April 8-14, 2012
HULA A Guide to the 49th Annual Merrie Monarch Festival
Sunday, April 8, 2012 2
CELEBRATE INDEX Welcome to the 49th Annual Merrie Monarch Festival, 3 n
Complete list of competing halau, 4 n
Hula Hands: There’s meaning in each movement, 8 n
Ho‘ike is a night of free fun and entertainment, 12 n
Royalty reigns at annual Royal Parade, 18 n
Many factors go into creating a hula performance, 20 n
The entrance and exit are important part of performances, 21 n
Craft fairs abound this week in Hilo, 24 n
Legend tells tale of how Maui battled Kuna in Hilo, 25 n
A look at the early years of King Kalakaua’s reign, 27 n
Meet this year’s Miss Aloha Hula contestants, 30 n
There’s plenty of free hula to enjoy this week, 31 n
SCHEDULE OF EVENTS ONGOING EVENTS 10 a.m.-6 p.m. Sunday to Saturday — PIHA Native Hawaiian Art Exhibit at the Merrie Monarch Festival Office, 865 Piilani St. 8:30 a.m.-5 p.m. Wednesday to Saturday — Merrie Monarch Hawaiian Arts and Crafts Fair at the AfookChinen Civic Auditorium (4 p.m. closing Saturday)
and Hawai‘i Pono‘i by Leilani Kerr 6:20 p.m. — Pule by Kahu Wendell Davis 6:25 p.m. — Introduction of judges 6:30 p.m. — Miss Aloha Hula Competition, followed by presentation of awards
FRIDAY, APRIL 13 10 a.m.-2:30 p.m. — Hawaiian SUNDAY, APRIL 8 entertainment at the ‘Imiloa AstronHo‘olaule‘a at the Afook-Chinen omy Center Civic Auditorium 11 a.m. — Ke Ola O Na Kupuna, 9 a.m. — Ha‘akumalae, Kekuhi kumu Haunani Medeiros, at the Civic Keali‘ikanaka‘oleohaililani and ManaNoon — Halau O Kawananakoa, iakalani Kalua kumu Alberta Nicolas, at the Naniloa 10 a.m. — Hula Halau Ke Volcanoes Resort ‘Olu Makani O Mauna Loa, kumu 1 p.m. — Halau Ha‘a Kea ‘O Akala, Meleana Manuel kumu Paul Neves, at the Hilo Hawaib 11 a.m. — Waiakea High School ian Hotel Ka Leo Wai, Kawika Urakami Group Hula Kahiko Competition Noon — Halau O Ka Ua Kani at the Edith Kanaka‘ole Multipurpose Lehua, kumu Johnny Lum Ho Stadium 1 p.m. — Halau Na Pua O Uluhai6 p.m. — Entrance of Royal Court kumu Maile Canario, at the Hilo Nani, Kei Inouye malama, kumu Emery Aceret 6:15 p.m. — National Anthem Hawaiian Hotel 7:30 p.m. — Na Lei O Kaholoku, 2 p.m. — Lori Lei’s Hula Studio and Hawai‘i Pono‘i by Leilani Kerr Leialoha Amina and Nani Lim Yap and Wai‘ohinu Hula Studio, kumu 6:20 p.m. — Pule by Kahu WenWEDNESDAY, APRIL 11 8 p.m. — Rangi Moana, Marcos Lori Lei Shirakawa dell Davis 10 a.m.-2:30 p.m. — Hawaiian Haumoana Rapu 3 p.m. — Halau Na Lei Hiwahiwa 6:25 p.m. — Introduction of entertainment at the ‘Imiloa Astron8:45 p.m. — Nonosina, Tiana and judges ‘O Ku‘ualoha, kumu Sammye-Anne Mevina Liufau Young and Na Lei Liko O Ola‘a, kumu omy Center 6:30 p.m. — Hula Kahiko Com11 a.m. — Halau O KawananaKimo Kekua petition koa, Alberta Nicolas, at the Civic THURSDAY, APRIL 12 4 p.m. — Toa Here, Romi SalNoon — Halau Na Lei Hiwahiwa 10 a.m.-2:30 p.m. — Hawaiian vador SATURDAY, APRIL 14 ‘O Ku‘ualoha, kumu Sammye-Anne entertainment at the ‘Imiloa Astron10:30 a.m. — Royal Parade Young, at the Naniloa Volcanoes omy Center MONDAY, APRIL 9 through downtown Hilo Resort 11 a.m. — Hui Pulelehua, na Noon — Keolalaulani Halau Noon — Halau O Mailelaulani, 1 p.m. — Ke Ola O Na Kupuna, kumu Maile Loo, Iwalani Kalima and kumu Maile Canario, at the Civic ‘Olapa O Laka, kumu Aloha Dalire, at kumu Haunani Medeiros, at the Hilo Kaponoai Molitau, at the Civic the Naniloa Volcanoes Resort Group Hula ‘Auana Competition Hawaiian Hotel Noon — Hula Halau Ke ‘Olu 1 p.m. — Halau Hula ‘O Hilo at the Edith Kanaka‘ole Multipurpose Ho‘ike at the Edith Kanaka‘ole Makani O Mauna Loa, kumu Hanakahi, Pua Crumb, at the Hilo Stadium Multipurpose Stadium Meleana Manuel, at the Naniloa VolHawaiian Hotel 6 p.m. — Entrance of Royal Court 6 p.m. — Entrance of Royal Court canoes Resort 6:15 p.m. — National Anthem 6:15 p.m. — National Anthem 1 p.m. — Halau Hula O Kou Lima and Hawai‘i Pono‘i by Leilani Kerr TUESDAY, ARIL 10 and Hawai‘i Pono‘i by Puna Men’s Nani E, kumu Iwalani Kalima, at the 10 a.m.-2:30 p.m. — Hawaiian 6:20 p.m. — Pule by Kahu WenHilo Hawaiian Hotel entertainment at the ‘Imiloa Astron- Choir, Kenneth Reinhardt dell Davis 6:25 p.m. — Pule by Kahu WenMiss Aloha Hula Competition omy Center 6:25 p.m. — Introduction of dell Davis — Edith Kanaka‘ole Multipurpose Noon — Unukupukupu, kumu judges 6:30 p.m. — Halau O Kekuhi, Stadium Taupori Tangaro, at the Naniloa Vol6:30 p.m. — Hula ‘Auana Compekumu Nalani Kanaka‘ole 6 p.m. — Entrance of Royal Court tition, followed by presentation of canoes Resort 7 p.m. — Halau Hula ‘O Lima 6:15 p.m. — National Anthem 1 p.m. — Halau O Mailelaulani, awards n
Exclusive Web coverage Hawaii Tribune-Herald
For more exclusive coverage of the Merrie Monarch Festival, visit the Tribune-Herald’s website at:
www.hawaiitribune-herald.com The site includes a special Merrie Monarch section that features interesting stories, hula photo galleries, schedules and more. Use your smartphone to scan the code at right to access festival coverage on our website.
Editor David Bock Staff Writer Page Design Peter Sur Meg Scarbrough On the cover: Main photo: Halau Keali‘i O Nalani Secondary photo: Miss Aloha Hula 2011 Tori Hulali Canha
Celebrate Hula is a copyrighted publication of the Hawaii Tribune-Herald
3 Sunday, April 8, 2012
Photos by WILLIAM ING/Tribune-Herald
The greatest show in Hilo 49th Annual Merrie Monarch Festival promises great hula — and perhaps a few surprises Above: Hula Halau ‘O Kamuela of Oahu will once again join the lineup of halau competing in the Merrie Monarch Festival. At right: Anela Marie Kawehikulaonalani Evans dances in the 2011 Miss Aloha Hula contest.
By PETER SUR Tribune-Herald staff writer
of all things Hawaiian — especially hula, the heartbeat of the Hawaiian people. But that heartbeat doesn’t come easy. The dances that people will see this week are the culmination of months of researching, collecting, learning, growing and rehearsing. Behind the scenes, there’s nothing magical about what goes on. Just a lot of unseen hard, grueling work. A few weeks ago, kumu Kapua Dalire-Moe of Halau Ka Liko Pua O Kalaniakea said things were coming together.
See HULA Page 4
Will it be when some yetunknown wahine begins the hen the Merrie Monarch dance that earns her the title Festival concludes at the of Miss Aloha Hula? Or will end of this week, what it be something else: A rainbow over the Royal Parade? will people remember A chance reunion at the craft as the signature moment? fairs? Another surprise marWill it be when Halau O Kekuhi storms the stage during riage proposal? The air hangs thick with the Wednesday night Ho‘ike? possibilities, for this is the 49th Annual Merrie Monarch Festival. It was founded in the early 1960s by Helene Hale, the late George Na‘ope and Gene Wilhelm, and taken to new heights by the late Dottie Thompson. Today, the festival has grown into a celebration
Sunday, April 8, 2012 4
CELEBRATE COMPETING HALAU OAHU Halau Hula Olana Wahine Na kumu Olana and Howard Ai Pu‘uloa Halau Hula ‘O Hokulani Wahine Na kumu Hokulani and Larry De Rego Waipahu Halau Hula Ka Lehua Tuahine Kane & Wahine Kumu Ka‘ilihiwa Vaughan-Darval Manoa Halau I Ka Wekiu Kane & Wahine Na kumu Karl Veto Baker and Michael Casupang Pauoa Halau Ka Liko Pua O Kalaniakea Kane & Wahine Kumu Kapua Dalire-Moe Kaneohe Halau Mohala ‘Ilima Wahine Kumu Mapuana de Silva Kaohao Halau Na Mamo O Ka‘ala Wahine Kumu Tiare Noelani Ka‘aina Lualualei, Waianae Halau o ke ‘A‘ali‘i Ku Makani Wahine Kumu Manu‘aikohana Boyd Kanewai Halau O Na Pua Kukui Kane Kumu Ed Collier Kalihi
Hula Halau ‘O Kamuela Wahine Na kumu Kau‘ionalani Kamana‘o and Kunewa Mook Kalihi & Waimanalo ‘Ilima Hula Studio Wahine Kumu Lani-Girl Kaleiki-AhLo Waimanalo, Honolulu and Waipahu Ka La ‘Onohi Mai O Ha‘eha‘e Wahine Na kumu Tracie and Keawe Lopes Kahauiki
Ka Leo O Laka I Ka Hikina O Ka La Kane & Wahine Kumu Kaleo Trinidad Honolulu Ka Pa Hula O Ka Lei Lehua Kane & Wahine Kumu Snowbird Bento Honolulu Ka Pa Hula ‘O Kauanoe ‘O Wa‘ahila Wahine Kumu Maelia Loebenstein Carter Kaimuki Ka Pa Nani ‘O Lilinoe Wahine Kumu Lilinoe Lindsey Aiea Kawaili‘ula Kane & Wahine Kumu Chinky Mahoe Kailua
HULA HULA From previous page “It’s just the same old, getting down to the nittygritty. The rehearsals, making sure our presentation is up to par and properly presented,” she said. This year, as part of the preparations for the 50th Annual Merrie Monarch Festival in 2013, an unprecedented number of big-name halau are taking a break from competition this year, opening the way for new groups to enter, and for some old names to re-emerge. This is one of the reasons why no Big Island halau is competing. Halau
O Ka Ua Kani Lehua? Look for them in Sunday’s Ho‘olaule‘a. Na Lei O Kaholoku? They’re in Wednesday’s Ho‘ike. Halau Hula O Kahikilaulani? They’ll be doing a parade float, but other than that, wait until next year. But look who’s back: Kumu hula Mark Keali‘i Ho‘omalu and the Academy of Hawaiian Arts bring their renegade brand of hula from Oakland, Calif. And Kawaili‘ula, under the direction of kumu Chinky Mahoe, is bringing a wahine group for the first time in many
years. New entrants this year include Manoa, Oahu’s Halau Hula Ka Lehua Tuahine, under the direction of kumu Ka‘ilihiwa Vaughn-Darval, daughter of the great musician Palani Vaughan and a 1995 Miss Aloha Hula winner. From Waimanalo, Oahu, come the ladies of ‘Ilima Hula Studio. There’s a tonguetwisting kane halau from Maui — Halau Kekuaokala‘au‘ala‘iliahi — and a wahine group from Kauai, Halau Ka Lei Mokihana O Leina‘ala.
