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Final Decision The Commander and Staff counted the votes to see If the decision taken was the one to be Bravery when danger was imminent around Or when a fellow officer lay wounded on the ground Assisting a lost child crying in the cold By hugging it gently with love as a grandma of old Sharing a sandwich with a hungry alley pup Offering an old beggar… soup in a cup Standing on parade proud in uniform Saluting war heroes …In Praise or in mourn Daughters of patriots You may all stand at ease You have each been awarded the Highest Honour there is Heroes everyone…You….our Women Police. !! ***** Nico Moolman 20th May 2016

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Contents Final Decision ............................................................................................................. 2 Lady Protectors / Dame Beskermers.......................................................................... 7 Dedication and Introduction ........................................................................................ 7 South Africa: Women Police: Looking back at 100 years ago: Hennie Heymans....... 9 SA Women in law enforcement .............................................................................. 9 The first British woman police officer .................................................................... 10 South Africa .......................................................................................................... 11 1953 Women in the Northern Rhodesia Police ..................................................... 11 Women in the BSAP (Rhodesia) .......................................................................... 11 Police Women: A long cherished dream? ......................................................... 12 Women Mounted Police: A fantasy ....................................................................... 14 1916: Volunteer Women Patrol Movement ........................................................... 15 Mrs Schelpien: The first officially appointed policewoman in South Africa ............ 15 Ms M Sterling: Organising Secretary: Volunteer Women Patrol Movement .......... 16 Photo: Ms Margaret Stirling .................................................................................. 16 Policewomen: Mrs O’Dea and Mrs E Evans ......................................................... 17 A vision for the future ............................................................................................ 18 From the Nongqai 1917 ........................................................................................ 18 The minister’s reply............................................................................................... 19 1917: Editorial: The Nongqai ................................................................................ 21 Prison Service Orders: June 1946 ........................................................................ 23 Recruitment of Female Staff ............................................................................. 24 1972...................................................................................................................... 24 To day ............................................................................................................... 24 Vrouepolisie in Suid-Afrika: Enkele Opmerkings: Hennie Heymans ......................... 25 Vroeë vrouepolisie in Engeland ............................................................................ 25 Vrouepolisie in Suid-Afrika: Herinneringe: Hennie Heymans ............................... 25 1916: Vrouepolisie aan die Kaap .......................................................................... 28 1932...................................................................................................................... 29 1946: Salaris van Spesiale Matrone .................................................................... 31 Mev Allaway ...................................................................................................... 31 1947 Drome van Vrouepolisie .............................................................................. 32

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SAP Spesiale Matrones ........................................................................................ 33 Spesiale matrone en hofordonans: mev JM Dodd ................................................ 34 Die Castle Mansions Vrugafdrywingsaak: PC Swanepoel ....................................... 34 1972: Die werklikheid............................................................................................ 37 Die eerste vrouepolisieoffisiere was kol Duveen Botha en lt-kol AC Nel ........... 38 Opmerking ............................................................................................................ 39 Slot ........................................................................................................................... 39 BSAP Rhodesia: The Uniform: The Regiment ......................................................... 40 Southern Rhodesia Women’s Auxiliary Police Service (SRWAPS) ...................... 40 1919: Women in the Police: The UK experience ...................................................... 41 Anel Geyser (Kriel) ................................................................................................... 44 E-pos 1.............................................................................................................. 44 E-pos 2.............................................................................................................. 44 E-pos 3.............................................................................................................. 44 E-pos 4.............................................................................................................. 45 Foto’s Anel Geyser ............................................................................................... 46 1985: Hondeskool: Patrolliehond: Instrukteurs .................................................. 46 Boomplantdag: Hondeskool: Mnr Adriaan Vlom............................................... 47 Die Sersant en haar polisiehond ....................................................................... 48 Hondeskool: Dames in vertoongroep: ʼnEerste!................................................. 49 Voorblad: Servamus: Anel Geyser .................................................................... 52 Alwyn Conradie: Vroue-hondegeleiers .............................................................. 53 Eerste vroue hondegeleiers .............................................................................. 54 Baanbrekers by die hondeskool ........................................................................ 57 Rooi Rose: Voorwaarts vir ons uniformvroue ................................................... 58 1986: SAP Hondeskool: Vertoongroep ............................................................. 61 Hondeskool: ʼnKlas van 1984 ............................................................................ 62 Die Suid-Afrikaanse Polisiemag: Vroue die eerste keer in die Veiligheidspolisie: Sarie van Niekerk ..................................................................................................... 62 Vroue in die SAP (V) Intelligensie: Kol Vick Mc Phearson (SAP (V) ........................ 66 RS 407: Tussen leuens en die waarheid: Marga Ley ........................................... 67 AGENT RS407 ..................................................................................................... 67 Tussen leuens en die waarheid ................................................................................ 67 Onderhoud met kol Vick McPherson: Hennie Heymans........................................... 71 4


Inleiding ................................................................................................................ 71 Vickkie is ʼn yster ................................................................................................... 71 Vick en RS 407 ..................................................................................................... 72 Vick op die dag van die onderhoud ................................................................... 72 Kommentaar: RS 407: Mnr Ronnie Kasrils ........................................................... 73 Die polisieman se vrou: ʼn Edele Bruid ..................................................................... 74 My Erfporsie van tannie Edna Mildenhall: Nico Moolman ........................................ 76 Militêreverpleegster: Dr Dawid Lotter ...................................................................... 80 Kommentaar deur lt-kol AC Pretorius: Afgetrede senior-verpleegoffisier............. 83 Die rol van die verpleegster in die weermag: Lt-kol (afgetree) AC Pretorius ............ 83 9 Mil vs 1 Mil ..................................................................................................... 85 Foto’s van 1 Mil : Via Paul Els .............................................................................. 86 SA Soldier ................................................................................................................ 88 1st Female Commander of a Flossie ..................................................................... 88 SANDF: World Class Sportswoman ..................................................................... 89 Maj D Heymans: Pharmacist: 3 Mil: Bloemfontein ............................................ 89 Community Policing: The Elderly and the weak in society are they clients of the Police? ..................................................................................................................... 89 Die Swakkere, die vrou en die bejaarde in die Gemeenskap: Kliënte van die Polisie? ................................................................................................................. 89 Danville Dog Lady ............................................................................................. 90 Morale Boosters ....................................................................................................... 93 Perla Siedle Gibson .......................................................................................... 94 Cape Town’s Ship Lady ........................................................................................ 94 1972: Vrouepolisie: Geskiedenis: Uit die album van Anna Moolman Smit ............... 94 Eerste polisievrou in Wes-Rand ingesweer ....................................................... 95 First Woman in West Rand Command .............................................................. 96 Diewe moet ligloop vir die polisievrou ............................................................... 97 Klas-instrukteurs ............................................................................................... 98 Vrouepeloton: Peloton 34 .................................................................................. 99 Tydens opleiding ............................................................................................. 100 Kom laat ons bid! ............................................................................................ 101 Julie 1972 ........................................................................................................ 101 14 Julie 1972 ................................................................................................... 102 5


Afgeneem saam met haar broer wyle sers T Moolman ................................... 102 Women in Uniform – Peter Dickens ....................................................................... 103 South African WAAF (Women’s Auxiliary Air Force) Radio Operator.............. 103 Betty Quinn, GM.............................................................................................. 103 South African Air Force - Woman's Auxiliary Air Force ................................... 104 Wartime SAR lady ticket examiners ................................................................ 104 South African Women's Auxiliary Air Force ..................................................... 105 Lt Cdr N. le Roux, SAN ................................................................................... 105 SA Navy Swans .............................................................................................. 106 Humour in Uniform ................................................................................................. 107 Ladies in the SAPS ................................................................................................ 107 Lady Generals in the Police ................................................................................ 107 Sex in Uniform: Times change. ........................................................................... 107 In flagrante delicto .............................................................................................. 108 The Uniform: Coitus Non Interuptus ....................................................................... 109 Cops had sex while Motorist nearly died: Anna Louw ..................................... 109 Minister of Transport ........................................................................................... 110 The Hon Ms Dipuo Peters Minister of transport in a General’s Uniform ................. 111 South Africa: Worth a read? : The Boer Whore: Piet Coetzee ............................ 111 Susan Nell: Boer Whore: She made it go away: Nico Moolman ............................. 112 Wie is ons? / Who are we? ..................................................................................... 113 Revival of Nongqai ................................................................................................. 113 No longer a SA Police Museum .......................................................................... 113 Administration ........................................................................................................ 114 Legalities ................................................................................................................ 114 Contact details / kontakbesonderhede ................................................................... 114

Kennisgewing Ons het verskeie persone en instansies (bv persone verbonde aan die inligtingsgemeenskap) genader om bydraes te lewer, maar geen reaksie ontvang nie. Die rol van die vrou in die nasionale veiligheid is ver van klaar! Dankie aan almal wat skriftelik bygedra het.

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Lady Protectors / Dame Beskermers

Ladies in the forces and in the law and order community with special reference to the role of ladies in the police force Die dame in die gewapende magte en wet en ordegemeenskap met spesiale verwysing na die polisie

Dedication and Introduction The South African Police Force was established on the 1 st of April 1913. That was more than a hundred years ago. We know from the plans of old Marshall Square, Johannesburg, in the old Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek, that there were offices for vrouwe-ondersoekters. This special edition of the Nongqai is devoted to our women in all branches of our services, serving selflessly with distinction and pride; protecting, investigating, bringing to justice, Ladies (with a capital “L�) who acted as 7


caretakers and guardians of our people, especially the weak, the injured, children in need of care, who served round the clock! We acknowledge that their road was uncharted and not easy! We remember the despairing remarks about women in the policeman’s work. We also honour Lt-Colonel GD Gray, Deputy Commissioner of Police, Western Cape Division for his foresight and kindness to the “policewomen” of his day. Because of South Africa’s racial policies I think that the politicians thought that “life out there” would be too dangerous for a (white) policewoman and that she could easily be overpowered by a thug. Is there is suitable monument, or a suitable medal, or suitable recognition that we can render to honour our Ladies in the forces? In the same vein: The country and the people should take note of our partners and loved ones that we always neglected – duty came before pleasure! Our wives gave birth while we worked, it is recorded that one detective, Det/Sgt FMA Steenkamp, who worked around the clock in a murder case fell asleep when visiting his wife as she gave birth to their first child! As a policeman’s son we were left on our own when my father worked and was on “stand by”. When other people were at home and went out, my father worked and my mother could not drive a car, so we stayed at home. Christmas or New Year my Father, a station policeman had to work! During the “mad days” of the 1990’s we worked very long hours. Under my command served a number of lady officers, lady WO’s, lady non-commissioned officers and ordinary policewomen. I gave all ladies in uniform permission to be dresses in civilian clothes on Friday’s from 07:30 until 16:00. After 16:00 the order usually came from Pretoria on a Friday just before 16:00 that we had to man road blocks. Then, the women had to report in full uniform. Reasoning: I asked myself if I was a woman when I could I do my hair? When could I do shopping? They have families and children to feed. As ladies worked side by side with the men during the various states of emergency the answer was a simple: “I gave them “time-due” and I gave them permission to be dressed in civvies. They were on duty when they went to do their covert shopping or when visiting the hairdresser and as they were under cover they could act if necessary. Head Office or the provincial Office never queried this permission. By way of introduction this is how I felt then and I still feel: It is a question of give and take, if men can play rugby during their shift I could not see why women could not do essential shopping when on duty as we all worked day and night and over weekends. (When did we want to see them performing their chores? We men cut our hair in state time; so why could they not have their hair done in state time – they have to look neat and presentable whilst on duty and especially in uniform. Loyal Ladies never misused this privilege and their work was to the satisfaction of the inspectorate.

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South Africa: Women Police: Looking back at 100 years ago: Hennie Heymans Introduction We live in a man’s world. Do ever take time off and think of the role of women in policing? The role of women in National Security History (and even in the Bible) is well documented. We think of Debora, Mata Hari, and many others. Today in the formal and informal “law and order”-community the role of women is essential. We think of women in the police, military police, traffic, railway police, private security, intelligence, passport control, customs, drug enforcement, anti-slavery, peace keeping and many other roles in our dynamic world.

In 1829 Sir Robert Peel, founder of the modern police idea in Britain, said: “The police are the public and the public are the police; the police being only members of the public who are paid to give full time attention to duties which are incumbent on every citizen in the interests of community welfare and existence.”1

SA Women in law enforcement Most certainly women are part of the community and therefore should rightfully have been part of the “police” in Southern Africa right from the beginning. However custom and values played an important part in our multi-cultural society. White women only got the permission to vote in 19302 (during the Hertzog-era) while some black men then, amongst them black policemen in the Cape Province, could vote. This is just to show how we regarded women back in the 1930’s. Can we argue that South Africa back in time was a man’s world? No trace of women in tribal policing could be found. There were women chieftains and powerful women – like Nandi.3,4 [We read about Nandi in EA Ritter’s book: Shaka Zulu.] However we can argue that women were, since the beginning of time, part of the hue and cry! 5

1

http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/quotes/r/robertpeel260231.html - Retrieved 30 April 2016. On the 19 May 1930, White South African women gained the right to vote - See more at: http://www.sahistory.org.za/dated-event/white-women-achieve-suffrage-southafrica#sthash.KNGk3rDI.dpuf 2

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Full names: Nandi Ndlovukazi kaBhebe, of the eLangeni, Queen Mother of the Zulus. The history of Nandi and that of her son, Shaka, the great Zulu king and founder of the Zulu nation has mostly been gleaned from oral sources and some written references from the diary of the African trader, Henry Francis Fynn. Fynn spent a great deal of time with Shaka and was also present at the death of Nandi. There are however many inconsistencies regarding the subject. Some of the most crucial events leading up to the establishment of the Shakan empire took place within a few kilometres of Melmoth situated between modern day Eshowe and the Zulu Capital, Ulundi https://www.geni.com/people/Nandi-kaBhebe/6000000014309193581 - Retrieved 30 April 2016. 5 The pursuit of a felon announced with loud shouts to alert others who were then legally obliged to gi ve chase. The loud outcry formerly used in such a pursuit – http://www.thefreedictionary.com/hue+and+cry - Retrieved 30 April 2016. 4

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They have acted as stirrers, honey pots, spies and informers since time immemorial. Women certainly can incite a crowd that will help to arrest a wrongdoer. The Natal Mounted Police later the Natal Police had its own medical division, which included police surgeons and nurses. The Natal Police became part the SA Mounted Riflemen and the police medical section was transferred to the Union Defence Force at Tempe in the Free State. GN van den Bergh in his book Polisiediens in die ZAR tells us that the Zarp’s of the old Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek had women attached to them as “vroueondersoekters”. However he does not go into great detail, he only mentions the fact that women were employed. However women were employed as matrons by the Natal Prisons, which was then a section of the Natal Police. There are many photographs of women employed as matrons in various prisons. We know that women were employed by the police in Natal and in the ZAR, but that is all we know at this stage. We know of women who joined the army and posed as men – think of Dr James Barry and a few others in history. Some women did fight in the Anglo Boer War. We all know Jane of Arc and the role she played.

