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Stephanie Louro 1/3/12 4th period


Keeps all appliances on one wall. Specifically for small, narrow spaces.


better for small and narrow spaces


a lot of room to work around.



a parallel, two-walled kitchen whose long and narrow walls are filled with cabinets and appliances. •Advantage:

You can walk through the center as if it is a long hallway. •Disadvantage:

Small and can be difficult for more than one person to be in it at the same time


A kitchen that is a shape of an L. •Advantage:

Great for corner space; Efficient for a small and medium kitchen space; Can adjust to any length •Disadvantage:

the under cupboard space in the corner of the 'L' may be hard to reach


Consists of work space on three adjoining walls, two parallel walls perpendicular to a third. •Advantage:

Wide "U" can support a kitchen island. •Disadvantage:

Bottom corner cabinets are difficult to access


an unattached counter in a kitchen that permits access from all sides. •Advantage:

Added counter space and storage •Disadvantage:

takes up floor space



Like an island but it is connected to a wall at one end. •Advantage:

Can easily divide the kitchen into multiple work sites •Disadvantage:

Not efficient for large kitchens. Not good for multiple cooks

Stephanie Louro 1/4/12 4th period


Floor plan


Floor Plan


Floor Plan




Garden Whirlpool


Shower Stall




What is the NKBA?

The National Kitchen and Bath Association.

How does an interior designer become certified?

NKBA certification is based on indepth testing and extensive industry experience. The NKBA’s certification examinations are developed in conjunction with the NKBA’s Exam Development Committee. The primary body of knowledge for NKBA certification is the nine volume Professional Resource Library and the NKBA Kitchen & Bathroom Planning Guidelines.

How could membership help a designer?

Membership in the National Kitchen & Bath Association is a strong investment in the success of your business. Join the NKBA at to increase your sales and profitability.

What is NKBA certification?

The NKBA developed its certification programs as a way for kitchen and bath professionals to enhance their careers and market themselves as experts in their field

• Designer: Dana Jones, CKD • Floorplan rendering: American Woodmark Corporation • Removal of a wall, repositioning of the sink and cook top, addition of a skylight and the introduction of serenity and order that’s prevalent in Japanese design

•Designer: William Landeros, CKD •Floorplan rendering: American Woodmark Corporation •Cabinetry: bulthaup, Grey Anodized Aluminum, Alder Veneer

•Designer: John A. Granato II, CKD •Floorplan rendering: American Woodmark Corporation •Bathtub/Whirlpool: Victoria Albert, Ios-White

•Designer: Holly Rickert •Floorplan rendering: American Woodmark Corporation •Lighting: Xenflex, LED, and Jesco, Track

Stephanie Louro 1/23/12 4th period

Comes to a high point in the center and slope on both sides.

Comes to a high point in the center and slope on both sides. Smaller center point than high-pitched gable roof.

Has eaves that flare outward

Roofs with sloping ends and sides.

A variation of the gambrel roof that continues all around the house.

A roof pitched only enough to allow water to drain off.

A flat roof that slopes in one direction and may lean against another wall or building. Also known as lean- to roof.

A construction with a gable roof and a window at its outer end that projects from a sloping roof.

Stephanie Louro 1/27/12 4th Period

Traditional Folk Houses


Teepees Wigwam


Native American Styles

Simple structures with dirt floors. They had no windows or chimney. They were dark and crowded. There was little furniture and possessions were stored on shelves hung from walls. Easily constructed and easily carried. Came from the Native American culture and countries.


The early houses were built with coquina. South Western houses were rectangular with balconies that faced the street. The kitchen was separate and the interior was simple and white washed. They had tile roofs, adobe walls, flat roofs, deepset windows and thick walls.


Houses in California were covered with adobe bricks, or stucco. The stucco was plaster material made with cement, sand and lime. They had rounded archways and windows. They also had red-tile roofs. Brought by the Spanish.

