Page 1

Klamath Life Close to Home

Along the way

Stand on historic ground with the guidance of historical markers

One for you, One for me

Cooking for a crowd and how to help others during the holidays

Keeping the hens happy year-round

Egg producers keep the coop in all weather

Art & Life:

Klamath County Cultural Coalition

Live-in history: Former World War II internee barracks home to generations Also inside: KLAMATH BASIN HOLIDAY GIFT GUIDE


REGIONAL MAGAZINE FOR KLAMATH, LAKE, MODOC AND SISKIYOU COUNTIES H e r a l d a n d N e w s ❘ N o v e m b e r / D e c e m b e r 2 0 1 2 ❘ w w w. h e r a l d a n d n e w s . c o m

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3 ❘ Klamath Life ❘ Close to Home

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4 ❘ Klamath Life ❘ Close to Home

Close to Home On the cover: Lava Beds National Monument is a great getaway to go to both enjoy the weather and get out of it. Page 7.

Inside: Destinations

Transformed: Winter offers new recreation choices. Page 7

Cover photo by Andrew Mariman

Historic ground: Basin history sites. Page 11


Books about us: Read up on all aspects of Basin life. Page 15

Protecting culture: A fight for the arts. Page 20

Country living

Live-in history: Former barracks are home to generations. Page 23 ■ Happy hens: Backyard and free-range hens are ‘hard-working girls.’ Page 25 ■

11 20

Home & garden

On a dime: Holiday decorating without breaking the bank. Page 37 ■ Scents of the season: Greenery & spices. Page 41 ■





Holiday feast: One for you, one for me, something for everyone. Page 47

What’s your story?


Do you have a story idea for the upcoming February/ March edition of Klamath Life? Let us know what your idea is. Send information to Herald and News Lifestyles editor Holly Owens at howens@ Please put “Klamath Life Story Idea” in the subject line.

Best of the season: Cooking up the tastes of the harvest. Page 53


A close-up look at one of the personalities from the region who helps shape and make the Basin a great place to live. Page 59

Also inside: Flora & Fauna: Coyotes, snowberry. Page 58

■ Views on the Basin: Reader-submitted photography. Page 60 ■ On the Calendar: Community events. Page 61









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❘ Destinations

7 ❘ Klamath Life ❘ Close to Home

Transformed through the seasons Winter weather offers new recreation opportunities in a changed landscape By ANDREW MARIMAN H&N Staff Photographer


t more than 4,000 feet above sea level, Klamath Falls and surrounding areas get hammered by the weather — winter in and winter out — transforming everything. Summer hangouts shift to winter haunts and the reason to use entire areas changes almost overnight with the first hard freeze and deep snow accumulation. During the summer months, places like Lake of the Woods and Medicine Lake are local boating and swimming spots. They transform in winter into snowmobile and ice fishing destinations. Crater Lake, with its more than 500 inches of snow annually, becomes a winter wonderland for snowshoe and cross country ski enthusiasts. The Running Y resort, though it does offer golf yearround, weather permitting, switches focus to its Bill Collier Community Ice Arena. See SEASONS, page 8

The hills surrounding Upper Klamath Lake are transformed by snow as clouds drop precipitation to the south in this photo from 2011. Winter weather brings with it fresh recreation opportunities around the Klamath Basin. H&N file photo by Andrew Mariman

❘ Destinations SEASONS, from page 7 A wintry Lava Beds National Monument morphs in dramatic ways on the surface, yet also offers consistency and a reprieve of sorts inside the caves from the elements of any variety. Make no mistake: the area surrounding Klamath Falls, while offering outdoor activities throughout the year, is particularly magnificent when the snow starts to fly.

❘ Lava Beds National Monument ❘ Lava Beds National Monument, just an hour south of Klamath Falls, is open and manned with personnel, to a certain extent, 364 days a year. Christmas is the only day off for the popular destination. Located on the southern flank of the Medicine Lake Volcano — one of the largest shield volcanoes in mass along the Cascade range — it is home to 778 known caves,

8 ❘ Klamath Life ❘ Close to Home

30 of which are open and accessible year-round. The caves are open 24 hours a day according to Terry Harris the park’s chief of visitor services. “The black of night doesn’t change a thing in the caves, so we encourage people to come out any time to explore,” Harris said. “The caves offer a reprieve from the elements any time of year. We have really cool caves during the summer months but when visitors show up in the dead of winter, they often end up shedding their heavy winter coats once inside our caves.” During the summer it is not uncommon to get groups of 150 children through the park on educational tours, Harris said, but in the winter the staff drops down to three rangers, so there are no real guided tours. There is one special guided tour, however, the Crystal Ice Cave tour offered by the park every Saturday in December through March.

Visitors to the park wishing to participate in this tour should call well in advance — at least three weeks. With a maximum of six people permitted per tour and given the impressive formations within, it is very popular. “People don’t just come out to visit the caves,” Harris said. “Birders come out to see our raptor population at different times of year and this park is a popular place for deer enthusiasts looking to get a photograph of the big buck.” Accessibility also changes at the park during winter, according to Harris. “Some caves are just easier to get to when there is substantial snow accumulation. Depending on the year, we sometimes offer a snowshoe tour.” Just as the park is open 364 days a year, the roads also are maintained, making this a great destination not just in the summer but also when the snow starts piling up. See SEASONS, page 9

H&N file photo by Andrew Mariman

Depending upon the weather, snowshoe tours are sometimes offered at Lava Beds National Monument. To plan your visit to the park, make reservations, or check out weather conditions via the park’s webcam, visit index.htm.

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❘ Destinations

9 ❘ Klamath Life ❘ Close to Home

SEASONS, from page 8

❘ Jackson-Klamath Winter Trails ❘ Starting at the Great Meadow near Lake of the Woods, JacksonKlamath Winter Trails run all the way up to the southern border of Crater Lake National Park, offering marked trails and several warming huts for both snowmobile riders and cross country skiers. “There is an extensive trail system through this area, that runs along the Cascades range, briefly through parts of Jackson County, all the way up to Crater Lake,” said Rowena Ponce, Klamath Ranger District sports service supervisor. Guides for the Jackson-Klamath Winter Trails are available at Fremont-Winema National Forest ranger stations and through the Bureau of Land Management for $4. “There are several warming huts with wood stoves along the way, used by back country skiers and snowmobilers and are usu-

ally well stocked with fire wood,” Ponce said. “Snowmobile groups try to keep these huts well stocked as many riders will go hut to hut making their way from the Great Meadow to Crater Lake.” When the snow really starts piling up, the Great Meadow is a popular area for snowmobile riders.

due to road conditions — is up near 7,000 feet in the caldera of the Medicine Lake Volcano.

❘ Crater Lake National Park ❘

Just as visitors to Oregon’s only National Park — Crater Lake — stop coming to check out the colorful wildflowers, they start showing up for the snow. At a more than 7,000-feet ❘ Ice Fishing ❘ elevation, the park gets more than 500 inches of snow a year, the most Two popular places for swimin the state. Each year, typically in ming, fishing and boating during the summer — Lake of the Woods early November, snow levels force the closure of the park’s north and Medicine Lake — can turn into ice fishing havens in the winter entrance and snow bunnies looking for cross country skiing and months. “It really depends on the winter, snowshoeing excursions — and a little solitude — flock to the rim. but I know that people ice fish on Some come to explore on their Lake of the Woods some years,” said Rowena Ponce, Klamath Rang- own, while others take advantage er District sports service supervisor. of the more structured guided tours of the park’s attractions. The elevation of the two lakes Ranger-guided tours are availmake them ideal ice fishing spots. able at 1 p.m. on Saturdays and While Lake of the Woods is close Sundays usually from late Novemto 5,000 feet elevation, Medicine ber through the end of April, Lake — although farther away sometimes even later. ◗ and harder to get to in the winter

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❘ Destinations

10 ❘ Klamath Life ❘ Close to Home

❘ Destinations

11 ❘ Klamath Life ❘ Close to Home

The town of Linkville which became Klamath Falls in 1893. The site of the town is now marked on Main Street, just east of Conger Avenue. Photo courtesy of the Klamath County Museum


Stand on historic ground with help of local site markers By ANDREW CREASEY: H&N Staff Reporter

So many of the sights to see in the Klamath Basin are undeniably “there.” They tower above sea level or sprawl across the land. But at many of the historic sites in the area where the events — the struggles, the conflicts, the milestones — that shaped its existence occurred, there’s really not much left to see. These historic moments, the start of the Modoc Indian War or the random, tragic impact of a bizarre Japanese war strategy, are recounted in books. But they

also can be experienced through historical markers, which allow travelers to stand on the same ground and gaze over the same land as those who made the area noteworthy did years before. It’s a subtler sensation than climbing a mountain or peering across Crater Lake, but with the right mindset and a passion for history, these markers designating watermark moments in the Klamath Basin can cast a light on the present by painting a picture of the past.

❘ Linkville ❘

There was a time when Klamath Falls was known as Linkville, a settlement which consisted of only a hotel and a trading post. The logs to build the structures were floated 42 miles down Upper Klamath Lake by George Nurse from the Fort Klamath sawmill. Nurse founded Linkville in 1867. The name of the town was changed to Klamath Falls in 1893. Today, the site of Linkville is marked on Main Street, just east of Conger Avenue. On the opposite side of the river is a marker noting that Martin Frain established a temporary trading post after reaching the Link River in 1857.

❘ Merganser ❘

It is said that history is written by the victors. Perhaps that is the reason the name Linkville lives on, decorating store fronts and theater programs, while the

name of Merganser is relegated to a road and a historical marker. The town site of Merganser, located two miles south of Klamath Falls, actually predated Linkville. But the town’s founder, Wendolyn Nus, met an unfortunate end on the first day of the Modoc War. Eventually, the town ceased to exist. To find the stone historical marker, take the Southside Expressway to Memorial Drive. Drive south until you come to a locked gate. The marker will be on your right.

❘ 42nd Parallel ❘

On the surface, the Francis Landrum Wayside on Highway 97 south of Klamath Falls designates a border, a mere line on the map that cuts through the 42nd parallel. But drawing a border line is never simple, especially in the exploratory See HISTORY, page 12

❘ Destinations

12 ❘ Klamath Life ❘ Close to Home

HISTORY, from page 11

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craze of the 1800s, when the United States and Europe scoured the territories of the North American West, operating under the “right of discovery” doctrine. How the Southern Oregon border was established under U.S. control was a matter of some contention, particularly considering the fact that when the country was wrangling over the rights of the territories with Britain, no one bothered to tell native Modoc tribe members their land was up for grabs. While both countries agreed to joint occupancy in 1818, it was clear that the British Hudson’s Bay Company was dominating the region. The issue continued to be a concern, culminating in James K. Polk’s slogan “Fifty-four Forty or Fight,” which promised the British a fight if they didn’t rescind their claim of all lands south of latitude 54 degrees, 40 minutes — a bearing well north of the current northern Oregon border. The disagreement was eventually settled in 1846, and a treaty between the two countries established the 42nd parallel as the southern Oregon border and put the territory firmly under American control. But prior to that treaty, when war seemed eminent, Jesse Applegate, along with 14 others from The Dalles, established a trail south from the Willamette Valley and east from Fort Hall. It was meant to provide an alternative route from the treacherous last leg of the Oregon Trail and allow

emigrants to escape what seemed to be an impending war with Great Britain. When war was averted, the trail, known as the Applegate Trail, became a wagon road for immigration to Oregon. The route became the scene of more attacks by Native Americans than all other western routes combined. The trail runs very close to the 42nd parallel, clearly not a mere line, and remains marked by the Francis Landrum Wayside on the OregonCalifornia border.