See HULA Page 5
Keolalaulani Halau ‘Olapa O Laka Wahine Kumu Aloha Dalire He‘eia, Oahu, Hilo, Hawaii, and San Mateo, Calif. MAUI Halau Kekuaokala‘au‘ala‘iliahi Kane Na kumu ‘Iliahi and Haunani Paredes Wailuku KAUAI Halau Ka Lei Mokihana O Leina‘ala Wahine Kumu Leina‘ala Pavao Jardin Kalaheo CALIFORNIA Academy of Hawaiian Arts Kane & Wahine Kumu Mark Keali‘i Ho‘omalu Oakland Halau Keali‘i O Nalani Wahine Kumu Keali‘i Ceballos Los Angeles NEVADA Halau Hula O Kaleimomi Wahine Kumu Sheldeen Kaleimomi Haleamau Las Vegas
Miss Aloha Hula 2011 Tori Hulali Canha presents her kahiko performance during last year’s competition.
WILLIAM ING/ Tribune-Herald
Hia‘ai ko Hilo i nA makamaka kipa mai! Islandwide Locations!
5 Sunday, April 8, 2012
We’re delighted to welcome our family, friends, and visitors to the Merrie Monarch Festival.
PUAINAKO - HILO
50 E. Puainako St. Phone 959-9111 Daily 5:30am - midnight
KEAWE - HILO
Halau o ke ‘A’ali’i Ku Makani of Oahu will return to the festival this year.
HULA From previous page The Merrie Monarch Festival is, at its heart, a celebration of hula. That is, real hula, not the hapa haole hula of the 1930s (although that era has its merits). Hula, on its surface, is the telling of a story through song, chants and dances, about the famous places, people and legends of Hawaii. On a deeper level, those mele are rife with hidden meanings, or kaona, known
321 Keawe St. Phone 935-3751 Mon.-Sat. 7am - 9pm Sunday 7am - 7pm
only to the composer. That song about a flower isn’t really about a flower. The song “Hi‘ilawe” isn’t about the Waipio Valley waterfall; it’s about a secret love affair. On a deeper level still, the performers aren’t just honoring the gods. Many believe that the gods themselves are inhabiting and animating their bodies during the hula. In this interpretation, dancers don’t just
honor Hi‘iaka, the mythical sister of Pele. Hi‘iaka lives in the hula, in the moment. And that’s why hula is more than just a dance. Hidden within the beats of the ipu heke are the cultural underpinnings of the Hawaiian people. But step back from that idea for a moment. The Merrie Monarch Festival is more than just hula.
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See HULA Page 6
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Sunday, April 8, 2012 6 Hawaii Tribune-Herald
HULA From previous page The festival is named after King David Kalakaua, a fascinating and tragic figure, who reigned from 1874 to 1891. Kalakaua is credited with the revival of the hula, and many of the performances this year date from this era. The festival kicks off Easter Sunday with the ever-popular free Ho‘olaule‘a at the AfookChinen Civic Auditorium. From 9 a.m. to 3 p.m., it’s a full day of hula, singing, Tahitian dance and more. Monday features a free noon performance by Keolalaulani Halau ‘Olapa O Laka, which has opened a Hilo studio across the street from the Merrie Monarch office. Tuesday marks the first of four days of workshops, performances and concerts at the ‘Imiloa Astronomy Center (see page 35 for more information). Things only get busier from here. There are many craft fairs around town, but there’s only one official Merrie Monarch Hawaiian Arts and Craft Fair. It opens Wednesday morning at the Civic. Wednesday evening is the granddaddy of all hula exhibitions, and it’s free. The Ho‘ike, at the Edith Kanaka‘ole Multipurpose Stadium, features the debut of this year’s Royal Court, led by mo‘i kane Richard Kamau and mo‘i wahine Meleana Manuel. This year’s Ho‘ike begins with the powerful stylings of Hilo’s own Halau O Kekuhi. They will be followed by a halau from Japan, then by the decorated Na Lei O Kaholoku of Kohala. Next, from Oahu, comes Rangi Moana, featuring the rarely seen dances of the island of Rapa Nui, known to the world as Easter
Island. The show concludes with a California-based Tahitian troupe, Nonosina. Thursday brings another full day of craft fairs, exhibits and free hula shows, and the awarding of the most coveted individual title in all of hula. This night, 12 women will each perform a solo hula kahiko, followed by a solo hula ‘auana. The wahine who can best perform both of these radically different styles of hula, according to a distinguished panel of judges, will be named Miss Aloha Hula. Each dancer is chosen by her Ka La ‘Onohi Mae O Ha‘eha‘e of Oahu performs at the 2011 festival. respective kumu hula to represent her halau. Friday night is the group hula kahiko competition. This is the night where the various hula halau from across Hawaii and the mainland get a chance to take the stage. For one long night, the sounds a Hawaii that’s gone but not forgotten will echo into the damp Hilo night. Hula kahiko is the umbrella term for the style of hula that existed in the monarchy period and before — essentially, through 1893. Here there are chants and homages to those legendary beings and royals of old, and following the protocol of the era. It is a night of power and drama, and perhaps a few surprises. Saturday is the final day of the Merrie Monarch Festival. It begins, as all good days should, with a Royal Parade through downtown Hilo. The parade begins at 10:30 a.m. through the town’s usual parade route. It goes up Pauahi Street, turns right at Kilauea Avenue, continues on Keawe Street, down Waianuenue Avenue, hangs a right on Kamehameha Avenue and ends at Pauahi Street.
Welina Mai Kākou! King Kalākaua says, “Hula is the heartbeat of Hawai‘i’s people.”
Welcome to this pulse! Hawai‘i Community College Hilo Hanakahi
See HULA Page 7
E ‘Imi Pono ~ Seeking Excellence Information Center
Halau Na Pua O Uluhaimalama of Hilo takes the stage for a 2011 kahiko performance.
HULA From previous page at home can take comfort in that. And what can people look forward to this year? If Mark Kealiâ€˜i Hoâ€˜omalu has his way, thereâ€™s going to be â€œtrouble.â€? â€œWeâ€™re going to be making trouble, thatâ€™s for sure,â€? he said. For his groupâ€™s wahine kahiko performance, the dancers will perform a rarely seen style of dance called the hula muâ€˜umuâ€˜u, and they wonâ€™t be wearing what youâ€™d expect. They will depict the activity of sea creatures as Pele flows into the ocean in Puna, where a branch of the Hoâ€˜omalu family resides. The whole goal of the Academy of Hawaiian Arts is to â€œmake a point.â€? Hoâ€˜omalu believes that for hula to grow, it has to escape the confines of traditional rules of what can be done.
See HULA Page 9
0SabEWaVSa;S``WS ;]\O`QV>O`bWQW^O\ba He mea nui loa nĹ? i ke kulanui ka hoâ€˜okĹ? â€˜ana aku i nÄ kuleana o ka mÄ lama â€˜ana i ka poâ€˜e â€˜Ĺ?iwi o Hawaiâ€˜i. We especially embrace our responsibilities to the indigenous people of Hawaiâ€˜i. â€œWe root our identity in this indigenous heritage and reďƒ&#x;ect the rich mix of Native Hawaiian, Asia-Paciďƒžc, Local, national, and international cultures that embody the diversity of Hawaiâ€˜i.â€? -University of Hawaiâ€˜i at Hilo Strategic Plan 2011-2015
Dr. Kalena Silva, Professor of Hawaiian Language and Hawaiian Studies, instructs students in Hula Kahiko class. Photo by Ron Hughes
The last night of the competition is group hula â€˜auana night. This is the night when the ancient protocols are relaxed. The contest will feature modern-day music from some of Hawaiiâ€™s most prominent musicians. The dancers, decked out in colorful outfits and fresh flowers, will look and smell great, and everyone will have a good time. Then the results will be announced, and there will be a lot of quiet grumbling. As in previous years, the festivalâ€™s competition will be available in high definition on KFVE-TV, or K5 The Home Team, on the Thursday, Friday and Saturday nights, for those who are unable to get a coveted ticket inside Kanakaâ€˜ole Stadium. The view from the TV screen is often better than from a seat in the stadium, so those who are watching
7 Sunday, April 8, 2012
Sunday, April 8, 2012 8
Photos by HOLLYN JOHNSON/Tribune-Herald
HULA Claire Kaneshiro, 10, is a Waiakea Elementary School fifth-grader. She has been dancing for six years. She dances under kumu hula Lori Lei Shirakawa of Lori Lei’s Hula Studio in Hilo and Wai‘ohinu Hula Studio in Ka‘u. Here, Kaneshiro demonstrates various hula gestures.
kali = wait
la‘au = tree
minoaka = smile
ua = rain
aloha = love
nana = look
hale = house
pua = flower
moku = boat
9 Sunday, April 8, 2012
HULA From page 7 â€œIâ€™d really like to see it take off. I think thereâ€™s some great things going on,â€? he said. Other hula schools â€” actually, all of the others â€” are likely to take more traditional views on upholding the culture. Take, for example, the men of Halau Ka Liko Pua O Kalaniakea, who are presenting a hula kahiko entitled â€œKuâ€˜i Molokaâ€˜i.â€? Itâ€™s â€œan old, traditional mele that is recognized for the island of Molokaâ€˜i,â€? said Dalire-Moe. The halauâ€™s wahine group is also presenting a hula in honor of the island, so it made sense
to continue the theme for the kane group. â€œSome of us were even able to go on a huakaâ€˜i (journey) to Molokaâ€˜i to see first-hand experiences of the island and the area weâ€™re talking about,â€? she said. The halauâ€™s wahine â€˜auana performance will be a new composition by Kaumakaâ€˜iwa Kanakaâ€˜ole, called â€œMaâ€˜emaâ€˜e Molokaâ€˜i.â€? â€œItâ€™s a mele he composed to honor the families and the close friendships that he has there on the island of Molokaâ€˜i,â€? she said.
