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Contents Wie is ons? / Who are we? ......................................................................................... 6 Administration ............................................................................................................ 7 Legalities .................................................................................................................... 7 Welcome/ Welkom ..................................................................................................... 7 Kersboodskap: Mnr “AP” Stemmet & mev Petro Stemmet ......................................... 7 Kersboodskap: SAP Tin: Kol Henk van Heerden ....................................................... 8 In die Ware Gees van Kersfees: Kapelaan (dr) Jan du Preez ................................ 8 Kers- en Nuwejaarsboodskap: Koevoet Veterane Bond: JJ Dietrichsen .................. 10 Ons sal hulle nie vergeet nie: Kol Albert van Niekerk ............................................... 11 Grave: Centurion: No 414579P Const L Thorne: Koevoet .................................... 11 Philmar du Plessis: Voortrekkermonument: 16 Desember 2015 .............................. 12 Oudpolisieman: Kol MJJ van Rensburg (SALM) ..................................................... 12 Luit-genl JJ “Johan” Viktor (SAP + Ciskei Polisie) .................................................... 14 Chinese in Afrika ...................................................................................................... 16 Terreur op agenda by China-Afrika-beraad in Johannesburg ............................... 16 Chinese ghost town in Angola .............................................................................. 17 “Op die Majoor… Laat hy val waar hy wil!”: Nico Moolman ...................................... 17 Alistair Hawthorne Kemp ...................................................................................... 17 Polisieman! Wat sien jy? Kol MJJ van Rensburg (SALM) ................................... 21 The Netherlands & Genocide ................................................................................... 22 ‘Nederland het volksmoord in Suider-Afrika befonds’ – Martin Bosma ................. 22 Prisons: The Netherlands ......................................................................................... 24 Mahatma Gandhi … Dr JC van der Walt .................................................................. 24 Mahatma Gandhi … Allesbehalwe heilig .................................................................. 25 Gandhi se Leuens................................................................................................. 25 Gandhi die rassis .................................................................................................. 27 Allesbehalwe ‘n askeet ......................................................................................... 28 Die laaste kommissaris van die SAP en sy opvolgers .............................................. 30 Nota aan genl JV van der Merwe.......................................................................... 30 Admiral John Weston DSc & Mrs Weston (Circa 1911) ........................................... 34 Admiral Weston: Jennifer Bosch ........................................................................... 34 Admiral John Weston: Nico Moolman ................................................................... 38

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Farm “The Admiralty”: Oliviers Hoek Pass: Gilles van Schalkwyk ........................ 41 Admiral Maximilian John Ludwick Weston: Father of Aviation in South Africa. (176-1873 to 24-7-1950.) ........................................................................................... 41 The Murder of Robert Moncrieff: Oliviershoek Pass: Gilles van Schalkwyk.............. 45 Aeroplanes in GSWA: Lt-Col HF Trew (SAP)........................................................... 45 Aeroplanes & SAP in GSWA: E Moore Ritchie ........................................................ 47 Boere Rebel: JJ Fourie............................................................................................. 51 Jopie Fourie: Mickey Friedenthal .......................................................................... 51 Nooitgedacht: Plek waar Jopie Fourie gearresteer is: E Moore Ritchie ................ 55 Jopie Fourie: Nico Moolman ................................................................................. 55 Anglo Boer War: Cape Police: Stormberg: Nico Moolman ....................................... 56 The Rebellion & Gen CR Genl de Wet: Nico Moolman ........................................... 58 Antropologie & Volkekunde: Die Herero ................................................................... 60 SAP Spesiale Taakmag: SALM – Lt-kol W Marshall (SANW) .................................. 61 1938: Stoei: Johannes van der Walt: Patrick Coetzee ............................................. 63 Vuller: Agtergrondverslag: Johannes van der Walt ............................................... 64 Tertius Myburg: A Spy? ............................................................................................ 67 Comment: Gen Johan van der Merwe ................................................................. 69 Tertius Myburgh: Stephen Mulholland .................................................................. 70 Springs: Hein Killian ................................................................................................. 72 Plaaspatrollies: Natal................................................................................................ 74 Maj AA Wood ........................................................................................................ 74 Marriage Licence? ................................................................................................ 75 Polisiefamilie ............................................................................................................ 75 Genl Louis Botha, die rebellie, die oorlog in Duitswes en lt-kol Harry Trew ............. 75 Inleiding ................................................................................................................ 75 Nongqai, Sept 1936 .............................................................................................. 76 Botha's struggle .................................................................................................... 76 Botha: In every mood............................................................................................ 77 View of Rebellion .................................................................................................. 77 Of Lord Roberts .................................................................................................... 77 Of Kitchener .......................................................................................................... 77 Historic trek ........................................................................................................... 77 The 1914 Rebellion: Eyewitness account: Lt-Col HF Trew ...................................... 78 3


Dr CF Louis Leipoldt ............................................................................................ 78 De Wildt: Sergeant Cockrell ................................................................................. 79 Roodekoppies ...................................................................................................... 79 Nooitgedacht ........................................................................................................ 79 Conduct: Dr Leipoldt ............................................................................................. 80 Capture of Jopie Fourie's commando ............................................................... 80 Government forces: 10 killed 35 Wounded ....................................................... 81 Drs Bird & Leipoldt .............................................................................................. 81 The sad end ........................................................................................................ 82 Photo album: Capt JJ “Jopie” Fourie (UDF) – Wartime Commandant...................... 82 Footnote ............................................................................................................... 84 Anglo Boer War: CV van Gogh brother of Dutch Master Artist: Vincent van Gogh: Nico Moolman .......................................................................................................... 85 Calling a spade a spade in Afrikaans ....................................................................... 85 Missing Painting worth a fortune ........................................................................... 86 Dutch Boer surnames: Brandfort Chuch ............................................................... 86 SAC Barracks Bloemfontein: Nico Moolman ............................................................ 88 ABO: Kaapse Polisie: Nico Moolman ....................................................................... 88 Ladybrand: Coronation KE VII: “Police Station” ....................................................... 89 ZARP’s: Nico Moolman ............................................................................................ 89 History of Law & Order: South Africa: Student Protest ............................................. 90 Suid-Afrika: Studente Betogings ........................................................................... 90 1985-09-25: SAP Farewell Parade: Gen CL Viljoen of the SADF: C Steyn........... 100 Knightsbridge War Cemetery: Capt (SAN: Ret) Charles Ross ............................... 103 South Africans .................................................................................................... 104 2nd Lieutenant George Ward Gunn VC MC ....................................................... 105 Rifleman John Beeley VC ................................................................................... 106 South African Navy Ranks and Insignia: Part Two Warrant Officers: Captain (SAN) (Retd) Charles Ross ............................................................................................... 106 Cap Badge of the Warrant Officer....................................................................... 109 Veterans in Australia: Gavin Tischendorf (SAP) ..................................................... 110 Point Duty: SAP: Bloemfontein: Nico Moolman ...................................................... 111 Possak ................................................................................................................... 112 Olof Bergh: Alex Faria ........................................................................................ 112 4


Garda Siochana - Guardians of the Peace ......................................................... 113 South Africa’s Nuclear Bomb: Al J Venter .......................................................... 113 Ryno Human: Polisiestasie: Sophiatown ............................................................ 114 Ryno Human: 1969 Vertoongroep & Wespark Heldeakker................................. 114 Johannesburg: SAP Memorial ............................................................................ 115 Oud-ambassadeur CF Jacobs: Digitale Argief: Buitelandse Sake ...................... 117 ISSUU: Numbers don’t lie ................................................................................... 117 Blitspatrollie se 50ste: AO MC van Wyngaard ........................................................ 119 Virtuele Polisiemuseum en –argief ......................................................................... 119 Slot ......................................................................................................................... 120 Contact details / kontakbesonderhede ................................................................... 120

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Your national security history magazine without malice. U nasionale veiligheidsgeskiedenistydskrifsonder kwaadwilligheid. Om die verlede te bewaar sonder om in die verlede te leef.

To preserve the past without living the past.

Wie is ons? / Who are we? We are an informal group of police and defence veterans who would like to foster an interest in South Africa’s police, defence and national security history from 1652 with cut-off-date 1994; when the new South Africa came into being. We only tell and explain what we did; for we were the “on the spot� eyewitnesses! In fact we are the ones you saw on TV and in the news reels of the time following orders from parliament. However we have to debate the incidents because our memory is fallible 6


as we grow older. In the terms of the day "we earned the T-shirt and right to tell our stories for you to enjoy with malice towards none." We all can learn from the past.

Administration We are mainly a “one-man-show”, so if we do not respond immediately to your email – please send a reminder to heymanshb@gmail.com or phone Hennie Heymans at 012-329-4229. We are mainly “writers” and very bad “clerks” – history is such an all absorbing subject; we have do much reading, research, scanning, liaison and other tasks - so sometimes we tend to forget, however that’s one of the bonuses or plights when we get old. We always have vacancies for volunteers, editorial contributors and the like. Please also visit: http://issuu.com/hennieheymans/docs/nongqai_vol_6_no_12 and http://www.enongqaipublications.com/

Legalities This publication is not intended to be a comprehensive review of all developments in policing/ national security or to cover all aspects of those referred to. Readers should take legal and other advice before applying the information contained in this publication to specific issues or transactions. The Nongqai contains various and sundry personal opinions of different correspondents and neither the compiler of The Nongqai nor The Nongqai will be held responsible for any of their comments which is entirely their own and not necessarily that of eNongqai or its publishers.

This is not a literary magazine, but a magazine by and for veterans of the SA Security Forces; we want to capture the words and moods as written by our former veterans. Our languages are Afrikaans and English

Welcome/ Welkom Welcome to this edition at the end of 2015 and beginning of 2016. Let’s be full of hope, love and charity. A pleasant Christmas, filled with Christ and a New Year full of Health, Wealth and Happiness!

Kersboodskap: Mnr “AP” Stemmet & mev Petro Stemmet Ons wens al ons oudkollegas en vriende van die SAP, SAW EN SSVR ‘n baie geseënde Kersfees en ‘n voorspoedige 2016 toe. Ons weet dat sy genade vir ons genoeg sal wees. 7


AP en Petro Stemmet Durbanville

Kersboodskap: SAP Tin: Kol Henk van Heerden Middag oom Hennie, Die Kersboodskap soos versoek via Tiny Nortjè hiermee. Henk van Heerden

Kersboodskap Soos geplaas in die Kersuitgawe van die bulle-TIN, amptelike blad van die SA Polisie TIN Eenheid Veterane Bond.

In die Ware Gees van Kersfees: Kapelaan (dr) Jan du Preez Deur generaal Jan du Preez (ds, dr), kapelaan van die SA Polisie TIN Eenheid Veterane Bond Kersfees lê net om die draai en die wêreld skud sy vere reg. In ʼn ommesientjie word besighede, strate en gewone woonhuise in ʼn feetjieland van liggies omgetower. En in die geklingel van klokkies hoor ons weer die opklink van bekende kersliedere. Oral loop ons ons vas teen die omie met die spierwit baard en dik rooi jas. Langs hom staan sy sleë, gesleep deur ʼn span takbokke, gereed om wêreldwyd 2015 se kersgeskenke te gaan aflaai om iewers onder ʼn kersboom ʼn lêplek te kry. In ʼn snikhete Suid Afrika met sy Somerkersfees sal ons ook aan hierdie jaarlikse fanfare deelneem. *** Tussen die takke van die kersboom steek ʼn klein wit ongemerkte koevert uit. Vir die afgelope tien jaar is daardie koevert al deel van die gesin se kersboom. Waar kom dit vandaan? Dit het alles begin by Mike, die pa van die huis, wat ʼn weersin in Kersfees gehad het. Mike se weersin was nooit gemik teen die ware betekenis van Kersfees nie, maar oor die manier waarop daar met Kersfees gesmous word; mense wat in die kersseisoen spandabel lewe en geskenke koop wat dalk op die ashoop gaan beland of weens onbruik nog plek in ʼn reeds oorval kas gaan opneem. Toe besluit Nancy een jaar dat sy nie weer die gewone hemde en dasse vir Mike as kersgeskenke sal gee nie. Hierdie keer sal sy iets spesiaals vir hom doen. Kevin, hul twaalfjarige seun, was deel van die skool se stoeispan. Kort voor Kersfees stoei Kevin se span in ʼn vriendskaplike wedstryd teen ʼn span wat deur ʼn kerk in die middestad geborg word. Maar dié span se kleredrag was so gehawend dat dit in skrille kontras staan teen die netjiese span waarin Kevin speel. Soos die kompetisie vorder word die uitslag van die tweestryd al hoe meer voorspelbaar en die span uit die middestad verloor in elke afdeling. Mike wat saam 8


met Nancy die wedstryd bywoon, het hartseer sy kop geskud. Sê hy: “Ek wens een van hulle kon wen. Hulle het soveel potensiaal, maar om só te verloor kan hulle moed breek”. Mike was lief vir kinders en het die afrigting van voetbal en basketbal met hulle geweldig geniet. Net daar kom Nancy op die blink gedagte van Mike se komende kersgeskenk. Daardie middag besoek Nancy ʼn sportwinkel. Sy koop ʼn verskeidenheid stoeitoerusting en stuur dit anoniem aan die gemeente in die middestad. Op Oukersaand plaas Nancy ʼn klein wit koevert tussen die kersboom se takkies. In die koevert is daar ʼn nota vir Mike. Daarin verduidelik sy haar skenking aan die stoeiers as haar kersgeskenk vir hom. Mike se glimlag was ʼn teken van tevredenheid want vir hom was dit die ware gees van Kersfees. Toe word dit vir hulle ʼn jaarlikse Kersfees tradisie. Een Kersfees is ʼn groep verstandelik gestremde jongmense na ʼn hokkie wedstryd gestuur. By ʼn ander geleentheid is twee bejaarde broers gehelp wie se huis net ʼn week voor Kersfees deur ʼn brand totaal verwoes is. Jaar na jaar het dit in daardie gesin so gegaan. Toe word dit ʼn vaste gesinstradisie tydens Kersfees. Die wit koevert, wat op die Kersoggend altyd die laaste oopgemaak is, word toe die hoogtepunt van hulle Kersfeesviering. Rondom die kersboom sou die kinders in afwagting staan wanneer Mike die koevert van die boom afhaal en die inhoud bekendmaak. Vir die kinders, ook toe hulle groter word, het die klein wit koevert nooit sy aantrekkingskrag verloor nie. Maar die storie eindig nie hier nie. Mike is aan kanker dood. Toe Kersfees in sy sterfjaar kom, sit Nancy nog vasgevang in haar verdriet. Eers is sy traag om die kersboom op te stel. Uiteindelik, op Oukersaand, doen sy dit en volgens die gevestigde tradisie kry die wit koevert ʼn plek aan die boom. Op Kersoggend kom die verrassing. Saam met Nancy se koevert is daar nog drie wit koeverte aan die boom. Sonder dat die ander daarvan weet, het elkeen van die drie kinders vir die eerste keer ʼn wit koevert aan die boom geplaas as herinnering aan hul pa. So het ʼn tradisie ontstaan en gegroei. Eendag sal dit ook uitbrei na die kleinkinders wat met afwagting rondom die kersboom op die afhaal van die wit koevert wag.1 *** Van kindsbeen af ken ons die Kersverhaal. Ons weet waarom Christus na die wêreld gekom het. Maar die gees van Kersfees sal net in die wêreld deur ons sigbaar word as ons deur die loop van die jaar doen wat Christus van ons vra en aan ons voorhou: “Ek was honger, en julle het my iets gegee om te eet; Ek was dors, en julle het my iets gegee om te drink; Ek was ʼn vreemdeling, en julle het my gehuisves; Ek was sonder klere, en julle het vir my klere gegee; siek, en julle het My verpleeg; in die tronk, en julle het My besoek.” Wanneer, Here, het ons dit aan U gedoen? En dan die verrassende antwoord: “Vir sovêr julle dit aan die geringstes gedoen het, het julle dit aan My gedoen.” (Matteus 25:31-46) 9


Want dit is die ware gees van Kersfees wat ons daagliks moet voortsit terwyl ons in 2016 ons oog op Jesus hou. ʼn Geseënde en helder Somerkersfees aan julle toegewens.

Kers- en Nuwejaarsboodskap: Koevoet Veterane Bond: JJ Dietrichsen Eerstens my dank aan die bestuurskomitee van die Koevoet Veterane Bond vir die geleentheid wat my gegun is om hierdie boodskap met u te kan deel. Die Koevoet Veterane Bond het die afgelope jaar sy deel van lief en leed beleef. Aan die leedkant moes ons afskied neem van onder andere generaal J.G. Sterk Hans Dreyer, stigterslid en bevelvoerder van Koevoet. Hy was ook ere-president van die Koevoet Veterane Bond. Ons moes ook afskeid neem van Kolonel (Oom) Willie Fouché wat die laaste 5 jaar van Koevoet se bestaan Operasionele Offisier was. Daar was ook ander lede van die Bond wat nie meer met ons is nie en daar is waarskynlik ook oud-lede van Koevoet wat nie lede van die Bond is nie, wat nie hierdie Kersfees met ons is nie. Aan hulle gesinslede en families wens ons sterkte toe vir ‘n eerste Kersfees sonder hul dierbares. Mag die hartseer omgekeer word in aanvaarding van die wete dat daar waar hulle is, nie pyn, seerkry en verdriet is nie. Gun hulle die ewige rus! Daar is ook tans lede van die Bond wat ernstig siek is. Aan hulle en hul dierbares – ook u die leser - wens ons sterkte toe en vertrou dat daar spoedig verligting sal intree. Aan die liefkant het elkeen die afgelope jaar nog ʼn jaar by sy/haar ouderdom gevoeg – wat ʼn voorreg is. Ook is daar nuwe aankomelinge tot die families se getalle gevoeg – waarskynlik meestal kleinkinders. Baie geluk aan julle almal. Mag julle deel in die voorreg en vreugde om die jongelinge groot te maak. Mag hierdie Kersgety ʼn Feesgety vir almal wees.- ook elke leser van die Nongqai – en mag die Nuwe jaar vir u almal baie voorspoedig verloop. Seënwense. Dicks Dietrichsen Lid van die Koevoet Veterane Bond.

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Ons sal hulle nie vergeet nie: Kol Albert van Niekerk Grave: Centurion: No 414579P Const L Thorne: Koevoet

Konst Thorne is in ‘n skermutseling oorlede. Weens kopiereg bepalings storie nie nou vertel word nie! 

kan sy

Ons dink, in hierdie Kersdae, aan hom en sy familie! Let op die grafskrif: “My son, I will always love you!”