❘ First conflict ❘

On a May night in 1846, Kit Carson awoke to a thump. Leaping from bed, he saw his friend and fellow trapper, Basil Lajeunesse, sprawled in a puddle of blood. The explorers’ camp, in what is now Modoc County, had been attacked by Native Americans. It was the first clash between the two parties, a conflict that culminated in 1872, when Captain Jack led a campaign to resist the efforts of the United States government to move the Modoc tribe back to a reservation. The conflict, known as the Modoc War, resulted in the death of 67 U.S. soldiers and 13 Modoc warriors. The site of the gunfight that sparked the battle is near an easy-to-find historical marker in Klamath County. The marker designates the location of a natural bridge, now covered See HISTORY, page 13 (


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The Francis Landrum Wayside historical marker is located on the 42nd parallel on the Oregon-California border. Establishing the border nearly caused a war with Britain. Photo courtesy of the Klamath County Museum

❘ Destinations

13 ❘ Klamath Life ❘ Close to Home

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The Klamath County Museum features an exhibit detailing the conflict between the United States and Japan during World War II, centering around the Japanese balloon bomb that killed six Bly residents in 1945.

HISTORY, from page 12 by the Anderson-Rose Dam, where emigrants crossed the Lost River along the southern route of the Oregon Trail, also known as the Applegate Trail. The marker is located on Malone Road, one and a half miles east and one mile south of Merrill.

❘ World War II balloon bomb ❘

It was supposed to be a leisurely Saturday afternoon with a picnic in the mountains when everything went horribly wrong. The year was 1945, the U.S. and Japan were locked in the final stages of World War II, and Sunday school teacher Elyse Mitchell, her pastor husband Archie Mitchell and five teenage students were traveling along a mountain road near Bly. Elyse, who was pregnant, got sick and Archie pulled the car over. As Archie sparked up a chat with

a construction crew about fishing conditions, his wife and the students wandered off. They were about 100 yards from the car when Elyse shouted: “Look what I found, dear,” according to a Mail Tribune report. Soon after her call, as road crew worker Richard Barnhouse recalled, “There was a terrible explosion. Twigs flew through the air, pine needles began to fall, dead branches and dust, and dead logs went up.” When the dust settled, the men rushed over to find Elyse and the five students dead, sprawled around a onefoot hole. Those six deaths were the only wartime casualties on the mainland of the continental U.S. of a bizarre Japanese weapon, which outfitted hydrogen-filled balloons with explosives and sent them floating across the Pacific Ocean on jet streams.

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❘ Destinations

14 ❘ Klamath Life ❘ Close to Home

A marker designating the site of Eulalona Village was dedicated at the headwaters of the Link River on May 30, 1934. The marker was relocated to Moore Park in 1959. For a list of historic markers placed by the Eulalona Chapter Daughters of the American Revolution, visit the website at SdWmA0. Photo courtesy of the Klamath County Museum

HISTORY, from page 13

settlement, winter wasn’t so easy. The Native American popula Each balloon was about 33 feet in tions in the area were nomadic diameter. Barometer-operated valves during the summer months, followreleased hydrogen if the balloon ing migration routes and foraging gained too much altitude or dropped ❘ Eulalona Indian Village ❘ seasonal, edible plants. sandbags if it flew too low. For most people in the Klamath In winter, when food supplies It is estimated the Japanese released Basin, winter means switching on dwindled, many made camp around the heat and packing away the hik- the headwaters of the Link River, where 9,000 such balloons. Of that number, ing boots. the salmon they caught and preserved 346 reached the U.S. Of that number, would sustain them for months. only one succeeded in its war time goal, For indigenous populations livand it happened in Lake County. ing in the area prior to the European While the salmon runs are gone, There is now a historical marker at the blast site — the Mitchell Monument. It is on Forest Road 348, about 12 miles east of Bly.

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a historical marker designates the spot of the settlement, known as the Eulalona Indian Village. The marker is in Moore Park, across the entrance road from the tennis courts. This marker was originally installed in 1934 beside the Fremont Bridge on the west bank of the Link River. It was moved in 1959 to its present location in Moore Park. ◗

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❘ Culture

15 ❘ Klamath Life ❘ Close to Home

BOOKS ABOUT US Wintertime reading suggestions including books on all aspects of life around the Klamath region


By LEE JUILLERAT: H&N Regional Editor

rich and diverse offering of books — some old, some new — give insight on the region’s culture, history, geology, biology and other aspects of life. A longtime personal favorite is “The Oregon Desert,” by E.R. Jackman and Reub Long. Originally published in 1964, it mixes rural lifestyles and cultures with folklore and scientific information. What makes “Oregon Desert” especially enjoyable are the charming, often hilarious yarns by Long, a Fort Rock rancher-philosopher. His breezy, Will Rogers-style blends wisdom with practicality.

❘ Regional history ❘ There’s some personal bias here — I’m a member of the Shaw Historical Library board — but the Shaw journals, especially those published over the past 15 years, are incredible resources. Among the several that delve into regional history are “Sheep Trails: Sheep Ranching in the Land of the Lakes,” “A River Never the Same: A History of Water in the Klamath Basin,” “A Question of Loyalty: Internment in the Klamath Basin,” “Service & Sacrifice: Klamath Basin Life Through Two World Wars,” “The Mountain With a Hole On Top: Reflections of Crater Lake,” and the two most recent journals, “Unforgiving Landscape: Lava Beds National Monument and the Modoc War” and “Buckaroos and Barons: Cattle Ranching in the Land of the Lakes.” Informative, too, is the Klamath Echoes

Among the more prolific homegrown writers who have featured the Klamath Basin are Rick Steber, who grew up in Chiloquin and Bonanza, and Dayton O. “Hawk” Hyde. Steber’s library of books include his “Tales of the Wild West Series” and “Buckaroo Heart,” the touching true life love story of Malin-area cowboy Herman Vowell and his wife, Betty. Although Hyde left the region several years ago, he left behind such classics as “Yamsi,” “Sandy,” “Don Coyote” and “The Last Free Man.” The choices are many. Following are some suggestions, with the admission that many excellent titles are not included.

series compiled by Devere Helfrich and published by the Klamath County Historical Society. Although many had been out of print, the historical society has been gradually republishing selected titles. There’s a lot to choose from. Over the years, 16 issues were published. Carroll Howe, a former Oregon state representative and Klamath County School District superintendent, wrote several important books, including two of his early titles, “Ancient Tribes of the Klamath Country” and “Ancient Modocs of California and Oregon.” “The Years of Harvest: A History of the Tule Lake Basin,” by Stan Turner, delves into a range of Tulelake Basin topics, including the draining of Tule Lake, homesteading by World War I and World War II veterans, and the 2001 Klamath Basin Water Wars. See BOOKS, page 16

❘ Culture

16 ❘ Klamath Life ❘ Close to Home

BOOKS, from page 15 Whoever thought there would be so much to learn and appreciate about Bly? In “The Way We Were: Growing Up in a Small Oregon Town,” author Charles Dishno remembers a time when the former lumber town near the Klamath-Lake County line was alive and bustling. “Water War in the Klamath Basin: Macho Law, Combat Biology and Dirty Politics,” by Holly Doremus and A. Dan Tarlock, tells a version of the 2001 Klamath Basin Water Crisis. Because of the many points of view,

any book about the struggle is target for criticism, but the authors try to weave their way through the complex events. Life along the Lower Klamath River more than a hundred years ago is featured in, “In the Land of the Grasshopper Song: Two Women in the Klamath River Indian Country in 1908-09.” The recently re-released book details the experiences of Mary Ellicott Arnold and Mabel Reed. “Sweet Promised Land,” by Robert Laxalt, written in 1957, remains poignant because of Laxalt’s loving por-

trait of his father, a Basque-American sheepherder. Accompanied by his son, Laxalt’s father visits his Basque homeland in the French Pyrenees, where he learns the Nevada desert is his true home.

❘ Lake County ❘

“From Shamrocks to Sagebrush,” by the late Bob Barry, is a delightful collection of 22 stories about a 7-yearold boy who moved with his family from Ireland to Lakeview and his lively tales of his growing up years. “Lake County History — The First

100 Years,” by the Lake County Historical Society, edited by Jim Ogle, is a readable, ready reference to all things Lake County. “Bill Kitt: From trail driver to Cowboy Hall of Fame,” by D.L. “Jack” Nicol and Amy Thompson, is mostly set in Lake County at William “Bill Kitt” Kittredge’s legendary MC Ranch. The book also includes stories of cowboys throughout Oregon and Northern California, including Klamath and Modoc counties. It’s a rare self-published book that’s a true gem. See BOOKS, page 17

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❘ Culture

17 ❘ Klamath Life ❘ Close to Home

BOOKS, from page 16 “The Sandal and the Cave: The Indians of Oregon,” by Luther Cressman, tells the story of Cressman’s 1958 discovery of 9,000-year-old sandals at the Fort Rock Cave in northern Lake County. His findings radically altered theories of western prehistory. “Settlers in Summer Lake Valley,” by Teressa Foster, and “Portraits: Fort Rock Valley Homestead Years,” edited by Helen and Bud Parks, both tell fascinating family histories of northern Lake County. “Settlers” tells the story of early pio-

neers while “Portraits” focuses on the boom and bust era of the early 20th century.

❘ Modoc County ❘

Linda Hussa is a rancher in Surprise Valley who is also a poet and author. Several of her books are set in Surprise Valley, a valley on the eastern slope of the Warner Mountains. While some books, including “Diary of a Camp Cook” and “Lige Langston: Sweet Iron,” are set in her home valley, other works go beyond, most notably “The Family Ranch: Land, Children and Tradition in the Ameri-

can West.” Her publications also include several books that go beyond the traditional confines of cowboy poetry, including “Where the Wind Lives,” “Ride the Silence” and “Tokens in an Indian Graveyard.” Modoc County history has for years been told in annual Modoc County Historical Society journals.

❘ Modoc War ❘

“The Modocs and Their War,” by Keith Murray is often regarded as the best source of accurate information about the Modoc War. Also significant, although historically flawed, is

“The Indian History of the Modoc War and the Causes that Led to It,” by Jeff Riddle, the son of Toby Riddle, who after her role in the war became known as Winema. “The Fifth Skull,” by Terrell Garren, combines fact with speculation about the causes and aftermath of the Modoc War. In “Modoc: The Tribe That Wouldn’t Die,” author Cheewa James mixes her historical perspective of the war with speculation on things that might have happened. See BOOKS, page 18

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❘ Culture

18 ❘ Klamath Life ❘ Close to Home

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Christy Davis Klamath County Library For frequency of use, nothing beats “Klamath Country History,” produced by the Klamath County Historical Society in 1984. We wear out our library copy about every five years and have to find another one. For going back further, I am always impressed with the detail and elegance of Rachel Applegate Good’s 1941, “Klamath County, Oregon: It’s Resources and People.” I’m in graduate school right now, so I am mostly reading journal articles and dry textbooks. However, for fun I finally read Tina Fey’s “Bossypants.” Comedy writers work very hard and being funny is serious business. What

BOOKS, from page 17

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❘ Mount Shasta ❘

The best compilation of stories and legends about Mount Shasta, including its notable ascents, Indian legends, John Muir’s travails and Lemurian legends is “The Mt. Shasta Story,” by A.F. Eichorn. In “Mount Shasta Reflections,” Renee Casterline and Jane English interview people who value Shasta for myriad reasons. The book is brightened by the photography of Malin’s Larry Turner.

❘ Coffee table books ❘

“Balancing Water: Restoring the Klamath Basin,” with writing by William Kittredge and photographs by Tupper Blake and Madeleine Graham Blake, was published before the 2001

I didn’t realize until reading Fey’s book is that she is an organized and brilliant mind with an incredible discipline for style and humor even on the written page.