See HULA Page 10
Ke Kai O Kahiki, the overall kane winner for 2011, performs a hula â€˜auana.
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CELEBRATE HULA From previous page Dalire-Moe comes from a hula family. As a member of Keolalaulani Halau ‘Olapa O Laka, she won Miss Aloha Hula in 1991. Her mother, Aloha Dalire, was the first Miss Aloha Hula in 1971, and her sisters Kaui and Keola followed in 1992 and 1999. Dalire’s halau is still competing this year. So is Dalire-Moe’s. Isn’t that strange for her? “It’s gotten a lot easier. For me, I always find it a bigger responsibility that our presentation not only be properly presented for the public and the judges, but also for my traditions and where I come from and for my mom, who’s able to see — you know, she’s here to see where
I’ve grown and how far I’ve come, as not only her daughter, but also a kumu hula and a reflection of her legacy. “And every year we get to participate in Merrie Monarch alongside of her, it always gives me great honor. And the reward in itself comes out of knowing that she was pleased with the performance and that it was satisfying to her eyes,” Dalire-Moe said. “For me, it makes it a little more special knowing that my mother is still here. And my kumu is still able to see the reflection of herself in what I have to present.” Email Peter Sur at email@example.com. n
Ka Leo O Laka I Ka Hikina O Ka La performs in 2011.
Festival triggers Proud Supporter one-way traffic & Trusted Real Estate Company
In conjunction with the Merrie Monarch Festival, a temporary one-way traffic pattern will be in effect on Kalanikoa Street in Hilo. Traffic will be allowed to flow only in the Puna — or southerly — direction on Kalanikoa Street between Kuawa Street and Piilani Street during the festival. The one-way traffic pattern will be in effect daily from noon Wednesday through 1 a.m. Sunday, April 15. Right turns only will be allowed on Kalanikoa Street to accommodate festival participants entering and exiting the Hoolulu Complex. Traffic will not be allowed to turn left (easterly direction) onto Piilani Street from Kalanikoa Street. Traffic will only be allowed to turn right (westerly direction) onto Piilani Street from Kalanikoa Street. The regular twoway traffic will remain in effect on Manono, Kuawa and Piilani Streets.
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Wise sayings “‘A‘a i ka hula, waiho ka hilahila i ka hale.” When one wants to dance the hula, bashfulness should be left at home.
“Pu‘uwai hao kila.” Heart of steel. Fearless.
“Kuhi no ka lima, hele no ka maka.” Where the hands move, there let the eyes follow. A rule in hula.
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Five stellar groups slated for Ho‘ike Annual dance exhibition will celebrate cultures from around the Pacific By PETER SUR Tribune-Herald staff writer
n the days of old, following Kamehameha I’s wars of conquest, the people of Kailua, Oahu, threw a great feast for the chief, but they didn’t expect him to bring such a big crowd of people.
Those who arrived first ate all the meat, so the second group had to be content with licking and nibbling at the bits of
meat that adhered to the ti leaves. In derision, the people of Oahu called these latecomers the Hawaii palu la‘i, the ti-leaf lickers of Hawaii. The moral of the story: If you want to get in the stadium in time for Wednesday night’s Ho‘ike, the grandest free exhibition of the Merrie Monarch Festival, you better not be late. Don’t be a ti leaf licker. This year’s extravaganza
features five groups from across the Pacific, each performing a distinct and mesmerizing tribute to the many cultures of the Pacific — Hawaii, Samoa, Tahiti, Rapa Nui and Japan. The sound of conch shells heralds the initial entrance of the Royal Court at 6 p.m., which is followed by a performance, divided into five parts.
See HO‘IKE Page 13
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HULA Halau O Kekuhi wows the crowd during the 2011 Ho‘ike night. The Big Island halau, a crowd favorite, will return to the festival again this year.
WILLIAM ING/ Tribune-Herald
13 Sunday, April 8, 2012
CELEBRATE HULA HO‘IKE From previous page
The highenergy free Ho‘ike attracts thousand each year.
The first act to grace the stage comes courtesy of the most storied, most traditional, most renowned hula school in the festival. Halau O Kekuhi, helmed by the descendants of Edith Kanaka‘ole, is the acknowledged standard of the ‘aiha‘a stle of dance. Performed in a low, bent-knee style, their dancing is vigorous, bombastic, and calls to mind the epic legend of the goddess Pele. Their performance this year begins with an entrance hula that describes the volcano weather phenomena that accompany Pele and her clan on their migration to Hawaii from Kahiki, said Nalani Kanaka‘ole, one of this year’s hula competition judges.
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The bulk of the show is derived from the epic love triangle of the Pele, her sister Hi‘iaka and the handsome chief of Kauai, Lohiau. It’s a complex tale of love, life, death resurrection and more death, spanning the entire
Hawaiian archipelago. The scene tells of Hi‘iaka’s travels to the Waianae coast of Oahu, along with Lohiau and her mortal companion Wahineomao. Upon arriving at Makua, they are greeted with a great feast. Traveling
by herself to the uplands of Waianae, Hi‘iaka appreciates the beauty of the island, but she receives a vision that her friend Hopoe was destroyed by Pele.
See HO‘IKE Page 14
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CELEBRATE Dramatic chants and dances from across the Pacific are slated for this year’s Ho‘ike. The event is free and will be held Wednesday night.
HULA HO‘IKE From previous page In the final dramatic act, the hula is chanted with no implement accompaniment, where gestures mimic the forests being inundated by lava. The second part of their legend deals with a series
of mele for the hula goddess Kapoulakina‘u, also known as a healer and sorcerer. In Kaupo, Maui, Hi‘iaka meets Kapo and chants a greeting, and there are other dances for
Kapo that relate to the legend of Hi‘iaka. That’s all that can be said for now; their performance on Wednesday should not be missed.
See HO‘IKE Page 15
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15 Sunday, April 8, 2012
HO‘IKE From previous page half,” Yap said. “Many things happened while going through my Japan training.” Yap was in Japan on the afternoon of March 11, 2011, preparing for a practice when the earthquake struck, causing a tsunami. “But I think with all that
has happened with them, they are resilient and have come back stronger, focused and ready to share,” Yap said. “I have spent so much time with them, and I love and appreciate them for allow-
ing me opportunity to train them for this special occasion.” Next comes Na Lei O Kaholoku itself. This is a banner year for the halau. In September it will ‘uniki, or graduate,
See HO‘IKE Page 16
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its first ever kumu hula, comprised of the school’s original dancers from way back when. Their Ho‘ike performance is titled “Na Hanauna,” the generations.
told that Na Lei O Kaholoku must perform with them. So they began training; Yap and Amina traveled to Japan many times. “I have been training Lima Nani Hula Studio for several years now, and I have been training them for this particular Ho‘ike for about a year and a
“In all the beauty of the Pele and Hiiaka saga, Ulumahiehie (the author) frames the larger picture of our culture so luxuriant with intentional layers of metapor imagery,” Kanaka‘ole said. “We as modern Hawaiians need that to anchor our intellect, our values to our ancestors. In the larger frame of our halau this is our function, to bring the story to the people in hula form.” The next group to perform is Lima Nani Hula Studio, a halau that has gone through its own unique challenges, being that its members are based in Tokyo and Osaka, Japan. The halau is affiliated with Na Lei O Kaholoku, the Kohala-based halau under the direction of sisters Nani Lim Yap and Leialoha Amina. When Lima Nani Hula Studio asked Yap if the Japan halau could perform in the Ho‘ike, Yap was
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HO‘IKE From previous page “This year they (na kumu hula) will return to the stage as ho‘opa‘a (chanters) along with my son, Carrington Manaol aho‘owaiwai‘ikaleikaum akalani,” Yap said. “This year’s performance chants and hula were researched, selected and choreographed by … Carrington. As I mentioned, Na Hanauna, the next generation of dancers, is what we are presenting for this Ho‘ike.” The 30-minute performance will begin with hula kahiko and culminate with two hula ‘auana performances. The final performance, Yap said, is an original composition by her son dedicated to Lim family matriarch Mary Ann Lim. “Since she was our first ever kumu hula, it is only fitting with our theme that we end in honor of her,” Yap said. In 2006, Yap and Amina’s niece, Namakana DavisLim, won the prestigious title of Miss Aloha Hula. Now a dancer with Yap’s
Tuesday, April 10
10:00-11:00am Puna Lei Onaona, Hula performance, presented by Nā Haumāna O Ke Kula ‘O Nāwahīokalani‘ōpu‘u 12:30-2:00pm ‘Au Kai ‘Imi Loa, Panel discussion & song, presented by Nā Haumāna O Ke Kula ‘O Nāwahīokalani‘ōpu‘u 10:00-11:30am Welo, Musical performance, presented by Kaumakiwa Kanaka‘ole & Kekuhi Kanahele 1:00-2:30pm Weldon Kekauoha Musical Performance
Tahitian dancers give a lively performance during the 2011 Ho‘ike. company, Traditions Hawaii, at the Mauna Kea Resort Luau, “she will will be performing with us this year front and center,” Lim said. “She and her sister, Nanea, are family-bred dancers — so according to (the) theme they needed to be a part of this Ho‘ike. She is also part of the next generation of leaders in the halau.” While the dancers are all familiar with the rigors of the hula competition, they’re also finding out that the Ho‘ike is even tougher.
“Yes,” she said, “you have more numbers, costumes and lei, changes, coordination, musician rehearsals, etc. And in the end, it really is a show that people must enjoy, especially there on that stage. Careful consideration of mele, theme, etc., are key — so yes, it is a little difficult. But I am loving every minute of it because in the end you have to be OK with what you do, no matter what.” After Na Lei O Kaholoku, the next group to perform is a rare treat. It’s
believed that this is the first time any group from Rapa Nui, Easter Island, is performing in the Merrie Monarch Festival. Rangi Moana, is comprised of 15 dancers and accompanied by two chaperones, said the group’s Honolulu-based contact, Julianna Rapu Leong. “It’s a big deal for them because Rapa Nui is very little, and it’s very isolated,” Leong said. The easternmost point in the
Thursday, April 12
10:00-11:30am Nā Momi Makamae, Lecture, presented by Adrienne Kaeppler 1:00-2:30pm ‘ Ōhai ‘Ula, Musical Performance, presented by Kainani Kahaunaele
Friday, April 13
See HO‘IKE Page 17
Congratulations & Welcome to Hilo
10:00-11:30am Ka Welo Hula, Panel Discussion, presented by The Kanaka‘ole ‘Ohana 1:00-3:00pm Honoring the Ancients, Hula Performance and Workshop, presented by The Hula Preservation Society in collaboration with Hakipu‘u Learning Center In order to continue to offer more educational enrichment program programs, event program admission is $5 per session for members and $6 per session for non-members. Seating is limited. To ensure a spot for a session, we recommend that you purchase tickets in advance. Ticket sales will start on Wednesday, March 29th, tickets are non-refundable.
