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A Hatton-Brown Publication Co-Publisher David H. Ramsey Co-Publisher David (DK) Knight Chief Operating Officer Dianne C. Sullivan PUBLISHING OFFICE Street Address: 225 Hanrick Street Montgomery, AL 36104-3317 Mailing Address: P.O. Box 2268 Montgomery, AL 36102-2268 Telephone (334) 834-1170 Fax 334-834-4525

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Executive Editor David (DK) Knight Editor-in-Chief Rich Donnell Western Editor Dan Shell Senior Associate Editor David Abbott Associate Editor Jessica Johnson Associate Editor Jay Donnell Art Director/Prod. Mgr. Cindy Segrest Ad Production Coord Patti Campbell Circulation Director Rhonda Thomas CLASSIFIED ADVERTISING Bridget DeVane 334-699-7837 bdevane7@hotmail.com ADVERTISING SALES REPRESENTATIVES

Vol. 63, No. 5: Issue 652


OurCover Driven by Floyd and Sandy Quiram, Quiram Logging, Inc., is a relatively small company but is a big league player when it comes to management, operational and business details, stability and professionalism. Despite unfavorable federal forest policy and numerous mill closures in Montana, it continues along a progressive, successful path as another generation stands ready to carry on the family tradition. From left are Austin, Floyd, Taylor and Walker Quiram. Story begins on page PAGE 10. (Photo by David Abbott)


SOUTHERN USA Randy Reagor • P.O. Box 2268 Montgomery, AL 36102-2268 (904) 393-7968 • Fax: (334) 834-4525 E-mail: reagor@bellsouth.net


MIDWEST USA, EASTERN CANADA John Simmons • 32 Foster Cres. Whitby, Ontario, Canada L1R 1W1 (905) 666-0258 • Fax: (905) 666-0778 E-mail: jsimmons@idirect.com WESTERN USA, WESTERN CANADA Tim Shaddick • 4056 West 10th Avenue Vancouver, BC, Canada V6L 1Z1 (604) 910-1826 • Fax: (604) 264-1367 E-mail: tootall1@shaw.ca

Egolfs Work Alone

INTERNATIONAL Murray Brett Aldea de las Cuevas 66, Buzon 60 03759 Benidoleig (Alicante), Spain +34 96 640 4165 • Fax: +34 96 640 4022 E-mail: murray.brett@abasol.net Timber Harvesting & Wood Fiber Operations (ISSN 21542333) is published 6 times annually (January/February, March/April, May/June, July/August, September/October, November/December issues are combined) by HattonBrown Publishers, Inc., 225 Hanrick St., Montgomery, AL 36104. Subscriptions are free to U.S. logging, pulpwood and chipping contractors and their supervisors; managers and supervisors of corporate-owned harvesting operations; wood suppliers; timber buyers; businesses involved in land grooming and/or land clearing, wood refuse grinding and right-of-way maintenance; wood procurement and land management officials; industrial forestry purchasing agents; wholesale and retail forest equipment representatives and forest/logging association personnel. All non-qualified U.S. subscriptions are $50 annually; $60 in Canada; $95 (airmail) in all other countries (U.S. funds). Single copies, $5 each; special issues, $20 (U.S. funds). Subscription Inquiries— TOLL-FREE 800-669-5613; Fax 888-611-4525. Go to www.timberharvesting.com and click on the subscribe button to subscribe/renew via the web. All advertisements for Timber Harvesting magazine are accepted and published by Hatton-Brown Publishers, Inc. with the understanding that the advertiser and/or advertising agency are authorized to publish the entire contents and subject matter thereof. The advertiser and/or advertising agency will defend, indemnify and hold Hatton-Brown Publishers, Inc. harmless from and against any loss, expenses, or other liability resulting from any claims or lawsuits for libel violations or right of privacy or publicity, plagiarism, copyright or trademark infringement and any other claims or lawsuits that may arise out of publication of such advertisement. Hatton-Brown Publishers, Inc. neither endorses nor makes any representation or guarantee as to the quality of goods and services advertised in Timber Harvesting & Wood Fiber Operations. Copyright ® 2015. All rights reserved. Reproduction in whole or in part without written permission is prohibited. Periodicals postage paid at Montgomery, Ala. and at additional mailing offices. Printed in USA.

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In Delaware, Maryland


Steady Improvement Equals Steady Success


Tennessee’s Wade Norris Sets Impressive Example


MN Logger/Mill Contention: Dennis Wagner Spars With PCA

OurDepartments My Take _________________________________________________ 4 News Lines _______________________________________________ 6 Near Miss _______________________________________________ 30 Downtime _______________________________________________ 38 Dust & Rust _____________________________________________ 40 Equipment World_________________________________________ 42 Innovation Way __________________________________________ 48 Select Cuts _____________________________________________ 50 THExchange _____________________________________________ 52 Events/Ad Index __________________________________________ 54 Other Hatton-Brown Publications: Southern Loggin’ Times • Wood Bioenergy Timber Processing • Panel World • Power Equipment Trade


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MyTake DK KNIGHT dk@hattonbrown.com, 334-834-1170