Spanish Influence Styles

Stucco Home

Spanish Influence Styles South Western Home

Scandinavian Styles

They influenced the American log cabin. The houses were primitive, small buildings. Brought by Scandinavian countries like Sweden, Norway and Denmark.

Log Cabin

Gable Roof The roofs were made from bark or thatch, and wood shingles would not come until later. If there were 2 rooms, they were connected with breezeways, known as dog trots.

Pent Roof

German Style

German homes were large, durable home of wood and quarry stone. They had an entry on the 1st floor into the kitchen. They had abbreviated roofs between 1st and 2nd stories. Brought by the Germans.

Pennsylvania Dutch

1st colonists: Since there was no shelter and few tools they had to make huts of bark and branches with shed like roofed built on the side of a hill. Early Americans: They settled on permanent homes with modifications from the ones left behind for weather and the conditions. They used wood from New England, stone and clay bricks. English Settlements: Wood framed with spaces between beams that were filled with plaster. They had thatch roofs and one central chimney. They had small windows. Cape Cod: Simple rectangular design with a central chimney. It had a pitched roof and extensions were added on the sides. There was little useable space on the 2nd floor due to dormers. Salt-box: They started off as 2-story pitched houses. They added there extensions to the back of the house. The roof line went down to cover the rooms and it had a long slope. Garrison House: They had a 2nd story that overhung the 1st story. They were 1st seen in forts.

Early English Style

Tidewater South Garrison

Cape Cod


St. Lawrence River › Stone or wood with

high, steep roofs common in French country › Small closed windows with heavy wooden shutters  Closed to protect the occupants from cold weather

Mississippi Valley › Adaptations made for

hot and humid weather  Porch added covered by a broad roof extending around the house  Improved air circulation  Usually white  Rooms had many doors and windows for air flow

French Styles

French Normandy

French Manor

Mansard Roof French Provincial

Classic Traditional Houses

Georgian House

This home was made out of brick and stone. It had a formal balance design, gable roofs, hips roofs, and large windows. The doorway was the focal point and it was formed by pilasters and topped by pediment. These house were brought by the English, named after the Kings.


An ornamental rail or coping with its supporting set of balusters

Hip Roof

High pitched roof with 4 sides.

Federal Style

There were two distinct styles. The Adam was a mix of Greek and Georgian. Had a rectangular design with gable roofs with decorate trim. They were symmetrical and had fan lights. The Early Classical Revival had a rectangular shape, symmetrical windows, a fanlight and a portico. Brought by the Americans after the Revolutionary War.

Early Classical Revival

A pediment is a low-pitched triangular gable on the front of some buildings


Features linked to temples of ancient Greece. Two-story porch supported by columns across the entire front of the house. Pilasters on the corners of frame houses or across the front. Elaborate entrance. Door surrounded by small windows. Columns supporting small or large porch.

Southern Colonial

Made in 1880-1995. Examples are the Georgian, Saltbox, Cape Cod. Door is prominent with a Decorative Pediment. Entry porch supported by slender columns. Windows symmetrically balanced pairs. Double-hung sashes. Started in America.

Belvedere: A roofed structure, especially a small pavilion or tower on top of a building, situated so as to command a wide view.

Victorian Style

Second Empire Style. French influence.1860-1880. Boxlike mansard roof with two slopes on all sides and an upper slope being almost flat. Decorated cornices and French windows, Long windows/open lengthwise at middle, Dormer windows project from lower slope of roof. Irregular steep roof, Ornamental gables, Overlapping decorative wood shingles for siding. Wraparound porches/ railings and columns. Circular tower that extends entire height of house

Turret: a little tower; specifically : an ornamental structure at an angle of a larger structure.

Modern Houses

Prairie Style

•Beginning of 20th century-1920 Frank Lloyd Wright •Emphasis on horizontal lines, low pitched roofs with overhanging eaves •Wide porches, rows of leadedglass windows •Interior space: rooms flow into one another

•Rooms are open and designed to connect with the outdoors •Not limited to Wright and his trained architects 1. Common forms is square, twostory 2. Hip roof and wide front porch “American Foursquare”

•American created.

