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AFRICA

Private Kilimanjaro and East Africa Safari

Proposal prepared for: Holiday Cruise &Travel


Suggested Itinerary: th

Day 1: 10 September 2014 Marangu Meals Included: dinner Today you will be collected as a group from Kilimanjaro Airport and transferred to Marangu Hotel. Spend the rest of the day at your leisure. This afternoon you will have time to prepare your kit for the trek beginning tomorrow. Accommodation: Marangu Hotel th

Day 2: 11 September 2014 Rongai Route – Kilimanjaro Meals Included: breakfast, lunch and dinner Marangu to Rongai by car. This takes about 3 hours. Register at the Naremoru Ranger post (2000 metres), then hike to Simba camp at 2650 metres. The trek takes about 4 hours. The first hour is through cultivated fields, and then the path branches right into the rain forest. This is a very short section of forest and one soon emerges onto the alpine zone where Simba camp is located. Beautiful views of Kibo and Mawenzi may be had. Accommodation: Simba Camp

Day 3: 12th September 2014 Rongai Route – Kilimanjaro Meals Included: breakfast, lunch and dinner Simba camp to Kikelewa camp, via Second cave. The path rises continuously through the moorland for about 3 or 4 hours to Second Cave at 3500 metres. This is where people have their lunch, and then the path branches towards Mawenzi. After another 3 hours over a much rockier path Kikelewa camp is reached at 3690 metres. There are lovely views downhill towards the Kenyan town of Loitokitok and the Amboseli plains. Accommodation: Kikelewa Camp

Day 4: 13th September 2014 Rongai Route – Kilimanjaro Meals Included: breakfast, lunch and dinner Kikelewa to Mawenzi Tarn. The path rises quite steeply up the north west ridge of Mawenzi until Mawenzi Tarn camp is reached at 4320 metres. This is quite a short day, around 4 hours, and climbers have their lunch at Mawenzi Tarn camp. The Tarn is a small glacial lake, fed from underground, and it is directly beneath the huge cliffs of Mawenzi. In the afternoon, climbers can walk uphill into the heart of the old crater of Mawenzi. This is probably one of the most dramatic camps on the whole of Kilimanjaro. Accommodation: Mawenzi Tarn th

Day 5: 14 September 2014 Rongai Route – Kilimanjaro Meals Included: breakfast, lunch and dinner Mawenzi Tarn to Kibo Hut 15,500 feet. After breakfast start the climb to Kibo Hut. Until you reach the saddle the terrain is high altitude desert but you have to cover a number of ridges until you reach the main part of the saddle when you will see clearly across to Kibo Hut which seems scarcely any distance away but is in fact some few hours walk. Again, take this slowly in order to acclimatise. The last half hour to the hut can be very tiring as the hut is some way up the peak, and the sight of the next day's path can be pretty daunting, but most people recover some strength after a few hours rest. Accommodation: Kibo Hut


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Day 6: 15 September 2014 Rongai Route – Kilimanjaro Meals Included: breakfast, lunch and dinner Kibo Hut to Summit, Descent to Horombo Hut. You will be woken shortly after midnight with a hot drink, and then you put on all your warm clothing. The first part of the ascent to the Hans Meyer cave is quite indirect, going around large rock outcrops and it is not as steep as the latter part. The surface is loose and hard going and it is very important to pace yourself. After the cave the scree slope becomes extremely steep and you have to climb in a zig-zag fashion. It takes an average of 6 hours to cover the 4 miles from Kibo Hut to Gillman's Point on the crater rim. If you are lucky you will see a fiery sunrise from behind Mawenzi. Gillman's Point, at 18,635 feet is acknowledged to be the top and you will receive a certificate from the Park authorities for reaching it. From here, there are splendid views of the ice cliffs across the crater. After a rest, if you feel able, if weather and time permit, and, most importantly, if your guide says it is possible, you can attempt to reach Uhuru Peak around the crater rim. This is about another one and a half to two hours' walk. If you reach Uhuru you will get a different, gold, certificate, and the satisfaction of having reached the roof of Africa! The descent that follows is, in some ways, as difficult as the ascent. You will be tired, and the slope has lost none of its steepness. Back at Kibo Hut you will have a rest, take off a lot of your warm clothing which will be packed into your kit bags. Then you will continue to Horombo Hut, this time by the more direct route. This is a long and tiring day and you will be sure to sleep well. Accommodation: Horombo Hut th