TEAM Truck Seeks To Help Stabilize Challenging Log Trucking Component A group of insurance providers, loggers, wood procurement officials and association leaders gathered in Raleigh, NC in late July at the bidding of locally-based Forestry Mutual Insurance Co. (FM) to discuss the many challenges confronting log trucking. Officials of FM fear that unless something changes, log truck insurance availability and affordability could be in jeopardy. Based on the concerns and comments shared there by representatives of other insurance companies, that anxiety is widespread. They acknowledge that log truck accidents and the resulting death, injury, property damage and related claims and liability fallout are increasing. This is already pushing up rates and causing some carriers to back away from insuring log trucks. It could become much worse. In an arresting development, one insurance rep from Michigan excused himself from the meeting to take a phone call, minutes later reporting that a log truck owned by one of his insured parties had been involved in an accident. There were injuries but no one was killed. Two weeks later, at a busy intersection on U.S. 31 just north of Athens, Ala., a loaded log truck hit a van driven by an older man, killing him and sending the truck driver to the hospital. A piece handed out during the meeting noted that 69% of logging accidents in Louisiana last year occurred on the highway—triple the normal rate. Most of them involved log trucks but a few involved service trucks or tractor-lowboys moving equipment. Tailgating was cited as one cause in the spike, along with speed, In a broader sense, FM reps listed speed, load center of gravity, secondary road conditions and limited driver skill as contributing factors. Other companies cited rollovers caused by running off the road, animal collisions, and various distractions, including cell phone use. A BITCO Insurance spokesman 4


urged employers to be more selective in hiring drivers, to provide additional training, and stressed that a driver’s speed should match prevailing conditions. He advised truck owners to make their rigs more visible by adding reflective tape and/or a flashing amber light, saying numerous accidents happen during low light conditions or at night. For insurers, losses related to subcontractors continue to mount. From another handout, this one from an insurance company: “We just got another hit on subcontractor loss. The hauler had our trailer hitched on to boot, and had minimum limits. I’ve been digging through some of the declines on accounts to see what’s happening on other companies’ Auto, and seeing about one-third of the serious losses coming from subcontractor hauling—even in the Northwest, which really surprised me.” One logger present pointed out that the industry custom is to pay drivers by production, which tempts some to speed. He said this “rushing mentality” also kicks in to help offset slow truck turn times at some mills, which also impact production and potentially eat into a driver’s hours of service limits, as can deliveries on Saturdays. Paying drivers by the hour works for another logger, who reported good service from subcontractors, but added: “I wouldn’t insure a log truck, I’ll tell you that.” Another logger emphasized how much the trucking sector has changed over the years, with longer haul distances, higher operating costs, more powerful trucks, additional loads and costly and time consuming engine-related issues. “The public’s perception and the industry’s culture have not changed, but the logistics certainly have,” he said. To keep conscientious drivers, a logger has to maintain clean, wellequipped trucks that look good, another logger contended, saying, “Ultimately, it comes down to money, but

nobody wants to talk about that.” According to yet another logger, a driver’s inability to make a steady income is a big problem (weather shutdowns and slow turn times with no demurrage recourse). “The older drivers are retiring or dying and the younger ones coming out of driving school go to over-the-road freight companies,” he complained. (According to FM, the average U.S. truck driver—all types—is age 50; average life expectancy is only 62!) “Our number one issue is economic; finding the time and management to get it done,” said another logger, who noted a second issue is finding reliable, safe drivers. (His company has 20 trucks but can find only 16 suitable drivers.) He pushed support for the Right To Haul Act, a proposal endorsed by the American Loggers Council that would make a state’s legal weight applicable to interstate highways within a given state. “If enacted, this proposal would reduce our exposure on two-lane highways by 20 to 25 percent,” he said. Procurement officials endorsed safety, additional driver training, and outreach to former military personnel and young people in general, the latter perhaps through an intern program. Another suggested that drivers run with headlights on during the day. The upshot of the gathering was the formation of the TEAM Truck Safety Task Force, which emulates the successful Timber Equipment Applications Management Task Force (TEAM Fire) that FM led in creating in the late ’90s. TEAM Truck’s Mission Statement: To reduce accidents through effective fleet management, increasing the number of safe, qualified drivers to deliver a sustainable and profitable supply chain.” Through committees, TEAM (Together Everyone Accomplishes More) Truck will work to accomplish this goal through awareness, education-training, accountability, and public perception. For more information, contact FM’s Keith Biggs at 800-849-7788 or Jimmie Locklear at 910-733-3300. Search Facebook for TEAM log-chip TH truck.



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NewsLines Wood Suppliers Win Big Award In Alabama A Monroe County, Alabama circuit court jury and judge awarded seven timber dealer-logging companies a combined $8.1 million in early September in a civil lawsuit they brought against Alabama River Group Inc. and its former principal, George Landegger, for default on payments due from contracts in 2010. This was one of the largest settlements in Monroe County history. The defendants of the case have indicated they are appealing the decision. The attorneys for the timber dealers presented a case that Alabama River Group (Alabama Pine Pulp and Alabama River Pulp) misrepresented itself to the government in order to receive matching money from the then newly implemented Biomass Crop Assistance Program (BCAP), but in the end left the dealers in a financial bind. The dealers alleged they entered into purchase contracts with various landowners for fuelwood at a higher than current market rate based off guaranteed contracts with ARG for a higher than market rate per green ton—all projected on payments ARG would receive from the Farm Service as part of BCAP. The BCAP, implemented in 2009, offered financial assistance to producer facilities that qualified based on usage of woody biomass in their facilities. The assistance was supposed to come in matching payments at a rate of $1 for each $1 per dry ton paid by the producer or conversion facility in an amount up to $45 per dry ton. According to the dealers, ARG said it would set up the purchase of their delivered green tons at a lower than current market rate, but add incoming BCAP matching payments, which would actually raise the per green ton price significantly above current market value. Furthermore, the dealers said ARG was explicit in the payment arrangement: The dealers would be paid the amounts agreed upon, even if ARG did not receive its BCAP matching payment. ARG apparently qualified initially as a conversion facility under the program, but its black liquor byproduct (for steam production) was not listed as part of BCAP and the matching payment program fell apart on ARG. The dealers said they were never told of this devel6


opment by ARG as the dealers bypassed other business opportunities. The Monroe Journal reported, apparently using an example in the case, that ARG, working from a market green ton price of $36, reduced it $6 to $30, and then calculated a BCAP matching payment of $11.25, bringing the total payment per green ton to $41.25, which would give dealers a $5 boost above current market value. But the dealers never received the enhanced rate. Each of the seven timber dealer-logging companies were awarded $1 million in punitive damages, and varying amounts of compensatory damages ranging from $77,000 to $344,000. Those companies include Ayres Forestry, BAR Forest Products, Conecuh Timber, Dry Creek Loggers, Pea River Timber, Pineville Timber and The Timber Company.

