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ADIGHA-URUSS bsalago

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ADIGHA-URUSS bsalago

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The Adigha Shitle Hyacer, The ASH «Majucie»

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Apequa Aslan

Adigha - Uruss bsalago

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Anzorey - Prague 2008 5


Ther huahue

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If W'ohuce! . Psadegyzh, if oue! ! Mahoer, if oue! ! Psih, if oue! ! Psihaseha, if oue! ! I’e blaga! ! Why D’lagoen oue, De guaper is! Ky W’ohue cige! C ! By W’ohue! ! De lagoege, if oue! ! Uzensher oue! ! If cher! ! Arar is! ! Wimahoer oue! ! ! Goague Mahoer! ( ) A twer! . . In twer. . Ary. . Huen is. . Dow? ? Dowich. . How. . Dhahaer. . Why bsau. . C’hoer gagoe. . C’hoer F’gagoe. . 7

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Englibza cher Why bsala ara? Urussibza cher Why bsala ara? Adighabza cher C’o bsala aim. Adighabza cher Why dher ara? Adighabza cher W’edjer ara? Ky C’gury wer aim. H Cer, ky C’gury wer aim. Da in ner, sihaer …? Da in ner, sihaer aher …?

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Fassiga

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Tzihoega ?

Fy, thery tzihoe haer? Fy, thery tzihoe ara? Wher C’gatzehoen?

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The ucehan Guassa, Apsee! Bzaswago lapper aher! Nibgeago lapper aher! The ucehan … ... Psassa! ! Sower! ! Ky C'je F’haer it: … - dow, Cy quern oue, …? - dow, Cy in acen oue, …? - da in cher sihaer, …? - cihate are dapser?

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e … are, Wher C’gatzehoen is. … ... - nibgeago , - tly - fizz Thy C’gatzihoe. . Cy B’tzihoe ara? ? Ky thery ther djer are, ... is. ... Ce tza are, … is. ... What, ky ther r’odjer are? ? What, We tza are? ? Ce owner tza are, … is. ... Aey oue, Ce guaper is! ! Why C’tzihoen oue, Ce guaper is. Ce bsahoegoer is. . Cy wahoe thequer is. . Ce thacoer oue, Cy ka quear is. . Ce … are Ce gocer oue, Cy ka quear is. ... - fizz - cerbie - bin Ce tly are, cerbie are, Ce gocer oue Cy ka quear is. . Ce thacoer oue, Cy ka quear is. . . Ce …, Cy as uvehaerar is. … - haswasse am - aihly am - nibgeago am dey 9

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…, Cy hoey it. ... - Cy swy han oue ... - C’eplin oue ... - C’lagoen oue ... - Cy swer ubswern oue

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Fubge, wersrue C’egale! ! Cy ke F’gale! Police am, ke djer. Doctor am, ke djer. Cy quadear is! Cy goassear is!

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Ther wiswer That oue … … Dow … … If W'ohuce! ! ! That oue cuade swear oue Dy thery milagoear ara! ! Why thery C’lagoe are, Ce guaper is! Dow, Fy bsau ara? e? Dow site, ada-ana are? ? Dow site, fizz are? ? Dow site, tly are? ? Dow site, bin are? ? Dow site, uzenshaga are? ? 10

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That sihaer, swa oue? ? Swa oue, the aree sihaer aim. Thery site is. . Gaswagoang aim. . The aree, gaswagoang aim. . Dow site, wahoe aher are? ? Whey huetler ara? ? If is. . Dergoer is. . Swagoer aim. . The aree, swagoer aim. . …, cuade swear oue C’lagoear aim … Dow site, Aby, I wahoe are? ? Ky swy ha, Why as hoswyha. , Aey oue, De guaper huen oue is. Psadeday psihaseha, … am Cy sihaern oue is. ... - owner - haswasse Why pascher ara? ? Ihaer, taque ka D’gaqueh. Swahe, Dy thery lagoen oue C’oguiga. , . That as goer, da in dey, Dy as ther wiswern? ? Ka bsala, psadeday. . Ce telephone are … ... Ce address are swa is. . Dhy it … ... 11

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Namice, sane Why bsau. Fiswer, B’hoe C’osch. . Yaga, chyn aim. ( Hoey aim. . As gate. . . Ky C’hoer F’gagoy it. , . Ky C’hoer gagoe. . Dow site, We uzenshaga are? Dow, Why site? ? ? That, khibare? ? ? Dow, Why bsau ara? ? Uzensher oue, Why site! ! Aerffe cher, Fy shhe! ! Fy her aerber! ! Aey oue, guaper is! ! guaper is! ! Ce guaper oue! ! C’faffe didder oue! ! Cy are We anamate is. . … am, C’hoey huahuege. ... - Ownagoer - Fizz - Tly - Sehagocer , - Ada- na Mahoer, if oue! ! Psih, if oue! ! 12

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By W’ohue! ! Nahoe laffe, Why ich! ! Nahoe laffe, Why k’ich! ! Tha cher. . . . Arar is. . . If cher. . . Uzensher oue. . Wimahoer oue! ! ! Nakhiffe cher. . Ce tza are, … is. ... Ky thery ther djer are, … is. … Anzorey Cy ki ch ar is. . Im are, the ucehan Hadji-Umar is. Im are, the ucehan Jeansurate is. Dow site, wahoe are? ? Bso aree, dergoer is. . Wher is, a? ? Arathyng Ary. . In twer. . Dowich, ry. , Dowich, in twer. , Fachinsher oue. Huen is. . Erahue. . Cy arathy is. Aermalensher oue.

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Ce guaper oue. Shatchinsher oue. Perge didder is. Why thahoer is! Perge is! ! Thahoer is! ! Dowich! ! Cy persite aim. C’o da! « »!

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Ther guriwerture Adighabza cher, Why bsala ara? Englibza cher, Why bsala ara? Urussibza cher, Why bsala ara? Ky C’gury ower. . Ky C’gury wer aim. . Im by, Englibza cher, the guare bsala ara? ? Nakh hoam oue Why bsalafen oue pa ara? ? That ji B’haerar are? ? Ka psytergy it? , . Im are, dhy it. , .

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Sehaucegoer How. . Aermale, I haer aim.

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Cy arathy is. Cy arathy aim. C’lachin oue aim. C’o da. « ». C’da aim. « ». . C’swa aim. . . C’swar aim. . C’oswa. . A are, huen oue aim. . A are, perge is. . A are, perge aim. . Ce guiga am cher, Why thahoer is. , . Ce guiga am cher, Why thahoer aim. . , .

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Lawe … are, ky ther B’tyfen oue pa ara? … are, ky Der B’tyfen oue pa ara? … are, Cy B’galagoefen oue pa ara? …? … are, ky C’je B’haerfen oue pa ara? …? Why ky C’der aerpycoefen oue pa ara, …? …? Ky C’der aerpycoy it! , Fy ky C'der aerpycoy it! , - … oue, Cy hoey it. … 15

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- … oue, Dy hoey it. … are, ky ther ty it. Im … are, ky ther ty it. … are, Cy galagoy it. … oue, B’lachin oue pa ara. … oue Cy hoey it. … ... - Ky ther zhyer it - Cy galagoy it - Ky wihy it - Ther hoerschy it - Swer ganer it - Gaunchiffe it - Ke djer it - Ka psyter it - Ka bsala it Hoeet Cy sche, … oue. - Cy swy han - Cy blerchin … huen oue? ...? - Cy in olawe - C’ster ... - C’eple - Cy in swy ha - Swer C’ganer Ky C’der aerpycoy it!

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Hucer

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… am cher, Cy in ohuahue! - Labke Mahoer - Barasture - Ealacy Swa Ealacy Swa am! C ! Labke Mahoer am! C ! Barasture am! C ! If ohuce, … ... - nacipe - khaire - uzenshaga bidder - wimahoer - Gaswa chyh Wimahoer oue! ! Uzensher oue, Why site! ! Uzensher oue, Fy site! ! Why bsau! C ! ! Fy bsau! ! ! Nakh swahe oue th gahuege! Thy humerge! ! Thy humer! ! Jagoer, sigoer Bsaquade is! ! That oue bsaquade! That oue sehauzeh!

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That oue guapeager! Aey oue jagoer is! ! Ce jagoer hu ar is. . De jagoer hu ar is. . Dhamisture! ! Sehamiper! ! That oue sehamiper! ! Ce gu am ke woar is. Ce gu B’swer ogoe. C . Aey our, Ce gu B’swer ogoe. Why miguzaver. Why te miguzaveh. . That cher, Cy B’der aerpycoefen oue? ? That cher, Cy F’der aerpycoefen oue?

