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The Capital Development Project at The Manchester Museum

Opened to the public in July 2003, the new entrance provides a spacious and well lit welcome for visitors to the Museum



I am writing this Foreword at the time that various celebrations are taking place to mark the completion of the Capital Development Project. The Museum has, quite simply, been transformed. And not only in terms of the buildings and spaces, vital though they are: in parallel there have been developments in the way the museum operates which point to a dynamic, exciting future.

The buildings mean that we now have better spaces for those who work in the museum, and those who visit it. The new galleries and their displays are stunning, and the transformation in the refurbished old galleries remarkable. As a result of a nomination from a member of the public the building has just won a North West Civic Trust Award, testimony to the quality of the design and work. There is new space for lectures and meetings, a much enlarged, secure gallery for special exhibitions, a discovery centre for the ambitious and very active educational programmes with schools, the opportunity to browse in, and buy from, a refurbished and enlarged shop, and an already-popular café on Oxford Road. Above all, there are better facilities for looking after the collections – of national or international standard – and for displaying them. The organisational restructuring that has been progressed over the past year will result in closer collaboration with academic faculties, and higher quality and more extensive research by members of the Museum staff, in many cases within the mainstream of the University. Widening access to those who would not normally come into contact with a university or museum remains very important – the Museum fulfils its function as a door through which the University and members of the general public can come into contact with each other with great vigour. The past few years have not been easy for the staff – it is quite difficult to think back to the time when the Capital Development Project did not exist in some form: from the first vision to the eventual completion has been not far short of 10 years. These years have been a long hard slog, punctuated by disruption and all kinds of set-backs. There has been the need for professionalism and skills of the highest order from those involved, leavened by a good sense of humour. The challenges have been huge and the corresponding efforts to overcome them successful. There remains the challenge of bringing the Museum fully back to life again, and taking advantage in the future of all that has been done over recent years. I, on behalf of the members of the Museum Committee and of the University Council, thank them all: it has required great teamwork. Many others deserve our thanks: the architects, project team and contractors; the Vice Chancellor and his senior management, the administration at all levels and academic staff. Without their heavy involvement and support the task could not have been achieved. The Director himself, who has borne the primary burden throughout this period, and whose vision has now been implemented, deserves our special thanks because his dedication to the task has been of the highest order: a quite remarkable achievement to bring about the transformation of the Museum. Finally I would like to thank my colleagues on the Museum Committee for their substantial contributions to the Museum in various ways over the past year. It is apt that we should be celebrating this event as the University enters its final year in its present form. The merger with UMIST is extraordinarily exciting as a University that will rank with the best in the world will be born. Much work remains to be done, and this coming year will again be challenging and busy as the arrangements for the Museum in the new structures are identified. But after the developments of the past few years the Museum will now be able to match the high aspirations for the new University, well placed to play its full part in it, as well as in the city, region and, indeed, nationally and internationally. Do come and visit! Sir John Kerr Chairman 3

INTRODUCTION BY THE DIRECTOR Two separate but connected issues dominated the year for The Manchester Museum. The first was the staff restructuring, which resulted from the review of human resources in the Museum. The second was the completion of the Museum’s capital project and the long-awaited opening of the new extension and galleries to the public in July. Both of these developments have far-reaching implications for the future of the Museum and its users, and were initiated by the Museum so that it could reposition itself to greater effect both within the University of Manchester and more widely within the cultural sector in the UK. The dictum “no gain without pain” may sound irritatingly trite, but will have, nonetheless, a resonance for just about everyone in the Museum. Change is rarely comfortable: and whilst the process inevitably induced feelings that ranged from optimism through insecurity to anxiety, the reorganization, refocusing and reconstruction of the Museum has given it new energy and a new sense of direction. The Museum has already moved from the margins to a more central place in the academic and cultural life of the region. This is an achievement of which everyone connected with the Museum can be proud, because it has depended on the sheer hard work, skills, knowledge and determination of the Museum’s staff and professional partners in the region and beyond. Two further issues, which are external to the Manchester Museum, also have profound, longterm implications for the Museum, and exemplify the duality of its role. During the year, the two universities – UMIST and the University of Manchester – resolved to merge and create a single, great, new University in which world class research will underpin its teaching. This sets a clear agenda for the Museum, which must be located securely in the new University both intellectually and structurally. The Museum should be positioned to best advantage so that it can continue to develop innovative, multidisciplinary, academic partnerships and mediate the University’s cultural interface with local communities and wider society. To those ends it must also safeguard and make accessible the six million items in its collections, a cultural resource of international significance in the new university. The other external development of strategic importance to the Museum, its users and its role in the North West region, has been the establishment of the North West Museums and Galleries Hub. In partnership with the Whitworth Art Gallery, Manchester Art Gallery, and sister institutions in Bolton, Preston and Carlisle, The Manchester Museum has been awarded funding from the Department of Culture, Media and Sport. Channelled through Resource, these funds are to be targeted to increase capacity and improve services, particularly in education from 5-16 years. The outcomes are very specific and will be measured in relation to the Government’s agenda for social inclusion and learning. The trick for a university museum like The Manchester Museum, which is also one of the UK’s leading regional museums (only Oxford and Cambridge have museums of comparable stature) is to ensure that it plays to its strengths to satisfy both its academic and wider social constituents. The Museum is now in better fettle to pull off such a trick without compromising its intellectual, curatorial or ethical obligations. In so doing, the focus of the Museum’s practice will shift away from what it has towards what it does and how well it does it. I am pleased to pay tribute to all my colleagues within the Museum, the University and the region, past and present, who have contributed to making this Museum a place of cultural exchange, learning and creativity. In this I include the Chairman and members of The Manchester Museum Committee.

Tristram Besterman Director 4



In July the Museum quietly opened the doors of its new entrance to the public for the first time. So began the latest chapter in the life of the Museum as it has developed over the last 120 years on the Oxford Road, within the University. The first lines of this new chapter were written in 1994, when the Director drafted a brief for architects to reconfigure the Museum to make it fit for purpose in the 21st century: its public spaces had, after all, lacked any major investment since 1927, and it showed. The National Lottery did not then exist, but the Bill to bring it into existence was making its way through Parliament. Anticipating a great deal of competition, the Manchester Museum’s scheme was one of the earliest major project bids submitted – in 1995. In 1996 a revised bid secured a grant of ₤12 million from the Heritage Lottery Fund, alongside successful bids from Manchester City Art Gallery and the Museum of Science & Industry in Manchester. Manchester was, all of a sudden, a hotspot in the UK for National Lottery cultural investment. The Museum subsequently secured partnership funding totalling £8.5 million from the Wellcome Trust, the University of Manchester, the European Regional Development Fund and the Wolfson Foundation. The project was divided into three main phases of work, to ensure that the Museum never closed. Phase 1 was opened by Professor David Bellamy in 2000, Phase 2 in 2001 and Phase 3 in 2003. The Museum has been transformed as well as enlarged. The best of the old – and there was much of quality to preserve – has been restored to its Victorian or Edwardian integrity. Juxtaposed with this is the best of the new to create better access, clearer connexions, higher quality facilities, innovative interpretation and display, and improved collections care. From inception to completion, the capital project has taken nine years to deliver. What started as a conversation between the Director and the architect became a vast collaborative project whose success depended on the pooled ideas, skills and knowledge of a small army of staff, consultants, suppliers and contractors. Everyone’s contribution was important, and to that extent, singling out any individual might seem invidious. Nonetheless, pivotal roles in delivering the project were played by Charlie MacKeith, project architect with Ian Simpson Architects, Peter Twist, project manager with Appleyard & Trew and Velson Horie, Keeper of Conservation, seconded to coordinate the project within the Museum. After nine years and more than £20 million, has it been worth it? That is a matter for our users and posterity to judge. In the meantime a great debt of gratitude is owed to our funders and to everyone who worked so hard to complete the capital project, and through this great endeavour, to ensure a bright future for one of the UK’s leading University museums. 5


The original museum of the Manchester Natural History Society is built on Peter Street


The collection of the Manchester Natural History Society is transferred to Owens College (which became the University of Manchester)


Owens College builds the first great 'pavilion' of The Manchester Museum, designed by Alfred Waterhouse on the Oxford Road to house the botany, zoology and geology collections transferred from the Manchester Natural History Society


The second pavilion on Oxford Road, designed by Paul Waterhouse (Alfred’s son) is built to house displays of antiquities from the Mediterranean, Egypt and Middle East.


The third pavilion on the Oxford Road, designed by Alfred Waterhouse’s grandson, is built to house displays of Ethnography

1960s 1970s & 1980s

The Museum expands into part of the old Schuster Physics Laboratory (now the Coupland 1 Building) for collections storage and offices. The old Dental School is adapted for offices, stores, workshops and a temporary exhibition gallery


Brief drafted, appointed





Heritage Lottery Fund awards £12 million to the Manchester Museum's CDP


All funding secured for the CDP, building work starts on site


Phase 1 of the CDP opens, creating the Science for Life exhibit, new geology and invertebrate displays, new Vivarium, a double-decker bridge, new lifts and stairs, and the Discovery Centre.


Phase 2 of the CDP is complete, providing new electrical and heating services to the Coupland 1 Building storage areas.


Phase 3 of the CDP opens. This includes a new wing and courtyard, providing a new entrance, shop, reception, introductory displays, temporary exhibition gallery, lifts to all floors, new stairs, a new anthropology gallery, new displays on money and reconstructed heads, a lecture theatre, new stores and two conservation laboratories

2 RE-ALIGNING THE MUSEUM AND ITS STAFF In the past, museums were judged largely on the quality and scope of their collections. Nowadays it is the measurable benefit that people derive from a museum that is the main yardstick of quality. The value placed on a museum today is therefore a function of how useful it is seen to be by its primary ‘stakeholders’. In the case of The Manchester Museum, the organisation with the largest stake in the Museum is the University of Manchester, which owns the collections and buildings and employs the staff of the Museum. As far as funding is concerned, the University of Manchester and the Arts & Humanities Research Board between them pay for about 85% of the annual running costs of the Museum; those organisations which have invested between them ₤20 million in the Museum’s re-building programme, which includes the Wellcome Trust, the European Commission and the Heritage Lottery Fund; the Department of Culture, Media and Sport, which, through Resource, assesses the Museum’s professional standards and funds projects to increase access to collections. Finally, arguably the most important stakeholders are the users of the Museum who range from visitors from the local community and overseas tourists to students and researchers in the University of Manchester to scholars all over the world to whom objects from the collections are sent every year for research; partners in the region and beyond, including museums, schools and communities. Their interest in The Manchester Museum is centred on how well it facilitates learning opportunities, access, research, innovation, inter-disciplinarity and collections development and the way it consults its partners in delivering such benefits. These were some of the factors that prompted the Review of Human Resources at The Manchester Museum. The main questions to be addressed were: 1.

how well do the values, attitudes, methods of working and staff structure of the Museum match these varied and evolving external expectations?


what changes might be necessary to improve the performance of the Museum, and to enable it to connect effectively with the needs and expectations of its audiences?

To assist the Museum in undertaking this review, which was funded, in large part, by money secured by the University from the Higher Education Funding Council for addressing issues of human resource (HR) management in higher education, an external consultant, Robin Jordan, was appointed in the autumn of 2001. The consultant’s approach was, from the outset, deliberately inclusive. In January 2002 he facilitated a one-day brain-storming session that involved all the Museum’s staff, a number of senior academics from the University and members of the local community. These were designed to identify where the Museum wished to be in five years’ time. This was articulated as a vision which defined the Museum’s purpose, key aims and values. From February until August 2002, the consultant conducted a number of interviews with staff, with academics and with community representatives to collect information and to analyse it in order to compare current practices and achievement with the goals set out in the vision. He also compared structures and practice in museums in the universities of Glasgow and Oxford. The consultant’s analysis of this information led to his report and recommendations which became public in September 2002. There were three key recommendations in Stage 1 of the HR consultant’s report: •

establish a senior management team

disaggregate the functions of Keeper

form a Museum Academic Advisory Board.

