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A Hatton-Brown Publication

Co-Publisher: David H. Ramsey Co-Publisher: David (DK) Knight Chief Operating Officer: Dianne C. Sullivan Publishing Office Street Address: 225 Hanrick Street Montgomery, AL 36104-3317 Mailing Address: P.O. Box 2268 Montgomery, AL 36102-2268 Telephone: 334.834.1170 FAX: 334.834.4525

Volume 38 • Number 8 • OCTOBER 2013 Founded in 1976 • Our 397th Consecutive Issue

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Executive Editor David (DK) Knight Editor-in-Chief: Rich Donnell Managing Editor: Dan Shell Senior Associate Editor: David Abbott Associate Editor: Jessica Johnson Associate Editor: Jay Donnell

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Advertising Sales Representatives: Southern USA


Randy Reagor P.O. Box 2268 Montgomery, AL 36102-2268 904.393.7968 • FAX: 904.393.7979 E-mail:


ISSUES Solid As A Rock

NEWSFEED Kitchens Brothers Mills For Sale

COLLUM’S LUMBER Putting On The Squeeze (As In More Output)

VAAGEN BROTHERS Another Home On The Range

NORSASK FOREST PRODUCTS On Its Feet And Pushing Forward

LUMBER DRYING Dry Kilns And Related Products

TRUCKING REGULATIONS Weight Rules In State Of Uncertainty

COVER: Collum’s Lumber Products is getting better and bigger all the time. Story begins on PAGE 14. (Jay Donnell photo)

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Timber Processing (ISSN 0885-906X, USPS 395-850) is published 10 times annually (January/February and July/August issues are combined) by Hatton-Brown Publishers, Inc., 225 Hanrick St., Montgomery, AL 36104. Subscription Information—TP is free to qualified owners, operators, managers, purchasing agents, supervisors, foremen and other key personnel at sawmills, pallet plants, chip mills, treating plants, specialty plants, lumber finishing operations, corporate industrial woodlands officials and machinery manufacturers and distributors in the U.S. All non-qualified U.S. Subscriptions are $55 annually: $65 in Canada; $95 (Airmail) in all other countries (U.S. Funds). Single copies, $5 each; special issues, $20 (U.S. funds). Subscription Inquiries— TOLL-FREE: 800-669-5613; Fax 888-611-4525. Go to and click on the subscribe button to subscribe/renew via the web. All advertisements for Timber Processing magazine are accepted and published by Hatton-Brown Publishers, Inc. with the understanding that the advertiser and/or advertising agency are authorized to publish the entire contents and subject matter thereof. The advertiser and/or advertising agency will defend, indemnify and hold any claims or lawsuits for libel violations or right of privacy or publicity, plagiarism, copyright or trademark infringement and any other claims or lawsuits that may arise out of publication of such advertisement. Hatton-Brown Publishers, Inc. neither endorse nor makes any representation or guarantee as to the quality of goods and services advertised in Timber Processing. Hatton-Brown Publishers, Inc. reserves the right to reject any advertisement which it deems inappropriate. Copyright ® 2013. All rights reserved. Reproduction in whole or part without written permission is prohibited. Periodicals postage paid at Montgomery, Ala. and at additional mailing offices. Printed in U.S.A.

Postmaster: Please send address changes to Timber Processing, P.O. Box 2419, Montgomery, Alabama 36102-2419 Publications Mail Agreement No. 41359535 Return Undeliverable Canadian Addresses to PO Box 503 RPO West Beaver Creek, Richmond Hill, ON L4B 4R6 Other Hatton-Brown publications: Timber Harvesting • Southern Loggin’ Times Wood Bioenergy • Panel World • Power Equipment Trade • IronWorks


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Rich Donnell Editor-in-Chief






couple of months ago I wrote in this space of my concern for the extinction of the Southern independent lumberman. I cited some corporate purchases of independents in recent years and I mentioned that another acquisition was about to come down. Well, it did come down, when Alabama’s Scotch Gulf Lumber announced shortly thereafter that it was selling its three sawmills to Canfor (the same company that purchased New South Companies back in 2006). Of course Scotch Lumber and Gulf Lumber themselves had merged their sawmill businesses back in 2009, proceeded to invest heavily in the Scotch sawmill at Fulton, and had put on the table a pretty package when Canfor came calling. Mind you, I have nothing against corporate-owned sawmills. I’ve visited many excellent ones. I’ve heard nothing but good things about Canfor, especially in regard to their sawmill savvy, and I know that the principals at Scotch Gulf would have only sold to like-minded sawmillers. Still, an independent sawmill is a pretty special place, and none more so than Collum’s Lumber Products in Allendale, SC, which I had the privilege of visiting in August. In all my years, I had never been there, and was truly blown away by the size of the operation. For some reason I was thinking it was an 80MMBF a year mill, meaning I was off by half, and I had forgotten it was heavy into the pole business, as well as treated lumber. The place was spread out and we covered most of it, including my son, Jay Donnell, who has joined our business and has written the story on Collum’s that begins on page 14. It was only Jay’s second week on the job since graduating from Auburn University, and I figured why not break him in quickly with a road trip. And especially, as I told him, I wanted him to visit a family owned sawmill (and in the back of my mind I was thinking, questioning, “before they’re all gone?”). Though I must say the Scott family seems to be doing quite well at Allendale. They continue to install technologies that do things like optimize their log gap on the DLI and optimize the performance of their fence at the trimmer. They continue to squeeze out more production; and in fact a couple of weeks after we were there, the mill set a daily board feet production record, which, considering they’ve been in business for 77 years, is pretty cool. The thing I’ve always liked about visiting independent sawmills is that the people are nice and they don’t want you to leave unless you’ve asked every question you want to ask. At Collum’s Lumber, we started off the visit with Micky Scott at the big table in the conference room, and were joined for the next two hours by various supervisors and also his brother, Bill Scott, who has been engrossed in their transition from one automated grader to another. As I hope my son learned fairly quickly, it is at these sessions around “the big table” when you find out a little bit about whom these people really are, beyond the x’s and o’s of the sawmill. Then, they gave us all the time we needed to walk through and take photographs of the mill, and talk to anybody we needed to talk to, about the x’s and o’s the sawmill. It was sawmilling at its best, and the people at Collum’s Lumber were TP happy to treat us to it. Contact Rich Donnell, ph: 334-834-1170; fax 334-834-4525; e-mail:





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NEWSFEED LP PURCHASES AINSWORTH Louisiana-Pacific Corp. is acquiring Ainsworth Lumber Co. for USD$1.1 billion. Ainsworth is a leading manufacturer OF oriented strandboard with a focus on valueadded specialty products for markets in North America and Asia. Ainsworth’s four OSB manufacturing facilities, located in Alberta, British Columbia and Ontario, have a combined annual capacity of 2.5 billion SF (3⁄8 in. basis), with the potential to increase capacity to 3.1 billion SF with the expansion at Ainsworth’s mill in Grande Prairie, Alberta. Curt Stevens, LP CEO, comments, “The APA consensus projection for U.S. housing starts for the full year 2013 is 957,000, an increase



of 23% from 2012. For 2014, the consensus projection is approximately 1.2 million starts. We believe the acquisition of Ainsworth provides LP with greater flexibility and exposure to this recovery.” Ainsworth CEO Jim Lake says, “For our people, this will bring even greater financial strength to the business and the opportunity to become an important part of a well-resourced, innovative company with an excellent operational track record and an uncompromising commitment to safety.” LP’s first investment in Canada was in 1978, and it currently employs more than 1,200 people across the country, representing one-third of its total North American workforce. The company now owns seven facilities—OSB mills, siding manufacturing facilities and engineered wood

products manufacturing facilities—in British Columbia, Manitoba, Quebec and Nova Scotia. LP is also a joint venture participant in two manufacturing facilities in Quebec, and it maintains a Canadian administrative office in Montreal, Quebec. LP maintains one of the industry’s best safety ratings across all of its operations and has a strong track record of environmental stewardship in all jurisdictions in which it operates. LP is also fully committed to Ainsworth’s interest in Interex Forest Products, a member-owned international exporter of wood products, and expects this transaction will significantly increase sales volumes handled by the Vancouver-based company. Over the longer term, LP views the acquisition of Ainsworth as a platform for continued growth in Canada.



To support that growth, the company expects to increase its investments in infrastructure, training, and the research and development of innovative strand-based technologies and products at its Canadian facilities.

HARDWOOD LOGS OKAY FOR CHINA The Port of Virginia (Norfolk) will benefit from the reestablishment of American hardwood log exports to China as that country recently lifted its trade ban on that raw material. “This is good news because it reopens an important market for companies that export hardwood logs to China via The Port of Virginia,” says Rodney Oliver, interim executive director of the Virginia Port Authority. “A lot of work

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NEWSFEED went into this effort on both the federal and state levels; we believe it will reenergize this piece of export business.” The USDA-APHIS (Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service) and the Virginia Dept. of Agricultural and Consumer Services played critical roles in this effort, Oliver says. Two years ago, all log shipments exported to China by way of The Port of Virginia and The Port of Charleston (SC) were banned by the Chinese government because of concerns over invasive pests. Following months of negotiations and extensive research, the Chinese began a year-long pilot program in June 2012 that allowed for the export of both hardwood and softwoods. The recently completed analysis of that pilot program reopens the export market for hardwood logs going to China.



Phytosanitary certificates issued by USDA-APHIS can now be issued. APHIS recommends that the 24-hour duration fumigation schedule be maintained for hardwood species.

KITCHENS BROTHERS SELLING SAWMILLS Equity Partners CRB and Heritage Global Partners have been retained to sell three hardwood lumber sawmills on behalf of Kitchens Brothers Manufacturing Company. Equity Partners is seeking bids for each mill in its entirety through late October, with any remaining assets to be offered at auction in November by Heritage. Family owned and operated since its founding in 1945, Kitchens Brothers began with one small sawmill in Utica, Miss. During the late 1970s

the company began expanding and in 1982 purchased a large pine sawmill in Hazlehurst, Miss. and renovated it into a hardwood mill. Six years later, Kitchens Brothers purchased another mill in Monroe, La., bringing total production capacity to more than 58MMBF per year. However, when the housing market collapsed and lumber prices fell to an all-time low, the company was forced to close two facilities and reduce its workforce in an attempt to survive. After struggling to continue operations and injecting substantial personal capital into the company, Kitchens Brothers ceased operations at all three locations on November 28, 2012. Ownership is hopeful that the ultimate buyer of the business will want to resume operations and continue to serve the customer base, as well as



bring jobs back to the area. At one point, the company employed more than 250. Greg Kitchens, President, stateS, “Lumber prices are at an all time high and with proper funding, a new owner can really capitalize on the revitalized market and bring people back to work in these sawmills.” Matt LoCascio, a Managing Director at Equity Partners, comments, “This is an excellent opportunity to capture a turnkey plant and/or valuable assets in a piecemeal auction. All of the equipment has been kept in excellent condition and a new owner could be up and running in a very short period of time.” Equity Partners, based in Easton, Md., provides investment banking services. Heritage Global Partners is a global auction and asset advisory firm.