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Blaga That, …, B’scher are? ...? - noba - psihaseha - psadeday - psadeday psihaseha Why sehahoeet, … am? ...? - shadgagoer in a uzh - Sabbath Hoeet Cy sch , … am Whey C’gablagan oue. ... - cino 18

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- mouzey - theatre - restaurant Concert am, Fy in aquer. The …, B’hoer C’wahoe huen oue? - coffee - sana bgia - wimile

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Hoeying, siswerng Cy hoey is, … am. ... Cy hoey it, … am. ... Ky ther t it, … are. , Cy galagoy it, … are. Ky C’hoer hi it, … are. Ky C’je haer it, … are. Cy goassear is. . C’e zashar is. . C’o majatler. . Cy hoer otler. . C’o mahe. ( , Dahaer, im by, bsyowner are?

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Aerschaga That oue, Why thery leazher are? ?

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What oue, Why thery leazher are? ? Redactor oue, C’o leazher. Why what? ? Fy what? ? Why what, aerswaga cher? Fy what, aerswaga cher? Aerswaga cher, Cy egadjaquer is. . That, B’scher are? ? Cy engeneer is. . Da in ner, Why as leazher are? ? … am, Cy as oleazher. ... - Chysse - Bank - Cimmagersse - The hoter inctitute What oue leazher ara, We sehagocer are? ) ? Ce sehagocer are, ownerice is. Cy student is. . Da in ner, Why as edjer are? … am, Cy as odjer. ... - College - Universite - Academe That hoerder faculte am? … faculte am, Cy as odjer. ... 20

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- Bzawe - Sehace - Apergeh Thraner course am, Cy as odjer. Da in ner as leazher ara, We ada-ana are? ) ? Aher are, pensioner is. .

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Nibge Ealace dapser Why hue ara? …, C’ohue. ... - Psyqueble - Twoasch ara blle ara - Bllesch ara bgoe ara Why that ga? ( ) Cy ga blesch ara he is. Ealace-eithree cher, Why nakhizh is. . Ealace-eitwo cher, Why nakhiswa is. . Miguver oue, Ce Labke Mahoer is. .

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Ownagoer Ce ownagoer are, Wher C’gatzehoen oue Cy hoey is. ( ) . Im are, Ce ada is. .

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Aby ther edjer are, … is. ... Im are, Ce ana is. . Aby ther edjer are, … is. ... De ownagoer are bin-eithree D’ohue: Cer, Ce shibru, Ce dalhoe are. – , . Cer nakh, Ce shibru are ealace-eithree cher nakhizh is; Ce dalhoe are ealace-eidhoe cher nakhiswa is. ,a . Why derquear? ( ) ? Cy derquear is. . Gy aree, Cy derquear aim. . Ka B’shear? T ? ? Ka C’shear is. . Ce thacoer is. . Cy bga dercige aim. . Etwoaner oue, ka C’shergear is. . The tle ara cerbie-eitwo ara, Ce haer is. . The fizz ara the coa ara, Ce haer is. . Bin, De haer aim. . Ce ada-ana are, bsau is. . Ce ana thery tler ara ealace-eithree im a hue. . Bza ...?

… cher, Why bsala ara? - Adighabza - Englibza 22


- Urussibza Cer, Adighabza cher … ... a . - Cy bsala aim - C’o bsala (taque) - ( ) - ky C’gury ower (taque) - ( ) Cer, Adighabza cher taque ky C’gury ower, a oue, Cy bsalafe aim. , a . That hoerder bza, B’swa are? ? ? That hoerder bza, Why miswa are? ? ? … C’oswa. ... - Englibza - Faranchibza … C’odje. ... - Allemanibza - Italibza Eagy, Adighabza cher, if oue W’obsala. a a . Siwoga cuade thery C’schy are, Ce jagoer is. M , . … bsalature ther C’gaswan oue, Cy hoey is. ... - Adigha a - Engle Cy ky B’gury wer ara? ? Ji C’haer bso aree, ky B’gury wer ara? , ? Why ky C’gury wer aim. 23


Mahoer, zaman the mascale the minute the cihate blleaswer the cihate nicoer the cihate the Mahoergoer the dhamahoer the mather blleaswer the ealacenicoer the ga the ealace the ealace-eisa the ealacemeen Cihate dapser? ? cihate-eight - 8.00 – Ce cihate are, … ... Cihate dapser am i, C’swa aim. Cihate are Ce maswer is. Da pser is? ? Dapser am? ? Cihate dapser am? ? the cihate am (the am) ; cihate-eiblle am cihate-eitwo am hoer blleaswer oue cihate-eidhoe oue ( ) the cihate cher ; 24

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cihate-eithree cher the cihaty pea cher two in auzh am psadegyzh am shadgagoer am mahoer am psih am jasse am jassibghe am noba psadeday psadeday misture pearseha am psihaseha am psadegyzhiper am gy gy bsto ( ) eatwaner uzh cher a be as goer cuade schear oue – cuade mische oue swahe oue - guvear oue , im ga am alace … am ... - peacer - syper - chercer - liquer mahoe–eibsche cher ; 25


im dhamahoer am dhamahoer churcer am dhamahoer liquer am dhamahoer p acer am dhamahoer s per am The mahoergoer psadegyzh mahoer shadgagoer shadgagoaper am shadgagoerchur am psih psihaseha am jasse jassibghe Calendar Mather Januar Februar Mart Aprele May June Jule August

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September October November December Januar am Marchitler oue Maynace oue June-August am Jule-September am Octobercue lander Novemberce oue Decemberper lander Dhamahoer mahoer Bliseha Gobje Barazhay Mahoacue Maraim Sabbath Dha Mahoer Bliseha am Gobje aher am Barazhayace oue Maraim-Dha Mahoer am Noba, that mahoer? Noba – Barazhay is. Noba, that paller?

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Noba – August am I psyquetwo is. . mahoerzh mahoersch Baraceture , Labke Mahoer Paller 1999 ga – meen ara seibgoe ara bgoesch ara bgoe ga 1999 – 2000 ga am – meen-eitwo ga am 2000 – 1981 ga lander – meen ara seibgoe ara eightsch ara the ga lander 1981 – Climate, mahoer

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That hoerder, Fe climate are? De climate are, … is. ... - continental - continental prasher - Hyper Fe dey cher, bsyhaer are wive (paswer)? ? Fe dey cher, Swy Mahoer are dkie (saba)? ) ? That hoerder, Fe dey cher storiture are, …? ...?

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- Swy Mahoer - Gadher - Ga Mahoer - Bgiha Plus (Laoin) … ... ( ) Minus (Laoin) … ...( ) Fe dey cher, Swy Mahoer am oce sihaer? ? Da pser is, im by, oce as ece are? That hoerder, nobarey mahoer are? Nobarey swib are, … is. - pstor - swyhaer - oceahyreeler - oam - pshagoer - swyhaer-tyhaer - zhybga Noba, … is. ... - oaer - boran Oafur are, … is. ... - sroanter - bziga - pshaga - pshagansher Oceahe, ko shhe. . Oce, k’oce. . Oa, k’ohe. . 29

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Zhybgashhoer ko pser. . Why r’iderqueyin oue, ko shhe. Swyhaer-tyhaer huar is. . Dgoacer, mahoer bso am, … is. - pstorar - swyhaerar Dgoacer, mahoer bso am, oce k’ecear is. . Dgoacer, mahoer bso am, oceahe ke shhear is. . Noba, wore oue, Diga k’obse. Noba, ka oaffigear is. . Noba, Mahoer telliger is. That I aerthergoer, psadeday mahoer am? ? Psadeday, … oue is. ... - hoaban - pstorin - swyhaern - oceahyreelern - pshagoern - oalbanern - boranin That hoerder, noba, bsy storiture are? ? That hoerder, noba, Hyper woller are? Laoin dapser? ? Hyper are, im a ucobbey. . Thy gabsech are zaran is. . 30

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Fur nawer beige hoezh shadifur sanafur sroanter goazh udzefur dissabse goafur goabjer coassinifur plizh sroantaptzer maraquafur goazhiple tziple purple dhambilefur rosafur dizhinnifur sroa swihoe mora epare fitza

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fitzasroa cirihoe finche the furgo ther furgo furgo-eitwo furba bswaloun coloan-bswaloan Figoer if – ae – daher – midaher – zhyler – swaler – zhy – swa – colley – colleycise – nasriffer – nasrae – guibziga – guibzaguer – lasse – maher – ean – tzique – chyh – chasch – bgoer – bgoezer – passer – paswer – lagher – lagsher – cuu – change – cirihoe – finche – lapper – pood – bsynser – haller – 32


saba – prasher – hoabge – hoam – tynsh – mitynsh – gosser – bsyfe – pstor – swyhaer – wive – tquatquer – aerffe – imaerffe – sue – misue aerffe – didge – tzue - scoler – bziga –furgoer – digay – pshaga – ther persse – cottear