Highland Pellets Orders Astec Line Astec Industries, Inc. has received a downpayment to build, deliver and install the first production line of a new wood pellet production facility for Highland Pellets, LLC at Pine Bluff, Ark. Highland Pellets earlier revealed it wants to produce up to 500,000 metric tons of pellets.

Proposed Pellet Mill Now Has Plant Site PHI Group reports it has completed the acquisition of 10 acres from Klausner Holding for the proposed Cornerstone Biomass Corp. 200,000 metric ton wood pellet project in Live Oak, Suwannee County, Fla. The parcel of land is adjacent Klausner Lumber One sawmill, which is expected to be a primary source of feedstock for the pellet mill.

Barko Hosted ALC, Legislation Introduced Barko Hydraulics hosted the summer board meeting of the American Loggers Council (ALC) July 24-25 in Duluth, Minn. ALC members were transported to the Barko assembly plant in nearby Superior, Wisc. to meet with key personnel, tour the plant and see demonstrations of the CH6025 biomass chipper and 495ML loader. After lunch the group headed to the woods to watch

forwarders and harvesters operate. The ALC board members met to discuss business and recent activities in Washington, DC. The latter included the reintroduction of the Future Careers in Logging Act, and the Resilient Federal Forest Act of 2015. Along with Barko officials, the board welcomed representatives from the Associated Contract Loggers and Truckers (ACLT) of Minnesota. Barko’s Scot Jenkins announced the company was increasing its level of commitment to the ALC by increasing its funding. A week following the ALC meeting, Rep. Bruce Poliquin (R-ME) introduced legislation that would assist the logging industry at a time when family-owned logging businesses are struggling to attract employees and are faced with concerns about survivorship. The “Securing America’s Next Generation of Safe Loggers and Truckers Act” would amend the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 to allow 16- and 17-year-old children of business owners to legally perform certain tasks on mechanized logging operations, as well as lower the age requirement for the operation of commercial motor vehicles across state and international borders.

Former GP Sawmill Sold To Canada Firm Conifex Timber Inc. of Vancouver, Canada it has purchased the former Georgia-Pacific sawmill and 186 acres at El Dorado, Ark. for $21 million. GP closed the mill in 2008.

Washington Foursome Faces Federal Charges According to U.S. Attorney Annette Hayes, three Washington timber cutters and a mill owner were indicted in August on charges of theft and environmental crimes for cutting down highly valued maple trees in Gifford Pinchot National Forest in 2011 and 2012. Wood buyer Harold Kupers, 48, of Winlock, and his mill company, J & L Tonewoods, are charged with receipt of stolen property and seven violations of the Lacey Act, which prohibits trafficking in “illegal” wildlife, fish and plants. Tree cutters Ryan Justice, 28, of Randle, James Miller, 36, of Morton, and Kevin Mullins, 56, of Packwood, are charged with theft of/damage to government property.



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Log Trucker Shows Bravery During Rampage Northeast Georgia log trucker Don Davis has experienced lots of twists, turns and jams in 34 years behind the wheel but he never dreamed he’d face the dire situation that jolted him while on the job August 28 and led to multiple gunshot wounds. Don Davis According to reports written by Joe Johnson and appearing on Online Athens, a service of the Athens Banner-Herald, Davis was preparing to leave a logging job with a load (A&L Logging, Tignall, Ga.) in rural Oglethorpe County when a gunman, Ryan Arnold, on the run from authorities, emerged from the woods with a rifle and climbed on a skidder. Seeing Davis’ rig, Arnold commandeered it and Davis, forcing Davis to head toward a nearby highway. Earlier, authorities had responded to a domestic disturbance involving Arnold and his former girlfriend, Haley



Hill, and surrounded his residence, unsuccessfully negotiating for Hill’s release. Arnold, 23, bolted with Hill in tow, forced her into his pickup truck and drove away. While being chased by sheriff’s deputies and state troopers, Arnold allegedly shot Hill and pushed her out of the moving truck. After firing at chasing officers, Arnold abandoned his truck near the Wilkes County line and made his way to the logging site. Meanwhile, officers had formed a roadblock on the dirt road leading from the logging site. With a gun in his face, the truck driver was ordered by the gunman to ram the barricade, but Davis, 58, refused. According to family members, this led to a scuffle in which Davis put his foot underneath the accelerator and Arnold tried to remove it. Arnold allegedly shot Davis in the leg and pushed the accelerator

to the floor, crashing through police vehicles as officers opened fire. Family members said Davis was shot seven times in one shoulder, one hand and both legs, and Arnold was incapacitated by at least one gunshot wound. Both were hospitalized. Davis, who resides in the Madison County community of Ila, underwent surgery and was released from the hospital after only four days and continues a painful recovery from his wounds, which may leave one hand permanently impaired. Arnold was released from the hospital and jailed. He was initially charged with feticide, kidnapping with bodily injury and multiple counts of aggravated assault. Murder and numerous other charges are expected. Hill, 23, was pregnant when shot. Her baby was dead upon delivery at Athens Regional Medical Center and Hill was subsequently declared brain dead.