The first British woman police officer As southern Africa was part of the British Commonwealth it is necessary to look at the London Metropolitan Police for guidance in this matter: Edith Smith (died 1924) was the first woman police officer in the United Kingdom with full power of arrest.6 The British Women’s Police Service was founded in 1914 by Nina Boyle and Margaret Damer Dawson and it was staffed by volunteers.[1] In August 1915, Edith Smith was appointed the first woman police constable in England with full power of arrest.[2] Her duties were to deal with cases where women were involved. She was particularly concerned with trying to reduce the number of prostitutes in Grantham who were attracted there by the nearby army base.[3] The work in Grantham was contentious amongst the Women's Police Service as Boyle felt that women should not be punished with a curfew when it was the men who were at fault. This led to a disagreement and Boyle left the service and Dawson reformed the service with herself as the new head.[1] Smith left the service after working seven days a week for a period of two years. She died after she took an overdose of morphia in 1924, five years after leaving the force. Her life is commemorated in Grantham Museum.[3] References [1] History of Met Women, MetWPA.org.uk, retrieved 31 July 2014 [2] Kelly, Kay (2012-11-27). "First police women in UK". Grantham People. 6

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edith_Smith_(police_officer) – Retrieved 30 April 2016 – HBH.

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Retrieved 2014-02-11. [3] "Town remembers first policewoman". BBC. 2006-01-13. Retrieved 2014-02-11.

South Africa Police architecture was the cause that at many early police stations and police posts combined the charge office with the married-quarters. It is fact that both were located in the same building. In other words the charge office was part of the married quarters or vice versa! However it is common knowledge that since early times policeman’s wife was an informal ‘police officer’. At such one-man stations the policeman’s wife took complaints and messages while the Constable or Lance-Sergeant was out on patrol! Mrs Constable also searched all woman prisoners after they were arrested and in many cases this function was preformed free of charge. One story reported in an early issue of the police magazine is recalled where the little boy in the charge office replied to a complainant that his father was out on patrol and his mother was ill. There was nothing he could do! They had to wait for his father to return before the wheels of justice could be set in motion! Trou is nie perdekoop nie! The police since inception in South Africa preferred unmarried men! Men had to have five and later three years service before they obtained permission to get married. The wife had to be vetted by an officer and the policeman had to submit a state of income and expenditure. In one annual report of the Commissioner it is stated that it is hoped to have a large percentage of unmarried men – the reason apparently to keep down medical expenditure! Another function that ladies preformed to enhance the image of the police was to assist her husband performing his social duties. She was also member of the church, various social and sport clubs. Women also furnished their husbands in the police with information that they receive from the community. We have looked at the Women Police of the UK as we were part of the British Commonwealth. We now take a look at Women Police in countries to the north of us:

1953 Women in the Northern Rhodesia Police On 24 October 1953 Northern Rhodesia became part of the ill-fated Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, but the police and courts remained under the Northern Rhodesia Government. In 1955 the Depot closed and a new Police Training School was opened at Lilayi near Lusaka. The first regular women police were recruited.7

Women in the BSAP (Rhodesia) During 1941 a Women’s Auxiliary Police Service was formed.8 With a strength of

80, these ladies performed duties as traffic control, office duties, 7 8

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Northern_Rhodesia_Police - retrieved 30 April 2016 – HBH. http://www.bsap.org/hischronology.html - retrieved 30 April 2016 – HBH.

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preparation of plans and court orderly duties. It was decided after the conclusion of hostilities to retain this service on a permanent basis.9 During 1960 the Women Field Reserve force established.10 Women's ‘A’ Reserve was formed to perform normal police duties in line with their ‘A’ Reserve male colleagues was formed in 1971. 11 African women first entered the BSAP in the mid-1960s12

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http://www.rhodesia.nl/bsap.htm - retrieved 30 April 2016 – HBH. http://www.bsap.org/hischronology.html - retrieved 30 April 2016 – HBH. 11 http://www.bsap.org/hischronology.html - retrieved 30 April 2016 – HBH. 12 Stapleton, T: African Police and Soldiers in Colonial Zimbabwe, 1923-80. See: http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.7722/j.ctt81n9z - retrieved 30 April 2016 – HBH. 10

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Police Women: A long cherished dream?

A lady in Natal Police “uniform� note the NP-forage cap en NP on shoulder strap. 13

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Nongqai circa 1907 - 1913

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Women Mounted Police: A fantasy

A fantasy: Policewomen in SAP-uniform?

Kyk uit vir nuwe boek Agent RS 309 APARTHEID MEESTERSPIOEN SPIOEN Kolonel Vic Mc Pherson S.O.E.

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1916: Volunteer Women Patrol Movement

Mrs Schelpien: The first officially appointed policewoman in South Africa

The first sentence clearly says: “The first policewoman to be officially appointed in the Union is Mrs Schelpien...” The article reports that she has been hard at work for nine months. “It is hoped by those responsible for her appointment (as a police woman) that she is forerunner of many others /...../ there is a wide scope in all our towns for Policewomen.” “The appointment of this Policewoman was the direct outcome of the Volunteer Woman Patrol movement.”

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Ms M Sterling: Organising Secretary: Volunteer Women Patrol Movement

Photo: Ms Margaret Stirling

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Policewomen: Mrs O’Dea and Mrs E Evans

Mrs O’Dea

Mrs E Evans

Source14

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Nongqai 1916-xx-247

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A vision for the future

Source15

Source16

From the Nongqai 1917

15 16

Nongqai 1916-xx-247 (Note the prejudice against these ladies – HBH) Nongqai 1917-04-206

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The minister’s reply

Source17

17

Nongqai 1917-04-206

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Source18 When we read the Minister’s reply we see the whole exercise was an experiment. So there were no Women Police in 1916.

18

Nongqai 1917-04-206

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1917: Editorial: The Nongqai

Source19 19

Nongqai 1917-04-224

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Source20

20

Nongqai 1917-04-224

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Source21

Prison Service Orders: June 1946

21

Nongqai 1917-04-225

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Recruitment of Female Staff

1972 During 1972 the first white ladies underwent their basic training soon to be followed by other racial groups. Women were not satisfied only to be employed in an administrative capacity! Telephones, switchboards and typing were not for them, they became van-drivers and detectives! Women generally played an important role in national security as informers, police spies, police counter surveillance agents and other dangerous sub-rosa work connected with drug enforcement, vice, immorality, child-pornography and IDB – the list is endless. It should also be born in mind that SAPS also employ many women who took part in the struggle. Here the list is also endless of the work they performed in the struggle and the training, especially externally, they received is of value to the police. To day In the private security industry women also play a vital role in the combating of crime – next time you visit the supermarket kindly note the lady security guard combating pilfering and theft while outside the lady car guard, legally registered with the Board for Security Officers, is conspicuous if absent. Voluntary duty preformed by lady police reservists should not be forgotten. One also seems to forget that basic Law and Order in society really begins with traffic control! Here the role of the early, but so-called, meter maids should not be forgotten! Women later preformed an important role in traffic control and metro police. The role of the lady in the police is vital, important, involved and complicated! One of the theories of employing women was to set men free that were employed on staff

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and administrative duties. Some of the first women were employed as secretaries and typists setting men free for functional work.

Vrouepolisie in Suid-Afrika: Enkele Opmerkings: Hennie Heymans Vroeë vrouepolisie in Engeland

Waarskynlik sou ons vrouepolisie so gelyk het. Ons voetpolisie se uniforms was op die model van London Metropolitan Police gegrond. Meeste uniforms is dan ook van Engeland verkry. (Foto: Waarskynlik The Mail on Line)

Vrouepolisie in Suid-Afrika: Herinneringe: Hennie Heymans Toe ek ʼn jong konstabel was, het ons slegs ʼn swart dame gehad wat spesiale matrone by die polisiestasie te King’s Rest gefungeer het. Ander stasies waar blankes aangehou was het blanke spesiale matrones gehad. Hierdie dames het “polisie-uniform gedra. Wanneer ons dames gearresteer het, het sy hulle in die aanklagtekantoor visenteer. Ons het nogal baie prostitute gevang en hulle het vernuftige wegsteekplekke gehad. Die matrone was eintlik die SB se huisbediende en sy het in die kwartiere by die stasie gewoon. Sy het ook die voedsel vir die prisoniers en veiligheidsaangehoudenes voorberei. Die bandiete het egter hul eie kos – “kaboemmielies” - na die stasie gebring en so 10:00 is vuurgemaak in die agterplaas. Die bandiete en die bandietwag, konstabel Njawo wat sy assegaai in die 25


grond gesteek het, het vleis gebraai en dan geëet. [Wanneer ek die wabestuurder was en hul van die gevangenis vervoer het, het die bandietwag altyd gevra ons moet by die Bluff-slaghuis stilhou vir vleis. Ek het gereeld my 20 sent bygedra en ek het my stuk “chuck” geëet onder die koeltebome by King’s Rest, as daar nie klagtes was nie. Ou Njawo het my altyd geroep wanneer hy klaar gebraai het en die vleis voorgesit: Op die bruin slaghuispapier, mooi uitgestryk, gesny met Okapi-mes (wonder wie het vir wie met diè mes gesteek?) met growwe sout oorgestrooi. Die vleis was rooi binne en so in die vlamme geskroei! Soos ek sê onverbeterlik op die Zulu-manier! ] Eendag het ʼn offisier, Albie Fourie22 – later ʼn brigadier – ek dink op daardie stadium was hy werwingsoffisier in Afdeling Port Natal – ʼn onderhoud te King’s Rest-polisiestasie met mev Bowery gevoer. Mev Bowery was ʼn Britse onderdaan en oudpolisiedame. Haar man was ʼn “kontrak-polisieman” en speurder, Michael Bowery. Ek was die dag by die polisiestasie toe die onderhoud gevoer is. Mike was in baie opsigte vir my ʼn rolmodel – hy was eers polisieman in Malawi daarom was hy op kontrak aangestel. Hy was ʼn “yster” en sy dossiere was nou ʼn lus vir die oog! Elke dossier het ʼn opsomming ingehad met vermelding wat elke getuie onder eed sou verklaar. Voor sy dood het Mike eendag hier in Pretoria by my kom kuier en ons het lekker oor die ou dae in Durban gesels. Hy het vir my ook drie boeke gegee wat hy geskryf het. Hy is van die speurdiens in Durban na “Seksie 4”23 – dis nou wat oorgebly het van die Republikeinse Intelligensiediens en was die “geheime polisie” en later is hy na die Buro en hy het finaal by AMI (DKI) by brig Tolletjie Botha op geëindig. Die Bowery-egpaar was mense van aansien en ek dink dis waarom die werwingsoffisier met haar ʼn onderhoud gevoer het want, so is vertel, die polisie oorweeg om dames in diens te neem. Die gebeurtenis het in die middel-1960’s plaas gevind. Ons as polisie was maar ʼn rowwe klomp manne bymekaar. Ons het maar hard, onsimpatiek, ongenaakbaar en onverskrokke voorgekom. Maar ons het ook ʼn sagtekant gehad. Iets wat my toe al gepla het was al die vroueklagtes wat ons as mans moes bygewoon het. Baie mense het nie telefone gehad nie en het by die polisiestasie kom kla. Waar kla mens? In die aanklagtekantoor, waar anders? Daar ten aanhore 22

Hy het ʼn broer, konstabel Piet Fourie, destyds ʼn patrolliehond geleier in Durban - HBH. Iets wat my opgeval het, is dat “Seksie 4” se verslae direk met Kompol x302 bevorder is. Gewoonlik met hul, hul verslae afgesluit met: “Weerhou van VP.” (VP = veiligheidspolisie). Een oggend kom die hoof-kokkedoor van Seksie 4 ons plaaslike Veiligheidstak in Durban se oggendkonferensie bywoon. Toe lt.kol. FMA Steenkamp die geheime offisier aan die word stel toe vertel hy, hulle het uitgevind hoe die ANC mekaar groet. Oom ‘Tewie’ Wessels het net een snork gegee en gesê: Kaptein reeds van 1912 af groet hulle so!” – HBH. 23

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van almal moet die dame onder eed al die grafiese besonderhede van die gewraakte misdaad aan ʼn jongman ten aanhore van die aanwesige publiek oordra. (Almal luister mos. Hier is die agterblad van die Sondagkoerant in lewende lywe!) Ek kan een geval onthou: “And then, did he stick his erect .... into your ...?” And then .... ? [Verkragting is die buite-egtelike geslagtelike verkeer met ʼn vrou sonder haar toestemming – De Wet & Swanepoel. Rape is committed by a male of the age of 14 years and over, who has unlawful carnal knowledge of a female without her consent. Anyone assisting such a male in committing such an act is also guilty of rape – Gardiner & Landsdown. Daar was destyds verskeie elemente van die misdaad: (1) Geslagtelike gemeenskap (Penetration) (2) Afwesigheid van toestemming ( Carnal knowledge must be unlawful) (3) Die gemeenskap moes buite-egtelik wees (4) wederregtelikheid (Concent) (5) Opset (6) Daar kan ook ʼn poging wees.] En so is al die grafiese besonderhede afgeneem om al die lemente van die misdaad te ondervang. Hier kon dames in die Mag ʼn baie belangrike rol speel. Wat my ook met agternawysheid getref het: Ons senior manne – die sersante - het in die aanklagtekantoor gewerk ons jong manne – die konstabels - het die klagtes bygewoon. So woon ons ʼn klagte by: ʼn Jong skoolseun, seker so 10 jaar oud, verdrink in die see. Sy suster het die verdrinking aangemeld. Ons het die nodige volgens Staande Orders gedoen maar die volgende kwel my steeds: “What am I going to tell my parents?” Daardie deel van polisie-opleiding het te kort geskied. Ons was nie toegerus vir daardie tipe klagtes nie. Hier sou ʼn taktvolle polisiedame met deernis die geval verder kon hanteer terwyl die manlike kollega aandag aan die regsproses kon gee en die lykie gaan soek het. Vandag glo ek, ons sou die dogter ʼnkoppie tee aangebied het, tot bedaring gebring het en dan huis toe geneem het en iemand soos die predikant ontbied het om verder aandag aan die getraumatiseerde slagoffer te gee. Eenkeer woon ek ʼn klagte by. Die klaer is ʼn middeljarige dame en was baie ongemaklik toe ek daar aankom. “Boetie, hoe oud is jy?” Nadat ek geantwoord het, het sy gevra of ek nie eerder die sersant kon bring nie. Duidelik het sy ʼn sensitiewe klagte van ʼn seksuele aard gehad, sy wou dit nie met ʼn “kind” bespreek nie – eerder met ʼn volwasse man. Dit sou beter gewees het indien ons toe al dames in die Mag gehad het. ʼn Ander klagte wat ek bygewoon het was van ʼn dogtertjie wat onsedelik aangerand was. Dit is moeilik om sulke sensitiewe klagtes by te woon. ʼn Vroue lid van die Mag kan hier wondere verrig om die vertroue van die kind te wen en hulle kan intiem gesels sonder skaamte. (Natuurlik weet ons almal die moeder kan die eerste aangifte van misdaad aanmeld.) 27


Ons het in Durban talle verwaarloosde kinders gearresteer ook die wat van die huis af weggedros het. In die ou wette wat ons gehad het, kon ons ʼn kind na 22:00 aangehou het as “a child in need of care”. Sulke kinders is na die plek van veiligheid geneem. Hier sou vrouepolisie ook ʼn groot rol kon speel want baie van hierdie kinders ken die feite van die lewe en probeer jou omkoop om hulle nie na die plek van veiligheid te neem nie. So wat die polisie betref was daar wel ʼn plek vir hulle.

