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CONTENTS PUBLISHER / UITGEWER .................................................................................................... 6 AIM / DOEL ............................................................................................................................ 6 ONGOING RESEARCH PROJECTS ..................................................................................... 6 VOORBLAD: FRONT PAGE: GENL/GEN JM KEEVY ........................................................... 7 Kommissaris van Polisie van 1962 tot 1968 ................................................................... 7 WELCOME / WELKOM ......................................................................................................... 8 DIE SUID-AFRIKAANSE POLISIEMAG: ENIG IN SY SOORT IN DIE WÊRELD! GENL. JV VAN DER MERWE .............................................................................................................. 10 Gedugte eenheid .......................................................................................................... 10 Gelag ............................................................................................................................ 10 Timol-ondersoek ........................................................................................................... 11 Geloof ........................................................................................................................... 11 SAP: WAGPOS/ PICQUET: SKULPFONTEIN .................................................................... 14 Skulpfontein: Nico Moolman ......................................................................................... 14 Piket: Kommentaar: HBH .............................................................................................. 14 PERDE IN DIE MAGTE / HORSES IN THE FORCES ......................................................... 14 2


Last of a dying breed: Footage from 1917 shows American troops training their cavalry for WW1 battle shortly before horses were replaced by tanks ...................................... 14 Duits Suidwes-Afrika / German South West Africa ....................................................... 17 Polisieperd: Selbourne .................................................................................................. 18 FERDIE WENTZEL .............................................................................................................. 18 1933 SWAP op kameelpatrollie .................................................................................... 19 1972: SIBINDA CAPRIVI: FERDI WENTZEL....................................................................... 19 Suidwes toe in ure ........................................................................................................ 21 CULTURE AND HISTORY: GAVIN TISCHENDORF ........................................................... 23 GEREGTELIKE DOODSONDERSOEKE ............................................................................ 26 BORN OUT OF NECESSITY: INTERNAL STABILITY DIVISION: GAVIN TISCHENDORF 26 MY VOLK IN OOTMOED: MJJ VAN RENSBURG ............................................................... 29 POLISIESTAALJIES: ROOFREAKSIE-EENHEID: PF ‘TINY’ NORTJE ............................... 31 1960’s: SOUTH AFRICAN DEPARTMENT OF FORESTRY / SUID-AFRIKAANSE DEPARTEMENT VAN BOSBOU: MARK NAUDE ............................................................... 32 1970’s: SOUTH AFRICAN DEPARTMENT OF FORESTRY / SUID-AFRIKAANSE DEPARTEMENT VAN BOSBOU: MARK NAUDE ............................................................... 34 1899 – 1902: ‘n STORIE IN KLIP: HARRISMITH: MONUMENT ......................................... 34 SNASP ................................................................................................................................. 39 Mozambique: The Tortuous Road to Democracy: João Cabrita ................................... 39 FOTO’S: JOHANNES BOTHA ............................................................................................. 39 Aérospatiale Alouette III ................................................................................................ 39 Willey’s Jeep ................................................................................................................. 41 GENL SMUTS AAN DIE FRONT: NICO MOOLMAN ........................................................... 41 OVS ARTLLERIE: LT BONING: N MOOLMAN.................................................................... 42 1406 AUTOPSY REPORTS NOT COMPLETED SINCE LAST YEAR – JACK BLOOM ..... 43 UK POLICE: INJURIES ON DUTY ...................................................................................... 43 Most ludicrous police injury pay-out yet? Officer who was bitten by a FLEA at work is handed £12,000 in damages (after previous claims for tripping over a kerb and falling off a chair) ..................................................................................................................... 43 LIEUTENANT GENERAL KEITH COSTER ICD, OBE, SSAS ............................................. 47 Part III: Into Germany and Stalag ‘Great Escape’ Luft III .............................................. 47 by historian, author and copy-editor Gerry van Tonder ................................................. 47 NATAL POLICE /SAP VAN REENEN .................................................................................. 67 No 6972 eerste klas konstabel AL Steynberg ............................................................... 69 SAP VAN REENEN: 1922: PATROL REPORT ................................................................... 70 Keersy van patrollierapport ........................................................................................... 70 SAP VAN REENEN: ROOF OF THE DRAKENSBERG (1923) ........................................... 71 SAP VAN REENEN ROM 1/6/1927: KLAER HB HEYMANS ............................................... 72 VAN REENEN RCI 2/9/1927:KLAER HB HEYMANS .......................................................... 73 3


SAP Glen Urquhart ....................................................................................................... 74 ALAN HALL: AUSTRALIAN FEDERAL POLICE (RET.) ...................................................... 76 AUSTRALIA; THE SHOOTING OF TROOPER SPICER: ALAN HALL ................................ 78 SAP KIMBERLEY ................................................................................................................ 81 1904: Cape Police Monument: Kimberley ..................................................................... 82 MODERN METHODS OF CRIME DETECTION .................................................................. 84 PIGEON POSTS IN WAR AND PEACE .............................................................................. 84 1918: CID TRANSVAAL DIVISION ...................................................................................... 85 FUNERAL: LT.GEN GEORGE BRAND, CMG ..................................................................... 85 EERVOLLE VERMELDINGS / COMMENDATIONS ............................................................ 87 Their good work lives on …. ......................................................................................... 87 No. 22280 (F) Const. PJ Rademeyer: SAP Somtsue Rd .............................................. 87 No. 122323 (F) Const. Wellington Mtetwa: SAP King’s Rest ........................................ 88 No. 13970 (F) Const. KN Scheepers: SAP Jacobs ....................................................... 88 Sersant Koert Scheepers: Mnr. Goofy Vetten ............................................................... 89 SA POLICE SERVICE ......................................................................................................... 89 Western Cape: Brigadier Sonja Harri helped thousands of victims. Now she is a victim herself – of Politics & Backstabbing .............................................................................. 89 POLICE STATIONS ............................................................................................................. 94 1923: SAP Devilliersdorp .............................................................................................. 94 1924: DURBANVILLE: COURT HOUSE AND POLICE STATION ............................... 94 1924: SAP Elsburg ....................................................................................................... 95 SAP Jeppe (Oldest) ...................................................................................................... 95 SAP Jeppe (Old) ........................................................................................................... 96 1924: ACCOLADES FOR THE NONGQAI .......................................................................... 96 SA WEERMAG .................................................................................................................... 98 WEL EN WEE VAN DIE MILITÊRE VETERANE : BERIG 12/2017 .............................. 98 MEDALS: NORTH KOREA ................................................................................................ 101 1896: NATAL POLICE UMZINTO ...................................................................................... 101 INVESTIGATION OF VIOLENCE ...................................................................................... 102 Diepsloot police station unequipped to deal with violence against women – Zakhele Mbhele ........................................................................................................................ 102 MARIKANA: ISS PRESS RELEASE .................................................................................. 102 No justice, no reparations five years after Marikana ................................................... 104 Kommentaar deur oud-AO Boet Meintjes ................................................................... 104 1890: MARTINI HENRI: NICO MOOLMAN ........................................................................ 106 UNIFORM: POLICE HANGARS ........................................................................................ 106 BEFOETERDE OLIFANTBUL: PIET-PATU VAN ZYL ....................................................... 107 KLIPRIB: “PIET-PATU” VAN ZYL ...................................................................................... 108 4


INTERNATIONAL JUSTICE .............................................................................................. 109 Accountant of Auschwitz, 96, must serve his four-year jail sentence: Death camp guard who was accessory to 300,000 murders is fit enough to be locked up, court rules..... 109 1922: UMTATA MOBILE SQUADRON .............................................................................. 110 2004: FIRST FEMALE OFFICER COMMANDING AT SA NAVAL COLLEGE................... 111 “PAY UP” IS LAW OF THE TRANSVAAL / BETAAL IS DIE WET VAN TRANSVAAL ...... 115 THE HEROIC ANTARTIC EXPLORERS AND THE SOUTH AFRICAN WAR OF 1899 – 1902: DR SYDNEY CULLIS............................................................................................... 117 TIMOL INQUEST IS TIPPING POINT FOR POSSIBLE TIDE OF PROSECUTIONS ........ 122 Weekend Argus (Sunday Edition) 6 Aug 2017............................................................ 122 COMPLAINT BY THE FOUNDATION FOR EQUALITY BEFORE THE LAW .................... 124 WEEKEND ARGUS (SUNDAY EDITION) 6 AUGUST 2017 ...................................... 124 HMS QUEEN ELIZABETH ................................................................................................. 127 Our fighting flagships: How 65,000 tonne, 919ft-long HMS Queen Elizabeth dwarfs other warships that have defended the nation’s seas for centuries ............................ 127 Inside Big Lizzie revealed: Life above and below HMS Queen Elizabeth's four-acre deck for the 700 crew.................................................................................................. 136 GENEALOGIESE VERENIGING VAN SUID-AFRIKA: GENL WH STEYN ........................ 140 SAP-boeke geskenk ................................................................................................... 140 GENL.MAJ. HC RADEMAKER: NEDERLAND .................................................................. 140 FEITESTELLING: KOL. EUGENE DE KOCK / ONS TUIS ................................................ 141 BLOEMFONTEIN: VROEË MOTOVOERTUIGBOTSING .................................................. 142 SLOT / END ....................................................................................................................... 142

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PUBLISHER / UITGEWER The Nongqai is compiled by Hennie Heymans (HBH) a retired Brigadier of the late South African Police Force and the e-magazine is published on ISSUU. Hennie lives in Pretoria, ZA. He is passionate about our police-, military- and national security history and holds a MAdegree in National Strategic Studies. Any opinions expressed are my own.

Tel. No. 012-329-4229 E-mail: heymanshb@gmail.com

AIM / DOEL Our goal is to collect and record our national security history for publication in the Nongqai for future generations. / Ons doel is om die nasionale veiligheidsgeskiedenis in die Nongqai aan te teken en so vir die nageslagte bewaar.

ONGOING RESEARCH PROJECTS • • • • •

• • •

Photographs of police stations. (Please share your photographs with us.) Southern African Uniforms and badges. Police Heroes and a “Police Who is Who”. Police Commissioners: We are preparing a booklet on the various SA Police commissioners. Should you have any photographs or anecdotes please share with us. Kommissarisse van polisie: Ons is besig om inligting van ons onderskeie polisiekommissarisse in te samel. Ons begin by kol. sir TG Truter en werk ons pad deur die geskiedenis totdat genl. JV van der Merwe die SAP oorhandig het aan nuwe nasionale kommissaris van die SAPS, genl. George Fivaz. Ons het besluit om brig. George Baston by die reeks in te sluit aangesien hy vir bykans vyf jaar as die kommissaris waargeneem het. Police History: We collect eyewitness reports from policemen about cataclysmic events in our history e.g. Cato Manor, Sharpeville, Pondoland, etc. We have large collection of digital recordings from police officers. Boipatong: Ons sal graag van lede wil hoor wat by die Boipatong-voorval betrokke was. Speurdiens: Ons kry bitter min feite verslae van speurders oor opspraakwekkende misdade. Die Waarheid- en versoeningskommissie: Ons as oudlede het baie repliek om te lewer op die WVK se duisende bladsye op die internet. Honderde lede se reputasies word aldaar geskaad en word inligting – sonder om in dit konteks te plaas – gepubliseer. Daar is selfs inligting wat glad nie waar is nie! [Adv. George Bizos het in sy eerste boek talle lede van die SA Polisie swart gesmeer. In sy tweede boek skryf hy, dit kan aanvaar word dat hy die waarheid geskryf het want niemand het ooit enige beswaar teen bewerings geopper nie.] Manne, indien ons nie op die WVK se skryfsels gaan reageer nie, gaan die nageslag dit as die evangelie aanvaar. (Maj. Craig Williamson het reageer en ons gaan sy optrede in die verlede in konteks aanbied.) Nie-wit lede van die polisie: Ons neem nie-wit lede van die polisiemag – as ‘n groep – onder die loep. Ons kyk na die verskillende uniforms vir Swart-, Bruin en Indiër-lede. Ons kyk na die opleiding van nie-wit lede, dis iets wat die Nasionale Party (NP) in die 1950’s begin het. Vir jare was die Swart-lid van die Mag niks anders as ‘n hulp6


polisieman deur die NP-beleid – daar is verskeie uitsprake deur adv. CR Swart is die Swart-lede later volwaardige lede van die SAP. Onder die NP-bewind is hulle vir die eerste keer opgelei! Onthou skryf u storie, soms kan ons net op die geskrewe weergawe terugval want dit is al wat daar is!

VOORBLAD: FRONT PAGE: GENL/GEN JM KEEVY Kommissaris van Polisie van 1962 tot 1968 Op die voorblad van hierdie maand se uitgawe verskyn genl. JM Keevy. Genl. Keevy is op 14.9.1908 te Somerset-Oos gebore, het op 7.2.29 by die Mag aangesluit en was op die volgende plekke gestasioneer: S.A.P. Kollege en agtereenvolgens te Ganskuil, Boons, Rustenburg, Potchefstroom, Krugersdorp, Pietersburg, Ermelo, Heidelberg, Durban, Kwartiermeester en S.A.P. Hoofkantoor. Op 19.12.36 is hy met mej. Marthina Johanna Maria Stolz in die huwelik bevestig. (Dit is onbekend of die Keevy-egpaar kinders gehad het.) Die volgende medaljes is aan genl. Keevy toegeken: • Koningsmedalje; • S.A. Polisiester vir Verdienste; • S.A. Polisiemedalje vir Troue Diens; • Afrika Diensmedalje (die sg. “Rooi Eed”.) en • S.A. Polisiester vir Voortreflike Diens.1 Verdere inligting oor genl. Keevy: • Genl. Keevy is nog een van Gill Kollege se bekendste alumni. 2 • In 1934, vyf jaar ná aansluiting, verwerf hy die kommissierang.3 • Verwerf BA (Ekonomie). • Hy het baie gedoen om landsveiligheid te verseker. Tydens sy termyn het die Rivoniasaak en die inhegtenisneming van adv. Bram Fischer groot berusting gebring. • Was die laaste luitenant-generaal om kommissaris te word. • Op 23 September 1968 open genl. J.M. Keevy die nuwe polisiemuseum in Pretoria.4 • Oorlede gedurende 1980 op 72jarige ouderdom. Kommentaar deur HBH Genl. Keevy was ‘n goeie polisieman, hy was ‘n distrikskommandant (Durban) en hy was kwartiermeester. Hy het baie respek afgedwing. Dit was in die dae toe daar ‘n hoë premie op rekenpligtigheid en vrugtelose uitgawes geplaas was. Hy was die kommissaris toe ek by die Mag aangesluit het. Hy was ‘n bekwame en innoverende persoon wat baie gedoen het om die Mag uit te bou en om omstandighede vir die lede van alle rasse te verbeter. Onder sy bekwame leiding het die Mag uitgebrei en is meer poste geskep. Senior konstabels wat in daardie jare bejaarde manne was, is i.t.v Reg 16 (6) na sersant bevorder; so ook is senior sersante na adj.-off. Bevorder. Die stap het ‘n positiewe impak op alle lede van die Mag se pensioene gehad. In die 1960’s was die polisie een departement waar die meeste lede op die intree-rang (nl. konstabel) afgetree het. Hierdie stap om lede se diens en lojaliteit te beloon was allerweë 1

SARP, October 1968: 31 Potgieter, D.J. (red.) 1972. Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa. Cape Town: Nasionale Opvoedkundige Uitgewery (Nasou). 3 In daardie jare kon enige onder-offisier direk aan die kommissierang-eksamen deelneem - HBH 4 http://www.saps.gov.za/children/museum/museum_bibliography.htm 2

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goed ontvang. Dit was sy gedagte om bejaarde en ervare lede sonder die aflegging van eksamens te bevorder. Ons ander jonger en beter gekwalifiseerde lede moes maar aan bevorderingseksamens deelneem. Mkonto we Sizwe (MK) is gedurende 1961 gestig. Genl. Keevy was kommissaris in die beginjare van die rewolusionêre stryd. Genl. Keevy het baie in die rewolusionêre aanslag belang gestel en het baie vir die Land en die Mag beteken. In sy tyd is die grondslag vir ‘n goeie inligtingsdiens en die nuwe veiligheidspolisie gelê. (Die oorlogtydse “special branch” ook bekend as die “spesiale afdeling” het in genl. Van der Bergh se tyd as die veiligheidspolisie – later veiligheidstak - bekend gestaan.) Luit.-kol. HJ “Lang-Hendrik” van den Bergh is gedurende sy termyn as veiligheidshoof aangestel. Met die instemming van dr. HF Verwoerd is die Republikeinse Intelligensiediens (RI) op die been gebring. Genl. Mike Geldenhuys vertel dat toe hy, genl. Geldenhuys, as majoor die hoof van RI in die “Withuis” in Johannesburg was, het genl. Keevy daar besoek afgelê. Berig wat genl. Keevy se afsterwe aangekondig het

Bron: Servamus5

WELCOME / WELKOM U wonder seker waarom ek die tydskrif uitgee? Ten eerste wil my kollegas en ek graag die leser graag inlig, verstom en vermaak of laat glimlag m.b.t. ons nasionale veiligheidsgeskiedenis. Ons lewe staan einde se kant toe. Ons was natuurlik in die verlede as polisiemanne op ons pos en gereed vir enige gebeurlikheid. Ja, ons het foute gemaak en ons het ook die regte dinge, reg gedoen! Ek kry die indruk ons het geantwoord op Suid-Afrika se destydse roepstem. Kyk, omtrent 80% van ons polisie het in 1939 ingewillig om die sogenaamde “Rooi Eed” te neem. Ouers, met

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Servamus: 1980-08-31

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inbegrip van my Ouma, het hul seuns in die Mag gewaarsku om nie die “Rooi Eed” te neem nie! Watwou! ‘n Polisieman leef vir avontuur! My Vader vertel dat hulle wat nie die “Rooi Eed” afgelê het, is hard behandel en baie rondgejaag. So is hy van Durban na Kwaggaspoort gestuur, aldaar weer rondgejaag en het toe die “rooi eed”, soort van onder protes, by ‘n Engelse-offisier geneem. Vandaar is hulle na Baviaanspoort om die Duitsers wat opstandig was, in toom te hou.

Die lang storie bring my by die punt van my kommer: Die eens redelike gesonde ekonomie is (en word) stelselmatig geplunder. Niemand waarvan ek weet, het al in die openbaar die publiek gerusgestel en gesê: “Ons ondersoek die bedrywighede van sekere mense met die oog op vervolging.” Ek sien die ANC plaas die nasionale vervolgingsgesag onder druk. Ook sien ek nie dat my ‘Ou Vyand’, Jan Taks, lus is vir baklei nie. Ek lees van allerhande bewerings in die koerante. Selfs die stad wat op goud gebou is, Johannesburg, ervaar enorme probleme met bedrog en verwante misdade, nie duisende nie maar biljoene – ek is nie eens seker van die getal nulle as ek 12 biljoen moet skryf nie.

Former finance minister Pravin Gordhan says he was surprised by the scale of state capture revealed through the #GuptaLeaks, saying South Africa could have doubled social grants with the suggested R100bn stolen.6

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http://www.news24.com/SouthAfrica/News/sa-could-have-doubled-social-grants-gordhan-on-suggestedr100bn-stolen-20170803 (3 Aug 2017).

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Ons het weer ‘n paar besondere interessante artikels ontvang wat deur ons lede self geskryf is. Ons kyk ook weer na die aanwending van perde in die Magte. Ek is “mal” oor perde in die magte. Wat ‘n sieraad is ‘n spogperd en ruiter nie? (Ek kan net noem dat ek hier in die laat 1980’s drie voorstelle aan die De Witt-komitee gemaak het: (1) Dat ons weer perde moet ontplooi. Lt.kol. (later brigadier) SJP “Steve” du Toit het my met die navorsing gehelp. Google het destyds nie bestaan nie en ons moes navorsing in biblioteke doen. Ek het egter tydens buitelandse besoeke aan die VSA, VK, Nederland en België (Jean van der Rul: Rijkswacht) polisieperde in die praktyk gesien en hoe die polisie hulle ontplooi het. (2) dat ons wêreldwyd polisie attachés aanstel; en (3) dat ons ‘n navorsingsafdeling daar moet stel. Adj. Nas. Kommissaris Mike Bester (soos sy rang toe was) het my in c1996 vertel dat my voorstel vir die herinstel van ‘n berede afdeling in die polisiediens goedgekeur was en dat die perde weer landswyd ontplooi word. Jammerlik vir my, was ek toe al uit die Mag gewees.

DIE SUID-AFRIKAANSE POLISIEMAG: ENIG IN SY SOORT IN DIE WÊRELD! GENL. JV VAN DER MERWE Gedugte eenheid Vir meer as 30 jaar was ons in ‘n bloedige terreurstryd gewikkel. Ons het sy aan sy geveg. Lede van die uniformtak, speurtak, veiligheidstak, die verskillende TIN-eenhede soos dit ontwikkel het, die taakmag, die SAKB en later forensieseburo. Daar was verskeie ondersteuningseenhede wat elkeen ‘n besondere rol vervul het om die polisiemag as ‘n eenheid saam te snoer. Ons het huis en haard teen die aanslae van die bose magte beskerm en het nie geskroom om dag en nag te werk waar ons roeping dit vereis het nie. Vanweë hulle besondere vermoëns en vernuf het eenhede soos Koevoet en Vlakplaas tot stand gekom. Hulle het meedoënloos teen die vyand opgetree en politici het op die golf van hulle welslae gery. Medaljes vir dapperheid en lofprysings is mildelik uitgedeel. Lede is op die skouer geklop en herhaaldelik verseker dat hulle opofferings waardeer word. Die groot aantal lewens van weerlose persone wat sodoende gespaar is, kan nie bereken word nie, maar dat dit talryk is, is gewis en seker. Talle lede van die polisiemag het in die stryd die hoogste prys betaal en hulle lewens opgeoffer om die weerlose te beskerm. Toe kom 1994. Die regering word sonder slag of skoot aan die ANC/SAKP-alliansie oorhandig en die lede van die veiligheidsmag aan die genade van hulle eertydse vyande oorgelaat. Ek het by herhaling tydens die onderhandelinge gewaarsku dat die lede van die veiligheidstak die slagoffers van die wraak van die ANC/SAKP-alliansie en hulle meelopers gaan word. Die lede van die veiligheidstak was ‘n doring in die vlees van die ANC/SAKP-alliansie en het met die ondersteuning van die polisiemag in sy geheel die aanslae van die alliansie met groot welslae afgeweer.

Gelag Ministers en amptenare wat by die onderhandelinge betrokke was, het net gelag en my vrese as neuroties bestempel. Dr. Niel Barnard het sy bes gedoen om te help en met sy hulp het ons die bepalings van die slotgedeelte van die Tussentydse Grondwet so bewoord dat die toestaan van amnestie ten opsigte van dade wat met ‘n politieke oogmerk verband hou en in die konflik van die verlede gepleeg is, verpligtend is. Die ANC-regering het daarna die Wet op die Bevordering van Nasionale Eenheid en Versoening, wat die toestaan van amnestie

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gereël het, so bewoord dat die bepalings van die slotgedeelte van die Grondwet in ‘n groot mater afgewater is.

