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Iowans worry about ethanol’s lost political clout THOMAS BEAUMONT Associated Press ALTOONA, Iowa — For decades, presidential candidates' chances in Iowa were wounded if not doomed unless they backed federal support for ethanol, a boon to the state's corn-growing economy. That rule of politics collapsed resoundingly in the 2012 campaign when five of the six top Republican candidates said it was time for such intervention in the private market to end. Now, Iowa's senior political leaders are pondering how to shore up political support for the corn-based fuel at a time when its economic and environmental benefits are under attack. The latest blow came this month, when the Obama administration proposed cutting the required amount of ethanol in the nation's fuel supply for the first time since Congress established a standard in 2007. The state's leading Republicans and Democrats hope they can still use Iowa's political importance as a swing-voting state and as the site of the first presidential nominating contest to get candidates to support keeping the requirement, or at least part of it, in place. But the case has become a tough sell for Republicans as the party has moved to the right and become increasingly hostile to government programs and directives. Even among Democrats, concern has grown about ethanol's role in rising food prices and in cultivation of land that had been used for conservation. The recent boom in domestic oil production has also made ethanol less prized as a U.S.-produced fuel that limits dependence on foreign oil. The grain alcohol burns cleaner than gasoline but produces less energy. "I think there are some that feel it's potentially safer now to be lukewarm at least, or not supportive of it," said Iowa's Secretary of Agriculture Bill Northey, a Republican. "I think it's yet to be seen if that's a smart political position." U.S. Sen. Charles Grassley of Iowa said he hopes to thwart the administration's proposal in Congress if it survives the 60-day comment period. Meanwhile, Republican Gov. Terry Branstad planned to press his fellow GOP governors, especially those with possible presidential aspirations, to be mindful of the ethanol industry's economic importance. He met with New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie at a governors' association meeting in Arizona in November. For politicians eying the White House, "Whoever comes here better understand the importance of renewable fuels, or they are going to have hell to pay in rural Iowa," Branstad said in a recent interview. The federal government began actively supporting ethanol, which is made by fermenting and distilling corn, about 40 years ago when petroleum prices spiked and anti-air pollution efforts were ramping up. Refineries initially were given a tax credit to produce the grain alcohol and Congress later required oil companies to blend it in their gasoline.

In Iowa, the nation's leading corn producer, about 45 percent of its crop went into ethanol last year. The state has 42 ethanol plants that produced 3.8 billion gallons. Branstad said cutting the federal requirement would lower corn prices that have already fallen this year because of an unexpectedly robust harvest. "They're making a huge mistake," Branstad said at the governors conference this week. "And they're going to drive corn below the cost of production." Democratic U.S. Rep. Dave Loebsack of Iowa City said a loss of federal support would be "a devastating decision for Iowa's farmers, rural communities and economy." If the federal mandate was reduced or ended, ethanol producers would rely on the handful of states with their own ethanol fuel standards, and on exports which accounted for about 1 billion gallons last year. The proposed change would likely hurt smaller producers more than powerhouses like Archer Daniels Midland and Cargill. Ethanol supporters insist the federal requirement is still justified even though the U.S. reliance on foreign oil is dropping, and for the first time in two decades, the U.S. produces more crude oil than it imports. "We use 10-percent of ethanol in the gasoline in our cars. Do you want to import another 10 percent of oil" Grassley told the AP. "No, you don't." While oil companies are pushing to escape the ethanol mandate, environmental groups are growing concerned about the impact of increased corn production. Farmers planted 15 million more acres of corn last year than a decade ago, according to an Associated Press analysis, taking land out of conservation use and applying more pesticides and herbicides. Years ago, "there was a strong argument for encouraging the use of available resources like corn, for ethanol. Those days have passed," Democratic Sen. Patrick Leahy of Vermont said in a statement. In a sign of ethanol's eroding political support, the winner of the 2012 Iowa caucuses, Rick Santorum, called during his campaign for phasing out the federal mandate. The prospects for support in the possible 2016 presidential field are uncertain. About a week ago, Branstad brought up ethanol support privately with 2012 vice presidential nominee Paul Ryan before the Wisconsin representative headlined a Branstad campaign fundraiser. Ryan declined to comment publicly on the EPA's ethanol proposal. A spokeswoman for Christie also declined to comment on Christie's position. Among possible Democratic candidates, neither Clinton nor Vice President Joe Biden has commented publicly about the issue recently. Some question whether the economic impact on Iowa would be as dire as its political leaders suggest. Only about 2,000 people work full time in the industry nationwide, said Iowa State University economist Dave Swenson, adding, "Worldwide demand for corn is still very strong."

AP Photo/Charlie Riedel, file In this July 20 file photo, a plant that produces ethanol is next to a cornfield near Coon Rapids, Iowa. For decades, a presidential candidate’s chances in Iowa were wounded if not doomed unless he embraced federal support for ethanol, a now flourishing component to Iowa’s economy in this corn-growing state. That immutable rule collapsed resoundingly early in the last campaign when five of the six top Republican candidates largely renounced a decades-old ethanol tax credit.

Paying it forward When two Chinook women saw the devastation in South Dakota, they knew they had to do something to help.

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Courtesy photo Volunteer Tom Brown herds cows Nov. 22 down a lane between pens at JS Livestock south of Havre. The cows were donated to Montana Ranchers Paying It Forward to be distributed to South Dakota ranchers whose herds were decimated by an early winter storm Oct. 3-5.

After two women from ranches south of Chinook heard about the devastation in parts of western South Dakota from winter storm Atlas, and saw the photos of decimated cattle herds on the news and through social media, they knew they had to do something. Rene Brown, whose husband, Tom, is the ranch foreman for the Diamond Bar, and Alisha Burcham, who teaches and, along with her husband, Syler, co-owns the Birdtail Ranch, discussed ways that they could help ranchers whose cattle herds saw up to 80 percent loss from the Oct. 3-5 storm. They decided to appeal to local cattle producers to get a semitrailer load of cows and heifers to distribute to South Dakota ranchers in need. “I just kept thinking ‘there but for the grace of God go I,’” said Rene Brown. “You know, really, if that part of the storm had hit 12 hours earlier and a little north, it would've been us. “I'd like to think someone would be there for us,” she added. Alisha Burcham said that, after reading about the storm and seeing the photos, she pondered for many hours what she could do to help. “I really sympathized with the people, and even the animals,” she said. She also worried about how to fit a humanitarian project like this into her busy life, she said, with a full-time job, a baby and the ranch work.

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To get the cattle to South Dakota and distributed to recipients with some coordination, Linger had volunteers from the 31 collection sites haul all their cattle in to Belle Fourche the same week. The north-central Montana cattle left Havre at about 11 a.m. with Earl Brown, Jestin Brown and Burcham, and arrived at the stockyard in Belle Fourche at 11 p.m. Linger said the committee which made the final decision on distribution of donated cattle to recipients had decided at the beginning of the process to concentrate their efforts primarily on assisting younger ranchers. Those producers generally don’t have reserves built up to absorb this kind of tragedy, he said, or the equity or credit history to get more, bigger or extended loans to help them get operating again as quickly as possible.

The drive to help While Brown and Burcham say that the photos, news stories and personal accounts of the devastation from winter storm Atlas prompted them to start their donation organization effort, they both admit that they were unsure at the beginning if they would get a trailer load, also c a l l e d a p o t l o a d, o f b re e d i n g s to c k donated, especially with the value of cattle on the market this year. Brown said that she had a bit of a personal challenge to get to 40 head of cattle after her brother-in-law Earl Brown told her she wouldn't be able to get people in the area to donate that many cattle. “I said, then, ‘so if I get a pot load will you haul them for the price of gas?’ And he agreed,” Brown said. “So now he’s stuck.” With the joking aside, Brown said that she had been planning to ask him to donate his time and truck to haul anyway, and she was sure he would’ve said yes anyway. That, she added, seems to be the spirit of generosity they have found among the north-central cattle producers. Farmer and rancher Joe Ostrom from the Big Sandy area was one of the contacts with whom Burcham shared the Paying It Forward Facebook page. Ostrom, who also volunteered to work and load the cattle the day they were shipped, said he saw the information shared on the page “and I read into it a little bit and me and my wife sat down and we talked about it and how it was such a loss and everything, and the next day I decided the first calf that I ever had could go to South Dakota to help some-

FARM & RANCH The things people say “Just shy of $1.25 million of animals and services were donated over the weekend” — Ty Linger, Miles City, donated a bred cow and was lead organizer for Heifers for South Dakota. “We saw the pictures on the Northern Ag Network website of all the dead cattle. It could’ve just as easily been us as it was them" — Dustin and Vicki Hofeldt, Cleveland area, donated two bred cows. “Oh, I just seen that stuff on TV and I felt so bad I felt like I needed to do this” — Teddy Faber, south of Chinook, donated two bred heifers. “ ... Because maybe someday I’ll need a favor returned or someone else will need one. I like that, paying it forward” — Jim Heavey, north of Havre, donated a heifer and a cow. “It’s been incredible to see the generosity of people, strangers and neighbors” — Silvia Christen, executive director of the South Dakota Stockgrowers Association. body.” That first calf is a heifer bred for an early spring calf. “I hope that it helps to get these guys back on their feet. I know it would suck if it happened to me,” he said. Brown and Burcham expressed a similar mix of compassion for fellow cattle producers and frank understanding that it could've been them just as much in need. “I just couldn’t turn away and not help in some way,” said Brown. “It was was worth the trouble — because it's a hard thing to do, to set my heart toward something like this," Burcham said of the work to coordinate the donation effort. “Some people fight for veterans or fight for cancer or other sorts of good deeds, but I’ve never had a strong desire to do that until now. I don't think I could forgive myself if I didn’t try and do something to help — that was my main drive in doing that.” Donations are still being accepted. Contact Ty Linger on Facebook at Heifers for South Dakota, at his website HelpforSouthDakota.com, or by calling 406351-3716.

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Some of the stories Ty Linger, organizer of Heifers for South Dakota, shared some of the stories associated with this donation effort: • A teenage girl in Laramie, Wyo., donated her heifer that she had raised, trained and competed in FFA show classes. • One young man with a herd of 11 cows whose offspring would help him pay for college then be the seed for his ranching career after graduation lost 10 of the 11 cows. The few head he got would help keep him going. • One family who had just built their herd to 207 head, the number they needed for a viable business, lost 102 head. They received 20 head. This donation provided the collateral to allow the bank to justify a loan for more cows. • Some people have given up on their ranches, several people have said that without help they will lose their place and one suicide is directly attributed to the extreme storm-related losses. “For a lot of these folks, it’s still pretty grim. We’re thankful for the ones that we can get help to now, and weep for the ones we can’t,” Linger said.

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Paying it forward: Final total of loss in monetary value will be hundreds of millions ■ Continued from page A1

The Ty that binds

Home-grown northcentral Montana effort

Through Burcham and Brown’s effort in

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Why the helping hand was needed Whether newly starting out or established, virtually no rancher has insurance that will replace lost cattle, said Silvia Christen, executive director of the South Dakota Stockgrowers Association. It’s cost prohibitive. Generally, the insurance producers have is similar to liability insurance for a vehicle insuring against damage the cattle might do, but not against damage done to them, she added. And unlike farmers, who have been assisted for many years now by government subsidies to help with securing food production from volatile markets, ranchers have gone their own way in securing against market risks, she said. That's the way, as a whole, they want it, she added. The down side of this independence is when something like this happens, she said. But ranchers are known for lending each other a helping hand. The donations are especially important to younger ranchers who don't have a backup and have had to extend themselves financially to make a go of the business, she said.

Lost cattle, both dead and alive, are still being found scattered across the region, he said, including one small group that managed to survive as it drifted with the storm across 31 miles. With calves selling for $800 to $1,000 and replacement heifers and breeding stock selling for $1,800 to $2,500, Linger said, the cattle losses alone easily range into the hundreds of millions of dollars. Add to this the costs to repair damaged property, especially fences, and loss of future income, and the monetary loss is catastrophic an a level that cannot be calculated. Linger knew he had to do something.

What Ty Linger ended up doing was not gathering breeding stock donations in Miles City, but rather coordinating efforts between the donors and the recipients in South Dakota. He forged a partnership with the nonprofit organization North Central Resource Conservation and Development Association Inc. of South Dakota, so that all donations of cattle and money would be tax deductible, arranged pickup and delivery details and helped create the anonymous committee that decides who the cattle will go to, and how many. The committee accepts nominations for people in need of the replacement breeding stock, and a representative verifies the information and talks with the prospective recipients, then takes this information back the committee for decision, Linger said. Linger's website, HelpforSouthDakota. com, lists 31 cattle-donation collection sites across 10 states, including Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Nebraska, North Dakota, O k l a h o m a , S o u t h D a ko ta , U ta h a n d Wyoming, as well as Montana, which has the most sites with 13. As of Nov. 25, Heifers for South Dakota had received about 575 cows and, Linger said, those were planned to be distributed by T h a n k s g i v i n g . A n a d d i t i o n a l 1 5 0 replacement heifers will be held over the winter at Tom Brunner's Midland stockyard — with all their care, feed and vaccinations donated by different sources. The heifers will be artificially inseminated in the spring — with donated semen administered by specialists donating their time to AI — then immediately distributed to recipients. Linger said he expects another 500 head during a second round of donations in January. Some breeding stock will be purchased with monetary donations.

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Havre Daily News/Lindsay Brown Russ Allderdice opens his stock trailer Nov. 21 to let out his cattle donation into the JS Livestock yard south of Havre. Area ranchers brought cattle to the stockyard Nov. 2021 to send to the South Dakota ranchers whose herds were decimated by the October blizzard. north-central Montana, 32 donors provided 45 head of cows, heifers and calves. These donors came from Chester to Malta and near the Canadian border to the Bear Paw Mountains and Big Sandy. The cattle were gathered Nov. 20-21 at JS Livestock south of Havre where the stockyard's owner, Jeff Solomon, had volunteered his facility along with feed until the cows shipped out Nov. 22. Brand inspector Mark Larson volunteered two days of work verifying brands and writing bills of sale as local ranchers arrived with their donations. Nov. 22, each cow was pregnancy tested, vaccinated and had health certificates for transportation signed by veterinarian Roger Baxter of Chinook. Then Earl Brown and Jestin Brown of Earlz Trucking LLC, the two men who drove the cattle to Belle Fourche, S.D. — assisted by Solomon; two of the cattle donors who came back to help, Joe Ostrom of Big Sandy and Jim Heavey from north of Havre; Tom and Rene Brown; and Alisha Burcham — loaded the cattle for shipping. In other words, to borrow a phrase, it took a village to donate the cattle.