Amy Hutchinson

Lake County Library Director One book that came out recently that may be of interest to Basin readers is, “When to Buy…When to Sell: Cattle Deals, Ranchers, & Shasta Livestock,” by Ellington Peek and edited by Linda Hussa. Yes, it is a bit of an odd item in that it was locally produced and proceeds benefit the Andy Peek Scholarship fund, but it is an interesting sort of memoir with a See SUGGESTIONS, page 19 water wars. Along with anticipating conflict, the book chronicles places and people in the Upper Klamath River Basin. The exceptionally highquality photographs help tell a story beyond words. “Fifty Miles From Home: Riding the Long Circle on a Nevada Family Ranch,” written by Carolyn Dufurrena and photographed by Linda Dufurrena, evokes the High Desert country of cowboys and sheepherders in the Quinn River Valley near Denio, a town along the Oregon-Nevada border. “Tough By Nature: Portraits of Cowgirls and Ranch Women of the American West,” is the result of nearly 20 years of paintings, drawings and written portraits of American ranch women, including the Yamsi Ranch’s Gerda Hyde. ◗

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❘ Culture

19 ❘ Klamath Life ❘ Close to Home

SUGGESTIONS, from page 18 strong rural voice that reveals much about ranching in the region in the last 50 to 60 years. I’m not sure it qualifies as “Best of the Basin” but it’s fun.

Todd Kepple

Klamath County Museums manager

My favorite read of the past year is, “Founding Gardeners,” about how our first four presidents were fascinated by fruit trees, shade trees, ornamental trees, timber trees, shrubs, and — manure! It was written by Andrea Wulf. I was fascinated to read how concerned George Washington was with the progress of his tree farm even in the midst of the American Revolution, and how eager he was to retire from politics to live out his days at Mount Vernon. Along with the Shaw Journals, the Klamath Echoes series, published in the 1960s and ’70s by the Klamath County Historical Society, is quite interesting. I think everyone should read Cheewa James’ book, “Modoc: The Tribe

That Wouldn’t Die.”

Anne Hiller Clark Shaw Historical Library

My top 10 books and maps that are regularly used at the Shaw for Klamath Basin culture, history, geology are: Journal of the Shaw Historical Library (1988 and onward); Klamath Echoes, edited by Devere and Helen Helfrich; “History of Klamath County,” by Rachel Applegate Good; “History of Klamath Country Oregon,” published by the Klamath County Historical Society; “Sagebrush to Shakespeare” by Carrol B. Howe; “An Illustrated History of Central Oregon”; “The Klamath Indians of Southwestern Oregon,” by Albert Samuel Gatschet; “The Klamath Tribe: A People and Their Reservation,” by Theodore Stern; “Modoc: The Tribe That Wouldn’t Die,” by Cheewa James; “Geologic Map of Mount Mazama and Crater Lake Caldera, Oregon” (electronic resource) by Charles R. Bacon; “Geologic Map of Medicine Lake Volcano, Northern California”

(electronic resource), by Julie M. Donnelly-Nolan. Others are: Oregon Historical Quarterly (the Shaw has an almost complete run from 1900 onward); Tulelake Reporter (Shaw has an almost complete run from the 1930s to the 1980s).

Kristina Hakanson Klamath Falls poet

I’m mired (mostly) in poetry, not much of which is even au courant. This guy, Michael McGriff, author of “Home Burial,” is interesting to read

and, though not local, he is a native Oregonian. Read more about him online at

Carole Fisher

CP Media/Juniper Ridge Ranch

The first thing that comes to mind regarding the Klamath Basin are the Journals of the Shaw Historical Library! It’s all there. In my precious little time to read, my favorite book this year is Jeffrey Toobin’s “The Nine.” It’s not new but it is important. Underscores the significance of any presidential election.

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❘ Culture

20 ❘ Klamath Life ❘ Close to Home


‘It’s our heritage. It’s where we come from and where we are going.’ — Rich Bergstrom, Klamath County Cultural Coalition director

Protecting culture

The core of the community W hen Rich Bergstrom speaks about culture, he’s not just talking about dance, art, poetry and music. He’s talking about the activities that make a community tick.

“It’s our heritage. It’s where we come from and where we are going,” said Bergstrom. Over the years, he’s helped distribute $90,000 to local nonprofits through the Klamath County Cultural Coalition. The organization’s mission is to build, grow and protect arts and humanities in Oregon.

The fund, the local wing for the Oregon Cultural Trust, has helped teachers bring artists to their classrooms, repair and loan broken musical instruments and host community writing workshops. Bergstrom first heard about the Klamath County Cultural Coalition while it was getting started in the area in 2005. He was part of the Klamath Arts Council at the time. A friend suggested they go to a meeting, which eventually developed into Bergstrom taking the director position for the Cultural Coalition in 2008.

By DAVE MARTINEZ: H&N Staff Reporter

See CORE, page 21

H&N photos by Dave Martinez

Fighting for the arts: Rich Bergstrom is the director of the Klamath County Cultural Coalition. He’s helped grant thousands of dollars to local nonprofits in hopes of growing and protecting the arts and humanities in Klamath County. In the classroom: Randall Lindsey’s sixth and seventh grade split classes created ceramic art at Mills Elementary made possible by funds from the Klamath County Cultural Coalition.

❘ Culture

21 ❘ Klamath Life ❘ Close to Home

CORE, from page 20

she was paying for new instruments and repairs out of her own pocket. The criteria for winning a grant is Not everyone was able to follow based on a number of factors, Berg- along with their own guitar. strom explains. “I’ve been doing it for five years “We ask, ‘How many people and we never had enough,” Hay will be impacted?’ It makes a difsaid. “Some of these kids can’t ference,” Bergstrom said. He likes afford lessons.” to see projects that maximize their The popularity of the instruimpact on the community. It’s ment makes it a popular program. especially gratifying when the Cul “The Cultural Coalition is filling a tural Coalition can help children in gap. It helps a lot,” Hay said. classrooms, he said. School projects, At Mills Elementary School, the artists in residence and workshops all have been funded by the organi- grant helped pay for ceramics supplies in Randall Lindsey’s fifth-sixthzation. grade split classroom. The children Bonnie Hay, a music teacher for were able to create ceramic art the Klamath Falls City Schools dispieces and Lindsey was able to fire trict, bought guitars with $470 she them with a kiln he made with the received from a grant. She teaches grant funding. free after school lessons during the See CORE, page 22 winter and spring. Before the grant,

Instrumental change: Teacher Bonnie Hay received almost $500 from the Klamath County Cultural Coalition to buy new guitars for a free afterschool program. She says the Cultural Coalition fills a gap of need in local community arts. H&N photo by Dave Martinez

Klamath Community College

Get more than a quarter back. 22 ❘ Klamath Life ❘ Close to Home

❘ Culture The Oregon Cultural Trust The Oregon Cultural Trust was created in a bipartisan effort by the Oregon Legislature. In July 2001, a near-unanimous vote on HB 2923 authorized a cultural tax credit, created a new cultural license plate, and allowed the state to transfer assets to build a Cultural Trust. The structure of the Trust was built over two years. During that time, Oregonians donated $1.5 million to the Trust. In May 2003, a first round of grants went out to 214,000 applicants. Over time, the Trust started smaller organizations in each of Oregon’s 36 counties and five federally recognized Tribes. A portion of the gains made by the Trust each year are used to fund each offshoot. In the 2011-12 fiscal year, $498,445 was granted around the state. Of that amount, $10,503 made its way to Klamath County.

Grants through the Cultural Coalition Information about the Klamath County Cultural Coalition can be found at www. The Coalition generally receives its Trust funds in late summer and grant applications are then made available. Local grant applications are due toward the end of the year. This year’s application deadline was Nov. 12.

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Art break: Rich Bergstrom helps a class at the Klamath County Museum with a project made possible by the Klamath County Cultural Coalition. The Cultural Coalition provides grants for projects that help the community.

CORE, from page 21 In Chiloquin, the Cultural Coalition helped pay a writer to present workshops in the high school and community center. The community compiled a collection of stories and poems and published them in a book. Bergstrom’s favorite part of the process is receiving the


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❘ Country Living

23 ❘ Klamath Life ❘ Close to Home

Live-in history Former World War II internee barrack transformed by time and family life in the Langell Valley By DEVAN SCHWARTZ: H&N Staff Reporter


he history of the Klamath Basin can be seen in many ways.

Witness geologic history at Crater Lake National Park where 6,900 years ago Mount Mazama erupted. Or visit dams, railroads, former lumbermill sites and wildlife refuges. There is a more tragic side to the region’s history, too. Following the attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941, 120,000 Japanese Americans were sent to 10 national internment camps. Among them was the Tule Lake Detention-Segregation Center, the largest of the camps. At its peak population, 18,789 people were interred in the quickly constructed barracks. After World War II, many of the camp’s barracks and buildings found a new purpose. Some were given to war veterans granted

homesteads through a Bureau of Reclamation land lottery. Some of the barracks were even sold for as little as $1. For Craig and Deborah Smith of Langell Valley, an old barracks from Tule Lake found new life as their home. Returning home Craig Smith was a senior at Oregon State University in the early 1970s when he heard about an offer he couldn’t refuse — a property up for sale in Langell Valley between the land of his parents and his brother. The property had been assessed at zero dollars. So Smith left college with just a few credits to go and headed back to where he grew up, outside Bonanza. Along with farmland, the property came with a former barracks from the Tule Lake See LIVING, page 24

Deborah Smith stands in front of the family’s home in Langell Valley. Originally a barrack from the World War II era Tule Lake DetentionSegregation Center, the 20- by 40-foot structure has become a piece of live-in history. The Smiths have owned the property since 1973. H&N photo by Andrew Mariman

Tule Lake Detention-Segregation Center: May 1943

Library of Congress photo

❘ Country Living

24 ❘ Klamath Life ❘ Close to Home

H&N photos by Andrew Mariman

Bright spot: Nothing makes a house a home like flowers, and Deborah Smith makes herself at home in her greenhouse. During Langell Valley’s long winters, she says the flowers still bloom bright. Passing time: Rather than counting the rings on their tree, Craig and Deborah Smith of Langell Valley can observe the passage of years by how the bark has grown around their old basketball rim.

LIVING, from page 23

Generations of military camp. Smith certainly had some Craig Smith’s grandparents sprucing up to do before calling served in World War I. His on Deborah to join him. She was grandfather was a soldier who suffered from exposure to musworking for the second-largest law firm in Portland at the time, tard gas, and his grandmother but said she couldn’t have been was a nurse. The Smith family has chilhappier to arrive. dren serving in the armed They bought the place in forces. Their son, Sky, an Army 1973 and were married the folcorporal, will be home soon lowing year. The original home/ after two tours in Afghanistan. barracks was 20 feet by 40 feet, Their daughter and son-inDeborah said, though they’ve since added on significantly — a law also serve locally with the Air National Guard at Kingsley Field. necessity for raising their five A house becomes a home children. “When my husband first Besides their World War IIera home, there is a hot springs got the place, it was awful,” said Deborah. and a former two-story hotel within a wave of Deborah Craig fixed the trouble spots Smith’s hand. and made it a lot nicer, she said.