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Sunday, April 8, 2012 16
17 Sunday, April 8, 2012
HO‘IKE From previous page Polynesian Triangle, Rapa Nui is an island, slightly smaller than Niihau, more than 4,400 miles away from Hawaii. Its inhabitants, most famous in ancient times for the erection of Moai, great monolithic stone figures, have fared poorly in the last 150 years. Peruvian slave raiders carried off perhaps a third of the population, and those survivors who were able to return introduced smallpox and tuberculosis. By 1877, the population had fallen to 110. The population was devastated, but the culture survived. “All of the dances they will be performing are traditional Rapa Nui dances,” Leong said. Although it’s unclear which dances the group will display, historical accounts speak of a “hopping dance” called the nagana, performed by men who stayed on one foot and extended the other by jerks while following the rhythm of the song.
“All Polynesian cultures share a lot of similarities,” she said. Rangi is their word for heaven, which is similar to the Hawaiian equivalent “lani.” Moana means blue in the Rapa Nui language but “ocean” in Hawaiian; the two words may yet be related. Nonosina, from California, rounds out the Ho‘ike. Nonosina was founded in 1965 by Estella Reid, said her granddaughter (and current leader of the group) Tiana Nonosina Liufau. Reid came from American Samoa but was raised in Laie, Oahu. “She came here,’ and the only thing she knew how to do was dance. So she started a group in ‘65 of all places in Orange County, Anaheim,” Liufau said. Today, Liufau’s family runs three branches of Nonosina. There’s one in Laie and one started a couple years ago in Tokyo, while Liufau runs the original Nonosina in California. Mevina Liufau is the lead
singer, and Tiana Liufau is the lead drummer. “There will be a cast of 40 (performers),” she said. It’s a busy time for the group — on Monday, they’re returning to California from tour in Japan. Tuesday, it’s back on another plane to Hilo. Wednesday, there’s time for one rehearsal before showtime. Thursday, many members are heading home to California. “We’re going to be totally jet-lagged,” Liufau said. But they’ll be ready to present an epic performance of the migration of the Polynesian people throughout the Pacific. “We’re basically telling the story of Western Polynesia, the migration to central (Polynesia, including Tahiti). So meaning, from Samoa and Tonga, and like if we were on the va‘a (canoe), and we were just making the migration to central Polynesia, and then we actually decided that because of our roots, and you can tell from
the music and the movement that it starts kind of Western Polynesian and changes its way to Tahitian. “We thought it was suitable because of the close relationship between Tahiti and Hawaii, because of the migration and language and a lot of other factors. We wanted to kind of make it all come together,” Liufau said. And the tradition of migration continues to this day with Liufau being born and raised in Los Angeles. “The name of our show is actually called ‘One,’ and we’re just celebrating how we are all one” culture, Liufau said. She was in the Ho‘ike with an Oahu group about 15 years ago, and has been longing to come back ever since. “That was amazing,” Liufau recalled. “I’m just grateful we got the opportunity to come through and represent the Polynesians here.” Email Peter Sur at email@example.com. n
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Sunday, April 8, 2012 18
A parade fit for
The annual Royal Parade features dancing, floats, music and more. This year’s event will be held Saturday in downtown Hilo.
Pageantry attracts thousands of spectators each year
he grand Merrie Monarch Royal Parade winds its way through downtown Hilo on Saturday, attracting thousands to watch the procession of floats, beautiful pa‘u queens and marching bands. Beginning at 10:30 a.m.,
regardless of whether it’s raining or merely drizzling, the parade winds through what has become the default parade route. The procession begins at the bottom of Pauahi Street, heads uphill and turns right at Kilauea Avenue, continues on to Keawe Street,
turns right on Waianuenue Avenue and makes another right on Kamehameha Avenue. The procession then returns to the staging area. Fanny Au Hoy is the grand marshal of this year’s Royal Parade. In 2011 she retired from Hulihe‘e Palace in Kailua-
Kona after 35 years as palace curator. She inherited this commitment from her mother, Lei Collins, who also served as the palace curator for many years. Fern White is the Pa‘u Queen.
See PARADE Page 19
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senting the U.S. Navy. This will likely be the final time the 453-foot guided missile frigate will call at Hilo, as it is scheduled to be decommissioned in October and sold to a foreign navy. n
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How hula is created Kumu must consider many factors when deciding how to craft a performance
By PETER SUR Tribune-Herald staff writer
ne of the biggest strengths of the Merrie Monarch Festival is the wide variety of hula performances presented on the competition stage. A subtle performance honoring Princess Ka‘iulani might be followed by a bombastic one for the Kipu‘upu‘u warriors of Kamehameha I, which might then be followed by a certain Hilo halau’s rendition of a cockfight in Ka‘u. All of these myriad forms of the art raise another question: How is a hula created? When the text of a 120-year-old chant lands on a kumu hula’s desk, how does he or she take this and turn it into a six-minute, award-winning hula, complete with music and foliage and costumes and motion? What determines whether a dancer steps one way or turns another? For a modern kumu hula, choreographing a hula is just one of the many challenges facing a halau, but it wasn’t always this way. In the early days of the competition there was one way to do a hula kahiko, which was selected by the late George Na‘ope. “In the beginning,” he said in a 1983 interview with Doris Purdy, “I found the chants, researched the chants, did the beatings (timing) for the teachers, and everybody came back and did the same beat and motions.” But in time, Na‘ope got tired of having to do all the work, so he decided to ask some of the masters of the hula community to contribute their own chants.
See DANCE Page 22
O’Brian Eselu, right, accepts an award for his halau, Ke Kai O Kahiki of Oahu, during the 2011 Merrie Monarch Festival. Eselu died April 3.
“To me, mele is important, no matter what mele it is or what the subject matter is referring to.” — Kumu hula Nani Lim Yap Wahine of Ka Pa Hula O Kauanoe O Wa’ahila perform during last year’s Merrie Monarch Festival.
The ladies of Halau Hula Ka Lehua Tuahine rehearse April 1 for an all-day rehearsal. The wahine group’s hula ‘auana, “ route to England in 1887.
How halau enter, exit stage is important part of dance
21 Sunday, April 8, 2012
1 for their debut in the Merrie Monarch Festival competition. The halau made a special trip to Hilo “E Nihi Ka Hele,” is a mele composed by King Kalakaua for Queen Kapi‘olani’s trip to California, en
Halau Ka Liko Pua O Kalaniakea enters the stage during a previous Merrie Monarch Festival performance. Me Kapo-Laka i ka uluwehiwehi Ne‘e mai na ‘iwa ma ku‘u alo Me ke alo kapu o ka aiwaiwa Ho‘i no e ke kapu me na ali‘i E ola makou apau loa la Ea la, ea la, ea He inoa no Hi‘iaka-ika-poli-‘O-Pele
“Ho‘i e, ho‘i la,” a remarkable piece of poetry in any language. The gist of the mele is this: Upon the completion of the hula, the spirits of the dancers return to their mountain home, wherein dwell the birds, the fragrant ferns and the love that ties it all together.
Ho‘i e, ho‘i la Ho‘i e ka ‘ohu e I ka ua lehua Rise, O sun in the east A‘o kula Manu e With a procession going ‘Onaona i ke ala to Kumukahi Lau ‘o ke kupukupu Dancing are the beautiKupu a‘e ke aloha ful ones with Hi‘iaka Noho pono i ka ni‘o And Kapo-Laka in the Ae verdant grove He inoa no Hi‘iaka-iMoving ahead are the ka-poli-‘O-Pele dancers toward me And to the sacred presThey return, return ence of the divine The mists return once Let the sacred ways again return to the chiefs To the upland home of Let us all give everlast- lehua ing praise The haunt of many birds (Tra-la-la) Very sweet is the fraIn the name of Hi‘iaka- grance in-the-bosom-of-Pele Of the leaves of the fern Ho‘opuka e ka la ma ka ———— There love sprouted and hikina Every hula kahiko in grew Me ka huaka‘i hele no the competition must also To dwell in the heights Kumukahi end with a ho‘i, or exit. (Tra-la-la) Ha‘a mai na ‘iwa me The companion mele to In the name of Hi‘iakaHi‘iaka “Ho‘opuka e ka La” is a in-the-bosom-of-Pele n
very hula performance in the Merrie Monarch competition is judged on, among many other things, the entrance and exit of a halau or soloist. The ka‘i, or entrance mele, known as “Ho‘opuka e ka La,” or “Rise, O sun,” is perhaps the most wellknown, and it is in the repertoire of every respectable hula halau. Listen carefully to the beginning of the hula kahiko performances this year to pick out this traditional chant. According to the hula resource website Huapala.org, the chant honors Hi‘iaka as the youngest and favorite sister of Pele, and the major patron of hula. Hi‘iaka factors prominently in Hawaiian mythology, and in particular in hula. It is said that she taught her friend, Hopoe, of the Puna district to dance the hula, making Hopoe the first human to learn it. The chant implores the sun to rise, with poetic references to Cape Kumukahi, the easternmost point of Hawaii. One source links this with the annual procession of priests to an ancient heiau at Kumukahi. There’s a reference to the dualistic hula deity Kapo/Laka. The final line, “He inoa no Hi‘iakaikapoliopele,” affirms that this is a chant in honor of Hi‘iaka.
Sunday, April 8, 2012 22
DANCE From page 20 In came the chants, from the now-deceased masters — ‘Iolani Luahine, Lokalia Montgomery and Edith Kanaka‘ole. “So we got all these chants from them with the translations, but no beat,” Na‘ope said. “So everybody had to go home, decide whether they would do it as a pahu (drum) dance or as an ipu (gourd) dance. That was their own problem as to what they wanted to do. But it also meant that they had to do their homework. “All they got was words to the chant, translations to the chant … and most of the translations were just literally translated. To find out the background of these chants, they had to reseach. So now you see in the Merrie Monarch this year (1983), we had 33 groups doing the same number, but 33 different ways.” Creating a hula, as far as can be determined, is a complex, deeply nuanced process that begins with research into the chant and
its multiple layers of meaning. These hidden meanings, known as kaona, are essential to the understanding of a mele. The word “pua” can refer to a flower. It could refer to a particular child, or the blossoming of something. Why did the composer choose to refer to a flower, and what is its true meaning? A skilled haku mele, or composer of songs, will weave rich hidden meanings in every verse. After a kumu understands the words (fluency in Hawaiian is an increasingly important qualification), he or she must delve into the meaning behind the words, and then the feelings behind the meaning of the words. “To me, mele is important, no matter what mele it is or what the subject matter is referring to,” said kumu hula Nani Lim Yap of Na Lei O Kaholoku. “We as dancers need to be true to the mele. Understanding the mele and the composer’s
intent is important.” Once a mele is deciphered, it is up to the kumu to decide what movements express the meaning of a hula. “In our minds, there should be some kind of vision as to what the composer is seeing,” Yap said. “So really the composer paints the picture for us in words, and we must see that vision and use our hands and feet to create that.” The kumu also said that she must also try to “feel” the same way as the composer did when he or she created the mele, and the dance must convey what that feeling is. “As a viewer, if the dancer can move me to understand the mele, then (he or she) has captured my attention and the dance is complete.” Sometimes, the ancestors will inspire the living kumu, use him or her as an instrument, or a conduit, and create the hula in a single sitting. Sometimes the
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Kumu hula Kapua Dalire-Moe leads Halau Ka Liko Pua O Kalaniakea onstage in 2011. hula will arrive in a dream. Occasionally a halau will perform choreography that has already been established. As kumu ‘Iliahi
Paredes shows, even this is done with meaning. Paredes was a 16-yearold member of Na Wai Eha O Puna in 1992 when the
Oahu halau performed their winning kahiko number, “Mele No Kalakaua.”
