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April 2014

FARM & RANCH

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An unpredictable calving season

From 8 inches of snow to 8 inches of muck, wild weather complicates calving


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From 8 inches of snow to 8 inches of muck Pam Burke community@havredailynews.com Even considering the ups and downs in the cattle market, nothing can fluctuate more than the weather during calving season in north-central Montana. As weather conditions have bounced around well beyond the averages this year, area c a t t l e ra n c h e rs h ave wo r ke d to ke e p t h e i r c a l v e s, a n d t h e i r l i v e l i h o o d , healthy. With recorded temperatures from 60 above to 25 below and ground conditions varying from 8 inches of snow to 8 inches of mud and muck, calving season — primarily February and March in this area — has been a bit of a challenge this year, ranchers have said. Those challenges, though, have been somewhat dependent on location and the luck of the day. “It’s been kind of a tough spring,” said Donny Boyce, who has a commercial cowcalf ranch with his wife, Marla, on the north face of the Bear Paw Mountains 14 miles south of Havre. Photo by René Brown A newborn calf is tended by its mother. In cold weather, wet newborns can easily freeze extremities — ears, tails and feet — before drying.

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It’s primarily the concentrated feed used to finish calves for the meat market that brings out the problem, Schmitt said, because the feed is high in starch and because it brings on growth that puts more weight on the calves' already tender feet. Buck said theses calves can be finished out in pasture with the rancher or a buyer with a pasture situation, but he sees generally soft, wet ground conditions in feedlots adding to the foot problem by allowing the toes to get too long and the already weak feet to get too soft to hold weight. “Once the feet get sore and they get their

FARM & RANCH feet grown out wrong,” he said, “it just hurts them all the time, so they don’t gain, won’t gain, on the food they eat.” Calves that start showing signs of complications from frostbite are generally butchered sooner, Buck said. It saves spending resources — feed, time and space — trying to fatten an animal that won't gain because of the stress from pain but, mostly, he said, it's the humane thing to do. The good news, Buck added, is that he doesn't see much problem from frostbite in the cattle he sells through his stockyard, no

matter what the weather has been like. “We just don’t find many of them calves that have gotten hurt because the ranchers have done such a good job of taking care of them” he said. “They definitely work very, very hard this time of year. You really got to take your hat off to them because, I tell you what, they give it their all, that’s for sure,” he said. “They very much care for their livestock.” This is where knowledge of the possible weather conditions in the area and the needs of the cattle, as well as facilities built to deal with those conditions can be helpful.

www.havredailynews.com “We’re kind of set up for (the weather),” said Boyce, “and we’re kind of used to it. “But it seems like this last series of storms has just been continuous. It’s sure wearing us,” he added. Boyce and his wife had helped with calving and suckling 12 calves in the snow and freezing temperatures that morning. “Every year you learn something new. It was definitely a more interesting year than we’ve had in a while,” said Sattoriva, adding that “we made it through. ... We enjoy the cattle so it’s not a problem, but at times you were wondering."

Bill takes aim at animal-rights videos at farms BRUCE SCHREINER Associated Press FRANKFORT, Ky. (AP) — Legislation aimed at criminalizing undercover filming or photographing of farm animal operations advanced to the Kentucky Senate Tuesday with the backing of the state's most influential farm organization. The Senate Agriculture Committee attached the language to a House-passed bill. Supporters said the amended measure would make it a misdemeanor for someone to gain access to a private farm under false pretenses and then film or photograph the operations without the landowner's consent. Violators could face up to 90 days in jail and a $250 fine. "It's a pretty big priority because we're seeing a trend," said Jeff Harper, director of public affairs for the Kentucky Farm Bureau. "Now it's coming to Kentucky, and

Dakotas take precautions for pig virus, fair shows PIERRE, S.D. (AP) — The rapid spread of a swine virus is forcing officials in the Dakotas to take extra precautions for pig shows at county and state fairs. The Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Virus spreads through pig manure. It's not harmful to humans but is often deadly to piglets. South Dakota 4H weigh-in competitions that bring swine together will be cancelled for the season. Student exhibitors will be able to forego their county fair and go to the state fair to avoid swine comingling. North Dakota's pork producer trade group earlier lobbied for the suspension of the show pig season. North Dakota will move forward, providing safety recommendations for show attendees. The virus has been in the country for less than a year and already has a reported effect on the cost of pork.

as a farm organization we thought it was our duty ... to take some action." The proposal was denounced by the Humane Society of the United States. It comes about a month after an undercover investigation revealed animal cruelty at a western Kentucky pig farm, said Paul Shapiro, the Humane Society's vice president of farm-animal protection. Video and photographs showed large pigs confined in cages so small that they couldn't turn around, and showed sows being fed the remains of diseased piglets, he said. In recent years, animal rights groups have released undercover video elsewhere around the country exposing instances of animal abuse at slaughterhouses and farms.

Now, the state's meat industry is trying to silence whistleblowers from exposing animal cruelty or food safety violations, Shaprio said by phone Tuesday. "It really shows how much the meat industry has to hide," Shapiro said. Supporters said the bill was intended to prevent intruders on private agricultural property. "It's a shame, really, that we have to pass legislation like this ... to prohibit someone from coming onto a farm or any agricultural operation under false pretenses trying to do a farm or any other business owner harm," Harper said. Supporters said it's in the farmers' best interests to properly care for their animals.

"The care of livestock and poultry is the farmers' bottom line," Harper said. "The better they take care of their animals ... then obviously the better those animals are going to do when they go to market." If the Senate passes the bill, it would return to the House. The House version did not include the language attached by the Senate committee. The Humane Society will urge House members to reject the Senate changes, Shapiro said. The so-called "ag-gag" language was added to a bill that originally sought to prevent animal shelters from using gas chambers as a form of euthanasia.


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Calving season: Extreme weather brings more chores, worries ■ Continued from page 3 During the times of warm weather, the calves are safe from frostbite, but ranchers have to be careful about disease problems and navel infections, Sattoriva said, so they put in more hours to keep pens clean. Boyce said they try to get their cow-calf pairs back out on pasture as soon as they can, then ride out and check the calves often. But pregnant cows waiting to calve are kept close to home and under watchful eye. To help save newborn calves from frostbite, and even death, from the cold and wet conditions, ranchers have to check their cows every few hours throughout the day and night for signs of birthing or a newborn calf, and this seriously cuts down on the amount of sleep they get. With the large herds of cattle in Montana, it’s a rare operation that has a barn large enough to hold an entire herd of pregnant cows. In nice weather the cows and calves often birth in the fields or lots close to where the people watching them can check on them easily, and generally, especially the experienced cows, nature can takes its course, but in the cold weather ranchers have a lot more hands-on work. While Sattoriva has the heated and unheated barns and their corrals to shuffle the cows and calves through from when

birth looks imminent, or the calves are born, to when everyone is warm and healthy enough to be turned out, Boyce said he has his cows down from the pasture and in a few lots for calving season. In extreme cold, Boyce will put birthing cows in his calving shed, which can hold up to 30 pens, until the cows give birth and the calf is dry, or even put the calves in a specially heated room or box. “If they get their mother’s milk in them, they can take about anything. We can kick them out once they’ve sucked real good, and they’re dried off real good, then we send them out,” Boyce said. “When it’s cold and snowy the little calf doesn’t have defenses,” he added. “You have to be out there so you don’t lose them. (Newborn calves) can’t take the cold, and we can get them in on straw or put them in our warming room if they’re chilled down. We’re trying to keep them alive.” But the additional work isn’t only about shuffling cows and calves from one barn to the next, it is also about keeping the facilities in proper condition and continually checking herds. “You’re going through quite a bit more straw so feet don’t freeze, that’s pretty important,” said Sattoriva, “and trying to keep things clean so you don’t have navel

A days-old calf jumps a snow berm to follow its mother through a snowy pasture.

infections. Those calves are in those tight quarters all the time. You just definitely can have more problems.” “When we get a lot of snow we put a lot more straw out in the lot that we calve them in,” Boyce said. “Like this last snow storm we got, we had to go into our lots and clear the snow out and then restraw everything down, and we check them a lot more often when it’s really cold.” Checking them also includes continuing to check the calves once they are turned out on pasture, too. “When it’s cold like this, you have to go out and ride those pairs, the ones you’ve kicked out to pasture. You have to pay a lot more attention to them, especially the younger ones, make sure they make it to the feed ground where you’ve put out straw and stuff so they have a dry place to lay and just make sure everything is OK with them because any problem at all they don’t live very long,” Boyce said. “They’re not going to survive when it’s like this if they get lost from their mother. You just have to pay a little more attention.” While ranchers work hard to keep their cows and calves safe from illness and the weather for humane reasons, there is an economic component to the work as well. A lost, injured or sick calf is lost income,

Photo by René Brown

but even one disfigured by frostbite can mean lost income, as well. “In the registered business,” said Sattoriva, “when you’re selling bulls, bulls are a hard sell when their ears are gone.” This isn’t a concern over the prettiness of the registered bull — or calf from any herd. “The buyers see frozen ears they figure frozen feet, and frozen-feet cattle don’t perform very well in the feedlot,” he added. Dexter Buck of Bear Paw Livestock in Chinook echoed that sentiment. Cattle he sells at his stockyard go to many types of buyers, including feedlot buyers who feed up the calves, preparing them for butcher. In fact, he buys some calves each year and finishes them for his familyowned meat sales business, Bear Paw Meats, so he understands the problems that can occur with calves that have feet damaged by frostbite. He estimated that about only 10 percent of calves with signs of frostbite end up having trouble with their feet in the feedlot. Bob Schmitt, veterinarian at and owner of Chinook Veterinary Clinic, said that once the calves get dry and get their first milk, called colostrum, they are pretty hardy. They could still get frostbite if the weather conditions make them cold and wet again, he said, but it’s less likely, especially with the feet which toughen up once they dry. However, for newborns who are wet all over, haven't gotten their blood flowing well and have soft hooves, the danger of frostbite is serious, he said. “If the foot is frozen, then the hoof swells and sloughs, and this usually only happens in newborns,” he said “The ones that are just newborn, they’re wet, and they're more prone to frostbite in their feet and their ears and their tail,” he added. “Sometimes the hoof capsule (hoof wall) will be damaged by the frost bite and not slough,” Schmitt said, and it's hard to tell if there is damage. This is why, Buck said, signs of frostbite can affect the price some. “That’s a very unfortunate situation when frostbite happens,” Buck said, “very unfortunate for the rancher because he has a big, huge, investment out there. And if the cattle feeder should buy it, he has a pretty big investment as well, and so it’s hard for him if the calf doesn’t perform, so his investment is lost as well.” Buck said prices are good with ranchers getting anywhere from $1.50 per pound to $2.60 or even $2.70 per pound for calves in the fall, depending on a lot of factors from the the size and condition of the calves to the buyers’ own needs and willingness to pay to get what they want. From his experience, Buck said, the few calves with frostbite bad enough to affect the feet likely won’t make it to finish weight in a feedlot “just because their feet will go bad, mainly, or maybe (they have) a respiratory situation that their lungs could’ve been frosted. And it doesn’t hurt them so much maybe now as a baby calf as that it stays with them all their life."

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“We’re either fighting the mud or we’re fighting the snow,” he said, adding that the temperatures were in the 40s and 50s above for highs when they started calving early in March, then the temps dropped with lows around zero and they got about 8 inches of snow that has been refreshed regularly with snow flurries coming through. “It seems like it’s more back to when we were kids or when I was even in high school,” he said. “We had a lot of winters and springs like this. I think it’s just a cycle and we’re back in that cycle again, and we’re going to have some tough winters and tough springs.” Still, Boyce said, he has seen worse, like when temps have dropped to 20 below zero. And that is exactly what some area ranchers have been dealing with this year with temperatures in areas at lower elevations and north along the Canadian border seeing considerably colder numbers. “Last couple years, we’ve hit pretty good windows of nice weather,” said Dave Sattoriva who farms and ranches with his wife, Katie, near Hingham, “but this year I think every time we were calving pretty hard it was 25 below zero outside.” Sattoriva said they started calving their herd of about 100 registered black Angus cows at the beginning of February and were wrapping it up at the end of March. During that time period, says the weather tracking website Wunderground.com, February saw stretches of highs only in the single digits above and below zero relieved by some highs in the 30s and even 40s. March started out with high temperatures still below zero, then warmed briefly to nearly 60 degrees, but held steady mostly in the 20 degree range. March also saw more snow storms with up to 10 inches of new snow in some areas. With the cold temperatures this calving season, Sattoriva said, they relied heavily on two barns at their place, one heated the

FARM & RANCH other unheated, and some ingenuity. “When the calf hits the ground, we put them in the (heated) barn,” he said. “We try to get them dried off and warmed up and from there if it’s still cold we move them to the next facility … and then kick them outside until we can tag them.” Because of the extreme cold at times, Sattoriva said they tried something new to save the wet, newborn calves’ ears, which are extremely vulnerable to the cold, from frostbite: They cut pantyhose legs into sections, slipped these over the calves’ head to snug the ears close to the warm skin on their neck and duct taped this into place until they were sure the ears were completely dry and had good blood flow. “We did very well,” he said. “We lost a few ears. Even after we tried to save them, we still lost a few — those mama cows like to lick those ears — but we are keeping calves alive. And, I guess, when it was 25 below we were just happy to be keeping them alive.” Boyce said he starts calving in March “because it’s 30 below in February,” but for ranchers like Sattoriva, that’s not an option. “In registered cattle you want them to hit puberty (as early as possible) in order to sell yearling bulls,” he said because they want the bulls to be as mature as possible in the spring when buyers are looking to purchase bulls to put on their herds. “You can’t wait for them to go another breeding season.” They have 20 head of their Whispering Winds Angus registered yearling bulls selling, along with registered bulls from three other area ranches, in the Montana’s Northern Premier Angus Sale in Chinook April 10, he said, and being done with calving well before the sale is helpful. “And, then, in farming country, you try to get your cattle done calving by the time you start farming,” he added.

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Photo by René Brown A young calf lies curled up on the ground as falling snow accumulates on and around it. In poor weather conditions during calving season, ranchers have to continually monitor cow-calf pairs for health and safety. This calf was dry before the snow hit but was taken to a warming shed to dry off again and get warmed up.


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Glasgow GlasgowStockyards, Stockyards,Inc. Inc. LindaLinda & Mark Nielsen, & Mark Nielsen, Owners Owners Iva Murch, Manager Iva Murch, Manager 263-7529 263-7529 DeanDean Barnes, YardYard Manager Barnes, Manager 263-1175 263-1175 Ed Hinton, Auctioneer Ed Hinton, Auctioneer 783-7285 783-7285

SERVING AREAAREA SERVING âœŻâœŻ 2014 2014 PRODUCERS LIVESTOCK PRODUCERS LIVESTOCK Spring Spring/ Summer / Summer FORF68OR Y68EARSYEARS ! ! Schedule Schedule 19461946 - 2014 - 2014 April April– –May May– –June June

April 2014 April 2014

April 2014 (cont.) April 2014 (cont.)

Thursday, April 3 3 Thursday, April

Saturday, April 26 26 Saturday, April

IV Inventory Reduction Auction withwith Bowles 9th 9th J5 Red Angus Production Auction Cornwell IV Inventory Reduction Auction Bowles J5 Red Angus Production Auction Cornwell Consignors. 10 a.m. – Earls BodyBody ShopShop featuring 55 Red Angus BullsBulls and and 20 Red Angus Heifers. Guest Consignors. 10 a.m. – Earls featuring 55 Red Angus 20 Red Angus Heifers. Guest Lot W Auction items include: (Catalog is posted at www.glasgowstockyards.com) Parking LotofWGlasgow. of Glasgow. Auction items include: (Catalog is posted at www.glasgowstockyards.com) Parking Feeder Auction & All&Class Cattle Auction t)POEB3VCJDPO5SY'BY.J Feeder Auction All Class Cattle Auction t)POEB3VCJDPO5SY'BY.J t3FE"OHVT#BOHT7BDD3FQMBDFNFOU)FJGFST"HF t)POEB3BODIFS&T.J t3FE"OHVT#BOHT7BDD3FQMBDFNFOU)FJGFST"HFt)POEB3BODIFS&T.J t6TFE51PTUT Source withwith Red Red Angus tags.tags. t6TFE51PTUT Source Angus t(BUFT1BOFMT t3FE"OHVT4UFFSTBOE3FE"OHVT)FJGFST t(BUFT1BOFMT t3FE"OHVT4UFFSTBOE3FE"OHVT)FJGFST t'SFF4UBOEJOH1BOFMT8JOECSFBL t'SFF4UBOEJOH1BOFMT8JOECSFBL Thursday, April 10 10 Thursday, April t4USPNCFSH1PSUBCMF$PSSBMX1BOFMT t4USPNCFSH1PSUBCMF$PSSBMX1BOFMT Eayrs Angus 12th12th BullBull Production Auction Eayrs Angus Production Auction t/)(SJOEFS.JYFS t/)(SJOEFS.JYFS featuring 50 Angus Bulls.Bulls. featuring 50 Angus t1JDLVQT5SVDLT4UPDL5SBJMFST t1JDLVQT5SVDLT4UPDL5SBJMFST BredBred Heifer, PairPair & All&Class Cattle Auction Heifer, All Class Cattle Auction t$BU-PBEFS t$BU-PBEFS t#MBDL)FJGFSTCSFE"OHVT"QSJM.BZDBMWFST t#MBDL)FJGFSTCSFE"OHVT"QSJM.BZDBMWFST tO'PSE5SBDUPS tO'PSE5SBDUPS Guaranteed Ranch Horses: Guaranteed Ranch Horses: t+%5SBDUPS t+%5SBDUPS tZFBSPME#BZ(FMEJOH)XFMMCSPLF#FFOVTFE tZFBSPME#BZ(FMEJOH)XFMMCSPLF#FFOVTFEt.VDI.VDI.PSF t.VDI.VDI.PSF a lotaonlotthe on ranch. the ranch. May 2014 May 2014 tZFBSPME3FE3PBO.BSF)#FFOIFBEFEPO ESVH tZFBSPME3FE3PBO.BSF)#FFOIFBEFEPO ESVH DBMWFT#JHTUPVUWFSZHFOUMF DBMWFT#JHTUPVUWFSZHFOUMF Thursday, May 1 1 Thursday, May tZFBSPME#BZQBQFSFE(FMEJOH%SVHZFBSMJOHT QJDLFE tZFBSPME#BZQBQFSFE(FMEJOH%SVHZFBSMJOHT QJDLFE Nelson Simmental & Simmental/Angus Nelson Simmental & Simmental/Angus VQPO HFOUMFBOEWFSZXFMMCSPLF VQPO HFOUMFBOEWFSZXFMMCSPLF Composite BullBull Production Auction Composite Production Auction Thursday, April 17 17 Thursday, April andand “Going to Grassâ€? All Class Cattle Auction “Going to Grassâ€? All Class Cattle Auction BQABQA Seminar in the ringring Noon to 1:00 p.m.p.m. Seminar in the Noon to 1:00 McRae’s Big Big Dry Dry 26th26th Angus Production Auction McRae’s Angus Production Auction GFBUVSJOH"OHVT#VMMTBOE"OHVT)FJGFS$BMWFT GFBUVSJOH"OHVT#VMMTBOE"OHVT)FJGFS$BMWFT Thursday, May 8 8 Thursday, May Replacement Heifer & Feeder Special Replacement Heifer & Feeder Special Koenig RedRed Angus 5th 5th BullBull andand Female Koenig Angus Female & All&Class Cattle Auction All Class Cattle Auction Production Auction Production Auction Guaranteed Ranch Horses: Guaranteed Ranch Horses: GFBUVSJOH5XP:FBS0ME3FE"OHVT#VMMTBOE3FE tZFBSPME$IFTUOVUQBQFSFE(FMEJOH)3PQFE tZFBSPME$IFTUOVUQBQFSFE(FMEJOH)3PQFEGFBUVSJOH5XP:FBS0ME3FE"OHVT#VMMTBOE3FE Angus Heifers. Angus Heifers. Pò ESVHDBMWFTBOEHFOUMF Pò ESVHDBMWFTBOEHFOUMF Fahlgren Angus 3rd 3rd Production Auction Fahlgren Angus Production Auction t t ZFBSPME 4PSSFM QBQFSFE (FMEJOH 3BODI CSPLF   ZFBSPME 4PSSFM QBQFSFE (FMEJOH 3BODI CSPLF  GFBUVSJOH"OHVT#VMMT GFBUVSJOH"OHVT#VMMT DPXZ&ZFE'PYBOE%PD0-FOBCSFFEJOH DPXZ&ZFE'PYBOE%PD0-FOBCSFFEJOH CalfCalf PairPair Special & All&Class Cattle Auction Special All Class Cattle Auction t1FUF7FSCFDL4BEEMFNBEFJO.JMFT$JUZ#FBVUJGVMDPO t1FUF7FSCFDL4BEEMFNBEFJO.JMFT$JUZ#FBVUJGVMDPO CowCow EJUJPO GVMMZDBSWFE w4FBUw4XFMMTBOEw$BOUMF EJUJPO GVMMZDBSWFE w4FBUw4XFMMTBOEw$BOUMF Thursday, May 15

SUPERVISOR SUPERVISOR VACANT VACANT 2013 2013

VACANT VACANT

JeffJeff Pattison Pattison 2006 2006

All Class Cattle Auction All Class Cattle Auction

Thursday, May 22 22 Thursday, May All Class Cattle Auction All Class Cattle Auction

Thursday, May 29 29 Thursday, May All Class Cattle Auction All Class Cattle Auction

June 2014 June 2014 Thursday, June 5 5 Thursday, June

Thursday, June 19 19 Thursday, June

All Class Cattle Auction All Class Cattle Auction

All Class Cattle Auction All Class Cattle Auction

Thursday, June 12 12 Thursday, June

Thursday, June 26 26 Thursday, June

Cow/Calf PairPair Special Cow/Calf Special & All&Class Cattle Auction All Class Cattle Auction

Pre Pre 4th 4th Dry Dry CowCow Special Auction Special Auction & All&Class Cattle Auction All Class Cattle Auction

406-228-9306 406-228-9306 10#PYt(MBTHPX .5tHTJ!OFNPOUOFU 10#PYt(MBTHPX .5tHTJ!OFNPOUOFU XXXHMBTHPXTUPDLZBSETDPN XXXHMBTHPXTUPDLZBSETDPN Please call in in consignments soso buyers can bebe notiďŹ ed. Please call consignments buyers can notiďŹ ed.

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Jody Mason Jody Mason

RonRon Garwood Garwood 2002 2002

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13 13 April 2014 April 2014 April 2014 13

Full FullAgenda AgendaSet SetFor For Livestock LivestockForum ForumInInBozeman Bozeman

URBAN URBAN

Dick Rohde Dick Rohde 1974 1974

Feed Association willwill alsoalso be awarded. thethe power of reaching ourour Feed Association be awarded. Understanding Understanding power of reaching TheThe conference is organized by by conference is organized customers. Carrie Mess, Wisconsin dairy customers. Carrie Mess, Wisconsin dairy Montana State University Extension Montana State University Extension farmer, andand Ryan Goodman, manager of of farmer, Ryan Goodman, manager Beef Cattle Specialist Rachel Endecott Beef Cattle Specialist Rachel Endecott communications, Montana Stockgrowers communications, Montana Stockgrowers in conjunction with thethe Montana Feed in conjunction with Montana Feed Association Association Association. Association. Stop byby and visit with usus Stop and visit with Wednesday, April 23 23 Wednesday, April There is aisfee to attend both days of of There a fee to attend both days 7 to 8 a.m. – Breakfast, grad student 7 to 8 a.m. – Breakfast, grad student about your Spring Needs about your Spring Needs thethe conference. Attendees cancan register conference. Attendees register judging poster judging online at https://www.montana.edu/nutrionline at https://www.montana.edu/nutri- poster * Fertilizers * Fertilizers 8 to8 9:30 a.m.– Think YouYou Know to 9:30 a.m.– Think Know tion/. A conference brochure is available tion/. A conference brochure is available * Soil Sampling * Soil Sampling Gets Your Property When YouYou Die? Who Gets Your Property When Die? at http://animalrange.montana.edu/conat http://animalrange.montana.edu/con- Who Think Again‌Even If You Have a Will! Think Again‌Even If You Have a Will! ferences.htm ferences.htm *Chemicals *Chemicals TheThe schedule andand speakers are:are: Marsha Goetting, MSU schedule speakers Marsha Goetting, MSU *Seed & Seed Treatments *Seed & Seed Treatments Tuesday, April 22 22 9:30 a.m.a.m. – Break Tuesday, April 9:30 – Break We are your dealer forfor We are your dealer 11 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. – Registration 9:45 to 10:45 a.m.– October 2013 11 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. – Registration 9:45 to 10:45 a.m.– October 2013 12:30 p.m. – Welcome Blizzard in South Dakota: What AreAre thethe 12:30 p.m. – Welcome Blizzard in South Dakota: What seed corn && alfalfa seed corn alfalfa 1 to1 2top.m. – Water Quality andand MinKenKen Olson, South Da-Da2 p.m. – Water Quality Min- Ramifications? Ramifications? Olson, South Š Š – Round-Up Ready – – – Round-Up ReadyVarieties Varieties eraleral Supplementation. Mark Petersen, kotakota State University Supplementation. Mark Petersen, State University USDA-ARS FortFort Keogh 10:45 to 11:45 a.m.a.m. – Using FeedUSDA-ARS Keogh 10:45 to 11:45 – Using Feed2 to2 3top.m.– Mycotoxins: Importance Antibiotics in Livestock: What 3 p.m.– Mycotoxins: Importance Grade Grade Antibiotics in Livestock: What in Montana –Barry Jacobsen, MSU Changes Should WeWe Prepare For? Russ in Montana –Barry Jacobsen, MSU Changes Should Prepare For? Russ Glasgow – 228-2571 Glasgow – 228-2571 3 p.m. – Break Daly, SDSU 3 p.m. – Break Daly, SDSU Sales: – 263-2571 Sales:Gilbert Gilbert – 263-2571 3:15 to 4:15 p.m.– Treating Low Quala.m.a.m. to noon – Presentation of of 3:15 to 4:15 p.m.– Treating Low Qual- 11:45 11:45 to noon – Presentation ity ity Forages to Improve Feeding Quality. student poster awards. PatPat HatForages to Improve Feeding Quality. graduate graduate student poster awards. HatJosh – 785-7006 Josh – 785-7006 TimTim Bodine, Performix Nutrition field, MSU Bodine, Performix Nutrition field, MSU Your Customer Owned Co-op Your Customer Owned Co-op 4:15 to 5:15 p.m. – Application of of Noon – Conference wrapup 4:15 to 5:15 p.m. – Application Noon – Conference wrapup Genomic Selection: New Frontiers in in Genomic Selection: New Frontiers Animal Breeding. Jennifer Thomson, Animal Breeding. Jennifer Thomson, MSU MSU 5:30 p.m. – Social 5:30 p.m. – Social 6:30 p.m. – Dinner andand program 6:30 p.m. – Dinner program 8080 POLLED & HORNED Hereford Bulls POLLED & HORNED Hereford Bulls Scholarship Presentations Scholarship Presentations T Yearlings & Two-Year-Olds Yearlings & Two-Year-Olds Evening speakers: Social Media – – Evening speakers: Social Media NTNATCACT

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Nancy Heins Nancy Heins 7/2011 7/2011 Town of of Town Fort Peck Fort Peck

If you are aare resident of Area 5 and would be interested in becoming a supervisor on the County Conservation If you a resident of Area 5 and would be interested in becoming a supervisor on Valley the Valley County Conservation District (VCCD) Board, please call 228-4321 ext. ext. 101.101. The The purpose of the is toisfocus attention on land, water District (VCCD) Board, please call 228-4321 purpose of VCCD the VCCD to focus attention on land, water and and related resource problems. VCCD works withwith locallocal agencies and and schools on conservation issues and and to promote related resource problems. VCCD works agencies schools on conservation issues to promote education through grant funding. The The Conservation District is theis administering agency for the Streambed education through grant funding. Conservation District the administering agency for Natural the Natural Streambed and and LandLand Preservation Act (310 Law)Law) and and is a legal subdivision of State Government responsible under StateState Law Law for for Preservation Act (310 is a legal subdivision of State Government responsible under conservation workwork within its boundaries. conservation within its boundaries.