They added a front room and built a greenhouse in their backyard. Over the years, the asbestos siding of the barracks was forgotten, the low ceiling, too. “When you’re farmers you spend more on the property and less on the house,” Deborah said. Time and family have converted the barracks into a home — from the fields to the sunflowers to the basketball hoop frame that has grown into a tree in their front yard. This year, Craig offered to build Deborah a new house. She said she isn’t sure she would take him up on it. ◗

A monument to history: Valor in the Pacific The history of the Tule Lake DetentionSegregation Center, along with accounts of the United States’ war effort, live on in the Tule Lake Unit of the World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument. Every other year, former internees and their families make a four-day pilgrimage to the Klamath Basin. “We try to make a safe space where they can talk,” said Hiroshi Shimizu of the Tule Lake Committee. The Japanese had so stigmatized Tule Lake, Shimizu said, that occupants were previously reluctant to tell their stories. For more about the monument, visit:




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❘ Country Living

25 ❘ Klamath Life ❘ Close to Home

Keeping the hens happy From free-range to backyard flocks, Basin hens are ‘hard-working girls’ “Poe”tential Farm started with eight chickens for a 4-H project for Lauren and Jon Hobbs’ son. Now it’s a free-range egg company producing as many as 1,000 eggs a day. The Hobbs run their operation on a piece of property bisected by the Lost River in Poe Valley. Today they have about 1,400 chickens. The family knew when they moved from California to their acreage 13 years ago they wanted to pursue a farm enterprise. Getting into chickens and eggs grew from their son’s project to a home-

delivery egg business, to supplying stores and restaurants in Klamath Falls and food co-ops in Ashland. Happy in the summertime The chickens serve a dual purpose on their farm. The Hobbs keep the chickens free range by moving hoop houses with hanging nesting boxes around their property. The hens are kept in a roughly three-quarter acre enclosure where they can peck weeds and bugs and dig and take dirt baths to their heart’s content. See HENS, page 26

By SAMANTHA TIPLER: H&N Staff Reporter

One advantage the Hobbs have at “Poe”tential Farm is they are able to keep their hens producing eggs through the winter. Greenhouses provide a winter home for the chickens.

Nesting: Hens lay eggs in Pam ChamberlainBurrows’ henhouse, which is located in her one-acre backyard in the suburbs of Klamath Falls. On the farm: Lauren Hobbs talks about “Poe”tential Farm, the free-range egg farm she and her husband Jon run in Poe Valley. H&N photos by Samantha Tipler

❘ Country Living

26 ❘ Klamath Life ❘ Close to Home

HENS, from page 25

Jon said. When it’s 20 degrees outside on a winter day, it’s 40 About every four or five days, or 45 degrees inside the greenJon moves the hoop houses and house. enclosures to the next section of At night it still gets cold, land. The chickens keep the grass but Lauren and Jon said hens mowed and fertilize it at the will pile together for warmth same time. when they sleep. The only catch, the Hobbs “If you go in at night and stick note, is the holes the chickens dig your hand amongst all the birds, can be pitfalls walking across the it’s warm and toasty in there,” Jon property. said. You can’t judge a hen by its Other egg producers will use feathers. Lauren describes their hen houses, but the darkness hens as “working girls.” As fall affects the hens, keeping them settles in many of the birds are from producing as many eggs, molting, making them look less Jon said. than attractive. Lauren likes to “They tend to lay and follow say they are taking a vacation the amount of available sun,” he because as they molt, they prosaid. duce fewer eggs. Happy in the pecking order As a result, Lauren said, the With 1,400 hens, the Hobbs number of eggs is dropping from have trouble getting to know the 1,000 a day to about 700. individual personalities of their Happy in the wintertime chickens, but they say the birds One advantage the Hobbs are social animals. have is they are able to keep their “ ‘Henpeck,’ ‘pecking order,’ hens producing eggs through those all aptly apply to chickens,” the winter. Other egg producers Lauren said. in the Rogue Valley are unable “You’ll see some personalto keep their hens producing ity,” Jon said. “Some will remove during the cold winter months, themselves from the flock and which is why “Poe”tential Farm come up to you. They’re hoping has been able to secure contracts in Ashland to deliver eggs to get something to eat.” Even with the large number all winter long, Lauren said. of hens, Jon said he thinks the Also, the Hobbs bring the hens are happy. And happy hens chickens from the fields into make better eggs. greenhouses in colder months. Originally the Hobbs bought “Even though the technical the greenhouses to grow vegeta- books say you can’t tell a happy bles. Now they’re winter homes animal from a sad one, when you put chickens on fresh pasture for the chickens. they seem to perk up,” he said. A greenhouse can bring the Continued on page 27 temperature up 20 or so degrees,



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Passing the test: Eggs are inspected at “Poe”tential Farm, then washed before they are packaged and sent to stores and restaurants throughout Southern Oregon. H&N photos by Samantha Tipler

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❘ Country Living

27 ❘ Klamath Life ❘ Close to Home

H&N photos by Samantha Tipler

Small-time eggs: The backyard flock Producing eggs also can be a backyard business. That’s literally the case for Pam Chamberlain-Barrows, who lives in the south suburbs of Klamath Falls and cares for about 40 chickens that produce about 35 eggs a day. She calls her place “Pam’s Urban Ranch” and sells eggs from her home. Chamberlain-Barrows’ flock started with 25 chicks she bought at Big R. The flock grew with her love for the birds. She keeps them in a warm hen house on the 1-acre property where she and her husband, Steve Barrows, live. Each spring and fall she cleans out and replaces wood shavings that help the birds keep warm during the winter. Because she has a small flock, Chamberlain-Barrows knows the different

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personalities of her birds. One black-and-white hen is a talker. “She comes around and rests next to me and she carries on,” ChamberlainBarrows said. “She does not want me to touch her, but she’s close enough to touch.” Diane Robson also runs a small egg business, Cackleberry Eggs, from her home in Chiloquin. She owns about 30 chickens that produce about 18 eggs a day. In the winter she will put a light in her hen house to keep them laying. She doesn’t run the light 24 hours a day as she tries to keep it as natural as possible, giving them about eight hours of darkness each night. Robson, too, sees different personali-

The Village

ties in her chickens. “They have tons of personality,” she said. One, an older hen they call Mamma, is extremely social with people. “She comes up to you and looks you in the face like, ‘Hey! What have you got for me?’ ” Robson said.

Robson has taught other hens tricks. She’ll come out with a handful of grain and when she points, they will jump on her shoulders and arms looking for grain. “They’re just fun,” Robson said. “The happier they are, the more productive they are.” ◗

Pam Chamberlain-Barrows holds a basket of eggs. She sells eggs out of her home in the south suburbs of Klamath Falls.


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❘ Country Living

28 ❘ Klamath Life ❘ Close to Home

Walking is an easy, cost-free way to lose weight and significantly improve your overall health. You don’t need a treadmill or a trainer — just a little commitment, some creativity, and the world around you. Sky Lakes Medical Center is challenging every Southern Oregon resident to get into better shape by trying to walk 10,000 steps per day. Walk with a friend at lunchtime, park at the back of the parking lot, or take the stairs. Find little ways to walk farther each day and start stepping towards your goal for improved health. It’s closer than you think.

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29 ❘ Klamath Life ❘ Close to Home

30 ❘ Klamath Life ❘ Close to Home


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33 ❘ Klamath Life ❘ Close to Home






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34 ❘ Klamath Life ❘ Close to Home


Keepers Cornero Antique, Craft and Collectible Mall contains 20,000 square feet and 130 + vendors. Truly, “The Store You Can’t Ignore”.

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35 ❘ Klamath Life ❘ Close to Home

Now is the perfect time to refinance or purchase a home. Mortgage interest rates are at their lowest.

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36 ❘ Klamath Life ❘ Close to Home




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❘ Home & Garden

37 ❘ Klamath Life ❘ Close to Home

By LEE BEACH H&N Staff Reporter


Deck the

halls on a dime

Freshen up your holiday household decor this Christmas season without breaking the bank Bring the outdoors in: Make it a traditional family outing to cut fresh greens and the Christmas tree, which will be fresher than one from a lot that was cut before Thanksgiving. Then use those greens for swags, wreaths or table decorations.

Choose areas with high visual impact: Trying to decorate every room in the house can be exhausting and expensive. Break it into just a few areas: The front door, the table top, decorative accents and a few details (a dish of special chocolates, fresh flowers or fragrance for a room).

hile tradition is still the focus of much of our holiday decorating — ornaments passed down from family through the years, ornaments made by children now grown, nativity scenes that remind us of the true meaning of Christmas — colors begin to fade with passing years.

Now is the time to think about refreshing or replacing some of those items. Look everything over. Will a fresh coat of craft paint, a new way of enhancing older decorations, spark new life in these beloved objects? If you can’t bear to part with them, create a “family memory corner” with these items, making a display with notes about their history. If you are ready to replace some of them, there are ways to do it without breaking the bank. See DECK, page 38

In the kitchen: Simple holiday magnets on the fridge for color, holiday window clings or simple ornaments strung from kitchen curtains will brighten what is often the busiest room in the home during the holidays.

Make your own ornaments: Use dough made with flour, salt and water to create inexpensive, fast-drying sculpting clay. Use family pictures on old CDs or use the round metal bottom of a juice can for a frame. For more on these techniques, visit this page — — at Or, peruse the local thrift, antique or craft stores for ideas and reasonably priced items.

❘ Home & Garden

38 ❘ Klamath Life ❘ Close to Home


& Recycle holiday decor

With the help of local thrift stores

Findables ❘

1330 E. Main St. Klamath Falls

❘ Treasures ❘ 1229 E. Main St

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3401 Washburn Way

❘ The Pumpkin Patch ❘ 840 Klamath Ave.

H&N photo by Lee Beach

Holiday hues: A table setting of white dishes and red placemats and napkins at Klamath Hospice’s thrift store, Treasures, offers a striking holiday display, but these aren’t the only popular holiday colors.

DECK, from page 37

Pick a new theme If it’s a case of just being ready for a new decorating theme, consider recycling items that don’t fit your new theme by donating them. Take those decorations that are still bright and useful to thrift stores that accept donations. While there, you can browse for reasonably priced items that fit your theme.

New decorating treasures with a vintage flair can be found at local crafters markets, thrift and antique stores. Paula, Danna and Illa at Keeper’s Corner, 195 E. Main St., were all staffing the front desk, helping customers recently. They eagerly await holiday items their vendors — 130 of them — bring in to their shop stalls. As well as being staff, these ladies are also vendors who provide helpful decorating tips.

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New holiday decorating treasures, with a vintage flair, can be found at local crafters markets, thrift and antique stores.

See DECK, page 39

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❘ Home & Garden

39 ❘ Klamath Life ❘ Close to Home

A personal touch:

Make your own

Glass block decorating tips can be found on these websites:

H&N photo by Lee Beach

Holiday glow: Want an easy way to create a Christmas decoration? Try dressing up a glass block, similar to this one recently donated to Klamath Hospice’s thrift store, Treasures.

DECK, from page 38

Simple craft idea

“We get stuff from items never opened, to vintage things. Snowmen are popular, as are old sleighs, old Christmas ornaments, a lot of unique things,” Paula said. “We even get vintage toys. You can pick a theme — like Western, or colors. You can look in your cupboards for red and green dishes in your own home and put them together.” They also suggested shining up silver platters and using them to dress up buffets, displaying handcrafted items like quilts, or using pillows for color accents, or carrying out a color theme with tablecloths and napkins, all items that can be found in the shop or perhaps in your own linen drawer.

At Treasures, 1229 E. Main St., Carol Herring, who was in charge of the shop on a recent Friday, pointed out an easy decoration near the checkout stand. It incorporates a glass block, 8-inches by 8-inches by 4-inches, that can be found at any home improvement store. It was filled with miniature white lights on white strings (any color could be used). The surfaces of the block had slight ripples, and when the lights were on, light was deflected through the ripples, creating a diffused glow. See DECK, page 40

Adding new sparkle Old, spotted or faded ornaments can be renewed using a creative method featured on “Livening Up Old Christmas Ornaments.” Glitter-glue was applied to vintage ornaments from the ’70s in circles, swirls and other freehand designs. A word of warning: plastic, or highly glossy ornaments, can be problematic when applying thin-lined designs. Numerous examples are shown on the website.