International Style

•1930-1950 •Experiment with new materials/building methods •Frank Lloyd Wright •Design elements used in ways drastically different from tradition •Made in America

•Emphasize function

1. Decorative or ornamental elements avoided 2. Simple geometric shapes combined to create an asymmetrical design 3. Resembles a piece of sculpture 4. Roof usually flat 5. Exterior walls smooth, blank surfaces 6. Large expanses of windows

Bungalow Style

The Bungalow is an all American housing type, but it has its roots in India. It is a one and a half story home with most of the living spaces on the ground floor. It has a low-pitched roof and it is horizontally shaped. Living room at the center with connecting rooms without hallways. An efficient floor plan with built-in cabinets, shelves, and seats.

Ranch Style

•Long, low, one-story house •Resembles rambling one-story houses built by early settlers of the west •Low pitched gable or hip roof •Decorative shutters and picture windows •1950-1960’s •Lots were larger in suburbs •Made in America

Split-level Style

•1950-1970 •Modification of ranch style home •At least 2 levels of living space •Connected by short flights of stairs •Originally designed to take advantage of sloping lot •Made in America


means that the home is up to date, modern, of today, right now with sophisticated, texture and clean lines.

Active solar systems

Convert solar energy into another more useful form of energy. Like the conversion to heat or electrical energy. Active solar uses electrical or mechanical equipment for this conversion.

Passive solar systems

Best positioning in relationship to the sun to increase the energy efficiency of the home and reduce the usage of natural resources like fuel.

Earth-Sheltered Home

An earth-sheltered home is less susceptible to the impact of extreme outdoor air temperatures, so you won't feel the effects of adverse weather as much as in a conventional house. Because earth covers part or all of their exterior, earth-sheltered houses require less outside maintenance, such as painting and cleaning gutters.

Art Moderne House Style

Shape: An Art Moderne building usually has a low, horizontal shape. Art Deco buildings tend to be tall and vertical. Ornaments: Art Moderne buildings are stripped of decorative details. An Art Deco house may have zigzags, chevrons, sun rays, stylized foliage, and other ornaments. Color: Art Moderne buildings are usually white. An Art Deco house may be white or brightly colored.



Natural Cherry •WoodHaven


the Natural Cherry finish adds the perfect contrast to the lighter hues of this kitchen ceiling, and takes advantage of the vaulted ceiling to create a fantastic and eye-catching visual.





is perfect for vaulted or cathedral ceilings, and this room is dramatic evidence. The ceiling beautifully contrasts the room's dĂŠcor and calls out the stone fireplace, transforming the room into a warm, comfortable haven.


Fine Textured •A

bold pop of color can really brighten what could be a dismal space. The texture on this basement ceiling compliments the refreshing colors to create a bright and airy place to work.





planks in Classic White enhance the architectural interest of a kitchen space in desperate need of updating. Design experts Tonya M. Williams and Brian Patrick Flynn selected WoodHaven for this particular ceiling treatment because they felt that the product’s clean lines juxtaposed well with almost any style. Their choice of a Classic White finish was a matter of both aesthetics and function since the soft color of the planks helped reflect light around what once was a dark space.


Pine •Loft


spaces are urban, chic and industrial - not cozy and comfy, right? Well, decorative ceilings can make both options achievable. WoodHaven ceiling planks blend with this loft's flooring and cabinetry and accent furniture and accessories. •

•Crimson •Definitions

Crimson interior room dividers add pizzazz and privacy in this modern office space. Definitions panels are a great way to stylishly divide any home's open floor plan from office to bedroom spaces.

•Fine •The


Fine Fissured ceiling tiles give this kitchen ceiling a bright and clean look. They feature BioBlock technology which inhibits mold and mildew, making them an ideal choice for kitchen spaces. The panels' light finish complements the light-colored tiles in the backsplash and blend seamlessly with the darker wood trim and wall color.