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Philmar du Plessis: Voortrekkermonument: 16 Desember 2015

Oudpolisieman: Kol MJJ van Rensburg (SALM) Oudpolisieman Die son kom op soos elke dag En die pofwolke roei in hulle eie gelag. Hulle skaats verby soos herinnerings, so sag, Ontasbaar en netnou oor die horison. Die Polisieman uit die Kollege van negentien vyf-en-dertig. Drie en veertig jaar later noem hulle dit aftrede. Ja ! dit is vir hom die einde. Dit is die einde van `n perde-pad En die einde van die Harley Davidson-pad. 12


Na die motorfiets was dit die Chev-bakkie op die pad. Misdaad is in sy springgety, Misdaad ‘’ rock `n roll ‘’ in sy moerasklei. Die kanker van misdaad het vleuels gekry, Sy sluise is roekeloos oopgeruk. Uit die tronke kom misdadigers soos windhonde. Die mooi lewe is hulle velde van verwoesting. Misdaad is die tering in die land se longe. Oudpolisieman! Om jou woed `n orkaan. Korrupsie en skandale is in kraam. Elke grys haar is `n medalje van smart. Is daar vir hierdie held `n druppel water op sy hart? Hy swyg, hy dink, hy onthou maar is gedaan En oor sy geplooide wange rol een traan. Die Hemel aanskou en die Hemel verstaan In sy gemeenskap is oudpolisieman eensaam `n Lewe lank geskoffel in die tuin van onreg. Hy was toegewyd, lojaal en verdraagsaam. Waar is die standbeelde van hierdie polisiemanne opgerig? Hulle het gedien, gestry, gekeer en walgegooi. Het hy ooit gesê: “ Ek is moeg?” In die Drakensberge het hy alleen gehuil Want die misdaad pad was steil. Die eendag was hy in die stoeikruit, In die Howe met klagstate, registers en dossier, `n lang dag met wetsboeke en getuienisse. Dit is `n dag van oorwinnings en nederlae. Op `n ander dag is die hof weer `n bokskryt. Die misdadigers het gelag en gespot .. Die stelsel bevry nog `n Barnabas En die sambok lê in die Museum.. Die klammigheid van misdaad Kleef aan almal se klere. Soos roes in ons murg en bene Drup moord, verkragting, diefstal en korrupsie Uit die reënboog van `n saam geflansde nasie. Oud Polisieman ! jy lê vandag in die aarde se boesem, Miskien is daar vir jou, Buffel- en Tugelariviere Of `n Drakensberg met n duisend goue hekke. Waar jy is, is dit stil. Jou blou uniform hang in my hangkas. Agter elke medalje skuil `n duisend trane. Ek sal jou naam ter helde dra 13


Op die einde van tyd, hoop ek om te vra, Dat elke Polisieman `n kroon ontvang Want hierdie Polisieman was my Pa. MJJ van Rensburg November, 2015.

Luit-genl JJ “Johan” Viktor (SAP + Ciskei Polisie) Hennie Heymans” Vrydag 18 Desember 2015 at 08:10 · Pretoria · Genl JJ Viktor het gister 86-jaar oud geword. Mens sal dit nie sê nie! Ek vertrek netnou na Brits om vir die Oubaas te gaan kuier en sal sommer oorslaap. Ons het baie om oor te gesels (en te skryf) - ek ken hom al van 1974 - toe ek hom in Rhodesië ontmoet het ... LikeCommentShare Kasoepie van Niekerk, Daan Joubert, Drummond Hammond and 69 others like this. Comments JJ van Rooyen Mooi ry! Gawie Botha vra hom of hy my onthou.... sê die woorde: "Spookhuis- Oshakati" ,daar het ons saam gewerk met ondervraging! dra my groete en seënwense oor asb! Div De Villiers Ek is seker dit gaan 'n besonderse kuier wees. Veilig ry. De Wet Potgieter Stuur vir hom asb groete en gelukwensing. Ramona Joubert du Toit Veilig wees Hennie. Geniet! Hennie du Plessis Ook van Dupie af groetnis. Eiras Vermaak Sarie Jacobs more Hennie. Sjoe ek het skoon vergeet van sy verdag!! Sal jy ASB vir hom se baie geluk met so ʼn groot mylpaal in gespaarde jare! Mag sy jare wat die Liewe Vader hom nog gun vol Gesondheid Geluk Vrede en Kalmte wees. Geniet jul kuier. Jy en hy is bevoorreg ! mooi dag. Tom Louw Goeie môre Oom Hennie. Stuur asb gelukwensing aan Genl oor. Veilig ry en Geniet! Gerhard Pieters Oom Hennie neem my Groetnis saam asb, geniet! Hein Kilian Geniet en stuur groete Craig Williamson My very best wishes also please Koot Swanepoel Dankie vir jou mooi omgee hart Hennie Heymans. Seën vir jou en dra asseblief ons blad se mense sê groete en seën oor aan die Generaal asseblief. 14


Casper Kruger Geniet en stuur groete asb. Philmar du Plessis My beste wense Vir die Genl. Dana Kruger Baie geluk mag die jaar wat voorlê net geluk vreugde en goeie gesondheid inhou Alida van Tonder Hennie was hy ook in Soweto op ʼn stadium? Hennie Heymans Korrek Ané van der Merwe Stuur vir hom groete! Nick Nel Middag Hennie ... Ons kuier naby mekaar...Ek is ʼn paar dae by Hartbeespoort ... Geniet en groete ... Danie Putter Geniet. Boet Meintjes Geniet oom Hennie en stuur groete vir die Genl. asb Marius Morland Geniet die trip, en sê vir die Genl baie geluk met sy verjaarsdag. Ek hoop julle 2 maak 'n goeie aand van hierdie groot dag. Louis Struwig Legende ,geluk Genl. Andre Victor Het onder hom gewerk in1980 x302 Andre Victor Skuus myself afgesny, het onder hom en Kol. Richter in 1980 by X302 Poleys-arkade gedien, hy het paar keer vir my gesê die Victor's het in die groot oorlog baie jare weg gehardloop, die Viktor's het geveg... ai was groot dae daardie, hoop julle kuier lekker. Piet Van Zyl Saluut en Walk Tall Genl Nico Frylinck Baie geluk Generaal. Nog so skerp soos altyd. Francois Jacob Harmse Beste bevelvoerder wat mens kan kry! Groete en beste wense. Buks Bluff Botha Niemand kan MET ons BROEDERSKAP INMENG NIE!!!! Hennie Heymans Baie dankie almal - dankie vir julle "omgee en liefde" - op ons "oudag" het ons net liefde, vrede, goeie gesondheid en kameraderie nodig! Die "ou" generaal is 'n goeie gasheer - ons het baie gesels, ek het u groete en goeie wense oorgedra. Ons het lekker gebraai en ek het lekker in die bosveld tussen die geluide van voëls en jakkalse aan die slaap geraak. Vanoggend het ek bygestaan toe hy die wilde voëls voer - wat 'n ervaring ook Bosveld fisante het kom eet. Hy is 'n skerp "ou man" - onthou ook alles. Hy is so in die stilte 'n kenner van baie dinge ... Gawie Botha Alle goeie polisiemanne, my nou uitgesluit is ʼn "kenner van baie dinge" Hennie Heymans Jy ken self ook "groot & diep dinge" van hierdie land! 15


Chinese in Afrika Terreur op agenda by China-Afrika-beraad in Johannesburg Posted By: praag 4 December 2015 Die Chinese ambassade in Luanda se eerste sekretaris, Zhao Haihan, het in ‘n onderhoud met Bloomberg gesê die Angolese regering is gewaarsku oor die hoë frekwensie van ontvoerings van Chinese burgers. Tot enkele weke gelede, het niemand verwag dat veiligheid ‘n onderwerp van bespreking sal word by die ChinaAfrika-beraad wat 4-5 Desember in Johannesburg gehou word nie. Terrorisme en veiligheidskwessies sal waarskynlik op die agenda wees wanneer die Chinese president Xi Jinping met meer as 50 swart eweknieë van die kontinent vergader. China se kwesbaarheid vir terrorisme is blootgestel toe ISIS die Chinese burger Fan Jinghui onlangs tereggestel het. Dit het gelei tot oproepe op Chinese sosiale media dat Beijing moet terugslaan teen die terroristegroep. Net ‘n paar dae later, is nog drie Chinese vermoor deur terroriste, hierdie keer in die hoofstad van Mali, Bamako. Die aanvallers het die Radisson Blu Hotel bestorm waar drie bestuurders van die staatsbeheerde China Railway Construction Corporation doodgeskiet is. Hierdie twee gebeurtenisse is net die jongste aanvalle op Chinese burgers in die buiteland. Die afgelope paar jaar, is Chinese burgers gevange geneem deur Boko Haram in Kameroen, ontvoer in Egipte, gyselaar geneem in Soedan. In Angola, is die situasie is so erg dat ‘n senior amptenaar van die ambassade in Luanda ‘n beroep op die regering gedoen het om in te gryp om toekomstige Chinese belegging in die land te ondersteun. Die persepsie dat China nie na sy mense in die buiteland kan omsien nie, is ‘n werklike probleem vir die legitimiteit van die regering, sê ontleders. In teenstelling met die Verenigde State van Amerika, Frankryk, en Brittanje wat eensydige militêre ekspedisies in ander lande onderneem sonder VN toestemming, het die Chinese tot dusver sulke ingrypings vermy. Dit is nie seker of China tans oor die vermoë beskik om spesiale magte te ontplooi om na hul belange om te sien nie, meen hulle. Die beraad vind onder voorsitterskap van president Jacob Zuma en sy Chinese ampsgenoot Xi Jingping plaas. China het verskeie ooreenkomste wat hy met Afrika-lande wil sluit en beloof beleggings van miljarde dollar, en teen die einde van verlede jaar was handel en beleggings tussen China en Afrika bykans 200 miljard dollar werd. Die handelsbalans is egter grootliks in China se guns. In die eerste helfte van die jaar het beleggings egter met 40 persent gedaal weens lae kommoditeitspryse en ‘n sukkelende wêreldekonomie.

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Chinese ghost town in Angola Why has China built a ghost town in Africa? Eerie footage shows brand new Angolan city designed for 500,000 lying empty. Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2168507/Footage-shows-brand-newAngolan-city-designed-500-000-lying-empty.html#ixzz3uHmcHQED 

Ons oudlede van die veiligheidsmagte en inligtingsdienste kan vir interessantheid let op die Chinese se konsep van tyd, hul internasionale geopolitieke doelwitte en hul rol in ons finansies gaan belangriker word. Ons is nie verniet lid van BRICKS nie. Ons finansies moet ook in daardie lig beskou word. Hou mnr Nene dop – hy nog ver paaie loop.... Ons moet ‘n paradigma skuif maak en oos (ipv wes) begin kyk ... Ons is juis hier omdat die Hollanders ‘n seeweg na die ooste gesoek het.

“Op die Majoor… Laat hy val waar hy wil!”: Nico Moolman Vir my het Suid-Afrika sy ontstaan en begin hier by die Boere-Oorlog rond gehad. Ons het nou wel op skool geleer van Jan van Riebeeck se landing, die Britse setlaars se aankoms, Piet Retief en Dingaan, die ontdekking van goud en diamante ens. maar my ore het altyd spits gestaan as die oumense oor die tyd van kakies skiet of die konsentrasie kampe gepraat het. Klein-klein het ek al geweet van joiners en helde, kameraderie en swaarkry. Op skool het ons geykte stories geleer. Net oor selektiewe veldslae en populêre generaals. Soos wat ek ouer geword het, het die oudstryders en konsentrasiekamp dogters al hoe minder geword en die stories skraler, maar as iemand iets vars of nuut oor die tydperk vertel het, was ek ene ore.

Alistair Hawthorne Kemp Nou anderdag by ʼn geleentheid in Parys beland ek en my vrou by ʼn tafel waar ʼn ou omie en sy bejaarde vrou gesit het. Ons het onsself aan hulle voorgestel en so het ek dan oom Alistair Hawthorne Kemp ontmoet. Nadat die spreker sy spreek gesprag het, is die kroeg se bottels ontprop en jy kon bestel net wat jy wou want dit was ʼn kontant kroeg. “Bring vir my asseblief twee skoon enkel whiskytjie en vir my vrou ʼn Sherry,” was sy vriendelike versoek aan die kelnerin. Niks unieks aan sy versoek nie. Inteendeel die meeste ouerige mans drink mos whisky. Hy het die twee glasies met die whisky voor hom geplaas. Die regterhandse een opgetel en die op die linkerkantste se rant geklink en die glasie in sy regterhand teen sy regter slaap gedruk vir ʼn oomblik, so al of hy wou salueer. Die glasie met ʼn halwe draai sirkel tot by sy lippe gebring en gesê: “Op die Majoor, laat hy val waar hy wil!” en met een teug die whisky gedrink.

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Die tweede glasie het hy met reguit arm uitgestrek na bo gehou, sy elmboog geknak en die glasie saggies teen sy lippe gehou, ʼn klein sip gevat en rustig die whisky nommer twee op sy tyd uit die glasie verlei. Die gaste by die okasie het begin meng en rustig die uitstalling van die oomblik besigtig. Oom Alistair het vir hom ʼn bordjie eetgoed bymekaar gemaak van koesisters, frikkadelletjies, kaasskons en hoendervlerkies soos ons ander en weer kom sit. Nadat ons die snoeperye geëet het, bestel die oom weer twee whiskies en volg hy dieselfde prosedure soos vantevore. “Verskoon my oom maar waarom die twee enkels en die ʼn dubbel nie, en wat se ‘Op die Majoor...’ sê oom as oom die eerste glasie ledig?. ” Vra ek vol vraagtekens aan oom Alistair. “Kom ons stap buite toe dan rook ons ʼn sigaret dan vertel ek jou.” Sê hy as hy sy stoel uitstoot en omdraai so met die opstaan en flink begin aanstap buite toe. Ek het hom gevolg en ons twee het op ʼn muurtjie in die tuin gaan sit waar ons sigaret rook geen nie-roker kon pla nie. Ek het vol afwagting gesit en wag om te hoor en oom Alistair het my dan hierdie unieke verhaal van die twee-enkel-glasie-heildronk vertel. Dit was gedurende Paasnaweek 1902 so ʼn paar myl suid wes van Parys aan die Vrystaat kant van die Vaalrivier dat oom Alistair se pa en oom die oggend nat en amper verkluim tussen die rooi klip rotse op die opkomende son gewag het om warm te probeer word. Die twee Kemp-broers was sonder perd en te voet aan’t trekkende om iewers weer by ʼn kommando aan te sluit. Vir dae het hulle voor die Engelse kolonne met hulle Joiner-Scouts uitgevlug. As boorlinge van die omgewing het hulle die agtervolgers ontduik en in die klip skeure van die koppies geskuil vir tyd en wyl. Goeie Vrydag oggend was hulle moedeloos van moeg, nat en koud. Die nag in ʼn skeur geslaap en hulle met gras en bossies toegegooi om liggaam teen die koue en mis reën te probeer beskerm wat elke dag oor die rante gehang het. Vroeg dag sit twee verkluimde Burgers en bleek son op kyk toe hoor hulle die dowwe klop van klippe in vlakwater wat net ʼn perd kan maak. Sommer hier 20 treë onder hulle kom die soldaat aangery deur die vlak stroom net bokant die natuurlike drif. Die Majoor het nog die omgewing van oënskynlike verlatentheid so rustig waargeneem toe kyk hy in die lope van twee Henri-Martini’s vas. Sy militêre-brein het in ʼn oogwenk geweet dat uit daardie ystertonnels agter boer-hand sou daar net ʼn flits wees en dan sou ʼn paar onse boere lood hom nooit weer sy Bonnie Skotland sou laat sien nie as hy selfs vinnig sou asem haal. “Hênsop en klim suutjies van jou perd af, of jy is oorle” het die Majoor al te duidelik verstaan. Na amper drie jaar se oorlog in die Vrystaat het hy Afrikaans goed 18


verstaan, en al was hy ʼn Eskimo; was die twee manne se intensies baie duidelik oor taalgrense heen. Die majoor het versigtig van sy perd afgeklim en hande omhoog sy lot afgewag. “Tyk of jor kloufs” het die bevel gekom. Sakkie Kemp was nie meer lus vir koud kry nie en hy kon al voel hoe die jas van die Majoor hom sou laat warm voel. Zoon het weer die boetse onder oog gehad want sy linker velskoen was al heeltemal deur geloop. En net daar befoeter die Majoor alles met sy antwoord. “You can rather shoot me. I hail from a family with a proud military history. My father won’t live it down if it should become known that his son surrendered his sword and arrived naked back at his post of command.” Die Majoor was nie seker of hy verstaan is nie en dadelik vervolg met: “If you let me live I will bring you each warm clothing if that is what you need.” Sakkie het soort van verstaan en die majoor gevra: “How kên us vertrous you? ” “My name is Major Alistair Hawthorne and I give you my word as an officer and gentleman.” Het die Majoor sy enigste troefkaart op die tafel gesit. Sakkie en Zoon het ʼn rukkie gekoukus en besef dat hulle nie hierdie man in koelen bloede kon skiet nie en albei kon net iets uit die transaksie kry as hulle hom sou glo. En op Goeie Vrydag sou hulle geloof hulle nie diè daad kon laat pleeg nie “Ok Mister Major, doet sou maar, if you verneuks us we wil skiets joe,” het Sakkie vervolg omdat die Majoor hom verstaan het. Die ooreenkoms nou was dat die Majoor oor ʼn uur of twee hulle hier sou kom ontmoet. Met uitgestrekte hand is kontrak gesluit soos wat die erekode daardie jare onder manne was, selfs in oorlog tyd. Die Majoor ry toe terug deur die drif en hier sit twee skeptiese burgers en wag. Hoe later dit word hoe meer verwyt hulle, hulle self oorlat hulle so ʼn geleentheid deur die vingers laat glip het. Die son was al skadu-soek hoogte toe Sakkie die perde hoor aankom. Sy eerste gewaarwording was die van skok, want sy geoefende ore het geweet daar is ʼn paar perde in aantog. Met geweer gereed vir optel en vuur het Sakkie die drie perde ingewag. Die Majoor het twee perde saam gebring. “Here you are gentlemen!” het die Majoor by die afgespreekte oopte tussen die rotse uitgeroep. Vir minute het hy gewag voordat Sakkie uitgekom met Zoon nog aan’t afklim van hoër af teen die rant. Zoon het net honderd persent seker gemaak dat daar nie dalk nog ander soldate in aantog was nie.

