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AUG 2019 SHOWGUIDE EDITION

MAG SEPTEMBER 14TH-15TH, 2019 nec, birmingham

GET YOUR TICKETS FOR THE HEMP & CBD EXPO

ACTIVIST SIMPA CARTER emplores CBD companies to join the fight for full legalisation

COMPLIANCE 101

Pet Products, CBD Flower, Water Solubles and more... read our Compliance Guide by the Cannabis Trades Association

POWER PLANT

Guy Coxall of Hemp Tank talks renewable energy, and industrial applications of hemp

HEMP & CBD AWA R DS EXHIBITOR AND B2B

PLATINUM SPONSORS OF THE HEMP & CBD EXPO

HEMP & CBD AWARDS SPONSORED BY

DUSHEY

thank you to our september hemp & cbd expo sponsors

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HEMP&CBDMAG

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Founded in 2016, Blue Moon Hemp is one of America’s premier CBD manufacturers. We are industry pioneers in product development and distribution, with a presence in all 50 states, and 18 countries around the world! We control the quality and production of our CBD from seed to shelf. Partnering with our farm in Kentucky, we have been a single-source manufacturer since the beginning, and have an unparalleled ability to maintain consistent purity levels in all of our products.

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As we step in to the future of an exploding CBD market, Blue Moon Hemp is on the cutting edge of the industry. Whether it is our expanding line of disposables

including sleek eBlunts and universally compatible Moon Pods, or stronger Tincture and eLiquids in our flavor profiles, we’ve got something to satisfy everyone! With over 60 employees and growing, the Blue Moon Hemp team ensures you can enjoy highly-reliable products, backed by exceptional customer service. Join the Blue Moon Hemp family today. Balance Your Body. Balance Your Life.

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LFTE DI R E C T O R Brett H eaps NO N- EX EC UT IV E DI RE C T O R S R ob er t Dai nty R ob er t S i d e b ottom E DI T O R Tom my P ren d er g ast J UN I O R E DI T O R E l is e M ood y S AL E S M AN AGE R J am es In ger S AL E S E XE C UT I V E S Arc h ie B estw ic k R e b e c ca D ai nty DE S I GN R e u b en Hod g k i ns J am es Brearley T im B rearley MA R K E T I N G H ar r y Brad f or d R h y s Townsend JO UR N AL IS TS R ichard H am i lton I an Jones AC CO UN TS Dan iel le H eaps L is a W i l d e C H I E F M E DI C AL O F F I C E R Dr . Dan i Gor d on HE AD O F C AN N ABI S L AW R o b er t J ap p ie - M ac k r e l l T u r n e r Gar r e tt

The third issue of the Hemp & CBD Magazine is here, and you know what that means? It’s a SHOW GUIDE EDITION! The third issue of the Hemp & CBD Magazine is here, and you know what that means? It’s a SHOW GUIDE EDITION! Yes, after our very successful March show, our summer has been jam packed with preparations for the next time we get the pleasure of welcoming the UK hemp industry back to the NEC for what will be an even bigger, and better September event! With even more exhibitors, guest speakers, and visitors we are looking forward to a jam packed weekend hoping to send each and every one of our attendees’ home with great products, improved knowledge on an ever evolving industry, increased awareness of the efforts made by those who are fighting to enhance not just their business, but also the rights of a public to have the access to a plant we know has suffered a great deal of trials and tribulations in this country.

Front Cover Credits: Gencanna Back Cover: Wellacy LTD. DISCLAIMER The opinions expressed in our published works are those of the author(s) and do not reflect the opinions of Hemp & CBD Media LTD (referred to as H&CM) or its Editors. The information contained in our published works has been obtained by Hemp & CBD Media LTD from sources believed to be reliable. However, neither Hemp & CBD Media LTD nor its authors guarantees the accuracy or completeness of any information published herein and neither Hemp & CBD Media LTD nor its authors shall be responsible for any errors, omissions, or claims for damages, including exemplary damages, arising out of use, inability to use, or with regard to the accuracy or sufficiency of the information contained in Hemp & CBD Media LTD publications. No responsibility is assumed by the Publisher or Editors for any injury and/or damage to persons or property as a matter of product liability, negligence, or otherwise, or from any use or operation of any methods, product, instructions, or ideas contained in the published material. No suggested test or procedure should be carried out unless, in the reader’s judgment, its risk is justified. All rights reserved. No part of any H&CM published work may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without written permission from the publisher.

MARKETING@HEMPANDCBDEXPO.COM +44(0)1773 687227

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HEMP&CBDMAG

We couldn’t do it without all of you playing your part! We will continue to evolve, and adapt to help put together not just an expo, but a gathering of people who are invested in change. Thank you again for your continued support, and thanks again to my team who are working overtime to deliver a great experience for you all. In this issue we have really tried to pack in as much as possible from our guest features, with some great compliance tips and advice from companies such as the CTA, EIHA, and CannaPro, to clarion calls from Simpa Carter, and Phil Monk. There are so many opinions to be shared and we hope you’ll take the opportunity to not just read these articles, but also visit all of these companies and influencers on September 14th and 15th in Hall17 of the NEC, Birmingham to ask them your questions in person!

Tommy - Hemp & CBD Media -Editor & Organiser

MAG


IT NH I SS IIS SDU EE CONTENTSTS

HEMP & CBD MAG

CIITECH: Choosing a CBD Brand you can trust p20

CTA Compliance Section

The Shoppers guide: Simple tips to keep in mind when buying CBD products p34

Who are the CTA p114 CBD and Pet Products p118 Full Spectrum & Broad Spectrum p122 Novel Foods & Isolate p124 Water Solubles p128 CBD Flower Prosecution p134

Power Plant - No time to waste!

FourFiveCBD - THC Free for Elite Athletes p142

COLLECTIVE HEMP BRANDS How to create a successful product line p28

Guy Coxall - Hemp Tank p44

Catching Up With Reakiro p146

The Whole Plant - EIHA p48

Robert Jappie - Cannabis Law p154

CTPA The legal status of cannabis and cannabis extracts in cosmetic products p54

No Half Measures - Simpa Carter p158 Cal ‘Pacino’ Ellanor Athlete Interview p162 Dr Dani Gordon - Patients leading the way p168

KUSHCO Terpenes- Not your usual extract p62

Eurofins - Testing with CBD p174

Where is the UK industry heading? p68

Big Business in the Capitol - Cannabis Europa Review p188

WE THE UNDERSIGNED Advocacy Update p74

CBD and Skin Care - Rich Hamilton p196

The Future of Hemp Catherine Wilson p78 Catching Up With Alplant p84

FlawsomJem - The Healthy Hemp Diet p182

Edward’s Farm Machinery Article p190

Mile High Labs and the pure CBD solution p220 Indoor Gardening & Hydroponics p228 Peter Reynolds - Fear, Uncertainty & Doubt p234


PROFILES

190-193

84-88 SWISS BLISS: CATCHING UP WITH

ALPLANT

EDWARDS FARM MACHINERY

EFM

142-143 THC FREE FOR THE ELITE

FOURFIVECBD

92-111 HEMP & CBD EXPO SEPTEMBER 2019

SHOW GUIDE SECTION What can you expect from your first expo? P92 Welcome to the Show! p94 Expo Sponsors P96 Exhibitors P98 Floor Plan P100

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Guest Speakers & Seminars p102 Hemp & CBD Awards p110

GUY COXALL - HEMP TANK

POWER PLANT-NO TIME TO WASTE


PRECISION BOTTLES ARE THE LARGEST PRODUCER IN EUROPE OF 10ML AND 60ML E-LIQUID/VAPE BOTTLES MANUFACTURING AND STOCKHOLDING IN ENGLAND. Since opening in May 2017 Precision Bottles have been working to and certified with full AA rated BRC accreditation. This means that they can supply food grade bottles into many industries. They have the capacity to support your growth no matter how rapid. Further investment is being made to have 100% camera inspection to ensure quality at all times on the vape bottle range and this will bring the total investment to over £2,000,000 since 2017. They have a continuous growth plan which includes a further £1,250,000 investment in 2020/2021 along with an additional 20,000ft factory space being added allowing for the growth. To facilitate this demand, Precision Bottles has established a product range enabling us to provide the market with PET and PP Bottles. With a turnkey approach, they also offer the market the ability to take control of production by bringing the blow moulding stage in-house – a solution which brings savings in warehousing, transport, and labour, as well as giving the client

CONTACT US MADE IN UK

an efficient switch-on / switch off capability, all of which contributes to a smaller carbon footprint. In July 2019 the facility will be expanded by another 14,500ft and additional equipment will be brought on stream giving a 15,000,000 10ml capacity per month and an additional 3,000,000 60ml bottles per month, and a new “Glass Replacement” 10ml bottle for CBD along with an expansion of our juice bottle range to 80,000,000 per year. Precision Bottles facility operates 24/7 52 weeks a year and is focused on being the No1 E-liquid and CBD bottle manufacturer in Europe. They also have partner facilities in Hungary and Poland giving a wider range of products to help meet the ever changing market place.

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VISIT US AT STAND D20 Dushey Colombia is set to be one of the largest cannabis extraction companies in South America. With a 35,000 sq ft facility which will be a GMP research, development and extraction hub based near the Colombian capital of Bogata, Dushey is Colombia’s premium vertically integrated cannabinoid producer.

Colombian Farm | Bulk Extract Supplier Seed Developement | Growing | Extraction


OUR PRODUCTS Dushey is committed to providing our customers and regulatory authorities with products and services that meet and exceed their expectations for safety, quality and reliability. Dushey can conďŹ rm that it is operating towards an effective Quality Management System for both ISO 17025 and ISO 9001. Dushey is also successfully working to implement Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) systems that assures proper design, monitoring, and control of manufacturing processes and facilities. All extracts produced and supplied by Dushey undergo strict testing regimes. Each process of the extraction will be in an ISO 17025 laboratory. Final products are tested and must meet the exacting standards for terpenes, microbiology, cannabinoids, heavy metals and multi-residue pesticides.

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ARTICLE

CHOOSING A CBD BRAND YOU CAN TRUST! Medical, Lifestyle, Sports.

CiiTECH has strategically chosen Israel, the land of Cannabis, for researching and developing cannabis formulations. Together with leading scientists including; Professor Raphael Mechoulam and Dr Yossi Tam, CiiTECH is expanding it’s knowledge in key areas of cannabis, cannabidiol and specifically CBD development. Throughout these latest developments and growth of CBD awareness, CiiTECH has found a growing need for various CBD products in key areas and a need for consumer branding that is not confusing or misleading to consumers. Launching this summer we are expanding on our flagship brand Provacan, introducing two new brands that enjoy the same scientific expertise and R&D whilst designing unique products targeting the very different needs of two key niche markets.

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realized the need for a loyal CiiTECH says “This is an exciting brand that can bring these time for the business, consumers people together and encourage have become more aware and the growth of a community,” says more educated on the benefits of Sara Adelman, Cannabis advocate, mother of 4 and Head of Brand non-psychoactive cannabinoid Development at CiiTECH. With these products, the industry is powerful women, a new kind of CBD beginning to show signs of brand was born, introducing to you The normalisation. We constantly HuGG Co, not just a CBD brand but a strive to match our reputation of lifestyle in which women and creating the most effective millennials can feel OK to just be science backed products. It was themselves and have a little help along with this in mind that we began the way. The HuGG Co launched in July with a complete range of CBD infused working on understanding products split over 2 categories, Self specific market segments and Care and Daily care. their health needs.” Clifton Flack, Founder and CEO of

“While researching and growing in the cannabis industry, talking with a magnitude of healthcare practitioners, nurses, estheticians and even yoga instructors and young female entrepreneurs, CiiTECH quickly

CiiTECH’s recent venture into consumer focused brand development don’t stop there.

Meet IMPACT sports, a CBD sports brand powered by CiiTECH in partnership with professional sportsmen James Haskell and Ben Franks.


ARTICLE

So many rugby players are broken and pop too many pills. CBD oil for me was a natural alternative that would help with recovery. Which is why it was so important for me to find a company like CiiTECH that I can trust for my own personal use.

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ARTICLE

James Haskell and Ben Franks are both avid users of CBD and can be seen talking openly about how it has benefited them and their life in terms

retired Northampton Saints in the Aviva Premiership and team England Rugby player.

of sports and recovery. “CBD

Clifton continued “Through

oil is

our one of the most effective academic partnerships and supplements I have used in my customer data we managed to sporting career” Says North identify a CBD formulation we Hamptons Rugby player Ben Franks. As believe to be best suited to the Provancan grew, James and Bens trust specific needs of athletes. We and loyalty for the brand grew also, began working with the Israeli eventually leading to the growth of a National Rugby Team recently to new partnership and the creation of a further develop our access to the new kind of brand in sports that would use potential for high impact follow in the steps of Provacan but fit the lifestyle of the two Rugby and sportspeople. The launch of fitness superstars. “So many rugby Impact in partnership with players are broken and pop too World Class Rugby players many pills. CBD oil for me was James and Ben we are confident a natural alternative that would our science and CBD product help with recovery. Which is why development will prove to be the it was so important for me to world class brand in cannabis find a company like CiiTECH sports supplements.” that I can trust for my own CiiTECH was excited to take James and personal use. Through the Ben up on their challenge to create a relationship I built with Clifton sports brand built on trust. The IMPACT Flack and CiiTECH I found a range includes CBD oil for him and for need to develop a CBD brand her in 2 different strengths, CBD Power that other sports enthusiasts Balm, Arnica Balm and CBD infused like myself can trust” Says James lozenges for slow release absorption. Haskell, Author, fitness trainer and

CiiTECH has committed to researching and developing brands and formulas that people can love, afford and trust. By using the highest level of expertise and knowledge we can’t wait to see what more will come from CiiTECH, the land of Cannabis and more brands to come.

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PRO ACAN


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ARTICLE CREATING BRAND DESIGN (CBD)

HOW TO CREATE A SUCCESSFUL PRODUCT LINE Wirtten By

Ralph Morgan

Collective hemp brands

With over 25 years of brand experience, I wanted to pass on tips about identifying markets, reaching consumers, and designing successful brands. A few fundamentals follow: Market Research and Identification Some people fall in love with the idea of a product, and create this product hoping the market likes it.Rather than hoping the market loves your idea for a product, fall in love with the thoughtful solution to an unmet consumer demand. That’s what happened with OrganaLabs and bringing CO2 extraction to the cannabis industry. In this new industry, concentrates lacked consistency and quality, and often contained residual solvents. We invested in CO2 technology to safely and organically extract oil from the plant, offering products that were safe and reliable. I hadn’t previously been passionate about CO2 extraction, but it filled the identified need in the market so well, I fell in love with the solution. Encountering Challenges The greater the challenge, the greater the potential reward awaits those that have effectively addressed it. In the CBD space, consumer education is

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a profound challenge due to the amount of misinformation, lack of clinical studies, and validated anecdotal information. Collective Hemp Brands has partnered with an M.D. and cannabis expert to communicate timely information from a trusted healthcare professional. We have also deployed a consumer facing app to which we invite both end users and healthcare professionals to share information and participate in live communal discourse. This communication hub will help establish standards and protocols for future cannabinoid therapies, not only from practitioners but from actual consumer experiences to increase a positive patient outcome. This tool is the first we know that addresses the standardization process with total transparency. Tackling the challenges in consumer education head on allows us to proactively participate in establishing protocols for how best to use cannabinoids for wellness. Looking Ahead Expense was the main reasons CO2 extraction hadn’t been widely adopted as a solution. We invested

in this expensive process, knowing it created a high water mark of quality. Competitors then had to defend their extraction methods against this new standard. If you can attack the hardest challenges early and find viable resolutions, competition is then forced to follow. Your answer to the industry pain point becomes your unique selling proposition. Understanding Regulatory Compliance If you can turn the biggest regulatory challenges into your unique brand benefits, that liability becomes an asset. Packaging requirements for cannabis products are onerous. Test results must be on the outside of the packaging, which is difficult given the small size of many products. At O.Pen Vape we utilized an expanding label. Instead of using microscopic type, our expanding label allowed us to legibly deliver the information to the consumer in a way that could be both read and understood.


ARTICLE Rather than be restrained by these packaging regulations, we had a unique selling point that allowed us to deliver sincere, helpful messaging connecting the consumer to the product. Identifying Gaps in Brand Promises Declaring a brand promise that aligns with your core values to be fulfilled in a meaningful way is paramount. Without adhering to those commitments, gaps begin to appear that competitors will fill. To illustrate, our brand Satisan promises: Satisan creates safe and effective CBD infused products. Each Satisan product contains a consistent and reliable dose of CBD, and is priced to be accessible to a broad range of consumers. Satisan is committed to safety, quality, and accessibility. To build consumer trust and address any concerns about effectiveness, we fulfill on Satisan’s brand promise by batch testing to ensure quality, manufacturing in GMP/ISO grade facilities, and offer Dependable Dosing™ for each product. By committing to a brand promise that speaks to the identified need in the market, brand awareness, sales, and loyalty naturally follow.

Brand Differentiation for the Long Horizon

and hemp oil. Finally, Sativa Pet Love applies our trusted wellness principles to our four legged family members. Sativa Pet Love’s pure hemp oil products are designed as safe and effective daily nutritional supplements for your pets.

A forward thinking Company designs both Brands and Product Sets for marketplace longevity. Collective Hemp Brands has designed each of our brands with a specific consumer need in mind. Satisan is designed for a broad variety of consumers. These products are easy to access, use, and understand. Within the brand, we offer several different cannabinoid delivery methods, including topicals, oils, and softgels to appeal to consumers with different preferences and needs.

Above all, to be successful in designing new products, quality must prevail. The leaders in the cannabis industry, hemp and marijuana alike, set standards by recognizing and respecting the hard-earned lessons, wisdom, and professionalism from other related fields.

Scina addresses a need for natural alternatives to conventional medicines that may have undesirable side effects. We developed Scina’s formulations in partnership with healthcare professionals with both cannabis industry and natural products experience.

The cannabis industry has already seen many organizations bring products to market or keep products in circulation that are known to be of lesser quality than specified. Any emerging market experiences a proliferation of companies willing to cut corners solely for short-term gain.

Quality First

Puríf speaks to rising consciousness of how the products we use affect us and our environment. Conventional chemical sun protectants can have a detrimental effect on us and on the coral reefs we visit. We developed Puríf as an environmentally friendly sun care line featuring organic ingredients enhanced with cannabinoids

THE GREATEST ASSURANCE OF LONG TERM SUCCESS IN ANY INDUSTRY IS QUALITY FIRST, SECOND, AND LAST. HEMP&CBDMAG

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Simple Tips To Keep In Mind When Buying CBD Products

image: medicinallyjointed

image: knittingindustry.com

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ARTICLE

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ARTICLE

POWER PLANT NO TIME TO WASTE! By Guy Coxall - HEMPTANK

SHIV, A WASTED OPPORTUNITY:

The inner woody part of the hemp stalk, the Shiv, is generally considered a wastee product. In Canada, the hem mp plant is generally grown for seed production and the biomass is burned on-site. In Europe, the majority of the shiv (2013 statistics showed 63%) is used for animal bedding, only 16% for hempcrete and the rest for garden mulch and mushroom substrate. Traditionally, the hemp crop has been valued for either seed or fibre and more recently for cannabinoid production. To me, the Shiv is by far the most valuable part of the plant. By value, I am not talking in a monetary sense (the flower reaches the highest price), I am relating it to a valuable solution to many of our problems.

To me, the Shiv is by far the most valuable part of the plant. By value, I am not talking in a monetary sense (the flower reaches the highest price), I am relating it to a valuable solution to many of our problems.

44 HEMP&CBDMAG

In the UK, we are facing an exodus of industry and great uncertainty for our farming community with Brexit racing towards us. Living costs, unemployment and business failure are all set to rise. Parliament, the labour party and most councils around the country have now declared a climate emergency and the Government is under great pressure to reach a carbon zero economy but at present, there is barely a plan.

Now what if the woody inner core of a plant was the solution to most of these problems? What would you say if I told you that shiv could support the farming community, create sustainable industry and jobs, create affordable housing, power and transport and potentially meet the majority of our carbon off-setting goals? The main culprits for carbon emissions in the UK are construction, power and transport.


ARTICLE

HEMP CONSTRUCTIONN:

One cubic metre of hempcrete will sequesterr approximately 110kg of carbon from the atmosphere. An average sized house would be built using around 50 cubic metres of hempcrete for the walls, meaning that an average hempcrete house would lock up 5.5 tonnes of carbon for the lifetime of the building. This compares to a more standard new house of a similar size, in which the walls would be likely to emit 48 tonnes of carbon into the atmosphere. This is a saving of 53.5 tonnes of carbon for every house built. The post-occupancy survey of the Cheshire Oaks Marks and Spencer store built in 2012: The holistic approach taken to designing the store’s sustainable features has resulted in it being 42% more energy efficient, with 40% lower carbon emission, per square foot than a benchmark M&S store. The use of highly innovative building materials such as hempcrete and its exceptional air tightness has resulted in the store using 60% less heating fuel than predicted.

HEMP POWER:

It would be possible to build using primarily hemp. A company in the US has created wood made from shiv which is cheaper to produce and 20% stronger than Oak. Bio-composites made from hemp could also be used for roofing tiles, drain pipes etc.

Hemp can also produce and store cheap, clean energy which could power homes, businesses and ffactories, potentially leading to the national Grid b becoming redundant (approx. 2/3rds of the energy p produced by power stations is lost to the grid). H HempTank and Hemptation are supporting the development of m manufacturing facilities to mass produce this technology, so as to make o off-grid energy an affordable and responsible solution. H Hemp Power is a fraction of the cost of current energy solutions and it is clean, c non-toxic and environmentally friendly. R&D is currently underway to develop d hemp solar panels using similar technology and these may also be able a to produce energy when rain falls over them. Ideal for the UK climate!

Below is an example of the efficiency of a typical off grid power supply for a typical home: PARAMETERS Installed Capacity Usable Capacity Lifespan

LEAD ACID 100 kWh 50 kWh 500 cycles at 50% DOD

LITIUM ION 60 kWh 50 kWh 2000 cycles at 80% DOD

HEMP POWER 50 kWh 50 kWh 100,000+ cycles at 100% DOD

HEMP&CBDMAG

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ARTICLE

HEMP POWERED TRANSPORT: There are about 210,000 electric vehicles in the UK. Although there is a steady growth in demand, only two per cent of households own a hybrid and just one per cent have an all-electric car. The UK has set a net zero target for transport emissions meaning all cars and vans on its roads will have to bee all-electric by 2050, but if the country is to stand any chance of achieving these ambitious plans, tens of millions of petrol and diesel cars will have to be replaced.

In a recent letter to the Committee on Climate Change, experts warned that, based on the latest battery technology, the UK will need to import almost as much cobalt as is consumed annually by European industry, three quarters of the world’s lithium production, nearly the entire global production of neodymium, and at least half of the world’s copper production. There are currentlyy 31.5m cars on UK roads,

covering more than 400 billion kilometres per year. Hemp Power can provide solutions to electric vehicles without the need for the above mined resources. Hemp seed oil can produce a highly effective, non-petrochemical alternative to diesel and the shiv can produce ethanol to power petrol vehicles.

Hemp seed oil can produce a highly effective, non-petrochemical alternative to diesel and the shiv can produce ethanol to power petrol vehicles.

HEMP BIO-PLASTICS: BIO PLASTICS:

46

We’re all aware of the devastation to our environment and oceans from single use plastics. The obvious answer is to stop wrapping everything in plastic but with many food products, this will be difficult due to short shelf life. Due to the high cellulose content of the shiv, this can be used to produce compostable bio-plastics which could replace many single use items currently produced from petrochemical plastics.

HEMP&CBDMAG


ARTICLE

HEMP HEATING:

The Future is Hemp:

Imagine all new developments (residential, commercial and industry) being constructed using hempcrete, being powered by hemp power, heated by hemp and vehicles powered by hemp.

Wh a hemp When h crop iis processed d (decortation) to separate the fibre from the shiv, there is generally around 11% waste which mainly consists of dust and small bits of fibre. This waste can be pressed into compressed blocks which East Yorkshire Hemp company appropriately name ‘Hemp Logs’. Earlier this year, HempTank tested these blocks and found them to be incredibly efficient. They were comparable to a hardwood log (flame time approx. 90 mins with an additional 30 mins burn time). The additional brash from a crop (the top third of the plant being harvested for flower/seed) would surely make good kindling.

This would create a Green Industrial Revolution which will protect our farming communities, create industry and jobs, provide affordable housing and power and mitigate the effects of climate change. Come and see the HempTank panel discussion at the Hemp and CBD Expo to learn more. The panel will consist of Guy Coxall (HempTank Chairman), Graham Durrant (Owner of Hemp Lime Spray, Leading Hempcrete Expert and Director of HempTank) and Julian Thompson (General Manager of Hemptation and Advisor to HempTank). By Guy Coxall - HempTank

Due to the thermal efficiency of a hempcrete house, the addition of a wood burner could potentially lead to all heating requirements being fulfilled by hemp.

HEMP&CBDMAG

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ARTICLE

THE WHOLE PLANT

Since the end of the 20th century, hemp is making a comeback and is emerging as one of the most rapidly growing agricultural and industrial markets that have emerged for decades. On top of that, hemp is excellent for the environment, as it gives major environmental benefits.

Significant carbon sequestration, enhanced biodiversity and a late season food source for bees, land reclamation and phytoremediation. Also, hemp can be a profitable cash crop for farmers when permitted to utilise the whole plant. The industrial hemp association (EIHA) was built in 2005 on two pillars: farmers and processor. EIHA counts today nearly 300 members, covering 26 over 28 member states in Europe and its role in Brussels is to defend and represents the interests of both “sides of the coin”. This mission

48 HEMP&CBDMAG

provides us with a comprehensive overview of the whole European sector. The key word in the today’s discussion at European level is: the whole plant. If European farmers will be able to exploit the leaves and the flowers, Europe will have a stable, robust, and profitable hemp sector. To clarify, we are talking about “hemp” (Cannabis sativa L.), which is authorised under the EU’s

Common Catalogue of Varieties of Agricultural Plant species (Reg. 1308/2013) and contains less than 0,2% of THC, which means it is not psychoactive. We are talking today about “hemp renaissance”, however regulations are not following consumers demands and industry expectations. These years are a pivot point for the sector as the current regulatory decisions will define tomorrow’s hemp industry. Which products will Europe offer to its consumers? Products coming from Europe or Extra Eu countries? Will Europe choose for a highly traceable single market rather that encouraging/forcing consumers to buy hemp derived products on line? The benefits of growing hemp will they be in Europe or outside Europe?


ARTICLE The hemp flower and the leaves are the most profitable part of the plant. If the hemp sector is only allowed to use the seeds and stalks, alongside onerous licensing procedures, this is simply not sufficiently financially viable and undermines investment into R&D and the development of large- scale, next generation, environmentally responsible industrial and consumer products.

If decision makers believe in the European industrial hemp sector they should therefore allow to use of the whole plant. Both farmers and processor will benefit from this decision.

Hemp sector deserves a solid and reliable regulatory framework able to guaranty the principle of legal certainty which is the basis for any healthy industry.

The hemp flower and the leaves are the most profitable part of the plant. If the hemp sector is only allowed to use the seeds and stalks, alongside onerous licensing procedures, this is simply not sufficiently financially viable and undermines investment into R&D and the development of large- scale, next generation, environmentally responsible industrial and consumer products. The recent rewording of the Novel Food catalogue, therefore, threatens the entire European hemp industry as the process is expensive and a novel food application takes several years to assess. Basically, the sector was considered illegal overnight!

Due to the fact that the hemp industry received written confirmation from the EU (PAFF Standing Committee) in 1998 that hemp flowers/leaves are permitted for food use and the hemp industry can provide ample and substantial evidence that naturally occurring CBD has been in the human food chain for millennia, we request that our extensive evidence is considered and that the novel food catalogue is reworded, permitting hemp foods containing cannabinoids/CBD up to levels that are naturally present in the plant (which was the status in 2018). This means that CBD containing food supplements

contain no more than we would naturally consume if eating traditional hemp foods. Today, the European Industry is ready to provide safe and highly-quality products to European consumers that are increasingly interested in purchasing products that the sector is able to produce and trade. The last place of the puzzle which is missing are regulations. Regulations have to catch up with innovations.

To find out more about EIHA visit us on Stand H116. Lorenza Romanese Managing Director European Industrial Hemp Association (EIHA) E info@eiah.org www.eiha.org

HEMP&CBDMAG

49


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ARTICLE

THE LEGAL STATUS OF CANNABIS AND

CANNABIS EXTRACTS

IN COSMETIC

PRODUCTS

Written by Amanda Isom, Compliance Manager, the Cosmetic, Toiletry & Perfumery Association (CTPA).

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HEMP&CBDMAG

Can CBD be used legally in cosmetic products in the UK and EU?


ARTICLE The use of cannabis extracts in cosmetic products has seen a notable increase recently although hemp seed oil has been a common ingredient in cosmetics for some years. With the multi-faceted rules and regulations that apply to such products, it can be a landscape that is challenging to navigate. As the trade association for the UK cosmetics industry, the CTPA is often asked about the legal status of using cannabis extracts in cosmetic products and we hope that the following information will help businesses navigate the complexities connected with this area. In the UK (and EU), products classified as cosmetics are regulated by Regulation (EC) No. 1223/2009 (the Cosmetic Products Regulation (CPR)). The main purpose of the CPR is human safety. The law applies to products intended for sale and those given away for free. As always, ignorance of the law is no excuse and no defence; and the penalties for non-compliance can be severe such as heavy fines and even periods of imprisonment. Principal requirements of the CPR include composition, safety assessment, labelling, notification, a product information file, Good Manufacturing Practice, claim substantiation and monitoring adverse reactions. Cosmetics containing cannabis extracts, including those containing CBD, have to comply with the same legal obligations as other cosmetics which are placed on the market. However, particular consideration should also be given to whether the product is classified as a cosmetic and the status of the ingredient used under both the national drug legislation and the CPR.

Product classification

Before ensuring the compliance of a product under the CPR it is important to firstly establish whether this is the correct legislative framework for the product. Cannabis-containing products can fall under several regulatory frameworks (e.g. medicinal products, general products, food

supplements, cosmetics) depending on where they are applied, how they will be used and the function of the product. In order for a product to be classified as a cosmetic, it must fall within scope of the definition of a cosmetic product provided in Article 2 of the CPR:

Any substance or mixture intended to be placed in contact with the external parts of the human body (epidermis, hair system, nails, lips and external genital organs) or with the teeth and the mucous membranes of the oral cavity with a view exclusively or mainly to cleaning them, perfuming them, changing their appearance, protecting them, keeping them in good condition or correcting body odours.