1916: Vrouepolisie aan die Kaap Gedurende die tydperk 1914 tot 1918 het die eerste wêreld oorlog plaasgevind. Natuurlik is die geledere van die polisie uitgedun en die polisie moes ook die leemte wat die SA Berede Skutters24 gelaat het, toe hulle na die front vertrek het, vul. Wat gebeur in oorlog? Soos reeds gesê daar is minder polisie. In hawestede is daar meer skepe, meer drankmisbruik en meer prostitusie. ʼn Soort van volksverskuiwing na “helder ligte” vind plaas. Meer fabrieke vervaardig oorlogstuig en daar is ook minder mans in die stede want hulle is na die front of in opleidingskampe. Waar daar ʼn behoefte ontstaan, word die nis in die markplek gou raakgesien en die leemte word gevul en bestaande “dienste” word uitgebrei. Daar vind altyd ʼn toeloop van vroue naby hawens en opleidingskampe plaas. Reeds in 1916 het die owerhede gesien dat die invloed van die vroue-lid plekke bereik wat onbereikbaar vir die manklike lid is: Mrs Schelpien’s experience goes to prove that women’s influence reaches where that of a policeman never even reaches”. Die waarde van die vroue lid is destyds reeds raakgesien en erken. Vrouepolisie is juis aangestel omdat die Volunteer Women Patrol Movement ʼn sukses geblyk het. Kol GD Gray was die Volunteer Women Patrol Movement vanuit die staanspoor goedgesind. Ongelukkig beskik ek nie oor al die vreeslike “ou” Nongqai’s nie, maar ek maak nou op my geheue staat: Die regering egter het gevoel dat die tyd nie ryp is en dat omstandighede van so ʼnaard was, dat dit nie geleë was om dames as volwaardige vrouelede van die Mag aan te stel nie.

24

Hulle het Natal en swat gebiede polsieer - HBH

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Agter: lt-kol’s RS Godley (oud-BSAP), GD Gray, GS Beer en TJ Wynne. Voor: Mike du Toit (oud-Staatsartillerie) kol TG Truter (kommissaris), minister NJ de Wet (Sy seun regter Q de Wet sou mnr NR Mandela later tronk toe stuur) en Manie Bredell (Geheime Politie en later pres Kruger se lyfwag en sekretaris.)

1932 Die horlosie stap aan na 1932 en die African League of Women Voters, National Council on Women and the League of Women is in aanraking met die minister van Justisie oor die aanstelling van vroue in die Suid-Afrikaanse Polisie.

29


DFA November 1932 via Patrick Coetzee

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1946: Salaris van Spesiale Matrone

Bron25 Mev Allaway

Bron26

25 26

The Nongqai 1946-07 The Nongqai 1947-09-1142

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1947 Drome van Vrouepolisie

Almal is dames in die hof en net die beskuldigde is ʼn man! 27

“Maar ek het net saggies gegil en toe is daar ʼn ketingbotsing!” Aldus die SAPdame.28 27

The Nongqai 1947

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SAP Spesiale Matrones So het die die spesiale matrones in SAP-uniform gelyk:

1966: spesiale matrone29

28 29

The Nongqai 1947 Justitia 1966-01-40.

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Spesiale matrone en hofordonans: mev JM Dodd

Mev Dodd30 het in reeds in 1947 by die SA Polisie aangesluit – toe was ek 1 jaar oud!!

Die Castle Mansions Vrugafdrywingsaak: PC Swanepoel Oom Pieter of soos ander hom ook ken, Oom Swannie, kan lekker stories vertel. Ek haal hom aan: “Maar stories vertel was in Kappies Smidt31 se bloed. Soos te begrype, het hy sy storie oor die vrugafdrywingsaak begin met ....,“was ons grootste taak om daardie meer as 200 dames te ondervra en hulle verklarings af te neem. Ons het in twee spanne gewerk, ou Fred32 en ek33 was die een span en mnr. Maré en sers. Le Roux 30

Nuntius, No 12, November 1982 via mnr AP Stemmet - HBH Ek is op soek na ʼnfoto van “Kappies” Smidt ivm die arrestasie van mnr N Mandela te Howick - HBH 32 Later die bekende brig Fred van Niekerk 33 Speurder-sersant S “Kappies” Smid – later die toenmalige speurhoof in SWA. (Hy was teenwoordig toe mnr Mandela by Howick gearresteer was. Ek soek meer besonderhede oor hierdie offisier en ʼnfoto sal welkom wees – HBH. 31

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die ander span. Eintlik het my werk omtrent net die bestuur van ons motor en die dra van ons dokumente-tassie behels. Ou Fred het min of meer al die praatwerk gedoen en self die verklarings mooi netjies in sy egalige en besonder leesbare handskrif neergeskryf. “Dit was ʼndelikate taak, julle verstaan. Mens kon nie sommer die dames trompop storm en eis dat hulle hul stories vertel nie. Per slot van rekening het hulle hulself ook aan ʼnmisdaad skuldig gemaak.” En dan skud ou Kappies daardie wange en hy vat ʼnlang teug bier. “Natuurlik was daar baie dames wat nie wou saamwerk nie. Skaam natuurlik, ontkennend aanvanklik. Maar dis waar ou Fred met daardie kenmerkende, gemoedelike, en uiters tydsame manier van praat wat my telkens verbaas het, ʼnmeester was. ‘Nee ou Sussie’, sou hy sê, ‘moet nou nie skrik dat twee speurders privaat met jou wil gesels nie. Laat oom Fred jou die versekering gee dat daar niks onplesierigs met jou gaan gebeur nie. Waaroor ons drie hier gaan gesels is net ons drie se geheim en ek gee jou nou my versekering dat al sal daar ʼnhofsaak oor hierdie ongelukkige gebeure volg, sal jou naam nooit in die gedrang kom nie’. Die meisies het in hom ʼnsoort vaderfiguur gesien en gewoonlik hulle tragiese verhale in detail beskryf. Om te bewys dat ʼnmisdaad wel gepleeg is, was dit natuurlik nodig dat die dames moes verklaar dat hulle swanger was voordat hulle Castle Mansions besoek het, maar dit was nie ʼnvereiste dat die naam van die man wat by die swangerskap betrokke was genoem moes word nie. Dit was bloot nodig om te verklaar dat daar een of ander verhouding met ʼnmanspersoon was, dat hulle gemeenskap gehad het en dat sy tot haar groot verdriet agtergekom het dat sy verwagtend is; by iemand gehoor het van drs. Buchner en Blumberg in Castle Mansions, besoek daar afgelê het, iewers die £70 wat die operasie sou kos geleen of gebedel het, weer daarheen gegaan het en die aborsie ondergaan het.” Kappies het weer ʼn slag sy bierglas nadergetrek, ʼnpaar monde vol weggesluk en sy storie hervat. “Maar julle weet, manne, daar’s altyd ʼnvroumens wat onvoorspelbaar gaan optree. In ons geval het ons haar van alle plekke op Koppies in die Vrystaat raakgeloop. Ek weet nie of julle al op Koppies was nie? Dis nie ʼngroot dorp nie en daar gaan nie veel aan nie. Ons het die dame in die dorp se losieshuis ontmoet. In sulke dorpies is daar altyd ʼnlosieshuis. In sommige plekke noem hulle dit ʼn‘boarding house’. Dis gewoonlik ʼnouerige huis waar die eienaar met verloop van tyd ekstra slaapkamers en een of twee badkamers aangebou het. Die kamers word dan verhuur aan ongetroude mans en meisies. Hierdie een was in die hoofstraat en dit het gespog met ʼnstoep wat tot vlak teen die sypaadjie gestrek het. Dit was op hierdie stoep waar ou Fred, ek en die meisie by die enigste tafel gaan sit het. Ons kon daar lekker privaat gesels, sonder dat iemand ons sou kon afluister. 35


Die aanvallige dametjie van so ongeveer 20 of 21 jaar, was op haar gemak en ou Fred het aanstaltes gemaak om te begin skryf. Soos gewoonlik moes ek eers hier en daar ʼnopgevoude stukkie papier onder ʼntafelpoot indruk om te verseker dat die tafel mooi stewig staan. Ou Fred was baie puntenerig oor sulke dinge Die meisie se storie het die gewone trant gevolg. Sy het swanger geraak, sy het by ʼnniggie wat in Johannesburg gewerk het van Castle Mansions gehoor; sy’t verlof geneem en vir haar niggie gaan kuier; die operasie ondergaan, £70 van haar spaargeld geneem en daarvoor betaal. Ou Fred het geskryf, maar gemerk dat daar iewers iets uitgelaat is in haar verhaal. “Die swangerskap, Sussie”, het hy haar in die rede geval, “dit het natuurlik gevolg op ʼnsoort verhouding met ʼnmansmens.” “Nee,” het die meisie verontwaardig teruggekap. “Daar was geen verhouding nie”. Ou Fred was half uit die veld geslaan. “Nou sê vir my, het die man jou dan verkrag?” wou hy onthuts weet. “Nee!” het sy volgehou. Daar was ook nie so iets nie. Sy was ook nie skelmpies ʼndrankie ingegee en toe gebruik soos sommige dames beweer het nie. Sy’t eenvoudig net swanger geraak. Fred het omsigtig probeer om vir haar te verduidelik dat ʼnvrou nie sonder een of ander vorm van medewerking van ʼnmanspersoon swanger kan raak nie, maar die dametjie het vasgeskop. In haar geval was daar geen mansmens betrokke nie. Dit was vir my duidelik dat hierdie dame nie van plan was om van haar standpunt te af te wyk nie. Ek het gewonder hoe ou Fred met al sy mensekennis en ondervinding op hierdie probleem sou reageer. Hy het intussen na die huis oorkant die straat sit en tuur. Dit was ʼnimposante woning met ʼnstoep waar ʼnaantal welgeklede dames langs ʼntafel met teegerei gesit het. Hulle was klaarblyklik diep in gesprek. “Toemaar Sussie,” het hy uiteindelik die stilte verbreek. “Nou weet ek wat gebeur het. Daardie ou klomp tewe daar oorkant die straat het jou in die ander tyd in geskinder”.

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1972: Die werklikheid

37


Dan kom die groot nuus! Dames gaan in 1972 opgelei word in die ou manne vesting, die Suid-Afrikaanse Polisiekollege. Hulle is in Rosehof gevestig. Die eerste vrouepolisieoffisiere was kol Duveen Botha en lt-kol AC Nel

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Opmerking Kyk gerus na ‘n spesiale uitgawe oor die baanbrekers werk van ons vrouepolisie: https://issuu.com/hennieheymans/docs/2_no_8_d_-_duveen

Slot ʼnHonderd jaar later het ons vroue oral in die ou polisiemag gehad en ook in die nuwe polisiediens skitter hulle. Ons wonder soms hoe ons sonder hulle klaar gekom 39


het. Die eerste dame is aangestel as die nasionale kommissaris van die polisie, sy is genl R Peyega. Maar sy is die eerste vrou wat ‘vol’ generaal in die SA Polisiediens geword het. Ongelukkig is die baanbreker generaal tans geskors. Miskien moet ons ook terug dink aan die ou dame pioniers soos ..... wat geveg het om erkenning te geniet as volwaardige lede van die polisie. Ons kan darem net sê wat ons wil: Dames het in alle opsigte waarde toegevoeg tot die polisie.

BSAP Rhodesia: The Uniform: The Regiment Southern Rhodesia Women’s Auxiliary Police Service (SRWAPS) “Before the Second World War there was generally a belief that police duties were far too strenuous ever to be undertaken by members of the so called weaker sex. This notion changed, however, when the war left the Colony with but a handful of police to maintain law and order. Naturally, it was difficult to obtain male recruits; but the solution was to hand with the advent of Women’s Auxiliary Services. Notwithstanding the concept was initially applied to military forces only, in July 1941 it was decided to establish the Southern Rhodesia Women’s Auxiliary Police Service (SRWAPS). There was no difficulty in finding recruits, for women were ready and eager to play their part in the war effort. Early misgivings concerning the suitability of women in a police role were soon dispelled and in a remarkably short space of time those appointed attained a standard [Page 103] of efficiency that compared very favourably with that of their male counterparts. That the advent of policewomen was popular in the Force was epitomized by the trooper who from his lonely district police station wrote to the Editor of The Outpost: “... the introduction of WAPS will bring us something we have needed for years!” One can but hope that his prayers were answered. In the beginning, a woman Superintendent was in charge of the SRWAPS and weekly drill parades were a regular feature. The appearance of these trim and attractive young women “on parade” unfailingly drew applause from appreciative onlookers. The war over, however, and in common with other wartime auxiliary units, the SRWAPS was disbanded in 1945. All efforts were then concentrated upon building the regular force up to full strength - but the outstanding service rendered by the women’s service during the war was not forgotten. In 1947 it was considered that women could rightly expect to make a career in the police service, and so 1948 saw the re-activation of the women’s section as the Southern Rhodesia Women’s Police Service (SRWPS). As with the men, recruitment was mainly from the United Kingdom; many of the young women who joined had served in London’s Metropolitan Police and other British police forces. They were not content to undertake only passive administrative roles and continually applied pressure to take a full share of the day-to-day policing 40


of Rhodesia. In this they were successful, doing so ultimately and at the same time obtaining command positions and achieving senior rank. Bron.34 Dear Hennie Thanks for your mail. I just wanted to ask if you have access to a publication called Blue and Old Gold – History of the BSA Police, since this would be excellent reference material to you. There is also a book called the Regiment, which I am sure you will find in second hand bookshops down in South Africa. Blue and Old Gold may be obtained from 30 Degrees South Publishers – They have a website. I have attached and extract from the Regiment – but copyright applies so please quote the author Richard ‘Dick’ Hamley. If you have any specific questions not covered, please drop me a line. I do hope this helps. Sometime in the near future I wouldn’t mind having a chat about the deployment of SA Police to Rhodesia during the war years here. I am presently putting together a book on the Rhodesian Special Branch, so my interest in the SAP is very much about any deployments of Security Branch operatives up here and their general modus operandi.