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Toe die twee Kemp broers besef dat die Majoor woord gehou het en dit wat hulle voor hulle oë gesien het hulle s’n was, was hulle totaal uit die veld geslaan. Vir elkeen was daar ʼn perd met saal en toom, komberse, warm klere, stewels en kouse, ‘n paar blikkies kos, ʼn paar boksies lucifers en ʼn jas. Die Majoor het glimlaggende die toneel gade geslaan en toe die ongewone gedoen. Uit sy saalsak het hy ʼn bottel whisky gehaal en drie blik bekertjies. “Now we can celebrate a bit gentlemen and there is another bottle in the saddle bag for you,” het die Majoor gesê en die prop van die bottel in sy hand se seël gebreek, die bottel oopgedraai en die prop op die grond plat getrap. Daar sit die vyande van vanoggend as pêlle die dag op hulle hurke op die sandbank langs die drif elk met ʼn whisky. Die rivier se water was koud en skoon daardie jare, en die whisky wel beleë. Die bottel het gou sy jis gesien en die driemanskap het al hoe later al hoe lekkerder gekuier. Zoon en Sakkie het nog aan die laaste dop gedrink toe die Majoor opstaan om terug te keer na sy kamp toe. Die Majoor het beloof dat hy nie hulle sou agtervolg voor die volgende oggend nie. Die Kemp broers weer het beloof om hom nie te skiet as hy weg ry nie. Die Majoor het hulle flink gesalueer, op sy perd geklim en met ʼn laaste waai van die hand anderkant die drif hulle totsiens toe gewuif. Met die blik bekertjies voor hulle uitgestrek het hulle hom op sy weg sien vertrek en mekaar geklink op Sakkie se: “Op die Majoor!” en die laaste druppel tot agter in sy keel gegooi. Voordat Zoon die ander bottel in sy saalsak gaan sit het, het hy nog ʼn knertsie geskink. Die het hulle suutjies op geproe, want hulle het geweet dat die Majoor sou woord hou. ******************* Sonder dat ek dit besef het, het ek en oom Alistair al ʼn hele paar sigarette tot stompies laat krimp so met die vertellery deur. “En weet jy wat is die mooi van die verhaal?” het hy gevra. “Ek luister” was my antwoord. “My pa was Sakkie. Hy het vertel hoe die blikkieskos hom en oom Zoon se honger gestil het en hoe die warm klere hulle gered het van sekere verkluim. Twee weke na die ontmoeting langs die rivier het hulle die boodskap gekry dat vrede onderweg was. Hulle het nooit weer taal of tyding van die Majoor gekry nie. Pa Sakkie en oom Zoon het nooit weer iets anders as whisky gedrink nie.

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Nadat my oupas vernoem is soos my pa my twee ouer broers gedoop het, is ek as derde seun Alistair Hawthorne Kemp gedoop. My oorlede neef, derde seun van oom Zoon het ook die naam gedra. My oudste kleinkind is ook Alistair. Die dag daar lank gelede word as tradisie in ons familie behou. Daarom die twee glasies. Een op die Majoor uit respek en een op die lewe.” My vrou moes my ʼn paar keer roep sodat ons kon ry. Ek het totsiens gesê aan oom Alistair Hawthorne Kemp en lank nog die aand aan die mooi van oorlog gedink as daar iets soos mooi kon wees wanneer iemand moet sterf vir ʼn ander se strewe.”

Polisieman! Wat sien jy? Kol MJJ van Rensburg (SALM)

Polisieman! Wat sien jy? Ek sien die wêreld in boeie Ek sien hom deur die bril van die Tien Gebooie Die gebooie sê, moenie en mag nie Maar hier lêdie antwoord op al die waaroms en hoekoms. Toe ek `n seuntjie was Het my bril gesien dat alles mooi was. Nou sien ek net stapels wet boeke, duisende wet boeke oor al die wette. Skielik sien ek nie meer `n ja of `n nee nie, Ek sien nie meer die onderskeid tussen reg en verkeerd nie. Hoekom werk al die wette nie meer nie? Polisieman, nou waar lê die voordeel van die lewe? Jy het geleer van die boom van goed en kwaad. Al wat ek sien, is plantasies van misdaad. Oor die berge en in die dale, groei misdaad se saad. Die tuin van Adam en Eva is vir ewig geskaad. Polisieman! wat sien jy ? Die uurglas van geregtigheid het leeg geloop. In die nag sien ek die groot sterre skildery En ek aanskou die wit kruisies, Elkeen `n plaas boer van sy lewe gestroop. Die sonneblom landerye lag nie meer nie, Die vroeë en laat vye baar nie. Die vrugte boorde van eerlikheid, skoonheid en diepte, En karakter is geplunder, Waar is die politikusse . My Godsdiens en kultuur is bevlek Met die voorvader geestes hoer. Op al my kerke en skole lê hulle en loer. Hulle is parasiete in die plaashuis se da ken vloer. 21


Die barbare is in my tee en koffie. Oral groei hulle soos `n plantasie. Die tronke is oorvol van hierdie bagasie. Kyk hoe afgebrand is die trein stasie. Polisieman! wat sien jy? Ek sien my Volk wat nie lag nie, Wat nie meer Volkspele doen nie Wat nie meer konsertina speel nie, Wat ook nie meer bid nie. Ek sien hoe ongeregtigheid gedy In `n duisend fases van korrupsie. Waar is my mense se hart? Polisieman! Wat sien jy? Ek sien die Hemel het sy gesig weg gedraai, Die Engelekoor het stil geraak. Die Hemel is besig om gereed te maak. Wat is die dossier nommer van hierdie saak? Ek sien die grysaards van polisiemane swyg. Ek die polisieman wag vir God se hofsaak Dan ruil ek my uniform en wet boeke vir `n beter saak. MJJ van Rensburg November 2015.

The Netherlands & Genocide ‘Nederland het volksmoord in Suider-Afrika befonds’ – Martin Bosma

Martin Bosma POSTED BY: PRAAG 26 NOVEMBER 2015 ‘n Lid van die Nederlandse parlement, oftewel die “Tweede Kamer van die StateGeneraal“, mnr. Martin Bosma (Partij voor de Vrijheid), het gisteraand verklaar dat “Nederland Suider-Afrikaanse bevrydingsbewegings finansieel gesteun het wat vier volksmoorde gepleeg het”. Dié stelling het hy tydens ‘n begrotingsdebat in die Tweede Kamer oor “ontwikkelingsamewerking” gemaak. Nederland skenk jaarliks 22


€4,1 miljard (ongeveer R60 miljard) aan derdewêreldlande, veral in Afrika. “Ontwikkelingsamewerking” wat as “OS” afgekort word, verteenwoordig ‘n eufemisme vir hulpgeld. Die vier terroristebewegings, wat volgens Bosma nooit sonder Nederlandse finansiering aan bewind sou gekom het nie, is: die MPLA in Angola, SWAPO in Suidwes-Afrika (tans Namibië), Frelimo in Mosambiek, asook die ANC-SAKP in Suid-Afrika. Tydens die sewentiger- en vroeë tagtigerjare had Nederland ‘n verlinkse minister vir ontwikkelingsamewerking, Jan Pronk, ‘n lid van die linkse Partij van de Arbeid. Pronk was die seun van ‘n hervormde onderwyser en onderwyseres wat agterna ekonomie studeer het. “Die PvdA het Frelimo en MPLA gefinansier. Sal die PvdA daarvoor om verskoning vra? Volksmoorde is met Nederlandse belastings gepleeg. Nederlandse ontwikkelingshulp is verantwoordelik vir tienduisende dode in Afrika… Jan Pronk was verlief op Julius Nyerere. Daardeur is miljoene Tanzaniese boere van hul grond verdryf,” seg Bosma gisteraand. Met Nederlandse en Skandinawiese hulpgeld het Nyerere die stelsel van “oejamaa”sosialisme in sy land ingestel waardeur kollektiewe landbou op die kommunistiese manier ingestel is. Hy het ook sy weermag in die vroeë 1970’s gebruik om miljoene bestaansboere onder dwang na die stede en nuwe dorpe te laat trek en het hul ou statte afgebrand. Hierdie beleid het tot hongersnood in die land gelei en het Tanzanië van buitelandse voedselhulp afhanklik gemaak, wat toe deur Nederland op aandrang van Jan Pronk verskaf is. Oor die volksmoorde in Suider-Afrika, het Bosma gisteraand in die Tweede Kamer verklaar: “Progressiewe Nederland het die ANC gehelp om volksmoord op Inkatha uit te voer. Die ‘bevrydingsbewegings’ in Angola, Mosambiek en SuidAfrika pleeg almal volksmoord. Suid-Afrika is nou die mees rassistiese land ter wêreld, danksy Nederland en Jan Pronk. Die land word regeer deur die intens korrupte ANC, wat ‘n kriminele organisasie is.” Oor Zimbabwe seg Bosma: “Nederland steun die rassis Robert Mugabe téén suksesvolle blanke boere.” Die repliek op Bosma deur die linkse Kamerlede van die Partij van de Arbeid en die Sosialistiese Party (wat voorheen vir Voorsitter Mao van Rooi Sjina ondersteun het) was bedeesd. Een het vermeld dat hy Martin Bosma se boek: Minderheid in eigen land: Hoe progressieve strijd ontaard in genocide en ANC-apartheid gelees het, maar nie veel daarvan dink nie. Repliek op Bosma se stellings en vrae sal vanmiddag deur die vroulike minister van buitelandse handel en ontwikkelingsamewerking, Lilianne Ploumen, beantwoord 23


word. Ploumen behoort, nes Jan Pronk destyds, tot die linkse Partij van de Arbeid en Bosma se aanmerkings kan haar dus kwalik aanstaan. Nederland word tans deur die sogenaamde Mark Rutte II-koalisie geregeer, wat uit die linkse PdvA en die liberale VVD (Volksparty vir Vryheid en Demokrasie) bestaan. Die eerste minister, Mark Rutte, is die leier van die VVD, wat oor 40 setels in die Tweede Kamer beskik. http://praag.co.za/?p=35318&utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_ca mpaign=Feed%3A+praag+%28Pro-Afrikaanse+Aksiegroep%29

Prisons: The Netherlands

Mahatma Gandhi ‌ Dr JC van der Walt Deur dr JC van der Walt, Richardsbaai

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Nie vir sensitiewe lesers

Mahatma Gandhi … Allesbehalwe heilig

Gandhi se beeld by Pietermaritzburg-spoorwegstasie – Dr JC van der Walt

Gandhi se Leuens Een week na sy aankoms in Suid-Afrika, op 7 Junie 1893, is die jong Indiër prokureur, Mohandas Gandhi, in die nag by die Pietermaritzburg-stasie van die trein afgegooi omdat hy geweier het om ‘n kompartement slegs vir wittes te verlaat: “Ek het vir my lewe gevrees. Ek het die donker wagkamer binnegegaan. Daar was ‘n wit man in die vertrek. Ek was bang vir hom. Wat word van my verwag, het ek myself afgevra. Moet ek na Indië teruggaan of moet ek aangaan met God as my helper en wat ook al vir my voorlê, trotseer? Ek het besluit om te bly en te ly. My passiewe weerstand (Satyagraha) het daardie dag begin,” het Gandhi se eerste biografie deur JJ Doke, sestien jaar later, beweer. Dit is die storie wat die wêreld oor en oor gehoor het en wat wêreldwyd vir kinders in skole geleer word. Die waarheid is dat skoon Indiërs gereeld saam met blankes in dieselfde eersteklaskompartement tussen Durban en Charlestown gereis het. Dit was, sonder uitsondering, vir elke eersteklaspassasier verpligtend om ‘n bedkaartjie 25


van vyf sjielings vir die oornagreis te koop. Gandhi het, weens koppigheid en suinigheid, twee keer op dieselfde dag, geweier om ‘n bedkaartjie te koop. Gandhi vertel self in Hindi in hoofstuk 33 van sy outobiografie (sien: mkgandhi.org/autobio/chap33htm), wat regtig gebeur het: Abdulla Sheth (Gandhi se werkgewer in Durban) het hom meegedeel dat, anders as in Indië, die koop van ‘n bedkaartjie vir die oornagreis in eersteklas, verpligtend was: “Hy het aangedring dat ek ‘n bedkaartjie moet koop, maar uit hardkoppigheid en hoogmoed, en om vyf sjielings te spaar, het ek geweier. Abdulla het vir my gesê dat hy meer as genoeg geld het, en hy het my gewaarsku om nie suinig te wees nie, maar ek het hom gevra om nie bekommerd te wees nie.” Die aand in Pietermaritzburg het Gandhi vir ‘n spoorwegbeampte oor sy bedkaartjie GELIEG, “Ek het reeds een by my,” het hy gesê. ‘n Beampte het later vir Gandhi versoek om na die goederekompartement oor te gaan (omdat hy nie ‘n bedkaartjie gehad het nie), maar Gandhi het geweier:” ‘n Konstabel het gekom. Hy het my hand geneem en my van die trein afgesit en die trein het weggestoom.” Gandhi het die nag in die wagkamer deurgebring en het die volgende oggend ‘n telegram van protes aan die Spoorweë gestuur. “Die Algemene Bestuurder het die optrede van die spoorwegbeamptes goedgekeur. Ek het toe in Maritzburg die bedkaartjie gekoop, wat ek in Durban geweier het om te koop. Die aandtrein het opgedaag en daar was ‘n gereserveerde bed vir my,” skryf hy verder in sy outobiografie. Gandhi het met sy betaalde beddegoed in ‘n eersteklaskompartement, na Charlestown gereis. “Die ontbering wat ek moes ondergaan, was oppervlakkig,” het Gandhi geskryf. Kort na sy aankoms, het Gandhi begin om ‘n groot aantal briewe oor rassediskriminasie teen Indiërs aan koerante in Suid-Afrika, Indië en Engeland, te skryf. Hy het destyds hoegenaamd nie na die “stasie insident” verwys nie, nie eens in sy dagboek nie. Sestien jaar later, het eerwaarde JJ Doke vir Gandhi as ‘n politieke martelaar in sy biografie, “Gandhi. An Indian Patriot in South Africa”, geprojekteer. Gandhi het later self vier veskillende weergawes van die “stasie-insident” gegee. In die misleidende 1982 rolprent, “Gandhi”, was Gandhi, mét sy beddegoed en al, nie toegelaat om in ‘n eersteklaskompartement te reis nie. Hy word ‘n “coolie”, ‘n “smart bloody Kxffxr” en ‘n “smart black ass”, genoem. In die rolprent gooi ‘n aggressiewe en rassistiese wit konstabel vir Gandhi met brute geweld uit die trein sodat hy hard op die platform val en sy bagasie word agtena gegooi. Maar hierdie rolprenttonele is vals! Dit is bloot briljante politieke propaganda. 26


Met die onthulling van die Gandhi-standbeeld in Kerkstraat, Pietermaritzburg, op 6 Junie 1993, het aartsbiskop Desmond Tutu, Gandhi se LEUENS voortgesit, “Gandhi is van die trein afgegooi omdat hy in ‘n kompartement slegs vir blankes gesit het, alhoewel hy ‘n eersteklaskaartjie gehad het. Ek is bly dat hy die groot vernedering moes verduur, want dit het geregverdigde woede in hom opgewek, om die metodes van passiewe weerstand te ontwikkel,” het Tutu gesê. President Nelson Mandela het op 25 April 1997, toe die vryheid van Pietermaritzburg aan Gandhi se kleinseun, Gopal-Krishna Gandhi, toegeken is, gesê, “Vandag maak ons ‘n eeu oue fout reg. Hierdie stasie is een van die wêreld se berugste simbole van diskriminasie.” Die ANC ontken steeds Gandhi se rassisme en gebruik die “berugte stasie insident” as politieke propaganda om Indiërs se stemme te werf. Indien Gandhi na die raad van sy ervare werkgewer geluister het en wel vyf sjielings vir ‘n bedkaartjie betaal het, sou die, “berugte stasie insident”, nooit plaasgevind het nie. Nadat Gandhi vir die spoorwegbeampte GELIEG het, het hy, - hardkoppig, hoogmoedig en suinig-, vir die tweede keer op een dag, nie ‘n bedkaarjie gekoop nie en is hy na die goederewa oorgeplaas, en toe hy dit oók weier, is hy sagkens van die trein afgesit. Sy “lyding” word verlos toe hy die volgende dag wel ‘n bedkaartjie koop en sonder probleme in eersteklas verder reis. Henry SL Polack, vir jare lank die redakteur van die Gandhi-koerant, Indian Opinion, skryf: ”Gandhi, die Coolie prokureur, was ‘n welbekende en gereelde spoorwegpassasier, wat reg deur die land, op professionele en publieke besigheid, gereis het. Hy het eersteklas gereis, dikwels met ‘n hele kompartement vir homself.” Was Gandhi die slagoffer van rassisme in Pietermaritzburg? Beslis nie. Gandhi skryf in Hindi in sy outobiografie: “’n Passasier het GESIEN dat ek ‘n gekleurde man was. Dit het hom ontstel. Die passasiers het niks gesê nie.” Rassisme op die stasie was die jong prokureur se politieke fabrikasie. Die standbeeld in Pietermaritzburg ter ere van Mahatma Gandhi se “lyding” is op Gandhi se LEUENS en sy briljante politieke propaganda, gebaseer.

Gandhi die rassis Nadat die ANC regering in 2005 nog ‘n standbeeld ter ere van Gandhi in Johannesburg opgerig het, het Edolphus Towns, die verteenwoordiger van New York, in reaksie op die koerantberigte oor die standbeeld, die 109de Kongres van die Verenigde State van Amerika, daarop gewys dat Gandhi ‘n blatante rassis teen die swart mense van Suid-Afrika was. Gandhi het deurgaans na swartes as “Kxffxrs” verwys. Hy het beslis geweet dat die woord aanstoot gee:

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“Die swarte wie se beroep dit is om te jag, wie se ambisie slegs is, om ‘n aantal beeste bymekaar te maak om ‘n vrou mee te koop, en dan sy lewe in luiheid en in naaktheid te spandeer.” “Kxffxrs is as ‘n reël barbaars. Hulle is moeilikheidmakers, vuil en leef een graad bokant die dier.” Gandhi beskryf Indiërs as, “oneindig superieur bokant die swartes.” Hy het die wit ras as die dominerende ras beskou, gevolg deur die Indiërs met die swartes op die bodem. “Die regering van die Boere beledig die Indiërs deur hulle saam met die Kxffxrs te klassifiseer.” “In die Durban Poskantoor was aparte ingange vir die naturelle en Indiërs saam, en een apart vir die blankes. Ons het groot vernederings ondervind en gerespekteerde Indiërs is beledig. Ons het daarom petisies geloods sodat die outoriteite met hierdie diskriminasie moes wegdoen. Hulle het toe drie aparte ingange geskep: vir naturelle, vir Asiate apart en vir Europeërs.” “Ek moet erken ek voel sterk teen die vermenging van Kxffxrs met Indiërs.” “Ons beskou dat dit ‘n wyse beleid van die Indiërs was, om regdeur Suid-Afrika, hulleself apart van ander gekleurde rasse te hou.” “Ons glo, net soveel as die blankes, in die suiwerheid van ras. Ons glo die blanke ras in Suid-Afrika is die dominerende ras. Sommige Indiërs het seksuele kontak met Kxffxrvroue. Indiērs moet hulle heeltemal vermy,” het Gandhi geskryf.