Day 7: 16 September 2014 Marangu Meals Included: breakfast, lunch and dinner Horombo Hut to the Park Gate. Today you complete the trip back to the Park Gate, still going slowly so as not to sprain an ankle nor twist a knee. At the Gate vehicles will be waiting to take you back to the hotel to the luxury of a hot bath and a cold beer. Accommodation: Marangu Hotel th

Day 8: 17 September 2014 Ngorongoro Conservation Area Meals Included: breakfast, lunch and dinner Today you will be collected by your safari tour leader and transferred to Ngorongoro Crater. Enjoy a game drive in Lake Manyara National Park with a picnic lunch enroute. Upon arrival at Ngorongoro Crater, your camp will be set up and dinner will be served. Accommodation: Ngorongoro Campsite th

Day 9: 18 September 2014 Ngorongoro Conservation Area Meals Included: breakfast, lunch and dinner In the morning you will descend to the crater floor, where you will hope to see some, if not all, of the Big Five. Ngorongoro Crater is indisputably one of Africa's most beautiful nature reserves and is certainly one of the most spectacular settings found anywhere. It is the largest intact crater in the world and was declared a World Heritage Site in 1978. Geologically, Ngorongoro is the remnant of a volcano that blew apart, leaving a flat plain area ringed with steep walls. The Ngorongoro volcano, before it exploded and collapsed two million years ago, was one of the world's tallest mountains. Unlike the Serengeti and Masai Mara, the migration in the Ngorongoro Crater is scant, as it has an abundant year-round food and water supply, and the walls of the collapsed volcano discourage migration. Animals within the Ngorongoro Crater are less shy of people and safari vehicles, so it's easier to view the animals up close. Views from the rim of the crater are sensational. On the crater floor, grassland blends into swamps, lakes, rivers, woodland and hills. The Masai are permitted to water their cattle at the permanent lake and can be seen leading their animals in and out of the crater. The most commonly seen animals are lion, wildebeest, zebra, eland, bushbuck, cheetah, jackal, buffalo, Grant's gazelle, Thompson's gazelle and black rhinoceros. The afternoon will be at your leisure at the campsite. Accommodation: Ngorongoro Campsite th

Day 10: 19 September 2014 Serengeti National Park Meals Included: breakfast, lunch and dinner Early this morning you will head to the Serengeti National Park. The Serengeti, which means 'endless plains' in Masai, is Tanzania's largest park, covering an area of 14,700 square kilometres.


Its main claim to fame lies in the fact that it is home to over three million animals including a multitude of plains animals that provide for the greatest wildlife spectacle in the world. A unique phenomenon is the annual migration. Hundreds of thousands of wildebeest and zebra trek the route annually, in some places simply grazing, in other places rushing madly across rivers and plains. The game most likely to be seen in the Serengeti in addition to the wildebeest and zebra are gazelle, lion, cheetah, warthog, hyena, hippo and ostrich. In all there are more than 35 species of plains animals, as well as a great profusion of bird life. The landscape changes within the park from the vast treeless central plains to thick scrub and forest in the north. Linking these areas is the savannah, dotted with acacia trees and magnificent rock outcrops. We travel via the Olduvai Gorge today with a picnic lunch enroute to our next campsite, arriving late afternoon. Accommodation: Serengeti Campsite th

Day 11: 20 September 2014 Serengeti National Park Meals Included: breakfast, lunch and dinner Spend the day on game drives today, or choose from an optional hot air ballooning excursion – departs from the campsite at approx 5am this morning. Accommodation: Serengeti Campsite st

Day 12: 21 September 2014 Migori Meals Included: breakfast, lunch and dinner You will leave behind the Serengeti and cross the border in to Kenya, making our way towards Migori. On the way we have a picnic lunch and if time persists we visit the local soapstone factory. Accommodation: Gabo County Dream Hotel nd

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Day 13 - 14: 22 – 23 September 2014 Masai Mara National Reserve Meals Included: breakfast, lunch and dinner You will head to our next destination, the Masai Mara - arguably one of the finest game reserves in Africa. The area is known for its rolling green plains and riverine woodlands, and amongst the many species of game, you may be lucky enough to observe a blackmaned lion, leopard and cheetah. These predators find an abundant food supply in the massive herds of wildebeest, zebra, and Thomson's and Grant's gazelle that roam the grasslands. We arrive in the afternoon with time to relax and unwind. If time persists we will head out on an afternoon game drive and back in time to our property for a sundowner. The next day you will explore the park on a morning and afternoon game drive, and witness the wonderful procession of wildlife that inhabit this area. Wildebeest, zebra and gazelle are plentiful and, with luck, you may spot the predators keeping a casual eye on their movements. Elephant, giraffe and eland are also commonly sighted, along with plenty of bird life. There are plenty of activities to choose from whilst you are at Mara Leisure Camp including game drives, bush breakfast and nature walks. Visit a school in the neighbourhood or take a night game drive in the Maasai Mara Game Reserve (additional cost). Accommodation: Mara Leisure Camp th