COSMETICS ARE APPLIED TO:

COSMETICS:

• EPIDERMIS

• CLEAN

• HAIR SYSTEM

• PERFUME

• NAILS

• CHANGE THE APPEARANCE

• LIPS

• CORRECT BODY ODOURS

• EXTERNAL GENITAL ORGANS

• PROTECT

• TEETH/MUCOUS MEMBRANES OF THE ORAL CAVITY

• KEEP IN GOOD CONDITION

HEMP&CBDMAG

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ARTICLE

All parts of the definition must be fulfilled. Therefore, a topical product, such as a cream, can sometimes fall within scope of other frameworks and not be deemed a cosmetic. For example, a product without one of the named cosmetic functions within the definition, cannot be considered a cosmetic. Similarly, a product which has a function such as treating an adverse condition, will also not be considered a cosmetic but could be classified as a medicinal product. In the UK, a medicinal product is defined as a product that: â&#x20AC;˘ is presented as having properties to treat or prevent disease in human beings; or â&#x20AC;˘ is administered to human beings with a view to restoring, correcting or modifying physiological functions or by exerting a pharmacological, immunological or metabolic action.

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HEMP&CBDMAG

Borderline between cosmetics and medicines A product marketed to treat or prevent disease falls within the definition of a medicinal product and, therefore, cannot be a cosmetic product. Similarly, claiming to cure or heal a specific adverse condition will also be regarded as a medicinal claim. A product can be a medicine or a cosmetic but it cannot be both. The Cosmetic Products Regulation envisages that a cosmetic product may have a secondary preventative purpose but the primary purpose must be cosmetic and there must be no claim or function to cure a disease or adverse condition. Particular care should be taken if referring to the endocannabinoid system in relation to a product.

A cosmetic product may have a secondary preventative purpose but the primary purpose must be cosmetic and there must be no claim or function to cure a disease or adverse condition. Particular care should be taken if referring to the endocannabinoid system in relation to a product.

National control of cannabis

For cosmetic products and cannabis ingredients it is necessary to also look beyond the specific sector legislation. Whilst many countries around the world implement the International Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs 1961, variations in the way the controls are applied, both between different regions and countries, leads to practical challenges when formulating and developing a product destined for a range of regional or global markets.


ARTICLE

UK 1971 Drugs Act and 2001 Regulations

In the UK, cannabis and cannabis resin, cannabinol and cannabinol derivatives are Class B drugs under the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971. Any preparations or products (including cosmetics) containing these substances are also deemed to be controlled as Class B drugs. Only cannabis, cannabis resin, cannabinol and cannabinol derivatives falling outside of the scope of the controls of the UK Drugs Act and Regulations are exempt from the controls.

Cannabis extracts as a cosmetic ingredient

The Annexes to the CPR provide restrictions, prohibitions and permissions for use for specific cosmetic ingredients. Annex II (the list of prohibited substances) contains a direct reference (entry 306) to any substance listed in tables 1 and 2 of the Narcotics Convention. Thereby prohibiting the use in cosmetic products of listed narcotics. Specifically: • Cannabis and Cannabis Resin - and extracts and tinctures of cannabis Where: “Cannabis” means the flowering or fruiting tops of the cannabis plant (excluding the seeds and leaves when not accompanied by the tops) from which the resin has not been extracted, by whatever name they may be designated. “Cannabis plant” means any plant of the genus Cannabis “Cannabis resin” means the separated resin whether crude or purified, obtained from the Cannabis plant. The listing does not distinguish between hemp and non-hemp varieties and excludes from scope any extracts obtained from the leaf and seed.

Substantiating claims

Beyond the product composition, another key aspect of compliance with the CPR is claim substantiation. Any claim made about a cosmetic product, either on the product label, in advertising or online, must comply with the requirements of Article 20 of the CPR and the ‘Common Criteria’ for cosmetic claims. In essence, this means that claims must be true, honest and fair and be supported with appropriate evidential proof. Under these provisions, many ‘free from’ claims cannot be made. For example, claims such as ‘free from parabens’ are not permitted if they imply a denigrating message based on a presumed negative perception of a safe and permitted ingredient.

Can CBD be used legally in cosmetic products in the UK/EU?

For the reasons outlined above, the simple answer, under current interpretations of the law, is yes. BUT... For plant-derived CBD: • the CBD should be in pure form and not contain any controlled substances such as specific controlled cannabinoids; • all three limbs of the ‘exempt product definition’ in the 2001 Regulations must be met including the limit of 1mg for controlled substances (e.g. tetrahydrocannabinol, cannabinol); and • the CBD must not be derived from the flowering or fruiting tops of the plant or the whole plant where the flowering or fruiting top remains intact for processing (including hemp varieties). Information can also be found at www.ctpa.org.uk/cannabis.

CBD must not be derived from the flowering or fruiting tops of the plant or the whole plant where the flowering or fruiting top remains intact for processing (including hemp varieties). The CTPA represents all types of companies involved in making, supplying and selling cosmetic and personal care products and, as the voice of the UK industry, we promote best practice and advise companies about the strict legal framework for cosmetics. Representing industry views to the UK Government and external stakeholders we also provide information to the media on issues relating to the safety of cosmetic products. The CTPA also has a dedicated consumer website, www.thefactsabout.co.uk, which explains the laws governing cosmetic products and the science behind them. Written in everyday language, the site has a section ‘What’s in my cosmetic?’ to explain about the ingredients and terms used to help dispel myths and encourage people to research the facts.

HEMP&CBDMAG

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terpenes

FOCUS

NO T YOUR USUAL EXTRAC T Glamorous cannabinoids THC and CBD get most of the press when it

comes to cannabis extracts, but there’s another one that’s starting to garner a lot of attention: terpenes. Why is this important to the hemp, CBD and cannabis businesses? Terpenes provide opportunities to create consistent effects and flavor profiles across all markets, lower production costs and maintain compliance status. Terpenes are such a buzzword in the industry nowadays — but what are they? Terpenes are organic hydrocarbon molecules that form as cannabis begins to flower, and they’re what gives the plant its distinctive pine, mint, berry and citrus flavors. When you open a jar of flower and the aroma envelopes you — that’s terpenes. They aren’t unique to cannabis. Terpenes can be found in all plants and fungi and even some insects. “Terps” are what allow pigs to sniff out truffles. Quality

62 HEMP&CBDMAG

essential oils, from lavender to eucalyptus, are mostly terpenes. Plants use terps to attract pollinators and deter predators. Scientists in Japan discovered that plants damaged by disease or insects also release specific terps to warn undamaged plants nearby to strengthen their own defense systems. It’s important because terps don’t just enhance the flavor profiles of cannabis products. They also hit all the same receptors that cannabinoids do in the body’s endocannabinoid system. The endocannabinoid system affects nearly all parts of the body, controlling some of our most vital functions, including the immune system, memory, sleep, mood and pain sensation. These receptors have also been found to impact reproduction, metabolism, neural development and cardiovascular function — in humans and our pets and livestock. Terps boost the effects of THC or CBD when they hit the receptors together, producing what’s called the entourage effect.

That means the combination of terps and cannabinoids produces a stronger influence than either can by itself. Depending on how they’re used, the effects of terps can last between four and eight hours. Just as traditional essential oils have medicinal properties, so do the more than 100 known cannabis terps, and we’re starting to learn more about their possibilities, particularly when they’re mixed with cannabinoids. For example, myrcene, the most abundant terpene in cannabis, has an earthy, musky aroma, as well as red grape notes. It’s known to have a sedative effect, and is useful in reducing inflammation. Limonene, the second most abundant cannabis terpene, has a citrusy aroma. It’s known to improve mood and reduce stress. Pinene smells of pine and fir and is known for being an anti-inflammatory. Others have anti-fungal, anti-bacterial and antioxidant properties, and can help reduce chronic pain or repel mosquitos, among other traits.


FOCUS Just as traditional essential oils have medicinal properties, so do the more than 100 known cannabis terps, and we’re starting to learn more about their possibilities, particularly when they’re mixed with cannabinoids. Terpenes are delicate oils, so they only blend with alcohol or other fats, although scientists are working to make some water-soluble. The U.S. terpene manufacturer Abstrax has developed a process that uses the power of sound waves to disperse terpenes in small pockets that are fairly evenly distributed throughout water, allowing for recipe experimentation. Terps also need special handling. Processing the plant, heating cannabis — say, while baking — and even aging all release terps, decreasing their bioavailability and therefore their potency. Light and air can degrade terps, so it’s important to have the proper packaging. Terps themselves degrade certain materials, like plastics, meaning the product will taste terrible and could cause reactions. So specific plastic or glass packaging, even better if it’s opaque, is vital for maintaining some products and delivering a consistent consumer experience. ARTICLE PROVIDED BY: KUSHCO

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ARTICLE

WHERE IS THE UK CBD INDUSTRY HEADING?

Recent years have seen a rush of excitement about the UK CBD Industry, with some commentators predicting it to be a multi-billion pound industry within the next decade. This is backed by the increasing involvement of North American cannabis companies into the UK, in a bid to gain entry to this potentially lucrative market. The cannabis consultancy firm Prohibition Partners have projected a market forecast of ÂŁ16.5bn in the next ten years, with managing director Daragh Anglim stating that he expects the UK market to open up to recreational use within three to five years. Their recent report estimates that black market cannabis comprises ÂŁ8bn a year in the UK, but this could more than double if legalisation goes ahead.

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HEMP&CBDMAG


ARTICLE More conservatively, albeit from looking at CBD alone, market research commissioned by the Centre for Medicinal Cannabis (CMC) estimates that the CBD market is currently one of the fastest growing wellbeing product categories in the UK. It’s currently valued at £300m a year but at the current rate, they claim it will be worth almost £1bn per year by the year 2025 - the equivalent of the entire UK herbal supplement market today. This is a 45% growth rate, which compares to soft drinks at just 3%, and tobacco at a mere 1.2%. With these astronomical figures being floated, it’s little wonder that established cannabis businesses are looking to make inroads to the potentially fertile market in the UK. Since November 2018, five major Canadian companies have started importing cannabis into the UK, while Sundial Growers recently announced the acquisition of Lincolnshire-based plant, herb and flower producer, Bridtge Farm Group, with plans to produce and sell

high-quality CBD products. Not only this, Ontario’s Canopy Growth, the world’s largest publicly traded cannabis producer, has partnered with the British research institution the Beckley Foundation to develop medical cannabis. In May it paid £43m for a stake in the UK skincare brand This Works. There’s also the arrival of ‘super premium’ cannabis brand Ignite, headed by social media celebrity Dan Bilzerian. Mr Bilzerian said that he expected Ignite, currently valued at around £90m, to be a billion dollar business by the end of the year, with the UK (with an initial focus on CBD items only) a key destination for his business. Of course, UK based companies haven’t been slow to act. Major high street names such as Boots and Holland & Barrett both stock CBD products, with Boots selling everything from CBD oral spray to lip balm, while Holland & Barrett launched a CBD skincare range in February 2019, alongside

over 100 other CBD products. According to data from the Centre for Medical Cannabis, two surveys conducted in May and June 2019 by Dynata and YouGov estimate that between 8-11% of UK adults respectively, or 4-6 million people, have tried CBD. It’s clear that CBD products appearing on the high street, and in doing so becoming ‘normalised’, has played a major role in changing the perception of CBD in the UK into a legitimate tool, rather than a substance linked to drug use and crime. When it comes to the UK CBD industry, the CMC and YouGov discovered that the size of the UK CBD market is between three to six times larger than previous estimates. This CMC research estimates that 1.3 million consumers are spending over £300m per year on CBD products. This suggests the CBD market is larger than the total UK Vitamin D (£145m) and Vitamin C markets (£119m) combined.

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ARTICLE

There’s also the point that legalising cannabis could boost other areas of the economy. According to Nielsen data out in June 2019, marijuana use in the US has led to a boost in sales for the snacking industry. Sales in states where cannabis is legal had a 7.2 per cent compound annual growth rate, compared with 6 per cent in states where it is not yet legalised. In their recent report, Prohibition Partners made the point that London was becoming a hub for market research and cannabis related finance groups such as the cannabis investment arm of Canaccord and European Cannabis Holdings. Alongside this, the UK is playing host to a number of major cannabis conferences, many of which, such as Cannabis Europa, are dominated by big business, often from North America and Canada.

With so many places around the world relaxing the law when it comes to this valuable substance it seems inevitable that the UK will soon follow. There are regular articles in the British national press about the benefits of cannabis, whereas just a few years previously this would have been unthinkable. As Daragh Anglim of Prohibition Partners said recently, “Establishment of a functioning medical cannabis market would help destigmatise it with a view to having a rational debate around recreational cannabis in a couple of years time.” And in the CMC’s recent report, it said the challenge for the legal cannabis industry is "not to be undermined down the road by the bad players that do exist in the fast-growing and disruptive CBD market". It wants firms to self regulate, urging them to be socially responsible. There are concerns is that the dominance of non-UK parties could lead to big business taking a stranglehold over the blossoming UK cannabis industry. Activists such as Greg de Hoedt feel this could lead to a focus on profit above all else, out-muscling the smaller, artisan companies that are currently thriving in the UK. No matter which way the government decide to treat cannabis in the UK, whether heavily-regulated or with a light touch, it’s clear that CBD and medical cannabis will soon take an enormous role in the UK economy. Written By Ian Jones

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ADVOCACY

WE THE UNDERSIGNED The Government driven ideological war on the CannaCommunity is a form of State terrorism by their own definition and attacks peaceful people of the CannaCommunity, in the sanctity of their own homes, businesses or at social gatherings, for our beliefs and practises in the many benefits and uses of herbal cannabis. There is no War on Cannabis, only a War on the CannaCommunity! Time to sue for Peace? Hi there, I’m Phil Monk accidental founder of We the Undersigned Have a Human Sovereign Right to Cannabis (WTU). You may have seen my first article in the previous issue of this magazine, where I explained my decision to search for legal representation to make a human rights case against the government’s War on Cannabis. I also invited other people to undersign to my letters, thereby making it a CannaCommunity class action, instead of in individual action all about me. The response was overwhelming and we now have a community group with over 5100 members in our Facebook group www.facebook.com/groups/WeTheUndersigned. It took over a year to find a solicitor willing to take on the broader human rights aspects of cannabis prohibition, rather than the narrow medical focus that many sought to channel me. Thankfully, Lawyers Mackrell, Turner & Garrett have agreed there is potential scope for litigation and to work with WTU. After much effort, on April 20th at 4:20pm I launched the Crowd Justice fundraiser to raise the legal fees to have our case reviewed by a human rights barrister. We raised almost £9,000 in around 6 weeks, mostly by sick, disabled and benefit dependent people donating what little they could spare, with support from some employed and small businesses. We are now in the process of assembling the case bundle, which will include a wide range of evidence. I’m happy to say that Prof Mike Barnes and Prof David Nutt have both committed to writing independent expert reports for the WTU case regarding the potential harms and benefits of cannabis. I have also had direct communication with Dr Ethan Russo, who has personally sent me copies of all his research relating to the nutritional properties of cannabis. In addition to the support of scientific experts, WTU has also launched a case study survey, via our website www.wtuhq.org, whereby we are attempting to collect as much anecdotal evidence as possible to support the many beneficial uses of

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cannabis for adult consumption ranging from nutritional, relaxational, therapeutic, medical, creative, spiritual and industrial benefits of our preferred herb. Our hope is to gather thousands of cases, which will support the case to disprove the government held position that cannabis is so harmful to human health that all humans must be prosecuted in order to protect them from these potential harms. After all, how can prosecution ever be considered a form of protection? Only regulations can ever protect anyone from potential harms. Which is why WTU seek to repeal cannabis’ position in the Misuse of Drugs Act, as cannabis is not the harmful herb that it has been portrayed to be, by a government with conflicting interests. The beliefs and practices of the CannaCommunity should be decriminalised and the cannabis market legally regulated in order to respect consumers’ human rights and reduce the risk of potential harms, through age restrictions, product information and quality controls. Given that the current UK cannabis market is uncontrolled with international crime gangs, grow slaves and country lines, the only safe, moral and ethical way to obtain one’s preferred herbal cannabis health remedies is to cultivate and prepare your own at home or join a social/compassion club. These actions do not make us criminals per se. Although we do currently break broken laws, which are not based on fact nor science but bias, ideology and greed. Our only crime is to have failed to purchase an extortionate licence from the Home Secretary. Over the many decades, much research has informed many governments of the relative safety of cannabis, especially in comparison to government’s preferred, promoted and protected recreational drug alcohol; for example, the Wooton Report 1968,Philip Robson report in 2001 and the Barnes Report of 2016, to name perhaps the most significant. These reports


ADVOCACY

Have a Human Sovereign Right to Cannabis Seeking Herbal Independence Day for All indicate that government has been aware for many years about the truth of the many benefits of cannabis and its relatively low harms. For many years information regarding cannabis has been misrepresented and the public misinformed to maintain the prohibition paradigm. The Government quickly decided to ignore Robson’s recommendations and placed the research in the library, as seen in the entry below from Hansard on 16 June 1998 Volume 590

Lord Lester of Herne Hill “asked Her Majesty's Government: Whether they will publish the report of the recent independent study commissioned by the Department of Health on the therapeutic use of cannabis to relieve symptoms of AIDS and certain cancers.” [HL2212]

Baroness Jay of Paddington “Copies of a literature review on the therapeutic aspects of cannabis and cannabinoids by Dr. Philip Robson, who owns the intellectual property rights, have been placed in the Library and also in the library of the Institute for the Study of Drug Dependency. The views expressed in the review are those of the author. Departmental contracts encourage research contractors to publish their findings.”

Politics trump Science:

Considering more recent reports of political conflicted interests, it appears as though they have been suppressing this truth to suit their own gains, especially as the Robson report resulted in the creation of the UK’s homegrown cannabis research company GW Pharmaceuticals in 1998, with Robson placed as the Medical Director. By 2016, GW had grown so much that the UK held the title of the largest cultivator and distributor of cannabis in the world, all whilst those with invested interest denied access for British people and refused to recognise the therapeutic value of herbal cannabis.

The quoted moment above is an example where British Politics have again trumped science and recommendations, seemingly in their desire to capitalise and invest in the therapeutic potential of the pharmaceutical manipulation of the endocannabinoid system, for the targeted treatment of conditions, through patented cannabis-based products. This decision to shelve and ignore the advice of Robson to “cease the criminalisation of peaceful people seeking to assuage their symptoms with natural herbal cannabis” represents 21 years of unjustified prosecutions and millions of lives destroyed, NOT by cannabis, but by the ENFORCEMENT of unfounded cannabis prohibition laws.

Refused to recognise that is, until patentable cannabis products could be researched and developed and until “cannabis derived medical products” were invented. Then, suddenly, their cannabis-based products have therapeutic value, whilst the natural herb and its consumers remain demonised and misrepresented by the media. The sad fact is that these pharmaceutical cannabis-based preparations cause awful side effects not caused by herbal cannabis itself and mother nature does indeed seem to know best.

The United Nations and World Health Organisation have both confirmed the startling FACT that there has NEVER been the FOUNDATION EVIDENCE for the SCHEDULE 1 STATUS or PROHIBITION of cannabis, indicating that the War on Cannabis has been nothing more than a nefarious political policy to divide, oppress, conquer and profit from certain strata of society. The recent USA Congress debate about the inappropriate scheduling of cannabis proves its fraudulent, racial and corrupt foundation in history.

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ADVOCACY In short, the US Congress concluded that “The War on Cannabis” {or as it should more rightly be known as “The War on the CannaCommunity”} is nothing less than fraud, conspiracy and terrorism. Perpetrated by significant American political and corporate interests, namely Harry J. Anslinger, William Randolph Hearst and Dupont, who are the founding fathers of the most socially destructive, divisive and devastating political policy of Prohibition. Making all cannabis related charges unlawful, as with no evidence there should be no charge! Which is resulting in countless expungements and reparations for cannabis related crimes being issued in many states of America. However, consecutive UK governments have dogmatically refused to recognise or acknowledge the therapeutic benefits of cannabis, despite the science, recommendations and the fact that an estimated 5,000,000 of British people are recognising and utilising cannabis for its many benefits, regardless of the misinformation promoted by the government. Given the direct conflict of interest of significant parliamentarians in the medical cannabis industry, the vast profits involved, cannabis prescriptions now available for the wealthy yet denied to the poor, combined with the prosecution of small businesses and non-prescription cannabis consumers, it seems nothing less than a protection racket for the wealthy and a Cartel by definition. Cannabis prohibition would have ceased, if profits, ideology and control were not the fundamental aim of those who have manipulated their position in power for their own end!

Democracy denied? The countless ignored petitions, protests, campaign groups, recommendations from scientists, experts and fellow parliamentarians that the “War on Drugs” was a failed political policy, followed by Theresa May’s reassertion for her commitment to the “War on Cannabis”, demonstrates the obstruction of democratic process endemic of Westminster. In light of their evident conflict of interests through GW Pharmaceuticals, it seemed the only way to achieve true, objective reform would be through the courts. It is time to sue for peace because the CannaCommunity is made up of unwilling, non-combatant civilians, in a war not of our choosing; trapped in a war dictated by government to oppress and punish ir us for our preferred way of life, seemingly to protect their invested interests.

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WTU believe all British people should also have the same human right to cannabis as Mexicans, where the cultivation and consumption of cannabis has been ruled a human right, under the right to self-determination and development of personality. Human rights know no boundaries, borders nor territories, regardless of whichever genocidal government regime may happen to be in service.

Human Rights denied? According to the Human Rights Act, UN, EU and UK, all have the fundamental human rights to freedom of consciousness, freedom of expression, freedom of association and the right to private beliefs and practices, free from the arbitrary interference of the State. The practices of home growing cannabis for home consumption, in a variety of preparations and methods of consumption, with friends or private member social clubs, such as the UKCSC and others have formed, is no more harmful or dangerous to society, than the practice of homebrewing, sharing alcohol with friends or going to the pub. Under the current political regime, the law dictates that the only means to alter one’s state of consciousness, to mourn, celebrate or relieve the exigencies of daily life is with the recreational drug alcohol, which is 114 times more harmful to health than cannabis. Government are literally dictating a poisonous recreational drug, whilst denying access to a nutritious, homeostasis regulating herbal health remedy that has been recognised and utilised by humanity for millennia; until greedy corrupted politicians came along and created the false paradigm of the “War on Cannabis”. For many of the CannaCommunity, herbal cannabis has become a replacement for government’s preferred, promoted and protected highly poisonous recreational drug alcohol and also a replacement for side effect ridden prescribed pharmaceutical drugs. Our fundamental health choice should not see us branded criminals to be discriminated against by law and society. We the oppressed CannaCommunity seek the right to a private life, freedom of consciousness, freedom of association, free from the extreme prejudice of the State for our beliefs and practises. It is time for CannaConsumer and businesses to unite in the fight for our freedom to pursue our preferred way of life. Please come and join WTU in our struggle for freedom and equality for all the CannaCommunity. Links to all information can be found on our website below.

www.wtuhq.org


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ARTICLE

THE FUTURE OF HEMP

An Environmental Perspective By Catherine Wilson In May 2019, our Government declared an ‘environment and climate emergency’. Former PM May pledged to introduce a legally binding target to reduce the UK’s GHG emmissions to net-zero by 2050, giving us only 30 years to achieve a low-carbon economy. What can Hemp Offer?

Advance in science has enabled us to quantify environmental and health benefits of growing, eating and using hemp for industrial applications.

The production of Hemp is carbon negative, which means it absorbs more carbon from the atmosphere during its growth than is emitted by the equipment used to harvest, process and transport it.

Hemp needs to be viewed as an important raw material. We can use the Whole Plant. To clarify, we are talking about “hemp”(Cannabis sativa L.), which is authorised under the EU’s Common Catalogue of Varieties of Agricultural Plant species (Reg. 1308/2013) and contains less than 0,2% of THC, which means it is not psychoactive.

Key environmental benefits of hemp – Agriculture & Land Use.

According to Defra, UK Farming emits a total CO2e of 57 million tonnes in green house gases (GHG’s). UK agricultural land use is 18.5 million hectares. This amounts to an average of around 3 tonnes of CO2 per hectare total embodied emissions (CO2e). In comparison, one hectare of industrial hemp can sequester potentially 10.5 tonnes of CO2 per hectare per annum, returning carbon to soil. In addition, hemp rapidly absorbs Co2 from atmosphere using the carbon to create the woody cellulose stem which support this tall, slim plant during the rapid growth cycle (4-5 months).

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ARTICLE How does hemp sequester carbon? Hemp (along with many others) is a mycorrhizal plant which means it can establish a symbiotic relationship with Arbuscular Mycorrhizal fungi (AMF). No till hemp farming in AMF rich soil enables potentially up to 10 tonnes per year per hectare of carbon sequestration and contributes to soil health restoration.

Protects the environment and enhances biodiversity Hemp can be grown with less or no use of herbicides, pesticides or fungicides. It is in the top 5 out of 23 crops for biodiversity friendliness. Most striking is the sound of birdsong around hemp fields. The tall plant provides a dense cover providing lots of food for farmland birds (when no insecticide has been used). “Hemp also offers a late season pollen source for stressed bees.” Source: Science News.

Looking at the plethora of opportunities internationally for hemp fibers, we also need to be realistic and accept that not all applications will be equally financially viable in the UK. Key industries where hemp can succeed and offer solutions to reduce the total environmental impact in the UK include: CONSTRUCTION SECTOR The UK’s national statistics report by BEIS on greenhouse gas emissions (GHG’s) does not publish data on the constructions sector, but according to the UN Environment Report, globally the construction industry is responsible for approx. one third of all carbon emissions. The buildings sector consumed nearly 30% of total final energy use, plus 6% for construction and manufacturing of building materials.

Making one tonne of steel emits 1.46 tonnes of CO2 and 198kg of CO2 is emitted to make one tonne of reinforced concrete. One square meter of timber framed, hemp-lime wall (weighing 120kg), after allowing for the energy cost of transporting and assembling the materials actually stores 35.5kg of CO2. “The Science Museum's three-storey building is constructed using a hemp-lime envelope and was so effective that they switched off all heating, cooling, and humidity control for over a year, maintaining steadier conditions than in their traditionally equipped stores, reducing emissions while saving a huge amount of energy.” Dr Mike Lawrence is Director of the University of Bath’s new research facility, the Building Research Park.

Hemp offers zero carbon building materials and we foresee a particular need and use in the UK for insulation, panels, hempcrete blocks whilst also building with traditional shuttering filled with Hempcrete.

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ARTICLE COMPOSITES & PLASTIC ALTERNATIVES Global annual plastics production reached 322 million tonnes in 2015, expected to double by 2050. Globally, 5-13 million tonnes of plastic end up in the world's oceans every year; of which a shameful 150k – 500k tonnes pa from the EU. A staggering 150+ million tonnes of plastic are estimated to be present in the oceans today. “If nothing is done, there will be more plastic than fish in the oceans by 2050.” Source: A European Strategy for Plastics in a circular economy (EP, 9/2018); Citing UN study.

The EU publishes annual waste collection statistics, the combined EU waste plastic mountain is approx. 25.8 million tonnes per annum (2017). Visually presented: a fully loaded trailer can carry 16 tonnes of baled plastics. This equates to 1.6 million trailers of waste plastics per annum. 1.6 million trailers bumper to

bumper would stretch 25,000 kilometers or parked up 6 lanes wide, it would form a solid line from Lisbon to Tallinn or Athens to Scotland, annually ! Hemp fibres are already widely used in the car industry. “It has been calculated that the serial implementation of the lightweight biomaterials on the high-volume vehicles will deliver a reduction of 40,000 tons of CO2 emissions and the ability to drive an additional 325 million kilometres with the same quantity of fuel.” Source: Autocar Pro Newsdesk 3/2018.

There is an urgent need for more R&D into HempPropylene, HempEthylene, HempPLA, HempABS; alternatives suitable for the vast majority of manufacturing processes, eg injection moulding, storage containers, food packaging. Certainly the hemp construction and plastics/composite sectors can play a significant contribution towards achieving our goals of becoming a decarbonised economy in the UK.

TEXTILES The UK is unlikely to re-enter large scale textile manufacture, but there are potential opportunities for hemp fabrics for upholstery applications. With a recognized need that we need to save water, it is important to mention that 1kg cotton needs approx 17,000 litres water versus 1kg hemp only 700 liters. Hemp is 24 times more water efficient!

Nowadays, very fine hemp fabrics of an unprecedented quality are introduced to the market by Chinese “hemp alliance” companies. A bulk purchaser is the Chinese army, which buys hemp uniforms and socks for their soldiers. After the recent reintroduction of hemp fibre into Levi jeans, Levi's head of global product said: "It's great that it's resonating with the consumer, but it's more important that it's helping to future-proof our supply chain.” Source: Forbes.

PAPER PRODUCTS Hemp is currently used for speciality paper, hemp fibers alone appears at this point to be too expensive for volume paper and packaging products produced in the UK and Europe. However, in the medium/long term, the cost of raw material may become sufficiently competitive, cross-financed by a thriving cultivation and presence of large scale processing facilities.

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ARTICLE

Barriers to Growth Now is the time to make it a priority to permit and support the hemp industry to contribute to large-scale and innovative solutions to decrease total environmental impact of products. There is an urgent need for these changes to ensure that the UK is not left behind and can therefore benefit from what is forecast to rapidly becoming a multi billion ÂŁ industry whilst reducing carbon emissions and supporting the health of our nation. Our farmers and the hemp industry are well regulated. To attract investment into R&D and processing facilities we need a hemp positive legislative framework for low-THC cannabis permitting the use of the Whole Plant. It becomes our individual and collective responsibility to work together to make this happen. Catherine Wilson

MD, CannaWellness Ltd www.cannawell.co.uk Board Member, EIHA www.eiha.org

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INTERVIEW

CATCHING UP WITH

ALPLANT

A G R E AT T I M E T O B E S W I S S Over the summer, the Hemp & CBD Media team had the pleasure of catching up with Claudio, Jeb and Ben at Alplant.

As first time exhibitors to the UK and our September Expo, we asked them to tell us more about what they do, and why it’s an important time to be in the UK market! First off, Ben, can you tell us a little bit about Alplant and how long you've been on the scene in this industry? Ben: First of all, thank you Tommy for having us at the show. You and I first met at CannaTrade, Europe’s oldest hemp show. We are very excited to come to Birmingham and had heard many great things about your event. Alplant is – in terms of the industry – a very old company and one of the pioneering entreprises in the Swiss cannabis market. And it was Alplant’s founder and CEO – Claudio Buholzer - who called for the first meeting of what is today the hemp trade association. Claudio who sides as president since then. The best translation is probably a syndicate, a constituency of hemp producers and merchants.

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Hi Claudio, thank you for being here with us. can you tell us a bit more about the Association? Claudio: The IG Hanf (Interessengemeinschaft Hanf, www.ighanf.ch) is officially recognized by the government and acts as an interface between the government and the cannabis industry. We support our members with important information and we invest into a fully regulated THC-market in Switzerland. A new committee has been founded who’s goal it is to push for a national vote on this subject. Another goal is to merge all the companies willing to act professional in the market. Dozens of companies joined our association during the following months, and one of its biggest achievement was to merge the actors from the diverse Swiss languages communities together around one goal: developing hemp markets in a responsible manner.