Allesbehalwe ‘n askeet In Johannesburg op Tolstoy Farm, verplig Gandhi sy ongeletterde vrou, Kasturba, en al die ander vroue om sonder mans in aparte slaapkamers te slaap. Hyself en Hermann Kallenbach, ‘n Duitse argitek en liggaamsbouer, deel ‘n slaapkamer. Gandhi sê: “Seks tussen man en vrou is die walglikste ding op aarde.” Gandhi skryf ‘n aantal liefdesbriewe aan Kallenbach. Hy skryf dat slegs Kallenbach se foto by sy bed staan en dat Vaseline en katoenwol hom na Kallenbach laat verlang. Hy dring aan dat Kallenbach tydens sy verblyf in Londen kuis moes bly en dat hy nie ‘n verleidelike oog vir vroue moet hê nie. Hy teken sy briewe aan Kallenbach as “Hoërhuis” en Kallenbach is “Laerhuis.” Kallenbach het nooit getrou nie. Gandhi skryf aan Kallenbach: “Meer liefde, nog meer liefde; dis ‘n liefde wat die wêreld nog nooit gesien het nie. Jy het my hele liggaam totaal oorgeneem. Dit is slawerny met wraak.” By Phoenix in Natal in 1909 knoop Gandhi ‘n seksuele-verhouding met Millie Polak, die vrou van Henry SL Polak, die redakteur van die Gandhi-koerant, “Indian 28


Opinion”, aan. Hulle vertrek saam op ‘n reis na Londen. Polak bly alleen agter om later te verneem dat Gandhi,” ‘n subsituut-eggenoot”, vir Millie is. Drie jaar later verwerp Millie vir Gandhi en hy begin ‘n seksuele verhouding met Henry Polak se suster, Maud. Terug in Indië in 1914, het Gandhi die rol van ‘n brandmaer heilige askeet gespeel in ‘n poging om die 350-miljoen Indiërs te oorreed om alle Britse nywerheidsprodukte soos geweefde materiaal en selfs Westerse medisyne, te boikot. Sy passiewe weerstand (Satyagraha) en sy briljante politieke propaganda, het baie bygedra tot Indië se verkryging van onafhanklikheid van Brittanje in 1947. Die Indiese regering het primitiewe hutte of Ashrams vir Gandhi en sy volgelinge gebou waar hulle volgens oeroue Indiese tradisie geleef het. Gandhi se primitiewe spinwiel het sy politieke handelsmerk geword. Gandhi het deurgaans in slegs sy lendekleed tussen twee jong meisies, sy “menslike kieries”, geloop. Hy het verskeie bloedjong meisies en getroude vroue verplig om kaal by hom te slaap. Dit het groot spanning in die Ahrams veroorsaak. In 1917 het Gandhi ‘n passievolle verhouding met die Deen, Esther Fahring, begin. Gandhi het ook in 1919 ‘n erotiese vehouding met Saraladevi Chowdhrani. Hy skryf aan haar: “Ek het nog nie my drang na seks onder beheer nie.” Madeleine Slade, die dogter van ‘n Britse vlootadmiraal, het in 1925 Gandhi se “menslike kierie” geword. Gandhi het sy spontane ereksies en ejakulasies bedags en sy nat-drome snags, asook die oorsaak en raat vir hulle hardlywigheid, bespreek. In 1931 was sy Gandhi se vertroulike metgesel na Engeland, Frankryk en Switserland. Twee jong vroue, sy niggies, Manu (18) en Abha (16), sy ander “menslike kieries”, moes snags kaal by Gandhi slaap ter wille van sy eksperimente - brahmacharya – om selibaat te bly. Jawaharlal Nehru, Indië se eerste minister, het Gandhi se gedrag as, “abnormaal en onnatuurlik”, bestempel. Gandhi het elke keer wanneer hy ‘n ejakulasie gehad het, vir Manu kwalik geneem. Sy het vir Gandhi as haar persoonlike god beskou. Abha se eggenoot, Kanu, het beswaar aangeteken, maar het later aangebied om Gandhi se “bedverwarmer” te word. Gandhi het selfs sy persoonlike vroulike dokter, dr Sushila Nayer, sedert sy 15 jaar oud was, oorreed om kaal by hom te slaap. Die dokter het Gandhi ‘n Hindoe-god genoem. In September 1942, drie uur die nag, het die New Delhi Herald se joernaliste die naakte Gandhi saam met vyf jong naakte vroue gefotografeer. Hulle was die hele nag in dieselfde bed saam. “Het u toe ‘n ereksie gehad?”, het ‘n joernalis aan die 73jarige Gandhi gevra. Gandhi se antwoord was: “Ek het niks verkeerd gedoen nie. Die ware brahmachari (selibaat) is iemand wat nooit enige seks-doelstellings het nie, wat ononderbroke na God soek en daarom in staat is om bewustelike of onbewustelike ejakulasies te 29


beheer, sodat hy bevoeg is om nakend langs nakende vroue te lê, ongeag hoe mooi hulle is, sonder om seksueel geprikkel te word.” Hierdie ontbloting van sy sekseskapades was die begin van Gandhi se politieke ondergang. Sy ondersteuners het die waarheid uitgevind en het begin om hom verlaat. Dr. Sushila Nayer het later minister van gesondheid van Indië geword. In 1970 skryf sy oor Gandhi se LEUENS: ”Eers later, toe meer mense aan Gandhi begin vrae stel, oor sy fisiese kontak met vroue – soos Manu, Abhu en ekself – het Gandhi die idee van brahmacharya (selibaat) uitgedink. Aanvanklik was daar geen sprake van brahmacharyaeksperimente nie.” [31/12/2014]. Kommentaar deur HBH – Kan onthou dat ek gelees het vanwaar mnr Gandhi met genl Smuts in verbinding was: Sy klagte was dat Indiërs nie met swartes in polisieselle opgesluit wou wees nie. Gandhi-hulle wou as Indiërs alleen in sogenaamde Indierselle opgesluit wees, nie saam met Swartes. Dit is ‘n feit. Dit het my dikwels opgeval; want dit was “dubbelstandaarde” en ek het altyd onthou as Gandhi se naam genoem word. Ek kan ook onthou hoe ‘n kleinseun van Gandhi in Durban dikwels by politieke vergaderings altyd gesê het: “Dr Malan wat gedurende 1948 aan bewind gekom het ....” Ook kan ek onder eed verklaar dat Moslems wat Indiërs was, tydens my dienstermyn in Durban, nie saam met Swartmense in die selle wou wees nie. Miskien was dit net diè wat deur die SAP aangekeer was en wat gevolglik dan aangehou moes word. Vir baie gekleurde opposisie het “apartheid” met dr DF Malan in 1948 begin. Dit is ontsettend verbasend dat mense nie die algemene geskiedenis & staatkundige geskiedenis van Suid-Afrika, ken nie. Daarmee wil ek nie te kenne gee dat “ons” nie foute gehad het nie... Ons stelsel het sy eie foute gehad. Ons het ‘n beter staatsdiens as vandag gehad, maar dit was ook in sekere opsigte ‘n futlose, verbeeldinglose staatsdiens wat ‘n veilige hawe vir gemiddeldes en ondergemiddeldes was. Gaan sit en dink vir ‘n oomblik: Waarom ons vandag so gehaat word .... Afrikaans word in Namibië, waar dit algemene spreektaal is, uitgewis ... In die RSA is dit ook so! Sit en dink! Ook was die propaganda stryd fel teen ons gevoer ... Dit die “ou dae” was dit ook algemeen vir mans om met dogtertjies te trou ... Dit was ook so in Gandhi se tyd die geval ... Praat van pedofiele?

Die laaste kommissaris van die SAP en sy opvolgers Nota aan genl JV van der Merwe Genl 30


U ter inligting. Wil u enige kommentaar lewer op die onderstaande stuk van O’Malley, asb? Later het genl Johan Swart aan ons by ABS te kenne gegee hy word die kommissaris. Weet u hiervan en is dit met u bespreek? Ek weet genl George Fivaz het u ingelig dat hy kommissaris word ... Groete Hennie Heymans

https://www.nelsonmandela.org/omalley/index.php/site/q/03lv03445/04lv03689/05lv0 3751/06lv03752.htm

MM He had already, before coming into government, cultivated that eastern sector of the world. He now wanted the new democratic government to consolidate that relationship and if the ambassadorial appointments were coming from the old order then he would have probably had some intelligence reports also of their role because the diplomatic service, I think you and I would agree, is often the best place for covering all your agents, the Secret Service, etc. He would have had his reports there too and would have said, no, too dangerous. Other appointments can be made, new people can be appointed, even inefficient people that don't allow that foothold. He didn't articulate his reasons, he would have given his reasons presumably to Nzo, presumably to the Deputy President, Mbeki. But that he got his way was based on those type of issues, in my mind, rather than just the individual personality. I think he did the same when it came to the army, the police force. I think he was careful that some of the practical steps he was taking, like the appointment of Johan van der Merwe as Commissioner of Police, should not be misread by his own colleagues to mean that he was now completely trusting, because that was the potential, the danger was there. He appointed General Meiring as General of the army, he appointed Justice Corbett head of the Appeal Court, he appointed Van der Merwe Commissioner of Police. It was very easy in that situation to say, oh, this is the tactics the President is using, all the old guard are welcome. I remember him having a huge clash with General van der Merwe before April 1994. I had gone to report to Madiba some developments and he picked up the phone, it was about eleven at night, he picked up the phone, he was not yet President of the country, spoke to General van der Merwe and General van der Merwe began to make excuses. Virtually the tone was, "You're not the President. I hear you but I'm going to do what I'm doing." I briefed Madiba that this was some problematic move by General van der Merwe and Madiba on the phone dialled himself from his bedroom, he was in bed when I woke him up, spoke to Van der Merwe and Van der

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Merwe and him carried on talking but in very polite terms. Madiba said, "General if you persist that way there is going to be a huge clash between you and me." POM MM POM

This was before he became President? Before he became President. "You are not going to proceed on that path." This was in relation to what?

MM I don't remember what the incident was. I'll have to think it over. And despite that when he became President he appointed General van der Merwe and he has told the story about how General van der Merwe was retiring. That he has told somewhere publicly. Van der Merwe came to see him and said, "Mr President, my term is expiring, I would like to retire." So he says, "I'm not too happy about that but if you wish to retire and you've decided firmly and you've not come to discuss with me whether you should retire, you've come to tell me you're retiring, OK." Then van der Merwe says, "I'd like to make a suggestion about my successor." Madiba said, "No, no, no, let's not discuss that. Can we schedule another meeting where you've rethought your positions about retiring and let's meet." Van der Merwe went off thinking, "Fine", because of Madiba's politeness, and when the rescheduled meeting took place Madiba walks in, or they come to him, General van der Merwe, and he's come with his decision who's going to be his successor, General Basie Smit, he walked in there, sat down and said, "Mr President, if you recall I told you I will be retiring." He says, "Yes." He said, "Well I've come to discuss that matter. I will be retiring and my successor is here." Madiba says, "Hold on, hold on. Why is General Basie Smit here?" He said, "Well he's my successor." So he says, "General, I scheduled a meeting with you, not with you and General Basie Smit. So please General Basie Smit, no offence, can you just leave the room?" He leaves the room. He says, "Now General, your decision to retire is yours but the decision who is your successor is not your decision." He said, "But Mr President, he is the successor in seniority, preparations, I have made the preparations for him to take over." He said, "I'm sorry General, you're not the President. It's my job to appoint. That item is not under discussion here. Your retirement, yes, is under discussion. Your successor is not under discussion." End of story. Again he never talked about this until years later but General Basie Smit didn't become his successor. If he had appointed General Basie Smit it would have been carte blanche to the former Security Branch to be on top. It just goes to show how General van der Merwe had misread Madiba. He had misread Madiba's appointment of him, he had misread Madiba's politeness. He had misread the ease with which ‌ I asked Madiba the other day, I said, "What happened to the assassin of Reverend Johan Heyns?" Because Van der Merwe had gone and given him a report, "Madiba, 32


we now know the assassin and we are on his track." So I reminded him the other day, I said, "What happened?" He says, "Do you know, I had a report and the reports were saying they were about to arrest him, that he's a very slippery character but they have identified him. But nothing happened, come to think of it nothing happened." He says, "They were giving me the run-around." So Van der Merwe misread all those things and that when he goes and briefs Madiba one-to-one, "Mr President, you know this is happening, we're on the track", he thinks he's pacified the old man and because the old man hasn't said anything, hasn't asked him details, he thinks, "Oh, the old man's buying my story." But the old man was sitting there and saying let's see what happens. All he could say is, "General, are you sure? Is your information correct?" "Yes, Mr President, we are absolutely sure. We've identified the assassin." POM

You're saying he never raised it again?

MM He doesn't raise it, he just marks it down. But Van der Merwe misreads everything. OK, Padraig, you start all sorts of bloody trouble about the workings of government. You start all sorts of trouble in my mind. POM

About what?

MM About all these incidents which sit in my subconscious as part of how I assess developments and how things were going. POM

That's what I'm trying to get at.

Hallo Hennie Die storie van Mac Maharaj is nie heeltemal korrek nie. Ek wou voordat die ANC die regering in 1994 oorneem met pensioen aftree. Ek het met mnr. Mandela samesprekings gevoer met die oog daarop dat genl. Basie Smit my kon opvolg. Om een of ander rede was hy heftig teen genl. Basie Smit gekant en het by my gepleit dat ek moet aanbly. Ek het besef dat my vroeĂŤ aftrede die Mag in onsekerheid kon dompel en het ingewillig om aan te bly. Daarna het genl. Basie Smit as gevolg van die Goldstone fiasko met pensioen afgetree en was genl. Johan Swart as my natuurlike opvolger beskou. Dit was bloot op grond van die Mag se kultuur en daar was nooit in amptelike kringe so ‘n aanduiding gegee nie. Groete Johan van der Merwe 33


Genl Baie dankie M.i. is dit belangrik om op die bewerings te reageer ter wyl ons nog lewe! HBH

Admiral John Weston DSc & Mrs Weston (Circa 1911) Admiral Weston: Jennifer Bosch (Refer to the article in last month’s Nongqai)

“Suid-Afrika”, NB 2222 in Winterton Museum

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Admiral John Weston: Nico Moolman

Vat die stoke van die Draadkar!

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Let op hoe vlieg hy oor die man wat met osse ploeg.

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Farm “The Admiralty”: Oliviers Hoek Pass: Gilles van Schalkwyk Gilles in busy with a book on the various Drakenberg passes from both the Free State and Transvaal leading into Natal. On his recent visit we spoke about the murder of Admiral MJL Weston. We are thankful that he acceded that we could publish his draft notes here below.

Admiral Maximilian John Ludwick Weston: Father of Aviation in South Africa. (17-6-1873 to 24-7-1950.) [Acknowledgement and sincere thanks to Pieter Bardenhorst, owner of the farm Newcastle for his very generous verbal and documented contribution to the story of John Weston.] Admiral John Weston was a very controversial man who lived an adventurous life. During his life he was an Engineer, an aviator, a businessman, a soldier, a farmer, an adventurer and some even claim he was a spy. It is reported that he was born in an ox wagon at Fort Marshall near Vryheid in Northern Natal. His registration of birth is mysteriously missing from the National Records in Pretoria. As a young boy he accompanied his parents to America where he was educated and developed a keen interest in both mechanical and electrical engineering. In 1888 he joined a firm of Electrical Engineers in Belgium where he stayed until 1902 before returning to South Africa where he joined the Boers in their fight against the Brits. [OberholtzerPioneers of early Aviation in South Africa and John Weston the Grandfather of Aviation in South Africa.] In 1903 he went back to Europe where he spent much of his time in Russia where he was a personal friend of Stalin. Prior to the outbreak of the Russian–Japanese war in 1904, he was employed by Russia on a bridge building project. [Oberholtzer] He also claimed personal friendships with Franklin Roosevelt, Winston Churchill and Chiang Kai Shek and whenever challenged he would pull out an album and produce photographs of himself in their esteemed presence. He could speak Russian, Chinese and Japanese. He also spent a few years in China as an engineer where he supervised the building of the Chinese Eastern Railway. [Ref Sunday Times 11-51924.] Elizabeth Maria Roux In August 1906 he married Elizabeth Maria Roux a school teacher who came from Stellenbosch to teach at Koffiefontein. Weston’s family tell the story that their dad rode 240 Km from Bultfontein where he leased a farm to Koffiefontein to propose to her. When she accepted they cycled a further 160 km to Bloemfontein to get married. Just outside Bloemfontein they were caught in a torrential rainstorm. Their bag with their wedding outfits was drenched and they ended up wearing wet clothes to the magistrate’s office to get married. They had a son and two daughters, Anna, Kathleen and Maximilian (Max). John Weston spent a lot of time working and travelling around Africa with his family in a caravan that he converted from a truck which he bought in America. He named it Suid-Afrika. [Ref Oberholtzer and Winterton Museum] 41


In 1927 Weston started their epic journey from Brandfort across Africa to England. However on reaching Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) they had to abandon the trip and return to South Africa because the Suid-Afrika was too heavy to cross the bridges and pontoons. At Brandfort Weston rebuilt the caravan into a smaller version and renamed it the “Prairie Schooner”. They started their second attempt from Cape Agulhus and reached London 15 months later. They travelled through Africa, Palestine, Arabia, Persia, Turkey and France. 1892: First balloon flight in United States of America He was a pioneering balloonist and undertook the first balloon flight in United States of America in 1892. He is also credited with building the first aeroplane in South Africa in 1907. On 17-3-1911 he established the South African Aeronautical Society under the patronage of Gen. Louis Botha and Lord Methuen of the Battle of Magersfontein fame. Although he was a Pioneering aeronautical figure in South Africa he could not secure any financial sponsors to back his endeavours to build aeroplanes on a large scale. Prior to the outbreak of World War 1 he approached Col Pierre van Reyneveld the Air Force commandant and tried to establish a flying academy to train pilots. His request was refused leaving SA pilots at a huge disadvantage as they had to go overseas to gain their training. South African Flying Corps In February 1913 a mystery fire swept through his factory at Brandfort destroying his workshop and five of his aircraft. He could not raise any finances to replace this loss. He was sent to German West Africa to build the first airfield for the South African Flying Corps in Walvis Bay in 1915. He joined the Royal Navy Air Services in 1916 and was commissioned as a Major. From here he was seconded to the Greek Hellenic Navy and helped them establish their Air Force. In appreciation for this invaluable service he was awarded the honorary title of Vice Admiral which he was very proud of. After the war he undertook many missions for the Navy and travelled extensively. This strengthened rumours of him carrying out espionage missions but none of this could be substantiated. In 1933 he purchased the farm Newcastle at the foot of Olivier’s Hoek Pass and renamed it Admiralty Estates. He offered all sorts of services including tourist guiding and farming solutions with this business and stated on the letterhead that the company was owned and run by his children. When the children asked that the appointments be formulised Weston refused saying to the children, who were now in their 20’s, that family relationships should be based on trust and not on formal documents. This refusal caused Anna and Max to abandon their father and the company and leave home causing great stress to his wife Lily. Weston became extremely depressed remembering the traumatic separation from his own parents when he was