See DANCE Page 23
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23 Sunday, April 8, 2012
DANCE From previous page Now, 20 years later, Paredes is a kumu hula along with his wife, Haunani Paredes. Both are leading Halau Kekuaokala‘au‘ala‘iliahi to the Merrie Monarch Festival for the first time. The halau’s nine boys — ages 13 through 17 — on kahiko night are performing, “Mele No Kalakaua.” “I’ve always loved the mele. I feel that it’s a great opportunity to honor Kalakaua … but at the same time, the opportunity for us to put the choreography of my kumu hula (the late O’Brian Eselu and Thaddeus Wilson) on that stage, because we’re going to do it exactly the same way as we performed it back in 1992. To put it back on the stage now, in its original form, is a blessing, and it’s
Johnny Lum Ho and his Miss Aloha Hula Tasha Oda celebrate onstage following the judging of the 13 contestants in 2001.
an honor for us to do that. And it’s a way for me to mahalo my kumu hula for all that he has given me.” But Eselu never got the chance to watch the performance. He died April 3,
less than a week before the start of the festival. In an interview conducted before Eselu died, Paredes described how he channeled his own kumu to choreograph the entrance
and the exit of the kane group. “It was an opportunity for me to sit down and think about, ‘What would my kumu hula do for the entrance, the ho‘i, or the
Aloha Merrie Monarch Festival Participants!
exit for this particular mele?’ So that was an exciting thing for me to go through.” For the hula ‘auana, Eselu told Paredes to present his own original composition. “I selected a song that I wrote for my grandmother,” Paredes said. The song, “E Ho‘i ke Aloha i Maunawili,” refers to some of the childhood memories that his tutu wahine shared with his family while growing up in Maunawili Valley, Oahu. Both ‘Iliahi and Haunani Paredes worked on the choreography. “I had to sit down and think about these motions, think about what my kumu hula would do in these motions and create the dance, create the presentation and create this art.
Really considering all the people that have come before us, what would they do in this presentation? Or what we would best want to put on the stage?” That’s a big challenge, if Paredes was referring to people like Eselu and Na‘ope, who must be watching the festival from their raincloud. “This is all we ask the younger generation today to do,” Na‘ope said in 1983. “Hey, not to worship other gods, but to respect tradition. This is their heritage. This is their roots. You cannot forget this, that you must have a root. And the root of these things that is happening today is the Merrie Monarch Festival.” Email Peter Sur at email@example.com. n
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Craft fairs abound this week in Hilo WEDNESDAY
common area, 9 a.m. to 4 Moku Ola Ballroom, 8 a.m. p.m. to 5 p.m. l Merrie Monarch Invil Naniloa Volcanoes l Naniloa Volcanoes tational Hawaiian Arts Fair: Resort, Polynesian Room, Resort, Polynesian Room, The official craft fair of the 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. Merrie Monarch Festival, l Hawaii Arts, Crafts l Prince Kuhio Plaza, at the Afook-Chinen Civic and Food Festival Sangha common area, 10 a.m. to 6 Auditorium and the Butler Hall, 398 Kilauea Ave., 9 p.m. Building, 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. a.m. to 5 p.m. $2 admisl Hawaii Arts, Crafts l Hilo Shopping Center, sion; keiki 7 and under are and Food Festival, Sangha common area, 9 a.m. to 5 free. Hall, 398 Kilauea Ave., 9 p.m. l Prince Kuhio Plaza, a.m. to 5 p.m. $2 admisl Naniloa Volcanoes common area, 10 a.m. to 6 sion; keiki 7 and under are Resort, Polynesian Room. p.m. free. 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. l Hilo Hawaiian Hotel, Upper Lounge and Moku l Prince Kuhio Plaza, Ola Ballroom, 8 a.m. to 5 l Merrie Monarch Invicommon area, 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. tational Hawaiian Arts Fair: p.m. The official craft fair of the Merrie Monarch Festival, at the Afook-Chinen Civic At right, shoppers eye the l Merrie Monarch InviAuditorium, 9 a.m. to 4 wares at the 2011 Merrie tational Hawaiian Arts Fair: p.m. Monarch Hawaiian Arts The official craft fair of the l Hilo Hawaiian Hotel and Crafts Fair. Merrie Monarch Festival, at the Afook-Chinen Civic Auditorium and the Butler Building, 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. l Hilo Hawaiian Hotel, Upper Lounge and Moku Ola Ballroom, 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. l Naniloa Volcanoes Resort, Polynesian Room, 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. l Hilo Shopping Center, common area, 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. l Hawaii Arts, Crafts and Food Festival, Sangha Hall, 398 Kilauea Ave., 9 F r i d a y, A u g u s t 3 r d a.m. to 5 p.m. $2 admission; keiki 7 and under are S a t u r d a y, A u g u s t 4 t h free. & S u n d a y, A u g u s t 5 t h
SUNDAY (APRIL 15)
l Merrie Monarch Invitational Hawaiian Arts Fair: The official craft fair of the Merrie Monarch Festival, at the Afook-Chinen Civic Auditorium and the Butler Building, 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. l Hilo Hawaiian Hotel, Moku Ola Ballroom, 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. l Hilo Shopping Center,
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A legend: How Maui battled Kuna in Hilo
25 Sunday, April 8, 2012
By PETER SUR Tribune-Herald staff writer
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stream, in order to be carried over the falls and drive Hina from her cave. Ever unsuccessful in driving Hina from her abode, Kuna resolved to destroy the goddess. But
for Hina, help was at hand. Beseiged by the mo‘o, her chants rang out through the river gorge. This enraged Kuna.
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The river above Rainbow Falls is home to a giant lizard spirit, Kuna — at least according to legend.
n sunny days, the peaceful Wailuku River on the northern edge of Hilo town conceals a destructive nature that is hinted at in the English translation of its name, the destructive waters. The river also has a legendary history and a fanciful tale associating it with one of the great tricksters of Polynesia, the kupua, or demigod, Maui. Here is one such tale, adapted from the version told by William Westervelt: It is said that Hina, the moon goddess and Maui’s mother, lived in a great cave within the Wailuku River, over which a waterfall hung its misty, rainbow-tinted veil. In the river above these Rainbow Falls lived a mo‘o, a giant lizard spirit, by the name of Kuna. For many years Hina endured the abuses of Kuna, who would stop up the river and fill it with dirt. He would throw logs and rolling stones into the
Sunday, April 8, 2012 26
Halau Mohala ‘Ilima performs in 2011.
Cursing greatly and calling upon all his magic forces, caught a great stone and at night hurled it into the river gorge below the cave, causing it to dam up and flood her home. Hina called for Maui in a tremendous cry that was heard all the way up on Haleakala, where Maui was. Leaping down the slope of the mountain, Maui jumped into his magic canoe. With two powerful strokes of his paddle, he arrived at the mouth of the Wailuku River. Leaving his canoe, Maui raised his magic club and with one blow struck the dam holding back the water. “Ah!” he exclaimed. “Nothing can withstand the magic club. The bank around one end of the dam gives way. The imprisoned waters leap into the new channel. Safe is Hina the goddess!” Hearing the crash of the club, Kuna fled up the river to his home in the hidden caves by the pool in the riverbed. Approaching the monster’s lair, Maui took his magic spear and thrust it into a hole through which the waters rushed, revealing Kuna’s hiding place. Kuna kept fleeing, but
Maui kept finding him. At last, Kuna found what seemed to be a hiding place in a series of deep pools, but Maui had a plan. He either called on Pele for her help or himself poured a lava flow into the river until the pools were boiling and the steam rose in clouds. Facing defeat, Kuna was chased downstream, absorbing blow after blow from Maui, until he was forced over the waterfall and into the stream below. There he died. There’s some truth in this legend; anybody who wants to see proof can take a look. The rock formation Ka-wa‘a-o-Maui, the Canoe of Maui, still sits at the mouth of the Wailuku River. The place where Maui thrust his spear into Kuna’s hiding place is known as Ka-puka-a-Maui, the door made by Maui. Just below Rainbow Falls is the body of Mo‘okuna, appearing as a long, black rock island. And above the waterfall, where the water still appears to boil during heavy rain storms, is a place known to all as Boiling Pots. Email Peter Sur at psur@ hawaiitribune-herald.com. n
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LEGEND From previous page
27 Sunday, April 8, 2012
The early years of the king’s reign By PETER SUR Tribune-Herald staff writer
avid Kalakaua claimed the rank of mo‘i kane, king of the Hawaiian Islands, through birthright and a bare-knuckled political fight against the Kamehamehas. He needed to move quickly to quell popular unrest among restive elements in the kingdom, and to solidify his family’s rule over the islands. So his first act as king in February 1874 was to name as his heir his younger brother, William Pitt Leleiohoku, 19, to ensure a smooth line of succession. To earn popular support shortly after ascending to the throne, he and Queen Kapiolani embarked on a tour of the islands — Kauai, Maui, Hawaii and Molokai. In Hilo on April 3, 1874, Kalakaua remarked that “these people of the Big Island are among my most beloved children,
being of the land of my ancestors.” Then, he needed to secure prosperity for the kingdom by knocking down the tariffs on sugar and coffee products that stood between Hawaii and the vast American market. Kalakaua dispatched two emissaries to Washington, but in the face of a hesitant Senate it was suggested that the king himself make a visit to the United States. He did so in November 1874, becoming the first monarch of any foreign country to visit the United States. The American public fell in love with Kalakaua and Kapiolani, and the Senate ratified a treaty with Hawaii that would have long-lasting consequences for the future of the kingdom. The Reciprocity Treaty ensured free trade between Hawaii and America, and led to the growth of large-scale
sugar plantations, owned by Americans, on all major islands. The treaty was a bonanza for sugar planters, the islandborn sons of missionaries. By 1875, 32 plantations had planted 12,230 acres of sugar cane and exported to the Americans more than 25 million pounds a sugar, an amount that had doubled in four years. The sugar plantations were awash in money, but the back-breaking labor for low wages was not attractive to the Hawaiian people, whose numbers had been devastated by disease. Under pressure by sugar planters, the Hawaiian Legislature opened the door for immigrants to stream in. Between 1877 and 1890, more than 55,000 immigrants had entered Hawaii, half of whom were from China.