INTERVIEW Where are you based? Claudio: Headquarters are set up in the capital of Switzerland – that’s Bern. We run outdoor cultivation fields, greenhouses and indoor rooms in different places. Within a 20 minute drive of our office our clients can come and visit Switzerland’s biggest outdoor and greenhouse CBD fields produced by Alplant. This year we will reach a total area under cultivation of 38 hectares. For biomass 25 hectares will be used – that is hemp which is cultivated for the extraction of oil and isolates. The rest of the farmland will be used for the harvesting of flowers.

At our March event we had one or two Swiss exhibitors, and more on board for our September Expo. Can you tell me a little more about why it is a great time to be Swiss in the CBD industry right now. Claudio: We have a long standing history of hemp in Switzerland. Already in 1999 up to 2004 there were a lot of hemp shops selling THC-rich flowers and there was a lot of THC hemp cultivation. The liberal atmosphere of

that time helped the producers to acquire a lot knowhow and experience. At the end of 2004 the political climate changed and the government closed many shops. A few growers continued with industrial hemp to produce biomass and oils until, at the end of 2016, we saw the birth of tobacco substitute with very little THC and high CBD levels on the market. Since this moment the entire industry was resurrected. Many new companies entered this new booming market with hope. Some of these companies have disappeared again. But those that remained have gained solid knowhow and expertise. Jeb: The key advantage of being based in Switzerland is our legislation, which allows us to grow and process hemp materials containing up to 1% of THC. Most of the interesting CBD rich cannabis strains present THC content between 0.3 and 0.9% THC, and can’t thus be legally grown out of Switzerland. Ben: Switzerland is a very innovative country and ambitious people can

work more freely thanks to favorable laws and regulation. Entrepreneurs find it easy to build a company that stands on solid financials and employs some of the finest minds in the cannabis industry. The Swiss mentality is wired for precision, high quality, and tolerates zero compromise with the customer’s health or money when it comes to CBD products. At least that is how we at Alplant understand the code of conduct for the cannabis industry. Switzerland currently has a medical program and I think some cities will test the effects of THC in the adult market. That being said, it is not easy to enter the Swiss market as it is very saturated, you may encounter a language barrier and general costs are high.

The market right now is a very competitive place, what would you say sets Alplant apart from the rest? Ben: Look, we are a pure B2B company and want to attract mainly the sophisticated buyer who has his own label and appreciates good service, availability, premium quality and great customer support. What makes us different is on the one hand that we run the entire process from A to Z ourselves.

The key advantage of being based in Switzerland is our legislation, which allows us to grow and process hemp materials containing up to 1% of THC. Most of the interesting CBD rich cannabis strains present THC content between 0.3 and 0.9% THC, and can’t thus be legally grown out of Switzerland.

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INTERVIEW From cultivating the plant, extracting it and selling it as raw material under a white label. Claudio: We pride ourselves in having invested in our own inhouse research facility without having taken investors on board. This way the unique character of the founders and their vision could be preserved to this present day. It is my partner, PhD chemist Dr. Jebril Hadi who runs the Alplant laboratories, another business sector we are active in. It is very rare that one of the founding associates in a hemp production company is a PhD chemical engineer, who spent 10 years working in academic research in geochemistry (and still working part time for the University of Bern). We might thus be the only Swiss company with in-house analytics that are actually run directly by one of the founders of the company.

Jeb, please tell us a bit more about your work. Jeb: We extensively employ gas chromatography (GC). Such a method allows us to quantify terpene and cannabinoid content in every product we handle. Such information is highly important for us, as we can ensure that we are operating within the legal boundaries (regarding THC content) and that we are indeed producing the specified products. Such information is the base of our customer service. We often proceed to intercomparison exercise with other companies acting in cannabis testing which we collaborate with, with other privates labs which are solicited by our customers (for third party checking) or even with official laboratory (forensic institutes or universities) mandated by the local authorities in case of official controls. So far, we always had positive feedback

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from such exercises. We are confident in our consistency regarding analytics, since we produced several thousands of analyses so far, and since we never changed our methods since the beginning except bringing some improvement in accuracy and precision. Be it flowers, oils or isolates, we want to make sure that our customers get what they paid for. For our White Label clients we can formulate any tincture they want. Be it with olive oil, MCT, hempseed oil or colza oil or any of the different natural aromas â&#x20AC;&#x201C; of course we can modulate the concentration of CBD as well. Our oils differentiate themselves through their surprisingly smooth taste

In order to reach premium quality, the entire process needs to be on a high level, from the time the harvest is dried to how it is stored. It pays off to keep an eye on this. We are proud having won 2nd place in the category Outdoor at this years CannaSwiss Cup.

and we ran a lot, I mean a lot of experiments until we arrived to todayâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s result.

Claudio: With the flowers we put a lot of value in each detail. It is not only important how you cultivate and fertilize the product. In order to reach premium quality, the entire process needs to be on a high level, from the time the harvest is dried to how it is stored. It pays off to keep an eye on this. We are proud having won 2nd place in the category Outdoor at this years CannaSwiss Cup.

Tell us a little bit more about your lab and your procedures to guarantee consistency in your products? Claudio: Since early 2017 we invested and developed our laboratory. Our CO2 extraction methods are optimized and we can run on full speed. Jeb: I work part-time at the university of Bern. High safety standards and standardized processes are something we put a lot of importance on here at Alplant. Our products are being manufactured in a high-purity environment. This is an absolute priority for us. We have a second room where we run 3 GCs (gas chromatograph). This allows us to perform up to 50 analysis per day. We offer this service to third parties and enjoy a good reputation in the industry.

What would you say is your bestselling product is in 2019,


INTERVIEW and do you have anything new you're working on for the near future? Claudio: In the last few years we invested heavily in finding an aesthetic and tasty tincture and since a few months we began adding natural essential aromas like vanilla and strawberry that are bestsellers. The feedback of the customers are very positive and the natural aroma is still a fast-selling item. At present we are working on a THC-free CBD and CBG oil. This sounds easy, but is not. A lot of R&D is directed at this project. What exactly it is we are doing will remain a secret, but soon we will have a new product ready for you. If you would like to be part of the product launch, please go to www.alplant.ch and sign up to our newsletter. Ben: Indoor and greenhouse sales are going very strong and we see that each country has sort of it’s own characteristic when it comes to quality and price expectations. That’s interesting to see. From our clients I hear that our flowers look fantastic, smell great and are affordable.

Is this your first time exhibiting in the UK? And if so, what are you most looking forward to bringing to the show?

is exciting me a lot. It is always a pleasure to meet new people and companies and to be thrown into new situations.

Ben: Yes it is and we are very happy to present our products in such a big country and to find new customers and – why not – some new partnerships. We hope many of your readers will come to Hemp&CBD Expo and join us at booth H60 for discussions and exchange of contacts.

As we know, flowers are not legal at this time in the UK, I’m sure you hope to see this changing soon, how do you think the rest of Europe looks at the UK in regards to this rule when other countries around the EU are more relaxed about this?

Claudio: The cannabis industry is still very distinct and different from more traditional industries and it is exactly this which attracts us. This openness and easiness paired with high professionalism

Claudio: You know, every country has its war on drugs. Today – however – we witness a complete shift and this wave cannot be stopped. The UK will not be able to look the other way for long. Even more so when you consider that

after Switzerland also Belgium and Luxembourg made it possible to register and sell cannabis flowers as tobacco substitute. Many people in the UK love cannabis, be it as a flower, as oil or as a cookie. That is why I believe you will soon see adaptions to the current regulations. And yes, of course we hope that your laws will change. The more nations open up the faster we can stop this silly war on cannabis.

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INTERVIEW

350,000

We see you around at the lot of the shows on the circuit in Europe, what would you say is your biggest target market for 2019, and what are some of your other favourite shows to visit?

trade shows like yours. That is why we invest time and money to come to Birmingham. We believe firmly in the UK market and we want our name to be known here.

Ben: We observe changes in the European market quite closely. Some markets are very much saturated and move slowly. Others are more virgin. We focus mainly on a country’s distributors and it is always a challenge to find and select them “on the circus” and to be selected by them. Personally, I believe ecommerce and online marketing will play a great leading role also in our industry and it is always fun to pair up with great marketers who know much more about SEO and funnels than CBD. I think those are great partnerships. I can’t wait to be at Hemp&CBD Expo because of its pure B2B characterand I think it is going to be a great platform for the industry.

Jeb: It is our wish to show the rich product line of oils, extracts and isolates and we hope the feedback at Hemp&CBD Expo will be great.

Everybody has their own reasons for exhibiting at the Expos like ours, what are you most interested in coming to the UK for?

Claudio: We believe that any business that wants to leave a footprint in an industry should show presence at

Ben: For the UK market, we hope that our “swiss made” holds a high value for our new clients in terms of quality and service.

Thanks for the interview Claudio, Jeb and Ben, do you have any final thoughts or something you'd like to say to our readers on behalf of Alplant? Anything we can look forward to at your booth in September? We thank you Tommy for this wonderful opportunity to speak to your readers directly. We are very much looking forward to seeing all of you in September. And we will have a little surprise ready for each attendee.

We believe that any business that wants to leave a footprint in an industry should show presence at trade shows like yours. That is why we invest time and money to come to Birmingham. We believe firmly in the UK market and we want our name to be known here.

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ARTICLE

WHAT CAN H E M P & C B D YOU EXPECT E X P O FROM YOUR FIRST EXPO The first Hemp & CBD Expo event in March 2019 was a resounding success, with positive feedback from countless people in the UK hemp industry. This September the team is looking to build on this, with an even bigger and better event planned around the fast-growing UK hemp and CBD sector. But what if you haven’t been an expo before? Don’t worry, here’s a complete guide about what you can expect, with some helpful advice on how to make the most of your weekend.

The Venue The Hemp & CBD Expo is held at the Birmingham NEC, one of the UK’s most prestigious and dynamic venues. Due to popular demand, this time round we’re moving to the larger Hall 17 so we can cater for even more exhibitors and visitors. Based in the heart of the UK, the NEC has excellent transport links so you’ll have no problem reaching it, no matter where you’re coming from. If you’re coming by car, there’s on-site parking but you should book this in advance, and over 120 National Express and Megabus coach services run every day from across the UK to Birmingham airport. Once you reach the airport, simply take the free air-rail link to Birmingham International Railway Station - this train runs every two minutes and only just 90 seconds. From here, the NEC is just a five minute walk. There are plenty of hotels nearby, at

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all price points, but be sure to book early to take advantage of the best deals.

Who Will Be There? Now you’ve made it to the venue and entered the expo. What next? The first thing to expect is a huge number of people who are involved in the UK CBD and hemp industries. This can range from industry high-flyers, to those are simply curious about where this sector is heading. It’s a professional environment, so even the most informed hemp user can expect to learn new things, but the focus is on enjoyment as well. CBD has helped countless people across the UK and you’ll find many people willing to share their stories so prepare to make new friends as well as industry contacts. The majority of attendees will be from the B2B world, so you can expect to meet people from every step of the CBD and hemp supply chains, from farmers, growers and seed providers; to distributors, clothing companies and hemp accessories; to hemp food products and paraphernalia. But B2C is also catered for, so there’ll be plenty members of the general public keen to learn more about the properties and uses of this fantastic plant. Whether you’re considering taking CBD for the first time, or a real aficionado, there’s something for everyone. No matter what side of the industry you’re on, you’ll gain a lot from meeting the people here.

What Can You Do? With over 150 exhibitor stalls, you’ll be spoilt for choice when it comes to learning about and sampling products. You can test out some of the best CBD products in the UK, including CBD oils, edibles and topicals, as well as speak to people involved in sectors as varied as compliance, machinery, investment and much more. These stands are manned by helpful staff who can take you through what’s going to work best for you, or if there’s anything you want to know about CBD, there’ll certainly be someone who can help you understand it. It’s also an ideal way to source the very best CBD produce for your business, thanks to the huge number of quality brands in attendance. The main stage plays host to our speakers gallery. Here, you’ll be able to listen to some of the most dynamic and knowledgeable people from the world of CBD and hemp, including major figures such as the high-profile cannabis activist Callie Blackwell, founder member of the Cannabis Trades Association Guy Coxall, medicinal cannabis expert Dr Dani Gordon, and many more. We have dozens of guest speakers lined up, from a huge variety of sectors - no matter what aspect of CBD and hemp you’re interested in, you’ll find expert advice here. For the serious industry leaders, you can attend the Business Pro Seminar for in-depth discussion on leading topics


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surrounding the sector (you’ll need an additional Business Pro ticket for this, as seating is limited).

mention a lot of people to speak to - the earlier you arrive, the more you can squeeze into your day.

And don’t forget about the hugely popular Hemp & CBD Awards Ceremony and after-party, sponsored by Ignite. This time it’s bigger and better than ever, featuring a three course meal, black tie dress code and much more. This is for exhibitors, although a limited amount of B2B ticket-holders can attend (tickets for this are available on the website). This is where you can discover the top CBD and hemp companies in the UK today - and tomorrow.

Do: Bring business cards. If you run a CBD or hemp business, this is the ideal place to network and make new useful contacts. But don’t waste time scrambling for a pen, instead keep a supply of business cards to hand out so you can keep in touch with the people you meet.

Dos & Don’ts Do: Arrive in plenty of time. There’ll be a lot to do, a lot of free samples to try, not to

Do: Prepare to take notes. No matter how educated you are about CBD and hemp, you’ll learn something new, whether from someone in a similar field, or from the total opposite end of the supply chain. Don’t wake up the next day trying to remember that useful tit-bit, make a note in your phone or on a notepad.

Don’t: Smoke or vape inside. Some CBD vape stalls may allow you to vape at the stands but other than this the NEC is a no-smoking and no-vaping venue so you’ll need to go outside to do this. Finally Have fun! The world is waking up to the benefits of CBD, and this is only the beginning. By attending the Hemp & CBD Expo you’re part of something special, and everyone around you has their own story about how CBD and hemp have changed their lives for the better. The Hemp & CBD Expo is a place where you can make friends and business contacts, while helping to make a difference in the world.

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SHO W GUIDE

WELCOME TO THE SHOW SEPTEMBER 14TH-15TH, 2019 WELL, It’s ab o ut t hat tim e again - Afte r ou r fi rst He mp & C BD Ex p o too k place in M arc h 2019 we are ba c k fo r a s econd e dition t hi s S epte mbe r 1 4t h - 15t h . I f we lea r n e d a n yth i ng f ro m o u r f i rst sho w it’s t h at orga ni si ng i s b y no mea ns a n ea s y feat! Ho w e v er, t he re wa rd is wo r t h th e ri sk w h e n y o u get th e a mo u n t o f g reat fee dbac k w e ha d a fte r th e we e ke nd o f M arc h 2 nd & 3 rd , a nd e v er yd a y afte r w e hav e been str ivin g to d e l i v e r an e v en better e v en t for Se ptem be r. With le s s t ime to o rga ni se o u r seco n d s h o w, a n d t w o i ssu e s o f o u r ma ga zin e to d e l ive r, as w e ll as settin g u p o u r fa n ta st i c ne w H em p & CB D M e d ia c h a n n e l , i t h as b ee n all system s go h ere at t h e o ff i ce s. T h e go od th in g for ou r v i si to r s, reade rs, a n d watc h e r s , i s t h at we e nj oy t he pressure we’ ve p u t on o u r selv e s to

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be b ette r at t he s e cond t i m e of ask i ng be ca us e we k now t he re a re so m any i n t hi s i ndust r y w ho a re j u st a s com itte d to ma k i ng st ri de s fo r the h e m p pl a nt i n 2 0 1 9 a nd be y o nd. W e li ke to thi nk of our Ex po a s a b r i ngi ng togethe r of a n i ndust r y. T he re a re bi g pl ay e rs , a nd s m a l l e r fa m i ly ru n ope rat i ons , whol e pl a nt adv o cate s a nd t hos e onl y j ust lear ni ng a b out CBD . A s o rgani s e rs w e consta nt l y fi nd ours e l ve s t r y i ng to ba lance out our e xhi b i tors a nd o u r p ro gra m a nd cater to al l of t he ni c h e i nte re sts i n s uch a va st , di v erse secto r. O ne o f t h e t hi ng s we’ve t ri e d to wo rk on for Septem b e r was b o lsteri ng our g ue st spea ke rs l i st , pro v i d i ng m ore pa ne l di s cus s i ons and i n d ept h ta l k s at ou r se conda r y ‘ B u si ne ss P ro’ stage . T hi s wi l l b e for v i si to r s w ho rea ll y want to de l ve a li tt le de e pe r i nto the topi cs , a s we l l as o u r v e r y o pe n, we l com i ng M a i n sem i nar sta ge t hat i s a g reat pl a ce to re st y our fe et a nd l ea rn m ore

a b out t he pe opl e a nd b us i nesses in t hi s i ndust r y that m a ke i t great . We’l l b e cove ri ng to pi cs ran ging from CBD com pl i a nce a nd reg ul at i ons , to i ndust ri a l hemp fa rm i ng a nd a g ri cul t ura l i s sues, to s ci e nt i fi c re s ea rch a nd m e dical pane l s from a g reat l i st of s peaker s. O ne of t he b i g ge st po si ti ves f rom our M a rch s how, m a ke sure you che ck out our ful l s e m i na r sch ed ule on our we b s i te a nd hi g hl i g h t th e to pi cs y ou’re m ost i nte re sted i n b e fore m ak in g y ou r tr ip d ow n to th e v en ue . S pea k i ng of ve nue s , we’d a gain like to t ha nk t he tea m at t he N EC fo r provi di ng s uch a fa nta st i c


SHOW GUIDE

We’ll be covering topics ranging from CBD compliance and regulations, to industrial hemp farming and agricultural issues, to scientific research and medical panels from a great list of speakers.

h o m e fo r the H e m p & C BD Expo, W e’re ve r y pro ud to be a b l e to pu t o n o ur s how at s uch a pre st i g i ous v enu e t hat sets t he stan da rd s fo r U K e v en ts . Fo r th os e t hat vi si te d our M a rch sh o w, y ou ’l l know t he e v en t wa s v e r y w e l l atte nde d a nd we’re ve r y grateful to al l of t hos e t hat too k t he t i m e to m a ke th e t ri p to B i r m i n g ha m , b ut t hi s t i m e t he re’l l be e v en m ore to se e a s we’ve i nc rea s e d our ha l l s i ze by 3 0 % wi t h e ven more ex hi b i tors (s om e ret u r ni ng fo r the i r s e cond appea ra nce , a nd s om e b ra nd ne w lau nc he s rea dy to s how y ou what t he y ’ v e b e e n work i ng on). T h i s ma ga zi ne wi l l b e a va i l a b l e i n sto re s i n M i d Aug ust to h el p y ou get e xci te d fo r Septe m b e r, b ut m ake sure yo u che ck out t he l ate st u pdate s to our e xhi b i tors l i st fo r

a ll th e g reat co mpa ni e s you’ll be a b l e to s e e ove r t he we e kend of Se ptem b e r 1 4 t h a nd 1 5 t h . Fi na l l y, w e’d l i ke to i nv ite our vi s i tors to stop by ou r Hemp & CBD M e di a b oot h at t he s how. Here we w il l b e i nte r vi e wi ng our sp eaker s, e xhi b i tors a nd atte nde e s to get t he i r t houg hts on t he Ex po and our wonde rful i ndust r y. In t he m ea n t i m e , che ck out all of t he g reat i nte r vi e ws a nd features we’ve b e e n putt i ng out on our H e m p & CB D M ed ia yo ut ub e - A ne w c ha nne l de di cated to br in ging y ou t he l ate st i n t he he mp ind ustr y t hroug hout t he y ea r. D ON ’T FORG ET: Yo u ca n get your B2 B a nd B2 C t i ckets N OW - at

www.hempandcbdexpo.com

We l ook fo r ward to se e i ng you all i n Se ptem b e r!

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SPON 9 1 0 2 R E B M E T P E S HEMP AND CBD EXPO

A V e r y B i g T h a n k Yo u To Our Sponsors!

www.gencanna.com

www.milehighlabs.com

www.wellacy.co.uk


SORS www.bluemoonhemp.com

www.cbd-manufacturing.co.uk

www.precisionbottles.com

www.ciitech.co.uk

www.greenstemcbd.com

www.justbecbd.co.uk

www.kushco.com

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EXHIBITORS

A THANKYOU TO OUR EXHIBITORS

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As with any major tradeshow we as an organiser team are constantly looking to revamp, refocus and reinvest to make our show as dynamic and vibrant as possible. The September Hemp & CBD Expo has seen an upgrade in seminar stages, hall size, and exhibitors. It is those exhibitors that make events like ours possible. Each and every exhibitor brings something unique, and having such an impressive blend of products, innovation, and style all in one hall is something we canâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t wait to bring to the public this autumn! Weâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;d like to thank all of our exhibitors for their efforts and commitment to make our Expo the number one Hemp & CBD Tradeshow in the UK. We hope you enjoy all they have to offer!!!


EXHIBITORS

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SPE AKERS

OUR SPEAKERS DR DANI GORDON

Dr. Dani Gordon is a Canadian and US double board certified medical doctor, writer, speaker and published researcher. She is a leading specialist in clinical cannabis medicine. She maintains a virtual medicine consulting practise in Canada focused on cannabis medicine & Integrative medicine. She is also the CEO of Ultra Resilience, which specializes in burnout prevention & recovery programs for individuals and companies. Her areas of specialization include: Integrative Medicine, clinical

DR CHRISTIAN JESSEN

Dr Christian Jessen is a popular health campaigner who combines his medical career with a successful media career.He works closely with various charities (including Terrence Higgins Trust, Ditch the Label and Battersea Dogs & Cats Home) to help raise awareness and make health accessible to everyone. Dr Christian is well-known for presenting Dr Christian Will See You Now and Dr Christian: 12 Hours to Cure Your Street along with the multi award-winning Embarrassing Bodies and Supersize

DAN HERER

Dan Herer, son of the legendary hemp advocate Jack Herer, was born into the hemp movement. Today, Dan carries on his late father’s legacy yet on his own terms and in his own way. Herer (Dan) balances multiple roles as an industrial hemp developer, hemp entrepreneur, and is the Director of the California-based Jack Herer Foundation. If Jack Herer could be called a “warrior” and “activist” for the movement, which he was, Dan carries the family torch in hemp advocacy in the role of an

JULIE MACKAY

I have for 30 years run successful businesses, from my initial business opening in Wimbledon Village followed by Sutton Surrey and our flagship shop in Berkeley Square, London. We became the first high profile Hair and Beauty Salon offering a prestige service in glamorous surroundings. For a short while I lived in New York where I co-founded and created the First Impressions to Fine Dining, a magazine which listed all the top Restaurants in the City together with their menu’s. Following this

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UltraReciliance cannabis medicine, stress resilience, burnout syndrome, chronic fatigue / ME, peak brain performance and holistic mental health. She was one of the youngest doctors to become American Board Certified in Integrative & Holistic Medicine (ABIHM) in 2012 and in 2017 one of the first physicians to become board certified in Integrative Medicine (ABOIM), now recognised as an official medicine sub-speciality through the American Board of Physician Specialties.

vs Superskinny. He also presented the critically acclaimed documentaries Undercover Doctor: Cure Me I'm Gay, How the Rich Live Longer and co-hosted Drugs Live and Stand Up to Cancer. He writes regular health columns and is the author of Dr Christian's Guide to Growing Up Online, Dr Christian's Guide to Growing Up, Dr Christian's Guide to Dealing with the Tricky Stuff, Dr Christian's Guide to You, Can I Just Ask? and Supersize vs Superskinny.

Jack Herer Foundation

“educator” and “influencer.” These titles are appropriate and reverent for today. When Jack was working to advance hemp and cannabis policy by championing a people’s uprising when it (cannabis) was an underground industry, Dan’s domestic and international work in the industry today is primarily in modern markets. The latter requires a new level of strategy and sophistication. Winning the hearts of minds of policymakers and voters starts with education, in Dan’s view.

Kaneh success I returned to the UK and opened No. 10 Restaurant, a traditional English restaurant. Later, I developed and opened the Beresford Clinic which was opened in 2003 it became the first Aesthetic Clinic in Devon. I have experience in the skincare and aesthetic business for 30+ years. In 2018 Fam my business partner and I formed Nutriskin Ltd a company that will focus on CBD cosmeceutical boutique skincare range under the name Kaneh.


SPE AKERS

OUR SPEAKERS MANCA LOGAR

Manca Logar has recieved a PhD in materials science, nanotechnology in 2009. She has performed her postdoctoral studies at Stanford university by working in the field of bio material science and engineering. Currently Manca is working as a principal scientist in biosimilar drug product development at Novartis, Slovenia and has a company for research and development of natural hemp infused skincare products.

MIKE HARLINGTON

Mike is the current Chairman of the CTA, he was placed into this role by the Founders of the Association and current Directors. As an independent with no active role in the CBD marketplace this independence has ensured that the CTA has grown based on honest, open and clear dialogue with no ties to any producer with the Authorities. Since its inception in 2016 the CTA is now the

GUY COXALL

Guy Coxall needs little introduction when it comes to the legal cannabis/hemp industry. One of the seven Founder Members of the Cannabis Trades Association and the CTA Compliance Director, he is the go-to expert on compliance and regulatory matters concerning hemp derived products and the upcoming medical cannabis industry. He has regular contact with the MHRA, FSA, EFSA and the European Commission. Guy is also the Chairman of HempTank, the UK’s think tank for hemp education

TIM PHILIPS

Tim Phillips is a founder and current managing director of ECigIntelligence, which provides independent market analysis and regulatory tracking for the global e-cig sector. He has also recently launched a sister business intelligence service in the cannabis space, CBD-Intel which focuses on the CBD sector in international markets outside the US. He is a U.K.-qualified attorney, having worked at the European Commission, Herbert Smith, BSkyB, AOL Europe, and as director

Kaneh Manca has written over 20+ publications invited to multiple lectures and has a couple of patents under her belt. Manca is very passionate about CBD and its miracle effect on the skin and has worked many long hours researching into the benefits of CBD in skincare.

CTA largest association of its type in the world, dwarfing many other associations with around 750 Members, 2500 Sellers and several Associates, including Law Firms, Lab Equipment Manufacturers, Merchant Services Providers and Insurance Providers. All of whom not only give preferential rates to CTA Members, but many also only supply CTA Members, this way they ensure that only legal compliant sellers have access to their services.

Hemp Tank and policy development. Guy’s passion lies in re-establishing the hemp industry in the UK and he is already involved in R&D for hemp plastics, textiles and soil regeneration. HempTank are planning to launch a UK HempTour so as to provide an educational platform for the history, uses and benefits of hemp. “Education is the key to breaking down stigma and creating demand; with the right people, we can create a green industrial revolution here in the UK”

CBD Intel of public affairs at Betfair as it went through its £1.5bn IPO in 2010. He was also a partner in a New York venture capital-funded startup in the diamond sector. Phillips holds a postgraduate diploma in legal practice from the University of Law, London, and a master’s in Geology from Oxford University.

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SPE AKERS

OUR SPEAKERS ROBERT JAPPIE

Robert is the Head of Mackrell Turner Garrett’s Crime and Regulatory Team in London. With more than eight years’ experience in the fields of complex crime, business crime, serious fraud and regulatory matters, Robert assists a wide range of clients, whether individual or corporate. Robert has represented clients in a variety of regulatory and criminal investigations and prosecutions brought by the Serious Fraud Office (SFO), HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) and the

LORENZA ROMANESE

Born in Trieste, Italy, she graduated from the University of Gorizia with a Master of Arts in European Affairs. She speaks fluently four languages. 10 years of solid experience as policy advisor and communication manager at European level, from the oil and gas sector to the European Commission. Most recently, Lorenza led the European association of Independent Winegrowers, in the agricultural sector. Lorenza Romanese will pursue EIHA’s scope: defend and represent the interests of European industrial

CATHERINE WILSON

Catherine Wilson is MD of CannaWell, one of the UK's longest established hemp CBD companies, pioneers in offering quality hemp CBD extracts to support our health. Catherine is also a board member of EIHA (European Industrial Hemp Association). She has a professional background in secondary raw material recovery from waste. Her environmental background fuels her passion to bring back hemp as a major agricultural crop which

STEVE BEVAN

Steve Bevan has more than 20 years experience in compliant investment sales/finance. Steve’s impact at GenCanna™ has been felt on multiple levels from it’s foundational startup in Kentucky. Steve’s basic approach to leading GenCanna’s hemp industry stewardship has provided great positioning in hemp legislation, regulation, and compliance by facilitating a working relationship with the Kentucky Department of Agriculture (KDA), the Kentucky State Police (KSP), and Kentucky’s federal leadership including Senate Majority Leader Mitch

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Mackrell Turner Garrett National Crime Agency (NCA). He also has particular expertise in organised crime investigations, drug trafficking/importation, money laundering offences and complex POCA proceedings. Robert is a member of the Young Fraud Lawyers Association and has previously been a part of the legal team at Release, which is the national

EIHA hemp sector within European Union’s institutions. This year the hot topics are: Tetrahydrocannabinol level in feed and food products, hemp extracts with CBD used in food and cosmetic products, CBD as Novel Food and the CAP Reform. As to the latter, CAP Reform is an opportunity for European producers to bring back the 0.3% Tetrahydrocannabinol level in industrial hemp so as to reduce the significant competitive disadvantage European farmers have compared to American, Canadian, Asian and Swiss producers.

EIHA can offer a significant contribution by providing solutions to reduce environmental impact and contributes towards the development of a decarbonised economy.

GenCanna McConnell. Under Steve, GCG has helped lead the nascent hemp industry by serving as founding Secretary of the US Hemp Roundtable, and has advised on legislative and regulatory issues across the world. Steve works tirelessly with grassroots activists, regulators, lawmakers, and law enforcement alike to develop key industry standards and practices that have helped legalize the manufacture, research, and sale of cannabis-based products. PURE AGRICULTURE, PURE PRODUCTSTM


SPE AKERS

OUR SPEAKERS GARRETT BAIN

Garrett Bain (Chief Sales Officer) is a sales and marketing executive with more than 15 years of experience in technology, sales and management. He has managed business segments across multiple customer channels with a proven record of exceeding multi-million-dollar goals while expanding new business lines and profit opportunities.

PETER REYNOLDS

Peter Reynolds is an expert in the science, medicine, law and politics of cannabis. During his early career as an advertising copywriter and creative director, he developed expertise in pharmaceuticals, healthcare and medicine. Since the 1990s he has worked as a communications consultant and medical journalist. Actively involved in cannabis law reform since the 1970s, he first gave evidence to Parliament on the subject in 1983 and has been at the forefront of the campaign

TRACY SZERSZEN

GenCanna At GenCannaTM, he is responsible for all sales and marketing-related activities, including building sales teams, pricing and promotional strategy, sales and marketing collateral, and website and e-commerce activities. Prior to entering the private sector, Garrett was a U.S. Army Airborne Ranger based at Fort Benning, Georgia, where he excelled as a Fire Team Leader for the 3rd Battalion of the 75th Ranger Regiment.