Timol-ondersoek Sedertdien is verskeie lede van die veiligheidstak en die weermag vervolg en is die vervolging van vier voormalige lede van die veiligheidstak tans hangende. Die heropening van die geregtelike doodsondersoek van Ahmed Timol na bykans 46 jaar beklemtoon die sug na wraak wat daar in die geledere van die ANC/SAKP en die alliansie se meelopers smeul. Timol het volgens die aanvanklike bevinding van die geregtelike doodsondersoek selfmoord gepleeg deurdat hy deur ‘n oop venster vanaf die 10de verdieping in John Vorsterplein gespring het. Met die uitsondering van Jan Rodrigues en Neville Els, is al die ander lede wat by die ondersoek gedurende 1971 betrokke was oorlede. Die lykskouing is deur dr. Scheepers, die staatspatoloog, gedoen. Dr. Gluckman het namens die Timolfamilie die lykskouing bygewoon en dr. Koch namens die polisie. Al drie wel bekende en hoog aangeskrewe patoloë. Al drie het bevind dat daar letsels aan die liggaam was wat reeds genees het. Dr. Scheepers en Gluckman was van mening dat die letsels tydens aanhouding opgedoen kon gewees het, maak kon dit nie bo twyfel bevestig nie. Dr. Koch het heftig verskil en aangevoer dat die wyse waarop die letsels genees het aandui dat dit voor aanhouding opgedoen moes gewees het. Al drie was egter oortuig daarvan dat die dood deur die val veroorsaak is. Die landdros wat die geregtelike doodsondersoek gelei het, landdros De Villiers, is deur professor I.W. Simson, ‘n professor in patologie en eweneens baie hoog aangeskrewe, as assessor bygestaan. Professor Simson het tydens die ondersoek die drie patoloë deeglik ondervra en landdros De Villiers het grootliks op sy mening vir sy bevinding gesteun. Besonderhede van die geregtelike doodsondersoek soos in verslaggewing vervat kan op die volgende webblaaie gelees word: http://www.ahmedtimol.co.za/downloads/archive/articles/Undatedarticles/NooneistoBlameTi molInquest.pdf http://www.ahmedtimol.co.za/downloads/archive/articles/Undatedarticles/ExpertdisagreeonT imolTheTimolInquest.pdf

Tydens die huidige geregtelike doodsondersoek is getuienis gelewer van gruweldade wat lynreg bots met die bevinding van landdros De Villiers. Dit wil voorkom asof al die vrae wat tydens kruisverhoor gestel word bloot daarop gemik is om te bewys dat Timol vermoor is en dat sy lyk daarna afgegooi is. Die gruwelstories word klakkeloos deur die media herhaal en die wêreld ingestuur. Ofskoon die leuens wat opgedis word en die wyse waarop lede wat reeds oorlede is beswadder word, ons mateloos frustreer, staan ons tans magteloos. Omstandighede buite ons beheer en ruggraatlose politici het ons in die situasie gedompel. Ons sal noodwendig moet wag totdat ‘n bevinding gemaak word en die relaas van die ondersoek beskikbaar is voordat ‘n sinvolle ontleding en gevolgtrekkings gemaak kan word.

Geloof Ek glo egter onwrikbaar in die beskikking van ‘n almagtige God in wie se Hande ons lotgevalle berus. Ons het baie foute gemaak, maar altyd in goeie trou en nooit uit kwaadwilligheid of nyd nie. Daarom swyg ons te neer, Hy regeer! Johan van der Merwe

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Verwysings na koerantberigte: http://www.ahmedtimol.co.za/downloads/archive/articles/Undatedarticles/NooneistoBlameTi molInquest.pdf http://www.ahmedtimol.co.za/downloads/archive/articles/Undatedarticles/ExpertdisagreeonT imolTheTimolInquest.pdf

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Onlangs het ‘n paar lede op ‘n Saterdagoggend saam met genl. en mev. Van der Merwe ontbyt genuttig. In antwoord op die lede se bedanking vir hul teenwoordigheid skryf genl. Van der Merwe aan hulle soos volg: “ ..... Ek het tydens ons gesprekke weer eens besef dat ons darem polisiemanne van yster gehad wat vir niks gestuit het nie. Dit is werklik jammer dat die reuse bydrae wat hulle gelewer het om wet en orde te handhaaf en talle lewens te spaar so misken word.”

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SAP: WAGPOS/ PICQUET: SKULPFONTEIN

Skulpfontein: Nico Moolman Skulpfontein se polisiestasie 1940's. Net duskant Suidwes teen die kus innie Noord-Kaap. Vriend Phillip Kotzé se pa het die kiekie geneem toe hy daar sersant was. Trots was toe die wagwoord van elke polisieman.

Piket: Kommentaar: HBH Ek het laas gedurende 1960 laas die woord “picquet” (Frans) of piket, soos in Piketberg, in polisietaal gehoor. (Sien foto hierbo.) My Vader, sers. AF Heymans, en ‘n klomp Durban polisiemanne was vir ‘n ruk op ‘n piket (wagpos) op die destydse grootpad tussen Umtata en Kokstad te Brooksnek; net waar die pad afdraai na Lusikisiki. Dit was gedurende 1960 tydens die opstand in Pondoland. Daarna het hulle geskuif na die Mobiele-eenheid se basis te Mt. Ayliff. My woordeboek gee piket aan as ʼn kaartspel.

PERDE IN DIE MAGTE / HORSES IN THE FORCES Last of a dying breed: Footage from 1917 shows American troops training their cavalry for WW1 battle shortly before horses were replaced by tanks -

Footage shows American cavalry preparing to enter the First World War in 1917 Horses stand in formation as men mount and dismount in perfect unison Animals also practice running over tough terrain and charging the enemy America only used horses as a weapon for a short time as artillery and machine guns limited their effectiveness, and tanks superseded them

By Chris Pleasance for Mailonline Published: 13:22 BST, 2 August 2017 | Updated: 13:23 BST, 2 August 2017 14


Fascinating footage has surfaced showing American cavalry preparing for service in the First World War. Video from 1917 shows horses forming up as their riders practice mounting and dismounting in unison, charging the enemy and moving over rough terrain. Cavalry units were viewed as an essential attacking weapon at the start of the war and used extensively by all forces, though by the time America joined in April 1917 they were fast being replaced by tanks.

Fascinating footage has emerged showing American cavalry units being trained in 1917, ready for deployment during the First World War

One of the last cavalry charges of the war happened at the Battle of Moreuil Wood on March 30, 1918, six months before armistice. Canadian cavalry charged at German positions, managing to defeat a superior force despite the fact that they were supported by machine guns. Share But while the battle was technically a victory, three-quarters of the mounted units involved were killed. The charge at Moreuil Wood was an execption rather than the rule at this point in the conflict, however. Because of their vulnerability to modern weapons, and a shortage of replacements, horses were largely put to work away from the battlefield. Instead, the animals were used to haul heavy weapons, ammunition, and equipment over muddied ground pockmarked with shell holes that early vehicles struggled to cope with.

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Riders and mounts can be seen forming up, cantering over rough terrain and practicing charging the enemy in the black and white footage.

America used horses to attack for only a short time as powerful artillery, and the invention of machine guns and tanks, had severely limited their effectiveness.

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They were also used to carry messengers and as scouts because they moved faster over rough ground. All major combatants during the First World War deployed cavalry at some point, with Britain and Canada keeping them in offensive roles the longest. America only used them in combat for a short period, before a lack of replacements forced them off the battlefield. While exact numbers are not known, hundreds of thousands of the animals died during the war from bullet or shrapnel wounds. Even after they stopped being used in combat many died from disease and starvation as fodder became scarce. Share or comment on this article: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-4753206/Americancavalry-prepare-enter-World-War.html (3 Aug 2017).

Duits Suidwes-Afrika / German South West Africa

Perde word te LĂźderitz, in die hawe, per vlot ontskeep: Argief Nico Moolman.

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Polisieperd: Selbourne

Foto geneem deur mev. Lambrecht geneem en van Nico Moolman ontvang. Pat Senekal wat in die SAP-kollege groot geword het, het my vertel die perd se naam is Selbourne. ‘n Baie geliefde en intelligente dier.

FERDIE WENTZEL Goeie môre Oom Hennie, Ek gaan hierdie stuur in ‘n poging om die nodige kontak aan die gang te kry en ook om te toets of ek self kan reg kom met die blikbrein-besigheid. Sal baie graag wil bydra tot u grootse poging om die geskiedenis saam te stel, maar het min foto’s. ‘n Paar kort storietjies van spesifieke voorvalle en dan natuurlik ook senuagtig oor wat ‘n mens kan publiseer of oor praat, al dan nie. Dit is nou a.g.v. die Timol-sage. Ek is bevrees dat indien die hof hierdie “menings” as getuienis gaan aanvaar, dit ‘n hele blik wurms gaan oopkrap. Moet sê, nadat ek Nongqai 8 van 8 gelees het – Ek het ‘n boek deur, “SWAIB PIET KOLONEL AND HIS MEN”, waarin die manne wat vanuit Suidwes opgeroep/vrywilliglik aangesluit het om Noorde toe te gaan tydens die tweede wêreldoorlog, se doen en late omskryf word. My oorlede Pa, wat saam met sy oudste broer, my ouma se handtekening vervals het, omdat hy te jonk was het ook opgegaan en was eers daar bo uitgevang. Elk geval, geniet u dag en mooi loop. Groete, Ferdi (31 Jul 2017) 18


Brief 2 Goeie môre Oom Hennie, Ek gaan probeer om die goedjies te stuur en hoop ek kom reg. Gebruik gerus die wat u dink goed genoeg is, verander dit wat verander moet word en vernietig maar die res. Ten opsigte van die boek:- SWAIB staan vir SOUTH WEST AFRICA INFANTRY BATTALION. Dit was ook afgekort deur SWAIS of in Duits, SWIZE. Soos u hopelik sal kan sien, nie omdat daar fout met u sig is nie, maar omdat die boek gekopieer is, was die voorwoord deur Veldmaarskalk J.C. Smuts geskryf in September 1944. Vir my persoonlik is daar heelwat menings in die boek wat interessant is, maar kan ook as kontroversieel gesien word. Ek het ook ‘n aantekening boek gekry in die argiewe, waar my Pa aantekeninge in gemaak het tydens opleiding daar bo. Ingesluit is daar ook uittreksel uit ‘n boek wat deur ‘n oud Lid geskryf is:- “FLAGS”. Ek kan ongelukkig nie vasstel wat die kopieregte op die ene is nie. Elk geval, hier gaan ons, Groete, Ferdi. (2 Aug 2017) NS. Ek het die e-pos probeer maar hy is te groot, so ek stuur hom nou in paaiemente..........!

1933 SWAP op kameelpatrollie

1972: SIBINDA CAPRIVI: FERDI WENTZEL Sewentien dae na my troue in 1972, word ek opgeroep om grensdiens te verrig. By die SAPkollege, word ons meegedeel dat ons, d.i. Sierra Kompanjie, saam met ons swart kollegas die dienste sal verrig. Dit is die tweede kompanjie wat swart en wit saam grens toe sou gaan, 19


nadat daar 'n twee weke oriënterings/opknappings kursus te Maleoskop deurloop is. Hierdie was geen probleem vir enige van die manne nie, aangesien ons reeds op stasie/kantoorvlak saam as kollegas gewerk het en mekaar wedersyds gerespekteer het. Op die gegewe tyd, klim ons die Flossie en vlieg Katima Mulilo toe. Daar word ons in die verskillende kampe opgedeel en ons kry toe Sibinda as basis. Dit dien gemeld te word dat die kompanjie in twee gedeel word sodat die een helfte eerste opvlieg en helfte van die lede wat reeds daar diens doen, aflos. Hierdie eerste groep word dan ontplooi en word deur die lede wat daar agter gebly het, touwys gemaak en die patrollies en area word gewys. Sibinda het uit twee afsonderlike basisse bestaan – Die een was slegs blanke Lede en agter hom, ongeveer 150 meter weg was ons basis. Die patrollies was almal voetpatrollies op die Kaplyn en in vergelyking met die patrollies in Rhodesië, baie maklik omdat dit oop en gelyk was. Ons gedeelte was in drie opgedeel – een redelike lang een en dan twee wat korter was. Daar was geen observasie poste of meer as een dag patrollies nie. Oor naweke het ons bietjie by ander basisse gekuier of sommer net die plaaslike bevolking besoek. Singalamwe (spelling) was ons bure suid en verder af was die Kongola Fort. Singalangwe het teen die Kwando rivier gelê en die baken wat die grens tussen Caprivi, Angola en Zambia aangedui het, was nie vêr van die Basis af nie. Tydens ons drie plus maande aldaar was daar geen kontakte gewees nie en het ons almal veilig huis toe gekom.

Links: Sibinda Kamp Ingang – 1972. Regs: Hotnotsgot se neus. Die idee was dat penne wat liggies die grond voor daardie rye wiele oopkrap, die landmyne of teenpersoneelmyne sou ontbloot en die wiele dit sou detoneer of aftrap.

Kaplyn - Sibinda -1972 20


‘n Teenmyn-eksperimentele voertuig deur WNNR ontwerp en op die Kaplyn ontplooi. Die voertuig was deur afstandbeheer gestuur en die lede het haar Hotnotsgot gedoop.

Suidwes toe in ure So werk die uwe 06:00 tot 14:00 skof daar op Lyttelton een oggend, vroeg September 1976. Lekker vars na Junie maand se rond hardloop. Ongeveer 06:30 lui die foon en dit is DK Offisier: "Soek man met Tin-opleiding om te rapporteer in die Kollege - Nou". Ek sê reg en gee die nommer, rang en naam roetine. Skryf oordrag in die VB, boek sommer uit en ry huis toe. Sleep die ou bostrommel uit met die "camou" en al die benodighede weer netjies in gepak na Junie-maand. Die Lede, op pad hof toe met die prisoniers en dossiere, laai my by die Kollege af, nadat ek darem vir Moeder Raaf by haar werk gegroet het. Ons kom daar waar die “Blou Wildebeeste” se "pre-fabs" was, bymekaar en word meegedeel ons gaan Suidwes toe. Toe maj. Van Rensburg van Brooklyn, is in bevel en ons word opgedeel sodat 'n groep die voertuie kan opry. Dit is 17 Land Rovers, 2 Chev 4x4's en 2 Bedford opruk trokke. Die res vlieg op en sal ons in Windhoek kry. Voor middag se tyd ry ons, drie op 'n Landie en so sleep ons verby Magaliesburg, Lichtenburg en verder. Laat nag se tyd maak ons onder andere vol op Upington en ry verder. Een van die Bedford’s besluit hy wil nie verder nie en ons los hom. Elk geval, so kom ons in Windhoek aan sonder verdere ongevalle - word opgedeel in seksies en ons seksie bestaan uit 5 Lede. Al dit wat jy saam gebring het, in 'n Landie, saam met jou vier kollegas. Ons word ingelig dat 23 lede van die vyand êrens bokant Oshivelo, Suidwes, binnegekom het en dat ons deel van die spanne is wat opvolg, stoppergroepe en observasie poste gaan doen. Dit is tot en met die 23 verby gegaan het of terug gekeer het. Het ons darem gery in daardie tyd, selfonderhoudend, slaap waar jy kan en eet stof elke liewe dag wat daar gery was. Dit is nou nie juis in volgorde nie maar ek onthou ons het onder andere geslaap in die skoolkoshuis op Otavi, Oshivelo langs die grensdraad (OP), Otjiwarongo, en so aan. Moet net hierdie stukkie gou hier insit van Otjiwarongo by die Hamburgerhof Hotel - Saterdagmiddag en die manne sit by die toonbank en ons hoor ‘musieke’ vanuit die saal langsaan. “ 'n Troue”, sê die kroegman en nie te lank daarna kom die Pa van die bruid en bestel 'n rondte vir elke man met "camou". Moeilikheid begin net daar. Dit is ook hier waar Chain Lombaard se hansboklam, wat hy êrens gekry het, naderhand op die toonbank kuier. Elk geval, verder was ons Outjo, Kamanjab en Karibib. Hier was ook so 'n ligte uithaak gewees want dit was ook 'n Saterdag laat-middag wat ons daar aangekom het. Nou kyk, daai 21


kroegie was half klein en die manne dors. Op een of ander stadium het die kroegman erge moegheid ervaar en besluit toe om maar van onder die toonbank 'n ogie te hou. Van Vuuren @ ‘Fires’ van Johannesburg was nou kroegman en ek het gehoor jy kon op daardie stadium 'n dubbel Klipdrift en Coke kry vir R2.00 minus R1.90 se kleingeld. Later die aand het einste ‘Fires’ êrens 'n kitaar in die hande gekry met net 5 snare en so staan en speel hy nou vir Kris Kristofferson se ...."For The Good Times" op die stoep. Vroeg die volgende oggend, terwyl daardie hond in die mond gevoel nog bitter sterk deurkom is dit van klim en klou want die Tjopper het kontak geslaan buite Omaruru in die koppies. Kyk daai Landies hardloop die wit kalkpad dat dit net een lang wit stof streep is. Daar gekom het vyf van die betreders probeer om die ‘20 mil.’ van die tjopper aan te vat en sleg tweede gekom. Teen die einde van die maand het blykbaar net een dit gemaak terug oor die grens en land uit. Ek het darem met die terug reis saam met sers. Killian, die ‘Radio-mech’ van, as ek reg onthou, Springs area, in een van die Chevy's teruggery.

1986: Geluk - Toeval - Noodlot........? Volgens "google" was dit Sondag, 25 Mei 1986 toe die telefoon taamlik vroeg lui. Dit is nou vir 'n Sondag. "Ontploffing op die Davel/Hendrina grondpad". Nou ja, die telefoon is nog op pad na die "mikkie" toe, toe is ek aangetrek en die nodige ablusie gedoen en daar trek ons. Op die toneel vind ons 'n Hi Ace wat baie duidelik 'n landmyn met een van die voorwiele getrap het. Nie baie mooi nie. Dit is die ingang na 'n plaas opstal en soos byna al die plase, vorm die paadjie, eintlik maar twee spore, 'n "Y" want hy draai of links in die rigting van Davel of regs in die rigting van Hendrina. Reg langs die ingang was 'n massiewe ou boom, aan Hendrina se kant. Die landmyn het onder hierdie boom detoneer en beide persone wat voorgesit het is oorlede. Dit blyk toe uit ondervraging van die 8 passasiers dat hulle op pad was na die plaas toe om die "rou te kom afhaal" van 'n oorlede familie lid. Die bestuurder het eers verby die afdraai gery en moes toe omdraai en die aksie het die Kombi toe op die inry geplaas waar die myn gestel was. Tydens die ontploffing, was die boer en sy gesin reeds gereed om kerk toe te ry - Hendrina se kant toe en dus oor die myn....... Terwyl ons nog besig was met die ondersoek op die toneel, arriveer 'n seksie van, as ek reg onthou, Middelburg se Onluste/ABS manne en hulle word getaak om die paaie, veral die ingange na die plase te ondersoek vir verdere ongewenste artikels. Na die ondersoek voltooi was vertrek ons en ry maar in die rigting van Hendrina op die rooi grondpad. Ook nie lank nie of ons kry die berig van "iets" verdag by 'n plaas ingang. Op hierdie toneel het die twee manne van ABS ingedraai na die plaas opstal toe en nadat hulle niks verdag daar aangetref het nie, keer hulle terug na die hoofpad. By die "Y" aansluiting draai hulle nou links en ry dus met die ander spore uit as wat hulle in gekom het. Die bestuurder kyk na regs vir aankomende verkeer en ry bietjie langs die gewone spore. Gelukkig kyk die passasier links en af grond toe uit die syvenster en merk toe die ronde "losgrond" kol reg in die spoor waarlangs hulle moes ry. 22


Nou ja, uit einde was dat daar 'n TM 57 landmyn gelig word en na 'n lekker groot "bang", het ons almal veilig huiswaarts gekeer.

CULTURE AND HISTORY: GAVIN TISCHENDORF A love for tradition has never weakened a nation; indeed, it has strengthened nations in their hour of peril. - Winston Churchill Culture and history are very important, more importantly the preservation of one’s culture and history. As an English-speaking child/teenager I didn’t really concern myself with SA history, I’ve always felt more part of European history than SA history. I guess all the movies and books were from overseas that I grew up with. My father is however Afrikaans speaking and always joked and said the Afrikaans and English children don’t get on well with each other (I think he said something like ‘die Afrikaanse kinders gaan julle biksem”), especially when I told him we competed against a different school team. Then like all white skinned South Africans I had to perform my National Service, I was sent to the Infantry. I did come prepared physically; I did sport and trained a bit with my neighbour across the road from where I stayed, he also was called up. During my time in the army I however did learn much about people and the ‘bigger picture’ about South Africa. And yes, I saw the townships for my first time (during the state of emergency), and in the border region I patrolled and observed the more rural townships to prevent witch burnings/stoning and communist ideology from being spread to people, walked border patrols, and assisted SAP with roadblocks. In all honesty, the army isn’t all ‘fun and games’, but we all learned that to achieve a goal you must work as a team. I also learned that certain cultures don’t mix at all and some we live peacefully a street apart. I also noticed that political ideology can divide people worse the skin colour will, As I noticed very good cooperation with white and black (especially Portuguese speaking) troops, I asked why; many of these Portuguese black troops had come from countries decimated by other Africans following Marxist-communist ideology. After completing my military service, I joined the SA Police, this is when I really noticed that in SA if you want peace and stability you need to fight for it. Then I noticed that in a country like SA a policeman was a soldier as well, fighting more than arresting criminals. South Africa still seems to be fighting an ideological battle, as the leaders don’t actually belong to a grounded historical cultural, the leaders fight to keep a political party in power a party founded in the ideology of the Marxist communist variety. Then it hit me that our history and the suffering and sacrifice of so many can be forgotten, where we come from and how we got here, can be lost. I then became involved with a veterans organisation so to preserve history and to pay respect to those that served before me, we must never forget that we came from a culture that respected the elders and those that played their part to move us forward. My time in the army probably made the most impression on me, yet it was only a short period and the last time I wore a brown uniform was 28 years ago. I guess the army makes a huge impression due to entering at a young age, and the obvious shock to the system of a teenager fresh out of school. Yet it was serving in the army that made me remember to honour the past and those that gave before me. I would say the army prepared me for 14 and a half years in law enforcement SAP, Metro police. I believe the SADF promoted a culture of self-sufficiency and hard work and upheld many of the old values of South Africa, these were values also shared by the police and other law enforcement agencies. 23


I would agree to the statement that “peace and freedom come at a price�; but are all willing to pay their fair share, and how many share the same values?

1990.1SAI

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GEREGTELIKE DOODSONDERSOEKE In ‘n GO is daar is slegs vier vrae waarop antwoorde gekry moet: (i) Die identiteit van die oorledene (ii) Die datum van dood (iii) Die oorsaak van dood en (iv) Of die dood veroorsaak was deur ‘n handeling of late van iemand. Indien op (iv) positief geantwoord kan word en daar blyk iemand in lewe te wees wat die dood veroorsaak het, dan kan DOV die saak: - strafregtelik verder neem met die hulp van die getuienis of - die familie kan ‘n siviele eis instel daarmee. Die Timol-saak Baie getuies het daar kom sit en tyd mors. Hul getuienis het nie gehelp om een van die vier vrae te beantwoord nie. Die feit dat Timol aangehou was, is irrelevant en kan nie die GO hof help om die 4 vrae te beantwoord nie. Toets elkeen se getuienis aan die 4 vrae hierbo genoem.

BORN OUT OF NECESSITY: INTERNAL STABILITY DIVISION: GAVIN TISCHENDORF We know that in the last few months leading up to the 1994 elections the air was politically charged, super charged in fact. Most of the unit’s duties generally had some political air or issue involved, when dealing with the public in the townships. We have to realise that a system of making South Africa ungovernable was in place to force political turmoil; this system inevitably put the ISD units in direct conflict with revolutionary elements. Yet, even in this difficult political climate at this time, other duties needed to be performed. We were called out to help with violence offences and often these complainants were older people/pensioners, in these very ‘politically aware’ areas general police functions had to most degrees ceased to happen. Seems like when the rule of law broke down the youths embraced the lawlessness, but the older people suffered as they believed in order. In these townships, we saw many things that were alien to us; people dumped the bodies of babies in toilets and garbage pits, murder victims left in busy streets and no witnesses. Getting out of the Nyala or Casspir in a street in the townships you automatically became aware of your surroundings; you became aware of possible attacks, you became aware that you as a unit member were the enemy of those who wished to control the townships. At night, outside of an armoured vehicle you walked in a single file against a wall to get the benefit of some cover, you held your weapons at the ready you scanned the area. Often, we had to go on foot at night to arrest suspects, especially political violence and petrol bombing, these arrests almost always led to running battles between houses and in alleyways. We were different, we were meant to look different from the other policeman, and they gave us those camouflage uniforms to be soldiers. We were police officers that needed to perform duties in an urban conflict zone; we were policeman that needed to be soldiers when the need arose. We were a unique type of unit: One born out of need, need to perform policing within a war zone.

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I always had the feeling the government didn’t care about the units yet we did the job and never saw the politicians, we never really mixed with the other SAP members and they never mixed with us. We were the ‘out of sight out of mind’ unit, yet the units had strong leadership/officers and a strong sense of responsibility and comradeship.7

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Would other members say this is true? – HBH.

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Gavin Tischendorf was a Sergeant in the SA Police and was at Unit No 5 for just over two years. He was in the SAP for six years and one month. (He was also stationed at the Special Guard Unit (Rondebosch Estate) and at the CID Florida.)

