Searching the Internet for Images and multimedia
Getting started: what you can find. • • • • • •
Most of the largest search images have options to search for images. Some guidance is listed below. The UK advisory body JISC Digital media http://www.jiscdigitalmedia.ac.uk/ regularly reviews and evaluates their performance. If you are searching for historical images it is also worth searching the website of museums and art galleries. Many worldwide have been engaged in digitisation projects. A good directory of UK examples can be found at: Culture 24 http://www.culture24.org.uk/home One of the main problems is copyright. Remember to check carefully and cite correctly. The JISC Digital website has a section on copyright advice. Alternatively begin by using one of the LSE databases which contain copyright cleared materials for teaching and learning. Further advice on searching and copyright issues can be found in the Internet for image searching tutorial http://www.vts.intute.ac.uk/tutorial/imagesearching/ which Covers useful sites, basic information on copyright and the use of images for teaching and research.
LSE subscription databases • •
These databases can be accessed via the LSE Library catalogue. Enter the title of the database on the advanced search form. Expand the catalogue record and click on the online links field. Login using your LSE Network username and password.
BFI InView Content : This database provides free access to over 2,000 moving image clips taken from the archives of the BFI (British Film Institute) they include rare examples of government films, written documents, newsreels, TV documentaries, discussion programmes, parliamentary recordings. The main themes covered include British economic history, education, the development of the National Health Service, law and order, environment, immigration and race equality. Each section has added essays by historians and social theorists. Access https://catalogue.lse.ac.uk/Record/1213694 chose the option to login via your home institution. Then enter your LSE username and password.
Ethnographic Video Online Content : Access over 400 online documentaries and films. All regions of the world are covered and topics covered include: language and culture, body language, food and foraging, cooking, economic systems, social stratification and status, caste systems and slavery, male and female roles, kinship and families, political organization, conflict and conflict resolution, religion and magic, music and the arts, culture and personality, and sex, gender, and family roles. Many films have associated study guides and transcripts. You can create your own playlists and film clips. Find out how to do this with our free guide
https://docs.google.com/leaf?id=0ByTAlK7ultubZmFhNWNjYTktMmQ4Zi00OGE3LThlYTktMjY4ZD UxMTZiNmQz&sort=name&layout=list&num=50 Access : https://catalogue.lse.ac.uk/Record/1243082. LSE network username and password. JISC Digital Media https://catalogue.lse.ac.uk/Record/1289940 Content Replaces Education Image online, Film and Sound Online and News film online. Includes both still and moving images. Highlights include: Getty Still images - Nearly 12,000 images of political, cultural, and social history, covering the major events of recent world history; Imperials war Museum films, ITN news coverage, Reuters TV news, Wellcome health promotion film. Note that the database searches collections within the Media Hub, free internet collections, and some other fee based services. (Some of which the LSE may not subscribe to) Choose the advanced search option to select specific collections or to restrict your search to subscriptions only.
Access https://catalogue.lse.ac.uk/Record/1289940 choose the option log in via the UK federation.
Searching the Internet for Images : key search engines. JISC Digital Media review of search engines for images. http://www.jiscdigitalmedia.ac.uk/stillimages/advice/review-of-image-search-engines/
Google Images • • •
A specialist image database containing over 1.3 billion images . Note copyright on the webpages should be checked before you use any of the images. The main address is http://images.google.com. Help screens are at: http://www.google.co.uk/help/faq_images.html The advanced search screen enables you to restrict your search to particular types of images. These include size, colour, file type (e.g. JPEG, GIF). There is also the option to restrict by usage rights to creative commons
Google Maps • • • • •
Free online maps http://maps.google.co.uk/ The maps are dragable, you can use your mouse or the directional arrows to pan left, right, up and down to see areas that are hidden off-screen You can also use the slider to zoom in and zoom out. Get directions - Type in a starting and a destination address – Google Maps plots the route for you (by road), displaying it visually on the map itself, together with step-by-step directions for getting there (or back from there). When you click on one of these steps, you see a floating bubble with a magnified view of the area mentioned in the directions. Not all locations are covered Google Street view http://maps.google.co.uk/streetview provides 360 degree street level views of many locations. Navigate to your desired location .To view street-level imagery for a specific location, click and drag to the location you want. Roads with street-level imagery available appear with a blue border. A street-level view appears for this location with an overview map in the bottom cornerTo close the view, click
Google Latitude •
a new service from Google that allows you to send your location to Google Maps and share it with friends via many mobile phones
search engine for free photos. These come from many sources they include the creative commons area of Flickr http://www.everystockphoto.com/
You can view a photo's license by clicking on the license icon, below and left of photos. Membership is free, without advertising, and allows you to rate, tag, collect and comment on photos.
If you become a member you can create collections of images which can be stored online.
Flickr • •
The famous photo sharing website http://www.flickr.com/search/ The default search returns images from everyone’s public photos. Choose the advanced search form to log for keywords in tags or the full text descriptions. The latter will offer more hits. You can also search for still or video images. Look for creative commons.