“If it was me in that position, the only thing I would appreciate at a time of such sorrow is a gift of hope,” she said. That's when she got together with Brown and they made an online connection with Miles City rancher Ty Linger who also had the idea to gather cattle donations and distribute these replacement breeding cows to those in need. Linger had already started an online effort called Heifers for South Dakota and was working out details including where to physically gather the cows and the best way to decide who gets how many cows. Oct. 10, Burcham and Brown turned to Facebook and their contact lists, and they spread the word about their plan to get 40 bred or breedable cows and heifers for donation and shipment to South Dakota ranchers. “Neither Alisha or I have any experience in organizing a cause like this,” wrote Brown on their Facebook page MT Ranchers Paying It Forward. “We will be learning as we go, but both feel moved and motivated to help.” As it turned out, help was very much needed, but other people and organizations were out there to share the load, and the people of north-central Montana did not disappoint.

What went wrong with Atlas The weather in western South Dakota had been warm for the end of September. Many areas were experiencing highs in the 70s and low 80s that last weekend in September, according to National Weather Service. And predictions were for temperature drops and some rain and snow from to a storm rolling across Wyoming and southern Montana into South Dakota. This winter storm, that The Weather Channel eventually dubbed Atlas, traveled east, primarily across Wyoming, eventually focusing its intensity in the area along the Montana-Wyoming border, with high winds, freezing temperatures and accumulating moisture. When this storm hit western South Dakota Oct. 3, it resulted in ½ to more than 2 inches of rain coming down for about 18 hours. Then the cold temperatures hit, along with even stronger winds creating a blizzard in west-central and southwestern South

Dakota. Up to four feet of snow fell, with winds of 50-plus mph and gusts up to 80 mph, in some areas. Winter storm Atlas was much more severe than was predicted, and the devastation was more severe than could be imagined.

The cattle toll Linger has been in ranching all his life, but, he said, he and his wife, Rosalie, are just starting to get established with their own ranch. Linger said that, after two hard years, 2013 was shaping up to be their best year on record with big calves and plenty of pasture, and they, like all the ranchers in their region, were looking forward to selling their calves. Linger said his herd was spared the worst of Atlas, but he felt the despair of those ranchers in South Dakota, who were also having a good year and were one to two weeks away from bringing their herds in and hauling them to market. When the storm hit, cattle still out on summer pasture drifted to low-lying areas for shelter, sometimes for miles and through fences, Linger said, adding that near Union Center, S.D., in an area that is shaped in a natural bowl measuring about a half-mile across, more than 750 cattle died. A major problem from the storm coming so early in the season is that the cattle hadn't grown thick winter coats, so had none of their own natural defenses, he said. The cattle were soaked to the skin, then temperatures dropped to below freezing and snow drifted into the low areas that had been used for shelter. Some cattle loss reports are still not in, some areas are still inaccessible and plenty of head of cattle are simply unaccounted for, but the final estimated loss, Linger said, is expected to be between 75,000 and 100,000 head of cattle. Photos from the storm's aftermath show coulees and drainages littered with sometimes scores of carcasses. The cattle died from a variety of conditions related to the extreme, unseasonable weather, he said, from hypothermia to suffocation, exhaustion and excessive fluid-buildup in their lungs.

■ Continued on page 10

Courtesy photo Jestin Brown, from left, Joe Ostrom and Earl Brown work Nov. 22 to load cattle onto a semitrailer at JS Livestock south of Havre. Ostrom is a Big Sandy farmer and rancher who donated a replacement breeding cow to Montana Ranchers Paying It Forward to be distributed to South Dakota ranchers whose herds were decimated by an early winter storm Oct. 3-5. The Browns, with Earlz Trucking LLC, transported the cattle to Belle Fourche, S.D.