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NEWSFEED USDA ALLIES WITH BIO GROUPS The Pellet Fuels Institute joined the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture and three additional biomass groups in signing a memorandum of understanding signifying a commitment by the federal government and industry to jointly grow and promote the wood-to-energy sector. Biomass Thermal Energy Council, Biomass Power Assn. and the Alliance for Green Heat also signed the MOU at an event held at the USDA, which featured remarks by Deputy Secretary of Agriculture Krysta Harden. The MOU recognizes the shared goals and interests amongst the signers in expanding the use of wood to energy: creating local jobs, increasing affordable heating



and electricity options for rural Americans, improving forest health, reducing wildfire risks, and promoting efficient biomass technologies across residential, commercial and industrial segments of the wood energy arena. Staff from USDA and the four groups will meet regularly to develop and implement an action plan for wood energy, seeking to increase awareness of USDA program opportunities, encourage adoption of wood-to-energy technologies, and strengthen coordination of industry and USDA initiatives. “This MOU shows a significant commitment by the USDA and the biomass industry to work together to expand use of wood energy in our country,” says Scott Jacobs, President of PFI. “I know I speak for all of our membership when I say that we are

thrilled to be working in a more deliberate partnership with USDA and our colleagues within the biomass industry.” In remarks at the signing, PFI Executive Director Jennifer Hedrick highlighted the benefits of using pellets, including the significant cost savings realized when switching from fuel oil to pellets, and opportunities to contribute to better forest health and management through the use of forest residues for pellet production.

IP ANNOUNCEMENT JOLTS INDUSTRY International Paper’s earthquake-like announcement in early September that it will permanently close its large paper mill at Courtland, Ala. by the first quarter of next year was still sinking in weeks later.



Some 1,100 employees will lose their jobs and many local communities in Alabama’s north central Tennessee Valley will be impacted. Considering that the mill annually consumed 3.1 million tons of wood fiber—about 125,000 loads of a 50-50 softwood/hardwood mix—the company’s move will likewise deal a heavy blow to the wood supply chain in parts of Alabama, Tennessee and Mississippi. Scores of loggers, timber suppliers and sawmills will be affected, as will hundreds of landowners and a few Timberland Investment Management Organizations, not to mention equipment dealers, insurance providers and finance companies. Some observers visualize a ripple affect that could extend at least 100 miles from the mill. IP’s decision amounts to the largest single mill shut in

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NEWSFEED industry history, according to International Woodfiber Report, which points out it represents about 15% of Alabama’s pulp and paper wood consumption. Other types of paper mills, owned by other companies and located in Counce, Tenn. and Stevenson, Ala., are seen as beneficiaries of the Courtland mill shut. These consume far lesser quantities of wood fiber. Champion International built the Courtland mill in the early ’70s. IP acquired the facility when it purchased Champion in 2000. The mill produces 950,000 tons per year of white paper for forms, envelopes, labels, copiers, printers and magazines. Demand for this type of paper has been declining since 1999 and has recently accelerated as consumers continue to switch to electronic alternatives.



ENVIVA CONSIDERS PELLET MILL SITES Enviva, which already has wood pellet production capacity of 1.1 million metric tons (1.24 million tons), and has another 500,000 metric tons plant in construction, is looking at potential wood pellet plant sites in North Carolina, at Sampson and Clinton, located in the southeast portion of the state, north of the port of Wilmington. Company officials appeared before Sampson and Richmond county board of commissioners in early September to discuss community and operational benefits and gain feedback from the county with regard to incentives and hear from county residents. Headquartered in Bethesda, Md., Enviva operates new pellet plants it built at

Ahoskie, NC (365,000 metric tons) and Northampton, NC (500,000 metric tons), and plants it purchased in recent years at Wiggins, Miss. (136,000 metric tons) and Amory, Miss. (90,000 metric tons). Enviva is currently constructing a 500,000 metric tons plant at Southampton, Va. The company ships its pellets to overseas electrical power generation markets. As reported at the Sampson meeting, the project there would bring an investment of between $95 million to $117 million in taxable property, as well as 79 direct jobs and another 130 indirect jobs in the forest supply and logistics chain, as well as 300 contractor and project crew jobs during construction. Enviva proposes to develop and construct a 500,000 metric ton wood pellet production facility, which would utilize



wood biomass feedstock. A plant at Clinton would apparently follow the same model. Grover Ezzell, president of Ezzell Trucking Inc. in Sampson, said his company transports wood residuals, consisting of chips, bark shavings and wood pellets, moving 300 loads daily. That includes serving as a carrier for Enviva for the last two years. He praised and endorsed Enviva, calling the company a “stable organization that is going to be here a long time.” A few citizens, however, opposed the project, saying Enviva’s other plant locations have hurt property values, while bringing with them noise and dust. One citizen said the project will allow out-of-state investors to make a lot of money at the county’s expense.” Much of the material in this article appeared in media reports from

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FINE-TUNED By Jay Donnell

Ten years after starting up a new sawmill, Collum’s Lumber continues to install the latest technologies.

ALLENDALE, SC. s an independent sawmill, Collum’s Lumber Products makes a big impression. Founded in 1936 by U.W. Collum as a planer mill in Batesburg, SC, the operation has grown into one of the biggest producers and most diverse in the southern yellow pine lumber market. Collum’s is capable of producing up to 165MMBF per year. That makes Collum’s one of the leading independent volume producers of SYP. The Allendale site comprises a sawmill, planer mill, dry kilns, pole mill, reman facility and treating plant. Its


products include heavy-to-prime dimension lumber, from narrows to wides depending on markets. Collum’s also runs an in-woods chipping operation where they supply the chipper and operator while using contract loggers and contract haulers to deliver the chips. Collum’s has moved as much as 700,000 tons of clean chips in a year, much of it being exported. The company also runs two grinding operations—and has run as many as three— with all company employees and contract hauling. At one time Collum’s was producing as much biomass as anyone in the state, ac-

Collum’s Lumber installed a Lucidyne GradeScan system on July 4.


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cording to co-owner Bill Scott. “When we were going good with the grinders our best production was 129,000 tons with one machine, 80,000 with the other one and 70,000 with the other,” Scott says. The chipping/grinding operations not only serve Collum’s chip business, but enhance relationships with landowners as Collum’s can guarantee a clean and polished site when the job is over. Collum’s is a fourth generation family owned business with the three brothers— Micky, Bill and Hank Scott—leading the way for 240 employees. Like many mills, Collum’s had to weather the storm of the recession, but Micky Scott has put that in his rearview mirror. “It’s hard to complain today with all the years of blood we spilled,” Scott says. Even though lumber prices had fallen significantly by August, Scott adds, “It’s still a lot better than where it was.” Another issue in August was the seemingly summer-long rainfest, impacting log supply. But Scott says, while it caused some headaches, “We’ve been

BOOM! Collum’s Lumber set a new production record on September 17. The mill cut 712,000 BF that day on its regular run time of 11.5 hours— 61,900 BF/HR. able to hold the line and maintain our costs. If we still had the market we had back in March and April, probably quite a few mills would have run out of wood. Nobody’s exactly worried about losing a day or two now.” The mill has undergone some notable changes over the past 15 years. In 2002 Collum’s built a new sawmill with stateof-the-art mostly CAE and Newnes (now USNR) machinery and optimization, including a double length infeed line and McGehee curve-sawing gang system. In 2006 it installed a new log merchandising line along with a debarker. Since then, as Scott notes, “We’ve spent a lot on technology, not a lot on steel.”

In June they installed the MillTrak 3D log gap control system on the step feeder leading to the DLI line with reducer twin. The DLI line processes logs up to 28 in. diameter in 8 ft. to 16 ft. lengths, with larger logs up to 35 in. being fed to the mill’s carriage line. USNR’s MillTrak system is designed to maximize the efficiency of loading logs into a conveyor during primary breakdown processing. While the old system at Collum’s would reference a photo-eye located downstream, the log had to travel an extended distance before the system would feed the next log. This resulted in a larger gap, and that gap would vary based on log length and the current speed of the line. MillTrak’s sensors accurately detect the log’s diameter and length as well as its position. The goal is to increase the speed of the primary line and the overall throughput of the sawmill and it has done that. The mill is processing 10% more logs through the DLI with the MillTrak 3D system. Collum’s has also implemented

Kneeling left to right: Bo McGourick, Maintenance Superintendent; Mitchell (Micky) Scott, Co-Owner; Marion Weathersbee, Jr., Control & Optimization Supervisor; standing left to right: Greg Hutto, Sawmill Supervisor; Mickey Faircloth, Planer Mill Supervisor; Felton Tyler, Reman Supervisor; Bill Thomas, Day Maintenance Supervisor; Tim Adams, Pole Mill Supervisor; James (Bubba) Simmons, Jr., Maintenance Supervisor; William (Bill) Scott, Co-Owner; Edward Floyd, Treating Supervisor


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DLI line was part of the 2002 mill upgrade.

New log gap control is at upper left, leading to DLI line.

SICAM single point laser scanning for lumber measurement. A couple of single point lasers off the DLI measure the center cant width. After the side boards fall away out of the twin band and chipping saws, they measure the width of the cant and then tie it back to the saw lines so they can tell each of the saw lines whether they’re on size or off. SICAM is also installed at the board edger. Once the boards have been separated from the edgings, they measure the width of each board. Basically in those two scan zones the system captures width in the entire mill and they’re able to keep the widths on size very accurately. At the green end trimmer line, a SICAM Fence Verification system and specifically a laser at the infeed to the trimmer accurately monitors the performance of the fence as instructed by the optimizer. The purpose of the system is to identify length issues, diagnose fence problems and trigger fatal stop when the fence fails. SICAM monitors the end positions of the board to make sure of proper length. Detailed information includes board position, optimizer targets, thickness, width and length. Such measurement systems require mill personnel to buy in, believe in the numbers feedback, and make the appropriate adjustments when they start to see some negative trends. Collum’s personnel are taking advantage of the information. Last July 4, Collum’s installed a Lucidyne GradeScan automated lumber grading system. Much of the lumber Collum’s produces includes high-quality appearance grades with very little wane or small knots. A small measurement variation in knots or some other defect will move the lumber from one grade to the next. The Lucidyne lineal system replaced a transverse grader system that Collum’s

Pole mill yard with new Wellons gas kiln





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installed several years ago, but could never come to terms with. Bill Scott has also been impressed by the customer service during and after the installation provided by Lucidyne, especially the fact that several Lucidyne personnel have worked on the project, each with a specific area of expertise. Scott traveled to another SYP mill in Alabama to observe a similar Lucidyne installation and came away convinced it was the way to go, pointing to the lineal setup and camera density. Since the mill’s ControlLogix trimmer/sorter control system was also taken over by Lucidyne, a systems engineer from Lucidyne arrived to begin the project conversion. He was not only responsible for accommodating Collum’s unique trimming and sorting functions, but the system needed to be integrated to the GradeScan components. A Lucidyne mechanical engineer arrived next to make sure the scanner and other equipment were installed correctly. His role included everything from correct placement of the scanner and infeed/outfeed system, to locating the optimal location for Lucidyne’s Warp Tunnel warp measurement system, Grade Mark Reader, and True-Q board tracking system. The relaxed shape of each board is captured as it travels through the Warp Tunnel on the outfeed belt after the scanner. A simple modification to one side of the conveyor wall was all it took to prepare for the device, as its lasers simply mount on a stand beside the conveyor and measure the location of one side and the top face of the board. This method is designed to eliminate the errors that can accumulate when warp is measured while boards are being constrained by rolls. The resulting bow, crook and twist values are subsequently quite accurate, no matter how fast the lumber travels through the tunnel. Collum’s uses the Grade Mark Reader (GMR) to allow the check grader to move freely in the area between the landing table and the lug loader. The purpose of the GMR is to allow grading of reentry lumber since it bypasses the scanner; support manually grading of lumber that might have a defect that the scanner hasn’t yet been trained to see; or interpret a “QC mark” on the board, sending the board to a QC location and making sure the data is saved by the system. The mill uses a Mathews ink jet printer to spray a serial number on each board to make it easy to match up each board to its GradeScan data and a Claussen All-Mark grade stamper. The True-Q can be mounted to see any part of a board. At Collum’s it is posi-

Collum’s prefers bigger logs and higher grade lumber.