MY VOLK IN OOTMOED: MJJ VAN RENSBURG My Volk in ootmoed My Volk in ootmoed, want daar’s nuwe moed Dis ons afspraak met die God van der eeue. Dit is die nuwe verbondsdag. Oor die uitgerekte land van die belofte Van die een horison na die ander, Buig my Volk soos die geskilderde reÍnboog. Stilte! Bruis deur my are, Stilte ! maak my deel van die Hemelskare. Dis die stilte op die Bloemfontein se plaas Want God praat in die stilte Hier is die oomblik, die ty den die stilte, Bepaal in die dagboek van die Here. Seun van Golgota, ontmasker en ontklee my siel En ontbloot my donkerte. Laat my die windjie voel by die grashalmpie, Laat my die mier se voetspoor volg. Ek sak my gesig tussen hulle in ootmoed

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Ek staan buite die Getsemane tuin Want binne is dit baie stil. Ek loop in die nag op hierdie plaas Want die stilte hier is so rein. Hier kuier die sterre agter die wolk gordyn. Die Volk se wonde bloei soos die Tugela, Die Volk se kreet weergalm tussen die berge soos gewonde krygers op die slagveld. Ons bulk en worstel soos ‘n duisend beeste. Israel is in die donker put van Afrika My Volk verklaar sy bankrotskap. Ons skenk ons regte en grenslyne Aan die bode van die Hemelhof. Hier is al ons rykdom en ons armoede, Ons kinders skape en beeste. Ons alles op die altaar van ootmoed Op hierdie dag van ootmoed Gryp die filosoof en die digter na die pen Die musikant sing ‘n huillied in sy gemoed. Die skilder ontvou die ossewa op sy doek Die profeet maak sy Bybel oop en treur. In sak en as roep hy na die Heer My Volk staan om die bedoelings altaar. Ons offer nie ‘n goue kalf nie Maar verslae geeste en gebroke harte. My Volk is verleë O Here! Die reëns van die veld is raar En die reën van seën het ons ontwyk. Dis droog Here, maar aanvaar ons trane. Die Engele volg die padkaart na Bloemfontein Soos wyse manne na Bethlehem. Die satan sien die ster oor die plaas En besef vandag is sy planne dwaas. Die ootmoed hier is vir hom ‘n geraas. Daar’s ‘n kind gebore in Bloemfontein, ‘n Volk wat weet om te bid Die swart nag sal nog swarter word, Die Volk is in ‘n staat van ootmoed. Daar kom nog kruise met wit omgord En bloed soos ‘n vulkaan teen die berg. Maar die gebore kind van ootmoed In Bloemfontein sal groot word. Die Vader van Abraham, Jakob en Isak Sit ook vandag op die plaas. Dis die dag van die nuwe verbond So seker soos die tik van die horlosie So seker soos die sonsopkoms en die son sak, Sal die Heilige Koning van die ootmoedigheid, 30


Met Sy swaard, wit per den geregtigheid, Die dorsvloere kom wan in Sy passie Here God! Ontmoet my Volk se hart Waarmee ons vandag U Voete was. Here ! my Volk het ‘n nagmaal afspraak Met U in die plaas se bokamer. Ons is ‘n Volk in seer en smart MJJ van Rensburg 22 April 2017

POLISIESTAALJIES: NORTJE

ROOFREAKSIE-EENHEID:

PF

‘TINY’

Hennie, Ek het gedink om die staaltjie te vertel vir die Nongqai. Dalk maak dit ‘n plekkie vol. Dit was so die omgewing 1989 toe ek en nog ‘n roofreaksielid twee knape gearresteer het vir besit van ‘n ongelisensieerde vuurwapen en ammunisie. Ons was op pad na die polisiestasie toe ‘n radioberig uitgesaai word van ‘n bankroof in Rosebank. Roofreaksie lede was alreeds op die toneel en stuur die radioberig dat swartmans met ‘n Golf GTi daar weg gejaag het. Ek was ook toevallig in ‘n Golf GTi. Ek laat toe weet dat ek ‘n stopper sal hou op die snelweg in die rigting van Soweto. Ek het steeds die twee menere agter in die voertuig. Ek het gery tot by Baragwanath Hospitaal waar ek toe omgedraai het. Met die omdraai hoor ek oor die radio: "Ek sien hulle, hulle ry rigting van Uncle Charlie`s!!" Ek sit voet in die hoek en jaag Uncle Charlies toe. Ek hoor weer: "Daai GTi roer manne hy roer!!" En ek roer my Golf, maklik 180 kpu. Toe ek in die spieëls kyk, sien ek net blou ligte ver agter my en ek besef wat gebeur. Ek stop en klim vinnig uit, want ek besef al wat polisieman en verkeersman is agter my aan en ek wil nie hê hulle moet skiet nie. Toe almal stop toe sê die een lid "Demmit Kaptein, toe ons die Golf sien omdraai en ons sien die twee agter in die voertuig, toe jaag ons, maar hel, die GTi bly voor. Ons het nooit die regte rowers gevang nie" Interessante loopbaan gewees, Groete, Tiny.

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Tiny Nortje is die “klein” mannetjie met die rooi das.

1960’s: SOUTH AFRICAN DEPARTMENT OF FORESTRY / SUIDAFRIKAANSE DEPARTEMENT VAN BOSBOU: MARK NAUDE

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Chief Forester Hoof-bosbouer

Senior Forester Senior-bosbouer

Forester Bosbouer

Pupil Forester Leerling-bosbouer

During different eras, foresters employed by the government also wore uniforms. Presumably this was because they were also involved in law enforcement (especially those who were in charge of indigenous forest reserves). Photographs taken before WWII show them wearing what appears to be dark green shoulder straps. Photographs from the 1950’s show them wearing metal shoulder titles and metal cap badges. In the 1960’s they had rank insignia in the form of small six-pointed stars with a tree in the centre. At that stage, there were four "grades" of forester each with their own insignia. The dress uniform was either brown or light khaki depending on the season. The use of the stars apparently led to a lot of confusion with members of the public mistaking foresters for policemen, railway policemen, prison warders or traffic officers. Eventually the "pips" were replaced (c. 1969) by green shoulder slip-ons and gold braid and shoulder flashes with a tree design were also taken into use which presumably meant an end to confusion with various policing agencies – Mark Naude.

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1970’s: SOUTH AFRICAN DEPARTMENT OF FORESTRY / SUIDAFRIKAANSE DEPARTEMENT VAN BOSBOU: MARK NAUDE

Control Forester Beheer-bosbouer

Chief Forester Hoof-bosbouer

Forester Bosbouer

Senior Forester Senior-bosbouer

Pupil Forester Leerling-bosbouer

1899 – 1902: ‘n STORIE IN KLIP: HARRISMITH: MONUMENT Onder is ‘n foto soos deur Nico Moolman verskaf. Die ander foto’s is deur my persoonlik geneem. My familie kom oorspronklik van Bethlehem, (waar hulle ‘n tuiste gevind het nadat hulle uit die Kaap getrek het) maar baie woon in die Harrismith, Swinburne en Van Reenenarea terwyl vandag baie oor die aardbol versprei is. Soos baie Suid-Afrikaners kom ek uit ‘n familie met Sappe, Natte, Ossewabrandwagte, ander het die “rooi Eed” geneem, ander was Vrymesselaars en ander weer lede van die Afrikaner Broederbond (AB). (Almal was egter lede van die NG Kerk of die Anglikaanse Kerk.) Volgens my Tante, wie se oorlede man “Rooi Lussies” gedra het, het die manne met die “Rooi Lussies” hierdie monument tydens WO2 beskadig toe gemoedere hoog geloop het.

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Dankie Nico Moolman. Hier is die roer niwe beskadig nie. Op die onderste foto is die loop van die roer beskadig.

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Die roer se loop is afgebreek.

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Genl. “Swart” Wessel Wessels en genl. “Rooi Machiel” Prinsloo was twee vermaarde Vrystaatse vegters en genl. CR de Wet se gunsteling offisiere. Dr JFJ “Hans” van Rensburg was die Administrateur van die OVS, hy het die pos bedank om leier van die Ossewabrandwag te word. Tydens die eerste wêreldoorlog met die Rebellie, was hy aan regeringskant. Die teenoorgestelde vind plaas in WO2, hy kom in opstand teen sy voormalige hoof, genl. JC Smuts nadat hy die OB by kol Laas oorgeneem het. 38


Kommentaar deur HBH: Vandag is alles net geskiedenis, nogal verskriklike interessante geskiedenis! Mens kan verstaan dat die soldate tydens WO2 die beeld sou beskadig en as hulle gevang was, moes hulle tronk toe gegaan het.

SNASP Mozambique: The Tortuous Road to Democracy: João Cabrita Attached is Chapter 5 of my book8, Mozambique: The Tortuous Road to Democracy. Below, other details about the book. Since the publication of the book, more information has emerged about SNASP, which I could add as footnotes once you have the text ready. Since the publisher is the copyright holder, perhaps it would be advisable that Nongqai reports on the chapter rather than transcribing it entirely. I leave it for you to decide. Let's hope it will attract comments from people with knowledge about SNASP and the reeducation camps as well as the political prisoners and others who perished there. Have a good weekend. João Cabrita Bibliographic Information Book Title: Mozambique. Book Subtitle: The Tortuous Road to Democracy. Author: J. Cabrita. Copyright: 2000. Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan UK. Copyright Holder: Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited.

FOTO’S: JOHANNES BOTHA Johannes Botha is ‘n ou vriend wat vliegtuie en militêre items met sy kamera afneem. Hier is twee van Johannes Botha se pragtige foto’s:

Aérospatiale Alouette III Die Aérospatiale Alouette III is 'n ligte enkelmotorige nutshelikopter ontwikkel deur Sud Aviation. Dit is vervaardig deur Aérospatiale van Frankryk. Die Alouette III het vir meer as 44 jaar diens aan die Suid-Afrikaanse Lugmag gelewer, met meer as 346 000 vliegure, veral gedurende Suid-Afrikaanse Grensoorlog in Angola. Die helikopter is amptelik aan SALMdiens by Lugmagbasis Swartkop naby Pretoria in Junie 2006 onttrek.9

8 9

Chapter 5 deals with SNASP – the Security Police of modern Mozambique – HBH. https://af.wikipedia.org/wiki/A%C3%A9rospatiale_Alouette_III afgelaai op 8 Augustus 2017 – HBH.

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Willey’s Jeep

WO2: Willy’s Jeep: Voortrekkermonument.

GENL SMUTS AAN DIE FRONT: NICO MOOLMAN

V.l.n.r. Onbekend, genl. sir Pierre van Reyneveld, genl. JC Smuts en genl. Brink.

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OVS ARTLLERIE: LT BONING: N MOOLMAN

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1406 AUTOPSY REPORTS NOT COMPLETED SINCE LAST YEAR – JACK BLOOM Jack Bloom | 10 August 2017 DA says missing reports due to 'outstanding toxicology and alcohol results from laboratories, and a shortage of staff Hundreds of court cases are delayed in Gauteng because 1406 reports have not been completed and typed up from autopsies done last year. This has been revealed by Gauteng Health MEC Gwen Ramokgopa in a written reply to my questions in the Gauteng Legislature. According to Ramokgopa, 11034 autopsies were conducted in Gauteng state mortuaries last year, but only 9628 reports were completed and typed up. These means that reports from one in eight autopsies are outstanding. The missing reports are due to "outstanding results (Toxicology/Alcohol) from National Health Laboratories and shortage of admin staff." Ramokgopa says that this "results in delays in court processes." I am concerned that so many autopsy reports are delayed as they are critical evidence of unnatural death in court proceedings. Pathologists in the mortuaries complain that there are not enough typists to assist them with the reports. Ramokgopa says that the department "is in the process of setting up an electronic management system which will assist in ensuring that court reports and photographs are readily available." This electronic system is needed, but it is a lack of typists that is delaying the reports, which is simple to fix. Administrative support should be improved to ensure that the backlog of autopsy reports is eliminated. Issued by Jack Bloom, DA Gauteng Shadow Health MEC, 10 August 2017 http://www.politicsweb.co.za/politics/1406-autopsy-reports-not-completed-since-lastyear?utm_source=Politicsweb+Daily+Headlines&utm_campaign=45e75821c3EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2017_08_10&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_a86f25db99-45e75821c3130042309 (11 Aug 2017).

UK POLICE: INJURIES ON DUTY Most ludicrous police injury pay-out yet? Officer who was bitten by a FLEA at work is handed £12,000 in damages (after previous claims for tripping over a kerb and falling off a chair) • • •

Officer handed £12,127 in damages after successfully suing West Midlands Police Today the pay-out was branded 'ludicrous' by former Lib Dem leader Tim Farron Case was just one of a number of workplace injury claims to the force, which paid £61,131 in compensation between April 1 last year and March 31, 2017

By Rachael Burford for Mailonline Published: 12:49 BST, 9 August 2017 | Updated: 14:36 BST, 9 August 2017 A police officer was handed more than £12,000 in compensation after being bitten by a flea while at work. 43


The news follows a series of astonishing compensation claims made by officers in recent years, which have included huge pay-outs for falling off chairs and tripping on kerbs. The unnamed detective was awarded £12,127 in damages after he successfully sued West Midlands Police, which also had to fork out £4,185 in legal fees in the case. It was just one of a number of workplace injury claims to the force and, in total, West Midlands Police paid out £61,131 in compensation between April 1 last year and March 31.

The unnamed officer was handed £12,127 in damages after he successfully sued West Midlands Police (headquarters pictured), which also had to fork out £4,185 in legal fees Today the pay-out was branded 'ludicrous' by former Lib Dem leader Tim Farron and a former officer, who said compensation culture was rife in forces across Britain. Mr Farron said: “Our cops do an amazing job keeping us safe. Compensation should be paid for injuries at work but some of these claims seem to take the biscuit. It's frankly ludicrous that taxpayers are footing the bill for when someone gets fleas on them”. HOW SOME POLICE FORCES ARE MORE SECRETIVE THAN OTHERS Last year MailOnline revealed the large compensation pay-outs for officers were receiving across the UK. While many forces around Britain were open about how much taxpayers' money they had handed out in compensation, others were less forthcoming. Wiltshire and South Yorkshire police said they were unable to provide any information on how many claims had been made or how much had been paid. Thames Valley, Northamptonshire, Staffordshire and Avon and Somerset Police all refused to say how much they had paid out, claiming the information could breach data protection rules. 'It's utterly barmy and will harm public confidence in the police.'

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Chloe Westley, campaign manager for the TaxPayer's Alliance, added: 'At a time when taxpayers are feeling the pinch and departments are having to find necessary savings, these payments will certainly sting. 'Of course, compensation pay-outs will sometimes be necessary because accidents can ruin lives, but it still falls on public sector organisations to make sure they are rooting out anyone making spurious claims with taxpayers' cash.' A Freedom of Information request revealed the West Midlands Police was sued by 14 serving police officers and various other staff members for a range of other bizarre work place injuries. One officer who tripped at work was given payments in excess of £5,000, while two cops who were injured due to 'manual handling' were given £6,000 and £8,573.30. Another was handed £7,274 compensation for defective equipment used while on the job. Last year a MailOnline Freedom of Information request revealed the astronomical cost that forces across the country were paying out in compensation claims by officers. These included an officer in Durham who pocketed £25,000 for injuring his left knee falling over in a police station corridor, a Hertfordshire PC who was given £16,000 after they injured themselves tripping on the covering of a plug socket and a West Yorkshire police dog handler who was awarded £17,000 after his dog bit him. A Freedom of Information request revealed the force was sued by 14 serving police officers and various other staff members for a range of other bizarre work place injuries.

One officer who tripped at work was given payments in excess of £5,000, while two cops who were injured due to 'manual handling' were given £6,000 and £8,573.30 (stock photo). 45


Former West Midlands Police officer Ray Egan, who served on the force from 1967 to 1993, said the pay-outs 'beggar belief'. 'It's absolutely baffling,' he said. 'I was a policeman for over 20 years, and I can't even imagine what would have happened if I'd gone to my senior officer and started moaning because I'd been bitten by a flea.'I'd have been kicked out the office with a clipping round the ear, I'd have thought. 'I'd have been told to get back to doing my job. There's no way they would have allowed that. 'Times are a bit hard still, and to have the audacity to make a claim that on tax payer's money is extraordinary. 'It's gone soft, it really has. All I can say is that I'm glad that I've retired. Compensation culture if rife across many forces in this country.' A West Midlands Police spokesperson said: 'A police officer received a settlement after receiving a flea bit at work that result in emergency surgery. 'Compensation pay-outs are only made following the assessment of appropriate medical evidence by insurers and solicitors who then make a recommendation to the force as to what the pay-out should be. 'The force does have liability insurance in place which operates in respect of compensation claims made as a result of injury.' PC Kelly Jones sued after she tripped on a kerb while attended a suspected break-in. Fears over a growing compensation culture in the police were raised three years ago when a police officer sued a burglary victim after she tripped on a kerb. PC Kelly Jones sued garage owner Steve Jones after she fell and injured her leg and wrist in Thetford, Norfolk, while attending a suspected break-in. She later dropped the claim. Her case prompted a heated public debate, with the police federation insisting it is right that such officers are compensated, but her own police chief constable saying he was 'disappointed' by the claim. It later emerged that, in a similar case, a PC Richard Seymour sued a burglary victim after he allegedly tore his Achilles tendon when he fell into a drain while investigating a break-in in Surrey in 2012. He sued for ‘loss of overtime’ during his six-month absence from work despite being on full pay. The case of Kelly Jones prompted Home Secretary Theresa May to order a review of police compensation amid fears it may be deterring victims of crime from coming forward. Share or comment on this article http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-4774660/Officer-bitten-FLEA-work-handed-12-000.html 9 Aug 2017. In kontras ons lede is deur krokodille gebyt, deur olifante getrap en dan baie beserings in die bos-oorlog, malaria, landmyne, ongelukke, skietvoorvalle en aanrandings deur messe en kieries. 46


LIEUTENANT GENERAL KEITH COSTER ICD, OBE, SSAS Part III: Into Germany and Stalag ‘Great Escape’ Luft III by historian, author and copy-editor Gerry van Tonder (please visit Gerry’s website: http://www.rhodesiansoldier.com/)

Gerry van Tonder In the last edition, as the Allied forces pushed German forces to the northern borders of Italy, the Germans entrained their Allied POWs and despatched them to German-occupied territories and Germany itself. By this time, the Italians had already capitulated. One day in August 1943, Captain Keith Coster of the South African Air Force and fellow POWs were marched out of the Italian concentration camp, Campo P.G. 47, and loaded onto cattle trucks at Modena Station. Keith Coster continues in his memoirs: When all the POW officers were loaded into the cattle trucks, the doors were bolted from the outside, and the train moved off. We had no water, there were no toilet facilities, and we were crowded to 47


the point where no-one could lie down. It was hot and airless. We had no idea how long we would be incarcerated in the trucks. I think we spent two nights and two days in the gloom of the cattle trucks before the train stopped at Innsbruck in Austria. We were allowed out of the trucks and, being desperately thirsty, made immediately for a small stream that ran alongside the railway line. The water, which came down from the mountains towering above Innsbruck, was crystal clear and icy cold. It was the most refreshing thing I ever remembered. I fell in love with Innsbruck on that day in 1943, but never managed to get back there as a free man until September 1999, fifty-six years later. We were soon back in the cattle trucks and on our way to Germany once again. Our next stop was at a town called Moosburg, where we detrained and put into a transit POW camp for a few days. The Moosburg camp contained POWs from all the countries fighting Germany, including Russians. One of the bungalows housed only Russians, and on one occasion while we were there, the Germans ordered everyone to parade on the parade ground. The Russians refused to obey the order, so the Germans opened the doors at each end of the bungalow and sent in three or four German shepherd dogs to force the Russians out. The dogs were never seen again. The Russians killed them and ate them!

German camp guard with his German Shepherd.

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I cannot remember when or how long we stayed in Moosburg, but we were soon back in the cattle trucks and on our way to what was meant to be a permanent camp near Stuttgart. I remember virtually nothing of this camp either, or how long we spent there: it could have been weeks or months – probably a month or two. Then the Germans announced that all captured air force officers were to be removed from the Stuttgart camp and transferred to an exclusively air force POW camp known as Stalag Luft III. Some of the South African Air Force officers decided that they would rather stay with their friends in Stuttgart and proceeded to rid themselves of anything – badges, buttons, wings, etc – that might identify them as airmen. My friends and I, however, decided that we had nothing to lose by going to Stalag Luft III. In due course, we were marched out of the camp, down to the nearest railway station, and entrained for the longish journey to the east. Stalag Luft III was situated southeast of Berlin, near a village or small town called Sagan. This was probably in November 1943, because all I remember of the journey was that it was snowing heavily, it was bitterly cold, and did not present any opportunity for a possible escape from the train.

Aerial photograph of Stalag Luft III, showing North Camp where Captain Coster was billeted. We duly arrived at Sagan, noting that the area was very flat and fairly heavily wooded with pine trees. Stalag Luft III was a large POW camp, divided into a number of compounds. We were put into the north compound, which consisted of a number of long, wooden bungalows with a central corridor running from end to end, with rooms on each side. Some rooms held four men, some eight. Our beds were double-decker wooden bunks with slats across – known as bed boards – which supported a thin and uncomfortable coir mattress. All the bungalows were raised off the ground so that the German security guards – known as ‘ferrets’ – could check on possible tunnelling activities. 49


The rooms had an iron pot-bellied stove that kept us warm in winter, and enabled us to brew-up tea which came to us in the Red Cross parcels. When the stoves were not lit, tea water was brewed-up in what we called a ‘stufa’, a very skilfully constructed little stove made from empty Klim powdered milk tins, which heated water very rapidly. Balls of paper were used as fuel. Klim tins joined together to form a pipe, were also used to convey air to the face of a tunnel for ventilation, while bed boards were used to shore up tunnels and prevent them from collapsing. We soon settled into our new environment, making many new friends amongst the hundreds of fellow air force officers there. I suppose the majority were Royal Air Force officers, most of them shot down in night-bombing raids over Germany. Later we had a huge influx of Americans when the US 8th Air Force started daylight raids with [Boeing] B-17 bombers. This was before they had Mustang fighter [North American Aviation P-51] escorts to keep off the German [Messerschmitt Bf] 109s and Focke-Wulf Fw 190s.

American B-17 bomber with P-51 Mustangs escorting. There were also Australians, Canadians, New Zealanders, Rhodesians, South Africans, Poles, Czechs, Frenchmen, Hollanders, Norwegians, etc. Jack Parsonson, who was there when I arrived, became my best friend, and we remained together until the end of the war. Other good friends I had there were Jack Robbs, who was on my course at the SA Military College, Johnny Eccles, and a senior cadet, Con Norton, a well-known South African war correspondent whose brother was editor of the Cape Times.

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There was also Paul Brickhill, an Australian war correspondent who wrote the story of ‘The Great Escape’ (later made into a film starring Steve Macqueen), Jim Verster who, after the war, became the head of the South African Air Force, Tony Parker, later to be the Secretary for Defence in Rhodesia, and many others. I had an American chum called Jack Fielding who, in peacetime, had been a Golden Gloves lightweight boxing champion. He taught me a lot about boxing too. At one stage, we had an American lieutenant-colonel in our room called Jamie Murray. He was a delightful chap and very easy to get on with. He bailed out of his Flying Fortress [Boeing B-17] at 30,000 feet, and decided to free-fall most of the way before opening his parachute. He became so intrigued with the free-fall, that he only just got the parachute open in time. Also in the camp was an RAF Sergeant Alkemade10, who was blown out of a Lancaster bomber without a parachute. He fell from about 16,000 feet and landed in a very deep snowdrift. He sprained his ankle and lived to tell the tale! When our intake moved into Stalag Luft III, there were three tunnels under construction. One was discovered, but the Germans knew nothing of the other two, so their construction continued throughout the winter. Some of us volunteered to join the tunnel crews and were assigned as ‘duty pilots’.

German ‘ferrets’ whose sole duty was to search for POW tunnels.

10

RAF gunner Sergeant Nicholas Alkemade (21) was sitting in the tail end of a Lancaster bomber when a German fighter plane opened fire. His plane, Werewolf, began to go down in flames and the pilot addressed the crew over the crackly intercom, telling them to jump. Alkemade stood in the plane, flames licking his flight suit, and in the chaos, was forced to make an unenviable decision. The question was whether to stay in the plane and fry, or jump to his death. He decided to jump and make a quick, clean end of things, so he backed out of his turret and dropped away.

