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heatherorgan0903667

digital portfolio wsa 2


contents

01

02

03

04


[studio]

[technology]

[history]

[digitalmedia]


01

sustainable [studio] housing

AUTUMN TERM SITE: Grangetown, Cardiff This project aimed to integrate a scheme of 12 -15 dwellings onto a brownfield site on the Taff embankment. The scheme consisted of 12 dwelling arranged in 3 mid rise blocks to minimise the built footprint. This encouraged multiple layers of social interaction and smaller environmentally sustainable communities through circulation greenhouses. The remainder of the plot was used to promote social and environmental sustainability in the wider community of Grangetown.


Sketchup: Generate 3D images


First Floor 4 bed 1:100 N

Photoshop:


Southwest Elevation 1:100

The pen tool, magic wand, and translucent fills Cleaning up and highlighting hand produced technical drawings


Models: Photographs capture lighting conditions in a dwelling throughout the day


Sketchup in Photoshop: Creating perspectives using computer generated models and photographs of site


Photoshop:


Creating 360 degree perspective using sketches, photographs and found images Pen tool, fill bucket, gradient tool, perspective transformation, skew transformation


02 [tech]

AUTUMN TERM Architectural Technology linked with the Studio project and looked in detail at a variety of aspect involved in the design process. Photoshop: Cleaning up a hand drawn technical section Illustrator: Labelling the elements of the technical section


KALWALL external face sheet nanogel aluminium I beams internal shatter proof face sheet

CEILING CONSTUCTION larch timber finish black sheathing felt timber deck laid to falls 100mm thermafleece wool insulation 100mmx100mm wood battens 225mmx150mm steel I bar 13mm plaster board

COPING Permatrin roof edge trims

WALL CONSTRUCTION Larch cladding 50mm air gap damp proof course (DPC) 10mm plywood 225mmx150mm steel I frame 200mm thermafleece wool insulation 50x50mm batten w. 50mm thermafleece wool insulation w. vapour barrier at warm side 13mm plaster board Vent w. Insect Barrier 2500mmm ABOVE GROUND LEVEL

EXTERIOR

ROOF CONSTUCTION asphalt (limestone aggregate black sheathing felt timber deck laid to falls 100mm thermafleece wool insulation 100mmx100mm wood battens 225mmx150mm steel I bar 13mm plaster board ROOF CONSTRUCTION asphalt (limestone aggregate black sheathing felt timber deck laid to falls 50mm thermafleece wool insulation 50mmx50mm wood battens 225mmx150mm steel I bar 13mm plaster board Steel base plate Steel setting plate Bolts cast into concrete on non shrink grout INTERIOR

GROUND LEVEL

BASEMENT FLOOR CONSTRUCTON 300mm concrete slab w.reinforced steel bars 500mmx900mm poured concrrete footings w. 16mm reinforced steel bars Damp Proof Membrane


PART M

suitable for use by pe

1200mm

WC provision in the minimum of 10 the toilet

300mm 2000mm Circulation within the entrance storey of the dwelling: without obstructions

800mm

900mm

150

Passenger Lifts and C 1250mm

1000mm Means of access to and into the Dwelling:

level approach to principle entrance provided appropriate door width of at lest 775mm

1500mm

C C

Reasonable prov by using th easures taken f the lift doo lear Landing 15 ar 900 x1250

L S 5

level and 4 ift call button to ignalling system second delay b

M


eople with impared sight - the edge of the stair

entry storey 000mm wide with 750mm before

00mm

Common stairs:

vision is provided for disabled people to access any storey l he Lift - minimum load capacity is 400kg for people with sensory imparements such as a beeper when or opens 500 x1500 in front of lift

400mm away from the wall o identify storey m that the lift has been called before doors being to close once they have fully opened

Sketchup: Meausure plan of a blocks circulation Importing a 3Ds max U stair and transposing it on top of the plan Illustrator: Labelling the plan 3Ds max: Creating a 3D model of the first two flights of a U stair


3D studio max: Creating a 3D model of a U stair, viewed in solid, line and wireframe


20th March 0630

20th March 1200

20th March 1800

Sketchup: Creating a 3D model of the site and proposal Ecotect: Importing the sketchup model and using weather data to analyse the site conditions


03 [history]

AUTUMN TERM Illustrator: Creating a poster to explain a cultural issue in history and its influence on the architecture of the time


1892 - Morse returns to America (after educating in Japan, collecting art and re-establishing it in the school system), home of recently graduated Greene’s, ‘to deliver much publicised lectures on Chinese and Japanese literature and arts’ 1

Mid 19th Century - The roots of Japopnism can be traced to this time when commodore Matthew Perry established trade treaties with Japan

1876 - ART Claude Monet. Madame Monet in Japanese Costume (La Japonaise) 12

mid 1870’s position of the professional architect emerged to a place of prominance

1879-1881 - FURNITURE Dr. Christopher Dresser: Wardrobe, Black laquered pine, the panels in matte bronze green, decorated with conventionalized owls, lotuses, and zig-zag designs, the decorations stencilled, with highlights finished by hand. 16

1885 - FASHION Red Worth: Charles F. Worth original design inspired this pattern. Elaborately trained, asymmetrical overskirt worn over decorated petticoat.13

1883-1885 - The Chicago building of Home Insurance is constructed

1882 - Oscar Wilde travels to America, bringing idea of Art for Arts sake

1857 - ART Ando Hiroshige: Kameido Ume (Japanese apricot) Garden from the series One Hundred Famous Views of Edo 9