Bsyowner – –

W – Psassa peash S – Sower peash Bjeler Bjerture

0 1 2 3 4 5

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Dapser? the aree the two three blle dhoe 33


6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 101 110 200 258

he ble eight bgoe bsche psyquethe psyquetwo psyquethree psyqueblle psyquedhoe psyquehe psyqueble psyqueight psyquebgoe twoasch twoasch ara the twoasch ara two thrasch bllesch dhoesch hesch blesch eightsch bgoesch sa sa ara the sa ara bsche seitwo seitwo ara dhoesch ara eight 34


300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 2000 10000 1000000 10000000

seithree seiblle seidhoe seihe seible seight seibgoe meen meen ara sa meen-eitwo meen-eibsche million million-eibsche Bjeaner

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Da pseaner are? aper, yaper, thaner twoaner thraner blleaner dhoaner heaner bleaner eightaner bgoaner bschaner psyquethaner 35

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12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 101 110 111 200 300 400 500 600 700 800

psyquetwaner psyquethraner psyqueblleaner psyquedhoaner psyqueheaner psyquebleaner psyqueightaner psyquebgoaner twoaschaner twoasch ara thaner twoasch ara twoaner thr schaner blleschaner dhoeschaner heschaner bleschaner eightschaner bgoeschaner saner sa ara thaner sa ara bschaner sa ara psyquethaner seitwaner seithraner seiblleaner seidhoaner seiheaner seibleaner seightaner 36


900 1000 2000

seibgoaner meen thaner meen twoaner Sicoey, percent

1/2 – the twoaner; twoaner, nicoer 1/3 – the thraner; thraner 1/4 – the blleaner; blleaner 4.75 – en-eiblle ara blesch ara dhoe

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1% - the percent 3.5% - the percent-eithree ara nicoer Sehaper M Sehaper abswer Cer - - Cy Wher - Wy Are, Aby , , Der – - Dy Fer – - Fy Aher, Aby aher – Sehaper asher Ce – We – I-e ,

- Cy Cey - Why Whey - I’e 37

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De – Fe – I’a –

- Dy Dey - Fy Fey , - I’a

Ubswer bsala, bsalafur What? ? That? ? ? ? Dahaer? ? Da in ner? ? Da in (ner) dey(ge)? ? That as goer? ? Da pser is? ? That as ha cher? ? As ha? ? That hoerder are? ? Da her ner are? ? Da in ner? ? ? Da in cher? ? ? ? Dow? ? That hoerder oue? ? Da be hoerder oue? ? That hoerder furser oue? That hoerder schyture oue? Dapser? ? What I …? ? That I …? ? What, a are? ?

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What, im are? ? What, mo are? ? What, Are? ? What didder? ? That, a are? ? That, im are? ? That, mo are? ? That, im are (mo are, a are) the i swice (aice) are? ? That, im bsala am k���iche are? That, ji B’haerar? ? That, Why hoey? ? That, Fy hoey? ? That, Fy thy hoey are? ? That, B’scher are? ? That, F’scher are? ? That, D’scher are? ? That, C’schern oue are? ? That, D’schern oue are? ? That, B’schern oue are? ? That, F’schern oue are? ? That, hu ar? ? That, hu ar are? ? That, ka hu ar are? ? Da in dey? ? Da in dey, im are? ? Da in dey, a are? ? Da in cher, Dy sihaer? ? Dahaer, bsyowner are? ? 39

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Da in cher, bsyowner are? ? Da in cher as C’goaten oue, … are? ...? Da in dey, Why as uv haerar are? ? Da in dey, Why as bsau are? ? That, hoerdeath cher? ? ? ? That, huehoe (cher)? ? Dow, a by, Dy in acifen oue? ? That, im are, Englibza cher? ? Da pser is, W’ezherge ara? ? ? Cihate are dapser? ? Cihate dapser am? ? What, the hoer C’gazern hoey? ? … am C’e bsala huen oue pa ara? ...? Cy in W’olawe huen oue? ? Why ky C’der aerpycoefen oue pa ara? ? …, B’lachifen oue pa ara? ...? …, Acklago, Why ky C’der huefen oue pa ara? ...? Da in cher, Why ky the d’ichear are? ? ? ? Im by, a are, per jizher? ? Dapser, paller oue I’hin are? ? Cy ky B’gury wer ara? ? Perge oue, Why ky C’gury wear? ?

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Bsalature Da in cher? ? a by cher - im by cher mo by cher ad cher - mid cher per cher - swib cher eazh cher - cimmague cher

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Dahaer? ? im be dey(ge) - a be dey(ge) mo be dey(ge) gonago oue - jizher oue blaga oue gonago oue eazh am cher - cimmague am cher per am cher - swib am cher seha am - swag am Dow? ? a be hoerder oue , im be hoerder oue , mo be hoerder oue , if oue - ae oue lagher oue - lagsher oue tynsh oue - guigoe oue daher oue - midaher oue hoabge oue - hoam oue goagoer oue - sahoe oue

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Kacige, nacige Passport nahoer If W’ohuce! ! Im are, Ce passport is. . Ce net are, … is. ... - tourism - wahoe - seha wahoe … cher, karale am Cy sihaern oue Ce guiga is. ... - The mahoe-eitwo, three - The dhamahoer - The mather … am, Cy ky as uvehaerar is. ... - Haswasse - Ce aihly Cy ethy gablagar are, … - … am as oleazher ... - … address am cher as obsau Ce haer are, mahoe-… thaler viza is. ... Ce haer are, baswer viza is. ...

Ce viza are, … in oce. Ce … am, cerbie are I’idhear is. - passport - fizz passport

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Fe karale am Cy swerche coddey is. . Im are, Ce passport am ara periohue baian ara is. . Im are, Ce baggage are is. . Im are, seha wahoe thequer is. Im are, wahoe thequer is. . Im are, tourist thequer is. Guip am agocer oue C’oquer. Ky C’gury wer aim. , . Weriwater Cy hoey is. . Guip peasher am, Fy ke djer it. . Ky C’wer oswer. .

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Periohue C’wahoen Ce haer aim. . Im are, Ce seha hapship is. Im are, wybza is. . Im are, wybza aher is. . Im ice, Ce periohue baian are. … C’iche oue … nace C’oquer. ... ... Ce baggage aree, aerih aree herte oue, … im ahue. , ... . Ce baggage am herlle aim, … ... - aersser - afian - aerisch ucer 43

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…, C’aig is. ... - Dollar - Uruss arser Pound the bjeaner, ... oue. …, Ce haer is. ... - The tootn bloc - The arker bassorba - Sana bassorb-eitwo Import licenser i, Ce haer is. That hue ara, C’tyn hoey borshy bswer are? ? Im are, Cy the humer policer is. . Ce gocer oue in oquer, the … ... - geadu - ha C’e zherge huen oue? ? Why bsau! ! Shague am, aeroport am

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Da in dey as C’sterfen oue, baggage guesser? ? That hoerder jgay i C’lhan hoey? ? Da in ner as C’huage huen oue, guesser bswer are? ?

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Ce jagoer is i, the aree ky C’wiswear aim.

...

Da oue, … am Cy in acifen oue. - kala - haswasse Dahaer, autobus uvepper are? Dahaer, taxi sitepper are? ? Da in ner as C’sterfen oue, machiner hahoe? ?

?

autobus am If W’ohuce! ! Th billet, … nace. Dapser, Wher C’tyn hoey?

,

...

taxi am Why nasch? ? … am, Cy sher it. - … oram ... - … haswasse … am cher, garch. - Eazh - Cimmague Ka uvehaer it, im be dey. Dapser, Wher C’tyn hoey? Dapser, C’telle are? Ky ther ty it, seaprer are.

,

...

... ... , ,

45

?

? ,

?


Bank Da in cher sihaer, im by, … are? ...? - bank - arser huage Dollar are, … cher, C’huagen hoey is. ... - crown - shilling - franc - lira - euro Dapser, uleahoer are? ? Arser are, … cher C’ster huen oue. ...? - credit card - goaguaner cheque - satu check Ky ther ty it: billet the bjeaner are hurey oue, adrey aher are – jgay oue. , , , Im by, the taque, hoer came is. Im by, ley is. Ka psytergy it, gy aree, tha. Da be dey, aerper swer C’lhan? Im are, Ce passport is. Im are, Ce plast card is. Arser are, …, C’ty huen oue? - hathor oue

, ? ...?

46


- imhathor oue - credit card cher - cheque cher Uzensher oue!

!

Haswasse am Dhyga (jihaerswer)

(

Peash nasch, Fe haer? The peash sehahoer? ? The peash twoaler? ? The peash C’wahoen oue it. Wanna swerte oue. . Bsypre swerte oue. . Milapper oue. . The jasse cher. . The dhamahoer cher. . That wocer, the peash sehahoer are? ? Hathor oue C’tyn oue is. Etu, Cy hoey is. . Lamp are leazher aim. . Bsypre am dagoer I haer is. Telephone am the guare as schear is. . Cihate 8 am Cy gaush. , Cihate 10 am C’hoer wahoe, taxi. .