In Stage 2 a range of managerial and professional development issues were identified. 6

Over eight months from September to the following April, consultation meetings were held with staff, union representatives and academics. The recommendations were backed by an advisory panel of University of Manchester academics and members of the Museum Committee in September; they were approved by the Manchester Museum Committee in November; they were approved in principle, subject to further consultation, by Council in December 2002; they were approved by Senate in March 2003 and finally by Council in April 2003. Subsequent implementation of the recommendations has been expeditious. A senior management team (SMT) has been formed and reflects the re-organisation of the Museum into three divisions. These and all other key appointments resulting from the HR review, are reported in the Staff section of this report. The role of Keeper has ceased, and the functions split between new posts of Curator and Museum Academic Joint Appointments. There will be a Curator in each of the Museum’s existing curatorial subject areas, to ensure that the collections are managed and developed to make them as useful and as widely accessible as possible for research, learning, inspiration and enjoyment. In addition, the Museum has built into its forward plan the creation of joint appointments with cognate academic departments to enable the Museum to support research and teaching in higher education. All the Keepers have made a distinguished contribution to the work of the Museum over the last three decades, and will maintain their links with it in various ways in the future. The Manchester Museum will be recruiting to the new posts of Curator of Palaeontology, Curator of Egyptology and Curator of Anthropology during October/November 2003. A new academic joint appointment with the Department of Art Gallery and Museum Studies will be filled during October 2003. Further staff development will occur as the Museum continues to evolve and position itself to best advantage for the benefit of its users and funders. The implementation of the third key recommendation, namely the formation of an Academic Advisory Board to build closer strategic links between the Museum and the rest of the University, will follow in the autumn of 2003. The Museum and University owe a great debt of gratitude to Professor Peter Meudell, ProVice-Chancellor at the University of Manchester, whose robust support and wise counsel to the Director and to the Vice-Chancellor were indispensable to steering the HR review to a successful conclusion. He gave unstintingly of his time between September 2002 and April 2003 to chair innumerable consultative meetings and to speak compellingly in support of the changes in other forums of the University.


3 RESEARCH Despite the continued pressures generated by the Capital Development Project, Museum staff have maintained a steady programme of research activity throughout the year. Some have also seen their work for the new galleries come to fruition. In the year under review, Professor Rosalie David was awarded an OBE in the Queen’s New Year Honours 2003 in recognition of her pioneering research and contribution to the study of Egyptology. She is the first woman in the history of Egyptology to receive this honour. Under Professor David’s direction, the Egyptology Department has developed its research programme on mummified remains. Dr Patricia Lambert-Zazulak has continued to collect material for the Ancient Egyptian Mummy Tissue Bank, which now holds over a thousand samples. Various projects are being developed with the use of samples from the Bank, including an analysis of DNA extracted from modern and ancient cat samples, which has laid the foundation for further studies. Research on schistosomiasis, undertaken by Dr Patricia Rutherford, is now concentrating on patterns of the disease at particular ancient sites, and an investigation into the evidence of malaria in ancient mummified tissue has been started. PhD students continue their studies: Karen Vowles is radiographing and CT-scanning the mummies in the collection, in association with the Department of Clinical Radiology, University of Manchester; Ryan Metcalf is pursuing studies on DNA with the Department of Pathological Sciences in the University; and Louise Sutherland is employing spectrometric studies to analyse substances in Egyptian pottery. In one of the MSc research projects, a molecular analysis of ancient cereal crops was undertaken which demonstrated that DNA could be extracted from 4,000-year old barley seeds from the pyramid workmen’s town of Kahun, and that it could be successfully amplified. During the year plans were formulated to enable Professor David, and Drs Patricia Rutherford and Patricia Lambert-Zazulak to transfer from the Museum to the newly established KNH Centre for Biomedical Egyptology in the School of Biological Sciences. The Centre will be under the direction of the new KNH Chair in Biomedical Egyptology, the first of its kind in the world, which will be held by Professor David. For many years, the Kay Hinckley Charitable Trust has helped to further Professor David’s research in biomedical Egyptology, by funding two posts and a student bursary. The Trust will now secure the long-term expansion of this subject by endowing the KNH Centre and Chair in Biomedical Egyptology. The Centre will aim to provide a unique, world-class university base, which will promote the development and application of scientific techniques (particularly relating to mummified remains) in Egyptology, for research and teaching of high-calibre students. In the Archaeology Department, Dr Prag has continued to collaborate with Dr Manolis Pantos, at the CLRC Laboratory at Daresbury and his colleagues at the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory at Didcot on the chemistry and firing of the surface of Greek pottery; project which has now been extended to cover the manufacture, metallurgy and corrosion of the Greek helmet acquired from the Charterhouse School collection. At the Etruscans Now colloquium held at the British Museum in December 2002, the team, which he has led together with Dr Judith Swaddling of the British Museum, published the results of their work on the remains of the Etruscan lady Seianti Hanunia Tlesnasa in that Museum’s collection, using forensic facial mapping techniques to demonstrate that the figure sculpted on the sarcophagus c. 200 BC is the first identifiable named portrait in western art, as well as making some distinctly morbid discoveries about Etruscan burial practices. Research at Alderley Edge has focussed on completing the AELPHER website, and on preparation for the excavation of the Hagg cottages: this is a joint project (Alderley Sandhills Project) with Dr Eleanor Casella of the School of Art History, funded from the Aggregates Levy Sustainability Fund through English Heritage with a grant of £120,000. With his colleagues Professor Terry 8

Brown and Mrs Keri Brown in the Department of Biomolecular Sciences at UMIST, Dr Prag was awarded a grant of £100,500 by the Leverhulme Trust to continue the pioneering work on the use of DNA analysis of Bronze Age bones in research into genetic profiling and kinship at Mycenae in Greece. Dr Kay Prag’s research has ranged from the later ceramics from Jerusalem, and the city’s Ottoman military architecture, to study of the bronzes collected by T.E. Lawrence and Sir Leonard Woolley in Syria. In Botany, Dr Sean Edwards, Prof. Ed Bellinger and Dr Galina Goussarova carried out a botanical assessment and detailed mapping of the Alderley Edge Sandhills area prior to the archaeological dig. Prof. Bellinger and Dr Goussarova have worked on molecular markers of Eyebrights (Euphrasia) and also on Euphrasia ecotypes on Doveholes mine-spoil. Dr Xiaoxin He from the Faculty of Arts is researching the culture of collecting, based on our recent Wai Yu Lee donation, for her MPhil. Dr Edwards’s work on the Polytrichaceae of Mt Mulanje continues. Dr John Nudds, Keeper of Geology, completed his joint research project with Drs Markus Aretz (University of Cologne) on the stratigraphy and palaeoecology of a coral/sponge biostrome in the Asbian (Lower Carboniferous) of Little Asby Scar in east Cumbria, and also submitted for publication his forthcoming textbook (jointly with Dr Paul Selden, Department of Earth Sciences), The Evolution of Fossil Ecosystems. Dr Nudds is currently working with Dr Paulo Brito (University of Rio de Janeiro) on a redescription of two Cretaceous fish recently discovered in the collections of the Museum, which have proved to be the original syntypes of the nineteenth century palaeontologist Louis Agassiz, which have been lost for 150 years. Dr Nudds made a research visit in May to examine the Precambrian fossils of the Ediacaran Hills in the Flinders Ranges of South Australia, where he was accompanied in the field by Professor Ken Higgs (University College Cork), Dr Jim Gehling (South Australia Museum) and Mr Robert Morris (South Australia Museum). With Professor Higgs he then examined recent stromatolites at the Shark Bay World Heritage Centre in Western Australia, followed by a successful expedition into the Pilbara outback in search of their Precambrian (2 billion year-old) ancestors. An application to Enterprise Ireland for a research grant to zircon date the feathered dinosaur strata of Liaoning Province in northwest China, was unsuccessful, but this work is still planned. In the latter part of 2002 Dr David Green visited the antipodes. On the way to Australia, time spent in the western USA allowed visits to the Topaz Mountains in Utah and Garnet Hill in Nevada and a fine suite of specimens was collected. In Australia, some time was spent at the Museum of Victoria in Melbourne where several fieldtrips to zeolite localities were arranged with museum staff. At Broken Hill in New South Wales about 80 people attended an invited lecture on the minerals of Northern England and visits were made to the famous Kintore Opencut, where a variety of arsenate minerals were obtained. The work of the Numismatics Department continued to be dominated by the demands of the new Money Gallery, which opened to the public in July 2003. However, continuing research by Keith Sugden into the Roman coinage of Minoa, and by Phyllis Stoddart into the medallic work of Edward Carter Preston will both result in papers at the 13th International Numismatic Congress in Madrid in September 2003. As a participant of the Alderley Edge Landscape Project, Dr Dmitri Logunov, Keeper of Zoology, studied the arachnofauna (spiders and mites) of the Edge. 126 species were collected and identified, comprising 114 spiders, 11 harvestmen and one false-scorpion. A species list has been submitted to the Newsletter of the British Arachnological Society, where it will be published in 2003. The systematic revision of the spider genus Yllenus (Araneae, Salticidae) was completed by Dr Logunov in collaboration with Dr Yuri Marusik at Magadan in Russia in 2002-2003. This project involved two research visits of the latter author to Manchester (October-November 2002 and March 2003). These were made possible by a research grant secured from the Linnean Society of London by Dr Logunov. The results of this work were published as a co-authored scientific monograph in May 2003 (see appendix). 9

In an effort to develop specific husbandry guidelines, one of the many research projects carried out in the Vivarium under the supervision of Andrew Gray, Curator of the Vivarium, focused on the effects of giving beta carotene as a dietary supplement to enhance the development of colouration in captive bred specimens. The research aimed to assess and establish the potential benefits to the health and breeding success of third generation Splendid Leaf Frogs Agalychnis calacarifer involved in a particularly important stage of a breeding programme. The research indicated that the supplement could have significant benefits to captive-bred adults. During captive breeding, this conclusion was confirmed by the finding that only the females supplemented during the research actually produced healthy young this year. Also in the Vivarium, Andrew Gray initiated a collaborative research project with Dr Richard Preziosi in the School of Biological Sciences and Dr Mark Dickinson in the Department of Physics at the University of Manchester. This innovative research aims to investigate the IR reflectance properties in the skin of Phyllomedusine and Litorine frogs in the Museum’s research collection. These species are unique in possessing pterorhodin, an unusual pigment that replaces melanin in the skin of these amphibians. This preliminary work has led to an interdisciplinary joint grant application to The Royal Society by the University, involving the Manchester Museum, School of Biological Sciences and the Department of Physics. Future research aims to investigate IR reflectance in a variety of frogs to try and establish its thermoregulatory significance. A further research collaboration with Dr David Knight in the School of Biological Sciences investigated the peptide profiles of the skin secretions of Phyllomedusine frogs held in the Museum’s research collection to assess their use as a taxonomic indicator.



TEACHING AND LEARNING IN HIGHER EDUCATION Museum staff taught at both undergraduate and postgraduate level in partnership with the University’s teaching departments. Several also acted as academic tutors, supervised dissertations, set and marked undergraduate examinations and acted as external examiners for other universities. During the year the Museum has hosted a number of projects for students at the University. The Museum also collaborates with the Department of Art History and Archaeology to provide an integral part of the MA in Art Gallery and Museum studies. Contributions by the Museum to teaching in the University of Manchester Undergraduate teaching School of Art History and Archaeology: first year Art History; first and third year Archaeology School of History and Classics: first and second year Classics and Ancient History; third year Classical Studies Department of Palaeontology








School of Engineering: first year Geotechnics School of Biological Sciences: supervision of 5 BSc Zoology students in undergraduate dissertations and projects; field course Postgraduate teaching School of Art History and Archaeology: MA in Art Gallery and Museum Studies School of History and Classics: MA in Ancient World Studies School of Biological Sciences: MSc in Biomedical and Forensic Studies in Egyptology (for which the Keeper of Egyptology is Course Director); co-supervision of 2 PhD students School of Medicine, Dentistry, Nursing and Pharmacy: co-supervision of 3 PhD students Department of Religions & Theology: co-supervision of 2 MPhil students Department of Earth Sciences: co-supervision of 2 MEarthSci students Adult Education Centre for Continuing Education: Certificate in Egyptology Taught and Distance Learning versions (for which the Keeper of Egyptology is Course Director). Teaching in other universities: staff at the Museum regularly lecture on courses at other universities and act as external examiners.