With sincere best wishes, Andrew D Field

1919: Women in the Police: The UK experience Margaret Damer Dawson, an anti-white slavery campaigner, and Nina Boyle, a militant suffragette journalist founded the Women Police Service in 1914. Dawson wanted a uniformed organisation of women to deter pimps and discourage young women from entering prostitution, whilst Boyle wished to take advantage of the war situation to put women temporarily in men's places, with the expectation that their usefulness would lead to their permanent continuation after the war. The Commissioner, Sir Edward Henry35, permitted them to patrol the streets, undertaking rescue work among prostitutes, and issued them with identity cards. The police were asked to render them any necessary assistance, although Henry did not enlist their services to support the Metropolitan Police in any way. The women 34

All credit to Richard ‘Dick’ Hamley The father of Fingerprints. Before Union he visited Col Clarke of the Natal Police on his way from India to London.. Former Commissioner of the London Metropolitan Police 35

41


renamed themselves the Women Police Service (WPS), (originally they were the Women Police Volunteers) and adopted the Metropolitan Police ranks of Sergeant and Inspector. Grantham was the first provincial force to ask the WPS to supply them with occasional policewomen, recognising them as particularly useful for dealing with women and juveniles. In 1915, Grantham swore in Mrs Edith Smith, making her the first proper policewoman in Britain with full powers of arrest.

Women Police Volunteer Service 1914 Lloyd George and Winston Churchill, successive Ministers of Munitions, requested uniformed women officers from the WPS to police women munitions workers in 1915. The WPS attracted unfavourable attention by its obtrusive policing of prostitutes, harassing the women without acting against their clients, and when Sir Edward Henry was replaced as Commissioner by Sir Nevil Macready, he refused to adopt them as Metropolitan Police aides, preferring the National Council of Women's Special Police Patrols. The Women's Special Police Patrols had no past association with militant suffragettes, and became the nucleus of the future Women Police. The head of the Patrols, Mrs Stanley, was hostile to the WPS, believing their uniforms and use of Metropolitan Police ranks to mislead the public. Under her instigation the WPS were forced to change their name to the Women's Auxiliary Service (WAS) in 1921, and to add red flashes to their uniform, distinguishing its members from the Metropolitan Women Police Patrols. In November 1918, Sir Nevil Macready appointed Mrs Stanley as Superintendent of the Metropolitan Women Police Patrols. 25 women were immediately appointed, all members of the existing Special Patrols, and although they were neither sworn in or given special powers of arrest, they were directly employed by and directly under the orders of Scotland Yard, and their duties were policing. The first female police officer in the Metropolitan Police was Sofia Stanley in 1919, and she designed the first women's police uniform, known as the Stanley uniform. Initial duties of female police officers included patrolling areas frequented by prostitutes, along with care and observation of female and juvenile detainees, deterring prostitution, helping prevent the deceitful practice of fortune telling (then illegal), and looking after women who attempted to commit suicide, which was considered a crime at that time. Female officers were allowed to go into brothels, nightclubs and betting houses to observe and gather evidence of untoward behaviour, but at the first sign of crime being committed, they had to call in male colleagues. They were not allowed to carry handcuffs unless instructed to by a senior officer, and were not allowed to make arrests until 1923. 42


From 1923 - 30, women police were fully attested and given limited powers of arrest. 1930 - 69, A4 Branch (Women Police) was established under a female Superintendent. In 1969 the Women's Branch was dissolved in anticipation of the Equal Pay Act, although women police were still treated as a separate section of the service.

Female police officers were initially given six-day, 48-hour work weeks, and were not allowed to work night shifts apart from when on-call duties until 1973. Female officers were usually seconded to the Criminal Investigation Department, but in 1921 Lilian Wyles was appointed the first female Inspector to the Criminal Intelligence Department.[ A policy in place from 1927 until 1946 forced women to leave the Metropolitan Police if they got married. Female police officers were not authorized to take fingerprints until 1937. The Police Federation, the rank-and-file staff association, let women join in 1948. The first women police officers to receive George Medals for courage were Sergeant Ethel Bush and Kathleen Parrott, who had been separately attacked by a sex offender they were on a stakeout in pursuit of in 1955. In 1969 Sislin Fay Allen became the Metropolitan Police’s first black female officer. The first "Woman Detective Constable" was appointed in 1973. 1973 was also the year that the separate "Women's Department" was fully integrated into the Metropolitan Police. Female police officers did not get equal pay with male police officers until 1974. In 1995 Pauline Clare became the first female chief constable, for Lancashire. The prefix "Woman" in front of female officers' ranks has been obsolete since 1999. In 2009 Cressida Dick became the first female Assistant Commissioner at Scotland Yard. http://content.met.police.uk/Article/Women-in-thePolice/1400015656544/1400015656544 retrieved May 2016 - HBH.

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Anel Geyser (Kriel) E-pos 1 Geagte mnr Heymans, Ek sien op die blad vir oudlede dat u artikels benodig vir 'n gedenkalbum. Ek weet nie of die sal werk nie. Ek was een van die eerste 3 dames wat met 'n hond by die SAP Hondeskool opgelei is. Ek was ook op die voorblad van die Servamus van April 1982. Ons was ook die eerste dames wat die Springstofhondkursus deurloop het. Ek was die eerste en ek dink die enigste dame wat later deel was van die Hondeskool se vertoongroep. Ek dink my man en ek is die enigste 2 hondegeleiers wat met hondegeleiers getrou het. Ek het artikels en foto’s van ons 3 as u sou belangstel. Vriendelike groete, Anel Geyser

E-pos 2 Oom Hennie, Ek hoop hierdie help bietjie. Sal stuk-stuk stuur. Ek het 'n klasfoto van ons toe ons op Springstofkursus was. Sal dit stuur saam met die vertoongroepfoto. Net 'n bietjie ander inligting. Ek was ook die enigste dame wat lid was van die eerste Nasionale Judospan van die polisie in 1983. Ek het 'n foto daarvan ook. Groete, Anel E-pos 3 Oom Hennie, Hier is die res. Die foto van my en Min Vlok as op boomplantdag, Vrydag 11 Augustus1989.Berig in Beeld van Saterdag 12 Augustus 1989. Groete, Anel 44


E-pos 4 Oom Hennie, Baie dankie. Waar kry mens die Nongqai? Ek was nogal erg oor Brig Duveen. Ek het ook 'n brief van, daardie tyd was hy nog lt Chris Homann , aan my geskryf het toe ek die hondeskool wou besoek. Ek was nog op skool. Brief gedateer 20-05-1978. My pa en ek het toe die hondeskool besoek en my pa was by ingenome met wat hy gesien het. Die brief handel kortliks oor die hondeskool se geskiedenis. Dis in sy eie handskrif en met 'n vulpen geskryf. baie kosbaar vir my. Dis net iets wat ek deel met oom. Aangeheg is die foto van die vertoongroep en die ander een is van ons Springstofklas. Agter staan ek en “Oom Rooi Doep” (a/o du Plessis). Hy was ons instrukteur. Voor: Staan Kitty Jordaan, oom Hondjies Fourie, JP of PJ Visser en Maria Scholz. “Oom Hondjies” is so paar jaar terug oorlede. Hy was die broer van Johan Fourie wat op 'n stadium bevelvoerder was van PTA Honde eenheid. Die JP Visser het 'n neef wat ook hondeman was. Die een was JP en die ander een was PJ. Ek kan ongelukkig nie meer onthou wie die een was wat saam met ons was nie. Die kurus was van middel Maart tot middel Mei 1984. Ek het nie my hond by my gehad die dag van die foto nie want hy was siek by Onderstepoort. My man was toe by tineenheid van die Hondeskool en die enigste een wat my Onderstepoort toe kon vat. En so het ons ontmoet. Ek was later jare, na die vertoongroepdae, patrolliehondopleidingsbeampte. Wat 'n wonderlike voorreg. Hoop die kan help. Groete, Anel

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Foto’s Anel Geyser

1985: Hondeskool: Patrolliehond: Instrukteurs

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Boomplantdag: Hondeskool: Mnr Adriaan Vlom

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Die Sersant en haar polisiehond

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Hondeskool: Dames in vertoongroep: ナ右erste!

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50


Die eerste paragraaf is nie korrek nie. Die SAP of die ZAP was nie as die Zarpe’e bekend nie!

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Voorblad: Servamus: Anel Geyser

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Alwyn Conradie: Vroue-hondegeleiers

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Eerste vroue hondegeleiers

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55


Let op waar die hondemeesters die hondegeleier onderskeidingsteken dra.

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Baanbrekers by die hondeskool

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Rooi Rose: Voorwaarts vir ons uniformvroue

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59


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1986: SAP Hondeskool: Vertoongroep

1983: Judo: SA Ope

Middag oom Hennie, Aangeheg die judofoto. Ek kan nie meer alma onthou nie. Hier is paar name: Onder vlnr: 2de was 'n Generaal dink ek. Langs hom is ds PL Van Zyl en op die punt oom Flip Gerber (kapt). 61


Middel: 2de Hans Kruger (hy was saam met my op hondekursus) dan ek, ek dink dan Helgard Meiring, dan Tommie Meiring en op die punt, Oom Osie. Hy was toe nog AO. Agter op die punt is Dirk Crafford. Die judoka langs hom was ook 'n hondeman. Kommentaar deur HBH Voor: “Cassie” Carstens (IPA), LPE Malan, ? onbekend, Hennie Pitout, ?? Zeelie, Lid van Finansies; Kompol x94. Hondeskool: ʼnKlas van 1984

Die Suid-Afrikaanse Polisiemag: Vroue Veiligheidspolisie: Sarie van Niekerk

die eerste keer

in

die

Om te praat oor die eerste keer dat die destydse Suid-Afrikaanse Polisiemag die groot stap geneem het om vroue as volwaardige lede van die veiligheidstak op te neem is dit regtig noodsaaklik om kortliks iets te sê oor die eerste stap wat geneem is om, ten spyte van baie teenkanting van binne sowel as buite die polisiemag, 62


besluit het vroue as volwaardige lede van die Suid-Afrikaanse Polisiemag op te neem. In 1971 het die noodsaaklikheid vir vroue al hoe duideliker geword en die besluit is toe geneem om een peloton vroue te begin werf wat op 10 Maart 1972 by die polisiekollege in Pretoria-wes opgedaag het, meestal wat toe reeds klaar ingesweer was en reeds ʼnpaar maande in die polisie gewerk het, om met hul opleiding en voorbereiding tot volwaardige polisiebeamptes opgelei te word. Ek was bevoorreg om lid van daardie groep handuitgesoekte 102 voorkeur dames te wees. Hoe goed onthou ek nog die dag van 10 Januarie 1972, toe ek as studentkonstabel deur die destydse afdelingskommissaris by John Vorsterplein (die destydse polisiehoofkantoor in Johannesburg wat vandag bekendstaan as die Johannesburgse polisie se hoofkantoor) brig. Chris de Guisti, ingesweer is. Dit is 44 jaar gelede maar soos ek hier sit en skryf is daai oomblik nog so duidelik voor my oog dat ek nog elke oomblik daarvan kan onthou. Ja, tot die trane wat vrylik gevloei het. Op die betrokke dag is daar vyf van ons in Johannesburg ingesweer wat ons van die eerste groepie dames gemaak het om hierdie ongelooflike groot eer te ervaar. Dit was net ʼn gevoel wat mens nie in woorde kan beskryf nie. Die grootste oomblik van alles was toe genl. De Guisti, na die insweringseremonie saam met die ander klompie offisiere wat in sy kantoor saamgekom het om die feitlik heilige geleentheid by te woon, almal skielik op aandag gestaan en ons vyf nuwelinge gesalueer het. Die woorde: “Welkom in die Suid-Afrikaanse Polisiemag is vandag nog in my geheue ingebrand. Ek, ʼn plaasmeisie gaan in die toekoms deel wees van daardie beroemde blou lyn van die polisiemag wat gesorg het dat ons nie nodig gehad het om agter hoe mure en ongekende veiligheidsmaatreëls te kon woon. Die kursus in die kollege was nie maklik gewees nie! Glo my niemand het regtig geweet wat om met ons te maak nie. Hoeveel kan hierdie klompie dames regtig verduur, hoe ver kan ons hulle druk om van hulle volwaardige polisielede te maak, is seker een van die vrae wat daagliks onder die opleidingspersoneel van die kollege bespreek is. Ons is daardeur en aan die einde van Junie 1972 is ons na ʼnongelooflike uitpasseringsparade as volwaardige polisiebeamptes in die Mag opgeneem. Dit bring my by waaroor hierdie artikel werklik gaan. Vroue in die veiligheidstak! Tien van ons wat deur wyle lt.genl. Christi Zietsman na strawwe keuring was die uitverkorenes om ekstra opleiding te ontvang waarna ons in die veiligheidstakke opgeneem sou word. Laat ek nou maar eerlik wees, nie een van ons was werklik seker presies wat dit beteken om lid van die veiligheidstak te wees nie. Dit het ons baie vinnig geleer toe ons met ons kursus van 30 dae begin het. As ons gedink het

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ons het baie geleer in die voorafgaande vier maande, dan het ons onsself totaal misgis. Met die tonemende aanslag wat toe reeds teen ons land begin het, het ons baie gou agtergekom dat daar ʼn baie groter en erger verantwoordelikheid op ons rus om die burgers van hierdie land te beskerm teen wat destyds beskryf is as die “Rooi gevaar”. Voordat ek die eerste dag in veiligheidsopleiding die naam gehoor het en daar aan ons verduidelik is dat dit eintlik ʼn aanslag van die Kommuniste was om ons land te destabiliseer en sodoende die destydse regering omver te werp om ʼn swartregering aan bewind te kry. Hier het ons te doen gekry met die woorde Kommuniste, Sosialisme, die SuidAfrikaanse Kommunistiese Party, en ander bondgenote wat almal ons land met geweld omver wou gooi. Hoewel ek die naam Nelson Mandela reeds goed geken het en geweet het dat hy beskou is as die een voorloper in die Kommunistiese Party en ander wat onder die naam African National Congress, wraakgesweer het teen die land wat volgens hulle deur die witman van hulle gesteel is en die swartes en ander groepe anderskleuriges nie deel wou maak van die regering nie, het ek as lid van die veiligheidstak werklik eers met die man te doen gekry. O ek het die lang, amper waardige man reeds van te vore gesien en gehoor toe ek tydens die Rivonia verhoor van die verhoordae bygewoon het, nie omdat ek myself as ʼn ondersteuner beskou het nie, maar omdat ek vir myself wou gaan hoor wat hulle alles beplan het om te doen. Die kommunistiese aanslag het in felheid toegenaam en die veiligheidstak se lede was letterlik aan die voorpunt om hierdie mense uit te snuffel en met die hulp van ander afdelings van die Mag te probeer verhoed dat hulle van die buiteland, waar duisende van hulle in selfopgelegde ballingskap deurgebring het om teen die land te plot, ons land insypel om hul vernietigende moordveldtog met hul grusame bomme te kom vernietig. In my veiligheidsopleiding het ek gehoor van mense soos Dennis Goldberg, Ahmed Katrada, Oliver Tambo, Moumbaris en vele ander en natuurlik die moeder van Afrika, soos sy binne die ANC bekende gestaan het, Winnie Mandela (destyds getroud met Nelson Mandela). Wat ʼn ondervinding was die veiligheidsopleiding nie gewees nie! Hier het ons ook die eerste keer kennisgemaak met die nou wyle legendariese genl. Johan Coetzee (ʼn latere kommissaris van die polisiemag). Ons opleiding het ons laat kennismaak met naas kommunisme en sosialisme, met woorde soos ANC, Swapo, Black Sash en vele ander organisasies. By my aankoms by die veiligheidstak in Johannesburg waar myself, wyle Leslie Auret (later Gentle) Frieda Muller36 en Suzie Brits op die tiendeverdieping van John 36

Ek was verbonde aan “A” Seksie, veiligheidshoofkantoor, destyds onder bevel van kol PH Fabritius en lt (V) Muller se verslae het na ons seksie gekom. Ek onthou nog die Kolonel se positiewe kommentaar oor die luitenant se verslae! – HBH.