47

) ? .

. . , 8 ,

. ,


Nahoer, nacige If W’ohuce! . The peash, peacer oue, kalan C’schear it. . Ce tza are, … ... The peash, … oue, C’stern it. - sehahoer - twoaler - wanna swerte - bsypre swerte - balcon i haer - … tepler i haer ... - etagy seha - etage laswer Im by, … cher, Cy sihaern oue is. - the mahoer - mahoer the bjeaner - dhamahoe-eitwo Peash am swerte, … ? ... ? - zhyhoe - safe - wanna - bsyowner - telephone - televizor - swyhaer - televizor cabler That wocer, the … peash are? 48

...

...

...?


That wocer, the … bageand are? - fatare - owner - mahoer Da in dey, … huen oue? - machiner are C’gauve - arser are C’huage - the machiner hahoe C’ster Haswasse am sihaer, …? - baggage peash - fitness-cabina - bassain - sauna - tennis-court Da in cher sihaer, lift are? A peash am, C’eple huen oue? How, a are, Ce gu I r’ih aim. , Im peash are, Cer thag aim. …, Fe haer oue pa ara? - Nakhiffiwer - Nakh eaniwer - Nakh poodiwer Dergoer is, im peash are, C’oda. . Cihate dapser arar, zhyshher are? …, C’ozherge. ... - In sehaba - Psadegyzh

49

...?

...?

...?

?

? . ...?

.

, ?


Seaprer are, C’hoer gahathory it. . Im by, the … cher, Cy sihaerar is. - mahoe-eithree - dhamahoer Bswer are C’ty huen oue, … cher? - Goaguaner cheque - Credit card Hathor oue, C’ote. C’faffe oue Cy sihaerar is. Why bsau. . Uzensher oue! !

, ... ...? . .

Haswasse dhabzascher Ce baggage are peash am, C’hoer hi it. . Cer, … are, C’higen is. ... - proanter - sumb Ky ther ty it, peash winchibza are. , . Psadegyzh, cihate-eible am, Cy gaush. , . Ky ther ty it, … , , ... - gy aree, the naper-lasch - gy aree, the sehanter - the cerhoeller - the dhyllimper naper 50

,

,


- the post sumb - the aernnarseha lamp - the maceter-widaner - the soabn - the paroma vase - gy aree, the bkaw-eitwo Zhyshher are, peash am, ky C’hoer F’hifen? ? Ce peash am, psihashhe-eitwo, C’hoer wahoe. C’hoey ty it, … am. , - swagswalle are zhisching - goanshadje are hotlerng - costume are kabserng What, a are? ? Ky swiha! ! The minute cher. , Da in cher (sihaer), … are ? ( - salon ( - sehasse ( - bar - restaurant Dahaer, zhachur-ubse abgoa are? Ce peash am lamp are, i cear is. . C’hoe ther huerchy it. , C’hoer huagy it, … are. , - naper-lasch - tepang 51

...

)

. ) ...? ) ? . , ...


Ky C’hoer gaquer it, aerswer are.

,

Ce peash am, … ... - wohe are cottear is - lamp are i cear is - wipruer am guigoe oue they gazer Ce peash winchibza are, ky swer C’near is. . Da be dey as C’schygifen oue, … are? - cihate - zhachur-ubse - lign - bota … , ... - C’hoer wahoy it, taxi are, cihate-… am. ... - Cy gaushy it, psadegyzh, cihate-eight am.

...?

- Ky C’hoey djer it, the guare am, Ce baggage are I r’ihahen oue. , - Ky C’hoer wahoy it, taxi are, k’aquer am. Restaurant am Cy shhern oue Cy hoey is. C’efern oue Cy hoey is. 52

,


Da in dey, Cy as …, huen oue? ...? - edzaker - shadgagoashher - psihashher Cer seha cher, the tzihoe-eithree aernner I’a aig is. The tzihoe-eiblle aernner, Dy hoey is. Cy hoey it, the aernner, … am dey. - bllanaper - sehagobja - swib Goaswerce, ky C’hoer hi it, … ... - the menu - gy aree, the aernner - gy aree, the sicoe - the guahuer - the cyer - the jamishhe - the fuller - the abge - the wiper-lasch - the dza-lasch - the cerhoeller Menu Adegabza cher, Fe haer. That hoerder, Fe aerswaga shhyng are? ? That hoerder … shhynigoer, Fe haer? 53

...

,

,

? ...

?


- labke - prarseha Dahaer, bsyowner are? ? Cuade ara D’ezhyern oue, shhyng pstor am? ? Ky C’hoer hi it, the … , ... - bsymile carafe - cyra bgia tzique - cyra bgiashhoer - tootn sumb - sana abge - bsyfawe - chocolate pstor Coffee are bgia am ite, ha mer, coffeegaver arar? ? Ky C’hoer hi it, coffeegaver are. , . Bsyfawe are - gasinsher oue. . Gy aree, C’wahoen it, … ... Wocer are. , Dzakergoer (ly, bdzazhay) assortie anchovies ly-goar agabague bdzazhay lybger

(

54

,

)

,


lybger hogue … ... - plizh - lach - fitza ha-bdzazhay hogue calama capers nacuille ... - gavear - gagoar crab crevette langost lobster lach … ... - suiga - swyhaergoe - storigoe olive , homar giadeture zheaprer paste … salad ... - prarseha - hawe - cartoffe - ly - tomate 55


- nasser - jaguinda - balyger - cabbask - crevette galantine croey ‌ ... - bidder - saba - swihoe - prasher croey assortie croey laller oyster giadeture giadeture-na-keeje Hantruebse giash hantruebse cartoffe hantruebse giade khancale bgin hantruebse lyabse prarseha hantruebse bdzazhay hantruebse male lyabse soup-khancale spinach khancale 56


tomate hantruebse giarsh hantruebse giarsh khancale Ly, ly shhynigoer

,

bgagu bistey bilimile (malile, croale) ‌ - gazhear - gavear - gagoar bgagule bgagu ‌ boulette ... - malile - bilimile - croale dhamswigo croa shire zhazhey croa dzajer ly-zheaprer salcha croale bswatear croale gazhear gu jaroumer tanale

(

57

,

) ...


shashlik schnitzel bzague gavear Giadekazz, giadekazz shhynigoer kazz guaguish giade giade ‌ ... - bga-lyguba - damer - lacoer babysse giadezhay Psharih dhaquimachyh croapasser, croanizh shiler-giade nibroer maze giade pheasant Hyper erisky, bdzazhay hogue calama

58

,


plaice karaush carp hamcer eperlan crab crevette langost blei/pagel lobster lach caballa/scomber lamprey perch homar maron maron vagoaller halibut sazan spira herring salm tima zander morue tuna anguila oyster forelle 59


spira ha-bdzazhay Gash shhyng yoghurt, shhoy aerffe shhoy margarine truetziner sha ‌ ... - wive - paswer - -bse shata shatabse croey laller Prarseha albahach aubergine giansh giarsh giash agabague hawe giash tziner calaba ... 60


- cabbask hoezh - broccoli - Brussel cabbask - China cabbask - kohlrabi - cabbask plizh - Savoy cabbask - cabbask coloan cartoffe nartehoe bgin ‌ ... - tziner - kalere - sweriquer marjoran pry shibjie badrajan tomate balyger sweriquer jaguinda swy gunnihoe nibgoer zhao giade-gun cab kantruirey , gunnihoe shy-duo

(

–

61

)


bginnihoe giadze sha-gafawe Da, maraqua, prarseha-myseha hoarager ananas tamy kharbiz josm balie granate grapefruit da tzique crozh khavan kiwi swy maraqua lemon mamcotte mandarine/tangerine swyptzer swy-da nectarine shoftale kiptzer sana ‌ ... - plizh - fitza 62

,

,


bjanibger shajer dazhay-aericer balie-aericer my-aericer Ther ferng feader aperitife brandy vermouth sana ‌ ... - hoezh - dessert - plizh - bidder - aerffiptze - gossaptze - aerffe - gosser shagre whisky ‌ ... - nace - mile - soda arker swerjebse guaswer gin (tonic) (

) 63


campari cognac liqueur Madeira Martini … - hoezh - rosafur - plizh cyra … ... - hoezh - fitza - guaswer port … - hoezh - plizh rum cider tequila sherry champagne … - brut - aerffiptze - gossaptze - aerffe - gosser

...

...

