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General Certificate of Secondary Education Higher Tier June 2012

English Literature Unit 1

Exploring modern texts

Tuesday 22 May 2012

9.00am to 10.30am



For this paper you must have:  an AQA 16-page answer book  unannotated copies of the texts you have been studying.

Time allowed  1 hour 30 minutes Instructions  Use black ink or black ball-point pen.  Write the information required on the front of your answer book. The Examining Body for this paper is AQA. The Paper Reference is 47101H.  Answer two questions.  Answer one question from Section A and one question from Section B.  You must have a copy of the AQA Prose Anthology Sunlight on the Grass and/or the text/s you have studied in the examination room. The texts must not be annotated and must not contain additional notes or materials.  Write your answers in the answer book provided.  Do all rough work in your answer book. Cross through any work you do not want to be marked.  You must not use a dictionary. Information  The marks for questions are shown in brackets.  The maximum mark for this paper is 60.  You should: – use good English – organise information clearly – use specialist vocabulary where appropriate. Advice  You are advised to spend about 45 minutes on Section A and about 45 minutes on Section B.  You are reminded that there are 30 marks for each section.



8 J.B. Priestley : An Inspector Calls

OR Question 17 1


What do you think is the importance of Inspector Goole and how does Priestley present him? (30 marks)

OR Question 18 1

8 Remind yourself of the stage directions below from the start of Act 1. The dining-room of a fairly large suburban house, belonging to a prosperous manufacturer. It has good solid furniture of the period. The general effect is substantial and heavily comfortable, but not cosy and homelike. (If a realistic set is used, then it should be swung back, as it was in the production at the New Theatre. By doing this, you can have the dining-table centre downstage during Act One, when it is needed there, and then, swinging back, can reveal the fireplace for Act Two, and then for Act Three can show a small table with telephone on it, downstage of fireplace; and by this time the dining-table and its chairs have moved well upstage. Producers who wish to avoid this tricky business, which involves two re-settings of the scene and some very accurate adjustments of the extra flats necessary, would be well advised to dispense with an ordinary realistic set, if only because the dining-table becomes a nuisance. The lighting should be pink and intimate until the INSPECTOR arrives, and then is should be brighter and harder.) At rise of curtain, the four BIRLINGS and GERALD are seated at the table, with ARTHUR BIRLING at one end, his wife at the other, ERIC downstage, and SHEILA and GERALD seated upstage. EDNA, the parlour maid, is just clearing the table, which has no cloth, of dessert plates and champagne glasses, etc., and then replacing them with decanter of port, cigar box and cigarettes. Port glasses are already on the table. All five are in evening dress of the period, the men in tails and white ties, not dinner-jackets. ARTHUR BIRLING is a heavy-looking, rather portentous man in his middle fifties with fairly easy manners but rather provincial in his speech. His wife is about fifty, a rather cold woman and her husband’s social superior. SHEILA is a pretty girl in her early twenties, very pleased with life and rather excited. GERALD CROFT is an attractive chap about thirty, rather too manly to be a dandy but very much the easy well-bred young man-about-town. ERIC is in his early twenties, not quite at ease, half shy, half assertive. At the moment they have all had a good dinner, are celebrating a special occasion, and are pleased with themselves. In the rest of the play, how does Priestley present and develop some of the ideas shown here? (30 marks)

Indicative content: Mark Scheme. Question 17 Indicative content: Mark Scheme. Question 18 M/Jun12/47101H

10 Section B: Exploring cultures Answer one question from this section on the text you have studied. You are advised to spend about 45 minutes on this section.

John Steinbeck : Of Mice and Men

EITHER Question 21 2


Read the following passage and then answer part (a) and part (b).

