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‫בראשית‬

‫‪www.hebrewtoday.com‬‬

‫‪AN EASY-HEBREW NEWSPAPER FOR BEGINNERS‬‬

‫‪BERESHIT‬‬

‫דו‪-‬שבועון ללימוד עברית * גיליון מספר ‪ * 32‬כא' באדר תשס"ט * ‪Bi-Weekly Newspaper for Learning Hebrew * Issue No. 32 * 17.3.2009‬‬

‫ָמים‬ ‫ַשׁבִי ‪ 1,000‬י ִ‬ ‫שׁלִיט בּ ֶ‬ ‫ִג ְל ָעד ַ‬ ‫‪Gilad Shalit in Captivity 1,000 Days‬‬

‫‪3‬‬

‫ָמים‪.‬‬ ‫ִג ְל ָעד ַשׁ ִליט ַבּ ֶשׁ ִבי ְכּ ָבר ‪ 1,000‬י ִ‬ ‫ָמים ֵא ֶלה יֵשׁ ַה ְפגָנוֹת ְל ַמ ַען‬ ‫ְבּי ִ‬ ‫ִשׁ ְחרוּר ִג ְל ָעד‪.‬‬ ‫עוֹשׂה ַהכֹּל‬ ‫אוֹמ ֶרת ֶשׁ ִהיא ָ‬ ‫ַה ֶמ ְמ ָשׁ ָלה ֶ‬ ‫ְכּ ֵדי ְל ַשׁ ְח ֵרר ֶאת ִג ְל ָעד‪.‬‬ ‫‪Dictionary on page 16‬‬

‫לַמוּרִים ָבּרְחוּ ִמגַן ַחיוֹת‬

‫רוייטרס‬

‫ֶפ ְס ִטיבָל ַה ְמבּוּ ְרגֵר‬ ‫ִשׂ ָר ֵאלִי‬ ‫יְ‬

‫‪4‬‬

‫‪Lemurs Escaped from a Zoo‬‬

‫‪The Bible Promotes the Environment‬‬

‫‪13‬‬ ‫עמוד‬ ‫עמוד ‪5‬‬ ‫‪Page‬‬ ‫‪Page 13‬‬ ‫‪5‬‬

‫ַה ַתנַ"‪ְ ‬מ ַקדֵם ֶאת ֵאיכוּת ַה ְסבִיבָה‬

‫רוייטרס‬

‫‪Dictionary on page 16‬‬

‫רוייטרס‬

‫מוּרים ָבּ ְרחוּ ִמגַן ַה ַחיוֹת‬ ‫ְשׁנֵי ַל ִ‬ ‫ירוּשׁ ַל ִים‪.‬‬ ‫ָ"כי ִבּ ָ‬ ‫ַה ָתנ ִ‬ ‫לוֹשׁה‬ ‫אַחר ְשׁ ָ‬ ‫ֵהם ִנ ְת ְפּסוּ ַרק ְל ַ‬ ‫ָמים‪.‬‬ ‫יִ‬ ‫בּוֹד ִקים ֵאי‪ֵ ‬הם‬ ‫ְבּגַן ַה ַחיוֹת ְ‬ ‫רוֹח‪.‬‬ ‫ִה ְצ ִליחוּ ִל ְב ַ‬

‫‪Israeli Hamburger Festival‬‬

‫עמוד ‪16‬‬

‫‪ORDER "BERESHIT" TODAY! TURN TO PAGE 15 FOR DETAILS‬‬

‫‪Page 16‬‬

‫ירושלים‬

‫שולם ‪P.P.‬‬ ‫אישור מספר ‪1669‬‬


‫ ְל ַקבֵּל ַה ְח ָל ָטה אַ ִמי ָצה‬‫ָצרִי‬ all of us - kulanu - ‫כּוּלָנוּ‬

FROM THE EDITOR

want (pl) - rotzim - ‫רוֹצִים‬ will return - yachazor - ‫יַחֲזוֹר‬ homeward - habayta - ‫ַה ַבּיְ ָתה‬

5

‫ ְל ַקבֵּל ַה ְח ָל ָטה אַ ִמי ָצה‬‫ָצרִי‬ Must Make a Brave Decision

however - ulam - ‫אוּלָם‬ for this - bishvil zeh - ‫ִשׁבִיל זֶה‬ ְ‫בּ‬

ֵ‫ֵמ ָהעוֹר‬ ‫משולחן העורך‬

.‫רוֹצים ֶשׁ ִג ְל ָעד ַשׁ ִליט ַי ֲחזוֹר ַה ַבּ ְי ָתה‬ ִ ‫כּוּלנוּ‬ ָ .‫ ְל ַשׁ ְח ֵרר ְמ ַח ְבּ ִלים ַר ִבּים‬‫ ִבּ ְשׁ ִביל זֶה ָצ ִרי‬,‫אוּלם‬ ָ :‫יצה‬ ָ ‫אַמ‬ ִ ‫יכה ְל ַק ֵבּל ַה ְח ָל ָטה‬ ָ ‫ַה ֶמ ְמ ָשׁ ָלה ְצ ִר‬ .‫ אוֹ ְל ַה ְשׁ ִאיר ֶאת ִג ְל ָעד ַשׁ ִליט ַבּ ֶשׁ ִבי‬,‫ְל ַשׁ ְח ֵרר ְמ ַח ְבּ ִלים‬ .‫א ַק ָלה‬ ‫ ַה ַה ְח ָל ָטה‬,‫ִבּ ְשׁנֵי ַה ִמ ְק ִרים‬ ‫ עורך‬,‫יגאל צדקא‬

must, need - tzarich - ‫ָצרִי‬ to free - leshachrer - ‫ְשׁ ְחרֵר‬ ַ‫ל‬ terrorists - mechablim - ‫ְמ ַח ְבּלִים‬ many - rabim - ‫ַרבִּים‬ government - memshalah - ‫ְשׁלָה‬ ָ ‫ֶממ‬ - ‫ְל ַקבֵּל ַה ְח ָלטָה‬ to leave - le’hash’ir - ‫ַשׁאִיר‬ ְ ‫ְלה‬

to decide - lekabel hachlata

in captivity - ba'shevi - ‫ַשׁבִי‬ ֶ‫בּ‬ in both - bee'shnay - ‫ִשׁנֵי‬ ְ‫בּ‬

yigal@hebrewtoday.com

cases - mikrim - ‫ִמ ְקרִים‬ easy - kala - ‫ַקלָה‬

ֵ‫ִמ ְכ ָתבִים לָעוֹר‬

‫ַה ֲח ֵרדִים ֵאינָם ִמ ְתנַ ֲהגִים ְבּ ֵסדֶר‬ I read - karati - ‫ָקרָא ִתי‬

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR

issue - gilayon - ‫גִילָיוֹן‬ number - mispar - ‫ִמ ְספַּר‬ erased (pl) - ma’chaku - ‫ָמחֲקוּ‬ pictures - tmunot - ‫ְתמוּנוֹת‬ hurt, offend (pl) - pog’im - ‫פּוְֹגעִים‬ not only - lo rak - ‫א רַק‬ but - ellah - ‫ֶאלָא‬ woman - eeshah - ‫ִישׁה‬ ָ ‫א‬

‫ַה ֲח ֵרדִים ֵאינָם ִמ ְתנַ ֲהגִים ְבּ ֵסדֶר‬

6

The Ultra-Orthodox Don't Behave Properly

.‫יפּי ִל ְבנִ י‬ ִ ‫ ֶשׁ ֲח ֵר ִדים ָמ ֲחקוּ ְתמוּנוֹת ֶשׁל ִצ‬30 ‫יליוֹן ִמ ְס ַפּר‬ ָ ‫אתי ְבּ ִג‬ ִ ‫ָק ָר‬ .‫ישׁה‬ ָ ‫ישׁה וְ ִא‬ ָ ‫ ֶא ָלא ְבּכֹל ִא‬,‫יבנִ י‬ ְ ‫א ַרק ְבּ ִל‬ ‫פּוֹג ִעים‬ ְ ‫ֵהם‬ ‫אביב‬-‫ תל‬,‫רננה דבורקין‬

‫נְ ַתנְיָהוּ צוֹדֵק‬ you (pl) wrote - ktavtem - ‫ְכּ ַת ְב ֶתם‬ wants - rotzeh - ‫רוֹצֶה‬

‫נְ ַתנְיָהוּ צוֹדֵק‬

government - memshalah - ‫ְשׁלָה‬ ָ ‫ֶממ‬ large (f) - g'dolah - ‫גְדוֹלָה‬ think - choshev - ‫חוֹשׁב‬ ֵ needs (f) - tzrichah - ‫ְצרִיכָה‬ stability - yatzivut - ‫יַצִיבוּת‬ only - rak - ‫רַק‬ will bring (f) - tavi - ‫ָתבִיא‬

Netanyahu is Right

.‫דוֹלה‬ ָ ‫רוֹצה ֶמ ְמ ָשׁ ָלה ְג‬ ֶ ‫ ְכּ ַת ְב ֶתם ֶשׁנְ ַתנְ יָהוּ‬31 ‫יליוֹן ִמ ְס ַפּר‬ ָ ‫ְבּ ִג‬ .‫צוֹדק‬ ֵ ‫חוֹשׁב ֶשׁנְ ַתנְ יָהוּ‬ ֵ ‫אֲנִ י‬ .‫ַציבוּת‬ ִ ‫דוֹלה ָת ִביא י‬ ָ ‫ַציבוּת וְ ַרק ֶמ ְמ ָשׁ ָלה ְג‬ ִ ‫יכה י‬ ָ ‫ִי ְשׂ ָר ֵאל ְצ ִר‬ ‫ מישיגן‬,‫ג'סטין מילר‬

IMPORTANT NOTICE

THE

Alef

Bet

Gimel

Dalet

Heh

Vav

Zayin

Chet

Tet

Yod

Kaf

Lamed

Mem

Nun

Samech

A'yin

Peh

Tzadi

Kof

Resh

Shin

‫א ב ג ד ה ו ז ח ט י כ ל מ נ ס ע פ צ ק ר ש ת‬ Tav

ALEPH-BET

Due to the Passover Holiday, the next edition of Bereshit will be published in mid-April. Wishing you and all our subscribers a very Happy Holiday. Bereshit Editor and Staff

2 ‫בראשית‬


‫אשׁ ית‬ ִ ‫ְבּ ֵר‬ Bi-Weekly Hebrew Newspaper

NEWS IN BRIEF

‫ֲחדָשׁוֹת ִבּ ְק ָצרָה‬ ‫ִירוּשׁ ַליִם‬ ָ ‫שׁלֶג יָרַד בּ‬ ֶ

7

Snow Fell in Jerusalem

with updates from Israel and the World

www.hebrewtoday.com Editor-in-Chief Yigal Tzadka yigal@hebrewtoday.com Language Editor Orly Kihaly Graphic Design Kav U'chtav Publisher Good Times Ltd. +972-2-643-7153 52 Hechalutz Street Jerusalem, 96269 Subscription Department Liora Tzadka orders@hebrewtoday.com

‫רוייטרס‬

8

‫שלג בירושלים בשנה שעברה‬

‫שׂ ִחיָיה‬ ְ ‫ נְיַיבֵּשׁ ְבּרֵכוֹת‬:‫שׁלָה‬ ָ ‫ַה ֶמ ְמ‬ The Government: We’ll Drain Swimming Pools

.‫דוֹלה ֶשׁל ַמ ִים‬ ָ ‫ְבּ ִי ְשׂ ָר ֵאל יֵשׁ ְבּ ָעיָה ְג‬ ‫אַחד‬ ַ .‫ ְבּ ַמ ִים‬‫רוֹצה ַל ֲחסוֹ‬ ָ ‫ַה ֶמ ְמ ָשׁ ָלה‬ .‫ָה ַרעֲיוֹנוֹת הוּא ִייבּוּשׁ ְבּ ֵרכוֹת ְשׂ ִחיָיה‬ ,"‫נוֹע ִבּזְ בּוּז ֶשׁל ַמ ִים‬ ַ ‫ ִל ְמ‬‫"צ ִרי‬ ָ .‫אוֹמ ֶרת ַה ֶמ ְמ ָשׁ ָלה‬ ֶ

Web Site www.hebrewtoday.com Photos Reuters © All rights reserved.