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hen Floyd Quiram, 63, finished high school in 1970, he nearly missed his graduation. At the time he rode to and from work with a crew of seasoned loggers, and as far as those vets were concerned, the day didn’t end till the work was done. He narrowly made it to the ceremony, but the attitude of his early peers left its mark on him. He’s maintained that no-nonsense mentality and focused work ethic in the 45 years since. ‘Driven’ is a word that those who know him well use frequently in describing Quiram and his family. By all accounts, the family is driven to succeed in business, to perform exceptionally well on the job, to do the best job humanly possible. Quiram and his wife and business 10


partner, Sandy, own Quiram Logging, Inc., based in Whitefish, Mont. The company is almost entirely a family operation. On the business side, friends say the husband and wife make quite the team, and Quiram happily acknowledges that Sandy is easily 50% of the operation, if not more. In the woods, he is first among equals with their two sons, Taylor, 30, and Walker, 27. At only 19 and barely out of school, nephew Austin Quiram rounds out the harvesting crew as its newest member. The company is the 18th recipient of the Timber Harvesting Logging Business of the Year Award, and the first from Montana. It will be formally presented to Quiram on September 26 at the concluding event of the Ameri-

can Loggers Council’s annual meeting, held this year in Eureka, Calif. Quiram got his work ethic from his parents, who migrated to Montana from Minnesota in 1948, “following the timber.” His father, Harold (Jug) Quiram, was also a highly respected logger in his day, according to Keith Olson, Executive Director of the Montana Logging Assn. (MLA). Jug worked for 20 years as a foreman of a company crew for the L. Peter Larsen Co., a family outreach of American Timber Co. in Olney, Mont. Fellow Montana logger and friend Ken Swanstrom says Jug was as driven as his son. “That’s just how the whole tribe acted,” Swanstrom says. After completing high school, Quiram worked on that crew with his



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Family crew, left to right: Austin, Floyd, Taylor and Walker Quiram

dad. Later, he went to work for another logger, Barry Smith, youngest son of well-known Montana logger Clyde Smith, before striking out on his own at age 27. “Opportunities were so much better then to do what I did,” he says, looking back. Quiram started his company’s operations in 1979 and incorporated the business in 1983.

Beyond The Woods Notably, Quiram hasn’t spent the last 30-plus years only in the woods; he’s also done considerable work on behalf of the industry. “Any time regulatory functions were on the table, Floyd was always a participant and a contributor,” Olson says. He has been involved with the MLA since day one, Foremost Authority For Professional Loggers 

TimberPro 735C (2015 model) with Quadco disc saw is one of the newest pieces in the lineup.

when it was started in 1976. Quiram points out that the MLA was one of the models for the creation of the American Loggers Council. He currently serves as MLA’s secretary. He also had a hand in contributing to Montana’s very thorough Best Management Practices. He was part of a task force the MLA assembled to develop what became the state’s Accredited Logging Professional program, which was intended to revitalize the concept of loggers as stewards of the forest resource. “We wanted to develop professional standards for the timber harvesting community,” according to Olson. That process ultimately led to the writing of the voluntary Best Management Practices booklet, and thence to the passage of the state’s streamside

management zone law through the Montana legislature in 1993. For the last 20 years, Quiram has also served on the board of Three Rivers Bank of Montana, a local community bank with a longtime family history in the area. It has two branches in Kalispell. During that time, this bank has grown its assets from $40 million to $115 million. “He’s an outstanding logger and family man who is truly committed to our profession and has demonstrated that over a long period of time,” Olson goes on to say. Moreover, in a time when it is increasingly difficult to attract a younger generation to the industry, Quiram has successfully passed on his family legacy. “His kids are following in his footsteps,” Olson SEPTEMBER/OCTOBER 2015



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John Deere 2154D works with Waratah 622B processor.

The TimberPro 830 is a combo unit, working as either a forwarder or, with a Waratah 470 attachment, as a harvester.

continues. “They’ve been raised to continue that dedication to those traditions. It’s a real testament to not only Floyd but to Sandy as well.”

Nuts & Bolts-Plus The two newest pieces in the Quiram equipment lineup are a 2015 TimberPro 735C tracked feller-buncher fitted with a Quadco disc sawhead and a 2013 John Deere 2154D tracked carrier fitted with a 622B Waratah processor. A TimberPro TF 830 combo forwarder/harvester uses a Waratah 470 attachment when set up as a harvester. A Doosan 225 loader was purchased as an excavator and later modified with a 5 ft. cab riser and Pierce log loading boom. “It’s kind of a home-spun deal that really works well,” he says. Both Quiram loaders—the modified Doosan and a Caterpillar 320 track machine—swing Hultdins 360S grapples. Quiram also uses a 38 in. Ad12


vanced Forest Equipment mulcher head on a 445E Timbco for masticating jobs, mostly on USFS stewardship projects. The rest of the roster includes a Deere 110 excavator, Morgan 706 skidder and Deere and Cat bulldozers. Total equipment investment approaches $3 million. Quiram hauls with four Kenworth W900s, set up in a long log “A” train and/or mule train configurations with two- or three-axle pup trailers— mostly Whit-Log products. A threeaxle Load King lowboy is used for moving equipment. Equipment dealers are RDO Equipment Co. (formerly Triple W Equipment) in Kalispell for John Deere, Western States Cat in Kalispell for Caterpillar, Modern Machinery in Kalispell and Missoula for TimberPro and Timbco and Northwest Parts & Equipment in Columbia Falls for Doosan and various support equipment and parts. “You can get most anything you want there (Northwest),” Quiram says. “It’s