Multi-saw log merchandising system

Fulghum log crane was added in 2008. TIMBER PROCESSING




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tioned to take a picture of a 26 in. section of each board about two feet in from the near end. It compares this image with a picture of the same section of the board that was captured when it went through the GradeScan moments before. If it matches, then all is well and the board is in queue as expected. If it doesn’t, True-Q checks to see if the picture matches GradeScan’s image of the back of the board if per chance it flipped over, or in the case of a 4x4, all four sides are compared because it could have rolled a quarter turn or more. If it still doesn’t recognize that board, True-Q looks at several boards upstream and downstream from the current board to find a match, and automatically straightens out the queue. A third Lucidyne person on site was the scanner technician, who checked out all the electrical systems, fired up the computers, and calibrated the scanner. This effort provided a good opportunity for Collum’s staff to participate so they received a little more “hands-on” training. Although several Collum’s personnel visited Lucidyne’s factory in Oregon for training, there was a lot to learn. They each were heavily involved in the installation phase to absorb more about this new technology. Lucidyne’s project manager arrived just before the system went “live” so he could make sure all the pieces were in sync, and to make sure the mill had a good grasp of how to make the scanner work for them. At just over two months after installation, the system is grading all of Collum’s products. Bill Scott notes that after a steep learning curve, it has flattened out considerably. There is still fine-tuning to do to take full advantage of the scanner’s capabilities, and there are areas in the system that the mill has yet to explore to make that happen. Collum’s performs a daily Quality Control process that includes having graders go through completed packages that have been machine-graded to identify any boards that might be off-grade. Using the number printed on the end, the scanner data can be referenced for any board in question. If warranted, that board’s data can be easily transferred to Lucidyne for its staff to analyze.

MILL FLOW Micky Scott says the logging force that supplies the mill has rebuilt itself in the past two years, not necessarily with new loggers but mostly through existing loggers adding second and third crews. “I don’t think anybody has had a short18


age of wood because of not having enough logging,” Scott says, preferring instead to point the finger at torrential rainfalls as impacting log supply. The mill shoots for a 60-70BF log, enabling 55MBF per hour production without “hardly breaking a sweat. We strive for that bigger log,” he says. The operation installed a Fulghum crane in 2008, after Corley carriage side spending a considerable amount of money for upkeep on an Collum’s has been in the treating busiolder crane of a different make, even ness since the late 1970s. The operation after a letter from that supplier warned pressure-treats 45-50MMBF of lumber that the crane had run its course. Lesper year, which is down considerably son learned, Scott admits. from some years. Collum’s has built a lot of space and Collum’s does its circle saw filing in cross-over versatility into the log infeed house and contracts out band saw serand conveyor transfer area. Logs run vice with Price Saws. “Their quality of through a Kodiak debarker and MDI work is unmatched,” says Scott of Dean metal detector, as well as through a PSI Price and his son, Stephen. Collum’s (now Endurance) multiple saw merchan- runs Cut Tech and Cox Saw saws. Cox dising system. Logs destined for the DLI Saw was added just a year ago to the come up the step feeder through the new mix, and Scott says owner Jeff Cox has USNR “log gap” scanning system and proven to be an asset to the Collum’s proceed through a CAE (now USNR) team. In the filing room they have a scanner and into the DLI. Chipping Wright Machine Talon TW-2 Stelite heads and a CAE twin remove the sides. retipper, Vollmer top/face grinder and Larger logs go to a Corley carriage Vollmer side grinder. side and then through a McDonough horMicky Scott believes there is room for izontal resaw. Pieces from both the DLI improvement especially when it comes and carriage sides are fed to a McGehee to reducing green target sizes, and the (USNR) curve-sawing gang line with mill was getting ready to do some testing Newnes (USNR) cant scanning/option 2x4s and 2x6s and will be replacing mization. The edger and trimmer stations some individual components in the mill and optimization are CAE/Newnes, to enhance their speed. while the edger features an enhanced Collum’s prides itself on having a USNR lug loader. “Our edger is fast, at dedicated and experienced labor force. 45 pieces a minute,” Scott says. “But we “We have kids down there that are 40 or only have one edger. If it has a train 50 years old and this is the first job they wreck, then we have a massive train had. They’re still kids to me,” Scott wreck.” A Newnes jbar sorter leads to a says. Collum’s Lumber runs what they Moco stacker. call a “super shift,” 12 hours daily, 6 In the planer mill the new Lucidyne a.m. to 6 p.m., and from 6 a.m. to 4 p.m. automated grader is sandwiched between on Saturdays. a Yates planer and a Newnes trimmer. Always looking for opportunities, esPole production has been part of the pecially as some export markets have success at Collum’s since the late ’80s. In dried up, the Scotts had proposed a co2008 they replaced the old pole machine generation plant in collaboration with and outfeed buggies with a new Euford SCE&G electric and gas company, but machine and buggies that has greatly reit didn’t pan out, as SCE&G continues duced cost and picked up production. They to add nuclear power capacity. Collum’s can produce poles up to 65 ft., though 90% has been in talks with pellet producers of the poles are 50 ft. and shorter. Another and are open to the idea of a pellet plant recent installation is a Wellons 98 ft. direct locating on an available site adjacent fired/natural gas Wellons kiln to dry the the operation. The company has also poles. The mill also operates three 68 ft. been in talks with existing pellet proWellons steam kilns. ducers about supplying them chips. TP



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SALVAGE By Dan Shell

Merchandising line was bought used, refurbished, shipped to Arizona and installed on the log yard, feeding eight bins.

Vaagen Bros. Arizona sawmill has potential to greatly aid forest health restoration efforts.

EAGAR, Ariz. eizing an opportunity to utilize millions of board feet of timber coming off national forest stewardship programs has brought longtime independent Northwest sawmiller Vaagen Bros. Lumber Co. to northeast Arizona and this tiny town in the White Mountain


foothills. On the south end of town, the Vaagen team has rejuvenated the former Stone Container large log cutting mill site where operations ceased in 1999 following a major shutdown of national forest logging activities due to a preservationist lawsuit several years prior. The mill also holds the promise of being a major piece of the puzzle in solv-

ing Arizona’s forest health crisis, which is being addressed—slowly—by the implementation of stewardship programs to reduce fuel loads in national forests through thinning and understory removal. The White Mountain Forest Stewardship program, one of the nation’s most successful in treating fire-prone forests, is producing logs from the near-

New Vaagen mill occupies site of former large log cutting mill. Production is nearing 500MBF/week.


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by Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest, and another major contract under the Four Forests Restoration Intitiative (4FRI)—currently held up for lack of financing—holds the potential for more than a decade of small log production. Beginning work in late 2012, the Vaagens started the mill up in spring 2013. “The building was still here and some of the exterior structures, but it was hard to see the sawmill anymore,” says Kurtis Vaagen, mill manager, who has headed up the project. One side of the mill building had already been dismantled and sold for scrap steel. “It was pretty much a disaster when we started,” he says. Vaagen Bros. Lumber, which operates mills at Colville, Usk, Wash. and Midway, British Columbia, is one of the Northwest’s early small log specialists, beginning in the 1980s, successfully utilizing the HewSaw small log technology and batch processing approach to efficiently saw small diameter timber. The company has also been closely involved with some of the national forest stewardship projects in the region. Vaagen moved quickly to get the mill up and running, an interesting project since two of the main pieces of equipment, a Mobile HewSaw R200SE log processing machine and Valon Kone 450 debarker, are both portable machines brought in on trailers. The debarker is close-coupled to the HewSaw system: In goes a non-debarked log on one end, and out comes lumber on the other end, landing on a transfer deck that feeds the green chain. A transfer deck and green chain behind the HewSaw were built on site, and a used stacker was added to the back end of the green chain. A log merchandising system was bought used, refurbished and trucked to the site in pieces, reassembled and installed in the log yard. The mill accepts logs 16 ft. and less, up to 13.5 in. diameter, down to a 5 in. top. Many of the current logs coming in are from burn salvage operations as part of the stewardship program. Logs are fed to the merchandising line, which produces logs in diameter groups that are kicked to eight bins downstream. Log batches from each bin are then sorted and decked or fed directly to the debarker infeed deck at the mill. “We do batch runs like at our Usk mill, but it’s not an in-line system,” Vaagen says. Through late summer, the mill was still running mostly timbers. “We’re cutting six patterns, mostly squares right now,” Vaagen said. The mill was producing 375MBF/week when TP visited; Vaagen said he’d like to get it to

500MBF through September and ultimately average about 100MBF/shift. An experienced supervisor from one of Vaagen’s Washington mills has helped with getting the local work force up to speed since the last sawmill work available here was in 1999.

BACKGROUND The Vaagen Arizona venture came about after SmallWood 2012 conference was held in Flagstaff early last year. Afterward, the Vaagens were approached by Duane Walker of Walker Bros. Contracting, about utilizing some of the small logs being produced. Walker is one of the principal owners of Future Forest LLC, which won the bidding for the White Mountain Stewardship project years ago. Researchers from Northern Arizona University have concluded that average tree densities in Arizona’s mountainous pine region have increased from perhaps 30 trees per acre a century ago to more Up and running since spring, Mill Manager like 800 to 1,000 per acre now, leading Kurtis Vaagen believes the facility to a much higher potential for dangerous provides a good example of low-cost wildfires. With such conditions affecting small log utilization. millions of acres, a new approach was needed to attract the infrastructure required to handle the raw materials produced while delivering a measure of certainty to businesses seeking to utilize those raw materials—hence the move toward long-term stewardship contracts. (Legislation has recently been introduced in Congress to re-authorize the FS’ use of longterm contracts and make the process more efficient.) Arizona’s forest health issues are complicated: In 1995 a court case involving the Mexican spotted owl led to all national forests in Arizona and New Mexico to halt logging activities. Without a private timber supply option, the state’s forest prodMobile HewSaw is close-coupled to portable Valon Kone debarker, ucts infrastructure handles logs 13.5 in. and smaller down to a 5 in. top. TIMBER PROCESSING




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The mill fits well with resource production from nearby Forest Service stewardship projects providing thinning, salvage logs.