Thursday, May 15

Thursday, April 24 24 Thursday, April

Humbert “North Country� Humbert “North Country� 26th26th Angus Production Auction Angus Production Auction GFBUVSJOH  "OHVT #VMMT#VMMT BOEBOE  "OHVT 3FQMBDFNFOU GFBUVSJOH  "OHVT  "OHVT 3FQMBDFNFOU Heifers. Heifers. Anderson Bar Bar Triangle 15th15th Anderson Triangle Charolais Production Auction Charolais Production Auction & All&Class Cattle Auction All Class Cattle Auction

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Farmers Elevator is is ready Farmers Elevator ready toto help you this help you this calving and lambing season. calving and lambing season. ll Calving Supplies Calving Supplies ll Milk Replacers Milk Replacers ll Medicated Feeds onon hand Medicated Feeds hand ll Mineral and Cake Programs (Lactation and Re-Breeding) Mineral and Cake Programs (Lactation and Re-Breeding) ll Bio-Mos Products forfor Calving Season Bio-Mos Products Calving Season Need answers to to your feed, grain and agronomy questions? Need answers your feed, grain and agronomy questions? Call ourour knowledgeable team of of feed consultants. Call knowledgeable team feed consultants.

Farmers Elevator Farmers Elevator 1st Ave. North 1st Ave. North Glasgow, MT 59230 Glasgow, MT 59230 Elevator • 228-4422 Elevator • 228-4422

FOR SALE – Private Treaty atat the Ranch FOR SALE – Private Treaty the Ranch

COCO

Beery’s Beery’sNamed Named Gold GoldTPR TPRBreeder Breeder An An areaarea Hereford ranch, Beery's Land andand Hereford ranch, Beery's Land Livestock of Vida, hashas been recognized as aas a Livestock of Vida, been recognized Gold TPRTPR Breeder. Gold Breeder. TheThe Beerys, Matt andand Eddy, merchandise Beerys, Matt Eddy, merchandise 100100 bulls private treaty at the ranch every bulls private treaty at the ranch every spring. spring. TheThe Gold TPRTPR program waswas established by by Gold program established the the American Hereford Association to recogAmerican Hereford Association to recognizenize breeders whowho participate in the associabreeders participate in the association's Whole Herd Total Performance Records tion's Whole Herd Total Performance Records Program to create a more accurate database andand Program to create a more accurate database increase the the value of Hereford genetics. increase value of Hereford genetics. To qualify for for thisthis award, the the breeder must To qualify award, breeder must submit herdherd inventory andand must have on record submit inventory must have on record at the AHA a report of calving easeease andand reproat the AHA a report of calving reproductive status for for eacheach damdam in the inventory. ductive status in the inventory. A complete set of weaning andand yearA complete setbirth, of birth, weaning yearlingling weights is also required as well as scrotal weights is also required as well as scrotal measurements for each bullbull calfcalf withwith a recorded measurements for each a recorded yearling weight. yearling weight. In addition, Gold TPRTPR breeders must report In addition, Gold breeders must report calfcalf ultrasound data. ultrasound data.

EDDY EDDY 406-773-5710 406-773-5710

MATT MATT 406-979-5720 406-979-5720

NEWTON NEWTONMOTORS, MOTORS,INC. INC. NEW NEW&&USED USEDTRUCKS TRUCKSAND ANDCARS CARS AllAllInInOne OneConvenient ConvenientLocation Location

440440 Highway 2 West • Glasgow • Across from thethe Fairgrounds Highway 2 West • Glasgow • Across from Fairgrounds 406-228-9325 • 406-228-4381 • 1-800-255-1472 406-228-9325 • 406-228-4381 • 1-800-255-1472 Family owned by by thethe Newton Boys! Family owned Newton Boys! RentRent A CarA Car See Doug, Andy, Terry, Kenny or or Ted! See Doug, Andy, Terry, Kenny Ted!

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FARM&&&RANCH RANCH FARM FARM RANCH

April 2014 April 2014 April 2014

Red&&Black BlackSimmental Simmental&&Sim/Angus Sim/Angus Red

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qualityforages foragestotoimprove improvefeeding feedingqualqualquality ity, applying genomic selection, estate ity, applying genomic selection, estate planning,the theOctober October2013 2013blizzard blizzardinin planning, SouthDakota, Dakota,and andthe thefuture futureofoffeedfeedSouth grade antibiotics in livestock. grade antibiotics in livestock. TheTuesday Tuesdayevening eveningprogram programwill will The featureCarrie CarrieMess, Mess,aaWisconsin Wisconsindairy dairy feature farmerand andblogger, blogger,and andRyan RyanGoodman, Goodman, farmer manager of communications at theMonMonmanager of communications at the tanaStockgrowers StockgrowersAssociation, Association,speaking speaking tana on“Social “SocialMedia: Media:Understanding Understandingthe the on PowerofofReaching ReachingOur OurCustomers.� Customers.�Two Two Power scholarships sponsored by the Montana scholarships sponsored by the Montana CONTINUEDON ONPAGE PAGE13 13 CONTINUED

FORHI-LINE HI-LINEFARM FARM&&RANCH RANCH FOR The future of ranching will bethe the The future of ranching will be focusofofthis thisyear’s year’sMontana MontanaNutrition Nutrition focus Conferenceand andLivestock LivestockForum Foruminin Conference Bozeman. Bozeman. Theconference conferencewill willbegin beginthe theafafThe ternoonofofTuesday, Tuesday,April April22, 22,and andrun run ternoon throughthe themorning morningofofWednesday, Wednesday,April April through 23, at the GranTree Inn, 1325 N. 7th 23, at the GranTree Inn, 1325 N. 7th Avenue. Avenue. Speakerswill willcover coveraawide widevariety variety Speakers topics,including includingwater waterquality qualityand and ofoftopics, mineral supplementation, the importance mineral supplementation, the importance mycotoxinsininMontana, Montana,treating treatinglow low ofofmycotoxins

FloydNelson, Nelson,Jr. Jr. Floyd

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April2014 April 2014 April Thepublic publicisisalways alwaysinvited invitedtotothe theConservation Conservation The Districts’monthly monthlyboard boardmeetings meetingswhich whichare areheld heldthe the Districts’ secondTuesday Tuesdayofofeach eachmonth monthatat1:00 1:00p.m. p.m.ininthe theConConsecond ferenceRoom Roomofofthe theUSDA USDABuilding. Building. ference Call228-4321 228-4321Ext Ext101 101totoverify verifytime timeand anddate. date.AllAll Call VCCDand andNRCS NRCSprograms programsare areoffered offeredonona anondiscriminondiscrimiVCCD natorybasis basiswithout withoutregard regardtotorace, race,color, color,national nationaloriorinatory gin,religion, religion,sex, sex,age, age,marital maritalstatus statusororhandicap. handicap. gin,

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FARM&& RANCH FARM &RANCH RANCH FARM 54062US USHighway Highway22W WSte Ste22 54062 Glasgow, MT 59230-2846 Glasgow, MT 59230-2846 Phone: 406-228-4321 406-228-4321Ext. Ext.101 101 Phone: vccdmt20@gmail.com vccdmt20@gmail.com 54062 US Highway 2

WSte Ste22 54062 US Highway 2 W

Glasgow, MT 59230-2846 Check outon on Facebook Glasgow, MT 59230-2846 Check ususout Facebook www.facebook.com/valleycd www.facebook.com/valleycd forlinks linkstotosoil soilwebinars webinarsand andcurrent currenthappenings happenings for

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LocalCommon CommonSense SenseConservation Conservation Local

News From From The The Valley Valley County County Conservation Conservation District District News 21STANNUAL ANNUALOUTDOOR OUTDOORCLASROOM CLASROOMHOSTED HOSTEDBY BY 21ST VALLEYCOUNTY COUNTYCONSERVATION CONSERVATIONDISTRICT DISTRICT VALLEY

21stAnnual AnnualOutdoor Outdoor Classroom Hosted ByValley Valley County Conservation DistrictSet SetFor ForMay May1,1,2014 2014 21st Classroom By County Conservation 21ST ANNUALHosted OUTDOOR CLASROOM HOSTED BY District SETFOR FORMAY MAY 2014 21ST ANNUAL OUTDOOR CLASROOM HOSTED BY SET 1,1,2014 36 36

The Valley Valley 100 100fifth fifthgraders gradersfrom fromour ourlocal local the thestudents studentsrotate rotatearound arounddifdifThe VALLEY COUNTY CONSERVATION DISTRICT VALLEY COUNTY CONSERVATION DISTRICT County ConserConserschools. Theday day begins at Eastferent fun-filled and educational County schools. The begins at Eastferent fun-filled and educational TheValley ValleyCounty CountyConservation ConservationDistrict Districtis isininitsits21st 21styear yearofofhosting hostingthe theOutOutThe vationDistrict District sideBURDETTE withan anedible edible bugs breakactivities led by volunteers from THANK YOUMARJORY MARJORY BURDETTE for your dedication and door Classroom for morethan than 100 ďŹ fthgraders graders from our localschools. schools.The The vation isis side with bugs breakactivities led by volunteers from THANK YOU for your dedication and door Classroom for more 100 ďŹ fth from our local inits its21st 21st year fastsponsored sponsored by MSU Extension DNRC, NRCS, CMR Refuge, BLM, day begins Eastside with an ediblebugs bugs breakfast sponsored MSUExtenExtenservice your community andsurrounding surrounding areas asUrban Urban in year ofof fast by MSU Extension DNRC, NRCS, CMR Refuge, BLM, day begins atat Eastside with anSuedible breakfast sponsored bybyMSU service totoyour community and areas as SuSET FOR MAY 1, 2014 SETYounkin. FOR MAY 1, 2014 hosting the OutagentRoubie Roubie Younkin. The busValley County Weed District, USsionagent agent Roubie Younkin. The busesthen then headtotoKiwanis Kiwanis Park FortPeck, Peck, pervisor for the ValleyCounty County Conservation District since 1978. hosting the Outagent The busValley County Weed District, USsion Roubie Younkin. The buses head Park ininFort pervisor for the Valley Conservation District since 1978. where in small groups the students rotate around dierent fun-ďŹ lledand andeduedudoor Classroom es then head to Kiwanis Park in FWS, and MT FWP.fun-ďŹ lled in small groups the rotate around dierent Yourcontributions contributions thesuccess success the District are deeply appredoor Classroomtotothe es then head towhere Kiwanis Park instudents FWS, and MT FWP. Your ofofthe District are deeply apprecation activitiesled ledbybyvolunteers volunteersfrom from DNRC, NRCS,grade CMRRefuge, Refuge, BLM,Valley Valleyin for more more than Fort Peck,where where small groups Any 5th students cation activities DNRC, NRCS, CMR BLM, ciated andwill will longbe beFort remembered. for than Peck, ininsmall groups Any 5th grade students in ciated and long remembered. CountyWeed WeedDistrict, District,USFWS, USFWS,and andMT MTFWP. FWP. County

home-schooled setting setting are are aa home-schooled invited and and encouraged encouraged toto atatinvited tend. Contact Contact Penny Penny Shipp Shipp atat tend. 228-4321ext. ext.101 101totosign signup upfor for 228-4321 thefun. fun. the backup update dateofofMay May15 15isis AAback set in case of bad weather. set in case of bad weather.

The ValleyCounty CountyConservation Conservation District its 21styear year hostingthe the Out- Sampling The Valley District isisininits ofofhosting OutApplication Deadline June Ground Water SamplingProgram Program Application Deadline isisJune 1121st Ground Water LivestockPipeline Pipeline GLASGOWDistrict IRRIGATION The NRCS staff Glasgow would like remind Valley County proValleyschools. CountyConservation Conservation District inthe theplanning planningphases phases Livestock door Classroom for more than 100 ďŹ fth graders from our local schools. The GLASGOW IRRIGATION The NRCS staff ininGlasgow would like toto remind Valley County proValley County isisDISTRICT inDISTRICT door Classroom for more than 100 ďŹ fth graders from our local The GROUND WATER SAMPLING PROGRAM Valley County Conservation District in theplanplanGROUND WATER SAMPLING PROGRAM Valley County Conservation District isisin the ducers that our application deadline for the next funding year is June of implementing a new ground water sampling program in coopducers that our application deadline for the next funding year is June of implementing a new ground water sampling program in coopning phases of implementing a new ground water sampling program in cooperation with the AWARDED223 223GRANT GRANTTHROUGH THROUGH ning phases of implementing a new ground water sampling program inbreakfast cooperation with the TrainingSession Session AWARDED Training dayDNRC begins at Eastside with an edible bugs sponsored by MSU Extenday begins at Eastside with an edible bugs breakfast by MSU Exten1Montana each calendar year. One important area concern prompted thesponsored eration with the Montana DNRCand andMontana MontanaSalinity SalinityControl ControlAsAs1Montana ofofeach calendar year. One important area ofofconcern prompted the eration the Montana DNRC andMontana Montana Salinity ControlAssociation. Association. From submitted applications, Val- with DNRC and Salinity Control From submitted applications, Val“DIGDEEPER—MYSTERIES DEEPER—MYSTERIES VALLEYCOUNTY COUNTYCONSERVATION CONSERVATION Habitat Conservation Strategy inwhich which NRCS isdomestic working with private sociation. “DIG Theweek weekofofMarch March10th 10thNatural Natural VALLEY Habitat Conservation Strategy in NRCS isdomestic working with private sociation. leyCounty County Conservation District willprioritize prioritize and select and stockwater wells The sion agent Roubie Younkin. The buses then head to Kiwanis Park FortPeck, Peck, ley Conservation District will and select and stockwater wells toto Park sion agent Roubie Younkin. The buses then head to Kiwanis ininFort INTHE THE SOILâ€? landowners to demonstrate an ESA listing of the Sage Grouse is not From submitted applications, Valley County Conservation DisResources and Conservation Services IN SOILâ€? landowners to demonstrate an ESA listing of the Sage Grouse is not From submitted applications, Valley County Conservation Disevaluate based on the proximity to a potential source of contamination such as active or abanResources and Conservation Services DISTRICT evaluate based on the proximity to a potential source of contamination such as active or abanDISTRICT necessary. trict will prioritize and selectdomestic domestic andstockwater stockwaterwells wellstoto (NRCS) (NRCS)held heldaaLivestock LivestockPipeline Pipelinetraintrainwhere insmall small groups the students rotate around dierent fun-ďŹ lled and edunecessary. trict will prioritize and select and doned oil/gaswells, wells, injection wells,waste waste management areas chemical management areas. where in groups the students rotate around dierent fun-ďŹ lled and eduPOSTER CONTEST doned oil/gas injection wells, management areas ororchemical management areas. POSTER CONTEST The Glasgow Irrigation Districthas hassource been of NRCS through the Sage Grouse Initiative is intended to conserve evaluate based on the proximity to a potential source of contamiThe Glasgow Irrigation District been ing session in Glasgow. The training NRCS through the Sage Grouse Initiative is intended to conserve evaluate based on the proximity to a potential contamiDNRCgrant grantwill willcover covermost mostofofthe theexpense expensesosoValley ValleyCounty Countyresidents residentscan canparticipate participateininthis this ing session in Glasgow. The training AADNRC Valley CountyStudents Students Grades K-12are are eligible AllAll Valley County Grades K-12 eligible totoas cation activities led by volunteers from DNRC, NRCS, CMR Refuge, Valley awarded DNRCgrant grant throughwells, theValValsage-grouse habitat and help private landowners and other entities nation such asBLM, active abandoned oil/gas wells, injectionwells, wells, was wastotohelp helpNRCS NRCSemployees employeesdevelop develop cation activities led by volunteers from DNRC, NRCS, CMR Refuge, BLM, Valley awarded a aDNRC through the sage-grouse habitat and help private landowners and other entities nation such active ororabandoned oil/gas injection program foraaminimal minimal fee. Complete details and requirements will be released when the proprogram for fee. Complete details and requirements will be released when the procompete in the “Dig Deeper—Mysteries in the Soilâ€? in the “Dig Deeper—Mysteries in themanagement Soilâ€? demonstrate through sustainable sustainable ranching ranching and andcompete committed range waste waste areas orchemical chemical management areas. ley County Conservation Districtininthe the areas. theirskills skillsatatdesigning designinglivestock livestockpipepipedemonstrate through committed range management areas or management ley County Conservation District gramisisfully fullyimplemented. implemented. their gram poster contest. A $5 prize for top posters in K-1; 2-3; 4CountyWeed Weed District, USFWS, and MT FWP. poster contest. A $5 prize for top posters inDNRC K-1; 2-3; grant 4County District, USFWS, and MT management thatgrazing grazing reductions may notbe be the best interest willamount coverof most the expense soValley ValleyCounty County lines to better serve the local produc$7450. grant will be used management that reductions may not ininFWP. the best interest AADNRC grant will cover most ofofThis the expense so

lines to better serve the local producamount of $7450. This grant will be used 6;7-9; 7-9;10-12 10-12will willbebeawarded awardedlocally locallybybyValley ValleyCounty County sage-grousesince sincehabitat habitatbiodiversity biodiversityisisusually usually6;greater greater on sustainresidents canparticipate participate inthis this program for amain minimalfee. fee.ComCom- ers ersininthe thenortheast northeastpart partofofMontana. Montana. ofofsage-grouse on sustainresidents can in program for a minimal to control noxious weeds on the Conservation District. National prizes will be awarded to control noxious weeds on the main District. National prizes will be awarded ablygrazed grazedland landcompared comparedtotolong-term long-termnon-use. non-use.Conservation pletedetails details andrequirements requirements willbe bereleased released whenthe theprogram program Therewere werefifteen fifteenattendees attendeesfrom from ably plete will when theNational NationalAssociation AssociationofofConservation Conservation Districts..and There andlateral lateralcanals canals within theboundaries boundaries bybythe Districts.. and within the MontanaNRCS NRCSisisfully fullycommitted committedtotolarge-scale large-scale$100 implementation of places isfully fully implemented. eight northeast Montana counties. $100 forďŹ rst ďŹ rstand and$75 $75for forsecond second gradelevlevMontana implementation of isplaces implemented. eight northeast Montana counties. for ininallall grade theGlasgow GlasgowIrrigation IrrigationDistrict DistrictininValValofofthe BLMFIRE FIREEDUCATION EDUCATION DAYThe TheBLM BLM cooperation withmany many other local agencies, has applicable FarmBill Billconservation conservation programs accomplish our BLM DAY inincooperation with other local agencies, has els. Posters must bereceived received April Contactthe the Levi Doll Doll “Licensed “Licensed Civil Civil Engineerâ€? Engineerâ€? applicable Farm programs totoaccomplish our Mission els. Posters must beMission bybyApril 4.4.Contact Levi leyCounty. County.Spray Sprayeorts eortswill willbegin begininin ley invited local schools to attend Fire Education Day on May 13th. This event will cover several Valley County Conservation OďŹƒce forananapplication applicationand and Helping People Help theLands Lands wellDay our Vision Productive Lands invited local schools to attend Fire Education on May 13th. This event will cover several withNRCS NRCSwas wasthe themain maininstructor instructor Valley County Conservation OďŹƒce for Helping People Help the asaswell asasour Vision Productive Lands with GLASGOW IRRIGATIONDISTRICT DISTRICT with the assistance of his boss David May2014. 2014. GLASGOW IRRIGATION firetopics topics suchasaswildlife wildlifeand andfire, fire,fire fireweather, weather,fire firefighter fighterequipment, equipment, and fire ecology. May rulesif ifthey theyare are not available yourlocal localschool. school. fire such and fire ecology. Healthy Environment. rules not available atatyour Healthy Environment. with the assistance of his boss David Shouldyou youhave haveany anyquestions questionsplease pleasecall callour ouroffice officeatat406-228406-228Doughty“Senior “SeniorArea AreaCivil CivilEngineerâ€? Engineerâ€? Should Doughty 4321. ofthe theMiles MilesCity Cityarea areaoffice. office.The Thetraintrain4321. of AWARDED 223 GRANT THROUGH GRANT $500grant grantAWARDED wasawarded awarded 223 purchase seedsTHROUGH and products products ing AA$500 was purchase seeds and ingwas wasaathree threeday dayevent eventthat thatwas was The to Hinsdale School to improve for the taste testing and edThe to Hinsdale School to improve for the taste testing and edheld at the Elk’s Lodge. The Conservation District is requesting your help. Please keep a watchful eye out TREES The Conservation District is requesting your TREES help. Please keep a watchful eye out HINSDALE SCHOOLRECEIVES RECEIVES MINIED EDproducts. held at the Elk’s Lodge. SCHOOL MINI Conservation andproduce producemore more foodatatHINSDALE the ucation about local local forValley Valley CountyConservationist Conservationist of theYear. Year.It Itcould couldbe beyou, you,ororyour yourneighneigh“DIGADEEPER—MYSTERIES DEEPER—MYSTERIES Conservation and food the ucation about products. The training training went went from from proper proper Aof limited VALLEY COUNTY CONSERVATION for County the “DIG The limited VALLEY COUNTY CONSERVATION A limited number of trees are “FARM TO SCHOOLâ€? GRANT A limited number of trees are “FARM TO SCHOOLâ€? GRANT District school gardenand andtotopromote promote Grades GradesK-12 K-12will willparticipate participateinin inventory bor.We We willbe berecognizing recognizing onenumber conservationconscious consciousproducer producerininJanuary January 2015 garden District isis school inventoryofofaaproducer’s producer’sneeds, needs,toto bor. will one conservation 2015 number THROUGH VCCD still available in various species THROUGH VCCD available in various species They fortheir their effortsthis thisyear. year.Stay Staytune tunefor formore moredetails. details. requesting healthier eating. They will will the the project. for efforts requesting healthier eating. project. surveyingthe thepipeline pipelineroute, route,through through IN THE SOILâ€? still trees surveying IN THE SOILâ€? ofoftrees $500grant grantwas was awardedtotoHinsdale Hinsdale andsizes. sizes.Please Pleasecontact contactour our AA$500 awarded and yourhelp. help. DISTRICT your complete design, and finally to proparestill still DISTRICT complete design, and finally to propSchool to improve and produce more are School to improve and produce more oďŹƒcefor forananorder orderform formand andlist list oďŹƒce Please keep keep aa watchful watchful eye eye Please er documentation of the constructed available food at the school garden and to promote er documentation of the constructed available food at the school garden and to promote availabletrees treesand andprices. prices.AA available out for for Valley Valley County County ConserConserPOSTER CONTEST ofof50% out system. CONTEST various healthiereating. eating.They Theywill willpurchase purchaseseeds seeds system. ininPOSTER various healthier deposit is required at the The Glasgow Irrigation District has been 50% deposit is required at the vationistofofthe theYear. Year.ItItcould couldbe be The Glasgow Irrigation District has been vationist andproducts products forthe the taste testing andededAlsopresented presentedatatthe thetraining, training,was was speciesand and and for taste testing and Also species The BLM in cooperation with many other local agencies, has timeyour yourThe orderis isplaced. placed. BLM in cooperationucation withabout many other local agencies, has the time order you, oryour yourneighbor. neighbor. We willbe be Grades local products. Grades K-12 you, or We will use of a spreadsheet that was desizes. Please contact our office ucation about local products. Grades K-12 the use of a spreadsheet that was deAll Valley County Students K-12 are eligible to sizes. Please our office invitedlocal localawarded schoolstotoattend attend FireEducation Education Dayon onMay May 13th. All Valleyone County Students Grades K-12contact are eligible to invited schools Fire Day 13th. awillDNRC DNRC grant through the Valrecognizing one conservation conservation participate inthe theproject. project. awarded a grant through the Valrecognizing velopedby byLevi LeviDoll Dollthat thatassists assistsininthe the will participate in foran anorder orderform formand andlist listofof veloped for This event will cover several fire topics such as wildlife and fire, fire This event will cover several fire topics such as wildlife and fire, fire design of a livestock pipeline system. conscious producer in January compete thein “Dig Deeper—Mysteries inthe the Soilâ€? conscious producer January availabletrees treesand and prices. compete ininthe “Dig Deeper—Mysteries in Soilâ€? design of a livestock pipeline system. available prices. AA weather, fire fighter equipment, and fire ecology. weather, fireley fighter equipment, and fire ecology.District 2015for fortheir theirefforts effortsthis thisyear. year. ley County Conservation Districtininthe theLevi 2015 Levihad hadjust justfinished finishedupdating updatingthe the County Conservation 50%deposit depositisisrequired requiredatatthe the 50% poster contest. A $5prize prizefor for top posters in K-1; 2-3; 4Staytuned tuned formore moreA details. poster contest. $5 top posters in K-1; 2-3; 4Stay for details. spreadsheet“Pipeline “PipelineV8.2â€? V8.2â€?from fromthe the timeyour yourorder orderisisplaced. placed. spreadsheet time THEDISTRICT DISTRICT HASTHE THE FOLLOWING ITEMS FORwill SALEbe used THE HAS FOLLOWING ITEMS FOR SALE amount of $7450. This grant previousversion versionwhich whichhe hedeveloped developed amount of $7450. This grant will be used previous 7-9;10-12 10-12will willbe beawarded awardedlocally locallyby byValley ValleyCounty County 6;6;7-9; Survey Flags — Bundles of 100 andwhich whichhas hasbeen beenused usedfor forthe thelast last GlasgowIrrigation IrrigationDistrict DistrictAwarded Awarded223 223Grant Grant Survey Flags — Bundles of 100 and Glasgow to control noxious weedson on themain mainten Flo-Orange 36 InchWire WireStaff Staff ......................................... $10.00 tenyears yearsininMontana Montanaand andaafew fewother other Conservation District. National prizes will be awarded to control noxious weeds the Flo-Orange 36 Inch ......................................... $10.00 Conservation District. National prizes will be awarded Through Valley County Conservation District Through Valley County Conservation District states. The The spreadsheet spreadsheet saves saves time time Flo-Orange,Flo-Lime, Flo-Lime,White Whiteand andBlue Blue states. Flo-Orange, The Glasgow Irrigation Districthas has been awardedaaDNRC DNRC grant by the National Association Conservation Districts.. The Glasgow Irrigation District been awarded grant and reduces reduces the the chance chance ofof mathematheand lateral canalswithin withinthe theboundaries boundaries 30Inch Inch WireStaff Staff .............................................................$7.00 by the National Association ofof Conservation Districts.. and and lateral canals 30 Wire .............................................................$7.00 throughthe theValey ValeyCounty CountyConservation ConservationDistrict Districtininthe theamount amountofof through maticalerrors. errors.AApipeline pipelinethat thatused usedtoto SurveyFlagging Flagging......................................................................$2.00/Roll ......................................................................$2.00/Roll matical $100 for ďŹ rst and $75 for second places in all gradelevlev- Survey $7450. $100 for ďŹ rst and $75 for second places in all grade $7450. take weeks to design now only takes of the Glasgow Irrigation District in Valtake weeks to design now only takes of the Glasgow Irrigation District in Val-days, saving countless hours and 2014 Valley CountyLandowner LandownerBooks Books 2014 Valley County Thisgrant grantwill willbe beused usedtotocontrol controlnoxious noxiousweeds weedson onthe themain mainand and This tax days, saving countless hours and tax els. Posters must be received by April 4. Contact the Orthowith with(1) (1)Township Townshipper perPage Page................................ ................................$60.00 $60.00 els.canals Posters must be received byGlasgow April 4.Irrigation Contact the Ortho lateral canals within theboundaries boundaries the Glasgow Irrigation District lateral within the ofofthe District payer money. This is the second time ley County. Spray eorts will begin in payer money. This is the second time ley County. Spray eorts will$50.00 begin in Levi put on this training since he got Non-ortho (1)Township Townshipper per Page................................. ................................. $50.00 (1) Page Valley County. Spray effortswill willbegin begin May 2014. ininValley County. Spray efforts ininMay 2014. Valley County Conservation OďŹƒce for anapplication applicationand and Non-ortho Levi put on this training since he got Valley County Conservation OďŹƒce for an Valley County Wall Map .................................................... $40.00 Valley County Wall Map .................................................... $40.00 backfrom fromAfghanistan Afghanistanalmost almostaayear year back May 2014. May 2014. rulesTHANK ifthey theyare are notavailable available your localschool. school. YOU MARJORY BURDETTE Books ago,and andthe theeighth eighthtime timeover overthe thelast last rules ifTHANK not atatyour local YOU MARJORY BURDETTE Books ago, foryour yourdedication dedicationand andservice servicetotoyour yourcommunity communityand andsurroundsurround“MontanaNative NativePlants Plants&&Peoplesâ€? Peoplesâ€?ll“Grassland “GrasslandPlants PlantsofofSouth South ten tenyears. years. for ll“Montana ingareas areasas asUrban UrbanSupervisor Supervisorfor forthe theValley ValleyCounty CountyConservation Conservation Future trainings trainings are are being being disdisDakotaand andthe theNorthern NorthernGreat GreatPlainsâ€? Plainsâ€?ll“Weeds “Weedsofofthe theWestâ€? Westâ€? ing Future Dakota Districtsince since1978. 1978.Your Yourcontributions contributionstotothe thesuccess successofofthe theDisDiscussedfor fornext nextyear yearininthe thewestern western District cussed TREEPLANTER PLANTERAND ANDAERATOR AERATORAVAILABLE AVAILABLEFOR FORRENT RENT––CALL CALLFOR FORRATES RATES TREE trictare aredeeply deeplyappreciated appreciatedand andwill willlong longbe beremembered. remembered. partofofthe thestate. state. trict part