...

bsyhaer bsyfawe 64


sodabse gasibse milebse coca-cola bsy-aerffe/lemonade prarsehabse maraquabse bsyver ... fosugoensher coffee cappuccino Turk coffee coffee jabzer shabse coffee fosugoe coffee shatabse coffee coffee fitza cocoa ... fosugoensher tea tea udzefur lemon tea tea kara fosugoe tea

65


tea fitza chocolate Dessert, confette, aerffeture sponge jam jelly cake compote ‌ aerffiture - caramel - chocolate cream marmalade fo wimile mousse halo haloer pudding chocolate

,

...

Shhyng tzariwer, shibse cabbask zheaprer cartoffe ‌ - zheaprer - gazhear

...

66

,


- gavear - hajear cartoffe ubear macaron pancake giadeture zheaprer pizza pilaw ragout spaghetti giadeture-na-keeje giadeture … ... - vear - ivechear - zhear Dawoer ,

Ky Der ty it, nagoasch aernner.

, .

Im arar aim, C’wahoar are. … C’wahoar is. ... Im are, Ce gu I r’ih aim. Nagoasch, C’wahoe huen oue? ? Nagoasch shibse, Cy hoey is. ? Ly are, … ... - prasherwer is 67


- zherpear aim - zherwear is - suigawer is - liptzer is - tziner is Im are, … is. ... - guaswerwer - aerffiwer - suigawer Shhyng are swyhaer is. Goaswerce, ky C’hoey djer it, apeajer am. , Thequer, goaguaner Aerilane cher

,

That mahoer am teche ara aerilane are, … nace? ...? Da pser is k’ace ara, aerilane are …? ...? That I chyhag, latehing am? ? Da pser is wiche ara, … liquer goaguaner are? ...? Noba sihaer the goaguaner, … nace? The … billet, … nace, Cy ubiden oue Cy hoey is. ... ... - business-class - sehace class 68

...?


- tourist class Ky ther ty it, billet-eitwo, … goaguaner am. , , ... That wocer, the billet … are? ...? - nicoer - bso Ka C’serhoe huen oue, the billet bidder? ? That wocer, the ealace-… cerbie billet are. ... ? Ce baggage are C’humer huen oue? ? Da it her ner aeroport am teche ara, Ce aerilane are? ? Da pser is teche ara, … goaguaner are? ...? Da in cher sihaer, … khare are? ...? - nacige - kacige Im sumb are, ky the der C’stern oue Cy hoey is. . Im sign aher are, baggage am i C’ote. That huy ara Ce baggage ley are? Dapser I’e C’tyn hoey are, baggage ley am? ? Da be dey, borsh-nasch (duty-free) tiquan are? duty-free? Da be dey as r’agaticeha ara, … goaguaner am? ...? 69

.

?


Ky C’der aerpycoy it, … . , , ... - bghyribhe are swer C’bhern oue - ticepper are C’gasweyin oue Da in cher sihaer, bsyowner are? ? Ky C’wiswear aim. Radio am cher B’wahoe huen oue, khare am Cy as I’ezher oue? , ? Ce owner tza are, … is. ... Ce proanter are C’goatige aim. . Da pser is C’wahoe huen oue, baggage quadeture are? ? Da in cher sihaer, aeroport police are? ? Im ice, Ce quadeture sehaucigoer are. . Ce baggage are humear it. . … haswasse am Cy as uvehaern Ce guiga is. ... Da in dey, aeroport changeasser are? ? Aeroport am as C’sterfen oue, machiner hahoe? ? Da in dey as C’serhoefen oue, kala naper? ? Dahaer, kalaquer autobus are? , ?

70


Mafague cher Der in cher sihaer, kala sehawe cassa are? ? Billet-eitwo Cy hoey is: … nace, … mahoer oue, ... am. .... ... .... - express mafague - passenger mafague - toutnafer wagon - toutnmifer wagon That wocer, the … billet are? ... - goallepper - passenger The billet … Cy hoey is. ... - nicoer - bso That wocer, the ealace-… cerbie billet are? ... ? Dapser cher quer ara mafague are, … nace? ...? Da in cher falle mafague dhyga are? ? Da pser is, as I’ezher are, … mafague are? ...? Da pser is, ky as I’ezher are, … mafague are? ...? That hoerder shague am Cy as techifen oue, … nace? ...?

71


Dow, Cy in acifen oue, … shague am? ? Da be dey, … are? ...? - changeasse bureau - nacige khare « » - kacige khare « » - ther wiswer peash - baggage office - buffet - bsyowner - quade-lihue office That hoerder goaguaner am k’ace ara, … mafague are? ...? That hoerder platforma am teche ara, … mafague are? ...? That hoerder goaguaner am teche ara, … mafague are? ...? Ticehagoer are k’a wahoear cher? Ce ticehan oue cher? ? Im ice, Ce billet are. . Der be dey, … are? ...? - baggage wagon - wagon-restaurant Ky C’hoer gagoe, im are, Ce pa is. , Im pa are, ubiddear is. . Ther D’huage huen oue pa ara, De pa are? ? Wihe (Hoersch), sehagobja are. ( ) , . 72

...

?

.


,

B’dan oue pa ara, sehagobja are wy C’hy am? ( ) ? Mafague are, im shague am, minute dapser cher site? ? Dahaer, fubge gorthe are? ? Da in dey as C’stergifen oue, baggage are? ? Ce proanter are, C’fa quadear is. Mafague am, Cy ky pyhoar is. Croh cher Da pser is wiche ara, croh are? Da in dey as C’serhoefen oue, the croh billet? ? That wocer, the billet are, … nace? Ky ther ty it, billet-eitwo, … class oue. , ... - aper - twoaner - thraner Cuade ara ercin oue? ? Da it her ner bkaw am wiche ara, croh are? C ? That hoerdeathe cher Dy siten oue, … dey? ...? Da pser is, Dy as in ace are, …? Da pser is, ticehagoer are? ? Da in cher, … kajuit are? ...? 73

...? ...?

...?


Da in cher machiner i happer are, ondagoe lague am? ? Da in cher, … are? ...? - lift - they quapper - café - bar - restaurant - bassain - Digale Cy seha jagoer is. . Cy swey ubsecher. . Doctor am ky C’hoey djer it. , , Sitepper blaga am wifur am C’iche huen oue? ?

.

Autobus cher Da in cher sihaer, shague are? ? Da in cher sihaer, billet cassa are? ? Billet-eitwo, … autobus am, … mahoer oue, cihate-… wiche oue. , ... ... , ... ... The billet, goaguaner blaga oue, Cy hoey is: … nace. ... Dapser, C’tyn are? ? Why bsau.

74


Da bkaw am as wiche are, Ce autobus are? ? Ky C’der aerpycoy it, sign are baggage am i C’lhan oue. , That videofilm, goaguaner am D’agalagoen are? ? Autobus am, … are, as C’wahoe huen oue? ? - zhyshher - psihashher

...

Machiner Benzinehuer am Dahaer, im by, benzinehuer are? ? Ky ther ty it, litr twoasch, … oue. ... - super « » - diesel gacing Ky ther ty it, the … wocer benzine. ... I gahuer it, canister am. Dahaer, bsyowner are? The Aerscher Cuasch am …?

...? - Im goaner are B’gabidergifen

75

,

,

, , ?

, ,

.


- Im trypper are te B’tzalergifen - Ce machiner are B’dhaschigifen Machiner goague am … cher, machiner hahoe C’stern oue Cy hoey is. ... - The mahoe-eithree - The dhamahoer That I wocer machiner hahoe are, the bageand mahoer cher? ? Humaquer are herte oue? ? The machiner hahoe, sweriquer gocer oue Cy hoey is. . Im ice, Ce … are. ... - licencer - passport Da in dey as C’serhoefen oue, goaguaner naper? ? Dow Cy in acifen oue, …? , ...? Dahaer, im by, goague sehaper are? ? Dow Cy tehan, goaguelay am? ? That hoerdeathe ara quern hoey, … nace? ...? Im be dey, Cy as uve huen oue? , ? Dahaer, uvebswer automate are? ? 76


That wocer, cihate sitebswer are? Dahaer, im by, … are. ... - bswernsher uvepper - lague uvepper Im be dey, … is. ... - ejerchipper - the gazeapper - dague Dahaer, im by, telephone are? Fe telephone am cher C’ibsalich huen oue pa ara. ? Ky C’hoey djer it, police am. , Im are, Ce tza is, Ce address is. B’lachin oue pa ara, Ce syhat Why huen oue? ? Weriwater Cy hoey is. Ce machiner am the guare cottear is. . Aerswer are ky C’hoer B’gaquerfen haer? ? That zaman I’hin? ? Evacuator Cy hoey is. Ce machiner are B’lafifen oue? ? Im ice, Ce cabser is. . Machiner am the guare as ocice. Ce guiga am cher, … are tamame aim. , . - accumulate 77

?

?

. ...