essentially withered away to only a handful of logging companies and some small-scale cutting mills that lack the overall capacity to make much of a dent in the situation. Yet after a series of devastating wildfires in the region, in 2004 the Forest Service awarded Future Forest the contract for the White Mountain Stewardship Project to perform thinning and understory removal on more than 150,000 acres—the first such 10-year contract of its kind in the nation. Future Forest is a venture owned by Walker Bros. and Forest Energy, a pellet producer based in Show Low. The project has covered more than 60,000 acres so far. A similar but much more large-scale project, 4FRI awarded a major 300,000 acre, 10-year stewardship project and forest health improvement contract in May 2012 to Pioneer Resources of Montana. Pioneer planned to build a sawmill, fingerjoint and furniture component and biofuel plant to process the wide variety of raw materials from the project, but hasn’t been able to gain financing. A proposal from Pioneer to transfer the contract to another firm is being considered by the Forest Service. The contract is the first of several for the overall 4FRI project, which ultimately seeks to thin more than 2 million acres. Rob Davis, president of Forest Energy, says the success of the White Mountain project has attracted companies such as Vaagen, also citing a pallet plant that has opened in the region, and a re-start of a biomass power plant in Snowflake. “We’ve been able to attract additional companies, and as the sawmill develops we’ll take more byproducts from them,” says Davis, who is also on the 4FRI steering committee. He adds that the overall objective for all involved is the restoration of forest health. “But it has to be profitable for the companies doing the work.” Vaagen notes that the mill, which employs about 20, is a relatively low-cost producer. In addition to taking advantage of the small log opportunity available through the White Mountain project, Vaagen says, “We wanted to be able to show how this (mill) could be a model for what they need here.” Vaagen believes the 4FRI stewardship program will ultimately work. “There’s been too much time and money invested for it not to,” he says, adding that whether or not Vaagen is involved formally or informally in the contract process, “We still have an interest, and no matter what happens we should still be able to get some logs.” TP 24




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THEHEAT By Scott Jamieson

With its new planer mill running and markets improved, NorSask Forest Products continues to ramp up. MEADOW LAKE, Saskatchewan ike much of the Saskatchewan forest products sector, NorSask Forest Products was a bleak place just a few years back. The company operated sporadically for several years in the worst of the lumber recession, coming back full time as a single-shift operation in March 2011, in large part to create local employment and service long-time clients. The tide has turned, however, as fresh investments, better markets and new staff are breathing some welcome life into both the company and the communities it helps support. NorSask is currently 100% First Nations-owned by the Meadow Lake Tribal Council, with well over 60% of its workforce drawn from the nine communities MLTC represents, as well as from other non-aligned First Nation communities. This past May the company hired 25 new employees to help staff what Mill Manager Dave Neufeld calls a “hybrid” second shift, with intentions to move to a full second shift. There are two main reasons for this phased ramp-up to two full shifts. First, the mill’s forestry arm, Mistik Management, is in its own phased ramp-up, and




Lumber is singulated for the VAB Wane Module and Carbotech 14-saw trimmer.

Maintenance superintendent Vernon Roger with the VAB linear grade optimizer



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needs time to get back up to full production. Mistik is a 50/50 joint venture between NorSask and Meadow Lake Mechanical Pulp, and uses independent contractors to harvest a portion of the 650,000 m3 of softwood NorSask needs to run two full shifts. The remaining volume comes from the Sakaw Askiy Forest Management Area, formerly known as the Prince Albert Forest Management Area. “There’s a ramp-up in the woods too as they get the contractor workforce up to speed, both in logging and trucking,” Neufeld explains. “If we had gone to two full shifts before that, then we could run out of logs.” Log supply aside, the real challenge is getting skilled tradespeople, with competition from the resource sector, as pulp, OSB, oil and gas, uranium and potash are all surging. Fort McMurray is just a few hours to the west. Yet even for the jobs where they can supply in-house training, Neufeld says they need time to transition that many people in and get them up to speed. Still, the mill is already up to 92 hourly employees and 16 salaried staff, not counting woodlands.


Z-Tec WinJet II printer is used for grade marks.

Mill Manager Dave Neufeld with bins full of high-quality logs.

Thanks to a $3.5 million planer mill upgrade, those employees have reason to be optimistic in their long-term prospects. The planer mill investment is what NorSask calls Phase One of a multi-year investment plan, and as Neufeld says, it made sense to start at the end. “Like most sawmills we have a rolling Top 10 list of investment opportunities, including things that need to get done in the sawmill and in drying. It didn’t make sense to tackle those first though, since the planer was just keeping up with production from the existing sawmill equipment.” The original planer mill consisted of a main line with a secondary trim line. It was labor intensive, more complicated than need be, and left money on the table in the form of excess trim loss. Neufeld explains that while the planer and bander/wrapper remain vintage, everything in between is essentially state-of-the art, all part of a Wolftek turnkey project. From the planer outfeed the new lineup includes a NMI MCPro 2500T moisture meter, VAB Solutions lineal grade optimizer that includes a UV lumber tracking system and VAB’s downstream transverse warp module. The latter uses a set of cameras and lasers to measure twist, crook and bow in addition to the long list of defects handled by the lineal TIMBER PROCESSING




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unit. Combined, these drive the trim and sort decisions. Lumber is grade marked via a WinJet II inkjet system from BC’s Z-Tec Automation Systems. In addition to simple grade marks, NorSask is looking at the possibility of adding other marketing information, including its FSC certification. All of the planer mill lumber handing, singulating, positioning, trimming and stacking gear is from Carbotech, with its regular partner DO2 Control handling automation and controls. The high-speed trimmer features two saw banks, with four in the back and 10 up front, with lumber positioned by even-ending chains against an optimized paddle-type fence.

A lift truck brings lumber over to a waiting trailer.

The original mill had 15 sort bins, but Carbotech added 15 more. These are followed by a Carbotech dual-lift stacker line that Neufeld feels will have no problems keeping up. From here on is the mill’s original Samuel Acme strapping and wrapping line. As to why they went with Wolftek as turnkey supplier and these three particular technology partners on the project, Neufeld says it all started with the need to add automated grade optimization. The forester-turned-sawmiller had some background with different automated graders from his days working for Tolko, and joined the team at NorSask in choosing technology partners. “We saw a good payback there from trim loss reduction, grade uplift, productivity increases, and staffing reductions, so that’s where we started. But like when renovations on the basement bathroom lead to redoing the whole basement, we ended up adding to the scope of the project. It didn’t make sense to leave the rest of the mill as is. So we started looking at additional changes to our finishing line to take full advantage of the new grade optimizer, and I had 28


POWERING UP In addition to accelerating its Norsask Forest Products lumber operation in northwestern Saskatchewan, Meadow Lake Tribal Council (MLTC) is also expanding its bioenergy portfolio. MLTC is 100% owned by nine First Nations communities around Meadow Lake, and holds a diverse array of companies, including forestry, aviation and trucking. The bulk of its holdings are somehow tied to the province’s forest sector, with its recent foray into bioenergy serving as another example of that. “We have a very synergistic approach to our forest business,” explains Trevor Reid, vice-president and COO of MLTC Industrial Investments Ltd. Partnership. “We like to see all the streams connected, and all with revenue attached to get the most from the resource. Adding the energy component is a logical next step.” The first of these projects has been an R&D scale pellet plant and marketing arm. Located adjacent the NorSask sawmill and feeding off dry planer shavings, the current plant can make up to one ton/hour. As Reid explains, the objectives are different than Canada’s mainstream export-driven pellet industry. “The goal was to produce enough pellets to develop and feed five local pilot heating projects, arranged either through our subsidiaries or our communities that are dependent on oil or propane. The pellets we make currently feed the new planer mill building, Westwind Aviation’s hangar in Saskatoon, MLTC Northern Trucking’s shop, a school in Big Island Lake First Nation, and four houses in Canoe Lake Cree Nation.” With over half of MLTC’s communities dependent on oil or propane, the vision is to take a residual from the forest operations, convert it to a fuel, and act as a utility that can provide turnkey, renewable heat at a savings to the end user. “We are challenged logistically from a pellet export perspective, but at the same time we see a real need among our communities for an alternative fuel. Rather than treating pellets like a commodity, we’ll offer total heating packages that we’ll supply with our pellets.” The company has been collecting data for the past 18 months, and feels comfortable now increasing production to consume the full mill shavings output. That will amount to 40 to 50 tons per shift, for about 35 tons of pellets per shift. Part of the reason for a slight delay in expanding the pellet project has been a welcome distraction in trying to get a massive 40 MW power generation project going (36 MW net). The $210 million project ($160 million for construction costs) is moving forward. One of the main drivers for the project sits just a few hundred meters from the NorSask sawmill, in the form of one of Canada’s few remaining tee-pee burners. “It’s an obvious opportunity to turn a liability into revenue, and completes the whole business model,” Reid says. “Also Saskatchewan has seen tremendous growth in recent years, and expects more. Sask Power is reaching out via the First Nations Power Authority for some significant extra generating capacity, and we see a role in that.” With its own integrated forestry operation, MLTC avoids the fuel risk that many other proposed bioenergy projects can get bogged down in. “The sawmill provides 50 to 60% of the needs of the proposed plant. Our preference is to get the rest in the form of residuals from other plants, but regardless we have the fiber from harvest residuals and other supplies,” Reid says. “We’ve had an independent fuel study done, and we have a secure supply.” TP All of the power generated would be sold direct to the grid. some experience from my days at Tolko, where we ran a wide variety of them, and NorSask had done some research before I arrived. VAB stood out for a number of reasons.” Neufeld lists simplicity (one calibration per year), a compact design (they had space constraints in the existing mill), and value as the deciding factors.

Plus when they contacted other mills using the system, like Sexton in Newfoundland and Eacom in Nairn Centre, Ont., they heard little but positives about the systems and service. “Once we made that decision, the rest fell into place. VAB had done a lot of work back east with Carbotech, who works a lot with DO2, so our comfort



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level went up pretty quickly with all the partners.” The new gear was installed over a three-week period in February, with the plant restarting in late February. “We worked through the usual startup and training issues. At the same time, we have a lot of new employees as we add the second shift, so they take a little more time handling jams or downtime until they get more experience. This was not unexpected.” As for the performance of the new

equipment, Neufeld is satisfied. The mill has gone from a dual sort line planer mill flow with dual stackers to staff and maintain and lumber graders to a simple single-line flow They also position a grader on the line at all times to meet grade association rules. He can keep an eye out for any blatant problem pieces and pull them. “We could leave these in and still meet our grade rules, but our reputation for quality is really strong, so we’ll take those pieces out rather than push the 5%,” Neufeld says.

NEXT STEPS As Neufeld says, NorSask’s rolling Top 10 list remains, starting with the sawmill. The current mill is a three-line Optimil showcase, with large- and smalllog circular saw canters and a Pee-Wee Chip-N-Saw line. Logs are a mix of pine, fir and white spruce, with the latter currently the dominant species. Neufeld says they are blessed with high-quality timber, especially the white spruce. Logs are brought to the mill in 17 ft. and 18 ft. lengths, debarked on Nicholson A5 debarkers and slashed into a mix of 8 ft. and 9 ft. logs on a New West Industries transverse slasher line. These are sorted into five bins—two each for the canters and one for the Pee-Wee line. Primary breakdown is followed by Optimil gang edgers and a pair of Optimil board edgers. Much like the planer mill project, Neufeld says the initial focus of any sawmill upgrade will be in modernizing the optimization hardware and software to improve volume and grade recovery. They are also looking at converting the canter from outdated chipping heads with side saws to new chipping heads for the opening faces. Neufeld would also like to build in more log surge capacity after the slasher. Currently if the debarkers or slasher go down for more than 20 minutes, the mill may shut down. There are structural impediments to retrofitting a surge and reentry deck, but the mill continues to look for solutions. MLTC has a massive co-gen project nearing approval, and the residual flow redesigns required for that may afford the opportunity to tackle the surge issue as well (see sidebar on bioenergy). After the sawmill, NorSask has eyes on lumber drying. The mill currently runs three kilns—two Wellons and one Salton. Neufeld says that despite air drying its fir, the mill is still pushing capacity for drying, and he expects they will add a fourth kiln. Neufeld says a reasonable production target for the mill on two shifts is 160MMBF. That in itself justifies the planer investment. “The old finishing line would never have kept that pace. Even the new one would struggle with that flow until we get all the kinks worked out.” Pushing production limits, investing capital, adding staff, and talking future investments—for the folks in the Meadow Lake region, that beats talking about survival mode any day. TP This article originally appeared in Canadian Forest Industries magazine, and is published in Timber Processing as part of an alliance between the two magazines.





