who taught the course, sums it up this way: “It should be possible to imagine a day, in the near future, when strong justification will be required before demolishing any building or structure, not because it has heritage value, but because of environmental considerations” .

I was delighted when I received the form nominating Larry to the Board of Directors of Heritage BC. He was obviously a strong candidate and would bring years of experience in heritage conservation and local government administration to HBC. He was also a skilled landscape architect. Larry joined the board in 2008. The following year, at the 2009 annual conference in Kelowna, the board appointed him president. It was a good move. Larry was in for a tough two years in the president’s chair. Within weeks of the conference, I had to tell him that our provincial funding was cancelled, we had no cash flow, and we would have to shut the office the next day. He reluctantly agreed.


The issue of what to do with sound, older buildings is faced every day in communities in British Columbia and around the globe. A 2003 UK study quantified the amount of waste created by demolition and construction activity at 24% of the total waste they produce—the equivalent to 434 million tonnes each year. The re-use of historic buildings is an important way of making our communities more sustainable. Heritage has been ahead of the curve! I work in a historic building—a small, vernacular farm building. The society I work for owns and operates historic buildings. My husband and I purchased a character home built in 1929 with the original windows still in place, and I volunteer my time with Heritage BC. You may argue that my position is a bit myopic but I am thankful to live and work in an environment that treads lightly.

Make a Real Difference Heritage BC is a not for profit charitable and a member based organization that seeks to conserve, enhance and raise awareness of the unique heritage values across British Columbia. As a member, you contribute to the conservation and sustainability of BC’s unique built, natural and cultural heritage. You also elect your board of directors, which sets the policy, and strategic direction of the society. A strong membership helps to leverage other funds from foundations and donors. Please support our goals for a collective and independent voice for heritage in British Columbia.

Become an annual member of Heritage BC today! Complete the convenient online Heritage BC Membership Form with secure Paypal/Credit Card payment: » heritagebc.ca/contact-us/become-a-member 16

I first met Larry Foster in 1995. He was a keynote speaker at a workshop on heritage conservation areas. As a senior member of the planning staff, Larry was playing a leadership role in building Kelowna’s new heritage program. I would hear his name mentioned many times over the coming years.

The tale of the fight to get Heritage BC back in business, including the Call to Renew and the eventual renewal in 2013, has been told in detail in these pages before. Suffice it to say that Larry and I worked together closely. When Kelowna MLA Steve Thomson became the Minister Responsible for Heritage, Larry’s local connections proved invaluable.


We were halfway along the road to recovery when Larry had to step back for health reasons. He managed to complete his two years as President and handed over a clear road map to new president Eric Pattison. It was an unalloyed pleasure to work with Larry, and not just because of his skills. He was, to use an old-fashioned word, a gentleman. He could be firm when necessary, but his manner was always courteous, thoughtful and genuine. I could not have asked for more and nor could the membership of Heritage BC, which he served with grace and distinction. Larry passed away peacefully on July 11, 2014 in Kelowna, BC. Rick Goodacre, Former Executive Director, Heritage BC

2014 Heritage Legacy Fund Grant Applications New Heritage Legacy Fund grant applications are now available online. Established as an endowment from the Province of British Columbia in 2003, the fund is held by the Vancouver Foundation and the program is administered by Heritage BC. Grants are available for Heritage Conservation projects and Heritage Awareness projects. The grants support the conservation of heritage resources in British Columbia, as well as promote and increase public awareness, understanding, and appreciation of British Columbia’s heritage resources. Registered non-profit societies, registered federal charities, local governments, selfgoverning First Nations, and School Boards are eligible to apply for funding. On the website there are downloads for Guidelines & Policies as well as a preapplication Worksheet to help organize all the required documents and support materials. The Grant Application form is now a completely online process. Completed applications are due by Friday, September 5, 2014. For more information and to confirm if your organization and project are eligible for funding, please contact Heritage BC Capacity Planner, Karen Dearlove.