5 MANAGING THE COLLECTIONS Resource/DCMS Designation Challenge Fund Following the successful DCF projects in Botany and Egyptology, the Museum has been awarded £45,000 from the Resource/DCMS Designation Challenge Fund to work on the Museum’s collection of fauna from Madeira. This project will enable the cataloguing and imaging of 5,000 specimens collected during the Museum’s 1970s expeditions to the island, including many molluscs, lizards and birds. In addition to the database, the project team will produce a series of web-based learning resources aimed at Key Stage 3 and above. These will allow students to analyse different sets of information to produce charts showing species variation and development and other statistical tests. There will also be more general web pages concentrating on biodiversity, island faunas, human impact on vulnerable faunas, adaptation and evolution of island species and the organisation and reasoning behind scientific expeditions. As well as enabling the Museum to work on our own collections, the DCF has enabled us to continue our partnership work with other museums and galleries in Manchester. The Manchester Museums Unwrapped web-portal has been developed and allows for simultaneous live searching of the collection databases of The Manchester Museum, The Whitworth Art Gallery, The Manchester Art Gallery, the Museum of Science and Industry in Manchester and the Peoples History Museum. It can be found at Other database projects Dr Sean Edwards has updated Mosses and Liverworts of Town and Garden. This long-standing eight-page pamphlet for beginners has been updated and adapted as an Acrobat download from the British Bryological Society website: Botany In the Botany Department, Lindsey Loughtman has worked on data-basing herbarium sheets of drug plants, which are controlled under the Misuse of Drugs legislation. The Museum now has a licence from the Home Office to hold this material. Zoology Henry McGhie has done a significant amount of editing of existing database records in order to meet current standards: over 45,000 records have been at least partially edited during the period of this report. Other collections management work has involved large amounts of accessioning of collections and the creation of over 1,300 new database records. The Museum has been registered as an archive with the Historical Manuscripts Commission, and some archival collections in the Zoology Department have been catalogued and housed in archival storage. The first of the collections are now searchable on the Internet. Work of volunteers Ethnology During the past year John Peel spent some months cataloguing the South American collections on KE EMu, while Abigail Stevens carried out similar work on the South Asian collections. Archaeology Volunteers in the Archaeology Department have played a key role in transferring information to the KE EMu database. This year work has focused particularly on the metalwork collection and on the plaster casts, as well as on further transcriptions of interviews made for the Alderley Edge Landscape Project: among those who have helped us both on and off campus are Adrian Berrisford, Rachel Conroy, John Hamnett, Sally Jones, Amanda 12

McDonagh (who also gave help with the Alderley Sandhills Project), Roy Pearson, Natasha Ransom and Debbie Smith. Victoria Wigmore gave further help on the Greek trireme project. Botany Curatorial work continues on nearly all plant group collections; John Taylor on fungi, Barbara Porter on ferns and Mark Seaward on lichens. Tony Hill is working on the Museum’s 32,000 British mosses to facilitate access, whilst Paddy Moss, Audrey Locksley and Priscilla Tolfree have processed new acquisitions. Sophie Bown, a biology graduate, attended as a volunteer for three months in preparation for her new position as curator at the National Herbarium at The Royal University of Phnom Penh, Cambodia. This project was set up in collaboration with Kew and MNHN, Paris. Zoology A number of volunteers have greatly assisted in collections management work on the Zoology collections, in particular M.A. Hartley and seven students from the Art Gallery and Museum Studies MA course.

Acquisitions Archaeology A Greek bronze helmet, 7th century BC, and a late Roman amphora, 3rd-5th century AD, from the Charterhouse School collection. Roman and 18th-20th century pottery and other finds from an evaluation excavation at Quay Street, Manchester, ahead of development, 2002, presented by Pre-Construct Archaeology on behalf of Crosby Homes. Mr C.J.E. Kempster gave a selection of 19th-20th century pottery and glassware from Trafford Road, Alderley Edge, and a fantasy map of the Edge, and Mr M. Clarke presented a small collection of arrowheads, collected in Belmont County, Ohio around 1930, for educational use. Ethnology The department received a donation of two Masai spears from Mr Brian Morton. Mr Brian Chaplin donated a whip and ‘thumb-screws’ from West Africa. Archery A bequest was received from Miss Joan Mary Flinton of Scarborough in Yorkshire, comprising a dark green peaked cap covered with archery lapel badges and worn by her father Jack Flinton, a box containing 46 thumb rings, a card of small flint arrowheads, and a medieval crossbow bolt found in the cathedral vaults at Nürnberg after World War II. Botany Wai Yu Lee donated his personal herbarium of 1,700 flowering plant specimens from Asia and volunteer Barbara Porter donated her personal slide collection (2,250 slides). We also received two books of Scandinavian alga exsiccatae and various mosses collected by the Keeper. Egyptology A mummified head was transferred from the Department of Anatomy, University of Manchester. Mineralogy One hundred and sixty-six new specimens were added to the collection, including 27 from the Boundary Cross Vein from Barneycraig Mine, Cumbria and four specimens from Strontian in Scotland. Numismatics During the year, the Department acquired 447 pieces, including 342 Roman coins of the 5th century (probably from the famous Beirut Hoard) and 50 English lead tokens, an area of numismatics previously unrepresented in the collection. 13

Geology One of our volunteers, Norma Rothwell, donated a small collection of rocks and fossils formerly in the collection of Mrs Lawley. Dr Nudds also purchased five specimens of Russian and Moroccan trilobites and four stromatolites from the Tucson Rock and Mineral Fair. Zoology Ca. 120 spider species from different regions of Siberia, including the Magadan area and Sakhalin Island were donated by Dr Yuri Marusik of Magadan in the Russian Federal Republic. Ca. 50 species of the salticid genus Yllenus (both holotypes and paratypes, and voucher specimens; 60 tubes in total) were acquired during the course of the world-wide revision of this genus completed by Dr Logunov in March, 2003. Fourteen species of Lyssomanes and Chinoscopus (Salticidae) from Ecuador and Costa Rica were acquired as a result of the taxonomic treatment of the large salticid collection sent for identification from the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, USA. Three small collections of the jumping and crab spiders from Turkey (about 30-40 species) were donated by Mr K. Bekir (Istanbul, Turkey). A small collection (16 tubes) of the jumping spiders from the Crimea (Ukraine) was obtained by Dr D.V. Logunov in April, 2003. Three amphibians, two shrew species (Sorex spp.), and a skull of the red deer were collected by Dr D.V. Logunov during the field course for students in June-July, 2003 in Kindrogan (Perthshire, UK). Two species of amphibians from Queensland Australia, the Red-eyed and Orange-thigh Tree Frogs Litoria chloris and Litoria xanthomera were collected in the field under Australian Government licence and, after several months’ quarantine, are all thriving in The Manchester Museum where their behaviour and development will be studied, and a programme of captive breeding undertaken. Restitution At a moving public ceremony held in the Museum’s new entrance courtyard on Tuesday 29 July, the Manchester Museum relinquished possession of four skulls of Australian Aborigines from its collections, which were acquired 100 years ago. These were handed back into the safekeeping of representatives of Aboriginal communities to which they properly belong. The decision to return the skulls was taken by the Manchester Museum Committee on the advice of the Director, and approved by the Council of the University of Manchester. A delegation of Aboriginal elders took possession of the remains of their ancestors and accompanied them back to Australia, following an agreement between The Foundation for Aboriginal and Islander Research Action (FAIRA) and the University of Manchester for their repatriation. The ancestors returned to their traditional homelands in the State of Victoria and to a sacred keeping place in the Australian Capital Territory. In his speech at the hand-over ceremony, Tristram Besterman, Director of The Manchester Museum said “The return of the remains of the ancestors of living indigenous Australians is an act that recognises our common humanity. These remains were removed during the colonial era at a time of great inequality of power. Their removal more than a century ago was carried out without the permission of the Aboriginal nations, and they have been held in the Manchester Museum ever since, in violation of the laws and beliefs of indigenous Australian people. The Manchester Museum cannot atone for the wrongs of our own forebears at a time when different values prevailed. Nonetheless, by returning these remains now, we hope to contribute to ending the sense of outrage and dispossession felt by Australian Aborigines today, and trust that we can begin to build a more rewarding relationship based on mutual understanding and respect between our peoples in the future.” At the hand-over in Manchester, Major Sumner, a traditional custodian from the Ngarrindjeri nation in South Australia, welcomed the four directions according to the traditions of his people and carried out a traditional blessing. "The torment is ended, we now put an end to 14

the torment. We are taking them home to our traditional lands," said Mr Sumner. The Australian delegation comprised: •

Major Sumner, Traditional Custodian, South Australia

From the FOUNDATION FOR ABORIGINAL AND ISLANDER RESEARCH ACTION: Robert Weatherall, Les Malezer and Rubena Colbey

From the ABORIGINAL AND TORRES STRAIT ISLANDER COMMISSION: Commissioner Rodney Dillon and Nora Peres, World ambassador

Representing the CITY OF MANCHESTER: The Deputy Lord Mayor Councillor Tom O'Calaghan

Representing the UNIVERSITY OF MANCHESTER: Professor Mike Grant, Pro-ViceChancellor and Tristram Besterman, Director of The Manchester Museum

Conservation and return of Museum collections During the year, much of the work of Conservation staff was involved with the preparation and installation of the objects for the new displays in the front entrance, and the Money, Simon archery, and Living Cultures Galleries. For the last of these, Jenny Discombe and Roy Garner also worked with the Education department in the preparation of video material for use on the gallery. The department was also involved with the re-display of the old Explorers and Encounters gallery. Environmental control and monitoring has been set up on all of these galleries. On both of the ethnographic galleries the conservation staff worked closely with the Humanities Assistant, Susan Martin. Jenny Discombe cleaned and conserved the carved architectural granite blocks from ancient Egyptian temples, now on display in the new entrance hall. Roy Garner worked with the CDP coordinator, David Bentley, to organise a preventative insect pest survey and treatment of the Phase 2B areas before objects were moved back into the building. A conservation survey and audit of the Education Department’s Egyptian handling collection was carried out in conjunction with education staff and Susan Martin. The movement of objects back to museum stores has involved the conservation staff in inspection of objects, occasional cleaning or repair, and the setting up of environmental control and monitoring. Expeditions and Fieldwork Mineralogy Following an invitation to write a paper on the Strontian Mines in conjunction with Brian Jackson of the National Museum of Scotland, Dr David Green spent several days in the field surveying the mines and collecting representative specimens. Work continued on the unusual barite nodules in the Sidmouth Mudstone Formation in conjunction with Keith Corrie. Zoology Dr Dmitri Logunov, the Keeper of Zoology, undertook a field trip to remote areas of NE Siberia (Russia, Magadan Area) in August, 2002. As a result, ca. 70 spider and 50 insect species, one vole and 11 species of marine mollusc were collected and brought to the Manchester Museum. In January 2003, Andrew Gray, The Curator of the Vivarium, undertook fieldwork in Queensland, Australia. The Australian authorities gave him permission to collect live specimens of two unusual tree frog species Litoria chloris and Litoria xanthomera, which were secured after a search that extended over 2,000 kilometres. The field work was supported by The Queensland University and their Ethics Committee. The collection was also given the support of the Australian Parks and Wildlife Service, which issued permits enabling the collection of animals from several National Park areas. Environment Australia also gave unprecedented permission for the species to be exported to the UK. 15


Outgoing loans from The Manchester Museum 2002-2003 Department

Loaned Objects/Specimens

Borrowing Institution



Replica of the Manchester Wordsquare 48 Romano-British objects 1 gold torc and 2 gold armillae 21 British archaeological objects 10 specimens of Frullania 14 specimens of Harpalejeunea 5 specimens of Prionolejeunea 1 specimen of Triticum dicoccum Schrank 12 specimens of Schoenoplectus x carinatus (Smith) Palla 1 specimen Hennediella densifolia (Hook.f. & Wilson) Zander 747 specimens of Rosa 11 specimens of Madotheca 4 specimens of Porella 1 skull

Manchester Cathedral Prescot Museum Harris Museum, Preston Macclesfield Silk Museum Göttingen University

Exhibition Exhibition Exhibition Exhibition Research

University of Manchester Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

Research Research

University of Madrid


Rev Anthony Primavesi Hong Kong Baptist University

Research Research

Unit of Art in Medicine, University of Manchester Hatworks, Stockport Birmingham Museums and Art Gallery University of Bristol University of Munster The British Museum Whitehouse Mainwaring Consultants



Egyptology Ethnology

3 headdresses and 1 hat 2 African signboards


6 specimens of mesotarbus peteri 1 specimen of Pseudovoltzia licbeana 3 specimens 3 mounted mammals


Exhibition Exhibition Research Research Research Publication Photography

Outgoing loans from The Manchester Museum 2002-2003 Department

Loaned Objects/Specimens

Lending Institution



12 specimens of Schoenoplectus x carinatus (Smith) Palla male of Scambus annulatus (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae: Pimplinae); holotype and paratype specimens of Tachys piceus (Coleoptera: Carabidae) 3 specimens of Agrypon anxium, 4 of Agrypon varitarsum, 1 of Rhysipolis mediator, 1 of Colastes decorator and 12 of Doryctes undulator (all Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) Mummified human hand 2 human mummies 240 coins and associated material 9 coins and banknotes 10 chequebooks and cards 4 Labour Exchange notes 9 coin dies and blanks 4th century Roman coins 2 Roman Coins 5 Roman period coins 7 items of medical equipment

Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew


University of Würzburg, Germany


Natural History Museum, Lyon France


National Museum of Scotland


Grosvenor Museum, Chester Townley Hall Museum The British Museum The Bank of England The Co-operative Bank Galata Royal Mint Univesity of Sheffield People’s History Museum Buxton Museum Turner Dental School, University of Manchester Medical School Museum, University of Manchester Thackray Medical Museum, Leeds Wellcome Institute via National Museum of Science and Industry

Research Research Exhibition Exhibition Exhibition Exhibition Exhibition PhD Projct Exhibition Exhibition Exhibition


Egyptology Numismatics

Public Programmes

12 items of medical equipment 7 items of medical equipment Bronze statue of Edward Jenner


Exhibition Exhibition Exhibition

6 PUBLIC PROGRAMMES The Public Programmes Division of the Museum was established during the year, as part of the new structure within the Museum. This means that the people who manage many of the public functions of the Museum, such as exhibitions, outreach, lifelong learning and primary and secondary schools’ programmes and an exciting new artist residency initiative - the Alchemy Project - have been brought together in one creative team. The new building developments have allowed this team to work together within the same large office space, thereby adding to improved communication, joint planning and programming. With the completion of the Capital Development galleries, many new programmes have been offered in close collaboration with University departments and the work of the Museum’s Outreach Officer appointed as a result of the Heritage Lottery funded ‘Only Connect’ project. Exhibitions This has been a busy year, which saw the completion of the new galleries funded through the Capital Development Project. The Living Cultures gallery features a screen-based interactive exhibit, Rekindling Voices. This compilation of personal responses to objects on display, devised by members of the Museum’s Community Advisory Panel working with local artist Kuljit Chuhan, has attracted international attention, and is to be demonstrated to the project designers for the Museum of World Cultures in Gothenburg, Sweden. The Simon Archery section includes four video clips with background information on the crossbow, arrowhead, Turkish, and longbow. Also newly opened are displays in the Museum's reception area, curated and designed by Museum staff – all credit to Jeff Horsley and Ron MacGregor for their success. The Museum embarked on a programme of temporary exhibitions despite the continued closure of the temporary exhibition gallery. The Animal Life gallery was transformed to house an installation of large digital prints of insects by photographer Giles Revell. A case in the Ancient Egypt gallery was taken over for an installation by jeweller Cynthia Cousens, who showed new work alongside objects from the Museum's collections. This exhibition was funded by NWAB, and organised in conjunction with Manchester Metropolitan University and the Association for Contemporary Jewellery. The Museum also received funding for a series of jewellery-making workshops for adults, which were taught by staff from the Manchester Metropolitan University, and very well received by the participants. Both exhibitions were supplemented by dedicated interactive websites. UFAW Award The Museum was the winner of the 2002 Universities Federation For Animal Welfare’s Zoo Award, a prestigious award for the best new animal accommodation. The Vivarium was selected for the Amazon Rainforest Exhibit, which provides a carefully and scientifically controlled naturalistic environment for amphibians. This award is seen as official recognition of the conservation and research work that the Vivarium undertakes in its goal to educate people about amphibians, their habitats, and need for conservation, and is a tribute to the work of Andrew Gray, Curator of the Vivarium. Lifelong Learning and Events The past year has seen a wide range of events from those linked with temporary exhibitions to ones with a more traditional family focus. Over the year a total of 149 events were programmed, with a take-up of ca 3,600 participants. Up close: insect tectonics by Giles Revell presented the opportunity to offer a series of workshops that explored the Museum’s huge insect collection. Generally, the workshop evaluations have shown that participants have enjoyed the activities that have been provided. The Magic Carpet, an under-fives story-telling and art-making weekly programme, that explores the Museum’s galleries and handling collections, has been a significant success.


The Manchester Museum Youth Board Now in its second year the Youth Board has a core membership of twenty young people. The original aims of: finding out what people think; exploring and evaluating the Museum’s collections and planning and evaluating the exhibitions, programmes and services have continued to shape the range of activities that they have been involved in. Over the past year they have continued to develop their role as Museum guides, sharing their knowledge of the galleries and collections with the general public. They also evaluated a range of programmes and services including the ‘Museum Postcard Trail’ (used for targeted school groups) and the ‘Rock Box’ (a science education resource). Outreach and audience development October 2002 saw the launch of the ‘Only Connect…’ outreach project at the Manchester Museum. This is a new and exciting venture funded by the Heritage lottery Fund for two years. A central aim of the project is to reflect South Asian heritage through specific programmes, events and exhibitions in the Museum. The project has brought together culturally diverse participants of different ages. Some examples of the work undertaken have included a group of women experiencing isolation in their communities. The Well Woman Group offered women free weekly sessions to come and explore issues around their health and well-being in the Museum. Sessions ran between the Museum and the Manchester Art Gallery and resulted in women coming together and enjoying themselves, learning about health issues that felt relevant to them and their lives and using artefacts and resources in both cultural institutions to share their stories. A short film was produced which is on view at the Manchester Art Gallery. Educational programmes at the museum have been very popular with target schools throughout the Northwest as part of our outreach initiatives for schools. Object Lessons was introduced as a free pilot programme in the summer aimed at primary schools in Manchester. It connects children and families to familiar objects in their homes through sharing stories about objects from a personal, family, traditional and historical perspective. The programme is delivered jointly with the community educational organisation, Southern Voices, and has been received well by participating schools. Senior members of the Asian community who attend the Indian Senior Citizens centre in Whalley Range told some fascinating stories connected to their own personal objects. Picture frames, decorated coconuts, hand stitched wall hangings and small trinkets revealed memories of childhood, growing up, countries left behind and the importance of religious faith. This has been captured through joint work between the Centre, Museum and Manchester Community Information Network and will be available electronically on each respective website later on in the year. The summer also celebrated the launch of the first Community Advisory Panel newsletter. This panel is made up of local Manchester residents and community group’s representatives. The Community Advisory Panel seeks to represent the community’s interest in the Museum. Widening Participation Numbers of school children visiting for hands-on sessions has increased again this year and shows a decrease in numbers attending for self-programmed visits, proving the popularity of our varied programmes on offer, linking to the National Curriculum. These visits include schools travelling from as far away as Cumbria and Wales. There has been an increase in the number of primary schools from across Greater Manchester visiting the museum for sessions linked to the science curriculum. Many groups have taken the opportunity to meet some of the Museum’s more exotic residents. Working closely with the Curator of the Vivarium, children discovered the amazing world of insects, frogs and snakes in exciting interactive sessions. The Human Body sessions have also been well attended, giving groups a range of practical activities on how the body works. 18

A new session linked to both the science and citizenship curriculum used gallery work, debate and discussion to help students gain an understanding of changing attitudes to animals and the scientific advances which helped shape them. Secondary science programmes have increased in popularity this year, due in part to the development of closer links with the Gifted and Talented programme of the Manchester Excellence in Cities initiative. Two positions in the Museum’s Education Department were once again funded through the University’s Widening Participation initiative, allowing the Museum to develop and expand its secondary school Master Class provision in a wide range of subject areas. These programmes are developed and delivered in close collaboration with the University’s academic departments. Master Classes for post-16 students in biology have continued to be extremely popular with a new full day session being booked to capacity during the spring term. These sessions, which are run in partnership with the School of Biological Sciences, are major strands of the department’s widening participation work. This link also led to the very successful Summer School, which was run in July for one hundred 11-14 year olds from across Manchester. The Summer School was based on the theme of Ancient Egyptians. Another first for the Summer School was the partnership between the University of Manchester’s cultural assets, including The Whitworth Art gallery, Jodrell Bank Science Centre and the John Rylands Library. Working together, the four venues were able to offer 100 students the opportunity to explore the life of a young Ancient Egyptian girl through a varied range of activities including Egyptian dancing, papermaking and music, and her after-life through an investigation of mummification. The Museum was successful in winning grant funding for a partnership project with the Museum of Science and Industry in Manchester to develop a gallery pack for secondary school science pupils. This is currently underway and is based around the Science for Life gallery, looking at microbes and medicine. Staff also collaborated with staff from Lancashire County Museums service to put together a bid for a Planet Science grant to improve the delivery of Key Stage 3 Earth Sciences in schools selected for their low attainment in Science. Outreach work was carried out in schools in Lancashire and Greater Manchester and a series of loan materials was developed for use within the classroom. Citizenship at The Manchester Museum At present The Manchester Museum offers a series of new and innovative school programmes for KS3 and KS4 that focus on various areas of citizenship. The sessions range from Citizen of the City, which explores attitudes to active citizenship in a modern society to those of the Ancient Greek World, to Genetics, which explores the ethics of genetic engineering in the 21st Century. Each session includes both object handling and a taught session using role-play, drama and debate as tools for critical thought and analysis. Citizenship Challenge Project As part of North West Museums, Libraries and Archives Council’s (NWMLAC) Museum and Gallery Education Project 2003, the Museum has been allocated £3,000 to devise and deliver a new programme for KS3, focusing on citizenship. This Citizenship Challenge Project aims to create a trail, which will aid teachers to give schools the opportunity to have an interdisciplinary self-guided tour around the Museum, focusing on the areas covered by the citizenship sessions already offered. The trail is specifically designed to provide a self-directed programme aimed at teachers and will be offered free of charge. Open Minds/Open Museum Roadshow There was further development of off-site loans and outreach into secondary schools. Areas of social inclusion identified through GIS mapping. Schools already involved include Ducie, 19

Oakwood, Trinity, Whalley Range and Burnage This is an opportunity to take new and improved programmes out to secondary schools in order to attract a wider audience. Programmes include Finding Faith and Money Talks and an INSET to encourage self-directed use of the Museum, helping teachers find out how to make use of Museum objects Alderley, A Journey In Time And Space This year saw a repeat of 2002’s highly successful one-week Summer School programme based on the Museum’s long-running Landscape Project multi-disciplinary research and education projects at Alderley Edge. As before, there were two days based at Alderley Edge combined with geology handling sessions and a drama workshop at the Museum. The Alderley Edge Landscape Project During the year the Alderley Edge Landscape Project - Heritage and Education Resources (AELPHER) team, under the overall direction of Dr John Prag, continued to develop and refine its web-based educational project, funded principally by the Heritage Lottery Fund with the support of Cheshire Education Advisory and Inspection Service. The website was tested in schools in Cheshire and through the Excellence in Cities scheme in Manchester. On 17 September 2002, members of the team made a presentation at the annual conference of the Museums Association in Manchester, where it was enthusiastically welcomed by both museums and the HLF as a model of best practice. In July 2003, the team gave a preview for the people of Alderley Edge as a gesture of thanks. This took place at a Victorian tea-party forming part of the 150th anniversary celebrations of St Philip's Parish Church, and members of the AELPHER team in Victorian costume demonstrating 21st-century ICT took on a distinctly 'back to the future' aspect. The site went officially live on 31 July 2003 ( After several months of negotiation and planning Dr John Prag, Keeper of Archaeology and Dr Eleanor Casella, Lecturer in the School of Art History and Archaeology secured an initial grant of £120,000 from the Aggregates Levy Sustainability Fund through English Heritage to carry out an environmental (botanical) survey and to excavate the Hagg Cottages, built in the 1740s and demolished in the 1950s on the edge of the Sandhills (the Alderley Sandhills Project). This project runs from February 2003 to March 2004, and will combine, archaeological evidence, photographs from the Museum’s Alderley archive which record the cottages while still occupied, interviews with the three surviving inhabitants (now in their eighties) and environmental evidence, in a methodological comparison. The project will also involve the local community in all aspects of the work, culminating in an exhibition, a day school, and a publication. Leigh O’Regan created up a web diary for the excavation, which grew as the dig progressed ( Special events and tours of the site were arranged during the National Archaeology Weekend (26-27 July), and the school groups taking part in the Museum’s Excellence in Cities events also visited the site. Delta Travel Day School and Study tour The annual day school sponsored by Delta Travel returned to the world of the Greeks overseas, with the theme Greeks and Carians, Settlers and Satrap, Aphrodite and Ada. The speakers included Professor Stephen Mitchell, the newly-appointed Leverhulme Professor of Hellenistic Culture at Exeter University, Dr Ian Jenkins and Dr Susan Walker from the British Museum, and Keith Sugden, Keeper of Numismatics at the museum. The associated studytour was led by Keith Sugden and by Michael Metcalfe of University College London, and visited the major sites in this historically important part of Western Turkey, finishing with Halikarnassos, and a private viewing of the Dr John Prag's reconstruction of the Carian Princess in Bodrum Museum."