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a teenager. In his depressed state he threatened to give up farming and sell the business. Kathleen then approached her father with a proposition that she and her husband Karl would run the business on his behalf and pay him an annual gratuity. This offer was subject to an understanding that she would inherit the farm on his death to which he agreed and subsequently changed his will in February 1950. However on his death a few months later no mention of this agreement could be found in his new will. Kathleen contested the will which caused her mother to join forces with Anna and Max and file a counter claim against the estate. This resulted in a three year court battle which further strained the family relationship. Kathleen was eventually granted ownership of the estate by the courts. At the age of eighty in July 1950 John Weston and his wife Lily were brutally attacked and badly beaten up and robbed on their farm at the foot of Oliviers Hoek Pass. They had a dog that was in the habit of scratching on the door when he wanted to come into the house. One evening on hearing the scratching Weston opened the door and this allowed the intruders in. Admiral Weston died of his injuries in Harrismith hospital 3 days later. Local gossip was that for a short time Kathleen and her husband Karl were suspected of instituting her father’s death. However after some intense detective work by the police their attackers, a policeman, a butcher and a labourer, were eventually arrested and convicted of murder after one of them tried to purchase goods from a filling station in the area with foreign denominational banknotes stolen from Weston. Mrs. Weston moved on and stayed with her daughter Anna on their farm in the Transvaal where she died at the age of 91. Weston’s daughter Kathleen was also not without controversy. She married Karl Rein a German Economist who had graduated from Bonn University in 1935. He wanted a career in the diplomatic core and studied economics, law and oriental languages. (Japanese and Arabic) He was accepted as an exchange student by the Japanese university of trade at Osaka and later transferred to The Imperial University of Tokyo. War between China and Japan broke out in 1937 and Rein claims that he was appalled by the way Japan treated the Chinese and that it was against all ethical principals he was brought up by and applied for a visa to travel to China which was granted by Chang Kai Shek. In 1938 both Karl Rein and Kathleen Weston were arrested in Canton on suspicion of spying for the Japanese. They had met at Bonn University in 1935 and had become very good friends. Being a British citizen she was released after one week and returned to South Africa. Rein claims that he was kept under the most atrocious conditions and was only released after intervention by the German Diplomatic cops who threatened to send him to a concentration camp when he returned to Germany. [Ref: Karl Rein’s letter of application for permission to stay on in South Africa.] 43


With the help of South African friends he boarded a ship bound for South Africa but was refused entry to Durban because he did not have a valid visa. He was told that he would be sent back to Germany. He jumped ship and entered the Union illegally and started farming on a small holding at Walkerville outside of Johannesburg under an assumed name. He lived like this for a number of years while Admiral Weston tried to use his influence to get Rein a visa which would allow him to stay in South Africa legally. In 1943 he was eventually released into the custody of Admiral Weston while his formal application for citizenship was being considered. During this time he worked at Admiralty Estates as a foreman. Apart from running the farm he also managed to study privately at UNISA and obtained a B.Sc degree with majors in maths and science. His application for permanent citizenship was only granted in 1949 and he and Kathleen got married. In the interim as stated earlier John Weston had a serious fallout with his other two children Anna and Max leaving Kathleen to inherit the farm. When it was announced in the late 1980’s that Eskom was planning to build a hydro power generating plant at Sterkfontein Dam there was huge resistance from Karl. Eskom required a large part of his farm to build a storage dam for the power generating plant. He refused them permission to build this dam on his farm as he was not happy with the offered payout. After months of negotiating and haggling they eventually ended up in court where Eskom was given access to the land after they agreed to pay him for the whole farm and not just the dam area. Karl Weston eventually sold the farm to Pieter Badenhorst of Loskop Bellegings Trust in April 1993. Acknowledgements by Gillis van Schalkwyk  Acknowledgements and thanks to Pieter Bardenhorst and Biebie de Vos for various newspaper clippings.  Acknowledgements to H Oberholtzer website for info on Weston’s relationships with Roosevelt, Stalin, Churchill and Chiang Kai Shek.  Acknowledgement and thanks to Pieter Badenhorst for photo copies of Karl Rein’s special illegal aliens permit. References:- South African place names – Prof Peter Raper - Natal the land and its story – Robert Russell - The Great Trek uncut – Robin Binckes - Discovering South Africa – T V Bulpin - Pieter Badenhorst – friend of Karl Rein Weston - Pioneers of early aviation in South Africa – H Oberholtzer. - Pioneers of early aviation in South Africa,- H Oberholtzer. John Weston the Grandfather of aviation in South Africa. Militaria - J J Oberholtzer. Dr. John Weston, South Africa’s first aeronautical engineer – C G van Niekerk. Additions to the John Weston story- C G van Niekerk. Journaal van

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Lugvaarkundige Vereeniging van S A and the S A Instituut van Lugvaartkundige Ingenieurs 1 1 1980 and 1 2 1981. Undated news paper report in the London daily Herald. Pieter Badenhorst – friend of Karl Rein Weston.

The Murder of Robert Moncrieff: Oliviershoek Pass: Gilles van Schalkwyk In February1863 a young farmer from the farm Kilfargie near Oliviers Hoek Pass, Robert Moncrieff , was struggling to make a living. He was a lonely man and did not have many friends. A neighbouring sheep farmer by name John Dobie paid him a visit one day and found him living a very rough life, living in a native hut with very little food or drink. There was no furniture or beds in the hut and they sat on sawn off logs. He invited Dobie to stay the night and indicated for him to lay on the ground offering him his only blanket. As time passed Montkrief’s fortunes changed. He started making some money and decided it was time to build himself a house. He needed labour to assist him to build and decided that he would go to Basutoland and trade saddles and bridles in exchange for labour. On his way up Sungubala Pass he set up camp near the summit next to the Manzamnyama stream (Black Water Stream). While he was resting and having something to eat he was approached by four men. He started a conversation with them and offered to trade a saddle with them and in return he expected that they would come down and work for him. They wanted the saddle but were not interested to work for it and turned on him murdering him. They put his body in a natural hole among some rocks and covered it with stones. Despite an intensive search for him by his neighbours and friends he was never seen again. A few years later there was a celebration with lots of beer drinking at the nearby Emmaus Mission station attended by a group of Africans. During the course of the celebrations one of the revellers started showing off to his friends by beating his wife. Unbeknown to him one of the group of revellers was an off duty policeman who heard the woman say to her husband that if the white people knew what he and his friends had done to the farmer Moncrieff, he would not be beating her like this. The policeman managed to get the woman aside on her own and she told him the whole tragic story. The men were arrested and tried and convicted of murder in the Estcourt Magistrates office and executed. Montcrieff’s body was recovered and buried on his farm Kilfargie.

Aeroplanes in GSWA: Lt-Col HF Trew (SAP) “We were now joined by two aeroplanes belonging to the Union defence force, their pilots being South Africans who had been flying on the western front. Nothing shows General Botha's broadness of mind more than the quick way in which he took to any new invention in war, and made the utmost use of it. He had no previous experience of aeroplanes but he realized at once what a help they would be to his scouting and intelligence service. 45


That reminds me that I have not previously mentioned his scouts, and the great use he made of them. Before he attacked he liked to know the nature of the country he was going to operate over. To obtain this information his picked scouts often took tremendous risks, riding right through the enemy outposts and examining their positions. The general used to say, "Nothing is too good for the scouts, I would be blind without them. They take great risks, and it is harder for a man to be brave when alone than in the company of others." Major de Jager, who was in charge of them, was a veteran of the Boer War, and would have delighted the heart of Baden-Powell with his knowledge of the dangerous game. There was great excitement when the first plane was sent off north to make a reconnaissance of a position said to be held by the enemy at Kalkfeld. The general and staff all went down to meet the plane at the landing field. The pilot climbed out and reported that he could see no sign of the enemy in the Kalkfeld ranges. The general's quick eye spotted something, and pointing to the wing of the plane he said, "Well, they have been shooting at you." We then noticed a few bullet holes in the wing; a native told us later that he had seen the Germans shooting at the aeroplane with a machine-gun.�

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Aeroplanes & SAP in GSWA: E Moore Ritchie

E Moore Ritchie - 'n polisieman wat die redakteur van die Nongqai was - gedurende WO1 het hy die ZAP verlaat om te gaan veg. Hy kan tereg beskou word as die 1ste SA Polisie-geskiedkundige.

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Police camping at Grootte Schuur before embarking for Walvisbay

SAP in GSWA

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Man and beast - tired!

SA Aviation Corps in GSWA

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Taking over the German CO, Col Franke's, house

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Boere Rebel: JJ Fourie Jopie Fourie: Mickey Friedenthal Mickey het vir ons lesers die volgende aftastings gestuur wat hy so oor die jare versamel en gebĂŞre het:

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Nooitgedacht: Plek waar Jopie Fourie gearresteer is: E Moore Ritchie

Jopie Fourie: Nico Moolman

Blykbaar van die polisieselle na die sentrale gevangenis.

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Anglo Boer War: Cape Police: Stormberg: Nico Moolman

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The Rebellion & Gen CR Genl de Wet: Nico Moolman

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Antropologie & Volkekunde: Die Herero

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Bostaande dokument kom uit die argief van genl JJ Geldenhuys.

SAP Spesiale Taakmag: SALM – Lt-kol W Marshall (SANW) Bladsy 2:

Bladsy 1: 61


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1938: Stoei: Johannes van der Walt: Patrick Coetzee

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Johannes van der Walt die legendariese stoeier was ‘n generaal verbonde aan die Ossewabrandwag. Hy het ontsnap uit Marshallplein en hy is later opgespoor. Die plaaslike speurhoof, en later speurhoof van Suid-Afrika, was teenwoordig toe hy gevlug het en in die ruggeskiet is. ‘n Polisiekoeël het ‘n einde aan sy stoeiloopbaan gemaak en hy is later agv die besering oorlede.

Vuller: Agtergrondverslag: Johannes van der Walt: Teen ligdag, op 23 Februarie 1942, is die Hoëveldse oggendstilte op ʼn afgeleë boereplaas naby Krugersdorp skielik versteur deur ʼn geskarrel in en om die huis, ʼn vensterraam wat opskuif en, oomblikke later, ʼn dowwe pistoolskoot. ʼn Forse figuur stort buite die venster ineen, swaar gewond. Op 25 Maart 1943, dertien maande later, het hierdie gewonde, nou uitgeteer en slegs ʼn skadu van die fris en gesonde man van weleer, sy laaste asem uitgeblaas. Sy einde was tragies, die slagoffer van ongekende broedertwis in Afrikanergeledere. So onuitwisbaar as wat sy naam in die politieke geskiedenis van ons land, van die veertigerjare opgeteken staan, so diep is Johannes van der Walt se naam in die sportgeskiedenis van Suid-Afrika uitgebeitel. Hy was die beroemde stoeier wat onder die skuilnaam van “Die gemaskerde Wonder” later ʼn nasionale held geword het, wat die verbeelding aangegryp het soos 64


nooit tevore nie. Hy het vanweë sy krag maar veral met sy volstruisskop, baie roem verwerf. Toeskouers het in hulle duisende na die stoeikryt gestroom en die sportsoort het ʼn hoogtepunt in Suid-Afrika bereik. Na 51 gevegte, waarvan hy net 3 verloor het, is die gemaskerde wonder in November 1935 vrywillig ontmasker nadat daar nie aan die uitdruklike voorwaarde – dat hy met twee valle teen nul geklop moes word – voldoen kon word nie. Sedert sy toetrede tot die stoeikryt, het Van der Walt veel roem verwerf, en steeds getrou gebly aan die beste tradisies van sy volk. Hy was ʼn nederige en kinderlik-gelowige Christen, baie familievas en intens tradisiebewus.. Sy bewussyn van Afrikanerskap het hom ʼn welige bos baard laat kweek in die jaar van die Ossewa-trek, en, geïnspireer deur die tydsgees, het hy hom by die destydse Ossewa-Brandwag aangesluit. Hy neem ook aktief deel aan sabotasiepogings teen die regering. Op 17 Desember 1941 verskyn hy in die Johannesburgse magistraatshof op aanklag dat hy onwettig in besit van ʼn vuurwapen en ammunisie was. Na borgtog was hy weer gearresteer en in die destydse internasionaal-beroemde Marshallplein onder streng bewaking toegesluit. Hy ontsnap egter uit die tronk met behulp van een van die bewaarders. In Februarie 1942 het dr. D.F. Malan ʼn dramatiese beëdigde verklaring van Johannes van der Walt in die Volksraad ter tafel gelê, waarin hy die regering gewaarsku het oor die rigting wat die beweging en sy leiers in geslaan het. In die tragiese einde van die groot held het ʼn Duitser, wat aan Johannes bekend was en sy vertoue geniet het, Johannes se skuilplek op ʼn plaas naby Krugersdorp aan die polisie verraai. Bron: Die Transvaler 1943. http://www.vanderwalt.org.za/item/70-stoeier-johannes-van-der-walt

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Monday, 23 February 1942 Johannes van der Walt, member of the Ossewa-Brandwag (O.B.) and world renowned wrestler, who escaped from police detention after having been arrested on

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charges of possessing an unlicensed revolver, is caught in Krugersdorp and paralysed when a police bullet penetrates his spine.1 References: • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau. • Swart: Kultuuralmanak, - See more at: http://www.sahistory.org.za/dated-event/johannes-van-der-walt-member-ossewa-brandwag-oband-world-renowned-wrestler-who-escaped-p#sthash.W0GZpNEm.dpuf

Tertius Myburg: A Spy? A friend who is a journalist – he is no spy - sent the following taken from the Sunday Independent, dated 29 November 2015. Sunday Independent Top editor ‘was an apartheid spy’ November 29, 2015 at 12:59pm By Chiara Carter A legendary figure in journalism, who edited the largest and arguably most influential newspaper of the day, was a “mole” working in the interests of the apartheid government, according to a book released this weekend. Author of the forthcoming God, Spies and Lies, Finding South Africa's Future through its Past. Picture: Leon Lestrade. God, Spies and Lies: Finding South Africa’s Future Through its Past is written by veteran journalist John Matisonn. He says Tertius Myburgh, who edited the Sunday Times between 1975 and 1990, was the editor whom apartheid secret service head General Hendrik van den Bergh boasted he owned. Gordon Winter, who worked as a government spy in several newsrooms, set tongues wagging when he disclosed that Van den Bergh had told him the Bureau of State Security (Boss) had 37 journalists on its payroll. They included three parliamentary correspondents, eight who worked on news desks and one editor in chief. Through the decades there was speculation about who this English-language newspaper editor could be. Matisonn writes in his book that it was Myburgh, and that in exchange for his cooperation Myburgh received not cash, but secret information. Myburgh succeeded Joel Mervis who, with a mix of political exposés, sex and sport, had built the paper into a national Sunday tradition with a circulation of about 500 000. 1

http://www.sahistory.org.za/dated-event/johannes-van-der-walt-member-ossewa-brandwag-obandworld-renowned-wrestler-who-escaped-p

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Matisonn says Myburgh for the most part put a stop to the Sunday Times exposing further details about the Broederbond, a secret Afrikaner society to which most influential Nationalists belonged. Myburgh also blocked publication of reports about calls for the release of Nelson Mandela, unrest in the country, and meetings of the internal and external opposition. He had special access to the cabinet and key figures in the Nationalist government establishment. Matisonn places no small measure of blame on Myburgh for contributing to the demise of the left-wing newspaper, the Rand Daily Mail, where Matisonn worked as a young journalist. While all of this constructs a damning case against Myburgh as a “conservative and protector of the white establishment”, it does not in itself prove that he was an agent of the state, Matisonn acknowledges. He writes that Myburgh was one of four senior figures who had access to the Sunday Times’s new high-security computer system at the time when someone got in and deleted four files of Broederbond members’ names. Matisonn argues that the finger of suspicion points at Myburgh. He says the apartheid government’s former spin doctor, Eschel Rhoodie, in confidence named Myburgh as the mole in the English press. According to Matisonn, Rhoodie said Myburgh was a “first rung” informant someone who did it for information, ideological reasons, comfort and the advantages that lead to advancement. Matisonn writes: “His reports and omissions, blocked stories and reporters were a golden contribution to the regime, an unpaid flunky more effective than any paid snoop. Since no money changed hands, there would be no paper trail.” Myburgh was first fingered after then-Cape Times editor, Tony Heard, learnt that an editor of an English newspaper was keeping the government informed about how much the media knew about the Infogate scandal that rocked South Africa in the late 1970s. Matisonn writes that Heard learnt from Rhoodie, the former secretary of the Department of Information, that Van den Bergh had told Prime Minister John Vorster he had an editor as an informer, who in return for help was given “secret information”. Heard confirmed this weekend that he had met Rhoodie at the Café Mozart restaurant in central Cape Town and that Rhoodie had named Myburgh as the government snoop. He said he had regarded Myburgh as a friend and had confronted him about the allegation. Myburgh had denied it. Myburgh told him: “One day when I am gone and they open my papers, they’ll find I was completely above board.”

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Heard said it was difficult to ascertain the truth about alleged spies unless they confessed. His view was that Myburgh, an Afrikaner, would have acted out of personal conviction rather than being motivated by gain. It would be fair to say Myburgh had been “over-close” to the government of the day, Heard said. Heard pointed out that it was unusual for journalists to get a plum ambassadorial post like Myburgh, who was offered the Washington posting during the early 1990s. However, he could not take it up because of ill health. Matisonn’s book also reports that Rhoodie and another senior government figure, David Abramson, had said they had been advised they need not worry about the Sunday Times as Myburgh was a “government man”. Rhoodie also told Sunday Express investigative reporter Kitt Katzin, who wrote about the Info Scandal, that Myburgh was “one of ours”. John Horak2, a former spy-journalist at the Rand Daily Mail and other papers, told the Truth and Reconciliation Commission that when rumours about Myburgh began to circulate, his handler, General Johan Coetzee, the head of the security police, called on him to offer protection to Myburgh even at the risk of blowing his own cover. According to Horak, Myburgh had been expecting him and said there was no need to worry as everything was under control. Matisonn damns Myburgh as “a traitor to his staff, profession and readers”. Acting Sunday Times editor S’thembiso Msomi said at the weekend it was “unfortunate that the allegations emerge 25 years after Myburgh retired as editor of the Sunday Times and after his death”. “It would have been a different story if he was still in our employ.” Msomi pointed out that, as documented in Matisonn’s book, there were “many other Sunday Times journalists, before and after (Myburgh’s) tenure, who used their investigative skills to expose the evils of apartheid”.