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BOARDOFOFSUPERVISORS SUPERVISORS BOARD JeffPattison Pattison......................Supervisor ......................Supervisor––Chair Chair Jeff DickRohde Rohde.......................Supervisor .......................Supervisor Dick JodyMason Mason......................Supervisor ......................Supervisor Phone: 406-228-4321Ext. Ext.101 101 Jody Phone: 406-228-4321 RonGarwood Garwood...................Supervisor ...................Supervisor Ron vccdmt20@gmail.com vccdmt20@gmail.com VACANT ............................Area5 5Supervisor Supervisor VACANT ............................Area Nancy Heins......................Urban ......................UrbanSupervisor Supervisor Nancy Heins Vice-Chair/Treas. Vice-Chair/Treas. VACANT............................Urban ............................UrbanSupervisor Supervisor VACANT AllenBunk Bunk........................Associate, ........................Associate,DPRW DPRW Allen MarvinTarum Tarum...................Associate, ...................Associate,DPRW DPRW Marvin SierraStoneberg-Holt Stoneberg-Holt.......Associate .......Associate Sierra PennyShipp Shipp.....................Administrator .....................AdministratorExtExt101 101 Penny NRCSPERSONNEL PERSONNEL NRCS TracyCumber Cumber........................................... ...........................................ExtExt126 126 Tracy DistrictConservationist Conservationist District MikeLackner Lackner........................................... ...........................................Ext. Ext.123 123 Mike SoilConservationist Conservationist Soil KevinFarr Farr................................................ ................................................Ext. Ext.130 130 Kevin SoilConservationist ConservationistTechnician Technician Soil LeviDoll Doll.................................................. ..................................................Ext. Ext.118 118 Levi CivilEngineeer Engineeer Civil DouglasJones Jones......................................... .........................................Ext. Ext.122 122 Douglas CivilEngineer EngineerTechnician Technician Civil JohnFahlgren Fahlgren.......................................... ..........................................Ext. Ext.132 132 John RangeConservationist Conservationist Range


666

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April 2014 April 2014 April 2014

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By HI-LINE FARM & RANCH unexpectedconsequences freezes. Eachfor event causesand The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s to economic farmers Lunch at noon • Sale starts at 1 p.m. • Glasgow Stockyards The Service U.S. Department of Agriculture’s farmers and Farm Agency Administrator Juan economic ranchers consequences throughout the for United States. FSA • Performance & Fertility Tested • Gentle Dispositions g Farm Serviceurges Agency Administrator Juanaf- ranchers throughout Unitedand States. FSA n • Performance & Fertility Tested • Gentle Dispositions i M. Garcia livestock producers recommends thatthe owners producers l l e S M. Garcia livestock producers that owners and producers fected by urges natural disasters, such asaf-the recommends record all pertinent information of natural Se0llYinegarlging Call for more information fected by in natural disasters, such as the record all pertinent information of natural 5Yearlin ulls Call for more information drought the West and the unexpected disaster consequences, including: B 0 5 Angusulls drought in theinWest and the unexpected consequences,ofincluding: 406-367-5327 or 406-486-5684 winter storm the upper Midwest, to keep disaster • Documentation the number and kind B us g 406-367-5327 or 406-486-5684 n A winter storm in the upper Midwest, to keep • Documentation of the number and kind thorough records. of livestock that have died, supplemented thorough have died, supplemented Even records. for Hi-Line livestock producers ofiflivestock possible that by photographs or video records Even for Hi-Line livestock possible by photographs who avoided the wrath of thoseproducers specific in- if of ownership and losses.or video records who avoided wrath ofworth those considering. specific in- of ownership and losses. Hilltop Alliance 9205 at cidents, it's the a message • Dates of death supported by birth reHilltop Alliance 9205 at cidents, it's a message worth considering. • Dates of death supported by birth reGarcia mentioned recordkeeping that cordings or purchase receipts. at Infinity Angus Ranch Garcia mentioned recordkeeping or purchase receipts. livestock to includes livestock and feed losses,that and cordings • Costs of transporting at Infinity Angus Ranch includes livestock and feed losses, and • Costs of transporting livestock to any additional expenses that are a result of safer grounds or to move animals to new By Private Treaty at the ranch any additional expenses that are a result of safer grounds or to move animals to new By Private Treaty at the ranch losses to purchased forage or feed stuff. pastures. 15 miles south of Peerless, MT losses to purchased or feed stuff. 15 miles south of Peerless, MTTreaty By Private OCTOBER SALE PRICES "The 2014 Farmforage Bill provides a strong pastures. • Feed purchases if supplies or grazing ByMiner Private Treaty Edwin OCTOBER SALE PRICES "The 2014net Farm Billranchers provides a strong • Feed purchases if supplies or grazing farm safety to help during these pastures are destroyed. Edwin Miner FOR RANCHERS at Haaland the ranch 15 miles farm safetytimes,” net toRANCHERS help ranchers duringprovide these pastures arerecords, destroyed. Dr. Monica FOR atour the ranch together capital cam-15 miles The Sawfly Research Foundation began difficult Garcia said. “We’ll • Crop including and fertilizer this. Then we will put FOR HI-LINE FARM & seed RANCH Dr. Monica Haaland this. Then we will put together our capital camThe Sawfly Research Foundation beganwith difficult times,” said. “We’ll • Crop records, including andrecords. fertilizer FORplanting HI-LINE FARM & seed RANCH $BEEF south of Peerless, MT ago BW cell 893-7788 • home 893-4456 said further, “bringing together three outWN ofWN farmerYR frustration producers withGarcia information on newprovide program purchases, and production The Montana Grains Foundation (MGF) an- paign,” Roehm $BEEF south of Peerless, MTyears BW cell 893-7788 • home 893-4456 +58YR +106 +$64.26 paign,” Roehm said further, “bringing together three years ago out of farmer frustration with -1.7 producers with information on new program purchases, planting and production records. The Montana Grains Foundation (MGF) anfromUpward grain producers to grain exportthe damaging pest.+58 Kurt+106 Kammerzell, requirements, updates and signups as the nounced • Pictures of beginning on-farm of storage facili- resources Sept. 9 the a new initiative +$64.26 a grain -1.7 Infinitys 2300 Infinitys Answer 2700 pest. resources from grain producers to grain exportthe damaging Kurt Kammerzell, a grain requirements, updates and signups as the • Pictures of on-farm storage facilinounced Sept. 9 the beginning of a new initiative owned with Hilltop Angus Infinitys Upward 2300 Infinitys Answer 2700 from producer Chester, and chairman and everyone in between.” information becomes available. ties that were destroyed byinwind or flood to promote scientific research the control of ers, owned with Hilltop Angus Edwin Miner Hilltop Alliance 9205 of the Hilltop Trojan 8245 BDAR New Day Y100 producer from Hilltop Chester, and chairman everyone in between.” information becomes available. ties that were destroyed byinwind or flood promote scientific research the control of ers, and semen available Edwin Miner Alliance 9205 of the group, explained the transfer. Wheat-stem to be Hilltop Trojansawfly 8245has been estimated BDAR New Day Y100 "In the meantime, I urge producers to to wheat-stem waters. sawfly, Montana’s costliest grain semen available Dr. Monica Haaland Wheat-stem sawfly has been estimated to be Haaland group, explained the transfer. "In the meantime, I urge producers to wheat-stem waters. sawfly, Montana’s costliest grain Dr. Monica destroying in excess of $100 million of Montana “As a small group of producers, we felt we keep thorough records. We know these production pest. “As a small group of producers, we felt we destroying in excess of $100 million of Montana keep thorough records. We know these production pest. cell 893-7788 had accomplished all we could,”he said. “The farmers, disasters have caused serious economic The non-profit organization will seek to bring grain production each year, affecting 893-7788 had accomplished all we could,”he said. “The farmers, disasters caused serious economic The non-profit organization will seek to bring grain production each year, affecting cell Ranchers,have home 893-4456 Montana Grains Foundation has the expertise and and the truckers and railroads hardships for our livestock producers. all of the wheat and barley industry together in an grain companies Ranchers, home 893-4456 “and Mark Your Calendar ”Montana the truckers and railroads Grains Foundation has the expertise and hardships forourour livestock producers. all of the wheat and barley industry together in an grain companies “ Mark Your Calendar ” Check out sale prices on SMARTLIC hauling the grain. Larvae of the sawfly live inside experience to connect with all parties who should We’ll do all we can to assist in their reeffort to reduce the detrimental impact this small s impact this small hauling the grain. Larvae ofMontana’s Checkdooutallourwesale on SMARTLIC the sawfly live inside experience to connect with all parties Sewho should We’ll canprices to assist in their re- effort to reduce the detrimental ’ a s S4eproblem, I feel grain stems during the growing season, com- be interested in solving this covery.” Montana’s n’ state’s insect has had on nthe largest industry. thethe lland 1 supplement tubs and ULTRA MIN 12-12 a ingand t be interested in solving this problem, I feel grain stems during the growing season, comcovery.” insect has had on the state’s largest industry. l 140be 0inliB supplement tubs and ULTRA MINdrought 12-12 and tan the project together in an ef- peting for “Northern Premier” n o this important work will capable hands.” nutrients and weakening the stems. In addition to western “We plan to put n g “Northern Premier” and weakening the stems. this important work will be in B capable hands.” In addition to western drought and “We plan to put the project together in an ef- peting for nutrients loose cattlemineral mineral throughOctober. October. SeMoM UL UL Montana Grains Foundation Dale Schuler, a farmer in the Carter, Mont., TheThe the early-winter snowstorms, there loose cattle through SeAngus Sale ficient manner,” said MGF board member Will Dale LisSaffiliated Montana Grains Foundation isSaffiliated Schuler, a farmer in the Carter, Mont., the early-winter snowstorms, there arearea a ficient Angus Sale manner,” said MGF board member Will L lected SMARTLIC protein tubs are $40 e area, serves as president of MGF. “Start-up costs with Montana Grain Growers Association, variety of disasters from floods to storms Roehm, “beginning with a thorough assessment l Thursday April 2014 with Montana Grain Growers Association, and and lected SMARTLIC protein tubs are ea president of MGF. “Start-up costs variety of disasters from floods to $40 storms Roehm, “beginning with aathorough assessment area, serves asThursday Sldate, April 10,10, 2014 s S it was founded to carry out charitable, scientific were generously donated by the Sawfly Research of research progress to the affected geou perton tonoffoffinintontonlots lotsand andULTRA ULTRAMIN MIN of research progressgnutogs date, the affected geo- were generously donated by the Sawfly Research it was founded to carry out charitable, scientific per educational activities on behalf of Montana’s Foundation,” Schuler said, “and they have asked A graphical areas beyond Montana’s borders, and n educational activities on behalf of Montana’s A areas beyond Montana’s borders, and Foundation,” Schuler said, “and they have asked andand 12-12isis$1off $1offper perbag bagoror$40 $40per perton. ton. graphical 12-12 us to continue with a project they started.” grain industry. which scientists and universities are pursuing grain industry. us to continue with a project they started.” which scientists and universities are pursuing

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ORANGE RUSH? RANGE CRUSH

also remain dormant for up to five years. also remain dormant for pupal up to five years. Once the adults pass the stage they Once the adults pass the pupal stage they emerge in the soil. June thunderstorms and emerge in the soil. June thunderstorms and the right temperatures in the soil can cause the right temperatures in the soil can cause outbreaks of the insect. These adults can outbreaks of the insect. These adults can emerge through August in some cases. emerge through August in some cases. The insect is named for its color. The The insect is named for its color. The orange insect looks much like a mosquito, orange insect looks much like a mosquito, but it is about half the size. Even the larvae but it is about half the size. Even the larvae are orange are orange in in color color and and can can be be seen seen sitting sitting on the top of the soil. The bug isn’t on the top of the soil. The bug isn’t damdamaging aging to to the the soil, soil, but but the the females females lay lay their their eggs in the evenings on individual eggs in the evenings on individual florets florets of of the the wheat wheat spike. spike. Females Females may may only only live live for about a week, laying an average for about a week, laying an average of of 80 80 eggs. eggs. The The eggs eggs will will hatch hatch in in about about aa week. week. The The larvae larvae feed feed on on the the wheat wheat kernel kernel that’s that’s developing. developing. This This is is where where the the devdevastating astating effects effects can can be be felt felt for for the the wheat wheat farmer. farmer. “If “If this this pest pest becomes becomes established established here, here, we we can can expect expect yield yield losses losses in in the the neighborneighborhood hood of of 75 75 percent percent to to 95 95 percent,” percent,” Mills Mills said. “According to the OWBM said. “According to the OWBM (orange (orange wheat wheat blossom blossom midge) midge) Guide, Guide, an an 80 80 to to 90 90 bushel bushel per per acre acre crop crop can can be be decimated decimated to to aa

25 25miles milesnorth northof ofWolf WolfPoint Pointon onHwy Hwy250 250 (going (goingtotoLustre) Lustre)

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Daniels Blossom Midge, Midge, A A Dangerous DangerousPest, Pest,AAConcern Concern DanielsCounty County Discovery Discovery Of Of Orange Orange Wheat Wheat Blossom

By BONNIE DAvIDsON By BONNIE HI-LINE FARMDAvIDsON & RANCH HI-LINE FARM & RANCH ike David and Goliath, someike David and Goliath, sometimes the small are mighty. An times the small are mighty. An insect that was found in Daniels insect that was found in Daniels County could wreck havoc on local wheat County could wreck havoc on local wheat fields if conditions last fall helped the pest fields if conditions last fall helped the pest survive the season. Currently there hasn’t survive the season. Currently there hasn’t been a full infestation in the area, but it’s been a full infestation in the area, but it’s enough enoughtotodraw drawconcern. concern. The Orange The OrangeWheat WheatBlossom BlossomMidge Midgehas has been found in locations in Western been found in locations in WesternNorth North Dakota Dakotaand andininaasmall smallconcentration concentrationalong along the theHi-Line. Hi-Line.Shelli ShelliMills, Mills,ag agagent agentof ofthe the Valley ValleyCounty CountyMontana MontanaState StateUniverUniversity sityExtension ExtensionOffice, Office,explained explainedthat thatthe the county will be testing this growing county will be testing this growingseason season totosearch searchfor forthe theinsect insectthat thatcould couldbe bedevdevastating to wheat crops. astating to wheat crops. “We “Weare areconcerned concernedififthey theywintered, wintered,we we had hadrain rainduring duringthe theharvest harvestand andititmight might bebeenough enoughmoisture moisturefor forthem themtotopupate,” pupate,” Mills said. Mills said. The Theinsect insectwinters wintersininthe thesoil soiland andthe the larvae larvaecan canbe befound foundon onthe thesoil soilsurface surface during duringthe thelast lastweeks weeksofofMay. May.They Theycan can

FARM RANCH FARM & FARM &&RANCH RANCH

11 April 2014 2014 11 11 April April 2014

AfterAARough RoughYear, Year,Livestock Livestock EAYRSANGUS ANGUSBULL BULLSALE SALE After EAYRS ProducersUrged UrgedTo ToKeep KeepGood GoodRecords Records Thursday, April 10, 2014 Producers Thursday, April 10, 2014 By HI-LINE FARM & RANCH to unexpected freezes. Each event causes

An orange wheat blossom midge An orange wheat blossom midge larvae eats the kernel of a wheat theatkernel a wheat headlarvae in theeats photo near of right. The head in the photo at near right. The small insects can damage a variety small insects can damage a variety of grasses outside of wheat. While ofwasn't grassesaoutside of wheat.inWhile there strong presence our there a strong presence in our areawasn't recorded last harvest season, area recorded season, Daniels Countylast didharvest report finding Daniels did report the pest.County The insect, shownfinding at far pest. The shown at far right,the is about halfinsect, the size of a mosright,and is about half the a mosquito can cause a lotsize of of damage quito cancrops. causeLocal a lot of damage to and wheat extension to wheat crops. Localwatch extension offices will be keeping and offices willforbethe keeping watch and testing areas presence of the testing areas for the presence of the orange wheat blossom midge. orange wheat blossom midge.

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two bushel per acre crop from this insect.” each other on testing and findings. twoOutbreaks bushel perinacre crop from Montana this insect.” each“We other on testing and findings. Northeastern must be proactive in surveying for Outbreaks in Northeastern Montana “We must be proactive in surveying for were reported in 2006. It was the first this pest particularly after the rain events were reported in 2006. It was the first this pest particularly after the rain events outbreak of the insect that caused an ecowe had during harvest last year,” Mills outbreak of the insect that caused an ecowe had during harvest last year,” Mills nomic impact to our area. The insects seem said. nomic impact to our area. The insects seem said. to be expanding in nearby locations, but it Midge counts will be entered onto a to be expanding in nearby locations, but it Midge counts will be entered onto a is not known where they might be located. website, which hasn’t been completed is not known where they might be located. website, which hasn’t been completed It can remain undetected for several years yet, that will allow agents to track the It can remain undetected for several years yet, that will allow agents to track the and they can also exist at lower populahatch and see which areas in the state and they can also exist at lower populahatch and see which areas in the state tions. aregoing goingtotobe bemost mostaffected. affected.While Whilea a tions. are Before panic arises over the possibilidifferent rotation of wheat is something Before panic arises over the possibilidifferent rotation of wheat is something Brazilian Sisalthe orBridon Bridon Plastic ties, Mills Mills explained explained that that the the extension extension tobe be considered, extension officehas has Brazilian Sisal orthe Plastic ties, to considered, extension office office will be keeping close watch on the released information that winter wheat office will be keeping close watch on the released information that winter wheat future status status of of the the insect. insect. Extension Extension office office could couldstill stillbe bevulnerable vulnerabletotoegg egglaying laying future agents will be placing four to six pheroadults. agents will be placing four to six pheroadults. mone traps traps throughout throughout the the county county in in early early Othercrops cropsare aresomething somethingtotoconsider, consider, mone Other June. The pheromones, chemicals that will but the midge does attack other grasses, June. The pheromones, chemicals that will but the midge does attack other grasses, attract insects insects to to the the traps traps so so that that agents agents suchas asbarley, barley,rye, rye,triticale triticaleand andintermeintermeattract such can check the traps every two days, will diate wheat grass. Crop cycles still may can check the traps every two days, will diate wheat grass. Crop cycles still may be placed during the times that the wheat not affect the midge as they can remain to keep your herd in top condition! be placed during the times that the wheat notkeep affectyour the midge they remain to herdasinseveral top can condition! crops are are most most vulnerable. vulnerable. dormantfor foraaspan spanofofseveral years. crops dormant years. The materials materials for for the the traps traps are are being being Formore moreinformation informationon onwhat’s what’sgoing going The For provided to the agents through the Monon in your county, contact your local Monprovided to the agents through the Monon in your county, contact your local Montana Wheat and Barley Committee grant. tana State University Extension Office. tana Wheat and Barley Committee grant. tana State University Extension Office. Daniels County County agents agents and and other other agents agents ValleyCounty’s County’soffice officecan canbe bereached reachedatat Daniels Valley OCTOBER SALEPRICES PRICES FORRANCHERS RANCHERS along the the Hi-Line Hi-Line are are collaborating collaborating with 406-228-6241. OCTOBER SALE FOR along with 406-228-6241.