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DRYING EDITOR’S NOTE: The following companies, which are advertising in this issue, also submitted the following materials. All claims and statements are attributable to the companies.



Incomac manufactures several models of kilns. Heinola offers various kiln configurations.

Heinola dry kilns are designed to meet a customer’s needs regarding capacity, quality and possible future extensions. The various kiln types are compared and the best possible solution is selected with the customer. Heinola kilns are sized to suit modern requirements and to fulfill their quantitative and qualitative production targets. Holger Forsen, formerly a researcher at the Technical Research Centre of Finland, carried out measurements at the Otava sawmill in the chamber kilns provided by Heinola Sawmill Machinery. First, he focused on the geometry in the kiln: he had not seen a dry kiln as well sized or as spacious as this one for a long time. Air flow speeds in loads were both sufficient and very stable. Consequently, the drying results were also very even. Though the nominal width inside the kiln is 12 m, differences between loads were minor. For example, the difference between the average moisture content of the outermost loads and the innermost loads was indiscernible. The same was also true for the highest and lowest loads; there was no difference between the top and bottom parts. The Heinola dry kilns are also designed for energy efficiency. The dimensions of the kilns take into account ways to minimize air resistance. The fan space is made high enough so that the radiator air resistance is as little as possible, which can result in a significant reduction in electricity consumption. The aim is to make the turning space as wide as the fan space. This way, air flow is not constricted, and the pressure loss remains minor. In addition to pressure loss, sufficient space between the door and the load also affects air flow stability in the loads. Chamber kilns are designed for drying small batches regardless of dimension, timber species and the end moisture content. A two-stage continuous channel kiln is ideal for large-scale production. The best result is achieved by drying one dimension and wood species to the same end moisture content. Loads are usually changed automatically. Heinola’s Hybrid kiln is a multi-purpose kiln that allows the drying of both special batches and products suitable for channel kilns. The kiln can be used as two chambers or one twostage channel. The kiln is a drive-through double chamber with an equal number of loads in both. Automation accommodates to both chamber and channel drying. Visit 34


Incomac, a well-known name in the drying industry, has been producing dry kilns for well over three decades. With more than 8,500 installations, Incomac has the experience needed to produce kilns that fit the application of each customer. This includes drying softwoods, hardwoods, pallets, firewood, and also some specialty species such as Juniper and Madrone. Incomac’s newest kiln, the IDV, comes in a variety of sizes up to 34,000 BF. What makes this kiln stand out from other kilns is its ability to dry without any additional type of auxiliary heating system. Boilers, furnaces, electrical coils, heat exchangers, heat pumps, expensive vacuum chambers and microwave ovens are not needed. This kiln is a conventional kiln building, but it is unconventional in how the heat is generated. This kiln uses fans to create air flow and that air creates friction on the lumber or pallets and this results in the process of viscous dissipation. It’s this process that transforms the air into thermal energy. The IDV works best with hardwoods and pallets, and some applications of softwoods when pre-dried. It is great for customers that either do not want to put in a boiler, or need additional drying capacity without adding additional boilers. This kiln is simple to operate, easy to maintain and is efficient. When comparing this system to conventional systems, results have shown as much as a 50% reduction in energy cost per board foot with similar or lower drying times to conventional kilns. Incomac manufactures several models of kilns, which can be found on Cooper Machine’s website at

USNR USNR’s Kiln Boss control system allows you to easily control all the important wood drying variables. It tracks custom drying schedules, alerts you to trouble or system changes, and reports batch and historical statistics for your review. This system delivers the capabilities and functions of a much larger and more complex control system at a fraction of the cost. Typical mill payback is less than a year. With the click of a mouse, you can change the parameters for each kiln controlled by Kiln Boss. The menu-driven system requires no special computer skills, and provides a simple graphic view of your kiln operation so you can see what’s “going on” at a glance.



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Kiln Boss manages drying variables.

Kiln Boss reduces energy usage by precisely controlling the drying process and schedule time. It continuously monitors the steam distribution system to prevent excessive boiler demand on kiln startups. And when running in “full automatic” Kiln Boss optimizes fan control. The system allows you to use time or moisture-based scheduling, and set customizable alarm conditions for your specific requirements. You can also incorporate sample weight or moisture probe input into the drying schedule for even more control. Kiln Boss works with any brand kiln and accepts any drying schedule. Kiln Boss runs on Windows and is compatible with MS Excel. Manual kiln controls can still be used if the computer system ever goes off-line, and there is a battery back-up in case of power failure. Remote access via modem facilitates troubleshooting. Multiple built-in security levels can be used to give different personnel access to only the information they need. Kiln Boss is a fully expandable and flexible system that grows with your changing needs. It’s also compatible with Load Boss giving you the ability to use real-time moisture content to instantly adjust your drying schedule. Visit

upon Vacutherm, a small family business in Warren, Vt. Today, Lashway Lumber has developed new markets, and its two Vacutherm vacuum kilns stand alone as a profitable business. A vacuum kiln from Vacutherm can dry fast, but in the end it’s the quality that keeps Lashway’s customers coming back for more. “These kilns will save our company,” says Gerry Lashway. ● Cedarland Forest Products of Maple Ridge, BC had to find a way to grow beyond its four dehumidification kilns. The solution was vacuum kilns on a large scale to dry more than 3MMBF of western red cedar a year. “They’re the most knowledgable company I know. We’ve had people through here saying ‘I know vacuum kilns,’ but they don’t know vacuum kilns like Vacutherm,” says Jeremy Hamm of Cedarland Forest Products. Vacutherm technology is used to help any size company succeed. When it comes to fine wood products stability, color and consistency is key. Nothing depends on this more than Vacutherm-dried baseball bats, musical instruments or dimensional lumber. “You can’t get maple to be screamin’ white without Vacutherm,” says Whitney Phillips of specialty products producer Warren Pieces of Vermont. For more than 30 years Vacutherm and its partners have helped create new business for more than 5,000 customers worldwide, big and small. Vacutherm’s speed creates faster cash flow, while the quality of drying ensures your customers won’t go anywhere else. Visit



Early this year Valutec installed a OTC-progressive kiln at Bollsta, SCA, Sweden, with a yearly capacity of more than 110,000 m3, called “The Swedish Monster.”

Vacutherm focuses on specialized markets. ● You can’t cheat mother nature, but you can improve the way you handle her. One lumber yard has been depending on mother nature for four generations. The Lashways of Lashway Lumber in Williamsburg, Mass. are survivors, always finding a way to adjust. In 2009, Larry Lashway stumbled

Valutec Group AB from Sweden is Europe’s largest supplier of dry kilns. Its product range, with robust kilns in stainless steel complemented with the world’s most advanced control system, is the broadest and deapest on the market and enables an increased usage of wood. Valutec’s progressive kilns are known to combine high capacity with superior drying quality. The sawmill saves energy and raw material, meaning lower productions costs and a higher quality in the end product. The material dried in a Valutec kiln is recognized by low moisture content standard deviation, low tensions and very few cracks. Valutec’s batch kilns offer TIMBER PROCESSING




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DRYING great flexibility in the drying process as well as superior drying quality. The control system, Valmatics, with its integrated simulator, Valusim, meets today’s growing demand for reduced kiln costs and exact final quality. Valmatics is an intelligent control system that can monitor and adapt the process to financial realities.Valusim simulator technology was originally developed by VTT, Northern Europe’s largest research organization and part of the Finnish innovation system. By allowing the simulator to optimize the new drying process, taking into account the capacity, quality and power consumption, you avoid costly runningin periods for new drying programs. Throughout its history Valutec has delivered more than 3,000 chamber kilns and 1,000 progressive kilns to sawmills all over the world. Valutec Group AB is a privately owned Swedish company and includes the wholly-owned subsidiaries Valutec AB, Skellefteå, Sweden, and Valutec Oy, Riihimäki, Finland. In 2012 the total sales amounted approximately USD 41.5 million. Visit


Wagner Meters enables immediate performance changes.

Proven in hundreds of mills worldwide, Wagner Meters’ MC4000 In-Kiln Moisture Measurement System combines moisture measurement with data analysis to improve grade, optimize energy costs and provide consistent results for kiln operators. Wagner’s state-of-the-art technology stands alone or integrates seamlessly with most kiln control systems to allow operators full insight into each charge. Real-time, on-screen trending also allows immediate performance changes to reduce over-dry or degrade issues in up to 12 kilns. Hot checks can be virtually eliminated as the built-in relay can trigger an alarm or auto-shut down at the target moisture content level. Its rugged design can stand temperatures up to 300 degrees, and, best of all, the MC4000 features on-line diagnostics, upgrades or trouble shooting for Wagner Meters’ prompt and superior customer support. The MC4000 is real-world design for today’s wood products mills. Visit 36



Control system for continuous kiln

A common practice is to take sample boards out of the kiln (for hardwood drying) and oven dry them to determine the moisture content. If a company has many dry kilns on the yard this can consume most of the dry kiln operator’s time. For softwood lumber the kiln operator has to take hot spots with a moisture meter in order to determine the final moisture content to avoid over- or underdrying. To take the hot spots the operator needs to shut down the kiln, go inside and do the measuring. In hardwood lumber drying the reason for all this is that it is still pretty difficult to accurately measure the moisture content above fiber saturation but it is crucial to know the actual moisture content at any time to use the correct drying schedule for the different species, otherwise the valuable lumber suffers from drying defects and degrade. In softwood drying it is more the moisture content below fiber saturation which is important as it determines the time to shut down the kiln and unload the lumber. If this is not done properly the lumber might still be too wet and has to be redried or the lumber is too dry. Both effects end up in increased drying costs. The solution for softwood drying could be modern resistancy measurement systems as they are very accurate below fiber saturation and give good readings even for thicker lumber (where capacitive meters still have issues). The solution for the hardwood drying is more complex as here an exact and reliable reading of the moisture contents above fiber saturation is of the essence. Also the value of the lumber inside the kiln is very high so nobody can take a chance. The time and money wasted for taking sample boards or using hot spots to get the correct moisture content can be reduced drastically. And the kiln operator can use his time to optimize the drying schedule and lumber handling on the yard. With the new Hildebrand hardware, THE FOX, and the corresponding software, MERLIN, all this is possible. The hardware components are sitting in the MCC and are controlled via touch screen. This touch screen is a fully functional control computer without any limitations. All hardware components and touchscreens can be connected wireless to a Laptop or Netbook and an off site control of the kilns is now possible from anywhere in the world. The reason why the measurement of lumber moisture content even above fiber saturation has recently become more accurate and reliable is that Hildebrand also refers to two other important parameters in the lumber drying: moisture gradient and lumber temperature. The moisture gradient is responsible for the amount of tension in the lumber. With the Hildebrand control system the operator now gets the information about the level of moisture gradient. TP Visit



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DRYING SCS FOREST PRODUCTS SCS Forest Products (SCSFP) is the leader in advanced moisture measurement systems. With the introduction of the new KilnScout wireless meter, SCSFP now monitors more than 100 kilns in North America and Europe. SCSFP reports it has, by far, the most widely used system in the industry.