CannaPro and legal cannabis industry ever since. He is president of CLEAR Cannabis Law Reform, the UK’s largest and longest-established cannabis group which has recently launched Cannabis Professionals, the trade association for the UK’s cannabis, CBD and hemp businesses. Peter will be speaking at the Hemp & CBD Expo on the latest legal and regulatory developments affecting the industry as well providing some guidance on marketing and business strategies.

PJLA

President and Operations Manager of PJLA. Tracy is the managing director of all accreditation schemes and business operations for PJLA’s headquarters office in the United States as well as the branch offices located in Japan, Mexico, Italy and the United Kingdom. She has a vast knowledge of quality management system and accreditation regulations, she serves on several international association’s committees and boards: International Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation (ILAC), the

Asia Pacific Accreditation Cooperation (APAC) as well as national associations engaged in environmental, food safety, cannabis and medical science such as: The NELAC Institute, AOAC and the American Council of Independent Laboratories (ACIL). Tracy has over 18 years of experience in quality management system and accreditation criteria. She holds a General Science and Business Administration degree as well as several ISO 9000 and ISO 17025 series training certifications.

SCHERIL MURRAY POWELL, ESQ

Independant Lawyer

Scheril Murray Powell, Esq. is an Agricultural g and Caannabis Attorney at Doumar, Allsworth, Laystrom, Vo oigt, Adair, and Dishowitz. She is the former Director of Federal Affairs for the Florida Deepartment of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Sccheril is on the Hemp Pilot Program Advisory oard for the University of Florida. She is also Bo Preesident of consulting firm Green Sustainable Strrong, LLC. In 2018, she was a recipient of the Crohns Foundation Blood, Sweat, and Tears Award

and the Cannabis Business Award's Industry MVP Award. She is General Counsel for Minorities for Medical Marijuana and General Counsel for Patience with Patients. She is a graduate of Florida International University College of Law. As a Cannapreneur, Scheril is the President of Canna Headhunters, a staffing agency in the Cannabis Industry that connects Cannabis talent to opportunities.

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SP E AKERS

OUR SPEAKERS MORRIS BEEGLE

Longtime entertainment industry and hemp entrepreneur Morris Beegle is founder of We Are for Better Alternatives (WAFBA), a multi-brand umbrella company and producer of NoCo Hemp Expo. After completing its fifth year, the NoCo Hemp Expo has emerged as the world’s largest industrial hemp conference and exposition, drawing thousands of visitors each year from throughout the world to Northern Colorado. Based in Loveland, CO, Beegle’s company is involved in a wide range of

RICK TROJAN

Rick Trojan brings over 21 years of entrepreneurial expertise, a vast global network and passion to cannabis. Motivated by extensive history, positive impact and the plant itself, Trojan understands the need to accurately portray the benefits of a once flourishing plant stigmatized through a century of propaganda. He constantly strives to build a platform to encourage Hemp potential through strategic alliances. His journey began as a personal experience that launched his passion for this cause,

CARL MARTEL

Independent scientist researching in the field of industrial cannabis since 2010. Formally trained as a geoarchaeologist with degrees in Interdisciplinary Science. He has worked with a number of hemp companies across Canada, United States and Australia. Co-inventor of a grain disinfection system deployed in Canada and Australia, Carl continues to explore and develop grain quality post-harvest management systems. His focus recently is on value added products from agricultural waste such as carbon foam for insulation, water

MIKE BARNES

Professor Barnes is a neurologist and has been working in the cannabis space for many years. He produced the report on cannabis as a medicine for Governmental body, the All Party Parliamentary Group on Drug Policy Reform in 2016 (with his daughter - the Barnes report). He then obtained the first cannabis license in England for the child Alfie Dingley in 2018.

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NOCO HEMP EXPO industrial hemp-related enterprises, including Tree Free Hemp, a hemp paper and printing services provider; the Colorado Hemp Company, a hemp-centric marketing, media and event producer; and Let’s Talk Hemp, an education and advocacy platform integrating into conferences, festivals, and broadcast media channels. As a trusted leader in the industry, Morris has been a speaker on stages across the United States and around the globe.

Hemp Road Trip creating the Hemp Road Trip in 2015. He continues to expand education to other continents where cannabis legalization has led to an industrial boom. His work assists in uniting the industry on a global scale by bridging the gaps, building the foundations and extending the overall network. Trojan brings his passion, extensive business experience, and global cannabis networks on the quest to educate and develop solutions.

Independent Scientist filtration/desalination and energy storage. Recent development was the demonstration of a Building Integrated Energy Storage (BIES) concept at the Canadian Hemp Trade Alliance conference in Ottawa, Canada, in November 2017, which he presented at Australia’s first Industrial Hemp conference in Feb 18, at the 2nd International Industrial Hemp conference in Vancouver, Jul 18 and at the 8th International Hemp Building Association held in Brussels, Oct 18. Cannabis policy conference United Nations, Vienna, Dec 18.

Eurpean Cannabis Holdings He is widely involved in the cannabis arena and is Chief Medical Officer of European Cannabis Holdings which runs the Medical Cannabis Clinics in London, Birmingham and Manchester and also runs a teaching course - The Academy of Medical Cannabis. He has long advocated for the wide introduction of cannabis for medical purposes.


SPE AKERS

OUR SPEAKERS RALPH MORGAN

Ralph Morgan’s decade worth of experience in the cannabis sector started in Colorado — the epicenter and birthplace of America’s modern legalization efforts. It was at this time in 2010 when Morgan co-founded Organa Labs, a Co2 extraction facility; this was an industry game-changer and other extraction techniques and facilities would follow in its steps. Morgan is now pursuing his second venture, a hemp and cannabinoid-based wellness company called Collective Hemp Brands,

REBEKAH SHAMAN

Rebekah was Founder and Director of Hemp Global Solutions Ltd, growing hemp research crops in the UK and educating on the importance of hemp for food, nutrition, fuel and shelter. Also created ‘Hempower,’ a Hemp porridge, and sold hemp seed and hemp protein powder under her food label AMARU. Since 2015, she has been deeply involved in promoting the Hemp industry in the UK. She is founder of the British Hemp Association that is seeking to remove the barriers to growth that are stopping the UK Hemp industry from thriving. She

PETER HOLZWORTH

Peter Holzworth received his formal training in the financial industry as a portfolio manager with Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Smith. However in 2008, Mr. Holzworth left the company to launch Pennington Asset management, a Florida based registered investment advisory practice. He soon partnered with former executives of Ernst & Young to launch the Pennington Fixed Income Fund, Eisbar Asset Management and Thompson Mactavish Opportunities Fund. Successfully operating these companies until 2014, Mr. Holzworth pivoted to the cannabis industry. In 2015

ANNE VAN LYNESEELE

Anne van Leynseele is a cannabis regulatory and deal attorney, often working across sovereign borders. She advises multi-state and multi-national cannabis clients on governance, compliance, licensing, acquisition, asset management, and import/export matters. Ms. van Leynseele also counsels her clients on cannabis political policy as it develops across the nation and around the world. She is a leading expert on the topic of hemp.

Collective Hemp Brands launching first in Europe and the US. Other product launches will include CBD-based skincare and sunscreen lines to pet health. Our goal is to redefine the way the world views hemp and cannabinoids and to deliver natural alternative health products to fit every lifestyle. As part of its commitment to green practices, the company works with vendors and suppliers that make a conscious effort to integrate sustainable practices into their manufacturing facilities.

BHA educates on the importance of 'Plant Consciousness' for our future survival, and teaches others the importance of ‘living shamanically in the urban jungle. Rebekah has a BA (Hons) in Study of Religions, and MSc in Development Studies, both from SOAS University, and a Post-graduate Psychology Diploma in the Human Givens Approach. She is also the author of ‘The Shaman’s Last Apprentice,’ and ‘Beyond Illusion’ the true stories of her apprenticeship with a plant medicine shaman from the Peruvian Amazon.

ZUBER LAWLER Peter joined BioTrackTHC as CFO / CIO . There he oversaw the legal cultivation, processing, manufacturing, testing and retail of over $1.4 billion of legal cannabis transactions. Mr. Holzworth was a key member of the team awarded the cannabis track and trace contracts, designing software trace ability systems providing transparency to the location and interaction of every legal gram of cannabis in real time for WA, IL, NM, HI and NY. Mr. Holzworth led the company to service over 1800 compliant cannabis operators in 25 states and 5

ZUBER LAWLER Prior to joining Zuber Lawler, Ms. van Leynseele spent four years as a federal attorney advisor in Washington, D.C. Prior to that, she managed commercial transactions and corporate communication strategies for Fortune 100 companies, and did business management consulting in Sydney, Australia.

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SPE AKERS

OUR SPEAKERS SIMON CHURCH

CBD Performance

After an 11-year professional football career was cut short early through injury, former Wales striker, Simon Church, announced his retirement from the game in 2018 after playing successfully at a high level, both internationally and nationally. It all started with the founders’ use of CBD. For many professional athletes, chronic pain, disrupted sleep cycles, and frequent use of painkillers is the norm when playing at expert level. This is something Simon Church, former Wales

international, knows all too well. One year on from the beginning of CBD Performance, they are offering a wealth of products from THC free CBD oil, ‘Pro Series’ doping compliant CBD isodrops, muscle cream, hydration additive, bath salts, bio freeze and protein. We have replaced your everyday supplements with the added benefits of CBD to aid their customers’ general wellbeing, training and recovery.

THE ACTIVIST PANEL

CALLIE BLACKWELL Activist

PHIL MONK

SIMPA CARTER

Activist

Activist

STAGE DIRECTOR ROBERT SIDEBOTTOM

Robert is the Managing Director for the Eco Vape group of companies, additionally he is a Non-Executive Director for Hemp and CBD Media Ltd. the company behind our successful expo and the Hemp and CBD Magazine. Robert is very knowledgeable regarding vape and CBD

Hemp & CBD Media compliance having formerly been the MD at Adact Medical Ltd. Unsurprisingly an advocate of vaping as a smoking cessation tool, Robert is also a very keen proponent of CBD and the wider uses of the hemp plant.

Please note: Our magazine is produced 6 weeks prior to the event and speakers may be subject to change. To get the most up-to-date speakers information visit our website

www.hempandcbdexpo.com

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EXPO


SHOW GUIDE

GET YOUR TICKETS NOW FOR

THE HEMP & CBD EXPO!

DO I QUALIFY FOR B2B TICKETS?

B2B TICKETS = Businesses, Trade Visitors & staff of hemp & cbd stockists are entitled to free B2B tickets to this event. If you’ve got questions about whether you qualify for a B2B ticket, feel free to email into marketing@hempandcbdexpo.com B2B visitors: Those qualifying for B2B tickets to the Hemp & CBD Expo are employees from the following industries: head shops, grow shops,

vape shops, pharmacies, beauty salons, health food shops, gym staff/PT’s (personal trainers), sports nutritionists, convenience stores, wholesalers, farmers, business owners looking to invest in the CBD market etc.

*Please note – All B2B ticket registration will be checked on the door and verified that you are part of the hemp & CBD industry or looking to invest as a business* / B2C TICKETS = These are general public tickets and are for any B2C (consumers) looking to visit our event - These can be purchased on the door or pre-show on our website or eventbrite.

WWW.HEMPANDCBDEXPO.COM


THE AWARDS ARE

SAT 14TH 19:00-22:30 THE AWARDS CEREMONY We are very excited about our upcoming Hemp & CBD Expo taking place on September 14-15th, 2019, and this time we are proud to announce our prestigious Hemp & CBD Awards evening - This time, a 3 course dinner and awards evening on the Saturday 14th between 19:00-22:30 at the NEC Concourse suites 1&2. As part of our extensive plans to upgrade and expand from our first March show, we included an additional focus on a more formal Awards evening and the way we will run the judging for each category.

EXHIBITOR SUBMISSIONS For the September Expo, each exhibitor is allowed to submit up to one product per

COMING

category for up to three categories, To compete for the chance to win one of our Hemp & CBD Awards

The purpose of this shortlisting process is to make sure that only the best products are being shortlisted.

JUDGING & TESTING

TESTING: After shortlisting our products we will be sending these off to a third party testing facility, our testing partners EUROFINS. The results with these tests, coupled with points scored for things such as correct labelling, ample documentation, sampling and taste tests will determine our winners for this years Hemp & CBD Awards!

SHORTLISTING: There will be two levels of judging - With the initial shortlisting phase being judged over the weekend in August. We're asking for each product to be submitted with product COA's, and any supporting documentation is welcomed (and will enhance your chances of being shortlisted), as well as a filled in form for each product to explain why your product is a worthy winner of that category. Things such as paperwork for ISO accredited facilities, additional compliance company membership, Good Manufacturing Practices etc all go towards shortlisting your products.

ARE YOU READY?

SUBMISSIONS

Judged Prior to August 3rd BEST CBD OIL, BEST COSTMETIC, BEST EDIBLE, BEST EXTRACT, BEST INHALEABLE. Judged on September 14th BEST BRANDING, BEST INNOVATION, BEST PACKAGING, BEST SEED BANK, BEST PARAPHERNALIA, BEST STAND


HEMP & CBD AW AR D S THE OFFICIAL AWARDS SPONSOR

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TICKETS NOW 3 COURSE DINNER & TABLE DRINKS

NETWORKING OPPORTUNITIES LIMITED TICKETS AVAILABLE

£200PP Available on our website and eventbrite

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COMPLIANCE

THE CTA,WHO THEY ARE AND WHAT THEY STAND FOR? Who exactly are the CTA? The CTA was formed in 2016 to protect and represent the cannabis industry in the UK. Since formulation our remit has never changed, although our focus now is much wider. We remain the only trade association in existence in the sector that vets each association member and all their products. Ensuring the highest standards of any trade association operating anywhere in the world in the cannabis sector. Formed from 7 businesses of the 20 operating in the UK at the time. The Hemp Trades Association UK Limited was set up from day 1 as a ‘Not for Profit organisation’, and as such is the most established trade body focussed on cannabinoids in Europe. Within a year of inception, we were the largest association in Europe. Within 2 years we were the largest in the world!

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The Hemp Trades Association was formulated officially on the 10th of November 2016, 8 days after our initial meetings with the MHRA on the 2nd of November 2016.

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The original line up really doesn’t look all that different today. Of course, the inevitable resignations that occur in business have meant that we’ve gone through some changes since the start. However, fundamentally the same core people are still very much involved today. We adopted the trading name of the “Cannabis Trades Association UK” or “CTA UK” from day 1 and it was officially voted in at our first AGM in June 2017. The Association itself chose Mike Harlington to run the Association and to this day, he still runs the day to day operations, alongside a small army of staff and contractors. The team has grown consistently. And now employs a full-time staff of 9, a part time staff of 2 and 3 independent contractors. There are presently 7 Directors of the Association drawn from the industry. 4 Professional Advisory Panel Members and several Non-Executive Directors who are drawn from other aspects of the industry and the public.


COMPLIANCE

So, what do they do? To put it simply, we ensure compliance! Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s always been at the heart of what we do because of the many obdurate companies out there that are trying to break every rule in the book. Unlawful names, illegal food products, non-compliant labelling and of course medical claims for non-medicinal products are what we face daily. The CTA were the first in our industry to design a labelling template for CBD products. A standard which although based on food law came about almost from inception. It still amazes us today just quite how many sellers sell incorrectly labelled products that are illegal in the EU. The working partnership with both the MHRA and FSA and other governmental organisations has of course grown from an initial perception of non-professionals to accepting that the cannabis industry is comprised of some very professional and competent people. Recently we announced that in conjunction with the MHRA we have produced the guidelines that companies wishing to sell cannabis products must follow. Unless these guidelines are adhered to, it leaves a company

open to fines or even prison sentences in serious cases. Weâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ve also been consistently involved with the EFSA in Europe since 2017 when we first visited Brussels. Indeed, with Brexit looming our work with our European cousins is arguably more important now than ever before. We have recently launched a legal process to deal with the recent change in the Novel Foods Regulations that effectively bans all extracts containing cannabinoids.

customers) and the trade. And especially with the Government Departments around the world we deal with daily. We have dealt with and continue to deal with at least 100 Government Departments now in 43 countries worldwide. We have become a global leader with members from 28 countries who last year sold over $1.7bn worth of products across the entire cannabinoid sector. We represent more than 5000 businesses in some way, shape or form. Thatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s around 1000 companies and their reseller networks.

While it can never be argued that pure cannabinoids (isolates) are indeed Novel, hemp extracts which have been used in foods for thousands of years are clearly not so. On this basis we reached agreement with the UK authorities in January 2018 that a food product using CBD isolate would effectively be a food crime. This of course has since the change in January 2019 been superseded and we have committed time, energy and financial resources to fighting these changes and will continue to do so. We pride ourselves on our transparency and our honest and open communication both with the public (who are after all your

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COMPLIANCE

So, what’s it like to be a Member? Some would say hard work! The standards we set are not negotiable in any way. Every single company that is associated with us has the same verification and identification checks. Every single member who is involved with the association is required to be submitted to screening checks which include Identification, verification, financial and criminal records screening.

combined 250 years. Since around 3 months after we formed, we’ve had a designated “data controller” and have been fully listed with the ICO since that time. GDPR compliance was never a difficult thing for us to achieve, and something we take incredibly seriously.

Every member who sells a product is required to complete lab testing, compliance checks and disclosure about their products. It’s what we do. The central team been involved with the Data Protection requirements outside the industry for something approaching a

Overall our Members mostly understand what we do and how we work with the authorities. Most understand our notably hard response, and many congratulate us on the consistent work we put in on behalf of our members. We were the first Association outside of America to have full time staff paid to do a difficult job.

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When we founded the O'Shaughnessy Drink Company the CTA were instrumental is guiding us to create a product that was not only compliant and first to market. But helped future proof our drinks for any potential new legislation. They helped us further with introducing us to our awesome suppliers and introduced us to a network of sellers. They're always there if you have any questions or concerns.

Tony Fowler, (O'Shaughnessy Drinks Company)

The CTA have provided us with fast and efficient support and advice. Their adherence to a set of rigorous standards means I am content that we and they are both protecting the public and ensuring they are provided with the highest quality legal cannabis products.

Nick Tofalos, CBD One.

I know it’s difficult to be independent in our field, so it’s very refreshing to check first-hand the way the CTA work. I think we share the same vision on how Cannabis industry should be. It’s been a real pleasure.

Kali Gallardo, International Cannabis author and industry expert.


COMPLIANCE

So, what do members get? In a single word…. support. We support those running their business to ensure they and their products are compliant. Where there is a problem with any authority, we ensure we deal with it on behalf of our membership quickly, effectively and of course professionally. Of course, we also have the industry’s only members insurance schemes. Help with access to financial institutions as most card processors won’t touch you unless you’re a verified CTA member and that’s becoming the case with a lot of banks also. We also offer currency services, IT and web services, PR, business consultancy and a whole host of associated services. Our Stakeholders and partners offer a bewildering array of services.

Let’s of course not forget that we put more people, products and services together than any other cannabis related business in Europe through the 10,000 internet visitors we get daily.

in offices in South Africa and America. We organise meetups and events and we positively encourage those from outside our circle to come and interact with us. We look forward to speaking to you very soon.

You can also take comfort that the CTA doesn’t take a penny in commissions from any of these services. We’d rather they passed that commission across to the members in the form of better rates. The CTA is not just a normal trade association, we’re a family, a big extended boisterous family that constantly reacts to the threats and needs of our members wherever they are in the world. Members ring at all hours of the day and night and you can almost guarantee to find a member of staff working somewhere in one of 5 offices around Europe and soon to be found

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COMPLIANCE

EXPLAINING THE LEGALITIESAROUND PET PRODUCTS CONTAINING CANNABIDIOL (CBD) IN THE UK? Currently in the UK marketing or suggesting CBD products for animal use is not permitted by the Veterinary Medicines Directorate (VMD) unless you have the correct marketing authorisation. This does not mean that products for animal use are prohibited it simply means that they are regulated.

Who are the VMD?

The Veterinary Medicines Directorate is an Executive Agency of the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs seeking to protect public health, animal health, the environment and promoting animal welfare by assuring the safety, quality and efficacy of veterinary medicines in the United Kingdom.

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What are the VMD responsible for? 1. The assessment, issue and maintenance of all national Marketing Authorisations for veterinary medicines in accordance with European Community and UK legislation; 2. Acting as rapporteur/co-rapporteur or reference member state/concerned member state for designated European applications for centralised or decentralised authorisations; 3. Controls on the manufacture and distribution of veterinary medicinal products including inspections; 4. Pharmacovigilance through the surveillance of suspected adverse reactions (SARs), through the Suspected Adverse Reaction Surveillance Scheme (SARSS) - veterinary surgeons fill in form VLM252A; 5. Surveillance for residues of veterinary medicines in animals and animal products; 6. The provision and implementation of policy advice on these matters to the Health and Agriculture Ministers who jointly form the Licensing Authority for veterinary medicines under the Medicines Act 1968; 7. The management of the Research & Development (R&D) programme linked to veterinary medicine issues; and 8. The co-ordination of Defraâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s work in the area of antimicrobial resistance via the DARC Group, including development of a Government Veterinary Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance Strategy.


COMPLIANCE

What is the VMDs official stance on CBD products for animals? On the 14th September 2018 the VMD issued the following statement regarding veterinary medicinal products containing cannabidiol.

We consider that veterinary products containing Cannabidiol (CBD) are veterinary medicines and should be regulated as such. We have made this decision on the basis that products containing CBD fulfil the following definition of a veterinary medicine in the Veterinary Medicines Regulations (VMR) by virtue of the effects they have: any substance or combination of substances that may be used in, or administered to, animals with a view either to restoring, correcting or modifying physiological functions by exerting a pharmacological, immunological or metabolic action, or to making a medical diagnosis.

Ah but if I donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t make any medicinal claims, I could market CBD products for animal use? The simple answer is NO: Any and all CBD products for animals now require a marketing authorisation before they can be sold or supplied in the UK. At the time of writing this, no company possesses one. There are no authorised veterinary CBD products for animals. In the absence of this, to meet the clinical needs of an animal, veterinary surgeons are allowed to prescribe legally obtained, human CBD under the provisions of the prescribing cascade. Companies cannot market or suggest their products are suitable for pet use

Administration of an unauthorised product containing CBD without a veterinary prescription is an offence under Regulation 8 of the VMR. Companies supplying CBD products for human use in line with the requirements of the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) must not indicate or recommend their products for use on animals. as per VMD guidelines.

The Veterinary Medicines Regulations (VMR) states that

No person may place any veterinary medicinal product on the market unless that product has been granted a marketing authorisation by the Secretary of State or the Agency.

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COMPLIANCE

What does it mean to be considered as a veterinary medicine? 1. Medicinal by presentation – in that it gives the averagely well-informed person the impression that it treats, cures or otherwise influences a disease state (i.e. the manufacturer says it does something). This is why most food supplements and tonics, for example, do not state that they treat disease – just that they may “support animals with” a condition. 2. Medicinal by function – in that it has a significant and measurable effect on the body (i.e. it actually does do something).

So, any product or active ingredient that meets either of these criteria comes under the regulation of the VMD. If a product is ineffective, and does nothing at all, the VMD aren’t interested unless the manufacturer is defrauding their customers by claiming that it does. On the other hand, if it does work, then it definitely comes under their purview.

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How do you obtain marketing authorisation? Applying for marketing authorisation can be a very costly and a difficult process. You must be able to provide evidence that: 1. It must work as claimed. This is achieved through not one but a whole series of trials. 2. It must be safe from an ingredient and application perspective. This applies to varying doses for each species.

The point of regulation is to establish proven benefits, identify and mitigate risks. People should not have to rely on advertising hype from sellers. More information can be found in Veterinary Medicines Guidance Note No 2.


COMPLIANCE

Why have the VMD come to this decision? The VMD considers that cannabidiol is “medicinal by function” – in other words, they have concluded that it does in fact have a clinical effect on animal’s bodies. The reasons behind this sudden change in opinion are not immediately clear, but there are some major factors: 1. There is a great deal of interest in cannabidiol’s therapeutic properties in human medicine – even the World Health Organisation (WHO) has now issued a formal review of it. There is actually a cannabidiol medication licensed for use in humans for some types of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) and if a drug has a biological effect on one mammal species (humans), it is likely to have effects (if not exactly the same) on other distantly related species (such as dogs or cats). It would be rather perverse for the VMD to claim it was ineffective in animals when the WHO is citing animal studies in their research.

What happens if I breach the VMD guidelines? The VMD of all government departments is one of the least hesitant to act. They have direct and effective powers as an agency of DEFRA. Any company that markets any products for animal use without the appropriate marketing authorisation will be contacted by the VMD directly. The VMD do not hold any bars when it comes to compliance, they will enforce. And quickly. They will work with you until they are satisfied that their guidelines are

met. Failure to comply will result in an initial notice. If compliance isn’t achieved, prosecution will follow. Penalties include unlimited fines, seizure of goods and/or custodial sentences. If you wish to apply for marketing authorisation the VMD will continue to provide regulatory guidance to any company wishing to apply for a marketing authorisation.

2. As a result of several high-profile cases of children with epileptic disorders whose symptoms were reportedly alleviated by cannabis-based medications, in November 2018 the UK government announced a relaxation of the regulations around these products– this is probably part of that process. 3. Increasing numbers of animal owners are sourcing cannabidiol as a “nutritional supplement” but are using it to treat disease, in some cases apparently without veterinary input. This is seen as a concern for animal welfare, because products manufactured as food supplements are not as well-regulated as medicines which have a potent active ingredient.

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COMPLIANCE

BROAD SPECTRUM FULL SPECTRUM &

What should it mean?

Sometimes, to write an article you must write about the journey that’s got you to the point of offering an opinion. This is one of those very topics, so when I was offered the opportunity to write about this confusing area of the supplemental market, I grabbed it with both hands. Before my appointment as the member point of contact for the CTA, I was the same as anyone else… searching for definition. After all you’re a more effective salesperson when you know just what it is you’re selling. Let me rewind to 2009 (ish) when I was becoming more aware of cannabinoids in general. Everyone knew of THC but a large percentage of those people knew it as just that, no delta 9, 8, acid form or otherwise. There was an awakening of sorts, at the very least within my friend circles anyway as I was become more of an advocate for cannabis than I had ever been. This seemed like a natural progression for me as up until this point it was rare to see me without rizla, or far away from a grow tent. As life progressed, I got to a point where I met my good lady wife and our attentions turned to hemp. This was when everything seemed to make sense, mainly because it was husband and wife, both on the same mission of discovery and adventure. A chance meeting with a hippie from Totnes through Gumtree was all we needed to convince ourselves that this was ‘what the universe wanted’.

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The universe wasn’t giving anything away for free though, she made us work, sweat and possibly lose a few millimetres of hairline on the way. The most memorable time was trying to understand the milligram to millilitre level. I’m not ashamed to say that I was in bottom set maths at school and my wife isn’t great with numbers either, so it took a

few explanations for it to sink in. It was at this time that we thought we understood the difference between full and broad-spectrum CBD solutions... I mean come on, one has and the other hasn’t got THC delta 9 in, right? So fast forward to September 2018, I was offered a job with the Cannabis Trades Association and I thought I was in the best place to fill in the gaps in my knowledge. Admittedly I had a large feeling of what is known as imposter syndrome because I could point out a thousand people who I thought were more suited to the job, but I got over that with time as the people I was talking to educated me more so than the help I feel I provided as a result of my position. Brilliant, right? Well yes and no. Yes, I have access to something that could be viewed as a hive mind. A great big database of knowledge and experience all working towards a safer industry. No, because we’re a young industry and there’s still a few things that need defining because the wider industry is riding away from the fact that there’s no certainty, not that’s rubberstamped anyway. So now we’re at March of 2019, there’s an Expo on the horizon and a member company has highlighted a US company who’re advertising an isolate based product as broad spectrum. Surely not, I hear you say? Yes, what’s more I then saw that company at the Expo as well as a host of others. My wife and I (Team Jones) had a little snoop about and after talks with other companies and attendees we realised there was a level of vagueness and uncertainty that I hadn’t encountered since my father shaved his moustache off in 1990, he’d had it for the first 14 years of my life and I’d just watched Invasion of the Body Snatchers.


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Since the Expo, there’s been a few enquiries about full and broad spectrum that has made me uncertain in my own opinion, so I took the initiative and approached a US company. The answers that I got from them suggested that they weren’t certain too, but they confirmed that the US market accepted isolate products as broad spectrum which scared me, the US market is huge and if they haven’t got defining guidelines, you could effectively call a duck a rottweiler. So now we’re at the point of this article, the chief threw a list up and let us fight it out over the topics, but this was the one that had my name written all over it. It was meant for me, mainly because I think if anyone else wrote this you might be looking for their business ties but as I have none and as such I’m looking for definition in the market due to my job, not a definition for marketing purposes. My first port of call for this was everyone’s favourite cannabinoid specialist, Professor Mike Barnes. I asked what his thoughts where on the classifications, to which he replied that they’re not used in his area as he deals with FECO (Full Extract Cannabis Oil) or isolates. This drew me to the conclusion that full and broad spectrum were terms that only existed in the supplemental product marketplace as they’re never really mentioned in the recreational sense where THC delta 9 and CBD are the 2 main considerations. After this, it was time to ask the membership on their views. It was no surprise to me that a trusted CEO of a well-known brand was the only one to offer a confident opinion, but the problem I had was the customer, most importantly how to keep it simple for them. We expanded on the conversation; we discussed the presence of narrow spectrum products on the market.

This drew me to the conclusion that full and broad spectrum were terms that only existed in the supplemental product marketplace as they’re never really mentioned in the recreational sense where THC delta 9 and CBD are the 2 main considerations.

FULL SPECTRUM: A full representation of cannabinoids, THC delta 9 is present. BROAD SPECTRUM: Everything other than THC. NARROW SPECTRUM: No more than 4 cannabinoids.

We asked for the chairman of the CTA for his 2 pence worth and the conversation always came back to 2 things, the lack of an accepted definition and the need for one that makes sense... something uncomplicated.

These should be at detectable levels, mainly because if you have a full spectrum product, there shouldn’t be non-detectable cannabinoids (NDC) in it. If the tested product has NDC’s, can it accurately be described as full spectrum? or broad for that matter if it’s not just THC delta 9 that isn’t showing on the tests.

I mentioned the milligrams and millilitres confusion earlier; I get many calls asking for an easy definition. It throws a lot of people off so I do believe that adding levels of ‘broad this’ and ‘full that’ will not make life any easier in understanding what they’re buying, and as it’s all about the customer I propose a simplified and accepted definition.

We as an industry must be as transparent as possible, so that the customer can make an informed choice without being bombarded by terms that are made up by that industry, which is exactly what the broad and narrow spectrum tags are. We must make it easy so on behalf of the consumer, I’d like to ask that we make it so.