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Our function was to watch for, and report on, the movement of ferrets. Our organisation was such that the position of every ferret was known at every minute of the day or night. If a ferret was known to be moving towards a bungalow from which a tunnel was being dug, the word flashed from one duty pilot to another, causing work to cease at the tunnel mouth, until the danger had passed. The same organisation worked to make it safe for the BBC news to be read out to all the occupants of a bungalow each day. A clandestine radio receiver, hidden well below ground, received the news.

Chilling message from their German captors – Allied POWs are warned that they will be shot dead if they are caught after having escaped. 52


Every morning all the POWs who were not in the camp hospital had to attend ‘apell’: a parade of every able-bodied prisoner, where we were counted and also addressed on any subject which the Germans wanted to convey to us. In the summer, this was no real hardship, but in the East German winters (we were not far from the Polish border), it was just plain hell. Sometimes, to punish us for perceived misdemeanours, we would be kept on apell for hours on end in the snow and the freezing wind. Every day started with apell, and when it was over, we more or less had the day to ourselves. Some would talk, some would read, some would attend classes to learn German or French or any other language that was being offered. Some would be rehearsing for a camp play, others like Paul Brickhill and Con Norton, would be busy with the manuscript of a book. When the weather was good, many would indulge in physical exercise ranging from gymnastics to weight lifting. In the winter, it was so cold that we would make an ice-skating rink in no time at all. The fire buckets in each bungalow would be filled with water, and one would race out to the site at the skating rink and pour the water onto the ground where it froze instantaneously, before rushing back for another one. In thirty minutes, one would have a skating rink large enough to play ice hockey on. Skates were provided by the International Red Cross.

Ice hockey at Stalag Luft III. Probably the most popular pastime with the majority of POWs, was ‘pounding the beat’, which meant walking round and round the perimeter track that was overlooked at every point by the German sentries in the ‘goon boxes’ or ‘goon towers’, which were erected all around the compounds. One met airmen from every part of the Commonwealth, as well as from America, and those countries of 53


Europe at war with the Germans. One of the friends I made at that time was a squadron leader from New Zealand called Len Trent. He told me, as we pounded the beat together, about how he came to be shot down. It was an incredible story, and when he had finished I said to him, “Len, what you have just told me sounds like a citation for a VC.” Much to my delight, when the war was over, I read in an English newspaper that Squadron Leader Len Trent of New Zealand had been awarded the Victoria Cross. The large open space between the bungalows and the perimeter wire was used for sporting activities of all kinds, from rugby and soccer to gymnastics. On one occasion, we organised a huge athletics meeting between North America (the United States and Canada), the British Isles, Europe, Africa and the Antipodes (Australia and New Zealand). The climax of the meeting was a medley relay race in which I ran the 440 yards (now 400 metres) for Africa. Despite being perpetually hungry, I was very fit. When I took over the baton, I was stone last, but I went off at a great pace and to my surprise eventually passed all the other runners on the track. I handed over to a chap from Kenya who had to finish by running the 880 yards. He was a superb athlete who had no difficulty in maintaining the lead that I had given him, and so Africa won the premier event of the day. Not a big deal as they say today, but very satisfying in those circumstances.

POW stage productions were very popular, with some of the men looking very convincing in female attire. Another very popular activity amongst the ‘Kriegies’ (short for kriegsgefangene, German for POWs) was that produced by the Dramatic Society who put on all the plays that were then on in the West End of London. There was some extraordinarily good talent to be found in the POW camps. A number of RAF officers who acted in the camps during the war became very well known on the London stage after the war. The big problem was that there were no women in POW camps, so all 54


female parts had to be taken by men. In Stalag Luft III we had an RAF officer called ‘Junior’ Dowler who, when made up as the female lead for a play, was nothing short of incredibly beautiful, and many a POW found himself ‘in love’ with that gorgeous girl! On one occasion, the play being enacted by the Dramatic Society was ‘Arsenic and Old Lace’. We were all very amused to hear that an American air force officer had arrived in the camp, having been shot down in a B-17, with tickets in his pocket for the London show of ‘Arsenic and Old Lace’. So’ in the end, he saw it in Germany. There seemed to be no possibility of escape from Stalag Luft III, except by tunnels from inside the compound, under the wire, and eventually coming up some distance outside. As I have already mentioned, when I moved into Stalag Luft III in November 1943, or thereabouts, there were three tunnels under construction. One was discovered and closed down by the Germans, while work on the other two continued. The tunnels were code-named Tom, Dick and Harry. Harry was the tunnel chosen for the ‘Great Escape’, which took place on the night of 24th March 1944.

Diagram of the north compound in Stalag Luft III, showing the positions of the ‘Tom’, ‘Dick’, ‘Harry’ and ‘George’ tunnels dug by Allied POWS as escape routes. ‘Harry’, immortalised in the movie The Great Escape, proved to be the most successful escape in terms of numbers, but also the most disastrous, with fifty recaptured POWs summarily shot by the Germans. The plan was to get 250 POWs out through the tunnel before first light the next morning. Only a limited number of would-be escapers could be provided with suitable civilian clothing, money, maps and rations, so the selection was based on those officers who had been intimately connected with tunnel construction from its inception. The balance, if they managed to get out, would do the best they could in their air force uniforms and what rations they had saved up. No one expected them to get very far, but at least they would keep the follow-up forces busy looking for them, and perhaps help to take the heat off those who were better equipped for escaping. All of us who had had any hand in the escape organisation drew cards to establish the order of going through the tunnel. My number was such as to make it unlikely that I would get out that night. I was 55


bitterly disappointed at the time, but said a silent prayer of thanks when the events of that fateful night unfolded. Everything that could go wrong with the tunnel went wrong. It was late in ‘breaking’, coming up sixty feet short of where it should have come up. Some escapees were stuck fast in the tunnel when all the lighting went out in the tunnel because the RAF were raiding Berlin ninety miles away, so the Germans turned off all the electricity at Stalag Luft III. Instead of getting 250 men through the tunnel, about 80 got through. A couple of days later, we were informed that on the orders of Adolf Hitler himself, fifty of these were executed by shooting. Their ashes, in fifty small urns, were sent back into the compound for all the rest of us to see. The impact of such an outrageous action can well be imagined. Fifty hale, living men – our friends – two days ago, and now fifty small urns containing their ashes. Our hatred and detestation of the Germans knew no bounds.

The memorial at Żagań (Poland) to the fifty escapees from Stalag Luft III who were executed by the Germans after a failed attempt to escape. Eventually life, such as it was in a POW camp, returned to normal. By listening to the BBC news every day, clandestinely of course, we were aware that the tide of war was turning against the Germans. Hitler’s invasion of Russia – exactly as in the case of Napoleon’s invasion of 1812 – turned sour, forcing the Germans to start the long and terrible retreat from Russia back to their homeland. German losses in the battle for Stalingrad were enormous. At last the writing was on the wall.

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RAF Bomber Command carried the air war to Germany, sending as many as 1,000 bombers a night to Berlin and many other major German cities. The US Air Force too, stepped up its daylight raids on the Reich. We often witnessed 1,000 or more B-17s spread across the sky from horizon to horizon, while air battles between the escorting Mustang fighters and the German 109s and 190s raged around the line of bombers. Then on 6th June 1944 came the invasion of the continent from Great Britain: Operation Overlord, the greatest seaborne invasion that the world has ever seen. The Allied forces, with Americans and British in the majority, landed in France. As they built up their forces in the bridgehead area, they turned east and swept towards Germany. We all thought that the war would be over before Christmas 1944, and that we would be back home for Christmas. But it wasn’t to be. The war dragged on with the German forces being squeezed more and more between the Russians from the east and the Allied forces from the west. In the south also, the Allies, driving up through Italy, helped to squeeze the German forces back into the heart of Europe.

A Column of Allied POWs on the march in Germany. In the first months of 1945, Germany was in the grip of a harsh, bitterly cold winter, as well as being rolled up from both east and west as the Russians and the Allies closed in on the country. On the night of 16 February 1945, it was snowing heavily over Stalag Luft III when, without any warning, we were told to pack our few belongings and be prepared to move out of the camp within an hour. We could at this stage hear the Russian and German guns as they engaged in an artillery battle on the River Oder, which was the border between Poland and Germany, about fifty kilometres to the east. It never occurred to us, though, that we would actually be moved from Stalag Luft III. However, every POW had some rations saved from Red Cross parcels for use in an emergency, so we packed these, together with any spare clothes we had, and a blanket each.

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The Canadians, who were used to snow, suggested that we should try to provide ourselves with little sledges for carrying our belongings. Jack Parsonson, Jim Verster and I hastily knocked up a sledge using bed boards. We had the brilliant idea of cutting strips of metal from Klim tins, which we nailed to the sledge’s runners to obviate too much wear. We dressed in everything we had, packed the rest on the sledge. We were ready.

I think it was about midnight when the guards chased us out of our barracks and got us formed up in columns of three facing towards the exit from the camp. It was freezing. Not only was it snowing 58


hard, but there was an icy wind blowing off the Silesian plains which introduced a wind-chill factor that dropped the temperature alarmingly. Then off we set, out of the camp we had been in since November 1943, before turning towards the west, away from the advancing Russian forces. We plodded on through the snow, with heads down to avoid the icy wind but beards and moustaches froze into solid ice and morale dropped to rock bottom. When the first grey streaks of dawn lit the wintry sky, one could imagine that this was like Napoleon’s retreat from Moscow in 1812. Two of us pulled the sledge with all our worldly belongings packed on it, while the third just plodded until his turn came round. Our sledge became more and more difficult to pull. We presumed that we were tiring, but we had to keep going. The awful weight of the sledge not only broke our backs, but nearly our spirits as well. Eventually after some hours, we decided to do without the sledge and backpack instead. It was when we offloaded the sledge that we discovered what the problem was. The Klim tin ‘runners’ on the underside had lost the nails that held them fastened to the wood. They had turned downwards into the snow, so that instead of helping the sledge to slide over the snow, they had become brakes, which made pulling virtually impossible. Once we had ripped the tin runners off, the sledge once more pulled normally, and off we went again. The blizzard lasted all day and conditions worsened considerably. That night, nearly dead with fatigue, we slept beside the road in total blackness and on the snow. Jack Parsonson and I each had a blanket, so we put one down on the snow, then lay huddled together for what little warmth we could get from each other’s bodies, and put the other blanket on top. It was a night neither of us would ever forget. Years later Jack would delight in shocking people by telling them that Keith Coster was the only man he had ever slept with! By the following night, we had reached a small German village, or town, called Muskau. To our extreme relief, billets were found for all the POWs on the march. Jack, Jim and I found ourselves billeted in a disused cinema, from which all the seats had been removed, so although we had to sleep on the floor, we at least had a roof over our heads, which held off the snow and the howling, icy wind. There were so many of us packed into the cinema, however, that we lay like sardines in a tin. If one had to get up in the night to go outside to spend a penny, one inevitably trod on some recumbent form in the total darkness, rewarded with a flow of invective the like of which one had never heard before. We spent a few days at Muskau until the blizzard stopped and the weather began to clear a little. Then we were on the march again to a town called Spremberg, which was on the railway line.

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Cattle trucks were a common means of transporting POWs around Germany. Here we would be crammed into cattle trucks for a long and desperately uncomfortable journey across Germany from east to west. One of our concerns was the possibility that Allied fighter aircraft would strafe our train, or that the British or Americans would bomb us when we were being shunted about in railway marshalling yards. However, this never materialised, and eventually we reached the destination that the Germans had set for us. It was a place called Westertimke on the outskirts of Bremen. We arrived there at night and in pouring rain. All we wanted was to get inside, even though it was another POW camp. Strangely enough, the Germans were very tardy about letting us in, until Jim Verster went up to the gate and shouted for the commandant. When he appeared, Jim threatened him with harsh action after the war if he did not immediately open the gates and let us all in. This worked. Hundreds and hundreds of sick, cold, wet, hungry and weary POWs were permitted to get out of the rain and find a place to doss down for the night. Our first journey was over. It commenced on 17th February 1945 and ended at Westertimke on the last day of February – a total of eleven days. The camp we were now in had a majority of naval and merchant navy officers, but we hardly had time to make friends there because the war was rapidly drawing to a close. Germany was shrinking in size, as the Russian forces closed in on Berlin from the east and the allied forces from the west. Our camp was close enough to Hamburg for us to be able to witness the night bombing of that city. It was a fearful sight to behold. The night was lit up 60


almost like day from the fires caused by the bombing, and the casualties caused to the German people were terrible.

Operation Gomorrah firebombing of Hamburg.

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On April 15th, four days before my 25th birthday, the Germans decided to move us once more. This time we were to move eastward, away from the advancing Allied forces. We set off along country roads heading towards Hamburg, where we would cross the River Elbe into Schleswig-Holstein. By now it was early spring in Europe and there was plenty of blue sky and sunshine, added to which was the certainty that the war, which had been going for five-and-a-half years, would very soon be over. Our second march, by comparison with the evacuation from Stalag Luft III, was a pleasure. As we passed through villages and farms, we were able to do a little trading with the locals, exchanging chocolate and cigarettes from the Red Cross parcels for eggs and fresh vegetables. When you haven’t eaten an egg for three years, it becomes a very desirable and prized item. We slept in fields beside the road, where we were invariably kept awake by low-flying Allied aircraft which, even at night, kept up the air offensive against German targets. They would drop parachute flares that turned night into day, then strafed or bombed anything that moved. During the day too, we were constantly on the lookout for British or American aircraft that were very active over the sector in which we were moving, ahead of the advancing Allied forces. There was at least one awful tragedy. A column of naval POWs just in front of us was strafed and sixty killed before the column could scatter. The senior British naval officer, very bravely, donned his naval jacket and cap and ran to the crown of the road, raising his arms into the air to display his British uniform, but he too was gunned down by one of the fighter aircraft and killed.

Now close to freedom, Capt. Coster and his fellow POWs moved through the camps in the town of Westertimke. 62


It took four days to move from Westertimke to Hamburg. We crossed the Elbe – I don’t remember whether by bridge or by ferry – coming out into beautiful farming country on the other side. The crossing of the Elbe was on my birthday. We continued to move slowly into the countryside of Schleswig-Holstein towards Lübeck. The German guards, who were looking after us, knew it was only a matter of days before we would be freed and they would become prisoners of war themselves. All their arrogance disappeared like mist in the morning, as they began to behave like friendly, fellow human beings. About the end of April, we came to a really beautiful German farm, where our captors arranged with the farmer that we should be billeted at the farm for a couple of days. Accordingly, we moved in and found ourselves a place to sleep. Jim, Jack and I found a loft over a barn filled with straw. It was warm, dry, and very comfortable. I think it was 3 May 1945 when we snuggled into the straw to sleep. We woke early in the morning to the sound of machine-gun fire, which meant that the Allied forces were no more than a few kilometres away. The German guards had melted away during the night. I was free after two years and eight months of captivity. Some enterprising POW had erected a sign near the farm’s gate on the road, which read, “Good pull in for tanks”, based on the British sign “good pull in for lorries” to indicate a stopover for lorry drivers. Well, no tanks pulled in to our farm, but a British army scout car, containing a private soldier and a corporal, saw the sign and drove up the access road to the farm buildings where we were billeted. The corporal gave us the news officially that we already knew: the German armed forces were in full retreat and that the war would be over in a couple of days. This was 4 May 1945, Mum’s 26th birthday!

British army Humber scout car, with mounted Bren Gun. 63


We were all really too stunned to be wildly excited, so we just waited patiently for whatever would happen next. My memory of what did happen next is very vague. I think a POW liaison officer contacted us, and that he arranged transport to take us to an assembly area from which we would be flown to England. If my memory serves me correctly, we were taken in three-ton lorries from the farm in Schleswig-Holstein to Lüneburg where, in fact, the armistice was signed between the Allied and German forces, officially ending the war that had started on 3 September 1939, five years and eight months before. What I do remember is that in the afternoon of 7th May, while we were waiting in Lüneburg to be flown back to Britain, three of us, myself, Johnny Eccles and Con Norton, decided to go for a walk. Don’t ask me what had happened to Jack Parsonson and Jim Verster at that stage. We walked out into the countryside, and were quite close to an aerodrome that had obviously been hurriedly vacated by the Germans, as it was quite deserted. We then saw a Dakota coming in to land on the runway. When the Dakota stopped, we climbed through the aerodrome fence and ran up to talk to the Dakota’s pilot. He was a Canadian flying officer who asked us where the hell he was! We told him and then got chatting to him. He told us that he had to go first to Brussels and then back to England that afternoon. We told him we were ex-POWs and asked whether we could hitch a ride back to the UK with him. He said, “Sure, hop aboard.” So we did just that.

The ubiquitous DC3 ‘Dakota’ troop carrier, this one in D-Day livery. 64


Very soon we were in Brussels, where we spent about an hour before flying over the channel and over a green and beautiful English countryside to some RAF airfield in the Midlands, the name of which I do not now recall. Other POWs were arriving at the same airfield, where we found ourselves being taken to a hangar to be deloused, before being given a wonderful tea with cakes and cream scones, which we wolfed down. Then we were put into three-tonners and driven down to the south of England to Brighton, where an organisation to receive South African ex-POWs had been set up. Johnny, Con and I were billeted with many other SA personnel in a Brighton hotel, which the South African Defence Force had hired for the purpose. I recall having a hot bath – the first in nearly three years – then drawing some money from the paymaster. I then went out with my mates in search of beer. It was the 7th May, the night before the armistice was signed, and we partied all night long! So did everyone else in Brighton and throughout the British Isles. Thus did my personal war come to an end. It was a very disappointing war for a Permanent Force officer and I will always rue the day that I was shot down. However, being a prisoner of war taught me many lessons, not the least of which was that I should give thanks every day of my life for that priceless state called freedom. Though the war in Europe officially came to an end on 8th May 1945, it was to continue until August 1945 in the Far East, when the dropping of two atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan brought the war abruptly to a close.

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It would make sense for me to close my war journal with my return to South Africa, from where I had departed on 13th April 1942. There is not much more to relate. I went up to London from Brighton to stay with Uncle Ken (my father’s brother), Aunt Chel and my cousin David. Mum had posted a parcel to me containing my barathea uniform and cap, so I was able to turn out smartly. David was a signaller in the Royal Corps of Signals and we ‘did’ London together from Buckingham Palace on the one end, to the Windmill Theatre on the other. In the latter, we saw topless showgirls for the first time, and at the former, I was delighted to receive a salute from one of the Guards sentries who recognised me as a captain. From London, I caught a train and went up to Keswick in the Lake District where my Aunt ‘Dooley’ had a cottage. She was my father’s sister. I spent a few days with her in that most beautiful part of England, before returning to London to wait for transport back home. It was early in June, I think, that I was told that a Dakota would be leaving England for South Africa and that I had a seat on it. My memory of the Dakota trip is vague, but I know it took about a week. I can remember it landing in Paris, Rome, Athens, Cairo, and then all the landing grounds down through Africa, until we came to Pretoria. We finally landed at Zwartkop Air Station, where I had started my flying training on 7th September 1938. I caught a train from Pretoria to Cape Town, where Mum met me after an absence of three years and two months. The war, for me, was over at last.

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In 1946, Coster transferred to the SA Army, where, in 1955 he resigned his commission to join the army of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland. Next month we continue to follow Keith Coster’s remarkable military career.

NATAL POLICE /SAP VAN REENEN

My Oupa, mnr. HB Heymans was van ongeveer 1920 op Van Reenen woonagtig. Na die AngloBoere-oorlog was my familie, almal Vrystaters, brandarm. Hulle plaas Witklip in die distrik Bethlehem, met die onderskeie onderverdelings en die verskillende opstalle en buitegeboue was afgebrand. My Oupagrootjie, Frik Heymans, is tydens die oorlog deur die Klaas-bende vermoor. Na verblyf in die konsentrasiekamp te Ladysmith is die Heymanse na Bethelehem gerepatrieer. Op pad na die plaas het die perde die perdekar omgekeer en Oumagrootjie het haar been gebreek. Met haar jong kinders en gebreekte been het sy die plaas weer opgebou. Mens haal net jou hoed vir hierdie boervroue af!

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Oupa Heymans het as jong kind begin om met ‘n kar en perde (‘n Cab) reisigers van Bethlehemstasie na plekke in die dorp te vervoer. Alles het om oorlewing gegaan. My Ouma was ook ‘n wesie, haar Ouers is ook in die Britse helkampe oorlede. Oupa en Ouma was jonk toe hulle op Van Reenen gaan woon het. Oupa het die huis van sement en steenkoolas gebou – die huis staan vandag nog; my niggie woon in die huis, regoor die Green Lantern Inn. Aanvanklik wou die SAS&H in Bethlehem nie vir Oupa in diens neem nie. Hy vertel my eendag dis die beste ding wat die spoorweë ooit vir hom gedoen het! Oupa het toe ‘n sakeman geword. Hy het ‘n koei gekoop, die koei geslag en die vleis verkoop en ‘n slagter geword en met die jare het Oupa al ryker geword en verskeie besighede besit. Tydens vakansies op Van Reenen het ek die inwoners daar leer ken en van die polisie het altyd by Oupa stilgehou en kom koffie drink. So het ek Oom (sersant) Koos Coetzee daar leer ken. Hy is later na Wentworth, by die stalle, verplaas. In 1969 het ek SAP Louis Botha-lughawe by Oom Koos oorgeneem toe ek as SB aangestel was. Genl. Patrick James Dillon wat op 26 Augustus 1966 in bevel van die polisie by die slag van Ongulambashe was, is ook afkomstig van Van Reenen. Die Dillon’s se plaas, Waterfall, is net oor die grens in die Vrystaat. Genl. Dillon se Vader is ook P Dillon. Genl. Dillon se ander broer Mickey was ook polisieman; maar hy het die Mag verlaat om op Waterfall te gaan boer. Hulle is van Ierse-afkoms en Roomse Katolieke. Tydens die ABO het die Dillon’s aan die Vrystaat-kant teen die Britte geveg. Vandag mag ek wonder: Genl. Dillon was ‘n tweede wêreldoorlog veteraan, hy was Engelssprekend, hy het ‘n BA van Natal Universiteit gehad en was ‘n katoliek. Met so ‘n agtergrond kon hy seker beswaarlik nie kommissaris van polisie geword het nie? Vir ‘n Engelssprekende om ‘n generaal in die SAP te kon word is uiters goed vir daardie jare! (Onthou die Roomse Gevaar!) Adv. BJ Vorster was destyds die minister van polisie. Tog verneem ek dat hy en adv. Vorster goed oor die weggekom het en vriende was.

Watter ander (blanke) Engelssprekende generaals was daar in die SAP in die periode 1948 – 1994?

Ek is baie spyt dat ek nooit met genl. Dillon gesels het nie.

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Later was sersant WA de Villiers die SB op Van Reenen. Hy en Oupa Heymans was lewenslange vriende. Sersant De Villiers het as penkop by Spioenkop – nie ver van Van Reenen af nie - geveg. Sy een seun “At” en my Vader was vriende van hul jeug af. Hulle is beide polisie toe. Oom At was ook in die tweede wêreldoorlog. Oom At was te Witsieshoek teenwoordig toe die patrollie van maj. IPS Terblanche aangeval was. Later het ek Durban baie vir “Oom At” of te wel luitenant AJ “Jerseybul” de Villiers, wanneer hy diensoffisier van Port Natal was, bestuur. (In daardie jare het offisiere nie self bestuur nie.) Toe ek met Oom At op Harrismith geskiedenis wou gesels, kon hy nie meer onthou nie.

No 6972 eerste klas konstabel AL Steynberg Kyk mens na die patrollierapport (No 9 van die maand) maak mens die volgende afleidings: Van Reenen ROM (RCI) 1 van Junie 1922 het betrekking. Mens weet nie of die saak aan die begin van die maand geregistreer is, al dan nie. Maar baie van hierdie klein stasies het so min as 10 RAA’s (RCA’s) per maand gehad. Van Reenen is 36 myl van Ladysmith af met SAP Besters ongeveer in die middel. Kyk mens na die VB (OB) dan is die inskrywing no. 157 van die maand en dit is op die 20ste van die maand. Dit gee dan ongeveer 10 VB-inskrywings per dag. Besige stasies het ongeveer 3000 RAA’s per maand en letterlik honderde VB-inskrywings per maand. Mens kan sien dat konst. Steynberg kon tik. Steynberg is ‘n Afrikaanse familienaam. Sy spelling is goed. Ek het ook insae in ander dossiere te Van Reenen gekry en vir ongeveer 1922 is die standaard goed. Ek glo nie almal het matriek gehad in daardie jare nie. Mens kry die indruk dat die manne oor die weggekom het met die min middele tot hul beskikking.

