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HEALTH EDUCATION WORKS

DIABETES PREVENTION What is Diabetes? Type 1 diabetes develops when the body’s immune system destroys pancreatic beta cells. These cells make insulin, which regulates blood glucose. Type 1 diabetics need insulin injections to survive. There is no known way to prevent type 1 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes accounts for over 90% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes. Over time, the body builds a resistance to insulin. Individuals will then have a difficult time regulating their blood sugar. Gestational diabetes is another form of glucose intolerance diagnosed during pregnancy.

Who is at risk? Type 1: Having relatives who have diabetes increases your risk. Type 2: People who are overweight, over 45 years of age, women who had gestational diabetes, those of have a family history of diabetes, and those who don’t exercise regularly.

Prevention Tips (Type 2) 1. Get more physical activity: Exercise and physical activity can help you lose weight, lower blood sugar, and boost your sensitivity to insulin.! 2. Get plenty of fiber: Improves blood sugar control, lowers heart disease risk, and promotes weight loss by making you feel full.! 3. Eat more whole grains: Whole grains help you control your blood sugar. Make sure to look for the word ‘whole’ on your foods ingredient list. ! 4. Lose extra weight: Every pound you lose can improve your health. A recent study found participants who lost around 7% of initial body weight and exercised regular reduced the risk of developing diabetes by close to 60%. ! 5. Make healthier food choices: Think variety and portion control when it comes to a healthy-eating plan. Avoid fad diets such as low-carb or the glycemic index diet. !



Diabetes prevention