Both men glanced up, for the rectangle of sunshine in the doorway was cut off. A girl was standing there looking in. She had full, rouged lips and wide-spaced eyes, heavily made up. Her fingernails were red. Her hair hung in little rolled clusters, like sausages. She wore a cotton house dress and red mules, on the insteps of which were little bouquets of red ostrich feathers. ‘I’m lookin’ for Curley,’ she said. Her voice had a nasal, brittle quality. George looked away from her and then back. ‘He was in here a minute ago, but he went.’ ‘Oh!’ She put her hands behind her back and leaned against the door frame so that her body was thrown forward. ‘You’re the new fellas that just come, ain’t ya?’ ‘Yeah.’ Lennie’s eyes moved down over her body, and though she did not seem to be looking at Lennie she bridled a little. She looked at her fingernails. ‘Sometimes Curley’s in here,’ she explained. George said brusquely, ‘Well he ain’t now.’ ‘If he ain’t, I guess I better look some place else,’ she said playfully. Lennie watched her, fascinated. George said, ‘If I see him, I’ll pass the word you was looking for him.’ She smiled archly and twitched her body. ‘Nobody can’t blame a person for lookin’,’ she said. There were footsteps behind her, going by. She turned her head. ‘Hi, Slim,’ she said. Slim’s voice came through the door, ‘Hi, good-lookin’.’ ‘I’m tryin’ to find Curley, Slim.’ ‘Well, you ain’t tryin’ very hard. I seen him goin’ in your house.’ She was suddenly apprehensive. ‘Bye, boys,’ she called into the bunk house, and she hurried away. George looked around at Lennie. ‘Jesus, what a tramp,’ he said. ‘So that’s what Curley picks for a wife.’

Part (a) In this passage, what methods does Steinbeck use to present Curley’s wife and the attitudes of others to her? Refer closely to the passage in your answer. and then Part (b) How does Steinbeck present attitudes to women in the society in which the novel is set? (30 marks)

Indicative content: Mark Scheme. Question 21

Version : 23/07/2012

General Certificate of Secondary Education

English Literature 47101H Unit 1 Exploring modern texts H Tier

June 2012

Mark Scheme

Unit 1H Mark Scheme Template: Section A

MarkBand6 26-30marks

Candidatesdemonstrate: 6.1Insightfulexploratoryresponsetotask 6.2Insightfulexploratoryresponsetotext 6.3Closeanalysisofdetailtosupportinterpretation 6.4Evaluationofthewriter’susesoflanguageand/orstructureand/orformandeffectson readers/audience 6.5Convincing/imaginativeinterpretationofideas/themes Informationispresentedclearlyandaccurately.Writingisfluentandfocused.Syntaxandspellingare usedwithahighdegreeofaccuracy.

MarkBand5 21-25marks

Candidatesdemonstrate: 5.1Exploratoryresponsetotask 5.2Exploratoryresponsetotext 5.3Analyticaluseofdetailstosupportinterpretation 5.4Analysisofwriter’susesoflanguageand/orstructureand/orformandeffectsonreaders/audience 5.5Explorationofideas/themes Structureandstyleareusedeffectivelytorendermeaningclear.Syntaxandspellingareusedwitha highdegreeofaccuracy.

MarkBand4 16-20marks

Candidatesdemonstrate: 4.1Considered/qualifiedresponsetotask 4.2Considered/qualifiedresponsetotext 4.3Detailslinkedtointerpretation 4.4Appreciation/considerationofwriter’susesoflanguageand/orformand/orstructureandeffecton readers/audience 4.5Thoughtfulconsiderationofideas/themes Informationispresentedinawaywhichassistswithcommunicationofmeaning.Syntaxandspelling aregenerallyaccurate.

MarkBand3 11-15marks

Candidatesdemonstrate: 3.1Sustainedresponsetotask 3.2Sustainedresponsetotext 3.3Effectiveuseofdetailstosupportinterpretation 3.4Explanationofeffectsofwriter’susesoflanguageand/orformand/orstructureandeffectson readers/audience 3.5Understandingofideas/themes/feelings/attitudes Informationisusuallypresentedinawaywhichassistswithcommunicationofmeaning.Syntaxand spellingaregenerallyaccurate.