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Phone: Phone:406-527-3334 406-527-3334

CUSTOM CUSTOM

Sample Sample ofof BULLS Selling BULLS Selling These and many These and many More Just like More Just like Them SELL Them SELL

Thursday Thursday April10,2014 10,2014 April Bear Paw Livestock Bear Paw Livestock Chinook, Mt Chinook, Mt Lunch at 11:30 Lunch at 11:30 Sale1:00 1:00 Sale

Sire Sire VDARReallyWindy4097 VDARReallyWindy4097 VDARReallyWindy4097 VDARReallyWindy4097 VDARReallyWindy4097 VDARReallyWindy4097 SitzUpside547W SitzUpside547W SitzUpside547W SitzUpside547W SitzUpside547W SitzUpside547W AARDash1802 AARDash1802 AARDash1802 AARDash1802 AARDash1802 AARDash1802 SitzDash10227 SitzDash10227 SitzDash10227 SitzDash10227 SitzDash10227 SitzDash10227 SChisum6175 SChisum6175 SChisum6175 SChisum6175 WWDefinitive9097 WWDefinitive9097 WWDefinitive9097 WWDefinitive9097 HABismarck1625 HABismarck1625 CAREfficient534 CAREfficient534 CAREfficient534 CAREfficient534 SAV004Predominant4438 SAV004Predominant4438 SitzNewDesign458N SitzNewDesign458N WillowCreekUpward075605 WillowCreekUpward075605 BTCIowa702 BTCIowa702

BD Reg# Tattoo TattooBW BWBEPD BEPD 205 WEPDWR WRYEPDYEPD MEPD BD Reg# 205 WEPD MEPD 2/15/2013 17645193 3435 88 +2.2 831 +67 119 +104 2/15/2013 17645193 3435 88 +2.2 831 +67 119 +104 +23 +23 Ͳ0.7 803 +63 115 2/5/2013 17645183 3822 75 Ͳ0.7 803 +63 115 +99 +99+25 +25 2/5/2013 17645183 3822 75 2/12/2013 17738669 3019 69 +0.8 721 +60 109 2/12/2013 17738669 3019 69 +0.8 721 +60 109 +95 +95+20 +20 +1.0 774 +63 114 2/18/2013 17738680 3072 75 +1.0 774 +63 114 +109+109 +31 +31 2/18/2013 17738680 3072 75 2/21/2013 17738687 177386873103 3103 80 80 +1.6+1.6747 747+59 +59 110 110+104+104 2/21/2013 +32 +32 2/22/2013 17738692 177386923116 3116 71 71 Ͳ1.3Ͳ1.3764 764+63 +63 112 112+110+110 +30 2/22/2013 The more things +30 The more things +0.7 787 +50 107 +90 +28 4/5/2013 17723437 3339 75 +0.7 787 +50 change, 107 the +90 4/5/2013 17723437 3339 75 more +28 change, more +55 the 108+93 +93+27 +27 2/25/2013 17716011 177160113202 3202 79 79 +2.6+2.6792 792+55 108 2/25/2013 they remain ... they+48 remain ... 107+82 +82+25 +25 3/21/2013 17716017 177160173319 3319 84 84 +1.8+1.8789 789+48 107 3/21/2013 well, you know. well,+52 you know. 2/11/2013 17715149 177151493004 3004 88 88 +0 +0 764 764+52 109+88 +88+25 +25 2/11/2013 109 This historic This +47 historic Ͳ0.6 721 2/9/2013 17706006 3974 77 Ͳ0.6 721 +47 postcard 103 103 2/9/2013 17706006 3974 77 that+84 +84+25 +25 postcard that108 3/17/2013 17718469 3308 72 +0.6 793 +51 3/17/2013 17718469 3308 72 +0.6 793 +51 pokes fun at+81 +81+30 +30 pokes fun108 at 2/27/2013 17738705 177387053144 3144 85 85 +2.4+2.4754 754+55 +55 111 111+97 +97+30 +30 2/27/2013 grashoppers grashoppers is is 2/19/2013 17738682 177386823085 3085 82 82 +2.2+2.2733 733+60 +60 108 108+99 +99+28 +28 2/19/2013 from 1939 – from 1939 – 2/6/2013 17644470 176444703729 3729 80 80 +0.1+0.1739 739+55 +55 106 106+97 +97+25 +25 2/6/2013 72 years 72 years ago.ago. 2/12/2013 17701908 17701908 352352 88 88 Ͳ0.2Ͳ0.2738 738+49 +49 113 113+88 +88+26 +26 2/12/2013 COURTESY VALLEY COUNTY 3/16/2013 17699081 17699081 357357 87 87 Ͳ1.0Ͳ1.0765 765+56 +56 112 +95 COURTESY VALLEY COUNTY 3/16/2013 112 +95 +28 +28 HISTORICAL / FOR HISTORICAL FOR +51 110SOCIETY 2/24/2013 17738696 177386963129 3129 86 86 +2.0+2.0748 748+51 110SOCIETY +92/+92 +25 +25 2/24/2013 HI-LINE & RANCH HI-LINE FARMFARM & RANCH 2/18/2013 17738689 177386893068 3068 80 80 +1.3+1.3721 721+45 +45 106 106+85 +85+29 +29 2/18/2013 3/15/2013 17718375 177183753306 3306 82 82 +2.0+2.0771 771+49 +49 105 105+85 +85+25 +25 3/15/2013 3/15/2013 17720006 177200063305 3305 81 81 +0.7+0.7793 793+49 +49 108 108+94 +94+28 +28 3/15/2013 4/4/2013 17730860 177308603338 3338 77 77 +0.1+0.1735 735+47 +47 100 100+93 +93+28 +28 4/4/2013 4/12/2013 17730866 177308663347 3347 78 78 +0.4+0.4818 818+56 +56 111 111+87 +87+27 +27 4/12/2013

GrasshopperBoom: Boom:More MoreImpact ImpactExpected ExpectedInIn2012 2012 Grasshopper

exposed to grasshopper activity. Later planting OneOne or two passes insecticide treated exposed to grasshopper activity. Later planting or two passes withwith insecticide treated seedseed KEVIN WANNER BY BY KEVIN WANNER reduces of damage by aphids (active ingredients imidacloprid thiamealsoalso reduces thethe riskrisk of damage by aphids andand (active ingredients imidacloprid and and thiameMSU EXTENSION SPECIALIST MSU EXTENSION SPECIALIST For information or sale book contact For information or wheat sale book contact curl mite, of which vector thoxam) thoxam) around the perimeter of field the field thethe wheat curl mite, bothboth of which cancan vector around the perimeter of the is is Grasshopper populations increased dramatiGrasshopper populations increased dramativiral diseases. alsoalso typically effective. Adult grasshoppers are are viral diseases. typically effective. Adult grasshoppers cally in in Montana from 2007 to 2010, from oneone cally Montana from 2007 to 2010, from KelMcCAngus PetersonGrain&Cattle WhistlingWindsAngus TopNotchAngus KelMcCAngus PetersonGrain&Cattle WhistlingWindsAngus TopNotchAngus Vigilant scouting is recommended. Adult more difficult to control, andMarvinCross the higher end end of of Vigilant scouting is recommended. Adult more difficult to control, and the higher million acres with more than 1515 grasshoppers million acres with more than grasshoppers KimPeterson DavidSattoriva MarvinCross KimPeterson DavidSattoriva KellyMcCracken KellyMcCracken grasshoppers cancan fly fly andand are are very mobile, so so the the labellabel raterate is (406)357Ͳ3534Cell(406)262Ͳ3127 recommended. grasshoppers very mobile, is (406)357Ͳ3534Cell(406)262Ͳ3127 recommended. perper square yard in in 2007, to 17 million acres square yard 2007, to 17 million acres (406)394Ͳ2236Cell(406)945Ͳ0544 (406)397Ͳ3386Cell(406)390Ͳ1471 (406)394Ͳ2236Cell(406)945Ͳ0544 (406)397Ͳ3386Cell(406)390Ͳ1471 (406)379Ͳ2373Cell(406)262Ͳ2347 (406)379Ͳ2373Cell(406)262Ͳ2347 localized densities cancan change quickly. TheThe When applying border sprays, timing is is with more than 1515 grasshoppers perper square localized densities change quickly. When applying border timing with more than grasshoppers square AndeePeterson(406)945Ͳ2717   sprays, AndeePeterson(406)945Ͳ2717  migratory andand two-striped grasshoppers are are important. Border sprays beyond the edge yard in in 2010. However, crop andand rangeland migratory two-striped grasshoppers important. Border sprays beyond the edge yard 2010. However, crop rangeland species in the current outbreak. of the needneed to betoapplied just just before the the damage hashas been somewhat moderated by by thethe prevalent prevalent species in the current outbreak. of crop the crop be applied before damage been somewhat moderated Damage thresholds for emerging winter wheat wheat emerges; if it is applied too early there


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FARM & RANCH FARM & RANCH FARM & RANCH

2014 10 1010April April 2014 April 2014

BUREAU OFOF RECLAMATION DELAYS BUREAU RECLAMATION DELAYS CONSTRUCTION OF NELSON DIKES SAFETY CONSTRUCTION OF NELSON DIKES SAFETY MODIFICATIONS TO 2015 MODIFICATIONS TO 2015 The Bureau of Reclamation is delaying thethe The Bureau of Reclamation is delaying construction start forfor thethe Safety of of Dams Modification construction start Safety Dams Modification to to Nelson Reservoir Dikes, located in Phillips County Nelson Reservoir Dikes, located in Phillips County approximately 25 miles northeast of Malta, Montana. approximately 25 miles northeast of Malta, Montana. The delay willwill push thethe project back one year from thethe The delay push project back one year from fallfall of of 2014 to to thethe fallfall of of 2015. The reservoir drawdown 2014 2015. The reservoir drawdown that is necessary to facilitate construction has also that is necessary to facilitate construction has also been delayed to to 2015. Water users and recreationists been delayed 2015. Water users and recreationists can anticipate normal operating conditions forfor Nelson can anticipate normal operating conditions Nelson Reservoir for the upcoming 2014 water season. Reservoir for the upcoming 2014 water season. Additional details onon thisthis project, including thethe Additional details project, including Final Environmental Assessment and Finding of No Final Environmental Assessment and Finding of No Significant Impact is available at: www.usbr.gov/gp/mtao Significant Impact is available at: www.usbr.gov/gp/mtao

ANNUAL BULL SALE ANNUAL BULL SALE

APRIL APRIL9,9,2014 2014

1:00 PMPM • GDAR SALE BARN • SIDNEY, MT 1:00 • GDAR SALE BARN • SIDNEY, MT

SELLING 100 BULLS SELLING 100 BULLS Bulls Bred For:

Bulls Bred For: H Gentle Disposition Ease H Gentle DispositionH Calving H Calving Ease H Maternal Strength H Soundness & Longevity H Maternal Strength H Soundness & Longevity

SITZ GAME DAY 334Y SITZ GAME DAY 334Y

APEX WINDY 078 APEX WINDY 078 Other Sires: Other Sires:

H WMR Timeless 458 H RA Identity Z79 H WMR Timeless 458 H RA Identity Z79 H Sitz JLS Upward 631X H RA Lead On W5 H Sitz JLS Upward 631X H RA Lead On W5 H Pine Creek Ideal 1133 H DFA Hero 6017 H Pine Creek Ideal 1133 H DFA Hero 6017 H Sitz Upward 307R H GDAR CJD Alliance 0712 H Sitz Upward 307R H GDAR CJD Alliance 0712 For More Information, Contact: For More Information, Contact:

Bar JVJV Angus Bar Angus

DFA HERO 6017 DFA HERO 6017

14043 County Rd. 340 • Fairview, MT 59221 14043 County Rd. 340 • Fairview, MT 59221 Jim Vitt 406-798-3653 Jim Vitt 406-798-3653 Dale Vitt 406-798-3398 406-480-5676 C Dale Vitt 406-798-3398 406-480-5676 C djvitt@midrivers.com djvitt@midrivers.com

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$35M $35MAvailable AvailableToToLandowners Landowners InInPrairie PrairieLandscape LandscapeEffort Effort

Environmental Quality Incentives Program: The The FOR HI-LINE FARMFARM & RANCH Environmental Quality Incentives Program: FOR HI-LINE & RANCH agency's largest conservation program will help Up to $35 million will be provided during Up to $35 million will be provided during agency's largest conservation program will help producers with expiring Conservation Reserve the next threethree yearsyears to help landowners conserve the next to help landowners conserve producers with expiring Conservation Reserve Program contracts keep their lands as working grasslands and wetlands in the Prairie Pothole grasslands and wetlands in the Prairie Pothole Program contracts keep their lands as working grasslands or haylands through implementation region,according to Under Secretary for Natural region,according to Under Secretary for Natural grasslands or haylands through implementation of prescribed grazing and and otherother conservation Resources and Environment Robert Bonnie. of prescribed grazing conservation Resources and Environment Robert Bonnie. practices. Farmers, ranchers and conservation partners Farmers, ranchers and conservation partners practices. Ducks Unlimited-NRCS partnership for for will will havehave access to a mix of financial and techniDucks Unlimited-NRCS partnership access to a mix of financial and technicarbon credits: NRCS is working with North cal assistance opportunities through the Natural cal assistance opportunities through the Natural carbon credits: NRCS is working with North South Dakota and and Montana to create a a Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) to toDakota, Dakota, South Dakota Montana to create Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) carbon credit marketing system for landowners restore wetlands and and grasslands. carbon credit marketing system for landowners restore wetlands grasslands. who agreed to avoid tilling grasslands. This "This region of North Dakota, South Dakota, "This region of North Dakota, South Dakota, who agreed to avoid tilling grasslands. This work started in 2011 in North Dakota as part Minnesota, Iowa and Montana provides critical Minnesota, Iowa and Montana provides critical work started in 2011 in North Dakota as part of a Conservation Innovation Grant, but now breeding and nesting habitat for more than 60 breeding and nesting habitat for more than 60 of a Conservation Innovation Grant, but now it's being expanded to the three states. Through percent of the nation's migratory waterfowl," percent of the nation's migratory waterfowl," it's being expanded to the three states. Through this system, interested landowners can keep their Bonnie, of the Prairie Pothole region said. Bonnie, of the Prairie Pothole region said. this system, interested landowners can keep their land in grass, continue grazing and haying, and "Our"Our goalgoal is toishelp landowners manage their to help landowners manage their land in grass, continue grazing and haying, and generate verified carbon credits that place a conworking lands in a way that's compatible with working lands in a way that's compatible with generate verified carbon credits that place a conservation easement on their land. These credits agricultural production and good stewardship of agricultural production and good stewardship of servation easement on their land. These credits can be sold or traded into existing voluntary the soil, water and habitat resources of the area the soil, water and habitat resources of the area can be sold or traded into existing voluntary carbon markets. so we talking about keeping working soare we really are really talking about keeping working carbon markets. NRCS alsoalso is providing additional technilandslands working." NRCS is providing additional techniworking." cal assistance to complete certified wetland The The wetlands and grasslands that characterize wetlands and grasslands that characterize cal assistance to complete certified wetland determinations, needed by producers to meet the region provide vitalvital water storage to reduce the region provide water storage to reduce determinations, needed by producers to meet conservation compliance requirements first put regional flooding, improve water quality, and regional flooding, improve water quality, and conservation compliance requirements first put in place in 1985. havehave tremendous potential to store carbon in tremendous potential to store carbon in in place in 1985. Additionally, the the 20142014 Farm Bill Bill has has ex- exsoils,soils, which reduces the level of carbon dioxide Additionally, Farm which reduces the level of carbon dioxide panded opportunities for conserving grasslands in the atmosphere, one of the leading greenhouse in the atmosphere, one of the leading greenhouse panded opportunities for conserving grasslands and and wetlands, including those in the Prairie gases contributing to climate change. wetlands, including those in the Prairie gases contributing to climate change. Pothole region. TheThe funding comes in a couple of pieces. funding comes in a couple of pieces. Pothole region.

Specialty SpecialtyCrop Crop‘Competitiveness’ ‘Competitiveness’Grants Grants

TheThe Montana Department of Agriculture costscosts of distribution systems, developMontana Department of Agriculturereducing reducing of distribution systems, developannounced that funding is available and apment of good agricultural practices, pestpest and and announced that funding is available and ap- ment of good agricultural practices, plications will be accepted to enhance the comdisease control, and development of organic and and plications will be accepted to enhance the com- disease control, and development of organic petitiveness of specialty crops. After receiving sustainable production practices. See a complete petitiveness of specialty crops. After receiving sustainable production practices. See a complete funding fromfrom the United States Department of ofdescription of eligible and and previously-funded funding the United States Department description of eligible previously-funded Agriculture (USDA), the the statestate willwill disburse at agr.mt.gov/agr/Producer/GrantAgriculture (USDA), disburseprojects projects at agr.mt.gov/agr/Producer/Grant$305,000 to successful applicants through a asLoans/SCBG/Eligibility.html. $305,000 to successful applicants through sLoans/SCBG/Eligibility.html. competitive grant process. Funding is available to interested statestate and/or competitive grant process. Funding is available to interested and/or Specialty crops are fruits and and vegetables, cu- cu-locallocal organizations, academia, producer associaSpecialty crops are fruits vegetables, organizations, academia, producer associalinary and medicinal herbs, drieddried fruits, horticulcommunity based organizations, specialty linary and medicinal herbs, fruits, horticul-tions, tions, community based organizations, specialty tural,tural, and and nursery crops, including floriculture. crop stakeholders, and local, state, and federal nursery crops, including floriculture. crop stakeholders, and local, state, and federal Eligible plants mustmust be intensively cultivated and andgovernment entities. Eligible plants be intensively cultivated government entities. usedused by people for food, medicinal purposes and/and/ Grant proposals are due to the De- Deby people for food, medicinal purposes Grant proposals are due to Montana the Montana or aesthetic gratification. partment of Agriculture by close of business on on or aesthetic gratification. partment of Agriculture by close of business A list of specialty crops is available, along May 21, 2014. For more information, eligibility A list of specialty crops is available, along May 21, 2014. For more information, eligibility withwith a companion list of commodities, and and resources, visitvisit agr.mt.gov/agr/ a companion listineligible of ineligible commodities,guidelines, guidelines, resources, agr.mt.gov/agr/ on the USDA website. Producer/GrantsLoans/SCBG or An-Anon the USDA website. Producer/GrantsLoans/SCBGcontact or contact Proposed projects must enhance the comgelyn DeYoung, Specialty Crop Block Grant Proposed projects must enhance the com- gelyn DeYoung, Specialty Crop Block Grant petitiveness of U.S. grown specialty crops in inProgram Manager, at (406) 444-2402. petitiveness of U.S. grown specialty crops Program Manager, at (406) 444-2402. either domestic or foreign markets. Projects Projects will be evaluated by the either domestic or foreign markets. Projects Projects will be evaluated bydepartment the department mustmust benefit more than one commercial product, and a technical review committee. Approved benefit more than one commercial product, and a technical review committee. Approved organization, or individual. Examples include proposals will be forwarded to the USDA. Suc-Sucorganization, or individual. Examples include proposals will be forwarded to the USDA. research, promotion, marketing, nutrition, trade cessful applicants will be notified in Oct. 2014. research, promotion, marketing, nutrition, trade cessful applicants will be notified in Oct. 2014. enhancement, foodfood safety, plantplant health, educaMontana Department of Agriculture’s enhancement, safety, health, educa- TheThe Montana Department of Agriculture’s tion,tion, “buy“buy local” programs, conservation, or mission is to protect producers and and consumers, local” programs, conservation, or mission is to protect producers consumers, product development. and and to enhance and and develop agriculture and and product development. to enhance develop agriculture Other areas of particular interest to the allied industries. For more information on Other areas of particular interest to the allied industries. For more information the on the department include nutritional improvements, Department of Agriculture, visitvisit www. department include nutritional improvements,Montana Montana Department of Agriculture, www. especially for children, improving efficiency and andagr.mt.gov. especially for children, improving efficiency agr.mt.gov.

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Changes ChangesToTo Farm FarmBill: Bill: Here HereAre Are Specific SpecificOnes Ones

FOR HI-LINE FOR HI-LINE FARMFARM & RANCH & RANCH Agriculture Secretary TomTom Agriculture Secretary Vilsack recently announced Vilsack recently announced whatwhat he described as increased he described as increased opportunity for producers as aas a opportunity for producers result of the 2014 Farm Bill. result of the 2014 Farm Bill. The The FarmFarm Bill Bill expands lend-lendexpands ing opportunities for thousands ing opportunities for thousands of farmers andand ranchers to to of farmers ranchers begin and continue operations, begin and continue operations, including greater flexibility in in including greater flexibility determining eligibility, raising determining eligibility, raising loanloan limits, and and emphasizing limits, emphasizing beginning and socially disadbeginning and socially disadvantaged producers. vantaged producers. Changes that that will will taketake effect Changes effect immediately include: immediately include: • Elimination of loan termterm • Elimination of loan limits for guaranteed operating limits for guaranteed operating loans. loans. • Modification of the • Modification ofdefinithe definition tion of beginning farmer, using of beginning farmer, using the the average farm size for average farm size the for the county as a as qualifier instead of of county a qualifier instead the median farmfarm size.size. the median • Modification of the • Modification of Joint the Joint Financing Direct Farm OwnerFinancing Direct Farm Ownershipship Interest RateRate to 2topercent Interest 2 percent less less thanthan regular Direct Farm regular Direct Farm Ownership rate, with a floor of of Ownership rate, with a floor 2.5 percent. Previously, the rate 2.5 percent. Previously, the rate waswas established at 5 at percent. established 5 percent. • Increase of the • Increase ofmaximum the maximum loanloan amount for Direct Farm amount for Direct Farm Ownership down payments Ownership down payments fromfrom $225,000 to $300,000. $225,000 to $300,000. • Elimination of rural resi-resi• Elimination of rural dency requirement for Youth dency requirement for Youth Loans, allowing urban youth Loans, allowing urban youth to benefit. to benefit. • Debt forgiveness on Youth • Debt forgiveness on Youth Loans, which will not prevent Loans, which will not prevent borrowers fromfrom obtaining ad- adborrowers obtaining ditional loans from the federal ditional loans from the federal government. government. • Increase of the • Increase of guarantee the guarantee amount on Conservation Loans amount on Conservation Loans fromfrom 75 to and and 90 90 7580 to percent 80 percent percent for socially disadvanpercent for socially disadvantaged borrowers and beginning taged borrowers and beginning farmers. farmers. • Microloans will will not count • Microloans not count toward loan term limits for vettoward loan term limits for veteranserans and and beginning farmers. beginning farmers. Additional modifications Additional modifications mustmust be implemented through be implemented through the rulemaking processes. VisitVisit the rulemaking processes. the FSA Farm Bill Bill website for for the FSA Farm website detailed information and updetailed information and updatesdates to farm loanloan programs. to farm programs.


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disagreements, stalking the hens, etc. I walked about a half mile down a muddy road to get the shots, but ended up with quite a few that I liked. It was the first time I had ever seen them in the mating season. Pretty interesting. They sure could walk a lot faster than I could! They weren’t particularly alarmed, but www.havredailynews.com managed to stay just ahead of me all the time." www.havredailynews.com

FARM & RANCH FARM & RANCH

April 2014 April 2014

THAT TIME OF THE YEAR AGAIN

RA Identity A52

9 9

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April 2014 April 2014

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READY, SET, MOW!

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25th Annual 26th Annual Sale Sale

Better Beef Better Beef B U L LS BULLS THURSDAY, APRIL 25, 2013 Glasgow Stockyards, Glasgow, MT

THURSDAY, APRIL 24, 2014

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Glasgow Stockyards, Glasgow, MT S Chisum 9174

MONA DOEBLER / FOR HI-LINE FARM & RANCH

Hinsdale nature photographer Mona Doebler passes along this photo, which she titles "Crashing the Party," to Hi-Line Farm & Ranch. In Mona's words, here's a little background: "We were a few miles north of Hinsdale last spring when we came across a bunch of wild turkeys. They were displaying, getting in disagreements, stalking the hens, etc. I walked about a half mile down a muddy road to get the shots, but ended up with quite a few that I liked. It was the first time I had ever seen them in the mating season. Pretty interesting. They sure could walk a lot faster than I could! They weren’t particularly alarmed, but managed to stay just ahead of me all the time."

HUMBERT ANGUS

Lee Humbert • Scobey, MT 406-783-5341 406-783-7771 - cell 2leehumb@nemont.net

Selling 4 April 2

50 Angus Bulls Please join us for lunch at noon!

,EE(UMBERTs3COBEY -4 406-783-5341    CELL LEEHUMB NEMONTNET

Sires include • Humbert New Design 8320 • S Chisum 9174 • Basin HD 125X • HAR Real Deal 1675 • RA Identity A52 • HAR Solid Deal 1788 • S Chisum 0338

Glasgow Stockyards, Glasgow, MT

Glasgow Stockyards, Glasgow, MT S Chisum 9174

HUMBERT ANGUS

Lee Humbert • Scobey, MT 406-783-5341 406-783-7771 - cell 2leehumb@nemont.net

Selling 4 April 2

50 Angus Bulls

HUMBERT 15 Heifers ANGUS

Please join us for lunch at noon!

,EE(UMBERTs3COBEY -4 406-783-5341    CELL LEEHUMB NEMONTNET

Sires include • Humbert New Design 8320 • S Chisum 9174 • Basin HD 125X • HAR Real Deal 1675 • RA Identity A52 • HAR Solid Deal 1788 • S Chisum 0338

     

     

                    

     

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FARM EQUIPMENT SALES IS SEEKING A F account from the purchase date at 17.9% APR. if the purchase balance is not paid in full within 12 months or if your account is otherwise in default.

Duties within the parts department will include: receiving, over the cou knowledge, the ability to work well under pressure, and a great sense of hum be required. Employees may be required to be on call a minimum of two we A full benefit package including health, vision, and dental insurance, 401 quarterly incentive bonus’ is available. Anticipated starting salary is between Position is open until filled. To apply for this position send resume and cover letter to: Farm Equipment Sales, Attn: Human Reso

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25th Annual 26th Annual Sale Sale

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54275 HWY 2 EAST (406) 228-2496 Salesmen:

MIKE JOHNSON ROB CAMPBELL COEL STUTHEIT WADE ENGSTROM

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PLENTYWOOD

CULBERTSON:

CIRCLE:

804 EAST 1ST AVENUE (406) 765-1531

21 W. 2ND STREET (406) 787-6201

HWY 200 EAST (406) 485-2145

Salesmen:

DJ DIXON

Salesmen:

MIKE KJOS LUKE ANDERSON

Salesmen:

SHAD HABER MIKE HAYNIE OLE ROLANDSON

FARM EQUIPMENT SALES IS SEEKING A FULL TIME PARTS SPECIALIST FOR OUR GLASGOW LOCATION.

Duties within the parts department will include: receiving, over the counter sales, inventory, and marketing. Individuals must possess strong customer service skills, computer knowledge, the ability to work well under pressure, and a great sense of humor. Applicant must have a valid driver’s license and the ability to operate a fork lift. Some heavy lifting may be required. Employees may be required to be on call a minimum of two weeks per month. Agricultural Parts or Service experience is preferred. A full benefit package including health, vision, and dental insurance, 401(k), Health Savings Accounts, and Cafeteria Plans, paid time off, competitive pay, and quarterly incentive bonus’ is available. Anticipated starting salary is between $46,000 and $52,000 per year. Position is open until filled. To apply for this position send resume and cover letter to: Farm Equipment Sales, Attn: Human Resources, PO Box 1071, Glasgow, MT 59230, or visit our website at www.FESmt.com.