Day 15: 24 September 2014 Lake Nakuru Meals Included: breakfast, lunch and dinner Today you will depart the Masai Mara for the town of Nakuru where we stop in at the East Africa Mission Orphanage in time for lunch. The East Africa Mission Orphanage is located just outside Nakuru. Here you will meet the children who call this orphanage home. They love to practice their English skills and are also excited to know more about the world - be warned they will have lots of questions for you. The East Africa Mission Orphanage looks after more than 100 children ranging in age from just a few days old to 15 years years of age. The complete needs of the children, including full school education, are provided for by the orphanage. This orphanage is actually the result of the dream of one family, who arrived in Kenya in 1997 with nothing more than two suitcases each. It is a charitable institution, registered with the Kenyan Government for the purposes of caring for the thousands of homeless orphans that would end up either dying a premature death through malnutrition, walking the streets in search of food or turning to prostitution as a means of survival.


The orphanage is taking up the challenge to reach out to these children before they have to fend for themselves out in the streets. We are proud to help support the efforts of this family and their incredible orphanage, and is excited to be able to take clients right into the orphanage itself! Spend the afternoon with these beautiful children before heading to our lodge where the rest of the afternoon is spent at your leisure. Accommodation: ZIWA Lodge th

Day 16: 25 September 2014 Lake Nakuru Meals Included: breakfast, lunch and dinner Today is a full day game drive in Lake Nakuru National park, the centrepiece of the park is the lake itself. Lake Nakuru is a soda lake which is home to massive numbers of flamingos - up to two million on occasion - and thousands of other birds. It has been described as the world's greatest ornithological spectacle and, at times, the lake is literally a sea of pink. In addition, the park itself also boasts substantial numbers of other species, including waterbuck, reedbuck, kudu and gazelle. Leopards are also found here, offering you a good chance of catching a sighting (although there are no guarantees!). You may also fortunate enough to encounter one of Africa's most endangered animals - the rhinoceros. There is quite a good chance of seeing white rhinos, whilst black rhinos may prove to be more elusive. After a game drive, we head to our lodge located outside of the National Park. Accommodation: ZIWA Lodge th

Day 17: 26 September 2014 Nairobi Meals Included: breakfast and lunch You will depart after breakfast and head along the escarpment of the Great Rift Valley towards Nairobi. In the morning you will visit Elsamere for lunch before enjoying some boat activities on the freshwater Lake Naivasha - the second largest lake in Kenya and the highest of the lakes (1884m) in the Great Rift Valley. You will visit a house that contains much history. 'Elsamere' is the former home of the writer, Joy Adamson. 'Born Free' was written in 1960 and did much to bring the issue of African wildlife conservation into the mainstream. The house is a veritable museum that is dedicated to the works of Joy and George Adamson, and of course there are many photos of Elsa, the lioness that started it all! It's also a great place to enjoy a sumptuous morning tea, with the lake as a serene backdrop. You will get to enjoy a boat trip on the lake, where you'll look out for some of the many resident hippos that live on the water. After, we drive to Nairobi arriving in the late afternoon. Accommodation: Panafric Hotel th

Day 18: 27 September 2014 Nairobi Meals Included: breakfast This morning after an early breakfast you will be collected from your hotel and taken on a tour to Daphne Sheldrick Elephant Orphanage and Karen Blixen Giraffe Centre, where you have the opportunity to adopt a baby elephant or hand feed the giraffes. This afternoon is free to spend at your leisure, before later this evening being transferred to the Carnivore Restaurant for a farewell dinner. Accommodation: Panafric Hotel th

Day 19: 28 September 2014 - End Tour Meals Included: breakfast Today there will be a group transfer to Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta International Airport.


Destination Information: KENYA Nairobi Nairobi has a population of between three and four million. The city is the largest and fastest growing city in Kenya and one of the largest in Africa and lies on the Nairobi River. Whilst Nairobi is generally a starting point for safaris throughout Kenya and Tanzania, there are also some interesting activities and sights. Consider the Sheldrick Elephant Orphanage. This Orphanage takes in elephant calves and rhinos from all over Kenya which were orphaned by poaching. The Giraffe Centre is also worthwhile for a visit. The Centre breeds the endangered Rothschild Giraffe and has conservation/education programmes for Kenyan children. It also has many warthogs.