like the general store of logging supplies. We probably buy 75% of our supplies there—good people.” CityServiceValcon in Kalispell supplies all fuels, oils and grease, making deliveries to the shop. The family prefers to do business with local dealers and parts houses. “We all need to survive,” Quiram says. “We enjoy very good equipment and workers’ comp insurance rates, because the safety and health of our employees is ‘numero uno,’” Quiram informs. “We want our equipment looking good so we take care to have it in excellent working condition.” The logger calls himself “old school” when it comes to maintenance. “We haven’t bought into longer intervals in oil changes yet,” he explains, so he sticks with the practice of changing lubricants and filters in logging and road-building equipment every 200 hours. Trucks get the service at 10,000-mile intervals. Machines are greased every afternoon, and trucks once weekly. Operators use battery-powered grease guns; that is except for the owner himself, who still prefers to use a manual gun. To be fair, Quiram generally runs the Doosan loader, which he notes is the simplest machine to grease, with fewer grease points. The crew keeps a logbook to record daily activity on each machine and truck: start and end hours, fuel consumption, parts used, and so on. This equipment “diary,” as he calls it, is in keeping with his reputation for meticulous attention to detail—a trait he shares with his wife and one they have passed on to their sons. In Quiram’s world, parts preference is determined by availability, not brand. That’s especially true today, he says, because dealers keep inventory to a minimum and ordered parts are typically at least two days out, prompting him to keep a lot of filters in stock. A shop truck on site contains all the essentials and basic hand tools. In summers, Quiram also keeps a Sterling single-axle truck with a 2,500-gallon water tank equipped with sprayers and fire equipment on site for fire protection, dust control and equipment washing. Though routine maintenance takes place in the woods, the Quirams have a 50x70 ft. shop at the family farm for more demanding work, especially for truck maintenance. Walker is in charge of that, and says they can handle anything short of engine and transmission



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Timber Co. mill at which Quiram’s father worked closed in 2000 due to timber supply issues. He predicted a serious timber supply shortage in 1992 as a result of extremist environmental activism on the part of people he refers to as obstructionists. Looking back from 23 years later, he says his predictions were fairly accurate.

Politics, Policy

Four company-owned Kenworths pull pup trailers in an “A” train or mule train setup.

jobs. The crew typically schedules big repair jobs during the three months of spring breakup— March through May most years—but will otherwise tackle them when necessary. Swanstrom says one of the things he admires most about Quiram is what he has taught his sons. Since they were very young, they knew how to reassemble components and machines, and that is one reason they don’t have any problem doing it today. “Sure, they could afford to hire it done, but as driven as they are, they just know in their minds that they can do the work,” Swanstrom says. Quiram notes they can easily compete with labor prices at local shops. Even so, the seasoned logger emphasizes that the family does enjoy very good relationships with mechanics and machine shops around town to help facilitate many repairs.

Markets Primary destinations for Quiram’s production are Plum Creek Timber Co.’s facilities in Columbia Falls and Evergreen. These include MDF, dimension/stud lumber and plywood facilities). Another outlet in Columbia Falls is the sawmill of F.H. Stoltze Land and Lumber. Quiram does haul a portion of its loads to post/pole makers and firewood processing plants. Quiram tries to stay within a 100-mile radius of home but he does haul to a 14


few other mills when he occasionally has to work outside that circle. “We have good relationships with all the mills in Montana,” Quiram says, adding that the company has delivered to almost all of them at different times. Compensation is a concern for the seasoned logger, who comments: “I believe most logging contractors, including myself, feel that their part of the pie could be bigger.” At the same time, he acknowledges that the commodities market that generates lumber future prices is the driver of local log prices. He points to “subpar” trucking rates, and gives this comparison: “You could haul a load of gravel and get paid 30% more than for a load of logs. The comparison I make is a gravel truck in town hauling on improved streets and roads to a logging truck hauling in the woods in very extreme conditions, summer and winter. He suggests that loggers could help themselves “if we used ‘no’ more often and ‘yes’ less often.” Quiram continually likes to relate that every load of logs on the scales at the mill looks very much the same, but each load can have a very different story in terms of the work that went into getting it there. He wishes that was recognized more. ”There are only a small number of milling operations left in Montana— less than 10 major players, versus probably 25 or more in 1980,” he points out. For example, the American

Quiram keeps up with political developments, especially as they relate to the forest industry. “I’m one of those who still reads a newspaper,” he quips. On the potentially bright side, he points out that Montana has a Republican and a Democrat in the Senate and a Republican in the House. “Personally, I wish they were all more conservative.” “We are hopeful that we can break some of this (timber supply) log jam caused by litigation and the misinterpreted Endangered Species Act and maybe start seeing a little more timber supply and a lot less forest fires. The problem we have, even if they give the Forest Service a green light to do something, it (the Forest Service) doesn’t have the manpower to do it. They’d have to go into the private sector, and locally they’ve acknowledged that when I have asked them that question. We are hopeful but not overly optimistic that the right thing will be done and the timber supply will increase.” Although he was awarded his first contract from the U.S. Forest Service in 1983, Quiram has worked on private, USFS, State of Montana, millowned and industrial land. “With the progressive decline of federal trees available in Montana—today only about 20% or less of the ‘good old days volume’—many other owners of trees have kept us busy,” Quiram says. “Today, however, we are mostly busy with USFS timber sales, stewardship contracts and Montana DNRC (Dept. of Natural Resources) sales.” The family team writes its own stewardship proposals—they’ve submitted 12 proposals and have been awarded three contracts. The proposals are a lot of work, and can be up to 50 pages long. “It appears stewardship now has evolved to be very much like a timber sale,” Quiram says. At the bottom line, he thinks it seems to come down to the money more than steward-



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ship. “Apparently, (it is) the highest value now versus maybe the initial goal of best value and best work.” Quiram’s policy is to treat any land he works as if it were his own and has earned a reputation for leaving woods and roads very clean. “Not even a bent pine needle in sight,” Swanstrom says of the job sites. Moreover, Quiram is unwilling to compromise his standards, even if it means losing the job. More than 20 years ago, officials from one mill made it clear to Quiram they wanted him to skimp on BMPs because they couldn’t pay him for the extra work. Quiram refused to budge. He let them know in no uncertain terms that if they wanted him to cut corners, they’d have to find someone else to do it. Sticking to his principles might have cost him a few jobs over the years, but it’s paid dividends in maintaining his integrity and his credibility. And in the long run, those officials came around to his way of thinking. “All mills and industrial landowners and agencies have accepted the BMP programs and adhere to them,” he reports now. The Montana Dept. of Natural Resources and Conservation conducts random audits every two years. When Timber Harvesting visited in midJuly, the crew was working some steep inclines on 72 acres of USFS land near the Glacier National Park. Nine miles of winding mountainous gravel roads led to the job site, which was not so much a landing as a straight line of machines working in relay up a vertical slope by the roadside, and at 6,000 ft. above sea level.