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disagreements, stalking the hens, etc. I walked about a half mile down a muddy road to get the shots, but ended up with quite a few that I liked. It was the first time I had ever seen them in the mating season. Pretty interesting. They sure could walk a lot faster than I could! They weren’t particularly alarmed, but www.havredailynews.com managed to stay just ahead of me all the time." www.havredailynews.com

FARM & RANCH FARM & RANCH

April 2014 April 2014

THAT TIME OF THE YEAR AGAIN

RA Identity A52

9 9

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April 2014 April 2014

www.havredailynews.com www.havredailynews.com

READY, SET, MOW!

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25th Annual 26th Annual Sale Sale

Better Beef Better Beef B U L LS BULLS THURSDAY, APRIL 25, 2013 Glasgow Stockyards, Glasgow, MT

THURSDAY, APRIL 24, 2014

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Glasgow Stockyards, Glasgow, MT S Chisum 9174

MONA DOEBLER / FOR HI-LINE FARM & RANCH

Hinsdale nature photographer Mona Doebler passes along this photo, which she titles "Crashing the Party," to Hi-Line Farm & Ranch. In Mona's words, here's a little background: "We were a few miles north of Hinsdale last spring when we came across a bunch of wild turkeys. They were displaying, getting in disagreements, stalking the hens, etc. I walked about a half mile down a muddy road to get the shots, but ended up with quite a few that I liked. It was the first time I had ever seen them in the mating season. Pretty interesting. They sure could walk a lot faster than I could! They weren’t particularly alarmed, but managed to stay just ahead of me all the time."

HUMBERT ANGUS

Lee Humbert • Scobey, MT 406-783-5341 406-783-7771 - cell 2leehumb@nemont.net

Selling 4 April 2

50 Angus Bulls Please join us for lunch at noon!

,EE(UMBERTs3COBEY -4 406-783-5341    CELL LEEHUMB NEMONTNET

Sires include • Humbert New Design 8320 • S Chisum 9174 • Basin HD 125X • HAR Real Deal 1675 • RA Identity A52 • HAR Solid Deal 1788 • S Chisum 0338

Glasgow Stockyards, Glasgow, MT

Glasgow Stockyards, Glasgow, MT S Chisum 9174

HUMBERT ANGUS

Lee Humbert • Scobey, MT 406-783-5341 406-783-7771 - cell 2leehumb@nemont.net

Selling 4 April 2

50 Angus Bulls

HUMBERT 15 Heifers ANGUS

Please join us for lunch at noon!

,EE(UMBERTs3COBEY -4 406-783-5341    CELL LEEHUMB NEMONTNET

Sires include • Humbert New Design 8320 • S Chisum 9174 • Basin HD 125X • HAR Real Deal 1675 • RA Identity A52 • HAR Solid Deal 1788 • S Chisum 0338

     

     

                    

     

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FARM EQUIPMENT SALES IS SEEKING A F account from the purchase date at 17.9% APR. if the purchase balance is not paid in full within 12 months or if your account is otherwise in default.

Duties within the parts department will include: receiving, over the cou knowledge, the ability to work well under pressure, and a great sense of hum be required. Employees may be required to be on call a minimum of two we A full benefit package including health, vision, and dental insurance, 401 quarterly incentive bonus’ is available. Anticipated starting salary is between Position is open until filled. To apply for this position send resume and cover letter to: Farm Equipment Sales, Attn: Human Reso

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54275 HWY 2 EAST (406) 228-2496 Salesmen:

MIKE JOHNSON ROB CAMPBELL COEL STUTHEIT WADE ENGSTROM

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PLENTYWOOD

CULBERTSON:

CIRCLE:

804 EAST 1ST AVENUE (406) 765-1531

21 W. 2ND STREET (406) 787-6201

HWY 200 EAST (406) 485-2145

Salesmen:

DJ DIXON

Salesmen:

MIKE KJOS LUKE ANDERSON

Salesmen:

SHAD HABER MIKE HAYNIE OLE ROLANDSON

FARM EQUIPMENT SALES IS SEEKING A FULL TIME PARTS SPECIALIST FOR OUR GLASGOW LOCATION.

Duties within the parts department will include: receiving, over the counter sales, inventory, and marketing. Individuals must possess strong customer service skills, computer knowledge, the ability to work well under pressure, and a great sense of humor. Applicant must have a valid driver’s license and the ability to operate a fork lift. Some heavy lifting may be required. Employees may be required to be on call a minimum of two weeks per month. Agricultural Parts or Service experience is preferred. A full benefit package including health, vision, and dental insurance, 401(k), Health Savings Accounts, and Cafeteria Plans, paid time off, competitive pay, and quarterly incentive bonus’ is available. Anticipated starting salary is between $46,000 and $52,000 per year. Position is open until filled. To apply for this position send resume and cover letter to: Farm Equipment Sales, Attn: Human Resources, PO Box 1071, Glasgow, MT 59230, or visit our website at www.FESmt.com.


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FARM & RANCH FARM & RANCH FARM & RANCH

2014 10 1010April April 2014 April 2014

BUREAU OFOF RECLAMATION DELAYS BUREAU RECLAMATION DELAYS CONSTRUCTION OF NELSON DIKES SAFETY CONSTRUCTION OF NELSON DIKES SAFETY MODIFICATIONS TO 2015 MODIFICATIONS TO 2015 The Bureau of Reclamation is delaying thethe The Bureau of Reclamation is delaying construction start forfor thethe Safety of of Dams Modification construction start Safety Dams Modification to to Nelson Reservoir Dikes, located in Phillips County Nelson Reservoir Dikes, located in Phillips County approximately 25 miles northeast of Malta, Montana. approximately 25 miles northeast of Malta, Montana. The delay willwill push thethe project back one year from thethe The delay push project back one year from fallfall of of 2014 to to thethe fallfall of of 2015. The reservoir drawdown 2014 2015. The reservoir drawdown that is necessary to facilitate construction has also that is necessary to facilitate construction has also been delayed to to 2015. Water users and recreationists been delayed 2015. Water users and recreationists can anticipate normal operating conditions forfor Nelson can anticipate normal operating conditions Nelson Reservoir for the upcoming 2014 water season. Reservoir for the upcoming 2014 water season. Additional details onon thisthis project, including thethe Additional details project, including Final Environmental Assessment and Finding of No Final Environmental Assessment and Finding of No Significant Impact is available at: www.usbr.gov/gp/mtao Significant Impact is available at: www.usbr.gov/gp/mtao

ANNUAL BULL SALE ANNUAL BULL SALE

APRIL APRIL9,9,2014 2014

1:00 PMPM • GDAR SALE BARN • SIDNEY, MT 1:00 • GDAR SALE BARN • SIDNEY, MT

SELLING 100 BULLS SELLING 100 BULLS Bulls Bred For:

Bulls Bred For: H Gentle Disposition Ease H Gentle DispositionH Calving H Calving Ease H Maternal Strength H Soundness & Longevity H Maternal Strength H Soundness & Longevity

SITZ GAME DAY 334Y SITZ GAME DAY 334Y

APEX WINDY 078 APEX WINDY 078 Other Sires: Other Sires:

H WMR Timeless 458 H RA Identity Z79 H WMR Timeless 458 H RA Identity Z79 H Sitz JLS Upward 631X H RA Lead On W5 H Sitz JLS Upward 631X H RA Lead On W5 H Pine Creek Ideal 1133 H DFA Hero 6017 H Pine Creek Ideal 1133 H DFA Hero 6017 H Sitz Upward 307R H GDAR CJD Alliance 0712 H Sitz Upward 307R H GDAR CJD Alliance 0712 For More Information, Contact: For More Information, Contact:

Bar JVJV Angus Bar Angus

DFA HERO 6017 DFA HERO 6017

14043 County Rd. 340 • Fairview, MT 59221 14043 County Rd. 340 • Fairview, MT 59221 Jim Vitt 406-798-3653 Jim Vitt 406-798-3653 Dale Vitt 406-798-3398 406-480-5676 C Dale Vitt 406-798-3398 406-480-5676 C djvitt@midrivers.com djvitt@midrivers.com

www.havredailynews.com www.havredailynews.com www.havredailynews.com

$35M $35MAvailable AvailableToToLandowners Landowners InInPrairie PrairieLandscape LandscapeEffort Effort

Environmental Quality Incentives Program: The The FOR HI-LINE FARMFARM & RANCH Environmental Quality Incentives Program: FOR HI-LINE & RANCH agency's largest conservation program will help Up to $35 million will be provided during Up to $35 million will be provided during agency's largest conservation program will help producers with expiring Conservation Reserve the next threethree yearsyears to help landowners conserve the next to help landowners conserve producers with expiring Conservation Reserve Program contracts keep their lands as working grasslands and wetlands in the Prairie Pothole grasslands and wetlands in the Prairie Pothole Program contracts keep their lands as working grasslands or haylands through implementation region,according to Under Secretary for Natural region,according to Under Secretary for Natural grasslands or haylands through implementation of prescribed grazing and and otherother conservation Resources and Environment Robert Bonnie. of prescribed grazing conservation Resources and Environment Robert Bonnie. practices. Farmers, ranchers and conservation partners Farmers, ranchers and conservation partners practices. Ducks Unlimited-NRCS partnership for for will will havehave access to a mix of financial and techniDucks Unlimited-NRCS partnership access to a mix of financial and technicarbon credits: NRCS is working with North cal assistance opportunities through the Natural cal assistance opportunities through the Natural carbon credits: NRCS is working with North South Dakota and and Montana to create a a Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) to toDakota, Dakota, South Dakota Montana to create Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) carbon credit marketing system for landowners restore wetlands and and grasslands. carbon credit marketing system for landowners restore wetlands grasslands. who agreed to avoid tilling grasslands. This "This region of North Dakota, South Dakota, "This region of North Dakota, South Dakota, who agreed to avoid tilling grasslands. This work started in 2011 in North Dakota as part Minnesota, Iowa and Montana provides critical Minnesota, Iowa and Montana provides critical work started in 2011 in North Dakota as part of a Conservation Innovation Grant, but now breeding and nesting habitat for more than 60 breeding and nesting habitat for more than 60 of a Conservation Innovation Grant, but now it's being expanded to the three states. Through percent of the nation's migratory waterfowl," percent of the nation's migratory waterfowl," it's being expanded to the three states. Through this system, interested landowners can keep their Bonnie, of the Prairie Pothole region said. Bonnie, of the Prairie Pothole region said. this system, interested landowners can keep their land in grass, continue grazing and haying, and "Our"Our goalgoal is toishelp landowners manage their to help landowners manage their land in grass, continue grazing and haying, and generate verified carbon credits that place a conworking lands in a way that's compatible with working lands in a way that's compatible with generate verified carbon credits that place a conservation easement on their land. These credits agricultural production and good stewardship of agricultural production and good stewardship of servation easement on their land. These credits can be sold or traded into existing voluntary the soil, water and habitat resources of the area the soil, water and habitat resources of the area can be sold or traded into existing voluntary carbon markets. so we talking about keeping working soare we really are really talking about keeping working carbon markets. NRCS alsoalso is providing additional technilandslands working." NRCS is providing additional techniworking." cal assistance to complete certified wetland The The wetlands and grasslands that characterize wetlands and grasslands that characterize cal assistance to complete certified wetland determinations, needed by producers to meet the region provide vitalvital water storage to reduce the region provide water storage to reduce determinations, needed by producers to meet conservation compliance requirements first put regional flooding, improve water quality, and regional flooding, improve water quality, and conservation compliance requirements first put in place in 1985. havehave tremendous potential to store carbon in tremendous potential to store carbon in in place in 1985. Additionally, the the 20142014 Farm Bill Bill has has ex- exsoils,soils, which reduces the level of carbon dioxide Additionally, Farm which reduces the level of carbon dioxide panded opportunities for conserving grasslands in the atmosphere, one of the leading greenhouse in the atmosphere, one of the leading greenhouse panded opportunities for conserving grasslands and and wetlands, including those in the Prairie gases contributing to climate change. wetlands, including those in the Prairie gases contributing to climate change. Pothole region. TheThe funding comes in a couple of pieces. funding comes in a couple of pieces. Pothole region.

Specialty SpecialtyCrop Crop‘Competitiveness’ ‘Competitiveness’Grants Grants

TheThe Montana Department of Agriculture costscosts of distribution systems, developMontana Department of Agriculturereducing reducing of distribution systems, developannounced that funding is available and apment of good agricultural practices, pestpest and and announced that funding is available and ap- ment of good agricultural practices, plications will be accepted to enhance the comdisease control, and development of organic and and plications will be accepted to enhance the com- disease control, and development of organic petitiveness of specialty crops. After receiving sustainable production practices. See a complete petitiveness of specialty crops. After receiving sustainable production practices. See a complete funding fromfrom the United States Department of ofdescription of eligible and and previously-funded funding the United States Department description of eligible previously-funded Agriculture (USDA), the the statestate willwill disburse at agr.mt.gov/agr/Producer/GrantAgriculture (USDA), disburseprojects projects at agr.mt.gov/agr/Producer/Grant$305,000 to successful applicants through a asLoans/SCBG/Eligibility.html. $305,000 to successful applicants through sLoans/SCBG/Eligibility.html. competitive grant process. Funding is available to interested statestate and/or competitive grant process. Funding is available to interested and/or Specialty crops are fruits and and vegetables, cu- cu-locallocal organizations, academia, producer associaSpecialty crops are fruits vegetables, organizations, academia, producer associalinary and medicinal herbs, drieddried fruits, horticulcommunity based organizations, specialty linary and medicinal herbs, fruits, horticul-tions, tions, community based organizations, specialty tural,tural, and and nursery crops, including floriculture. crop stakeholders, and local, state, and federal nursery crops, including floriculture. crop stakeholders, and local, state, and federal Eligible plants mustmust be intensively cultivated and andgovernment entities. Eligible plants be intensively cultivated government entities. usedused by people for food, medicinal purposes and/and/ Grant proposals are due to the De- Deby people for food, medicinal purposes Grant proposals are due to Montana the Montana or aesthetic gratification. partment of Agriculture by close of business on on or aesthetic gratification. partment of Agriculture by close of business A list of specialty crops is available, along May 21, 2014. For more information, eligibility A list of specialty crops is available, along May 21, 2014. For more information, eligibility withwith a companion list of commodities, and and resources, visitvisit agr.mt.gov/agr/ a companion listineligible of ineligible commodities,guidelines, guidelines, resources, agr.mt.gov/agr/ on the USDA website. Producer/GrantsLoans/SCBG or An-Anon the USDA website. Producer/GrantsLoans/SCBGcontact or contact Proposed projects must enhance the comgelyn DeYoung, Specialty Crop Block Grant Proposed projects must enhance the com- gelyn DeYoung, Specialty Crop Block Grant petitiveness of U.S. grown specialty crops in inProgram Manager, at (406) 444-2402. petitiveness of U.S. grown specialty crops Program Manager, at (406) 444-2402. either domestic or foreign markets. Projects Projects will be evaluated by the either domestic or foreign markets. Projects Projects will be evaluated bydepartment the department mustmust benefit more than one commercial product, and a technical review committee. Approved benefit more than one commercial product, and a technical review committee. Approved organization, or individual. Examples include proposals will be forwarded to the USDA. Suc-Sucorganization, or individual. Examples include proposals will be forwarded to the USDA. research, promotion, marketing, nutrition, trade cessful applicants will be notified in Oct. 2014. research, promotion, marketing, nutrition, trade cessful applicants will be notified in Oct. 2014. enhancement, foodfood safety, plantplant health, educaMontana Department of Agriculture’s enhancement, safety, health, educa- TheThe Montana Department of Agriculture’s tion,tion, “buy“buy local” programs, conservation, or mission is to protect producers and and consumers, local” programs, conservation, or mission is to protect producers consumers, product development. and and to enhance and and develop agriculture and and product development. to enhance develop agriculture Other areas of particular interest to the allied industries. For more information on Other areas of particular interest to the allied industries. For more information the on the department include nutritional improvements, Department of Agriculture, visitvisit www. department include nutritional improvements,Montana Montana Department of Agriculture, www. especially for children, improving efficiency and andagr.mt.gov. especially for children, improving efficiency agr.mt.gov.

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www.havredailynews.com www.havredailynews.com www.havredailynews.com

Changes ChangesToTo Farm FarmBill: Bill: Here HereAre Are Specific SpecificOnes Ones

FOR HI-LINE FOR HI-LINE FARMFARM & RANCH & RANCH Agriculture Secretary TomTom Agriculture Secretary Vilsack recently announced Vilsack recently announced whatwhat he described as increased he described as increased opportunity for producers as aas a opportunity for producers result of the 2014 Farm Bill. result of the 2014 Farm Bill. The The FarmFarm Bill Bill expands lend-lendexpands ing opportunities for thousands ing opportunities for thousands of farmers andand ranchers to to of farmers ranchers begin and continue operations, begin and continue operations, including greater flexibility in in including greater flexibility determining eligibility, raising determining eligibility, raising loanloan limits, and and emphasizing limits, emphasizing beginning and socially disadbeginning and socially disadvantaged producers. vantaged producers. Changes that that will will taketake effect Changes effect immediately include: immediately include: • Elimination of loan termterm • Elimination of loan limits for guaranteed operating limits for guaranteed operating loans. loans. • Modification of the • Modification ofdefinithe definition tion of beginning farmer, using of beginning farmer, using the the average farm size for average farm size the for the county as a as qualifier instead of of county a qualifier instead the median farmfarm size.size. the median • Modification of the • Modification of Joint the Joint Financing Direct Farm OwnerFinancing Direct Farm Ownershipship Interest RateRate to 2topercent Interest 2 percent less less thanthan regular Direct Farm regular Direct Farm Ownership rate, with a floor of of Ownership rate, with a floor 2.5 percent. Previously, the rate 2.5 percent. Previously, the rate waswas established at 5 at percent. established 5 percent. • Increase of the • Increase ofmaximum the maximum loanloan amount for Direct Farm amount for Direct Farm Ownership down payments Ownership down payments fromfrom $225,000 to $300,000. $225,000 to $300,000. • Elimination of rural resi-resi• Elimination of rural dency requirement for Youth dency requirement for Youth Loans, allowing urban youth Loans, allowing urban youth to benefit. to benefit. • Debt forgiveness on Youth • Debt forgiveness on Youth Loans, which will not prevent Loans, which will not prevent borrowers fromfrom obtaining ad- adborrowers obtaining ditional loans from the federal ditional loans from the federal government. government. • Increase of the • Increase of guarantee the guarantee amount on Conservation Loans amount on Conservation Loans fromfrom 75 to and and 90 90 7580 to percent 80 percent percent for socially disadvanpercent for socially disadvantaged borrowers and beginning taged borrowers and beginning farmers. farmers. • Microloans will will not count • Microloans not count toward loan term limits for vettoward loan term limits for veteranserans and and beginning farmers. beginning farmers. Additional modifications Additional modifications mustmust be implemented through be implemented through the rulemaking processes. VisitVisit the rulemaking processes. the FSA Farm Bill Bill website for for the FSA Farm website detailed information and updetailed information and updatesdates to farm loanloan programs. to farm programs.


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April 2014 April 2014 April 2014

www.havredailynews. www.havredailynews.com www.havredailynews.

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Selling SellingPrivate PrivateTreaty Treatyat atthe the Ranch Ranch

Registered Registered or or Commercial Commercial BULLS BULLS

We Weprovide provideyou youwith withaachoice. choice.Come Comeand andtake takeaalook lookand andyou you will willfind findtop topquality qualitybulls, bulls,yet yetyou youwill willalso alsofind findvery veryreasonreasonable ableprices. prices.Our Ourbulls bullsare aregrass grassraised raised- -hay hayfed. fed.We Weraise raisethem them honest honesttotoprovide provideaabull bullthat thatwon’t won’tfall fallapart aparton onyou. you.

Brown Brown Registered Registered

3891 3891Road Road 1078 1078 • • Wolf Wolf Point, MT 59201 406-392-5300 406-392-5300 days, 406-392-5201 406-392-5201 evenings or 406-392-7201 406-392-7201 ask ask for for Jason Jason Brown Black Black brownangusranch@nemont.net brownangusranch@nemont.net

Ranch s u g n A

By HI-LINE FARM & RANCH unexpectedconsequences freezes. Eachfor event causesand The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s to economic farmers Lunch at noon • Sale starts at 1 p.m. • Glasgow Stockyards The Service U.S. Department of Agriculture’s farmers and Farm Agency Administrator Juan economic ranchers consequences throughout the for United States. FSA • Performance & Fertility Tested • Gentle Dispositions g Farm Serviceurges Agency Administrator Juanaf- ranchers throughout Unitedand States. FSA n • Performance & Fertility Tested • Gentle Dispositions i M. Garcia livestock producers recommends thatthe owners producers l l e S M. Garcia livestock producers that owners and producers fected by urges natural disasters, such asaf-the recommends record all pertinent information of natural Se0llYinegarlging Call for more information fected by in natural disasters, such as the record all pertinent information of natural 5Yearlin ulls Call for more information drought the West and the unexpected disaster consequences, including: B 0 5 Angusulls drought in theinWest and the unexpected consequences,ofincluding: 406-367-5327 or 406-486-5684 winter storm the upper Midwest, to keep disaster • Documentation the number and kind B us g 406-367-5327 or 406-486-5684 n A winter storm in the upper Midwest, to keep • Documentation of the number and kind thorough records. of livestock that have died, supplemented thorough have died, supplemented Even records. for Hi-Line livestock producers ofiflivestock possible that by photographs or video records Even for Hi-Line livestock possible by photographs who avoided the wrath of thoseproducers specific in- if of ownership and losses.or video records who avoided wrath ofworth those considering. specific in- of ownership and losses. Hilltop Alliance 9205 at cidents, it's the a message • Dates of death supported by birth reHilltop Alliance 9205 at cidents, it's a message worth considering. • Dates of death supported by birth reGarcia mentioned recordkeeping that cordings or purchase receipts. at Infinity Angus Ranch Garcia mentioned recordkeeping or purchase receipts. livestock to includes livestock and feed losses,that and cordings • Costs of transporting at Infinity Angus Ranch includes livestock and feed losses, and • Costs of transporting livestock to any additional expenses that are a result of safer grounds or to move animals to new By Private Treaty at the ranch any additional expenses that are a result of safer grounds or to move animals to new By Private Treaty at the ranch losses to purchased forage or feed stuff. pastures. 15 miles south of Peerless, MT losses to purchased or feed stuff. 15 miles south of Peerless, MTTreaty By Private OCTOBER SALE PRICES "The 2014 Farmforage Bill provides a strong pastures. • Feed purchases if supplies or grazing ByMiner Private Treaty Edwin OCTOBER SALE PRICES "The 2014net Farm Billranchers provides a strong • Feed purchases if supplies or grazing farm safety to help during these pastures are destroyed. Edwin Miner FOR RANCHERS at Haaland the ranch 15 miles farm safetytimes,” net toRANCHERS help ranchers duringprovide these pastures arerecords, destroyed. Dr. Monica FOR atour the ranch together capital cam-15 miles The Sawfly Research Foundation began difficult Garcia said. “We’ll • Crop including and fertilizer this. Then we will put FOR HI-LINE FARM & seed RANCH Dr. Monica Haaland this. Then we will put together our capital camThe Sawfly Research Foundation beganwith difficult times,” said. “We’ll • Crop records, including andrecords. fertilizer FORplanting HI-LINE FARM & seed RANCH $BEEF south of Peerless, MT ago BW cell 893-7788 • home 893-4456 said further, “bringing together three outWN ofWN farmerYR frustration producers withGarcia information on newprovide program purchases, and production The Montana Grains Foundation (MGF) an- paign,” Roehm $BEEF south of Peerless, MTyears BW cell 893-7788 • home 893-4456 +58YR +106 +$64.26 paign,” Roehm said further, “bringing together three years ago out of farmer frustration with -1.7 producers with information on new program purchases, planting and production records. The Montana Grains Foundation (MGF) anfromUpward grain producers to grain exportthe damaging pest.+58 Kurt+106 Kammerzell, requirements, updates and signups as the nounced • Pictures of beginning on-farm of storage facili- resources Sept. 9 the a new initiative +$64.26 a grain -1.7 Infinitys 2300 Infinitys Answer 2700 pest. resources from grain producers to grain exportthe damaging Kurt Kammerzell, a grain requirements, updates and signups as the • Pictures of on-farm storage facilinounced Sept. 9 the beginning of a new initiative owned with Hilltop Angus Infinitys Upward 2300 Infinitys Answer 2700 from producer Chester, and chairman and everyone in between.” information becomes available. ties that were destroyed byinwind or flood to promote scientific research the control of ers, owned with Hilltop Angus Edwin Miner Hilltop Alliance 9205 of the Hilltop Trojan 8245 BDAR New Day Y100 producer from Hilltop Chester, and chairman everyone in between.” information becomes available. ties that were destroyed byinwind or flood promote scientific research the control of ers, and semen available Edwin Miner Alliance 9205 of the group, explained the transfer. Wheat-stem to be Hilltop Trojansawfly 8245has been estimated BDAR New Day Y100 "In the meantime, I urge producers to to wheat-stem waters. sawfly, Montana’s costliest grain semen available Dr. Monica Haaland Wheat-stem sawfly has been estimated to be Haaland group, explained the transfer. "In the meantime, I urge producers to wheat-stem waters. sawfly, Montana’s costliest grain Dr. Monica destroying in excess of $100 million of Montana “As a small group of producers, we felt we keep thorough records. We know these production pest. “As a small group of producers, we felt we destroying in excess of $100 million of Montana keep thorough records. We know these production pest. cell 893-7788 had accomplished all we could,”he said. “The farmers, disasters have caused serious economic The non-profit organization will seek to bring grain production each year, affecting 893-7788 had accomplished all we could,”he said. “The farmers, disasters caused serious economic The non-profit organization will seek to bring grain production each year, affecting cell Ranchers,have home 893-4456 Montana Grains Foundation has the expertise and and the truckers and railroads hardships for our livestock producers. all of the wheat and barley industry together in an grain companies Ranchers, home 893-4456 “and Mark Your Calendar ”Montana the truckers and railroads Grains Foundation has the expertise and hardships forourour livestock producers. all of the wheat and barley industry together in an grain companies “ Mark Your Calendar ” Check out sale prices on SMARTLIC hauling the grain. Larvae of the sawfly live inside experience to connect with all parties who should We’ll do all we can to assist in their reeffort to reduce the detrimental impact this small s impact this small hauling the grain. Larvae ofMontana’s Checkdooutallourwesale on SMARTLIC the sawfly live inside experience to connect with all parties Sewho should We’ll canprices to assist in their re- effort to reduce the detrimental ’ a s S4eproblem, I feel grain stems during the growing season, com- be interested in solving this covery.” Montana’s n’ state’s insect has had on nthe largest industry. thethe lland 1 supplement tubs and ULTRA MIN 12-12 a ingand t be interested in solving this problem, I feel grain stems during the growing season, comcovery.” insect has had on the state’s largest industry. l 140be 0inliB supplement tubs and ULTRA MINdrought 12-12 and tan the project together in an ef- peting for “Northern Premier” n o this important work will capable hands.” nutrients and weakening the stems. In addition to western “We plan to put n g “Northern Premier” and weakening the stems. this important work will be in B capable hands.” In addition to western drought and “We plan to put the project together in an ef- peting for nutrients loose cattlemineral mineral throughOctober. October. SeMoM UL UL Montana Grains Foundation Dale Schuler, a farmer in the Carter, Mont., TheThe the early-winter snowstorms, there loose cattle through SeAngus Sale ficient manner,” said MGF board member Will Dale LisSaffiliated Montana Grains Foundation isSaffiliated Schuler, a farmer in the Carter, Mont., the early-winter snowstorms, there arearea a ficient Angus Sale manner,” said MGF board member Will L lected SMARTLIC protein tubs are $40 e area, serves as president of MGF. “Start-up costs with Montana Grain Growers Association, variety of disasters from floods to storms Roehm, “beginning with a thorough assessment l Thursday April 2014 with Montana Grain Growers Association, and and lected SMARTLIC protein tubs are ea president of MGF. “Start-up costs variety of disasters from floods to $40 storms Roehm, “beginning with aathorough assessment area, serves asThursday Sldate, April 10,10, 2014 s S it was founded to carry out charitable, scientific were generously donated by the Sawfly Research of research progress to the affected geou perton tonoffoffinintontonlots lotsand andULTRA ULTRAMIN MIN of research progressgnutogs date, the affected geo- were generously donated by the Sawfly Research it was founded to carry out charitable, scientific per educational activities on behalf of Montana’s Foundation,” Schuler said, “and they have asked A graphical areas beyond Montana’s borders, and n educational activities on behalf of Montana’s A areas beyond Montana’s borders, and Foundation,” Schuler said, “and they have asked andand 12-12isis$1off $1offper perbag bagoror$40 $40per perton. ton. graphical 12-12 us to continue with a project they started.” grain industry. which scientists and universities are pursuing grain industry. us to continue with a project they started.” which scientists and universities are pursuing