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SAP VAN REENEN: 1922: PATROL REPORT

Keersy van patrollierapport Time 11:25

Name of owner P. Dillon

Name of Holding Waterfall

Complaints Nil

Signature P Dillon 70


14:00

CW de Jager

Netintyd

Nil

Not at home

SAP VAN REENEN: ROOF OF THE DRAKENSBERG (1923)

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SAP VAN REENEN ROM 1/6/1927: KLAER HB HEYMANS

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VAN REENEN RCI 2/9/1927:KLAER HB HEYMANS

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SAP Glen Urquhart

Bron/ Source11 Ek het op die kaart gaan kyk waar die plek is: Glen Urquhart kry ek nie. Maar Cundycleugh wel. Indien mens ‘n kruis trek met Memel aan die noordekant en Ladysmith in die suide en Verkykerskop in die weste en Dannhauser in die ooste; dan is Cundycleugh presies in die middel van die denkbeeldige kruispunte.

11

FO (G) 1/1923

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ALAN HALL: AUSTRALIAN FEDERAL POLICE (RET.) Alan Hall BA Com Justice; Grad Dip Criminology. Serve Australian Federal Police Federal Agent (formally Detective and criminal analyst). Retired - 32 years service. Army and Ambulance. Author: Four Men and the Walrus - story of the first combat deaths of the Royal Australian Air Force attempting to save Madam Charles de Gaulle and family. Interests: Amateur Radio, family history (http://www.farinarestoration.com/page4/page43/page58/in dex.html)

Alan Hall writes: Dear Hennie, You sound very much like myself. Married and retired now and in my 70's. 32 years in the job, detective etc etc With one exception from you is the keeping papers - I am trying to digitise a lot of my papers. Sad thing is that I came across a set of books in the UK over a decade ago. The pages have gold leaf printing and Intaglio embossed printed. Just to run one's fingers over it is sensational. Throw in 2 years of National Service with the army, uni degrees for security management, Community Justice and the last a Postgrad in Criminology it was time to finish going to two universities part time and now continue on with my genealogy work using DNA. And yes, I am a member of the International Police Association here in Melbourne My other addiction is amateur radio and occasional writing some research and history material. My great grandmother helped a police trooper in the outback - I attach the article and yes it has trains in it! Sadly, the other police trooper who accidently shot him many years later was "severely hurt when he fell from a horse at Diamantina. . . a doctor and insurance salesman travelling together resorted to using a butcher's knife and carpenter's saw to amputate Browne's leg". Life in SA (South Africa) and in SA (South Australia) must have been tough for our ancestors My book efforts is the "Four Men and the Walrus" being the very first deaths ever of the Royal Australian Air Force in combat. CHURCHILL had sent them to Brittany on a 'most top secret' 76


mission to rescue the wife and children of General Charles de Gaulle. All died on board. These two had a UK SOE officer (read spy) who died with them. I got all the families back together and there was 2 orphan boys now in their late 70's one UK and one Australian. They met each other for the first time when all the families and I were honoured by a special service in Brittany. Each year since 1940 they hold a service at the crash site and the local cemetery. These two met at the graves where their fathers are buried side by side. Talk about tears! As for your train interest - amongst a pile of books when I find it there is a 'floppy vinyl' 45 rpm record put out by a drug company in Australia around 1960. It has the sound effects of various old steam trains climbing hills and so forth. Being in my 70's I can still recall travelling on steam trains! No promises made - would you like a digital copy? It is important to be impartial when writing things up. Also doing the right thing with foot notes and citations. So, I was surprised to see the following quote. I need to be careful to be neutral on that aspect: the Anglo-Boer War Museum, an agency of the Department of Arts and Culture of the South African government website an alternative view that “the protagonists were Britain and the two Boer Republics of the Transvaal and the Orange Free State". Yet Australia has similar issues there was also a small contingent of Aboriginal men who served in the Boer War and did not make it home ... then prime minister Edmund Barton wrote to the head of the colonial forces, Lord Kitchener, saying 50 bush trackers would travel to South Africa on the ship Euryalus … Dr Kerwin believes because the men were not officially enlisted, at the end of the war, they were left to find their own way back to Australia … as a result there is a definite possibility that descendants of the trackers with Aboriginal heritage are still living in South Africa. So, there is certainly a need to try and walk the middle of the road in writing this article. For James ROGERS was in fact saving life and not taking it that brought about the VC. Just out of interest would you like to know where the metal came from for the VC - if you say Russian canons you are only part way there! Thanks for the information about purchasing the discharge as that will explain things. When he returned to Australia the government archives (www.naa.gov.au) kept records showing a lot about his service (if you are using that site the records page often show an open book - it is an indicator that the records have been digitised and viewable on line free of charge. The Australian newspapers are also digitised and hopefully if you need them try www.nla.gov.au and at the bottom of the page click on the link 'Trove'. Certainly, ROGERS injuries in WWI did affect him and it is pleasing to see that much was done by the government to find suitable work for him. At one stage, he ended up as the OC of the (naval) dock guard. So, I will be only too pleased to hear more from you - a degree of urgency does not exist Hopefully all of the above will give you a feel from where I am coming from so if there is anything here I can help just let me know kind regards Alan Hall [VK3AJH] 77


AUSTRALIA; THE SHOOTING OF TROOPER SPICER: ALAN HALL My family research has notes about my second great grandmother Frances Andrews an Irish orphan who came to South Australia in 1846. They recant the life of Frances and how she came to the aid of a wounded Trooper constable in outback South Australian. Frances, after arriving went to the Old Spot Hotel on the Main North Road Salisbury. The Little Para River there often flooded making the Main North Road impassable for stock, wagons and travellers. It presented the opportunity for travellers to partake in refreshments which may have been another contributing factor! There she met married and William Humphreys. They journeyed to the Gawler Ranges far west of Whyalla. Two of their children died at the Paney Pastoral Station. A mound of stones marked the burial site. The graves have since been restored with a cement base, guard rails and plaque being the children's names, birth and death details etched onto a head stone. Around those times John McDouall Stuart was exploring. He could well have met the Humphreys. Later when he was ill he stayed at Pt Lincoln. There he became the tutor to my paternal second grandmother’s children (also another Irish orphan immigrant). A century later the descendants of these grand ladies came together by way of my parent's marriage! Stuart had also passed through the area of Farina. Now a ghost town it is located some 600km north of Adelaide. The Great Northern Railway had begun in 1878 from Port August. In 1883 the track reached Farina and became the rail head for transferring cattle south to the markets. A remarkable progress with not even the Melbourne to Adelaide line being completed until four years later.12 The Humphrey's daughter Sarah recanted “I, with my parents, left Yartoo station, in the Gawler Ranges. It was then owned by A. M. Wooldridge, who sent my father over to Government Gums (now Farina), to take charge of the Government wells and reserve, for which Mr. Wooldridge had the lease.” Surveyors Cornish and Chambers came on camels to survey Government Gums. William help cut the survey pegs to mark out allotments. The government Gazette in September 1878 stated that a site for a post office and telegraph station had been declared reserved at Farina. 13 A bull was “hanging around and frightening the children” at Farina. When Henry Humphryes attempted to move the bull away he was attacked by the bull “knocking him down twice, and then, throwing him in the air”. Several hours later he died from the injuries.14 Thus Frances became widowed in 1879. A placard nailed to a tree in Adelaide heralded the formation of Australia's first police force:15 NOTICE Wanted for the Police Force about to be raised, twenty active young men. Persons desirous of entering this service are requested to make application at this office. T. Bewes Strangways, Colonial Secretary, pro tem April 12, 1838. Forty years later in 1878 Trooper Spicer joined the police. When Spicer was to be transferred in 1881 the residents of Wilmington made a collection for a gold watch for him as they held in high 12 1887 - http://www.familyhistorysa.info/timeline.html 13 South Australian Chronicle and Weekly Mail, Adelaide, SA Saturday 21 September 1878 Page 2S. 14 South Australian Register Adelaide, SA 17 October 1879 page 6. 15 http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/manning/sa/police/police.htm

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respect. It was to be presented if his superior officer gave permission.16 The electoral roll Returning Officer in 1883 at Port Augusta gave notice of intention to strike off voters for various reasons. Amongst those was Trooper Spicer said to have “left the district”. Others named were entitled to contest that but some would have some difficulty being listed as “dead”!17 Constable Campbell was the first to Farina and said to have lived there in a tent. John Bannigan from Blinman later took charge remaining there till about 1886. Troopers Spicer and Browne came later. Police were in a the flurry of activity for target practice that had been ordered using a new weapon, a 7” barrel .44R Smith & Wesson revolver-carbines.18 An extra incentive may have been cash prizes and gold medals. Accurate firing demanded skills with members having to shot both on foot and horse mounted.19 At Farina in June 1884 troopers were engaged in target practice at the police paddock. Browne's horse reared up and his revolver discharged. Sarah, then aged 16, said “I also remember the time that Trooper Spicer was accidentally shot by Trooper Brown while at target practice in the police paddock at Farina.”20 With the train line came the telegraph21. Urgent messages were telegraphed from Farina to Pt Augusta Train Control. An engine and break-van was hastily despatched. Sarah recanted that “my mother [Frances] attended the [paralysed] Spicer until he could be put on the train to Port Augusta...” It was understandable why Frances came to tend to Spicer as she was well known in the district for tending to the sick and injured. Newspapers nationwide carried reports of the progress. An Adelaide newspaper printed that at 12 o'clock on Sunday the 29th of June [1884] the train had reached Quorn en route to Port Augusta. Trooper Brown who also was on the train was said to be “in a state of frenzy”22 That evening the train had reached its destination when the same night Trooper Spicer succumb to his injury at the Port Augusta Hospital. The Clare newspaper reported23 “Farina Accident. — An inquest has been held at Port Augusta on the body of Mounted-Constable Spicer, who was unfortunately shot at Farina on Saturday last by a fellow-trooper, and the affair was considered purely accidental. Brown, who fired the shot, is in great mental pain over!” Another newspaper stated: “An inquest on the body of Police-constable Spicer was held at the hospital today by Mr. Gooch, J.P., and resulted in a verdict that the deceased was accidentally shot. The funeral cortege left the police station at 3 o'clock. Fifteen mounted and foot police attended, in addition to Inspector Besley, Sub-Inspector Sullivan, and Sergeant Richards. The deceased was universally respected, and great sympathy is felt for Mounted-constable Browne, the unfortunate cause of Spicer's death, who appears to have been completely unmanned by the sad affair.”24 The Port Augusta Council list a cemetery record for Richard W. Spicer in the leased section of block 4 grave 1. His age was shown as 34. Minister Rev. Dodd officiated at the burial on the 1st of July 1884. The South Australian Police Historical Society records show that he was born 22nd of January 1850 at Chard in England. Previously a clerk he joined the police in 1878. His death 16 South Australian Register 8 August 1881 page 7. 17 South Australian Government Gazette 20th December 1883 page 2241 Division and District of Newcastle. 18 Email Max Slee/Alan Hall 4 June 2013. 19 Service Arms of the South Australian Police, author Slee, Max, Publisher Luther Publishing House, Adelaide 1988. 20 Browne spelt his name with an e, the name Brown shown in documents has been cited accordingly. 21 http://www.prr.org.au. 22 South Australian Register, Adelaide, SA Monday 30 June 1884 page 6. 23 Northern Argus, Clare, SA Friday, 4 July 1884 page 6. 24 South Australian Register Adelaide, SA Wednesday 2 July 1884 page 5.

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was noted as the 29th of June 1884. The informant for the death certificate was James Elsie, was a Police Constable of Port Augusta.25 The other trooper, Peter Philip Browne, born 24th of August 1860 Longford, Ireland, had been a labourer before joining. Later he served in the Northern Territory before returning on the 1st of May 1893 and resigning 31st of March 1895. Browne later was severely hurt when he fell from a horse at Diamantina. A doctor and insurance salesman travelling together resorted to using a butcher's knife and carpenter's saw to amputate Browne's leg. He died at the Wilgena Station near Tarcoola on the 17th of May 1904 aged 44. In 1884 Frances passed away and is buried at Farina. Some of her descendants later served the community by becoming police officers including the late Maurice Stanford, my late brother Bill (William) Hall both of the SAPD and from the AFP myself. The late Roger Pratt (SAPD) also married into the family. Acknowledgement – the assistance is gratefully acknowledged of the South Australian Police Historical Society, Max Slee, The National Library of Australia (Trove) and others. I am deeply indebted to my late Aunt Mrs Jessie Ball for her efforts in sharing family history about this.

25 Death registration 1884/191 dated 2 July 1884.

80


Photograph courtesy of the State Library of South Australia. SLSA: B 70586 is of such an engine at Farina c 1900. Copyright Alan Hall 2013, Australia.

SAP KIMBERLEY

81


1904: Cape Police Monument: Kimberley

Nongqai 1923-02-99. 82


83


MODERN METHODS OF CRIME DETECTION

It is quite interesting to look at “modern methods of crime detection” during the 1920’s which is nearly a hundred years ago. The police in its quest for the rendering of a better service is continuously searching for better forensic and scientific methods of crime detection. Crimes have stayed the same, however we have more advanced methods in the scientific detection of crime. Since the appointment of Dr Lothar Neethling during 197126 as chief of the Police Forensic Laboratory the Police have advanced greatly. Dr Neethling rose to the rank of Lt.-Gen. and head of the Criminalistics Branch of the South African Police. [The Nongqai 1923-02-65.]

PIGEON POSTS IN WAR AND PEACE

Racing pigeons and carrier pigeons have been kept by man for centuries. In time of war the defence authorities do not like it if people kept these pigeons. Many pigeons were killed by the military in Belgium. The killing of racing pigeons was carried out to prevent spies sending messages by way of carrier pigeons. Germany, France, Belgium and England are close together. [The Nongqai 192302-73.]

26

Servamus 1988-09-47 – HBH.

84


Readers will be interested to know the South African War Book (SA Oorlogboek) also carried regulation for the keeping of pigeons during war time.

1918: CID TRANSVAAL DIVISION

About 100 detectives on the 1918-photo.27 After the Colonial period (1910) and at the beginning of the SA Police (1913) most commissioned officers and detectives were English speakers, for many years the official language of the police, like today, was English. A large majority were former soldiers who fought against the Boers during the Anglo Boer War.

FUNERAL: LT.GEN GEORGE BRAND, CMG

27

The Nongqai 1923-02-69.

85


Source28 George Alfred Brand (Born Bloemfontein 10-02-1875 - +Bloemfontein 24-12-1922.) He was the youngest son of Pres. Brand. He served with distinction on the Boer side during the Anglo Boer War. He was wounded twice and at the war’s end he had reached the rank of Assistant-General. As one of the OFS officers he signed the treaty of Vereeniging. He was District Officer for Bloemfontein from 1912 – 1921. He raised Brand’s Free State Rifles for service in SWA. His corps of three Regiments served under Col. Manie Botha with Gen. Botha’s Northern Force as the 5th Mounted Brigade. Lt-Gen. Brand, CMG, DTD, retired in March 1922. He lies buried next to his father in the Heroes cemetery, Bloemfontein.29

28 29

The Nongqai 1923-02-87. The Nongqai does not mention his DTD. Uys, I: South Africa’s Military: Whose Who, Fortress Publishers, 1992, ISBN 0-9583173-3-X, page 29.

86


EERVOLLE VERMELDINGS / COMMENDATIONS Their good work lives on …. No. 22280 (F) Const. PJ Rademeyer: SAP Somtsue Rd

Source. 30

Source.31

30 31

Nongqai 1948-05-707. See also FO (G) 7/1948 par 2. Casper Rossouw on Face book.

87


No. 122323 (F) Const. Wellington Mtetwa: SAP King’s Rest

Source.32Of that £2-00-00 reward, I wonder how much went to the Receiver of Revenue?

No. 13970 (F) Const. KN Scheepers: SAP Jacobs

Source. 33 Comments HBH: Sergeant Kurt Scheepers was a legend in his own time. He was well-known and a great sportsman. (Rugby and Tug-o-war.) He had a son “Piet” and a daughter “Fienie”. His wife was the owner of Sandy’s Store. He was a regular churchgoer and on many a Sunday when he was on duty he would stand in the church door listening to the service. His Zulu nickname was “U-Sagaumdudhla.”

32 33

Nongqai 1948-08-1133. See also FO (G) 13/1948 par 2. Nongqai 1948-08-1137. See also FO (G) 14/1948 par 2.

88


As a little boy, I also remember the Jacobs police station, it was wood and iron building. Sgt. “Tandjies” van der Merwe was the Station Commander. His wife played the piano in our church and they had three children: Jimmy, Marie and Jeanette. Sadly, Jeanette has passed on, she was 3 days older than me. The Jacobs police station closed down and their beat was taken over by Wentworth. I also remember the explosion at Natal Oil Products. Later when I was stationed at King’s Rest I worked with Sgt “Tandjies” van der Merwe. His force number was 14xxx.

Sersant Koert Scheepers: Mnr. Goofy Vetten Gegroet, Ja – die berig is wel oor oud-sersant Koert Scheepers. Oom Koert was getroud met Lulu en het drie kinders gehad (2 dogters - Fienie en Marina en een seun – Pieter). Lulu het Sandy’s Teekamer en winkel in Skool Straat, Wentworth besit. Hulle het by 222 Brighton Straat, Wentworth gebly. Ten tye van sy aftrede was hy op Cato Manor gestasioneer. Na sy aftrede het hy op ’n plaas in Kadoma in Rhodesië (Zimbabwe) gebly tot sy afsterwe weens Parkinson se siekte. Sy twee dogters lewe nog – Fienie woon in Polekwane (Pietersburg) en Marina het lank in Katimo Mulilo (Capri streek) gewoon waar sy ‘n baie suksesvolle besigheidspersoon was en woon tans in Engeland. Pieter is ‘n paar jaar gelede tydens ‘n besoek aan sy kinders in Australië aan ‘n hart aanval oorlede. Oom Koert was ’n baie fikse en sterk man tot sy einde. Ek en sy seun Pieter het in matriek (1960) aan die proefwedstryde vir Natal skool rugby deelgeneem. Op daardie stadium kon ons nie vir Oom Koert inhardloop nie – al was hy in vol uniform – en dan het hy ons lekker uitgelag dat sy maag op en af wip. Hy was baie gewild onder die Indiër gemeenskap wat na Serge Skiepers verwys het.

SA POLICE SERVICE Groete, Goofy

Western Cape: Brigadier Sonja Harri helped thousands of victims. Now she is a victim herself – of Politics & Backstabbing •

Marianne Thamm / South Africa /15 Aug 2017 12:19 (South Africa)

Head of the Western Cape Family Violence, Child Protection and Sexual Offences Unit Brigadier Sonja Harri, who has over 30 years’ experience and has been instrumental in helping to solve a myriad high-profile cases including the brutal murder and rape of Anene Booysen, has been languishing at home for eight months while she faces questionable charges of misconduct. Meanwhile, the region’s deputy provincial commissioner of detectives, Major-General Patrick Mbotho, who exercises command and oversight of this crucial unit, allegedly posted pornographic messages onto an official police WhatsApp group in July. He’s still at work. By MARIANNE THAMM.

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It is virtually impossible to hold on to all the names of the victims – a vast number of them children – who have been raped and murdered in South Africa. The malevolent tide seems relentless and unstoppable. Each day another headline trumpeting another horror – a toddler and her mother found here, raped and suffocated, only their heads buried in the sand, there another child dumped in a communal toilet. Some of the names of these girls, these children, continue to echo because of the savagery of the injuries inflicted and the shock of it all at the time. Anene Booysen, 17, raped, disembowelled, her neck and abdomen sliced open, her fingers and legs broken, in Bredasdorp in 2013. In May this year Courtney Pieters, three years old, poisoned, raped, every bone in her body broken so that she could be stuffed into a shopping bag and buried in a shallow grave near her home. It is ordinary police officers as well as those attached to the Family Violence, Child Protection and Sexual Offences (FCS) units who have to deal daily with the horror of these assaults, rapes and murders. It is they who must face the broken, bloodied bodies, collect the evidence, find the perpetrators, build a solid case. It is also they who are first in the line when those victims who survive seek help. Brigadier Sonja Harri, who was appointed to head the Western Cape’s Family Violence, Child Protection and Sexual Offence unit in 2010, is regarded as an inspiration to those who work under her as well as those NGOs which attempt to render assistance to the under-resourced and overworked units. The Western Cape’s FCS is, in many ways, a flagship unit. It is one of the best performers in the country, even when short-staffed. In 2014, while testifying at the Khayelitsha Commission of Inquiry, Brigadier Harri could not conceal the collateral damage caused by the job when she broke down on three occasions while giving testimony. At the time Harri had headed up several disturbing investigations including into a serial rapist in Khayelitsha, the Anene Booysen rape and murder as well as many other child murder and rape cases. 90


But Sonja Harri has been sitting at home for at least six months pending a misconduct hearing on what some claim are spurious and malicious charges, one of which, Daily Maverick has learnt, has to do with Harri’s absence from a meeting (which she had been specifically asked not to attend). Harri’s leadership, say those who have worked with her, is sorely missed, particularly in a province plagued with horrendously high levels of assault, sexual assault, child rape, rape and murder. “I have got messages from members of the FCS officers across the province who regard Sonja Harri as their mother. There is such loyalty towards her. She is such a diligent and inspiring officer,” Monique Strydom, founder of the NGO Matla a Bana, which deals with child abuse, told Daily Maverick. “We have found Brigadier Harri to be a very trustworthy and supportive person. In our experience of working with her she has proved that she understands the importance of collaborating with NGOs and she has always been available to assist with child protection cases and queries. We found her to be a valuable asset to the police in addressing child abuse,” Strydom said. She added that she was extremely concerned about the impact on the morale and the operations of the FCS units in the Western Cape because of the charges Harri was facing. It appears as if charges have been deliberately allowed to pile up in the hope that at least one will stick and Harri can be side-lined. Delivering his Budget Vote speech on the SAPS in the National Assembly in May this year, the ANC’s Leonard Ramatlakane specifically mentioned the shoddy police work in the Courtney Pieters murder and highlighted that the province’s FCS unit should have dealt with the case in the first place. Police who had arrived at Courtney’s home in Elsies River after she had been reported missing in May this year had failed to search the bedroom of the suspect, who lodged at the house, where her body might have been kept. “It is very, very disappointing that in the Western Cape the Head of the FCS unit, Brigadier Harri, is being victimised by the provincial management. This must stop as it weakens the resolve of the SAPS to deliver such services to the public. We cannot afford the experience of such good detectives to be wasted by ill-sighted provincial managers,” warned Ramatlakane. Harri has been out of action since December when the charges were first brought against her. Those close to her say the threat of the investigation has taken its toll on her health and that she is keen to return to work. And then, a month before Women’s Day, the man who is Harri’s commander and who is responsible for the oversight of all of the FCS units in the province, deputy provincial commissioner of detectives, Major-General Patrick Mbotho, on 13 July posted two pornographic messages from his official cellphone to a WhatsApp group of detective commanders in the province. Mbotho was appointed by the now suspended acting National Commissioner Kgomotso Phahlane to replace Major-General Jeremy Veary, who a labour court ruled this month had been illegally sidelined. In his WhatsApp Mbotho sent “graphic sexual messages” and a video of a man and woman having sex. Mbotho later asked his colleagues to delete the message. Daily Maverick sent a list of questions to the offices of the acting National Commissioner, LieutenantGeneral Lesetja Mothiba, as well as Minister of Police, Fikile Mbalula, about the alleged charges 91


against Brigadier Harri as well as what action would be taken with regard to Mbotho’s spreading of pornography. Colonel Athlenda Mathe, National SAPS spokeswoman, replied to Daily Maverick that, “Matters relating to the suspension of officials and/or disciplinary procedures are internal matters that are between an employer and employee. Having said this, the South African Police Service will not discuss this matter in the media space.” Strydom said that she had noted “with concern” that there were a number of issues and instances that currently affected the operations and success of the FCS units in the Western Cape. She has written to the acting National Commissioner raising some of these concerns including Mbotho’s alleged pornographic posting. “The recent sex scandal widely publicised in the media has resulted in some of our major sponsors raising their concerns with us about the credibility and ability of this high-ranking police officer who has been appointed to protect and look after women and children,” wrote Strydom. She said she was also concerned about reports that the FCS units in the Western Cape were experiencing “extreme staff and logistical resource shortages” and that an investigation had also indicated that morale was low, particularly as a result of the “loss of a very effective provincial coordinator, Brigadier Harri.” Strydom also noted that FCS staff had experienced verbal attacks by “a senior general” and that the “lack of respect and support they are experiencing has resulted in burn-out because of heavy load and staff resigning”. She said staff were being rotated in order to cope with the extreme load. She also highlighted that there is only one Xhosa-speaking forensic social worker in the entire Western Cape. The social worker is based in Oudtshoorn. “A Xhosa-speaking child who needs assistance will have to travel at least three hours from Cape Town to be assisted by her. This is not only extending the trauma of that child and reducing the successes of a successful conviction due to victim trauma, but also uses valuable resources like vehicles and time (as it is expected of the investigating officer to take the child),” Strydom wrote to Mothiba. She said her organisation had also received a complaint that medical professionals had been turned away from two police stations when wanting to report sexual abuse. “It took serious intervention from my office to try to assist them (and the child) effectively. For years we have been telling the public to report crimes and we have been training medical practitioners in how to deal with sexual assault of minors. We are therefore greatly concerned if the reporting process fails at a police station level.” With regard to Brigadier Harri, Strydom wrote, “I would also like to put it on record that we are aware of the investigation of misconduct against Brigadier Sonja Harri. We do not have the details of the allegations but would like to offer our testimony to her character as we experienced in years of dealing with her office. It would be a tragedy to lose such a dedicated person. We are prepared to serve as a character witness in the above regard.” Halfway through Women’s Month and the real horror of the lie of the land is as evident to ordinary citizens as it is the other 11 months of the year when women and children continue to suffer the brunt of endemic and systemic violence. 92


That an exemplary officer of the calibre of Brigadier Harri can be sidelined and an “investigation” conducted away from the public eye puts paid to all the pompous platitudes that have so easily rolled off the tongues of Cabinet ministers this Women’s Month. Ramatlakane reminded MPs in May that the SAPS Budget Vote “comes at a critical time in the country as we see the levels of violence against women and children increase against our expectation. The development of such violence must be stopped wherever it emerges and we must call on all men in the country to support the efforts of the police to put an end to this abuse, rape and killing of women and children.” He said that the “mission of the SAPS is inextricably tied up with the mission of the African National Congress which sees policing as a public service to the people of our country. The SAPS is the body that guarantees the safety of our people to enjoy Freedom and Democracy. Let me make the point that the SAPS upholds the Constitution, ensures that the wheels of our democracy does not come off.” Let’s hold him to it. Happy Women's Month, everybody. DM. Photo: Brigadier Sonja Harri (Facebook) https://www.dailymaverick.co.za/article/2017-08-15-western-cape-brigadier-sonja-harri-helpedthousands-of-victims.-now-she-is-a-victim-herself-of-politicsbackstabbing/?utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Zapiro+Thing+15+August+2017&utm_content =Zapiro+Thing+15+August+2017+CID_5313f7db6e9ceac14cda56264117b1d1&utm_source=Tou chBasePro&utm_term=Western+Cape+Brigadier+Sonja+Harri+helped+thousands+of+victims+No w+she+is+a+victim+herself++of+Politics++Backstabbing#.WZKQeVA2adB.email (Received via email from Barry Taylor in Thailand.)