Heritage Legacy Fund

Online Grant Applications

Applications for Heritage Conservation Projects and Heritage Awareness Projects now being accepted. Deadline Sept 5, 2014

• www.heritagebc.ca/funding


NOTICE OF 33rd ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING OF MEMBERS OF THE DOGWOOD HERITAGE SOCIETY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA FOUNDATION (the “Society”) Doing Business as Heritage BC The Board of Directors of the Society hereby gives notice that the Annual General Meeting of the Society will be held at 12:15 pm on the 26 day of September, 2014, at the Cloverdale Recreation Centre, 6188 - 176th Street, Surrey, British Columbia for the following purposes: 1. to approve the minutes from the last annual general meeting; 2. to receive the financial statements of the Society for the period ended; 3. to receive the report of the Directors to the Members; 4. to elect Directors; 5. to replace the Bylaws by passing the following special resolution: Board Members

Janice Henry President Kelowna, BC Helen Cain Vice President Victoria, BC

RESOLVED as a special resolution that the existing Bylaws of the Foundation be deleted and replaced with the Bylaws attached hereto as Schedule “A”. 6. to transact such other business as may properly come before the meeting. To review minutes, financial statements and the full text of proposed Bylaws: » www.heritagebc.ca/contact/AGM DATED the 15 day of August, 2014 BY ORDER OF THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS

Bjorn Simonsen Secretary/Treasurer Victoria, BC Eric Pattison Past President New Westminster, BC

Vancouver 202 – One Alexander St 604 736 5583 Victoria 16 Bastion Square 250 381 5582

Helen Edwards Heritage Canada Governor Victoria, BC Ranjit Gill Director Prince George, BC Zlatan Jankovic, Director Vancouver, BC


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Perry Hale Director Nelson, BC


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Heritage Education & Training Opportunities Heritage BC Workshops We’ll bring the expertise to your community with interactive workshops. Need something specific that is not listed here? A presentation on heritage incentives, revitalization agreements, or establishing conservation areas? Heritage BC will work with you to develop educational workshops to meet your community’s needs. Fee will be dependent on workshop content and length but includes multiple participants. Join with another community to make it affordable for all! To discuss options, book a workshop or get more information, call our office at 604.428.7243.

Heritage Basics For communities new to heritage conservation or those that want to incorporate new legislative tools or values-based management into existing heritage programs. A great workshop for heritage society members, planners, elected officials, community heritage commissions, heritage property owners, the business and tourism community and the general public. Tailored to reflect your community’s needs, goals and capacity, we’ll discuss values centred heritage conservation and benefits (social, environmental, economic) to help you identify your heritage values to guide decision making. We can include an environmental sustainability component if your community has integrated sustainability into your Official Community Plan. NO heritage background necessary. Two Hour Workshop Fee: $500 for any number of participants (non member $600) plus travel & accommodation when required

Identifying Heritage Values Are there places in your community that have special meaning but may not conform to conventional ideas of what ‘heritage’ may be? This workshop is for communities that want to understand the big picture of their own heritage values to inform their Official Community Plan or to develop their Community Heritage Register (whether existing or new). A great opportunity to engage a variety of ages and backgrounds in community heritage planning. Aimed at local governments and a diverse crosssection of the community this workshop brings together business and tourism sector, educators, heritage and recreation advocates, and First Nations representation. Think beyond the heritage label and consider places that are special for social and community

reasons. Some of your best ‘experts’ may be in your community and willing to express their ideas about special places. FULL DAY WORKSHOP Fee: $1100 (non member $1200) plus travel & accommodation when required