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Sawflies Sawflies

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Another of discussion wasDethe De- Youth YoS topictopic of discussion was the “Agriculture is definitely be tak- Another “Agriculture is definitely goinggoing to betotakpartment of Labor’s proposed restrictions Dr of Labor’s proposed restrictions on on Drumm a good of cuts,” she said. “How- partment ing aing good shareshare of cuts,” she said. “HowHi-Line Hi-Line children working in agriculture. Under the subject sub children working in agriculture. Under the ever, it’s better to deal with this now in this ever, it’s better to deal with this now in this Hi-Line Hi-Line Hi-Line Hi-Line proposed rules, youth under the age of 16 proposed rules, youth under the age of 16 “I committee than waiting until next year.” committee than waiting until next year.” December 2013 December 2013 www.havredailynews.com am www.havredailynews.com www.havredailynews.com www.havredailynews.com December 2013 December 2013 www.havredailynews.com www.havredailynews.com December 2013 would not be able do labor any labor a farmranchran December 2013 would not be able to dotoany on a on farm th Thatcher, basing her comments on current Thatcher, basing her comments on current 140 140 yea knowledge, further said she thatbeliewed she beliewed or ranch or ranch without restrictions – unless Labor’s proposed will destroy job opknowledge, further said that without restrictions – unless it’s it’s Labor’s proposed rulesrules will destroy job opFOR HI-LINE & RANCH FOR HI-LINE FARMFARM & RANCH won wo him “conservation programs willa large be a large parents’ portunities for young people and damage programs will be part parttheir their parents’ place.place. portunities for young people and damage the the What’s to happen the Farm “conservation What’s goinggoing to happen with with the Farm “I p “I plan Thanks your Thanks for for your the cuts, reductions in Conservation “That“That leaves out aunts, uncles, grand- nation’s nation’s economy. with with reductions in Conservation leaves out aunts, uncles, grandeconomy. Billthe andDepartment the Department of Labor’s Bill and of Labor’s over-over- of theofcuts, ind industry Reserve Program is land in CRPparents, parents, or even having a neighbor kid over “The“The Department of Labor’s reasoning Reserve Program land.land. ThereThere is land in CRP or even having a neighbor kid over Department of Labor’s reasoning on “child labor” hot topics reachreach on “child labor” werewere hot topics patronage in 2013 mentme in patronage in 2013 that isn’t erodible and should not even to help hay bales,” Thatcher. for these for these new policies that like kids me, like me, erodible and should not even be be to help stackstack hay bales,” notesnotes Thatcher. new policies is thatis kids during the Montana Bureau Conven- that isn’t during the Montana FarmFarm Bureau Convenscam scares part the program. be some “Under the proposed kids under the ones 16, cognitive lack cognitive ability theofprogram. ThereThere may may be some cuts cuts “Under the proposed rulesrules kids under the the the ones underunder 16, lack ability to to tion Nov. in Missoula. American tion Nov. 6-9 in6-9 Missoula. American FarmFarm part of futo future in working programs. age 16 wouldn’t be to able to hay, bale milk hay, milkperform perform I have working landslands programs. RightRight now now therethereage of 16ofwouldn’t be able bale thesethese tasks.tasks. I have been been working Bureau Public Policy Director Bureau Public Policy Director MaryMary Kay Kay in working line msU neWs service MSU on Feb. 1. peatedly meet their goals, so their self-esteem • Reduced activity and pleasure in usual ingness to initiate contact with the community line tod msU neWs service MSU on Feb. 1. peatedly meet their goals, so their self-esteem • Reduced activity and pleasure in usual ingness to initiate contact with the community CONTINUED FROM PAGE 4 CONTINUED FROM PAGE 4 areconservation 23 conservation programs; Bureaucows,cows, newborn calves or sucklingwith with animals, operating machinery and ridprograms; FarmFarm Bureau help help with with newborn calves or suckling animals, operating machinery and ridThatcher covered the ever-changing Thatcher covered the ever-changing infor-infor- are 23 concentration and inability to make deciconcentration and inability to make deciJeff Bader, a department head with New "It is a great honor to have been selected as Princ stays high. This is important because the activities: “Doing anything is just too much resource (“How do you feel about seeking help Jeff Bader, a department head with New "It is a great honor to have been selected as high. is important because has long a proponent of combining piglets, piglets, or even a horse to gather ingstays horses alllife myThis lifesuddenly and suddenly my age the activities: “Doing anything is just too much resource (“How do you feel about seeking help has long been been a proponent of combining or even ride aride horse to gather cattle.cattle.ing horses all my and my age mation the Farm mation aboutabout the Farm Bill. Bill. Mexico State University Extension, has been the the nextperson/agency?”) director of MSU Extension," sions. Mexico State University Extension, has been next director of MSU Extension," BaderBader greater your confidence, the more ofeffort.” an effort.” from this person/agency?”) greater yourmy confidence, the more likelylikely you you of an from this of them. I suspect that when the dust Farmers Farmers and ranchers to speak up and is what is what determines my ‘cognitive ability,’” of them. I suspect that when the dust andsions. ranchers need need to speak up and determines ‘cognitive ability,’” Although the so-called congressional somesome Although the so-called congressional selected as Montana State University’s new said. "MSU Extension’s prominence • Emotional signs: sadness, depression, selected as Montana State University’s new said. "MSU Extension’s prominence and • Emotional signs: sadness, depression, are to use available resources effectively. • People problems: “I don’t want anyone to 6. Where the person or family isand unwilling are to use available resources effectively. • People problems: “I don’t want anyone to 6. Where the person or family is unwilling clears, there will be five or less programs.” say how outrageous this is. Visit www.reguPrince said in his speech. say how outrageous this is. Visit www.reguPrince said in his speech. “Super Committee” the convention clears, there will be five or less programs.” “Super Committee” after after the convention director. success the envy of states. The work bitterness, anger, of spirit and Extension director. success theisenvy of many states. The bitterness, anger, anxiety, loss ofrule.” spirit and SUCCESSFUL MANAGERS see me,” “I so feellonely.” so lonely.” toistake the initiative or where ther is some SUCCESSFUL STRESS MANAGERS see Extension me,” “I feel to take the initiative ormany where therwork is some Thatcher explained a proposal for com- lations.gov lations.gov file comments on theloss Prince said because theSTRESS work ag kids Thatcher explained a proposal for comto filetocomments onanxiety, the rule.” Prince said because of theof work ag kids to come up with a deficit reduction failedfailed to come up with a deficit reduction As MSU Extension director, Bader will done by the faculty and staff is impactful andtake As MSU Extension director, Bader will done by the faculty and staff is impactful and loss of humor. loss of humor. Those are successful stress manag- • Physical • Physical problems: Sleeping problems, danger if action not taken, you should who are stress managproblems: Sleeping problems, danger if action is notistaken, you should take CHEVROLET modity programs, noting that with the cuts, EvenEven the youth would be affecteddo atdo at aThose young age,who they have a strong work CHEVROLET programs, noting that with the cuts, the youth who who would be affected a young age, they havesuccessful a strong work as some expected, its earlier idea plan plan as some expected, its earlier idea to cutto cutmodity oversee a statewide educational outreach relevant to the people of Montana. I will work oversee a statewide educational outreach relevant to the people of Montana. I will work • Self esteem signs: The person might say, • Self esteem signs: The person might say, if it’s done right, there can still be a safety by these laws are speaking out. During ethic, resourcefulness and responsibility. ers: decreased sexual interest, headaches. the initiative: if it’s done right, there can still be a safety by these laws are speaking out. During ethic, resourcefulness and responsibility. ers: decreased sexual interest, headaches. the initiative: $23 billion out of the USDA budget drew $23 billion out of the USDA budget drew thatlow applies toagency ensure this true. My network that applies unbiased, ensure this remains My “I’m a failure,” “IFoundation’s blew or “Why can’t I ... netagriculture. for agriculture. the Montana Farm Foundation’s a time country isKnow battling “I’m a failure,” “I Bureau blew it,” orit,” “Why can’t“In I ... net for the Montana Farm Bureau a“In time when country isKnow battling comments Thatcher. •aour Are self-aware. your strengths, • Guilt and low self esteem: all my CalltoCall the agency andtrue. askspeak to wife speak to the comments fromfrom Thatcher. • Arewhen self-aware. your strengths, •network Guilt and selfunbiased, esteem: “It’s “It’s all my the and remains ask to to wife the McKeever, aour farmer near Loma; ShiaoMcKeever, farmer near Loma; ShiaomsU neWs service msU neWs service research-based university resources Donna Ilooking areone). looking forward research-based university resources Donna and Iand are forward Another of discussion wasDethe De-Youth Youth Speech Contest, Garett Prince from unemployment, a struggling economy and (do various things)?” topictopic of discussion was the Speech Contest, Garett Prince from unemployment, a struggling economy and “Agriculture is definitely be tak- Another (do various things)?” “Agriculture is definitely goinggoing to betotakskills, and weaknesses. Know what is imporfault,” “I should be punished.” intake worker (if there is one). skills, and weaknesses. Know what is imporfault,” “I should be punished.” intake worker (if there is One Convenient Location. AllAll In In One Convenient Location. man Chao, a molecular geneticist at the cientists discovered cientists discovered somesome man Chao, a molecular geneticist at the to practical needs identified the tonext thisyourself next chapter inlives our lives and with to practical needs identified byinclude: thebyinclude: toIdentify thisyourself chapter in our and with partment of Labor’s proposed restrictions Drummond atolot to on say onSTRESS that exact generation generation ofto unmotivated youth, our govof Labor’s proposed restrictions on on Drummond had ahad lot say that exact of unmotivated youth, our gova good of cuts,” she said. “How- partment MANAGING ing aing good shareshare of cuts,” she said. “HowMANAGING STRESS tant you. Know where you are going. Set Signs of suicidal intent and your relationship tant to you. Know where you are going. Set Signs of suicidal intent Identify and your relationship USDA’s Agricultural Research Service USDA’s Agricultural Research Service 70 years could 70 years ago ago that that theythey could 440 2Hwy W ~ Glasgow ~440Across from Fairgrounds W ~2 Glasgow ~440Across from Fairgrounds of Montana in their becoming aof part the MSU people of•Montana inortheir homehome theofMSU com-comHighway W. • Glasgow children working in agriculture. Under subject. ernment is going to un-employ thousands Highway #2 W. •#2 Glasgow working in agriculture. Under the the subject. ernment going to un-employ thousands ofmore it’s better to with deal with this now in thischildren ever,ever, it’s better to deal this now in this GMCGMC 440 Hwy While farm stress is inevitable, the itis Fargo, While farm stress is inevitable, the toll ittoll priorities and plan. Never bite offof more Anxiety depression: Severe, intense thebecoming person ora part family. priorities and plan. Never bite off than than •people Anxiety or depression: Severe, intense the person or family. in N.D.; and researchers at four in Fargo, N.D.; and researchers at four fight wheat stem sawfly fight wheat stem sawfly Across from Fairgrounds Across from Fairgrounds 406-228-9325 ~ 1-800-255-1472 ~ 406-228-4381 406-228-9325 ~ 1-800-255-1472 ~ 406-228-4381 communities. MSU Extension has munity.” proposed rules, youth under the age of 16 “I am only 12 years old and I help run the hard-working individuals? That just doesn’t communities. MSU Extension has munity.” “I am only 12 years old runemotions the emotions hard-working individuals? That just doesn’t committee waiting committee than than waiting until until next next year.”year.” proposed rules, youth under the age of 16 often exacts onand theI help health and of often exacts on growing the health of you can chew. Cutbreeding down ondemands the demands feelings of anxiety or depression. you think the person’s or fam- Certified you can chew. Cut down on the mademade feelings of anxiety or depression. StateState whatwhat you think the person’s or famCertified 406-228-9326 406-228-9326 international wheat international breeding by a and new type by a new type of ofmake Family owned the Newton Family owned by 1-800-255-1472 thebyNewton Boys•Boys would notable be to able dolabor any labor a farmranchranch that hasgrowing been in my family for over make sense. I wheat hope the Department ofcompaLabor offices serving 56 Montana coun-Withdrawn, Bader currently serves at the would not be dotoany on a on farm that has been in my family for over sense. Ionhope the Department ofcompaLabor offices serving all 56all Montana coun-Withdrawn, Bader currently serves at the Thatcher, basing her comments on current Thatcher, basing her comments on current farmers and their families is not. farmers and their families is not. 406-228-4381 1-800-255-1472 • 406-228-4381 you until you feel in control. • Withdrawal or isolation: ily’s needs are (needs immediate protection on you until you feel in control. • Withdrawal or isolation: ily’s needs are (needs immediate protection nies: Bayer CropScience, Limagrain Service nies: Bayer CropScience, Limagrain Service wheat. The wheat had a solid stem inwheat. The wheat had a solid stem inCar A Car Auto Parts & Repair Center 140 years,” Prince said in his speech that wakes up and realizes that kids who start ties and five Indian reservations in Northern District department head of See Doug, Andy, Terry, Kenny or Newton TedBoys Boys Rent ARent Auto Parts & Repair Center 140 years,” Prince said in his speech that wakes up and realizes that kids who start Family owned the ties and five Indian reservations in Northern District department head of See Doug, Andy, Terry, Kenny orbyNewton Ted Family owned by the Researchers have identified hardy indiResearchers have identified hardy indi• Are relaxed. Take walks. Spend time on alone, lack of friends and supports. from suicidal acts, needs an appointment for • Are relaxed. Take walks. Spend time on alone, lack of friends and supports. from suicidal acts, needs an appointment for Cereal Seeds, Westbred (Monsanto), Cereal Seeds, Westbred (Monsanto), stead aplace hollow one, making it harder stead of a of hollow one, making it harder won him second place in the junior division. working long before turning 16 years old are won him second in the junior division. working long before turning 16 years old are the state. the NMSU Cooperative Extension the NMSU Cooperative viduals--people who can handle more viduals--people who can handle muchmuch more hobbies. Talk to others. Take naps. or state. • Helpless and hopeless: of complete counseling, financial or legal advice). hobbies. Talk to others. Takethe naps. PrayPray or the • Helpless and hopeless: SenseSense of complete counseling, needsneeds financial orExtension legal advice). and (Syngenta). and (Syngenta). for females toaeggs lay eggs leaving less toa lay and leaving less the “Ifemales plan to remain part of theand agricultural theAgripro ones who arestanding not standing unem“I for plan to remain part of the agricultural ones whoAgripro are not in theinunem“Dr. Bader is an excellent choice Service, a he post heheld has held since 2009. “Dr. Bader is an excellent choice Service, a post has since 2009. stress than others without the ill effects. Three stress than others without the ill effects. Three meditate. Read for fun. Breathe deeply and powerlessness, a hopeless feeling. State what you think the person’s or fammeditate. Read for fun. Breathe deeply and powerlessness, a hopeless feeling. State what you think the person’s or famLamb finds farms that have sawfly Lamb finds farms that have sawfly room for larvae to grow. industry and hope to continue my involve- ployment ployment linethe byage theof age of 25.” room for hope larvae grow. industry and to to continue my involveline by 25.” to lead MSU Extension. He is As department head, Bader oversees to lead MSU Extension. He is As department head, Bader oversees characteristics they have in common are characteristics they have in common are count to 1,000. • Alcohol abuse: There is often a link beily’s needs are (needs immediate protection count to 1,000. • Alcohol abuse: There is often a link beily’s needs are (needs immediate protection BaDer approximately BaDer problems, then lays out anconarea for infamily’s my wheat family’s ranching operation. It Other hot button during the problems, then laysissues out an area forconmentment in myMontana ranching operation. It benefit Other hot button issues during the wheat farmers still Montana farmers still benefit well-regarded nationally, he has approximately 100 employees for the well-regarded nationally, he has 100 employees for the commitment, and challenge. Highly commitment, and career challenge. Highly •plants Are involved. Draw on several tween alcoholism and suicide. suicidal acts, needs an appointment • Are involved. Draw on several sources of of tween alcoholism and suicide. fromfrom suicidal needs an Northern appointment for for scares to think