MarkBand2 6-10marks

Candidatesdemonstrate: 2.1Explainedresponsetotask 2.2Explainedresponsetotext 2.3Detailsusedtosupportarangeofcomments 2.4Identificationofeffect(s)ofwriter’schoicesoflanguageand/orformand/orstructure 2.5Awarenessofideas/themes/feelings/attitudes Informationispresentedinawaywhichisgenerallyclear.Syntaxandspellinghavesomedegreeof accuracy.

MarkBand1 1-5marks

Candidatesdemonstrate: 1.1Supportedresponsetotask 1.2Supportedresponsetotext 1.3Comment(s)ondetail(s) 1.4Awarenessofwritermakingchoice(s)oflanguageand/orstructureand/orform 1.5Generalisationsaboutideas/themes/feelings/attitudes Despitelapses,informationispresentedinawaywhichisusuallyclear.Syntaxandspellinghave somedegreeofaccuracy,althoughtherearelikelytobefrequenterrors.




Assessment Objectives (AOs)

All specifications in English Literature must require candidates to demonstrate their ability to: AO1 respond to texts critically and imaginatively; select and evaluate relevant textual detail to illustrate and support interpretations AO2 explain how language, structure and form contribute to writers’ presentation of ideas, themes and settings AO3 make comparisons and explain links between texts, evaluating writers’ different ways of expressing meaning and achieving effects AO4 relate texts to their social, cultural and historical contexts; explain how texts have been influential and significant to self and other readers in different contexts and at different times

Unit1: Exploringmoderntexts40% SectionA:20% SectionB:20% AO1

15% SectionA:10% SectionB:5%


15% SectionA:10% SectionB:5%




10% SectionA:ThissectiondoesnottestAO4 SectionB:10%


Question 17 What do you think is the importance of Inspector Goole and how does Priestley present him? (30 marks)

Indicative content Examiners are encouraged to reward any valid interpretations. Answers might, however, include some of the following:

AO1 what Inspector Goole says / does in the play his revelations to each of the Birling family and Gerald and what this represents what he says in his speech before he leaves which relates to his importance his ideas about social responsibility a ‘real’ character? AO2

contrast between Birling’s speech about the Titanic and war and Inspector Goole’s speech at the end Inspector Goole as Priestley’s mouthpiece Use of humour – ‘I don’t play golf’ – humanises him somewhat and makes him more credible Stage directions which relate to Inspector Goole and their significance

Question 18 Remind yourself of the stage directions below from the start of Act 1 [from ‘The dining room...’ to ‘.....pleased with themselves.’] In the rest of the play, how does Priestley present and develop some of the ideas shown here? (30 marks)

Indicative content Examiners are encouraged to reward any valid interpretations. Answers might, however, include some of the following: AO1 Ideas about the class system – reference to the maid and Mrs Birling as ‘her husband’s social superior’ Ideas about characters – e.g. how Sheila is ‘pleased with life’, Eric being ‘not quite at ease’ The whole family being ‘pleased with themselves’ The idea of the house not being ‘ cosy and homelike’ AO2

Use of irony – this world is turned upside down by the arrival of Inspector Goole Reference to the lighting and how it is significant later in the play Details used to present the Birling house / family and what they suggest Features of language / stage directions / structure from later in the play relevant to the task


Unit 1H Mark Scheme Template: Section B

MarkBand 6 2630marks

Candidatesdemonstrate: 6.1Insightfulexploratoryinterpretationofideas/themes 6.2Closeanalysisofdetailtosupportinterpretation 6.3Evaluationofthewriter’susesoflanguageand/orstructureand/orformandeffectsonreaders 6.4Insightfulexploratoryresponsetocontext(s) 6.5Insightfulexplorationofarangeoftellingdetailtosupportresponsetocontext(s) Informationispresentedclearlyandaccurately.Writingisfluentandfocused.Syntaxandspellingare usedwithahighdegreeofaccuracy.