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SO WHY IS ISOLATE NOT ALLOWED IN ITEMS WE LEGALLY HAVE TO SELL AS FOODS AND THE NOVEL FOODS SITUATION... So, First of all

A history lesson. Way back in 2016 before most of you entered the industry, the MHRA stepped in and got upset regarding oils and other items in the cannabis industry sold as medicines. You make any claims inferred or definitive that your products are medicines and you need a licence. It’s that simple.

isolates should not be used in foods... drops, edibles, anything you ingest. We’re afraid it’s blatantly not true.

So, it falls down (as many things in the industry do) to definition.

The CTA kept CBD on the shelves then, as it works to do every single day. We sell as a food, the same way as you would sell a lemon or a cabbage. Failure to do so will ultimately result in your business being forced to comply by the authorities, shut down or apply for a medicines licence.

The facts are that like most cannabinoids, CBD crystallises, it actively excludes itself from other cannabinoids and becomes essentially pure all on its own when the conditions are correct for it to do so. Those conditions vary, but it’s generally accepted that there’s no way to stop it crystallising once you get to around 80% concentration, at least not without adding in a stabiliser of some sort.

Is it fair?

Well no, maybe not, but until we as an industry have enough evidential data (and I mean actual data, anecdotal experience is NOT data) we cannot ask for the EU to approve any health claims as you have for Vitamin C for example. Before we even get to that point, the fact is the industry must clean itself up. Compliance is a big word here and it refers not to just the way products are sold and presented, but also doing so honestly. A few weeks ago, we saw something put out by another body... (mentioning no names) they had said that the CTA had put it out there amongst the manufacturers that

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We cannot possibly argue that CBD on its own is Novel, it simply couldn’t be isolated in Europe before May 1997. That’s absolute fact. Indeed, CBD itself wasn’t really isolated in any great quantity until at least 2013 and was only really available in its pure form from around 2010.

At this point CBD becomes Novel, we cannot argue that fact.

Back in May of 2017

We were invited to the FSA to discuss the Novel Entry for Cannabidiol. Due to harmonisation the FSA asked us to help come up with what was and what was not Novel. We helped the FSA define their position on Novel by ensuring that the widest possible number of products could continue to be sold, giving them the knowledge to make an informed decision.

We agreed this point with the FSA in December 2017 after discussing for nearly 6 months. We agree with the definition and all CTA members removed isolate products by May 2018 as agreed. It isn’t an MHRA issue, it’s not a Home Office issue. It’s a Food Crimes issue and the FSA has a legal right, and most would say duty to prosecute any company selling isolate based products from May the 1st 2018.


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So, all is good yes?

Well no, not really... the definition in the Novel Foods Register was altered after several incarnations in January 2019 by the Working Group. It now reads...

Please consult the entry “cannabinoids” Which reads

The hemp plant (Cannabis sativa L.) contains a number of cannabinoids and the most common ones are as follows: delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9-THC), its precursor in hemp, delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinolic acid A (Δ 9-THCA-A), delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinolic acid B (Δ 9-THCA-B), delta-8-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ8-THC), cannabidiol (CBD), its precursor in hemp cannabidiolic acid (CBDA), cannabigerol (CBG), cannabinol (CBN), cannabichromene (CBC), and delta-9-tetrahydrocannabivarin (Δ9-THCV). Without prejudice to the information provided in the novel food catalogue for the entry relating to Cannabis sativa L., extracts of Cannabis sativa L. and derived products containing cannabinoids are considered novel foods as a history of consumption has not been demonstrated. This applies to both the extracts themselves and any products to which they are added as an ingredient (such as hemp seed oil). This also applies to extracts of other plants containing cannabinoids. Synthetically obtained cannabinoids are considered as novel

So technically ALL cannabinoid extracts are now Novel in Foods, which clearly is not going to work for the industry. Because the NFR is not legally binding it comes down to the approach in each country, and countries are “expected” to enforce against the catalogue. However, herein is the problem. In Europe we sold around €480m of “CBD” products, technically generating around €100m in tax around Europe.

And this is before we come to distillates. Distillation is as defined by Wikipedia

Distillation is the process of separating the components or substances from a liquid mixture by using selective boiling and condensation. Distillation may result in essentially complete separation (nearly pure components), or it may be a partial separation that increases the concentration of selected components in the mixture. In either case, the process exploits differences in the relative volatility of the mixture's components. In industrial chemistry, distillation is a unit operation of practically universal importance, but it is a physical separation process, not a chemical reaction.

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We’re sure the solution we’ve been given and are pursuing will result in not having to go through a Novel Application (remember you can’t even submit one in the UK at present until Brexit is dealt with and ultimately ensure that enforcement action (which is going to start happening) can be stopped effectively.

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According to several reports we can easily prove that distillation was taking place at least 3000 years ago. Which causes us an issue. The process is clearly not Novel in any way, we’ve almost certainly been distilling cannabis extracts for many years, but a lack of complete historical data with respect to foods is sadly lacking. These days it’s not unusual to see “distillates” on the market that are well over 85% which as mentioned before is where CBD will naturally crystallise. The normal way of stabilising these is to add an antioxidant to the distillate, but it’s been proven that adding a relatively small amount of MCT can sometimes achieve this, we’ve also seen (and continue to see) distillates that are actually isolates which have been mixed back to a very viscous liquid, without access to UHPLC its almost impossible to tell. It’s fair to say however that most of these products over 85% are unarguably Novel. So, they too would be prohibited for sale. We as the CTA don’t actually argue this position, for a couple of reasons, firstly, we simply couldn’t make these 10 years ago, let alone 22 and secondly the lack of data on how many of these products are actually manufactured. There are a number of Novel applications with EFSA at present, let’s wait for the outcome of these applications until we make a decision. Until this time isolates and indeed anything over 85% in CBD concentration should and will remain off the list from which products can be made. Let’s face it, we all know that full or broad spectrum is far more natural and far more effective. Let us as an industry start ensuring we are compliant when it comes to our products.

Having spoken to 14 food authorities face to face and of course all 28 in the Working Groups, we’re sure that there is a way forward, the UK FSA are insisting of course that the only way to deal with Novel Foods is to submit an application. Of course, if you are prepared to shut down your business for at least a year (and more likely 2-3) then you could do so. But the CTA has been working with the group for so long now that we’ve been offered a simpler, easier route, which is underway now (keep an eye out for an announcement late in August). It revolves of course around compliance and is being presented to all the relevant authorities across Europe, so now more than ever its important that we, as the voice of the industry in Europe can show that you are compliant. We’re sure the solution we’ve been given and are pursuing will result in not having to go through a Novel Application (remember you can’t even submit one in the UK at present until Brexit is dealt with and ultimately ensure that enforcement action (which is going to start happening) can be stopped effectively. Indeed, the CTA has prevented 8 “stop” notices in the UK being enforced against, and most Trading Standards officers now contact the CTA before considering this course of action. If that fails, of course, we have the best legal teams in Europe working on our behalf, Robert Jappie of Mackrell Turner and Aymen Khoury of Field Fisher. No one else can claim to have such specialists on board as part of their team, making us eminently better represented with a total of 90 countries, 200 offices and over 10,000 lawyers, barristers and associates at ours and our Members disposal.

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WATER SOLUBLE CBD AND WHAT EVERY EU SELLER SHOULD KNOW TO REMAIN COMPLIANT

Introduction:

This is an introduction to water-soluble CBD and everything you need to know as a responsible seller. We will go into what types of water-soluble products there are, which are legal and why. Even if you are using a compliant raw material, you could leave yourself liable to criminal prosecution. Water-soluble CBD has a list of undeniable benefits. Our bodies are 75% water (polar) and CBD is an oil (non-polar). As a result, the absorption of CBD by the human body is limited because oil and water don’t mix. As with many other vitamins and supplements, the encapsulation of oil-based compounds increases their bioavailability and you can get much higher absorptions rates from a water-soluble product over its oil counterpart. When CBD oil is consumed orally, very little CBD is actually absorbed by your body. Most of the beneficial compounds completely bypass your blood system. Due to the body’s ability to soak up the benefits of water-soluble products like a sponge, and consumers becoming wiser to the cost saving benefits of consuming CBD in this way, it’s no wonder water-soluble products have seen a rise in popularity in recent years.

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While the benefits are clear, the legalities that surround many products on the market are one of the biggest concerns that currently face the CBD industry in the UK and Europe. Though there are only a couple of suppliers here in Europe producing water-soluble material, many resellers using these products are failing the presentational compliance required by EU Food Law.

Our bodies are 75% water (polar) and CBD is an oil (non-polar). As a result, the absorption of CBD by the human body is limited because oil and water don’t mix.


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What is a Water-Soluble CBD Product? It should be a stable emulsion of oil in water, which are tiny droplets of oil suspended in water.

So how does an emulsifier help?

Before we proceed, it is essential to understand that while emulsions are possible with agitation only, over a short amount of time they will separate into their polar and no polar counterparts.

Oil is Hydrophobic – it repels water.

A good example of this would be to take a jam jar, fill it half way with water and put a couple of drops of oil in there. Shake it vigorously and the solution will turn milky white, but wait! A while later you will slowly see the tiny oil particles joining together and the solution separating, leaving the oil floating on the top of the water.

Water is Hydrophilic – it’s attracted to water.

Getting oil to mix into water is no easy task and is only achievable with a surfactant, or more commonly known as an emulsifier. Emulsifiers are amphiphilic, having a hydrophilic head and a hydrophobic tail. The positive head of the emulsifier is attracted to the hydrophobic oil particle, leaving negative tail encapsulation it forms a negative ring which is attracted to the hydrophilic water particles. Take that jam jar and add some washing up liquid (your emulsifier) and shake it some more! This time you will see that the solution will remain stable. The emulsion now remains stable with the bonds that are provided by the emulsifier, which ultimately restricts the particles from attracting to each other and recombining.

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So that’s what they are, now what do you need to know... 1) Nano Emulsion or Micro Emulsion: First up, let’s hit the complex science bit... What is the difference, what’s legal and what’s not? To cut a long story short, Nano Emulsions are illegal in Europe and Micro Emulsions are not.

So, what is a Nano Emulsion? It is an emulsion of oil in water where the oil particles are less than 100 nanometres in diameter, generally these types of products can be identified by their clarity. Due to their particle size being so small within the solution you can’t even see them. EU Food Law states that any food product that uses a process to reduce the size of particles below 100 nanometres would be classified as Novel under the Novel Foods Act.

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The process used to create Nano emulsions is sonification. This is the utilisation of sonic vibrations that breaks the particle size below 100 nanometres. At this size it remains stable and the particles do not recombine and separate from the polar solvents (water) in the solution.

What is a Micro Emulsion? A micro emulsion is an emulsion where the particle sizes are between 100 nanometres and 1000 nanometres. Unlike Nano emulsions, micro emulsions are not completely transparent. Depending on the concentration of CBD in the aqueous solution, the clarity will go from an undetectable slightly cloudy water to an opaque milky white. So, if Nano emulsions are created using sonification, how are micro emulsions made?

Firstly, you need to agitate the solution just as you would with the sonification, but not so rigorously! A basic micro emulsion can be achieved with a whisk... and a fair bit of effort. To sum it up, to stay legal you need to verify with your supplier that the product you are purchasing is not a Nano emulsion. Currently, the majority of products from the US are Nano and would not be permitted for use in food. You must perform the due diligence as a food business operator to ensure your products are complaint.

To sum it up, to stay legal you need to verify with your supplier that the product you are purchasing is not a Nano emulsion.


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2) Bioavailability Claims & False Representation: £10 x the bioavailability of oil 100% bioavailable This 5% is the equivalent of 50% oil This practice is in breach of the Trades Descriptions Act. If you don’t have the data. Don’t make the claim. It’s as simple as that! There have been studies into the bioavailability increase achieved with other compounds, such as vitamins. However, there is no relevant data to show the increased bioavailability from micro emulsions of CBD. Just because your competitors have it on their website, doesn’t mean that its carte blanche to use as well. If it cannot be supported with evidence. You cannot say it.

“But who’s going to know...?” You may be thinking of ignoring this advice and continue to make false claims... The law does not get much simpler than this. The law provides protection for consumers not to be duped by unscrupulous businesses. This is not just unethical, but it is illegal. Unless you can back up your claim with credible evidence, you’re breaking the law.

What you can do, is be clever with the wording of the claim you’re trying to make...

“Designed for the maximum absorption of CBD”, or “developed for increased bioavailability”. These factual claims can be made if they are true!

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3) Know Your Ingredients

From a compliance and risk point of view, the most important of all doâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s and donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ts is ensuring you are listing the correct ingredients in your water-soluble product. There are many products on the market using compliant water-soluble material that fail to list the full ingredients. This carries massive risks, not just for you, but the consumer too! One of the main emulsifiers used for the creation of water-soluble products is derived from a known allergen. We have seen some of the biggest suppliers be completely unaware that an ingredient in their products is classed as an allergen. As such you would need to not only have the emulsifier listed on the ingredients, but

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it would need to be in bold. Also, unless you have rock solid cross contamination procedures in place, all products you sell would need to carry a warning i.e. may contain name of allergen.

Make sure you list all the correct ingredients on your products. This means if you have a water-soluble extract in your formulations you need full disclosure from your supplier regarding the ingredients.

Should you not get this complex part of food labelling law correct and a member of the public was to have an adverse reaction, recent cases in the media have demonstrated that ignorance is no defence.

Listing these ingredients as, Water-Soluble Hemp Extract, Aqua CBD Oil or CBD Active... is not just a massive commercial risk, but against food labelling regulations.

With food operators being convicted of manslaughter and spending 6 years at her majestyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s pleasure. This is one mistake you do not want to make. Your responsibility to get this right is not just an ethical one, or even one that will have financial repercussions. You could be criminally liable if you get this wrong.

You must list all the active ingredients of the water-soluble extract, this will include the emulsifier, and other ingredients that are used to develop the formulation. If you are looking to stock a water-soluble CBD product, make sure the first question you ask for is a full ingredients list, this is including the emulsifier that is used.


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4) Stability, Stability, Stability

Stability is paramount when you are looking for a reliable source of water-soluble material to use in your products. The fundamental basis for the benefits in an oil in water suspension is that it remains stable. It is essential that the emulsion does not separate, before it is absorbed by the body. Or you might as well be taking ordinary CBD oil orally.

After mixing the water-soluble CBD into water, you take a sample from the top layer and the bottom layer. As oil is less dense than water, it will float to the top. We tested the products in intervals, one test after 5 minutes and another test after 1 hour.

became quite clear early on that most, if not all other products on the market are completely unstable.

When comparing the formulation to other EU compliant water-soluble products it

Soâ&#x20AC;Ś50%:50% would be a completely stable solution.

To achieve 100% stability, we expect to see the concentration of CBD on the top layer to match the bottom layer.

Through the development of our products and the analytical testing of others on the market, stability is the biggest issue that many products fail on. The process for testing stability is quite simple and has been the benchmark that underpins the formulation process.

To achieve 100% stability, we expect to see the concentration of CBD on the top layer to match the bottom layer. Soâ&#x20AC;Ś50%:50% would be a completely stable solution.

As you can see, the results are quite shocking. These products do not do what they should do. We are now seeing new products enter the market from the USA. While there are concerns over the use of Nano technology and levels of controlled substances, we hope that we will see better levels of stability. There is only one way to make an informed purchasing decision, and that is to have the supporting data to back up the efficiency of the products.

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THE FIRST FLOWER PROSECUTION IN THE UK AND WHY IT HAPPENEDâ&#x20AC;Ś Legal whole flowers and the Loch Ness monster have a lot in common, both non-existent but highly enduring myths. Each has an army of emphatic followers who firmly believe in them, contrary to evidence that says otherwise. A browser search does nothing to resolve the situation.

A landmark UK first conviction for selling CBD flower puts the matter firmly to bed. Mark Rivers owner of the Mushroom Headshop and CBD Botanicals shop has become the recipient of that dubious honour. An important precedent has been set. Victim of ignorance or savvy profiteer? If you believe Rivers, he didnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t know any better. After reviewing all the information at hand, the more cynical amongst us may suspect the latter. Flouting the law along with many others who mistakenly believe pleading ignorance is a get out of jail free card.

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Misguided beliefs offer no immunity. You will still be prosecuted. Rivers declared on his Facebook page that he didnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t mind doing time in prison for a good cause and fighting for our rights. These noble intentions were soon abandoned when he realised this was not going to go away. In truth, the greater good is not selling illegal products that bring the entire industry into disrepute. It serves only to undo the hard work that has been done by every responsible company throughout the sector who strive to self regulate and bring credibility to the CBD industry.

Despite previous threats of protests, petitions and touting the popular falsehood that the low THC content did not amount to an offence, it finally dawned on Rivers that this was not an adequate defence and rather than go to trial he pleaded guilty to possession with intent to sell, providing full details of his supplier. There are no loopholes or grey areas no matter what your supplier tries to tell you.

Rule number one, never take legal advice from the person who stands to profit from you. They have no concern beyond getting you to part with your cash. Once you purchase illegal goods, it is your responsibility alone and you that will face enforcement. Trust the professionals. Miss Hitchens, a Home Office expert, sent a statement of proof that hemp flower is, in fact, a controlled drug no matter what the THC content is.

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This removes any shadow of doubt and leaves no place to hide, flowers and bud are illegal. It can’t be stressed enough and the CTA have been saying it repeatedly for years. It is not legal, you cannot sell it. Do so and risk seizure of goods and assets, fines and/or legal procedure with the possibility of imprisonment. Misuse of Drugs Act 1971, section 37: [F1“cannabis” (except in the expression “cannabis resin”) means any plant of the genus Cannabis or any part of any such plant (by whatever name designated) except that it does not include cannabis resin or any of the following products after separation from the rest of the plant, namely— (a)mature stalk of any such plant, (b)fibre produced from mature stalk of any such plant, and (c)seed of any such plant;

The top two pieces of misinformation dispensed to justify the legitimacy of flowers and bud are: FICTION It’s hemp therefore legal FACT Hemp or Marijuana, they are both plants of the genus. Cannabis and the law makes no distinction between the two. Cannabis is a class B drug. FICTION If it contains below 0.2% THC content it’s legal. FACT THC levels are irrelevant, it is the part of the plant that makes it illegal. Only seed and stalk become non-controlled, once separated from the plant and therefore legal. Everything else remains a controlled Class B drug and carries severe penalties.

Penalties: • The maximum penalty for possession of cannabis is five years imprisonment. A magistrate's court can also impose a fine of up to £2,500. • If you're prosecuted for supplying or producing, the maximum prison sentence is 14 years.

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Rivers was duly charged with possession with intent to supply a Class B drug, namely cannabis. This resulted in a fine, which under the circumstances was deemed to be a very lenient sentence and one that he wisely decided not to appeal. In addition, failure to pay the fine within 3 months would result in an instant two-month incarceration. Any future offences relevant to this will lead to further severe punishment. The judgement was based on the amount found, approx 7.76 grams and the amount earned. Anyone found with over 30 grams will face much stiffer penalties and custodial sentences. The police can and will investigate sales to determine how much has been sold and earned. While this was a UK first, a nationwide crackdown is taking place, we can expect to see more of these cases appearing. Yes, laws are outdated and need reviewing but we will only effect change by working

alongside the authorities, professionally and within legal parameters. Irresponsible companies like the Mushroom Headshop and fellow high profile case, Canna Kitchen, risk undoing the steady progress that has been made and it jeopardises an industry in its infancy. Disturbingly, both attempted to claim the goods they sold were the same as every other legitimate CBD business in the area such as Holland and Barrett. A very poor tactic indeed and the last resort to try and tar everyone with the same brush in a bid to save themselves, regardless of the wider ramifications. This case serves as a stark warning to other potential sellers of flower and bud. Simply put, don’t do it. Indeed Rivers himself has learned the hard way and appears to have turned over a new leaf, so to speak. He now encourages other sellers to operate within the law and avoid prosecution. Sound advice.


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SPORT

COMPETING WITH THE ELITE

WHY THC FREE PRODUCTS ARE

A GAME CHANGER FOR ATHLETES January 2018 marked the beginning of CBD use in

professional sports when the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) removed CBD from its Banned Substance list. The potential benefits of CBD have captured the imagination of the sporting community ever since, and over the last 18 months the demand for CBD in sport has grown. My Saracens teammate Dom Day and I started taking CBD oil after suffering sporting injuries in early 2018 and both found that it helped us maintain active lifestyles during the highs and lows of our rugby careers. Having experienced the benefits of CBD oil first-hand, we decided to set up a company that created safe, high-quality CBD products for the sports market; fourfivecbd was born.

Athletes are often steered towards opioid based pain killers, sleeping pills and non-steroidal anti-inflammatories (all potentially addictive and harmful products), so an organic alternative to these has been seen by many as an attractive proposition. There have been countless personal testimonies of CBD aiding recovery but a lack of understanding about regulation

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means CBD is still met with some skepticism. The understandable fear for professional athletes is that they will fail a drug test, which can result in a lengthy two-year suspension. By regulation of the Home Office, the UK requires zero THC concentration levels in consumer products and concentration levels below 0.2% at seed and cultivation. A standard athlete drug test requires that absolutely no THC is found in a given sample. However, it is difficult for athletes and tested individuals to know if the products they are putting in their bodies are 100% THC free. Testing for THC is not rigorously enforced and can mean that brands without affiliation to regulatory trade associations can misrepresent products and mislead consumers. So, we made it our mission to create an officially recognised and certified 0% THC product for other professional athletes. After scouring the globe for a dietary supplement testing lab, we partnered with the Banned Substance Control Group. BSCG is a lab which not only tests for THC but also for the cross-contamination of over 400 banned substances; matching Informed Sport’s strict

testing methods. We are proud to announce that BSCG have awarded fourfivecbd with a Certified Hemp rosette; the gold-standard for a Drug-Free CBD product; which means we have produced the world’s first certified 0% THC CBD oil. No athlete should risk their career by taking a product unapproved by a gold-standard testing body, so we make sure every single batch we create is BSCG tested. At fourfivecbd we also offer full-spectrum oils, balms and capsules and take every measure necessary, from seed to shelf, to offer high quality CBD products for everyone and anyone looking to maintain their active lifestyle. Sport is for all, and if CBD can help keep people get on the field, in the pool, on the court or in the gym for two more minutes, hours or years, we’ve done a good job.

George Kruis fourfivecbd - co-founder


SPORT

“Sport is for all, and if CBD can help keep people on the field, in the pool, on the court or in the gym for two more minutes, hours or years, we’ve done a good job

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ARTICLE

CBD black& in

WE ASK REAKIRO’S HEAD OF EUROPEAN SALES, SAM KEARLEY TO SPEAK “TRUTHS” ABOUT AN INDUSTRY THAT IS VERY GREY.

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ARTICLE TELL US YOUR IMPRESSION OF THE CBD MARKET AT THIS TIME?

T

GROWING

HARVESTING

REAKIRO IS ONE OF THE FEW EUROPEAN MANUFACTURERS WHO CAN CONSISTENTLY TRACE THE ENTIRE PRODUCT LIFECYCLE FROM SEED TO SHELF

EXTRACTING

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WHATâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;S THE BIGGEST CONFUSION YOU ENCOUNTER WHEN TALKING TO CLIENTS AND CUSTOMERS?

REFINING

TESTING

&white -

WHAT IS THE MOST IMPORTANT THING TO LOOK FOR IN A SUPPLIER OF CBD?

WHAT IS THE #1 THING YOU WOULD TELL ANYONE LOOKING TO JUMP INTO THE CBD BUSINESS?

Any supplier of CBD should be able to explain in great detail the processes behind their production, quality control and testing protocols. They should share the knowledge and be eager to educate, so be sure to ask a lot of questions! Any potential supplier who cannot, or will not, discuss the inner workings of their production and quality control mechanisms is likely to be hiding something.

-

-

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ARTICLE

Stuart McKenzie

CEO Reakiro

Sergiy Kovalenkov CEO Hempire

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ARTICLE AS A CBD MANUFACTURER, WHY HAVE YOU ALSO DECIDED TO GET INTO THE HOUSING INDUSTRY?

WHAT EXACTLY DOES HEMPIRE DO? SERGIY: HEMPIRE

DO YOU BELIEVE THAT CONSUMERS ARE READY TO ADOPT YOUR PRODUCTS?

HAVE ANY HOUSES BEEN BUILT USING YOUR PRODUCTS?

WHO IS THE PERFECT CUSTOMER FOR HEMPIRE? ,

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ARTICLE

LEGALITY IN THE UK AN UPDATE

Cannabis Law is a funny business. There is not actually an awful lot of it to learn and yet it remains incredibly complex.

Cannabis is a new sector and the law and regulation relevant to the industry is limited to say the least. However, there is still a great deal of misinformation out there. You can speak to five different people on the same issue and receive five different interpretations. In fact, there are respectable organisations actively promoting incorrect legal positions due to a fundamental misunderstanding of how the law in this sector works. Take for example the 02%/1mg rules set out in the Misuse of Drugs Regulations 2001 (“MDR”), and which provide the legal mechanism for Hemp Oil products with a minor THC content to be lawfully produced and sold in the UK. I concede that this is a complex piece of legislation, which requires extensive consideration to be able to interpret it correctly. The Home Office did their best to assist with their ‘Factsheet’ document issued in January of this year. Despite this guidance, many in positions of responsibility fail to understand how this legislation works. So let’s go through it now.

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Under the MDR, it is legal in the UK to cultivate Hemp plants provided you have a licence to do so. This licence would be granted by the Home Office, and would set out the conditions for cultivation. One important condition is that only EU approved strains of the hemp plant can be used for cultivation. These strains are considered ‘low-THC’ varieties of the hemp plant.

THC is a controlled substance in the UK and therefore it is illegal to possess it unless you have a Controlled Drug Licence. However, the MDR states that it is ok to cultivate hemp plants without the need for a Controlled Drug Licence as the THC yield from the EU approved strains will be 0.2% or less.

Regulation 2 of the MDR takes things further. It confirms that, in the right circumstances, such products will be considered ‘exempt’ from control, notwithstanding their controlled drug content. The ‘Exempt Product Criteria’ is set out at Regulation 2 and states:

“…..“exempt product” means a preparation or other product consisting of one or more component parts, any of which contains a controlled drug, where— (a) (b)

(c)

the preparation or other product is not designed for administration of the controlled drug to a human being or animal; the controlled drug in any component part is packaged in such a form, or in combination with other active or inert substances in such a manner, that it cannot be recovered by readily applicable means or in a yield which constitutes a risk to health; and no one component part of the product or preparation contains more than one milligram of the controlled drug or one microgram in the case of lysergide or any other N-alkyl derivative of lysergamide;”


ARTICLE

By fulfilling all three limbs, a hemp oil preparation will be an ‘exempt product’.

Robert Jappie- Head of Cannabis Law Mackrell Turner Garrett

Hemp oil products are designed to administer CBD, which is not a controlled drug. Hemp oil is not designed to administer THC, which is a controlled drug. Therefore a Hemp oil preparation with less than 0.2% THC will meet part (a) of the exempt product criteria, because the product is not designed to administer a controlled drug. The level of THC therein is so low that there is no psychoactive effect. Furthermore, as long at the THC content cannot be readily recovered from the hemp oil preparation then part (b) will also be satisfied. Finally, part (c) provides an upper limit on the amount of THC allowed. The Home Office has provided their interpretation to be a maximum of 1mg of THC allowed per container. Provided your hemp oil bottle has less than 1mg of THC suspended in it then part (c) will be satisfied.

Yes, it is complicated, but careful analysis provides a clear route to a lawful product with a minor THC component. Amazingly, there are many parties out there still propagating the myth that there is zero tolerance of THC in any hemp oil product. As recently as 12th July 2019, the National Pharmacy Association has published guidance on their website claiming exactly this. I have reviewed the correspondence between the NPA and the Home Office and it displays a failure by the NPA to understand the requirement for ‘intention’ in limb (a) of the exempt product criteria. If there is the intention to administer THC then the preparation in question will fail limb (a). There can be no intention to administer THC using a hemp oil product because the THC content is so low as to have no effect on the human body. Therefore limb (a) is passed.

before the courts would also be welcome. Regulation brings clarity to the industry, stability to the market, and confidence to the consumer.

I have no doubt that we will see important regulatory developments in the coming months that will allow the CBD sector to move forward and continue to grow, whilst protecting consumers and ensuring that only quality products are being sold. This industry is here to stay and the law needs to keep up.

Based on the Home Office interpretation of the law, the ‘exempt product criteria’ does apply to hemp oil preparations. However, although we can rely upon the Home Office interpretation of the current law for now, other areas within the cannabis sector need clarity. The Novel Food issue is a good example of that, as the uncertainty it creates continues to hang over the industry like a dark cloud. More engagement and guidance from the regulators is required. More test cases going

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ARTICLE

NO HALF MEASURES

Why the CBD industry should join the fight to relegalise ALL cannabis. By Simpa Carter

As I am sure the vast majority of you reading this will already be aware that cannabidiol (CBD) has exploded onto the UK market and into the collective consciousness of the British public in recent years. With thousands of online retailers, wholesalers, resellers, and white label companies popping up like weeds. It is difficult to turn around and not trip over another emerging brand seeking to capitalise on the continuing confusion around cannabis legislation and its incredible medicinal, industrial, and spiritually enlightening properties and uses. As with all wars, the first casualty is always the truth and the war on drugs is no exception. Nearly 50 years after the commencement of the war on cannabis and the average consumer remains as ignorant and confused as ever. The truth that has been so carefully hidden from the public is that there is no real difference between Hemp, Marijuana, skunk, cannabis etc.

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They are after all the same plant, Cannabis Sativa L. The only real difference is in the compounds this sub-genusâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; produce. Through decades of selective breeding, cannabis was divided into these arbitrary distinctions. Hemp became the name for tall plants typically Sativa that have thick fibrous stalks and stems with greatly reduced levels of cannabinoids, flavonoids, and terpenes. Whereas prohibition has lead to an increase of cannabinoids prominently THC in typically Indica strains that are being bred to be stronger and stronger â&#x20AC;&#x201C; a direct consequence of prohibition and over half a century of no regulation or consideration for the other compounds or the effects it could have on the end consumer.


ARTICLE

This is a firm kick in the teeth for activists, patients, and consumers that today still face 14 years locked away in a cage with rapists, murders, and paedophiles for daring to try and provide themselves with a plant that helps to improve their daily lives.

This division is alive and well today as increasingly we are seeing more CBD companies proliferate lies and propaganda about THC in an attempt to keep the more powerful cannabinoid from being made freely available to the public. This includes demonising THC, perpetuating the skunk myth, and declaring that their CBD is safe as its from Hemp and not from the dangerous demon plant cannabis, This is a firm kick in the teeth for activists, patients, and consumers that today still face 14 years locked away in a cage with rapists, murders, and paedophiles for daring to try and provide themselves with a plant that helps to improve their daily lives. The white-washing and gentrifying of the cannabis scene and especially the CBD industry is nothing new. Cannabis culture has been being co-opted for decades by allowing

middle-class white kids to freely consume while members of improvised and ethnic and minority communities still face extreme prejudice and discrimination. This has led to a postcode lottery in terms of whether you will be oppressed by the local constabulary for taking autonomy of your healthcare and well being. A quick snapshot of the British Cannabis industry shows that although CBD especially CBD derived from European hemp has gotten off to a good start, there is no doubt that it wonâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t outperform THC and whole plant products when the inevitable happens and cannabis is ubiquitously relegalised in the UK and across the world. Whether the decision comes from in Westminster or the United Nations secretariat building it is irrelevant as every single part of the cannabis plant will be globally relegalised. The full ubiquitous relegalisation of Cannabis is inevitable, it's just a matter of time.