BLACK ANGUS BULLS BLACK ANGUS BULLS BLACKANGUS ANGUSBULLS BULLS BLACK Infinity Angus Infinity Angus Ranch Ranch

ORANGE RUSH? RANGE CRUSH

also remain dormant for up to five years. also remain dormant for pupal up to five years. Once the adults pass the stage they Once the adults pass the pupal stage they emerge in the soil. June thunderstorms and emerge in the soil. June thunderstorms and the right temperatures in the soil can cause the right temperatures in the soil can cause outbreaks of the insect. These adults can outbreaks of the insect. These adults can emerge through August in some cases. emerge through August in some cases. The insect is named for its color. The The insect is named for its color. The orange insect looks much like a mosquito, orange insect looks much like a mosquito, but it is about half the size. Even the larvae but it is about half the size. Even the larvae are orange are orange in in color color and and can can be be seen seen sitting sitting on the top of the soil. The bug isn’t on the top of the soil. The bug isn’t damdamaging aging to to the the soil, soil, but but the the females females lay lay their their eggs in the evenings on individual eggs in the evenings on individual florets florets of of the the wheat wheat spike. spike. Females Females may may only only live live for about a week, laying an average for about a week, laying an average of of 80 80 eggs. eggs. The The eggs eggs will will hatch hatch in in about about aa week. week. The The larvae larvae feed feed on on the the wheat wheat kernel kernel that’s that’s developing. developing. This This is is where where the the devdevastating astating effects effects can can be be felt felt for for the the wheat wheat farmer. farmer. “If “If this this pest pest becomes becomes established established here, here, we we can can expect expect yield yield losses losses in in the the neighborneighborhood hood of of 75 75 percent percent to to 95 95 percent,” percent,” Mills Mills said. “According to the OWBM said. “According to the OWBM (orange (orange wheat wheat blossom blossom midge) midge) Guide, Guide, an an 80 80 to to 90 90 bushel bushel per per acre acre crop crop can can be be decimated decimated to to aa

25 25miles milesnorth northof ofWolf WolfPoint Pointon onHwy Hwy250 250 (going (goingtotoLustre) Lustre)

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Lunch at noon • Sale starts at 1 p.m. • Glasgow Stockyards

Daniels Blossom Midge, Midge, A A Dangerous DangerousPest, Pest,AAConcern Concern DanielsCounty County Discovery Discovery Of Of Orange Orange Wheat Wheat Blossom

By BONNIE DAvIDsON By BONNIE HI-LINE FARMDAvIDsON & RANCH HI-LINE FARM & RANCH ike David and Goliath, someike David and Goliath, sometimes the small are mighty. An times the small are mighty. An insect that was found in Daniels insect that was found in Daniels County could wreck havoc on local wheat County could wreck havoc on local wheat fields if conditions last fall helped the pest fields if conditions last fall helped the pest survive the season. Currently there hasn’t survive the season. Currently there hasn’t been a full infestation in the area, but it’s been a full infestation in the area, but it’s enough enoughtotodraw drawconcern. concern. The Orange The OrangeWheat WheatBlossom BlossomMidge Midgehas has been found in locations in Western been found in locations in WesternNorth North Dakota Dakotaand andininaasmall smallconcentration concentrationalong along the theHi-Line. Hi-Line.Shelli ShelliMills, Mills,ag agagent agentof ofthe the Valley ValleyCounty CountyMontana MontanaState StateUniverUniversity sityExtension ExtensionOffice, Office,explained explainedthat thatthe the county will be testing this growing county will be testing this growingseason season totosearch searchfor forthe theinsect insectthat thatcould couldbe bedevdevastating to wheat crops. astating to wheat crops. “We “Weare areconcerned concernedififthey theywintered, wintered,we we had hadrain rainduring duringthe theharvest harvestand andititmight might bebeenough enoughmoisture moisturefor forthem themtotopupate,” pupate,” Mills said. Mills said. The Theinsect insectwinters wintersininthe thesoil soiland andthe the larvae larvaecan canbe befound foundon onthe thesoil soilsurface surface during duringthe thelast lastweeks weeksofofMay. May.They Theycan can

FARM RANCH FARM & FARM &&RANCH RANCH

11 April 2014 2014 11 11 April April 2014

AfterAARough RoughYear, Year,Livestock Livestock EAYRSANGUS ANGUSBULL BULLSALE SALE After EAYRS ProducersUrged UrgedTo ToKeep KeepGood GoodRecords Records Thursday, April 10, 2014 Producers Thursday, April 10, 2014 By HI-LINE FARM & RANCH to unexpected freezes. Each event causes

An orange wheat blossom midge An orange wheat blossom midge larvae eats the kernel of a wheat theatkernel a wheat headlarvae in theeats photo near of right. The head in the photo at near right. The small insects can damage a variety small insects can damage a variety of grasses outside of wheat. While ofwasn't grassesaoutside of wheat.inWhile there strong presence our there a strong presence in our areawasn't recorded last harvest season, area recorded season, Daniels Countylast didharvest report finding Daniels did report the pest.County The insect, shownfinding at far pest. The shown at far right,the is about halfinsect, the size of a mosright,and is about half the a mosquito can cause a lotsize of of damage quito cancrops. causeLocal a lot of damage to and wheat extension to wheat crops. Localwatch extension offices will be keeping and offices willforbethe keeping watch and testing areas presence of the testing areas for the presence of the orange wheat blossom midge. orange wheat blossom midge.

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two bushel per acre crop from this insect.” each other on testing and findings. twoOutbreaks bushel perinacre crop from Montana this insect.” each“We other on testing and findings. Northeastern must be proactive in surveying for Outbreaks in Northeastern Montana “We must be proactive in surveying for were reported in 2006. It was the first this pest particularly after the rain events were reported in 2006. It was the first this pest particularly after the rain events outbreak of the insect that caused an ecowe had during harvest last year,” Mills outbreak of the insect that caused an ecowe had during harvest last year,” Mills nomic impact to our area. The insects seem said. nomic impact to our area. The insects seem said. to be expanding in nearby locations, but it Midge counts will be entered onto a to be expanding in nearby locations, but it Midge counts will be entered onto a is not known where they might be located. website, which hasn’t been completed is not known where they might be located. website, which hasn’t been completed It can remain undetected for several years yet, that will allow agents to track the It can remain undetected for several years yet, that will allow agents to track the and they can also exist at lower populahatch and see which areas in the state and they can also exist at lower populahatch and see which areas in the state tions. aregoing goingtotobe bemost mostaffected. affected.While Whilea a tions. are Before panic arises over the possibilidifferent rotation of wheat is something Before panic arises over the possibilidifferent rotation of wheat is something Brazilian Sisalthe orBridon Bridon Plastic ties, Mills Mills explained explained that that the the extension extension tobe be considered, extension officehas has Brazilian Sisal orthe Plastic ties, to considered, extension office office will be keeping close watch on the released information that winter wheat office will be keeping close watch on the released information that winter wheat future status status of of the the insect. insect. Extension Extension office office could couldstill stillbe bevulnerable vulnerabletotoegg egglaying laying future agents will be placing four to six pheroadults. agents will be placing four to six pheroadults. mone traps traps throughout throughout the the county county in in early early Othercrops cropsare aresomething somethingtotoconsider, consider, mone Other June. The pheromones, chemicals that will but the midge does attack other grasses, June. The pheromones, chemicals that will but the midge does attack other grasses, attract insects insects to to the the traps traps so so that that agents agents suchas asbarley, barley,rye, rye,triticale triticaleand andintermeintermeattract such can check the traps every two days, will diate wheat grass. Crop cycles still may can check the traps every two days, will diate wheat grass. Crop cycles still may be placed during the times that the wheat not affect the midge as they can remain to keep your herd in top condition! be placed during the times that the wheat notkeep affectyour the midge they remain to herdasinseveral top can condition! crops are are most most vulnerable. vulnerable. dormantfor foraaspan spanofofseveral years. crops dormant years. The materials materials for for the the traps traps are are being being Formore moreinformation informationon onwhat’s what’sgoing going The For provided to the agents through the Monon in your county, contact your local Monprovided to the agents through the Monon in your county, contact your local Montana Wheat and Barley Committee grant. tana State University Extension Office. tana Wheat and Barley Committee grant. tana State University Extension Office. Daniels County County agents agents and and other other agents agents ValleyCounty’s County’soffice officecan canbe bereached reachedatat Daniels Valley OCTOBER SALEPRICES PRICES FORRANCHERS RANCHERS along the the Hi-Line Hi-Line are are collaborating collaborating with 406-228-6241. OCTOBER SALE FOR along with 406-228-6241.

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Sire Sire VDARReallyWindy4097 VDARReallyWindy4097 VDARReallyWindy4097 VDARReallyWindy4097 VDARReallyWindy4097 VDARReallyWindy4097 SitzUpside547W SitzUpside547W SitzUpside547W SitzUpside547W SitzUpside547W SitzUpside547W AARDash1802 AARDash1802 AARDash1802 AARDash1802 AARDash1802 AARDash1802 SitzDash10227 SitzDash10227 SitzDash10227 SitzDash10227 SitzDash10227 SitzDash10227 SChisum6175 SChisum6175 SChisum6175 SChisum6175 WWDefinitive9097 WWDefinitive9097 WWDefinitive9097 WWDefinitive9097 HABismarck1625 HABismarck1625 CAREfficient534 CAREfficient534 CAREfficient534 CAREfficient534 SAV004Predominant4438 SAV004Predominant4438 SitzNewDesign458N SitzNewDesign458N WillowCreekUpward075605 WillowCreekUpward075605 BTCIowa702 BTCIowa702

BD Reg# Tattoo TattooBW BWBEPD BEPD 205 WEPDWR WRYEPDYEPD MEPD BD Reg# 205 WEPD MEPD 2/15/2013 17645193 3435 88 +2.2 831 +67 119 +104 2/15/2013 17645193 3435 88 +2.2 831 +67 119 +104 +23 +23 Ͳ0.7 803 +63 115 2/5/2013 17645183 3822 75 Ͳ0.7 803 +63 115 +99 +99+25 +25 2/5/2013 17645183 3822 75 2/12/2013 17738669 3019 69 +0.8 721 +60 109 2/12/2013 17738669 3019 69 +0.8 721 +60 109 +95 +95+20 +20 +1.0 774 +63 114 2/18/2013 17738680 3072 75 +1.0 774 +63 114 +109+109 +31 +31 2/18/2013 17738680 3072 75 2/21/2013 17738687 177386873103 3103 80 80 +1.6+1.6747 747+59 +59 110 110+104+104 2/21/2013 +32 +32 2/22/2013 17738692 177386923116 3116 71 71 Ͳ1.3Ͳ1.3764 764+63 +63 112 112+110+110 +30 2/22/2013 The more things +30 The more things +0.7 787 +50 107 +90 +28 4/5/2013 17723437 3339 75 +0.7 787 +50 change, 107 the +90 4/5/2013 17723437 3339 75 more +28 change, more +55 the 108+93 +93+27 +27 2/25/2013 17716011 177160113202 3202 79 79 +2.6+2.6792 792+55 108 2/25/2013 they remain ... they+48 remain ... 107+82 +82+25 +25 3/21/2013 17716017 177160173319 3319 84 84 +1.8+1.8789 789+48 107 3/21/2013 well, you know. well,+52 you know. 2/11/2013 17715149 177151493004 3004 88 88 +0 +0 764 764+52 109+88 +88+25 +25 2/11/2013 109 This historic This +47 historic Ͳ0.6 721 2/9/2013 17706006 3974 77 Ͳ0.6 721 +47 postcard 103 103 2/9/2013 17706006 3974 77 that+84 +84+25 +25 postcard that108 3/17/2013 17718469 3308 72 +0.6 793 +51 3/17/2013 17718469 3308 72 +0.6 793 +51 pokes fun at+81 +81+30 +30 pokes fun108 at 2/27/2013 17738705 177387053144 3144 85 85 +2.4+2.4754 754+55 +55 111 111+97 +97+30 +30 2/27/2013 grashoppers grashoppers is is 2/19/2013 17738682 177386823085 3085 82 82 +2.2+2.2733 733+60 +60 108 108+99 +99+28 +28 2/19/2013 from 1939 – from 1939 – 2/6/2013 17644470 176444703729 3729 80 80 +0.1+0.1739 739+55 +55 106 106+97 +97+25 +25 2/6/2013 72 years 72 years ago.ago. 2/12/2013 17701908 17701908 352352 88 88 Ͳ0.2Ͳ0.2738 738+49 +49 113 113+88 +88+26 +26 2/12/2013 COURTESY VALLEY COUNTY 3/16/2013 17699081 17699081 357357 87 87 Ͳ1.0Ͳ1.0765 765+56 +56 112 +95 COURTESY VALLEY COUNTY 3/16/2013 112 +95 +28 +28 HISTORICAL / FOR HISTORICAL FOR +51 110SOCIETY 2/24/2013 17738696 177386963129 3129 86 86 +2.0+2.0748 748+51 110SOCIETY +92/+92 +25 +25 2/24/2013 HI-LINE & RANCH HI-LINE FARMFARM & RANCH 2/18/2013 17738689 177386893068 3068 80 80 +1.3+1.3721 721+45 +45 106 106+85 +85+29 +29 2/18/2013 3/15/2013 17718375 177183753306 3306 82 82 +2.0+2.0771 771+49 +49 105 105+85 +85+25 +25 3/15/2013 3/15/2013 17720006 177200063305 3305 81 81 +0.7+0.7793 793+49 +49 108 108+94 +94+28 +28 3/15/2013 4/4/2013 17730860 177308603338 3338 77 77 +0.1+0.1735 735+47 +47 100 100+93 +93+28 +28 4/4/2013 4/12/2013 17730866 177308663347 3347 78 78 +0.4+0.4818 818+56 +56 111 111+87 +87+27 +27 4/12/2013

GrasshopperBoom: Boom:More MoreImpact ImpactExpected ExpectedInIn2012 2012 Grasshopper

exposed to grasshopper activity. Later planting OneOne or two passes insecticide treated exposed to grasshopper activity. Later planting or two passes withwith insecticide treated seedseed KEVIN WANNER BY BY KEVIN WANNER reduces of damage by aphids (active ingredients imidacloprid thiamealsoalso reduces thethe riskrisk of damage by aphids andand (active ingredients imidacloprid and and thiameMSU EXTENSION SPECIALIST MSU EXTENSION SPECIALIST For information or sale book contact For information or wheat sale book contact curl mite, of which vector thoxam) thoxam) around the perimeter of field the field thethe wheat curl mite, bothboth of which cancan vector around the perimeter of the is is Grasshopper populations increased dramatiGrasshopper populations increased dramativiral diseases. alsoalso typically effective. Adult grasshoppers are are viral diseases. typically effective. Adult grasshoppers cally in in Montana from 2007 to 2010, from oneone cally Montana from 2007 to 2010, from KelMcCAngus PetersonGrain&Cattle WhistlingWindsAngus TopNotchAngus KelMcCAngus PetersonGrain&Cattle WhistlingWindsAngus TopNotchAngus Vigilant scouting is recommended. Adult more difficult to control, andMarvinCross the higher end end of of Vigilant scouting is recommended. Adult more difficult to control, and the higher million acres with more than 1515 grasshoppers million acres with more than grasshoppers KimPeterson DavidSattoriva MarvinCross KimPeterson DavidSattoriva KellyMcCracken KellyMcCracken grasshoppers cancan fly fly andand are are very mobile, so so the the labellabel raterate is (406)357Ͳ3534Cell(406)262Ͳ3127 recommended. grasshoppers very mobile, is (406)357Ͳ3534Cell(406)262Ͳ3127 recommended. perper square yard in in 2007, to 17 million acres square yard 2007, to 17 million acres (406)394Ͳ2236Cell(406)945Ͳ0544 (406)397Ͳ3386Cell(406)390Ͳ1471 (406)394Ͳ2236Cell(406)945Ͳ0544 (406)397Ͳ3386Cell(406)390Ͳ1471 (406)379Ͳ2373Cell(406)262Ͳ2347 (406)379Ͳ2373Cell(406)262Ͳ2347 localized densities cancan change quickly. TheThe When applying border sprays, timing is is with more than 1515 grasshoppers perper square localized densities change quickly. When applying border timing with more than grasshoppers square AndeePeterson(406)945Ͳ2717   sprays, AndeePeterson(406)945Ͳ2717  migratory andand two-striped grasshoppers are are important. Border sprays beyond the edge yard in in 2010. However, crop andand rangeland migratory two-striped grasshoppers important. Border sprays beyond the edge yard 2010. However, crop rangeland species in the current outbreak. of the needneed to betoapplied just just before the the damage hashas been somewhat moderated by by thethe prevalent prevalent species in the current outbreak. of crop the crop be applied before damage been somewhat moderated Damage thresholds for emerging winter wheat wheat emerges; if it is applied too early there


12 12 12

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April 2014 April 2014 April 2014

Red&&Black BlackSimmental Simmental&&Sim/Angus Sim/Angus Red

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May11••Glasgow GlasgowStockyards Stockyards•1:00 •1:00p.m. p.m. May

Lunch Lunch Noon atatNoon

YEARLING BULLS BULLS YEARLING Thick––Meaty Meaty––Moderate ModerateFramed Framed––Easy EasyCalving Calving Thick A.I.I.Sires SiresRepresented Represented A. BlackAngus Angus––Bismarck, Bismarck,Free FreeSpirit Spirit&&Rito RitoRevenue Revenue Black Red Angus – Evolution, Pie Gridmaster & Solitaire Red Angus – Evolution, Pie Gridmaster & Solitaire BlackSimmental Simmental––Olie, Olie,Porterhouse Porterhouse&&Shear ShearForce Force Black Red Simmental – Beef Maker, Forceful & Fusion Red Simmental – Beef Maker, Forceful & Fusion

Thisherd herdhas hasproduced producedthe thetop toprate-of-gain rate-of-gainsteer steer55of ofthe thelast last66years yearsat at This theNE NEMontana MontanaFair Fairand and77of ofthe the10 10steers steerswere wereSteer Steerof ofMerit Meritwinners. winners. the

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FORHI-LINE HI-LINEFARM FARM&&RANCH RANCH FOR The future of ranching will bethe the The future of ranching will be focusofofthis thisyear’s year’sMontana MontanaNutrition Nutrition focus Conferenceand andLivestock LivestockForum Foruminin Conference Bozeman. Bozeman. Theconference conferencewill willbegin beginthe theafafThe ternoonofofTuesday, Tuesday,April April22, 22,and andrun run ternoon throughthe themorning morningofofWednesday, Wednesday,April April through 23, at the GranTree Inn, 1325 N. 7th 23, at the GranTree Inn, 1325 N. 7th Avenue. Avenue. Speakerswill willcover coveraawide widevariety variety Speakers topics,including includingwater waterquality qualityand and ofoftopics, mineral supplementation, the importance mineral supplementation, the importance mycotoxinsininMontana, Montana,treating treatinglow low ofofmycotoxins

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April2014 April 2014 April Thepublic publicisisalways alwaysinvited invitedtotothe theConservation Conservation The Districts’monthly monthlyboard boardmeetings meetingswhich whichare areheld heldthe the Districts’ secondTuesday Tuesdayofofeach eachmonth monthatat1:00 1:00p.m. p.m.ininthe theConConsecond ferenceRoom Roomofofthe theUSDA USDABuilding. Building. ference Call228-4321 228-4321Ext Ext101 101totoverify verifytime timeand anddate. date.AllAll Call VCCDand andNRCS NRCSprograms programsare areoffered offeredonona anondiscriminondiscrimiVCCD natorybasis basiswithout withoutregard regardtotorace, race,color, color,national nationaloriorinatory gin,religion, religion,sex, sex,age, age,marital maritalstatus statusororhandicap. handicap. gin,

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FARM&& RANCH FARM &RANCH RANCH FARM 54062US USHighway Highway22W WSte Ste22 54062 Glasgow, MT 59230-2846 Glasgow, MT 59230-2846 Phone: 406-228-4321 406-228-4321Ext. Ext.101 101 Phone: vccdmt20@gmail.com vccdmt20@gmail.com 54062 US Highway 2

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Glasgow, MT 59230-2846 Check outon on Facebook Glasgow, MT 59230-2846 Check ususout Facebook www.facebook.com/valleycd www.facebook.com/valleycd forlinks linkstotosoil soilwebinars webinarsand andcurrent currenthappenings happenings for

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LocalCommon CommonSense SenseConservation Conservation Local

News From From The The Valley Valley County County Conservation Conservation District District News 21STANNUAL ANNUALOUTDOOR OUTDOORCLASROOM CLASROOMHOSTED HOSTEDBY BY 21ST VALLEYCOUNTY COUNTYCONSERVATION CONSERVATIONDISTRICT DISTRICT VALLEY

21stAnnual AnnualOutdoor Outdoor Classroom Hosted ByValley Valley County Conservation DistrictSet SetFor ForMay May1,1,2014 2014 21st Classroom By County Conservation 21ST ANNUALHosted OUTDOOR CLASROOM HOSTED BY District SETFOR FORMAY MAY 2014 21ST ANNUAL OUTDOOR CLASROOM HOSTED BY SET 1,1,2014 36 36

The Valley Valley 100 100fifth fifthgraders gradersfrom fromour ourlocal local the thestudents studentsrotate rotatearound arounddifdifThe VALLEY COUNTY CONSERVATION DISTRICT VALLEY COUNTY CONSERVATION DISTRICT County ConserConserschools. Theday day begins at Eastferent fun-filled and educational County schools. The begins at Eastferent fun-filled and educational TheValley ValleyCounty CountyConservation ConservationDistrict Districtis isininitsits21st 21styear yearofofhosting hostingthe theOutOutThe vationDistrict District sideBURDETTE withan anedible edible bugs breakactivities led by volunteers from THANK YOUMARJORY MARJORY BURDETTE for your dedication and door Classroom for morethan than 100 ďŹ fthgraders graders from our localschools. schools.The The vation isis side with bugs breakactivities led by volunteers from THANK YOU for your dedication and door Classroom for more 100 ďŹ fth from our local inits its21st 21st year fastsponsored sponsored by MSU Extension DNRC, NRCS, CMR Refuge, BLM, day begins Eastside with an ediblebugs bugs breakfast sponsored MSUExtenExtenservice your community andsurrounding surrounding areas asUrban Urban in year ofof fast by MSU Extension DNRC, NRCS, CMR Refuge, BLM, day begins atat Eastside with anSuedible breakfast sponsored bybyMSU service totoyour community and areas as SuSET FOR MAY 1, 2014 SETYounkin. FOR MAY 1, 2014 hosting the OutagentRoubie Roubie Younkin. The busValley County Weed District, USsionagent agent Roubie Younkin. The busesthen then headtotoKiwanis Kiwanis Park FortPeck, Peck, pervisor for the ValleyCounty County Conservation District since 1978. hosting the Outagent The busValley County Weed District, USsion Roubie Younkin. The buses head Park ininFort pervisor for the Valley Conservation District since 1978. where in small groups the students rotate around dierent fun-ďŹ lledand andeduedudoor Classroom es then head to Kiwanis Park in FWS, and MT FWP.fun-ďŹ lled in small groups the rotate around dierent Yourcontributions contributions thesuccess success the District are deeply appredoor Classroomtotothe es then head towhere Kiwanis Park instudents FWS, and MT FWP. Your ofofthe District are deeply apprecation activitiesled ledbybyvolunteers volunteersfrom from DNRC, NRCS,grade CMRRefuge, Refuge, BLM,Valley Valleyin for more more than Fort Peck,where where small groups Any 5th students cation activities DNRC, NRCS, CMR BLM, ciated andwill will longbe beFort remembered. for than Peck, ininsmall groups Any 5th grade students in ciated and long remembered. CountyWeed WeedDistrict, District,USFWS, USFWS,and andMT MTFWP. FWP. County

home-schooled setting setting are are aa home-schooled invited and and encouraged encouraged toto atatinvited tend. Contact Contact Penny Penny Shipp Shipp atat tend. 228-4321ext. ext.101 101totosign signup upfor for 228-4321 thefun. fun. the backup update dateofofMay May15 15isis AAback set in case of bad weather. set in case of bad weather.