By Zapiro – Daily Maverick 12 July 2017. 93


POLICE STATIONS 1923: SAP Devilliersdorp

Nongqai 1923-02-113.

1924: DURBANVILLE: COURT HOUSE AND POLICE STATION

Nongqai 1924-09-519

94


1924: SAP Elsburg

Elsburg Nongqai 1924-09-509.

SAP Jeppe (Oldest)

Jeppe Nongqai 1924-09-503 95


SAP Jeppe (Old)

Jeppe Nongqai 1924-09-504.

1924: ACCOLADES FOR THE NONGQAI

96


Source: Nongqai 1924-09-486.

97


SA WEERMAG WEL EN WEE VAN DIE MILITÊRE VETERANE : BERIG 12/2017 Uittreksel 35. Swart Soldate in WO1 Prof Deon Fourie van die Kavallerie noem dat die SA soldate wat tydens WO1 in Duitsoos-Afrika en in Europa geveg het, nie aan die UVM maar almal aan die Britse Leër behoort het. Die soldate wat in Duitswes-Afrika opgetree het was wel lede van die UVM. Die Swartsoldate van die UVM was tydens WO1 in die volgende korpse ingedeel: * SA Native Labour Corps tydens Okt.1916 tot Jan. 1918. * 1 en 2 Kaapse Korps, twee Infanterie bataljons wat in Oos-Afrika en Palestina geveg het. * Cape Auxiliary Horse Transport Companies, wadrywers vir transport in Europa. * Cape Coloured Labour Corps wat in Europa aangewend is. 36. Black Soldiers in WW2. Deon also provided the following which Tylden had placed on the Web: The Native Labour Corps was formed on 01/06/1940. It was later called the Native Military Guards Brigade and still later the Native Military Corps (NMC). It had ten battalions at peak that did guard duty armed with assegais to alleviate the problems arising out of a shortage of European manpower and to release Europeans for combatant duties during WW2. By the end of Jul 1940 there was already three of these corps from the Union, who would serve in various parts of Africa, Madagascar and Italy. Recruits were trained as stretcher-bearers, medical orderlies, guards, batmen, drivers, cooks, and in many other non-combatant capacities, while some were employed for a while in two mixed artillery regiments in South Africa. Eight infantry battalions armed with the assegai provided guards for SAAF, while the stretcher bearers were superb, receiving the award of one Distinguished Conduct Medal, and 14 Military Medals. The Non-European Army Services reached a maximum strength of 123 131 men, of whom over half were in the NMC. 37. Motivering van die Troepe Kriek van der Merwe van die Infanterie vertel van die geval toe hy “… op orders voor Bev. Sektor 10, brig. Witkop Badenhorst, moes verskyn. Hy was ‘n kompaniebevelvoerder by die basis in Oshigambo en het ‘n kompetisie ontwerp om die troepe te motiveer om take meer energiek uit te voer. Dit was ‘n nuwe kompanie en die eerste lid wat ‘n terroris sou skiet, sou as beloning R5 van elkeen in die basis ontvang. Met 300 lede in die basis was so ‘n beloning nie te versmaai nie. Tydens ‘n patrollie wou een lid se maag werk, maar die res van die patrollie het aangestap. Toe hy wou inhaal het hy ‘n terroris gesien en vuur geopen, waarna een van vyf terroriste met sy AK-47 begin vuur het. Elke lid van die patrollie moes aan die prysgeld gedink het, want die arme terroris het 36 skote in sy lyf ontvang. Twee van die terroriste is gevang, maar die lyk was in so ‘n toestand en omdat ons nie lyksakke gehad het nie, het ek opdrag gegee dat die lyk oor die Buffel se spaarwiel moes hang. Op pad terug na Oshakati het ons toevallig verby biskoppe van die Namibiese Raad van Kerke gery en dieselfde aand is die Wêreldraad van Kerke oor die voorval ingelig! Daardie nag om 02:00 het ek opdrag ontvang dat ek om 06:00 aan brig. Badenhorst moes verduidelik waarom ons met hangende lyke in die openbaar ry! Ek het die omstandighede aan brig. Badenhorst verduidelik, maar die Minister van Buitelandse Sake het nie die verduideliking aanvaar nie en ek is in die ergste graad berispe. In die gang het kol. Joep Joubert my na die bevelvoerder se kantoor 98


teruggeroep om van die kompetisie te vertel. Beide het toe elkeen hulle R5 tot die beloning bygedra en ek moes agterbly om die aand ‘n bier saam met Witkop te drink!” 38. Huldeblyk aan Mede Oud-leerlinge van Hoërskool Upington Piet Paxton is ‘n dienende lid van die SANW en noem dat hy “... in 2016 'n huldeblyk aan toonaangewende mede oud-leerlinge van Hoërskool Upington gelewer het. Drie oud-leerlinge van die skool het elk 'n HC ontvang, naamlik Koos Stadler van Spes. Magte, Deon Van Zyl van 7 Med. Bn. en ’n NDP, Hennie le Roux van Leërinligting wat aan 61 Meg. Bn. Gp. toegevoeg was. Ek het vir die geleentheid Hennie se daad soos volg opgesom, wat aansienlik verkort is: Lt. Hendrik Cornelius le Roux: 61 Meg Bn. Gp. Op 22/03/1983 tydens Op Phoenix in Owamboland het ’n Buffel mynbestandevoertuig ‘n myn afgetrap. 61 Meg. Bn. se IO., Lt. Le Roux, was ‘’n afstand daarvandaan ontplooi en het per radio opdrag ontvang om ondersoek in te stel. Lt. le Roux het waargeneem dat daar verskeie beseerdes op die toneel was en dat hulle mediese sorg moes ontvang. Hy het nader aan die voertuig beweeg, maar toe besef dat hy midde ‘n mynveld was wat onkonvensioneel uitgelê is en dat dit moeilik was om ‘n patroon te vorm. ’n Voertuig van Koevoet daag ook op en toe konstabel Van den Berg uitklim trap hy ‘n teen-personeelmyn af. Sy makkers onttrek na veiligheid en lt. Le Roux besef dat hy alleen in die omgewing van die gewonde is wat ’n gedeelte van sy been in die ontploffing verloor het. Met elke hartklop spuit die bloed by sy been se stompie uit en sonder om aan sy eie veiligheid te dink, loop hy deur die mynveld na die beseerde en klem die stompie vas om die bloeding te stop. ‘n Helikopter land sowat 100 meter van die toneel af en lt. Le Roux besef dat daar nie tyd is om die toneel te beveilig nie. Hy tel die beseerde op en dra hom deur die mynveld na die helikopter. Tydens die afhandeling van die toneel die volgende dag word gevind dat daar nog verskeie ongedetoneerde myne was en dat lt. Le Roux ongeveer een meter verby van die myne geloop het om die gewonde uit die mynveld te dra. Hierdie totale minagting van sy eie veiligheid maak vir Lt. Le Roux ‘n waardige ontvanger van die Honoris Crux Dekorasie. 42. Vliegtuig se Motor in die Namibwoestyn Hennie Heymans van die ZARP’e noem dat baie ou lede van die UVM, SAW en SAP bewus is van die reddingspoging toe die Dunedin Star gedurende WO2 langs die Seekus van die Dood gestrand het. Die SAP is oor land daarheen, die SALM het daarheen gevlieg en die SAS & Hawens het 'n sleepboot gestuur, maar daar was die een ramp op die ander en ’n vliegtuig van die SALM het onder andere neergestort. Ek en genl. Jannie Geldenhuys het dikwels in die verlede oor die militêre geskiedenis gesels en een dag het ek vir hom 'n artikel getoon waar kol Koos Myburg van die SAP by ’n vliegtuigenjin in die Namib staan. Hy noem toe dat die enjin van die bogenoemde SALM vliegtuig afkomstig was en dat hy dit in 'n SAW basis in Walvisbaai gesien het. Hy het die bevelvoerder toe opdrag gegee het om die enjin weer op dieselfde plek in die Namib terug te plaas”. 43. Vermaning oor Geskiedkundige Navorsing Dr Kriek van der Merwe van die Infanterie is ‘n historikus in eie reg en noem “… dat dit baie goed is dat van ons gemotiveerde lede ons operasionele geskiedenis boekstaaf, maar dit is kommerwekkend dat die bronoorsprong van talle van hierdie werke ontoereikend is. Die gevolg is dat toekomstige navorsers onseker sal wees oor watter bronne om te raadpleeg en dit is dus belangrik dat van meer gesaghebbende, oorspronklike en primêre bronne gebruik gemaak word. ‘n Verslag oor ‘n veldslag beskryf hoogstens wat tydens die krygshandeling gebeur het. Die moeiliker en meer omstrede aspek is egter om te beskryf, te verklaar en te vertolk wat die resultaat van suksesvolle en onsuksesvolle krygshandeling was en hoe hierdie resultate daarna benut is. Operasies handel dus met dit wat in die krygshandeling plaasvind, maar op die politieke en diplomatieke vlakke behoort gehandel te word met wat met die krygshandeling verrig en bereik 99


is. Politieke onbeholpenheid en diplomatieke negatiwiteit het egter al by talle geleenthede suksesvolle en beslissende krygsresultate tot nul geneutraliseer!�

Bron: Servamus 1981-11-07 100


MEDALS: NORTH KOREA

Given they’ve had no wars in over 60 years, these medals could possibly be for heroism in marching, posturing, or applauding The Leader!

1896: NATAL POLICE UMZINTO

1896: Natal Police at Umzinto. F.l.t.r. Trooper Holway promoted to Sergeant. Trooper Harris later Clerk of the Court at Bulawayo. Sgt Swann – later Gaoler. African police dressed in pill boxes without boots, armed with knobkieries and assegais Indian members with turbans are unarmed like the whites. Source Nongqai 1913. 101


INVESTIGATION OF VIOLENCE Diepsloot police station unequipped to deal with violence against women – Zakhele Mbhele Today’s visit to the Diepsloot Police Station made it clear that the station is not adequately resourced to deal with reports of violence against women. Insufficient police training only serves to worsen the problem. This is what happens when there is a lack of accountability and senior management does not support station management enough. Shockingly, we found that over the last five months at this station, 110 (over 60%) of the 179 reported common assault cases were against women and children. Women and children were the victims of more than 80% of the reported domestic violence cases and over 90% of the reported rape cases. The station is hampered by under-resourcing and under-staffing. Specifically: - The nearest FCS Unit to the station is located in Roodepoort, which sometimes causes delays in the hand-over of sexual offence cases. Rape kits are also not kept at the station. - There is an urgent need for the establishment of satellite police stations, due to the incredibly large area the station has to cover, which includes outlying and semi-rural sectors. - Due to long delays in procuring replacement parts at the SAPS Garages, the station also struggles with the necessary vehicles to effectively police the whole area. In a society where horrific attacks and murders occur on a daily basis, like those of Sasha Arendse, Courtney Pieters, Popi Qwabe, Bongeka Phungula, Lerato Moloi and Karabo Mokoena, among many others, it is unacceptable that this police station has not been given the equipment and manpower they need to help make inroads against those who commit violent acts against women. However, combating gender violence is clearly not an ANC priority. The ANC have illustrated this fact regularly by allowing its Ministers, Deputy Ministers and even Cabinet Ministers to protect and perpetuate gender violence. Just yesterday, the ANC Women’s League President admitted that she knows many who have behaved worse than Deputy Minister Manana who has admitted to assaulting a woman in a night club and has been accused of mistreating his female staff members. Yet she has done nothing to put a stop to these abuses. The fact is that we will never put a stop to the scourge of violence until the SAPS is given the equipment and training they need to combat it and until leaders stop normalising and perpetuating violence against women. Issued by Zakhele Mbhele, DA Shadow Minister of Police, 14 August 2017 http://www.politicsweb.co.za/politics/diepsloot-station-unequipped-to-deal-withviolence?utm_source=Politicsweb+Daily+Headlines&utm_campaign=4bd3dc1f27EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2017_08_14&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_a86f25db99-4bd3dc1f27130042309 (15 Aug 2017)

MARIKANA: ISS PRESS RELEASE Pretoria, South Africa – Five years after police killed 34 striking mineworkers and injured 78, the government has not delivered justice or reparations for the largest post-apartheid police shooting of civilians. This is despite the finding of the Farlam Commission of Inquiry that bloodshed on 16 August 2012 was wholly avoidable. 102


On that day, members of the South African Police Service (SAPS) shot 112 mineworkers at Marikana in South Africa’s North-West province during an ill-conceived and reckless operation to disperse around 3 000 striking workers from the Lonmin mine. The only person to date who has faced any consequences is the disgraced former national police commissioner Riah Phiyega. She was suspended on full pay in October 2015 – three years after Marikana – until the Judge Claassen inquiry found in December 2016 that she was unfit to occupy the post of SAPS national commissioner and recommended she be fired. Despite the judge’s finding and a mountain of evidence that policing and public safety deteriorated substantially under Phiyega, President Jacob Zuma maintained that she was doing a good job and allowed her contract to expire in June this year, so she could keep her generous pension and other benefits. Phiyega is reportedly being allowed to use taxpayers’ money to review findings of both the Farlam and Claassen inquiries. Neither application is likely to succeed. The ISS closely monitored the Farlam Commission and provided three different expert submissions during proceedings. The first submission was used by Advocate George Bizos as part of his cross examination of Phiyega. ‘Government must demonstrate to South Africans and the world that the senseless loss of life at Marikana has resulted in lessons learned and will never occur again,’ says Gareth Newham, head of the ISS’ Justice and Violence Prevention Programme. There is still an opportunity to improve public order policing through the panel of experts recommended by the Farlam Commission and established by the minister of police in 2016. ‘The panel will make formal recommendations to Cabinet by the end of the year as to how the SAPS can be further professionalised and public order policing improved in line with our Constitution,’ says Newham, who is a member of the panel. ‘If these recommendations are effectively implemented, then we should see improvements in policing going forward.’ The ISS has indicated several practical ways in which government can demonstrate that lessons have been learned from Marikana: • Paying fair compensation to the victims and families of those killed or seriously injured at Marikana. • Ensuring a merit-based, transparent and competitive process for recruiting the next SAPS national commissioner so that only the most experienced and honest person gets the job, as detailed in the ISS-Corruption Watch Top Cops campaign. • Expediting the investigation and prosecution of police where evidence shows they acted unlawfully at Marikana or committed perjury before the Farlam Commission. • Ensuring that the actions of former police minister Nathi Mthethwa and former commissioner Riah Phiyega are further investigated for potential criminal and civil liability. • Formally adopting dedicated policy and legislation that regulates the police use of force in line with international best practice. For example, ensuring that all police-issued weapons can be traced to individual police officers and that R5 automatic rifles are banned from policing and replaced with more appropriate weapons. • Reforming the National Intervention Unit and Tactical Response Teams and only deploying these units when lives are at stake. These units caused the most deaths 103


and injuries at Marikana and should be subject to higher standards of accountability and transparency than regular police. Ensuring that all SAPS members are instructed on the findings of the Farlam Commission and that lessons learned are integrated into relevant operational training and planning. Dedicating more resources to the Independent Investigative Directorate (IPID) to ensure greater police accountability for deaths, shootings and serious misconduct.

• •

No justice, no reparations five years after Marikana Clearing up the misconceptions about what happened at Marikana Farlam Commission findings against the police • • • • • • •

SAPS had a duty to avoid bloodshed when planning operations. SAPS top leadership knew that bloodshed was likely but reconciled themselves with this and went ahead with the operation anyway. Irrelevant political considerations influenced police operational decisions. The police, under the guidance of top management, hid important evidence from the commission and presented false evidence to the commission in an attempt to support an untrue version of events. While some of the police may have felt under threat at scene one where they shot and killed 17 people, there was no objective evidence of self-defence. The police could not show that 16 of the 17 deaths at scene two occurred as a result of an attack on the police. The commission could not find in favour of the former minister of police Nathi Mthethwa and noted that the expert testimony before the commission argued that it was unlikely that he did not influence the police operations at Marikana.

For more information and interviews: Gareth Newham, ISS: +27 82 887 1557, gnewham@issafrica.org

Kommentaar deur oud-AO Boet Meintjes Hallo Oom Hennie, Na aanleiding van die 'ISS Press Release' gedateer 2017-08-15 wil ek graag met Oom my gedagtes deel rondom al die uitlatings dat die polisie uitsluitlik aanspreeklik gehou moet word vir die gebeure op daardie hartseer dag te Marikana en die gebeure wat daar afgespeel het. As jy die koerante oopslaan en die televisie aanskakel of op sosiale media rondlees van die gebeure op daai hartseer dag te Marikana word al die blaam voor die polisie se deur gelê. Soos ons almal weet was hierdie 'n loongeskil, en soos City Press op 2014-09-15 berig : "A Senior Lonmin employee did not think NUM and Amcu would have met to resolve the 2012 Marikana strike, the Farlam Commission of Inquiry heard in Monday. Before the 16th August 2012, when ten (10) people died, was that not time for you to say, 'this situation is getting out of hand, 104


people have been killed, should we not call together all the people necessary for an all-inclusive consultation?' asked the commission's chairperson, retired Judge Ian Farlim" Uit bovermelde is dit al reeds baie duidelik dat daar geweld en doodslag gaan wees en dat daar weggebly moet word van optogte en ‘n samedromming van groot skares van mense want mense gaan beseer of selfs gedood word. Hoekom het Lonmin, NUM en Amcu se bestuur nie alleen vergader soos voorgestel was nie ? “……………….should we not call together all the people necessary for an all-inclusive consultation’’ Op 2012-08-15 word twee (2) polisebeamptes en twee (2) Lonmin sekuriteitsbeamptes vermoor, opgekap en van hul vuurwapens beroof. Toe moes die gevaarligte nou al by die tyd bloedrooi geflikker het en moes die unie en of unies en Lonmin bestuur geweet het die samesprekings gaan op 'n ramp af stuur en dat enige optog of groot samekoms tot erge geweld kan eskaleer. Op 2012-08-16 begin die mynwerkers vergader in hul honderde op die Marikana koppie. Hierdie is 'n loongeskil, maar mynwerkers daag op met spiese, messe, pangas, byle, klippe in die hande en nog ander wapens. Sommige mynwerkers lek selfs aan hul spiespunte wat 'n duidelike weerspieëling is dat daai spies nie net bykomstighede tot sy kleredrag is nie, of dit is wat ek uit die handeling gelees het. Wie bring al die wapens na 'n loongeskil? die redelike man sou voorsien het dat hier is 'n ramp aan die gebeur. Amcu en Lonmin bestuur moes voorsien het dat daar bloed vergiet sou word op daai noodlottige dag, maar nee hulle het die byeenkomste laat voortgaan, en nie net laat voortgaan nie hulle het die mynwerkers toegelaat met al daardie wapens, spanning het tog seker baie hooggeloop.'n Blinde man met 'n stok sou voorsien het dat daar bloed vergiet sou word. Ons weet nou wat verder gebeur het en dit is 'n hartseer dag in Suid-Afrika se geskiedenis. Wat my nou egter vies maak is dat al wat politici en menseregte organisasies, wil nou die polisie aanspreeklik hou vir die gebeure op 2012-08-16, maar daar word niks gerep van die tien mense wat wreedaardig vermoor is deur mynwerkers nie, die polisiebeamptes en sekerheidsbeamptes wat onmenslike vermoor is deur mynwerkers nie. Ek stem, laat daar vergoeding wees vir die slagoffers, maar dan moet dit ook geld vir die polisiebeamptes en sekerheidsbeamptes wat gesterf het en gee ook vir hulle die erkenning wat hulle verdien, maar aanspreeklikheid moet voor die deur van Lonmin en Amcu gelê word en nie net die polisie nie. Verder daag ek alle organisasies uit onder andere ISS en al die menseregte organisasies gaan werk saam met die polisie se blitspatrollies vir ses maande, waar daar optogte in die land gehou gaan word, rapporteer by die bevelvoerende offisier en polisieër saam met die polisie so danige optogte ek dink hul uitkyk sal heel anders wees. Ek sien in ISS se Persverklaring word daar vermeld : "Reforming the National Intervention Unit and Tactical Teams and only deploying these units when LIVES are at stake. These units caused the most deaths and injuries at Marikana and should be subject to higher standards of accountability and transparency than regular police." Veertien mense is reeds voor die noodlottige 16de vermoor onder andere twee polisiebeamptes, so my vraag is hoeveel mense moes nog dood gegaan het voordat "………….and only deploy these units when LIVES are at stake" ?? My gevoel is dat unies te maklik optogte en byeenkomste reël, en as daar geweld uitbreek hulle net hulle skouers optrek en onskuldig pleit. Unies moet vir ‘n slag vasgevat en aanspreeklik gehou word vir hul dade, en ek voel dit moes uitgewys gewees het deur die ISS verslag.

Groetnis, Boet Meintjes. 105


1890: MARTINI HENRI: NICO MOOLMAN

Holding a 1890's Martini manufactured on demand for GA Fichardt of Bloemfontein. Arms Dealer

UNIFORM: POLICE HANGARS

1829 Policeman Cape Colony. Cape Police 1850. Photo: Barberton Police – Not sure if Nongqai 1924-09-480. Munroe Swirsky. ZARP Photo: Nico Moolman. 106


BEFOETERDE OLIFANTBUL: PIET-PATU VAN ZYL

Befoeterde bul in musth....Duidelik laat weet ons is nie welkom nie. Walk Tall.