•Pinehurst •The

Spanish-style stucco pattern of the HomeStyle Pinehurst tiles adds unparalleled dimension to this cozy bedroom ceiling. The subtle texture creates an old-world feel that complements the traditional accents in the room.





classy and striking. This basement ceiling is a reflection of your unique style. Metallic ceilings draw the eye upward, giving the illusion of height while brightening the light level at the same time.


Look Circles


room features beams and a Tin Look-tiled ceiling in the Circles pattern to contrast the wood floor and brick accent wall to create a brilliantly warm, comfortable room that oozes sophistication.


Look Circles


traditional architecture with more modern accessories and artwork brings a bit of Hollywood glamour to this home. Tin Look Circles ceiling tiles with a faux metallic paint gives added punch and panache to the ceiling.


Black (Upside Down) •Easy

Elegance deep coffer panels in a sleek black finish set a dramatic tone in this family game room ceiling. The unique panel configuration blends seamlessly with the room's dark floors and rich color palette to create a true work of art.


Apple •Even


small ceiling designs can distinguish a room. This sail-shaped section draws the eye upward and assembles the cabinets, flooring and ceiling into one cohesive statement.


Pine •In


this expansive room, WoodHaven adds warmth and interest the vaulted ceilings. The texture of the wood grain and the individual planks contrast with the solid-colored walls to define the detail of the room even more.


Classic Maple •Install

WoodHaven ceiling planks for an unexpected twist in this bedroom. You can take it to the next level by adding crisp, white crown moulding for a clean-edge touch.


Pros: holds up to heat Cons: requires some maintenance

Pros: Resistant to stain and acid; easy care. Cons: Expensive.

Pros: comes in a rainbow of colors and patterns; seamless; stain resistant. Cons vulnerable to hot pans and stains which can damage the surface; can be moderately expensive.

Pros: takes hot pans; easy to clean; wide range of price, color, texture and design. Cons: counter surface is uneven; tiles can easily chip or crack; grout lines become stained; custom-designed tiles are very expensive.

Pros: you can buy laminates in lots of colors; easy to maintain; durable; inexpensive. Cons: scratches and chips are almost impossible to repair; seans show; end finishing and front edge choices can be pricey.

Pros: easy to clean; smooth; can be sanded and resealed as needed. Cons: can be damaged by water and stains over time; scratches must be oiled or sealed according to manufacturer's instructions.

Pros: takes hot pans; easy to clean. Cons: Expensive; noisy; may dent; fabrication is expensive; you can't cut on it.

Pros: rich, deep color; smooth feel; somewhat stain resistant. Cons: requires regular maintenance with applications of mineral oil; may crack and darken over time.

Pros: waterproof; heatproof; beautiful. Cons: expensive; porous; stains easily unless professionally sealed; can scratch; may need resealing periodically as per manufacturer.

Pros: heat and scratch resistant; can be color-tinted; looks exotic and unusual; new treatments eliminate cracking; additives reduce porosity; new finishes are more decorative. Cons: mid to high range on cost due to custom work; cracking is possible; can look somewhat industrial; porous but can be sealed.


     

  

The dominant style during the time of the Pilgrims Heavy and rectangular Geometric or floral carvings Turnings Stools and benches were more common than chairs Chairs had straight backs and hard plank seats The furniture was often painted black, red, or yellow Chests and cupboards were important for storage Tables were less common than chests

Jacobean 17th Century

Delicate and intricate  Fine carvings and trims  Chairs, the most common piece of furniture, had curved backs and seats of rush  Gateleg table — a table with legs on each side that swing out to support drop leaves that are pulled up from the sides  Highboy — a chest of drawers mounted on legs 

William and Mary (1700-1725)

Graceful curved lines  Cabriole leg — a leg that curves out at the middle and then tapers inward just above an ornamental foot  Upholstered furniture became widely available  Wing chair — an arm chair with a high back and high sides, or wings, extending from each side and designed to give protection from drafts.  Windsor chair —aa chair with stick legs and a spindle back inserted into a saddle-shaped seat 