KilnScout significantly advances the science of moisture measurement by utilizing the latest in high-tech electronics to rapidly measure moisture content and temperature throughout the drying cycle. As a wireless meter, it can be used in both continuous and batch lumber dry kilns. It is scalable from 1 to 100 sensors, easily integrates with various kiln controls, and wirelessly transmits up to

KilnScout improves throughput.

90 ft. in all directions. Its mobility and accuracy make the product an invaluable tool for lumber mills. Users of KilnScout are seeking both lumber grade and throughput improvements. The typical user will seek to reduce moisture grade losses by 1-5% and increase throughput by 10%. Systems can pay for themselves in as little as four to six months. The system utilizes patent pending technology to measure moisture content and temperature. The layout of the system consists of metal plates, which are inserted into the lumber package. KilnScout is attached to these plates and placed either in the package itself or attached to the side. KilnScout then wirelessly transmits its readings to a hub located in a central location in the kiln, eliminating all wires from the lumber package to the kiln wall. Visit TP







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REFORM By Jennifer McCary

Proposed changes on hold as Congress awaits results of the latest study.


ast year’s surface transportation reauthorization bill (MAP21) was enacted without the truck weight reform amendment that many forestry interests had hoped would help them improve trucking efficiency and productivity in the forest industry sector. That amendment would have increased gross vehicle weight of a six-axle truck on interstate highways to 97,000 lbs. while conforming to current bridge formula axle limits. The amendment mirrored the Safe and Efficient Transportation Act (SETA) bill that has been introduced separately without success several times in recent years. It

was attached to the “must pass” transportation bill but did not survive due to continued strong opposition from rail, independent truckers and safety advocacy groups. Congress determined there was not enough safety data to make an informed decision, despite the massive body of prior research covering pavement wear, bridge life, load bearing capacities, and safety, to name a few. So MAP21 (Moving Ahead for Progress in the 2lst Century) mandated yet another study to examine the safety and infrastructure impact of increasing truck weight limits. It also stipulated completion of this study by August 2014, in time for consideration during the 2014 transportation reauthorization. That gives the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) less than 12 months to deliver its recommen-

dations to Congress. FHWA held the first of four planned public meetings/webinars at the end of May. About 400 attendees representing a wide range of stakeholders laid the groundwork for the study. The next public event was to have been held in September. Jim Mooney, Executive Director of the Virginia Logging Assn., participated in the first webinar and had two opportunities to offer suggestions for consideration in the study. He suggested the option of allowing prevailing state weight limits to apply to interstates within the respective states—the long-held weight reform position of the American Loggers Council. A working model of this concept is already in place in Maine and Vermont. Both states were part of a pilot study that applied each state’s weight limits to the interstate system within their borders— 100,000 lb. GVW in Maine and 99,000 lb. in Vermont. The pilot was very successful and has now been extended for


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another 20 years. This reform originally applied only to six-axle trucks. The safety and traffic benefits of diverting a good portion of the heavy truck traffic away from congested business districts have been well received. After two years, the program was expanded to include other commercial truck axle configurations. The model has its critics, including the Washington, DC-based Truck Safety Coalition, which points to increased traffic fatalities involving large trucks in both states since the program began. In August a group of 45 House members appealed by letter to Transportation Secretary Anthony Foxx, stressing “the importance of carefully evaluating how increases in truck weights or lengths could affect towns, cities and counties across the country.” Before the Maine/Vermont pilot project began, Vermont already had in place a 99,000 lb. GVW (5 axles) limit on state highways for unprocessed forest products and milk. When they started the process, these limits were expanded to all commodities and finished products. Results have shown improvements in both safety and road quality. Since truck traffic on state roads has declined, there is less road wear and maintenance, according to Vermont sources. Loggers there still have to contend with local ordinances that require overload permits for using back roads. Groups in other states are going through their respective congressional delegations in an attempt to get Congressional approval to preserve prevailing state weight limits for certain stretches of federal routes destined to or proposed to become interstate highways. One is the Mississippi Loggers Assn., which is focusing on U.S. 78, set to become Interstate 22—linking Birmingham and Memphis—in a year or so. Even if this is allowed, the Alabama DOT has said it would not honor the heavier weight rule for trucks crossing the state border on this route. Another is the Great Lakes Timber



ast September the Associated Contract Loggers and Truckers of Minnesota (ACLTM) organized a truck convoy to protest what its members view as the unsafe restriction of six-axle trucks on the interstate system. About 70 trucks, strung out for almost a mile, were involved. With Minnesota Congressman Chip Cravaack riding shotgun in the lead truck in support of the ACLTM’s concerns, the convoy converged north of Duluth along state highway 61, headed south, meandered through downtown and ended at the yard of equipment dealer RMS, where a rally ensued. Several elected officials, including Cravaack, spoke in favor of allowing state weight limits on Minnesota interstates. The protest received coverage by all local media outlets and some state and national news sources. According to ACLTM leader Scott Dane, the protest was “a demonstration of the power, influence and strength through numbers that can be achieved by working together.” The day after the protest the group received a copy of a letter that Minnesota senators Klobuchar and Franken sent to Senate Commerce Committee Chair Sen. Jay Rockefeller requesting Congressional action on the state weights/interstate highways issue. TP

Professionals Assn., focusing on a 175mile stretch of U.S. 41 in Wisconsin that is proposed to become Interstate 41. Apparently, through political connections, various loopholes or otherwise, states were able to make a claim for grandfathering their weight limits on interstates up until the mid ’70s. So, while the legal weight limit for interstates is now officially 80,000 lbs. without special permits, there are multiple exceptions, mostly in the Northeast, upper Midwest and Northwest.

STATE BY STATE While Congress delays action at the federal level, over time several states have moved to address the weight issue through various permits or tolerances, adding to a hodge-podge of rules and regulations that are generally inconsistent and/or confusing and often favoring specific industries important to a state’s economy. For example, coal trucks get a pass in West Virginia. They can carry up to 120,000 lbs., whereas the legal limit (on non-posted roads) for five-axle trucks and trailers is 80,000 lbs. Because truck weight limits in other

countries typically exceed U.S. weights, trade negotiations have included efforts to reach compatible limits, but it is a complex and difficult task. Many states now permit international containers with gross weights of 90 to 100,000 lbs. on state and federal corridors. Truck weights have also been increased to facilitate free trade with bordering nations Mexico and Canada. States continue to offer an ever-widening array of overweight and oversize permits or tolerances. That trend was also noted in the 1999 TS&W study completed by the Transportation Review Board (TRB). According to the report, “The sum of these ad hoc changes at the state level has been to create an ever more diverse patchwork of truck size and weight limits nationwide.” Forestry and agricultural trade groups are among the industries seeking and often securing allowances for hauling unprocessed farm and timber products. These weight tolerances are typically 5 or 10% and apply from the field or forest to the first processing facility. However, in Pennsylvania, the tolerance of 95,000 lb. GVW is granted for facility-to-facility transport of pulpwood and chips, not TIMBER PROCESSING




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from forest to the first facility. Maximum weight for trucks leaving the woods is 80,000 lbs.

DEVELOPMENTS Last year North Carolina’s timber and agriculture communities got a weight tolerance provision enacted that adds 10,000 lbs. to a five-axle truck and trailer’s gross vehicle weight for a total of 90,000 lbs. and allows a tandem axle limit of 44,000 lbs. The North Carolina Assn. of Professional Loggers (NCAPL), the NC Forestry Assn. and agriculture groups pushed for the tolerance. Doug Duncan of NCAPL says many loggers have opted to load trailers heavier, increasing payloads up to about 28 tons. However, when authorities cite a driver for being overweight, the benchmark for fines reverts to 80,000 lbs. and 34,000 lbs. tandems. What’s more, both axle and overweight violations are cited, so fines can be substantial. As a rule of thumb, NCAPL recommends that operators aim for 8586,000 lb. loads to avoid such citations. The North Carolina development has led to a weight increase proposal for unmanufactured forest products in South Carolina, where certain forest industry



interests and many loggers are promoting legislation that would, by purchased permit, increase gross vehicle weight from 84,272 to 90,000 lbs., with axle limits of 26,000 (single) and 44,000 (tandem). The controversial idea has stirred up opposition among state troopers, the SC DOT and railroads—even the SC Timber Producers Assn. (logger’s group) is divided over it. Opponents cite safety concerns and fear it may provoke another round of rural road and bridge postings by local governments, while opponents say it would help reduce truck traffic. The proposal is to be introduced in the SC General Assembly in January, but it may well die for lack of support. John Dorka with the Ohio Forestry Assn. observes that budget cuts have county and township officials pushing back. County engineers cite infrastructure wear and tear and oppose any weight changes. Some reports of local repercussions include a crackdown on trucks using rural roads and an increase in bond/fee requirements. According to published reports, Barry Schoch, Pennsylvania Transportation Secretary, reportedly has threatened to place new restrictions that would lower allowable weights on some 1,000 bridges main-

tained by the state. Schoch cites age and condition of the bridges and a lack of state funding to repair or replace them. Charles Gee, Coordinator of the Texas Logging Council, says the passage of bill 2741 this year gives loggers in the state three options for hauling timber. Initially, Rep. James White introduced the bill to increase axle weights so that trucks could reach the 84,000 lb. tolerance granted in the 2060 law enacted a few years before. By the time 2741 reached the final vote, the one-page bill had grown tenfold. In addition to allowing loggers to purchase a permit to increase the tandem axle limit by 6,000 lbs., the law now requires loggers to give prior notification to the county via the Dept. of Motor Vehicles and to obtain a $15,000 road bond. In addition, the cost of the permit jumped from $200-$300 (depending on the number of counties a logger expects to work in during the year), to $1,500, which covers all 43 timber counties in the state, whether or not a logger works in them. Gee says as it stands right now, loggers can register trucks with no permit and haul standard weights, or purchase either the 2060 or the 2741 permit. Standard limits match the federal



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80,000 lbs. GVW and 34,000 lb. tandem axle. Standard limits also grant unprocessed forest and ag products an automatic 12% tandem axle tolerance, bringing it to 38,080 on one set of tandems. The 2060 permit increases the maximum gross to 84,000 lbs. and adds a 10% tolerance on the second set of tandems, or 37,400 lbs. The 2741 permit allows 84,000 GVW, and 44,000 lbs. on one set of tandems. In April the Idaho legislature made permanent a 10-year pilot project that allows up to a 129,000 lb. (9 or 10 axles)

weight on certain highways, or sections of highway. Rules for determining how the process will work were formulated this summer and will be presented to the legislature for approval in January. This may not be welcome news for logging and trucking contractors in northern Idaho, though. Most of the 35 designated routes permitted in the 10year program were in southern Idaho, where the terrain is desert, rangeland or irrigated farmland. Associated Logging Contractors (ALC), whose members are, after all, the

on-the-ground trucking experts, were not invited to participate in discussions prior to introduction of the Idaho legislation. ALC’s Board of Directors are concerned that many of the state’s northern roads, the main timber producing regions, were not designed or built to accommodate that weight or length. Current limits are 105,000 lbs. They believe it will create safety issues and some say it is doubtful truck owners will see a return on the necessary capital investment to be able to haul that weight.