Copying material from this publication without written permission is strictly forbidden.

Attention BERESHIT Audio CD subscribers:

LETTERS

SUFFIX

The symbol (with a number) next to each article represents the track number of that article on the BERESHIT Audio CD. This allows you to choose the track you want to listen to easily.

3 ‫בראשית‬

When these letters come at the end of a word, they change their appearance. They usually are not punctuated (Nikud). The suffix letters were created with the evolution of writing.

‫חוֹדשׁ ָי ַרד ֶשׁ ֶלג ַבּ ַפּ ַעם‬ ֶ ‫ַה‬ .‫ירוּשׁ ַל ִים‬ ָ ‫ָה ִראשׁוֹנָה ִבּ‬ ‫א נִ ְשׁאַר‬ ‫ ַה ֶשׁ ֶלג‬,‫אוּלם‬ ָ .‫ֲד ָמה‬ ָ ‫ַעל ָהא‬ ‫יוֹתר‬ ֵ ‫רוֹצים‬ ִ ‫ַחנוּ‬ ְ ‫" ֲאנ‬ ‫ידים‬ ִ ‫אָמרוּ ַה ַת ְל ִמ‬ ְ ,"‫ֶשׁ ֶלג‬ ‫ַחנוּ‬ ְ ‫ " ֲאנ‬.‫ירוּשׁ ַל ִים‬ ָ ‫ִבּ‬ ‫חוֹפשׁ ִמ ֵבּית‬ ֶ ‫רוֹצים‬ ִ ."‫ֵס ֶפר‬

‫רוייטרס‬

‫שׂ ִחיָיה‬ ְ ‫ נְיַיבֵּשׁ ְבּרֵכוֹת‬:‫שׁלָה‬ ָ ‫ַה ֶמ ְמ‬

‫ִירוּשׁ ַליִם‬ ָ ‫שׁלֶג יָרַד בּ‬ ֶ

problem - be’aya - ‫ְבּ ָעיָה‬ big (f) - g'dola - ‫גְדוֹלָה‬ water - mayim - ‫ַמיִם‬ wants (f) - rotzah - ‫רוֹצָה‬ to save, conserve - lach’soch - ‫ַלחֲסוֹ‬

this month - hachodesh - ‫הַחוֹדֶשׁ‬ time - pa’am - ‫ַפּעַם‬ first (f) - rishona - ‫רִאשׁוֹנָה‬ however - ulam - ‫אוּלָם‬ stay - nish’ar - ‫ִשׁאַר‬ ְ‫נ‬

ideas - ra’ayonot - ‫ַרעֲיוֹנוֹת‬ need, must - tzarich - ‫ָצרִי‬ to avoid, prevent - limno’ah - ‫ִלמְנוֹ ַע‬

ground - adama - ‫ֲא ָדמָה‬ want (pl) - rotzim - ‫רוֹצִים‬ more - yoter - ‫יוֹ ֵתר‬

waste - beezbooz - ‫ִבּזְבּוּז‬

pupils - talmidim - ‫ַת ְלמִידִים‬

says (f) - omeret - ‫אוֹ ֶמרֶת‬

vacation - chofesh - ‫חוֹפֶשׁ‬ school - bet sefer - ‫בֵּית ֵספֶר‬

‫ צ = ץ‬, ‫ פ = ף‬, ‫ נ = ן‬,‫ מ=ם‬,‫כ= ך‬


‫ִשׂ ָר ֵאל‬ ְ ‫ִהי ֵלרִי ְקלִינְטוֹן בִּי ְקרָה ְבּי‬ this month - ha'chodesh - ‫הַחוֹדֶשׁ‬ came, arrived (f) - higi'ah - ‫ִהגִיעָה‬

9

‫ִשׂ ָר ֵאל‬ ְ ‫ִהי ֵלרִי ְקלִינְטוֹן בִּי ְקרָה ְבּי‬ Hillary Clinton Visited Israel

(female) minister (of) - sarat - ‫ָשׂרַת‬ I came - ba’ti - ‫בָּא ִתי‬ to hear - lishmo’ah - ‫ִשׁמוֹ ַע‬ ְ‫ל‬ thinks - choshev - ‫חוֹשׁב‬ ֵ met (f) - nifgesha - ‫ְשׁה‬ ָ ‫נִ ְפג‬ personages - eeshim - ‫ִישׁים‬ ִ ‫א‬ other(s) - acherim - ‫ֲא ֵחרִים‬

.‫ ְל ִי ְשׂ ָר ֵאל‬,‫יל ִרי ְק ִלינְ טוֹן‬ ֵ ‫ ִה‬,‫יקנִ ית‬ ָ ‫אָמ ִר‬ ֶ ‫יעה ָשׂ ַרת ַהחוּץ ָה‬ ָ ‫חוֹדשׁ ִה ִג‬ ֶ ‫ַה‬ ,"‫חוֹשׁב ַעל ַה ָשׁלוֹם‬ ֵ ‫ָמין נְ ַת ְניָהוּ ָמה הוּא‬ ִ ‫מוֹע ִמ ִבּנְ י‬ ַ ‫אתי ִל ְשׁ‬ ִ ‫"בּ‬ ָ .‫אָמ ָרה ְג ֶב ֶרת ְק ִלינְ טוֹן‬ ְ .‫ֲח ִרים ִמ ִי ְשׂ ָר ֵאל‬ ֵ ‫ישׁים א‬ ִ ‫ְק ִלינְ טוֹן ִנ ְפ ְג ָשׁה גַם ִעם ִא‬

‫שׂ ֵמ ַח ָבּרְחוֹבוֹת‬ ָ ‫פּוּרִים‬ in - bee - ...ִ‫בּ‬ places - mekomot - ‫מְקוֹמוֹת‬ many - rabim - ‫ַרבִּים‬ felt (pl) - hirgishu - ‫ִה ְרגִישׁוּ‬ holiday - chag - ‫חַג‬ children - yeladim - ‫יְ ָלדִים‬ adults - mevugarim - ‫מְבוָּגרִים‬ dressed up - hit’chap’su - ‫ִה ְת ַחפְּשׂוּ‬ synagogues - batey knesset - ‫ָבּ ֵתי ְכּנֶסֶת‬ read (pl) - kar’u - ‫ָקרְאוּ‬ scroll (of Esther) - megilla - ‫ְמגִילָה‬

‫רוייטרס‬

‫תרגיל‬ The words below are in the plural form. Find their singular form in the article at the top of this page.

___________

‫יקרוּ‬ ְּ ‫ ִבּ‬.1

___________

‫ ִה ִגיעוּ‬.2

___________

‫ ָבּאנוּ‬.3

___________

‫ ֵהם‬.4

___________

‫חוֹשׁ ִבים‬ ְ .5

___________

‫אָמרוּ‬ ְ .6

___________

‫ ִנ ְפ ְגשׁוּ‬.7

DICTION

NIKUD

Answers on page 15

‫אוּ‬

‫ֻא‬

‫שׂ ֵמ ַח ָבּרְחוֹבוֹת‬ ָ ‫פּוּרִים‬

10

Happy Purim in the Streets

‫ִבּ ְמקוֹמוֹת ַר ִבּים‬ ‫ְבּ ִי ְשׂ ָר ֵאל ִה ְר ִגישׁוּ‬ .‫פּוּרים‬ ִ ‫ֶאת ַחג ַה‬ ‫ָרים‬ ִ ‫וּמבוּג‬ ְ ‫ְי ָל ִדים‬ ‫ִה ְת ַח ְפּשׂוּ וְ ִט ְיילוּ‬ .‫ָבּ ְרחוֹבוֹת‬ ‫ֶסת‬ ֶ ‫ְבּ ָב ֵתי ַה ְכּנ‬ ‫ָק ְראוּ ֶאת‬ .‫ילה‬ ָ ‫ַה ְמ ִג‬ ‫רוייטרס‬

‫אֺ אוֹ‬

‫ֱא‬

‫ֶא‬

‫ֵא‬

OO OO OH OH EH EH EH

‫ִאי‬

‫ִא‬

‫ֳא‬

‫ֲא‬

‫אַ‬

‫אָ‬

EE

EE

O

A

A

A 4 ‫בראשית‬


‫תרגיל‬ Practice reading Hebrew without punctuation! First read the article

‫ ְמ ַקדֵם ֶאת ֵאיכוּת ַה ְסבִיבָה‬"ַ‫ַה ַתנ‬ 11

The Bible Promotes the Environment

on the right. Then turn to page 11 and read it without the nikud.