7 MARKETING Marketing activity during the year under review has been focused on the promotion of the Museum’s programme of public events, two exhibitions and a generic campaign to attract visitors to the Museum over the summer once the soft opening had taken place in July. Promotional activity The Museum continued to produce its quarterly brochure highlighting its events and exhibitions programme. Digital prints from the Insect Tectonics exhibition by photographer Giles Revell provided beautiful images for the production of flyers and posters to promote the show, which opened in January. The Museum’s launch campaign began in July with advertisements in the Manchester Evening News and City Life and for the first time the Museum produced a screen commercial which was throughout August and October at the Trafford Centre. Public Relations A number of activities at the Museum have attracted considerable press coverage in the year under review. At the beginning of 2003, Café Muse opened its doors to provide the Museum with a café for the first time since it opened to the public in 1885. City Life ran an approving critique of the Museum’s new extension and galleries. Throughout February, the exhibition Insect Tectonics was reviewed in a variety of publications including Manchester Evening News, The Times, City Life, Metro North West and a number of local papers. The Museum’s ever-popular Vivarium gallery has been the focus of articles in the regional press and the Times Education supplement throughout the year. In July 2003, the Manchester Museum handed over four skulls of Australian Aborigines back into the safekeeping of representatives of Aboriginal communities to which they properly belong. The handover was covered in the international media, with extensive and very positive coverage in New Zealand and Australia. Nationally the event was picked up by The Guardian, The Independent, The Times (which also published an approving Leader), The Financial Times, Morning Star and New Nation as well as by the regional and local press. The Director, Tristram Besterman, gave interviews on Australian Broadcasting Corporation, Channel 4 News, Granada Television, BBC Regional Television, and local radio, explaining why it was right to return the four skulls to Australia. Also in July, The Alderley Edge Sandhills Project archaeological excavation of Hagg cottages was featured in the Manchester Evening News and the local Cheshire press. Throughout the year various articles in the regional and local press have featured the Museum’s galleries and the programme of public events. Staff at the Museum continue to provide interviews for the media. Regular articles have appeared in the University of Manchester’s own publication, This Week, Next Week, Spotlight, The Manchester Graduate and the University of Manchester’s Cultural Assets brochures. Market Research In 2003 the Museum has taken part in Arts About Manchester data:crunch™ project which when complete, will provide audience profiles of visitors to museums and art galleries in the Greater Manchester region.


8 THE MUSEUM'S ACCOUNTS Main revenue account At the end of the academic/financial year 2002/03, The Manchester Museum had a surplus on its revenue account of £88,413. Grants Grants received this year included : Arts and Humanities Research Board core funding of The Museum North West Arts Board for the Alchemy Project North West Museums Service for Telling our Lives The National Art Collection Fund for the purchase of a Greek Helmet The British Council for a Hungarian Exchange Programme English Heritage for the Alderley Sandhills Project Creative Partnership Project for Educational activities Heritage Lottery Fund for the Only Connect Project

£ 1,156,200 3,000 1,655 12,974 720 105,000 594 21,542

The Museum gratefully acknowledges the grant aid received from all its sponsors Donations and Sponsorships This year the Museum received donations from many sources. Some noteworthy donors included: £ Dr Andreas Kanaris for the Lecture Theatre 65,000 Kay Hinckley for Egyptology Research 31,250 Delta Travel for the Delta Day School 362 The Carnegie UK Trust for Archaeological Research 2,000 The general public (Museum donations box) 10,774 The Museum gratefully acknowledges the generous support of these donors Special Trust accounts Each year the Museum earns interest on its Special Trust accounts. This income is used to support the work of the Museum, subject to the specific terms laid down by each benefactor. The table shows the amount of interest earned this year. £ Lancashire & Cheshire Antiquarian Society 296 Randal Munday Fund 1,476 Hayhurst Fund 276 Mark Stirrup Fund 182 H. Raby Bequest 8,089 Worthington (Rollo) Fund 366 Simon Archery Fund 2,227 Chaffers Bequest 82 Egyptian Mummy Fund 1,190 Earth Sciences Fund 1,771



2002/03 £

HEFCE/AHRB/University Investments Donations Shop sales Education visits Science for Life Project Grant income Corporate Hire Reproduction fees Other Income Café Research Total Income

1,672,000 12,273 12,396 94,305 97,657 28,724 38,021 4,327 3,177 20,208 1,983,088

1,860,000 12514 10774 95768 78966 51181 82597 1255 3379 46639 15530 6249 2,264,852


Salaries and Wages Salaries and Wages

1,219,420 1,219,420

1387806 1,387,806


Security and Alarms Heat, Light and Water Insurance Cleaning Total Maintenance of Premises

6,812 13,030 8,385 7,916 36,143

12502 16727 7159 14977 51,365

Travel & Subsistence Telephones Postage Training Exhibitions and Displays Refurbishment & Development Library, Publications & Exchanges Fittings and Apparatus ICT Vivarium Acquisition of Specimens Stationery & Printing Marketing Shop Stock Account Education Visits Van Expenses Science for Life Project Grant expenses Professional Fees

24,233 11,627 7,896 5,798 2,585 42,801 5,088 31,562 31,120 5,661 3,174 5,157 24,566 61,006 42,848 1,687 12,906 4,037 -

32878 13596 12034 8420 17876 17134 4835 21757 29836 6583 1122 6855 28593 61774 33480 860 27835 10757 18043

Total Museum Expenditure University Overheads Total Non Pay Expenses

323,752 373,000 732,895

354,268 383000 788,633

Total Expenditure











NUMBER OF VISITS TO THE MUSEUM Number of visits to the Museum


Number of visits by academics and researchers


Number of visits within organised groups • Schools • FE • HE • Other Total Number of visits in organised groups Number of users accessing web site

28,115 1,268 620 2,908 30,116 2,564,612

NUMBER OF ENQUIRIES HANDLED • via Reception (written) • Face to face • Post • Telephone • Email Total number of enquiries handled

355 1,401 9,546 19,311 14,514 45,127

DISPLAYS AND EXHIBITIONS Number of exhibitions mounted • Number of items in each exhibition

7 1,500

LOANS FROM MUSEUM Number of loan consignments requested Number of loan consignments granted • Number of individual items lent

108 58 1,246

COLLECTION DOCUMENTATION ACTIVITY (~ ‘number of objects fully catalogued’) • Number of identifications • Number of accessions • Post-accession database development: number of items Estimated total number of items in all Museum collections Estimated total number of items not catalogued to SPECTRUM standards

4,001 5,721 281,871 6,000,000 5,730,929

OTHER COLLECTIONS MANAGEMENT Number of objects conserved



STAFF: PUBLICATIONS • Number of scholarly publications • Number of other publications

20 12

STAFF: PUBLIC AND MEDIA COMMUNICATION • Number of public lectures given outside Museum • Number of attendees • Number of public lectures hosted by Museum • Number of attendees • Number of media appearances

116 6,425 22 558 15


Conferences attended Conference papers delivered Number of university lectures delivered Number of university seminars / tutorials held Number of other seminars / tutorials held Examining and marking


64 32 105 165 25 572


INCOME • • • • •

AHRB funding University contribution Other grants Endowment income Visitor donations and sales

1,156,200 756,688 133,778 12,514 205,672

EXPENDITURE • Staff salaries (costs of FTE staff fully allocated to the Museum and its activities) • Stewardship of collections • Accommodation • Outreach • Other


1,387,806 40,375 434,365 44,237 269,656

10 STAFF Staff at The Manchester Museum on 31 July 2003. This incorporates many of the changes recommended by the HR review. DIRECTORATE Tristram Besterman Christine Ogden

Director PA (temporary) to the Director


Head of Collections and Academic Development

Malcolm Chapman Stephen Devine Rebecca Smith

Registrar Project Assistant Project Assistant

Velson Horie Roy Garner Jenny Discombe Susan Martin Katherine Baxter Jenny Baxter Abby Stevens Karen Gildea James Brady

Keeper of Conservation and CDP Liaison Head of Conservation Project Conservator Technical Assistant Decant Coordinator Project Assistant Project Assistant Project Assistant Project Assistant

Dr John Prag Martin Petch Dr Kay Prag Carolanne King Clare Pye John Adams George Fildes Desmond Norton Sheila Woffenden

Keeper of Archaeology Hon Research Associate Research Affiliate Hon Curatorial Associate AELP Archivist and AELPHER Honorary Research Associate Honorary Research Associate Honorary Research Associate Honorary Research Associate

Keith Sugden Phyllis Stoddart

Curator of Numismatics Honorary Curatorial Associate

Wendy Hodkinson

Honorary Curator of Archery

Dr Sean Edwards Lindsey Loughtman David Earl Galina Goussarova John Lowell Edward Bellinger Mark Seaward Tony Hill Sue Outterside Win Collingbourne Barbara Porter Audrey Locksley Priscilla Tolfree Phil Rispin Roger Dennis Jon Cooter Stan Bowestead

Keeper of Botany Curatorial Assistant Honorary Specialist Adviser Honorary Research Associate Honorary Research Associate Honorary Research Associate Honorary Research Associate Honorary Curatorial Associate Honorary Curatorial Associate Honorary Curatorial Associate Honorary Curatorial Associate Honorary Curatorial Associate Honorary Curatorial Associate Technical Assistant Honorary Research Associate Honorary Research Associate Honorary Research Associate 26

David Green Ralph Brownall Alan Burgess Tony Browne Harry Holliday Norma Rothwell Arthur Ball Sybil Richardson Doug Kidd

Curator of Mineralogy and Petrology Honorary Curatorial Associate Honorary Curatorial Associate Honorary Curatorial Associate Honorary Curatorial Associate Honorary Curatorial Associate Honorary Curatorial Associate Honorary Curatorial Associate Honorary Curatorial Associate

Henry McGhie

Curator of Zoology

Dmitri Logunov Laurence Cook Charles Pettitt Graham Proudlove Andrew Gray Darren Smy

Curator of Arthropods Honorary Research Associate Honorary Research Associate Honorary Research Associate Curator of Herpetology Curatorial Assistant

Two Keepers have transferred to academic positions in the University: Dr John Nudds, formerly Keeper of Geology, to the Department of Earth Sciences as Senior Lecturer Professor Rosalie David, formerly Keeper of Egyptology, to the School of Biological Sciences as KNH Professor of Biomedical Egyptology. Two Keepers have retired: Dr George Bankes, formerly Keeper of Ethnology, in July 2003 Colin Johnson, formerly Keeper of Entomology, in July 2003 (An appreciation of their work at the Museum is given below) PUBLIC PROGRAMMES AND ACADEMIC DEVELOPMENT Bernadette Lynch

Head of Public Programmes and Academic Development

Jeff Horsley

Exhibitions Manager

Lynne Andrew Ros Weston Sylvia Hadfield Gurdeep Thiara David Dunne Louise Sutherland Susan Bulleid Tom Goss Adele Finley Matthew Hyde Elaine Bates Carol Sweeney Alex McLeman

Schools Programme Coordinator Education Bookings Assistant Education Bookings Assistant Outreach Officer Schools Development Officer Science for Life Development Officer Schools Development Officer (Science) Teaching staff Teaching staff Teaching staff Teaching staff Teaching staff Teaching staff

OPERATIONS Nigel Thompson Ian Grandidge Anna Davey Jennifer McKellar Phyllis Stoddart Geoff Thompson Jane Webb Mick Rooney

Head of Operations Finance Officer Clerical Assistant Clerical Assistant Receptionist Photographer Graphic Designer Visitor Services Manager 27

Michael Whitworth Rob Kelly Philip Marley Karen Prescott Vincent O’Neal Daniel Howard Andrew Catahan Fiona Smith Graeme Pye Nicola Spence Robert Law Anne Speed Laura Atkinson Maxine Byrne Kath Hayes Lil Nembhard Ron McGregor Robert O’Connor John Miller

Shop Manager Museum Steward/Team Leader Museum Steward/Team Leader Museum Steward Museum Steward Museum Steward Museum Steward/Cleaner Museum Steward Museum Steward Museum Steward Museum Steward Museum Steward Museum Steward Museum Steward Cleaner Cleaner Science for Life Technician Workshop Technician Workshop Technician