The Routine The Quiram crew follows a safety program handout designed by the MLA, which sends out “safety rangers” to inspect companies at least once a quarter, provides training if necessary and generally helps loggers imForemost Authority For Professional Loggers 

The Quiram family, left to right: newlyweds Walker and Trisha; baby Ruth with Taylor and Fran; Sandy and Floyd

certain amount of hazardous materials is spilled, and at any time when there are spills in water. The Associated Loggers Exchange (ALE) in Idaho, a consumer-owned cooperative that provides Quiram’s workers’ comp insurance, is tied into the program, and receives reports from the safety rangers. John Graham is the ALE program director. Before 2009, Quiram Logging had two more full-time employees, but the recession forced a bit of downsizing. Now everyone does multiple jobs each day. “It works okay but days are longer (and) weekends shorter,” Quiram says. “We make it work, but we would like to get to a better spot.” While Taylor handles felling duties, Walker handles processing, forwarding or skidGreasing and refueling is a team effort each afternoon before the Quirams leave the woods. ding. Quiram and Austin do the loading and whatplement a safety program. Along with ever else is needed. Two drivers, Dupersonal protective equipment, reayne Jones and Fred Bauer, rotate bequirements of the program can include tween haul trucks as needed. “Everyjob site signage and training in GPS one pitches in to get the job done.” location, CPR, first aid, blood-borne Floyd and Sandy have four children pathogen, helicopter evacuations, and four grandchildren. Taylor and his safety policy manuals, written safety wife Fran have a 17-month-old daughprograms, spill kits and numerous ter, Ruth, and another little girl on the other safety precautions. way in February. Walker and Trisha “Hazardous spills are somewhat rare, are August newlyweds. Older daughbut spill kits with diapers, booms and so ter Shannon and her husband Dave on are required on nearly every conGraf have two kids—Jameson, 4 and tract,” Quiram explains. Loggers are reVivian, 2, while daughter Kelly and quired to report to the Montana Dept. of her husband Daniel Gaugler have a Environmental Quality (MT DEQ) if a TH 20-month-old daughter, Quinn. SEPTEMBER/OCTOBER 2015



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Two Of A Kind Run One-Man Shows The Egolf brothers run separate but similar companies in the Delmarva Peninsula.



rothers Arthur and Paul Egolf share a somewhat unconventional method of running their businesses. Though each brother owns a separate company, they run the companies in much the same way: alone, with no crew. Cutting, skidding, loading and hauling, the two are each in effect a oneman show. “I’m always asked, don’t you feel unsafe out there by yourself?” Arthur, 47, relates. “Not really. You read those safety bulletins, and I bet 30-40% of those accidents are caused by another employee.” It grew from Arthur’s experience working for another logger on what was supposed to be a three-man crew. “He was just constantly going through skidder operators,” Arthur recalls. “Half the time I did both the dragging and the loading. I kind of liked it. So I decided I was going to set up that way.” When he went on his own, Arthur originally had one employee to cut for him while he alternately ran the skidder and loader. “One person can easily drag and load six loads a day,” he says. After a few years he lost the employee just as he was preparing to move onto a private tract owned by the neighbor of a personal friend. “I didn’t want to start someone new on the cutter there and risk tearing his woods up, so I just figured I would do that one myself to make sure it was done right. After that I just never hired anyone else.” That was 19 years ago. When Paul, 49, later decided to go into logging as well, he learned his brother’s method and set up his operation in the same manner.

Similar Setup Both brothers harvest up and down the flat and fertile Delmarva Peninsula (so named because it includes portions 16


of Delaware, Maryland and Virginia— mostly Delaware). They don’t work on the mainland. There are obvious advantages to their solo style. Arthur says his production is only about 200 loads less per year than when he had an employee, and it evens out with savings in labor cost and extended equipment life. “So many guys buy new equipment and by the time it’s paid for, it’s worn out because they put 10,000 hours on it,” he notes. “The equipment doesn’t run as hard or as long and you still have a long life left in it after it’s paid for,” Paul adds. Arthur’s machines are older, but his two highest-hour units have only 8,000 hours. His main skidder, a John Deere 748G-III, was bought new in 2007. Eight years later it has racked up only 4,000 hours and still runs on the original tires (Firestone 35.5). Before that he Arthur Egolf ran a ’97 648G for 10 years and still keeps it as a backup. Both men added a Chambers DeLimbinator chain flail delimber to their lineups last year. Paul calls it a “life saver.” The specs are very particular at his main mill: a 3 in. top and no limbs. “The Chambers does the best job the fastest,” Paul believes. On Arthur’s job, he says the DeLimbinator is easier on his loader and thus more fuel efficient than the pull-through delimber he formerly used. It allowed him to bring out of retirement a ’95 Prentice 325 (switching places with a ’03 Prentice 384 that is now a spare). “If I could get 20 loads on one tank of fuel on the 384, that was good,” Arthur says. “This (325) has a smaller fuel tank and I can do between 50-60 loads

to a tank. It doesn’t have as big a grapple, but it’s quicker.” Both Paul and Arthur prefer older three-wheeled Hydro-Ax feller-bunchers for maneuverability in pine thinning work and for fuel efficiency. Arthur’s six units range from ’91-’94 and include one 2000; and Paul’s is a ’07—one of the last three-wheelers the company made, he believes. Arthur admits he keeps so many cutters because they are old. “They do break, and this way I can just park one and jump in another one.” Unless urgent, both men try to save repairs and