"ַ‫"ג ִרי ְנ ִפּיס" ַתנ‬ ְ ‫חוֹד ִשׁים ִה ְד ִפּיס‬ ָ ‫ִל ְפנֵי ַכּ ָמה‬ ‫ָשׁים ַה ְמקוֹמוֹת‬ ִ ‫מוּדג‬ ְ ‫ ַהזֶה‬"ַ‫ ַבּ ַתנ‬.‫יוּחד‬ ָ ‫ְמ‬ .‫יבה‬ ָ ‫ֶשׁ ָבּ ֶהם ָכּתוּב ַעל ֵאיכוּת ַה ְס ִב‬ ‫ ָכּתוּב ֶשׁ ָחשׁוּב ִל ְשׁמוֹר ַעל ַכּדוּר‬"ַ‫"בּ ַתנ‬ ַ ."‫"ג ִרינְ ִפּיס‬ ְ ‫אוֹמ ִרים ְבּ‬ ְ ,"‫ָהאָ ֶרץ‬ ‫יבה‬ ָ ‫ ְמ ַד ֵבּר ַעל ֵאיכוּת ַה ְס ִב‬"ַ‫ ַה ַתנ‬,‫יע ְת ֶכם‬ ָ ‫יד‬ ִ ‫ִל‬ !‫יוֹתר ֵמ ֶא ֶלף ְמקוֹמוֹת‬ ֵ ‫ְבּ‬

‫ ְמ ַקדֵם ֶאת ֵאיכוּת ַה ְסבִיבָה‬"ַ‫ַה ַתנ‬ before, ago - lifney - ‫ִל ְפנֵי‬ several, a few - kama - ‫ַכּמָה‬ months - chodashim - ‫ָשׁים‬ ִ ‫חוֹד‬ printed - heedpiece - ‫ִה ְדפִּיס‬ special - meyuchad - ‫מְיוּחָד‬ are emphasized - mudgashim - ‫ָשׁים‬ ִ ‫מוּ ְדג‬

places - mekomot - ‫מְקוֹמוֹת‬ in them - ba'hem - ‫ָבּהֶם‬ it is written - katuv - ‫כָּתוּב‬ about - al - ‫עַל‬ environment - eichut sevivah - ‫אֵיכוּת ְסבִיבָה‬

12

‫שׁן‬ ָ ‫שׁל ַר ֲע‬ ֶ ‫יַ ְלדָה ָבּ ְל ָעה ֵחלֶק‬ Girl Swallowed Part of a Noisemaker

important - chashuv - ‫חָשׁוּב‬ to protect, preserve - lishmor - ‫ִשׁמוֹר‬ ְ‫ל‬ planet earth - kadur ha’aretz - ‫כַּדוּר הָאָרֶץ‬

.‫ֲשׁן‬ ָ ‫י ְַל ָדה ַבּת ָשׁלוֹשׁ ָבּ ְל ָעה ֵח ֶלק ֶשׁל ַרע‬ .‫יחנֵק‬ ָ ‫ַה ֵח ֶלק נִ ְת ַקע ָלה ַבּגָרוֹן וְ ִהיא ֵה ֵח ָלה ְל ֵה‬ .‫יפּלוּ ַבּי ְַל ָדה וְ ִה ִצילוּ ֶאת ַה ַח ִיים ֶשׁ ָלה‬ ְ ‫חוֹלים ִט‬ ִ ‫ְבּ ֵבית ַה‬ .‫ֲשׁנִ ים‬ ָ ‫פוּרים ִמ ְשׁ ַת ְמ ִשׁים ְבּ ַרע‬ ִ ‫ ְבּ‬.‫פוּרים‬ ִ ‫זֶה ָק ָרה ְבּ‬

say (pl) - omrim - ‫אוֹ ְמרִים‬ for your information - lidi'atchem

- ‫לִידִי ָע ְתכֶם‬

talks - medaber - ‫ְמ ַדבֵּר‬ about - al - ‫עַל‬ in more - beyoter - ‫בְּיוֹ ֵתר‬ than 1,000 - me’elef - ‫ֵמ ֶאלֶף‬ ‫שׁן‬ ָ ‫שׁל ַר ֲע‬ ֶ ‫יַ ְלדָה ָבּ ְל ָעה ֵחלֶק‬ aged - bat - ‫בַּת‬ three - shalosh - ‫ָשׁלוֹשׁ‬ got stuck - nitkah - ‫נִ ְתקַע‬ throat - garon - ‫גָרוֹן‬ began (f) - he'chela - ‫ֵה ֵחלָה‬ to choke - le'heh'chanek - ‫ְלהֵי ָחנֵק‬ hospital - bet cholim - ‫בֵּית ח���לִים‬ treated (pl) - tiplu - ‫טִיפְּלוּ‬ saved (pl) - hitzilu - ‫ִהצִילוּ‬ life - chayim - ‫ַחיִים‬ her - shelah - ‫ֶשׁלָה‬ happened - kara - ‫ָקרָה‬ a Jewish holiday - poo'rim - ‫פּוּרִים‬

SHIN AND SIN

use (pl) - mishtamshim - ‫ְשׁים‬ ִ ‫ִשׁ ַתמ‬ ְ‫מ‬

When the dot is on the left hand side of the '‫ש‬, it is pronounced s. When the dot is on the right side, it is pronounced sh.

5 ‫בראשית‬

‫האימא והילדה בבית החולים‬

‫ בית החולים קפלן‬:‫צילום‬

‫שׂוּ‬-‫ שׁוּ‬,‫שׂוֹ‬-‫ שׁוֹ‬,‫שׂ‬ְ ‫שׁ‬ ְ ,‫שׂ‬ֵ ‫שׁ‬ ֵ ,‫שׂ‬ֶ ‫שׁ‬ ֶ ,‫שׂ‬ִ ‫שׁ‬ ִ ,‫שׂ‬ַ ‫שׁ‬ ַ ,‫שׂ‬ָ ‫שׁ‬ ָ SU - SHU

SO - SHO

S - SH

SEH - SHEH

SEH - SHEH

SI - SHI

SA - SHA

SA - SHA


?...‫ת‬ ָ ‫ֲהיַָד ְע‬

13

?‫ָמּה ֵהם גּוֹנְבִים כּוֹ ַב ִעים‬ ָ‫ל‬

Did you know...?

Why Do They Steal Hats?

Communities and Crowds

.‫כּוֹב ִעים ְי ָק ִרים‬ ַ ‫ַל ֲח ֵר ִדים יֵשׁ‬ ‫כּוֹבע ֶא ָחד יָכוֹל ַלעֲלוֹת‬ ַ .‫דוֹל ִרים‬ ָ 10,000-‫ְכּ‬ ‫ַבּ ְז ַמן ָהאַ ֲחרוֹן יֵשׁ ֲח ֵר ִדים‬ .‫אוֹתם זֶה ִמזֶה‬ ָ ‫ֶשׁגּוֹ ְנ ִבים‬ .‫ילה ַה ֲח ֵר ִדית‬ ָ ‫ ַה ְק ִה‬‫יכּוּחים ְבּתוֹ‬ ִ ‫עוֹשׂים ֶאת זֶה ִבּ ְג ַלל ִו‬ ִ ‫ֵהם‬ .‫כּוֹב ִעים‬ ַ ‫ירים ֶאת ַה‬ ִ ִ‫ ֵהם ַמ ֲחז‬,‫אַ ֲח ֵרי ַכּ ָמה ְז ַמן‬

The article on this page mentions the Ultra-Orthodox community. In this column, we’ll discuss the word ‫ְקהִילָה‬ (kehilla) community. This word comes from the root letters ‫ל‬-‫ה‬-‫ק‬. This word is usually used to describe a group of people that have gathered together. A ‫( ְקהִילָה‬kehilla) community is a defined group of people that live in a specific cultural framework. A ‫( ָקהָל‬kahal) audience, crowd is a group of people who are present in a specific place and a specific time; other than those two factors, there isn’t necessarily any connection between these people. For example, a group of people present at a sports stadium, concert or protest. A community center is called a ‫( ֶמ ְרכַּז ְקהִי ָלתִי‬merkaz ke’hilati). When people gather around in a disorganized manner, perhaps out of curiosity, it is called ‫ִה ְת ַקהֲלוּת‬ (hit’ka’halut) a gathering. A group of singers is called a ‫ַמ ְק ֵהלָה‬ (makhella) choir.

THE DAGESH

‫תרגיל‬

Read the "Did You Know?" column on this page. Fill in the spaces with new words that you learned.

.__________ __________‫ ָה ַל ְכנוּ ְל ִשׁיעוּר ַבּ‬.1 1. We went to a class at the ______________ ________. .‫ָשׁים‬ ִ ‫ ַבּ__________ ֶשׁ ָלנוּ יֵשׁ ַה ְר ֵבּה ֲאנ‬.2 2. There are many people in our ______________.

.‫ַמר‬ ָ ‫ ַה__________ ָמ ָחא ַכּ ַפּ ִיים ַלז‬.3 3. The ______________ clapped for the singer.

.‫ ַבּ ַה ְפ ָגנָה ָהיָה __________ גָדוֹל‬.4 4. There was a large ______________ at the demonstration.

.‫מוֹע ֶאת ַהתוֹ ָרה‬ ַ ‫ __________ ֶאת ָה ַעם ִל ְשׁ‬‫ ַה ֶמ ֶל‬.5

A leader who gathers the public is ‫( ַמ ְקהִיל‬makheel), gathers the crowd. In the Bible, there is a description of a special ceremony in which the Jewish nation is gathered at the Holy Temple called ‫( ַה ְקהֵל‬hak’hel) assemblage. In this ceremony, the nation gathered at the Holy Temple to hear the king read from the Pentateuch. This ceremony was likely held once every seven years, although some people say it occurred every fifty years.

The dagesh changes the pronunciation of the letters: ‫ פ‬,‫ כ‬,‫ב‬.

‫רוייטרס‬

5. The king ______________ the nation to hear the Pentateuch. Answers on page 15

from each other - zeh mizeh - ‫זֶה ִמזֶה‬ doing (pl) - osim - ‫עוֹשׂים‬ ִ because - biglal - ‫ִבְּגלַל‬ arguments - vikuchim - ‫וִיכּוּחִים‬ inside, within - betoch - ‫בְּתוֹ‬

?‫ָל ָמה ַה ֲח ֵרדִים גוֹנְבִים כּוֹ ַב ִעים‬ Ultra-Orthodox - haredim ‫ֲח ֵרדִים‬ expensive (pl) - yekarim - ‫יְ ָקרִים‬ can - yachol - ‫יָכוֹל‬ cost - la’alot - ‫ַלעֲלוֹת‬

community - kehila - ‫ְקהִילָה‬ after - acharey - ‫אַ ֲחרֵי‬

about, around - keh - ...ְ‫כּ‬ in the time - ba'zman - ‫ַבּזְמַן‬

some, a bit - kama - ‫ַכּמָה‬ time - zman - ‫זְמַן‬ return (pl) - machazirim - ‫ַמ ֲחזִירִים‬

recent - acharon - ‫אַחֲרוֹן‬ they - hem - ‫הֵם‬ them - otam - ‫אוֹ ָתם‬

‫ ֵפ‬- ‫ ֵפּ‬, ‫ ֵכ‬- ‫ ֵכּ‬, ‫ ֵב‬- ‫ ֵבּ‬, ‫ ִפ‬- ‫ ִפּ‬, ‫ ִכ‬- ‫ ִכּ‬, ‫ ִב‬- ‫ ִבּ‬, ‫ ָפ‬- ‫ ָפּ‬, ‫ ָכ‬- ‫ ָכּ‬, ‫ ָב‬- ‫ָבּ‬ FEH-PEH

CHEH-KEH

VEH-BEH

FEE-PEE

CHI-KI

VI-BI

FA-PA

CHA-KA

VA-BA

6 ‫בראשית‬


?...‫ת‬ ָ ‫ֲהיַָד ְע‬

Did you know...?