See KING Page 28
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Sunday, April 8, 2012 28
Basically Books holds special events
KING From previous page Into this mix jumped Walter Murray Gibson, of whom a few words must be said. A charismatic, persuasive and controversial figure, he would head the list of questionable characters who had managed to make their way into the kingâ€™s inner circle. According to one biography, in 1860 Gibson was baptized into the Mormon faith and dispatched by Brigham Young to open a mission in Japan. Instead, he stopped off in Honolulu in 1861. Three years later, an official Mormon delegation arrived in Hawaii to excommunicate Gibson, who had embezzled church funds and established himself as the white-robed president of a religious colony on the island of Lanai. Gibson was defrocked but stayed in Hawaii. He purchased a Hawaiian language newspaper and served in the Legislature. In 1882, the king would appoint him premier. Robert Louis Stevenson described the relationship: â€œThat amiable, far-fromaccomplished, but too convivial sovereign had a
continued use for money. Gibson was observant to keep him well-supplied.â€? Gibson is seen as the driving force for the era of pageantry that followed, as well as the debts that were incurred. Now that he had the kingâ€™s ear, Honolulu received new fire engines. The kingdomâ€™s army and police received gaudy uniforms and new weapons. Gibson also decided that the king should have a proper palace to replace the aging bungalow that had served his predecessors. In the midst of this spending spree, Prince Leleiohoku, heir to the throne, died April 10, 1877, of rheumatic fever. He was 22. The hope of the kingdom passed to Kalakauaâ€™s younger sister, who had once gone by the name Lydia Paki. Now she was proclaimed Princess Liliuokalani, heir apparent. The succession problem was resolved, but Kalakauaâ€™s spending continued to strain the royal treasury. He was paying his creditors 12 percent rates. He fell into debt with Claus Spreckels, the sugar king of Maui. The
corner stone for Iolani Palace, at the time the most extravagant and advanced building in the country, was laid Dec. 31, 1879. In one of the stranger incidents of his career, Kalakaua in August 1880 dismissed his Cabinet, appointing as premier and minister of foreign affairs a dangerous charlatan by the name of Celso Caesar Moreno. Five stormy days later, following a public outcry for the kingâ€™s abdication, Moreno was dismissed. But the incident provided more fodder for Kalakauaâ€™s critics. Kalakaua needed a break from the pressures of government. He needed to answer the critical question of immigration. And he needed to let the world know that Hawaii had become a sovereign nation in its own right. In January 1881, as the Royal Hawaiian Military Band played â€œHawaiâ€˜i Ponoâ€˜i,â€? the steamer City of Sydney slipped out of Honolulu. Having placed Liliuokalani in charge of the kingdom, Kalakaua began a journey around the world. n
heck out whatâ€™s happening this week at Basically Books in downtown Hilo, 160 Kamehameha Ave. All events are free:
MONDAY 11:30 a.m.: Oral Abihai discusses the history and development of the ukulele, featuring antique examples including a cigar box ukulele. 2 p.m.: Performance of hula and music by Stan Kaina.
1 p.m.: Artist Joseph Kalima signs this yearâ€™s Merrie Monarch Festival poster. 3 p.m.: Christine Sprowl Tetak reads from her book, â€œLegend of the Hula Moose,â€? and awards prizes for a coloring contest.
Noon: Musical performance by Weldon Kekauoha and friends. 3:30 p.m.: Slack key performance by Cyril Pahinui.
10 a.m.: Pualani Kanakaâ€˜ole Kanahele signs her new book, Ka Honua 11 a.m.: Kaliko Beamer Ola. Tripp discusses the legacy 1 p.m.: Artist Dietrich of the Beamer ohana on Varez signs his new illusthe hula and music of trated retelling of Pele and Hawaii. Hiâ€˜iaka. n
Wise sayings â€œKa ua Kanilehua o Hilo.â€? The Kanilehua rain of Hilo. Hilo, where the rain moistens the lehua blossoms.
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Plan ahead if you want tickets
re you pawing through this insert looking for information on how to buy tickets to the three nights of competition? You are out of luck. Although the Edith Kanaka‘ole Multipurpose Stadium seats 4,200 in the stands and on the floor, about half of that number is offered first to the competing halau. The rest have been sold out for months, so even if you follow all the steps below, there is no guarantee you’ll get a seat. Here’s how you may send in an application for tickets to next year’s competition: First, go to the official Merrie Monarch website at www.merriemonarch. com. Print out and fill out a ticket-request form. You may request a maximum of two tickets. Second, mail in the ticket-request form, a cashier’s check or money order in U.S. currency and a self-addressed, stamped envelope. The cost of the ticket depends on where you are seated and for which nights. Third, send in your request on Dec. 26. Tickets
“‘A‘ohe hala ‘ula i ka po.” No hala fruit shows its color in the darkness of night. Beauty must be seen to be enjoyed. “‘Ike ‘ia no ka loea i ke kuahu.” An expert is recognized by the altar he builds. It is what one does and how well he does it that shows whether he is an expert. “E uhi ana ka wa hala i na mea i hala.” Passing time obscures the past.
Luana Kawelu, festival president, stands next to boxes of requests for tickets for the Merrie Monarch Festival in this 2010 file photo. are only accepted beginning the day after Christmas. The tickets will be mailed out in February. For those who do not get in, take consolation in the many hours of free hula performances that take
place during the festival, and remember that, as in any spectator sport, the view from the TV screen is often better than the view from inside the stadium (KFVE TV will broadcast the hula competitions on Thursday, Friday and
Saturday; check local listings). Next year’s festival — the 50th — will begin with the Ho‘olaule‘a on March 31, Easter Sunday, and run through April 6, 2013. The nights of competition will be April 4-6. n
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- Free Art demonstrations after the Parade! - Painting on Silk, Pottery Wheel and more! - Great deals on Jewelry, Ceramic Art & Classes! - All Handmade with Aloha by Hawaii artists!
Sunday, April 8, 2012 30
Brandi Pu‘uwainani Hart Ka La ‘Onohi Mai O Ha‘eha‘e
Jaimie Elizabeth Kapuau‘ionalani Kennedy Halau O Na Pua Kukui
Shawna Pihanakalani Kwai Nun Kapana Ka Pa Hula O Ka Lei Lehua
Rebecca Lilinoekekapahauomaunakea Sterling Halau Mohala ‘Ilima
Twelve vie for coveted title
A Desire Likeloanani O Makuahine DeSilva Halau Ka Liko Pua O Kalaniakea
Keahiahi Sharon Long Ka Pa Hula O Kauanoe O Wa‘ahila
Shaunté Carolyn Leialoha Nobriga Hula Halau ‘O Kamuela
Jazmine Janee Kau‘ionalani Albalos Halau Hula Olana
mong the many great traditions of the Merrie Monarch Festival is the awarding of the title Miss Aloha Hula, given to the solo wahine who can express the kahiko and ‘auana forms of the hula, as decided by the judges. Each woman, pictured below in no particular order, was chosen by her respective kumu hula to
represent her halau. Each will take the stage and perform a hula kahiko. After the intermission each will take the stage a second time to perform a hula ‘auana. The winner receives, besides enduring fame in the hula community, a gold bracelet, a small cash prize, an ipu heke trophy, and a place in Saturday’s Royal Parade. n
Best Wishes to all the participants of
Summer Malamaisaua Kawailana Manuma Ka Leo O Laka I Ka Hikina O Ka La
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31 Sunday, April 8, 2012
Free hula offered all week
he Merrie Monarch Festival is so packed with events, it’s hard to figure out where to begin. The following suggestions give a small sample of some of the things to do, to watch or to eat.
More free hula is on tap this week throughout Hilo.
Check out: Keolalaulani Halau ‘Olapa O Laka, at noon at the Naniloa Volcanoes Resort. Buy: An umbrella. Please don’t: Pick the lehua blossoms.
Check out: Unukupukupu, performing at noon at the Naniloa Volcanoes Resort. Buy: Aloha attire. Please don’t: Plan to book a flight, reserve a car
Tribune-Herald file photos
Halau Kealii O Nalani performs a free show at the Naniloa Volcanoes Resort in 2011. or a hotel room in Hilo this Aloha Hula competition, week. either live or on TV. Buy: A program booklet, so you can contribute to Check out: The Ho‘ike, the festival and see which wahine is up next. 6 p.m., at the Edith Please don’t: Use a flash Kanaka‘ole Multipurpose or video camera during this Stadium. or any night of the compeBuy: Something from tition. the craft fairs. Please don’t: Bring stadium-style chairs into the Check out: Panel disstadium. cussion by members of the Kanaka‘ole family, 10-11:30 a.m. at ‘Imiloa. Check out: The Miss
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Check out: the Royal Parade through downtown Hilo. Buy: A lei for yourself or your ‘ohana. Please don’t: Be stingy with the aloha, even after the festival is pau. n
HiloMHula DVD’S, MUSIC, GIFTS, MAPS B ASICALLY BOOKS More than a bookstore . . . a gathering of things Hawaiian
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Buy: The Hawaiian Plate meal at Kanaka‘ole Stadium. Please don’t: Bring outside food or drinks into the stadium.
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Check out: Ho‘olaule‘a, all day, at the Civic Buy: An official Merrie Monarch T-shirt. Please don’t: Ignore the PIHA Native Hawaiian Art Exhibit, open every day this week at the Merrie Monarch Festival office, 865 Piilani St.