Comment: Gen Johan van der Merwe Comment by Gen JV van der Merwe a former Head of the SB and former Commissioner of the SA Police.. Hallo Hennie Dit was oor die jare die Suid-Afrikaanse Polisiemag se beleid om nooit die identiteit van enige informant bekend te maak nie. Ons het alle informante die versekering gegee dat ons hierdie beleid tot elke prys sou handhaaf en ek is trots daarop dat ons dit tot op hede gestand gedoen het.

2

The late John Martin Horak was known to General Johann Coetzee but not handled by Gen Johan Coetzee. He like to use the “General’s name in vain.” - HBH

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Dit beteken vanselfsprekend ook dat ons nooit erken of ontken dat ‘n persoon ‘n informant was nie. Die besonderhede van informante was streng geheim bewaar en behalwe die hanteerder en moontlik die bevelvoerder van die betrokke veiligheidstak het niemand anders kennis gedra van die identiteit nie. Derhalwe kan slegs die hanteerder of moontlik die betrokke bevelvoerder in ‘n bepaalde geval dit bevestig of ontken wat in elk geval met ons beleid sou bots en ‘n skandelike daad sou wees. Persone wat enigiemand daarvan beskuldig dat so ‘n persoon ‘n informant was kan dit bloot op grond van wilde afleidings doen wat waarskynlik ongegrond is. Daar bestaan beslis geen inligting wat ‘n informant se identiteit kan verraai nie. Groete JV van der Merwe

Tertius Myburgh: Stephen Mulholland In defence of Tertius Myburgh: Stephen Mulholland 01 December 2015 Stephen Mulholland responds to John Matisonn's allegations against the late editor of the Sunday Times In a career in South African journalism spanning some 60 years I can safely say that I have never encountered a journalist who impressed me less than John Matisonn. As News Editor of the Sunday Times under the late and great, Joel Mervis, it was my misfortune to inherit Matisonn. Not knowing what to do with him, I eventually gave him Pretoria as his bailiwick, in the futile hope that, in the heart of the Nationalist government, he might come up with useful material. Now, in an organ of what is laughingly known as Independent Newspapers, he seeks to promote his book, God, Spies and Lies, by defiling the memory of the late editor of the Sunday Times, Tertius Myburgh, who has, conveniently for Matisonn, been dead for 25 years (see here). When Myburgh, who had been a Nieman Fellow at Harvard, became editor of the Sunday Times in 1975 I was its news editor, having been appointed to that job by Mervis. Previously Myburgh had been editor of the Pretoria News which he had transformed from a sleepy provincial paper into a lively and informative purveyor of news and comment. Under him the newspaper’s circulation rose as did its profits. Thus he was a natural cotender for the top job in SA newspapers, editor of the Sunday Times which he was offered and accepted. I was then the news editor. I have no recollection whatsoever of Myburgh instructing me, the news editor, to pursue or not to pursue a story on political grounds. Not once 70


did he ever suggest to me anything which would assist the Nationalist Party government. Nor did he ever suggest that we should pursue a subject with the view to damaging the ANC. He knew that journalists whose lives had been spent digging up the dirt on the Nats would not accept instructions to be kind to them or to be unkind to the opposition or the ANC. It was, of course, common knowledge that Myburgh was an enthusiastic networker, dashing over to Pretoria to lunch with an ambassador, back to the office then back to Pretoria in the evening for dinner with a minister. Perhaps he was too cosy with Nat politicians but he was equally so with what was then the Progressive Party which the Sunday Times supported at election time. He socialised frequently with Helen Suzman and other opposition leaders. He was first and foremost a journalist and journalists must explore all aspects of whatever they are reporting on. He had been a journalist all his life, restlessly pursuing the news, phoning politicians on all sides, seeking different opinions and trying always to be as factual and as correct as possible. Had he not been an able journalist he would not have risen to the chair of editor at leading newspapers and stayed there. It must not be forgotten that Myburgh was a born and bred Afrikaner, proud of his roots and his culture. He thus had a natural affinity for men such as FW de Klerk and enjoyed their company. But to suggest that he was some sort of willing tool, or a spy or informer for the Nats and their racist policies defies reason. It would be fascinating to see what evidence Matisonn has that Myburgh, as he puts it, “blocked publication of reports about calls for the release of Nelson Mandela, unrest in the country, and meetings of the internal and external opposition.” Give me a break. Matisonn is clearly ignorant about the inner workings newspapers. To achieve what Matisonn accuses him of Myburgh would need to have issued clear verbal and, more than likely written, instructions to journalists. Clearly, Matisonn does not grasp that no editor of a South African newspaper employing journalists opposed all their lives to the National Party’s rule could impose such restrictions on his staff. Matisonn obviously cannot appreciate that no editor is all-powerful and that editorial staff are not generally disposed to slavish obedience. There is no way such an approach could have been kept secret. In his delirious ranting Matisonn accuses Myburgh of rigging a sophisticated computer system so that he could delete four files of Broederbond members’ names. Again, give me a break. Myburgh was technically clueless. He would not have known

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where to begin with a computer. He could type rapidly but that was about all. Matisonn stoops so low as to cite the late and egregious Eschel Rhoodie as the source for the view that Myburgh was the states’ “mole in the English press.” Mole? Just what could this mole tell the state that it didn’t already know? Or is Matisonn suggesting that Myburgh took his instructions from Pretoria as to what should be the lead article in the Sunday Times? It all beggars imagination. Myburgh moved me to edit Business Times, which I had started in 1966. Then I was appointed editor of the Financial Mail and later editor-in-chief of the FM and Business Day before becoming Chief Executive Officer of the SAAN group (which I renamed Times Media) in 1986 in which position Myburgh reported to me. Thus I worked under Myburgh and he worked under me for many years. Yes, he did cultivate politicians on all sides because politics and news were his passion. All journalists cultivate their sources. But for a rundown hack such as Matisonn to call him “a traitor to his staff, profession and readers” is disgusting and to do so on the basis of rumours and alleged remarks by low-lifes such as Rhoodie and the despicable John Horak3 is not only immoral, it is amoral. http://www.politicsweb.co.za/opinion/in-defence-of-tertius-myburgh

Springs: Hein Killian Acknowledgement: Springs - History of a Gold Town

3

Once again John Martin Horak was an “old” police informer who later became an undercover police agent; an enigmatic character whom a lot of us knew well. Maybe the time is ripe to write about his exploits? – HBH.

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Springs - History of a Gold Town 1947 - Springs Police station on Welgedag road. Still there today.

1972 - SAP Springs commander receiving a fleet of new motorcycles for the Springs Police station outside what is now Casseys Ford. 73


Point duty in Springs

Plaaspatrollies: Natal Daar is baie bronne wat beredepatrollies deur die polisie boekstaaf. Natal Kolonie wat deur die Brits-gesinde Natal Mounted Police en later deur Natal Police gepolisieer was, is egter skaars. Hoe het die Engelse polisie die Boere ervaar? Hier is ‘n antwoord op die vraag:

Maj AA Wood South African Dutch: In the closing period of the South African War and in the following years I had many contacts with the Dutch farmers, now commonly termed Afrikaners. In Natal they were quiet hospitable people and with very few exceptions showed no bitterness about the war. Very late one afternoon, on the Natal-Orange Free States border, a long way from my police camp at Van Reenen Pass, I met a Dutch farmer, who immediately invited me to stay at his farm nearby. When he showed me into the best bedroom at the farmhouse, I protested; a "shake-down" would do for me. But he insisted and said, "Many tame sheep can sleep in one kraal," intimating that he and his family of a number of children could sleep together. On leaving the next morning he said, "I may see you again; one cannot say, 'Spring I shall not drink at thee again'." A comparatively young man, he evidently was somewhat of a philosopher.

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On another occasion I found myself halfway down the Mtintwa Pass in the Ladysmith District in gathering darkness; I was again many miles from Van Reenen and had I not been down the Pass before, but my horse had; I gave him his head, as he evidently knew something; with quickened pace he turned off the road and brought me to a gate; within a very short time we arrived at a farmhouse which was quite invisible from the road. The Dutch farmer welcomed me-would I stay the night? Again I was given after a meal, a spacious bedroom. His family had already retired for the night. In the morning whilst waiting for breakfast in the "sitkamer" (sittingroom), in trooped the children-six or seven of them - from the age of three or so, and in turn solemnly shook hands with me. Certainly in those days ..., they were a courteous, kindly people, and for that matter, they are so today. The racial tension is largely brought about by politicians with nationalist ambitions. Extremists arouse high feeling and distrust. This also applies to the African people in cases in which personal ambition and the lure of power become a dangerous factor in the would-be leader. [Natal Past & Present p 65 – 66]

Marriage Licence? In ‘n ou Nongqai lees ek van ‘n polisieman op plaaspatrollie. Kom by die plaas die boer en gesin is afwesig, hy ry na die bywonershuisie. Die bywoner is ook weg. Hy gesels met die bywoner se vrou. Die “trooper” het ‘n “sin vir humeur”. Hy vra waar die honde se lisensies is: “My man is landdros kantoor toe om dit te koop!” Hy vra nog ‘n paar vrae en elke maal “keer” sy. Hy vra: “En julle huwelikslisensie?” Kom die antwoord: “My man is landdroskantoor toe om dit te hernu!”

Polisiefamilie Lid van die publiek kom by ‘n eensame polisiestasie. Dit was jare gelede. Hy kyk rond en ‘n jong kind deel hom op sy vraag “waar die polisie is?” mee: “Oom my pa is op patrollie en my ma lê siek in die bed. Daardie dae was daar nog tyd ...

Genl Louis Botha, die rebellie, die oorlog in Duitswes en lt-kol Harry Trew Inleiding Die rebellie in 1914 was pas 12 jaar na die Anglo Boere-oolog en het pas 101 jaar gelede gebeur. Steeds dink ons aan die 1914 Rebellie, ons helde wat rebelle geword het en die rol van genl Louis Botha (en ander) om die rebellie te bestry en dan die oorlog te wen vir ons ... om maar net later weer in die 1960’s Suidwes te gaan veg. ‘n Held is nie altyd universeel ‘n held in almal se oë nie! Is Jopie Fourie ‘n held? Is ds CF Beyers Naudè ‘n held? (Hy is wel na ‘n Boere-held vernoem.) Is die 75


stasiebommer, John Harris, ‘n held? Almal is dit seker eens dat Wolraad Woltemade ‘n held is – sodra politiek en subjektiewe voorkeure en beskouings ‘n rol speel dan is die held nie meer universeel ‘n held nie. Kmdt Jopie Fourie en genl CR de Wet is sekerlik helde maar nie universele helde nie omdat hulle ‘n politieke of kulturele standpunt - reg of verkeerd - ingeneem het. Ons as lede van die veiligheidsmagte kan nie altyd kies teen wie ons optree of in watter geskille en gewapende konflik ons betrokke raak nie! Kol Trew en kapt JJ Fourie was vriende en het later teen mekaar geveg. “We are not to reason why ...” Kol Trew het ‘n uitstekende boek oor die rol van genl Louis Botha in Duits-SuidwesAfrika geskryf. Die boek se naam was “Botha Treks”. Kol Trew wat aan die Engelse se kant geveg het se insigte oor genl Louis Botha is gewis interessant.

Nongqai, Sept 1936 Hier is ‘n uittreksel uit ‘n September 1936 Nongqai pp 720 -726: “Just under 21 years ago the British Empire at stretch beneath the strain of the world war received as tonic surprise news of our complete conquest of Germany's vast territory of South-West Africa. And the tonic was the better by reason of the fact that the Great War's first big victory was won by forces under the command of a man who had proved our toughest white foe since the days of Napoleon. As surprising as the feat of arms itself was the attitude of this man, General Botha, in the hour of triumph. He was given to understand that for his achievement he might have any honour in the King's gift. He refused title, decoration, money. Thus it was that the sole outward distinction of this farmer, who pledged his faith at the Treaty of Vereeniging, were the rank of honorary General in the army he had opposed, and, as Privy Councillor, the courtesy prefix "right honourable" to his name.

Botha's struggle Such choice of distinctions with honour as common root was strangely apt: straightness was the key to the character of a natural genius in field and council. Had it been otherwise, it is fair to believe that the outbreak of war would have changed the course of history. Because the South African Rebellion of 1914 on the question of the invasion of neighbouring enemy territory would, if successful, have crippled to an unguessed extent our resources. As it was Botha, at terrible cost to his private feelings, took the field against his fellow countrymen in arms, restored order, and, leading the campaign in person against the Germans then, completely defeated them. 76


Colonel Trew, an experienced soldier in the war of 1899 - 1902, was in peculiarly close and continuous touch with General Botha throughout this double campaign. The Government decided that Botha must have a Bodyguard to look after his safety in the field, and appointed Colonel (then Major) Trew, Commandant of Police, as its head. “Botha Treks" is the Colonel's story of those days. Because of his very different job the soldier does not commonly shine with the pen. This dapper and keen-eyed Australian, so well known in South Africa, here proves himself a surprising exception, however. Of the campaign which, in common with many others the present writer shared, he has written a plain and clear story, but keeping the high light always on the central figure, he has so successfully introduced conversation, incident, and pithy description that there emerges a new and lifelike close-up of his famous subject. That this is so all who ever knew or met Botha will agree, and, the test of such success, those who did not will be at once convinced.

Botha: In every mood It is what a man says that counts, and here we get Botha in every mood and surrounding: by camp fire, at night, in action, sad, jocular, worried; decisive, outspoken, thoughtful, angry; often surprising as are the great, but always in character.

View of Rebellion Here is an incident during the Rebellion: We came on a place where several dead were lying (after the action that led to the final defeat of his old comrade De Wet. General Botha halted his horse beside one and said: "This is terrible. That was Commandant ------, he was one of my best men during the Boer War." Then with tears in his eyes: “You Englishmen will never understand how hard this is for me." Though he was often silent, sometimes Louis Esselen, who had been his ADC in the SA War, would mention something that had happened in that contest that would excite his interest.

Of Lord Roberts Of Lord Roberts, to my surprise, he said: "He was a cruel man, and did not stick to his word. . . He was always issuing absurd proclamations, and then in about a week he would substitute another cancelling the former one."

Of Kitchener "He is a man. If he says he will do a thing he will carry it out. If he makes a promise, you can rely on it."

Historic trek Here is a scene on a starlit night when General Botha and us all camped sitting on the sand in the middle of the great Namib Desert during the historic trek before the action that broke the German resistance: 77


We discussed war generally, and suddenly Botha said: "What an extraordinary thing a man's fate is! There is no man who hates war more than I do. As I sat in Kitchener's saloon carriage at Vereeniging and laid down the pen after signing the Treaty which ended the Boer War, I said to myself, 'Thank God, Louis Botha, you will ride your horse to no more wars, and, now, look, my duty calls me back once more "into the thing I hate. '" And here, finally, is a scene after the action at Jakalswater, on the result of which depended the capture of waterholes which ruled the fate of the whole army:I was awakened by someone touching my arm. Looking up, I found the General leaning over me with a steaming pannikin of coffee in his hand. He said, "Come all, man, drink this; it will do you good." I replied, "General, you should not wait on me.” "Nonsense, man," he answered; "you looked after me all night, now it's my turn." I reproached him for the way in which he had exposed himself the previous day. He replied: "I will not get hit until my time comes; then nothing I can do win postpone my fate." "Do you wonder," adds Colonel Trew, "that we all loved the man." The question will be readily answered by the readers of a book which should find its own definite place in the literature on a personality whose work in war and peace is forever a part of the story both of South Africa and our Commonwealth of Nations. Botha Treks: Lieut-Colonel HF Trew (Blackie, 8s 6d).

The 1914 Rebellion: Eyewitness account: Lt-Col HF Trew “We had only been in Pretoria a few days when I was sent for by General Smuts. He told me that he had received information that Fourie's commando was camped at a place called Roodekoppies on the Crocodile River. He ordered me to take out a force composed of 200 mounted police (including the Bodyguard), and 100 South African Mounted Rifles to attack Fourie from this side, whilst Colonel Pretorius with 200 Citizen Force would attack from the Rustenburg side. I was to inform no one of our destination; we were to entrain quietly at Pretoria West station after dark, and proceed to De Wildt station on the Rustenburg line; there we were to detrain, march through the night and attack at dawn. …”

Dr CF Louis Leipoldt “.. The medical officer we had with us was Captain Louis Leipoldt 4; although he only had a cavalry medical haversack with him, he proved to be worth his weight in

4

The famous Afrikaans poet - HBH

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gold. Of course we took no transport, and each man carried his own food and a nosebag full of oats for his horse.”

De Wildt: Sergeant Cockrell “When we detrained at de Wildt (Louis Esselen's 5 farm), in black darkness, a light rain was falling, and the night was cold and cheerless. Our guide was Sergeant Cockrell, who had been stationed in charge of the police at de Wildt and knew every inch of the country. There was no road, and the long column in half sections wormed its way in and out of the clumps of thorn bush. As dawn broke we formed in column of troops, and Cockrell led some scouts in advance. Later as the country opened up the police formed an extended line with the Mounted Rifles in reserve. As I was running the whole force, Fulton took command of the police, and Captain Rutherford commanded the Mounted Rifles.”

Roodekoppies “We closed in on Roodekoppies, and as we did so met Pretorius and his troops coming from the opposite direction. The timing had been perfect, but the enemy had gone! After a short conference Colonel Pretorious and I decided to have breakfast, feed our horses, and then take up the pursuit. In the meantime, scouts were sent out to try and locate the spoor of the commando. Colonel Pretorius and I soon found out that we were old enemies from the Boer War, so with mutual respect we started to co-operate. In a short time one of the scouts came galloping back with the news that they had cut the spoor of the commando leading due east. We started off four scouts on their trail with orders to keep some miles ahead of us. Sergeant Cockrell was one of the scouts, and another of them was a man, who I only discovered later was a brother of Fourie's second in command.” “This serves to show how the rebellion had cut families in two, and what a dreadful thing civil war is.” “We rode through the bush in column of sections following the broad trail made over the wet veld by the commando, it was a spoor a blind man could have followed. We wondered what Fourie's objective could be, and finally decided that it must be the Premier Diamond Mine where he could get plenty of stores and explosives. We rode all day, and as we went vainly tried to find some eminence in the sea of bush from which we could helio our news into Pretoria.”

Nooitgedacht “At about 4.30 p.m. a scout came galloping back. He pulled his horse up on its haunches in front of us, and called out, “We have found them. They are in camp four miles ahead, at the farm Nooitgedacht." Colonel Pretorius said, "Our best chance is to gallop them before they get the alarm. I will take my men straight along the spoor, the S.A.M.R. must ride wide out on the right, and the police out on the left, and then swing round and meet behind them."