EXPECTATIONS Many loggers are unenthusiastic about adopting a one-size-fits all weight reform like SETA, though an increase to 97,000 lbs. GVW on the interstate would certainly be a welcome improvement. Numerous state logging associations and individual loggers would prefer pursuing the reform promoted by the American Loggers Council. Each state would simply apply its state weight limits to the interstates in its borders. There would be little if any push back from local authorities since those weight limits have already been in place and there would be no additional funding requirements. “It just makes sense,” observes Buck Vandersteen, who heads the Louisiana Forestry Assn. “Every state is a little different. To say that it can only be one weight really doesn’t allow for the nuances of each state.” In the South, where five-axle configurations are the norm, few recession survivors are likely eager to invest in converting to six-axle rigs to handle the added weight. Many states are already providing fairly generous weight tolerances. In some states loggers are not willing to give up grandfathered rules because that could jeopardize those longstanding allowances. Some predict that heavier truck weight provisions will only spark a rash of additional road and bridge postings at the county and local government level. In recent years, local government tax revenues have diminished while road and bridge infrastructure has deteriorated. Another big concern for truck owners is that higher permissible weights would translate into lower rates per ton. Compensation for the logger’s extra investment, increased operating costs, or equipment wear to haul that heavier load is seldom factored in when mills adjust trucking rates, according to some. TP This article originally appeared in Timber Harvesting magazine.





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HIGH PERFORMANCE BLADE Tested in the jungles of Guyana, South America, no less. ood-Mizer has been W testing, researching and producing sawmill blade technology for more than 20 years, so discovering a new blade profile that out-performs all the rest was no easy feat. Getting real results meant going to where the native logs were, and for this blade, it meant the sweltering jungles of Guyana in South America. By trying blade configurations blade manufacturers hadn’t considered before, the objective was to find a blade Sawmill in Guyana that would provide maximum run time and cut quality, no matter what species was placed on the mill. Carrying out this testing in an area where logs are known for their extremely abrasive qualities, Wood-Mizer’s Blade Team created and refined a groundbreaking new addition to their product line that surpassed their expectations. They have dubbed it the “Turbo 7” sawmill blade. “This new blade can best be described with one word—hungry!” states WoodMizer. After its high performance with Increased air flow in the cut South American hardwoods, WoodMizer brought it back to the U.S. to see ly switched over and now that is all we if it would perform as well for the dorun on our LT300 (headrig). The main mestic sawing market. According to two differences we see is we can saw Wood-Mizer’s own tests and initial refaster and still produce quality lumber, sponse from customers, the blade has and the deeper gullet takes more of the more than proven itself in sawing dosawdust out leaving less dust on the log.” mestic white oak, hickory, ash, hard What makes this blade so unique? maple and similar hardwoods. Wood-Mizer’s team of blade researchers Initial users report that the blade hanand experts know making intricate dles anything they throw at it, and have changes to the science of a blade can found that they can avoid switching bring significant results. However, while blades when switching between hardthey are not giving away too much inforwoods and softwoods. Because of the big mation on everything that makes this bite this tooth makes, it is most producblade perform so well, the new blade tive on higher horsepower sawmills (38 configuration works well for a variety of HP+) and operations where higher feed reasons, including increased air flow in rates and demanding production schedthe cut and additional room for sawdust ules must be maintained or exceeded. removal in tough hardwoods. According to long-time sawyer KenWith all the issues sawmill operations dall Loewen at Posey Valley Hardwoods face on a daily basis, this new blade may in Campbellsburg, Ind., who was one of be one of those developments that help the first to test out the new blade for sawyers run more smoothly, efficiently Wood-Mizer, their company has comand help them produce more at the end TP pletely converted to using the new blade. of each day. “We have been well pleased with the Article and photos submitted by Randy way they have performed. We have total- Panko at Wood-Mizer. 48




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ASSEMBLY LINE CELEBRATION Weinig celebrates 35,000th molder off its Montage 1 assembly line.


n 1970, Weinig pioneered line assembly of machines for solid wood processing. To this day, the majority of production is completed on the Montage 1 assembly line. In fact, the production line has just recently delivered its 35,000th molder. When Weinig commenced line assembly in 1970, it was a first in the sector that drew much attention. Series production was not yet the norm and placed high demands on organization and construction. With 26 work stations on the first assembly line, the ambitious company was also making a declaration of intent. Subsequently, series production would be continually expanded to several lines and increasingly tailored to requirements. The most important development came in 2007 with the shortening of throughput times achieved by reducing the number of work stations. Simultaneously, material supply trolleys were linked in accordance with the Kanban principle. The average throughput time for a Weinig molder is currently 10 working days. The first assembly line commissioned was a breakthrough in accelerating growth and guaranteeing quality for today’s market leader. On the one hand, it enabled modern production technology to supply growing markets with large volumes. On the other hand, it guaranteed consistently high standards. Over 43 years, the Montage 1 assembly line has paved the way for the production of the globally renowned Unimat, Hydromat and Powermat molder lines. The line currently produces the premium Powermat 600, 1200 and 2400 models, which also account for the majority of sales revenue from Weinig’s core business of planing and profiling machines. It was a Powermat 1200 that rolled off the assembly line to mark the 35,000 milestone. Weinig used its traditional summer festival to celebrate the event, which also chronicled a large portion of the company’s production history. If you were to arrange all the machines produced on the Montage 1 assembly line in a row, they would stretch over 175 kilometers. Several million working hours have 50


Weinig went to line assembly in 1970.

been spent on the now legendary production line. Indeed, this is a particularly relevant aspect for the people living in the vicinity of the Weinig factory: “The assembly line has made an important contribution to creating jobs in Tauberbischofsheim,” emphasized Wolfgang Pöschl in his speech. The Weinig CEO went into more detail on the financial potential harnessed within the assembly line. In terms of sales, Montage 1 has generated billions of euros. This has provided a solid foundation for developments that have made Weinig the leading technology provider for industry and small businesses. The milestone machine is one such innovation. Equipped with the patented PowerLock tool system, the machine is the epitome of modern production technology with low setup times and “Made in Germany” with perfect results in surface quality. The Powermat 1200 also features state-of-the-art control technology and can be integrated seamlessly into high-performance industrial production lines. The customer who received the milestone machine perfectly complements the history of the assembly line, said the

CEO. Traditional company Sörnsen Holzleisten GmbH, based in northern Germany, is a longstanding Weinig customer that has fully embraced the company’s technological advances from the outset and used the benefits of its partnership with the full service provider from Tauberbischofsheim to expand its European business. Sörnsen now runs its entire, highly efficient and economic production process using Weinig systems technology. This comprises a number of molders as well as the tool, tool grinding system, measuring system and automation. The celebration of the 35,000th molder was also an opportunity for the board to thank the employees whose commitment has made possible the success of the Montage 1 assembly line. Some 700 employees and guest of honor Georg Sörnsen looked on as the milestone machine was presented to the celebrating crowd on a forklift to rapturous applause. “The 35,000th machine from this assembly line will not be the last milestone we celebrate together,” said a confident TP Pöschl. Article and photo submitted by Weinig.



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MACHINERYROW Cut Tech Expands Into Carbide Tips Never satisfied with the status quo, Cut Tech is continuously seeking improvements for its customers. The varipitch band saws, Cougar XX Chrome round saws, and Big Cat cut off saws were all technologies introduced by Cut Tech to improve efficiency in lumber mills across North America. Now, Cut Tech introduces the Predator series carbide & super alloy saw tip, a newly engineered saw tip which Cut Tech and its consultants predict will “revolutionize the sawing industry.” Mike Cloutier, President of Cut Technologies, explains, “The tip industry has remained stagnant for decades and we’re here to change that. The Predator series carbide & super alloy saw tips were designed specifically to meet the demands of the sawing industry.” Cloutier says they revisited the technology behind the carbide grades used in the industry today and rebuilt the tip from its fundamental material. They used smaller micron particles of carbide, which allows the tip to remain sharper for a longer period of time. Cut Tech engineers started with the baseline component of the tip to create the Predator series. Instead of using the existing tip grades, they developed their own tip grades that would allow customers to experience vast sawing improvements. “In my 30 years in the industry, I have never seen a tip that can cut with such precision for extended periods of time,” Cloutier says. “I’m confident that Predator series tips by Cut Tech are the lumber industry’s next generation of saw tips.”





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ATLARGE 34th Expo Richmond Dates Announced The 34th East Coast Sawmill and Logging Equipment Exposition will be held Friday-Saturday, May 16-17, 2014

at Richmond Raceway Complex in Richmond, Va. Expo Richmond will showcase

sawmill technologies, pallet manufacturing equipment, logging equipment, biomass processing equipment and more. With more than 12 acres of outdoor exhibit space and hundreds of indoor ➤ 56


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ATLARGE 54 ➤ booths, Expo Richmond provides more than one-half million square feet for active equipment demonstrations, exhibits and static displays. The exposition is sponsored by the Virginia Forest Products Assn. and the Cooperative Extension Service at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. Attendee pre-registration forms will be available in early 2014 in trade publi-



cations and from the exposition office. There will be no charge for any forest products member who pre-registers, and a small fee collected on site. For more information, contact Mike Washko, Exposition Manager, East Coast Sawmill and Logging Equipment Exposition, PO Box 160, Sandston, VA 23150-0160; call 804-737-5625; fax 804-737-9436; e-mail

Weyerhaeuser Re-Opens EWP Operation Weyerhaeuser is re-starting production on its Trus Joist TJI joists and Microllam LVL lines in Evergreen, Ala. The company began investing capital in the engineered lumber products facility after a four-year closure due to previously weak wood products demand in North America. It also plans to hire 100 employees at the facility by the end of 2014. Robert (Bob) Doll has been selected as plant manager. “Customer demand for engineered wood products has improved over the last year,” says Jan Marrs, manufacturing manager for Weyerhaeuser Engineered Lumber Products. “With our markets improving and positive support from both the state and local community, we are looking forward to re-starting this facility.” The Evergreen Trus Joist facility was acquired by Weyerhaeuser in 2000 and has an estimated annual production of 2 million cu. ft. of Microllam LVL and 120 million lineal feet of TJI Joists.