14

‫ְמדָע‬ ַ ‫יְלָדוֹת ִמ ְת ַענְיְינוֹת יוֹ ֵתר בּ‬ Girls are More Interested in Science

Of Scientists and Knowledge

‫ ֶשׁ ְי ָלדוֹת‬,‫חוֹק ִרים ִגילוּ ָלאַ ֲחרוֹנָה‬ ְ .‫יוֹתר ִמ ְי ָל ִדים‬ ֵ ‫ִמ ְת ַענְ ְיינוֹת ְבּ ַמ ָדע‬ ‫יוֹתר ַעל‬ ֵ ‫"ה ְי ָלדוֹת שׁוֹאֲלוֹת‬ ַ ‫ֶילת‬ ֶ ‫אוֹמ ֶרת ד"ר אָי‬ ֶ ,"‫ַמ ָדע‬ .‫צ ָבּ ִרי‬-‫ם‬ ַ ‫ַבּ ְר ַע‬ ‫ש ְי ָל ִדים‬ ֶׁ ‫ילה‬ ָ ‫ַה ֶמ ְח ָקר ִג‬ ‫ֲשׁר‬ ֶ ‫יוֹתר ַבּ ַמ ָדע ַכּא‬ ֵ ‫ִמ ְת ַע ְנ ְיינִ ים‬ .‫יוֹתר‬ ֵ ‫דוֹלים‬ ִ ‫ֵהם ְג‬

The article on this page discusses the word ‫( ַמדַע‬mada) science which comes from the root letters ‫ע‬-‫ד‬-‫י‬. Therefore, someone who is involved in the field of science is a ‫ַמ ְדעָן‬ (mad’an) scientist. The word ‫( יֶדַע‬yedah) means knowledge. If someone knows something, he can say ‫( ֲאנִי יוֹ ֵד ַע‬yode’ah) I know. Someone who knows a lot of things is a ‫( יְַדעָן‬yad’an) knowledgeable person. The word ‫( מוֹדִיעִין‬modi’in) means both information service, and intelligence (army). The ‫מוֹדִיעִין‬ collects ‫( מֵידַע‬maydah) information. The word ‫ מוֹדִיעִין‬is also used to describe the information booth that is located at the entry to buildings. When a person publishes a ‫מוֹ ָדעָה‬ (moda’ah) advertisement, notice, they are publishing information they want people to know about. A news item is called a ‫יְדִיעָה‬ (yedi’ah) and a message or a formal announcement is a ‫הוֹ ָדעָה‬ (hoda’ah). Information booklets are called ‫( מֵידָעוֹנִים‬meyda’onim).

Read the "Did You Know?" column on this page and fill in the following sentences with new words that you learned.

‫תרגיל‬

.‫ אֲנִ י ______________ ַה ְר ֵבּה ְד ָב ִרים‬.1 1. I ______________ a lot of things.

.‫חוֹקר ֶאת ֶה ָח ָלל‬ ֵ ______________‫ ַה‬.2 2. The ______________ is studying outer space.

.‫יוֹד ַע ַה ְר ֵבּה‬ ֵ ‫ הוּא‬.‫ הוּא ______________ גָדוֹל‬.3 3. He is ______________. He knows a lot.

.‫אַתה גָר‬ ָ ‫קוֹמה‬ ָ ‫אַל ִתי ַבּ______________ ְבּ ֵאיזוֹ‬ ְ ‫ ָשׁ‬.4 4. I asked at the ______________ which floor you live on.

.‫ ְל ִי ְשׂ ָר ֵאל יֵשׁ ______________ ְצ ָב ִאי טוֹב‬.5 5. Israel has good military ______________.

.‫ ִפּ ְר ַס ְמ ִתי ______________ ִל ְמ ִכי ַרת ַה ְמכוֹנִ ית‬.6 6. I published an ______________ to sell a car.

‫יְלָדוֹת ִמ ְת ַענְיְינוֹת יוֹ ֵתר ְבּ ַמדָע‬ researchers - chokrim - ‫חוֹ ְקרִים‬ discovered (pl) - gilu - ‫גִילוּ‬ recently - la’achrona - ‫לָאַחֲרוֹנָה‬ ask (pl, f) - sho’alot - ‫שׁוֹאֲלוֹת‬ more - yoter - ‫יוֹ ֵתר‬ study - mech'kar - ‫ֶמ ְחקָר‬ when - ka’asher - ‫ֲשׁר‬ ֶ ‫ַכּא‬ older (pl) - g'dolim yoter - ‫גְדוֹלִים יוֹ ֵתר‬

7 ‫בראשית‬

.‫שׁוּבה‬ ָ ‫ָשׂיא ִפּ ְר ֵסם ______________ ֲח‬ ִ ‫ ַהנ‬.7 7. The President publicized an important ______________.

.‫אתי ______________ ְמ ַענְ יֶינֶת ָבּ ִעיתוֹן‬ ִ ‫ ָק ָר‬.8 8. I read an interesting ______________ in the newspaper.

.‫ָתי‬ ִ ‫אתי ַעל ַה ֶח ְב ָרה ַבּ______________ ַה ְשׁנ‬ ִ ‫ ָק ָר‬.9 9. I read about the company in the annual ______________. Answers on page 15


ages are printed with partial punctuation. This is to help prepare you for reading without any vowels. Please keep in mind the following pronunciation by " ‫ "י‬is pronounced "ee"; a letter followed by " ‫ "ו‬is pronounced "oh" or "oo". Words ending with " ‫ "ה‬end with the sound "ah" or "eh".

?...‫ת‬ ָ ‫ֲהיַָד ְע‬

Did you know...?

Immigrating to Israel

‫ט‬ ‫ה‬ ‫בּ‬ ‫ט‬ ‫נ‬ ‫ב‬ ‫ל‬ " ‫מ‬ ‫א‬

In the article about the bisons on this page, it says that they are ‫ָשׁים‬ ִ ‫( עוֹלִים ֲחד‬olim chadashim) new immigrants. A person, or animal in this case,

‫ בִּיזוֹנִים‬- ‫ִשׂ ָר ֵאל‬ ְ ‫ָשׁים ִהגִיעוּ ְלי‬ ִ ‫עוֹלִים ֲחד‬ 15

New Immigrants Arrived in Israel - Bisons

‫אודם‬ ֶ ‫ַער‬ ַ ‫ ֵהם הגיעו ְלי‬.‫ְשׁנֵי ביזונים הגיעו ָלאַ ֲחרוֹנָה לישראל‬ .‫ידים בישראל‬ ִ ‫ ֵא ֶלה ֵהם הביזונים ַה ְי ִח‬.‫ֶשׁ ַבּ ָצפון‬ ‫ אומרים ְבּיער‬,"‫ַחנוּ ְמ ַח ְפּשׂים ָל ֶהם ֵשׁמות ישראליים‬ ְ ‫ ֲאנ‬,‫"ע ְכ ָשׁיו‬ ַ .‫אודם‬

that moves from one country to another is usually called a ‫ְמ ַהגֵר‬ (me’hager) immigrant. However, when someone or something comes to live in Israel, he/she or it, are called an ‫( עוֹלֶה‬oleh) which literally means someone who ascends. This is because Israel is considered to be on a spiritually higher plane than any other country; therefore, when someone moves here, they are ascending, rising to a higher place. A person who comes to Israel on a religious pilgrimage is called an ‫( עוֹלֶה ֶרגֶל‬oleh regel). It’s the biblical term for a pilgrim. By the way, in the same vein,

‫רוייטרס‬

Circle the most suitable word in each sentence. All these sentences are based on the articles on pages 8-9.

.‫סוּכּנִ ים( ְל ִי ְשׂ ָר ֵאל‬ ָ ‫ ְמ‬/‫נוֹלדוּ‬ ְ /‫)ה ִגיעוּ‬ ִ ‫עוֹלים ֲח ָד ִשׁים‬ ִ .1

when someone leaves Israel to live in another country, it is said that they are ‫( יוֹ ְרדִים‬yordim) going down. In Israel, the term ‫יוֹרֵד‬ (yored) has a negative connotation, and Israelis don’t like to be

.(‫ ֶשׁ ַבּ ָצפוֹן‬/‫ ֶשׁ ַבּ ִמזְ ָרח‬/‫)שׁ ַבּ ָדרוֹם‬ ֶ ‫אוֹדם‬ ֶ ‫ַער‬ ַ ‫ ֵהם ִה ִגיעוּ ְלי‬.2 .‫ירוּשׁ ַל ִים‬ ָ ‫ָ"כי ִבּ‬ ִ ‫עוֹלה( ְבּגַן ַה ַחיוֹת ַה ָּתנ‬ ֶ /‫נוֹלד‬ ַ /‫ ִט ְיג ִריס )יוֹ ֵרד‬.3

described as ‫( יוֹ ְרדִים‬yordim).

CD Subscribers:

‫אהוי‬

THE LETTERS

your Don't forget to listen to ar the audio CD, so you can he erly. Hebrew articulated prop

‫תרגיל‬

.(‫ֵט ִרינ ִָרית‬ ֵ ‫ ו‬/‫סוּכּנֶת‬ ֶ ‫ ְמ‬/‫)רוֹכ ֶבת‬ ֶ ‫מגֵן ִהיא‬-‫י‬ ָ ‫אַב ִנ‬ ְ ‫ילי‬ ִ ִ‫ נ‬.4 .‫הוּדה‬ ָ ‫ידים( ְבּ ִמ ְד ָבּר ְי‬ ִ ‫ ְי ִח‬/‫רוֹכ ִבים‬ ְ /‫ָקים‬ ִ ‫יטפוֹנוֹת ) ֲחז‬ ְ ‫ יֵשׁ ִשׁ‬.5 .‫אוֹטוֹבּוּסים‬ ִ ‫סוּכּנִ ים( ְל‬ ָ ‫ ְמ‬/‫ ֲח ָד ִשׁים‬/‫)עוֹלים‬ ִ ‫יטפוֹנוֹת‬ ְ ‫ ַה ִשׁ‬.6 Answers on page 15

These letters have a double role: as consonants and as part of the nikud symbols (as vowels). For example: ‫ עִיתוֹן‬- The letter ‘‫ י‬is part of the chirik preceding it and is not pronounced as a ‘y’ sound. In the word ‫ילד‬, the ‘‫ י‬functions as a consonant and is pronounced yeh. In punctuated Hebrew, the letters ‫ י‬,‫ ו‬,‫ ה‬,‫ א‬which do not contain nikud symbols, are not pronounced as consonants. They are silent.