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ARTICLE So if these companies had half of the integrity they claim to have then they would be funding campaigns and supporting activists and consumers to bring an end to ALL cannabis prohibition not actively prolonging it by perpetuating pernicious myths, lies, and propaganda about CBD and THC to ensure that their company/product remains relevant and profitable. As an activist and consultant, I work intimately in the industry so I am well aware of the price of wholesale and component products and the cost of base materials so to see some of these companies charging triple the average price on a sub-par product disgusts me. We are now seeing CBD infused, well everything. Companies are adding the minimum amount of CBD possible to everyday products and charging a

fortune for it while missing the point of taking it altogether. This seemingly ever-growing trend of adding CBD isolate to an ever-increasing array of weirder and weirder products doesn’t show any signs of slowing as in America, for example, you can now buy CBD infused pillowcases. “To aid in a restful nights sleep” To be honest you’d be far better off with some oxidised THC or CBN which is one of the most sedatory cannabinoids but is unfortunately criminalised as it is psychoactive. So is coffee yet there’s a Starbucks and Costa in every city in the country. The UK CBD market is potentially in serious trouble as rival self-appointed governing bodies have been formed and are fighting for dominance and

control of a minor market that will be dwarfed when cannabis is fully relegalised. The CBD scene in the UK is being handicapped by a handful of very well connected current and former politicians, lobbyists, venture capitalists, actorvists and criminals. Whose main aims are the complete and total domination and monopolisation of the entire regulatory authority. If these elements get their way there will be no supplement market for cannabidiol at all. Only a highly restrictive novel food source and pharmaceuticalised CBD market which will both deny access to compound that was helping to manage their symptoms.

We are now seeing CBD infused, well everything. Companies are adding the minimum amount of CBD possible to everyday products and charging a fortune for it while missing the point of taking it altogether.

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ARTICLE So excuse me if I feel its rather disingenuous of figures within the CBD industry when they speak about fair regulation and easy access while perpetuating damaging myths about THC in an attempt to corner the symptom management market.

The entourage effect would be none existent in the food additive market as the THC limit is 0.00 for all novel food sources making them just that, a novelty. But do not panic because the sharks are circling come and join us, the activists on the front-line fighting every day to keep ourselves, our families, friends, and communities healthy and alive.

Whereas we know that THC works to help treat the root causes of a wide variety of conditions and illnesses. So if CBD isn’t going to be available without extensive barriers to I implore you to take a stand with us access why not join the rest of and defiantly break unjust and immoral the cannabis activists and consumers in fighting for laws. Raise your voice to a roar and unite ubiquitous access to the with your brothers and sisters in demanding whole plant The impending sea change coming to the UK CBD industry could decimate the majority of companies that haven’t seen the writing on the wall and either revised their business model to be either pharmaceutical with a very limited amount of THC or a food source with 0.00% THC. THC would be available on prescription alongside CBD but only “pharmaceutical grade” meaning that homegrown cannabis would still be deemed dangerous and addictive. That prescription, however, will be private as those very same elements that are seeking to monopolies and control the “medicinal cannabis” market are also the same ones carving up the corpse of the NHS to their US and Canadian paymasters.

an end to the antiquated, draconian, and fascistic war on cannabis consumers.

We have plenty of practice braving these dangerous waters. So please, I implore you to take a stand with us and defiantly break unjust and immoral laws. Raise your voice to a roar and unite with your brothers and sisters in demanding an end to the antiquated, draconian, and fascistic war on cannabis consumers. So should Cannabidiol be made illegal here again in the UK - other than 0.00% products for sport and food. Would you then join the activists whose tireless work and continued sacrifices laid the foundation for this industry - in the trenches and on the front line to fight for the liberation of the whole plant? By Simpa.

You can follow Simpa online at: SimpaActivist on Facebook and Instagram.

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INTERVIEW

CAL‘PACINO’ELLENOR PRE-BELLATOR DUBLIN INTERVIEW

Cal ‘Pacino’ Ellenor is a professional Bantamweight mixed martial artist, currently signed to global MMA promotion Bellator.

Interviewed by Jake Smith - CBDLife Media Manager

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INTERVIEW

T

he 28-year-old is preparing for his biggest fight to date when he takes the main event slot on Bellator Dublin on September 27th 2019. The athlete regularly uses CBD to accompany his healthy and active lifestyle. Ellenor is one of several fighters sponsored by CBDLife. CBDLife are a CBD manufacturer based in the North East of England established in 2015. We have athletes based all around the country using our products in their intensive training schedules including the likes of Saul Rogers, James Mulheron, Adam Proctor and former UFC heavyweight Ian ‘The Machine’ Freeman. Ellenor has sponsored by the company for almost 2 years. We caught up with Cal ‘Pacino’ to find out about his career so far, his upcoming bout and why he uses CBD.

Cal, your 11th professional fight is coming up in September. In a professional career spanning 7 years, so far, how would you assess your career up to this point? I think I’ve had quite a successful career so far in regards of my record and accomplishments. I’ve had 10 pro bouts now and made quite a name for myself on the UK circuit. People know me now in other countries too which is also great. I think if you have followed my career or take a look into it you’ll see I’ve done quite well. I started out like most on the local scene but then got to fight on ACB which then opened the door to my contract on EFC in South Africa. I won and lost out there but learned valuable lessons about myself and most importantly my nutrition and rehydration after weigh in. I’m 8-2 now and feel like only 1 loss is valid and coming off a huge win my last fight so feeling very motivated going into this next bout. I think overall I’ve had quite a bit of success but nothing in regards to how far I believe I can and will go. Especially after my next fight.

What can you tell us about your upcoming bout in which you are the main event in Dublin? My next fight against James Gallagher is huge but to me it’s just another fight. In actual fact, I think stylistically it’s an easier fight than my last one (against Nathan Greyson). James brings a good style and he attacks the back very well but I feel my overall game is better than his and I think I can trouble him anywhere the fight takes place.

How do you think James is going to approach this one? I think James will come out the way he always does, cocky and hands low and showboat kind of style until he realises I am a huge threat to him on the feet and I think he’ll try and take the fight to the ground.

I think I can stop his takedowns but I’m not afraid to grapple with him either. He’s slick but I think I can nullify his ground game and I can capitalise on mistakes he makes when I start to hit him. I think I win the fight within the distance either by TKO or submission. Whichever presents itself I’ll take but I don’t see James going the distance with me. I think I can put him away.

What benefits do you find from using CBD products? Using CBDlife products always helps me after a hard days training or after my training sessions. I use their products everyday in and out of fight camp and really feel the benefits. CBD has become very important in my daily supplement routine.

Why did you choose CBDLife as your CBD supplier? I chose CBDlife as the CBD company I would stick with because I knew they had such a huge range of products and I saw so many great reviews about the company.

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ARTICLE

DR DANI GORDON The hemp plant

, also known as cannabis sativa, is making its comeback. It’s such an incredible plant that it’s hard to understand why it ever went away in the first place. It can be so many things: botanical medicine, fibre for clothing, ‘hempcrete’ to make buildings, a sustainable packaging and even used in hemp batteries. It’s truly one of the most versatile plants on the planet.

community and doctors are starting to listen. I’ve been treating patients with medical cannabis for years in Canada, and specifically, ‘high cbd low THC’ strains as the base of therapy. It’s not a cure-all or a silver bullet for curing diseases overnight but it IS one of the most powerful tools in my toolkit to help people manage difficult chronic conditions where drugs fall short and dramatically improve their quality of life.

Why the UK could become a global medical cannabis leader. Of all of the 100s of potentially useful and interesting compounds in the plant, CBD, or cannabidiol has taken centre stage for its wellness uses and, in very high doses on the medical cannabis side of things, for its uses in treatments such as helping give children with treatment resistant epilepsy get their lives back when the modern pharmaceutical drugs all fail. CBD has also been responsible for changing the stigma surrounding hemp and cannabis for an entire generation of young seniors who are now using it for their arthritis aches and pains, where previously they would have never considered ‘that plant’ as a legitimate supplement after decades of being told that anything to do with any type of cannabis plant was dangerous and ‘had no medicinal value.’ Here in the UK and Europe, just like in Canada and the US before it, patients and the public are leading the way, at the forefront of the CBD and medical cannabis movements. It truly is a ‘grassroots’ movement and it’s not coming from doctors or legislators but from the very people whose lives have been transformed by the use of this plant, whether it’s been using CBD for sleep instead of sleeping pills or medical cannabis to get off of scary drugs like morphine, people are speaking out about their experiences and the scientific

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From anxiety to inflammatory autoimmune disorder symptoms to nerve pain and insomnia, I have seen high CBD cannabis do what drugs just couldn’t--and do it without causing major side effects or addiction. My patients say to me on a regular basis, ‘why did nobody recommend this stuff sooner--it’s changed my life?!” The answer is a complex one, and the answers are often not based on the science (we wont get into politics here!) as Prof. David Nutt explored in depth in his seminal book: Drugs - Without the Hot Air.

patients and the public are leading the way, at the forefront of the CBD and medical cannabis movements. It truly is a ‘grassroots’ movement and it’s not coming from doctors or legislators but from the very people whose lives have been transformed by the use of this plant


ARTICLE

So why does CBD seem to be able to help with a vast array of conditions from acne to arthritis to anxiety? How is this scientifically even possible? The answer is that we have our very own system called the Endocannabinoid system, discovered 30 years ago, which makes cannabis-like chemicals and also allows us to use the ones from plants too like CBD. The endocannabinoid system, we now know, is the number one ‘balancing’ system in our brain and bodies and is responsible for maintaining what scientists call ‘homeostasis.’ Just like any other system, sometimes the balance gets thrown off and this is where plant CBD and other cannabinoids may play a role in helping to regain that balance and support us. CBD has anti-inflammatory effects, anti-anxiety effects and a whole host of other effects on complex messaging systems in both our brain and many of our body organs including our gut and our immune system. In the early noughties when I was in medical school, I never learned about this system and most med students STILL don’t learn about it today. That isn’t all that surprising since we also didn’t learn about the relaxation response to manage stress anxiety (which was discovered at Harvard in the

1970’s by one of my mentors Dr. Herb Benson) and we got an entire 3 hrs of nutrition training in 6 years of medicine! However, the times are changing thankfully and research is gaining momentum. I now get emails every week from medical students wanting more training in the endocannabinoid system, integrative medicine, botanical medicine and nutrition. I had to undertake years of additional training in an entire second speciality of medicine, Integrative Medicine, to learn these things that have been the main focus of my medical practice for the past decade. Being a mentor to the next generation and creating education for doctors in these areas has become my life’s passion and gives me great hope for the future of wellness and medicine. We still have a lot of ‘myth busting’ to do with CBD and medical cannabis which is why education and trustworthy information is so important to the whole movement and industry. Some of the biggest myths are that CBD can ‘turn into’ THC inside your body (not true!!). Or that CBD oil can make you feel high- also not true, although at higher doses, it may make you feel less anxious which is a bonus for most people in our stressed-out overworked culture!.

It’s also important to recognize where the limitations are with the current research when it comes to CBD, especially in areas such as cancer treatment. CBD and other chemicals from the cannabis plant do show promise in animals for certain types of cancers/tumours for ‘anti-cancer’ activity but we don't have enough evidence yet to call it a treatment for cancer or a cure in humans and it’s very complex because each tumour is different. CBD and cannabis sativa research has a long way to catch up to other things in terms of research because until very recently, it was illegal to study it or give it to human subjects! This is in sharp contrast to even other popular botanical medicines like turmeric and curcumin, or many cancer drugs that come from plants which have been studied for the last half century. What we can say for now is that CBD is a powerful molecule with a variety of uses and it’s likely just the tip of the iceberg of what this plant can do for us. The future is very bright for CBD and cannabis.

Dr. Dani Gordon HEMP&CBDMAG

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ARTICLE

RELIABLE TESTING TO ENSURE QUALITY, SAFETY AND REGULATORY COMPLIANCE OF HEMP AND CBD PRODUCTS

The hemp and CBD (cannabidiol) market represents one of the fastest growing sectors with wellbeing products in the UK. It is estimated that at the current rate this market will be worth almost ÂŁ1B per annum by 2025, which is equivalent to the current entire UK herbal supplement market. The worldwide wave of popularity around hemp and CBD relates to results of scientific studies that indicate cannabinoids and especially CBD may hold a wide range of health benefits, including antioxidant and neuroprotective effects, reduction of epileptic seizures, inflammation, pain, anxiety and other conditions. Currently, there is a wide range of hemp and CBD products available that include oils, various dietary supplements, foods, cosmetics and even vape liquids. Considering the volume of both raw materials and finished products being introduced to an increasingly globalized marketplace, the quality and safety of these items have become an area of major concern to manufacturers, public and regulators.

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ARTICLE What Needs Testing and How? Chemical testing of the raw

materials and finished products is important to ensure high-quality, safety and compliance with applicable regulation. Results of chemical testing also allow for accurate labelling of the product. To obtain accurate and reproducible results, it required that fit-for-purpose and fully validated analytical methods based on modern instrumental techniques are used for testing. The laboratories providing testing services should be accredited according to ISO/IEC 17025 standard and periodically demonstrate technical competence and performance for specific assays through participation in inter-laboratory proficiency testing programs. An overview of the most important analytes and chemical tests relevant to hemp and CBD matrices are provided below. In addition to chemical assays, microbiological testing should be an integral part of any testing program for hemp and CBD products.

Cannabinoids Cannabinoid including CBD and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) are phytochemicals linked to biological effects of hemp. Potency testing allows determining cannabinoid profile of the sample and documenting compliance of the product with regulation in terms of THC content. High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and gas chromatography (GC) have become techniques of choice for routine hemp potency testing. Terpenes Terpenes are volatile compounds responsible for the unique flavour and aromatic profile of hemp and hemp-based products. Information on terpene profile can also help to understand and optimize the composition of crops, which may be particularly important to growers. Comprehensive analysis of terpenes is typically performed by head space-gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometric detection (HS-GC/MS) technique. Pesticides Pesticides are used to protect hemp crops from pests. Depending on the manufacturing procedure used, these harmful chemicals can survive the process and make it into the finished products. Due to low target levels and complexity of test matrices, pesticide residue analysis in hemp and CBD products represent a challenging task. State of the art LC/MS and GC/MS instrumentation has to be used to test down to the regulatory limits and cover wide analyte scope including hundreds of compounds.

Mycotoxins Mycotoxins represent a diverse group of naturally formed chemicals that are of high concern with regard to their toxicity. Two of the primary types of mycotoxins that are associated with hemp plants are aflatoxins and ochratoxins. These secondary metabolites produced by fungi and some moulds may contaminate hemp crops before, during or after their harvest. LC/MS represents a â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;gold standardâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; technique in the mycotoxins testing arena. Heavy metals Hemp plants have relatively high capacity to accumulate heavy metals (arsenic, cadmium, lead and mercury) from soil. When cultivated on polluted soil or with the use of low-quality fertilizers, heavy metals may contaminate both raw materials and finished product. Heavy metals are determined using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP/MS) technique. Residual Solvents Volatile organic solvents are often used for isolation of cannabinoids and terpenes from the plant matrix. Raw materials and products that are manufactured using this procedure should be examined for these harmful substances. With regard to volatility of the analytes, HS-GC/MS instrumentation is usually used for residual solvent analysis.

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ARTICLE

Whatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s New in Cannabinoid Analysis?

GC technique coupled to flame ionization detection has been widely employed in the past for analysis of cannabinoids in various biological matrices. To make cannabinoids amenable to GC analysis, derivatization of the analytes is required to increase their volatility, which makes the sample preparation procedure more laborious. Additionally, GC analysis does not allow assessing the whole cannabinoid profile, because cannabinoid acids, such as cannabidiolic acid (CBDA) and tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA), are conversed to their neutral forms in the GC injector as a consequence of thermally-induced decarboxylation.

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Considering the above, the use of GC approach is declining and GC-based methods are being replaced with HPLC assays, typically coupled to UV detection. There are a number of challenges faced by testing laboratories in the field of cannabinoid analysis. These relate to the increasing number of analytes that need to be monitored and the complexity of the test matrices. Another challenge is the analysis of samples that contain CBD and other analytes microencapsulated with the use of protein or carbohydrate-based materials in order to protect active ingredients from degradation and to increase their bioavailability. Last but

not least, there is lack of standardized and thoroughly validated methods that could be directly adopted by the testing laboratories. The gap in standard methodology was recognized by AOAC International, a non-profit scientific association focusing on creation, validation and global publication of reliable analytical test methods. AOAC International issued a call for methods suitable for quantitation and identification of individual cannabinoids in cannabis concentrates and plant material and published detailed standard method performance requirements to be met by the candidate methods.


ARTICLE

Article credits: Lukas Vaclavik EFII Technical Manager Eurofins Food Integrity & Innovation RD team in collaboration with University of Chemistry and Technology (Prague, Czech Republic) developed and fully validated a UHPLC method compatible with UV and MS detection for analysis of twelve major cannabinoids, including CBD, CBDA, cannabinol (CBN), Δ 9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9-THC), tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA), cannabichromene (CBC), cannabidivarinic acid (CBDVA), cannabigerol (CBG), cannabigerolic acid (CBGA), cannabidivarin (CBDV), Δ 8-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ8-THC), and tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV) in Cannabis plants and related products, such as oils and concentrates. The method and associated validation data

had been submitted to the AOAC Expert Review Panel for evaluation. Following a thorough review process, the method was granted First Action Official Method status (AOAC Official Method 2018.11). The hemp industry is rapidly changing and evolving which goes hand in hand with requirements on cannabinoid testing. To keep pace with these developments and to meet the testing needs, the matrix scope of the AOAC Official Method 2018.11 was recently extended to include certain cosmetic products (balms, creams and lotions), as well as gummies and chews. The versatility of the method also allows

hyphenation with MS detection, which provides significantly improved sensitivity and selectivity and allows reliable analysis of cannabinoids in highly complex samples (e.g. foods and botanical dietary supplements) at low part-per-million levels.

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How big firms can help the sector

C

BD stakeholders should not fear the entrance or influence of big business. That’s the lesson that the European CBD sector could learn from Canada, according to Annaliese Kibler, director of regulatory affairs for Canadian company Aurora Cannabis. She values the power of big business to lobby for changes in regulation. “Larger firms have such an influence in terms of getting a seat at the table with regulators,” Kibler told CBD-Intel. “In Canada we’ve been doing that for years – we’ve been advocating since 2001.” While she said smaller advocates needed to be at the table too, big business was important because it has the funding required to undertake the research and gather the data the regulators require as evidence of impact. “We don’t want big business to come in and own it,” said Kibler. “But they’re the ones with the power to change the conversation. They should be going to government and asking how we can work together to get the data we need for legalisation. Look at the success of GW Pharma in the US.” GW Pharma secured US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval for its cannabisderived drug Epidiolex in the US. However, it is often seen as an opponent by others in the industry as the FDA has consistently said CBD cannot be used in food products or supplements as it is the active ingredient in Epidiolex. Under current rules the active ingredient in an FDAapproved drug cannot be put in food items. The FDA appears to be sympathetic to the difficulties this causes the wider CBD industry, but says it cannot just change regulations and may need further authority from Congress. It is starting the process of investigating the best way forward. Kibler warned that some businesses investing in CBD products were taking risks by not educating themselves about the complex and ever-changing regulatory background to the industry. For example, she said that when the US Farm Bill was passed in 2018 many firms thought risk had been eliminated and failed to investigate the regulatory changes thoroughly enough. So they started

taking risks without realising they were doing so. “The pharma industry is ‘cookie-cutter’,” she said. “People know exactly how to get from point A to B, but every day is different in CBD – we don’t always know what point A to B looks like. They all want to get in on it, so they’re all saying, ‘How do we do this? Everyone else is doing it’.” Kibler believes the two types of business who most need to keep on top of regulation are CBD firms seeking legitimate status for products such as CBDcontaining foods and food supplements, and ancillary businesses investing in CBD as a sideline. As an example, she said she had seen cosmetics firms that wanted to include CBD oils in their main lines of creams and lotions. Some of those firms were more focused on getting CBD into their products as quickly as possible to meet demand rather than the legalities around packaging and various routes to market.

““We don’t want big business to come in and own the CBD industry. But they’re the ones with the power to change the conversation. They should be going to government and asking how we can work together” “I get asked different questions every day from ‘Can we post this on social media?’ to ‘Can we enter that country?’” she said. “Being able to navigate this complex regulation is essential to become successful in this business and staying in it for the long term.” She added that companies already in CBD should also not be afraid of large organisations from other sectors wanting to get involved. Larger businesses looking at CBD products would likely mean rising appetite for CBD due to growth in awareness created by greater marketing and distribution power. This in turn could increase overall demand for CBD products. “What we’re seeing in the data in Canada is that more and more people want the product. “There’s a demand for this,” Kibler said.


A new way to produce CBD?

C

BD manufacturers could and should look at using a fermentation process to extract cannabidiol, a new report suggests. The study, led by Konstantinos Vavitsas of the University of Athens on behalf of synthetic biological engineering network SynBioBeta, and entitled “Cannabinoid fermentation: scalability, purity, and sustainability for an emerging market”, suggests the new method would end up with a more consistent product and could be more efficient in the long term. It estimates that a 20,000 sq ft facility using traditional methods could extract a third of a ton of CBD, whereas one using fermentation could make 20 tons, or a 60-fold increase. Bio-fermentation works by creating a biosynthetic cluster of genes, which are in turn inserted into bacteria, where it is able, in the words of the study, to “provide instructions” to the host to produce cannabinoid compounds. It can then be replicated on a larger scale, meaning the materials created can be turned into purified substances, potentially at commercially scalable levels.

However, short-term costs would be significantly higher – currently six to eight times more than regular cannabinoid extraction. Overall, the reports says that realistically fermentation would supplement, rather than replace, all current production methods. It could be between 18 and 24 months until the process became viable, according to cannabis expert David Kideckel writing in the journal Nature and quoted in the report. Microbial production yields are so far small. The reported yields in yeast are in the range of a few ml per litre, and these yields should “increase by at least 100-fold for the cost to be competitive with plant-extracted cannabinoids”, according to Jason Poulos, chief executive of Californian synthetic cannabis producer Librede. “Working with plant enzymes is not straightforward, as they are evolved to work in their natural hosts. Moreover, enzyme modifications are needed to increase their specificity and yields,” the report says. It adds that lack of clarity in US regulations means obtaining research permits to work with synthetic cannabinoids can be difficult. Nonetheless at least 25 different companies have already invested in fermentation, according to SynBioBeta.

About CBD-Intel CBD-Intel provides impartial, independent and premium market and regulatory analysis, legal tracking, and quantitative data for the cannabidiol (CBD) sector, with a focus on nonUS markets. We offer a one-stop source of market and regulatory strategic data for the CBD industry. Providing all the data in one online platform reduces the amount of time and money spent monitoring the sector for multiple international markets. Our global perspective on the international CBD sector offers you key data such as market trends, key players, regulatory obligations and industry dynamics. CBD-Intel’s team is made up of lawyers, economists and journalists. The team is based in London, Barcelona and New York, and enhanced by correspondents and contributors from around the world. In addition, we offer customised research and consultancy support. We also publish ECigIntelligence for the global e-cigarette and tobacco-alternatives sector.

www.CBD-Intel.com


HE ALTH

MY WEIGHT LOSS JOURNEY VIA HEMP AND CBD:

I’m Jem and I am passionate about all things Hemp, Cannabis and CBD.

I run Flawsome Jem, where I am CBD Health Coach. I share weekly informative blog posts and share daily posts on Facebook and Instagram. My aim is to smash the ‘stigma’ surrounding all things Cannabis, Hemp and CBD and educate you all of it’s awesomeness! I love working with you all to help you start living the life you deserve!

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Back in the summer of 2014, I was 9 stone (about 130lb) heavier than I am today! It still amazes me daily how different I look and feel. What inspired and bought on this change? And how did I do it? I hear you ask. Well, I am convinced Hemp and CBD, has played a considerable part in my weight loss journey and the 3 years + of maintaining the loss. September 2014, I decided I needed to do something, I was getting heavier and heavier, no ‘diet’ seemed to work, or if it did, I put it all back on and more…something needed to change.


HE ALTH Being a hairdresser, at the time, I was cutting a client’s hair and I complimented her on her weight loss since her previous appointment and she told me about a local online weight loss plan she had been following so I gave it a go, it was very strict and no carbs at all for 3 weeks and then after the initial 3 weeks you gradually introduce a small amount of carbs back in, but the teeniest amount, they didn’t really want us eating any carbs, well that wasn’t for me. I’m on my feet all day and I needed more energy, so I started looking up natural healthy foods that I could include in my daily diet without feeling deprived or lacking energy, and I discovered Hemp! And I haven’t looked back since. Since then, I have included Hemp into 99% of my days, there has been the odd day I haven’t had it, but I usually have in some form every day. After a few weeks of including Hemp in my diet, I discovered that I was no longer lacking energy, I was feeling fuller for longer and I was losing weight. Bonus! I kept it up. Not long after, I was round a friend’s house and they were vaping CBD oil and following my amazing results from eating hemp, I was intrigued. Being a smoker at the time, I wanted to give it a go. Thinking ooh maybe it might help with quitting smoking. I promptly went home and found some CBD Oil for sale online, ordered myself a bottle and a cheap vape, a couple of days later it all arrived and I got it all set up and from that day on, I have never smoked another cigarette. All desire for cigarettes went, almost immediately and I’ve never wanted one since. I still vape CBD oil, most days, to help me

during anxious times but not because I want to smoke a cigarette, amazing hey? And that was the beginning of my CBD journey... Anyway, back to the weight loss, by the Christmas of 2014, I had lost 3 stone and people were starting to notice, I was still having the daily hemp and I started to add in 10 minutes of exercise in the morning, it was do able, I mean we all have 10 minutes yeah?

After a few weeks of including Hemp in my diet, I discovered that I was no longer lacking energy, I was feeling fuller for longer and I was losing weight. Bonus! I kept it up. The weight was continuing to come off and I was feeling so much better, in myself. About a year later, I was 9 stone lighter than I had started and was feeling the best I had ever felt, I am convinced, the Hemp and CBD played a massive part in this loss. And also, the maintaining since. But how? Let me tell you... CBD is one of over 100 compounds found in the cannabis plant and belongs to a class of ingredients called Cannabinoids. CBD is the major non psychoactive component of Cannabis, meaning you won’t get high from taking it.

The human body has a system called the Endocannabinoid System (ECS) that receives and translates signals it receives from cannabinoids in the body. The body produces some Cannabinoids on its own, which are called Endocannabinoids. The ECS helps regulate functions such as sleep, immune system responses and pain. CBD influences receptors in the body which are concerned with movement, coordination, sensory perception, emotion, memory, cognition, autonomic and endocrine functions and is also seen to reduce inflammation. The body has an Endocannabinoid System (ECS), with two cannabinoid receptors, CB1 and CB2. CB1 receptors are in the brain and central nervous system only whilst CB2 receptors are found throughout the body. However, CB1 receptors become more widespread in people who are overweight and can be found specifically in fatty tissue. This has caused researchers to believe that there is a link between the CB1 receptors and obesity. CBD doesn’t directly activate the CB receptors, but it does influence the body’s natural cannabinoids to either block off or activate the receptors. Evidence has shown that CBD can aid weight loss and help prevent metabolic disorders. CB1 receptors in the body stimulate the appetite so using CBD may influence the body to shut off these receptors and help reduce the appetite for some people.

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HE ALTH CBD also plays multiple roles in how it interacts with fat, helping to convert white or ‘bad’ fat into brown fat and stimulate the body to break down fats more easily. The process of turning white fat cells into brown fat cells changes how these cells continue to act in the body. Brown fat cells burn off energy as heat, meaning you burn off calories much easier. CBD can work to reduce our weight because it stimulates completely different elements in our bodies to assist the breakdown of extra fats. Also, it can help burn extra energy in the best way, right down to the mobile stage. It does this by decreasing your lipid manufacturing, supressing urges for food and by increasing your metabolism. CBD interacts with our ECS (Endocannabinoid System), which exists to regulate a variety of psychological and cognitive processes. Metabolism and weight loss are closely linked because your bodies’ metabolism is what converts your food into energy within the body. It is responsible for the bodies’ ability to burn energy and at the speed at what it does.

As I love, live and believe in the benefits of Hemp and CBD so much, I have written my own Hemp based Meal Plans and Recipe Books and I promote a wide range of high quality, lab tested, UK sourced CBD Products. I have also created an awesome CBD community on Facebook and it’s growing daily, I just really want to smash the stigma surrounding Hemp, Cannabis and CBD and show everyone how awesome it can be. I’d love to see you there. (You can join from my website or search Flawsome Jem CBD in groups on FB)

I have also gained diplomas in Nutrition, Sports and Exercise Nutrition, Yoga, Meditation, Personal Training and Medicinal Cannabis and CBD Oil. To help you all the best I can, with my knowledge. Look and Feel Healthier, via CBD Products, my own Hemp based Meal Plans and Recipe Books, 90 Day Journal and Group Support.

Start Living the Life YOU Deserve! Coming soon to Flawsome Jem,

PLEASE NOTE: CBD is neither a medicine nor a cure for any illness and by no means do I make any medical claims. CBD can help to maintain and support your health and a healthy lifestyle. I still include Hemp and CBD daily, into my life and I believe they have both helped me maintain my healthy weight that I have been for the last 3+ years now. I literally eat, sleep and drink Hemp and CBD, they have become my life and I was put on this planet to shout to you all about them! And I ain’t gonna stop any time soon! Ha ha.

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CannabinogaTM (CBD Yoga and Meditation) my twist and take on meditation and yoga combined with the benefits of CBD.

Let’s start a Hemp and CBD movement guys...!!! Check out how I could help you here: www.flawsomejem.com jem@flawsomejem.com Facebook/Instagram/Pinterest/Linked In @Flawsomejem


HE ALTH

Overnight Oats, Hemp, Cacao and Strawberry

Hemp Chocolate Protein Muffins

Hemp and Sesame Turkey Bites

Smoothie Made with Hemp Protein and Milk

About a year later, I was 9 stone lighter than I had started and was feeling the best I had ever felt, I am convinced, the Hemp and CBD played a massive part in this loss.