RUDENESS IS THE WEAK IMITATION OF STRENGTH

PERSON’S

– Eric Hoffer

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KLIPRIB: “PIET-PATU� VAN ZYL Kliprib ala Piet Van Zyl..... Skaapribbetjies tussen twee plat ysterklippe. Jare gelede in Namakwaland kliprib geniet saam met vars gebakte brood en moskonfyt. Die idee is om jou ysterklippe baie warm te kry en dan die rib tussenin te posisioneer. Dan los jy vir hom totdat hy gaar en die vetjiekant krakerig en bros is. Ek onthou ook die rib is gesout en gehang om winddroog te word voordat jy braai. Ek se weer ek leer nog maar wil die unieke tegniek bemeester Walk Tall

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INTERNATIONAL JUSTICE Accountant of Auschwitz, 96, must serve his four-year jail sentence: Death camp guard who was accessory to 300,000 murders is fit enough to be locked up, court rules • • • •

Oskar Groening was given a four year jail term in 2015 for his role at death camp He was known as the Accountant of Auschwitz because he had to sort through possessions of the dead Authorities have been reluctant to send him to jail because of his advanced age A request for a reprieve by Groening's defence team has been rejected

By ASSOCIATED PRESS and ALLAN HALL FOR DAILY MAIL IN BERLIN PUBLISHED: 11:00 BST, 2 August 2017 | UPDATED: 19:27 BST, 2 August 2017

A 96-year-old former SS guard is fit to go to prison for his role in mass murder, German authorities have ruled. Oskar Groening - who convicted for his role at the Auschwitz death camp during World War Two must serve his four-year jail term handed down by a court two years ago. Because of his advanced age, authorities have been reluctant to enforce the jail sentence imposed in 2015 for his role in the murders of 300,000 Jews at the Nazi's extermination centre in occupied Poland. An application to spare former concentration camp guard Oskar Groening from prison has been rejected by German authorities But now the public prosecutor of Hanover has rejected his legal pleas for a further delay, saying: 'We rejected the request of the defence for a reprieve. We believe he should serve his jail sentence.' 109


Media reports said that the requisite medical and nursing care that Groening will require in jail has to be finalised before he is taken to a prison to serve his term which will amount to less than two years with good behaviour. But his lawyers are to mount another legal appeal, arguing that he is unfit to spend time behind bars. Groening was known as the 'Accountant of Auschwitz' because he was responsible for sorting through the possessions of the doomed and sending cash and valuables back to his SS masters in Berlin. He was sentenced to four years in prison in July 2015 by the State Court in LĂźneburg for aiding the murder in at least 300,000 cases. His testimony about the wholesale slaughter of innocents in the camp, where an estimated 1.2 million people were murdered, was considered historically important in refuting the claims of Holocaust deniers who persist in the lie that the murder of six million Jews never happened. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-4753082/German-prosecutors-ex-Auschwitz-guard-96-fitprison.html#comments (3 Aug 2017).

1922: UMTATA MOBILE SQUADRON

Source: Nongqai 1923-02-88.

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2004: FIRST FEMALE OFFICER COMMANDING AT SA NAVAL COLLEGE A new era arrived on in 2004 when the first female Officer Commanding in the SA Navy, Capt. Lilla du Preez, was appointed at SA Naval College. The College did not know what has hit it. Capt. du Preez was very well known by the senior officers in Simon’s Town, but totally unknown to the personnel at Navcol. The general opinion was “who is this little flooze from Pretoria and what does she knows what is going on in the real Navy?” They did not realised that she was already a senior naval Captain and very well groomed by her elders from various services to take command. It was only the Training Commander and the First Lieutenant who knew her beforehand. So, it came as a shock to all that she knew exactly what she wants and how to get it. She went back to basics right from the start which was first of all the importance of discipline in all matters and how to set priorities. The second lesson was how to be on time. If she said 08:15 she meant it, not 08:30. At was clear right at the beginning when she called the heads of departments together. They dragged their feet and when she walked in at the meeting they carried on with their conversations and did not even stand up. She whispered something to the Training Officer and left the conference room. When she returned the members, all stood up and she took her place and locked the door from inside. Just too bad for the members who were late! This was the last time anybody was late for a meeting or not show the necessary marks of respect for which she was due. The same counted for documents that had to be handed in i.e. the weekly, monthly and quarterly books. If they handed it in late, she simply kept the culprits after work while she went through the books. She was totally deaf for pleas of lift clubs, children who must be picked and what not. If they waste her time, she will waste theirs. The College was quite in a state when Capt. du Preez took over with many challenges; buildings in dire need of repair, no appropriate accommodation for the female junior rates, over four hundred worksheets long overdue, etc. To cap it all, the SA Navy Inspector and his team came to do inspection just after the Changing of Command. She worked like a demon beforehand to see that the necessary things are at least in place by the time the team arrived. The proper renovations at the College which she asked for was eventually done…long after she left the College. Further it was patch up and go – “’n Boer maak ‘n Plan…” However, many challenges remained; the biggest one the friction between the training staff and the support staff. At one stage, it became so bad that she locked up the two biggest instigators in the conference room at told them to sort out their differences and find a workable solution before they can come out. The truce lasted for about two weeks. A further challenge was the lack of service from the service providers. One of them took her to charge in front of many of the ratings, because of the poor state of affairs in his department. The Warrant Officers was so furious that she had to calm them down and get the particular Captain to her office. She was very upset, but made an appointment to see R. Adm. (JG) Koos Louw who was FOC at the time and in charge of all the service providers, the same day. The result was a meeting 111


at the College with him and all the service providers. After Capt. du Preez talked about the problem areas, Adm. Louw took the service providers to task and explained to them what their responsibilities are and that Capt. du Preez’s was to oversee the successful officers’ training Part I. Things slowly, but surely, improved all over. She was a stickler for cleanliness and in particular an aversion to smoking. Behold the one who throw down the stump of his or her cigarette. She often threated to make the unit a non-smoking area. Capt. du Preez has one BIG fault; she could not march to save her life. She was all left or all right, did not know how to handle a sword and all over caused lots of laughter. She, herself was quite philosophical about it and laughed with the rest. “After all, one cannot be perfect all the time.” However, with time, lots of concentration and patience of the instructors, especially, Chief Petty Officer, Roberts, she gradually improved. There were many funny incidents during the year involving her. When Capt. du Preez first came to Navcol for the handing and taking over, the Officer Commanding, (then) still Capt. Mpafi was away for the afternoon at a meeting. It was the annual Christmas Carols to come and everything was in chaos with staff blaming each other. She put her foot down and told them how to sort things out. She added if they do not know she is a witch who will wipe them off the earth with her broomstick. One of the Warrant Officer’s said that they can always hide the broomstick. She looked him up and down and said in that case she will change them into toads! Can you imagine the consternation when she moved in with a light ginger cat?! Citty Cat also had his moments. For one, he followed Capt. du Preez wherever she went. Where the staff initially thought it is hilariously funny, but staff members and students knew later on if they see the cat, the boss is not far behind. OK, she had ever and a day to try to keep the cat hair of her clothes. He loved black pants. One of the divisional officers was still scared of Citty Cat and when asked why, he replied that in his culture only witches have cats where upon Capt. du Preez casually replied that don’t he know she is a witch? However, he became so fond of Citty Cat that he held him and played with him. Before the students arrived Capt. du Preez made a point to get to know all the staff and visited them casually at their place of work. She gave advice where needed and scolded where needed. This made her beloved of the staff. When she left, many told her how much they have learned from her…even when she often felt like a house wife… “pick up your clothes, don’t leave the place in such a state…” Capt. du Preez was very fond of the students and participated as far as possible in their activities. She refused to run, but outwalked them many times. She was even appointed as the second fittest person at Navcol. However, she was very strict with the students, to such an extent that they still jumped to attention and looked if their shoes were clean, long after she left the College. She soon had a reputation that she had eyes behind her head. How else could she know when certain students skinnived, who are really trying hard and should be encouraged? The students were very wary when it was time for the quarterly review. She even surprised the divisional officers and instructors of how much she knew about each student. She even knew who had love affairs and heartbreaks and in certain cases, very discreetly, played matchmaker. One thing for which she became famous or notorious, depending on how one looks at it, was “Grandma’s funeral dress”. There were no female instructors or divisional officers while she was at the College. So, she took it on to look after their interests. It was fairly late in the course, when the students were taken on outings in civilian clothes. The Training Officer requested the students all to dress up. He then requested Capt. du Preez’s assistance to look at the female student’s dress, because he was not happy with their dress. It was bad. T-shirts, jeans, “plakkies”, you name it. She looked at the girls and at loss of words, she said the first thing that came to her mind and that was “Will you go like that to your Grandma’s funeral?” After that all decent civilian dress, wherever male or female, became “Grandma’s funeral dress”. 112


Capt. Lilla u Preez with V. Adm. Retief and Mrs Retief 113


Typical students, they soon knew very well when they had the strict Officer Commanding and when they have a mother in whom they can confide in and will comfort them, if required. For instance, they were given a dog, Lucky, a sheepdog, as a pet. In the beginning, they spoiled Lucky to pieces, but later neglected her so badly that she ordered that Lucky must be removed. Fortunately, the USM of the unit decided to adopt her. At the next Captain’s period, she really told the students off about their negligence. One of the student’s mother told Capt. du Preez at the passing-out parade that her son phoned her that evening in tears. He said he felt like a little boy who was caught out being naughty. She said that he felt like saying “I know I was naughty, I will never again Mommy. I promise you”. This kind of thing, or if parents told, phoned or even wrote letters to her to tell her how much she meant to their children and how their children developed under her guidance, that she knew she was succeeding in SA Naval College’s mission; that is to form officers. However, she always acknowledged the role all the staff, uniform and civilian, they played in forming raw rookies into officers one can look up to.

Vice-Admiral Retief and Capt. Lilla du Preez. So, it was with pride that she presented the students at the passing-out parade to the presiding Officer, Vice-Admiral Retief, the then Chief of the SA Navy. She even marched correctly! Soon after, Capt. du Preez was recalled to Pretoria for another role she had to take over. She was only fourteen months at SA Naval College. Shortly after she heard the news, an Admiral from Simon’s Town, whom she knew for a long time, phoned her. He told her he was one of the sceptics when she was appointed, but that he can tell her now that she achieved more at the College in one year than it will take another Officer Commanding to achieve in seven years and that all the Admirals in Simon’s Town are in agreement! 114


Too soon in 2005 she had to hand over command. As she stood on parade and look at the members, most of them were in tears. Without a piece of paper in her hand and without a tear she haltingly started her speech: “There is a time to come and a time to go. It is my time to go and hand over the telescope… I was honoured and privileged to be the custodian of the Flagship of the SA Navy ashore…and I had the best ships’ company one could wish for…I salute you for it.” She never cried in front of members of the College. “If I look back now at that time, I knew I made many mistakes and will do it differently now. Sometimes I was too strict and other times far too lenient. When I was appointed a lot of fuss was made about it. I only felt truly humbled. I am now proud to say that I had the privilege of not only being the first female Officer Commanding in the SA Navy about also the Officer Commanding of the Flagship of the SA Navy ashore. I truly believed in what I said that last day at the Handing-over of Command. I had the best ships’ company. Without them all I would have never had succeeded. I cared for each and every one of them. It was THE highlight of my whole career.”

“PAY UP” IS LAW OF THE TRANSVAAL / BETAAL IS DIE WET VAN TRANSVAAL

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THE HEROIC ANTARTIC EXPLORERS AND THE SOUTH AFRICAN WAR OF 1899 – 1902: DR SYDNEY CULLIS

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Comment: HBH A few years ago, I attended a most interesting lecture by Mr Laurie Oates from Pretoria who is related to Capt. LEG “Lawrence” Oates. The Oates family were renowned travellers and explorers in Southern Africa. Mr. Oates showed me family photos and I was surprised to learn that they took ponies – I think Siberian ponies – instead of dogs to pull their sleighs. Just think of all the logistics involved to feed the horses. Only when they had to use the ponies they found out that the they had bought old ponies not suitable for hard work. Later, in order to survive they had to eat the ponies. Capt. Oates recuperated in a house situated in Aberdeen, Cape, and the house still stands today. If I remember the lecture correctly there is a plaque attached to the house in Aberdeen.

TIMOL INQUEST IS TIPPING POINT FOR POSSIBLE TIDE OF PROSECUTIONS Weekend Argus (Sunday Edition) 6 Aug 2017 ALL the apartheid security branch policemen guilty of torturing detainees to death who thought they could disappear into the woodwork and never admit their crimes better think again. The Timol inquest has unlocked a web of conspiracy among the former security police, who are as tight as a secret society. Judge Billy Mothle’s subpoena to former John Vorster Square policemen, Joao Rodrigues and Neville Els, shows justice can still be pursued in these cases. The Timol family was told for years that Rodrigues was living outside the country. But then a source informed the inquest lawyers he was in a small town in South Africa. The re-opening of the Timol inquest after 46 years has given hope to many other families whose loved ones also died in detention. The SA Human Rights Commission is already fielding calls from their families. They are now pursuing ways to bring enough evidence to the fore so the National Prosecuting Authority (NPA) might consider prosecuting the cases. There just needs to be enough unity of purpose between politicians, the NPA, civil society and the SAHRC to make it happen. A total of 89 detainees died in detention between 1963 and 1990. The prospective cases include that of Dr Neil Aggett, who died in John Vorster Square in 1982. The state claimed he hanged himself. Aggett’s main interrogator, Steven Whitehead, is still alive. Babla Saloojee died in custody in 1964 in the security police headquarters known as Gray’s building34. The police said he jumped to his death and the state claimed it was suicide. Matthews Mabalena died in John Vorster Square in 1977. The state said he “accidentally” fell from the 10th floor.

34

The building in question was known as “The Grays” – HBH.

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One of the most ludicrous explanations involves Nicodemus Kgoathe, whom the state said died from natural causes – bronchial pneumonia – after slipping in the shower in 1969. The Foundation for Equality before the Law, whose objective is to ensure former security policeman who never applied for amnesty are not prosecuted, must be working overtime. It cannot afford to have former security policemen like Els and Rodrigues break ranks and give an inch. To men like JP Botha, who runs the foundation, the security police were operating in “a time of war” and many were just “following orders”, as we have heard from the Nazis in the Nuremberg trials after World War II. In sticking to his original story at the 1971 inquest, Rodrigues portrayed a version of events so highly improbable that Judge Mothle gave him a last chance to recant before leaving the stand. Judge Mothle told Rodrigues he had a number of issues with his testimony. They included: Why was it that both Els and Rodrigues claimed not to have known about the assault of detainees and both made the identical claim that they only heard about it in the media? If Rodrigues had been instructed to guard Timol, a “valuable detainee” and he failed to stop him diving out of the window, why was there no disciplinary inquiry? According to Rodrigues’s testimony, General Buys had instructed him on what to include in his affidavit. This type of interference resulted in a pattern of statements common to Rodrigues, Timol’s torturers, captains Johannes Gloy and Fanie van Niekerk and another interrogator, Richard Bean. The statements were: “I never assaulted anyone” and “detainees were never assaulted in my presence”. Dr Scheepers, the pathologist who did the autopsy in 1971, found a number of injuries on Timol’s body not consistent with a long fall. So did medical doctors at the time. But Rodrigues claims not to have seen any injuries when he sat with him in room 1026. One of these injuries was to his left foot, which would have made it impossible for him to rush to the window, as Rodrigues claimed. Had he dived out of the window, as Rodrigues claimed, he would have landed much further away from the building, according to the testimony of a trajectory expert. The only individuals in the original inquest who back Rodrigues’s version were Timol’s interrogators, Gloy, Van Niekerk and Colonel Greyling, who are implicated in at least 13 known cases of assault on detainees. Rodrigues, who was a clerk, was given a commendation by the Commissioner of Police after the inquest – an honour usually reserved for those who have really distinguished themselves. Rodrigues did not provide any satisfactory answers. Captains Gloy and Van Niekerk, Timol’s main interrogators, have died and did not testify before the TRC. The inquest also heard this week from Muhammed Ali Thoken, who had been across the road from John Vorster Square when Timol died on October 27, 1971. 123


Thoken testified it was midmorning when he heard a thud and a pedestrian told him a man had fallen from the building. This was a key piece of evidence as the police's story has always been that Timol fell at about 4pm. Closing arguments will be heard later in August. On Friday, Judge Mothle called on any member of the public who could assist in the inquest to contact the Timol family's lawyers at Webber Wentzel. Advocate Howard Varney, for the Timol family, told the judge the family would like to see Rodrigues charged with perjury and as an accessory to murder or murder.

COMPLAINT BY THE FOUNDATION FOR EQUALITY BEFORE THE LAW WEEKEND ARGUS (SUNDAY EDITION) 6 AUGUST 2017 “TIMOL INQUEST IS TIPPING POINT FOR POSSIBLE TIDE OF PROSECUTIONS” DETAILS OF COMPLAINT The WEEKEND ARGUS violated the following provisions of the South African Press Code: 1.1. The media shall take care to report news truthfully, accurately and fairly. 1.2. News shall be presented in context and in a balanced manner, without any intentional or negligent departure from the facts whether by distortion, exaggeration or misrepresentation, material omissions, or summarisation. 1.3. Only what may reasonably be true, having regard to the sources of the news, may be presented as fact, and such facts shall be published fairly with reasonable regard to context and importance. Where a report is not based on facts or is founded on opinion, allegation, rumour or supposition, it shall be presented in such manner as to indicate this clearly. 1.7. Where there is reason to doubt the accuracy of a report or a source and it is practicable to verify the accuracy thereof, it shall be verified. Where it has not been practicable to verify the accuracy of a report, this shall be stated in such report. 1.8. The media shall seek the views of the subject of critical reportage in advance of publication; provided that this need not be done where the publication has reasonable grounds for believing that by doing so it would be prevented from reporting; where evidence might be destroyed or sources intimidated; or because it would be impracticable to do so in the circumstances of the publication. Reasonable time should be afforded the subject for a response. If the media are unable to obtain such comment, this shall be reported. The relevant report of the Weekend Argus is attached. In the report, it is stated as follows: “The Foundation for Equality before the Law, whose objective is to ensure former security policeman who never applied for amnesty are not prosecuted, must be working overtime. It cannot afford to have former security policemen like Els and Rodrigues break ranks and give an inch. To men like JP Botha, who runs the foundation, the security police were operating in “a time of war” and many were just “following orders”, as we have heard from the Nazis in the Nuremberg trials after World War II.” The report states explicitly that the objective of the Foundation for Equality before the Law is “to ensure former security policeman who never applied for amnesty are not prosecuted” and it clearly and unambiguously conveys the message that the Foundation also has the objective to ensure that 124


these members should lie, or at least keep silent, in this regard. These statements are false, unfounded and malicious, or at least so unfair that it amounts to reckless journalism. The Foundation for Equality before the Law never stated that members who did not apply for amnesty should not be prosecuted. The Foundation never contacted Els, Rodrigues or any other former members of the security branch who did not apply for amnesty. Nor did the Foundation ever state that members of the security branch were operating in a time of war and were just following orders. The following paragraph in the report in question is also a distortion of the facts, which could not have been made with due regard to the available evidence: “Dr Scheepers, the pathologist who did the autopsy in 1971, found a number of injuries on Timol’s body not consistent with a long fall. So, did medical doctors at the time. But Rodrigues claims not to have seen any injuries when he sat with him in room 1026. One of these injuries was to his left foot, which would have made it impossible for him to rush to the window, as Rodrigues claimed. Had he dived out of the window, as Rodrigues claimed, he would have landed much further away from the building, according to the testimony of a trajectory expert” According to all available sources the autopsy in 1971 was done by Dr. Scheepers, the state pathologist, and also attended by dr. Gluckman on behalf of the Timol family and dr. Koch on behalf of the police. All three well known and highly regarded pathologists. The Magistrate who conducted the inquest in 1971, Mr. De Villiers, was assisted by professor I.W. Simson, a professor in pathology and also highly regarded, as assessor. None of these pathologists concluded at any stage that Ahmed Timol’s left foot was injured to such an extent that it would have prevented him from running. For that matter, they did not find any indications of injuries which would have been visible to Rodrigues. The testimony of the trajectory expert is still being considered by the present inquest and has not been substantiated. The report which is the subject of this complaint, is imbalanced and fails to state the important facts in these expert reports. The contents of these detailed reports, are discussed on the following webpages: http://www.ahmedtimol.co.za/downloads/archive/articles/Undatedarticles/NooneistoBlameTimolInq uest.pdf http://www.ahmedtimol.co.za/downloads/archive/articles/Undatedarticles/ExpertdisagreeonTimolT heTimolInquest.pdf The objective of the Foundation for Equality before the law is to ensure that the principles of our Constitution which provide for equality before the law, are honoured and that all actions taken in so far as alleged crimes are concerned, which were committed in the conflict of the past, are conducted in the essence and spirit of the concluding paragraph of the Interim Constitution which reads as follows: “The adoption of this Constitution lays the secure foundation for the people of South Africa to transcend the divisions and strife of the past, which generated gross violations of human rights, the transgression of humanitarian principles in violent conflicts and a legacy of hatred, fear guilt and revenge. These can now be addressed on the basis that there is a need for understanding but not for vengeance, a need for reparation but not for retaliation, a need for ubuntu but not for victimization” 125


There can be no justification for the publication of the remarks complained of, without consideration and publication of the available facts to create a fair and balanced perspective and without obtaining the perspectives of the Foundation (and me as its chairperson, who is also mentioned by name). The following facts should be considered with regard to the need for an organisation such as the Foundation, to engage itself in the struggle to ensure equality before the law (as its true objective is clearly stated in its name): Car-bombs, landmines, limpet mines and other explosive devices exploded on a regular basis and defenceless people - women and children - were killed or horribly maimed and the community faced a constant threat. Limpet mines in Wimpy Restaurants and explosive devices in refuse containers or terror attacks, in which persons might be mowed down indiscriminately, irrespective of whether they were women or children, were a real daily threat. The Church Street Bomb-explosion and the attack on the St James Church were characteristic of the reckless and barbaric way in which the revolutionary groups conducted the struggle. Pressure was mounted on the police from all sides, especially on the Security Branch, to safeguard the community at large from these attacks. 37 Members of the National Executive Committee of the ANC applied for collective amnesty in respect of the various acts committed by Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK) and admitted that members of MK were at all times operating under their authority. They however avoided to apply for amnesty in respect of various individual acts of terrorism committed by members of MK for which they are liable and can be prosecuted. Amnesty was originally granted, but set aside by the High Court after an outcry by the public. On the 25th of July 1993, defenceless churchgoers, including women and children, were attacked in St James’s Church, Cape Town, with AK 47 rifles and 11 were cold-bloodedly killed and several others were wounded. Dr Allan Boesak made the following comment regarding this incident: “We are horrified and deeply distressed by the savage attack on the congregation at St James's Church, Kenilworth, yesterday evening. Not only is this a monstrous crime against humanity, but also a shameful desecration of a place of prayer and worship’. Mr Letlapa Mphahlele, the President of the PAC and the man responsible for giving the orders for these attacks, was initially prosecuted and appeared in court for these murders but the case was postponed and has since faded away. Notwithstanding the fact that several political leaders and generals of the previous regime have been prosecuted for various acts committed in the conflict of the past and associated with a political motive, no political leader of the ANC or PAC has been prosecuted yet for the various hideous crimes for which they are liable, nor are there any indications that such prosecutions may be considered. Consequently, the witch hunt which is being conducted at present to prosecute former members of the security branch who did not apply for amnesty, without exception low ranking officials, not only violated the principles of our Constitution, but is also a disgrace to the values of what is just and fair in any civilized community. The intention of malice in the report, is corroborated by the unfair, unwarranted and unjustifiable association drawn between the “Nazis in the Nuremburg trials” and me. FOUNDATION FOR EQUALITY BEFORE THE LAW 129 THIRD ROAD, MONTANA, 0129 J P BOTHA 126


HMS QUEEN ELIZABETH Our fighting flagships: How 65,000 tonne, 919ft-long HMS Queen Elizabeth dwarfs other warships that have defended the nation’s seas for centuries •

HMS Queen Elizabeth has arrived in her home dock of Portsmouth this morning for the first time • She is the biggest and most powerful ship in Royal Navy history and completely dwarfs previous flagships • Thousands of people, including family members of those on board, lined the seafront to welcome her home • 65,000-tonne carrier is largest warship ever to be built in UK and will be Navy's flagship craft for 50 years • The 920ft-long ship will undergo further tests in Portsmouth and will not enter service until 2020 By JOSEPH CURTIS and ANTHONY JOSEPH FOR MAILONLINE and TOM KELLY FOR THE DAILY MAIL PUBLISHED: 22:36 BST, 16 August 2017 | UPDATED: 00:29 BST, 17 August 2017 She is the £3billion behemoth charged with leading the Royal Navy into the future - and she dwarfs all those who have done the job before her. Much is expected of the 65,000 tonne, 920ft-long HMS Queen Elizabeth when she eventually enters service as Britain's flagship aircraft carrier in 2020. And she arrived at her new home of Portsmouth today to much fanfare as thousands came out to give her a proper British welcome. Known as 'Big Lizzie', she is the biggest and most powerful ship ever built by Britain and is far superior to previous leading naval vessels.