mycontrol, future and the vention were theplants proposal to move Yellowscares me tome think mycontrol, future career and the vention were the proposal move Yellowfield trials, the seed that Tal- sources field trials, theto seed that Talfrom that breakthrough, and Montana from that breakthrough, and Montana extensive experience in Extension 13 acts, counties ofNorthern the District extensive experience in Extension 13 counties of the District in in committed to the work they do, they have a committed to the work they do, they have a personal satisfaction, such as family, hobbies, • Previous suicidal attempts: May have been counseling, needs financial or legal advice). personal satisfaction, such as family, hobbies, • Previous suicidal attempts: May have been counseling, needs financial or legal advice). future of my family’s ranch may be on the stone National Park bison to four locations future of my family’s ranchnow mayahas be on the stone National Park four locations bert’s group has topacked, and maintains fromfrom bert’s group hasbison packed, and maintains State University a new grant the ground up,he and hethe hasleadership the leadershipNewNew Mexico. State University now has new grant the ground up, and has Mexico. knack for turning problems into opportunities. knack for turning problems into opportunities. and recreation. previous attempts of to low to programs high lethality. Provide the department agency with background inand plots. recreation. previous attempts ofadvance low high lethality. Provide thebeing agency with background line today.” around Montana, risk management line today.” around Montana, risk management the The field crews of and Talbert skill necessary to our across Prior Prior to head, the plots. The field crews of and Talbert that could add weapons to their arseskill necessary to advance our programs across to being department head, BaderBaderinthat could add weapons to their arseThebelieves Serenity Prayer expresses the feeling of planning. The Serenity Prayer expresses the feeling ofestate • Are active and productive. Make things • Suicidal plan: Frequent or constant formation (name, address and phone; age and • Are active and productive. Make things • Suicidal plan: Frequent or constant formation (name, address and phone; age and Prince the Department of tax planning. Prince believes the Department of estate tax the state for the benefit of all Montanans,” said was director of the Bernalillo County Extenand Weaver will collect field data from the state for the benefit of all Montanans,” said was director of the Bernalillo County Extenand Weaver will collect field data from nal, said MSU wheat breeder Luther nal,control saidcontrol MSU wheat breeder Luther have: “God mestrength the strength they they have: “God grantgrant me the happen. Practice stress management during thoughts with a specific plan in mind. gender; nature of current problem or crisis; happen. Practice stress management during thoughts with a specific plan in mind. gender; nature of current problem or crisis; any President Waded Cruzado. sion Program to 2009. MSUMSU President Waded Cruzado. sion Program fromfrom 20032003 to 2009. FromFrom 19911991 any the sites. Weaver his laboratory the sites. Weaver and and his laboratory Talbert. Talbert. to change the things can change, the courage to change the things I canIchange, the courage good and bad times. Eat right, exercise, and Cries for help: Making a will, giving posses past history you’re aware of; further informagood and bad times. Eat right, exercise, and Cries for help: Making a will, giving posses past history you’re aware of; further informa“Through Extension, the entire to 2003, he the wasdirector the director and agricultural “Through MSUMSU Extension, the entire to 2003, he was and agricultural staff process samples to identify staff will will process samples to identify With a five-year grant With a accept five-year $500,000 grant to those things I cannot change, and the to accept those things I $500,000 cannot change, and the get enough sleep. • sions away, making statements such as “I’m tion as called for). get enough sleep. • sions away, making statements such as “I’m tion as called for). our campus, am pleased that we agentagent forQuay the Quay County Extension state state is ouriscampus, and Iand am Ipleased that we for the County Extension Pro- Propotential mechanism by dispotential new new mechanism by disfrom the Institute fromwisdom thewisdom USDA’s National Institute of of any any to know the difference.” to USDA’s know the National difference.” Use and give support. Develop friendcalling it quits,” or “Maybe mybroad family would Ask the1987 agency what follow-up action • Use• stems. and give support. Develop friendcalling itfound quits,” or to “Maybe mybroad family would the agency what follow-up action they they CHEVROLET CHEVROLET have someone to guide its range gram; from to 1991 he wasExtension the Extension have found someone guide its range gram;Ask from 1987 to 1991 he was the secting Sherman’s crew will secting stems. Sherman’s crew will and Agriculture, Talbert and his FoodFood and Agriculture, Talbert and his A tough lesson for many farmers is that A tough lesson for many farmers is that ships for help and comfort during periods of be better off without me.” will take: ships for help and comfort during periods of be better off without me.” will take: of activities, providing our crop 4-H agent for Santa Fe County; and from fromfrom providing our crop and and 4-H agent for Santa Fe County; and from 19841984 genetic studies to identify helphelp withwith genetic studies to identify the the of activities, colleagues will screen 4,000 to colleagues will screen 4,000 to 5,000 hard work does not always lead to success. hard work does not always lead to5,000 success. stress. HOW TOwith REFER A PERSON FOR HELP • was When will they actequine on thetechnoloreferral? stress. HOW TO REFER A PERSON FOR HELP •toWhen will they act on the referral? livestock producers with valuable information, 1987 he was the director of equine technololivestock producers valuable information, to 1987 he the director of new genes for resistance. Syngenta will new for resistance. Syngenta will to each varieties of wheat that originated in very varieties of wheat that originated in very The work ethic ingrained the lifegenes The work ethic ingrained into into the life • Spend the family. 1.aware Be aware of the agencies and resources •El Who will beperson the person for you to Okla. contact • Spend time time with with the family. Talk Talk to each to preparing 1. Be of the agencies and resources •gy Who will be the for you to contact In One Convenient Location. AllAll In One Convenient Location. to preparing the future of Montana with our at Reno Junior College in El Reno, the future of Montana with our gy at El Reno Junior College in El Reno, Okla. provide an observation nursery in westprovide an observation nursery in westareas of the world where wheat stem areas of world where wheat stem ofthe every farmer does not always provide the of every farmer does not always provide the other and really listen. Express appreciation available in your community what services later if necessary? other and really listen. Express appreciation available in your community what services later if necessary? 4-H youth program, to strengthening our cities Bader earned a doctorate of education from 4-H youth program, to strengthening our cities Bader earned a doctorate of education from 440 2Hwy W ~ Glasgow ~440Across from Fairgrounds W ~2Glasgow ~440Across from Fairgrounds ern North Dakota to help the researchern North Dakota to help the researchsawflies problem. The scientists sawflies areitaare problem. Theevery scientists Highway W. • Glasgow Highway #2 W. •#2 Glasgow GMCGMC 440 Hwy rewards itapromises. For every farmer, there rewards promises. For farmer, there for each other often. they offer and what their limitations are. • What will be the cost of the service (flat for each other often. they offer and what their limitations are. ��� What will be the cost of the service (flat and towns through community development, New Mexico State University, where he also and towns through community development, New Mexico State University, where he also Across from Fairgrounds Across from Fairgrounds 406-228-9325 ~ 1-800-255-1472 ~ 406-228-4381 ~ 1-800-255-1472 ~ 406-228-4381 ers screen and identify potentially new ers screen and identify potentially new will look for and resistant traits that may willare look for resistant traits that are may are conditions and factors that are outhis of his Certified 406-228-9325 conditions factors that out of Certified • Think positively. Encourage an overriding 2. Listen for signs and symptoms that fee/sliding scale)? 406-228-9326 • Think positively. Encourage an overriding 2. Listen for signs and symptoms that fee/sliding scale)? 406-228-9326 to Extension's activities that reachearned earned a master’s of science in animal science to Extension's manymany otherother activities that reach a master’s of science in animal science owned the Newton FamilyFamily owned by 1-800-255-1472 thebyNewton Boys •Boys sources ofthat sawfly resistance. sawfly resistance. beher present in wheat the wheat be present in the and and thenthen try totry tosources 406-228-4381 1-800-255-1472 • 406-228-4381 orcontrol. her control. or sense things outthe for best, the best, thehomes person orhearts family needs help which •an Do youinneed donutrition. anything else to comsenseof that things will will workwork out for thethe person orand family needs help which you you you need to doto anything elseHis to cominto the homes and hearts of Montanans,” emphasis in livestock nutrition. His Service into of Montanans,” with •with anDo emphasis livestock Service Car A Car &See Repair See Center Doug, Andy, Terry, or Newton TedBoys Boys Rent ARent AutoAuto PartsParts & Repair Center Family owned the Doug, Andy, Terry, Kenny orbyNewton Ted Family owned byKenny the 1st Ave. “Current resistance based on solid 1st Ave. NorthNorth “Current resistance based on solid identify the with identify associated with that Angenes oldgenes farmer had suffered through Anthe old farmer hadassociated suffered through athat life-a lifeno matter happens. Know events can’t provide, i.e., financial, or personal plete the degree referral? no matter whatwhat happens. Know that that events can’t provide, i.e., financial, legallegal or personal plete the degree referral? Cruzado said. bachelor’s is in also in animal science Cruzado said. bachelor’s is also animal science stem doesn’t always hold up,” said stem doesn’t always hold up,” said resistance. New resistance genes will resistance. New resistance genes will Glasgow, MT 59230 Glasgow, MT 59230 time of troubles and afflictions that would have time of troubles and afflictions that would have rarely destroy people--it is people’s reactions counseling. 7.NMSU. Make sureperson the person or family and referBader is expected to his startposition his position from rarely destroy people--it is people’s reactions counseling. Make sure the or family and referBader is expected to start at at from7. NMSU. Syngenta Northern Plains Wheat Syngenta Wheat be incorporated into new varieties of be incorporated new varieties leveled aninto ordinary mortal. Butofthrough it all, Fertilizer • 228-2571 leveled an ordinary mortal. But through it all, Fertilizer PlantPlant • 228-2571 toNorthern events thatPlains cause the problems. 3. Assess agency or community ral agency connect andtogether. get together. to events that cause the problems. 3. Assess whatwhat agency or community re- reral agency connect and get MakeMake one one Breeder Joe Smith. “Syngenta feels Breeder Joe SIGNS Smith. “Syngenta wheat. wheat. he never lostsense his sense of humor. “How have he never lost his of humor. “How have OF DEPRESSION ORfeels SUICIDAL INTENT source source would be most appropriate to address or more follow-up contacts the agency SIGNS OF DEPRESSION OR SUICIDAL INTENT would be most appropriate to address or more follow-up contacts with with the agency if if additional of number resistance would of number resistance would very have wanted toadditional “I’m verymanaged excited. have wanted to you toI keep so happy and serene?” you“I’m managed toexcited. keep so Ihappy and serene?” The sources greater the of signs or sympthe person’s (or family’s) problems. called forthe bysituation. the situation. The sources greater the of signs or sympthe person’s (or family’s) problems. called for by be useful. This kind of research good be useful. This kind of research is good do this for several years,” said Talbert, do this for several years,” said Talbert, asked a friend. “It ain’t hard,” said the old asked a friend. “It ain’t hard,” said the old tomstoms a ranch or farm family is is experiencing, 4. Discuss the referral the person Roubie Younkin, an MSU Extension a ranch or farm family is experiencing, 4. Discuss the referral with with the person or or Roubie Younkin, an MSU Extension for Montana butshould also could forjust Montana growers, butshould also could a professor MSU’s of a professor in with MSU’s Department of fellow a twinkle his eye. “ I’ve fellow with aintwinkle in Department hisineye. “ I’ve just the greater your concern be. In addition, family (“It sounds/looks like are youfeeling are feeling in Valley County, compiled the greater yourgrowers, concern be. In addition, family (“It sounds/looks like you agentagent in Valley County, compiled this this re- reFarmers Elevator in Glasgow has answers Farmers Elevator in Glasgow has answers be useful formembers growers in neighboring be useful growers in neighboring Plant Sciences and Plant Plant Sciences and Plant Pathology. learned to cooperate with the inevitable.” learned to cooperate with thePathology. inevitable.” iffor family are exhibiting the follow_____. I think _____ could help you with deal with if family members are exhibiting the follow_____. I think _____ could help you deal port from Extension sources. She can port from Extension sources. She can be be to your grain, marketing to your feed,feed, grain, graingrain marketing and and states are sawfly states are sawfly that the USDA will give “It’s“It’s good thatcontrol the USDA will give uscontrol, To those things you canuscontrol, To good control those things you can ingthat signs ofexperiencing depression or suicidal intent, is your situation.”) ingthat signs ofexperiencing depression or suicidal intent, it is it your situation.”) reached at (406)228-6239 or ryounkin@ reached at (406)228-6239 or ryounkin@ problems.” agronomy questions. We have full line the must opportunity do It’s agronomy questions. We have a fulla line the you opportunity dotothis. It’s you must What are good your goals forproblems.” your plan.toplan. What are this. your goalsgood for your important that connect you connect profes- 5. Explore 5. Explore the individual’s or family’s important that you themthem with with profesthe individual’s or family’s will-willvalleycountymt.net. valleycountymt.net. Lyle McKeever Loma said MSU Lyle McKeever of Loma MSU that our colleagues in the wheat breedthat our colleagues in the wheat breedfarm in the next year? In the next three years? farm in the next year? In the next three years? sional sional help as soon assaid possible. All cries of feed products a knowledgeable help as soon asofpossible. All cries for for of feed products and and a knowledgeable researchers have wheat researchers have conducted wheat ing Keeping community areyour willing tolong-range help ing Keeping community aremind willing to help out.”out.” in major, goals in mind your major, long-range goals should beconducted taken seriously. help help should be taken seriously. of feed consultants ready to help teamteam of feed consultants ready to help you you sawfly research on his farm stemstem sawfly research on his farm for for anset agronomist at Peggy Lamb, an agronomist at priorities. will make it easier todaily set daily willPeggy make itLamb, easier to priorities. • Signs of depression include: • Signs of depression include: livestock nutrition needs. Farmers Elevator provides essential withwith youryour livestock nutrition needs. Farmers Elevator provides essential about 10 years. His face, son, Terry, will 10 years. His Sad son, Terry, will MSU’s Northern Agricultural Research MSU’s Northern Agricultural Research When you cannot do everything youabout want When you cannot do everything you want • Appearance: Sad face, slow movements, • Appearance: slow movements, be involved in the upcoming study by be involved in the upcoming study by Center in Havre, said, “Any steps that supplies to the Hi-Line and rural America. Call us at 228-4422. Center in said, steps that to Havre, accomplish in“Any a day, tackle those projects supplies to the Hi-Line and rural America. Call us at 228-4422. to accomplish in a day, tackle those projects unkempt unkempt look.look. letting the scientists grow test plots of letting the scientists grow test plots of can be taken to better understand, that will bring you the biggest return. People can be taken to better understand, that will bring you the biggest return. People • Unhappy feelings: Feeling sad, hopeless, • Unhappy feelings: Feeling sad, hopeless, Peerless We here are here for you. Peerless We are for you. wheat on his farm. on his farm. select wheat that will help wheat with lowbreed self-esteem set unrealistically select and breed wheat thatoften will help with lowand self-esteem often set unrealistically discouraged, listless. discouraged, listless. 893-4398 893-4398 area hasthoughts: some of “I’m the worst “This area hasthoughts: some of “I’m the worst growers inbut theachievers sawfly-infested regions high goals, but achievers set moderate goalsgrowers in the sawfly-infested regions high goals, set moderate goals• Negative a failure,” •“This Negative a failure,” “I’m“I’m 1st Ave. 1st Ave. NorthNorth sawfly pressure incares.” thecares.” state,” sawfly pressure the state,” said said the the -not too and not too Achievers reof Montana and thetoo U.S. iseasy. huge. Fund-not too hard and Achievers reof Montana andhard the not U.S. iseasy. huge. Fundno good,” one no good,” “Noin“No one Richland Richland

