number of private colleges offering courses that are not Government recognized. The language of instruction can be German, French, Italian or English. Students are therefore advised to research options before they apply. Before the 2011-12 academic session, Swedish universities had been entirely taxpayer funded. Today PhD programmes are still free but a change in the law took effect in August 2011 requiring undergraduates and masters students from outside the EU to pay tuition. According to the Swedish National Agency for Higher Education (HĂśgskolverket), in 2009 there were approximately 36,000 foreign students in Sweden, with half of them from outside the EU. The introduction of tuition fees caused the total number of new foreign student enrolments to drop by a third between 2010 and 2011 from 22,100 to 14,700. (Source: ICEF Monitor)
the 12 universities, there are also further types of universities including nine universities of applied sciences, 14 universities of teacher education and several university institutes receiving financial support from the Swiss Confederation. The academic year is divided into two semesters: winter from October to March, and summer from April to July.The total length of study up to the first academic exam is usually four to five years, depending on the course, with six years for medical studies. The Swiss academic degrees are the Lizentiat/ Licence, the diploma, and the PhD. The level of the licentiate and the diploma (the first two degrees conferred in Switzerland) correspond to the American Masters degree. Most Swiss universities ask for a licentiate as pre-requisite for a PhD. In addition to the recognised institutes of higher education, there are a
The number of university graduates continues to rise each year in Switzerland. Nevertheless, all study programmes have remained open to students having a valid maturity certificate or other certificate qualifying for university entrance .Exceptions are study programmes in medicine (human medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine) and chiropractic as well as in human movement and sports sciences. There may be entrance examinations to the study programmes in medicine and partly in human movement and sports sciences depending on the number of applicants for admission in any given year. The limited number of openings is the reason why international students, apart from some special cases, are not admitted to the study programmes in medicine.
Admission to a Bachelorâ€™s Programme For access to Swiss universities a valid Swiss maturity certificate or an equivalent foreign upper secondary school-leaving certificate qualifying for university entrance is required. Each of the universities makes its own decisions as to what certificates and qualifications it recognizes. Detailed information on general and countryspecific access and admission requirements can 111
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