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Vorsterplein beland het as volwaardige lede van die veiligheidtak, het ʼn totale ander ervaring op my gewag. Daar het ons manne ontmoet wat die doen en late van dié groepe en mense wat agter die aanslag teen ons land gesit het, geken het asof hulle elke tree saam met hierdie mense gee. Daar het ons, saam met hierdie gesoute manne dae en nagte gesit en kyk en luister na opnames van die terroriste se bewegings. Die jare by die veiligheidstak was wonderlik! Opwindend, angswekkend, maar ook ongelooflik leersaam. Dit was ʼn tydperk in my lewe wat ongelooflik verrykend was en hoewel ek al baie jare uit die polisie is, sal dit my altyd bybly. Dit is in my jare by die veiligheidstak dat Winnie Mandela (vandag bekend as Winnie Madikazela-Mandela) eendag gedreig het om ook my keel af te sny die dag as die ANC die land regeer. Dié dag is vandag nog helder voor my geestesoog toe ek saam met wyle lt. Natie van Rensburg (“oom Natie” soos ons hom genoem het) vir Winnie in hegtenis geneem het nadat sy haar inperkingsbevele oortree het. Ek sien haar nog in haar helder geel rok met dieselfde kleur tulband om haar kop en ʼn baie maerder Winnie as die steeds vurige aktivis wat almal vandag ken. In die hysbak het sy na oom Natie gedraai en wou weet wie ek was, toe hy vir haar se ek is ʼn polisiebeampte was haar woorde “nog iemand se keel wat ons sal afsny as ons die dag die land regeer.” Wel, hulle regeer die land en ek lewe nog om hierdie verhaal te vertel! Dit was ook in die tyd dat ons land die eerste keer regtig te doen gehad het met wat ons toe gemeen het ʼn daad van binnelandse terrorisme was. Die Foxstraatbeleg in die sentrale gebied van Johannesburg. Wat toe nie binnelandse terrorisme was nie. Maar van binnelandse terrorisme sou ons land nog baie leer! Op harde, wrede maniere waar mense letterlik deur die terrorisme se bomme in stukke geskiet is. Ek kan nie hierdie verhaal afsluit sonder om te sê dat ons as vroue in die veiligheidstak nie deur almal beskou is as volwaardige lede van die polisiemag en veral die veiligheidstak nie. Daar was daai tyd toe ons daar aangeland het, baie lede, sommige senior offisiere, wat nie geskroom het om reguit in ons gesigte vir ons te sê daar is nie plek vir vroue in die polisie nie, wat nog vir vroue in die veiligheidstakke! Ons het egter ʼn eed afgelê om alles op te offer vir ons land as lede van die Suid-Afrikaanse Polisiemag en dit sou ons doen, maak nie saak hoe sommige manlike lede daaroor gedink het. Die res van die geweldadige aanslag teen ons land is teen die tyd geskiedenis. Ons weet almal hoe dit verloop het, dat na jare van onderhandelinge sowat twintig jaar nadat die eerste vroue in die polisiemag en veiligheidstak geland het, ooreengekom is op die eerste demokratiese verkiesing wat op 27 April 1994 plaasgevind het. Die ANC en sy bondgenote het die verkiesing gewen en in wat aanvanklik gelyk het ʼnunieke proses wat vrede en geregtigheid in ons land sou wees, as die regering van 65


die dag hul posisies ingeneem het as die nuwe demokratiese regering in Suid-Afrika. Wel wat alles in die afgelope meer as 22 jaar skeefgeloop het in hierdie land is nie vir my om in hierdie artikel te bespreek nie. Maar wat wel vir my ʼnbaie hartseer oomblik was en wat skrikwekkende gevolge vir ons land se veiligheid gebring het, is die dag toe die veiligheidstak van die nou Suid-Afrikaanse Polisidiens, een van die eerste gespesialiseerde takke in die polisie was wat deur die huidige regering tot niet gemaak is. Ek is reeds baie jare uit die polisie uit maar dit wat ek veral in die veiligheidspolisie geleer en ondervind het, sal my altyd bybly. Polisiegroete!

Vroue in die SAP (V) Intelligensie: Kol Vick Mc Phearson (SAP (V) Vick - stuur asb vir my teen more oggend se kant 'n kort verslag oor vroue wat RS'e was - ek dink aan M Louw en ander - ek bring 'n spesiale uitgawe uit oor vrouens in die Mag. Ook u kommentaar oor die dame wat gevang is - Olivia - u kommentaar sal welkom wees - ek het nog nie haar boek gekoop en gelees nie. Het u haar boek gelees. U het vir Marga kommentaar gelewer ... Dankie Ou Vickkie Goed so, ek het Olivia Forsyth se boek.

             

37

Talle vrouens het saam gewerk oor jare. 70's, Frieda Wichman en Elbe Henn - Durban V/Tak. Christa... opleiding Daisy plaas. Duvene Botha, HK. Ansie Crafford, HK. Dorothy Bel (Dossie). Dawn Engelbrecht HK. Marietjie Louw, Intelligensie en later brig. Logistiek Silverton. Olivia Forsyth Lt - RS 407. Estelle Harmse - HK Intelligensie. Joy Harden - RS 430. Vrouekaptein van Loggerenberg - “RS” Werksaam SAKP Londen. Trish Adam, Brussel, RS Intelligensie. Charmaine Gale-Weaver37. VHK. Brig Gina Palko, VHK Intelligensie (Tans Bevelvoerder van Speurdiens WesRand Krugersdorp.

Sy was ook op Dirkie Uys Hoërskool, Bluff. Durban - HBH

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RS 407: Tussen leuens en die waarheid: Marga Ley AKTUEEL AGENT RS407 Tussen leuens en die waarheid Deur Marga Ley Woensdag 09 September 2015 05:30 Meer as 25 jaar gelede het lt. Olivia Forsyth, alias Agent RS407, kodenaam Lara, aan Marga Ley vertel hoe sy vir die veiligheidspolisie op die ANC gespioeneer het. Verlede week het sy aan Ley gesĂŞ dit was alles leuens.

Forsyth verlede week in Johannesburg. Olivia Forsyth as jong vrou. Foto: Alet Pretorius

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Beeld het dit in Februarie 1989 beskryf as ’n verhaal van moed en uithouvermoë, van ’n fyn uitgewerkte plan om die ANC te infiltreer.

Beeld haal haar onder meer in die hoofberig aan op 4 Februarie 1989: “Al wat my behoue deur alles gekry het, is die wete dat ek nie alleen staan nie. Tuis was ’n span mense wat na my omgesien het en alles vir my sou doen.” Genl.maj. Basie Smit, destyds hoof van die veiligheidspolisie, het gesê: Sy het “in buitengewoon gevaarlike omstandighede besondere diens aan Suid-Afrika gelewer”. Verlede week het Forsyth weer met my – wat steeds by Beeld werk – gepraat. Dié keer beweer Forsyth in haar boek – Agent 407 – A South African Spy Breaks Her Silence – dat die hele berig deurspek was met onwaarhede. Leuens. Dit is Beeld se beleid – soos ons elke dag in die koerant sê – om onder meer te sorg dat ons feite korrek is. Konsep-regstelling In die berig “Spioen Olivia vertel alles” op 4 Februarie 1989 is verkeerdelik geskryf Olivia Fosyth, gewese spioen RS407 vir die Suid-Afrikaanse Veiligheidspolisie, het uit oortuiging vir die apartheidstaat waardevolle inligting oor die ANC op die Rhodesuniversiteit se kampus en in die buiteland vir die polisie bekom. Sy is deur die ANC gevang en daagliks liederlik in die gevreesde Quatro-kamp mishandel. Die ware feite is dat sy ’n oortuigde ANC-lid was wat net flou inligting aan haar polisiehanteerders gegee het sodat sy eendag na die ANC kon oorloop om vir húlle die beste spioen te wees – wat sy toe gedoen het, maar hulle het haar nie vertrou nie. Terug in SuidAfrika het sy haarself as ’n heldin laat uitbeeld deur ’n beplande en uitgedinkte propagandaveldtog deur die polisie. Ondersoek of regstelling geplaas moet word Toe was die feite luidens ’n mediaverklaring deur die polisie en my onderhoud met Forsyth: ■ Sy het die alliansie tussen die ANC en die Suid-Afrikaanse Kommunisties Party (SAKP) geïnfiltreer;

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■ Sy is in haglike omstandighede in die ANC-kamp Quatro in Angola aangehou as SA spioen. ■ Sy het haar in opdrag van die polisie voorgedoen as ’n oorloper. “Die moeilikste was dat ek aan die ANC moes voorgee dat ek teen my hanteerders gekant is.” ■ “Dit was deel van die plan dat ek ’n mede-agent, lt. Joy Harnden, moes verklap.” ■ Chris Hani het haar meegedeel dat hulle haar glo en as ANC-spioen wil gebruik. ■ Sy kon inligting bekom oor die ANC se swak punte en interne konflikte. Ook oor muitery; marteling in die ANC-kampe; militêre en politieke opleiding; ondergrondse strukture; operasies in frontstate; die omvang van etniese en stamkonflik; probleme met alkoholmisbruik en onbekwaamheid; die ernstige voorkoms van vigs onder ANC-lede; en die ANC se houding teenoor die vrylating van Nelson Mandela (hul wou hom nie vry hê nie). Sy het ook nuwe agente gewerf en “slapendes” geaktiveer. ■ Sy wou glad nie uit die polisie bedank nie. Nou is die feite luidens haar boek en my jongste onderhoud met haar: ■ “Ek het nie geweet wat aangegaan het in Suid-Afrika nie.” Sy het eers later uitgevind wat die “apartheidsregime” doen. Ek wou oorloop na die ANC en hul beste agent ooit word. Toe die geleentheid hom voorgedoen het, was ek die polisie se beste spioen en is dikwels deur my hanteerder en hoë offisiere gelukgewens. Ek is tot luitenant bevorder.” ■ “Ek het ’n ANC-man in ’n parkie in Harare ontmoet en gesê ek is ’n luitenant in die veiligheidspolisie en ek wil na die ANC oorloop om ’n dubbele agent te word. Dit was die mees bevrydende oomblik in my lewe. Ek het wonderlik gevoel.” ■ “Ek het die ANC baie inligting gegee maar hulle het nie daarop gereageer nie. Ek het al hul opdragte vir spioenasie uitgevoer.” ■ “In Quatro is ek nie verkrag nie, nooit geslaan nie, my hare is nie soos ander vroue s’n afgesny nie. Uiteindelik het Ronnie Kasrils my daar uitgehaal en na ’n huis in Luanda gevat.” ■ “Ná maande van niksdoen wou hulle my uitruil met mense in SA wat aangehou is, soos Robert McBride en ander. Ek was bly dat ek dan maar uiteindelik net dit vir hulle kon beteken. Nadat daar maande niks gebeur het, het ek na Britse ambassade gevlug.” ■ “Ek het probeer om ’n bydrae tot die struggle te maak met dié boek.” ■ “Ek wou dadelik bedank.” Die polisie het ’n propagandaverhaal uitgedink waarin sy voorgehou is as die groot spioenheldin wat haar lewe vir Suid-Afrika in gevaar gestel het. “Dit was alles onwaar.”

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■ Die destydse minister van polisie, Adriaan Vlok, en ander hoë polisiemanne is as deel van hierdie veldtog na haar troue met ’n polisieman genooi. “Dit moes die prentjie bevestig dat ek die liefling van die apartheidsregime is.” Ander getuies Ronnie Kasrils sê nou: “Ons ondergrondse mense het nie vir haar storie geval nie. Ek en Chris Hani het haar nie vertrou nie, maar wou kyk wat gebeur as ons haar ’n kans gee. Sy het nie die take uitgevoer wat ons haar gegee het nie. Ek dink haar storie is nie oortuigend nie. Adriaan Vlok, destyds minister van polisie, sê nou: “Haha, was dit ’n propagandaveldtog? Ek het dit nie geweet nie. Ek het baie simpatie met die meisie gehad. Ek het gedink sy het baie opgeoffer vir ons.” Vic McPherson, destyds polisie-offisier in strategiese kommunikasie en hoofopsteller van Fortsyth se propagandaverklaring, sê nou: “Ons het binne ’n week geweet sy het oorgeloop na die ANC.” Medestudente en oud-vriendinne: ■ glo nie wat in die boek staan nie; ■ dink dit is aaklig dat sy nou geld maak uit ’n boek oor haar verraad teenoor hulle; ■ sien en beleef geen berou in die boek nie; ■ bevraagteken haar sekerheid dat haar inligting nooit gelei het tot iemand se marteling of dood nie; en ■ wonder hoekom sy jare lank op hulle sou gespioeneer het as sy eintlik aan hul kant was. Gevolgtrekking Die waarheid van die Forsyth-verhaal – as apartheidsliefling of entoesiastiese, maar onaanvaarde ANC-simpatiseerder die afgelope 34 jaar – lê sekerlik stuk-stuk tussen die leuens en apartheidspropaganda en is onmoontlik om in een duidelike prentjie uit te haal. Bevinding Beeld het destyds in goeder trou ’n hoofberig geskryf oor alles wat Olivia Forsyth, Agent RS407, vertel en wat in ’n amptelike polisieverklaring gestaan het. Dié inligting word nou as onwaar beskryf deur die twee grootste leuenaars wat destyds die bron van al daardie inligting was – Forsyth en McPherson.38 Daar is geen bewys watter van hul stories of watter dele van hul stories die waarheid is nie. Daarom gaan ons geen regstelling plaas nie. Dis waarskynlik waar dat Forsyth jammer is oor die mislukking van haar agt jaar lange spioenasieloopbaan, en daarom het sy die boek geskryf. 38

Sien onderhoud met Vic McPherson - HBH.