88 82011 FARM & RANCH 2011 MFBF Convention Recap: Cuts, Child Labor Key Topics MFBF Convention Recap: USDA Cuts, Child Labor Key Topics FARM & RANCH FARM &USDA RANCH

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younger McKeever. McKeever. ing from definitely ing from this this grantgrant will will definitely bol- bol-younger Not sure why, McKeever Not sure why, TerryTerry McKeever ster the wheat stem sawfly resistance ster the wheat stem sawfly resistance climate, temperature elevaclimate, temperature and and elevaresearch Luther his spring said said research that that Luther and and his spring could a role. At any could playplay a role. At any rate,rate, wheat breeding program wheat breeding program havehave beenbeen tion tion wheat sawflies have invaded wheat stem sawflies have invaded the the working on several for several years.” working on for years.” Monday - Saturday Monday - Saturday 215 S. 215 4th St4th S. Ststem 8:30 5:00What p.m. What 8:30since a.m. 5:00 family’s thetop.m. 1970s. family’s since thetoa.m. 1970s. Glasgow, MTfarms In addition to Lamb, Talbert’s Glasgow, MTfarms In addition to Lamb, Talbert’s teamteam Sundays - Noon to Sundays - Noon to turned started outa Open as a Open nuisance has started out as nuisance has turned on new the new project includes on the project includes MSUMSU 4:00through p.m. through Christmas Christmas 228-93634:00 p.m. (406)(406) 228-9363 major losses of yield. major losses of yield. entomologist David Weaver; entomologist David Weaver; MSUMSU mo- mo-into into lecular biologist Jamie Sherman; lecular biologist Jamie Sherman; TerryTerry conTinUeD on PaGe conTinUeD on CHEVROLET PaGe 9 9 CHEVROLET

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21 W. 2ND STREET HWY 200 EAST 804 EAST 1ST AVENUE CIRCLE, MT 59215 PLENTYWOOD, MT 59254 CULBERTSON, MT 59218 (406) 765-1531 (406) 787-6201 (406) 485-2145

54275 HWY 2 EAST GLASGOW, MT 59230 (406) 228-2496

MONA DOEBLER / FOR HI-LINE FARM & RANCH

Hinsdale nature photographer mona Doebler, a familiar contributor to Hi-Line Farm & ranch, found a surprise in the mail on a recent morning. Her photo of this snowy owl is featured in the December/ January issue of Birds & Blooms, a magazine that features home landscapes across north america. The image is on Page 78, to be precise. mona explains how the picture came to be: "it was by chance and luck that i even got the photo. We were driving up the road north of Hinsdale on Feb. 2, 2012, when we spotted this snowy owl perched on a post right by the road. i had been looking out the opposite side of the truck and so was my husband, and when he glanced back at the road, there it was. We almost drove past it. But it stayed for a minute or so while i snapped a few photos." congratulations to mona! – Jim Orr, Hi-Line F&R

yoU’re reaDinG Hi-Line Farm & rancH – THE aG monTHLy For norTHeasT & norTH cenTraL monTana.

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21 W. 2ND STREET HWY 200 EAST 804 EAST 1ST AVENUE CIRCLE, MT 59215 PLENTYWOOD, MT 59254 CULBERTSON, MT 59218 (406) 765-1531 (406) 787-6201 (406) 485-2145

54275 HWY 2 EAST GLASGOW, MT 59230 (406) 228-2496

MONA DOEBLER / FOR HI-LINE FARM & RANCH

Hinsdale nature photographer mona Doebler, a familiar contributor to Hi-Line Farm & ranch, found a surprise in the mail on a recent morning. Her photo of this snowy owl is featured in the December/ January issue of Birds & Blooms, a magazine that features home landscapes across north america. The image is on Page 78, to be precise. mona explains how the picture came to be: "it was by chance and luck that i even got the photo. We were driving up the road north of Hinsdale on Feb. 2, 2012, when we spotted this snowy owl perched on a post right by the road. i had been looking out the opposite side of the truck and so was my husband, and when he glanced back at the road, there it was. We almost drove past it. But it stayed for a minute or so while i snapped a few photos." congratulations to mona! – Jim Orr, Hi-Line F&R

yoU’re reaDinG Hi-Line Farm & rancH – THE aG monTHLy For norTHeasT & norTH cenTraL monTana.