Queen Anne (1720-1755)

Chairs — had a decorative backs in the shape of a shield, an oval, or a heart with tapered legs  Named after London designer and cabinetmaker George Hepplewhite (?-1768), whose The Cabinet Maker and Upholsterers Guide was published posthumously in 1788, Hepplewhite furniture dates from about 1780-1810. It is a neoclassic style and falls within the Federal period in the U.S.  Hepplewhite style often overlaps with that of British designer Thomas Sheraton, whose 1791 guidebook, like Hepplewhite's, documented the designs of the day. However, the slightly older Hepplewhite style tends to be more ornate, with substantial carving and curvilinear shapes. Considered "city furniture," Hepplewhite was especially popular in American states along the Eastern Seaboard, from New England to the Carolinas 


Organic architecture is a reinterpretation of nature’s principles as they had been filtered through the intelligent minds of men and women who could then build forms which are more natural than nature itself Organic architecture involves a respect for the properties of the materials—you don’t twist steel into a flower—and a respect for the harmonious relationship between the form/design and the function of the building (for example, Wright rejected the idea of making a bank look like a Greek temple). Organic architecture is also an attempt to integrate the spaces into a coherent whole: a marriage between the site and the structure and a union between the context and the structure.


Exquisite style and build quality have ensured the longevity of these masterpieces. Bauhaus Furniture is as much a work of art as it is a functional and utilitarian item. Designed to be stylish, practical, modern and of the highest levels of craftsmanship, Bauhaus furniture is timeless and often incomparable to it ď‚ž One important contribution made by the Bauhaus school was the use of steel as frames and supports for different types of furniture, including tables, chairs, sofas and even lamps. The use of machine-made, mass-produced steel tubing created simple forms requiring little handcrafting or upholstery. Tubular steel greatly reduced production costs and thus the cost of the final product. It also contributed to the streamlined, modern look of furniture. ď‚ž




Art Nouveau (French for 'new art') is an international style of art, architecture and design that peaked in popularity at the beginning of the 20th century (18801914) and is characterized by highly-stylised, flowing, curvilinear designs often incorporating floral and other plant-inspired motifs. Art Nouveau was a movement that greatly influenced artists and designers and later progressed onto the De Stijl movement (from 1880-1905) and the German Bauhaus school (early 1920's-1930's). Unlike other styles of design, art nouveau was broad based enough to encompass a whole lifestyle: It was possible to live in an art nouveau house with art nouveau furniture, silverware, crockery, etc.

Art Nouveau

Characterized by highly carved dark woods and curved lines ď‚ž Inlaid floral patterns with rich upholstery ď‚ž


Shaker furniture is a distinctive style of furniture developed by the United Society of Believers in Christ's Second Appearing (aka Shakers), a religious sect founded by Jane and James Wardley. They came to America from Manchester, England in 1774 led by Mother Ann Lee. Shaker furniture is widely admired for its simplicity, innovative joinery, quality, and functionality. Shaker designs were inspired by the ascetic religious beliefs of the Society. Shakers made furniture for their own use, as well as for sale to the general public. ď‚ž Many examples of Shaker furniture survive and are preserved today, including such popular forms as Shaker tables, chairs, rocking chairs (made in several sizes), cabinets. Collections of Shaker furniture are maintained by many art and historical museums in the United States and England, as well as in numerous private collections. The underlying principles of Shaker design have given inspiration to some of the finest designers of modern furniture. ď‚ž


Contemporary furniture or modern furniture as we know them today, evolved through Art Deco and eventually through Modernism after World War I as the rise of industry and technology brought about radical changes in society that were reflected in modern design. ď‚ž Materials such as metal and plastic are frequently used to emphasize the need for economic durability and longevity. ď‚ž Modern contemporary furniture focuses on functional but practical designs. Here you have a line of design that is sleek and in some ways even futuristic. Modern contemporary furniture is minimalist in its approach while not compromising its practicality and comfort. ď‚ž


04/12/12 4th period

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