❘ Home & Garden

40 ❘ Klamath Life ❘ Close to Home

H&N photos by Lee Beach

Holiday treasures: Cathy Williams, left, and Janelle Fenall, far right, both volunteers at Klamath Hospice’s thrift store, Treasures, package up a knit Santa and Mrs. Claus for a regular customer who spotted the decorations as soon as they were added to the store’s Christmas corner. New sparkle: Vintage ornaments can be given a new look with sparkle paint. They can also be used to decorate other areas around the house beyond the tree, such as in swags, decorative glass jars and candle or flower arrangements.

DECK, from page 39 This item came as a donation. The shop receives donations throughout the year from families of “persons affected by Hospice care, remnants from estate sales, people downsizing to smaller places,” said Herring. “We have a loyal clientele, and we keep our prices low because we are a small shop and need to keep merchandise moving.” Volunteer Joan LeBeau was

beginning to put out items in their Christmas corner shortly before Halloween, and she suggested using beads as a part of a color theme, or apples. Selected in a variety of colors, apples can be stacked in clear vases, used and replaced as necessary, by themselves or mixed with bows, pine cones and other greens. A knit Santa and Mrs. Claus which LeBeau had just put out on display were snatched up by a repeat customer pleased at find-

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ing these items for her Christmas decorating and who complimented the quality of items at Treasures. A table setting of white dishes and red placemats and napkins was striking, but these aren’t the only popular holiday colors, according to Herring. “Pink and purple are hot right now,” she said. “You have to look at things with different eyes.” ◗


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❘ Home & Garden

41 ❘ Klamath Life ❘ Close to Home

Scents of the Season Greenery, spices and baking: Fill your home with the essence of the holidays with scented projects By LEE BEACH H&N Staff Reporter

What are the scents of the holidays? The smell of cookies baking might be the first answer to come to mind, but at their basic level, some particular essences are what stir memories of the warmth and beauty of the holidays. Some of those scents most commonly associated with the holidays are pine, spice, peppermint, potpourri and frankincense. Below are ways to incorporate these, as well as some others, in decorating and crafts around the home during these times of celebration. See SCENTS, page 42

Wreaths — The first scent of the holidays can come at the front door with a wreath of fragrant greens. Pine, cedar or fir branches are most commonly available, which can be gathered on your own property or on Forest Service land with permits. Wire branch sections to a circular wire frame or a frame cut from pegboard, which has handy holes for stringing wire. Adorn them with sprigs of holly and pungent juniper with its bluish berries, pine cones and bows, or ornaments. Bags of small pine cones already scented can be purchased at craft stores and piled in baskets near the hearth.

Over the hill and to the woods Permits to cut Christmas trees on the Fremont-Winema National Forest in Klamath and Lake counties go on sale Monday, Nov. 19 and will be available through Dec. 21 at all Forest Service offices and several commercial outlets. Permits for the Fremont-Winema cost $5 per tree and are nonrefundable. The permit must be validated by completely removing the month, day and year, securely attaching it to the tree trunk between the limbs, and it must be visible during transport. There are size requirements and restrictions. Families are advised to check weather forecasts, dress warmly, carry a Forest Service map, map of areas where cutting is allowed (available where permits are on sale), snacks and water. Other nearby land managers including the Lakeview District Office of the Bureau of Land Management and Modoc National Forest, are selling permits for $5 and $10.

Greenery — Boughs of cedar wired together in a line, especially the goldtipped incense cedar, drapes nicely as a long swag on a banister or around a front door frame, and the smell is wonderful. That, as well as many other greens, can also be used as part of table decorations with candles in chimneys or in any number of holiday displays (like clear glass vases filled with ornaments or pine cones and greens), spread across mantels or as wall hangings. Their evergreen oils will dry out and fragrance will fade, so don’t hang them too early.

❘ Home & Garden

42 ❘ Klamath Life ❘ Close to Home

essential oil on top of the potpourri and place it in holiday jars throughout the house.

SCENTS, from page 41

Holiday spice: One favorite Christmas scent combination is cinnamon sticks, cloves, ginger spice and orange peel. Turn your stove’s burner to low and let the spices simmer in liquid, allowing the scents to slowly disperse throughout your home. Or you can save energy by boiling the spices, turning off the stove and letting the aromas fill the air for hours. You can buy spices and herbs in bulk, saving money, at most grocery and health food stores.

Peppermint: This will clean out the sinuses of those who live in colder climates. You can purchase peppermint sticks and simmer them on the stove or purchase peppermint essential oils and add a few drops to your favorite potpourri.

Potpourri: Here is where you can experiment with different scents. Combine cinnamon sticks, star anise (which adds a pretty element to your potpourri) orange peels and cedar chips. You can choose any spices and herbs that appeal to your senses. Sprinkle some clove

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Frankincense: Use this essential oil in a diffuser. It smells wonderful, filling your home with a woody, sweet, spicy smell.

Essential oils: Whether they are being used in crafts or to add holiday fragrance to the home, essential oils for diffusion come in a variety of strengths and need to be handled judiciously. They can be spicy, like cinnamon, clove bud, nutmeg and ginger, which are strong and quite warming. A little goes a long way with these oils. They shouldn’t be heavily diffused into a room as they can irritate the mucous membranes. It’s best to blend stronger spice oils into more gentle oils like sweet orange essential oil. Essential oils commonly associated with Christmas include coniferous oils like fir needle and Scotch pine, minty oils like peppermint and spearmint, resinous oils like frankincense and myrrh, and woody oils like cedar wood. Source: at

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See SCENTS, page 43

❘ Home & Garden

43 ❘ Klamath Life ❘ Close to Home

SCENTS, from page 42

Gingerbread houses and cookies The aroma of baking cookies, particularly gingerbread, is often associated with the holidays. Annual gingerbread house contests offered during Klamath Falls’ Snowflake Festival give children and adults free rein to be creative and artistic with this delicious, aromatic cookie as a base. Want to start planning for this year’s contest? The annual Gingerbread House Competition, offered by the Klamath County Association of Realtors at the Ross Ragland Theater, will be from Dec. 5 through 17. Student prizewinners will receive a $50 gift card from Walmart and the school that child attends will receive a $200 check. Note: No kit houses allowed. There are many recipes and templates online if you want to make your own gingerbread house, including at and parties and www. If your time during the holidays doesn’t allow spending a couple days doing this, pre-baked kits of gingerbread houses, trees, villages and men with all the icing and decorations included for you to apply can be purchased at local craft and variety stores. One caution from a baker who made a gingerbread house and displayed it in her home last year: Kitties (and maybe dogs, too) really like the taste of the frosting. See SCENTS, page 45


2 cups all-purpose flour 1/2 tsp. ground ginger 1/2 tsp. salt 1/2 cup vegetable shortening 1/2 cup packed light brown sugar 1/2 cup molasses, warmed 1/4 tsp. baking soda 1 1/2 tsp. warm water

Combine the flour, ginger and salt. In a large bowl, cream the vegetable shortening and brown sugar. Beat in the molasses. Dissolve the baking soda in the warm water and add to the molasses mixture, beating until smooth. Gradually blend in the dry ingredients. Cover and chill for at least 4 hours. Preheat the oven to 350 degrees. Lightly grease baking sheet. Roll out dough to a thickness of about

1/4-inch on a greased, rimless baking sheet. Cut house template on cookie sheet, leaving pieces in place and bake for 15 minutes. Remove from oven. While gingerbread is still warm, re-cut house pieces with a sharp knife.

— Recipe from "The Complete Cookie Jar," by Gregg R. Gillespie

Royal Icing

3 egg whites (at room temperature) 1/2 tsp. cream of tartar 1 (16 ounce) package powdered sugar Beat egg whites and cream of tartar in a large mixing bowl at medium speed of an electric mixer until foamy; gradually add sugar, mixing well. Beat 5 to 7 minutes. Note: Icing dries very quickly; keep covered at all times with plastic wrap. — Recipe from "Christmas Cookies,"

H&N file photo

Home sweet home: Judges examine entries in the 2011 Klamath Falls Association of Realtors Annual Gingerbread House Competition at the Ross Ragland Theater. The house at left, submitted by Lindsay Smith, won first place in its class as well as Grand Champion. This year’s competition will be Dec. 5-17.

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❘ Home & Garden

45 ❘ Klamath Life ❘ Close to Home

SCENTS, from page 43

Craft projects Two holiday craft projects that lend themselves well to decorations or gifts utilizing scents are candles and sachets.

Scented candle making: Fragrance oil for candles — available in a wide variety of scents — is preferred over water-based scent or alcohol-based perfume when scenting candle wax. This is because wax is similar to oil in composition and oil and water do not mix. Several types of wax are available to choose from including natural waxes such as soy, palm and beeswax. There are also the usual, more common paraffin waxes as well as gel waxes. Want a unique mold for making candles? Use heat-resistant items you may already have around the home: mint tins or soup and soda cans cut to a preferred size, jelly jars, or try a meatloaf pan for a multiwicked candle. Sources:,

A craft with kids: Decorate a jarred candle

Scented holiday sachets

A fairly easy craft to make with children starts with a candle in a lidded, clear-glass jar. You will need ribbon long enough to wrap around the jar, cinnamon sticks, a Christmas pick (pine cone and berries, for instance), a low-heat glue gun and scissors. Cut a piece of ribbon long enough to wrap around the candle, plus 1 inch. Glue cinnamon sticks snugly together at the midway on top of the ribbon in a neat row. Wrap the ribbon and cinnamon sticks around the jar tightly and glue the ends together. Add a few drops of glue to the glass to secure the ribbon in place. Cut a piece of ribbon to tie around the cinnamon sticks as a bright accent on the outside, then pull tightly and tie. Use glue gun to attach the Christmas pick to the top of the jar lid. When the candle is lit, the warmth will send the fragrance of the cinnamon sticks throughout the room. Klamath Falls craft and variety stores carry glass jar and cube candles in a variety of sizes and fragrances.

Supplies: (for one sachet) • 4 1/2- by 9-inch piece of cotton holiday fabric • sewing thread • needle • scented material. This can include fir or balsam tips from evergreens, potpourri, dried herbs or spices. Scented oils can be mixed with uncooked rice. Sew two of the open sides. Turn fabric inside out. Fill with scented material then close open side with slip stitches. Source:


Tip: Stack up a pile of three sachets, tie with a festive ribbon and now you have a quick holiday gift to share.

❘ Home & Garden

46 ❘ Klamath Life ❘ Close to Home

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❘ Cuisine

47 ❘ Klamath Life ❘ Close to Home


he holidays are a time of sharing and giving to friends, relatives and coworkers. But who has time to spend hours in the kitchen baking for potlucks in addition to cooking for their own household? If you’ve been invited to a potluck and want to make something delicious while not spending so much time cooking that you don’t have time to make dinner for your own immediate family, try these dishes. Each one can be doubled easily — one for you, one for me. All recipes are sure to be a hit both at home and at a potluck.

Slow Cooker Beef Short Ribs with Veggies The amounts of main ingredients in this recipe — ribs, potatoes and carrots — can be altered to serve more or fewer people. So, if you need something to take to a potluck but want to take a bit out to feed the kids before you leave, this is the perfect main course recipe. 1/3 cup flour 1 tsp. salt 1/4 tsp. pepper 2 1/2 lbs. boneless beef short ribs, cut into individual rib pieces 1/4 cup butter 1 cup chopped onion 2 Tbsp. minced garlic 1 can beef consomme

3/4 cup red wine vinegar 3/4 cup brown sugar 1/4 Tbsp. ketchup 2 Tbsp. Worcestershire sauce 1 tsp. chili powder 1 lb. large carrots, diced 1 lb. new baby potatoes, whole See SHARE, page 48

One for you One for me

Something for

Everyone Recipes for home & potlucks & tips on how to share with those in need By SHELBY KING: H&N Staff Reporter

Help with food, clothing & shelter The Klamath-Lake Counties Food Bank, the Klamath Falls Gospel Mission and the Klamath Falls Salvation Army provide food, clothing and shelter assistance to those in need year-round. But, in the colder months, and especially around the holidays, the demand for their services rises, said Kent Berry, director of the Gospel Mission. “In November and December we see more families coming to eat because of the economy,” he said. “There are a lot of people out of work and homeless.” See EVERYONE, page 51

H&N photo by Shelby King

Slow cooker meals are great for potlucks since you can adjust ingredients according to how many will be attending.