Another of discussion wasDethe De- Youth YoS topictopic of discussion was the “Agriculture is definitely be tak- Another “Agriculture is definitely goinggoing to betotakpartment of Labor’s proposed restrictions Dr of Labor’s proposed restrictions on on Drumm a good of cuts,” she said. “How- partment ing aing good shareshare of cuts,” she said. “HowHi-Line Hi-Line children working in agriculture. Under the subject sub children working in agriculture. Under the ever, it’s better to deal with this now in this ever, it’s better to deal with this now in this Hi-Line Hi-Line Hi-Line Hi-Line proposed rules, youth under the age of 16 proposed rules, youth under the age of 16 “I committee than waiting until next year.” committee than waiting until next year.” December 2013 December 2013 www.havredailynews.com am www.havredailynews.com www.havredailynews.com www.havredailynews.com December 2013 December 2013 www.havredailynews.com www.havredailynews.com December 2013 would not be able do labor any labor a farmranchran December 2013 would not be able to dotoany on a on farm th Thatcher, basing her comments on current Thatcher, basing her comments on current 140 140 yea knowledge, further said she thatbeliewed she beliewed or ranch or ranch without restrictions – unless Labor’s proposed will destroy job opknowledge, further said that without restrictions – unless it’s it’s Labor’s proposed rulesrules will destroy job opFOR HI-LINE & RANCH FOR HI-LINE FARMFARM & RANCH won wo him “conservation programs willa large be a large parents’ portunities for young people and damage programs will be part parttheir their parents’ place.place. portunities for young people and damage the the What’s to happen the Farm “conservation What’s goinggoing to happen with with the Farm “I p “I plan Thanks your Thanks for for your the cuts, reductions in Conservation “That“That leaves out aunts, uncles, grand- nation’s nation’s economy. with with reductions in Conservation leaves out aunts, uncles, grandeconomy. Billthe andDepartment the Department of Labor’s Bill and of Labor’s over-over- of theofcuts, ind industry Reserve Program is land in CRPparents, parents, or even having a neighbor kid over “The“The Department of Labor’s reasoning Reserve Program land.land. ThereThere is land in CRP or even having a neighbor kid over Department of Labor’s reasoning on “child labor” hot topics reachreach on “child labor” werewere hot topics patronage in 2013 mentme in patronage in 2013 that isn’t erodible and should not even to help hay bales,” Thatcher. for these for these new policies that like kids me, like me, erodible and should not even be be to help stackstack hay bales,” notesnotes Thatcher. new policies is thatis kids during the Montana Bureau Conven- that isn’t during the Montana FarmFarm Bureau Convenscam scares part the program. be some “Under the proposed kids under the ones 16, cognitive lack cognitive ability theofprogram. ThereThere may may be some cuts cuts “Under the proposed rulesrules kids under the the the ones underunder 16, lack ability to to tion Nov. in Missoula. American tion Nov. 6-9 in6-9 Missoula. American FarmFarm part of futo future in working programs. age 16 wouldn’t be to able to hay, bale milk hay, milkperform perform I have working landslands programs. RightRight now now therethereage of 16ofwouldn’t be able bale thesethese tasks.tasks. I have been been working Bureau Public Policy Director Bureau Public Policy Director MaryMary Kay Kay in working line msU neWs service MSU on Feb. 1. peatedly meet their goals, so their self-esteem • Reduced activity and pleasure in usual ingness to initiate contact with the community line tod msU neWs service MSU on Feb. 1. peatedly meet their goals, so their self-esteem • Reduced activity and pleasure in usual ingness to initiate contact with the community CONTINUED FROM PAGE 4 CONTINUED FROM PAGE 4 areconservation 23 conservation programs; Bureaucows,cows, newborn calves or sucklingwith with animals, operating machinery and ridprograms; FarmFarm Bureau help help with with newborn calves or suckling animals, operating machinery and ridThatcher covered the ever-changing Thatcher covered the ever-changing infor-infor- are 23 concentration and inability to make deciconcentration and inability to make deciJeff Bader, a department head with New "It is a great honor to have been selected as Princ stays high. This is important because the activities: “Doing anything is just too much resource (“How do you feel about seeking help Jeff Bader, a department head with New "It is a great honor to have been selected as high. is important because has long a proponent of combining piglets, piglets, or even a horse to gather ingstays horses alllife myThis lifesuddenly and suddenly my age the activities: “Doing anything is just too much resource (“How do you feel about seeking help has long been been a proponent of combining or even ride aride horse to gather cattle.cattle.ing horses all my and my age mation the Farm mation aboutabout the Farm Bill. Bill. Mexico State University Extension, has been the the nextperson/agency?”) director of MSU Extension," sions. Mexico State University Extension, has been next director of MSU Extension," BaderBader greater your confidence, the more ofeffort.” an effort.” from this person/agency?”) greater yourmy confidence, the more likelylikely you you of an from this of them. I suspect that when the dust Farmers Farmers and ranchers to speak up and is what is what determines my ‘cognitive ability,’” of them. I suspect that when the dust andsions. ranchers need need to speak up and determines ‘cognitive ability,’” Although the so-called congressional somesome Although the so-called congressional selected as Montana State University’s new said. "MSU Extension’s prominence • Emotional signs: sadness, depression, selected as Montana State University’s new said. "MSU Extension’s prominence and • Emotional signs: sadness, depression, are to use available resources effectively. • People problems: “I don’t want anyone to 6. Where the person or family isand unwilling are to use available resources effectively. • People problems: “I don’t want anyone to 6. Where the person or family is unwilling clears, there will be five or less programs.” say how outrageous this is. Visit www.reguPrince said in his speech. say how outrageous this is. Visit www.reguPrince said in his speech. “Super Committee” the convention clears, there will be five or less programs.” “Super Committee” after after the convention director. success the envy of states. The work bitterness, anger, of spirit and Extension director. success theisenvy of many states. The bitterness, anger, anxiety, loss ofrule.” spirit and SUCCESSFUL MANAGERS see me,” “I so feellonely.” so lonely.” toistake the initiative or where ther is some SUCCESSFUL STRESS MANAGERS see Extension me,” “I feel to take the initiative ormany where therwork is some Thatcher explained a proposal for com- lations.gov lations.gov file comments on theloss Prince said because theSTRESS work ag kids Thatcher explained a proposal for comto filetocomments onanxiety, the rule.” Prince said because of theof work ag kids to come up with a deficit reduction failedfailed to come up with a deficit reduction As MSU Extension director, Bader will done by the faculty and staff is impactful andtake As MSU Extension director, Bader will done by the faculty and staff is impactful and loss of humor. loss of humor. Those are successful stress manag- • Physical • Physical problems: Sleeping problems, danger if action not taken, you should who are stress managproblems: Sleeping problems, danger if action is notistaken, you should take CHEVROLET modity programs, noting that with the cuts, EvenEven the youth would be affecteddo atdo at aThose young age,who they have a strong work CHEVROLET programs, noting that with the cuts, the youth who who would be affected a young age, they havesuccessful a strong work as some expected, its earlier idea plan plan as some expected, its earlier idea to cutto cutmodity oversee a statewide educational outreach relevant to the people of Montana. I will work oversee a statewide educational outreach relevant to the people of Montana. I will work • Self esteem signs: The person might say, • Self esteem signs: The person might say, if it’s done right, there can still be a safety by these laws are speaking out. During ethic, resourcefulness and responsibility. ers: decreased sexual interest, headaches. the initiative: if it’s done right, there can still be a safety by these laws are speaking out. During ethic, resourcefulness and responsibility. ers: decreased sexual interest, headaches. the initiative: $23 billion out of the USDA budget drew $23 billion out of the USDA budget drew thatlow applies toagency ensure this true. My network that applies unbiased, ensure this remains My “I’m a failure,” “IFoundation’s blew or “Why can’t I ... netagriculture. for agriculture. the Montana Farm Foundation’s a time country isKnow battling “I’m a failure,” “I Bureau blew it,” orit,” “Why can’t“In I ... net for the Montana Farm Bureau a“In time when country isKnow battling comments Thatcher. •aour Are self-aware. your strengths, • Guilt and low self esteem: all my CalltoCall the agency andtrue. askspeak to wife speak to the comments fromfrom Thatcher. • Arewhen self-aware. your strengths, •network Guilt and selfunbiased, esteem: “It’s “It’s all my the and remains ask to to wife the McKeever, aour farmer near Loma; ShiaoMcKeever, farmer near Loma; ShiaomsU neWs service msU neWs service research-based university resources Donna Ilooking areone). looking forward research-based university resources Donna and Iand are forward Another of discussion wasDethe De-Youth Youth Speech Contest, Garett Prince from unemployment, a struggling economy and (do various things)?” topictopic of discussion was the Speech Contest, Garett Prince from unemployment, a struggling economy and “Agriculture is definitely be tak- Another (do various things)?” “Agriculture is definitely goinggoing to betotakskills, and weaknesses. Know what is imporfault,” “I should be punished.” intake worker (if there is one). skills, and weaknesses. Know what is imporfault,” “I should be punished.” intake worker (if there is One Convenient Location. AllAll In In One Convenient Location. man Chao, a molecular geneticist at the cientists discovered cientists discovered somesome man Chao, a molecular geneticist at the to practical needs identified the tonext thisyourself next chapter inlives our lives and with to practical needs identified byinclude: thebyinclude: toIdentify thisyourself chapter in our and with partment of Labor’s proposed restrictions Drummond atolot to on say onSTRESS that exact generation generation ofto unmotivated youth, our govof Labor’s proposed restrictions on on Drummond had ahad lot say that exact of unmotivated youth, our gova good of cuts,” she said. “How- partment MANAGING ing aing good shareshare of cuts,” she said. “HowMANAGING STRESS tant you. Know where you are going. Set Signs of suicidal intent and your relationship tant to you. Know where you are going. Set Signs of suicidal intent Identify and your relationship USDA’s Agricultural Research Service USDA’s Agricultural Research Service 70 years could 70 years ago ago that that theythey could 440 2Hwy W ~ Glasgow ~440Across from Fairgrounds W ~2 Glasgow ~440Across from Fairgrounds of Montana in their becoming aof part the MSU people of•Montana inortheir homehome theofMSU com-comHighway W. • Glasgow children working in agriculture. Under subject. ernment is going to un-employ thousands Highway #2 W. •#2 Glasgow working in agriculture. Under the the subject. ernment going to un-employ thousands ofmore it’s better to with deal with this now in thischildren ever,ever, it’s better to deal this now in this GMCGMC 440 Hwy While farm stress is inevitable, the itis Fargo, While farm stress is inevitable, the toll ittoll priorities and plan. Never bite offof more Anxiety depression: Severe, intense thebecoming person ora part family. priorities and plan. Never bite off than than •people Anxiety or depression: Severe, intense the person or family. in N.D.; and researchers at four in Fargo, N.D.; and researchers at four fight wheat stem sawfly fight wheat stem sawfly Across from Fairgrounds Across from Fairgrounds 406-228-9325 ~ 1-800-255-1472 ~ 406-228-4381 406-228-9325 ~ 1-800-255-1472 ~ 406-228-4381 communities. MSU Extension has munity.” proposed rules, youth under the age of 16 “I am only 12 years old and I help run the hard-working individuals? That just doesn’t communities. MSU Extension has munity.” “I am only 12 years old runemotions the emotions hard-working individuals? That just doesn’t committee waiting committee than than waiting until until next next year.”year.” proposed rules, youth under the age of 16 often exacts onand theI help health and of often exacts on growing the health of you can chew. Cutbreeding down ondemands the demands feelings of anxiety or depression. you think the person’s or fam- Certified you can chew. Cut down on the mademade feelings of anxiety or depression. StateState whatwhat you think the person’s or famCertified 406-228-9326 406-228-9326 international wheat international breeding by a and new type by a new type of ofmake Family owned the Newton Family owned by 1-800-255-1472 thebyNewton Boys•Boys would notable be to able dolabor any labor a farmranchranch that hasgrowing been in my family for over make sense. I wheat hope the Department ofcompaLabor offices serving 56 Montana coun-Withdrawn, Bader currently serves at the would not be dotoany on a on farm that has been in my family for over sense. Ionhope the Department ofcompaLabor offices serving all 56all Montana coun-Withdrawn, Bader currently serves at the Thatcher, basing her comments on current Thatcher, basing her comments on current farmers and their families is not. farmers and their families is not. 406-228-4381 1-800-255-1472 • 406-228-4381 you until you feel in control. • Withdrawal or isolation: ily’s needs are (needs immediate protection on you until you feel in control. • Withdrawal or isolation: ily’s needs are (needs immediate protection nies: Bayer CropScience, Limagrain Service nies: Bayer CropScience, Limagrain Service wheat. The wheat had a solid stem inwheat. The wheat had a solid stem inCar A Car Auto Parts & Repair Center 140 years,” Prince said in his speech that wakes up and realizes that kids who start ties and five Indian reservations in Northern District department head of See Doug, Andy, Terry, Kenny or Newton TedBoys Boys Rent ARent Auto Parts & Repair Center 140 years,” Prince said in his speech that wakes up and realizes that kids who start Family owned the ties and five Indian reservations in Northern District department head of See Doug, Andy, Terry, Kenny orbyNewton Ted Family owned by the Researchers have identified hardy indiResearchers have identified hardy indi• Are relaxed. Take walks. Spend time on alone, lack of friends and supports. from suicidal acts, needs an appointment for • Are relaxed. Take walks. Spend time on alone, lack of friends and supports. from suicidal acts, needs an appointment for Cereal Seeds, Westbred (Monsanto), Cereal Seeds, Westbred (Monsanto), stead aplace hollow one, making it harder stead of a of hollow one, making it harder won him second place in the junior division. working long before turning 16 years old are won him second in the junior division. working long before turning 16 years old are the state. the NMSU Cooperative Extension the NMSU Cooperative viduals--people who can handle more viduals--people who can handle muchmuch more hobbies. Talk to others. Take naps. or state. • Helpless and hopeless: of complete counseling, financial or legal advice). hobbies. Talk to others. Takethe naps. PrayPray or the • Helpless and hopeless: SenseSense of complete counseling, needsneeds financial orExtension legal advice). and (Syngenta). and (Syngenta). for females toaeggs lay eggs leaving less toa lay and leaving less the “Ifemales plan to remain part of theand agricultural theAgripro ones who arestanding not standing unem“I for plan to remain part of the agricultural ones whoAgripro are not in theinunem“Dr. Bader is an excellent choice Service, a he post heheld has held since 2009. “Dr. Bader is an excellent choice Service, a post has since 2009. stress than others without the ill effects. Three stress than others without the ill effects. Three meditate. Read for fun. Breathe deeply and powerlessness, a hopeless feeling. State what you think the person’s or fammeditate. Read for fun. Breathe deeply and powerlessness, a hopeless feeling. State what you think the person’s or famLamb finds farms that have sawfly Lamb finds farms that have sawfly room for larvae to grow. industry and hope to continue my involve- ployment ployment linethe byage theof age of 25.” room for hope larvae grow. industry and to to continue my involveline by 25.” to lead MSU Extension. He is As department head, Bader oversees to lead MSU Extension. He is As department head, Bader oversees characteristics they have in common are characteristics they have in common are count to 1,000. • Alcohol abuse: There is often a link beily’s needs are (needs immediate protection count to 1,000. • Alcohol abuse: There is often a link beily’s needs are (needs immediate protection BaDer approximately BaDer problems, then lays out anconarea for infamily’s my wheat family’s ranching operation. It Other hot button during the problems, then laysissues out an area forconmentment in myMontana ranching operation. It benefit Other hot button issues during the wheat farmers still Montana farmers still benefit well-regarded nationally, he has approximately 100 employees for the well-regarded nationally, he has 100 employees for the commitment, and challenge. Highly commitment, and career challenge. Highly •plants Are involved. Draw on several tween alcoholism and suicide. suicidal acts, needs an appointment • Are involved. Draw on several sources of of tween alcoholism and suicide. fromfrom suicidal needs an Northern appointment for for scares to think mycontrol, future and the vention were theplants proposal to move Yellowscares me tome think mycontrol, future career and the vention were the proposal move Yellowfield trials, the seed that Tal- sources field trials, theto seed that Talfrom that breakthrough, and Montana from that breakthrough, and Montana extensive experience in Extension 13 acts, counties ofNorthern the District extensive experience in Extension 13 counties of the District in in committed to the work they do, they have a committed to the work they do, they have a personal satisfaction, such as family, hobbies, • Previous suicidal attempts: May have been counseling, needs financial or legal advice). personal satisfaction, such as family, hobbies, • Previous suicidal attempts: May have been counseling, needs financial or legal advice). future of my family’s ranch may be on the stone National Park bison to four locations future of my family’s ranchnow mayahas be on the stone National Park four locations bert’s group has topacked, and maintains fromfrom bert’s group hasbison packed, and maintains State University a new grant the ground up,he and hethe hasleadership the leadershipNewNew Mexico. State University now has new grant the ground up, and has Mexico. knack for turning problems into opportunities. knack for turning problems into opportunities. and recreation. previous attempts of to low to programs high lethality. Provide the department agency with background inand plots. recreation. previous attempts ofadvance low high lethality. Provide thebeing agency with background line today.” around Montana, risk management line today.” around Montana, risk management the The field crews of and Talbert skill necessary to our across Prior Prior to head, the plots. The field crews of and Talbert that could add weapons to their arseskill necessary to advance our programs across to being department head, BaderBaderinthat could add weapons to their arseThebelieves Serenity Prayer expresses the feeling of planning. The Serenity Prayer expresses the feeling ofestate • Are active and productive. Make things • Suicidal plan: Frequent or constant formation (name, address and phone; age and • Are active and productive. Make things • Suicidal plan: Frequent or constant formation (name, address and phone; age and Prince the Department of tax planning. Prince believes the Department of estate tax the state for the benefit of all Montanans,” said was director of the Bernalillo County Extenand Weaver will collect field data from the state for the benefit of all Montanans,” said was director of the Bernalillo County Extenand Weaver will collect field data from nal, said MSU wheat breeder Luther nal,control saidcontrol MSU wheat breeder Luther have: “God mestrength the strength they they have: “God grantgrant me the happen. Practice stress management during thoughts with a specific plan in mind. gender; nature of current problem or crisis; happen. Practice stress management during thoughts with a specific plan in mind. gender; nature of current problem or crisis; any President Waded Cruzado. sion Program to 2009. MSUMSU President Waded Cruzado. sion Program fromfrom 20032003 to 2009. FromFrom 19911991 any the sites. Weaver his laboratory the sites. Weaver and and his laboratory Talbert. Talbert. to change the things can change, the courage to change the things I canIchange, the courage good and bad times. Eat right, exercise, and Cries for help: Making a will, giving posses past history you’re aware of; further informagood and bad times. Eat right, exercise, and Cries for help: Making a will, giving posses past history you’re aware of; further informa“Through Extension, the entire to 2003, he the wasdirector the director and agricultural “Through MSUMSU Extension, the entire to 2003, he was and agricultural staff process samples to identify staff will will process samples to identify With a five-year grant With a accept five-year $500,000 grant to those things I cannot change, and the to accept those things I $500,000 cannot change, and the get enough sleep. • sions away, making statements such as “I’m tion as called for). get enough sleep. • sions away, making statements such as “I’m tion as called for). our campus, am pleased that we agentagent forQuay the Quay County Extension state state is ouriscampus, and Iand am Ipleased that we for the County Extension Pro- Propotential mechanism by dispotential new new mechanism by disfrom the Institute fromwisdom thewisdom USDA’s National Institute of of any any to know the difference.” to USDA’s know the National difference.” Use and give support. Develop friendcalling it quits,” or “Maybe mybroad family would Ask the1987 agency what follow-up action • Use• stems. and give support. Develop friendcalling itfound quits,” or to “Maybe mybroad family would the agency what follow-up action they they CHEVROLET CHEVROLET have someone to guide its range gram; from to 1991 he wasExtension the Extension have found someone guide its range gram;Ask from 1987 to 1991 he was the secting Sherman’s crew will secting stems. Sherman’s crew will and Agriculture, Talbert and his FoodFood and Agriculture, Talbert and his A tough lesson for many farmers is that A tough lesson for many farmers is that ships for help and comfort during periods of be better off without me.” will take: ships for help and comfort during periods of be better off without me.” will take: of activities, providing our crop 4-H agent for Santa Fe County; and from fromfrom providing our crop and and 4-H agent for Santa Fe County; and from 19841984 genetic studies to identify helphelp withwith genetic studies to identify the the of activities, colleagues will screen 4,000 to colleagues will screen 4,000 to 5,000 hard work does not always lead to success. hard work does not always lead to5,000 success. stress. HOW TOwith REFER A PERSON FOR HELP • was When will they actequine on thetechnoloreferral? stress. HOW TO REFER A PERSON FOR HELP •toWhen will they act on the referral? livestock producers with valuable information, 1987 he was the director of equine technololivestock producers valuable information, to 1987 he the director of new genes for resistance. Syngenta will new for resistance. Syngenta will to each varieties of wheat that originated in very varieties of wheat that originated in very The work ethic ingrained the lifegenes The work ethic ingrained into into the life • Spend the family. 1.aware Be aware of the agencies and resources •El Who will beperson the person for you to Okla. contact • Spend time time with with the family. Talk Talk to each to preparing 1. Be of the agencies and resources •gy Who will be the for you to contact In One Convenient Location. AllAll In One Convenient Location. to preparing the future of Montana with our at Reno Junior College in El Reno, the future of Montana with our gy at El Reno Junior College in El Reno, Okla. provide an observation nursery in westprovide an observation nursery in westareas of the world where wheat stem areas of world where wheat stem ofthe every farmer does not always provide the of every farmer does not always provide the other and really listen. Express appreciation available in your community what services later if necessary? other and really listen. Express appreciation available in your community what services later if necessary? 4-H youth program, to strengthening our cities Bader earned a doctorate of education from 4-H youth program, to strengthening our cities Bader earned a doctorate of education from 440 2Hwy W ~ Glasgow ~440Across from Fairgrounds W ~2Glasgow ~440Across from Fairgrounds ern North Dakota to help the researchern North Dakota to help the researchsawflies problem. The scientists sawflies areitaare problem. Theevery scientists Highway W. • Glasgow Highway #2 W. •#2 Glasgow GMCGMC 440 Hwy rewards itapromises. For every farmer, there rewards promises. For farmer, there for each other often. they offer and what their limitations are. • What will be the cost of the service (flat for each other often. they offer and what their limitations are. • What will be the cost of the service (flat and towns through community development, New Mexico State University, where he also and towns through community development, New Mexico State University, where he also Across from Fairgrounds Across from Fairgrounds 406-228-9325 ~ 1-800-255-1472 ~ 406-228-4381 ~ 1-800-255-1472 ~ 406-228-4381 ers screen and identify potentially new ers screen and identify potentially new will look for and resistant traits that may willare look for resistant traits that are may are conditions and factors that are outhis of his Certified 406-228-9325 conditions factors that out of Certified • Think positively. Encourage an overriding 2. Listen for signs and symptoms that fee/sliding scale)? 406-228-9326 • Think positively. Encourage an overriding 2. Listen for signs and symptoms that fee/sliding scale)? 406-228-9326 to Extension's activities that reachearned earned a master’s of science in animal science to Extension's manymany otherother activities that reach a master’s of science in animal science owned the Newton FamilyFamily owned by 1-800-255-1472 thebyNewton Boys •Boys sources ofthat sawfly resistance. sawfly resistance. beher present in wheat the wheat be present in the and and thenthen try totry tosources 406-228-4381 1-800-255-1472 • 406-228-4381 orcontrol. her control. or sense things outthe for best, the best, thehomes person orhearts family needs help which •an Do youinneed donutrition. anything else to comsenseof that things will will workwork out for thethe person orand family needs help which you you you need to doto anything elseHis to cominto the homes and hearts of Montanans,” emphasis in livestock nutrition. His Service into of Montanans,” with •with anDo emphasis livestock Service Car A Car &See Repair See Center Doug, Andy, Terry, or Newton TedBoys Boys Rent ARent AutoAuto PartsParts & Repair Center Family owned the Doug, Andy, Terry, Kenny orbyNewton Ted Family owned byKenny the 1st Ave. “Current resistance based on solid 1st Ave. NorthNorth “Current resistance based on solid identify the with identify associated with that Angenes oldgenes farmer had suffered through Anthe old farmer hadassociated suffered through athat life-a lifeno matter happens. Know events can’t provide, i.e., financial, or personal plete the degree referral? no matter whatwhat happens. Know that that events can’t provide, i.e., financial, legallegal or personal plete the degree referral? Cruzado said. bachelor’s is in also in animal science Cruzado said. bachelor’s is also animal science stem doesn’t always hold up,” said stem doesn’t always hold up,” said resistance. New resistance genes will resistance. New resistance genes will Glasgow, MT 59230 Glasgow, MT 59230 time of troubles and afflictions that would have time of troubles and afflictions that would have rarely destroy people--it is people’s reactions counseling. 7.NMSU. Make sureperson the person or family and referBader is expected to his startposition his position from rarely destroy people--it is people’s reactions counseling. Make sure the or family and referBader is expected to start at at from7. NMSU. Syngenta Northern Plains Wheat Syngenta Wheat be incorporated into new varieties of be incorporated new varieties leveled aninto ordinary mortal. Butofthrough it all, Fertilizer • 228-2571 leveled an ordinary mortal. But through it all, Fertilizer PlantPlant • 228-2571 toNorthern events thatPlains cause the problems. 3. Assess agency or community ral agency connect andtogether. get together. to events that cause the problems. 3. Assess whatwhat agency or community re- reral agency connect and get MakeMake one one Breeder Joe Smith. “Syngenta feels Breeder Joe SIGNS Smith. “Syngenta wheat. wheat. he never lostsense his sense of humor. “How have he never lost his of humor. “How have OF DEPRESSION ORfeels SUICIDAL INTENT source source would be most appropriate to address or more follow-up contacts the agency SIGNS OF DEPRESSION OR SUICIDAL INTENT would be most appropriate to address or more follow-up contacts with with the agency if if additional of number resistance would of number resistance would very have wanted toadditional “I’m verymanaged excited. have wanted to you toI keep so happy and serene?” you“I’m managed toexcited. keep so Ihappy and serene?” The sources greater the of signs or sympthe person’s (or family’s) problems. called forthe bysituation. the situation. The sources greater the of signs or sympthe person’s (or family’s) problems. called for by be useful. This kind of research good be useful. This kind of research is good do this for several years,” said Talbert, do this for several years,” said Talbert, asked a friend. “It ain’t hard,” said the old asked a friend. “It ain’t hard,” said the old tomstoms a ranch or farm family is is experiencing, 4. Discuss the referral the person Roubie Younkin, an MSU Extension a ranch or farm family is experiencing, 4. Discuss the referral with with the person or or Roubie Younkin, an MSU Extension for Montana butshould also could forjust Montana growers, butshould also could a professor MSU’s of a professor in with MSU’s Department of fellow a twinkle his eye. “ I’ve fellow with aintwinkle in Department hisineye. “ I’ve just the greater your concern be. In addition, family (“It sounds/looks like are youfeeling are feeling in Valley County, compiled the greater yourgrowers, concern be. In addition, family (“It sounds/looks like you agentagent in Valley County, compiled this this re- reFarmers Elevator in Glasgow has answers Farmers Elevator in Glasgow has answers be useful formembers growers in neighboring be useful growers in neighboring Plant Sciences and Plant Plant Sciences and Plant Pathology. learned to cooperate with the inevitable.” learned to cooperate with thePathology. inevitable.” iffor family are exhibiting the follow_____. I think _____ could help you with deal with if family members are exhibiting the follow_____. I think _____ could help you deal port from Extension sources. She can port from Extension sources. She can be be to your grain, marketing to your feed,feed, grain, graingrain marketing and and states are sawfly states are sawfly that the USDA will give “It’s“It’s good thatcontrol the USDA will give uscontrol, To those things you canuscontrol, To good control those things you can ingthat signs ofexperiencing depression or suicidal intent, is your situation.”) ingthat signs ofexperiencing depression or suicidal intent, it is it your situation.”) reached at (406)228-6239 or ryounkin@ reached at (406)228-6239 or ryounkin@ problems.” agronomy questions. We have full line the must opportunity do It’s agronomy questions. We have a fulla line the you opportunity dotothis. It’s you must What are good your goals forproblems.” your plan.toplan. What are this. your goalsgood for your important that connect you connect profes- 5. Explore 5. Explore the individual’s or family’s important that you themthem with with profesthe individual’s or family’s will-willvalleycountymt.net. valleycountymt.net. Lyle McKeever Loma said MSU Lyle McKeever of Loma MSU that our colleagues in the wheat breedthat our colleagues in the wheat breedfarm in the next year? In the next three years? farm in the next year? In the next three years? sional sional help as soon assaid possible. All cries of feed products a knowledgeable help as soon asofpossible. All cries for for of feed products and and a knowledgeable researchers have wheat researchers have conducted wheat ing Keeping community areyour willing tolong-range help ing Keeping community aremind willing to help out.”out.” in major, goals in mind your major, long-range goals should beconducted taken seriously. help help should be taken seriously. of feed consultants ready to help teamteam of feed consultants ready to help you you sawfly research on his farm stemstem sawfly research on his farm for for anset agronomist at Peggy Lamb, an agronomist at priorities. will make it easier todaily set daily willPeggy make itLamb, easier to priorities. • Signs of depression include: • Signs of depression include: livestock nutrition needs. Farmers Elevator provides essential withwith youryour livestock nutrition needs. Farmers Elevator provides essential about 10 years. His face, son, Terry, will 10 years. His Sad son, Terry, will MSU’s Northern Agricultural Research MSU’s Northern Agricultural Research When you cannot do everything youabout want When you cannot do everything you want • Appearance: Sad face, slow movements, • Appearance: slow movements, be involved in the upcoming study by be involved in the upcoming study by Center in Havre, said, “Any steps that supplies to the Hi-Line and rural America. Call us at 228-4422. Center in said, steps that to Havre, accomplish in“Any a day, tackle those projects supplies to the Hi-Line and rural America. Call us at 228-4422. to accomplish in a day, tackle those projects unkempt unkempt look.look. letting the scientists grow test plots of letting the scientists grow test plots of can be taken to better understand, that will bring you the biggest return. People can be taken to better understand, that will bring you the biggest return. People • Unhappy feelings: Feeling sad, hopeless, • Unhappy feelings: Feeling sad, hopeless, Peerless We here are here for you. Peerless We are for you. wheat on his farm. on his farm. select wheat that will help wheat with lowbreed self-esteem set unrealistically select and breed wheat thatoften will help with lowand self-esteem often set unrealistically discouraged, listless. discouraged, listless. 893-4398 893-4398 area hasthoughts: some of “I’m the worst “This area hasthoughts: some of “I’m the worst growers inbut theachievers sawfly-infested regions high goals, but achievers set moderate goalsgrowers in the sawfly-infested regions high goals, set moderate goals• Negative a failure,” •“This Negative a failure,” “I’m“I’m 1st Ave. 1st Ave. NorthNorth sawfly pressure incares.” thecares.” state,” sawfly pressure the state,” said said the the -not too and not too Achievers reof Montana and thetoo U.S. iseasy. huge. Fund-not too hard and Achievers reof Montana andhard the not U.S. iseasy. huge. Fundno good,” one no good,” “Noin“No one Richland Richland