8 ‫בראשית‬


‫ בִּיזוֹנִים‬- ‫ִשׂ ָר ֵאל‬ ְ ‫ָשׁים ִהגִיעוּ ְלי‬ ִ ‫עוֹלִים ֲחד‬ recently - la’achrona - ‫לָאַחֲרוֹנָה‬ forest - ya’ar - ‫יַעַר‬ north - tzafon - ‫צָפוֹן‬ these - eleh - ‫ֵא ֶלּה‬ the only (pl) - ha'yechidim - ‫ַהיְחִידִים‬ now - achshav - ‫ְשׁיו‬ ָ ‫ַעכ‬ we - anachnu - ‫ֲאנַחְנוּ‬ are looking for - meh'chap'seem - ‫ְשׂים‬ ִ ‫ְמ ַחפּ‬ names - shemot - ‫ֵשׁמוֹת‬ ‫שׁ ָפּ ָחה‬ ְ ‫ַה ִטי ְגרִיס הוּא ֵחלֶק ֵמ ַה ִמ‬ was born - nolad - ‫נוֹלַד‬ zoo - gan chayot - ‫גַן חַיוֹת‬ Biblical (abbrev.) - tanachi - ‫ָתנָ"כִי‬ world - olam - ‫עוֹלָם‬ only - rak - ‫רַק‬ about - keh - ...ְ‫כּ‬ of the - meha - ...ַ‫ֵמה‬ kind, type - soog - ‫סוּג‬ this - hazeh - ‫ַהזֶה‬ took (f) - lak'cha - ‫ָל ְקחָה‬ house - bayit - ‫ַבּיִת‬ her - shelah - ‫ֶשׁלָה‬ in order - k'day - ‫ְכּדֵי‬ to treat, take care - letapel - ‫ְל ַטפֵּל‬ like - k'mo - ‫כְּמוֹ‬

Hebrew for advanced readers

‫שׁ ָפּ ָחה‬ ְ ‫ַה ִטי ְגרִיס הוּא ֵחלֶק ֵמ ַה ִמ‬

16

The Tiger is Part of the Family

‫נולד ְבּגַן ַה ַחיוֹת‬ ַ ‫טיגריס‬ .‫ירושׁ ַלים‬ ָ ‫ָ"כי ִבּ‬ ִ ‫ַה ָתנ‬ 400-‫עולם יֵשׁ ַרק ְכּ‬ ָ ‫ָבּ‬ .‫טיגריסים ֵמ ַהסוג ַהזֶה‬ ‫ֵט ִרינ ִָרית‬ ֵ ‫ ו‬,‫מגֵן‬-‫ני‬ ָ ‫אַב‬ ְ ‫נילי‬ ‫ ָל ְק ָחה אותו‬,‫בגן החיות‬ .‫ַל ַבּ ִית ֶשׁ ָלה ְכּ ֵדי ְל ַט ֵפּל בּו‬ ‫"הוּא ְכּמוֹ חלק‬ ,"‫מהמשפחה ֶשׁ ָלנוּ‬ .‫אומ ֶרת נילי‬ ֶ ‫רוייטרס‬

‫ַמ ְדבָּר‬ ִ ‫שׁי ְטפוֹנוֹת בּ‬ ִ !‫זְ ִהירוּת‬

17

Careful! Floods in the Desert

Possessive Pronouns

‫ַמ ְדבָּר‬ ִ ‫שׁי ְטפוֹנוֹת בּ‬ ִ !‫זְ ִהירוּת‬ also, even - gam - ‫גַם‬ when - ke'sheh - ...‫ְשׁ‬ ֶ‫כּ‬ falls - yored - ‫יוֹרֵד‬ a bit, a little - me’at - ‫ְמעַט‬ rain - geshem - ‫ֶשׁם‬ ֶ‫ג‬ strong (pl) - chazakim - ‫ֲחזָקִים‬ therefore, that's why - lachen - ‫ָלכֵן‬ must, need - tzarich - ‫ָצרִי‬ to be careful - lehizaher - ‫ְלהִיזָהֵר‬ days - yamim - ‫יָמִים‬ dangerous (pl) - mesukanim - ‫מְסוּ ָכּנִים‬ even - afilu - ‫ֲאפִילוּ‬ buses - oto'boosim - ‫אוֹטוֹבּוּסִים‬ riders (of) - rochvey - ‫רוֹ ְכבֵי‬ bicycles - ofanayim - ‫אוֹ ַפנַיִים‬ are showing - matzigim - ‫ַמצִיגִים‬ end - sof - ‫סוֹף‬

9 ‫בראשית‬

The articles on these pa tips: a letter followed b

,‫ֶשׁם‬ ֶ ‫גַם ְכּ ֶשׁיו ֵרד ְמ ַעט ג‬ ‫יֵשׁ שיטפונות ֲחזָקים‬ .‫הוּדה‬ ָ ‫ְבּ ִמ ְד ָבּר ְי‬ ‫ָהר‬ ֵ ‫ ְל ִהיז‬‫ָל ֵכן ָצ ִרי‬ .‫ָמים שיורד גשם‬ ִ ‫ְבּי‬ ‫השיטפונות ָה ֵא ֶלה‬ ‫ֲפילוּ‬ ִ ‫סוכּנים א‬ ָ ‫ְמ‬ .‫ְלאוטובּוסים‬ ,‫אוֹפ ַנ ִיים ַבּ ְתמוּנה‬ ַ ‫רוכ ֵבי ָה‬ ְ ‫ַמציגים סוף ֶשׁל שיטפון‬ .‫במדבר יהודה‬

‫שׁ ָל ֶהן‬ ֶ - ‫שׁ ָל ֶהם‬ ֶ - ‫שׁלָה‬ ֶ - ‫שׁלוֹ‬ ֶ - ‫שׁ ָלכֶן‬ ֶ - ‫שׁ ָלכֶם‬ ֶ - ָ‫שׁל‬ ֶ - ְ‫שׁל‬ ֶ - ‫שׁלָנוּ‬ ֶ - ‫שׁלִי‬ ֶ THEIR/S

THEIR/S

HER/S

HIS

YOUR/S

YOUR/S YOUR/S YOUR/S

OUR/S

MY


Interesting Insights into the Hebrew Language...

‫וּמקוֹמוֹת‬ ְ ‫שׁמוֹת‬ ֵ

Names and Places

‫ַמ ֲעלֵה אֲדוּמִים‬

Ma'aleh Adumim ‫( ַמ ֲעלֶה‬ma'aleh) - upwards slope ‫( אֲדוּמִים‬adumim) - red colored (pl) The name of this city came about because it is found on the ascent to Jericho, and because of the red color of the rocks in the region. It is a relatively new city located in the Judean Desert, just east of Jerusalem. This ancient city was mentioned in the book of Joshua (15,4) when areas of the land of Israel were divided up between the tribes. There is also a funny story in the Talmud that mentions ‫ ַמ ֲעלֶה אֲדוּמִים‬. The story describes the efforts of the Cutites to sabotage the Jewish calendar. First, a bit of background on the Cutites. They were a group of people who followed a religion that was somewhat similar to Judaism, but had a different manner of interpreting the Bible. The Cutites wanted to sabotage the Jewish calendar by damaging the accuracy in which the new Hebrew month was declared. Determining the first day of a new month is crucial

- ‫בראשית‬

and disrupt these witnesses, and so one Cutite tried to bribe one of the Jewish witnesses who had come to testify before the sages. According to the story in the Tractate of Rosh Hashanah, the Jewish person who the Cutite had tried to bribe made the following declaration to the sages: “I walked in ‫ ַמ ֲעלֶה אֲדוּמִים‬and saw the moon between two rocks. The head of the moon was similar to a young goat, and had a tail. And if you don’t believe me, here are 200 zuzim (the currency of those times) that the Cutite who is standing outside paid me in order to say what I said.”

Hebrew You Already Know...

!‫רעיון מצוין למתנה‬

Many words in the Hebrew language are actually based on other languages. Here are some words in Hebrew, that are words that you already know. Some of these words come from Aramaic, a sister language to Hebrew, but many of them, particularly the ones with modern meanings, come from other languages.

Give the gift of Hebrew! BERESHIT Newspapers make an excellent gift for family or friends who want to learn Hebrew. Contact us at:

FIRST PERSON AND MORE

in Judaism, since this declaration ultimately determines when the Jewish holidays of the entire year will be celebrated. Declaring the wrong day for a holiday could result in some inconceivable mistakes, such as having people behave regularly on Yom Kippur, and immersing themselves in prayer on a regular day. In the past, in order to declare the new month, witnesses from all over the land of Israel would come together and testify to the size, shape, and position of the moon they had seen. According to these testimonies, the ancient sages would then determine when the new month began. The Cutites decided to try

flat foot

platfoos

‫ְפּ ָלטְפוּס‬

hangover

hengoverr

‫ֶהנְגְאוֹבֶר‬

diet

dee’etta

‫דִי ֶאטָה‬

energy

enerrgiya

‫ֵאנֶ ְרְגיָה‬

ex

ex

‫ֶאקְס‬

digital

digitali

‫דִיגִי ָטלִי‬

homeopathy

homeo’patya

‫הוֹמֵיאוֹ ַפּ ְתיָה‬

humor

hoomorr

‫הוּמוֹר‬

drama

drrama

‫ְד ָרמָה‬

communication comoonikatzia

‫קוֹמוּנִי ַק ְציָה‬

‫ ֵהן‬- ‫ ֵהם‬- ‫ ִהיא‬- ‫ הוּא‬- ‫ אַ ֶתן‬- ‫ אַ ֶתם‬- ‫ אַ ְת‬- ‫ אַ ָתה‬- ‫ ֲאנַ ְחנוּ‬- ‫ֲאנִי‬ THEY

THEY

SHE

HE

YOU

YOU

YOU

YOU

WE

I, ME

10 ‫בראשית‬


19

‫ְשׂים ָמקוֹם‬ ִ ‫ְמ ַחפּ‬

‫דוֹ ֶמה ְלכַדוּר ָהאָרֶץ‬ Looking for a Place that is Similar to Planet Earth

‫ְס ֶלנְג ִע ְברִי‬

Hebrew Slang

It might not be correct, but people get your drift... Hebrew is a living language that is always integrating new words and expressions. Learn Hebrew slang and use it when you talk. You’ll be speaking like a Sabra in no time!

Shin Gimel -

(‫גִי ֶמל‬-‫)שׁין‬ ִ .‫ג‬.‫ש‬

This phrase is taken from the military lingo. It is the acronym for ‫שׁוֹטֵר גְדוּדִי‬ (shoter g’dudi), the person who stands at the gate of a military base and decides who is and isn’t allowed to enter the base. In the world of military ranks, it is the simplest type of soldier. This acronym now has meaning in the civilian world as well, and a rather negative one at that. It indicates the lowest person on the rung, and is used when a person of low rank is blamed for something very significant. It has already happened in Israeli history that a committee formed to investigate a major organizational failure will find the .‫ג‬.‫ ש‬responsible for the problem. Indeed, in certain serious cases, committees have determined that it wasn’t the commanders or the managers that were guilty of major mistakes, but the people at much lower rank levels. Israelis who were unhappy with this way of looking at things said the committee found the .‫ג‬.‫ ש‬responsible for the mistakes. For example: They are going to say the .‫ג‬.‫ ש‬is at fault for everything that happened in the Lebanon war.