5

The role of Mr Louis Esselen in the history of our SA intelligence up to the Second WW is unclear (eg Capt Taillard) – HBH

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I did not like splitting my force in two, for I had seen a good deal of bush fighting, and knew how hard it is to maintain any sort of control; but Colonel Pretorius was my senior in rank, and I had to take my orders. The whole force was disposed in line of troop columns in the above order, and I explained to Captains Fulton and Rutherford that when they got well on the flanks of the enemy position they were to go troops left and right wheel into line, and then come into action. I went with the police, and we all started to follow the scout at a hard gallop. It was very difficult to keep our dressing with Colonel Pretorius, as his men were now galloping along a road whilst we had to dodge about in the bush. Finally we came out on the banks of a river running across our path, with a short expanse of open country, and then more very thick bush leading up into hills. As we splashed through the river I could see the farm on our right front. At the same time fire opened from the bush. Looking back I could see that the S.A.M.R. were too far behind to get up on the right flank, and that there was going to be a big gap between the right flank of the police, and the left flank of the Citizen Force. I therefore diverted the S.A.M.R. from their original objective, and threw them into the line between the two other forces. It seems they had got held up by getting into very rocky ground where they could only trot. The firing now had become very heavy, and I was worried at the number of loose police horses that came galloping out of the scrub. It seems that the police, on going right wheel into line in the thick scrub, had galloped right on top of the rebel's main position, which was in a deep donga lined by trees and rocks. The first volley was at close quarters, and there was no chance of handing the horses to the horse holders, so the men simply rolled out of their saddles and returned the fire. I then galloped along the line looking for Colonel Pretorius, as it was getting late and I thought we would have to finish off the skirmish with a bayonet charge. A group of men was firing from behind some rocks. I thought they were Citizen Force, and rode towards them to ask where Pretorius was; suddenly they turned on my orderly and me and let us have a volley.

Conduct: Dr Leipoldt We galloped back under cover, and there I met our doctor, Captain Leipoldt. He told me he had heard that there were two men badly wounded, and he was trying to locate them. His after adventure is worth relating—a sergeant-major of the police described it to me that evening. He said, “We saw the doctor ride out of the scrub straight into the rebel position. We yelled to him but the noise of the firing drowned the sound of our voices. Then his horse fell, shot dead, and he got up and started to run back. The dust flew all round his feet from the bullets, and we gave a groan as we saw him drop. However as soon as the rebels stopped firing, he jumped up again and sprinted into cover." Many a man was to be thankful that night that the gallant doctor had not been hit.

Capture of Jopie Fourie's commando “I left my horse, and walked up to the firing line to try and see the extent of the rebel position. Just as I reached there I saw Captain Fulton at the head of a small mixed 80


body of police and S.A.M.R. charge across an open space towards the donga. One volley from - the rebels dropped the whole party except sergeant-major Rourke of the Bodyguard, who jumped down into the donga and knocked two men down with the butt of his rifle; the others in that part of the donga then surrendered. I met Captain Rutherford, and we were just discussing our future plans when a final volley from the donga brought the leaves from the scrub on our heads, and a loud cheer announced that the rebels had surrendered. I ran over to where I had seen Fulton drop, and was glad to find that he was only wounded. He had a marvellous escape; the bullet had struck his field glasses which were hanging in front of his stomach. The glasses had diverted the bullet, but pieces of the glass prisms had been driven into him. He then told me that Colonel Pretorius had ridden round his end of the position looking for me, but had gone back to his own men. Corporal Devrill, who was one of my oldest and most trusted men, sent for me. I found him lying on the grass with a comrade nursing his head. He was shot through the body. I said, " Well, Devrill; I am sorry they hit you, but a few weeks in hospital will put you right." He gasped out, "You can't kid me, sir. I've shot too many buck not to know that I'm going west. My only kick is, I won't be able to go to German West with you now, sir." A few minutes later he died.”

Government forces: 10 killed 35 Wounded “Then the sad task of collecting the dead and wounded started. The fight had only lasted some fifty minutes, but we had lost ten killed, and thirty-five wounded. It seems the Citizen Force had pluckily fought their way to the edge of the donga, and one of them had jumped down from the high bank on to Fourie's back and disarmed him. When he went down his comrades had surrendered. Our sudden charge had taken the rebels by surprise, and cut them off from their horses which were out grazing. A small scouting party under Jack Pienaar had also been cut off, they had come in behind us, fired a number of shots at the led horses, and then cleared. This firing from our rear had been most disconcerting. The wounded and prisoners were then all collected and taken to the farmhouse, for it had become dark and a light rain was falling.”

Drs Bird & Leipoldt “Colonel Pretorius had a Dr. Bird with him, and he and Captain Leipoldt started to work on the wounded. They only had medical cavalry haversacks, their operating table was the farm kitchen table, and there were no anaesthetics. All night they worked by the light of candles, and when we made some coffee at midnight they would hardly stop to drink it. I can never express sufficient gratitude for what they did that night. Going round the wounded I found another instance of the awful results of civil war; Corporal Fourie of the S.A.M.R. lay dying with a bullet through the body, he turned out to be a nephew of Jopie Fourie. We sent off orderlies to General Smuts with a report of the action, and asking for ambulances, medical supplies, and food for men and horses. At early dawn a staff car drove up with a message from General Smuts that Pretorius and I

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were to return in it to Pretoria at once. As we drove off, the ambulances and supply trolleys arrived. At defence headquarters we met the general, and he thanked us for the successful fight, and expressed regret at our losses. I went off to my house to get some breakfast, and was met by my young son running down the path, who greeted me by saying, “Well, you do look dirty; Dad, and you haven't shaved. How many people did you shoot in the fight?" "I was too busy seeing that other people shot, I didn't kill anyone," I replied. His answer was, “Oh, you are no good, Dad!"

The sad end The capture of Jopie Fourie's commando was the end of the rebellion in the Transvaal and Free State. Colonel Maritz, after unsuccessfully attacking settlements along the Orange River, had led his force into South-West Africa, and joined the Germans. General Beyers had been drowned whilst swimming a flooded river to avoid capture.” [Trew: 44 – 49]

Photo album: Capt JJ “Jopie” Fourie (UDF) – Wartime Commandant [27 Aug 1879 – 20 Dec 1914.] Capt Fourie was shot, in Pretoria Prison, by a firing squad party consisting of members of the UDF and SAP. Examples of death sentences by means of the “firing squad”-method are few and are only used during Martial Law.6 The door to his prison cell is saved and was available for viewing at the Ventersburg Police Museum. It is my subjective view that Gen Smuts concurred with the view of the General Field Court Martial and that he refused to face sympathisers who went to Irene to plead for mercy. (This is 2nd case where somebody was sentenced to death by firing squad – the case of one Colyn – where Gen Smuts was also involved.) Gen Louis Botha, a compassionate leader was very upset when he heard the news of Capt Fourie’s death. The crux of the case is: Capt Fourie was a Commissioned Officer who did not resign his commission. As a commissioned officer he went into a state of rebellion. The government troops suppressed the rebellion by force. One feels sympathy for this Anglo Boer War-hero, but remembers the number of police and defence force personnel shot before his surrender. (Yes, there was a commission of enquiry into the Rebellion.) Today we would send in peace negotiators to “talk some sense first” before going over into a general skirmish.

6

I only know of one other example, this time in Natal in front of a police station - HBH

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We may add that the Boers loved “armed protest” – gather on horseback with arms, fire a few shots and the story is over. Capt Fourie was unlucky. Today we remember the Zulu and Xhosa who also loved to gather for an “armed” protest; later even AK 47’s were involved making it a serious affaire.

Foto deur HBH – Heldeakker – “Kerkstraat”- Pretoria

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Footnote (1) A footnote to refresh your memory on the shooting of Lambert Colyn by Jan Smuts (Junior): “Meanwhile Bouwer had been left in charge of my father's commando in Van Rhynsdorp. Here they were visited by a stocky, middle-aged colonist named Lambert Colyn, who professed a desire to fight the British. After a while, though not quite unnoticed, he slunk off on his horse. The belief that he had come to spy was later confirmed when he stormed the house at the head of a troop of British horsemen, seventeen casualties being inflicted before the Boers escaped. Later on my father combined his forces again to attack the nearby town of Windhuk where the British had established themselves after being driven from Van Rhynsdorp. The town was taken with much booty and 200 persons, amongst whom Colyn was identified. He was brought before my father, who knowing what had happened sent him to be tried by a Court Martial presided over by Commandant L. Boshoff, at Aties, on 25th February, 1902. At this court Colyn handed in a sworn statement in which he admitted his complicity and other witnesses also testified to the same effect. He was found guilty of spying and my father signed the execution order. The documents of this case are also in my father's collection. "Take him away and shoot him," he said briefly to the guards. Though Colyn collapsed and begged for mercy, and though the women of the Van Zyl household fled the house in terror, it made no impression on the precise legalistic mind of my father. When I was young I remember hearing him recount the Colyn incident and he did so in such matter-of-fact terms that I was left without any doubt that he considered it merely a minor incident of the campaign. Colyn's execution, though based on sound military justice, has not been without subsequent political repercussions, but these may be safely relegated to ignorance or political malice. Biographers have utilised the incident to show a hard streak in my father, but to soldiers in the field such actions are natural, and in cases like this, trivial.” 7 (2) A Smuts view on the Sentence of Fourrie “Last to surrender was Commandant Joseph Fourie, a permanent force officer and protégé of Beyers. From a Boer War wound in the knee be had contracted a slight limp. At the start of the rebellion he had treasonably gone over to Beyers in our full military uniform and was therefore in a slightly different category of rebel. On Dingaan's Day8, the 16th of December, he was captured by Colonel N.J. Pretorius at Nooitgedacht, near Pretoria. He had acted treacherously and 12 of our troops had lost their lives in the encounter. Now in mufti, and with a huge beard, Jopie Fourie boasted of his crimes and was unrepentant.” 9 “Only Fourie's band remained contumacious. Twelve of our men were killed at Nooitgedacht. There was no justification for that. Some of them were shot at a range of twelve yards. Fourie was captured by Colonel Pretorius, a grandson of the late President Pretorius and a cousin of Fourie's... A court martial was appointed, strictly 7

https://archive.org/stream/JcSmuts/SmutsJC_djvu.txt Geloftedag or the Day of the Vow - HBH 9 https://archive.org/stream/JcSmuts/SmutsJC_djvu.txt 8

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according to military law. One of its members told me he felt compunction about serving, because he was a friend of Fourie's. I replied that that was an additional reason why he should be on the tribunal. On Saturday Fourie was unanimously condemned to death... Had I refused to confirm the sentence, I could not have faced the parents of the young men who met their deaths through Fourie's fault. There is something to be said for many a rebel, but in this case I conferred a great benefit on the State by carrying out my most unpleasant duty... " He had been captured on Dingaan's Day and executed by a firing squad on a Sunday. Frantic last-minute efforts were made by his friends to obtain a reprieve, and delegations tried desperately to see my father. But he was not at home at the time, and in any case, he said, he would not have interfered in the course of justice.”10

Anglo Boer War: CV van Gogh brother of Dutch Master Artist: Vincent van Gogh: Nico Moolman Introduction: HBH Free State burgher Cor van Gogh, fought during the Anglo Boer War on the Boer side and lies buried somewhere in Brandfort in the old Boer republic, the OFS. We could however not find his grave in the Brandfort grave yard. These days it has become a risky business to visit a lonely grave yard with valuables like an expensive camera. We admire the artist Vincent van Gogh and his work. We have friends living in Amsterdam and who live within sight of the Van Gogh Museum. Having visited Amsterdam several times we have not yet had the pleasure to visit the museum because of the long rows of tourists waiting to visit the museum. We spoke to author Nico Moolman on Cor van Gogh and strange but true; Nico had photographs and a story on Cor van Gogh. It’s an interesting story about a missing “Van Gogh” and we shared this story with our Dutch retired police friends in Amsterdam, Jos and Ger Sevink, who have passed this information on the museum. Here follows Nico’s story and photograph:

Calling a spade a spade in Afrikaans. Can you for one moment imagine what the first word Sir Nicholas Serota, the Eminence Grace of the British art world and director of Tate, will utter upon reading this article? More than likely it will be ‘bliksem’. A word that involuntary springs to vocal cords when something awesome occurs. It is the one Afrikaans word that has the same impact as a photo. It says all and explains immediately the speaker’s intent.

10

https://archive.org/stream/JcSmuts/SmutsJC_djvu.txt

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As not to keep Sir Nicholas in awe, I shall elaborate: Vincent van Gogh’s younger brother Cor van Gogh left Holland in 1890 with his tool box, a few bottles Advokaat, some pickled herring and a painting of him and his sister Willemien, playing in a barn, that Vincent gave to Cor as a birthday present.

Missing Painting worth a fortune A painting of Cor van Gogh and his sister Willemien, playing in a barn, that Vincent gave to Cor as a birthday present.

Cor came to South Africa to build locomotives and harvesters for the NetherlandsSouth African Locomotive Company. During 1899 he joined the Boer forces in the Free State to fight the British. He was wounded during a skirmish near “Verkeerdevlei” and hid for two days in the veldt before tant Hannie Cloete found him on her farm. With him he had his suitcase with his earthly possessions. She nursed him for a week before taking him to Brandfort military hospital where Cor died a few weeks later. Before leaving, Cor gave tant Hannie a painting in gratitude. She hid it in the coffin in the attic of the barn where it stayed till the 1920’s. When tant Hannie’s mother died and the coffin was dusted before being interned in dust, the painting was rediscovered. Her second husband oom Koos framed it and for years and years it hung above the Ansonia in her voorkamer. Can you now imagine if Klein-Koos would enter Sotheby’s auction hall in London one of these days and holding it aloft and asking “Anyone want to buy my grootjie’s skildery?” I am 100% sure Sir Christopher Frayling the chairman and chief executive of the Arts Council of England will also shout ‘bliksem’ and spend his entire budget of over 400 million pounds on Klein-Koos’s find. Klein-Koos can then bring himself a Rolls Royce home. On auction days when taking his sheep to Winburg, Klein-Koos could keep the dividing glass partition in the Rolls up so the sheep won’t be able to lick his neck while driving.

Dutch Boer surnames: Brandfort Chuch Burgher CV van Gogh is No 6 on the list.

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SAC Barracks Bloemfontein: Nico Moolman

The Union Jack flying over Bloemfontein ....

ABO: Kaapse Polisie: Nico Moolman

Aliwal Noord - Kaapse Polisie Garnisoen: Jamestown Aliwal-Noord Distrik

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Ladybrand: Coronation KE VII: “Police Station”

Ladybrand polisiestasie tydens kroning Koning Eduard VII feesvierings voor polisiestasie en magistraatskantoor.

ZARP’s: Nico Moolman

Vlnr: (1) Kmdt JSF Blignaut Swaziland Polisie, 1901 DOW Fort Itala Natal (2) PW Blignaut, Pretoria Polisie (3) G Coetsee, Lid vd Dorpspolisie Pretoria.

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Vlnr: 1. Hendrik Conradie en Jahn Sales van die Pretoria Polisie, 2. Hoofkonstabel Coenraad F Stoltz, Pretoria Polisie 3. 2de Lt PJ van Nikkelen de Hors, Pretoria Polisie.

Vlnr. 1. Daniel Delport en Jan Engelbrecht. 2. Hendrik Ferreira en Piet Kruger. 3. Gert Gibson, James White, DJS Jacobs – Almal van Pretoria Polisie.

History of Law & Order: South Africa: Student Protest Suid-Afrika: Studente Betogings Various readers have sent photographs of student protest in South Africa 50 years ago and photos of the current student “protests”. There is a great difference in the student culture then and now! We went to university to study and we had to adhere to certain rules e.g. dress, manners, attendance and study for tutorials etc. We were 90


many policemen, nurses and clerks who studied part-time. We were poor Afrikaners and we went to university to better ourselves. We regarded it as an honour to study at university. We paid our fees, bought our books and tried to achieve our academic goals. We took leave to study and write examinations. Even for police promotion examination we had to take our own leave to study for the promotion exams. We had to pass all subjects in the same examination – no credits for subjects passed! Life for us, as well, was not fair!

1 Students being addressed by the President of the student body

2 South Africa first! (banner)

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3 We traverse the road of South Africa 92


4 We support mother-tongue tuition. Look at the dress code!

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5 Deliver our Universities from Liberalistic lecturers

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6 Rector of U.P. Prof CH Rautenbach

7 but never in South Africa. We look back and we are thankful.

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Note: No South African Police in riot gear – only a traffic officer.

Current student protests are too ghastly to publish. Why these are protests, after 20 years of democracy, so violent and destructive. My only regret is that we Boers do not have one university we can call our own. We think the best move is a virtual university. However here are a few photos to illustrate our point, we cannot defend apartheid, but who wants to be a student with such dangerous people around?

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Filler

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1985-09-25: SAP Farewell Parade: Gen CL Viljoen of the SADF: C Steyn

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Knightsbridge War Cemetery: Capt (SAN: Ret) Charles Ross The defence against Rommel's drive across Cyrenaica towards Suez consisted of a number of irregularly spaced strong points or 'boxes' linked by deep minefields. Those nearest the Axis forces were held by infantry, while those further back served as reserve static positions and as bases from which the armour could operate. The chief 'box', known as Knightsbridge, was round a junction of tracks about 20 kilometres west of Tobruk and 16 kilometres south of Acroma, commanding all the tracks by which supplies came up to the front. The Eighth Army's advance fuelling stations and airfields were at Acroma, El Adem, El Duda, Sidi Rezegh and Gambut, while by February 1941, Gazala aerodrome, taken from the Italians early in the campaign, housed two Commonwealth squadrons. Knightsbridge was thus a key position, and the pivot on which the armour manoeuvred during the heavy fighting which commenced in late May 1942. Fierce actions were fought at all these places, and a battlefield cemetery was created at each for the burial of the dead.

The graves of many of those who gave their lives during the campaign in Libya were later gathered into Knightsbridge War Cemetery from the battlefield burial grounds 103


and from scattered desert sites. The men who fought and died with them, but have no known grave, are commemorated on The Alamein Memorial which stands in El Alamein War Cemetery, Egypt. There are now 3,651 Commonwealth servicemen of the Second World War buried or commemorated in Knightsbridge War Cemetery. 993 of the burials are unidentified and special memorials commemorate a number of casualties known or believed to be buried among them. There are 18 Non Commonwealth burials here, including 1 Polish soldier, and 1 non world war service burial.