1890’s - over 100 art periodicals appeared-break with academicism and come to terms with modern industrial life

1885 - OPERA London: Chappell & Co. William Schwenck Gilbert: Mikado: An Entirely New and Original Japanese Opera in two acts. 15

1893 - Chicago Exposition. ‘The Japanese had constructed three Pavillions, each of a distinct period in Japanese Architecture[...]symbolising 1,000years of design and development ’ 2 This event was attended by the Greene‘s ‘The buildings appeared all the more remarkable and elegant in their human scale amidst all the pomosity and monumentality of neo-classical buildings, which cleverly disguised the progressive and forward looking demonstrations of industry and science housed within.’ 3

1897 - Edward Bok publishes article ‘Modern Homes of Moderate Cost’ as editor of the Ladies Home Journal January 13 1894 - ‘Pasadena Star reports that ”Messrs. Herny M. Greene and Charles S. Greene[...]have opened and architects office in the Elridge block.” ’ 4

1885 - first book emerges on Japanese homes and their surroundings from Edward Morse who has travelled through Japan

A number of these (high street stores) had opened during the 1870’s selling fashionable fabrics and object d’art inspired by or imported from the Orient[...]the designer Christopher Dresser had visited Japan in 1877[...]’ 8

1876 - Philadelphia Exposition marking honouring the centennial colonial style buildings fulfilling nostalgic yearning to return to a simple past Japanese workmen spent a year preparing two structure for this expo. ‘[...]JAPONISM became a minor national obsession. Arts and Artisan embraced motifs and techniques such as asymmetrical compositions[...]’ 7

1888-1890 - ART + FASHION James McNeill Whistler: The Japanese Dress 11

‘For the 20th century man, health and the regenerative power of sun and pure air were virtues, and beauty in utility meant truth.’ 5

1902 - simple dining room design by Green and Greene appear in the Ladies Home Journal

1916 - MUSIC A Japanese Sunset: Jesse Deppen Sam Fox Pub. Co. Soundtrack of the silent film "Old San Francisco" (1927) and opening theme for "Shadow of Chinatown" (1936). Japan figured quite frequently as a subject and inspiration for music in early twentieth century America, either as reference in the title or lyrics, in response to contemporary events or in an effort to evoke the tonalities and melodies of traditional Japanese music. 18

Mid teens - demise of Greene and Green firm: ‘loss of heart of the American people. Gone the rebellious spirit, born of a revolution.’ 6 WWI

1901 - Craftsman Magazine first issue released by Gustav Stickley Frank Lloyd Wright does two designs for the Ladies Home Journal readers Charles Greene makes a trip to England and brings back the ideas of Arts and Crafts to California Queen Victoria dies

1887 - ART Vincent Van Gogh: Japonaiserie: Flowering Plum Tree (after Hiroshige) Oil on canvas: 55.0 x 46.0 cm. 10

1890 - TEXTILES first produced by Sanderson as a wallpaper. Designed by C.F.A Voysey, the famous architect, textile designer and associate of William Morris. 14

1904 - LITERATURE Teresa Pierce Williston: Japanese Fairy Tales, Rand McNally & Co. 17

JAPONISM

AND THE CONCEPT OF WABI SABI

Life based in Nature Wabi Sabi ‘celebrates - albeit with melancholy - the vulnerability and transience of life’28 ‘noble poverty’ 29- bringing grand architecture to the working class Katsura Imperial Village19: ‘The insistence on natural finish – colour and texture – serves always to establish the continuity from nature to architecture.’20

Shokin-tei, or Pine Lute Pavilion21: ‘Light seeping in from the garden has warmed a little from the leaf andmoss, and then in certain rooms is further enriched by reflections off dark brown boards and timbers[...]’22

Pond Garden23: ‘Gardens were an important feature{...}they stood as persuaders of nature, as the mediating element between the geometric architectural rhythms of the house and thinfinite rhythms of rock, tree and mountain.’24

Exterior Lantern, Bronze with (oxidised) iridescent glass, David B. Gamble House25

26‘Classic placements of garden lanterns include next to a waterfall or any other water feature [...] The dim light is reflected back by the surface of the water adding even more mystique to the surroundings.’27


04 [ ] digital media

AUTUMN TERM


Microstation: Generating a nolli plan from a digimap file


Photoshop: Creating views of the proposal using Sketchup models, photographs and imported images Using the pen tool, channels, fill bucket, gradient tool


Photoshop: Cutting out the image of a tree from its background using channels and adjusting contrast and brightness Illustrator: Creating a vector line drawing from a photo by making a trace and deleting the fill Combination: Producing a conceptual poster by using all the techniques learnt so far


‘The very essence of the lived experience is moulded by hapticity and peripheral unfocused vision. Focused vision confronts us with the world whereas peripheral vision envelops us in the flesh of the world. [...]These observations suggest that one of the reasons why the architectural and urban settings of our time tend to make us feel like outsiders, in comparison with the forceful emotional engagement of natural and historical settings, is their poverty in the field of peripheral vision…Peripheral vision integrates us with space, while focused vision pushes us out of the space, making us mere spectators.’

JUHANI PALLASMAA The Eyes of the Skin: Architecture and the Senses


3D studio max: Generating a 3D model of a spiral staircase in fill and wireframe


3D studio max:


Generating a 3D model of a room, (either through a boolean operation to remove a smaller box from a larger box, or by drawing walls individually), rendering and creating lighting conditions


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Heather Organ Digital Portfolio