❘ Cuisine

48 ❘ Klamath Life ❘ Close to Home

SHARE, from page 47 Put flour, salt and pepper in a plastic bag. Add ribs and shake to coat. Brown ribs in butter in a large skillet (you may have to do this in two batches, depending on the size of your skillet). Place the ribs in the slow cooker. In the same skillet, saute the onions and garlic until the onions begin to caramelize. Mix together the remaining ingredients, except the potatoes and carrots, and add to the skillet. Bring to a boil, stirring regularly. Pour over ribs and set slow cooker to low (cook for eight to 10 hours). About two hours before the ribs are done, add the carrots and potatoes. You can use more or less depending on how many people you need to serve.

Sharp Cheddar and Butternut Squash Bread Pudding This recipe served six to eight people, as written, but can be easily doubled to feed your family and take to a party. Plus, bread pudding can be partially prepared the night before a potluck and warmed through in the oven to be piping hot and fresh to take to the party. 2 pounds peeled, seeded butternut squash, cut into 1-inch cubes (about 6 cups) 3 Tbsp. olive oil, divided 1 1/2 tsp. coarse kosher salt, plus additional for sprinkling 7 large eggs 2 1/4 cups half and half 6 Tbsp. dry white wine 1 1/2 tsp. Dijon mustard

Day-old baguettes (do not remove crust), torn into 1-inch pieces (about 10 cups) 1 cup chopped shallots (about 4 large) 2 bunches kale (about 1 pound), ribs removed, coarsely chopped 8 oz. extra-sharp cheddar cheese, coarsely grated

Preheat oven to 400 degrees. Toss squash with 1 Tbsp. oil on rimmed baking sheet. Sprinkle with coarse salt and bake until squash is tender, turning with spatula occasionally (20 to 25 minutes). Whisk eggs in large bowl. Add half-and-half, wine, mustard, and 1 1/2 tsp. coarse salt. Whisk to blend. Add baguette pieces and fold gently into egg mixture. Let soak 30 minutes, stirring occasionally. See SHARE, page 49

H&N photos by Shelby King

Piping hot: Sharp Cheddar and Butternut Squash Bread Pudding is rich and creamy; perfect for holiday parties.

❘ Cuisine

49 ❘ Klamath Life ❘ Close to Home

SHARE, from page 48 Meanwhile, heat 2 Tbsp. oil in a large pot over medium-high heat. Add shallots and sauté until soft, stirring frequently, about 5 minutes. Add kale; cover and cook 2 minutes. Uncover and stir until kale is wilted but still bright green, about 5 minutes (kale will be a bit crunchy). Reduce oven temperature to 350 degrees. Generously butter a 13- by 9- by 2-inch baking dish. Using a slotted spoon, transfer half of bread from egg mixture to prepared baking dish, arranging to cover most of the dish. Spoon half of the kale over the bread. Spoon half of the squash over the bread and kale; sprinkle with half of the cheese. Repeat with remaining bread, kale, squash, and cheese. Pour remaining egg mixture over the bread pudding. Cover the bread pudding with foil. Bake 20 minutes. Remove foil; bake uncovered until custard is set and bread feels springy to the touch, about 20 minutes longer. Preheat broiler. Broil pudding until cheese browns slightly, about 2 minutes. Cool 5 minutes and serve.


Meat Center LLC

See SHARE, page 50

Tips for planning a successful potluck Avoid a buffet comprised solely of salads Be in communication with your guests early and tell them in advance what type of dishes to bring (appetizers, desserts, sides, etc.) as well as how many people are expected to attend to alleviate guesswork on serving amounts. Cooking isn’t everyone’s cup of tea Assure your cooking-challenged friends that store-bought items are welcomed. Don’t forget to do your part Remember as host, it is customary to provide the main dish, beverages, utensils, napkins, plates and cups. Prepare for a potential food windfall Have some inexpensive storage containers on hand for leftovers. Some guests may want to take their dishes home, but others will want to leave them with you. Rinse and return Wash all personal platters and pans and give them back to guests before the end of the party — it’s a small but memorable courtesy. Have options for everyone Find out if you have any vegetarians or guests with food allergies and plan accordingly. Source:

FULL SERVICE MEAT MARKET Serving Klamath Falls since 1964 Proud to Serve All Natural Prather Ranch Beef

Open Mon-Sat 8-6 5717 South 6th • 541-884-8430

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50 ❘ Klamath Life ❘ Close to Home

Anniversary Page Anniversary Pages Add these local businesses to your list of the Basin’s Best!



Howard and Judy Phearson, Owners 1100 Klamath Avenue 541-884-5420



5820 Washburn Way 541.882.1363 5


SHARE, from page 49

Secret Ingredient Cookies These are the moistest, chewiest cookies, thanks to a secret ingredient — vanilla instant pudding. And, the recipe can easily be doubled so you can leave some at home and still have enough for your potluck. 2 sticks of unsalted butter at room temperature 3/4 cups brown sugar 1/4 cup granulated sugar 3-1/2 ounces (one small box) of vanilla Jell-O Instant

Pudding 2 eggs 2 tsp. baking soda pinch salt 2 cups semi-sweet chocolate chips

Preheat the oven to 350 degrees and line baking sheet with parchment paper. In a large bowl, combine butter and both sugars and beat until light and fluffy. On medium speed, beat in the pudding mix, eggs and vanilla extract. On low speed, mix in the flour, baking soda and salt, being careful to mix only until just combined (don’t over mix). Stir in the chocolate chips. Use a tablespoon to scoop out dough and place onto lined baking sheets. Bake 10 to 12 minutes, or until the cookies are just turning golden and the centers are set. Let cool on the baking sheets for five minutes, then transfer to cooling racks. Makes around 36 cookies.

Twice as sweet: A batch of cookies can easily be doubled in order to take some with you and leave some home for your family.

3140 S. 6th St. 541.882.8000 Help these great local businesses celebrate more anniversaries... SHOP LOCAL! Success in business requires training and discipline and hard work. But if you’re not frightened by these things, the opportunities are just as great today as they ever were. ~ David Rockefeller

H&N photo by Shelby King

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51 ❘ Klamath Life ❘ Close to Home

EVERYONE, from page 47 Berry said he is grateful for the community members and churches that provide donations of food and clothing to help them meet the growing demand in the winter months. “Last year we served 117,000 meals,” he said. “This year we’re estimating around 123,000. Just on Thanksgiving Day we’re planning on serving more than 300 people.” You can help the Gospel Mission, the Food Bank and the Salvation Army make sure local people in need are fed by donating the following items:

❘ Gospel Mission ❘

See EVERYONE, page 52

H&N file photo by Shelby King

Holiday gathering: Volunteers dish up Thanksgiving dinner at the First Baptist Church on High Street on Thanksgiving Day in 2011. The dinner, put on by the Gospel Mission, served approximately 200 guests, said Gospel Mission Director Kent Berry.

‘Last year we served 117,000 meals. This year we’re estimating around 123,000. Just on Thanksgiving Day we’re planning on serving more than 300 people.’ — Kent Berry, director of the Gospel Mission


For Thanksgiving dinner, they’re looking for regular fare — turkey, pies, stuffing, cranberry sauce — to feed their 300-plus estimated guests. Take your donations to the Klamath Falls Gospel Mission, 823 Walnut Ave. If you would like the items picked up, please call 541-882-4895 to schedule a time.



First Presbyterian ChurCh

sunday Morning WorshiP Contemporary • 9:00 am Traditional • 10:30 am

During the summer, Sunday School is offered during the 9:00 am service for children in 4th grade and under. Childcare is available during both services. Check out our website for more information about weekly activities. 601 Pine Street


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Join us for Mass on the 3rd and 5th Sundays of each month Rosary at 10:30am Mass at 11:00am

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“Seek the LORD and his strength; seek his presence continually!” ~ 1 Chronicles 16:11

❘ Cuisine

52 ❘ Klamath Life ❘ Close to Home

EVERYONE, from page 51

❘ Klamath-Lake Counties Food Bank ❘ The Klamath-Lake Counties Food Bank delivers food year-round, and provides Christmas dinner packages to households around Klamath and Lake counties. They’re in need of store-bought (not homemade) traditional Christmas fare — ham, turkey, pies, fruits and vegetables, etc. — and are always

looking for canned and dry goods. There are several places in Klamath Falls to drop your donations off. For a complete list, go to Here are a few drop-off sites: ● Herald and News, 2701 Foothills Blvd. ● Klamath Basin Senior Center, 2045 Arthur St. ● Habitat for Humanity, 2225 Washburn Way ● Main Street Jewelers, 701 Main

St. or 3480 Washburn Way ● Sky Lakes Coffee Shop, 2865 Daggett Ave.

vegetables (canned and fresh), all canned goods and all dry goods, such as beans, rice and pasta. All donations must be store ❘ Klamath Falls bought, not homemade. Salvation Army ❘ To make a donation, Leighton recommends calling first, at 541-882 The Salvation Army provides Christmas boxes to families in need in 5280, to schedule a drop-off time, as the area. Director Debi Leighton said they’re often out in the field dropping off food. The best time to make a she expects they’ll be handing out donation is Monday through Friday about 600 boxes this year. between 8 a.m. and noon at 2960 Leighton said they’re in need of Maywood Drive, Suite 12. ◗ Christmas-type foods, such as ham, turkey, stuffing, cranberry sauce,

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e t Prices ”

53 ❘ Klamath Life ❘ Close to Home


By LEE BEACH H&N Staff Reporter

Delights of the late fall, Thanksgiving and Christmas season, are the fruits and vegetables that are available to grace holiday tables with unique flavors and colors. Some are only found for two or three months, so many people may be unaware of how to use or cook them. Others, like wonderful winter squash, keep well over the winter after harvest, but they are seasonal as well. Following are a few ways to prepare some of those fruits and vegetables. And don’t forget their decorating value — beautiful red pomegranates on a wreath or in a glass bowl, or brightly colored squash and gourds in a harvest display. See BEST, page 54

❘ Cuisine

❘ Cuisine

54 ❘ Klamath Life ❘ Close to Home

BEST, from page 53

Pomegranate Relish

2 pomegranates 3 Tbsp. olive oil 1 shallot, minced 1 Tbsp. lime juice Salt and pepper to taste 1/2 cup cilantro

Juice the pomegranates, retaining the juice and seeds. Heat oil in a small skillet over medium heat. Saute minced shallot until golden. Stir in pomegranate juice and seeds, lime juice, salt and pepper. Cook for about 3 minutes, or until slightly reduced. Remove from heat and stir in cilantro. Serve at room temperature.