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Bush chipper, 66" eight knife, Ready to use.............$10,000


Contact Us Office 541.745.6420 Cell 541.760.7173 Fax 541.745.6820



• Rails straightened & ground in-place at a fraction of the cost of rail replacement • No down time for the mill • Restores carriage rails to optimum sawing efficiency •Precision Laser Alignment • Machining and Grinding • Carriage and Bandmill Alignment 489

Tierney gang saw, 8"/300hp motor, in-feed and outfeed decks. Ready to use.....$10,000 AFP Logs and Lumber PO Box 2228 Buckhannon, WV 26201 Office: 304-472-2996




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Call Toll-Free: 1-800-669-5613

EMPLOYMENTOPPORTUNITIES Recruiting and Staffing George Meek (541) 954-8456


Michael Strickland & Associates, LLC Executive Recruiters Wood Products/Building Materials Industries Mike Strickland 601-529-2157 • Fees paid by employer


Specializing in confidential career opportunities in the Forest Products industry 2200

Top Wood Jobs

Management Recruiters of Houston Northeast

Gates Copeland 281-359-7940 • fax 866-253-7032 •

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Timber Processing is sent FREE to all who are qualified in the industry. Name

Sawmill/Chip Mill ❑ E1—Hardwood ❑ E2—Softwood ❑ E3—Hardwood/Softwood ❑ WW—Engineered Products ❑ PP—Veneer/Plywood/Panel Products ❑ NT—Pallets ❑ NN—Poles/Timbers ❑ NN—Specialty Products ❑ NN—Wood Treatment ❑ CC—Processing Oper. Of Pulp & Paper Mill ❑ GG—Consultant in Mill or Proc. Oper. ❑ BE—BioEnergy Manufacturer ❑ MM—Mach./Equip./Supplies Manufacturer ❑ DD—Mach./Equip./Supplies Distributor/Dealer ❑ OO—Other:

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WPM_tp_0913_GEOs_Jan04.qxd 9/24/13 1:53 PM Page 60

WOOD PRODUCTS marketplace ■ Indiana

NORTH AMERICA ■ United States

■ Minnesota


■ Connecticut

SOTIL TREE SERVICE WE SELL LARGE SUPPLIES OF LUMBER, OAK, WALNUT, CHERRY, PINE, ETC. We also sell very large table and bar tops MADE TO ORDER! All types of wood oak, walnut, cherry, pine, giant slabs of woods, tulup and pine oak.

3 Wood Treatment Autoclaves with Quick Opening Doors – 6'x24' 1969 - Vessel & Door Code Stamped, 125 PSIG WSF Door – 6'x'40' 1956 - 100 PSIG Hodge Door – 6'x50' 1964 - Vessel & Door Code Stamped, 200 PSIG Hodge Door Moore-Memphis Double Track Double Door Direct Fired Dry Kiln Propane/Natural Gas, 8 million BTU, Capacity: 70,000 Bd. Ft., Controls, track and trams Moore International Automated Lumber Sticker/Stacker System With 4' Tilt Hoist Transfer Deck, Allen Bradley Controls, Capacity: 26' Length Weinig Unimat Gold Moudler/Shaper Year: 2006, Model: UGM-002, Machine Number: 2016 These and other items available immediately and priced to move; see web site ( for other items; all located in Indianapolis or Valparaiso, IN. For details contact: J.R. Virnich • Lonza Wood Protection • 678.627.2280

■ Missouri

Contact: Rick Sotil 860-844-8250

■ Florida

• Hardwood sawmill producing red oak, white oak, walnut, syc, soft maple, hickory, ash and cottonwood.

CRACKER SAWMILL CYPRESS AND SYP Sawmill, Drying and MillIng facility Custom Cut to Order Lumber, Cants, Specialty Beams to 44’ We will Mill Log Home logs S4S 6”x6” thru 8”x12” T&G Your wood or ours WE DO WHAT OTHERS CANNOT 20253 N.E. 20th Street Williston, Fl 32690

(352) 529-2070

• We have 300,000’ of dry kilns, planer, straight line rip, our own company trucks • 4/4 - 8/4 Grade Lumber • Members of NHLA, HMA and Mo. Forest Products Assn. • Give us a call


Next closing: January 5, 2014

(606) 784-7573 • Fax: (606) 784-2624

Mike White

■ Georgia

Domestic & Export Sales

■ North Carolina

Beasley Forest Products, Inc. P.O. Box 788 Hazlehurst, GA 31539 Manufactures Kiln-Dried 4/4 Red and White Oak, Poplar, Ash and Cypress Contact: Linwood Truitt Phone (912) 253-9000 / Fax: (912) 375-9541

Green & Kiln Dried, On-Site Export Prep & Loading Complete millworks facility, molding, milling & fingerjoint line

Pallet components, X-ties, Timbers and Crane Mats


Contact: Ray Turner Phone (912) 253-9001 / Fax: (912) 375-9541

Call or email Susan Windham 334/834-1170 •

Cook Brothers Lumber Co., Inc.

Manufacturer of Appalachian Hardwood Lumber



LEONARD COOK, Sales (828) 524-4857 • cell: (828) 342-0997 residential: (828) 369-7740 P.O. Box 699 • Frankin, NC 28744 NATIONAL HARDWOOD LUMBER ASSOCIATION

WPM_tp_0913_GEOs_Jan04.qxd 9/24/13 1:53 PM Page 61

wood products marketplace ■ Pennsylvania MERIDIEN HARDWOODS OF PA, INC.

Buyers & Wholesalers We produce quality 4/4 - 8/4 Appalachian hardwoods

P.O. Box 227 ● Pittsfield, PA 16340 Export and Yard Quality Hardwood Green, KD, S2S, SLR Custom Walnut Steaming Available

• Red Oak, White Oak, Poplar •

Green Lumber: Air Dried, Kiln Dried Timbers & Crossties • Hickory, Sycamore, Beech, Gum & Elm • Custom Cut Timbers: Long lengths and wide widths

Sales/Service: 336-746-5419 336-746-6177 (Fax) •

WANT TO GET YOUR AD IN BY OUR MARKETPLACE? Call or email Susan Windham 334/834-1170 by January 5, 2014

WANT TO GET YOUR AD IN BY OUR MARKETPLACE? Call or email Susan Windham 334/834-1170 by January 5, 2014

Ph: 800-780-3187 Fax: 800-292-5773 Dan Ferman – Brandon Ferman – Rob Allard – 802-380-4694; Mike Songer – 814-486-1711;

■ Tennessee

■ Virginia


Producing Quality Southern Yellow Pine Since 1939


AIR-O-FLOW profiled & FLAT sticks available Imported & Domestic DHM Company - Troy, TN 38260 731-538-2722 Fax: 707-982-7689 email:

P.O. BOX 25 • 628 Jeb Stuart Highway Red Oak, VA 23964 Tel: 434-735-8151 • Fax: 434-735-8152 E-mail Sales: Website: Product Mix: ALL KD, HT STAMPED 1x4 D&BETTER, 1x6 D&BETTER, 1x4 #2, 1x6 #2, 1x4 #3/#4, 1x6 #3/#4, 5/4x4 PREMIUM, 5/4x4 STANDARD, 5/4x4 #2/#3/#4, 5/4x6 PREMIUM, 5/4x6 STANDARD, 5/4x6 #2/#3/#4, 6x6 #2&BETTER, 6x6 #3/#4



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MARCH 2014

1-3—Arkansas Forestry Assn. annual meeting, Embassy Suites, Little Rock, Ark. Call 501-374-2441; visit

18-19—Bioenergy Fuels & Products Conference & Expo, Omni Hotel at CNN Center, Atlanta, Ga. Call 334-834-1170; e-mail; visit

2-4—North Carolina Forestry Assn. annual meeting, Double Tree by Hilton, New Bern, NC. Call 919-834-3943; visit

7-9—RISI Annual Forest Products Conference, Hotel Del Coronado, San Diego, CA. Call 919-285-2800; visit 8-10—Texas Forestry Assn. annual meeting, LaTorretta Resort, Montgomery, Tex. Call 936-632-8733; visit 13-15—Oregon Forest Industries Council annual meeting, Sunriver Resort, Sunriver, Ore. Call 503-371-2942; visit 14-15—25th Annual WMI Workshop on Design, Operation and Maintenance of Circular and Band Saws, Red Lion Hotel – Convention Center, Portland, Ore. Call 800-733-5466; visit 15-17—Sawmill Management Training Workshop, Portland, Ore. Call 503-639-0784; visit 16-18—Mississippi Forestry Assn. annual meeting, Hilton, Jackson, Miss. Call 601-354-4936; visit 23-25—95th Annual Railway Tie Association Symposium and Technical Conference, Hyatt Regency Lake Tahoe, Incline Village, Nev. Call 770-460-5553; visit 31-Nov. 2—Sawdust and Splinters, Tylertown, Mississippi. Call 601-876-9635; visit; email

NOVEMBER 2—Stockton Sawmill Days, Stockton, Ala. Call 251-937-3738; visit 2-5—APA-Engineered Wood Assn. annual meeting, Hyatt Huntington Beach, Huntington Beach, Calif. Call 253-565-6600; visit 4-6—Pacific Logging Congress annual meeting, Paris Las Vegas, Las Vegas, Nev. Call 425-413-2808; visit 7-8—Mid-America Lumbermens Assn. Fall Fling, Chateau On The Lake, Branson, Mo. Call 816-561-5323; visit 8—American Lumber Standard Committee annual meeting, New Orleans, La. Call 301-972-1700; visit 62


Listings are submitted months in advance. Always verify dates and locations with contacts prior to making plans to attend.





3-4—Southern Forest Products Assn. Fall meeting, Hotel Monteleone, New Orleans, La. Email; visit

20-21—Panel & Engineered Lumber International Conference & Expo (PELICE), Omni Hotel at CNN Center, Atlanta, Ga. Call 800-669-5613; visit



2-4—National Hardwood Lumber Assn. annual meeting, Omni Ft. Worth, Ft. Worth, Tex. Call 901-377-1818; visit

Easy access to current advertisers! Don’t forget to bookmark this link!

This issue of Timber Processing is brought to you in part by the following companies, which will gladly supply additional information about their products. ADVERTISER

Advanced Sawmill Machinery American Wood Dryers Andritz Iggesund Tools Brunner Hildebrand Brunson Instrument Capital City Sharpening Cone Omega Cooper Machine Corley Manufacturing Cut Technologies Dynalyse Esterer WD Gmbh Fulghum Industries Gilbert Products Heinola Sawmill Machinery HewSaw Machines Holtec USA Hurdle Machine Works JoeScan Ben Jones Machinery Linck Linden Fabricating Lucidyne Technologies Mackay Sales Mebor Metal Detectors Microtec SRL Gmbh Mid-South Engineering Nelson Bros Engineering Osmose Peninsular Cylinder Pierce Construction Pipers Saw Shop Price LogPro Quality Mill Service SCS Forest Products Select Sawmill Sennebogen Sering Sawmill Machinery Smithco Manufacturing Soderhamn Eriksson U S Blades USNR Ustunkarli Marangoz Vacutherm Valutec Veneer Services Vollmer Of America Wagner Electronics Producers West Salem Machinery Williams & White Machine WMF 2014 China Woodeye By Innovativ Vision


63 10 2 40 46 56 24 48 6 3 57 53 39 51 25 31 64 44 52 54 49 8 19 56 45 31 47 12 51 8 41 9 44 29 57 54 38 11 52 56 30 57 33 38 21 37 13 7 21,41 39 12 55 40


850.537.5333 503.655.1955 813.855.6902 +49(0)5108.64.09.31 877.632.7873 800.824.5772 229.228.9213 478.252.5885 423.698.0284 800.435.4370 + +49.8671.503.232 800.841.5980 418.275.5041 +358.3.848.411 604.852.7293 800.346.5832 901.877.6251 360.993.0069 800.241.8983 +49.7802.933.215 250.561.1181 541.753.5111 604.277.7046 +386.4.510.3200 541.345.7454 604.524.4544 501.321.2276 360.951.2737 800.585.5161 800.526.7968 601.544.1321 800.845.6075 501.844.4260 866.628.8751 720.963.6500 613.673.1267 877.309.0099 360.687.2667 800.764.8456 +46.496.218.00 843.673.0110 800.289.8767 +90.232.782.13.90 802.496.4241 +46(0).910.879.50 317.346.0711 412.278.0655 800.581.2722 800.722.3530 888.293.2268 +852.2811.8897 +46.13.460.5100

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