South Africans

There are 373 identified and 47 unidentified South Africans commemorated in the cemetery. This includes              

76 members of the South African Artillery, 45 members of the Transvaal Scottish, 36 members of the Regiment Botha, 31 members of the South African Air Force, 26 members of the Native Military Corps, 23 members of the South African Irish, 20 members of the South African Tank Corps, 16 members of the South African Engineer Corps, 13 members of the Royal Durban Light Infantry, 12 members of the cape Corps, 12 members of the Rand Light Infantry, 8 members of the Royal Natal Carbineers, 8 members of the Natal Mounted Rifles, 7 members of the Cape Town Highlanders, 104


             

6 members of the Regiment President Steyn and 6 members of the South African Medical Corps, 4 members of the Q-Service Corps, 4 members of the South African Corps of Signals 4 members of the Technical Service Corps, 3 members of the Field Force Battalion, 3 members of the Indian and Malay Corps, 2 members of the Die Middelandse Regiment, 2 members of the Imperial Light Horse, 2 members of the South African Police, 2 members of the Umvuti Mounted Rifles, 1 member of the Pretoria Highlanders, 1 member of the South African Infantry, and 1 member of the South African Corps of Military Police.

Also commemorated in the cemetery are:

2nd Lieutenant George Ward Gunn VC MC Lieutenant Gunn, Royal Horse Artillery, 7th Armour Division (Desert Rats, was sent to North Africa During the battle for Bardia in May 1941 he was awarded the Military Cross for gallantry and coolness under fire on several occasions. On 21 November 1942 during Operation Crusader Lieutenant Gunn’s section, comprising 4 Quick Firing 2-pounder anti-tank guns mounted on trucks, was part of the forces destined to defend the airfield at Sidi Rezegh against an attack by the German forces which included a large number of tanks. 3 of the guns were soon knocked out and when the 4th was hit Lieutenant Gunn took over the gun and continued firing at the enemy 105


damaging two German tanks. With the German tanks focussing on his gun he was killed. For his conspicuous courage Lieutenant Gunn was the Victoria Cross.

Rifleman John Beeley VC. On 21 November 1941 Rifleman Beeley, a member of the 1 st Battalion King’s Royal Rifle Corps, which was ordered, as part of Operation Crusader, to take the high ground overlooking the Sidi Rezerg airfield. This required crossing open field of 2 000 yards. His citation reads On the 21st November 1941, during the attack at Sidi Rezegh, North Africa, against a strong enemy position, the company to which Rifleman Beeley belonged was pinned down by heavy fire at point-blank range from the front and flank on the flat, open ground of the aerodrome. All the officers but one of the company and many of the other ranks had been either killed or wounded. On his own initiative, and when there was no sort of cover, Rifleman Beeley got to his feet carrying a Bren gun and ran forward towards a strong enemy post containing an anti-tank gun. The post was silenced and Rifleman Beeley’s platoon was enabled to advance, but Rifleman Beely fell dead across his gun, hit in at least four places. Rifleman Beeley went to certain death in a gallant and successful attempt to carry the day. His courage and self-sacrifice were a glorious example to his comrades and inspired them to further efforts to reach their objective, which was eventually captured by them, together with 700 prisoners. 

Story by Charles Ross based on information from the Commonwealth War Graves Commission’s Casualty Data Base, website www.ww2today and Wikipedia. Photos Commonwealth War Graves Commission.

South African Navy Ranks and Insignia: Part Two Warrant Officers: Captain (SAN) (Retd) Charles Ross In our previous article we addressed the rank insignia of the Junior and Senior Rates in the South African Navy and as mentioned in the article on the Brief History of the South African Navy it adopted the Royal Navy rank structure. Over the years there have been minor changes to the rank insignia of South African Navy, but it has largely remained in line with that of the Royal Navy. The South African Navy have more uniforms than the other Arms of Service of the South African National Defence Force (SANDF) and rank insignia are therefore adapted to each of the these uniforms. Add to this that the South African Navy also have various branches for which each have a unique insignia worn by Warrant Officers while there are also Warfare Type Affiliation badges for the various Flotillas, Submarines, Mine Warfare, Surface Warfare and Combat Support Ships. Qualification badges (commonly referred to as “Water Wings”) are worn by members that are Bridge Watch Keeping qualified in Silver and in Gold for having or had command at sea. There is also a Marine Officers badge. Medals are worn differently 106


to the other Arms of Service. All these will be addressed in a later articles. The various uniforms will also be addressed in a future articles. Warrant Officer’s Insignia. The lowest of the Warrant Officers is Warrant Officer Class 2 and is addressed as “Warrant” and the rank is abbreviated “WO II”. The Rank Insignia shown on the left is that worn on the service dress (non-seasonal) as well as on Dress 3, Dress 4, Dress 5, and Dress 7. The rank insignia as indicated is worn on the sleeve of both the summer (ie white) and winter (black) uniforms 100 mm from the to the bottom of the badge from the edge of the sleeve. The relevant branch badge is only worn on the small collar of the winter (black) uniform. The words “SOUTH AFRICA” in blue on both arms 3 mm below the shoulder seam. The same configuration is applicable to the winter, ie black, uniform, except that the letters will be in gold. Next is Warrant Officer Class 1 and is addressed as “Warrant” and the rank is abbreviated as “WO 1”. The Rank Insignia shown on the left is that worn on the service dress (non-seasonal) as well as on Dress 3, Dress 4, Dress 5, and Dress 7. The rank insignia as indicated is worn on the sleeve of both the summer (ie white) and winter (black) uniforms 100 mm from the to the bottom of the badge from the edge of the sleeve. The relevant branch badge is only worn on the small collar of the winter (black) uniform. The words “SOUTH AFRICA” in blue on both arms 3 mm below the shoulder seam. The same configuration is applicable to the winter, ie black, uniform, except that the letters will be in gold. Next is the Level 4a Warrant Officer, the Unit Master at Arms addressed as “Master” and the rank is abbreviated as “MAA”. Equivalent is Regimental Sergeant Major or “RSM”. The Rank Insignia shown on the left is that worn on the service dress (nonseasonal) as well as on Dress 3, Dress 4, Dress 5, and Dress 7. The rank insignia as indicated is worn on the sleeve of both the summer (ie white) and winter (black) uniforms 100 mm from the to the bottom of the badge from the edge of the sleeve. The relevant branch badge is only worn on the small collar of the winter (black) uniform. The words “SOUTH AFRICA” in blue on both arms 3 mm below the shoulder seam. The same configuration is applicable to the winter, ie black, uniform, except that the letters will be in gold. 107


Next is the Level 4 Warrant Officer, the Base Master at Arms addressed as “Master” and the rank is abbreviated as “BMAA”. Equivalent is Command Sergeant Major. The Rank Insignia shown on the left is that worn on the service dress (nonseasonal) as well as on Dress 3, Dress 4, Dress 5, and Dress 7. The rank insignia as indicated is worn on the sleeve of both the summer (ie white) and winter (black) uniforms 100 mm from the to the bottom of the badge from the edge of the sleeve. The relevant branch badge is only worn on the small collar of the winter (black) uniform. The words “SOUTH AFRICA” in blue on both arms 3 mm below the shoulder seam. The same configuration is applicable to the winter, ie black, uniform, except that the letters will be in gold. Next is the Level 3 Warrant Officer, the Fleet Master at Arms addressed as “Master” and the rank is abbreviated as “FMAA”. Equivalent is Formation Sergeant Major. The Rank Insignia shown on the left is that worn on the service dress (nonseasonal) as well as on Dress 3, Dress 4, Dress 5, and Dress 7. The rank insignia as indicated is worn on the sleeve of both the summer (ie white) and winter (black) uniforms 100 mm from the to the bottom of the badge from the edge of the sleeve. The relevant branch badge is only worn on the small collar of the winter (black) uniform. The words “SOUTH AFRICA” in blue on both arms 3 mm below the shoulder seam. The same configuration is applicable to the winter, ie black, uniform, except that the letters will be in gold. Next is the Level 2 Warrant Officer, the Master at Arms of the Navy addressed as “Master” and the rank is abbreviated as “MAA (Navy)”. Equivalent is Sergeant Major of the Service. The Rank Insignia shown on the left is that worn on the service dress (non-seasonal) as well as on Dress 3, Dress 4, Dress 5, and Dress 7. The rank insignia as indicated is worn on the sleeve of both the summer (ie white) and winter (black) uniforms 100 mm from the to the bottom of the badge from the edge of the sleeve. The relevant branch badge is only worn on the small collar of the winter (black) uniform. The words “SOUTH AFRICA” in blue on both arms 3 mm below the shoulder seam. The same configuration is applicable to the winter, ie black, uniform, except that the letters will be in gold.

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Next is the Level 1 Warrant Officer, the Warrant Officers of the SANDF addressed as “Master” and the rank is abbreviated as “WO SANDF)”. The Rank Insignia shown on the left is that worn on the service dress (non-seasonal) as well as on Dress 3, Dress 4, Dress 5, and Dress 7. The rank insignia as indicated is worn on the sleeve of both the summer (ie white) and winter (black) uniforms 100 mm from the to the bottom of the badge from the edge of the sleeve. The relevant branch badge is only worn on the small collar of the winter (black) uniform. The words “SOUTH AFRICA” in blue on both arms 3 mm below the shoulder seam. The same configuration is applicable to the winter, ie black, uniform, except that the letters will be in gold.

Cap Badge of the Warrant Officer

Level 1 Warrant Officer

WO SANDF

Master

S/Major of the SANDF

S/Major of the SANDF

Level 2 Warrant Officer

MAA (Navy)

Master

S/Major of a Service

Master at Arms of Navy

Level 3 Warrant

FMAA

Master

Formation S/Major

Fleet Master at

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Officer

Arms

Level 4 Warrant Officer

BMAA

Master

Command S/Major

Base Master at Arms

Level 4a Warrant Officer

MAA

Master

Regimental S/Major

Unit Master at Arms

Warrant Officer 1st Class

WO1

Warrant

WOI Sergeant Major

Warrant Officer 2nd Class

WOI1

Warrant

WOII Sergeant Major

Veterans in Australia: Gavin Tischendorf (SAP)

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Point Duty: SAP: Bloemfontein: Nico Moolman

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Possak Olof Bergh: Alex Faria Hello Hennie, Terwyl ek besig was om boeke te “browse” het ek hierdie boek “Rogues to Ritches – The fortunes of Olof Bergh and the Van der Stels” deur Marius Diemont teëgekom:

How did the influence of Simon van der Stel impact on the spectacular fortunes of Olof Bergh? Was it possible that the spoils of buried treasure plundered from a Portuguese shipwreck on secret instructions from the Governor finally enabled the old soldier to succeed Simon van der Stel as owner of Groot Constantia, the Cape’s most prestigious home? Marius Diemont, following on his book, The Strandveld – Africa’s Foot of Isolation, about the Cape’s southernmost coastal sector, delves into the fascinating history of Oloff Bergh, one of the Cape’s most colourful pioneers of the 17th and 18th centuries. Miskien is daar meer agter die Oloff Bergh storie as wat ons dink. Groete Alex Faria

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Garda Siochana - Guardians of the Peace Na die Desember-uitgawe skryf Dave soos volg: Hi Hennie,

Just in case you are bored;-) Here is a link to an Inspectorate review recently published relating to the Irish Police Force (Garda Siochana - Guardians of the Peace). http://www.gsinsp.ie/en/GSINSP/1286-ChangingPolicinginIreland_LowFull.pdf/Files/1286-ChangingPolicinginIreland_Low-Full.pdf It's a pretty strongly worded "skop in die gat" for Management. But I bet that the same issues would be highlighted if a similar study was done on ANY police service anywhere. And if it was done in SA?????? Whether it changes anything is another story. "Culture eats strategy for breakfast". Lekker lees, Dawie

South Africa’s Nuclear Bomb: Al J Venter Manuel Resende Ferreira: Author Al J Venter's comment: 'Nothing about South Africa's nuclear connection with Iran? Representatives from Tehran arrived in South Africa shortly after the venerable Nelson Mandela's ANC took over the government and attempted to acquire what were termed at the time "atom bomb blue prints". That and a subsequent meeting at Pelindaba between Reza Amrollahi, leader of the Iranian delegation and Waldo Stumpf who headed the nuclear facility at the time, is well documented in my book "Iran's Nuclear Option" (Casemate,2005). Indeed, details were not only originally released by Mungo Soggot a journalist with the authoritative Mail and Guardian (Johannesburg) but he also disclosed the fact that Pik Botha, then an ANC cabinet minister was present at the Pelindaba get together. The entire meeting (and subsequent events) is detailed in Chapter 7 headed "Nuclear Link-Up: South Africa and Iran", also subsequently featured in my report carried by Jane's "International Defence Review". Interestingly Stumpf, obviously fearing for his pension, initially denied that the Iranian meeting in his office had ever taken place. I publically challenged him but he declined to comment, admitting only years later that he had in fact met with the Iranian delegation. Stumpf was sidelined by the ANC shortly afterwards and there is 113


some evidence that Pretoria did eventually play ball with Iran, but to what extent nobody is prepared to comment.'

Ryno Human: Polisiestasie: Sophiatown Goeie dag Oom, Ek is ook besig om die volgende te doen op my blog om Nongqai te help bevorder, http://rememberussa.blogspot.com/p/nongqai-ezine.html Laastens, die polisiestasie “Genl Johan Coetzee” se benaming is soos volg:   

Newlands (Ou Stasie) Genl Johan Coetzee (Nuwe Stasie) Sophiatown (Na 1994)

Groete Ryno Human

Ryno Human: 1969 Vertoongroep & Wespark Heldeakker Goeie Dag Oom Hennie Ek het vandag weer deur my foto’s wat ek deur die jaar geneem het geloer. En weer na die gekyk. En sal graag wil hoor of iemand meer weet van die monument, of selfs foto’s van die in huldiging. Weet oom ook dalk waar of van iemand wat moontlik foto’s sal hê van die 1969 SAP Berede Vertoon groep, siedende my pa deel was daarvan. Indien oom wil kan u die foto’s gebruik waar u wil. Van die aangehegde foto’s is in Mei 2015 Geneem dit het maar deurmekaar gelyk met ou ruikers en selfs tuintoerusting wat agter die monument gepak was. In Augustus was ek weer daar en dit was die keer heelwat skoner al was van die plante in die tuin so effe verlep. Groete Ryno Human

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Johannesburg: SAP Memorial

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Oud-ambassadeur CF Jacobs: Digitale Argief: Buitelandse Sake Naand Hennie, Ek stuur hierdie vir jou vir wat dit werd mag wees. Dit bly egter interessante leesstof en mag later belangrike argiefmateriaal wees. Beste wense, Jou neef Jakes (CF Jacobs) Subject: South African diplomats remember .... Bumper upload today Dear friends, Tom has been busy in his archives. Enjoy his latest gems. http://rsadiplomats.blogspot.co.za/ Blessings, Geoff

ISSUU: Numbers donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t lie issuu <no-reply@issuumail.com>

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Numbers don't lie, and yours are honestly great.

16.0%

53.5%

77.6%

1.9k

27.3k

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READS

IMPRESSIONS

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Hi Hennie Heymans, Well, your publishing world seems to be in tip-top shape. You must have some content people really love, which is great. Upgrade now to see your full statistics, including your most popular pages, under the Publisher Tools section on issuu.com.

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Blitspatrollie se 50ste: AO MC van Wyngaard Goeie dag Oom Hennie Dis A/O MC van Wyngaard, 0470803-2 of sommer kort Tina. Ons is besig om n reünie te reël vir Blitspatrollie se 50ste bestaansjaar volgende jaar. Alle lede wat betrokke was daar hetsy by die Honde-eenheid, Duikers, Hoofwegpatrollie, Admin, Geleides, Reserviste ens. word genooi. Ons beplan die reünie vir 3 Sept 2016 by die Polisie Rondawel in Pta-Noord. Ons probeer nog skenkers kry om saam die ete wat lede sal ontvang ʼn aandenking ook daarmee saam te gee. Asook ʼn spesiale aandenking vir die oudbevelvoerders om hulle te vereer vir hul bydraes deur die jare. Oud-lt-kol Len Schubach is die voorsitter van ons komitee en dan het ons ook vir oud-lt-kol Eddie Engelbrecht en ’n paar ander dienende lede wat ons bystaan. Ek wil graag uitvind of daar in die ou tydskrifte dalk artikels is oor die Blitspatrollie of enige van die eenhede wat die perseel met Blits gedeel het. Ons wil graag die ou artikels en foto’s in ʼn album bymekaar sit vir uitstalling op die dag. Ek sal dit waardeur as u my kan help en dalk ook verwys na lede wat nog bydraes sal kan maak oor die geskiedenis van Blitspatrollie en die eenhede wat daar was. Vanaf die tyd toe Blitspatrollie en Radiobeheer by Pta-Sentraal begin het en toe oorgeskuif is Marabastad toe en uiteindelik in Silverton gevestig is. Ek wil ook by die SAP Museum gaan hoor of hul enige inligting het. Ons wil dit ʼn werklike onvergeetlike dag maak. Enige hulp sal hoog op prys gestel word.

Vriendelike groete Tina Van Wyngaard (oud HP29 bemanning en bestuurder) 082 600 3564

Virtuele Polisiemuseum en –argief Ons het reeds baie dokumente afgetas. Vrywilligers welkom wat wil help om die dokumente op ons webtuiste te stoor. Kyk gerus na:   

http://www.enongqaipublications.com http://www.enongqaipublications.com/bergville-dagga-murders1956.html http://www.enongqaipublications.com/shockproof-police-vehicles.html

Dit neem baie tyd in beslag om die Nongqai op te stel en uit te lê – enige hulp van verveelde “ou” mans en jong dames is welkom. Daar is so baie nasionale veiligheidsgeskiedenis. Kontak ons asb. 119


Slot Daar is nog vele verhale van kapt Charles Ross (SA Vloot – Afgetree), dr JC van der Walt en Nico Moolman en vele ander. Dankie dat u help om die geskiedenis lewendig te hou ... Identifiseer solank u privaat foto’s – identifiseer die datum, die plek en die tyd – identifiseer die mense op die foto’s en die fotograaf. Bêre u dokumente, sakboeke, dagboeke, foto’s, koerante, plakboeke ens – al die goed is belangrik om ons geskiedenis te bewaar en in die toekoms reg te vertolk. Bewaar die verlede!

Contact details / kontakbesonderhede Hennie Heymans: enongqai@gmail.com / Glenn Elsden: glenn.elsden@gmail.com Nico Moolman: lingloi@telkomsa.net / www.nicomoolman.net Capt (SAN Ret) Charles Ross: chross@iafrica.com Greetings – Groete Salute! Saluut! Hennie Heymans No 43630 (B) © 2015 / 2016

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Profile for Hennie Heymans

Nongqai vol 7 no 1  

Where South Africa's National Security History comes alive!

Nongqai vol 7 no 1  

Where South Africa's National Security History comes alive!

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