How to seed a pomegranate without making a mess Use a mixing bowl that’s wide enough to fit your hands in but is fairly deep so you won’t splash too much. Fill it half-full with water. Cut your pomegranate in half (this is the messiest part of the whole job). Submerge pomegranate halves in water, and use your hands to separate the seeds from the inner membrane. The mem-



Lakeview Directory

brane is brittle and will float to the surface; discard membrane and outer rind as you remove the seeds. Skim the surface to remove any bits of membrane and broken arils or seed coverings. Drain into a colander, and the seeds are ready to use. Source: See BEST, page 55

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55 ❘ Klamath Life ❘ Close to Home

BEST, from page 54

Roasted Brussels Sprouts and Chestnuts 3/4 cup (1/2-by-1 1/2-inch) julienne-cut red bell pepper 3 Tbsp. extra virgin olive oil 1 1/4 tsp. salt 1/2 tsp. freshly ground black pepper 1/2 tsp. caraway seeds 3 lbs. Brussels sprouts, trimmed and halved (about 10 cups) 8 garlic cloves, thinly sliced Cooking spray 1 (8.5-ounce) bottle chestnuts (or fresh), coarsely chopped Preheat oven to 400 degrees. Combine first seven ingredients in a large bowl, tossing to coat. Spread onto a large roasting pan coated with cooking spray. Bake at 400 degrees for 25 minutes, stirring occasionally. Add chestnuts; stir well. Bake 8 minutes or until vegetables are tender. Serve immediately. Note: Fresh chestnuts are in season through February. Bottled chestnuts, as well as being available year-round, are a time saver. Source:

Sea scallops with Satsuma Oranges 1/3 cup minced shallots (about 2 small shallots) 2 Tbsp. chopped fresh parsley 2 tsp. grated satsuma orange rind 2 Tbsp. fresh satsuma orange juice 4 tsp. extra-virgin olive oil 2 tsp. white wine vinegar 3/8 tsp. salt, divided

3/8 tsp. freshly ground black pepper, divided 2 satsuma oranges, peeled and sectioned Cooking spray 12 large sea scallops (about 19 ounces) 1 1/3 cups trimmed watercress (about 1 bunch) Satsuma orange wedges (optional)

Roasting chestnuts If you want to try the roasted chestnuts of song, check out the YouTube video, “How to Roast Chestnuts” (at to see exactly how it’s done. They can be eaten roasted plain, or with a spicy or sweet coating.

Combine first six ingredients in a small bowl. Add 1/8 tps. salt and 1/8 tsp. pepper; stir well with a whisk. Add the satsuma orange sections. Let stand 30 minutes. Heat a cast-iron skillet over medium-high heat. Coat pan with cooking spray. Add scallops to pan; cook 2 minutes or until browned. Turn scallops. Sprinkle with remaining 1/4 tsp. salt and remaining 1/4 tsp. pepper; cook 2 minutes or until done. Place 1/3 cup watercress on each of four plates. Arrange three scallops on each serving; top each serving with 2 Tbsp. salsa. Garnish with orange wedges if desired. Source: See BEST, page 56

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56 ❘ Klamath Life ❘ Close to Home

BEST, from page 55

Spiced Parsnip Soup 2 Tbsp. butter 1 medium onion, chopped 1 pound parsnips, peeled and cubed 1 clove garlic, finely chopped 2 tsp. curry powder 1 cube chicken bouillon 3 1/4 cups boiling water 1/2 cup heavy cream salt and pepper to taste 1 pinch red pepper flakes or paprika for garnish Melt the butter in a large saucepan over medium heat. Fry the onion in butter until soft, about 5 minutes. Add the parsnips, garlic and curry powder, and fry for a couple of minutes to release the flavors. Mix the bouillon cube into the boiling water, and pour into the saucepan. Stir to remove any bits of vegetable from the bottom of the pot. Simmer for 15 minutes or until parsnips are soft and easy to break with a wooden spoon. Remove from the heat, and blend with a hand mixer or immersion blender. Stir in the cream, and heat through. Do not boil. Season with salt and pepper to taste, and garnish with red pepper flakes or paprika. Source:

Persimmon Bread

1/2 cup butter 1 cup sugar 1 tsp. vanilla 3 eggs 3 ripe persimmon pureed 1 Tbsp. water 2 cups flour 1 tsp. salt 1 tsp. baking soda 1/2 cup nuts (optional)

Cream butter and sugar together until fluffy. Add vanilla. Add eggs one at a time. Beat well. Add the persimmons and water. In a separate bowl, sift together the flour, salt, and soda. Add flour mixture to batter along with the nuts. Mix until smooth. Pour into a loaf pan and bake at 350 degrees for 50- 60 minutes. Cool well before cutting. Source:

Caramelized Baked Squash

2 medium butternut squash (4 to 5 pounds total) 6-8 Tbsp. unsalted butter, melted and cooled 1/4 cup light brown sugar, packed 1 1/2 tsp. kosher salt 1/2 to 1 tsp. fresh ground black pepper or to taste Preheat oven to 400 degrees. Cut off ends of each butternut squash and discard. Peel the squash and cut in half lengthwise. Using a spoon, remove the seeds. Cut the squash into 1 1/4-inch to 1 1/2-inch cubes (large and uniform is best), and place them on a baking sheet. Add the melted butter, brown sugar, salt and pepper. With clean hands, toss all of the ingredients together and spread out in a single layer on the baking sheet. Roast for 45 to 55 minutes, until the squash is tender and the glaze begins to caramelize. Turn the squash while roasting.

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57 ❘ Klamath Life ❘ Close to Home

Service Directory

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58 ❘ Klamath Life ❘ Close to Home

❘ Flora & Fauna of the Klamath Basin ❘ ◗

Coyotes ❘

Coyotes are a common pesky predator that can threaten livestock and don’t make good pets. When asked how common coyotes are in the Klamath Falls area, Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife district wildlife biologist Tom Collom said, “Very.” It is common to see coyotes where people live, whether that be a ranch in the country or in the city of Klamath Falls. In the country they are effective predators, sometimes attacking sheep or calves, Collom said. Mostly they feed on rodents, but they may take a deer or antelope fawns in the spring. Collom called them an “opportunistic predator.” An ODFW fact sheet says coyotes will eat just about anything, including mice, rats, gophers, squirrels, beavers, snakes, lizards, frogs, fish and birds. In summer and fall they’ll eat grass, fruits and berries. Coyotes are a family animal and will hunt in packs. “This time of year you’ll hear them first thing in the morning and during the night,” Collom said. “You’ll hear the yip calling that they do.” Collom said he has seen some people try to make pets out of coyotes. Firstly, it is illegal to take coyotes out of the wild. Secondly, they make bad pets. “Coyotes don’t make good pets, they’re a wild critter,” Collom said. ODFW’s website says coyotes are more of a nuisance than a threat, and offers ways to prevent coyotes from frequenting a home, like not leaving out pet food and securing trash cans. Source: ODFW document “Living with Wildlife: Coyotes”

Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife photo

Snowber r ies ❘

The snowberry plant is known

H&N photo by Holly Owens

The snowberry is a delicate looking plant with a quietly enchanting quality

Coyotes ◗ Features: pointed ears, slender muzzle, bushy tail ◗ Males are about 24 inches (just over two feet) tall ◗ Coyotes weigh about 20 to 35 pounds, but can get as large as 45 pounds in some parts of the country ◗ In captivity coyotes have lived as long as 18 years. In the wild they live about four years

Snowberry ◗ Deciduous shrub ◗ 3 to 4 1/2 feet high, but can be as tall as 6 feet ◗ 4 to 6 feet wide

By SAMANTHA TIPLER: H&N Staff Reporter

for its namesake, its white berries. “Snowberry is unlike almost any other plant in the world,” states King County, Washington’s native plant guide website. “It is a delicate looking plant with a quietly enchanting quality. The small clusters of pink flowers in the spring become eggwhite berries of late summer which last on the plant until nearly spring.” “Common Plants of the Upper Klamath Basin” describes the snowberry flowers as white to pink, hairy inside and bell shaped. The flowers grow in clusters of three to five near the ends of the branches. It describes the fruit as “spongy white berries.” The book also warns that the leaves and berries contain saponin, which “cause stomach upset if ingested in quantity.” Snowberries are an ornamental shrub. The University of Texas at Austin’s native plant website states snowberries were once popular in old-fashioned dooryard gardens. King County’s native plant website states the plant looks good when combined with red osier dogwood and low Oregon grape or with red alders. “This is not really a stand-alone plant but works better in masses or mixed with several other plants of similar height,” King County’s website states.

59 ❘ Klamath Life ❘ Close to Home

Quintessentials Meet Denny Kalina


By LEE JUILLERAT H&N Regional Editor

ustomers never know what’s in store when visiting with Denny Kalina at Kalina’s Hardware, his sell-almost-everything store in downtown Malin.

H&N photo by Lee Juillerat

About Quintessentials: This Klamath Life series takes a close-up look at one of the personalities from the region who helps shape and make the Basin a great place to live.

The store’s shelves are lined with everyday needs, including sporting goods, toys, cards, alcohol, paint, auto parts, anti-freeze, motor oil and, among his best sellers, ag-related items like nuts, bolts, screws, pipe fittings and, of course, all types of hardware. But the store is more than a store. It’s a community gathering place where folks come to chat, drink coffee and wax philosophically. The person overseeing the chatter is Kalina, the grandson of A and Marie Kalina, who were among the early Czechs who settled in Malin in 1909. “We’ve got a lot of family ties,” Kalina says. Store visitors buy necessities — and palaver. “The older you get the less people can say you’re wrong,” chuckles the 70-year-old Kalina. “You can always tell stories, good stories. Some of them are hilarious.” Kalina collects stories. He also tells stories, some hilarious, nearly all of them blending in tidbits of town history. Mention baseball and he recalls the original Klamath Falls Gems baseball team and, closer to home, teams from other Klamath Basin towns. “Malin played Beatty and Bly, and Bly doesn’t have enough people to field a team anymore,” he says, noting the fledgling Malin Historical Society, which is developing a museum, will display the old uniforms. “I’ve always been involved in history because I’ve been a part of it,” says Kalina, who serves as a director and treasurer of the historical society and, indeed, is living a life intertwined with the area’s history. His pickup truck, for example, is a 1967 model he bought in 1972 from the late Ralph Hill. Hill, who won a silver medal in the 1932 Summer Olympics in the 5,000-meter run, sold the pickup, a four-speed stick, because he was unable to shift after suffering a heart attack. “I drive it every day,” Kalina says, noting the odometer reading is only 80,000 miles. “I don’t go very far, but I drive it every day.” He remembers 1967 as the year he and other Malin High School buddies took a summer train trip, stopping in Chicago, New York City and Washington, D.C., where they asked taxi drivers to “take us to see what you think is important.” Mostly he’s stayed close to Malin. He and his wife, Janis, have three sons, including Jared, whom he hopes will eventually take over the store. On this day, Kalina is collecting get-well signatures for Stan Pence. Because there isn’t enough space on the card, well-wishers sign their names on a spool of paper normally used for receipts. A table has the remnants of a chocolate cake, donated because, “A guy’s grandson had a birthday party and they had too much cake. Can you believe it?” Because it’s an afternoon when the Malin Country Diner is closed, people filter into the hardware store for coffee and conversation. Kalina is happy to chat, and wax philosophical in his own elfish style. Ruminating on technology, he muses, “We’re afraid of change. The older we get the more we’re afraid of change. We’ll change our socks every day, but that’s about all.”

60 ❘ Klamath Life ❘ Close to Home

Views on life in the Klamath Basin Al icia Cannada — Pel ican

Share Your Best Shot: Share your views of the Klamath Basin by posting your favorite scenic photo on our Diversions Facebook page at www. We will print a selection of reader photos in our February/March edition of Klamath Life.