Note that there is no ‘controlled vocabulary’ for tags – a user can add any word they like to describe the image . Words may be misspelled. Users can use American or English spellings or abbreviations so it is worth trying alternative searches. Bear in mind also the use of US alternatives, e.g. gas for petrol. Results can be sorted by a number of factors including most recent (this means most recently uploaded to Flickr so the photographs may be old). Most relevant, most interesting. Most relevant’ is the default and will sort images by those that most closely match your search criteria (i.e. the term will appear in the title, description, tags, comments or notes). A photo becomes more ‘interesting’ according to various factors such as how many times it has been viewed, how many people count it as a favourite, how many people have commented on it. Flick also has an option to search for images of particular locations using a map. http://www.flickr.com/map/ This can be useful if you are researching a particular area, or want to see what a place ‘really’ looks like: i.e. from the public’s point of view as an alternative to promotional photographs of an area or building. However, be aware that users themselves add the images to the map so locations may not be exact. Many users on flickr offer their photos under one of the six Creative Commons licences http://creativecommons.org/, allowing others to use their images according to the simple-tounderstand terms of the licence. Check individual photographs before use. JISC Digital has a guide to searching the popular site Flickr for images http://www.jiscdigitalmedia.ac.uk/stillimages/advice/finding-images-on-flickr/
Getty Images • • •
http://www.gettyimages.co.uk/CreativeImages?esource=googUK_Site_Links_Royalty_Free _Images_Broad&language=en-gb&kw=GBR+royalty_free_images+broad The Getty Image bank contains thousands of photographs relating to recent social , political events The website has a royal free section which you can search.
SpringerImages • •
http://www.springerimages.com/ an online collection of over 1 million images (photographs, images, tables, pictograms, graphs and clinical images) which is maintained by commercial company Springer using materials drawn from its journal, book and other reference source publications. Although it is primarily subscription based, users to the site can access some copyright free images. It is possible to do this by selecting image type from the search options. Topics covered include extensive coverage of medical, life sciences and technical areas. However, there is also a large amount of materials relevant to the social sciences of psychology, politics (election results and boundaries), cultural artefacts, geography (maps, geographical features and phenomena) and economic tabulations and graphs.
LSE Image Bank • • •
https://www2.lse.ac.uk/intranet/staff/webSupport/internal/imageBank/Home.aspx Provides free access to over 4,000 photographs taken by the school photographer. They include images of LSE buildings, events, including photographs of visiting speakers who can include famous heads of state and business leaders.
Other sources of community photos. The BBC maintains video nation and photographs online http://www.bbc.co.uk/videonation/ •
Remember some images may be low quality. Copyright should also be used.
Searching the Internet for online videos, films and webcasts An increasing number of institutions , such as universities, commercial TV companies and research bodies are making available high quality materials. The LSE Library delicious site maintains a listing of moving image resources http://delicious.com/LSELibrary/movingimages Search Engines. For a quick list of links to recommended moving image sites see the LSE Library delicious bookmarks at: http://delicious.com/LSELibrary/movingimages For reviews of different search engines see JISC Digital media http://www.jiscdigitalmedia.ac.uk/movingimages/advice/review-of-moving-image-search-engines/ • • •
Google is developing a specialist Video clip search . This can be found at: http://video.google.com/ . Help screens are at: http://video.google.com/video_help.html . Note at present they are only indexing from a limited number of resources. Blinkx http://www.blinkx.com/ is a recommended video search engine. Find all sorts of TV programmes and broadcasts online. Both academic and many non-academic resources.! The Internet Archive. http://www.archive.org/details/movies also has a directory which lists many large collections of online films.
Large academic collections The following sites regularly contain online lectures and/or documentaries. The lse maintains a fuller listing at delicious. http://www.delicious.com/LSElibrary/MovingImages •
YouTube edu http://www.youtube.com/edu is a special section of YouTube which contains a directory of videos, film clips and channels from universities, colleges and higher education establishments worldwide. They include examples of lectures, events and course related materials covering all areas of the sciences, social sciences and humanities. It is possible to search the site by keyword, to browse by college name or to filter by country. Copyright and technical information is displayed on the website. Scitalks. http://scitalks.com/ provides free access to a collection covering scientific topics. It includes academic and commerical videos FORA.tv http://fora.tv/was founded by Brian Gruber. It aims to provide an online forum for free access to lectures, webcasts and video films from independent producers, nonprofit institutions, organisations and universities. Current partners include the Heritage Foundation; Chatham House; Cato Institution, Brookings Institution The Forum Network http://forum-network.org/ provides free access to documentaries and other educational programmes from American public service broadcasters including PBS, NPR and other public community partners. These include radio and TV public lectures and documentaries from such renowned series as PBS Frontline, NewsHour; the American Experience and Nature. All aspects of current affairs, politics, history, science and the social sciences are covered. There is a particular strength in coverage of American politics, foreign policy, current affairs and USA society and culture. Academic earth http://academicearth.org/ is an organisation founded by Richard Ludlow which seeks to provide free Internet access to online videos from academic institutions and scholars worldwide. They include contributions from classes/ lectures held at Princeton, Stanford, Yale, MIT universities. Plus lecture materials made available via OpenCourseware online learning. A full range of subjects from the sciences, social sciences and humanities are available including politics, economics, history, psychology,
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entrepreneurship, philosophy and law. Copyright and technical information is displayed on the website. BBC archives http://www.bbc.co.uk/archive/ . Recently the BBC has been starting to offer open access to some of its historic programmes and films. |These are arranged in thematic collections. Collections currently available include suffragettes, the NHS, the Berlin Wall For recent materials searching for the name of the organisation hosting the event e.g. a university or association. Many have websites where clips may be mounted. Wellcome Film Library http://library.wellcome.ac.uk/wellcomefilm.htm Free access to over 450 titles relating to 20th century healthcare and medicine. They include public health promotion videos.
Further help • •
Consult the Library web pages to book a course http://www2.lse.ac.uk/library/training/Home.aspx Ask at the Help desk First Floor