Paul Egolf

maintenance work for weekends. Finding parts for the older cutters can be a challenge, and Arthur knows he will eventually have to turn one of his spares into a parts machine—but not yet. The biggest annual expense for Arthur is parts and repairs—about $40,000, more than he spends on insurance or fuel. “I am running these little three-wheel cutters and a fuel-efficient loader, so I can make a load with under 10 gallons of fuel.” He figures repair and maintenance costs are less than payments would be for new equipment. The brothers are both capable of handling almost all repairs, including engine work. Arthur prefers to install remanufactured engines, though Paul says



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it is sometimes faster to let someone else do it. Arthur has a 40x60 shop near his house and they both help the other when needed. “I sometimes wonder if the industry isn’t fading here,” Arthur admits. “A lot of the biggest sawmills are gone. There used to be a pretty good small log market here, but there are only a few mills now. I would have cut a ton of butt logs out of these woods 10 years ago. Nobody has any interest in it now.” He doesn’t seem to view it as a major loss, though. “It makes it easier on me. I got a little bit more for cutting the logs out, but it was never really enough to justify it.” His brother sees the same problem, and blames the lack of competition for stagnant logging rates. “In the 13 years I’ve been in business, parts have doubled in cost. But the logging rates are seven years old,” Paul says. “The first six years I logged, we averaged about $1 per ton raise per year. But there have been none since then. It’s a shame, and unfortunately it’s going to come to a day when all of us in the logging business are going to have to ask if we can keep doing it. If a new guy were to come in today and try to start up—I don’t think he can do it.” Both brothers have been the Maryland Logger of the Year: Paul in 2003, Arthur in 1995.

Early Starts The brothers also share an unusual background for loggers. They grew up in a Maryland subdivision, and their father was a USDA research geneticist (plant breeding) who had been raised on a Pennsylvania farm. Their only encounter with the forest products industry growing up was chopping and selling firewood. “We both just loved that,” Arthur recalls. Both are educated. Arthur earned a Masters’ degree in industrial forestry, studying under Bill Stuart at Virginia Tech. “Most people wonder what in the hell I’m doing logging!” he laughs. He got the logging bug during school while working two summers on a Weyerhaeuser company logging crew. Paul had a different dream. He went to school at the University of Maryland, double majoring in agronomy and ultimately graduated with a degree in general agriculture. Arthur doesn’t think the Master’s in forestry gives him any discernible edge in logging—loggers with no formal eduForemost Authority For Professional Loggers 

The Egolfs like three-wheeled Hydro-Ax cutters—five 221s (’91-’94}, a ’00 321 and a ’07 321.

cation know as much as he does from experience, he points out. “All it really did was set the timing for me to meet the right people.” Along with Stuart, Arthur cites the late Jim Mooney, former logger and leader of the Virginia Loggers Assn., as one of his chief influences. “He had graduated from Virginia Tech seven or eight years before me and started his own logging company,” Arthur recalls. “He would come back and give a slideshow presentation on his experiences. It was the same presentation every time but I never missed it because he had done exactly what I wanted to do with my life.” After graduation, Arthur spent a few months working for a friend from Virginia Tech who had started a logging crew before going out on his own. “All through college I wanted to go into logging but didn’t think anyone would be dumb enough to finance me,” he laughs. The Chesapeake Corp. of Virginia was looking for more loggers to supply its mill in Pocomoke City and helped get him started. Meanwhile, older brother Paul had also gone to work right out of school in 1988 as a manager for Parker Farms in South Carolina. In 1998, when that division became the Charleston Vegetable Co., he bought into the operation as a 20% owner. “That farm never lost money until the time I put money into it,” he jokes. It’s undoubtedly easier to laugh about it in distant hindsight. “It was just bad timing. NAFTA had gone through…and there was a lag time be-

fore it hit us. When I bought in, we doubled the size of the operation—750 acres of produce. Three years later we sold out.” With that company gone in 2001, Paul needed something else to do. Arthur suggested logging. “I told him I didn’t want a partner, but if he wanted to, he could come work with me a few months to learn the ropes.” Very mechanically inclined and good with equipment, Paul knew nothing about logging or forestry. He worked with Arthur for nine months before going on his own, initially renting equipment from Arthur and teaming up with Vision Forestry in Salisbury.

Arthur Arthur, 47, bases his company, Egolf Forest Harvesting, Inc., in Delmar, Del. When Timber Harvesting visited in early June, he was working near Pocomoke City, Md. Centrally located in the peninsula, his longest haul is about 50 miles. Most of his production goes to the Glatfelter chip mill just across the state line in Delmar, Md. Arthur has turned to contractor John G. Hill Trucking to haul his loads for over 20 years. He and Hill started their companies at about the same time, and grew together. At 83, Hill doesn’t drive anymore, but he still manages and works on trucks. Tony Pettit has been his driver for the last seven years. Arthur hopes to continue the relationship with Hill for at least a few more years. After all, Hill’s mother is still SEPTEMBER/OCTOBER 2015 17