Nakuru National Park Lake Nakuru is a soda lake which is home to massive numbers of flamingos - up to two million on occasion - and thousands of other birds. It has been described as the world's greatest ornithological spectacle and, at times, the lake is literally a sea of pink. In addition, the park itself also boasts substantial numbers of other species, including waterbuck, reedbuck, kudu and gazelle. Leopards are also to be found here, providing good chances for sightings (although there are no guarantees!). Perhaps you may also be fortunate enough to encounter one of Africa's most endangered animals - the rhinoceros. There is quite a good chance of seeing white rhinos, whilst black rhinos may prove to be more elusive. Located near Nakuru is the East Africa Mission Orphanage. The East Africa Mission Orphanage looks after more than 100 children ranging in age from just a few days old to 15 years of age. The complete needs of the children, including full school education, are provided for by the orphanage. The orphanage is registered with the Kenyan Government and was set up by an Australian couple with the purpose of caring for the thousands of homeless orphans, who would end up either dying a premature death through malnutrition, walking the streets in search of food or turning to prostitution as a means of survival. Peregrine is proud to help support the efforts of this family and their incredible orphanage, and is excited to be able to take clients right into the orphanage it

Masai Mara Masai Mara - arguably one of the finest game reserves in Africa. The area is known for its rolling green plains and riverine woodlands, and amongst the many species of game, we may be lucky to observe black-maned lion, leopard and cheetah. These predators find an abundant food supply in the massive herds of wildebeest, zebra, Thomson's and Grant's gazelle that roam the grasslands. Mara means “contrast” in the Maa tongue and it refers to the contrast of fair, savannah land and dark trees in the region. The Masai Mara forms part of the huge Serengeti ecosystem and spreads over 1510 square kilometres of rolling plains, sudden rocky outcrops and green winding rivers. Not only is 'the Mara' blessed with this stunning landscape, but its animal diversity is one of the greatest in Africa. Surrounded by the grazing lands of the Masai people, it is a sanctuary for lion, elephant, buffalo, rhino and leopard. All of the 'Big Five' animals have made their home here. The sweet grasses and abundant water ensure a full compliment of grazing animals such as wildebeest, topi, Grant's gazelle and Thompson’s gazelle, which are of course observed keenly by lion, leopard and cheetah. The deep river pools provide homes for hippo and crocodile. Hot Air Balloon Safari A spectacular way to begin the day is to take an optional hot air balloon safari over the Masai Mara. Rising at dawn, you are served a steaming cup of coffee as your balloon crew inflates the craft. The cool, crisp early morning air soon gives way to warmth as the pilot starts the burners and the balloon lifts gracefully and silently into the African sky. Viewing the Mara’s abundant wildlife from this unique perspective together with the sheer tranquility of the experience ensures that your memories of this exceptional morning will linger long after the balloon has touched down on the plains. This optional adventure culminates in a champagne bush breakfast, followed by a game drive back to camp where you will receive your ballooning certificate. (This service is an additional cost and we strongly suggest you pre-book it due to its popularity.


The Masai are arguably the most famous of Kenya’s many tribes. With their fearsome reputation as warriors, they single-handedly kept the Arabic slavers out of Kenya’s interior, providing a protection that much of east Africa did not enjoy. The Masai are of the Nilotic language group and descended into Kenya from northern areas that are now part of Sudan and Ethiopia. They are believed to have spread out over the rolling plains and savannah of the Masai Mara area during the 17th century. The Masai culture is heavily based upon their cattle. Their diet consists of fresh and curdled milk (carried and stored in long, decorated gourds), supplemented by blood tapped from the jugular vein of their cattle. For meat the Masai slaughter sheep or goat, but will only slaughter cattle for ceremonial purposes. The Masai traditions of age groups where all men born within a specific 12-15 year period are considered to be of one group, and there are many distinct traditions, taboos and responsibilities of each group. The Moran or warrior group is the best known, comprising of males aged from between 14 to about 30 years old. These are the men who herd the cattle through the plains and who live separately from the rest of the tribe. It is not until the Moran enter the next age group and become junior elders that they are allowed to take a wife, at which time the average age of the male is between 30-35 years of age. The girls on the other hand are generally around 14 or 15 years of age when they get married.