- generator - mafa - ozdiga - sharg aher - labse - motor - lahoe pedal - lakh pedal - gorthe pedal - shicoe - aerbger - starter - bhyr - peabke gorthe - chubke gorthe Motor are ther swerner aim. Radiator am k’oje. . Shicoe are swey ubsecher. . Da pser is, ka B’goatefen cottear are? ? That zaman I hin, schyge am? ? B’hoer schygen oue? ? Aerbselabse, We haer? ? Dapser, I wocern are? ? The guare C’hoey scher, Cy in I’gacigifen oue, … , ... Hathor? ? Ce machiner am Why ke woar is! 78

.

!


B’lagoe ara, … - ... - I damer (nabke, bja, baggage) cuemb are ( , , ) - phare are cottear is Dy ke gadjer police am. . Ce machiner are humear is. . Im ice, Ce policer are. . Aerscher Cuasch am Dy swer han is i, schygebswer are hoer D’gauven is. . Schygebswer are Franchise cher nakh mascher am, hathor oue Wher C’tyn is. , . Goague Mahoer! ! Kala am … am C’o lihuer. … - Ce Haswasse - Tourist office - Telephone - Apotheca - Bazarsehaper - Post - Bank Dahaer, im by, police are? ? Dahaer, im by, … are. - metro

79


- autobus macaner - benzinehuer Arser huage am Da in dey, im by, huagepper yer bank are? ? Im goaguaner cheque are B’hoer huagen oue? ? That wocer, course are? Dollar are euro cher C’huagen hoey is. Dapser ky the I tyn oue dollar ei100 am? 100 ? Arser jgay, nakh Cy hoey is.

?

.

Shague am …, Cy in acen hoey is. … That wocer the billet are, … nace? The billet nicoer, Anzourey nace Cy hoey is. . The billet bso, Anzourey nace Cy hoey is. . The Dha Mahoer billet, Cy hoey is. . Im mafague are, … quer ara? , Im pa are, nasch? ? Mafague are, ky charihoe ara? ?

80

…?

…?


Telegraph, post office

,

Dahaer, im by, post are? Da pser is, post are as leazher are? The … are, Cy utipsen hoey is. - aeridhe - frser - post-sumb Ky ther ty it, … , ... - naggisse-eitwo - the post dhyllimper - sobre-eithree - the huahue cuathor C’hoer dhy it, address are. , Da it her ner wipper arar, … are as I’e C’tyn are? ...? - mobilebswer - uvebswer Da in cher sihaer, im by, post proanter are? ? Telegram, Cy utipsen hoey is. Ky ther ty it, telegraph seaprer. ,

? ...

.

, ?

Dapser, I bswer are? Telephone ?

Dahaer, telephone are?

81

?


Telephone cher, Cy bsalan hoey is. Da be dey as C’serhoefen oue, telephone card? ? Da in dey, Ce bsalich huen oue? We telephone are, C’gacerbape huen oue? ? Why bsau. Dapser, We telephone are? Dhy, Ce telephone are. Mobile card, 50 cher, C’serhoen oue Cy hoey is. Dow huen oue? Hullo! ! In twer! ! If ohuce! ! Cy in W’odawer! ! C’ebsala huen oue, …? Mahoer, if oue! ! …, ky C’hoey djer it. , Are, da pser is sihaern oue, … am? - I pa - owner What, Cy ther bsala are? , C’hoe jehaerge, ka … , - bsalar are, … is ... - bsalagen oue Ce telephone are, … is. 82

?

? 50 ...

?

...? , ... (

)

, ...

...? ? ...


The minute cher! ! Ky ther zhyer it, kamzey are ka C’sterhoe. , Minute-eibsche cher, in a C’schygen is. Uzensher oue! If cher!

,

! !

The plihaquer … cher bsalafe weriwater, Fe haer. - Adighabza - Urussibza - Allemanibza - Faranchibza Da in cher sihaer, …? ...? Ky C’jehaer it: der in cher sihaer, … are? ...? - … oram ... - … utecue ... - theatre What, im cerhe are hoer agauvear? ? What, bzabse are? ? Im are, that bsawoller? ? Im by per jizher, kala cuasch are? ? A are, … is. ... - per gonago 83

,

...

,


- per jizher - koaper eazh am cher - oram chubke cimmague am cher - per mijizher - per jizherwer - per blaga Aey our Cy hoey it, bsyhuer tram cher ka C’jehin oue. Da in cher sihaer, cassa are? ? Da pser is wircech ara, … are? - coh-plih - croh That huehoe cher, ercen oue? ? Da in cher sihaer, bkaw are? ? Perge oue Cy quer ara, … am cher. ...? - theatre - musey - Wassepark (Zoopark) Da in dey, im by, … are? , - post - restaurant - bsyowner Cy hyamer is i, kala are C’tzihoe aim. . Why ky C’der aerpycoefen, … are ka C’goaten oue? ...? 84

...?

,

...?


Ce guip am, Cy chary hoar is. Cy goassear is. . Ky C’der aerpycoy it. , Cy galagoy it, kala naper am cher, Cy the der sihaer swypper are. , , , Im by, kala cuasch are per jizher? ? Da in cher sihaer, kala hablazh are? ? Dahaer, im by, … are? ...? - autobus macaner - tram macaner - cirb shague - taxi macaner Ky C’jehaer it: dow Cy in acifen oue … haswasse am? , ,

...?

Kala transport Ky C’jehaer it: that hoerder … cher Cy in acifen oue, kala cuasch am? , , ... ? - autobus - tram Dahaer, im by, … macaner are? ...? - autobus - tram

85


Macaner dapser cher Cy quern hoey, … am nace? ...? - theatre - musey - Wassepark (Zoopark) - kala cuasch - cathedral Im autobus are, … nace quer ara? , ...? Im … am, that thery edjer are? ...? - macaner - cirb shague Da be dey, cirb shague are? ? Da be dey as C’serhoefen, cirb naper? ? Dow Cy in acen oue, … am? ...? C’serhoe huen oue, the … paller billet? ...? - mahoer - mahoe-eithree - dhamahoer - dhamahoe-eitwo - mather Da in cher quer ara, im … are? ...? - autobus - tram Ky ther ty it, the billet. , ,

86

.


That paller cher bswer I haer, Ce billet am? ? y bler gachy it. . Im pa are, nasch? ? Ky C’jehaer it: da pser is huen oue, … macaner are? , , ...? Dahaer, macaner swio are? ? Dahaer, taxi sitepper are? ? Da it her ner telephone am cherC’edjerfen oue, taxi am? ( ) ? Taxi! ! Why nasch? ? ? Kala cuasch am cher, C’equerchin oue Cy hoey is. . Cy sher it, … am. , ... - shague - aeroport - stadion That hoerdeathe ara Dy quern oue, … nace? ...? Huen oue am, nakh hoabge oue: Cy ky chary ohoe. , . Im be dey, as uvehaer it. . The terlai cher ky ther zhyer it: ka C’gazergen is. , , . In ezher, ad cher. . Dapser, C’telle are? ? Mer it. , . Jgay am, Cy hoey aim. . 87

,


,

C’hoer dhy it, seaprer. .

,

Quade-lihue office Da in cher sihaer, quade-lihue office are? ? Da it her ner telephone am cher C’schyfen oue, quade-lihue office am? ? Ce sign are, … am, ky i C’near is. ... - autobus - trolleybus - tram - taxi - mafague - aerilane … are, C’fa quadear is. ... - Bourser - Document aerller - Aermper - Suratetehe - Proanter - Attaché case - Aba Ce aermper am … illear is. ... Ce proanter am … derllear is. ... Ce bourser am … derllear is. ... Bourser (proanter) are, … it. ( ) ... 88


- goabjer - fitza - plizh - udzefur Da be as goer Cy in a bsala huen oue, gy aree? ? Sign are ka C’goatige am, im phone am cher ka bsala, … , , ,

...

The gabcahoeng Theatre am Theatre am Cy quern it. That spectacle noba sihaer are, … theatre am? ... ? … billet, sihaer? ...? - Nobarey - Psadedayrey - Sabbath That wocer, the billet are, …? That as goer thy I ubler ara, spectacle am? ? That as goer thy I uhe ara spectacle am? ? Ky ther ty it, parterre billet-eitwo, … mahoer oue. , ... Da in cher, as C’serhoefen oue programme? ? Da in cher Cy querfen oue, … am? ...? 89

...?

,


- palco - balcon Da in ner ky i C’hyn oue, naripler hahoe? ? De pa are Cy galagoy it. , Dapser cher site, antracte are? Dahaer, im by, bsyowner, tootn peash are? ? Spectacle are (aey oue), Ce gu I r’ihar is.