88 82011 FARM & RANCH 2011 MFBF Convention Recap: Cuts, Child Labor Key Topics MFBF Convention Recap: USDA Cuts, Child Labor Key Topics FARM & RANCH FARM &USDA RANCH

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younger McKeever. McKeever. ing from definitely ing from this this grantgrant will will definitely bol- bol-younger Not sure why, McKeever Not sure why, TerryTerry McKeever ster the wheat stem sawfly resistance ster the wheat stem sawfly resistance climate, temperature elevaclimate, temperature and and elevaresearch Luther his spring said said research that that Luther and and his spring could a role. At any could playplay a role. At any rate,rate, wheat breeding program wheat breeding program havehave beenbeen tion tion wheat sawflies have invaded wheat stem sawflies have invaded the the working on several for several years.” working on for years.” Monday - Saturday Monday - Saturday 215 S. 215 4th St4th S. Ststem 8:30 5:00What p.m. What 8:30since a.m. 5:00 family’s thetop.m. 1970s. family’s since thetoa.m. 1970s. Glasgow, MTfarms In addition to Lamb, Talbert’s Glasgow, MTfarms In addition to Lamb, Talbert’s teamteam Sundays - Noon to Sundays - Noon to turned started outa Open as a Open nuisance has started out as nuisance has turned on new the new project includes on the project includes MSUMSU 4:00through p.m. through Christmas Christmas 228-93634:00 p.m. (406)(406) 228-9363 major losses of yield. major losses of yield. entomologist David Weaver; entomologist David Weaver; MSUMSU mo- mo-into into lecular biologist Jamie Sherman; lecular biologist Jamie Sherman; TerryTerry conTinUeD on PaGe conTinUeD on CHEVROLET PaGe 9 9 CHEVROLET

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Sawflies Sawflies

Glasgow stockyards Glasgow stockyards manager iva murch, manager iva murch, right, and auctioneer right, and auctioneer Kyle look shobe Kyle shobe onlook on Big angus duringduring the Bigthe angus FeederFeeder specialspecial & all & all class auction. class auction. Below Below areofsome of the nearly are some the nearly 4,200sold. cattle sold. 4,200 cattle

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21 sale At glasgow stockyards OfBiggest its Biggest nov.nov. 21 sale At glasgow stockyards OneOne Of its • 743 steers, 500-600 pounds, By Bonnie DaviDson Class Cattle Auction. he stopped into thetosale and cutter cows ranged • 743 steers, 500-600 pounds, By Bonnie DaviDson Class Cattle Auction. This isThis onlyis only he stopped into the sale see to see CannerCanner and cutter cows ranged neighbors – and see what’s from $55 from $68. Young feeding/sold between sold between $172-192. than of its biggest neighbors – and to see to what’s to$55 $68.toYoung feeding/ $172-192. Hi-LineHi-Line Farm &Farm rancH& rancH lower lower than one ofone its biggest sales sales Withprices beef prices holding – in2011, Nov. when 2011, itwhen He drank cowsbetween sold between • 583 steers, 600-700 With beef holding steady,steady, ever – ever in Nov. sold it soldgoing going on. Heon. drank coffeecoffee and and turnoutturnout cows sold $80 $80 • 583 steers, 600-700 poundspounds sold between $166-177.25. Glasgow Stockyards Inc. has been 4,639 cattle. a few others and $130.50. Bullssold werefor sold forsold between $166-177.25. Glasgow Stockyards Inc. has been 4,639 cattle. chattedchatted with a with few others as the as the and $130.50. Bulls were bidding continued onwas whata was abetween between $80 and $88.75. • 65 heifers, 300-400 pounds, keeping busy during thisoftime of While While thepracticed well practiced bidding continued on what $80 and $88.75. • 65 heifers, 300-400 pounds, keeping busy during this time the well year.stockyard The stockyard more thanauctioneers auctioneers Ed Hinton and Kylepretty pretty busy daylocal a thestocklocal stock- The feeder The feeder cattle was trend was sold between sold between $188-206. year. The is moreis than Ed Hinton and Kyle busy day a the cattle trend $188-206. running little higher this time • 568 heifers, 400-500 pounds, just a to place sell stock; the from stock from yard. yard. running a littleahigher this time • 568 heifers, 400-500 pounds, just a place sell to stock; it’s a it’s a ShobeShobe bid offbid theoff stock around: sold between $175-196. meeting place the community. thethe area, the stockyards’ The cow Thetrend cow and trend andtrend bull trendaround: sold between $175-196. meeting place for thefor community. aroundaround the area, stockyards’ bull • 510 heifers, 500-600 pounds, The stockyards had in the background remained with 3,321 • 165 steers, 300-400 pounds, • 510 heifers, 500-600 pounds, The stockyards had one ofone its of itsgals ingals the background workedworked remained steady,steady, with 3,321 • 165 steers, 300-400 pounds, sold between $161-182. 99 yearlings and 751 cows/ sold between $230-249. sales,4,171 with cattle 4,171 cattle as always as always keepof track of all thecalves,calves, sold between $161-182. 99 yearlings and 751 cows/ sold between $230-249. biggestbiggest sales, with to keeptotrack all the bullsUtility sold. Utility and commercial • 384 steers, • 384 steers, 400-500 pounds, • 84 heifers, • 84 heifers, 600-700 pounds, sold, on Thursday, Nov. 21, during bulls sold. and commercial 400-500 pounds, 600-700 pounds, sold, on Thursday, Nov. 21, during action.action. sold between $152-164.50. Big Angus of Opheim cows ranged from sold between $190-236. sold between $152-164.50. its Bigits Angus FeederFeeder SpecialSpecial & All & AllKevin Kevin NelsonNelson of Opheim said saidcows ranged from $68 to$68 $84.to $84. sold between $190-236.

Glasgow Stockyards, Glasgow Stockyards, Inc.Inc. & Mark Nielsen, Linda & Linda Mark Nielsen, Owners Owners IvaManager Murch, Manager Iva Murch, 263-7529 263-7529 Dean Barnes, Yard Manager Dean Barnes, Yard Manager 263-1175263-1175 Ed Auctioneer Hinton, Auctioneer Ed Hinton, 783-7285 783-7285

munity’s discovery of stems solid stems munity’s discovery of solid has has the spring the wheat During the spring insideinside the wheat stem. stem. During growers millions of dollars savedsaved growers many many millions of dollars the summer, the larvae the inside of the summer, the larvae eat theeat inside of over theseveral past several decades,� Talbert past decades,� Talbert the wheat disrupting the move- over the the wheat plant,plant, disrupting the moveconTinUeD From8 PaGe 8 conTinUeD From PaGe said.our “It’sgoal ourto goal to leave a similar said. “It’s leave a similar ment of sugar and water, weakening ment of sugar and water, weakening the the stem helps a lotthose but those plant plant “Solid“Solid stem helps a lot but – identify new genes for resis– identify new genes for resisand reducing the endlegacylegacy and reducing yields.yields. At theAt end varieties have the yield potentialof theof varieties don’t don’t have the yield potential thatbe will be equally tance tance that will equally usefuluseful in thein the the summer, the larvae the wheat summer, the larvae cut thecut wheat that some the hollow stem varietiesstemsstems that some of theof hollow stem varieties future.� the so base so itemerge can emerge at the at base it can the thefuture.� McKeever have,�have,� Terry Terry McKeever said. said. next year. next year. Lyle McKeever said he reduced Lyle McKeever said he reduced his his “That“That certainly appears to be the certainly appears to be the problem by planting two varieties of worst worst problem by planting two varieties of it does,� Talbert thing thing it does,� Talbert said. said. solid wheat stem wheat and planting solid stem and planting springspring Weaver Weaver suggested that losses in suggested that losses in instead of winter wheatwheat instead of winter wheat,wheat, but but to feeding grain grain weightweight due todue feeding by theby the solid wheat stem wheat isn’t totally solid stem isn’t totally be quite a bit greater. larvaelarvae mightmight be quite a bit greater. effective. In he fact, he itcalls it effective. In fact, calls “It is certainly insidious “It is certainly more more insidious semi-solid because semi-solid wheatwheat because because growers can’thow see how because growers can’t see stem sawflies some some wheatwheat stem sawflies the crop’s potential much much of theof crop’s potential still make theirinto way into still make their way has stolen, been stolen, whereas has been whereas the stems. Spraying the stems. Spraying isn’t isn’t the ground stemsstems on theon ground are are the answer the answer either.either. very obvious,� Weaver very obvious,� Weaver said. said. can spray “You “You can spray for for The larvae live inside The larvae live inside stem sawfly,� wheatwheat stem sawfly,� the wheat stubble the wheat stubble duringduring You forbusiness your business ThankThank You for your in in Lyle McKeever Lyle McKeever said. said. theand fallwinter. and winter. the fall In theIn the 2013, and Best Wishes in 2014. 2013, and Best Wishes in 2014. “Buthave you to have to spray “But you spray spring, emerge spring, adultsadults emerge from from about about every every other other day day the stem, and the cycle the stem, and the cycle Christmas MerryMerry Christmas & & each week because it each week because it continues. continues. hatching.� keepskeeps hatching.� Finding new resistant Finding new resistant New Year! HappyHappy New Year! Weaver said Montana Weaver said Montana will be harder genesgenes will be harder than than growers estimate that wheat growers estimate that wheat detecting the tied genetotied to solid detecting the gene solid stem sawflies approxistem sawflies cause cause approxibut new withadvances new advances stems,stems, but with $75-100 million damage a matelymately $75-100 million damage a in molecular genetics, the outlook in molecular genetics, the outlook year in Montana, making this insect year in Montana, making this insect the the is promising, Talbert said. Weaver is promising, Talbert said. Weaver ForOf AllYour Of Your Agronomy For All Agronomy most destructive the state. most destructive wheatwheat pest inpest thein state. that theresistance new resistance addedadded that the new targetstargets Overall thishave pest been have been for wheat Overall losseslosses to thistopest for wheat stem sawfly include stem sawfly shouldshould include Needs Round Needs YearYear Round estimated at million $350 million the entire estimated at $350 for thefor entire everything from influencing everything from influencing femalefemale Northern Northern Great Great Plains.Plains. choices in laying eggs through choices in laying eggs through com- comTalbert that, “Montana Talbert addedadded that, “Montana is the is thepounds pounds thatthe kill the growing that kill growing larvae.larvae. epicenter for wheat stem sawflies epicenter for wheat stem sawflies in ourin our Whatever Whatever the outcome, Talbert the outcome, Talbert said said Glasgow Glasgow Nashua Nashua the world, it’s a bigger part ofpart theof world, so it’sso a bigger deal dealhe hoped he hoped theproject new project will the have the the new will have 228-2571 746-3312 228-2571 746-3312 usmost than people.� most people.� for usfor than long-lasting its predesame same long-lasting impactimpact as its as predeformerly Farmer’s Elevator formerly Farmer’s Elevator theircycle life cycle is interrupted, UnlessUnless their life is interrupted, cessor.cessor. & Agland Agronomy & Agland Agronomy sawflies lay eggs their in eggs in “The previous adult adult femalefemale sawflies lay their “The previous breeding wheatwheat breeding com- com-

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Paying it forward: Final total of loss in monetary value will be hundreds of millions ■ Continued from page A1

The Ty that binds

Home-grown northcentral Montana effort

Through Burcham and Brown’s effort in

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Why the helping hand was needed Whether newly starting out or established, virtually no rancher has insurance that will replace lost cattle, said Silvia Christen, executive director of the South Dakota Stockgrowers Association. It’s cost prohibitive. Generally, the insurance producers have is similar to liability insurance for a vehicle insuring against damage the cattle might do, but not against damage done to them, she added. And unlike farmers, who have been assisted for many years now by government subsidies to help with securing food production from volatile markets, ranchers have gone their own way in securing against market risks, she said. That's the way, as a whole, they want it, she added. The down side of this independence is when something like this happens, she said. But ranchers are known for lending each other a helping hand. The donations are especially important to younger ranchers who don't have a backup and have had to extend themselves financially to make a go of the business, she said.

Lost cattle, both dead and alive, are still being found scattered across the region, he said, including one small group that managed to survive as it drifted with the storm across 31 miles. With calves selling for $800 to $1,000 and replacement heifers and breeding stock selling for $1,800 to $2,500, Linger said, the cattle losses alone easily range into the hundreds of millions of dollars. Add to this the costs to repair damaged property, especially fences, and loss of future income, and the monetary loss is catastrophic an a level that cannot be calculated. Linger knew he had to do something.

What Ty Linger ended up doing was not gathering breeding stock donations in Miles City, but rather coordinating efforts between the donors and the recipients in South Dakota. He forged a partnership with the nonprofit organization North Central Resource Conservation and Development Association Inc. of South Dakota, so that all donations of cattle and money would be tax deductible, arranged pickup and delivery details and helped create the anonymous committee that decides who the cattle will go to, and how many. The committee accepts nominations for people in need of the replacement breeding stock, and a representative verifies the information and talks with the prospective recipients, then takes this information back the committee for decision, Linger said. Linger's website, HelpforSouthDakota. com, lists 31 cattle-donation collection sites across 10 states, including Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Nebraska, North Dakota, O k l a h o m a , S o u t h D a ko ta , U ta h a n d Wyoming, as well as Montana, which has the most sites with 13. As of Nov. 25, Heifers for South Dakota had received about 575 cows and, Linger said, those were planned to be distributed by T h a n k s g i v i n g . A n a d d i t i o n a l 1 5 0 replacement heifers will be held over the winter at Tom Brunner's Midland stockyard — with all their care, feed and vaccinations donated by different sources. The heifers will be artificially inseminated in the spring — with donated semen administered by specialists donating their time to AI — then immediately distributed to recipients. Linger said he expects another 500 head during a second round of donations in January. Some breeding stock will be purchased with monetary donations.

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Havre Daily News/Lindsay Brown Russ Allderdice opens his stock trailer Nov. 21 to let out his cattle donation into the JS Livestock yard south of Havre. Area ranchers brought cattle to the stockyard Nov. 2021 to send to the South Dakota ranchers whose herds were decimated by the October blizzard. north-central Montana, 32 donors provided 45 head of cows, heifers and calves. These donors came from Chester to Malta and near the Canadian border to the Bear Paw Mountains and Big Sandy. The cattle were gathered Nov. 20-21 at JS Livestock south of Havre where the stockyard's owner, Jeff Solomon, had volunteered his facility along with feed until the cows shipped out Nov. 22. Brand inspector Mark Larson volunteered two days of work verifying brands and writing bills of sale as local ranchers arrived with their donations. Nov. 22, each cow was pregnancy tested, vaccinated and had health certificates for transportation signed by veterinarian Roger Baxter of Chinook. Then Earl Brown and Jestin Brown of Earlz Trucking LLC, the two men who drove the cattle to Belle Fourche, S.D. — assisted by Solomon; two of the cattle donors who came back to help, Joe Ostrom of Big Sandy and Jim Heavey from north of Havre; Tom and Rene Brown; and Alisha Burcham — loaded the cattle for shipping. In other words, to borrow a phrase, it took a village to donate the cattle.