Sunday, April 8, 2012 32
PREVIOUS WINNERS 1989 Kane: Kawaili‘ula Hula Halau Wahine: Hula Halau O Na Maoli Pua* Miss Aloha Hula Pi‘ilani Smith, Hula Halau ‘O Na Maoli Pua
Though the first Merrie Monarch Festival was held in 1964, the hula competition did not begin until 1971. The kane, or men’s division, was added in 1976. The winners are listed below (* denotes the Overall Winner):
1990 Kane: Kawaili‘ula Hula Halau Wahine: Halau O Na Maoli Pua* Miss Aloha Hula Natalie Noelani Ai, Halau Hula Olana
1971 Implements Division and Modern Division winner: Hauoli Hula Studio Miss Aloha Hula Aloha Wong, Keolalaulani Hula Studio
1991 Kane: Halau Hula O Ka Ua Kani Lehua* Wahine: Hula Halau ‘O Kamuela Miss Aloha Hula Kapualokeokalaniakea Dalire, Keolalaulani Halau ‘Olapa ‘O Laka
1972 Ancient and Modern: Johnny Lum Ho Hula Studio Implements: Puamana Hula Studio Miss Aloha Hula Aulani Newalu, Halau ‘O Kahealani 197 Kahiko, ‘Auana, Implements: Hauoli Hula Studio Miss Aloha Hula Kalani Kalawa, Halau Ke‘alaokamaile of Maui was the overall winner in 2011. Louise Kaleiki Hula Studio 1978 1982 Kane: Waimapuna Kane: Hula Halau O Ka Ua Kani 1974 Wahine: Na Pualei O Likolehua Lehua* Kahiko, ‘Auana, Implements: Miss Aloha Hula Regina Makai- Wahine: Hula Halau O Ka Ua Louise Kaleiki Hula Studio* Miss Aloha Hula Dee Dee Aipo- kai Igarashi, Keolalaulani Hula Kani Lehua Miss Aloha Hula Dayna Kanani lani, Piilani Watkins Hula Studio Studio Oda, Hula Halau O Ka Ua Kani 1979 Lehua 1975 Kahiko: (tie) ‘Ilima Hula Studio Kane: Waimapuna Wahine: Hauoli Hula Studio 1983 and Hauoli Hula Studio Miss Aloha Hula Jody Imehana Kane: Hula Halau O Ka Ua Kani ‘Auana: ‘Ilima Hula Studio Lehua* Implements: Keolalaulani Hula Mitchell, Ka Pa‘u O Hi‘iaka Wahine: Hula Halau O Ka Ua Studio Kani Lehua Miss Aloha Hula Leimomi Maria 1980 Kane: (tie) Waimapuna and Na Miss Aloha Hula Geola Pua, Wai Eha O Puna Hula Halau O Ka Ua Kani Lehua 1976 Wahine: Johnny Lum Ho Hula Kane: Na Kamalei O Lililehua Studio 1984 Wahine: ‘Ilima Hula Studio Miss Aloha Hula Kaula KamaKane: Na Wai Eha O Puna* Miss Aloha Hula (tie) Ululani hele, Johnny Lum Ho Hula Wahine: Halau Mohala ‘Ilima Duenas, ‘Ilima Hula Studio, Miss Aloha Hula Twyla Ululani Sheryl Nalani Guernsey, Kaleo Studio Mendez, Hauoli Hula Halau ‘O Nani Loa Studio 1981 Kane: Na Wai Eha O Puna 1985 1977 Wahine: Halau O Na Maoli Pua Kane: Na Wai Eha O Puna* Kane: Halau ‘O Kekuhi Wahine: The Ladies of Ke‘ala O Wahine: Na Pualei O Likolehua Miss Aloha Hula Brenda AliKa Lauwa‘e Miss Aloha Hula Pualani Chang, don, Johnny Lum Ho Hula Studio Miss Aloha Hula Healani Youn, Pukaikapua‘okalani Studio
The Ladies of Ke‘ala ‘O Ka Lauwa‘e 1986 Kane: Men of Waimapuna* Wahine: Keolalaulani ‘Olapa O Laka Miss Aloha Hula Leimomi Nuuhiwa, The Ladies of Ke‘ala ‘O Ka Lauwa‘e 1987 Kane: Hula Halau O Ka Ua Kani Lehua* Wahine: Keolalaulani ‘Olapa O Laka Miss Aloha Hula Lisa Ku‘uipo Doi, Hula Halau O Ka Ua Kani Lehua 1988 Kane: Hula Halau O Ka Ua Kani Lehua* Wahine: Hula Halau O Ka Ua Kani Lehua Miss Aloha Hula Sheldeen Kaleimomi Kaleohano, Hula Halau ‘O Kahikilaulani
1992 Kane: Na Wai Eha O Puna Wahine: Na Lei ‘O Kaholoku* Miss Aloha Hula Kauimaiokalaniakea Dalire, Keolalaulani Halau ‘Olapa ‘O Laka 1993 Kane: Kawaili‘ula Hula Halau* Wahine: Hula Halau O Ka Ua Kani Lehua Miss Aloha Hula Maelia Lani Kahanuola Loebenstein, Ka Pa Hula ‘O Kauanoe ‘O Wa‘ahila 1994 Kane: Halau Hula ‘O Kawaili‘ula* Wahine: Halau Na Mamo O Pu‘uanahulu Miss Aloha Hula Tracie Ka‘onohilani Farias, Na Wai Eha ‘O Puna 1995 Kane: Halau Hula ‘O Kawaili‘ula* Wahine: Hula Halau Na Lei O Kaholoku Miss Aloha Hula Allison Kailihiwa Kaha‘ipi‘ilani Vaughan, Ka Pa Hula ‘O Kauanoe ‘O Wa‘ahila 1996 Kane: Halau Hula ‘O Kawaili‘ula* Wahine: Hula Halau ‘O Kamuela Miss Aloha Hula Ku‘ukamalani Ho, Keali‘ikaapunihonua Ke‘ena A‘o Hula
33 Sunday, April 8, 2012
1997 Kane: Halau Hula ‘O Kawaili‘ula Wahine: Ka Pa Hula O Kauanoe O Wa‘ahila* Miss Aloha Hula Kehaulani Enos, Halau Mohala ‘Ilima
2001 Kane: Halau Hula ‘O Kawaili‘ula Wahine: Hula Halau ‘O Kamuela* Miss Aloha Hula Natasha Kamalamalama okalailokokapu‘uwaimehanaokekeikipu nahele Oda, Halau Ka Ua Kani Lehua
2005 Kane: Halau Na Kamalei* Wahine: Na Lei O Kaholoku Miss Aloha Hula Maile Emily Kau‘i lanionapuaehi‘ipoiokeanuenueok eola Francisco, Halau Na Mamo ‘O Pu‘uanahulu
Wahine: Hula Halau ‘O Kamuela* Miss Aloha Hula Kalimakuhilani “Kuhi” Akemi Kalamanamana Suganuma, Keolalaulani Halau ‘Olapa O Laka
2009 Kane: Ke Kai O Kahiki* 1998 2002 Wahine: Halau Na Mamo ‘O Kane: Halau Na Mamo O Pu‘uanahulu Kane: Halau Ka Ua Kani Lehua 2006 Pu‘uanahulu Wahine: Halau Na Mamo O Pu‘uanahulu* Wahine: Hula Halau ‘O Kamuela* Kane: Halau Hula ‘O Kawailiula Miss Aloha Hula Cherissa HenoheMiss Aloha Hula Lokalia Kahele, Na Wai Miss Aloha Hula Malia Ann KawailanaWahine: Na Lei O Kaholoku* anapuaikawaokele “Henohea” Kane, Eha ‘O Puna malie Petersen, Hula Halau ‘O Kamuela Miss Aloha Hula Bernice Alohanamak- Halau Ke‘alaokamaile anamaikalanimai “Namakana” Davis1999 2003 Lim, Na Lei O Kaholoku 2010 Kane: Halau Na Mamo O Pu‘uanahulu* Kane: Halau O Ka Ua Kani Lehua Kane: Ke Kai O Kahiki* Wahine: Hula Halau ‘O Kamuela Wahine: Hula Halau ‘O Kamuela* 2007 Wahine: Halau Ke‘alaokamaile Miss Aloha Hula Keolalaulani Dalire, Keo- Miss Aloha Hula Jennifer Kehaulani Oya- Kane: Halau I Ka Wekiu* Miss Aloha Hula Mahealani Mika lalaulani Halau ‘Olapa ‘O Laka ma, Halau Na Mamo ‘O Pu‘uanahulu Wahine: Hula Halau ‘O Kamuela Hirao-Solem, Hula Halau ‘O Kamuela Miss Aloha Hula Keonilei 2000 2004 Ku‘uwehiokala Kaniaupio Fairbanks, 2011 Kane: Halau Na Mamo O Pu‘uanahulu Kane: Halau Na Mamo O Pu‘uanahulu Halau Ka Pa Hula O Wa‘ahila Kane: Ke Kai O Kahiki Wahine: Hula Halau ‘O Kamuela* Wahine: Na Lei O Kaholoku* Wahine: Halau Ke‘alaokamaile* Miss Aloha Hula Tehani Kealamailani Miss Aloha Hula Natasha Mahealani 2008 Miss Aloha Hula Tori Hulali Canha, Gonzado, Hula Halau ‘O Kamuela Akau, Halau Na Mamo ‘O Pu‘uanahulu Kane: Halau Na Mamo ‘O Pu‘uanahulu Halau Ke‘alaokamaile
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Photo by WILLIAM ING/Tribune-Herald
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Meet this year’s Merrie Monarch judges
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Experience the cool mountain air in a cozy Volcano setting. • Parties & Gatherings (808) 968-6696 email@example.com • Vacation Rental www.maluhiaguesthouse.com • Business Meetings
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Sunday, April 8, 2012 34
‘Imiloa offers special events to celebrate
he ‘Imiloa Astronomy Center, located at 600 ‘Imiloa Place in Hilo, offers workshops, panel discussions and performances from Tuesday through Friday. Event program admission will be by a $6 per session ticket. Seating is limited and will be offered on a first-come first-served basis. Daily admission rates apply to the center’s exhibit hall and its planetarium programs.
Award winner, Kekuhi Kanahele. Mother and son will grace the stage to share mele from their new album, soon to be released. Their performance will bring the true meaning of tradition and evolution to life. 1-2:30 p.m.: Weldon Kekauoha Musical Performance Na Hoku Hanohano Award-winning Weldon Kekauoha will share his favorite mele and stories about working with various halau on the preparation of musical selections for the 10-11 a.m.: Na Merrie Monarch competiHaumana O Ke Kula ‘O tion. Kekauoha’s former Nawahiokalani‘opu‘u Hawaiian Medium Educa- group, The Mana‘o Company, had been instrumention School tal in influencing the evoluPuna Lei Onaona The high school students tion of island music. Now of Nawahi take the audience a solo artist, Kekauoha’s fourth album is scheduled on an epic journey through for release in June 2012. Puna as they share the stories of the kupuna through mele, hula, and Hawaiian language oratory review. 12:30-2:30 p.m.: Na 10-11:30 a.m.: Adrienne Haumana O Ke Kula ‘O Kaeppler Nawahiokalani‘opu‘u Na Momi Makamae Hawaiian Medium EducaAdrienne Lois Kaeppler tion School is an American anthropolo‘Au Kai ‘Imi Loa gist and curator of Oceanic The papa alaka‘i or Ethnology at the National senior class of Nawahi cre- Museum of Natural History ated navigational history at the Smithsonian Instituas they sailed Hokualaka‘i tion in Washington, D.C. from O‘ahu to the Big Her research focuses on the Island in October 2011, interrelationships between using the traditional Hawai- social structure and the ian language of our kupuarts, including dance, na. These young navigators music, and visual arts, will share their unique especially in Tonga and experience through song, Hawaii. This presentation dance, and Hawaiian lanwill focus on our kupuna’s guage oratory review. precious treasures that were showcased at the Smithsonian. 1-2:30 p.m.: Kainani Kahaunaele 10-11:30 a.m.: Kau‘Ohai ‘Ula makaiwa and Kekuhi KanaKainani Kahaunaele, hele the talented songstress, Welo haku mele (composer) and Kaumakaiwa, a fiveHawaiian language teacher time Na Hoku Hanohano Award-winner, is the eldest will perform mele from her son of Na Hoku Hanohano latest CD release, ‘Ohai
Ka Welo Hula Halau O Kekuhi is a traditional classical dance company that can account for seven generations of family practitioners and leadership in the indigenous Hawaiian performing arts of hula and oli. The leadership of this dance company is transmitted through matrilineal succession from the beloved Aunty Edith to her daughters Nalani Kanaka‘ole WILLIAM ING/Tribune-Herald and Pualani Kanaka‘ole The ‘Imiloa Astronomy Center of Hawaii will feature spe- Kanahele, the Kumu Hula cial Merrie Monarch events all week. of the Halau O Kekuhi. We bring the Kanaka‘ole ‘ohana members together ‘Ula. The impressive colporary musical styles sure as a panel to discuss the lection of new original to please any music lover. mele depict ancestral pracimportance of their lineage, tices, honor genealogies Ka Welo Hula. and storied locales, reveal 1-3 p.m.: The Hula deep romances, and offers 10-11:30 a.m.: Preservation Society up traditional and contem- Kanaka‘ole Panel Honoring the Ancients:
35 Sunday, April 8, 2012
Hula Performance and Workshop Hula Preservation Society works with Hakipu‘u Learning Center and its founder, Calvin Hoe, in the perpetuation of four coveted implement forms not commonly seen in modern times. The students who study these rarities comprise Hui Pulelehua and train in hula papa hehi, ‘ulili, ‘ohe, and ki‘i from the three lineages of Uncle George Na‘ope, Aunty Nona Beamer, and Papa John Lake. Together with their kumu Iwalani Kalima, Maile Loo, and Kaponoai Molitau, they will present dances from each line and give you a chance to see and even try these rare implements. n
Congratulations & Best Wishes To The Participants of The
49th Annual Merrie Monarch Festival
www.bigislandfcu.com • email@example.com
Federally Insured By NCUA
Hilo 66 Lono St • Hilo, HI 96720 • 808-935-9778 Puna 16-594 Kipimana St • Keaau, HI 96749 • 808-930-2600 Kona 75-5737 Kuakini Hwy, Ste 101 • Kailua Kona, HI 96740 • 808-329-8889
Sunday, April 8, 2012 36
Dorothy Thompson 1921-2010
George Na‘ope 1928-2009
merrie monarch Special… Hula dancer cOOkieS!