,

? (

)

Spectacle are (the chee) Ce gu I r’ihar aim. ) … role oue gerguar are Ce gu I r’ihar is. ... What, a artist (gio) am I tza are. ) ...? Cino am Cino am, Cy quern oue Cy hoey is. Dahaer, im by, cino are? That, noba sihaer are? ? What, cino are they are? ? What, director are? ? What, sehaper role are? Da in dey as C’serhoefen billet, … am? ...? - sihaer séance - psih séance 90

?

?


… séance am billet-eitwo Cy hoey is. ... Mijizher oue, pa cuirite aher are. , . Da pser is, thy I ubler ara séance am? Dahaer, bsyowner are? Cy bler gachy it. , Why bsau. . Cinouffe is. . Gerguetureffe is. Cino saba is. .

, ?

? . .

Concert am C’e dawern oue Cy hoey it, … concert. ... - symphone - camera - organ - weriwater - jazz - pop Da in cher sihaer, … are? - concert peash - concervator That wocer, the billet are? What, noba diriger are? Concert are (aey oue) Ce gu I r’ihar is. . 91

...? ?

? (

)


Musey, Surate Galler am

,

Bgiga are, C’ogaswagoer. Dhyder Musey am, Cy swihan it. . Dow Cy in acen oue, … am? ...? - Barasture - Surate Galler - Bsago Art Musey … Barasture are ka C’plehin oue Cy hoey is. ... Cihate dapser am … ara, musey are? - wer ahe - hoer aschige That wocer, the billet are? … weriwater, Cy hoey is. ... - Adighabza - Urussibza - Englibza Da in cher as ther herte, … aerisch ucer are? ...? C’ogaswagoer, … are. ... - bgiga - bzabse - graphica - Pacerey Art - Renaissance Art - Gothe Art - impressionism 92

.

...

? ?

.


- Bsago Art - Guiga Art That wocer, … are? ...? - dhyllwater - Barasture dhyga - im surate seaprer Adighabza …, Fe haer? …? - dhyllwater - dhyga Surate, te C’he huen oue? ? Im peash am, camera cher, as te C’he huen oue? ? Adighabza excoursisher, Fe haer? ? Bassain, bsypark am

,

,

Da in cher sihaer, bassain are? ? A are, bassain bgan? ? Ga Mahoer am, bassain bgan am, Cy as ercen oue C’faffe is. . That wocer, the … billet are? ...? - baleeg - cerbie That huehoe, im by, Cy sihaerfen oue? ? Dahaer, badoler swyhapper are? ? That hoerder jgay, proanter bza am, i C’lhan? ? 93


Dahaer, bsyowner are? ? Dahaer, bsypry bja are? , ? Bsypre nauzh am, sauna am thy as C’gaplin oue Cy hoey is. That oue if oue thy D’gaplear! x ! Eagy, bsypre am, eatwaner, arguare oue D’ercin is. . That oue bsyffe! ! Im bassain are, Ce gu I r’oh. . Ercing cher Cy r’icoar is: Fy in aquer bar am, the wimile D’shhyn is. , , . Da in cher sihaer, bsypark are? ? That wocer, the billet are? ? That hue ara, the séance are? ? Dahaer, badoler are, bsypre cabina are? ? Turk hamam am thy as C’gaplin oue Cy hoey is. . Eatwaner, Roman am i, sauna am i. , . Im wannabse are swyhaermile is: a are, hamam nauzh am - if is! , ! In aquer, wanna-shitter am Dy herllen is. The séance are cihate-eithree cher I’oquerch: Cy ka majatlear cher is. , . In aquer bar am, D’edzakern is. Mahoer, if oue! !

94


K’aster it: the nacueller, cartoffe nasch-eitwo, cyra-eitwo. , . I’a bswer are, séance nauzh am, jihaerswer am dey, Ce peash aerhue am her bjer. . Why bsau. . Swahe oue, bsy am! ! Swib am, Cy as ercen oue Cy hoey is. . Im are, aey our bsyswer wore, lasse is: Why pe mircer. , , . That oue daher: palma, liana, stor chyga aher are! – , , ! Ce sehats are, fan cher, C’gagossen oue Cy hoey is. . That wocer, the fan cerbapegoer are? ? The uzhiture That cher thy der B’hahe ara? Dow e B’hache ara, We hoeetigoer are? ? … oue, C’faffe is. ... - Ka C’quehin - Laderjer cher, C’ejerhen - Larijer cher, ka C’jyhin

95

e ?


- C’ercen …, ther hoe C’ohace. ... - Post naggisser - Abacy - Budge - Post cuathor - Poster … cher, thy ty C’o gawoe. ... - Bsago musica - Suratefurser - Naritehe - Bdzazhayaser … oue, C’faffe is. ... - Guitar, C’ewoern - Tennis, Cy gerguen - Golf, C’ewoern - Billard, C’ewoern De haswasse am, …, sihaer? - bassain - billard Im by, golf hanshak hahoe as C’sterfen oue? ? Psih am, discothequer, Why querfen oue is.

...?

Kafan, B’faffe? ? Jasse Club am Dy F’gaquer i, nakhiffe is: gergue D’eplen is. , Ce guaper oue, kala am, lacoerigajer cher ky as C’jyhin it.

96


Da in dey as C’sterfen oue, lacoerigajer hahoe? ? That wocer, lacoerigajer hahoe are, the mahoe-eidhoe cher? ? The cyra bgia, bar gonago am, W’efern oue Why hoey haer. ? Da in cher sihaer, casino blaga are? ? Bsyhuer wifur am, ky as C’quehin oue, C’faffe is. Tiquan, serhoeng

, ...?

Da in cher sihaer, De … are? - Satu Cuasch - Bazarsehaper - bazar Bazarsehaper, Satu Cuasch am

,

Serhoeng guare aher are, C’schyn hoey is. Wybza, ka C’serhoen hoey is. Dow leazher ara, tiquan are, im … am? ...? - dhamahoer - dhamahoerper …, ka C’serhoen hoey is. …, Cy hoey is. ... 97

...


Da in dey, …, as C’serhoefen oue? That wocer, im are? ? Da it her ner seapper arar, … as aser are? ...? Ky ther ty it, … , , ... …, Fe haer? ...? …, huen oue? ...? - C’eple - Ther C’gapser Da in cher sihaer, … are? ...? - pseapper - lift - escalator C’hoer fing, Cy galagoe it, … are. , ... Im are, C’hoer … is. ... - ean - tzique - bihue - zave - chyh - chasch - if Im fur are, Cer que aim. Cer aree, a by Cy hoey it, a oue, nagoaschy fur oue. , . A are, C’stern oue is. . Dapser, I bswer are? ?

98

...?


Im … are, ther C’gapsern oue Cy hoey it. ... - lign - lay - bota Nagoaschy fur, Cy hoey is. . Nagoasch seaprer, Fe haer? ? Da it her ner dihoe arar, nakh C’hoer B’gafurser are? ? … dihoe are, Ce gu I r’oh. ... Dahaer, im dihoe tester are? ? Ky her D’gahy it, dihoe am hoer furser deodorant. . Ky ther changeassy it: that hoerder poudra nakh Cer que are? , . Im pomade aree, … is. ... - tzuuwer - finchewer - cirihoewer Dahaer, … poudrabse tester are? ...? Im sehats lac are, bidder? ? Manicure lernister ara, yee tzique ara, Cy hoey is. . Why bsau, arar is. , . Mo suratetehe are, Cy galagoy it. . I leazherture am, C’eple huen oue? , ? 99


The suratetehe ara, thery miswa suratenapper oue sumb-eitwo ara, C’stern is. . Ky ther ty it, videocassette sumb-eitwo, … oue. , , ... - minute 120 120 - minute 180 180 - minute 240 240 Im videomagnitophone am hoabge-eitwo I haer? ? Im mack-cuasch are thery leazher am, C’e dawern oue Cy hoey is. . Serhoebswer are, … cher, C’tyfen oue? ...? - goaguaner cheque - credit card Dahaer, Fe, Adigha dhyll seapper are? ? Art dhyll is, nakh C’gaswagoer are. . That hoerder Adigha journale, gazette F’ser ara? ? Ky ther ty it, the … , , ... - kala seaprer - post cuathor-itwo - journale Dapser, bso am i? ? Dahaer, … seapper are? ...? - aerswer dhyll 100


- aerther dhyll - bsaller dhyll - buquinist dhyll C’serhoen oue Cy hoey it, Adigha detective. ? C’serhoen oue C hoey is, … ... - cigar - menthol cigar - cirb tootn Ky ther ty it, the … ... - nafa - cigarette bloc - cigarette sumb The paroma aeramer Cy hoey is: … am seha cher. ... - nibgiswa Guassa Ke shihachy it, bsyhaer guare pygajepper am, psih huehoe imuhoalern oue. , , , . The wybza ky her C’hyn oue ky C’der aerpycoy it, … seha cher. ... - tzihoebze - psassa - tzihoehue - cerbie That, C’hoer B’gafurserfen? ? The wybza milapperwer, Cy hoey is. . 101


That, gy aree, ky C’hoer B’wahoefen? ? Why bsau, im dhago are, Ce gu I r’oh. , . C’hoer schy it, Barasture sumb. , . Dapser, bso am i, ther uwe oue? ? A sum am, her C’wahoer huen oue, borsh nasch (tax free) are? tax free ? Fe tiquan am as wahoe ara, borsh nasch (tax free) are? tax free? Fe tiquan am as, dhabzascher office am awahoe oue ji B’haerar is, borsh nasch (tax free) are. , tax free . Da in cher sihaer, a are? ? Borsh nasch (tax free) C’wahoen am the sum hoer came? tax free ? Atwer, im dihoe aree her C’serhoern is. . Cuade, eagy? ? Im are: Ce passport is, cheque is, serhoeng is. , . C’hoer wahoy it, borsh nasch (tax free) are. , , tax free. Sign C’serhoear are, … huen oue pa ara. ... ? - C’tyge - C’huage That paller cher? ? 102


...