The HMS Queen Elizabeth is the biggest and most powerful ship in the history of the Royal Navy and dwarfs some of the UK's most famous ships to come before her including the HMS Invincible, the HMS Victory and the Mary Rose

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HMS Queen Elizabeth, the UK's newest aircraft carrier, has arrived in Portsmouth, as thousands of people line the seafront

9 HMS Queen Elizabeth was seen sailing into her home port of Portsmouth Harbour for the first time this morning. For example, she is 300ft longer and 48,000 tonnes heavier than the HMS Invincible, the Navy's former leading aircraft carrier which served in the Falklands War and the Iraq War before she was decommissioned in 2005 and eventually sold for scrap. 128


The Navy will also hope the HMS Queen Elizabeth lives up to the reputation of her battleship predecessor named after the Queen's grandfather, HMS King George V, which weighed 42,000 tonnes and was 745ft long and helped defeat and sink the German battleship Bismarck during the Second World War. Going back even further, she weighs almost twice as much as her First World War namesake HMS Queen Elizabeth, which joined the fleet in 1915 to help the Gallipoli campaign and also went on to serve in the Second World War. HMS Queen Elizabeth's home port is also shared by a very historic flagship - the HMS Victory - which now serves as a tourist attraction. But those who served on the Victory during the Battle of Trafalgar would be stunned at the sight of the new aircraft carrier, which weighs 18 times as much as the 200-year-old ship and is almost five times as long. Also sharing a home in Portsmouth is another historic warship, the Mary Rose, which famously sank in the Solent in 1545 battling the French because she was too heavy at 700 tonnes and became caught in a gust of wind that caused it to turn over. She was raised from the waters in 1982 and has also become a tourist attraction. Meanwhile the commander of the Royal Navy's ÂŁ3billion new flagship has revealed he 'didn't shut his eyes' as he squeezed the HMS Queen Elizabeth into port with just 65ft to spare either side. With crowds lining the shoreside around Portsmouth to welcome the 230 feet wide and 920 feet long aircraft carrier into her Naval Base home, Captain Jerry Kyd said berthing the ship was a 'historic' moment. Quizzed about getting the ship into the harbour and then the base, where at its narrowest there is less than 65 feet of clearance on each side, Captain Kyd said: 'I didn't shut my eyes.' With Portsmouth harbour built more than 600 years ago and for much smaller ships, he said it was 'quite tight coming through the gap', but said they had practised for it. The ÂŁ3billion HMS Queen Elizabeth - dwarfing its accompanying flotilla - sailed into the harbour, after setting off from Fife for sea trials two months ago. Family members of those on board, who haven't seen their loved ones for more than seven weeks, were delighted to welcome them back this morning. Members of the 700-strong crew, plus 200 contractors, mustered on the deck of the 184 feet ship to wave to their friends and family as the aircraft carrier arrived shortly after 7.30am.

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The HMS Queen Elizabeth, which arrived in Portsmouth today, is the lead ship in the new Queen Elizabeth class of supercarriers. Weighing in at 65,000 tons she is the largest war ship deployed by the British Royal Navy. She is planned to be in service by 2020 Pressed on whether the homecoming of the ship was an emotional moment for him and the 700strong ship's company, Captain Kyd said it very much was. 'It was emotional because for me as an aircraft carrier captain, I brought HMS Ark Royal in here for her last arrival some seven years ago,' he said. 'So for me, it is full circle in a way - bringing the new generation of the next aircraft carrier into service for me is something very special professionally, and also personally. 'I think it is what the country needs, I think it is what the Armed Forces needs to give a balanced power projection capability. 'There were no tears in my eyes, but there was a feeling of intense pride and satisfaction. And I was just so pleased for my ship's company who have done so well and so much work over the last few years. For them it was a great day.' Captain Kyd said the whole feeling around the ship is one of 'excitement and also one of very intense pride of what has been achieved'. He added that sense of achievement is felt 'not just across the Royal Navy, but also our industrial partners on board to get this ship out from the builders yard seven weeks ago'. Captain Kyd also revealed that he is very much looking forward to enjoying a gin and tonic once he gets home. 130


As the crowds welcomed her in, Commander Darren Houston could be heard saying over the tannoy to those on the shore: 'Good morning, Portsmouth'. Louise Bond, 30, from Fareham, Hampshire, whose husband, Petty Officer Greg Bond, 33, is serving on board, said: 'It's my first homecoming. It's brilliant. I was up at 2.30am, first in line. It's amazing, I wouldn't miss it for the world. It's a historic moment, once-in-a-lifetime to see.' Tanya Baker, from Grantham, Lincolnshire, had taken two-year-old daughter Eloise to meet her partner, Petty Officer Craig May. She said: 'We are really proud that my partner is coming in on the Queen Elizabeth. It's been a long time since I've seen him and we are both proud to be part of the aircraft carrier.' HMS Queen Elizabeth will send a message to the UK's allies and enemies that the country means business, according to her captain. The behemoth is set to be the nation's future flagship for the next 50 years. Prime Minister Theresa May returned to duty and was seen meeting members of the crew, when the ship docked. Mrs May hailed the ship as a symbol of the UK as a 'great global maritime nation'. Speaking on board, she said: 'Britain can be proud of this ship and what it represents. 'It sends a clear signal that as Britain forges a new, positive, confident role on the world stage in the years ahead we are determined to remain a fully engaged global power, working closely with our friends and allies around the world.' The waterfront on both sides of the harbour was packed with people, waving flags and banners, keen to grab a view of the historic moment. Lieutenant Commander Neil Twigg, a fast jet pilot responsible for integrating the F35 fighter jet into the carrier group, said: 'We are very ready. There is still a lot more work to be done - the aircraft is still going through its testing programme in America and the ship has still some more sea trials - but we are on the right track. 'The sheer size ... this is the 65,000-ton aircraft carrier, the largest the Royal Navy has ever had, she is specifically built for the F35, the only aircraft carrier in the world designed for that air system, so a pretty unique capability the UK now has.' Anthea Edwards, 51, and her husband Rodney, 67, had flown 11 hours and almost 6,000 miles from Durban, South Africa to see their 21-year-old son's ship arrive.

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Anthea Edwards (centre), 51, and her husband Rodney (right), 67, had flown 11 hours and almost 6,000 miles from Durban, South Africa to see their 21-year-old son's ship arrive.

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Armed police chat on the seafront as HMS Queen Elizabeth sailed into her home port of Portsmouth Naval Base Mrs Edwards said: 'It's such a momentous occasion for it to come in. To see him come home is amazing. It's very exciting.' Mr Edwards said he was 'proud' to see his son, an engineer, follow in his footsteps, after he spent time serving in the merchant navy. He added: 'The lad is taking his leave, so we can spend some time with him. It is absolutely worth the distance to see him and the ship.' Christine Feltham, 59, had come from Southampton, Hants, to watch her 26-year-old son - a weapons engineer - arrive. She said: 'The ship was even bigger than I expected. It's great to know he was part of it on its maiden voyage. I am very proud of him.' Kirsty Masterson, 46, and her daughter Jessica, 46, had come from Eastbourne, East Sussex, to see her eldest daughter, who was aboard the ship. She said: 'It's emotional and exciting to be here. It is the flagship of the navy. I am extremely proud that a member of my family is serving on this ship.' John Mander, 77, from Bude, Cornwall said he was 'very proud indeed' of his son, who is one of the BAE Systems workers on board the ship. Sarah Smith had travelled from Hull, East Yorks, to see her 20-year-old daughter - a sea spec - and the flagship. She said: 'It's very exciting. I am very proud of her. The weather is very good - it's warm. I saw the ship when it left Rosyth. 'I am very excited to see it finally come home. It's a good moment and I would not miss it for the world.' Mary Hudson, from Havant, Hants, was there with her husband John and son Luke. She said: 'Although I had seen online how big it was, it was a lot bigger than I expected. 'It really wowed me. It was so impressive. It is great to be a part of this day and to see her coming into Portsmouth for the first time. It's a moment that I'll remember for ever.'

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A member of the crew of HMS Queen Elizabeth man a weapon as the UK's newest aircraft carrier arrives in Portsmouth for the first time. Luke, aged 11, said: 'It is awesome. The ship was really big and seeing the helicopters too was cool.' Couple Lucy and Jamie Richards, from Cosham, Hants, said it was worth getting up early for. Jamie, whose father was in the Royal Navy, said: 'It was a bit emotional watching it come in. There's just something incredible about seeing her in the Solent. 'It was great seeing the crowds to welcome her. Even though I had to get up at 5am, I wouldn't have missed this. It's been fantastic.' Suzanne Welch and Terry Card, from Portsmouth, said the ship gave them great pride. Suzanne, 55, said: 'This is something that won't happen again so it's exciting to be a part of it. 'We love the city and it's amazing to welcome HMS Queen Elizabeth.' HMS Queen Elizabeth Weight: 65,000 tons Length: 920 feet Top speed: Upwards of 25 knots Flight deck size: 230ft by 920ft - the equivalent of three football pitches Keeps 45 days worth of food onboard Is made up of 17 million parts 28 million hours have been spent designing and building the carrier More than a million feet of pipes inside the ship Another onlooker, Sarah Tremlett, said: 'it was utterly amazing to see her up so close. 134


'It makes me so proud as a Pompey girl. You just really had to be there to see that stunning sight right next to the shore.' Mrs Tremlett, who grew up in Cowplain, Hants, but now lives in Nottingham, said: 'This is what this city is all about, coming out to support our navy on days like this. It makes the 5am start worth it.' Admiral Sir Philip Jones, the First Sea Lord, spoke at the dockside and described the vessel's arrival as the culmination of an 'extraordinary journey' for the ship and the Navy. He said: 'Today, we are gathered to see a seminal moment in the history of the Navy. It is part of an unfolding renaissance in our maritime industries. 'Within both the Royal Navy and British industry, a generation have put their best years into making this a reality. Today is the culmination of the achievement of that programme. 'It is going to take time and patience to introduce this into service. I would like to acknowledge the fabulous support of the US and French navies, who we have worked with and continue to do so. 'As we prepare to leave the European Union, this will take our message of partnership and prosperity to the rest of the world. 'HMS Queen Elizabeth embodies the nation's future ambition, She will be the embodiment of Britain in steel and in spirit. 'She will demonstrate the kind of nation we are - not a diminished nation withdrawing from the world, but an outward-looking and ambitious nation with a Royal Navy to match.'

HMS Queen Elizabeth was given a police escort by river boats as it arrived into Portsmouth Harbour this morning. Defence Secretary Sir Michael Fallon said: 'Today we welcome our mighty new warship, HMS Queen Elizabeth, to her home for the very first time. 135


'She is Britain's statement to the world: a demonstration of British military power and our commitment to a bigger global role. 'The thousands of people across the UK who have played a part in building her and her sister ship, HMS Prince of Wales, should be immensely proud as our future flagship enters Portsmouth. 'She has made good progress in sea trials and will now embark on the next phase of preparations that will see the return of Britain's carrier strike ability. 'When she enters service she will help keep Britain safe at a time of increased threats, able to fill multiple roles from providing air power anywhere at any time to fight future campaigns, supporting allies or delivering humanitarian aid.' A flotilla of craft followed the behemoth aircraft carrier as she sailed into the Solent before heading into Portsmouth, where, at its narrowest point, there was less than 66ft (20m) clearance on each side. With boots polished and caps perfectly placed, all the ship's available company stood at the edge of the vessel as she arrived in the harbour and naval base. Those on board and watching from the shore were also treated to two separate flypasts of Royal Navy helicopters - the first featuring a Sea King, two MK2 Merlins and two MK3 Merlins - which were then joined by two Hawk jets for the second. Fireworks were let off as the giant carrier arrived, dwarfing the historic buildings at the entrance to Portsmouth Harbour. An 820ft (250m) exclusion zone, enforced by armed police in small boats, meant the port was effectively closed to the small flotilla of boats which had turned out to greet the Queen Elizabeth. Navy officers and family members lined the jetty in the Navy base to welcome the ship, while the band of the Royal Marines played to entertain the crowds. Lieutenant Commander Ian Pratt, who took a moment to take a photograph of the carrier as it sailed past, said: 'Absolutely fantastic. What a wonderful day for the Royal Navy, for Portsmouth and the whole of the country, the flagship of our nation is home. Fantastic.' The ship will berth at the newly-opened Princess Royal Jetty at Her Majesty's Naval Base Portsmouth, which will be home to both of the Royal Navy's new aircraft carriers. Pictured are members of the crew standing on the deck at the ship arrives in Portsmouth

Inside Big Lizzie revealed: Life above and below HMS Queen Elizabeth's fouracre deck for the 700 crew By Joseph Curtis for MailOnline Weighing 65,000-tons, HMS Queen Elizabeth is expected to be the flagship craft for at least 50 years - and is Britain's largest ever warship. She arrived in her home dock today after completing the latest round of sea trials - a day earlier than previously expected, after weather conditions had formerly prevented the exact date from being set. Pictures inside the ship give an insight into life on board, with the crew members working on their computers, sweating it out in the gym and the chefs cooking their meals. Speaking on board as the vessel sailed in the English Channel yesterday, Captain Jerry Kyd said he is feeling a 'huge amount of pride' ahead of the vessel berthing in her home port.

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Quizzed on whether he thinks aircraft carriers such as HMS Queen Elizabeth put the UK in the Naval premier league, he said: 'It sends the right signals to our allies and indeed potentially to our enemies that we mean business. 'The armed forces are fundamentally an insurance policy for the country and you can't just, at the flick of a switch, decide that you need these capabilities. 'You have to buy them, work them up, train them, integrate them with the rest of defence so they're ready to be called upon when required. You can't just buy it off the shelf.

Around 45 days worth of food is kept on board the HMS Queen Elizabeth, with this cook. 'Yes, it costs money, but it is all about having the right investment and having the right equipment for the hundreds, if not thousands of young men and women that go to war on behalf of the nation. 'It is absolutely an obligation of the taxpayer to ensure we have the right equipment.' During her estimated half a century working life, the 920ft vessel can be pressed into action for various work such as high intensity war fighting or providing humanitarian aid and disaster relief. 'We have never had a ship of 65,000-tons before in the Royal Navy so we have had to put in a bit of investment,' said Capt Kyd, who has served in the Navy for 32 years, and has been captain of HMS Illustrious and HMS Ark Royal. 'Of course when Henry VIII built Portsmouth, it was designed for ships the size of Mary Rose so we have had to make a few little changes to make sure we can fit in and be supported there.' Preparations for the ship's arrival saw more than 704 million gallons of sediment removed from the harbour to ensure the entrance is deep enough to allow the giant ship to access the Hampshire base. During the dredging, more than 20,000 items were removed from the sea bed including eight cannons, an aircraft engine, 36 anchors, a British torpedo, a German sea mine, five large bombs and a human skull - which was passed to local police. 137


The operation to prepare the harbour and base has cost ÂŁ100 million and has included new jetties and a new power plant to meet the electricity needs of the ship which is set to be joined by its sister vessel the HMS Prince of Wales which is currently being built. Mark Deller, Commander Air on HMS Queen Elizabeth, said the four-acre flight deck is a capability the Navy has not had before. Quizzed on the ship heading into Portsmouth, he said it will be a proud moment. 'It is going to be a good day, we are bringing our ship in. HMS Queen Elizabeth: Where has she been? The ship set sail from the Rosyth dockyard in Fife this summer. She passed under the iconic Forth Road Bridge before heading to the south of England and docking at Southampton. She has just spent six weeks in the North Sea for sea trials. The boat will soon head to America's east coast for flight trials which will begin in October 2018. Queen Elizabeth is expected to be operational by 2020. 'But what I wouldn't want to do is to sell the story that this is it, the bees knees and we are bringing our new Ferrari out of the garage. 'It is not Ferrari yet we have still got some work to do. She's not finished.' The warship has been undergoing training and tests at sea after setting out from Scotland's Rosyth dockyard in June, with more to take place over the coming months. HMS Queen Elizabeth will remain without aircraft until flying trials are conducted in the United States next year, with 10 F-35 Lightning II jets and 120 aircrew expected to take part. The warship is expected to arrive in Portsmouth shortly after 7am. The 919ft vessel was previously forecast to reach its base in the Hampshire port town between August 17 and 22, after setting out from Scotland's Rosyth dockyard in June. More than 60 Royal Navy sailors and Royal Marines took part in a training exercise aboard the American USS George HW Bush earlier this month, in preparation for the ship's entry into service. The carrier will remain without aircraft until flying trials are conducted in the United States +79 Defence Secretary Sir Michael Fallon has heralded the HMS Queen Elizabeth's impending arrival, and declared last week that she would be deployed 'across the seven seas, using her strike power to deter our enemies'. Sir Michael visited the craft for the first time last month, when he hailed the return of 'big decks and fast jets', and described the large-scale engineering project as 'great for British industry'. The warship will become the latest in a long line of prestigious ships to be docked in the historic Portsmouth port. Last week it was revealed a drone pilot had landed his unmanned aircraft on the HMS Queen Elizabeth in high winds, after zooming it past armed police patrol boats and dropped it unchallenged onto the four-acre deck. Concerned about the flight on to HMS Queen Elizabeth, the drone's pilot later approached security personnel - but said no-one was concerned that he had touched down on the recently launched ship. As HMS Queen Elizabeth is currently on sea trials it is not yet under Royal Navy control. A spokesman for BAE and the Aircraft Carrier Alliance, the consortium that built the ship, said they would investigate the drone flyer's claims.

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Pilots test F-35 jet fighters for take-off on 'ski jump' platform that will feature on HMS Queen Elizabeth. Pilots have been testing jet fighters for take-off on the 'ski jump' platform that will feature on HMS Queen Elizabeth. The Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II can take off from a flat-deck carrier in a short distance and land vertically. But with the new platform on HMS Queen Elizabeth, the F-35s can take off with weightier load outs and more fuel. The ski-jump platform is also said to be safer compared to US-style flat decks when encountering rough seas. This video shows an armed F-35B take off from a ramp in preparation for deployment on the Queen Elizabeth. Share or comment on this article http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-4797378/How-HMS-Queen-Elizabeth-dwarfswarships.html (17 Aug 2017).

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GENEALOGIESE VERENIGING VAN SUID-AFRIKA: GENL WH STEYN SAP-boeke geskenk

Colin Steyn Rentia lyk soos ʼn skraal liggaamsbouer met daardie twee swaar boeke. Die dik boek is geskryf deur kollega en vriend Marius de Witt Dippenaar en die ander boek deur Terrie King. Ek het die twee boeke aan die Genealogie Vereniging geskenk en sal by die Noord-Transvaaltak se argief gehou word. Landman Reid Rentia Twee waardevolle naslaanboeke met inligting van groot nut vir genealoë.

GENL.MAJ. HC RADEMAKER: NEDERLAND Die “Stichting Marechaussee Contact” in Nederland berig dat die oudkommissaris van die Koninklijke Marechausse op 15 Augustus 2017 oorlede is. “Oud-commandant van de Koninklijke Marechaussee generaal-majoor Hendrik Cornelis Rademaker is op 15 Augustus 2017 op 83-jarige leeftyd overleden. Rademaker leidde het wapen van 1986 tot 1990. Rademaker was offisier in de Orde van Oranje-Nassau en Ridder in de orde van de Nederlandse Leeuw. Hy was jarenlang begunstiger van de Stichting Marechaussee Contact.” 35

Genl. Rademaker het Suid-Afrika by twee geleenthede besoek en was ons gas in Pretoria en later weer te Welkom in die Vrystaat. Op persoonlike vlak het hy my met my studies oor die Koninklijke Marechaussee bygestaan. Hy was ‘n ware heer en vriend. Ons innige simpatie met sy heengaan.

35

https://www.facebook.com/StichtingMarechausseeContact/?hc_ref=ARRtkdmEvG5EuRGtvf8iDJHjEz1kCoqSRabbx0ves4Z_wWvJe6oaTRzxeeZjhEDf_A&fref=nf (17 Aug 2017)

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FEITESTELLING: KOL. EUGENE DE KOCK / ONS TUIS

31 Julie 2017 Per e-pos: heymanshb@gmail.com Geagte Brig. Hennie Heymans Feitestelling Kol. Eugene de Kock/Ons Tuis 1. 2.

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Kol. Eugene de Kock is op 4 Julie 2017 in Ons Tuis opgeneem. Die opname het op die normale wettige wyse geskied. Dit gaan gepaard met ‘n evaluering deur die maatskaplike werker en die voltooiing van die DQ 98 vorm. Dit alles is om te bepaal of ‘n voornemende inwoner sal kan aanpas en inskakel by die kultuur van Ons Tuis. Kol De Kock het aan al die vereistes voldoen en is opgeneem. Volgens ons inligting was hy die voorafgaande 6 weke in Denmar Kliniek en was die versoek dat hy op ‘n meer permanente basis in ‘n plek van versorging opgeneem word. Hy het met verloop van tyd al hoe meer aangepas en ons was onder die indruk dat hy goed ingeskakel het. Op Woensdag 19 Julie 2017 het ek ‘n oproep gekry dat daar groot onrus by Ons Tuis is. Die versorgers (care takers) het geweier om kol. De Kock verder te versorg. Hulle voel onveilig en eis dat hy die tehuis onmiddellik verlaat. Die personeel en ekself het hulle probeer kalmeer en hulle versoek om volgens die etiese kode van hulle beroep op te tree. Ek het hulle daarop gewys dat hulle hom vir twee weke versorg het sonder enige probleme of voorvalle. Hulle was egter onverbiddelik in hulle eise dat hulle hom nie gaan versorg nie en dat hy die tehuis moet verlaat. Dit ten spyte daarvan dat ons aangebied het dat slegs vrywilligers hom sal versorg. Ek hulle daarop gewys dat daar ’n wettige paroolproses plaasgevind het en dat daar streng parool voorwaardes is en dat parool beamptes deurlopend betrokke is. Hulle het dus niks te vrees vir hulle veiligheid nie. Tog het hulle onverbiddelik volgehou dat hulle onveilig voel. Aan die einde van die gesprek met die versorgers (care takers) het die toesighouer van die gang waar kol. De Kock se kamer is, gesê dat die polisie op daardie oomblik besig was om hom te verwyder. Dit sonder ons medewete of opdrag van die Bestuur se kant af. Hier was dus kragte aan die werk waaroor ons maar net kan spekuleer. Ek wil dit duidelik stel dat ons nie vir kol. De Kock versoek het om Ons Tuis te verlaat nie. Ek het dit ook so persoonlik vir hom gestel. Hy het aangedui dat hy begrip daarvoor het en dat wat nou plaasvind iets buite sy of die tehuis se beheer is.

(GET.) Ds. Dries Beukes Waarnemende bestuurder: Ons Tuis en Monumenttehuise 141


BLOEMFONTEIN: VROEË MOTOVOERTUIGBOTSING 'Kan jy nou meer?' Bloemfontein se eerste mouster smês...1910's – Nico Moolman.

SLOT / END •

Geagte leser: Vir die opstel van kwasiehistoriese dokument ons maak van verskeie bronne gebruik en bevat hierdie dokument uiteraard uiteenlopende en diverse persoonlike menings van verskillende persone en die opsteller van die Nongqai kan nie in sy persoonlike hoedanigheid daarvoor verantwoordelik of aanspreeklik gehou word nie.

Dear reader: Please note when compiling this quasi-historical document, we make use of various sources and consequently it is obvious that the document contains various diverse and personal opinions of different people and the author of the Nongqai cannot be held responsible or be liable in his personal capacity.

Hennie Heymans: No 43630 (B)

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Nongqai vol 8 no 9  

South African National Security & police history

Nongqai vol 8 no 9  

South African National Security & police history

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