RETIREMENTS Colin Johnson, formerly Keeper of Entomology, retired at the end of July 2003. Colin has worked at The Manchester Museum for 31 years, first as a technician in the Entomology Department (1962-72), as Assistant Keeper of Entomology (1972-82) and as Keeper of Entomology from 1982. He managed one of the UK's major collections of insects, which he estimated to contain 2.7 million specimens. Colin’s field of specialist research - in which he has gained international recognition - was in the smallest beetles known, the feather-wing beetles or Ptiliidae. These beetles, typically no longer than half a millimetre, require their genitalia to be dissected out under a microscope in order to identify the species to which they belong. Colin has described and published many new species of these tiny beetles and has published on ptiliid and cryptophagid beetles in several parts of the world. It is a mark of his distinction that he has also had fourteen species of beetle in a number of families named after him, from Aphodius johnsoni Baraud in 1976, to Montoma johnsoni Bousquet Laplante in 2000. Colin, who is a Fellow of the Royal Entomological Society, contributed to the redisplay of the Museum's invertebrate collections in 2000. Dr George Bankes, formerly Keeper of Ethnology, retired at the end of July 2003. George served the Museum for 23 years, first as Assistant Keeper of Ethnology, and then from 1982 as Keeper of Ethnology. George came to Manchester in 1980 from Brighton Art Gallery and Museums where he had been Keeper of Ethnography since 1971. At The Manchester Museum he was appointed Assistant Keeper of Ethnology (1980-82) and Keeper in 1982. During his 23 years with the Museum, he curated a number of major temporary exhibitions – most notably Aotearoa: the Maori Collections at The Manchester Museum in 1990 and Saňuq and Toltecatl: Pre-Columbian Arts of Middle and South America in 1992. George was also responsible for curating the redisplay of the permanent collection first in the ‘Explorers and Encounters’ gallery in 1996 and latterly the ‘Living Cultures’ gallery, which opened in 2003. George is an expert in the pottery of modern Peru and Ecuador, where prehispanic technology is still used in the villages of the Andes. George’s fieldwork in these villages resulted in important research and additions to the Museum’s collections, which nicely complemented the Museum's collections of pre-Columbian South American pottery. George was active nationally and is a well-respected figure in museum ethnography. Other staff departures Suzanne Dixon, front of house steward, resigned after 3 years service with the Museum for personal reasons. 28

Jennifer McKellar, Clerical/Finance Assistant, left to take up a curatorial appointment with Burnley Museum. Maternity leave PA to the Director Virginia Perkins is currently on maternity leave. Christine Ogden has been appointed to provide cover during Mrs Perkins’ absence. Previously Christine was employed as Course Secretary with the University’s Distance Learning Unit. Professional development ‘Rising Stars’ David Dunne, Audience Development Co-ordinator, has been accepted onto the ‘Rising Stars’ development programme organised by the Northwest Museums, Libraries & Archive Council. This general management programme is aimed at aspiring middle managers in the region’s museums and galleries. Taught MA in Art Gallery and Museum Studies at the University of Manchester Jennifer McKellar was awarded her MA in 2002. Malcolm Chapman, Registrar and Adele Finley, teacher, are currently enrolled, and Henry McGhie, Assistant Curator, Zoology, has been accepted to start next semester. Dr. Patricia Rutherford was appointed Lecturer in Biomedical Egyptology in the School of Biological Sciences (October 2002-October 2004). Deceased

Andrew Millward (1944 – 2002), formerly Keeper of Exhibition & Design Andrew Millward died unexpectedly at his home in Cornwall in November last year, aged 58, leaving a widow (Lynette, who worked for many years in The Manchester Museum’s education department) and two daughters, Liz and Vikkie. Andy took early retirement in 1999, after a distinguished and extraordinarily productive career at The Manchester Museum, which spanned 25 years. During that time, he completely redisplayed seven major galleries, picking up a number of awards in the process, including Museum of the Year in 1987 for the Egyptology and Botany Galleries. He set up the exhibition unit in The Manchester Museum, funded by Greater Manchester Council to create and circulate travelling exhibitions throughout Greater Manchester. His prodigious output of temporary exhibitions at the Museum covered a wide range of subjects, including the hugely popular Lindow Man shows, ‘O, Osiris Live forever’, Mosaics from Jordan, and his more recent Dead Sea Scrolls, ‘Big Bang’, ‘Birth of the Baby’ (first stored programme computer), Frogs and Wedgwood exhibitions. Andy was well known nationally, having played a leading role in the Group for Designers and Interpreters in Museums, and lectured widely, earning himself the Fellowship of the Museums Association. One of Andy’s private passions was inland waterways: he owned a fine wooden boat which he had painstakingly restored, and he was a founding father and Trustee of the Ellesmere Boat Museum. His latest project was rebuilding, extending and restoring Tregarne, the dilapidated old farm in the Lizard, to which Andy and Lynette had moved when he retired.


Dr R Michael C Eagar (1919 – 2003), formerly Keeper of Geology Richard Michael Cardwell Eagar was responsible for the geological collections at The Manchester Museum for 42 years, first as Assistant Keeper from 1945, then, when the title of the post was changed, as Keeper of Geology from 1957 until his retirement in 1987. He died on 19 February 2003 and is survived by his wife Enid, by their two children, Richard and Jennifer, and by four grandchildren. At the age of 21, at army camp during the Second World War, Michael caught cerebrospinal meningitis. Although lucky to survive, he was left permanently and totally deaf. Michael Eagar was a fighter and never allowed his impairment to marginalise or side-line him in discussions of any kind, and half a century later Michael became a pioneer for cochlear implants in Manchester. After gaining a First at Oxford he moved to Glasgow where he worked under A E Trueman on the non-marine bivalves of the Upper Carboniferous, being awarded a PhD in 1944. Eagar’s name became internationally synonymous with non-marine bivalves and with The Manchester Museum, where his collection now comprises approximately 20,000 specimens – including more than 500 status specimens. From 1976 to 1977 Michael was also Acting Director, and from 1077 until his retirement, Deputy Director of The Manchester Museum. Michael received many honours for his work, including the Daniel Pidgeon Fund (1943) and the Lyell Fund (1952) of The Geological Society, the Silver Medal of the Liverpool Geological Society (1962), the John Phillips Medal of the Yorkshire Geological Society (1970) and the degree of DSc from Glasgow University (1969). He was made Life Member of the Manchester Geological Association. Michael continued to work on Carboniferous non-marine bivalves until the end of his life. His final paper – his 101st – is to be published posthumously in the Geological Journal and is a monumental work – in many ways a summary of his life’s research.

June Brierley, who started work as a volunteer in the Herbarium a year ago, died on 20 June.


11 PUBLICATIONS Authored Books David, A. R. 2002. Religion and Magic in Ancient Egypt. Penguin Books, Harmondsworth. David, A. R. 2002. Handbook to Life in Ancient Egypt. Facts on File, New York (2nd revised edition). Edwards S.R. 2003. English names for British bryophytes (3rd edn.). British Bryological Society special volume No 5. Loughton. Logunov D.V. and Marusik Yu. M. 2003. A revision of the genus Yllenus Simon, 1868 (Arachnida, Araneae, Salticidae). – KMK Scientific Press. Selden, P. & Nudds, J. (in press). Evolution of Fossil Ecosystems. Manson Publishing, London.

Edited Books & Other Works David, A. R. (In press). Ancient Egypt. In Hinnells, J. R. (Ed.), The Penguin Encyclopaedia of Ancient Religions. Penguin Books, Harmondsworth Neave, R.A.H. and Prag, A.J.N.W. (In press) The skull as the armature of the face: reconstructing ancient faces. In Brady, M. and Bowman, A.K. (eds), Proceedings of the joint Royal Society/British Academy symposium "Artefacts and Images of the Ancient World", (6-7 December 2000). London. Neave, R.A.H. and Prag, A.J.N.W. 2002. The Face of Seianti: the Reconstruction and the Portrait. In Swaddling, Judith and Prag, John (eds), Seianti Hanunia Tlesnasa: the Life and Death of an Etruscan Woman (London, British Museum Press: Occasional Paper 100), 53-58. Prag, A.J.N.W. 2002. Seianti and Etruscan Portraiture. Swaddling, Judith and Prag, John (eds), Seianti Hanunia Tlesnasa: the Life and Death of an Etruscan Woman (London, British Museum Press: Occasional Paper 100), 59-66. Proudlove, G.S. 2003. Pisces (Fishes): General. In: Gunn, J. (ed.) Encyclopedia of Cave and Karst Science. Fitzroy Dearborn, London. Swaddling, Judith and Prag, John (eds) 2002. Seianti Hanunia Tlesnasa: the Life and Death of an Etruscan Woman (London, British Museum Press: Occasional Paper 100): Wood, P.J. and Proudlove, G.S. 2003. Subterranean biology in the British Isles. In: Gunn, J. (ed.) Encyclopedia of Cave and Karst Science. Fitzroy Dearborn, London.

Academic Journal Papers Aretz, M. & Nudds, J.R. (in press). The stratotype section of the Holkerian/Asbian boundary at Little Asby Scar (North England): new evidence on its facies, coral fauna and biostratigraphic zonation. Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society. Bowestead, S. 2003. Sericoderus brevicornis Matthews (Coleoptera: Corylophidae) redescribed and new to New Zealand. New Zealand Entomologist (2002), 25: 65-67. Cook, L.M. 2003. A colony of pale-lipped Cepaea nemoralis. Journal of Conchology, 38: 73-78. Cook, L.M. 2003. Clarke, C.A., a modern Aurelian. The Linnean, 19: 32-42. Cook, L.M., Riley, A.M. and Woiwod, I.P. 2002. Melanic frequencies in three species of moths in post industrial Britain. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 75: 475-482. Chemeris A.N. and Logunov D.V. 2003. Further taxonomic notes on the genus Scleropilio Roewer, 1911 (Arachnida: Opiliones: Phalangiidae). Arthropoda Selecta, 11(3): 209-222. David, A. R., Lambert-Zazulak, P. & Rutherford, P. (In press). Mummies of the World: a major resource for scientific studies. The Yearbook of Physical Anthropology. Dennis, R. L.H., Shreeve, T, Sparks, T. and Lhonore, J. 2002. A comparison of geographical and neighbourhood models for improving atlas databases. The case of the French butterfly atlas. Biological Conservation, 108: 143-159. Dennis, R. L.H. and Shreeve, T. 2003. Gains and losses of French butterflies: tests of predictions, underrecording and regional extinction from data in a new atlas. Biological Conservation, 110 (1): 131-139.


Dennis, R. L.H., Shreeve, T. and Van Dyck, H. 2003. Towards a resource-based concept for habitat: a butterfly biology viewpoint. Oikos, 102: 417-426 Dennis, R. L.H., Wakeham-Dawson, A., Holloway, J. and Coutsis, J. 2003. Observations on the integrity of Balkan butterfly taxa in the subgenus Parahipparchia Kudrna, 1977 (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae, Satyrinae) based on male genitalia. Entomologist's Gazette, 54: 71-103. Dennis, R. L.H., Wakeham-Dawson, A., John, E. and Parker, R. 2003. Comparison of the male genitalia and androconia of Pseudochazara anthelia acamanthis (Rebel, 1916) from Cyprus, Pseudochazara anthelia anthelia (Hübner, [1924]) from mainland Turkey and Pseudochazara anthelia amalthea (Frivaldsky, 1845) from mainland Greece (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Satyrinae). Nota lepidopterologica, 25: 251-263. Johnson, C. 2003. Further notes on Palaearctic and other Ptiliidae (Coleoptera). Entomologist’s Gazette, 54: 55-70. Johnson, C. 2003. Obituary and Bibliography – Alan Brindle (1915-2001), with portrait. Entomologist’s Monthly Magazine, 139: 57-67. Johnson, C. 2003. Obituary and Bibliography – Guy William Roberts Bartindale (1917-2002), with portrait. Entomologist’s Monthly Magazine, 139: 187-189. Krivtsov, V., Sigee D.C. and Bellinger E.G. 2002. Elemental concentrations and correlations in winter micropopulations of Stephanodiscus rotula: an autecological study over a period of cell size reduction and restoration. European Journal of Phycology. 37, 27-35. Krivtsov V, Bellinger E.G. & Sigee D.C. 2002. Water and nutrient budgeting of Rostherne Mere, Cheshire, UK. Nordic Hydrology, 33, 391-414. Kundrat, M., Cruickshank, A.R.I., Manning, T.W., Joysey, K.A. & Nudds, J.R. herbivorous dinosaurs. Science.

(in press).