Coconut and Hemp Fish Bites

Hemp Seed Oil Roast Potatoes

Hemp Nut Bread

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EVENTS

BIG BUSINESS ICANNABIS N T HEUROPA E C A2019P IREVIEW TAL At the end of June, Cannabis Europa 2019 took place at the Southbank Centre in London. This two-day event was the second Cannabis Europa conference, hosting over a thousand guests looking to learn more about the world of regulation when it comes to medicinal cannabis. Topics discussed included culture and society, business and investment, policy and politics, and science and health. A huge range of speakers appeared, including major names from the worlds of business, science and politics such as the founder of industry body the Centre for Medicinal Cannabis (CMC), Steve Moore; with Andrew Neil, chairman of The Spectator and BBC presenter, chairing a talk featuring Liberal Democrat MP Norman Lamb and Tory MP Crispin Blunt, who

recently founded the new Conservative drug policy reform group. After the event we spoke to George McBride, CEO of Hanway Associates and one of the co-founders of Cannabis Europa. "It was a huge success from our perspective, reflecting the rapid growth of the legal cannabis industry in the UK,” he said. “We had around 1,300 attendees over two days, which is roughly triple the number of last year's conference. There was a noticeable interest from North American firms looking to invest in the European Market or expand existing operations here. In fact, the demand for more transatlantic cooperation is so strong that we have decided to take Cannabis Europa to North America later this year."

The event has obviously expanded with success, but as expected, there have been a wide variety of responses to this convention. Greg de Hoedt, founder of UK Cannabis Social Clubs (UKCSC), a group campaigning for sensible cannabis regulation, spoke to The Guardian newspaper afterwards, saying “It’s extremely concerning seeing these hard-right figures trying to get involved with cannabis. They’re completely gentrifying it by attempting to persuade lawmakers that homegrown cannabis is unsafe. I fear we’re going to end up with a commercial cannabis market before people get the right to grow. They care about profit, not the people.” Not everyone agrees with Greg’s sentiments. Cannabis expert Peter Reynolds is the president of CLEAR, a lobby group campaigning for cannabis law reform and recently launched Cannabis Professionals (Cannapro), a trade association for the UK’s cannabis, CBD and hemp businesses. We asked him about the prevalence of big business at Cannabis Europa and Greg’s criticisms. “The only sustainable route to legalisation is commercialisation,” he said. “Because we live in a capitalist society. If you want a product to be legal that was previously illegal, the only thing going to drive that is business, where people step in and make a profit from it. “People need to get real about it. That’s the way it’s going. In the future, there’ll be still room for small artisan products, just as there are in other markets. But no doubt it is going to be dominated by big companies.”

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These thoughts were echoed by the Legalise Cannabis Campaign Scotland (LCC Scotland). In response to the talk at Cannabis Europa from Kim Wilson, executive director of Global Cannabis Partnership (GCP), looking at compliance and regulation of medicinal cannabis, LCC


EVENTS

Scotland tweeted “The regulation we want is the one that will let us adults grow a few plants at home,” while agreeing that labelling is required to show whether the product is organic or not, and explaining the levels of CBD and THC. While Peter had no issue with the business-dominated theme of the event, he was less positive about other aspects. “I was glad I went, I must emphasise that, but I thought the content was pretty poor,” he said. “One of problems was that it was called Cannabis Europa but at least three quarters of the speakers were American or Canadian.” Another issue was the price. “The ticket cost £600,” said Peter. “I can afford that but over three quarters of the people I’ve worked

with, either as medical cannabis patients or campaigners over the past 30 or 40 years, would not be able to afford that. I think that’s a serious problem. But it wasn’t even the most expensive conference that week. There was another one, an investor conference, and the fee for that was £1650, for only one day.” Meanwhile, one of the most significant aspects of the day was the location. The Queen Elizabeth Hall at Southbank Centre is one of the leading British establishments, home to countless classical music performances. And to walk in to see the word ‘Cannabis’ in three foot high letters on the stage is a stark reminder of how far the image of hemp has changed in the UK - just two or three years ago, this would have been unimaginable.

The response to Cannabis Europa has been mixed, but it undoubtedly shows that there’s growing pressure in the UK for the laws on medicinal cannabis to be reformed. And with the high level of media coverage surrounding this, and other similar events, it seems the pressure on the UK government is reaching an all-time high. Action will invariably be taken soon, but whether this will lean towards the wishes of activists like Greg de Hoedt or cater for big business, remains to be seen.

by Ian Jones Guest writer

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ARTICLE

Edwards Farm Machinery Ltd have been specialists in agricultural and horticultural machinery since 1984. We are a family run business importing, manufacturing and custom building machines to suit our customer’s requirements. We have a large customer base from a family businesses to some of the biggest growers in the country.

Checchi & Magli have been our suppliers from the very start because they are world leaders in transplanting technology. Here in UK we have been selling for many years some C&M TOP 24 and DUAL 12 GOLD transplanter, well known on the market for the peculiarity of having one operator for two rows. In recent years we have much more demand for TRIUM, a total control transplanter suitable for plants with very developed leaves as Brassicas, Tobacco, Tomato and last but not least HEMP. The hemp market is booming, especially in the USA (Colorado, Oregon, Nevada, Oklahoma, Western Kentucky etc.) and many farmers are catching the wave and start growing it for its various uses which are expansive. The best way to get in and growing fast is to use a reliable and proven transplanter. The hemp plant fibers have many industrial uses in the manufacturing of paper, textiles, clothing, biodegradable plastics, paint, insulation, and biofuel. The hemp oil (CBD) has the ability to help with many medical conditions including the possibility of reducing and/or controlling seizures, and alleviating cancer related symptoms. Ask anyone who has used a Checchi & Magli transplanter and they will tell you it is the Best Transplanter on the market even for clones/seedlings for industrial HEMP. This year C&M transplanters have been the #1 choice for the HEMP market, because “They really work!”

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Why C&M Transplanters are THE Best Transplanters for clones/ seedlings for industrial HEMP?

Checchi & Magli transplanters have been in the North American market for over 25 years, especially in the largest vegetable markets around the country including California. Some of the main crops utilizing C&M transplanters are: tomatoes, peppers, lettuce, cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, turnips, onions, sweet potatoes, melons, strawberries, tobacco and many more! In the past couple years many hemp growers have used our transplanters and had tremendous success– which resulted in these same growers purchasing many more C&M transplanters.

“My C&M transplanters are the most precise transplanting machines I’ve ever used. I planted a great hemp crop with them. I now own 5.” (Elar Jenkins, Hemp farmer in Nevada)

“The C&M transplanters set even my tall plugs/clones straight-up and packed them beautifully. I would not buy anything else!” (Bomar Agra, Colorado, Owns 8 C&M machines)


ARTICLE Ask anyone who has used a Checchi & Magli transplanter and they will tell you it is the Best Transplanter on the market even for clones/seedlings for industrial HEMP. This year C&M transplanters have been the #1 choice for the HEMP market, because â&#x20AC;&#x153;They really work!â&#x20AC;?.

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ARTICLE

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ARTICLE

TRIUM & UNITRIUM For planting in direct ground (no plastic mulch) If you are planting into the direct ground (NOT through plastic mulch cover), then the best option is our Trium carousel model with “shoes & kickers”.

KEY ADVANTAGES

• Faster and packs plugs/clones deep and

straight up • Easy to adjust timing, depth, packing, etc. • Drive wheels propel all row units (from hex shaft-TRIUM MODEL) • Maximizes productivity -10 cups carousel (standard) • 45-180 cm/18”-72” row-to-row spacings, easily adjustable • NO TILL option for cover crop WOLF PRO & WOLF For planting through plastic mulch (also in direct ground)

KEY ADVANTAGES

• Cups turn in a “ferris wheel motion” • Localised and synchronised rear electric

watering device • Cuts through plastic • Places plant deep into ground • Packs the plant-Water Wheel type planters do NOT pack • Adjustable pressure on rubber packing wheels

PLASTIC LAYERS If you prefer to prepare your beds and lay plastic first, we offer different solutions and we can provide the right plastic layer and bed-maker machines. Efficient and fast at preparing your farm for transplanting. HEMP&CBDMAG

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ARTICLE

IN DEPTH: CBD SKINCARE Whilst CBD is probably best known for its relaxing and anti anxiety properties, recent research has shown that it can also have calming and therapeutic benefits on a range of common skin conditions. When applied topically, CBD has been shown to not only to act as a natural moisturizer but also as a solution to reduce the pain and inflammation caused by skin conditions such as eczema, acne and psoriasis. Not to

mention a whole myriad of unexplained symptoms such as redness, swelling, burning and itching that may occur as a result of allergies, irritants, diseases, genetic disposition or immune system imbalances. CBD products are becoming more and more popular and widely available, so it is important that you know what

you should be looking for in an effective CBD skin treatment. Whether you decide to use oil, a cream, a balm or a tincture, you should be looking above all else for "purity". Look for products that have a CBD purity of 95% or above as this ensures that the CBD has been refined several times to remove the other cannabinoids that do not have the same therapeutic benefits. CBD works on the skin through direct application, by using its powerful anti-inflammatory properties to help assist the skin's natural healing process and to shorten the length of breakouts. The purer the CBD is in your products then the more effective it will be on your skin. So now let's have a closer look at how CBD actually works to treat the symptoms of some of the most common skin conditions.

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ARTICLE Eczema Eczema causes the skin to become itchy, red, dry and cracked. It is often a recurring condition and ranges from very mild to very severe and debilitating. The cause of eczema remains relatively unexplained, with most people suffering with it as a result of numerous triggers including diet, lifestyle, stress and existing allergies. There are a variety of treatments, including steroid creams, but currently there is no cure. Many people do not like using steroid creams on themselves or their children's young skin due to any harmful effects that it could possibly induce. For these people CBD could be a real alternative treatment. The anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial properties of cannabinoids applied topically and/or taken orally may help improve eczema. Researchers have found that CBD can offer immense potential in regulating natural skin processes and clinical trials have seen positive results from using CBD on eczema. Even the World Health Organization has acknowledged and cleared the use of CBD Topical applications for eczema as being of no potential risk to health

Rosacea Rosacea is a very common skin condition in people with fair skin. The primary symptoms of which are redness or "flushing" in the face or other affected area, which is accompanied by small pus-filled bumps. Other possible symptoms include watery, red eyes and dry, swollen skin that may burn or itch. Similarly to eczema there is no known cure for Rosacea and it is usually controlled through the use of steroid creams and in severe cases, antibiotics. Long term use of steroid creams will unfortunately not solve the problem and may actually work to make symptoms worse in the long run. Prolonged use of oral or topical antibiotics is not advised either as this can cause side effects such as nausea and additional skin conditions like itchiness and hives. Additionally extensive use of antibiotics can in fact over time cause your body to become resistant to their effectiveness. The powerful anti-oxidant and ant-inflammatory properties of CBD can work on Rosacea to decrease any redness and inflammation. Stress and anxiety are common triggers of many skin conditions including Rosacea and due to its calming effect on the mind, CBD can help to manage theses triggers also. The best way to use CBD for Rosacea is topically as a cream or oil, however CBD taken as an oral supplement can also be very effective in managing some of the mental triggers behind the condition.

Acne Acne is very common and occurs when hair follicles become clogged with oil and dead skin cells. It is most common in teenage years because of the unregulated production of the hormone Androgens, which increases secretion of oils which are then subject to attack by bacteria. CBD can alleviate the inflammation of acne best through use as an oil, cream or lotion, however you can take as a regular dietary supplement alongside this. The CBD stimulates the endocannabinoid system in the body, including a neurological transmitter that helps regulate cell growth, which if not balanced can affect the skin negatively as well as inhibiting excessive oil consumption, one of the main causes of acne. CBD oil is great as it only targets the problem cells it does not affect the healthy cells and so this reduces side effects such as dry skin.

Cold Sores Caused by the herpes simplex virus, cold sores appear as tiny, liquid filled blisters on or around the lip area. They can be painful, unsightly, cause fever and make you socially anxious and self-conscious. Cold sores are a contagious virus and can be spread very easily through general contact. Although a cold sore episode will usually come and go naturally within 2-4 weeks, however once in your body, the virus will stay in your system and can re-occur indefinitely. Common treatments are antiviral creams and tablets that may speed up the healing time of an attack if used at the right time, which is usually indicated by when you feel a "tingling" sensation in the affected area. CBD can provide more effective relief of cold sores, working quicker and more effectively. Unlike the other skin conditions, which we have looked at, in the case of cold sores it is best to apply CBD in the form of a tincture. A tincture of course is an extract of plant material that is dissolved in ethanol to preserve a high concentration of active ingredients.

Prevention is better than cure and luckily CBD can do both. HEMP&CBDMAG

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ARTICLE Psoriasis Is very itchy and can in worst cases be, painful, unsightly and debilitating for the sufferer, causing mental anguish and damaging self esteem as well as being physically inconvenient. Similarly to Eczema and Rosacea, lifestyle, diet and stress levels are all triggers in worsening symptoms. It is important therefore in these situations to try and control the mental triggers that can worsen an attack as well as the physical manifestation of symptoms. Prevention is better than cure and luckily CBD can do both. Standard treatments for psoriasis include the use of steroid creams, occlusion, light therapy and oral medication, all of which become less effective the longer you take them and put you at risk of associated side effects. These treatments also offer no value in treating the mental triggers of psoriasis such as stress and anxiety. Studies and research has concluded that cannabinoids in general may prove to be useful in treating psoriasis and that CBD may offer help in managing symptoms by slowing down the overgrowth of skin cells. Topical application of CBD oil can supply a high level of moisture to the affected area helping it to heal quickly, whilst anti-inflammatory properties can help reduce redness and burning immediately and tackle any other injury or infection that could trigger a flare up. Taking CBD orally as an oil or supplement alongside the use of a topical cream can help to relieve some of the stress and anxiety which could be triggering or worsening attacks. Oil tinctures therefore, contain more CBD molecules in a smaller volume, making them more potent and equipped to fight virus pathogens, clear up inflammation and promote healing at a faster rate. When using a CBD tincture you should apply it to the affected area and rub it in for at least a minute in order to ensure adequate absorption. Taking an oral CBD oil or supplement alongside this can help to bolster your mental state, helping to avoid psychological triggers which could be bringing on attacks.

The most important point to remember when using any CBD product is to choose carefully and make sure that your product contains at least 95% purity of CBD as many will only contain nominal amounts and that will be ineffective. Do your research, Shop around, ask questions and get to understand what it is you want and what CBD can do for you. In fact if you can why not attend the coming CBD and Hemp expo at the Birmingham NEC, September 14th-15th this year (see website for booking details) and talk to a range of CBD experts and enthusiasts from a range of reputable companies world wide, who can help find the perfect product for you. Finally, of course you should always discuss any new treatments that you decide to try with your doctor beforehand, but otherwise you have nothing to lose and everything to gain! By Rich Hamilton

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ARTICLE

WHAT IS: THE HEMP COOPERATIVE E The Hemp Co-operative UK is an online B2B community for those in the UK Cannabis & Hemp Industry. Set up in 2018 by Sally & Marc Honey of the Little Hemp Shop and Nic Hewitt of Lakeland CBD with a view to uniting the smaller businesses in the industry to work together to ensure that we are all compliant with UK law but also to share information and ideas without

politics. The group is a safe space to share ideas and knowledge and of course work together to do business and ensure that the industry is complying at the rootâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s level. The group now boasts over 220 members who regularly meet at conventions, expos and networking events to share good practise, support one another with

wholesale and keep up to date with each other. Our group isnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t affiliated to any specific trade associations, we have contact with them all, so anyone is free to join us and reap the benefits we offer. Our ethos is simple

Education

Collaboration

We want everyone to be educated on all this Hemp and & CBD. Our industry as a whole know that 80% of our job is to educate, whether it be customers, our community or each other. We aim to find the most reliable resources to share so that we can provide the best services to our customers and our customers have faith that the information we give is sound.

The Hemp and CBD industry has grown exponentially over the last 18 months, and there are new brands, shops, cafes and online traders popping up every day. Within our close knit community we try to help and support each other by collaborating together to enable us all to flourish in the industry and help us keep up with the larger companies.

Compliance

EXPO

Compliance is a huge issue throughout the Hemp Industry. We all know that the Hemp & CBD industry is unregulated and with such a huge market the general public are feeling overwhelmed at all the different products on the market. Although there is no laws enforced as of yet, we as a group strive to remain within the guidelines that are in place at the moment, but we also help keep each other on the right side of things. With support from the likes of CannaPro the British Hemp association and the CTA we are able to keep up to date with any new changes from any of our governing bodies such as the Food Standards Agency, the Medicines Use Review Agency and the Home Office.

This will be our first expo where we as a cooperative have come together to share two stands. These are H11 and H12. Come and visit us and find out what we have on offer to the consumer and how well we all work together as a cooperative.

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ARTICLE The multi award winning husband & wife team, Calum & Rebecca Napier, have experienced first-hand how CBD oil can help to transform lives. Having been diagnosed with Crohn’s, an inflammatory bowel disease affecting more than 115,000 people in the UK, at the age of five & being diagnosed with Fibromyalgia Syndrome (FMS) – another chronic condition, in 2017, Rebecca suffered pain all over all over her body. She had had enough. She wasn’t prepared to live in the shadow of two chronic, long-term conditions & started looking into her diet & lifestyle, as well as her approach to life, for answers. Then husband Calum, who had been Rebecca’s childhood friend through thick & thin for the last 20 years before they’d wed in 2015, suggested she try CBD (Cannabidiol) supplements. Calum had been researching the positive effects of CBD oil & was encouraged by the mounting evidence surrounding its potential healing capabilities. After experimenting with different brands & strengths - & through a process of trial & error – Rebecca started to find some relief from her symptoms.

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Today – thanks, in part, to CBD – Rebecca is completely free from pharmaceutical drugs & is back to living an active lifestyle. Rebecca is now determined to leave this world in a better state than when she came into it. Calum & Rebecca have also recently branched out into distilling the UK’s first CBD infused spirits range, Canna’B. Canna’B Gin is a finalist in The Scottish Gin Awards for Innovation of the Year 2019.

The motto: Live Consciously | Drink Consciously Wee Hemp Spirits, launched in March 2019, is all about showcasing the multi-faceted hemp plant & starting the conversation going as to why, in this day & age, is hemp not being utilised? The couple know all too well just how beneficial the hemp plant is for our inner environment, but also the outer environment to. The more hemp & CBD infused spirits they can offer, the more hemp gets planted, it’s a simple concept, but it could change the world. Now who wouldn’t love saving the planet with a delicious cannabis infused cocktail?? Calum & Rebecca originally wanted to make a tipple that Rebecca could savour & enjoy, with her lengthy list of intolerances, the spirits were designed to tick all the taste bud boxes & offer the drinker something completely new & exciting. Canna’B by Wee Hemp Spirits is the UK’s first CBD & hemp infused spirits with a world’s first ageing technique.

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COLOMBIAN QUALITY It’s no secret CBD is set to take the world by storm. But as CBD legalisation grows so does the red tape and working with CBD can be stressful to say the least. At Dushey, we’re developing a closed loop system to make working with CBD simple and reliable. We control every step of our CBD production process which means we can offer a service which is completely traceable, secure and licenced. We call it Seed To Shelf. Seed To Shelf Certification Our Seed To Shelf certification program takes the uncertainty out of working with CBD. From growing, to extraction and warehousing to distribution - we control every step. When you purchase CBD from Dushey, you’re product is Seed To Shelf certified. This means your customers know the CBD they are purchasing has been grown responsibly, legally and is of the highest quality. Grown and Extracted in Colombia It starts in Colombia where we grow our own cannabis in 3.7 hectare’s of high security farmland. Our fully licenced farm is paving the way for responsible

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cannabis agriculture in the area. Not only does the farm produce excellent quality crops but it also provides sustainable employment in the area. Our local team has a wealth of experience being led by Leon Vinkel and General Pinson, ex-director of anti-Narcotics in Colombia.

The beauty of growing our own cannabis means we can offer our clients full traceability. Meaning there will be no nasty surprises along the way and you know you’re offering your customers the highest standard of product, legally.

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From subcritical to supercritical Co2 to ultrasound - contrary to most cannabis companies, we’re investing in multiple extraction processes designed to suit the specific needs of multiple end-products. Our 35,000 sqf state-of-the-art headquarters, lab and extraction facility are operated by Dushey for a superior product and added peace of mind.

We’re taking steps to make our CBD 100% compliant in every market we operate. This includes GMP, controlled drug licences, bonded warehousing and government approved facilities in Colombia.

Global Distribution from UK We have invested heavily in 6,500SQFT of bonded warehousing which has been refurbished to meet the requirements of GMP. On top of this, we have applied for a controlled drugs license to ensure the smooth flow of goods around the world.

Independently Certified Every batch of our CBD product is independently tested by a third party and certified for additional quality assurance. If your looking to launch a CBD product in the UK or further afield, our Seed To Shelf programme could simplify the whole process. If you would like to discuss the services and products we offer, please contact our team. Tel: +44 (0) 203 302 7048 Email: sales@dushey.co.uk www.dushey.co.uk

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MILE HIGH LABS AND THE PURE CBD SOLUTION ile High Labs and the Pure CBD Solution As the world’s leading extractor of CBD isolate, one of the most common questions we’re asked is “what form of CBD should I use for my product?” Often times, the best form depends on what type of product you are creating. For instance, water soluble CBD might be ideal for some products while isolated, crystalline CBD is better suited to others. Why Choose CBD Isolate? In most cases, we recommend CBD isolate due to its versatility, consistency and purity. To put it quite simply, isolated cannabidiol is CBD in its truest form. While full spectrum extracts contain a variety of other plant compounds and cannabinoids, including THC, CBD is the only cannabinoid present in our isolate. CBD isolate has become the go-to solution

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for manufacturers concerned with the taste and smell of their end product. Because it’s highly purified, our isolate is odourless and flavourless. Manufacturers don’t have to sacrifice the integrity of their products to take advantage of CBD’s added value. Even with recreational and medical cannabis laws being implemented across the world, THC is still a risk factor for product manufacturers. CBD isolate contains absolutely no THC, unlike its full spectrum cousin, which contains trace amounts of all other cannabinoids. This guarantee of 0% THC in isolate bolsters consumer confidence and trust. Regular CBD users don’t have to worry about potentially testing positive on a drug screening, and those wanting to experience the benefits of a cannabinoid product without the “high” can rest easy knowing there’s no chance of psychoactive effects. Bringing Clarity to Regulatory Grey Zones. At the moment, CBD is operating within a patchwork of regulations that vary across

cities, states and countries. These rules (or lack thereof) become even more convoluted when including the entire spectrum of cannabinoids. By focusing on CBD isolate, Mile High Labs ensures that we can continue to meet and exceed the standards for cannabidiol products across the world. Counterfeit CBD Can Hide Behind Other Cannabinoids. A 2017 study by Johns Hopkins School of Medicine and UPenn School of Medicinefound that more than two-thirds of CBD products purchased online were mislabelled. What’s even more concerning is that synthetic cannabinoids have been found in similar CBD products. Dangerous ingredients and misinformation can potentially disguise themselves under the mask of “Full Spectrum”. With isolate, we’re able to accurately determine the exact potency of a single cannabinoid and provide manufacturers and their consumers with transparency and precise measurements of CBD content.


ARTICLE

Formulating the Future of Cannabinoids. The future of isolated cannabinoids is incredibly hopeful. By refining cannabinoids to their purest form, chemists will be able to reverse engineer extracts and create unique formulations of compounds to suit consumers’ individual needs and desired effects. STRENGTHENING THE CBD SUPPLY CHAIN As its popularity around the world increases, CBD is seemingly everywhere—but where exactly is it coming from and how do consumers know they can trust the source? How Mile High Labs gets CBD securely into the hands of customers is equally important as how we extract it. In our ongoing efforts to increase transparency and bolster consumer trust within our industry, Mile High Labs has made significant advancements to the CBD supply chain. The future of CBD will be determined not so much by what this mighty molecule does,

but by the logistics and supply chains that get that molecule from fields of hemp to the shelves of your corner store. In America, where CBD has already taken root, industry leaders have recognised that transparency, safety and compliance are paramount to success and that these can only be achieved through an emphasis on chain of custody. “CBD is a very safe product, but it needs to be treated with care to ensure quality,” said Philip Von Mecklenburg, COO of Mile High Labs. “The only way we’ll earn consumer confidence is by ensuring that we have kept a watchful eye on the entire production process.” As we briefly covered earlier, isolate is the ideal CBD ingredient for the global market. Because Mile High Labs isolates the CBD molecule, their product contains no THC. It’s legal, safe and highly versatile. Mile High Labs can qualify its purity and cannabinoid content, allowing the Company to confidently ship it to open markets across the world.

A New Industry Embraces a New Technology CBD isolate is a significantly refined, highly concentrated premium product. Protecting the integrity of the product is important to companies like Mile High Labs. To ensure the chain of custody, the company uses blockchain technology to track the isolate from field to sale. The blockchain creates a digital paper trail of every human interaction with the product. The resulting data is unalterable and serves as the isolate’s pedigree. “Blockchain technology helps us aggregate data from all of the systems within our supply chain to ensure no information gets lost or altered as the product moves from farm to lab and ultimately into the hands of the customer,” - Sébastien Pasquali, head of information technology at Mile High Labs. Not only does blockchain technology help ensure quality for customers, it also helps CBD companies self-regulate in an underregulated market. While other

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ARTICLE companies cut corners and sacrifice quality in the name of higher profits, Mile High Labs took a more responsible approach and implemented quality assurance and control processes that are drawn from the pharmaceutical industry. “Quality doesn’t just happen naturally. You need to have measurement systems in place with data collection processes that ensure accuracy every time,” Wendi Young, director of regulatory and compliance at Mile High Labs. “Although our quality is our advantage, we hope the FDA and global government organisations will pass strong standards to force our competitors to raise their game and improve their quality and consistency. It’s the only way to grow the industry and earn the public’s trust.”

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Charting the future of CBD. CBD may have its roots in America, but its future will certainly be in Europe. As local entrepreneurs realise the immense opportunity to be found in the industry, they should look to Mile High Labs as a model for what a CBD ingredient should be. Mile High Labs will be exhibiting at the Hemp & CBD Expo in September. The Company will be presenting a talk on the subject of “future proofing” your CBD brand, and how choosing a manufacturer with a strong supply chain and adherence to compliance can mean the difference between a one-off product and a CBD brand with staying power.


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ARTICLE

AN INTRODUCTION TO

INDOOR GARDENING AND HYDROPONICS Indoor gardening does not need to be complicated or difficult. It can mean growing 1 plant in a singular pot or growing a large number of plants in a controlled grow room environment. Plants are grown indoors in a variety of locations including residential properties, offices, shopping malls and restaurants, for many different reasons, including decorative, medicinal, nutritional and environmental. To most people however, Indoor gardening refers to the growing of herbs and vegetables inside a closed and controlled grow room in a domestic environment. Growing Indoors has many advantages in comparison with outdoor growing, including prolonging or shortening a grow season, growing seasonal crops at any time of the year, avoiding pest infestation and allowing the nurturing of plants that would not naturally grow in your native outdoor climate.

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Interested? Well the idea here is to give you a broad overview of what Indoor gardening entails and what the best options are for someone who is just starting out. As well as deciding what you want to grow indoors and how/where you are going to do it, you must always keep in mind that all methods will require you to have access to the fundamentals that all plants need, those being, water, light and heat. You will also have to consider the following factors.


ARTICLE MEDIUM If growing in a pot you will need a soil based “potting mix” or coco coir mix. If growing in a Hydro system you may not need any medium at all, just water but if you do require a substrate it is likely to be clay pebbles or Rockwool. Always get advice on the correct medium to use dependent on the system you are growing in, as indoor soil is not the same as outdoor soil and using the wrong medium in a hydro system could block your system, kill your plants and/or encourage mould and algae.

NUTRIENT FEED When growing indoors you are trying to replicate everything that your plants would receive in their natural environment including all the essential nutrients and minerals that they would receive. This is why you need to buy a range of plant nutrients that are suited to your specific plants and cover their specific needs for their entire lifecycle. Plants need more or less of certain minerals at different times of their life so it is very important that you get professional advice and buy a full range of quality nutrients that will have a full spectrum of nutrition for your plant. Nutrient feed is most commonly sold in concentrate form, which you then dilute with water to the instructed ratio. Fully organic and even Vegan ranges are now available too to meet all life style choices.

GROW ROOMS AND VENTILATION Grow tents are the most popular and versatile way to create a closed, controlled grow environment in any space in your home. They come in a variety of shapes and sizes to fit all space requirements and are easy to put up, take down, move around and store. Tents are made of a sturdy canvas like material with a reflective lining that works to save any light from being lost. The tent is its own mini environment and when it is sealed up meaning no light, odours or air can get in or out unless you let it. It offers the perfect environment in which you can control, all variables including temperature and humidity. A good ventilation system is comprised of an “intake fan” with ducting that is bringing cool fresh air into your grow room and an “outtake fan” with ducting that is taking the hot, humid and sometimes smelly undesirable air away from your grow room/living area. A carbon filter hanging in the tent and attached to your outtake equipment will scrub the air before it leaves the grow room so that it is as clean, odourless and un-offensive.

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ARTICLE GROW LIGHT A grow light is an artificial light that is used in place of natural sunlight in order to grow plants in an indoor environment. Being able to control the intensity and timing of the lights gives us total control over the environment meaning that we can manipulate conditions to try and improve the quality, size or growth speed of the plants. There are many different types and strengths of Grow light, as your plants will need to use different parts of the light spectrum in the various stages of its lifecycle. For example plants use more of the blue spectrum during the vegetative growth period and more of the red spectrum during Flowering. Once you know what you want to grow and how, get some professional advice on what is the best light system to suit your needs. It is very common to be able to buy â&#x20AC;&#x153;light kitsâ&#x20AC;? which will sell you all the parts you need to set up your lights system such as a bulb, a ballast and a shade. So now lets have a look at the different types of Growing system that are available to you and best suited to your first Grow.

HAND FEEDING One of the most popular and simplest forms of indoor gardening, especially for beginners is using a hand-watering, run to waste system. In this situation any number of pots (dependent on your needs and available space) that can hold a medium such as soil and water can be used to grow your desired plants. This system/method sees you feeding your plants by hand with enough feed that the whole of the pot containing the plants root system is well saturated and adequately fed until the next feed time. Each pot should have a larger saucer underneath that will catch any excess water that runs out the bottom (the run off) which then needs to be manually disposed of. Hand watering is simple and offers you a great chance to learn about your plants and what they need. There are also automated run to waste pot systems available which will make things a little more convenient and lighten your workload by allowing your plants to either be watered by hand or continuously by a dripper system. It will also feature a channel or piping system that will drain your run off away for you to a waste drain or reservoir so that you do not need to manually dispose of it.

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ARTICLE GRAVITY FED SYSTEMS Gravity Fed systems are a brilliant, popular pot based solution for indoor growing that automate the feeding of soil or coco grown plants with totally minimum input. These systems are great for a busy person who is perhaps not home much. They are also economical to run and really effective, if set up correctly. Gravity Fed systems work by using a separate reservoir that sits on higher ground to the pots. The feed solution runs down, using gravity, to a valve that allows your plants to feed on demand, by only allowing a certain amount of feed through. The valve will re-open to let more feed through once the plant has taken up what has been made available and the level drops back below the threshold. This is a popular system especially for beginners as there is no complicated equipment to set up, it works simply by the power of gravity and the regular re-filling of the reservoir.