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http://www.netwerk24.com/stemme/aktueel/2015-09-09-tussen-leuens-en-die-waarheid

Onderhoud met kol Vick McPherson: Hennie Heymans ʼn Openharige onderhoud is met Vick McPherson gevoer mbt die koerantberig waarin hy as ʼn “leuenaar” bestempel word. (Sien voetnota 38).

Inleiding Ons ken mekaar van die dae toe ons albei jonk in Distrik 75 (Durban-Suid) lede van die uniformtak was. Nadat Vick die eksamen na sersant (uniform) geslaag het, is hy na die KOD of te wel die speurtak, oorgeplaas. Ek het ook Vick se vader by geleentheid ontmoet. Ons paaie het toe kortstondig geskei. Intussen is ek gedurende 1970 na die veiligheidstak Durban, afdeling Port Natal, verplaas. Kort daarna is Vick in Durban vereer met ʼn medalje vir verdienste.39 Gedurende 1971 het ek die offisierseksamen geslaag en later in die jaar op ʼn offisierskursus gegaan. Op 1 Februarie 1972 het ek te veiligheidshoofkantoor in Pretoria, destyds die hoofstad van die Transvaal en hoofstad van die republiek, begin werk. Vick is ook intussen van die KOD na die veiligheidstak in Durban verplaas. Ek onthou Ou Vick was betrokke by Judo en by Afrikaner-kultuur organisasies. Later in die 1980’s het Vick ook te veiligheidshoofkantoor begin in die intelligensie afdeling waar hy uitstekende werk verrig het. Hy is later vir erkenning van dienste van ʼn besonderse aard met die, gesogte, SOEmedalje vereer. Gewone senioroffisiere wat na generaal-majoorsrang bevorder word, word met hierdie medalje vereer of lede vir uitstaande diens. In Vick se geval was hy ʼn “gewone” kaptein toe hy met die besondere medalje vereer is40. Nie sommer elke Jan-Rap-en-sy-Maat word met die medalje vereer nie! Dit word alleen in buitengewone omstandighede uitgereik. Honderde lede van die Mag, myself inkluis, het nooit eens in ons wildste drome gedink ons sou vir hierdie eer in aanmerking gekom nie!

Vickkie is ʼn yster Vick het openhartig en eerlik met my gesels41. Tydens die tydperk wat hy as ʼn “leuenaar” bestempel word, was hy die hoof van die polisie se KOVERTE STRATKOM AFDELING. So ʼn gesprek tussen vriende en kollegas kan eintlik pynlik wees. Hy het tydens ons onderhoud glad nie van die waarheid weggeskram nie. Die gesprek is elektronies opgeneem en sal later op ons webtuiste gepubliseer word in oorleg met Vick. Die hele hantering van RS 407 se terugkoms was alles deel van “Projek Yurchenko” – ʼn stryd tussen die SAKP-ANC-alliansie en die veiligheidspolisie. Van die “ou” RSA se kant was Vick die hoofrolspeler en het ander baie senior mense ook 39

No 50336F s/sers JL McPherson 1971 verwysings: (i) King, 2000, p120; (ii) MO (A) 5/1972 vir dapperheid op 12 Mei 1971 by die Piesangrivier - HBH. 40 No 50336F kaptein JL McPherson verwysing MO (A) 19/1982. 41 Vick was die kursusleier toe ek my RS-kursus te “Diasy” gedoen het – HBH.

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ʼn rol daarin gespeel om die geloofwaardigheid van die projek deurgaans te onderhou. Ons, dis is die RSA, het nie waffers tydens die politieke oorlog gevaar nie, hierdie operasie was een van ons ernstige pogings om ons opponente te mislei. In die stryd het “ons” maar ons opponente ook swart gesmeer soos hulle ons ook maar swart gesmeer het. Een voorbeeld wat uitstaan is mnr Joe Slovo – om hom bietjie “by te kom” - is hy bestempel as ʼn “kolonel van die KGB”. Vick is besig met ʼn openhartige boek oor sy lewe in die polisie! ʼn Boek wat baie van ons vriende en lesers sal verbaas. [Sal eersdaags verskyn: Agent RS 309 APARTHEID MEESTERSPIOEN SPIOEN - Kolonel Vic McPherson S.O.E. ]

Vick en RS 407

Vick op die dag van die onderhoud

Vick die jentleman!

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Kommentaar: RS 407: Mnr Ronnie Kasrils Dear Hennie, You could check the Index of my ARMED & DANGEROUS for original storyline. In addition: We were suspicious of Olivia Forsyth from the start. Although the ANC underground operatives in Harare did not think she was an SB officer they did not trust her and decided to test her by giving her operational tasks to carry out - first six months of 1986. During that period we discovered that the London address of the front company for which she claimed to be working did not exist and was an Anglo American address. The key question is why did Forsyth reveal herself in July 1986 to her ANC contact in Harare as a Lieutenant in the SB? 1. I do not believe this was as directed by her Pretoria handlers. That would have been an unpardonable and highly dangerous instruction. I do not believe the SB or any apartheid era intelligence agency would have contemplated risking a young white woman in such a way. 2. Could she have been going rogue? She was naive, ambitious, adventurist and determined enough to have gone for such a "romantic" and independent ploy, possibly hoping to prove herself to her handlers by a hoped for stunning success echoes of her infatuation with John Le Carre novels introduced to her by Craig Williams. (sic) For this to succeed she would have had to convince the ANC that she had genuinely converted to the liberation cause. It is possible this was her motivation back in 1986. 3. Could her play-acting and some element of the ideological arguments of the student left and of the ANC led her to begin to believe that she was genuinely converting? Certainly the dangerous predicament she had walked into would have played on her young mind and quite possibly led her into such self-belief. It certainly could be regarded as a fall-back legend. 4. I do not entirely buy her story that she had fully converted to the ANC. It is likely that this claim was a matter of expediency then as now and that the way in which she has finally told her story is a desire to side with the "good guys", the eventual winners in the struggle. She may have rationalized this line as a way of atonement and of reconstructing her life to appear in as noble a light as possible. Whatever the reality only she knows the truth. I have written how Chris Hani and I were prepared to utilize her as our double agent since there was nothing to lose. Either that or detention in Angola which was her eventual fate. We had her released from Quatro because we did not wish any woman to be detained under such onerous conditions. The idea was to use her in a prisoner exchange with Pretoria. That hope was of course scuppered by her audacious escape. What is of importance in her account is that she was never physically or sexually abused by the ANC, and after her release from Quatro she was fairly well treated and respected. I am pleased that we dealt with her in a 73


compassionate way. I personally harbour no feelings of ill will for her although she really needs to atone for her betrayal of her friends and comrades she spied on at Rhodes University who suffered detention and tribulation as a result. Ronnie Kasrils: 10 September 2015

Die polisieman se vrou: ʼn Edele Bruid Ma Dora was my pa, Chris Moolman se Polisie-skaduwee. Nie in sy skaduwee nie..maar deel van sy omkeer-beeld. Voor hulle troue moes Sersant Chris Moolman bewys dat hy ’n Edele Vrou trou. Soos al sy tydgenote in die jare 1940 en daarna. Inderdaad was Dorathea-Magdalene Bekker dan sy waardige bruid op 29 Desember 1945… Sy wat haar loopbaan as toneelspeelster/sangeres van die Hanekom Geselskap opgegee het vir hierdie bruin oog Polisieman van Hartbeeskop. So het hulle saam die restant van hulle lewe saam bestee met respek en liefde omsoom. Die kunstenaars en haar Cowboy. Ek behoort te weet: Want hulle was my ouers.. Die verklaring:

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Die polisie-troue

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Die polisieman se gade wat so baie moes ontbeer ...

My Erfporsie van tannie Edna Mildenhall: Nico Moolman Twee Dinsdae gelede kry ek die oproep: “Nico, wil jy die ou rubbish hê van Derryck se tante voor ek dit uitdra vir die vuilgoedlorrie wat enige oomblik kan verby ry?” Tien minute later het sy die groen verbleikte plastiek sak uit die groot munisipale swart sak uit gelig en vir my gegee. Dis nou die tweede Vrydag dat die albums, koerant uitknipsels en kiekies myne is. ʼn Bêre-skat wat tannie Edna Mildenhall van Petrus Steyn so mooi gebêre het. Sy was as ambulansdrywer “Noorde” toe gedurende die Tweede Wêreld Oorlog. Vir meer as twee jaar. Sy het ook in Italië met gewonde kamerade gewerk. Party dae ook jolyt oomblikke beleef. Sy het na die Oorlog weer kom boer naby Petrus Steyn totdat sy aangemeld vir diens waar net die mooi oorgebly het. Derryck, haar susterskind , het haar rubbish geërf . Sewe maande gelede het Derryck by sy aunt Edna gaan aansluit. Die bleek groen plastiek sak se erfgoed het rubbish geword. Gelukkig was die lorrie laat, twee Dinsdae gelede. Anders sou ons nooit in haar albums of Autograph-boekie insae kon hê van jong mense in ʼn oorlog nie.

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Nou paar Vrydae later mag u saam kyk na dit wat nou my waardevolle skat is.. 

Sê nou maar net die vuilgoed lorrie was op tyd..?

“Fixing the darn ambulance”

Maude and Joey at our bungalow

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Militêreverpleegster: Dr Dawid Lotter Dankie Hennie Nee ek was maar ʼn frontsoldaat en het bitter min met verpleegsters te doen gehad. U is welkom om te kyk na die volgende gedig uit my Bundel - Wondgom. En welkom om dit te gebruik. Hierdie gedig na aanleiding van die herinneringe van Charmaine Carstens se eerste vuurdoop sopas uit die verpleegsterskollege. Na gevegte iewers het die gewondes deur die opnamesaal gestroom. Dawid Lotter

Militêre Verpleegster 1 As militêre verpleegster was ek opgelei Na 1 Militêre Hospitaal was ek uitgeplaas Met goeie kennis maar nog ongebrei Sou ek na ʼn noodgeval moes haas Die noodsirene het daardie dag Hard en dringend begin lui Die noodsaal het op casavacs gewag Saam met al die ander bystand personeel Elk langs ʼn toegewysde bed nog leeg Standaard prosedure soos die reël Meganies ingedril het ek beweeg My hart wat bokspring in my keel Instrumente nagegaan en afgeveeg Half beangs en lig verskrik Het ek myself reggeruk. 2 Ses Choppers met verwondes vol Het minute daarna geland En draagbaar trollies het ingerol Met stukkende liggame in bomverband Wagtend op my pasiënt Met gedagtes vasgestol Vasgevang in ʼn oorlogsprent Wat was die aard van sy wonde Sou ek daarvoor opgewasse wees? Beslissings neem in fraksies van sekonde Sal ek die simptome reg kon lees? Sy lewe in my hand vir ʼn kritiese stonde Sou ek deel dan wees van sy genees? Langs die bed wag ek my vuurdoop af 80


Besin ek oor die lewe en die graf. 3 Van die draagbaar af hom oorgetel Bewusteloos oordek met syferbloed Uit vele wonde van skrapnel In noodverbande saamgekoek Terwyl ek oor sy liggaam leun Verby die wonde op sy vel Soekend na die dieper probleem My stem beheersd en rustig Bemoedig het ek hom Terwyl my hande vlugtig Op sy arms en hande tot ruste kom En kon ek bevestig Min bloed het na sy hande deurgekom Sy hande byna swart verkleur het ek minute lank masseer. 4 Eers toe het ek die oorsake gevind Sy arms van sy skouers losgeskeur Met repe aan sy liggaam nog verbind Het die bloedsomloop versteur Snel is hy na die operasiesaal geneem Starend na sy bloed verkleur Langs sy leĂŤ bed staan ek alleen Met skuldgevoel het ek bly dink Al die tekens was tog duidelik daar En tog het ek die oorsake te laat gevind Hoe kan ek dit aan myself verklaar Aan versuim het ek myself verbind Vele lyding kon ek hom van spaar Sou ek meer ondervinding had Sou ek die toestand dadelik raak kon vat. 5 Die dae daarna Gewroeg en gestoei Met vele gedagtes wat my pla Wat my mergel en vermoei Een arm by die skouer weg Het ek gehoor - verslae Die ander tot by die elmboog nog reg Hoe moes ek in onkunde weet Het ek myself onthef van blaam En toe daarvan begin vergeet Geleidelik en stadigaan Net soms gewonder oor sy leed En met my lewe aangegaan 81


Tot na drie maande se verloop Na daardie eerste vuurdoop. 6 Al geselsend by ʼn pasiënte groep Het ons verby gestap Toe een dringend na my roep En het ek onmiddellik gesnap Want daar het my pasiënt gesit Sy sonder arms het hom verklik ʼn Sigaret in ʼn draadhingsel se mik "Ek onthou jou stem soos jy met my praat My aanmoedig om vas te byt En vaagweg ook jou gelaat Vol deernis en met spyt Toe ek wou opgee – die lewe agterlaat Het jy my moed versterk en uitgereik Jou stem die het my hier gehou Toe ek alles in ʼn waas aanskou". 7 Hom aangehoor en omgedraai Woordeloos net aangestap Anders sou emosies my verraai My skuldgevoelens weer laat tap Miskien het hy gevoel Dat ek belangeloos net wegdraai So was dit nie bedoel Hoe kon ek hom vas in die oë kyk Van sy pyn en gebreke bewus As ek myself nog steeds verwyt Sy volle menswees geblus Het ek meer deeglik gekyk Sou ek meer geredelik kon berus Dekades later wonder ek waar hy is En hoe het hy berus. 8 Jou opoffering was groot Jou wonde oop en bloot In jou pyn was jy nie alleen In my hart Het ek saam met jou Namens jou Geween.