Writing Statements of Significance A hands-on workshop to help participants develop a Statement of Significance (SOS); part of the necessary documentation for identified sites on a Community Heritage Register. Get the tools to update your Community Heritage Register to meet the documentation standards of both the BC Register of Historic Places and the Canadian Register of Historic Places. As an essential part of historic place record documentation the SOS should function as a planning tool to inform decision-making in the heritage conservation process. It provides guidance to property owners, architects, developers and others who are making an intervention to an historic place. By identifying key elements of an historic place, the SOS becomes a critical link between heritage values and conservation actions. Gain an understanding of what an SOS is, how it can be used and what elements to include in a well-written document. Get guidance on how to research and develop a draft SOS. Aimed at local governments and heritage advocates with an existing understanding of valuesbased management and heritage conservation concepts. The Writing Statements of Significance workshop can also be condensed to a halfday format that will provide a more general overview of the process of developing SOS. Full Day Workshop Fee: $1100 (non member $1200) plus travel & accommodation when required

Other Opportunities:

Heritage Education and Training The College of New Caledonia The College of New Caledonia in Prince George offers a Heritage Building Conservation Certificate. This accredited program, offered through Continuing Education, focuses on wood structures. The program includes 22 weeks of theory and hands-on work experience. It is competency based and will incorporate online eLearning, classroom instruction, and field experience. Attend Full-time or part-time. Fees: $5,896. Contact Quesnel Continuing Education: 1.250.991. 7500.

Athabasca University Athabasca University offers The University Certificate in Heritage Resources Management (HRM). This is a comprehensive program of study designed for people who want a broad perspective on heritage resources management, who wish to pursue careers, with heritage resources practice, who are working or volunteering in the field or those who wish to improve their skills in heritage practice. Call 1.800.788.9041, Ext 6955 or email: hrm@athabascau.ca

University of Victoria: Heritage, Culture and Museum Studies The University of Victoria offers both undergraduate and graduate diploma and certificate programs in Cultural Resource Management. These flexible programs combine on-line and on-campus learning opportunities, and provide participants with contemporary perspectives and best practices in the cultural resource management sector. Participants can also choose to take individual courses offered in the programs. For more information contact crmp@uvcs.uvic.ca

Vancouver Heritage Foundation The Vancouver Heritage Foundation offers an assortment of interesting, interactive, and handson learning activities. These include “Brown Bag Lunch and Learns,” evening lectures, workshops, house tours, bus tours, and walking tours. The VHF also offers the awarding winning Old School: Maintaining Heritage Buildings program, in which participants can earn a Certificate in Heritage Conservation and other Professional Development Credits. For more information: » www.vancouverheritagefoundation.org/ learn-with-us/

Royal Roads University Royal Roads University offers a Master of Arts in Tourism Management with online and fulltime on campus options focusing on leadership, strategy, marketing and sustainability. Heritage tourism is an important area of study and can be a specialization based on your own electives and research. Ideal for early to mid-career individuals interested in a versatile skillset and recognized credential to advance their career and personal development. Contact Geoffrey Bird, Program Head, for more information. Email: Geoff.2bird@royalroads.ca » www.royalroads.ca


Building Bridges: Heritage Conservation Cultural Tourism Sustainability Community Engagement Education & Training

It’s time to register for the Heritage BC Conference Annual Conference on September 26-27, 2014 in Cloverdale BC. ‘Building Bridges’ will feature keynote speaker, Professor Maged Senbel from the University of British Columbia’s School of Community and Regional Planning, speaking about effective public engagement and municipal climate change planning. There are lots of interactive workshops to participate in, CHC reports, the Heritage BC AGM, and a Heritage Marketplace. Join us for tours of some of the interesting heritage sites and museums in Surrey. Don’t miss ‘A Night At The Races’! Get your tickets online to the Heritage BC Awards Gala – it’s sure to be an exciting evening. All the details about the program, registration, accommodation deals and more are online:

» www.heritagebc.ca/events

Heritage BC Quarterly

Fall: Awards Issue Article Submissions: September 30 Advertising Deadline: October 15

102-657 Marine Drive West Vancouver BC Canada V7T 1A4 604.428.7243 1.855.349.7243