HYDROPONICS SYSTEMS Another example of indoor gardening is hydroponic gardening, which uses no soil at all. Hydroponic growing relies on the use of water (usually alongside the use of clay pebbles or rockwool) and a nutrient feed that replaces everything that the plant would normally get from soil if the plants were grown outdoors. The simplest hydroponic system is a Deep Water Culture (DWC) system or as it is otherwise known a â&#x20AC;?Bubblerâ&#x20AC;?. A Bubbler is where you are growing your plants in aerated water. Bubbler systems consist of a container, lid, air pump and a net pot, for each plant that you are growing. The container holds the nutrient solution and the lid supports the plant it grows in a net pot. Roots grow out the net pot and into the nutrient solution in the reservoir below. The water is kept oxygenated by an air stone that is connected to an air pump via an air hose or tube. A Bubbler system oxygenates the water, which gives the roots the

There are other types of Hydroponic and Indoor Grow systems available to you including Dripper systems, Nutrient Film Technique, Eb and Flow systems and Aeroponic systems. These systems are a little more technical however and would

chance to breathe and take in the water and nutrients they need

probably be more suitable for use when you have gained some

whilst also preventing any waterlogging or rot in the root area.

experience and have a few successful Grows under your belt.

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ARTICLE

FEAR UNCERTAINTY & DOUBT By Peter Reynolds President Cannabis profesionals

We live in a very uncertain world. Particularly in the UK, we don’t know from one day to the next whether the weather will be like the Sahara Desert or the Brazilian rainforest. We don’t know whether our PM will be a grey, civil servant type or a flamboyant party boy who speaks in Latin. We can’t be sure if the vote we cast at our local polling station means anything or whether we’ve been impersonated by a Russian bot that signed us up for a postal vote. But if you’re in the CBD business, well then you really don’t know whether you’re coming or going. It makes everyone else’s uncertainty look easy to cope with. You must have nerves of steel!

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I hope to set minds at rest with this analysis of what’s going on. There are no easy answers and nothing is certain but there’s also a lot of scaremongering going on which is best ignored. We had the intervention of the MHRA back in 2016 and the leading CBD companies dealt with that quite well. CLEAR organised the response and established the Cannabis Trades Association which, despite its own problems, has successfully communicated that CBD has to be sold as a food supplement and that claims of medicinal benefit must not be made. Unfortunately though, the MHRA has

completely failed to back up this industry self-regulation. Its efforts at enforcement are pathetic, nothing more than window dressing. I’ve reported many instances of businesses making medicinal claims, some of them extraordinarily brazen but nothing ever gets done. I’ve tried reporting them through the MHRA Yellow Card scheme which is the correct channel but when that hasn’t worked I’ve gone direct to my personal contacts, at a very senior level in the MHRA and told them. Still nothing gets done. Frankly it’s a joke. The inability of the MHRA actually to enforce the Human Medicines Regulation 2012 is really an open invitation to ignore them and we see that every day


ARTICLE in full page advertisements in the national press. Responsible, compliant, self-regulating businesses are being cheated, ripped off and simply thrown to the dogs in favour of renegade sellers who don’t give a damn about the law and neither the MHRA, not its ultimate boss, the Secretary of State for Health, does anything about it. More recently we’ve had the debacle around ‘CBD buds’, ‘hemp flowers’ or whatever euphemism you prefer. These products are cannabis and illegal, irrespective of their THC content. They’re still on sale in virtually every high street in the country, exploiting the legitimate CBD business and again, cheating and ripping off responsible, compliant, self-regulating businesses. In this instance, it’s the police’s responsibility and while most of us want to see cannabis legalised, the failure to enforce the law is causing financial damage to responsible businesses.

Personally, I have no problem with anyone buying their weed from an illegal dealer but I have a big problem with confidence tricksters pretending their products are legal. Also, if you really want to vape or smoke buds that have been sprayed with isolate to reach improbably high CBD levels, then all I can say is more fool you. Most recently we’ve had the nonsense of the novel foods classification. And make no mistake, it is nonsense. The assertion that cannabis extracts are ‘novel’ is patently false as is the idea that there are any food safety implications in low THC extracts, providing that the cultivation, extraction and processing is carried out to reasonable standards. The reality is that the EU is rejecting, without valid reason, all the evidence put before it that demonstrates extracts were consumed prior to 1997.

What should be happening is that the industry should be standing together to resist this groundless and pointless intervention from a self-serving bureaucracy. There’s no purpose in this novel foods initiative except for the bureaucracy to take control of the market but of course it will benefit big business most of all. It’s now clear that a number of the bigger players in the CBD market are applying for novel food authorisation in an attempt to gain a competitive advantage. It’s every business for itself and the devil take the hindmost.

Be reassured, there is no prospect of products being taken off the shelves at least until after Brexit is settled. We can’t exclude the possibility of a trading standards official ‘going rogue’ but nothing is going to happen on a widespread basis at least until after Brexit.

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It’s certainly a difficult and unsettling time for all those in the CBD business. The FSA has confirmed that its position remains the same, that is: “We are committed to finding a proportionate way forward by working with local authorities, businesses and consumers to clarify how to achieve compliance in the marketplace in a proportionate manner.”

listing in the novel food catalogue to show they were acting reasonably. All that really matters in practice is whether enforcement action takes place.

That said, its position is that although inclusion in the novel food catalogue “serves as orientation on whether a product will need an authorisation under the Novel Food Regulation”, it considers that the legal status of cannabis extracts is that they are novel foods. This is only the FSA’s opinion. The only way it could actually be determined is by a court. However, trading standards officers do have the right to enter premises and seize products which they consider to be unlawful and they could rely on the

The crucial issue is that the FSA is considering the full range of options from advising no enforcement at all to total enforcement and the seizure of all products. It states that its advice will not be at either of these two extremes.

236 HEMP&CBDMAG

The FSA confirmed that it has not yet issued any enforcement advice to local authorities and it is still considering what that advice should be.

The only other observation to make is that the FSA is extremely defensive. It seems oblivious to the imminent prospect of Brexit and as with the entire civil service and government bureaucracy, it is wedded to the EU. Any question as to what happens after

Brexit has no real answer. It simply plans to carry on. In fact, of course, we will then be in a whole new world and subject to any transitional arrangements, if the FSA wants to continue bullying CBD businesses, it is going to have find the time and resources itself and won’t be able to rely on its former masters in Brussels.


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HEMP & CBD M A G DIRECTORY Aber hydro 01685874215 aberhydro@gmail.com 40 Canon Street, Aberdare Wales, CF44 7AP Hydroponics Adelphi Group of Companies 01444 472300 info@adelphi.uk.com Olympus House Mill Green Road Haywards Heath West Sussex RH16 1XQ Aztec CBD 02085744423 info@azteccbd.co.uk Unit 8A, First Floor Grand Union Enterprise Park Bridge Road London UB2 4EX CBD Adore CBD 01429299299 mail@jimgillespie.net 87 Stockton Road, Hartlepool TS25 1SJ Head Alba Vaping 447412036739 thor@albadistribution.co.uk 30 Countess Street, Saltcoats, North Ayrshire, KA21 5HW Head Alrewas Pharmacy 0283790711 alewaspharmacy@Hotmail.co.uk 120A Main Street Alrewas,Burton-On-Trent DE13 7AE Chemist Suppliers Alplant GmbH 0041 79 760 79 62 sales@alplant.ch Ziegelackerstasse 11a, Bern, Switzerland, 3027 CBD Producer Alpha +44 7773328634 jakirky@gmail.com 54 station road Sandiacre, NG10 5AS CBD Back To Nature 0494361019 info@backtonaturehealthstore.ie Main street Cavan Town, Co Cavan Health Store

244 HEMP&CBDMAG

Big Wols Ltd 01217830852 wol@bigwols.com 23 Glebe Farm Road Stechford, Birmingham B33 9LY Vaporizer

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BH Vape 07817337575 bh@vape.com 368 Charminster Road, Bournemouth, BH8 9RX Vaporizer Bristol CBD 07706 031935 info@bristolcbd.co.uk 6 Chelsea Park, Bristol, BS5 6AG CBD Bristol Genuine Seed Bank 01179351701 douggy51@icloud.com 11 West Street, Bristol, Gloucestershire BS2 0DF Seed Bank Birmingham Seeds Bank 0121 475 5475 leemallett45@sky.com 897 Bristol Road South Northfield, Birmingham, B312PA Seed Bank Bill & Bens Beneficial Health Products 01249 447796 info@billandbensbeneficials.co D15/16 Bumpers Way Bumpers Farm Trading Estate Chippenham, SN146LH Grow Balance 01142491220 sol@balancesheffield.co.uk 156 Devonshire Street, S37SG Head Beyond 01516662022 sales@beyondshops.co.uk 7 BoroughPavement, The Grange & Pyramids, Birkenhead, Wirral Merseyside, CH41 2XX CBD

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CBD supplements 07538576661 cbdsupplementsltd@gmail.com 15 abbey street, Derby Head/CBD Custom CBD 01915972545 cvapez@gmail.com 21 North Burns, Chester Le Street, Durham, DH33TF CBD CBD Oil Healthworx 07969768881 j.slader94@googlemail.com 86-90 Paul Street London EC2A 4NE MLM online store CBD Wellness Centre 01626331125 Darren@420skatestore.co.uk 108 Queen Street Newton Abbot Devon, TQ12 2EU CBD CBD Hemp Supplies 07852159768 cbdhempsupplies@gmail.com 201 Nottingham One Canal Street, NG17HL CBD Chia Chia ltd 07710 111124 steve@chiachiaormskirk.com 9-11 Aughton St, Ormskirk West Lancashire, L39 3 BH CBD Cei Vape 01545560042 ceivapesales@gmail.com Old Sheffield House, Margaret Street, New Quay, Ceredigion, SA45 9QJ CBD Cannatural Limited info@cannatural.co.uk First Floor, 47 Upper Bar, Newport,Shropshire TF10 7AP CBD CBD Elites 01277 424942 sales@cbdelites.com Market Place, St Peters Street St Albans, Herts, AL1 3LH CBD CBD Infusions 01382 848374 sales@cbdinfusions.co.uk PO Box 10163, Dundee, DD2 9DE CBD


DIRECTORY Cbd.co.uk 0330 024 0121 contactus@cbd.co.uk Online, M17 1AF CBD CannaWell 07973718205 catherine@cannawell.co.uk 36 Victory Mews Brighton, BN2 5XA Wholesale CBD Lab 01803 215748 info@cbd-lab.co.uk Unit 5 Magdalene Rd Torquay, TQ1 4AF CBD Cabelo 01179569999 thompo_1@hotmail.com 190 Downend rd, Downend Bristol, BS165EB CBD Dank! Vapes 020 7193 5445 hello@dankvapes.co.uk 152 - 160 City Road, EC1V2NX Vaporizer And CBD Castle Hydroponics 1782576308 sales@castlehydroponics.co.uk Unit 31 Winpenny Road, Parkhouse Industrial Estate East, Newcastle Under Lyme, ST5 7RH Hydroponic Retailers cbdangelsuk.com 01302 323283 ryan@cbdangelsuk.com 75 Sandrigham road Intake, Doncaster, DN2 5JA CBD CustomVapez 01913880285 cvapez@gmail.com 21 North Burns, Chester Le Street, Durham, DH33TF CBD DNB vapes 01384484406 dnbvapes106@gmail.com 8 Mill St Brierley Hill, Dudley, DY5 2RH Vaporizer Darlington Hydroponics 01335 285067 customerservices@darlo-hydro.co.uk Unit 4, Universal Business Park, Henson Road, Darlington, County Durham, DL1 4WG Hydroponic Retailers DSE International DAMPSHOP +32471401608 john@dampshop.be Belgium Vaporizer

Discover Cannabis 01216013606 Office@discovercannabis.uk Online - Based in Birmingham Dr Hemp 07837788551 info@dr-hemp.co.uk 4 Sloane Street Bolton, BL3 3LT CBD Dr Spades 07761 710477 shan@drspades.co.uk 21 Isaacs road Torquay Devon TQ2 8NB Elements Hydroponics 01904479979 elementshydroponics@hotmail.co.uk 44 Auster Road, York YO304XA Hydroponics Earthworks 0191 5652478 jonathangoliver@hotmail.co.uk 29 olive street Sunderland, SR1 3PE Head EastNeukHydroponics 01333424010 enhleven@gmail.com 3 oswald place bridgestreet leven KY8 4NW Hydroponic Retailers Executive extracts 0191 414 7460 sales@executiveextracts.co.uk unit 16 blaydon business centre, cowen road NE21 5TW Cannabis Terpenes E-CHUFFS 01773687471 admin@e-chuffs.co.uk 88 Nottingham Road Ripley, Derbyshire DE5 3A Vaporizer Essex Hydro Garden Limited 01708377617 essexhydro-garden@hotmail.co.uk Unit 3A, Tonbridge Works, Tonbride Road, Romford, Essex, RM3 8TS Hydroponic Retailers Empire Vape Co 0151 733 7388 support@empirevape.co.uk 375 Smithdown Road Wavertree, Liverpool Merseyside, L15 3JJ CBD

Farm CBD 02070592562 support@farmcbd.co.uk 30 Cheshire Street London E2 6EH CBD Flawless Vape shop p 01788 87755 755 7557 557 flawle les esssvapeshoprugby@gess s ap sh hoprugby p g y@g prug mail.cco com m 17 Market lace a kee P Plla Place Place, c ,R Rugby Ru ug u gby by C CV2 CV V211 33DU DU CBD BD D Flawless wle Vape wl V sho op 01509 263 2 3965 39 flawl hoploughb wle leessvapesh essva esh eshoploughb shoploughb p ghborghborr ough@gm gm ma com mail.com o 47 Market Street, Loughborough eet ett LLoughb h LE11 3ER CBD Flawles ess ss Vape V p Shop op 0116 166 2344 223 48820 82200 leeiicester i esterr@ @ @flaw flawle flawless aw wlees essv ssvvap vapesho ap peeessh hop op.co o.uk ukk Unit itt 155 40 High Hamilton ghcli hcli hcl cliffe ffe Road, ff Road R ad, d H Hamilto iilt l on n Leicees 1TY ester ster LLE5 E55 11T TY CBD Flawless Vape e shop hop p 011623448 448 4482 4820 leices est ster@ ster@flawl @flawles awlessvapes wlessvap wlessvape lessvap vapes peshop.co ho .co.u uk 3 Gallo lo owtr wtr wt tre tr ree Gate Leicester ces es LE1 E 5A 5AD AD D CB BD D Flavourart UK 01254 674561 info@flavourart.co.uk Unit 7 & 8 Guide Business Centre School Lane, Blackburn Lancashire BB1 2QH Food Product Manufacturers Futuregrow 077307996717 sales@futuregrow.net 50 bear street, Barnstaple North Devon EX327DB Grow Flora Fusion ltd 01333278422 scott@flora-fusion.com 17 FRIC, KY8 3RS CBD Flowerpot Men 7989768462 admin@flowerpot-men.com Unit A4 Wholesale Fruit & Veg Market, Nottingham NG2 3JJ Grow Focusaimfire 07999801303 focusaimfire@yahoo.co.uk 24 Abergele Road Colwyn Bay, North Wales LL28 4AE CBD

For the Ageless 05603 645 895 contact@fortheageless.com 12 John Prince's Street London W1G 0JR Food Supplements GroWorks 01322838131 info@groworks.co.uk Unit F16 Northfleet Industrial Estate Lower Road, Gravesend DA11 9SW Grow Growmate Lye 01384 896321 accounts@growmatelye.co.uk Unit 9 Embassy Industrial Estate Attwood Street, Stourbridge Lye DY9 8RY Hydroponic Retailers Grow sure nutrients & hydroponics 01543 426982 growsure2018@outlook.com Unit 131 Anglesey Business Park Littleworth Road Hednesford Hydroponics Go Green Cbd Oils 07488302691 gogreencbd2018@gmail.com 61 Hope Street OL6 9SP CBD Grow Nation 0353 21 485 3333 paul@grownation.ie 11 Barryscourt Business Park Carrigtwohill County Cork, T45 K138 Ireland Grow Greenlight Hydroponics and CBD Specialists 01452306871 greenlightglos@yahoo.co.uk Unit 4 Cotswold Edge Business Park, Hempstead Lane, Gloucester, Gloucestershire GL2 5WZ Hydroponic Retailers Good To Grow 01332 206 308 dan@goodtogrow.net Unit 8 Derby Trading Est Stores Road, Derby, DE21 4BE Grow Goldharts Pharmacy 01234 353582 pineshpatel@hotmail.com 41-43 St Peters Street, Bedford, MK40 2PN Pharmacy

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HEMP & CBD M A G DIRECTORY Glasgrow Hydro Limited 0141 552 7522 Glasgrow1@yahoo.co.uk 66-68 Osborne St Merchant City, Glasgow Scotland United Kingdom, G1 5QH Grow Grow World Hydroponics 01214483155 growworld@live.co.uk 1271 bristol road south northfield Birmingham, B31 2SP Grow Gravells Pharmacy 01554 772156 gravellspharmacy@aah-n3.co.uk Ashgrove Medical Centre, Thomas Street, Llanelli, South Wales, SA15 3JH CBD/Pharmacy Green Bounty CBD 07716515456 sally@greenbountycbd.com Online CBD Stockist Gro-orG 07842016414 sophaora@outlook.com Samlet Shopping Centre, Samlet Rd, Swansea SA7 9AG Grow Grow Nation 0353 21 485 3333 paul@grownation.ie 11 Barryscourt Business Park Carrigtwohill, County Cork Ireland, T45 K138 Grow Golden Valley Hydroponics 01303 487843 goldenvalleyhydro@gmail.com 119 Enbrook Valley, Folkestone, Kent CT20 3NE Grow Global Hemp Investments 07654 321287 contact@globalhempinvestments.com Global Hemp Investments Ltd, 85 Great Portland Street, Marylebone, London W1W 7LT Investment Green 01903 200110 shop@greenworthing.co.uk 63 Victoria Road, Worthing West Sussex, BN11 1UN Head

246 HEMP&CBDMAG

Grow sure nutrients & hydrponics 01543 426982 growsure2018@outlook.com Unit 131 Anglesey Business Park Littleworth Road, Hednesford Hydroponics HeadForth 01912617067 sales@headforth.co.uk Arch 5, Forth Street, Newcastle, Northumberland NE1 3NZ Head Home grown horticulture Ilkeston ltd 07900966982 homegrownhorticulture.ilkeston@gmail.com Unit 16 Kensington business park Ilkeston Derbyshire DE7 5NY Head Health CBD 01257367676 sales@healthcbd.co.uk 95 Wendover Road Broklands Manchester M23 9EG CBD Hemptations CBD 07378934342 sales@hemptations-cbd.com Unit 1, 59 High Street, Bangor County Down BT20 5BE CBD Here organic 02073514321 hereorganix@gmail.com 125 Sydney street Chelsea Farmers market SW3 6NR Organic supermarket HempMeds 01 866-273-8502 pr@accesscbd.com 13831 Danielson Street, Poway, CA Online CBD Retail and Wholesaler Harmony +44 203 962 1811 sales@meetharmony.com EC2V 6DN CBD Manufacturer and Distributor Happy Daze 07446896966 info@happydazeheadshop.com 10 Wollaton Road, Beeston Nottingham NG9 2NR Head

Hope CBD 08000886509 Info@Hopecbd.com Hope CBD Stadium ML3 0FT CBD Indoor Growstore 01985217125 info@indoorgrowstore.co.uk Unit 4,Millards Farm, Upton Scudamore, Warminster Wiltshire BA12 0AQ Hydroponic Retailers Ice Nine 01159580786 enquiries@icenine.co.uk 9-13 Goose Gate Goosegate, Nottingham NG1 1FE CBD Ice Headshop 07817306235 admin@iceheadshop.co.uk Unit 2, 26a Marsh Green Road West, Exeter EX2 8PN Head J & J Pharmacy Ltd 01905354651 177.jjpharmacy@gmail.com 177, Bath Road Worcester, WR5 3AQ Pharmacy Kushcart 07985191735 waxliquidizeruk@gmail.com Woodford, London LG8 8DX Head - Online Kanah Ltd 02075114157 royaldockseastham.pharmacy@nhs.net 14 Royal Crest Avenue West Silvertown, E16 2TQ Head Kanah Ltd 02075114157 royaldockseastham.pharmacy@nhs.net 23 East Ham Manor Yay E6 5NA Head King Bong 01202296665 jay@kingbong.com 23 The Triangle, Bournemouth, BH2 5SE Head

Kapre Lounge Ltd 01737212219 kaprelounge@mail.com 111 High Street, Banstead Surrey SM72NL Vaporizer Love U 07428685983 info@loveu.london HP10 9RF Online Let's Grow Hydro 01922405903 Sales@letsgrowhydro.co.uk Units 2-3 Crossings Industrial Estate, Fryers Road, Bloxwich Walsall, WS3 2XJ Grow Light & Grow Ltd 02088502000 lightandgrowsocial@gmail.com 273 Eltham High Street, Eltham, London SE9 1TY Hydroponic Retailers Life is Balance Ltd 01142491220 sol@balancesheffield.co.uk 156 Devonshire Street, S37SG Head Leamington Vapes leamingtonvapes@gmail.com 19 Bath Street, Leamington Spa, Warwickshire, CV31 3AF Vaporizer Lennys Hydroponics 01792892699 sales@lennyshydroponics.co.uk Unit C3, Mardy Industrial Estate, Gorseinon, Swansea, Wales SA4 4HJ Hydroponic Retailers Live It CBD Ltd 01246 731756 info@liveitcbd.co.uk 59 Market Street,Eckington Sheffield, S21 4JG Vaporizer Loudmouth 01392420995 info@loudmouthexeter.co.uk 138 Fore Street, Exeter Devon, EX43AN Head Mackrell Turner Garrett 7824397680 chris.lane@mackrell.com WC2R 0BU Cannabis Law Department


DIRECTORY Marleys Headshop 01722330099 marleyheadshop@gmail.com 103b Fisherton Street SP2 7SP Head Medichem Pharmacy 0113262684 sarahmedichem@gmail.com 40-42 Harrogate Road Leeds, LS7 4LA Pharmacies Midlands Vape Shack 01215309648 mvstipton@gmail.com 116 Bloomfield Road Tipton Sandwell, DY4 9ES Vaporizer Multi-I UK Ltd 07595587189 mike@multi-i.co.uk 14 Hendale Avenue, Hendon, London, NW4 4LR CBD Natures Alternative 02891225330 contact.naturesalternative@gmail.com 13A Frances Street, Newtownards ,County Down, Northern Ireland BT23 7DL CBD Nannies Edibles 03334045050 info@nanniesedibles.com 51-541 Pinfold Street, Birmingham, B2 4AY Edibles - online Nictel UK Limited 01744454940 wholesale@nictel.co.uk 181 Broadoak Road St Helens WA9 2AQ Manufacturer Original Ecigs Company originalecigscompany@yahoo.co.uk The Glassworks, Unit 44, Upper Level, Barnsley, South Yorkshire S70 2SX Vaporizer One More Vape 02086598218 admin@onemorevape.co.uk 271, Sydenham Road Sydenham London SE265EN Vaporizer/CBD stockist

One Tree Horticulture 1773605286 info@onetreehorticulture.co.uk Unit 1, Block 14, Amber Business Centre, Riddings Derbyshire, DE55 4BR Grow Offshore Vapes 01624 625212 giles@offshorevapes.im 11 Castle Street Douglas Isle of Man, IM1 2EX Vaporizer Plantasia 01844 239820 info@plantasia.co.uk Brill View Farm, Ludgershall Rd Piddington, Bicester Oxfordshire, OX251PU Head Plantwell Hydroponics Ltd 01656749593 penman.nigel78@gmail.com 50 Village Farm Rd, Pyle Bridgend, CF33 6BN Grow Pet and Aquatic World 01132631509 petandaquatic1@gmail.com 206 Armley Road, Leeds LS122LS Hydroponic Retailers QS Marketing Ltd +44 7999991409 smartliving01@gmail.com 79 Billingsley Road Yardley, Birmingham B26 2EB CBD Riverside Hydroponics 01903713777 sales@riverside-hydroponics.co.uk Unit D2, Riverside Industrial Estate, Bridge Road Littlehampton, West Sussex BN17 5DF Hydroponic Retailers Rebel Rebel 02920645069 info@rebelrebel.me 20 / 22 Wyndham Arcade Cardiff CF10 1FJ Head RK Hydro 01698291148 kellyanne@rkhydro.co.uk Unit 13 Murray Court Hillhouse Industrial Estate Hamilton South Lanarkshire Scotland, ML3 9SL Hydroponic Retailers

Runcorn Hydroponics 01928573492 runcornhydroponics@live.co.uk Unit 6 Pimlico Road WA7 4US Hydroponic Retailers Stockport Ecigs 01619712876 Stockport-e-cigs@live.co.uk 21 Wilmslow Road, Cheadle, Stockport SK8 1DW Vaporizer Space Hydro 01202 090074 craig.thurlow@sky.com Unit 15 , Morris Road Nuffield Industrial Estate Poole BH17 0GG Grow SN Vaping 01708 606116 snvaping@gmail.com 177 Station Lane Hornchurch, Essex RM126LL CBD Spirit Earth CBD 07456641623 spiritearthretail@outlook.com 49 Oxford Street, Ripley, Derbyshire DE5 3AH CBD Sure Life CBD surelifecbd@gmail.com 6 Portland Way Oldbury, West Midlands B69 3LJ CBD Smokers Choice UK 07832133969 smokerschoiceuk@hotmail.com Unit 1-2 Chepstow House Bryan Street, Hanley Stoke on Trent, Staffordshire England, United Kingdom ST1 5AJ Head Soul Care Aesthetics 01543 572838 ismorgan1@yahoo.com Chase House, High Green Court Nwehall Street, Cannock WS11 1GR Head Smokz Vape Store 0843 289 1103 support@smokz.co.uk 204 Harrow View, Harrow London, HA2 6PL CBD

Spirit Earth CBD 07456641623 spiritearthretail@outlook.com 49 Oxford Street, Ripley Derbyshire DE5 3AH CBD Seymour Green Horticulture Centre 01902 782 900 seymourgreen@live.co.uk Unit 2 Fordhouse Road Industrial Estate, Steel Drive Bushbury, Wolverhampton WV10 9XA Grow Southcoast Hydroponics 02392598853 mattbain2009@hotmail.co.uk Unit 8, Enterprise Industrial Estate, Enterprise Road,Hornding PO8 0BB Hydroponics Retailers Sacred Seed CBD 07920080281 sales@sacred-seedcbd.com Victoria street, Rotherham S Yorks, S60 5SJ CBD Spirit Earth 07456641623 spiritearthretail@outlook.com 49 Oxford Street Ripley, DE5 3AH CBD Stealth Grow Systems 01912671628 Info@Stealthgrow.co.uk NE5 1QS Grow Sk farms ltd 07546655577 zkmsaad@gmail.com CBD The Hydro House 01234273839 sunil.mal@thehydrohouse.co.uk 41-43 Murdoch Road Bedford, Bedfordshire Hydroponic Retailers The Dragon Headshop 01614772050 paulebrad@btinternet.com 19,Lower Hillgate, Stockport, Cheshire SK1 1JQ Head Taylor Mammon & Nathan Ltd 02083442005 info@taylormammon.com 10 Sutherland Court Brownfields Welwyn Garden City AL7 1BJ Other

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HEMP & CBD M A G DIRECTORY The Vape Crusader 0208 279 6002 thevapecrusader1@gmail.com 28 Hatch Lane Chingford, London, E4 6LQ CBD The Vape Lounge 01724858999 info@thevapelounge.co.uk 37 Broadway, Ashby, Scunthorpe, Lincolnshire DN16 2SS Vaporizer The Lemongrass Trading Company Ltd 01308 482200 info@lemongrasstrading.com The Mill Litton Cheney Near Dorchester Dorset, DT2 9AP Other The Hydroponic Club 01424 755997 info@thehydroponic.club Westfield Garage Main Road Westfield, Hastings East Sussex TN35 4QE CBD Stockist True CBD and Hemp Centre 02077208118 nadiamge@outlook.com 22 Clapham Common Southside London SW4 7AB CBD Trip hammer 07450555707 admin@triphammer.co.uk 1623 wimborne road Bournemouth Dorset BH1 19AR CBD The Attitude Smoking Lounge 01473 270 050 sales@attitude-smoking-lounge.com Online CM19 5AF Smoking Accessories The Hemphouse 0141 552 7522 Glasgrow1@Yahoo.co.uk 66-68 Osborne St, Merchant City Glasgow, Scotland United Kingdom G1 5QH Head

248 HEMP&CBDMAG

The CBD Botanist 07881 682572 hello@cbdbotanist.co.uk 57 Water Lane Wilmslow SK9 5BQ CBD

The Vape Escape 01204774001 thevapeescapebolton@gmail.com 307 Halliwell Road Bolton, BL1 3PF CBD

The terpene lab 07985191735 waxliquidizeruk@gmail.com Woodford, London LG8 8DX Terpenes

The Grow and Brew Room 01616264732 growandbrew@hotmail.co.uk 154 Huddersfield Rd Oldham, OL4 2RD Grow

The CBD Lounge 07828780158 thecbdlounge@gmail.com 59 Ebrington Street, Plymouth, Devon, PL4 9AA CBD

The Hydro House 01234273839 sunil.mal@thehydrohouse.co.uk 43 Murdock Road Manton Industrial Estate MK41 7PQ Grow

TheCBDSurgery 07404040969 shane.lloyd@mail.com 89 Friary Cresent Rushall, WS4 1JZ CBD

The Dank Shack thedankshack@yahoo.co.uk 23 Orrell Lane Orrell Park Liverpool L9 8BU Head

Topvapeone ` 01654703925 dreamcatcher9839@sky.com Topvapeone Machynlleth 50 Heol Maengwyn, Machynlleth Powys, Sy20 8dt Vaporizer Topvapeone Barmouth 01654703925 dreamcatcher9839@sky.com Annedd Shop Church Street Barmouth LL42 1EW Vaporizer TNI Vapour Store 07496471749 vkecigs@gmail.com Riverside Shopping Centre Huddersfield Road Holmfirth HD9 3AZ Vaporizer

Tribes 01303 244838 tribesbusiness@hotmail.com 50 The Old High Street Folkestone, Kent CT20 1RN Head UK Skunkworks 01322838131 mail@ukskunkworks.co.uk Online store Head Ubervape 01727568240 sales@ubervape.co.uk 1159 Hatfield Road, St. Albans, Hertfordshire AL1 4LB Vaporizer

The Vapour Hut 07830138237 kingswoodwines@hotmail.co.uk 19 South Parade Yate Shopping Centre BS374BB Vaporizer

UK Seed Store 01543 898774 info@ukseedstore.com Unit 2 Chaswood Business Park Hednesford Road Heath Hayes, Cannock Staffordshire WS12 3XR CBD/seed bank

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