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Kommentaar deur lt-kol AC Pretorius: Afgetrede senior-verpleegoffisier Hierdie gedig het my ver terug gevat na 1979 saal 2, die grensgevalle saal. Dit was nog goeie tye..... Ek sien daardie sigaret aan die draad... Al die pasiënte met ledemaat-verliese was opgeneem in saal 1 of 2. Skietwonde en bloed was niks snaaks nie. Soms het die emosies hoog geloop en ander tye was daar weer die grappies terwyl pasiënte resies gejaag het met die rolstoele. Haar42 rol toe is maklik om oor te skryf, maar teen die agtergrond van vandag se weermag, kan ek nie anders as om te sukkel om haar rol te beskryf nie. Ek het een dag 'n kaptein aangespreek oor 'n verwaarloosde versorging van 'n pasiënt. Sy woorde was: " Are you threatening me?" Die "Ou-1 Mil tye" het reg verleen aan die skoolverlater wat verpleging geromantiseer het. Daardie tye so tussen lewe en dood van 'n jong soldaat wat sy lewensdroom tegemoet gejaag het, onbewus daarvan dat hy nie die nege-maande end van sy diensplig gaan sien nie. Die ‘nurse’ se rol toe, was ook om soms weg te kyk as 'n bottel bier ingesmokkel was. Tydens die lang maande van hospitalisasie was vele bande gesmee met die soldaat. Jy was nou betrokke by hul verliese en vreugdes... Al was dit nou net om die vreugde te deel as iemand 'n brief ontvang het. Ek onthou 'n dag wat my hande vol bloed was na 'n skietwond in die borskas. Ek het drukking toegepas terwyl ek hom ondersteun in sy vrese dat hy gaan sterf.... Maande later het hy my stem erken. Sy vraag was of ek hom die aand met die skietwond gehelp het? Die gedig het ek werklik geniet.... Dit het vele herinneringe terug gebring.

Die rol van die verpleegster in die weermag: Lt-kol (afgetree) AC Pretorius Die rol van die verpleegster in die weermag lyk vandag heeltemal anders as wat dit 37 jaar gelede gelyk het. Vandag het die weermag ʼn vredesbenadering met sy eie politieke kwessies. Aggressiewe opleiding word egter nog van die verpleeg-soldaat vereis en ten spyte van haar professionele studies, moet sy ʼn deeglike kennis van die militêre wetenskap wat strategies, operasioneel en taktiese kundigheid insluit. As ʼnmens so terugkyk na die spore van gister, het 37 jaar so gou verby gegaan. Die ou 1 Militêre-tye het reg verleen aan die skoolverlater wat verpleging geromantiseer het. Vandag staan die ou 1 Militêre Hospitaal met sy baie stories op sinkgate. Tydens daardie tyd was daar baie hartseer, maar daar was ook baie humor. Die nege maande dienspligstelsel was toe van krag. Sommige jong soldate het offisiere geword en ander was minder gelukkig en het skisofrenie ontwikkel en 42

Haar = die vrou in uniform - HBH

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kon vir maande nie funksioneer nie. Daar was selfs ʼn klein presentasie van hulle wat psigoties geraak het. Gelukkig was die samajoor van daardie tyd nie meer die psigiater en dominee nie. Daar was ʼn multidissiplinêre span wat saamgewerk het om die manne te help om weer die brein se inligting in die regte “lêer” terug te plaas. So van die samajoor gepraat, al die troepe het hom gevrees. Die eerste dag op die parade grond was ʼn riller. Terwyl die trotse verpleeg-soldaat soos ʼnpou rond gepronk het in haar bruin nutria drag, was daar ʼn gelag en ʼngegiggel tydens die salueer en eerbewys periode. Die geskreeu van die samajoor eggo nou nog op SAMS se parade grond: “Dit is nie ʼn donnorse dansbaan nie….!” ʼn Genadelose bevel van “…double quick march..” het aangehou en aangehou…… ! Met stewels wat later dik van die stof gepak was, kon hulle darem so af en toe die mond gaan uitspoel. Wanneer SAMS se diensbussie die rou KO’s laat middag terugvat na die kwartiere toe, was daar ʼn boek wat iewers in elkeen se hande gestop was. Dan moet daar geskryf word. Alles wat snaaks was….. Hierdie koddige stories was weer en weer onder mekaar vertel as die studente saans in mekaar se kamers rondkuier. Die gelag het gewoonlik gemaak dat almal hulle boeke neersit en hul koffie koppies nadertrek. Verbasend hoe vinnig die tyd verby gegaan het. Dit was ʼntrotse dag toe die wit KO bandjies op die skouers vervang was met twee sterretjies. Dit is inderdaad so dat daar kort-kort na die skouer geloer was, net om seker te maak dat die twee sterre nie “AWOL” nie. Dit was ʼn hartseer dag om jare later in ʼn verlate ou 1 Militêre Hospitaal in te stap. Die bekende lang gang het gelei na verskillende sale. Elke saal het sy eie verhaal om te vertel. Van die kraamsaal tot in die kindersaal. Dit is asof die hoofsuster van daardie tyd haar ewige stempel daar gelos het. So het ook die spookstories stil geraak. Saal 2 was spesiaal. Dit was die grensgevalle-saal. Die klank van die noodtrollies se wieletjies was soos ʼn nood sirene. Bebloede verbande, bleek, vreesagtige gesigte het daardie klank vergesel. Met min selfvertroue en baie gebede was die verpleegster agtergelaat met al die verantwoordelikhede as al die noodsorg klaar gelewer was. Daar was tye wat sy en die “medic” met In heilige eerbied, ʼn stil koue liggaam na die lykshuis moes stoot. Tydens daardie tye het niemand gepraat nie. Dit is gewoonlik ʼn tyd wat gedink word aan die mens en sy ontmoeting met sy Skepper. Die vernietigende werk van ontploffings en wapens met skrapnel inplantings in die vel, het ʼn unieke verhaal vertel. Dit was angsvolle tye wat in die meeste gevalle belaai was met uiterse emosies. Wanneer hierdie jong manne van 18-24 jaar met paraatheid hul blink stewels ingestamp het, moes hulle beheer handhaaf, ongeag van hoe hulle voel. Hulle was ons soldate en baie hegte bande was oor daardie diens tydperk gebind. Wanneer die donkerte saans om die hospitaal toegevou het, het die verpleegster so tussen die roetinetake deur die klokkies geantwoord. Terwyl die saal heelwat later in 84


donkerte gehul was, het sy met haar klein flitsliggie gesorg dat elke rug toe gemaak word. Haar netjiese wit uniform was egter vele kere met bloed besmeer. So was daar ʼn nag toe drie lewens hul laaste asem uitgeblaas het. Onkeerbare trane het swart strepe oor haar gesig gelaat. Sy het aanvanklik nie geweet van die strepe nie. Die dokter wat die doodsertifikaat uitgeskryf het, het opkyk in haar bedroefde gesig en sy het eers die aand toe sy van diens afgaan het, die traanspore gesien en toe eers die versagting in die dokter se oë verstaan. Die lang ure van aanmekaar op roep wees, het ook sy tred verstadig. Daardie tyd was daar hard gewerk. Daar was vreugdes en ook ʼn noue betrokkenheid by die verliese. Dan was daar Tannie Mossie, soos almal haar geken het. Met haar een-sent muntstukkie van die mossie wat met elke pakkie lekkers en koekies uitgedeel was, het almal geweet wat daardie muntstukkie beteken het. Sou God dan nie weet as daar ʼn mossie geval het nie? Dit was ʼn kosbare voorreg om in daardie tye in die Mag kon dien. Veldhospitale was ʼn uitdaging en as sy moet ontplooi, was sy gereed om haar rol ook daar vol te staan. Die verpleegkundige het die kuns en waarde van die verpleegpraktyk in die militêre milieu met waardigheid gedien. Dit was haar trots. Met toegewydheid, voorbeeld en verantwoordelikheid het sy in die spore van groot baanbrekers in verpleging hulle rol verder gevat. As mens na die antieke geskiedenis kyk, was daar maar voortdurend dinamiese ontwikkeling. Soos die dekades gevolg het, het daar ʼn wetenskaplike benadering gevolg. So het die era van kuratiewesorg-benadering, verander na primêregesondheidsorg. Op hierdie vlak voorsien sy in die eerste vlak van gesondheid sorg. Om die diens te kan lewer word sy geleer hoe om ʼn fisieke ondersoek te doen, te diagnoseer en medikasie voor te skryf. Dit is ʼn uitgebreide studieveld waar sy dan ook farmakokinetika en -dinamika moet studeer. Sy het ʼn onafhanklike, sowel as ʼn interafhanklike funksie en is verantwoordelik vir die uitvoering van besluite wat sy neem en die uitvoering van haar take. 9 Mil vs 1 Mil ‘Samajoor Paul Els het vir ons foto’s gestuur van 1 Mil in Pretoria. Hy vra wat is erger as ʼn nine mil? Met regte army humor antwoord hy: “Een mil!”

Soos ‘sant Wessie van SAP King’s Rest altyd gesê het: “You can’t keep a good man down!”

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Foto’s van 1 Mil : Via Paul Els

Die militêre hospitaal te Robbert’s Heights; let op die witgekalkte klippe so kenmerkend van die “ou” dae.

Die militêre hospitaal te Robbert’s Heights

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Die militêre hospitaal te Robbert’s Heights gebou gedurende die 1930’s.

1 Mil Voortrekkerhoogte. Let op die trapfietse. Soldate en polisiemanne was destyds nie skaam om fiets te ry nie.

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1 Mil Voortrekkerhoogte gedurende die 1970’s. Kyk net hoe netjies is die perseel; kenmerkend van weermag- en polisiegeboue. Mens soek amper vir die witgekalkte klippe! Deur die jare was ons vaders (en sommige se moeders) aan die hospitaal verbonde of is daar behandel. My vader was in 1937/38 verbonde aan die Spesiale Diens Battaljon (SDB – SSB) en later na die SA Polisie. Baie SAP- en SAW-lede is by 1 Mil behandel. Alle SAP-TIN-lede moes ook 1 Mil verskeie kere besoek vir inspuitings en dies meer. (Ons kursusgangers onder bevel van kol MS du Toit (SAW) moes voor ʼnamptelike kursus na Taiwan (ROC) selfs ʼn sertifikaat by 1 Mil bekom dat ons dat ons nie Vigs het nie!) Ons almal sê dankie aan die dames van 1 Mil wat ons so getrou verpleeg het. In my oë maak hulle nie meer MATRONES soos in die “ou” dae nie – selfs generaals het maar lig geloop vir die bekwame dames!

SA Soldier 1st Female Commander of a Flossie

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SANDF: World Class Sportswoman Maj D Heymans: Pharmacist: 3 Mil: Bloemfontein

(No relation to the compiler of the Nongqai)

Community Policing: The Elderly and the weak in society are they clients of the Police? Die Swakkere, die vrou en die bejaarde in die Gemeenskap: KliĂŤnte van die Polisie? Sad but True: There was this lady; Ruth was her name that always walked like the fabled Pied Piper, with a trail of dogs that she cared for. Poor as she was, the dogs were fed first. Some kind folks donated to her about two years ago and we gave her the goods at the shop.

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I was told that this lady passed away in her house on the weekend and lay there for some time before neighbours became aware and when they finally got into the house, the poor dogs had started to take bites off her. Sad to have cared so for the animals and now to end like that. Danville Dog Lady.

Danville Dog Lady

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 Story & photo’s by Nathan Berelowitz Comments: 50 years ago we visited “empty houses” and guarded burgled houses. Later so-called community policing was brought in. Today I think about the above,

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with so many women police about: “Where is our sense of values?� A person like this reminds me of Mother Theresa. If only we can realise in fact how RICH this lady is?

Morale Boosters

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Perla Siedle Gibson Mrs Gibson was the famous “Lady in White” who sang to all ships visiting Durban Harbour during the War and after the war years. Her photograph regularly appeared in the media when ship called at Durban.

Cape Town’s Ship Lady Another ship-lady at Cape Town was Oumatjie Daneel, the author of the book: “My ships and their Men” (Howards Timmins, Cape Town, 1972.)

1972: Vrouepolisie: Geskiedenis: Uit die album van Anna Moolman Smit

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Attestasie: Anna Moolman tydens die plegtigheid is maj JJ Botma en kol AL Quirk teenwoordig. Eerste polisievrou in Wes-Rand ingesweer

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First Woman in West Rand Command

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Diewe moet ligloop vir die polisievrou

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Klas-instrukteurs

Die mens wat oud word se geheue is nie meer so goed nie: heel regs verskyn AO Botha [Vader van maj Derek Botha (Veiligheid & Koevoet)]; die offisier links voor was saam met ons op offisierskursus in 1971 – sy besonderhede het my ontgaan – HBH.

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Anna Moolman in Rosehof afgeneem. Vrouepeloton: Peloton 34

Voorste ry herken ek: AO Jordaan, lt.kol. (v) Nel, kol Van Heerden, brig (v) Duveen Botha, ??, (later brig) Paul Bothma en AO Potgieter – HBH.

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Tydens opleiding

Dames in hul eiesoortige velddrag

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Kom laat ons bid!

“Parde! .... Kom laat ons bid!� Julie 1972

1972: Die kroon word gespan op al die harde werk! Uitpasseringsparade!

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14 Julie 1972

Afgeneem saam met haar broer wyle sers T Moolman

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Women in Uniform – Peter Dickens South African WAAF (Women’s Auxiliary Air Force) Radio Operator 4 With “International Women's Day" just behind us, let us remember the South African women who have stepped up to the mark and served in South Africa's armed forces when the country has called. Here we have a great image of South African women at war during World War 2, here a South African WAAF (Women’s Auxiliary Air Force) Radio Operator is seen at her station. Note her red “volunteer” tabs on her epaulets - proudly worn by all who served in World War 2 as volunteers to the fight. Copyright SAAF Museum Collection. Image courtesy Graham Du Toit. Posted for the SA Legion by Peter Dickens Betty Quinn, GM Today we have a heart warming story of a forgotten heroine of World War 2 which carries with it a South African twist. 1941: Betty Quinn, 17, the youngest recipient of the George Medal, at the Investiture Ceremony at Buckingham Palace, London. She saved seven people from a bombed air raid shelter while serving as an ARP Warden in Coventry during WW2. Betty Quinn, a St. John Ambulance cadet, was awarded the George Medal for her bravery on 14 November 1940 during the heaviest night of the Coventry Blitz. She was giving first aid at an ARP post when a shower of incendiary bombs fell in the district: “Without waiting for assistance she ran outside. AA batteries were putting up a heavy barrage and shrapnel was falling all round. Bombs began to fall and a man was injured by one. Miss Quinn assisted him to a private shelter. A report came in of an Anderson shelter receiving a direct hit and although bombs were still falling, Miss Quinn ran there and commenced digging in the crater with a spade. She assisted to dig out seven persons who had been trapped and then attended to their injuries. She stayed until all had been removed by ambulance, although shells were bursting overhead most of the time. She then returned to the post and carried on with her duties.” 103


Betty Quinn was tracked down in 2005 for an invite to attend the unveiling of the Women of WW2 Memorial, next to the Cenotaph in Whitehall, London. Betty was living in Cape Town, South Africa where she had been living for 63 years, a direct result of what happened in 1940. Following her fame which spread throughout the Empire after her award, she received a marriage proposal from a South African, which was obviously too good to refuse. Photo by Keystone/Getty Images, reference British and Commonwealth Forces Facebook page. Posted for the SA Legion by Peter Dickens. South African Air Force - Woman's Auxiliary Air Force Priceless picture of South African women at war during World War Two. Here a member from The South African Air Force - Woman's Auxiliary Air Force or WAAF serving in North Africa sits in the cockpit of a Hawker Hurricane. These WAAF had been on a visit to an airfield called Landing Ground 92 in the North African western desert, and this fine South African has obliged us with a priceless public relations shot showing our women in support of the men in the field. SAAF museum copyright photograph, information, thanks and photo courtesy of Graham du Toit. Story for the SA Legion, Peter Dickens. Wartime SAR lady ticket examiners Second World War - Cape Town. Wartime train ticket examiners circa 1942. To free the men up for frontline duty, women ticket examiners were introduced on Cape Town's suburban trains during the war. Story for the SA Legion, Peter Dickens.