Ron Neu — Har bor I sl es

Hel ene Mussut o — Nannie Cr eek Tr ail

Ron Neu — kil deer

Michael G odbey — Upper K l a mat h Lake

Kr ist y Cr eed — Upper K l a mat h Lake

61 ❘ Klamath Life ❘ Close to Home

On the calendar in the Basin On the calendar in the Klamath Falls area through December: SATURDAY, NOV. 17 ◗ The 39th annual Malin holiday bazaar will be at the Malin Community Hall, 2307 Front St. from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. on Friday and 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. on Saturday. Handcrafted items and baked goods will be sold. ◗ Free showing of a film based on the book, “Hunger Games,” will be at the downtown library for teens and adults at 1 p.m. MONDAY, NOV. 26 ◗ A movie, “Bridge on the River Kwai,” will be shown at 7 p.m. in the Ross Ragland Theater. Admission is free, but a $5 donation is suggested. TUESDAY, NOV. 27 ◗ “Around Provence on Two Wheels, a Bottle of Wine and a Baguette,” a presentation by Bill and Elaine Deutschman on their travels through Provence by bicycle. Presentation begins at 6 p.m. at the downtown branch of the Klamath County Library. THURSDAY, NOV. 29 ◗ Voices of Patriots Film/Discussion, “Service: When Women Come Marching Home,” 6 p.m. at the downtown branch of the Klamath County Library. ◗ Early Schools, a slide program on early day schools in Klamath County will be presented at 7 p.m. at the Klamath County Museum. Free admission. SATURDAY AND SUNDAY DEC. 1-2 ◗ Quota Club International Christmas Fair/Bazaar at the Klamath County Fairgrounds, 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. Saturday, Dec. 1 and 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Sunday, Dec. 2. Free admission, donations accepted. ◗ Jefferson State Shooting Association Gun Show, 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. Saturday, Dec. 1 and 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. Sunday, Dec. 2 at the Klamath County Fairgrounds Event Center. DEC. 1-9 ◗ Klamath Falls Snowflake Festi-

H&N file photo

Madison Stahla, 10, sits in the Ferguson Elementary School float before the start of the 2011 Snowflake Parade. This year’s Snowflake Festival begins Dec. 1.

val. The weeklong celebration will include a tree lighting ceremony, parade and many other events. For more information, go to http://bit. ly/YAllzn. SATURDAY, DEC. 1 ◗ Eugene Ballet Company performances of “The Nutcracker” ballet by Russian composer Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky will be at 2 and 7:30 p.m. in the Ross Ragland Theater. ◗ Chiloquin will host its first annual Christmas tree lighting at 6 p.m. in the city parking lot in front of Kircher’s Hardware. SUNDAY, DEC. 2 ◗ Klamath Art Gallery will host an open house as part of its Annual Holiday Showcase from noon to 4 p.m. at 120 Riverside Drive. Refreshments and four drawings will be included. ◗ Klamath Chorale presents “Christmas With a Smile,” at 2 p.m. in the Ross Ragland Theater. Admission will be $12 for adults and $10 for students, seniors and military.

FRIDAY AND SATURDAY DEC. 7-8 ◗ Ag Expo, noon to 8 p.m. Friday, Dec. 7 and 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. Saturday, Dec. 8 at the Klamath County Fairgrounds Event Center. Free admission. SATURDAY, DEC. 8 ◗ Breakfast with Santa, 8 to 10 a.m. at the Klamath County Museum. Free admission, with donations for CASA of Klamath County encouraged. ◗ The Esquire Jazz Orchestra presents “Fascinating Rhythm,” at 7:30 p.m. in the Ross Ragland Theater. Tickets are $19 to $37. The music of George and Ira Gershwin will be performed. THURSDAY-SUNDAY DEC. 13-16 ◗ The holiday community production of “Miracle on 34th Street,” will be presented at the Ross Ragland Theater at 7:30 p.m. Thursday through Friday, Dec. 13-15 and 2 p.m. Sunday, Dec. 16. Tickets for adults are $16 to $24 and tickets for seniors and children are $15.

SATURDAY, DEC. 22 ◗ A John Denver Tribute with Ted Vigil will be at 7:30 p.m. at the Ross Ragland Theater. Tickets are $16 to $24 with Vegas-style seating available for $40. MONDAY, DEC. 31 ◗ New Year’s Powwow, noon to midnight at the Klamath County Fairgrounds. ◗ BullMania at the Klamath County Fairgrounds Event Center. Doors open at 5:30 p.m. Presale tickets are $18, tickets at the door will be $20 with children age 6 and under admitted free of charge. VIP tickets, which include dinner, are $35.

On the calendar: Does your group or organization have a special community event coming up? Let us know and we’ll put it in the community calendar in the February/March edition of Klamath Life. Send event information to, or call 541-885-4412.

62 ❘ Klamath Life ❘ Close to Home

Advertiser’s Index AETNA Carpet Cleaning............................ 38 Aftershock Restaurant & Nightclub........... 51 Agate Ridge Vineyard.................................. 18 Anderson Engineering & Surveying, Inc... 54 At Home on Hope St.................................... 31 Balin’s Tower Drug....................................... 31 Basin Fertilizer & Chemical Co.................. 52 Basin Immediate Care................................. 19 Black Bear Diner.................................... 32, 57 Bob Halvorsen’s Rentals.............................. 35 Cascades East............................................... 63 Chase Family Dentistry............................... 18 Coldwell Banker-Holman Premier............. 64 Cook’s Glass Co............................................ 32 Daisy Creek Winery..................................... 18 Davenport’s Funeral Chapel....................... 17 Del Rio Vineyards........................................ 18 Desert Rose Funeral Chapel........................ 54 Diamond Home Improvement Center........ 57 Diamond Lake Resort.................................. 14 East & West Ridge Animal Hospitals........ 34 Epicenter....................................................... 22 Epicenter Faultline Arcade.......................... 39 Estilo Hair Studio......................................... 24 Express Employment Professionals............ 57 First Presbyterian Church........................... 51 Fisher Nicholson Realtors, LLC.................... 3 Fisher Nicholson Realtors, LLC /Don & Sharrol Romano........................... 42

Floyd A Boyd Co.......................................... 24 Four Seasons Supply Center....................... 46 Frank and Diane’s Carpets.......................... 38 Gette A Groom............................................. 57 Gun Cave, The.............................................. 46 Hamilton Metals, Inc................................... 27 Hanscam’s Bowling Center.......................... 57 Herbalife........................................................ 57 High Desert Hospice.................................... 22 Holmes 4-Wheel Drive Center.................... 35 Hotel Niles..................................................... 46 House of Shoes........................................ 16, 36 Howard’s Bodyshop............................... 50, 57 Howard’s Drugs............................................ 54 Howard’s Meat Center, LLC.................. 30, 49 Hunter’s Hot Springs.................................... 13 Keeper’s Corner, LLC............................. 35, 57 Klamath Audiology........................................ 9 Klamath Community College..................... 21 Klamath County Library............................. 12 Klamath Eye Center...................................... 6 Klamath Hospice.......................................... 21 Klamath Hopsice Treasures Thift Store.. 31, 39 Klamath Metals............................................ 43 Kla-mo-ya Casino......................................... 19 KPEFCU................................................. 30, 40 Leo’s Camera Shop....................................... 34 Les Schwab Tires............................................ 9 Les Schwab Tires, Merrill............................ 52

Market at the Running Y Resort................. 27 Martin’s Food Center................................... 52 Macy’s Flying Service................................... 52 Microtel Inn & Suites................................... 42 Mile Hi Tire & Exhaust............................... 54 Modoc Steel & Supply................................. 46 Napa Auto Parts........................................... 46 Nelson’s TV................................................... 33 Oil Can Henry’s............................................ 10 OIT................................................................ 13 Oregon Community Foundation................. 44 Papa Murphy’s Pizza.................................... 50 Parker’s Rod & Gun..................................... 26 Pelican Pointe................................................. 8 Portland Street Market & Deli.................... 18 Quail Park at Crystal Terrace..................... 26 Ranch Dog Resort........................................ 52 Red’s Roadhouse/Courtesy RV Center......... 5 Seab’s Electronics/Radio Shack.................. 46 Seab’s True Value Hardware....................... 46 Seasons Change............................................ 43 ServiceMaster Carpet & Upholstery........... 40 Sky Lakes Medical Center....................... 2, 28 St. Therese Chapel....................................... 51 State Farm/Phill Kensler............................. 22 Triad School.................................................. 16 Wagon Wheel Motel & Restaurant............. 46 Washburn Building Products...................... 50 Win-R Insulation, Inc.................................. 51

Klamath Life empowering the community

Look for more great Klamath Life stories in our 2013 Klamath Life editions!

Home & Garden • Country Living • Cuisine • Arts & Culture • Destinations, Excursions & Travel

63 ❘ Klamath Life ❘ Close to Home

Family. Community. Education.

Complete Physical Exams | Well Child Exams | Immunizations Women’s Health | Family Planning, Prenatal, OB & Newborn Care Sports Medicine | Orthopedic Clinic Mental Health & Social Services | Lab, X-Ray, and EKGs Office Procedures (including biopsy, circumcision & vasectomy) Same Day Visits for Acute Illness | Se Habla Español

Providing experienced family medicine health care to people of all ages

Clinic Hours: Mon., Tues., Wed., & Fri., 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. Thurs., 8:30 - 11:30 p.m. and 4:30-7:30 p.m. 2801 Daggett Avenue | Klamath Falls, Oregon, 97601 Ph 541-274-6733 |


est B

in Klamath County Real Estate

O U RO A D AWRI D N NW I NI N G NRI ENAG LTO S™ UW R AAR W R ER A LTORS™ Maryann Arminio REALTOR™ (541) 281-5751

Marye Ashcraft REALTOR™ (541) 892-2008

Cheryl Chatburn-Ross REALTOR™ (541) 331-1480

Linda Dart-Henry REALTOR™ (541) 591-4544

Don Downing REALTOR™ (541) 891-2625

Drake Evinger REALTOR™ (541) 591-4444

Barb Hall REALTOR™ (541) 331-3169

Sonya Hawkins REALTOR™ (541) 892-1235 Joyce Hoffman REALTOR™ (541) 892-0361

Darlene Humphreys REALTOR™ (541) 891-6738

Fred Hutchison REALTOR™ (541) 891-9040

Bonnie Kimmell REALTOR™ (541) 880-8069

Linda & Mark Knust REALTORS™

Kimry Lee REALTOR™ (541) 891-7560

Sherry McManus REALTOR™ (541) 892-0177

Donnie Miller REALTOR™ (541) 281-7440

(541) 892-3333 • (541) 892-8333 •

Jennifer Miller REALTOR™ (541) 281-6924

Phyllis Moore Principal Broker, CRS, GRI (541) 891-9757

Terry Nash REALTOR™ (541) 891-7704

Ron Rogers REALTOR™, CRS (541) 891-4875

Randy L. Shaw REALTOR™ (541) 891-0296

Steve Smiley Principal Broker (541) 410-9561

Mary Smith REALTOR™ (541) 892-7482

Kim Swagert REALTOR™, CRS, GRI (541) 892-8777

Holly Wilson REALTOR™ (541) 892-2720

Bill Haskins Principal Broker/President

(541) 884-1343

Shirley Nickel REALTOR™ (541) 891-4649

This could be you

Call today to get started (541) 884-1343 .

Coldwell Banker Holman Premier Realty 3815 South 6th Street, Suite 110. Klamath Falls, Oregon 97603 (541) 884-1343 office • (541) 883-7475 fax • (800) 347-1343 toll-free • *Based on MLS statistics of total residential sales volume from 01/01/1999 to 12/31/2011. Equal housing opportunity. Each office independently owned and operated. Bill Haskins, Principal Broker / President.

Celebrating 12 years of selling more homes than any other real estate company in Klamath County*. ••• We advertise your property locally and globally through our extensive network of web and print media. ••• Year in and year out we excel at selling residential real estate.

Klamath Life - Close to Home  

Along the way...stand on historic ground with the guidance of historical markers.

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