Giving effective oral presentations
Have you ever seen anyone give a presentation or had to give a presentation yourself? When was it? Who was it to? How long was the presentation? How did it go? Was powerpoint or an OHP used? Were there any handouts? Were questions taken from the floor? Have you ever seen anyone have any problems whilst giving a presentation?
WHICH ADVICE WOULD YOU GIVE TO A FRIEND WHO IS ABOUT TO GIVE A PRESENTATION?
Plan your presentation along A-B-A lines Limit yourself Pitch the level of your talk
Support ideas/themes - with anecdotes, examples, statistics and facts. Delivery style - use humour appropriately Make eye contact
Keep to time Speak clearly Body language
Check technical equipment
Effective use of technical equipment
Handle any questions using the mnemonic, TRACT
Podium panic your audience understands your nervousness; nervousness is usually invisible; be yourself; relax, practice some deep breathing techniques; begin in your comfort zone; check out the room first concentrate on the message begin with a slow, well-prepared introduction; have a confident and clear conclusion be prepared and practice
FORMULATE A STRATEGY FOR THE SPECIFIC AUDIENCE 1. WHO WILL I BE SPEAKING TO? 2. WHAT DO THEY KNOW ABOUT MY TOPIC ALREADY? 3. WHAT WILL THEY WNAT TO KNOW ABOUT MY TOPIC? 4. WHAT DO I WANT THEM TO KNOW BY THE END OF MY TALK?
1. STRATEGY understand your purpose and role tailor your message to the audience be concrete, specific, practical, and relevant clarify your objectives clarify what role you will be performing develop a logically compelling case for your plan research your topic
2. STRUCTURE Once you know what you want to say, you need to consolidate the materials into a meaningful message. The audience needs to have these basic questions answered. 1)Why should I pay attention to you when I can think about more interesting things? 2)Now that I am listening, why should I care about this issue? 3)I agree with the significance of the topic, but how are you justifying your ideas? 4)So, now that I am convinced, what do you want from me?
some points to think about when organizing your ideas begin by placing your topic in context provide the intended, expected benefits, organization of the presentation, and ground rules organize the body of the presentation logically discuss the pros and cons conclude on a "high noteâ€œ incorporate visual aids effectively prepare for contingencies - - practice your presentation and rehearse think about what might happen and prepare
3. STYLE Techniques to maintain attention: convey "controlled enthusiasm" for your subject â€“ posture, tone; don't lean your audience will mirror your attitude don't confuse enthusiasm with loudness; try to convey a range of emotions from concern, anticipation, excitement, dismay where appropriate, candidly discuss pros and cons; explain advantages first; present risks or challenges
Guideline for Answering Questions Anticipate Questions: think of the ten most likely questions and plan out your answer Understand the Question Do Not Digress Be Honest Control Interchanges Use the Last Question to Summarize