‫יק ִנים ִי ְשׁ ְלחוּ‬ ָ ‫אָמ ִר‬ ֶ ‫ַמ ְד ָע ִנים‬ .‫חוֹדשׁ ֵט ֶל ְסקוֹפּ גָדוֹל ֶל ָח ָלל‬ ֶ ‫ַה‬ ‫רוֹצים ִל ְבדוֹק ִאם יֵשׁ‬ ִ ‫ַחנוּ‬ ְ ‫" ֲאנ‬ ‫דוֹמה ְל ַכדוּר‬ ֶ ‫עוֹד ָמקוֹם ֶשׁ‬ .‫אוֹמ ִרים ַה ַמ ְד ָענִ ים‬ ְ ,"‫ָהאָ ֶרץ‬

This article also appears on page 5. It is printed here without punctuation to help you advance and improve your reading skills. For CD subscribers: As a further challenge to you, this track is recorded at a slightly faster speed.

18

‫ְשׂים ָמקוֹם דוֹ ֶמה ְלכַדוּר ָהאָרֶץ‬ ִ ‫ְמ ַחפּ‬ scientists - mad’anim - ‫ַמ ְד ָענִים‬

SCHWA

THE

will send (pl) - yishlechu - ‫ִשׁלְחוּ‬ ְ‫י‬ this - ha - ...ַ‫ה‬ month - chodesh - ‫חוֹדֶשׁ‬ big - gadol - ‫גָדוֹל‬ (outer) space - chalal - ‫ָחלָל‬ to check - livdok - ‫ִלבְדוֹק‬ whether - eem - ‫אִם‬ there is - yesh - ‫יֵשׁ‬ another - od - ‫עוֹד‬ say (pl) - omrim - ‫אוֹ ְמרִים‬

11 ‫בראשית‬

The schwa looks like a colon. It is a neutral, unstressed vowel. For example, in the word English (‫ )אַנְְגלִית‬the schwa is under the '‫ נ‬and '‫ג‬.

‫תרגיל‬

‫התנ"ך מקדם את איכות הסביבה‬ "‫לפני כמה חודשים הדפיס "גרינפיס‬ .‫תנ"ך מיוחד‬ ‫בתנ"ך הזה מודגשים המקומות שבהם‬ .‫כתוב על איכות הסביבה‬ ‫"בתנ"ך כתוב שחשוב לשמור על כדור‬ ."‫ אומרים ב"גרינפיס‬,"‫הארץ‬ ‫ התנ"ך מדבר על איכות‬,‫לידיעתכם‬ !‫הסביבה ביותר מאלף מקומות‬

‫ש ְת‬ ְ ‫א ְב ְג ְד ְה וְ זְ ְח ְט יְ ְכ ְל ְמ נְ ְס ְע ְפ ְצ ְק ְר‬


‫ָמים ַמ ְפגִינִים‬ ‫ְמפוּ ְרס ִ‬

‫‪20‬‬

‫מְפוּ ְר ָסמִים ‪famous (pl) - mefursamim -‬‬ ‫יָצְאוּ ‪went out (pl) - yatz’u -‬‬

‫‪Celebrities are Protesting‬‬

‫ַבּיָמִים ‪the days - ba'yamim -‬‬ ‫אַחֲרוֹנִים ‪recent (pl) - acharonim -‬‬

‫ַשׂ ְח ָקנֵי ֵט ֵלוִ ויזְ יָה‬ ‫ָמים‬ ‫ָצאוּ ַבּי ִ‬ ‫פוּר ָס ִמים י ְ‬ ‫ְמ ְ‬ ‫ָהאַ ֲחרוֹנִ ים ְל ַה ְפגָנוֹת‪.‬‬ ‫ֲבוֹדה"‪,‬‬ ‫"אין ָלנוּ ַמ ְס ִפּיק ע ָ‬ ‫ֵ‬ ‫ֲלים‬ ‫"ה ְמ ַנה ִ‬ ‫אוֹמ ִרים‪ַ .‬‬ ‫ֵהם ְ‬ ‫יפים‬ ‫ֲד ִ‬ ‫ֶשׁל ַה ֵט ֵלוִ וי ְזיָה ַמע ִ‬ ‫תוֹכ ִניוֹת‬ ‫‪‬א ִליצוֹר ְ‬ ‫ִי ְשׂ ְר ֵא ִליוֹת"‪.‬‬

‫ַה ְפגָנוֹת ‪protests - hafganot -‬‬ ‫אֵין ‪there isn’t - ein -‬‬ ‫ַמ ְספִּיק ‪enough - maspik -‬‬ ‫עֲבוֹדָה ‪work - avodah -‬‬ ‫ְמנַ ֲהלִים ‪managers - menahalim -‬‬ ‫ַמ ֲעדִיפִים ‪prefer (pl) - ma’adifim -‬‬ ‫לִיצוֹר ‪to create - litzor -‬‬ ‫תוֹ ְכנִיוֹת ‪programs - tochniyot -‬‬ ‫שׁבים יְנַצחו ֶאת ַה ֵט ֵלוִויזְיָה"‬ ‫" ַה ַמ ְח ֵ‬ ‫חוֹ ְקרִים ‪researchers - chokrim -‬‬ ‫אוֹ ְמרִים ‪say (pl) - omrim -‬‬ ‫בְּתוֹ‪within - betoch - ‬‬

‫שׁבִים יְנַ ְצחוּ ֶאת ַה ֵט ֵלוִויזְיָה"‬ ‫" ַה ַמ ְח ֵ‬ ‫"‪"Computers will Defeat Television‬‬

‫ָמים ַמ ְפגִינִים‬ ‫ְמפוּ ְרס ִ‬ ‫ַשׂ ְח ָקנֵי ‪actors (of) - sach'kaney -‬‬

‫ָשׁנִים ‪years - shanim -‬‬ ‫ֵשׁב ‪we will sit - neshev -‬‬ ‫נֵ‬

‫‪21‬‬

‫מוּל ‪in front of, opposite - mul -‬‬ ‫ְשׁר ‪can, able - efshar -‬‬ ‫ֶאפ ָ‬

‫אוֹמ ִרים‬ ‫יקנִ ים ְ‬ ‫אָמ ִר ָ‬ ‫חוֹק ִרים ֶ‬ ‫ְ‬ ‫ֵשׁב מוּל‬ ‫ֶשׁ ְבּתוֹ‪ָ ‬שׁלוֹשׁ ָשׁנִ ים נ ֵ‬ ‫ַה ַמ ְח ֵשׁב ְו‪‬א מוּל ַה ֵּט ֵלוִ ויזְ יָה‪.‬‬ ‫"בּ ַמ ְח ֵשׁב ֶא ְפ ָשׁר ִל ְראוֹת‬ ‫ַ‬ ‫נוֹסף ַלעֲשׂוֹת עוֹד‬ ‫וּב ָ‬ ‫ֵט ֵלוִ וי ְזיָה ְ‬ ‫ֲח ִרים"‪ֵ ,‬הם‬ ‫ַה ְר ֵבּה ְד ָב ִרים א ֵ‬ ‫אוֹמ ִרים‪.‬‬ ‫ְ‬

‫ִלרְאוֹת ‪to see, watch - lir'ot -‬‬ ‫בְּנוֹסָף ‪in addition - be’nosaf -‬‬ ‫ְד ָברִים ‪things - devarim -‬‬ ‫ֲא ֵחרִים ‪other (pl) - acherim -‬‬ ‫שׁים ְבּ ֵטלֵפוֹנִים נַיָידִים‬ ‫שׁ ַת ְמ ִ‬ ‫ָשׁים ִמ ְ‬ ‫יוֹ ֵתר ֲאנ ִ‬ ‫אוּ"ם ‪U.N. - oom -‬‬ ‫גִילָה ‪discovered - gila -‬‬ ‫בָּעוֹלָם ‪in the world - ba’olam -‬‬ ‫רוייטרס‬

‫ְרגִילִים ‪regular (pl) - regilim -‬‬ ‫ְמדִינוֹת ‪countries - medinot -‬‬

‫שׁים יוֹ ֵתר ְבּ ֵטלֵפוֹנִים נַיָידִים‬ ‫שׁ ַת ְמ ִ‬ ‫ָשׁים ִמ ְ‬ ‫ֲאנ ִ‬ ‫‪People Use Mobile Telephones More‬‬

‫יוֹתר‬ ‫ָידים ֵ‬ ‫עוֹלם ִמ ְשׁ ַת ְמ ִשׁים ְבּ ֵט ֵלפוֹ ִנים ַני ִ‬ ‫ילה ֶשׁ ָבּ ָ‬ ‫ָהאוּ"ם ִג ָ‬ ‫ילים‪.‬‬ ‫ִמ ֵט ֵלפוֹנִ ים ְר ִג ִ‬ ‫ָידים ִּב ְג ַלל‬ ‫יוֹתר ְבּ ֵט ֵלפוֹ ִנים ַני ִ‬ ‫ִבּ ְמ ִדינוֹת עֲנִ יוֹת ִמ ְשׁ ַת ְמ ִשׁים ֵ‬ ‫ילים‪.‬‬ ‫חוֹקים ֵאין ֵט ֵלפוֹ ִנים ְר ִג ִ‬ ‫ֶשׁ ִבּ ְכ ָפ ִרים ְר ִ‬

‫‪22‬‬

‫ֲענִיוֹת ‪poor (pl, f) - aniyot -‬‬ ‫ִבְּגלַל ‪because - biglal -‬‬ ‫ִבּ ְכ ָפרִים ‪in villages - bich’farim -‬‬ ‫רְחוֹקִים ‪far, rural (pl) - rechokim -‬‬

‫עיתוני בראשית ‪-‬‬ ‫רעיון למתנה!‬

‫א ב ג ד ה ו ז ח ט י כ ל מ נ ס ע פ צ ק ר ש ת‬

‫בראשית ‪12‬‬

‫‪HANDWRITING‬‬

‫א ב ג ד ה ו ז ח ט י כ ל מ נ ס ע פ צ ק ר ש ת‬


‫ִמיקִי ָמאוּס ְמ ַחפֵּשׂ‬ 24 ‫ַמ ְר ֶאה ָחדָשׁ‬ Mickey Mouse Looks for a New Look

.80 ‫יקי ָמאוּס ֵבּן‬ ִ ‫ִמ‬ ‫יקי‬ ִ ‫רוֹצים ֶשׁ ִמ‬ ִ ‫יס ִני‬ ְ ‫אוּל ְפּנֵי ִד‬ ְ ‫ְבּ‬ .‫יוֹתר‬ ֵ ‫ֵי ָר ֶאה ָצ ִעיר‬ ‫יתן לוֹ ַמ ְר ֶאה ָצ ִעיר‬ ֵ ִ‫ַחנוּ נ‬ ְ ‫" ֲאנ‬ ‫אוּל ְפּנֵי‬ ְ ‫אוֹמ ִרים ְבּ‬ ְ ,"‫יוֹתר‬ ֵ ‫רוֹצים ֶשׁ ְי ָל ִדים‬ ִ ‫ַחנוּ‬ ְ ‫ " ֲאנ‬.‫יסנִ י‬ ְ ‫ִד‬ ."‫ַמ ִשׁיכוּ ֶלאֱהוֹב אוֹתוֹ‬ ְ‫י‬

23

‫ַה ְד ַל ַעת ַהגְדוֹלָה בְּיוֹ ֵתר בָּעוֹלָם‬ The Biggest Pumpkin in the World

.‫עוֹלם‬ ָ ‫יוֹתר ָבּ‬ ֵ ‫דוֹלה ְבּ‬ ָ ‫עוֹשׂים ַת ֲחרוּת ֶשׁל ַה ְד ַל ַעת ַה ְג‬ ִ ‫אַרצוֹת ַה ְבּ ִרית‬ ְ ‫ְבּ‬ .‫ַצ ַחת‬ ַ ‫ ַח ְק ַלאי ַמ ִציג ֶאת ַה ְד ַל ַעת ַה ְמנ‬,‫ַבּ ְתמוּנָה‬ .‫אוֹתה ְבּ ַמ ָשׂ ִאית‬ ָ ‫וּל ָה ִביא‬ ְ ‫אוֹתה ִעם ָמנוֹף‬ ָ ‫ ְל ָה ִרים‬‫הוּא ָהיָה ָצ ִרי‬

‫רוייטרס‬

Read the articles on this page and mark whether the following sentences are True (T) or False (F).