AUTO SERVICE INC.
Special! 5 QT. OIL CHANGE Includes: 5 qt. (10W/30) motor oil and oil ﬁlter (Most cars & trucks)
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Beautiful & ScrumpTiOuS cakes, pastries, confections for all occasions
Merrie Monarch Halau & Guests
Best Wishes to all 2012 Merrie Monarch Participants!
268 Waianuenue Hilo • 961-3848
ALOHA & Welcome to Hilo
FAMOUS FISHCAKE AVAILABLE!
421 Kalanikoa St. (Across Edith Kanakaole Tennis Stadium) Open Tues-Sat 5:30am–1:00pm • Closed Sun/Mon
37 Sunday, April 8, 2012
Halau O Ke Anuenue of Hilo performs in the 2011 Merrie Monarch Festival. The famous traditional mele “Aia la ‘o Pele i Hawai‘i,” pays tribute to Pele and her sister Hi‘iakaikapoliopele. When properly executed, this hula evokes a powerful river of lava from Kilauea’s summit, flowing, gushing, surging through Puna to the sea. Merrie Monarch President Luana Kawelu poses for a portrait at the Edith Kanaka‘ole Multipurpose Stadium as members of a hula halau practice in the background in this file photo. Members of Kawelu’s family spend a whole year planning for the annual festival.
Pele is at Hawaii She is dancing at Maukele She surges and puffs this way Devouring the land of Puna It makes Paliuli beautiful Fire tongues leaping at the cliffs It is heard at Maui Land of Kaulula‘au Where will we find peace? Oh, how we yearn on the road The end of my song A name song for Hi‘iaka
Welcome to Hilo!
Plate Lunch Specials Daily! 6.00 7.00 $ 8.00 $ 4.50 $
Wise sayings “Na ka pupuka ka lili.” Jealousy belongs to the ugly.
Visitors & Participants!
SEA SIDE T TH HE E
One Choice Two Choices Three Choices Mini Plate
“Best Ice Shave in Town” After 2pm
Restaurant & Aqua Farm
“Best Plate Lunches in Town”
Family Owned & Operated Voted BEST Seafood Restaurant in East Hawaii for over 15 years!
Find it in the Classifieds
Enjoy casual family dining overlooking Hawaiian Fish Pond
FISHING SUPPLIES, Inc.
1790 Kalanianaole Avenue
Tues,Wed,Thur,Sun 5pm-8:30pm Fri & Sat 5pm-9pm Reservations Recommended
BEST ICE SHAVE
Snacks • Beverages Hot Plate Lunch Specials M-F 8 am-5 pm • 810 Piilani St. • 935-8082 Across the Tennis Stadium
Good Luck to All Participants!
Merrie M Monarch M F Festival
all participants in the
“Best Hot Dogs in Town”
DOT’S DANCE STUDIO
Aia la ‘o Pele
Aia la ‘o Pele i Hawai‘i, ‘ea Ke ha‘a mai la i Maukele, ‘ea ‘Uhi‘uha mai ana, ‘ea Ke nome a‘e la i‘a Puna, ‘ea Ka mea nani ka i Paliuli, ‘ea Ke pulelo a‘e la i na pali,‘ea Aia ka palena i Maui, ‘ea ‘Aina o Kaulula‘au, ‘ea I hea kaua e la‘i ai, ‘ea I ke alanui a‘e li‘a nei, ‘ea Ha‘ina ‘ia mai ka puana, ‘ea No Hi‘iaka no he inoa, ‘ea
Sunday, April 8, 2012 38
Photos by PETER SUR/Tribune-Herald
Above: Wearing fresh ti leaf skirts and plumeria lei, the ladies of Halau O Ka Ua Kani Lehua perform “Ahe Nani Kaua‘i,” a mele about the beautiful breezes of the Garden Isle. The Hilo halau performs in the Ho‘olaule‘a at noon. At right: Members of Kamehameha Schools’ Hawaiian ensembles, Halau Na Lei Hiwahiwa ‘O Ku‘ualoha and Na Lei Liko O Ola‘a, present a hula kahiko in last year’s Ho‘olaule‘a. The groups return this year for an Easter Sunday encore performance at 3 p.m.
Above: A member of Keaukaha’s Merahi O Tapiti dances a graceful ahuroa, a style of modern Tahitian dance similar to a hula ‘auana. Whether you’re into Hawaiian or Tahitian, this year’s festival has something for everyone.
WITH THIS COUPON ONLY
969 Kilauea Ave. • 935-8683 3
T-SHIRT or CARRY BAG! T Hilo FFarmers Take From dawn ‘til it’s Gone! (808) 933-1000 www.hilofarmersmarket.com EBT Accepted
MAMO ST. & KAMEHAMEHA AVE. in Historic Downtown Hilo
WITH THIS COUPON ONLY
Expires 5/5/12 No Cash Value
WITH THIS COUPON ONLY
to the Home of the Loco Moco
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Reigning over the festival
39 Sunday, April 8, 2012
The Royal Court Mo‘i Kane: Richard Kuali‘i Kamau Jr. Mo‘i Wahine: Meleana Auli‘i Ku‘uleialoha Manuel Kaka‘olelo: Eric Wainee Johnston Kahu: Korallisa Kahikuonalani Wilson Mea Oli: Robret Lono Ikuwa or Kamuela Chun Ali‘i Ukali: Lahela Makamae Rosario Pa‘a Pulo‘ulo‘u: Kennady Kamalei Kuulei Batalona Kuikahi or ‘Aiponokamoku Valente Na Kanaka Ho‘okani Pu: Zachary Ka‘imina‘auao Kerr, Jorden Ka‘anohiokala Kealoha-Yamanaka, and Austin Akahiakea Kaleo Na Pa‘a Kahili: Kekaniokekai Shaw-De Mello, Kainalu Whitney, Isaac Paulo and Gabby Kamalani Akana-Baltero
Find the right job in the Classifeds
Meleana Auli‘i Ku‘uleialoha Manuel
Aloha! A Warm Hilo Welcome to All Merrie Monarch
Richard Kuali‘i Kamau Jr.
Professionals ofe essionals • Performance • Proven Results
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969-7863 1-800-789-4753 1 800 789
Sunday, April 8, 2012 40
THREE CONVENIENT LOCATIONS NEAR THE FESTIVAL:
16-586 Old Volcano Road Open: 6 a.m.–10 p.m. Phone: 966-9316
Sack N Save Hilo
250 Kino‘ole Street Open: 6 a.m.–11 p.m. Phone: 935-3113
Sack N Save Puainako
2100 Kanoelehua Avenue Located in Puainako Shopping Center Open: 5 a.m.–12 a.m. Phone: 959-5831
Sack N Save Hilo
Visitors and Participants!
Stop by Foodland or Sack N Save to ﬁnd everything you’ll need during Merrie Monarch week. You’ll ﬁnd local produce, a wide selection of poke, and delicious pre-cooked meals from our Deli. Pre-order sandwiches or bentos for the whole halau and simply pick them up from the Deli counter. You’ll save time and eﬀort with us b because serving you is the most important thing we do!
Sack N Save Puainako
P r i c e s G o o d s u n day, A P R I L 8 t h r u t u e s day, A P R I L 1 7, 2 0 1 2 Navel N avel Oranges Oranges LLarge arge Cooked Cooked Hawaiian H awaiian RRain ain FFresh resh W Whole hole California Shrimp, 31/40 ct. Water Pork Picnic Previously Frozen 24/500 ml. Shoulder
WITH MAIKA‘I CARD
Chicken Thighs 5 lb. Box, Frozen
WITH MAIKA‘I CARD
WITH MAIKA‘I CARD
Atebara Taro Chips
16 Piece Fried Chicken
WITH MAIKA‘I CARD
Hawaii Beverage Fee of 1¢ per can or bottle will be added to purchase price at checkout. An additional Hawaii Deposit fee of 5¢ will be charged for all specially marked beverage containers.
These sale prices are good at Foodland Kea‘au, Sack N Save Hilo and Sack N Save Puainako 4/8/12–4/17/12
WITH MAIKA‘I CARD
9 10 11
15 16 17
WITH MAIKA‘I CARD
White or Brown, 20 lb.
CCupcakes, 12 ct., $7.99 each
Hinode Calrose Rice
4 Breasts, 4 Thighs, 4 Drums & 4 Wings
Selected Varieties, 6 oz.
WITH MAIKA‘I CARD
Atebara Sweet Potato Chips, Selected Varieties, 4 oz., 2/$6.00
WITH MAIKA‘I CARD
WITH MAIKA‘I CARD
WITH MAIKA‘I CARD
Mauna Loa Stand Up Bag Selected Varieties, 11–12 oz.
WITH MAIKA‘I CARD
Good on Big Island only. Limit ﬁve units (mix/match) per purchase, unless otherwise speciﬁed. We reserve the right to limit quantities. No sales to dealers. Prices plus applicable state tax. Hawaii EBT cards welcomed. Foodland Super Market, LTD., 3536 Harding Avenue, Honolulu, Hawaii 96816. BIG ISLE