That as goer the ubler ara, … Serge am. ? - Ga Mahoer - Season - Huroma That wocer cher, Serge am the r’ihahe ara? ?

C’ogaswagoer, … are. ... …, apper oue, Cy hoey is. ... - Vaca - Chagua - Tzihoehue giana That I bswer, … aerpper am, … bjega oue? ... ... ? A are, Ce dey cher, lapperwer is. That hoerdeathe cher wocer are taie am elitear? ? Aerpper oue as aserhoe cher, wocer am der F’tchyhe ara? ? That hoerdeathe cher der F’tchyhe ara? ? Hapship are, hathor cher C’serhoefen oue? ? Credit, aery F’lha ara? Da pser is, hapship are ky C’aerihan? ? Fe siteture are, C’o thag.

103

.

? .


Fe sherng paller are, Cer thag aim. . … are, Cer thag aim. - Wocer - Bswer tyture

...

Erisky seapper am C’hoer shatchy it, … , - ly-goar gramm seitwo - the giade gazhear - Adigha salad kilonicoer - croale bswertear-eitwo Dahaer, Fe … are? ...? - prarseha pizza - coffee jabzer caffeinensher

... «

»

…, Cy hoey is. ... - Crevette kabzer oue, kilonicoer - The bdzazhay, imean didder oue Bdzazhay are ther aihe, usue i, vacuum cher C’hoe ther quatzy lhage. , , . Da arar, ketchup … are? ...? - nakh cire - cirefur

104


,

Ky ther ty it, josm aeramershhoe-itwo. . Im croey are, cire? ? Ky ther ty it, the croey kilonicoer, micire oue. , Da in cher telle, swacroer prasher are? ? Surate schyge am

, ,

,

Surate napper are C’gauzh oue, surate aher are C’schygen hoey is. . Da pser is, surate aher are hathor huen oue? ? That wocer, ther per 12x9 surate are? 9 12? I bswer are C’othag, a oue, Cy hoey it, bsynserwer oue ky C’aerihan oue. , . Psadegyzh, furmper aher are, B’schyge huen oue? ? In twer, thrasch ara hy aree. , . Why bsau. . Dapser, C’telle are? ? K’aster it, the dhygoer kalan, formatishhoer oue. , , ... Im aher are, ka C’stern is. .

105


The goae bloc ara, the furmper 200 photoalbum ara, Fe dey as C’serhoen oue Cy hoey is. 200 . Dapser, bso m i? ? Why bsau. . Police am If W’ohuce. . Ky C’der aerpycoy it: Ce … I’a digoear is. , ... - passport are - document are - haviar billet are - arser bso aree - machiner are Taxi (Bus) am, … are, ki C’near is. ) ... - aermper - proanter - attaché case The swypper, … are, as C’fa quadear is. - bourser - aerller A by, …, derllear is. ... - arser - billet - seaprer

106

,

(

...


Ky C’te woer aree, aermper are, C’aer swer atrear is. . … am, Cy chary hoear is. ... - Mafague - Autobus - Croh A by, Ce sign, arser, document are, ki near is. . The gurisroer i, gu li C’tear aim. . Ce ufarazeh oue, the guare sitear is. . Aby, I tepler cher, … ... Im by, Cy as wahoe thequer is. . Tourist oue, Cy ka quear is. Hyabzansher oue, C’a ubiddear is. The hielag i, they C’har aim. . The guare am Cy her agagoassear is. Weriwater are, ke blaga huen oue? ? Bso aree, F’gury C’gawern is. . …, Cy k’ichear is. ... Ke F’gablaga it, … jihaerswer are. , ... - ambassy - consulate

107

,

. . .

,


Aerthergoer Doctor am dey ... - Cy uzensher aim - Cy cimmager is - Cimmager, Cy huar is - Cimmager, C’ohue - Cy sehajagoer is …, Cy hoey is. ... - Doctor - Therapeut - Surgeon am bsynser oue - Dzawitch ( ) Doctor sihaer, haswasse am? Dahaer, im by, … are? ...? - policlinic - cimmagersse Ky C’hoey F’djer it, doctor. , Da it her ner telephone am cher, … am? ...? - Cy ke djerfen oue, owner doctor - the hey C’gadherfen, doctor - Cy ke djerfen, ambulance « Ky C’hoer F’gaquer it, … , - owner am, doctor - ambulance » Cy her F’dher it, doctor am dey. . …

108

?

,

, ...

.

»

,


Cihate dapser am ka quern oue, doctor are? ? Aerther policer Ce haer is. Dzawitch am dey Ky ther B’changeassifen, dzawitchiffe? ? Ce dza … ... - are, im a uze - sehale are, baghear is - are, shin is - am, plomb are k’ihoear is - are, goaner is - are, guer schychear is - am, tange are cottear is - am, shin I r’ischear is - sehale are, liche is Ce dza ... are, im a uze. ... - eazh - cimmague - swag - seha - pea That as goer Cy ka quern, gy aree? That as goer Cy ka quern, liquer oue? ?

109

?


Apetheca am Ky C’jehaer it: da be dey, apetheca are? , ? Im hyabza am cher, Fe dey, huisroa C’aerihafen oue? ? Swahe, hathor huen oue? ? That as goer, hathor huen oue? ? …, Fe haer? ...? Ky ther ty it, the … , ... - multi-vitamin - multimineral - laxative - uze-thaga - oadisch Ky ther ty it, the … huisroa guare. , ... - bsetcher - piswa-uze - seha-uze - niba-uze Dow, im huisroa are, ther C’hatlern oue? ? Shher aper am? ? Shher uzh am? ? Dapser ara, mahoer am? ? … dapser? ...? - Tablet 110

,

,

-


- Tquabse Belgily, dhyga jihaerscher, Jhr. a , . Ceack! ! ! Ceack! Auto! … ! dhabzascher bureau, DB Nahaer! ! Happer, Ha happer aim happer nasch proanter tyge proanter paller « chypper, Ch chypper aim chypper nasch W – Psassa peash – wischear is ther Wiswer Peash, ther WiP ther Herce Peash, ther HeP bidder is chypper ley Tzihoega, T cassa the Humer Bureau, the HB chubke uvepper, Ch.-U The gabsech are, zaran is! (The W’migabsech!) !( !) 111

»


Whey mifer! (Mifer!) !( !) eferng, ef S – Sower peash – Sower, S Psassa, P macaner, M Shinagoer! Ceack! Lear is! , Ceack! Ha sehariwer! wihear is nawer mo by cher, mob im by cher, mib police, P nacige kacige baggage aerihe thy the swer bher nacepper, N queapper, Q Nacepper aim!, N-aim Queapper aim!, Q-aim Serge Site! !, ! Miwicer! !( changeasse bureau, ChB sitepper, St sitepper aim, St-aim

!(

!

!)

! ,

!

!

! !)

112


surate mihe Seha mylcue, sm Seha niger, sn zaran is, Z-is bsyowner arser huage, AH bswernsher oue nasch is bidder is miwicer seha owner, so kalazh, kzh bazar, bzr cassaner, csn utecue, ut oram, or Hallag, chyhag, psyaller

,

Tquatquer psyaller millilitre litre hectolitre pint gallon barrel the pint 1 the gallon 1

= 0,47 yer = 0,568 = 3,785 yer = 4,545

113


the daga barrel 1 = 1145,6

= 158,9 Hallag

milligramme gramme kilogramme centner ton the ounce 1 the pound 1

= 28,35 = 454 Chyhag

millimetre centimetre decimetre metre kilometre the inch 1 = 2,54 the foot 1 = 30,48 the yard 1 = 91,44 the mile 1 = 1,609 the Hy mile 1

= 1,852

114

yer

the cay 1


The Adigha Shitle Hyacer, The ASH «Majucie»

115


116


Adigha-Uruss bsalago