‫תרגיל‬

1. In Canada, there is a competition for the biggest tomato in the world. 2. In the picture, a doctor with his winning pumpkin. 3. The winner had to bring his pumpkin in a truck. 4. Mickey Mouse is 80 years old. 5. People at Disney Studios want Mickey to be prettier. 6. They want children to continue to love Mickey. ‫רוייטרס‬

Answers on page 15

younger - tza’ir yoter - ‫ָצעִיר יוֹ ֵתר‬

had to - haya tzarich - ‫ָהיָה ָצרִי‬

‫ַה ְד ַל ַעת ַהגְדוֹלָה בְּיוֹ ֵתר בָּעוֹלָם‬

we'll give - niten - ‫נִי ֵתן‬

to lift - leharim - ‫ְל ָהרִים‬

in - beh - ...ְ‫בּ‬

appearance, look - mar’eh - ‫ַמ ְראֶה‬

with - eem - ‫עִם‬

United States - artzot habrit - ‫אַרְצוֹת ַה ְבּרִית‬

say (pl) - omrim - ‫אוֹ ְמרִים‬

crane - manof - ‫מָנוֹף‬

do (pl) - osim - ‫עוֹשׂים‬ ִ

children - yeladim - ‫יְ ָלדִים‬ will continue (pl) - yamshichu - ‫ְשׁיכוּ‬ ִ ‫יַמ‬

to bring - lehavi - ‫ְל ָהבִיא‬ truck - masa'it - ‫ַשׂאִית‬ ָ‫מ‬

every - bechol - ‫בְּכֺל‬ year - shana - ‫ָשׁנָה‬ competition - tacharut - ‫ַתחֲרוּת‬

to like, love - le’ehov - ‫ֶלאֱהוֹב‬

13 ‫בראשית‬

‫ִמיקִי ָמאוּס ְמ ַחפֵּשׂ ַמ ְר ֶאה ָחדָשׁ‬

photograph - tmuna - ‫ְתמוּנָה‬

studios (of) - ul’pney - ‫אוּ ְל ְפּנֵי‬

farmer - chaklai - ‫ַח ְקלַאי‬

want (pl) - rotzim - ‫רוֹצִים‬

shows, presents - matzig - ‫ַמצִיג‬

to look - yera’eh - ‫יֵ ָראֵה‬

winner (f) - mena’tza’chat - ‫ְמנַ ַצחַת‬


HEBREW-ENGLISH CROSSWORD # 32 9

8

7

13

6

5

12 16 19

4

3

2

11

10

15

14

18

17

22

21 25

24

20

23

27 30

29

26 28

‫א‬28

‫א‬33 38

32

‫א‬31 37

36

42

48

1

47

‫א‬35

41

46

51

35

34

33

40

45

39

44

50

31

43

49

They All Start With... Translate the following words. All the words begin with the letters ‫חמ‬.

‫חמא ם‬

‫חמ‬

:turkishbath-house .1

‫ ח מ‬:butter .2 ‫ ח מ‬:cute .3 ‫ ח מ‬:sour .4 ‫ ח מ‬:severe .5 ‫ ח מ‬:five .6 ‫ ח מ‬:warm .7 ‫ ח מ‬:sunflower .8 ‫ ח מ‬:greenhouse .9 ‫ ח מ‬:heat wave .10

Picture Puzzle Puzzle Picture

Complete this crossword by translating the English clues into Hebrew.

HORIZONTAL:

31. tip

4. for him

30. milk

1. coat 5. rain

32. hawk

6. watch

31‫א‬. left

33. apricot (‫)כ“מ‬

7. shadow

33‫א‬. colored

7. plant 10. addition

36. Tel Aviv 39. no

8. waits 9. hot

34. question 35. bitter

12. war 14. most 15. belt

40. closet 42. darkness

11. washed 12. quickly

35‫א‬. ox 37. to launder

17. lazy person 18. thin

43. pepper 45. street 47. skin

13. Holland 16. wave 17. circle

38. orphan 39. to here 41. snored

20. Arab person 22. manna

49. IDF 50. Russian

19. gold 20. hoes (f) (verb)

44. ‫ְפּעִיל צִיבּוּר‬ (abbrev.)

23. holiday 24. traitor

51. what

21. ‫ְבּסִיס ַחיָילִים‬ (abbrev.)

46. hook 48. re (musical)

26. fish 27. candle 28. dew

VERTICAL: 1. tomorrow

22. field 25. Van

2. blind 29. check (in chess) 3. sobbed

28. fresh 28‫א‬. pleasure

Advancing from Word to Word Work your way down the word chain by changing one letter every time to form new words. To keep you on track, we have given you the first and last words.

‫ה‬

‫ל‬

‫מ‬

‫ ש‬1. dress 2. question 3. vacuumed (f) 4. return 5. jam 6. run 7. wants 8. murderer 9. pharmacist

‫ח‬

‫ק‬

‫ו‬

‫ל‬

10. takes

In this puzzle, clip-art images are substituted for written definitions. Fill in the appropriate answer in Hebrew after each image (see example). Upon completion, the grayed-in columns will highlight a famous line from the Passover Haggadah.

The answer is: __________________________________________________________________:‫התשובה היא‬ 14 ‫בראשית‬


HEBREW- ENGLISH CROSSWORD #31

‫ְתשׁוּבוֹת ֵמ ַהגִילָיוֹן ַהקוֹדֶם‬ ‫ ִמ ְד ָבּר‬.14 ‫ ַכּ ְפתוֹר‬.15 ‫ ַבּד‬.19 ‫ ְמ ַק ֵבּל‬.20 ‫ ִי ְבנֶה‬.22 ‫ ָמ ְד ָדה‬.24 ‫ ָרם‬.27 ‫ ֶד ֶבק‬.29 ‫ ְמ ַב ְשׁ ִלים‬.30 ‫ ָשׁבוּר‬.31 ‫ ָשׁ ַכב‬.32 ‫ ָח ַשׁב‬.34 ‫ שׁוֹ ֶרשׁ‬.35 ‫ ַרע‬.36 ‫אַבּיר‬ ִ .37 ‫רוּח‬ ַ .39 ‫ ַכּד‬.41 ‫ ַמ ַבּט‬.43 ‫ ַחם‬.45 ‫ ֵלב‬.47

‫ ַשׁ ַער‬.35 ‫ אוֹ ֶר‬.37 ‫ ָשׁרוּ‬.38 ‫ ַע ְכ ָבּר‬.40 ‫ ָבּם‬.42 ‫ בּוֹ ֵר ַח‬.44 ‫ ַדי‬.46 ‫מוֹח‬ ַ .48 ‫ ַח ְשׁ ַמל‬.49 ‫ רוֹבּוֹט‬.50 :ָ‫ְמאוּנ‬ ‫ ַק ִיץ‬.1 ‫זוּקה‬ ָ ‫ ָבּ‬.2 ‫ ַקר‬.3 ‫ ַפּ ְר ָסה‬.4 ‫ ֵאת‬.5 ‫ ֶפּ ֶסל‬.6 ‫ ַמ ָקשׁ‬.8 ‫ ַפּ‬.10 ‫ ָבּ ִהיר‬.11 ‫ ַמר‬.13

:‫ְמאוּזָן‬ ‫ ַק ָצב‬.1 ‫ ְק ָלף‬.3 ‫אוֹפה‬ ֶ .5 ‫ַמר‬ ָ ‫ ז‬.7 ‫ ֶר ֶפת‬.9 ‫ ְצחוֹק‬.12 ‫ ָמ ָס‬.13 ‫ ַמ ְל ָכּה‬.14 ‫ ְק ִשׁי ָרה‬.16 ‫ ֵשׁד‬.17 ‫ ִפּי‬.18 ‫ ָבּ ָמה‬.19 ‫ית"ר‬ ָ ‫ ֵבּ‬.21 ‫ ַדק‬.23 ‫ ָרבוּ‬.25 ‫ ָבּ ָרד‬.26 ‫ ֵנ ֵרד‬.28 ‫ ְמ ַל ֵמד‬.30 ‫ ֶשׂה‬.31 ‫ ַשׂק‬.32 ‫ ָשׂ ֵמ ַח‬.33

They all Start With ‫חיָיט‬.6 ַ ‫יכן‬ ָ ‫ ַח ְי‬.7 ‫ ַחיָיל‬.8 ‫ ִחיצוֹנִ י‬.9 ‫יפה‬ ָ ‫ ֵח‬.10

‫ידה‬ ָ ‫ ִח‬.1 ‫ ַחיָה‬.2 ‫ידק‬ ַ ‫ ַח ְי‬.3 ‫יוּבי‬ ִ ‫ ִח‬.4 ‫ ִחיוּג‬.5

ADVANCING FROM WORD TO WORD

‫ ְשׁתוֹק‬.6 ‫ ָמתוֹק‬.7 ‫ ָמחוּק‬.8 ‫ ָמחוֹל‬.9 ‫ ָכּחוֹל‬.10

‫ ֲח ִציל‬.1 ‫ ָח ִליל‬.2 ‫ ָחלוּל‬.3 ‫ ָחתוּל‬.4 ‫ ָשׁתוּל‬.5

PICTURE PUZZLE ‫ֲדר ַמ ְר ִבּים ְבּ ִשׂ ְמ ָחה‬ ָ ‫ִמ ֶשׁ ִנ ְכנַס א‬

ORDER BERESHIT TODAY! 52 Hechalutz Street Jerusalem Israel, 96269 Tel: +972-2-643-7153 • Fax: +972-2-643-6094 • E-Mail: orders@hebrewtoday.com