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South African Women's Auxiliary Air Force Mothers Day today in the United Kingdom and we remember the Ladies. WW2 - Cairo, Egypt. 1942. A happy South African Women's Auxiliary Air Force member in her smart uniform framed in a lifebelt of their houseboat billet, named Lotus, moored in the River Nile.

Posted for the SA Legion by Peter Dickens

Lt Cdr N. le Roux, SAN

South African Legion Late last year, on 30 November 2015, SAS UMZIMKULU held a Change of Command parade at Naval Base Simon’s Town. The parade commenced with the arrival of Flag Officer Fleet (FOF), Rear Adm B.K. Mhlana. Cdr E.M. Nyathi handed over command to Lt Cdr N. le Roux and congratulated her. Lt Cdr Le Roux joined the SA Navy in January 1998 at the SA Naval College in Gordon’s Bay. She completed NBCD Part 1 and Military Training for Officers Part 1. She studied at the Military Academy in Saldanha Bay and achieved a Bachelor of 105


Military degree in Military Science from the University of Stellenbosch. She served on board SAS OUTENIQUA as a junior officer under training. In 2004 she was appointed as Gunnery and Navigation Officer. She was later also appointed as the Communication and Survey Officer on board SAS PROTEA. In 2007 she became the first South African Naval Officer to attend the category B Hydrography Survey Course on board HMS DRAKE in Plymouth, United Kingdom. She was detached in August 2013 to complete her command detachment on board SAS UMHLOTI and subsequently SAS UMZIMKULU. R Adm B.K. Mhlana then placed the traditional gold “wings” on Lt Cdr Le Roux's uniform. Once the formalities were concluded, both the new OC and FOF were piped on board SAS UMZIMKULU. Source: Defenceweb - Posted for the SA Legion by Peter Dickens SA Navy Swans A truly endearing photograph from Die Burger of our beautiful SA Navy Swans in their "whites," seen here at the 2016 South African Navy Festival, held in Simon’s Town from Thursday, 21 to Sunday 24 April 2016. Photo copyright Die Burger newspaper, posted for the SA Legion by Peter Dickens

Honouring our women in service. Here South African National Defence Force troops with the African Union-United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID) are pictured in Kutum, North Darfur, during celebrations for South Africa’s National Women’s Day - on 8 August 2011. Aïchatou Mindaoudou, Deputy Joint Special Representative for UNAMID, travelled to Kutum to attend the festivities and visited a local maternity hospital. This fantastic picture of celebration is courtesy UNAMID/Albert Gonzalez Farina.

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Humour in Uniform In die Vrystaat hou die polisie padblokkade. Genl Hennie de Witt word voorgekeer. Hy is geklee in siviele klere. Dame-konstabel het haar hoed wat sy op haar voorvinger tol. Genl de Witt is sigbaar ongemaklik oor alles op die toneel. Sy skree: “Kaptein, Kaptein, kom bietjie hier asb. Hier is ‘n Haasman wat bietjie moeilik is!” Werk vir u self die einde uit!

Ladies in the SAPS The first lady to become a full general in South Africa, she is General Mangwashi Victoria Phiyega. Nickname: 'Riah' National Police Commissioner: General of Police. Currently resides in: Gauteng, South Africa, dob 29th May 1958 in Pietersburg (Polokwane) in South Africa. She is best known as Riah, was appointed National Police Commissioner in June 2012. She Previously was Group Executive of ABSA Bank Ltd. She was Group Executive of Transnet Limited. She was an Executive at the National Ports Authority of South Africa. She also was Director for Development at National Child Welfare. She served as Deputy Chairperson for the Public Office Bearers Commission. She led and chaired the Presidential State Owned Enterprises Review Committee. On 14 October 2015 Phiyega was suspended by the President, following a recommendation of the Farlam Commission of Inquiry into the deaths of protesting miners in Marikana in 2012.43

Lady Generals in the Police Several ladies have been appointed to general’s rank. Unfortunately the webpage of the SAPS is not up to date. It is painful to report that some ladies occupying the office of Lieutenant General / Provincial Commissioner have also been suspended. We have found only lady who retired as Lieutenant General / Provincial Commissioner with dignity and honour. See http://www.gov.za/aboutgovernment/contact-directory/organisation/559/28

Sex in Uniform: Times change. Unfortunately we live in a real world with temptation all round us. This reminds me: Having had been requested by a policeman in his patrol van at approx 02:00 when my water meter was stolen; I had to lay a charge in person at a police station. (Times have changed.) I thought well I’ll leave it till morning. When I informed the “Water Dept” they required a police ref no before they could turn the water off. I was then 43

http://whoswho.co.za/mangwashi-phiyega-24877 - accessed on 28 May 2016 – HBH

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forced to visit my local police station at about 02:00. I thought what the hell?! And went in my pyjamas and gown to lay the charge – in days of old as police duty officer I had to dress up before I could visit police stations, but times have changed. In the station they have a TV and you can imagine my surprise when I looked at the screen! So times have changed! I days of old on border duty or in the barracks “pinups” were BANNED! So times have changed. Having received a police ref no I phoned the Water Dept who came and stopped the wastage of water!

In flagrante delicto A little search on police ladies brought this up:

So things change! The Nongqai pleads for the police to improve their morals at least whilst on duty. We don’t know if a TV in a charge office playing sexual content is professional? What about a rape victim walking in to the charge office to complain about ... yes you guessed correctly .... RAPE and such scenes are portrayed on the screen. This is insensitive to women and totally unprofessional!

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The Uniform: Coitus Non Interuptus Cops had sex while Motorist nearly died: Anna Louw http://www.iol.co.za/index.php?art_id=vn20100707043906497C901241&set_id=1&click_id =13&sf= By Anna Louw While two motorists faced a life-and-death situation on a flooded Ekurhuleni road, two on-duty metro police officers were literally caught with their pants down. As the floodwaters rose inside a trapped businessman's car on Tom Jones Street, so did the passion inside a quiet office at a metro police station. But the couple were disturbed by an ANC councillor and a community policing forum (CPF) member. The businessman said: "At the time, I ended up trapped in my car in Benoni when heavy rains caused havoc. I realised I was not going to make it. My car's battery failed and water started pouring in." Unable to open the electric windows and the doors of his Chrysler, he panicked and called his family, his lawyer and the metro police. "By the time I had finished making the calls, the water level in the car had already reached my neck. I managed to open the sunroof and pulled myself out of the car." The businessman eventually got hold of ANC ward councillor Valerie Taylor and asked her to help get the metro police to him. Taylor and a CPF member arrived at the metro police offices and walked in on the couple having sex. The CPF member refused to comment. Taylor said yesterday she would not deny the two officers were having sex but said she could not comment further. The businessman managed to save himself from his flooded car and then went to rescue the trapped driver of a bakkie. While sitting on top of the car, the businessman heard screams - metres away, water had flooded another vehicle and the driver was struggling to get out. He jumped into the cold water and swam to a terrified Tanki Rabela, who was struggling to open the door to free himself. By the time the two managed to get to a safe place, metro police, paramedics and traffic officers had arrived. Rabela, who lives in Daveyton, Benoni, described the ordeal as a "matter of life and 109


death". "I was saying my prayers, crying and shaking," he said, describing his panic when he found he couldn't reverse. Water had damaged his cellphone and he was unable to call for help. "God sent this man to help save me," Rabela said. A summons for damages and negligence is to be served on the Ekurhuleni metro later this month. Advocate Louis Engelbrecht, representing the businessman, told the metro in correspondence: "I refer to the two metro officials who, according to witnesses, were caught having sexual intercourse in their office by an ANC councillor and a CPF member, after they failed to respond to my client's numerous emergency calls. "I can assure you that not one official of the metro or the fire brigade assisted my client whatsoever. I have a range of photos as proof." Engelbrecht told the metro: "I wish to know what happened during the independent tribunal which was supposed to be held with regard to the internal matter (involving the officers caught having sex instead of responding to an emergency call)..." In reply to Engelbrecht, a senior Ekurhuleni metro police spokesman said: "The metro's integrity and standards unit has completed its investigations.

Minister of Transport

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The Hon Ms Dipuo Peters Minister of transport in a General’s Uniform

South Africa: Worth a read? : The Boer Whore: Piet Coetzee If there ever was a South African story worth telling, it is the story of Susan Nell, the teenage rape victim in one of the British concentration camps in the final days of the Anglo-Boer War at the turn of the previous century who became one of the world’s first female psychiatrists and champion of the women victims of the Second World War’s Japanese comfort stations in their Asian campaigns. URL:http://www.leadershiponline.co.za/plugins/con... It is a story that remains highly relevant internationally to this day while women remain among the most vulnerable victims of the globe’s many war zones. But, it is an especially important South African story that highlights elements from the country’s violent past in which human empathy transcends deep divides and a mostly neglected common history. In this gripping historical novel Nico Moolman uses fiction to knit together well documented historical facts to tell the story of a 17-year old girl, betrayed by members of her own tribe in the Winburg concentration camp when she attempts to find medication for a desperately ill friend. She is handed over to her captors who rape and abuse her, then call her a Boer whore and leave her for dead. She is rescued by a Basotho man who with his wife hid and nursed her back to physical health under great danger to themselves. Eventually they smuggle her to Bloemfontein from where she escapes by train and with the help of others reaches Cape Town.

There she has the good fortune to come under the guardianship of the well-known Marie Koopmans-de Wet, who in a remarkable turn of events sends her to Holland to study. She became a psychiatrist, who develops expertise in treating the victims of World War I and showing them how to deal with their trauma. While involved in this work a chance encounter with one of her own abusers of many years ago leads to his suicide. Her expertise then takes her as a volunteer to Thailand to assist with the rehabilitation of the victims at the end of World War II. As an expert witness during military hearings into the atrocities of the Japanese forces she becomes the champion of the women forced to work as comfort givers to Japanese soldiers. It also gives her another remarkable opportunity to take revenge on the main instigator of her own abuse at the hands of British soldiers in Balla Bosiu – where they cry at night. 111


It is in Thailand during his travels there during the late 1980s and the 1990s that Moolman met miss Lucille of Ubon “who mentioned Susan’s toll at the River Kwae hearings … “She started it all.” The story ends in the 1950s when Susan Nell, as a woman of 70 returns to South Africa and Winburg for the first time, meets up with her Basotho saviours again and more than half a century later can practically thank them for giving her back her life so many years earlier. The authenticity of the book is greatly enhanced by a treasure trove of cleverly used old photographs strategically placed within the text throughout. The Boer Whore is not only worth a read, but a must for those who want to get a full perspective of South African history of the early 20th century. How to get hold of it? The Boer Whore is published by the author himself at: lingloi@telkomsa.net

Susan Nell: Boer Whore: She made it go away: Nico Moolman She made it go away. (Susan’s Rhapsody) They hurt her pride and honour yet her soul remained intact. She was destined to go to places where compassion was a worthless fact. A promise made is a promise kept even during times of war. Revenge needs to be taken to settle what’s been done before. Before she made it go away. They asked her to assist the ones that lost all that they had. Some were more destitute and others suffered needlessly oh so very bad A promise made is a promise kept even to a wounded man To heal the wounds of the hurting souls of the warring clan. Before she made it go away. Chorus: The sight of blood, of hurt and pain, Cries of infants too. The screams of the wounded……. the temporary insane. Igniting cordite in the blue. 112


Yet love for reason, During the dying season Before she made it go away. They asked her to lay a wreath for those that gave their lives Some of who meant nothing but died for being fighting soldier’s wives. A promise made is a promise made dating back many hurting years. The only visible difference is the ancient unforgiving tears. Before she made it go away. Chorus: A tribute in honour of the women that endured the hurt of all wars ever fought by men. This theme song in memory of Susan Nell. Poetry: Nico Moolman.

Wie is ons? / Who are we? We are an informal group of police and defence veterans as well as civilian researchers who would like to foster an interest in South Africa’s police, defence and national security history from 1652 with cut-off-date 1994; when the new South Africa came into being. As veterans we only tell and explain what we did; for we were the “on the spot” eyewitnesses! In fact we are the ones you saw on TV and in the news reels of the time following orders from parliament. However we have to debate the incidents because our memory is fallible as we grow older. In the terms of the day "we earned the T-shirt and right to tell our stories for you to enjoy with malice towards none." We all can learn from the past. Revival of Nongqai We have revived the old “Nongqai” – to conserve our southern Africa national security history. No longer a SA Police Museum Since 1652, the date from which we kept records, the records show that policing in southern Africa was relatively good! Bad apples were kicked out. Later we got Inspector King from the UK. Our first detectives were not bad either, taking into consideration the limited forensic assistance available. We are attempting to conserve and preserve our national security history. So much is owed to so few – those few who formed a dotted line between peace and total anarchy.

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Administration We are mainly a “one-man-show”, so if we do not respond immediately to your email – please send a reminder to heymanshb@gmail.com or phone Hennie Heymans at 012-329-4229. We were “fighters” and not “writers” - but as we mellow with time we have not become very good “clerks”. History is such an all absorbing subject; we have do much reading, research, scanning, liaison and other tasks - so sometimes we tend to forget, however that’s one of the ‘bonuses or plights’ when we get old. 

We also need knowledgeable persons for our website which is a virtual museum and archive.

Legalities This publication is not intended to be a comprehensive review of all developments in policing/ national security or to cover all aspects of those referred to. Readers should take legal and other advice before applying the information contained in this publication to specific issues or transactions. The Nongqai contains various and sundry personal opinions of different correspondents and neither the compiler of The Nongqai nor The Nongqai will be held responsible for any of their comments which is entirely their own and not necessarily that of eNongqai or its publishers.

Contact details / kontakbesonderhede Hennie Heymans: enongqai@gmail.com / Glenn Elsden: glenn.elsden@gmail.com Nico Moolman: lingloi@telkomsa.net met webtuiste www.nicomoolman.net Capt (SAN Ret) Charles Ross: chross@iafrica.com Greetings – Groete Salute! Saluut! Hennie Heymans No 43630(B) © 2016

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Vol 7 no 6  

A short history of women in southern Africa with reference to their role in National Security

Vol 7 no 6  

A short history of women in southern Africa with reference to their role in National Security

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