The ValleyCounty CountyConservation Conservation District its 21styear year hostingthe the Out- Sampling The Valley District isisininits ofofhosting OutApplication Deadline June Ground Water SamplingProgram Program Application Deadline isisJune 1121st Ground Water LivestockPipeline Pipeline GLASGOWDistrict IRRIGATION The NRCS staff Glasgow would like remind Valley County proValleyschools. CountyConservation Conservation District inthe theplanning planningphases phases Livestock door Classroom for more than 100 ďŹ fth graders from our local schools. The GLASGOW IRRIGATION The NRCS staff ininGlasgow would like toto remind Valley County proValley County isisDISTRICT inDISTRICT door Classroom for more than 100 ďŹ fth graders from our local The GROUND WATER SAMPLING PROGRAM Valley County Conservation District in theplanplanGROUND WATER SAMPLING PROGRAM Valley County Conservation District isisin the ducers that our application deadline for the next funding year is June of implementing a new ground water sampling program in coopducers that our application deadline for the next funding year is June of implementing a new ground water sampling program in coopning phases of implementing a new ground water sampling program in cooperation with the AWARDED223 223GRANT GRANTTHROUGH THROUGH ning phases of implementing a new ground water sampling program inbreakfast cooperation with the TrainingSession Session AWARDED Training dayDNRC begins at Eastside with an edible bugs sponsored by MSU Extenday begins at Eastside with an edible bugs breakfast by MSU Exten1Montana each calendar year. One important area concern prompted thesponsored eration with the Montana DNRCand andMontana MontanaSalinity SalinityControl ControlAsAs1Montana ofofeach calendar year. One important area ofofconcern prompted the eration the Montana DNRC andMontana Montana Salinity ControlAssociation. Association. From submitted applications, Val- with DNRC and Salinity Control From submitted applications, Val“DIGDEEPER—MYSTERIES DEEPER—MYSTERIES VALLEYCOUNTY COUNTYCONSERVATION CONSERVATION Habitat Conservation Strategy inwhich which NRCS isdomestic working with private sociation. “DIG Theweek weekofofMarch March10th 10thNatural Natural VALLEY Habitat Conservation Strategy in NRCS isdomestic working with private sociation. leyCounty County Conservation District willprioritize prioritize and select and stockwater wells The sion agent Roubie Younkin. The buses then head to Kiwanis Park FortPeck, Peck, ley Conservation District will and select and stockwater wells toto Park sion agent Roubie Younkin. The buses then head to Kiwanis ininFort INTHE THE SOILâ€? landowners to demonstrate an ESA listing of the Sage Grouse is not From submitted applications, Valley County Conservation DisResources and Conservation Services IN SOILâ€? landowners to demonstrate an ESA listing of the Sage Grouse is not From submitted applications, Valley County Conservation Disevaluate based on the proximity to a potential source of contamination such as active or abanResources and Conservation Services DISTRICT evaluate based on the proximity to a potential source of contamination such as active or abanDISTRICT necessary. trict will prioritize and selectdomestic domestic andstockwater stockwaterwells wellstoto (NRCS) (NRCS)held heldaaLivestock LivestockPipeline Pipelinetraintrainwhere insmall small groups the students rotate around dierent fun-ďŹ lled and edunecessary. trict will prioritize and select and doned oil/gaswells, wells, injection wells,waste waste management areas chemical management areas. where in groups the students rotate around dierent fun-ďŹ lled and eduPOSTER CONTEST doned oil/gas injection wells, management areas ororchemical management areas. POSTER CONTEST The Glasgow Irrigation Districthas hassource been of NRCS through the Sage Grouse Initiative is intended to conserve evaluate based on the proximity to a potential source of contamiThe Glasgow Irrigation District been ing session in Glasgow. The training NRCS through the Sage Grouse Initiative is intended to conserve evaluate based on the proximity to a potential contamiDNRCgrant grantwill willcover covermost mostofofthe theexpense expensesosoValley ValleyCounty Countyresidents residentscan canparticipate participateininthis this ing session in Glasgow. The training AADNRC Valley CountyStudents Students Grades K-12are are eligible AllAll Valley County Grades K-12 eligible totoas cation activities led by volunteers from DNRC, NRCS, CMR Refuge, Valley awarded DNRCgrant grant throughwells, theValValsage-grouse habitat and help private landowners and other entities nation such asBLM, active abandoned oil/gas wells, injectionwells, wells, was wastotohelp helpNRCS NRCSemployees employeesdevelop develop cation activities led by volunteers from DNRC, NRCS, CMR Refuge, BLM, Valley awarded a aDNRC through the sage-grouse habitat and help private landowners and other entities nation such active ororabandoned oil/gas injection program foraaminimal minimal fee. Complete details and requirements will be released when the proprogram for fee. Complete details and requirements will be released when the procompete in the “Dig Deeper—Mysteries in the Soilâ€? in the “Dig Deeper—Mysteries in themanagement Soilâ€? demonstrate through sustainable sustainable ranching ranching and andcompete committed range waste waste areas orchemical chemical management areas. ley County Conservation Districtininthe the areas. theirskills skillsatatdesigning designinglivestock livestockpipepipedemonstrate through committed range management areas or management ley County Conservation District gramisisfully fullyimplemented. implemented. their gram poster contest. A $5 prize for top posters in K-1; 2-3; 4CountyWeed Weed District, USFWS, and MT FWP. poster contest. A $5 prize for top posters inDNRC K-1; 2-3; grant 4County District, USFWS, and MT management thatgrazing grazing reductions may notbe be the best interest willamount coverof most the expense soValley ValleyCounty County lines to better serve the local produc$7450. grant will be used management that reductions may not ininFWP. the best interest AADNRC grant will cover most ofofThis the expense so

lines to better serve the local producamount of $7450. This grant will be used 6;7-9; 7-9;10-12 10-12will willbebeawarded awardedlocally locallybybyValley ValleyCounty County sage-grousesince sincehabitat habitatbiodiversity biodiversityisisusually usually6;greater greater on sustainresidents canparticipate participate inthis this program for amain minimalfee. fee.ComCom- ers ersininthe thenortheast northeastpart partofofMontana. Montana. ofofsage-grouse on sustainresidents can in program for a minimal to control noxious weeds on the Conservation District. National prizes will be awarded to control noxious weeds on the main District. National prizes will be awarded ablygrazed grazedland landcompared comparedtotolong-term long-termnon-use. non-use.Conservation pletedetails details andrequirements requirements willbe bereleased released whenthe theprogram program Therewere werefifteen fifteenattendees attendeesfrom from ably plete will when theNational NationalAssociation AssociationofofConservation Conservation Districts..and There andlateral lateralcanals canals within theboundaries boundaries bybythe Districts.. and within the MontanaNRCS NRCSisisfully fullycommitted committedtotolarge-scale large-scale$100 implementation of places isfully fully implemented. eight northeast Montana counties. $100 forďŹ rst ďŹ rstand and$75 $75for forsecond second gradelevlevMontana implementation of isplaces implemented. eight northeast Montana counties. for ininallall grade theGlasgow GlasgowIrrigation IrrigationDistrict DistrictininValValofofthe BLMFIRE FIREEDUCATION EDUCATION DAYThe TheBLM BLM cooperation withmany many other local agencies, has applicable FarmBill Billconservation conservation programs accomplish our BLM DAY inincooperation with other local agencies, has els. Posters must bereceived received April Contactthe the Levi Doll Doll “Licensed “Licensed Civil Civil Engineerâ€? Engineerâ€? applicable Farm programs totoaccomplish our Mission els. Posters must beMission bybyApril 4.4.Contact Levi leyCounty. County.Spray Sprayeorts eortswill willbegin begininin ley invited local schools to attend Fire Education Day on May 13th. This event will cover several Valley County Conservation OďŹƒce forananapplication applicationand and Helping People Help theLands Lands wellDay our Vision Productive Lands invited local schools to attend Fire Education on May 13th. This event will cover several withNRCS NRCSwas wasthe themain maininstructor instructor Valley County Conservation OďŹƒce for Helping People Help the asaswell asasour Vision Productive Lands with GLASGOW IRRIGATIONDISTRICT DISTRICT with the assistance of his boss David May2014. 2014. GLASGOW IRRIGATION firetopics topics suchasaswildlife wildlifeand andfire, fire,fire fireweather, weather,fire firefighter fighterequipment, equipment, and fire ecology. May rulesif ifthey theyare are not available yourlocal localschool. school. fire such and fire ecology. Healthy Environment. rules not available atatyour Healthy Environment. with the assistance of his boss David Shouldyou youhave haveany anyquestions questionsplease pleasecall callour ouroffice officeatat406-228406-228Doughty“Senior “SeniorArea AreaCivil CivilEngineerâ€? Engineerâ€? Should Doughty 4321. ofthe theMiles MilesCity Cityarea areaoffice. office.The Thetraintrain4321. of AWARDED 223 GRANT THROUGH GRANT $500grant grantAWARDED wasawarded awarded 223 purchase seedsTHROUGH and products products ing AA$500 was purchase seeds and ingwas wasaathree threeday dayevent eventthat thatwas was The to Hinsdale School to improve for the taste testing and edThe to Hinsdale School to improve for the taste testing and edheld at the Elk’s Lodge. The Conservation District is requesting your help. Please keep a watchful eye out TREES The Conservation District is requesting your TREES help. Please keep a watchful eye out HINSDALE SCHOOLRECEIVES RECEIVES MINIED EDproducts. held at the Elk’s Lodge. SCHOOL MINI Conservation andproduce producemore more foodatatHINSDALE the ucation about local local forValley Valley CountyConservationist Conservationist of theYear. Year.It Itcould couldbe beyou, you,ororyour yourneighneigh“DIGADEEPER—MYSTERIES DEEPER—MYSTERIES Conservation and food the ucation about products. The training training went went from from proper proper Aof limited VALLEY COUNTY CONSERVATION for County the “DIG The limited VALLEY COUNTY CONSERVATION A limited number of trees are “FARM TO SCHOOLâ€? GRANT A limited number of trees are “FARM TO SCHOOLâ€? GRANT District school gardenand andtotopromote promote Grades GradesK-12 K-12will willparticipate participateinin inventory bor.We We willbe berecognizing recognizing onenumber conservationconscious consciousproducer producerininJanuary January 2015 garden District isis school inventoryofofaaproducer’s producer’sneeds, needs,toto bor. will one conservation 2015 number THROUGH VCCD still available in various species THROUGH VCCD available in various species They fortheir their effortsthis thisyear. year.Stay Staytune tunefor formore moredetails. details. requesting healthier eating. They will will the the project. for efforts requesting healthier eating. project. surveyingthe thepipeline pipelineroute, route,through through IN THE SOILâ€? still trees surveying IN THE SOILâ€? ofoftrees $500grant grantwas was awardedtotoHinsdale Hinsdale andsizes. sizes.Please Pleasecontact contactour our AA$500 awarded and yourhelp. help. DISTRICT your complete design, and finally to proparestill still DISTRICT complete design, and finally to propSchool to improve and produce more are School to improve and produce more oďŹƒcefor forananorder orderform formand andlist list oďŹƒce Please keep keep aa watchful watchful eye eye Please er documentation of the constructed available food at the school garden and to promote er documentation of the constructed available food at the school garden and to promote availabletrees treesand andprices. prices.AA available out for for Valley Valley County County ConserConserPOSTER CONTEST ofof50% out system. CONTEST various healthiereating. eating.They Theywill willpurchase purchaseseeds seeds system. ininPOSTER various healthier deposit is required at the The Glasgow Irrigation District has been 50% deposit is required at the vationistofofthe theYear. Year.ItItcould couldbe be The Glasgow Irrigation District has been vationist andproducts products forthe the taste testing andededAlsopresented presentedatatthe thetraining, training,was was speciesand and and for taste testing and Also species The BLM in cooperation with many other local agencies, has timeyour yourThe orderis isplaced. placed. BLM in cooperationucation withabout many other local agencies, has the time order you, oryour yourneighbor. neighbor. We willbe be Grades local products. Grades K-12 you, or We will use of a spreadsheet that was desizes. Please contact our office ucation about local products. Grades K-12 the use of a spreadsheet that was deAll Valley County Students K-12 are eligible to sizes. Please our office invitedlocal localawarded schoolstotoattend attend FireEducation Education Dayon onMay May 13th. All Valleyone County Students Grades K-12contact are eligible to invited schools Fire Day 13th. awillDNRC DNRC grant through the Valrecognizing one conservation conservation participate inthe theproject. project. awarded a grant through the Valrecognizing velopedby byLevi LeviDoll Dollthat thatassists assistsininthe the will participate in foran anorder orderform formand andlist listofof veloped for This event will cover several fire topics such as wildlife and fire, fire This event will cover several fire topics such as wildlife and fire, fire design of a livestock pipeline system. conscious producer in January compete thein “Dig Deeper—Mysteries inthe the Soilâ€? conscious producer January availabletrees treesand and prices. compete ininthe “Dig Deeper—Mysteries in Soilâ€? design of a livestock pipeline system. available prices. AA weather, fire fighter equipment, and fire ecology. weather, fireley fighter equipment, and fire ecology.District 2015for fortheir theirefforts effortsthis thisyear. year. ley County Conservation Districtininthe theLevi 2015 Levihad hadjust justfinished finishedupdating updatingthe the County Conservation 50%deposit depositisisrequired requiredatatthe the 50% poster contest. A $5prize prizefor for top posters in K-1; 2-3; 4Staytuned tuned formore moreA details. poster contest. $5 top posters in K-1; 2-3; 4Stay for details. spreadsheet“Pipeline “PipelineV8.2â€? V8.2â€?from fromthe the timeyour yourorder orderisisplaced. placed. spreadsheet time THEDISTRICT DISTRICT HASTHE THE FOLLOWING ITEMS FORwill SALEbe used THE HAS FOLLOWING ITEMS FOR SALE amount of $7450. This grant previousversion versionwhich whichhe hedeveloped developed amount of $7450. This grant will be used previous 7-9;10-12 10-12will willbe beawarded awardedlocally locallyby byValley ValleyCounty County 6;6;7-9; Survey Flags — Bundles of 100 andwhich whichhas hasbeen beenused usedfor forthe thelast last GlasgowIrrigation IrrigationDistrict DistrictAwarded Awarded223 223Grant Grant Survey Flags — Bundles of 100 and Glasgow to control noxious weedson on themain mainten Flo-Orange 36 InchWire WireStaff Staff ......................................... $10.00 tenyears yearsininMontana Montanaand andaafew fewother other Conservation District. National prizes will be awarded to control noxious weeds the Flo-Orange 36 Inch ......................................... $10.00 Conservation District. National prizes will be awarded Through Valley County Conservation District Through Valley County Conservation District states. The The spreadsheet spreadsheet saves saves time time Flo-Orange,Flo-Lime, Flo-Lime,White Whiteand andBlue Blue states. Flo-Orange, The Glasgow Irrigation Districthas has been awardedaaDNRC DNRC grant by the National Association Conservation Districts.. The Glasgow Irrigation District been awarded grant and reduces reduces the the chance chance ofof mathematheand lateral canalswithin withinthe theboundaries boundaries 30Inch Inch WireStaff Staff .............................................................$7.00 by the National Association ofof Conservation Districts.. and and lateral canals 30 Wire .............................................................$7.00 throughthe theValey ValeyCounty CountyConservation ConservationDistrict Districtininthe theamount amountofof through maticalerrors. errors.AApipeline pipelinethat thatused usedtoto SurveyFlagging Flagging......................................................................$2.00/Roll ......................................................................$2.00/Roll matical $100 for ďŹ rst and $75 for second places in all gradelevlev- Survey $7450. $100 for ďŹ rst and $75 for second places in all grade $7450. take weeks to design now only takes of the Glasgow Irrigation District in Valtake weeks to design now only takes of the Glasgow Irrigation District in Val-days, saving countless hours and 2014 Valley CountyLandowner LandownerBooks Books 2014 Valley County Thisgrant grantwill willbe beused usedtotocontrol controlnoxious noxiousweeds weedson onthe themain mainand and This tax days, saving countless hours and tax els. Posters must be received by April 4. Contact the Orthowith with(1) (1)Township Townshipper perPage Page................................ ................................$60.00 $60.00 els.canals Posters must be received byGlasgow April 4.Irrigation Contact the Ortho lateral canals within theboundaries boundaries the Glasgow Irrigation District lateral within the ofofthe District payer money. This is the second time ley County. Spray eorts will begin in payer money. This is the second time ley County. Spray eorts will$50.00 begin in Levi put on this training since he got Non-ortho (1)Township Townshipper per Page................................. ................................. $50.00 (1) Page Valley County. Spray effortswill willbegin begin May 2014. ininValley County. Spray efforts ininMay 2014. Valley County Conservation OďŹƒce for anapplication applicationand and Non-ortho Levi put on this training since he got Valley County Conservation OďŹƒce for an Valley County Wall Map .................................................... $40.00 Valley County Wall Map .................................................... $40.00 backfrom fromAfghanistan Afghanistanalmost almostaayear year back May 2014. May 2014. rulesTHANK ifthey theyare are notavailable available your localschool. school. YOU MARJORY BURDETTE Books ago,and andthe theeighth eighthtime timeover overthe thelast last rules ifTHANK not atatyour local YOU MARJORY BURDETTE Books ago, foryour yourdedication dedicationand andservice servicetotoyour yourcommunity communityand andsurroundsurround“MontanaNative NativePlants Plants&&Peoplesâ€? Peoplesâ€?ll“Grassland “GrasslandPlants PlantsofofSouth South ten tenyears. years. for ll“Montana ingareas areasas asUrban UrbanSupervisor Supervisorfor forthe theValley ValleyCounty CountyConservation Conservation Future trainings trainings are are being being disdisDakotaand andthe theNorthern NorthernGreat GreatPlainsâ€? Plainsâ€?ll“Weeds “Weedsofofthe theWestâ€? Westâ€? ing Future Dakota Districtsince since1978. 1978.Your Yourcontributions contributionstotothe thesuccess successofofthe theDisDiscussedfor fornext nextyear yearininthe thewestern western District cussed TREEPLANTER PLANTERAND ANDAERATOR AERATORAVAILABLE AVAILABLEFOR FORRENT RENT––CALL CALLFOR FORRATES RATES TREE trictare aredeeply deeplyappreciated appreciatedand andwill willlong longbe beremembered. remembered. partofofthe thestate. state. trict part

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BOARDOFOFSUPERVISORS SUPERVISORS BOARD JeffPattison Pattison......................Supervisor ......................Supervisor––Chair Chair Jeff DickRohde Rohde.......................Supervisor .......................Supervisor Dick JodyMason Mason......................Supervisor ......................Supervisor Phone: 406-228-4321Ext. Ext.101 101 Jody Phone: 406-228-4321 RonGarwood Garwood...................Supervisor ...................Supervisor Ron vccdmt20@gmail.com vccdmt20@gmail.com VACANT ............................Area5 5Supervisor Supervisor VACANT ............................Area Nancy Heins......................Urban ......................UrbanSupervisor Supervisor Nancy Heins Vice-Chair/Treas. Vice-Chair/Treas. VACANT............................Urban ............................UrbanSupervisor Supervisor VACANT AllenBunk Bunk........................Associate, ........................Associate,DPRW DPRW Allen MarvinTarum Tarum...................Associate, ...................Associate,DPRW DPRW Marvin SierraStoneberg-Holt Stoneberg-Holt.......Associate .......Associate Sierra PennyShipp Shipp.....................Administrator .....................AdministratorExtExt101 101 Penny NRCSPERSONNEL PERSONNEL NRCS TracyCumber Cumber........................................... ...........................................ExtExt126 126 Tracy DistrictConservationist Conservationist District MikeLackner Lackner........................................... ...........................................Ext. Ext.123 123 Mike SoilConservationist Conservationist Soil KevinFarr Farr................................................ ................................................Ext. Ext.130 130 Kevin SoilConservationist ConservationistTechnician Technician Soil LeviDoll Doll.................................................. ..................................................Ext. Ext.118 118 Levi CivilEngineeer Engineeer Civil DouglasJones Jones......................................... .........................................Ext. Ext.122 122 Douglas CivilEngineer EngineerTechnician Technician Civil JohnFahlgren Fahlgren.......................................... ..........................................Ext. Ext.132 132 John RangeConservationist Conservationist Range


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April 2014 April 2014 April 2014

Glasgow GlasgowStockyards, Stockyards,Inc. Inc. LindaLinda & Mark Nielsen, & Mark Nielsen, Owners Owners Iva Murch, Manager Iva Murch, Manager 263-7529 263-7529 DeanDean Barnes, YardYard Manager Barnes, Manager 263-1175 263-1175 Ed Hinton, Auctioneer Ed Hinton, Auctioneer 783-7285 783-7285

SERVING AREAAREA SERVING âœŻâœŻ 2014 2014 PRODUCERS LIVESTOCK PRODUCERS LIVESTOCK Spring Spring/ Summer / Summer FORF68OR Y68EARSYEARS ! ! Schedule Schedule 19461946 - 2014 - 2014 April April– –May May– –June June

April 2014 April 2014

April 2014 (cont.) April 2014 (cont.)