Embryos of

Lambert-Zazulak, P., Rutherford, P. and David, A.R. (2003). The International Ancient Mummy Tissue Bank at the Manchester Museum as a resource for the palaeoepidemiological study of schistosomiasis. In World Archaeology (Ed. Mitchell, P.) Vol.35, No.2, Archaeology of Epidemic and Infectious Disease, 223240.Oxford. Logunov D.V. and Chatzaki M. 2003. An annotated check-list of the Salticidae (Araneae) of Crete, Greece. Revista Iberica de Arachnologia, 7: 95-100. Logunov D.V. and Koponen S. 2002. Redescription and distribution of Phlegra hentzi (Marx, 1890) comb.n. (Araneae, Salticidae). Bull. Br. Arachnol. Soc., 12(6): 264-267. Logunov D. V. and Kronestedt T. 2003. A review of the genus Talavera Peckham and Peckham, 1909 (Araneae, Salticidae). Journal of Natural History, 37(9): 1091-1154. Logunov D.V., Marusik Yu. M. and Koponen S. 2002. Redescription of a poorly known spider species, Xysticus kulczynskii Wierzbicki 1902 (Araneae, Thomisidae). Acta Arachnologica, 51(2): 99-104. Marusik Yu.M. and D.V. Logunov. 2002. New and poorly known species of crab spiders (Aranei: Thomisidae) from South Siberia and Mongolia. Arthropoda Selecta 10(4): 315-322. Nudds, J.R. & Ni Bhroin, C. (in press). New records of Solenodendron (Rugosa) and its stratigraphical occurrence in Ireland. Irish Journal of Earth Sciences. Petersen. S., Nielsen, O. F., Christensen, D.H., Edwards, H. G. M., Farwell, D. W., David, R., Lambert, P., Griadecka, M. & Wulf, H. C., (2003). Near-infrared Fourier transform Raman spectoscropy of skin samples from the ‘Tomb of the Two Brothers’, Khnum-Nakht and Nekht-Ankh, XIIth Dynasty Egyptian Mummies (ca 2000 BC). Journal of Raman Spectoscropy 34: 375-379. Prag, A.J.N.W. 2002. Proportion and Personality in the Fayum Portraits. British Museum Studies in Ancient Egypt and Sudan,3,55-63 online journal Seaward MRD, Aptroot A, Harrington FA. 2002. The lichens of Aldabra, with comments on their distribution. The Bryologist 105, 473-477. Seaward MRD, 2003. Lichen herbarium at The Manchester Museum: 1. collectors. The Naturalist 128, 4147. Conference Contributions (refereed) Bankes, G.H.A. 2003.

Modern Potters using Prehispanic Technology in North Peru and Southern


Ecuador. In Jansen, D. A. and de Bock, E. K. (eds) Colecciones Latinoamericanas Latin America Collections: Essays in Honour of Ted J. J. Leyenaar, Leiden, Netherlands, 175-184. Besterman, T.P. 2001. Frontiers to Science: free trade and museum ethics. The Geological Curator 7 (6), 199-209 David, A. R. & Garner, V. 2003. Asru, an ancient Egyptian temple chantress: Modern spectrometric studies as part of the Manchester Egyptian Mummy Research Project. In Tsoucaris, G. and Lipkowski (Eds.), Molecular and Structual Archaeology: Cosmetic and Therapeutic Chemicals, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Netherlands. David, A. R. (In press). Rationality versus irrationality in Egyptian medicine in the Pharonic and GraecoRoman periods. Hortsmanshoff, M. & Stol, M. (Eds.) Proceedings of the Conference ‘Rethinking the History of Medicine: “Rationality” and “Magic” in Babylonia and the Graeco-Roman World.’ Netherlands Institute for Advanced Studies in the Humanities and Social Sciences, June 21-23, 2001. David, A. R. 2003. The Tomb of Two Brothers at Rifeh, Egypt: Palaeopathological and Archaeological Studies. Lynnerup, N., Andreasen, C. & Berglund, J. (Eds.) Mummies in a New Millennium. Proceedings of the 4th World Congress on Mummy Studies, Nuuk, Greenland, September 4th to 10th, 2001. Greenland National Museum & Archives and Danish Polar Centre, Copenhagen, 169-173. Jeziorska, M., Denton, J., David, A. R., Freemont, A. J. 2003. Use of Histo- and Immunopathological methods to investigate cellular and matrix components in tissue samples from Egyptian mummies. Lynnerup, N., Andreasen, C. & Berglund, J. (Eds.) Mummies in a New Millennium. Proceedings of the 4th World Congress on Mummy Studies, Nuuk, Greenland, September 4th to 10th, 2001. Greenland National Museum & Archives and Danish Polar Centre, Copenhagen 104-107. Swaddling, and Prag, A.N.J.W (in press). The Seianti Project. In P. Perkins and Judith Swaddling (eds.) Etruscans Now: XXVI British Museum Classical Colloquium, 6-9 Dec 2002.

Review Articles Bankes, G.H.A. 2003. Review of: Pillsbury, J. (ed) Moche Art and Archaeology in Ancient Peru. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, 9(1), 166-167. Cook, L.M. 2003. The Hardy-Weinberg principle. Biological Sciences Review, 15, 7-9. Logunov, D.V. 2003. A review: The spider family Theridiidae (Arachnida: Araneae) from Japan by Hajime Yoshida. Newsl. Br. arachnol. Soc., 97: 22. Logunov, D.V. 2003. A review: Spiders in Okinawa by Akio Tanikawa. Newsletter British arachnological. Society., 97: 21 Prag, K. 2003. Review of: Stager, L.E., Greene, J.A. and Coogan, M.D. eds (2000) The Archaeology of Jordan and Beyond. Essays in Honor of James A. Sauer. Studies in the Archaeology and History of the Levant.1. Harvard Semitic Museum Publications. Eisenbrauns: Winona Lake, Indiana. Journal of Semitic Studies XLVIII, 153-154.

Professional Journal Papers Besterman, T.P. 2003. Past crimes and present obligations (contested human remains). BBC History Magazine July 2003 issue. Kockelmann W., Kirfel A.., Linke R., Schreiner M., Traum R., Pantos E., Garner R.., Prag A.J.N.W (in press). Genuine or fake: neutron diffraction for non-destructive testing of museum objects, RAL-TR-2003-???? (TR technical report number not yet available). ISIS Facility Annual Report 2003. Prag A.J.N.W., Garner. R., Pantos E. (in press), Experiment no. RB14895: Neutron Diffraction Study of a Corinthian-type Bronze Helmet. ISIS Facility Annual Report 2003, CD-ROM appendix.. Prag A.J.N.W. 2003. The Alderley Edge Millennium Mapping Project - Manchester Museum. MDA Information 6.2 (Carnegie UK Trust Grants for IT Innovation in Independent Museums: Evaluation reports, book 3) 43-47. Prag A.J.N.W. 2003. Victorian Collectors Part 5: Jesse Haworth (1835-1920) - Yarn-spinner, Collector, and Patron of Egyptology. Etruria. The Journal of the Wedgwood International Society 6.3, 4-5.


Journal Letters, Notes etc. Cook, L.M. and Muggleton, J. 2003.(in press) The peppered moth, Biston betularia (Linnaeus, 1758) (Lepidoptera: Geometridae), a matter of names. Entomologist's Gazette. Cook, L.M. 2003.(in press) The rise and fall of the carbonaria form of the peppered moth. Quarterly Review of Biology.. Prag A.J.N.W. 2003. Manchester Museum Greek helmet: Collections Fund 2002 Review, 80.

catalogue entry 5098 in National Art

Prag K. 2003. Obituary: Arlotte Douglas Tushingham. Levant 35, v-vi. Proudlove, G. and Wood, P.J. 2003. The blind leading the blind: cryptic subterranean species and DNA taxonomy. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 18(6):272-273. Proudlove, G.S., Wood, P.J. Harding, P.T., Horne, D.J. Gledhill, T. and Knight, L.R.F.D. 2003. (in press). A review of the status and distribution of the stygobitic Crustacea of Britain and Ireland. Cave and Karst Science, 30.

Editorships, Journals Dr Dmitri V. Logunov continues to act as an editor of the two professional academic journals, viz. Arthropoda Selecta and Eurasian Entomological Journal. Colin Johnson is a member of the Board of Governors for The Coleopterist. Dr Roger Dennis is a member of the Editorial Panel of the Entomologist’s Gazette.

CONFERENCE CONTRIBUTIONS, PROFESSIONAL CONTRIBUTIONS, PUBLIC LECTURES In March a delegation of staff from the Hungarian Natural History Museum in Budapest came to the Manchester Museum for a four-day study visit to explore educational and curatorial issues of common interest between the two museums. A reciprocal visit in May to Budapest involved Tristram Besterman, Bernadette Lynch, Henry McGhie, Lindsey Loughtman and Malcom Chapman. This cultural exchange was initiated by Professor Ed Bellinger to explore areas for future collaboration, and was funded by the British Council. Directorate In September, the Director, Tristram Besterman, chaired a keynote session at the Museums Association’s Annual Conference, at which Rodney Dillon, a Commissioner representing the Aboriginal and Torres Straight Islander Commission gave a paper on the issue of the repatriation to Australia of the remains of indigenous people. Resolving conflict around the issue of contested human remains in UK museums occupied the attention of the Director over the year, with his continued service on the Government’s Working Group on Human Remains and his organization of the return of four aboriginal skulls to their source communities at a moving ceremony at The Manchester Museum on 29 July. In May, at the Royal College of Physicians in London, Besterman was one of a four-person panel leading a debate organised by the Institute of Ideas, on the return of human remains from UK museums to indigenous claimants oversees. In November, Besterman was invited to Copenhagen to give a seminar to Nordic museum directors on managing change. Later that month, Besterman acted as rapporteur for a session at a colloquium organized by the University Museums Group at Oxford on the role of the university museum. In December he gave a seminar at UCL to museum studies postgraduate students on the changing social context of museums and the management of change. During the year, the Director of the Pitt Rivers Museum consulted Besterman on the management of a major capital project, and later visited the Manchester Museum to see the results of the CDP. Besterman gave a paper at a two-day conference in Cambridge on the theme ‘University Collections: are they worth it?’ in July. In April, Besterman gave papers on the aims and processes of managing the changes at The Manchester Museum successively to the joint annual conference of the Biology Curators Group and Natural Sciences Conservation Group and to a seminar on Change Management organised by the Museums Association in London. He convened a session at a day seminar on Cultural Research organized by the Arts and Humanities Research Board in London.


Raising the profile of university museums in the UK with Government and other key stakeholders has taken on a new impetus. Besterman is a member of a small working group of directors of leading university museums, which is drafting an advocacy document for the sector. Funding to pay for research, compilation and publication has been secured from the old Museums and Galleries Commission and from the University of East Anglia, Sainsbury Centre for Visual Arts. Besterman convened the final session in a two-day colloquium at the University of East Anglia to establish common ground on the distinctive qualities of university museums and the purpose of the advocacy document. Besterman’s work on museum ethics continues with his membership of the Museums Association Ethics Committee. He is a member of the executive committee for the UK European Collaborative for Science, Industry and Technology Exhibitions and of the Natural Science Network, convened by the Natural History Museum, and continues to serve on the Boards of the Sainsbury Centre for Visual Arts at UEA and the Heritage and Museums Committee at UCL. Besterman has had a number of meetings with the Directors of the British Museum and the Natural History Museum, to explore the opportunities for closer strategic partnership between the two national museums and the Manchester Museum. In March and June, a new international partnership was forged through exchange visits between senior staff from the National Museum of Natural History in Budapest and the Manchester Museum. At a regional level, Besterman has played a major role in the development of the new NW Museums and Galleries Hub. He also attended the last meetings of the Board of the NW Museums Service before it was wound up, when it was replaced in 2003 by the new NW Museums, Libraries and Archives Council. Public Programmes Ms Bernadette Lynch, Head of Public Programmes presented the following papers during the year under review. Social Inclusion and Diversity Issues in Modern Practice at The Manchester Museum in October. Lynch and Dr. Helen Rees Leahy, Director of The Centre for Museology at The University of Manchester collaborated in the planning and coordination of a day conference for academics, museum professionals and interested community members. Offered across the country, the event was intended to analyse current debates in the area of access and social inclusion and inform best practice. It was the first of what has become a series of day seminars and bi-annual conferences on museological issues, offered as a partnership between the Museum and the Centre for Museology. Representing Egypt in Museums, at the Egyptian Cultural Centre, London in October. This was the second part of a three-part programme of consultation with Sudanese and Egyptian communities (to culminate with a joint Egyptian and Sudanese day conference entitled, Peoples of the Nile Valley, in 2004). The project was initiated and organised by Lynch and Sally McDonald of The Petrie Museum at University College London, with transcripts available. Academy versus Community, at Oxford in November, a seminar organised by the University Museums Group. Lynch presented on access to new audiences in a university museum, based on the Manchester Museum’s innovative outreach work with diverse audiences. Her paper provoked lively debate and was followed with series of requests for Lynch to visit other university museums to talk to their staff about the Manchester experience. ‘Never Presume’ – Representation of Cultures and Communities in Ethnographic collections, Museum Ethnographers and Social History Curators joint conference, Nuneaton, in November. Connecting Our Histories, Manchester Art Gallery in November. Lynch and Claire McDaid of the Manchester Art Gallery set up a research group to map the history of the cultural institutions of Greater Manchester and their relationship with the diaspora populations of the northwest, following demands from communities during successive years of Black History Month programming. A significant part of the intention of this group was to map current strategies of outreach and audience development and to develop/ share best practice. The first meeting brought together five institutions – it has now grown to include over thirty, with a Heritage Lottery Fund bid underway for the research project. Excellence in Cities conference: Sharing good practice across transitional phases (schools, colleges, universities), University of Manchester in November. The Manchester Museum Widening Participation team (Bernadette Lynch, Susan Bulleid and David Dunne) invited to participate as part of HE widening participation strategy in the northwest.