“If it was me in that position, the only thing I would appreciate at a time of such sorrow is a gift of hope,” she said. That's when she got together with Brown and they made an online connection with Miles City rancher Ty Linger who also had the idea to gather cattle donations and distribute these replacement breeding cows to those in need. Linger had already started an online effort called Heifers for South Dakota and was working out details including where to physically gather the cows and the best way to decide who gets how many cows. Oct. 10, Burcham and Brown turned to Facebook and their contact lists, and they spread the word about their plan to get 40 bred or breedable cows and heifers for donation and shipment to South Dakota ranchers. “Neither Alisha or I have any experience in organizing a cause like this,” wrote Brown on their Facebook page MT Ranchers Paying It Forward. “We will be learning as we go, but both feel moved and motivated to help.” As it turned out, help was very much needed, but other people and organizations were out there to share the load, and the people of north-central Montana did not disappoint.

What went wrong with Atlas The weather in western South Dakota had been warm for the end of September. Many areas were experiencing highs in the 70s and low 80s that last weekend in September, according to National Weather Service. And predictions were for temperature drops and some rain and snow from to a storm rolling across Wyoming and southern Montana into South Dakota. This winter storm, that The Weather Channel eventually dubbed Atlas, traveled east, primarily across Wyoming, eventually focusing its intensity in the area along the Montana-Wyoming border, with high winds, freezing temperatures and accumulating moisture. When this storm hit western South Dakota Oct. 3, it resulted in ½ to more than 2 inches of rain coming down for about 18 hours. Then the cold temperatures hit, along with even stronger winds creating a blizzard in west-central and southwestern South

Dakota. Up to four feet of snow fell, with winds of 50-plus mph and gusts up to 80 mph, in some areas. Winter storm Atlas was much more severe than was predicted, and the devastation was more severe than could be imagined.

The cattle toll Linger has been in ranching all his life, but, he said, he and his wife, Rosalie, are just starting to get established with their own ranch. Linger said that, after two hard years, 2013 was shaping up to be their best year on record with big calves and plenty of pasture, and they, like all the ranchers in their region, were looking forward to selling their calves. Linger said his herd was spared the worst of Atlas, but he felt the despair of those ranchers in South Dakota, who were also having a good year and were one to two weeks away from bringing their herds in and hauling them to market. When the storm hit, cattle still out on summer pasture drifted to low-lying areas for shelter, sometimes for miles and through fences, Linger said, adding that near Union Center, S.D., in an area that is shaped in a natural bowl measuring about a half-mile across, more than 750 cattle died. A major problem from the storm coming so early in the season is that the cattle hadn't grown thick winter coats, so had none of their own natural defenses, he said. The cattle were soaked to the skin, then temperatures dropped to below freezing and snow drifted into the low areas that had been used for shelter. Some cattle loss reports are still not in, some areas are still inaccessible and plenty of head of cattle are simply unaccounted for, but the final estimated loss, Linger said, is expected to be between 75,000 and 100,000 head of cattle. Photos from the storm's aftermath show coulees and drainages littered with sometimes scores of carcasses. The cattle died from a variety of conditions related to the extreme, unseasonable weather, he said, from hypothermia to suffocation, exhaustion and excessive fluid-buildup in their lungs.

■ Continued on page 10

Courtesy photo Jestin Brown, from left, Joe Ostrom and Earl Brown work Nov. 22 to load cattle onto a semitrailer at JS Livestock south of Havre. Ostrom is a Big Sandy farmer and rancher who donated a replacement breeding cow to Montana Ranchers Paying It Forward to be distributed to South Dakota ranchers whose herds were decimated by an early winter storm Oct. 3-5. The Browns, with Earlz Trucking LLC, transported the cattle to Belle Fourche, S.D.

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Courtesy photo Volunteer Tom Brown herds cows Nov. 22 down a lane between pens at JS Livestock south of Havre. The cows were donated to Montana Ranchers Paying It Forward to be distributed to South Dakota ranchers whose herds were decimated by an early winter storm Oct. 3-5.

After two women from ranches south of Chinook heard about the devastation in parts of western South Dakota from winter storm Atlas, and saw the photos of decimated cattle herds on the news and through social media, they knew they had to do something. Rene Brown, whose husband, Tom, is the ranch foreman for the Diamond Bar, and Alisha Burcham, who teaches and, along with her husband, Syler, co-owns the Birdtail Ranch, discussed ways that they could help ranchers whose cattle herds saw up to 80 percent loss from the Oct. 3-5 storm. They decided to appeal to local cattle producers to get a semitrailer load of cows and heifers to distribute to South Dakota ranchers in need. “I just kept thinking ‘there but for the grace of God go I,’” said Rene Brown. “You know, really, if that part of the storm had hit 12 hours earlier and a little north, it would've been us. “I'd like to think someone would be there for us,” she added. Alisha Burcham said that, after reading about the storm and seeing the photos, she pondered for many hours what she could do to help. “I really sympathized with the people, and even the animals,” she said. She also worried about how to fit a humanitarian project like this into her busy life, she said, with a full-time job, a baby and the ranch work.

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December 2013

To get the cattle to South Dakota and distributed to recipients with some coordination, Linger had volunteers from the 31 collection sites haul all their cattle in to Belle Fourche the same week. The north-central Montana cattle left Havre at about 11 a.m. with Earl Brown, Jestin Brown and Burcham, and arrived at the stockyard in Belle Fourche at 11 p.m. Linger said the committee which made the final decision on distribution of donated cattle to recipients had decided at the beginning of the process to concentrate their efforts primarily on assisting younger ranchers. Those producers generally don’t have reserves built up to absorb this kind of tragedy, he said, or the equity or credit history to get more, bigger or extended loans to help them get operating again as quickly as possible.

The drive to help While Brown and Burcham say that the photos, news stories and personal accounts of the devastation from winter storm Atlas prompted them to start their donation organization effort, they both admit that they were unsure at the beginning if they would get a trailer load, also c a l l e d a p o t l o a d, o f b re e d i n g s to c k donated, especially with the value of cattle on the market this year. Brown said that she had a bit of a personal challenge to get to 40 head of cattle after her brother-in-law Earl Brown told her she wouldn't be able to get people in the area to donate that many cattle. “I said, then, ‘so if I get a pot load will you haul them for the price of gas?’ And he agreed,” Brown said. “So now he’s stuck.” With the joking aside, Brown said that she had been planning to ask him to donate his time and truck to haul anyway, and she was sure he would’ve said yes anyway. That, she added, seems to be the spirit of generosity they have found among the north-central cattle producers. Farmer and rancher Joe Ostrom from the Big Sandy area was one of the contacts with whom Burcham shared the Paying It Forward Facebook page. Ostrom, who also volunteered to work and load the cattle the day they were shipped, said he saw the information shared on the page “and I read into it a little bit and me and my wife sat down and we talked about it and how it was such a loss and everything, and the next day I decided the first calf that I ever had could go to South Dakota to help some-

FARM & RANCH The things people say “Just shy of $1.25 million of animals and services were donated over the weekend” — Ty Linger, Miles City, donated a bred cow and was lead organizer for Heifers for South Dakota. “We saw the pictures on the Northern Ag Network website of all the dead cattle. It could’ve just as easily been us as it was them" — Dustin and Vicki Hofeldt, Cleveland area, donated two bred cows. “Oh, I just seen that stuff on TV and I felt so bad I felt like I needed to do this” — Teddy Faber, south of Chinook, donated two bred heifers. “ ... Because maybe someday I’ll need a favor returned or someone else will need one. I like that, paying it forward” — Jim Heavey, north of Havre, donated a heifer and a cow. “It’s been incredible to see the generosity of people, strangers and neighbors” — Silvia Christen, executive director of the South Dakota Stockgrowers Association. body.” That first calf is a heifer bred for an early spring calf. “I hope that it helps to get these guys back on their feet. I know it would suck if it happened to me,” he said. Brown and Burcham expressed a similar mix of compassion for fellow cattle producers and frank understanding that it could've been them just as much in need. “I just couldn’t turn away and not help in some way,” said Brown. “It was was worth the trouble — because it's a hard thing to do, to set my heart toward something like this," Burcham said of the work to coordinate the donation effort. “Some people fight for veterans or fight for cancer or other sorts of good deeds, but I’ve never had a strong desire to do that until now. I don't think I could forgive myself if I didn’t try and do something to help — that was my main drive in doing that.” Donations are still being accepted. Contact Ty Linger on Facebook at Heifers for South Dakota, at his website HelpforSouthDakota.com, or by calling 406351-3716.

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Some of the stories Ty Linger, organizer of Heifers for South Dakota, shared some of the stories associated with this donation effort: • A teenage girl in Laramie, Wyo., donated her heifer that she had raised, trained and competed in FFA show classes. • One young man with a herd of 11 cows whose offspring would help him pay for college then be the seed for his ranching career after graduation lost 10 of the 11 cows. The few head he got would help keep him going. • One family who had just built their herd to 207 head, the number they needed for a viable business, lost 102 head. They received 20 head. This donation provided the collateral to allow the bank to justify a loan for more cows. • Some people have given up on their ranches, several people have said that without help they will lose their place and one suicide is directly attributed to the extreme storm-related losses. “For a lot of these folks, it’s still pretty grim. We’re thankful for the ones that we can get help to now, and weep for the ones we can’t,” Linger said.

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Hi-Line

December 2013

FARM & RANCH

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Iowans worry about ethanol’s lost political clout THOMAS BEAUMONT Associated Press ALTOONA, Iowa — For decades, presidential candidates' chances in Iowa were wounded if not doomed unless they backed federal support for ethanol, a boon to the state's corn-growing economy. That rule of politics collapsed resoundingly in the 2012 campaign when five of the six top Republican candidates said it was time for such intervention in the private market to end. Now, Iowa's senior political leaders are pondering how to shore up political support for the corn-based fuel at a time when its economic and environmental benefits are under attack. The latest blow came this month, when the Obama administration proposed cutting the required amount of ethanol in the nation's fuel supply for the first time since Congress established a standard in 2007. The state's leading Republicans and Democrats hope they can still use Iowa's political importance as a swing-voting state and as the site of the first presidential nominating contest to get candidates to support keeping the requirement, or at least part of it, in place. But the case has become a tough sell for Republicans as the party has moved to the right and become increasingly hostile to government programs and directives. Even among Democrats, concern has grown about ethanol's role in rising food prices and in cultivation of land that had been used for conservation. The recent boom in domestic oil production has also made ethanol less prized as a U.S.-produced fuel that limits dependence on foreign oil. The grain alcohol burns cleaner than gasoline but produces less energy. "I think there are some that feel it's potentially safer now to be lukewarm at least, or not supportive of it," said Iowa's Secretary of Agriculture Bill Northey, a Republican. "I think it's yet to be seen if that's a smart political position." U.S. Sen. Charles Grassley of Iowa said he hopes to thwart the administration's proposal in Congress if it survives the 60-day comment period. Meanwhile, Republican Gov. Terry Branstad planned to press his fellow GOP governors, especially those with possible presidential aspirations, to be mindful of the ethanol industry's economic importance. He met with New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie at a governors' association meeting in Arizona in November. For politicians eying the White House, "Whoever comes here better understand the importance of renewable fuels, or they are going to have hell to pay in rural Iowa," Branstad said in a recent interview. The federal government began actively supporting ethanol, which is made by fermenting and distilling corn, about 40 years ago when petroleum prices spiked and anti-air pollution efforts were ramping up. Refineries initially were given a tax credit to produce the grain alcohol and Congress later required oil companies to blend it in their gasoline.

In Iowa, the nation's leading corn producer, about 45 percent of its crop went into ethanol last year. The state has 42 ethanol plants that produced 3.8 billion gallons. Branstad said cutting the federal requirement would lower corn prices that have already fallen this year because of an unexpectedly robust harvest. "They're making a huge mistake," Branstad said at the governors conference this week. "And they're going to drive corn below the cost of production." Democratic U.S. Rep. Dave Loebsack of Iowa City said a loss of federal support would be "a devastating decision for Iowa's farmers, rural communities and economy." If the federal mandate was reduced or ended, ethanol producers would rely on the handful of states with their own ethanol fuel standards, and on exports which accounted for about 1 billion gallons last year. The proposed change would likely hurt smaller producers more than powerhouses like Archer Daniels Midland and Cargill. Ethanol supporters insist the federal requirement is still justified even though the U.S. reliance on foreign oil is dropping, and for the first time in two decades, the U.S. produces more crude oil than it imports. "We use 10-percent of ethanol in the gasoline in our cars. Do you want to import another 10 percent of oil" Grassley told the AP. "No, you don't." While oil companies are pushing to escape the ethanol mandate, environmental groups are growing concerned about the impact of increased corn production. Farmers planted 15 million more acres of corn last year than a decade ago, according to an Associated Press analysis, taking land out of conservation use and applying more pesticides and herbicides. Years ago, "there was a strong argument for encouraging the use of available resources like corn, for ethanol. Those days have passed," Democratic Sen. Patrick Leahy of Vermont said in a statement. In a sign of ethanol's eroding political support, the winner of the 2012 Iowa caucuses, Rick Santorum, called during his campaign for phasing out the federal mandate. The prospects for support in the possible 2016 presidential field are uncertain. About a week ago, Branstad brought up ethanol support privately with 2012 vice presidential nominee Paul Ryan before the Wisconsin representative headlined a Branstad campaign fundraiser. Ryan declined to comment publicly on the EPA's ethanol proposal. A spokeswoman for Christie also declined to comment on Christie's position. Among possible Democratic candidates, neither Clinton nor Vice President Joe Biden has commented publicly about the issue recently. Some question whether the economic impact on Iowa would be as dire as its political leaders suggest. Only about 2,000 people work full time in the industry nationwide, said Iowa State University economist Dave Swenson, adding, "Worldwide demand for corn is still very strong."

AP Photo/Charlie Riedel, file In this July 20 file photo, a plant that produces ethanol is next to a cornfield near Coon Rapids, Iowa. For decades, a presidential candidate’s chances in Iowa were wounded if not doomed unless he embraced federal support for ethanol, a now flourishing component to Iowa’s economy in this corn-growing state. That immutable rule collapsed resoundingly early in the last campaign when five of the six top Republican candidates largely renounced a decades-old ethanol tax credit.

Paying it forward When two Chinook women saw the devastation in South Dakota, they knew they had to do something to help.


Hi-Line Farm & Ranch Dec. 2013