TANZANIA Mount Kilimanjaro Mt. Kilimanjaro is the tallest mountain in Africa. It lies close to the equator, yet snow, ice and glaciers are to be found on its highest slopes. Soaring to the impressive altitude of 5,895 metres (19,350 feet), it provides incredible views of hundreds of square kilometres of surrounding countryside - thousands of feet below - as well as of the mountain peaks, valleys and glaciers around you. The walk to the summit takes you through a number of distinctly different climatic and vegetation zones - from beautiful rainforest, to alpine moorland, to volcanic desert, to glaciers, ice and snow. (Indeed, even if you do not make it to the top, the scenic interest and rewards of the lower sections are considerable). No mountaineering experience is required; you are able to walk all the way. As you gain altitude, however, the going will seem tough at times - the increasing effect of altitude, and walking on scree slopes on the upper sections, mean that this is a far-from-easy undertaking. In addition, very cold conditions can be encountered on the higher slopes, and you must be adequately equipped with cold and wet weather clothing. However, if you walk slowly, even from the start at lower altitudes, have a good mental attitude and a reasonable degree of physical fitness, this will all help immeasurably.

Lake Manyara National Park This picturesque lake is home to a large number of birds, including flamingos and pelicans, which are often to be seen in the water or on shore. The area is also renowned for black-maned, tree-climbing lions, which have developed this habit due to the marshy soil. Witnessing one of these can be a real highlight of any safari. Large herds of buffalo and elephant are also often sighted.

Serengeti National Park The endless plains of the Serengeti are the essence of Africa, and are home to massive numbers of plains animals and attendant predators. The Serengeti provides some of the best wildlife viewing anywhere in the world, none more spectacular then watching the wildebeest and zebra complete their 'Great Migration'. Each year approximately 1.6 million wildebeest, accompanied by several hundred thousand zebras, traverse the grasslands of the Serengeti and the Masai Mara in Kenya in search of good grazing land and water sources, a process that continues throughout the year. Between December and May, wildebeest are scattered over the rich grasslands of the southern Serengeti and Ngorongoro Conservation Area. February is calving season which sees more than 8000 wildebeest calves born each day, whilst predators abound during this time. As the season changes and the water sources dry up, the wildebeest begin to move toward the north and west in search of food. Travelling in thousands-strong herds, they move along several paths into the Western Corridor and toward the Grumeti River. During the dry season, from about mid-July through to October, the migration crosses into the Masai Mara in Kenya, which forms part of the same eco-system. The Mara


River forms the natural boundary between Kenya and Tanzania and to witness the migration crossing this river is truly astonishing and a lifelong mission for some wildlife enthusiasts! Whilst we will be the region as the herds gather to cross, the fact that they are wild animals means that noone can ever predict precisely when the crossing will actually occur! As the season changes once more, the herds are again on the move south in anticipation of the rains to complete the cycle.

Ngorongoro Crater The world-renowned Ngorongoro Crater is widely regarded as a microcosm of natural habitats in Africa and often touted as a veritable Garden of Eden. Within this crater lies every type of ecosystem, including riverine forests, open plains, freshwater and alkaline lakes. Ngorongoro Crater is the remnants of an ancient volcano caldera, and within its 300 square kilometres is a remarkable concentration of wildlife. The scenery is spectacular as we descend almost 600 metres down to the crater floor. There is every chance of seeing considerable quantities and varieties of wildlife in this compact area, including the highly endangered black rhinoceros. (National park regulations stipulate that vehicles are only allowed a maximum of six hours in Ngorongoro Crater.) You can stay in a lodge beautifully located on the rim of Ngorongoro Crater. It is highly recommended to take time in the late afternoon to pause and take in this incredible vista, as the sun sets over the crater.

TOTAL COST (per person, twin share) - $10, 240 INCLUSIONS - Local English-speaking tour leader throughout the tour, and English-speaking mountain guide - Porters on the mountain climb - Bedding and equipment - Local guides at some sites - All transport, sightseeing and excursions (as per the itinerary) - Accommodation (as indicated in the itinerary) - Meals (as indicated in the itinerary) - Group airport arrival and departure transfers - Tourism levy/government levies and taxes - Game drives and nature walks - Village visit - Boat ride - Elsamere visit - Return flights from Cairns (includes taxes as from 16/12/2013; taxes may fluctuate) - Insurance policy (based on no pre-existing medical conditions, and under sixty years of age) - Kenya and Tanzania visas

Phone: 07 4092 5742 Email: mareeba@hctravel.com.au


Kilimanjaro Group