Thursday, April 3 3 Thursday, April

Saturday, April 26 26 Saturday, April

IV Inventory Reduction Auction withwith Bowles 9th 9th J5 Red Angus Production Auction Cornwell IV Inventory Reduction Auction Bowles J5 Red Angus Production Auction Cornwell Consignors. 10 a.m. – Earls BodyBody ShopShop featuring 55 Red Angus BullsBulls and and 20 Red Angus Heifers. Guest Consignors. 10 a.m. – Earls featuring 55 Red Angus 20 Red Angus Heifers. Guest Lot W Auction items include: (Catalog is posted at www.glasgowstockyards.com) Parking LotofWGlasgow. of Glasgow. Auction items include: (Catalog is posted at www.glasgowstockyards.com) Parking Feeder Auction & All&Class Cattle Auction t)POEB3VCJDPO5SY'BY.J Feeder Auction All Class Cattle Auction t)POEB3VCJDPO5SY'BY.J t3FE"OHVT#BOHT7BDD3FQMBDFNFOU)FJGFST"HF t)POEB3BODIFS&T.J t3FE"OHVT#BOHT7BDD3FQMBDFNFOU)FJGFST"HFt)POEB3BODIFS&T.J t6TFE51PTUT Source withwith Red Red Angus tags.tags. t6TFE51PTUT Source Angus t(BUFT1BOFMT t3FE"OHVT4UFFSTBOE3FE"OHVT)FJGFST t(BUFT1BOFMT t3FE"OHVT4UFFSTBOE3FE"OHVT)FJGFST t'SFF4UBOEJOH1BOFMT8JOECSFBL t'SFF4UBOEJOH1BOFMT8JOECSFBL Thursday, April 10 10 Thursday, April t4USPNCFSH1PSUBCMF$PSSBMX1BOFMT t4USPNCFSH1PSUBCMF$PSSBMX1BOFMT Eayrs Angus 12th12th BullBull Production Auction Eayrs Angus Production Auction t/)(SJOEFS.JYFS t/)(SJOEFS.JYFS featuring 50 Angus Bulls.Bulls. featuring 50 Angus t1JDLVQT5SVDLT4UPDL5SBJMFST t1JDLVQT5SVDLT4UPDL5SBJMFST BredBred Heifer, PairPair & All&Class Cattle Auction Heifer, All Class Cattle Auction t$BU-PBEFS t$BU-PBEFS t#MBDL)FJGFSTCSFE"OHVT"QSJM.BZDBMWFST t#MBDL)FJGFSTCSFE"OHVT"QSJM.BZDBMWFST tO'PSE5SBDUPS tO'PSE5SBDUPS Guaranteed Ranch Horses: Guaranteed Ranch Horses: t+%5SBDUPS t+%5SBDUPS tZFBSPME#BZ(FMEJOH)XFMMCSPLF#FFOVTFE tZFBSPME#BZ(FMEJOH)XFMMCSPLF#FFOVTFEt.VDI.VDI.PSF t.VDI.VDI.PSF a lotaonlotthe on ranch. the ranch. May 2014 May 2014 tZFBSPME3FE3PBO.BSF)#FFOIFBEFEPO ESVH tZFBSPME3FE3PBO.BSF)#FFOIFBEFEPO ESVH DBMWFT#JHTUPVUWFSZHFOUMF DBMWFT#JHTUPVUWFSZHFOUMF Thursday, May 1 1 Thursday, May tZFBSPME#BZQBQFSFE(FMEJOH%SVHZFBSMJOHT QJDLFE tZFBSPME#BZQBQFSFE(FMEJOH%SVHZFBSMJOHT QJDLFE Nelson Simmental & Simmental/Angus Nelson Simmental & Simmental/Angus VQPO HFOUMFBOEWFSZXFMMCSPLF VQPO HFOUMFBOEWFSZXFMMCSPLF Composite BullBull Production Auction Composite Production Auction Thursday, April 17 17 Thursday, April andand “Going to Grassâ€? All Class Cattle Auction “Going to Grassâ€? All Class Cattle Auction BQABQA Seminar in the ringring Noon to 1:00 p.m.p.m. Seminar in the Noon to 1:00 McRae’s Big Big Dry Dry 26th26th Angus Production Auction McRae’s Angus Production Auction GFBUVSJOH"OHVT#VMMTBOE"OHVT)FJGFS$BMWFT GFBUVSJOH"OHVT#VMMTBOE"OHVT)FJGFS$BMWFT Thursday, May 8 8 Thursday, May Replacement Heifer & Feeder Special Replacement Heifer & Feeder Special Koenig RedRed Angus 5th 5th BullBull andand Female Koenig Angus Female & All&Class Cattle Auction All Class Cattle Auction Production Auction Production Auction Guaranteed Ranch Horses: Guaranteed Ranch Horses: GFBUVSJOH5XP:FBS0ME3FE"OHVT#VMMTBOE3FE tZFBSPME$IFTUOVUQBQFSFE(FMEJOH)3PQFE tZFBSPME$IFTUOVUQBQFSFE(FMEJOH)3PQFEGFBUVSJOH5XP:FBS0ME3FE"OHVT#VMMTBOE3FE Angus Heifers. Angus Heifers. Pò ESVHDBMWFTBOEHFOUMF Pò ESVHDBMWFTBOEHFOUMF Fahlgren Angus 3rd 3rd Production Auction Fahlgren Angus Production Auction t t ZFBSPME 4PSSFM QBQFSFE (FMEJOH 3BODI CSPLF   ZFBSPME 4PSSFM QBQFSFE (FMEJOH 3BODI CSPLF  GFBUVSJOH"OHVT#VMMT GFBUVSJOH"OHVT#VMMT DPXZ&ZFE'PYBOE%PD0-FOBCSFFEJOH DPXZ&ZFE'PYBOE%PD0-FOBCSFFEJOH CalfCalf PairPair Special & All&Class Cattle Auction Special All Class Cattle Auction t1FUF7FSCFDL4BEEMFNBEFJO.JMFT$JUZ#FBVUJGVMDPO t1FUF7FSCFDL4BEEMFNBEFJO.JMFT$JUZ#FBVUJGVMDPO CowCow EJUJPO GVMMZDBSWFE w4FBUw4XFMMTBOEw$BOUMF EJUJPO GVMMZDBSWFE w4FBUw4XFMMTBOEw$BOUMF Thursday, May 15

SUPERVISOR SUPERVISOR VACANT VACANT 2013 2013

VACANT VACANT

JeffJeff Pattison Pattison 2006 2006

All Class Cattle Auction All Class Cattle Auction

Thursday, May 22 22 Thursday, May All Class Cattle Auction All Class Cattle Auction

Thursday, May 29 29 Thursday, May All Class Cattle Auction All Class Cattle Auction

June 2014 June 2014 Thursday, June 5 5 Thursday, June

Thursday, June 19 19 Thursday, June

All Class Cattle Auction All Class Cattle Auction

All Class Cattle Auction All Class Cattle Auction

Thursday, June 12 12 Thursday, June

Thursday, June 26 26 Thursday, June

Cow/Calf PairPair Special Cow/Calf Special & All&Class Cattle Auction All Class Cattle Auction

Pre Pre 4th 4th Dry Dry CowCow Special Auction Special Auction & All&Class Cattle Auction All Class Cattle Auction

406-228-9306 406-228-9306 10#PYt(MBTHPX .5tHTJ!OFNPOUOFU 10#PYt(MBTHPX .5tHTJ!OFNPOUOFU XXXHMBTHPXTUPDLZBSETDPN XXXHMBTHPXTUPDLZBSETDPN Please call in in consignments soso buyers can bebe notiďŹ ed. Please call consignments buyers can notiďŹ ed.

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CONTINUED FROM PAGEPAGE 12 12 CONTINUED FROM

Jody Mason Jody Mason

RonRon Garwood Garwood 2002 2002

FARM FARM&&&RANCH RANCH FARM RANCH

13 13 April 2014 April 2014 April 2014 13

Full FullAgenda AgendaSet SetFor For Livestock LivestockForum ForumInInBozeman Bozeman

URBAN URBAN

Dick Rohde Dick Rohde 1974 1974

Feed Association willwill alsoalso be awarded. thethe power of reaching ourour Feed Association be awarded. Understanding Understanding power of reaching TheThe conference is organized by by conference is organized customers. Carrie Mess, Wisconsin dairy customers. Carrie Mess, Wisconsin dairy Montana State University Extension Montana State University Extension farmer, andand Ryan Goodman, manager of of farmer, Ryan Goodman, manager Beef Cattle Specialist Rachel Endecott Beef Cattle Specialist Rachel Endecott communications, Montana Stockgrowers communications, Montana Stockgrowers in conjunction with thethe Montana Feed in conjunction with Montana Feed Association Association Association. Association. Stop byby and visit with usus Stop and visit with Wednesday, April 23 23 Wednesday, April There is aisfee to attend both days of of There a fee to attend both days 7 to 8 a.m. – Breakfast, grad student 7 to 8 a.m. – Breakfast, grad student about your Spring Needs about your Spring Needs thethe conference. Attendees cancan register conference. Attendees register judging poster judging online at https://www.montana.edu/nutrionline at https://www.montana.edu/nutri- poster * Fertilizers * Fertilizers 8 to8 9:30 a.m.– Think YouYou Know to 9:30 a.m.– Think Know tion/. A conference brochure is available tion/. A conference brochure is available * Soil Sampling * Soil Sampling Gets Your Property When YouYou Die? Who Gets Your Property When Die? at http://animalrange.montana.edu/conat http://animalrange.montana.edu/con- Who Think Again‌Even If You Have a Will! Think Again‌Even If You Have a Will! ferences.htm ferences.htm *Chemicals *Chemicals TheThe schedule andand speakers are:are: Marsha Goetting, MSU schedule speakers Marsha Goetting, MSU *Seed & Seed Treatments *Seed & Seed Treatments Tuesday, April 22 22 9:30 a.m.a.m. – Break Tuesday, April 9:30 – Break We are your dealer forfor We are your dealer 11 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. – Registration 9:45 to 10:45 a.m.– October 2013 11 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. – Registration 9:45 to 10:45 a.m.– October 2013 12:30 p.m. – Welcome Blizzard in South Dakota: What AreAre thethe 12:30 p.m. – Welcome Blizzard in South Dakota: What seed corn && alfalfa seed corn alfalfa 1 to1 2top.m. – Water Quality andand MinKenKen Olson, South Da-Da2 p.m. – Water Quality Min- Ramifications? Ramifications? Olson, South Š Š – Round-Up Ready – – – Round-Up ReadyVarieties Varieties eraleral Supplementation. Mark Petersen, kotakota State University Supplementation. Mark Petersen, State University USDA-ARS FortFort Keogh 10:45 to 11:45 a.m.a.m. – Using FeedUSDA-ARS Keogh 10:45 to 11:45 – Using Feed2 to2 3top.m.– Mycotoxins: Importance Antibiotics in Livestock: What 3 p.m.– Mycotoxins: Importance Grade Grade Antibiotics in Livestock: What in Montana –Barry Jacobsen, MSU Changes Should WeWe Prepare For? Russ in Montana –Barry Jacobsen, MSU Changes Should Prepare For? Russ Glasgow – 228-2571 Glasgow – 228-2571 3 p.m. – Break Daly, SDSU 3 p.m. – Break Daly, SDSU Sales: – 263-2571 Sales:Gilbert Gilbert – 263-2571 3:15 to 4:15 p.m.– Treating Low Quala.m.a.m. to noon – Presentation of of 3:15 to 4:15 p.m.– Treating Low Qual- 11:45 11:45 to noon – Presentation ity ity Forages to Improve Feeding Quality. student poster awards. PatPat HatForages to Improve Feeding Quality. graduate graduate student poster awards. HatJosh – 785-7006 Josh – 785-7006 TimTim Bodine, Performix Nutrition field, MSU Bodine, Performix Nutrition field, MSU Your Customer Owned Co-op Your Customer Owned Co-op 4:15 to 5:15 p.m. – Application of of Noon – Conference wrapup 4:15 to 5:15 p.m. – Application Noon – Conference wrapup Genomic Selection: New Frontiers in in Genomic Selection: New Frontiers Animal Breeding. Jennifer Thomson, Animal Breeding. Jennifer Thomson, MSU MSU 5:30 p.m. – Social 5:30 p.m. – Social 6:30 p.m. – Dinner andand program 6:30 p.m. – Dinner program 8080 POLLED & HORNED Hereford Bulls POLLED & HORNED Hereford Bulls Scholarship Presentations Scholarship Presentations T Yearlings & Two-Year-Olds Yearlings & Two-Year-Olds Evening speakers: Social Media – – Evening speakers: Social Media NTNATCACT

AGAGPARTNERS PARTNERSLLC LLC

Nancy Heins Nancy Heins 7/2011 7/2011 Town of of Town Fort Peck Fort Peck

If you are aare resident of Area 5 and would be interested in becoming a supervisor on the County Conservation If you a resident of Area 5 and would be interested in becoming a supervisor on Valley the Valley County Conservation District (VCCD) Board, please call 228-4321 ext. ext. 101.101. The The purpose of the is toisfocus attention on land, water District (VCCD) Board, please call 228-4321 purpose of VCCD the VCCD to focus attention on land, water and and related resource problems. VCCD works withwith locallocal agencies and and schools on conservation issues and and to promote related resource problems. VCCD works agencies schools on conservation issues to promote education through grant funding. The The Conservation District is theis administering agency for the Streambed education through grant funding. Conservation District the administering agency for Natural the Natural Streambed and and LandLand Preservation Act (310 Law)Law) and and is a legal subdivision of State Government responsible under StateState Law Law for for Preservation Act (310 is a legal subdivision of State Government responsible under conservation workwork within its boundaries. conservation within its boundaries.

Thursday, May 15

Thursday, April 24 24 Thursday, April

Humbert “North Country� Humbert “North Country� 26th26th Angus Production Auction Angus Production Auction GFBUVSJOH  "OHVT #VMMT#VMMT BOEBOE  "OHVT 3FQMBDFNFOU GFBUVSJOH  "OHVT  "OHVT 3FQMBDFNFOU Heifers. Heifers. Anderson Bar Bar Triangle 15th15th Anderson Triangle Charolais Production Auction Charolais Production Auction & All&Class Cattle Auction All Class Cattle Auction

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Beery’s Beery’sNamed Named Gold GoldTPR TPRBreeder Breeder An An areaarea Hereford ranch, Beery's Land andand Hereford ranch, Beery's Land Livestock of Vida, hashas been recognized as aas a Livestock of Vida, been recognized Gold TPRTPR Breeder. Gold Breeder. TheThe Beerys, Matt andand Eddy, merchandise Beerys, Matt Eddy, merchandise 100100 bulls private treaty at the ranch every bulls private treaty at the ranch every spring. spring. TheThe Gold TPRTPR program waswas established by by Gold program established the the American Hereford Association to recogAmerican Hereford Association to recognizenize breeders whowho participate in the associabreeders participate in the association's Whole Herd Total Performance Records tion's Whole Herd Total Performance Records Program to create a more accurate database andand Program to create a more accurate database increase the the value of Hereford genetics. increase value of Hereford genetics. To qualify for for thisthis award, the the breeder must To qualify award, breeder must submit herdherd inventory andand must have on record submit inventory must have on record at the AHA a report of calving easeease andand reproat the AHA a report of calving reproductive status for for eacheach damdam in the inventory. ductive status in the inventory. A complete set of weaning andand yearA complete setbirth, of birth, weaning yearlingling weights is also required as well as scrotal weights is also required as well as scrotal measurements for each bullbull calfcalf withwith a recorded measurements for each a recorded yearling weight. yearling weight. In addition, Gold TPRTPR breeders must report In addition, Gold breeders must report calfcalf ultrasound data. ultrasound data.

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Calving season: Extreme weather brings more chores, worries ■ Continued from page 3 During the times of warm weather, the calves are safe from frostbite, but ranchers have to be careful about disease problems and navel infections, Sattoriva said, so they put in more hours to keep pens clean. Boyce said they try to get their cow-calf pairs back out on pasture as soon as they can, then ride out and check the calves often. But pregnant cows waiting to calve are kept close to home and under watchful eye. To help save newborn calves from frostbite, and even death, from the cold and wet conditions, ranchers have to check their cows every few hours throughout the day and night for signs of birthing or a newborn calf, and this seriously cuts down on the amount of sleep they get. With the large herds of cattle in Montana, it’s a rare operation that has a barn large enough to hold an entire herd of pregnant cows. In nice weather the cows and calves often birth in the fields or lots close to where the people watching them can check on them easily, and generally, especially the experienced cows, nature can takes its course, but in the cold weather ranchers have a lot more hands-on work. While Sattoriva has the heated and unheated barns and their corrals to shuffle the cows and calves through from when

birth looks imminent, or the calves are born, to when everyone is warm and healthy enough to be turned out, Boyce said he has his cows down from the pasture and in a few lots for calving season. In extreme cold, Boyce will put birthing cows in his calving shed, which can hold up to 30 pens, until the cows give birth and the calf is dry, or even put the calves in a specially heated room or box. “If they get their mother’s milk in them, they can take about anything. We can kick them out once they’ve sucked real good, and they’re dried off real good, then we send them out,” Boyce said. “When it’s cold and snowy the little calf doesn’t have defenses,” he added. “You have to be out there so you don’t lose them. (Newborn calves) can’t take the cold, and we can get them in on straw or put them in our warming room if they’re chilled down. We’re trying to keep them alive.” But the additional work isn’t only about shuffling cows and calves from one barn to the next, it is also about keeping the facilities in proper condition and continually checking herds. “You’re going through quite a bit more straw so feet don’t freeze, that’s pretty important,” said Sattoriva, “and trying to keep things clean so you don’t have navel

A days-old calf jumps a snow berm to follow its mother through a snowy pasture.

infections. Those calves are in those tight quarters all the time. You just definitely can have more problems.” “When we get a lot of snow we put a lot more straw out in the lot that we calve them in,” Boyce said. “Like this last snow storm we got, we had to go into our lots and clear the snow out and then restraw everything down, and we check them a lot more often when it’s really cold.” Checking them also includes continuing to check the calves once they are turned out on pasture, too. “When it’s cold like this, you have to go out and ride those pairs, the ones you’ve kicked out to pasture. You have to pay a lot more attention to them, especially the younger ones, make sure they make it to the feed ground where you’ve put out straw and stuff so they have a dry place to lay and just make sure everything is OK with them because any problem at all they don’t live very long,” Boyce said. “They’re not going to survive when it’s like this if they get lost from their mother. You just have to pay a little more attention.” While ranchers work hard to keep their cows and calves safe from illness and the weather for humane reasons, there is an economic component to the work as well. A lost, injured or sick calf is lost income,

Photo by René Brown

but even one disfigured by frostbite can mean lost income, as well. “In the registered business,” said Sattoriva, “when you’re selling bulls, bulls are a hard sell when their ears are gone.” This isn’t a concern over the prettiness of the registered bull — or calf from any herd. “The buyers see frozen ears they figure frozen feet, and frozen-feet cattle don’t perform very well in the feedlot,” he added. Dexter Buck of Bear Paw Livestock in Chinook echoed that sentiment. Cattle he sells at his stockyard go to many types of buyers, including feedlot buyers who feed up the calves, preparing them for butcher. In fact, he buys some calves each year and finishes them for his familyowned meat sales business, Bear Paw Meats, so he understands the problems that can occur with calves that have feet damaged by frostbite. He estimated that about only 10 percent of calves with signs of frostbite end up having trouble with their feet in the feedlot. Bob Schmitt, veterinarian at and owner of Chinook Veterinary Clinic, said that once the calves get dry and get their first milk, called colostrum, they are pretty hardy. They could still get frostbite if the weather conditions make them cold and wet again, he said, but it’s less likely, especially with the feet which toughen up once they dry. However, for newborns who are wet all over, haven't gotten their blood flowing well and have soft hooves, the danger of frostbite is serious, he said. “If the foot is frozen, then the hoof swells and sloughs, and this usually only happens in newborns,” he said “The ones that are just newborn, they’re wet, and they're more prone to frostbite in their feet and their ears and their tail,” he added. “Sometimes the hoof capsule (hoof wall) will be damaged by the frost bite and not slough,” Schmitt said, and it's hard to tell if there is damage. This is why, Buck said, signs of frostbite can affect the price some. “That’s a very unfortunate situation when frostbite happens,” Buck said, “very unfortunate for the rancher because he has a big, huge, investment out there. And if the cattle feeder should buy it, he has a pretty big investment as well, and so it’s hard for him if the calf doesn’t perform, so his investment is lost as well.” Buck said prices are good with ranchers getting anywhere from $1.50 per pound to $2.60 or even $2.70 per pound for calves in the fall, depending on a lot of factors from the the size and condition of the calves to the buyers’ own needs and willingness to pay to get what they want. From his experience, Buck said, the few calves with frostbite bad enough to affect the feet likely won’t make it to finish weight in a feedlot “just because their feet will go bad, mainly, or maybe (they have) a respiratory situation that their lungs could’ve been frosted. And it doesn’t hurt them so much maybe now as a baby calf as that it stays with them all their life."

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April 2014

“We’re either fighting the mud or we’re fighting the snow,” he said, adding that the temperatures were in the 40s and 50s above for highs when they started calving early in March, then the temps dropped with lows around zero and they got about 8 inches of snow that has been refreshed regularly with snow flurries coming through. “It seems like it’s more back to when we were kids or when I was even in high school,” he said. “We had a lot of winters and springs like this. I think it’s just a cycle and we’re back in that cycle again, and we’re going to have some tough winters and tough springs.” Still, Boyce said, he has seen worse, like when temps have dropped to 20 below zero. And that is exactly what some area ranchers have been dealing with this year with temperatures in areas at lower elevations and north along the Canadian border seeing considerably colder numbers. “Last couple years, we’ve hit pretty good windows of nice weather,” said Dave Sattoriva who farms and ranches with his wife, Katie, near Hingham, “but this year I think every time we were calving pretty hard it was 25 below zero outside.” Sattoriva said they started calving their herd of about 100 registered black Angus cows at the beginning of February and were wrapping it up at the end of March. During that time period, says the weather tracking website Wunderground.com, February saw stretches of highs only in the single digits above and below zero relieved by some highs in the 30s and even 40s. March started out with high temperatures still below zero, then warmed briefly to nearly 60 degrees, but held steady mostly in the 20 degree range. March also saw more snow storms with up to 10 inches of new snow in some areas. With the cold temperatures this calving season, Sattoriva said, they relied heavily on two barns at their place, one heated the

FARM & RANCH other unheated, and some ingenuity. “When the calf hits the ground, we put them in the (heated) barn,” he said. “We try to get them dried off and warmed up and from there if it’s still cold we move them to the next facility … and then kick them outside until we can tag them.” Because of the extreme cold at times, Sattoriva said they tried something new to save the wet, newborn calves’ ears, which are extremely vulnerable to the cold, from frostbite: They cut pantyhose legs into sections, slipped these over the calves’ head to snug the ears close to the warm skin on their neck and duct taped this into place until they were sure the ears were completely dry and had good blood flow. “We did very well,” he said. “We lost a few ears. Even after we tried to save them, we still lost a few — those mama cows like to lick those ears — but we are keeping calves alive. And, I guess, when it was 25 below we were just happy to be keeping them alive.” Boyce said he starts calving in March “because it’s 30 below in February,” but for ranchers like Sattoriva, that’s not an option. “In registered cattle you want them to hit puberty (as early as possible) in order to sell yearling bulls,” he said because they want the bulls to be as mature as possible in the spring when buyers are looking to purchase bulls to put on their herds. “You can’t wait for them to go another breeding season.” They have 20 head of their Whispering Winds Angus registered yearling bulls selling, along with registered bulls from three other area ranches, in the Montana’s Northern Premier Angus Sale in Chinook April 10, he said, and being done with calving well before the sale is helpful. “And, then, in farming country, you try to get your cattle done calving by the time you start farming,” he added.

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Photo by René Brown A young calf lies curled up on the ground as falling snow accumulates on and around it. In poor weather conditions during calving season, ranchers have to continually monitor cow-calf pairs for health and safety. This calf was dry before the snow hit but was taken to a warming shed to dry off again and get warmed up.


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From 8 inches of snow to 8 inches of muck Pam Burke community@havredailynews.com Even considering the ups and downs in the cattle market, nothing can fluctuate more than the weather during calving season in north-central Montana. As weather conditions have bounced around well beyond the averages this year, area c a t t l e ra n c h e rs h ave wo r ke d to ke e p t h e i r c a l v e s, a n d t h e i r l i v e l i h o o d , healthy. With recorded temperatures from 60 above to 25 below and ground conditions varying from 8 inches of snow to 8 inches of mud and muck, calving season — primarily February and March in this area — has been a bit of a challenge this year, ranchers have said. Those challenges, though, have been somewhat dependent on location and the luck of the day. “It’s been kind of a tough spring,” said Donny Boyce, who has a commercial cowcalf ranch with his wife, Marla, on the north face of the Bear Paw Mountains 14 miles south of Havre. Photo by René Brown A newborn calf is tended by its mother. In cold weather, wet newborns can easily freeze extremities — ears, tails and feet — before drying.

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It’s primarily the concentrated feed used to finish calves for the meat market that brings out the problem, Schmitt said, because the feed is high in starch and because it brings on growth that puts more weight on the calves' already tender feet. Buck said theses calves can be finished out in pasture with the rancher or a buyer with a pasture situation, but he sees generally soft, wet ground conditions in feedlots adding to the foot problem by allowing the toes to get too long and the already weak feet to get too soft to hold weight. “Once the feet get sore and they get their

FARM & RANCH feet grown out wrong,” he said, “it just hurts them all the time, so they don’t gain, won’t gain, on the food they eat.” Calves that start showing signs of complications from frostbite are generally butchered sooner, Buck said. It saves spending resources — feed, time and space — trying to fatten an animal that won't gain because of the stress from pain but, mostly, he said, it's the humane thing to do. The good news, Buck added, is that he doesn't see much problem from frostbite in the cattle he sells through his stockyard, no

matter what the weather has been like. “We just don’t find many of them calves that have gotten hurt because the ranchers have done such a good job of taking care of them” he said. “They definitely work very, very hard this time of year. You really got to take your hat off to them because, I tell you what, they give it their all, that’s for sure,” he said. “They very much care for their livestock.” This is where knowledge of the possible weather conditions in the area and the needs of the cattle, as well as facilities built to deal with those conditions can be helpful.

www.havredailynews.com “We’re kind of set up for (the weather),” said Boyce, “and we’re kind of used to it. “But it seems like this last series of storms has just been continuous. It’s sure wearing us,” he added. Boyce and his wife had helped with calving and suckling 12 calves in the snow and freezing temperatures that morning. “Every year you learn something new. It was definitely a more interesting year than we’ve had in a while,” said Sattoriva, adding that “we made it through. ... We enjoy the cattle so it’s not a problem, but at times you were wondering."

Bill takes aim at animal-rights videos at farms BRUCE SCHREINER Associated Press FRANKFORT, Ky. (AP) — Legislation aimed at criminalizing undercover filming or photographing of farm animal operations advanced to the Kentucky Senate Tuesday with the backing of the state's most influential farm organization. The Senate Agriculture Committee attached the language to a House-passed bill. Supporters said the amended measure would make it a misdemeanor for someone to gain access to a private farm under false pretenses and then film or photograph the operations without the landowner's consent. Violators could face up to 90 days in jail and a $250 fine. "It's a pretty big priority because we're seeing a trend," said Jeff Harper, director of public affairs for the Kentucky Farm Bureau. "Now it's coming to Kentucky, and

Dakotas take precautions for pig virus, fair shows PIERRE, S.D. (AP) — The rapid spread of a swine virus is forcing officials in the Dakotas to take extra precautions for pig shows at county and state fairs. The Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Virus spreads through pig manure. It's not harmful to humans but is often deadly to piglets. South Dakota 4H weigh-in competitions that bring swine together will be cancelled for the season. Student exhibitors will be able to forego their county fair and go to the state fair to avoid swine comingling. North Dakota's pork producer trade group earlier lobbied for the suspension of the show pig season. North Dakota will move forward, providing safety recommendations for show attendees. The virus has been in the country for less than a year and already has a reported effect on the cost of pork.

as a farm organization we thought it was our duty ... to take some action." The proposal was denounced by the Humane Society of the United States. It comes about a month after an undercover investigation revealed animal cruelty at a western Kentucky pig farm, said Paul Shapiro, the Humane Society's vice president of farm-animal protection. Video and photographs showed large pigs confined in cages so small that they couldn't turn around, and showed sows being fed the remains of diseased piglets, he said. In recent years, animal rights groups have released undercover video elsewhere around the country exposing instances of animal abuse at slaughterhouses and farms.

Now, the state's meat industry is trying to silence whistleblowers from exposing animal cruelty or food safety violations, Shaprio said by phone Tuesday. "It really shows how much the meat industry has to hide," Shapiro said. Supporters said the bill was intended to prevent intruders on private agricultural property. "It's a shame, really, that we have to pass legislation like this ... to prohibit someone from coming onto a farm or any agricultural operation under false pretenses trying to do a farm or any other business owner harm," Harper said. Supporters said it's in the farmers' best interests to properly care for their animals.

"The care of livestock and poultry is the farmers' bottom line," Harper said. "The better they take care of their animals ... then obviously the better those animals are going to do when they go to market." If the Senate passes the bill, it would return to the House. The House version did not include the language attached by the Senate committee. The Humane Society will urge House members to reject the Senate changes, Shapiro said. The so-called "ag-gag" language was added to a bill that originally sought to prevent animal shelters from using gas chambers as a form of euthanasia.


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An unpredictable calving season

From 8 inches of snow to 8 inches of muck, wild weather complicates calving


Hi-Line Farm & Ranch - April 2014