MarkBand 5 2125marks

Candidatesdemonstrate: 5.1Exploratoryinterpretationofideas/themes 5.2Analyticaluseofdetailstosupportinterpretation 5.3Analysisofwriter’susesoflanguageand/orstructureand/orformandeffectsonreaders 5.4Exploratoryresponsetocontext(s) 5.5Explorationofarangeoftellingdetailtosupportresponsetocontext(s) Structureandstyleareusedeffectivelytorendermeaningclear.Syntaxandspellingareusedwitha highdegreeofaccuracy.

MarkBand 4 1620marks

Candidatesdemonstrate: 4.1Thoughtfulconsiderationofideas/themes 4.2Detailslinkedtointerpretation 4.3Appreciation/considerationofwriter’susesoflanguageand/orformand/orstructureandeffecton readers 4.4Considered/qualifiedresponsetocontext(s) 4.5Thoughtfulselectionandconsiderationofdetailstosupportresponsetocontext(s) Informationispresentedinawaywhichassistswithcommunicationofmeaning.Syntaxandspelling aregenerallyaccurate.

MarkBand 3 1115marks

Candidatesdemonstrate: 3.1Sustainedunderstandingofthemes/ideas/feelings/attitudes 3.2Effectiveuseofdetailstosupportinterpretation 3.3Explanationofeffectsofwriter’susesoflanguageand/orformand/orstructure 3.4Sustainedresponsetocontext(s) 3.5Selectionofeffectivedetailstosupportresponsetocontext(s) Informationisusuallypresentedinawaywhichassistswithcommunicationofmeaning.Syntaxand spellingaregenerallyaccurate.

MarkBand 2 6-10marks

Candidatesdemonstrate: 2.1Explainedresponsetoideas/themes/feelings/attitudes 2.2Detailsusedtosupportarangeofcomments 2.3Identificationofeffect(s)ofwriter’schoicesoflanguageand/orformand/orstructure 2.4Explainedresponsetocontext(s) 2.5Selectionofarangeofdetailstosupportresponsetocontext(s) Informationispresentedinawaywhichisgenerallyclear.Syntaxandspellinghavesomedegreeof accuracy.

MarkBand 1 1-5marks

Candidatesdemonstrate: 1.1Supportedresponsetoideas/themes/feelings/attitudes 1.2Comment(s)ondetail(s) 1.3Awarenessofwritermakingchoice(s)oflanguageand/orstructureand/orform 1.4Supportedresponsetocontext(s) 1.5Detailsusedtosupportresponsetocontext(s) Despitelapses,informationispresentedinawaywhichisusuallyclear.Syntaxandspellinghavesome degreeofaccuracy,althoughtherearelikelytobefrequenterrors.




Question 21 Read the following passage and then answer part (a) and part (b) (From ‘Both men glanced 34 to ....picks for a wife.’ Page 35 Pearson Longman edition Part (a) In this passage, what methods does Steinbeck use to present Curley’s wife and the attitudes of others to her? Refer closely to the passage in your answer. and then Part (b) How does Steinbeck present attitudes to women in the society in which the novel is set? (30 marks)

Indicative content Examiners are encouraged to reward any valid interpretations. Answers might, however, include some of the following:

AO1 Curley’s wife immediately attracts attention – ‘Both men glanced up’ Attitude of George – dismissive Lennie’s fascination Change in her attitude from provocative to ‘apprehensive’ when told Curley was going to the house – what this shows Curley’s wife / Slim – their relationship AO2 Foreshadowing – ‘the rectangle of sunshine in the doorway was cut off’ Language used to present her appearance and its significance Other language choices – ‘nasal, brittle quality’, ‘brusquely’, ‘archly’, ‘playfully’ Reference back to the girl in the red dress in Weed Curley’s wife not named AO4 Different women – prostitutes, married women, nurturers (Aunt Clara) Where Curley’s wife ‘belongs’ – told to get back to the house Attitudes to the cathouse and the women there Status / hierarchy of ranch – Curley’s wife’s place Characters used to present attitudes


English Literature Higher: Modern; May 2012  

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