PRICE LIST: Single newspaper subscription (18 issues): $86.99 (including shipping costs) Also available: The BERESHIT CDs Newspaper and CD subscription: $164 (including shipping costs) Total amount in U.S. Dollars: $___________ * If paying by check, please make it out to "Good Times". Name: ________________________________ Position: ____________________ School/Organization: ________________________________________________ Address: __________________________________________________________ City: _______________________________ State: _________________________ Zip: _____________ Phone: ____________________ Fax: __________________ E-Mail: ___________________________________________________________ Credit Card (please check one): MasterCard ____ Visa ___ American Express ___ Credit Card Number: __________________________ Valid Until: ____________ Name of Credit Card owner: ___________________________________________

15 ‫בראשית‬

ANSWERS… ANSWERS… Answers to page 4 ‫יק ָרה‬ ְ ‫ ִבּ‬.1 ‫יעה‬ ָ ‫ ִה ִג‬.2 ‫אתי‬ ִ ‫ ָבּ‬.3 ‫ הוּא‬.4 ‫חוֹשׁב‬ ֵ .5 ‫ נִ ְפ ְג ָשׁה‬.6 Answers to page 6 community center - ‫יל ִתי‬ ָ ‫ ֶמ ְר ַכּז ְק ִה‬.1 community - ‫ילה‬ ָ ‫ ְק ִה‬.2 audience - ‫ ָק ָהל‬.3 gathering - ‫ ִה ְת ַקהֲלוּת‬.4 gathers - ‫ ַמ ְק ִהיל‬.5 Answers to page 7 know - ‫יוֹד ַע‬ ֵ .1 scientist - ‫ ַמ ְד ָען‬.2 knowledgeable - ‫ י ְַד ָען‬.3 information - ‫יעין‬ ִ ‫מוֹד‬ ִ .4 intelligence - ‫יעין‬ ִ ‫מוֹד‬ ִ .5 advertisement - ‫מוֹד ָעה‬ ָ .6 announcement - ‫הוֹד ָעה‬ ָ .7 news item - ‫יעה‬ ָ ‫ ְי ִד‬.8 information booklet - ‫ידעוֹן‬ ָ ‫ ֵמ‬.9 Answers to page 8 .‫עוֹלים ֲח ָד ִשׁים ִה ִגיעוּ ְל ִי ְשׂ ָר ֵאל‬ ִ .1 .‫אוֹדם ֶשׁ ַבּ ָצפוֹן‬ ֶ ‫ַער‬ ַ ‫ ֵהם ִה ִגיעוּ ְלי‬.2 .‫ירוּשׁ ַל ִים‬ ָ ‫נוֹלד ְבּגַן ַה ַחיוֹת ִבּ‬ ַ ‫ ִט ְיג ִריס‬.3 .‫ֵט ִרינ ִָרית‬ ֵ ‫מגֵן ִהיא ו‬-‫י‬ ָ ִ‫אַבנ‬ ְ ‫ילי‬ ִ ִ‫ נ‬.4 .‫הוּדה‬ ָ ‫ָקים ְבּ ִמ ְד ַבּר ְי‬ ִ ‫יטפוֹנוֹת ֲחז‬ ְ ‫ יֵשׁ ִשׁ‬.5 .‫אוֹטוֹבּוּסים‬ ִ ‫סוּכּנִ ים ְל‬ ָ ‫יטפוֹנוֹת ְמ‬ ְ ‫ ַה ִשׁ‬.6 Answers to page 13 F .1 F .2 T .3 T .4 F .5 T .6


‫ִשׂ ָר ֵאלִי‬ ‫ֶפ ְס ִטיבָל ַה ְמבּוּ ְרגֵר י ְ‬

‫‪25‬‬

‫‪Israeli Hamburger Festival‬‬

‫יבל‬ ‫ָמים ֵא ֶלה יֵשׁ ֶפ ְס ִט ָ‬ ‫ְבּי ִ‬ ‫בּוּרגֵר ְבּ ִי ְשׂ ָר ֵאל‪.‬‬ ‫ַה ְמ ְ‬ ‫ִמ ְס ָעדוֹת ַמ ִציעוֹת‬ ‫ירים‬ ‫בּוּר ְג ִרים ִבּ ְמ ִח ִ‬ ‫ַה ְמ ְ‬ ‫זוֹלים‪ֵ .‬הן גַם ַמ ִציעוֹת‬ ‫ִ‬ ‫בּוּר ְג ִרים ְבּ ִמ ְשׁ ָקל‬ ‫ַה ְמ ְ‬ ‫יוֹתר‪,‬‬ ‫ילוֹג ַרם ְו ֵ‬ ‫ֶשׁל ִק ְ‬ ‫יפים‬ ‫בּוּר ְג ִרים ֲח ִר ִ‬ ‫ַה ְמ ְ‬ ‫ְועוֹד‪.‬‬ ‫ֲבים‬ ‫"ה ִי ְשׂ ְר ֵא ִלים אוֹה ִ‬ ‫ַ‬ ‫אוֹמ ִרים‬ ‫בּוּר ְג ִרים"‪ְ ,‬‬ ‫ַה ְמ ְ‬ ‫ַחנוּ‬ ‫"ל ֵכן‪ֲ ,‬אנ ְ‬ ‫ַבּ ִמ ְס ָעדוֹת‪ָ .‬‬ ‫יבל‬ ‫עוֹשׂים ֶאת ַה ֶפ ְס ִט ָ‬ ‫ִ‬ ‫ַהזֶה"‪.‬‬

‫ִשׂ ָר ֵאלִי‬ ‫ֶפ ְס ִטיבָל ַה ְמבּוּ ְרגֵר י ְ‬ ‫בְּ‪in - beh - ...‬‬ ‫יָמִים ‪days - yamim -‬‬ ‫ֵאלֶה ‪these - eleh -‬‬ ‫ִמ ְסעָדוֹת ‪restaurants - mis’adot -‬‬ ‫ַמצִיעוֹת ‪are offering (f) - matzi'ot -‬‬ ‫בִּ‪for - be - ...‬‬ ‫ְמחִירִים ‪prices - mechireem -‬‬ ‫זוֹלִים ‪cheap (pl) - zolim -‬‬ ‫ִשׁקָל ‪weight - mishkal -‬‬ ‫מְ‬ ‫ֲחרִיפִים ‪spicy (pl) - charifim -‬‬ ‫אוֹ ֲהבִים ‪love (pl) - ohavim -‬‬ ‫ָלכֵן ‪that's why - lachen -‬‬ ‫עוֹשׂים ‪are doing - osim -‬‬ ‫ִ‬ ‫לוֹמדוֹת על ִציפּוֹרִים‬ ‫ְמידוֹת ְ‬ ‫ַתל ִ‬ ‫עוֹזְרוֹת ‪help (pl, f) - ozrot -‬‬ ‫ַח ְק ָלאִים ‪farmers - chakla’im -‬‬ ‫אוֹ ְמרִים ‪say (pl) - omrim -‬‬ ‫בֵּית ֵספֶר ‪school - bet sefer -‬‬ ‫חָשׁוּב ‪important - chashuv -‬‬ ‫ֲעלֵיהֶן ‪about them (f) - alehen -‬‬ ‫יוֹצְאוֹת לַ‪go out (pl, f) - yotz’ot la - ...‬‬ ‫ֶטבַע ‪nature - teva -‬‬ ‫ְכּדֵי ‪in order - k'day -‬‬

‫ַמבּוּ ְרגֵר ‪ 1‬קִילוֹ‬ ‫הְ‬

‫לוֹמדוֹת ַעל ִציפּוֹרִים‬ ‫ְמידוֹת ְ‬ ‫ַתל ִ‬

‫‪FROM PAGE 1‬‬ ‫ָמים‬ ‫ַשׁבִי ‪ 1,000‬י ִ‬ ‫שׁלִיט בּ ֶ‬ ‫ִג ְל ָעד ַ‬ ‫‪26‬‬

‫‪Students Learn About Birds‬‬

‫ְכּבָר ‪already - kvar -‬‬ ‫ֵאלֶה ‪these - eleh -‬‬ ‫יֵשׁ ‪there are - yesh -‬‬ ‫ַה ְפגָנוֹת ‪demonstrations - hafganot -‬‬

‫יפּוֹרים‪.‬‬ ‫לוֹמדוֹת ַעל ִצ ִ‬ ‫ֲדוּמים ְ‬ ‫ֲלה א ִ‬ ‫ַת ְל ִמידוֹת ְבּ ַמע ֵ‬ ‫"חשׁוּב‬ ‫אוֹמ ִרים ְבּ ֵבית ַה ֵס ֶפר‪ָ .‬‬ ‫יפּוֹרים עוֹ ְזרוֹת ַל ַח ְק ָל ִאים"‪ְ ,‬‬ ‫"ה ִצ ִ‬ ‫ַ‬ ‫יהן"‪.‬‬ ‫ֲל ֶ‬ ‫ִל ְלמוֹד ע ֵ‬ ‫יפּוֹרים ְבּ ִי ְשׂ ָר ֵאל‪.‬‬ ‫יוֹצאוֹת ַל ֶט ַבע ְכּ ֵדי ִל ְלמוֹד ַעל ַה ִצ ִ‬ ‫ַה ַת ְל ִמידוֹת ְ‬

‫ְל ַמעַן ‪for, in favor of - lema’an -‬‬ ‫ִשׁחְרוּר ‪release - shichrur -‬‬ ‫ְשׁלָה ‪government - memshalah -‬‬ ‫ֶממ ָ‬ ‫אוֹ ֶמרֶת ‪says (f) - omeret -‬‬ ‫עוֹשׂה ‪is doing (f) - osa -‬‬ ‫ָ‬ ‫הַכֺּל ‪everything - hakol -‬‬ ‫ְכּדֵי ‪in order - k'day -‬‬ ‫לַמוּרִים ָבּרְחוּ ִמגַן ַחיוֹת‬ ‫ָתנָ"כִי ‪Biblical (abbrev.) - tanachi -‬‬ ‫נִ ְתפְּסוּ ‪were caught - nitpesu -‬‬ ‫רַק ‪only - rak -‬‬ ‫לְאַחַר ‪after - le’achar -‬‬ ‫לוֹשׁה ‪three - shloshah -‬‬ ‫ְשׁ ָ‬ ‫יָמִים ‪days - yamim -‬‬ ‫בּוֹ ְדקִים ‪are checking - bodkim -‬‬ ‫רוייטרס‬

‫בראשית ‪16‬‬

‫אֵי‪how - eich - ‬‬ ‫ִה ְצלִיחוּ ‪succeeded (pl) - hitzlichu -‬‬


Bereshit Easy Hebrew Newspaper