Researching Museums, University of Leicester, Department of Museum Studies. Lynch was invited to attend and participate in Researching Museums conference in Leicester as part of her own PhD research work on the socio-anthropology of museums. ‘The Manchester Museum’s approach to Social Inclusion - at conference on Social Inclusion, organised by Arts About Manchester at The Lowry, Manchester in March. Lynch’s paper was followed by a lively debate on appropriate audience development strategies with learning, outreach and marketing professionals from northwest museums and galleries. Ethnographic Collections and the ‘useful’ museum to the Museum Ethnographers Group conference, Leicester in May, together with Gurdeep Thiara on ‘Only Connect…’, the Museum’s HLF funded outreach project with the South Asian Community. Hearts and Homes, The Manchester Museum in June. A day conference for teachers that was, once again, a collaboration between the Manchester Museum with the Ethnic Minority Achievement Service (EMAS) and the University of Manchester Ahmed Iqbal Ullah Race Relations Archive. The Museum presented on its innovative outreach work with schools on issues of citizenship and cultural identity. This in-service training day for teachers is the second such collaboration with the Museum and will be offered again in 2004. Widening Participation at the British Museum in London. Lynch was invited to present to the British Museum curators forum on the Manchester Museum philosophy and current strategies for community outreach and social inclusion. This was very well received, as the British Museum undergoes cultural change under the leadership of its new Director, who is interested in models such as Manchester. It has resulted contributed to the closer working relationship between the Manchester Museum and departments within the BM. Collections Archery Mrs Wendy Hodkinson attended the Society of Archer-Antiquaries Antiquarian Shoot at the Royal Toxophilite Society, Burnham, Buckinghamshire on 11 August 2002; the 10th Anniversary Celebration of the Assheton Bowmen in Blackley, Manchester, on 25 August 2002; the 46th Civil Service Sports Council Archery Championships at Taunton on 13 September 2002; the 54th Meeting of the "Ilkley Arrow" Society on 20 September 2002 followed by the British Long-Bow Society AGM on 21 September 2002 both also held at the Royal Toxophilite Society; the Society of Archer-Antiquaries AGM on 9 March 2003 at the Royal Toxophilite Society; and the British Long-Bow Society Spring Clout Meeting at the Woodmen of Arden's Ground, Meriden, near Coventry on 7 June 2003, and Eccles Archery Club 50th Anniversary Celebration on 20 July 2003. Archaeology Dr John Prag again served on the Advisory Board of the Institute for Research in the Arts, Humanities and Environment at Manchester University, on the Council of the British School at Athens, the Committee of the Classical Association (Manchester Branch), and the Advisory Committee of the Warburg Institute (University of London). He also twice acted as independent assessor for the DCMS Review Committee on the Export of Works of Art. Dr Prag gave a discussion paper on The Seianti Project (with Judith Swaddling) at “Etruscans Now” the 26th British Museum Classical Colloquium on 6-9 Dec 2002. With other members of the AELPHER team he gave an ‘On-site Session’ about the Museum’s Alderley Edge projects to the Museums Association Annual Conference on ‘Research Landscape and Legend’ (17 September 2002). Pressure of work at the museum compelled him to decline invitations to a number of other conferences. Dr Prag lectured on aspects of facial reconstruction to branches of the Classical Association, to the Cley Decorative and Fine Arts Society, to the Friends of Buxton Museum, at a special lecture day organised by Andante Travels at the Museum of London, and to Westminster School. He also acted as guide lecturer on an archaeological tour to western Turkey. Dr Kay Prag continued to serve on the committee of the Council for British Research in the Levant, and as Honorary Lecturer in the School of Art History and Archaeology in the University of Manchester. She was a member of the organising committee of the meeting of the British Association of Near Eastern Archaeologists held in Liverpool in December 2003, which she attended. She declined several other invitations to conferences. Dr John Prag and Dr Kay Prag both attended (by invitation) the conference on The Power of the Individual: people, groups, and Greek economies’ held at Liverpool University in honour of Professor John Davies on 5 July 2003.


Clare Pye continues to serve as a trustee of Tabley House. She took part in the ‘On-site Session’ about the Museum’s Alderley Edge projects to the Museums Association Annual Conference on ‘Research Landscape and Legend’ on 17 September 2002. Pye lectured at the Cheshire Local History Day (26th October 2002) and Lancaster University North West Local Studies Archaeology Day (8th March 2003) on the Alderley Edge Landscape Project, and to the Humanities Association Conference on ‘Opening the Stone Book’ (9th November 2002). Pye also spoke on Cheshire History to local history societies in the north-west. Pye organised a study day and a guided walk at Alderley Edge in May 2003 for CE. Botany Dr Galina Goussarova 26 Feb 2003: Molecular tools in the analysis of genetic diversity, to undergraduate students of SBS. She also gave a lecture and Practical Programme at the Central European University (Budapest) on Data Processing and Statistical Analysis for biological monitoring and biodiversity. Sean Edwards assisted the police with their enquiries (October 2002) and successful prosecution regarding the theft of 58 large bags of moss taken from the Peak District for sale to florists. Dave Earl continues as BSBI Recorder for VC59 (vascular plants). He was elected President of the North West Naturalists’ Union, and also led the Botanical Society of the British Isles Welsh meeting to Bangor and Llanberis in July. Prof. Ed Bellinger was appointed as a UN External Assessor for the International Atomic Energy Agency for their water projects. Dr John Lowell continues as the British Bryological Society VC59 bryophyte Recorder, chairman of the Lancashire Flora Committee (N.W. Naturalists’ Union), and Secretary of the Bryophyte & Lichen Section of the N.W. Naturalists’ Union. Audrey Locksley and Priscilla Tolfree continue to serve on the VC59 Flora Committee (N.W. Naturalists’ Union). Egyptology Professor Rosalie David was the first recipient of the prestigious Fellowship of the Victorian Institute of Forensic Medicine and the Australian Institute of Archaeology, which enabled her to spend six weeks in Australia, starting in July 2003. During her visit, she gave lectures and seminars at the Victorian Institute of Forensic Medicine, Melbourne; the University of Melbourne; the Petrie Oration at La Trobe University; the Nicholson Museum, University of Sydney; the University of New South Wales, Armidale; Maquarie University, Sydney; and the Art Gallery and Museum of Western Australia, Perth. Professor David also consulted with colleagues in museums in Sydney and Perth about their collections of Egyptian mummified remains. She attended a lunch given by the British Consul-General for the British High Commissioner Sir David Goodlad, and was also invited to tea with the Lord Mayor of Melbourne. Professor David also appeared on the History Channel, and took part in various television and radio broadcasts in Australia. Professor David lectured to the Manchester University Alumni Association (6th September) on “Ancient Egyptian Mummies: a resource for studying disease”, and she spoke to the Leicestershire Archaeological and Historical Society (10th October) on “The Leicester Mummies: scientific studies on life, disease and death in ancient Egypt”. Professor David lectured at Trinity College, Dublin (30th and 31st January) on “Religion and Magic in Ancient Egypt” and “Ancient Egyptian Literature: its relationship to Biblical texts”. She addressed the Science Communication Unit, University of Liverpool (5th February) on “Science and Egyptology: a multidisciplinary approach to the study of ancient Egypt”, and gave a lecture on “Ancient Egyptian Mummies: a resource for studying disease” (25th April) in the Public Awareness of Science Programme at Daresbury Laboratory, Warrington. Professor David lectured at the Embassy of the Arab Republic of Egypt (Education and Culture Bureau), London (12th June) on “The Chemists of Ancient Egypt: modern scientific studies on cosmetics, therapeutics and mummification techniques”. She lectured on “Ancient Egyptian Palaeopathology” to the University of London Diploma Course in the History of Medicine (5th October). Professor David was Guest of Honour and presented the prizes at the Speech Day held at Howell’s School, Llandaff, Cardiff (13th September), where she was educated from 1957 to 1963. Professor David was guest lecturer on a Nile cruise (25th March – 13th April), and continued to serve as a


member of the Advisory Board, Department of Archaeological Science, University of Bradford; as Honorary Secretary of the Egypt Exploration Society Northern Branch; and as President of the Bowdon Decorative and Fine Arts Society. Dr Patricia Lambert-Zazulak and Dr Patricia Rutherford both lectured for the MSc Course in Biomedical and Forensic Studies in Egyptology. Mineralogy Dr David Green attended a conference on the future of mineral collecting at the University of Salford in April 2003. He contributed a paper which analysed the accessions to the Manchester Museum collections over the last ten years and demonstrated the important role the public has in generating museum collections. At Broken Hill in New South Wales about 80 people attended an invited lecture on the minerals of Northern England and visits were made to the famous Kintore Opencut, where a variety of arsenate minerals were obtained. Numismatics Keith Sugden and Phyllis Stoddart attended the Lecture Weekend of the British Association of Numismatic Societies in Durham in September, 2002, and the Annual Conference of the same national association in Culford in April, 2002. In October, 2002, Stoddart gave a paper entitled “The development of the war medal in the 19th century” to the British Numismatic Society at the Warburg Institute in London. In November, 2002, at the Delta Travel Day School, held in the University, Sugden gave a paper on “The coinage of the Hekatomnids”. In December, 2002, Sugden and Stoddart were invited to go through the coin and medal collection at the University’s stately home, Tabley House. Sugden continues to serve as a Trustee of the UK Numismatic Trust. Zoology Prof. Laurence Cook gave a commemorative lecture on the work of Sir Cyril Clarke in September 2002 at a Linnean Society meeting at the Athanaeum, Liverpool. Colin Johnson attended the 10th meeting of Collection Managers of Major UK and Irish Insect Collections at the University Natural History Museum, Oxford, in September, 2002. Mr Graham S. Proudlove contributed the poster “Subglacial survival of subterranean biota through the Pleistocene” at the Royal Society discussion meeting on “The evolutionary legacy of the ice ages” May 2003. Mr Graham S. Proudlove gave a talk on “Hazelton - A digital version of the Biological Records” at the British Cave Research Association Science Symposium, Bristol University (annual meeting of 2003). Henry McGhie and Lindsey Loughtman (Botany) co-organised the 2003 annual conference at the University of Manchester of the Biology Curators Group held jointly with the Natural Sciences Conservation Group. The subject of the conference was very timely, investigating the consequences of large scale museum redevelopments. Over 100 museum professionals from around Britain and Europe attended and the conference was held to be a great success. McGhie gave over 20 talks and lectures to a variety of groups including the Centre for Continuing Education and Crossroads Resource Centre, and led two Expert Exploration sessions. He also developed the educational session ‘Explorers and Encounters’, investigating the relationship between people and animals, in conjunction with the Education Department, and assisted in the delivery of this. Dr Dimitri Logunov and McGhie gave a joint presentation to family groups on field collecting.

OTHER MEDIA Tristram Besterman was interviewed for an in-depth piece on contested human remains in museums for Channel Four. Professor David spoke about the research of the Manchester Mummy Project on the Radio 4 programme “Unearthing Mysteries” (30th June), and took part in several nationwide and local television and radio programmes in Australia. In November 2002, Mr Gray was interviewed in the BBC programme Science Shack Programme which has been screened several times. The growing importance and success of the captive breeding programmes initiated by the Museum for several rare and endangered species of amphibians has been reported and highlighted in the local and national press many times over the last year, further raising the Museum’s public profile in making a valuable and direct contribution to worldwide conservation.


THE MANCHESTER MUSEUM COMMITTEE The Manchester Museum Committee is a committee of Council, the governing body of the University of Manchester. The Manchester Museum Committee met twice during the year: in November 2002 and June 2003. Membership Admiral Sir John Kerr (in the Chair) Mr John Adams Mr Michael A Evans Mrs Sue Good Lady Harris Mr Barry J Kemp Dr James A Waller Mr Darren Warburton Mr Tristram Besterman (ex officio as Director) Nominated by Senate Professor Andrew Loudon Professor Penny Harvey Professor John Pickstone Professor Julian Thomas Nominated by Manchester City Council Councillor Joyce Keller Secretary Dr Timothy Stibbs




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