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Paul kicking at 104. He tries to take Saturdays off, and to As independent as he is, for some reserve Sundays for maintenance and repair jobs Arthur does turn to local Paul’s company, Low Country Timto get a head start on cutting for the mechanic and good friend Mike Potter ber Co., Inc., is based in Snow Hill, next week. of Potter Equipment Repair Services, Md., but was working around Onley, He and wife Caroline have built their Delmar, Md., or to Tri-State EngineerVa. when TH visited. This put him more own ‘Brady Bunch.’ With his, hers and ing of Maryland, Inc., a machine shop than an hour from home, meaning his theirs combined, they have eight chillocated in Salisbury. “There is not day in the woods started a little later dren, though only three of them remain much they can’t figure out how to fix than he prefers. It also meant a longer at home. Still, with such a large family, or fabricate.” He also sometimes buys haul distance to the mill, and so fewer it’s difficult working such long hours parts from Jesco, Inc., a John Deere loads. He usually averages 15 a week; and only taking one day a week off, if dealer in Delmar, Md. here it was 12. He expected the tract to that. “Sometimes you have those nightArthur gets to the woods at 4 a.m. and take at least three months to complete. mare weeks when you have to work does all skidding and loading for the day Typically, he doesn’t work so far both days of the weekend.” by noon. He spends the afternoon cutfrom home. In fact he is often as close Paul’s machines are generally newer ting ahead for the next day. He loads as 15 miles from his house. This tract than his brother’s and include a ’98 setout trailers in advance of the driver, had been on his list for a year and a half, Prentice 310E loader and 2013 John using a 1990 Oshkosh truck and three and had to be harvested in the summer, Deere 748H skidder, but he also hasn’t log trailers, a Pitts, Evans and OT. when the ground would be dry enough. accumulated as many spares, so someArthur admits he is slowing down— He buys most of his own wood times he does have to interrupt producthese days he only works about 75 hours a week in six days—since he has a wife and kids (two sons, Teddy, 9, and Cole, 7). “They are why I try to get home by 6 every night,” he says. “Those first five years I worked 90 hours a week, seven days a week. But if I hadn’t done that, I wouldn’t have gotten established.” At such a grueling pace, one could wonder how he ever had time to meet the kids’ mother. As it happened, that came about because of work, too. His wife, Rachel, is also a Virginia Tech-educated forester, but they didn’t meet at school, or even when her former position as a Delaware state forester had her inspecting logging jobs. Rather, his forester at Chesapeake set them up. Arthur and Rachel are also tree Paul and Arthur both added a Chambers DeLimbinator to their operations last year. farmers, and both serve on the now, much of it by word of mouth or tion when a machine is down, or work a Delaware Tree Farm Committee. She is via consultants. Tract sizes range from Saturday. the secretary and he was the chair for a 20 acres to 175. He works mostly in Until a year ago Paul had two confew years. They were the Delaware Tree pine pulpwood, almost entirely first tract truckers. Then he bought his own Farmers of the Year in 2006. The couple and second thinning jobs. The stand he truck and hired a driver. That didn’t last; owns about 150 acres. “There’s nothing was working in June was old enough soon he decided he’d rather drive the mature yet, but hopefully that is the colto be a second thinning, but it had truck himself. “It takes about three loads lege fund,” he says. never been thinned. a week to pay for a driver, and it takes As if this lone wolf logger-tree Paul hauls primarily to Eastern Shore about five loads a week to hire a confarmer-family man weren’t busy Forest Products in Pocomoke, Md., tractor,” he says. “I can do that much enough, Arthur serves on the board of which makes wood shavings for poultry less and do it myself and still be ahead directors of both the Maryland Forests houses. Other products, when he does of the game at the end of the week.” Assn. and the Delaware Forestry Assn. cut them, go to Paul Jones Lumber in The truck is a 2005 Freightliner pullHe is also the loggers’ representative Snow Hill, Md. ing a 2016 Pitts trailer, just bought in on the Citizens Advisory Board for the Paul works an average 70 hours a May and special built with a tri-axle. In Chesapeake Forest, which includes all week. His typical routine is to roll out Maryland he can get a permit to haul up lands on the Eastern Shore that are of bed around 3:30 a.m. and haul a managed by the state of Maryland. He to 88,000 lbs. but only with an extra load first thing in the morning. He then is also a manager of the local tax ditch axle either on the trailer or the truck. For spends his afternoons cutting and hauling logs, he says, it makes more (a watershed-based governmental subTH loading trailers for the next morning. division of the state of Delaware). sense to add the axle to the trailer. 18




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Wade Norris Logging Tall In Tennessee Job performance, reputation, management style distinguish 45-year-old logger. JAYDonnell


n late August, Wade Norris Logging LLC was working on a river bottom hardwood tract situated along the Hatchie River in far southwest Tennessee, not that far from its base in Jackson. Many bottom tracts in this area contain some of the best timber in that part of the Volunteer State. In this instance large cherrybark oak stood out. “Bottom tracts can be very advantageous,” acknowledges Wade Norris, who owns the business with his wife Tammy. “They usually produce a much higher yield per acre; production

increases; they’re easier on equipment; and they are flat, so less fuel is burned. We love working in the bottom.” Bottom tracts also come with unique challenges. Norris cautions that while a bottom can be his best friend, it can also turn into his worst nightmare. Since they’re usually low and flat, the draining process takes longer and there is a limited time frame to harvest. Last summer, rains were so frequent that the company was unable to log the Hatchie bottom. “If you get it too early, you’re going to make tracks in it,” Norris says. “It’s

going to fill up with rain and you’ve got a nightmare. You have to wait until the bottom gets good and dry.” They usually start working bottomland in late June and continue toward the end of October, pushing out about 100 loads a week. When anchored to much higher and steeper ground during wetter, colder months and in late fall and early spring, production drops to about 60 loads a week. For 22 years the company has been making a name for itself in west Tennessee because of its professional work

Machine operators are careful not to damage residual trees. Wade Norris, inset, is a hands-on logger. 20




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and a group of dedicated employees. Norris’ hands-on approach correlates with his company’s continued growth and success. From the way he treats his employees to the way he treats his customers, Norris is everything you could want in a boss and a business partner. He’s also a great asset to the timber business. After being named the 2014 Tennessee Master Logger of the Year by the Tennessee Forestry Assn., Norris is now in the running for the Forest Resources Assn.’s 2015 Southeastern Outstanding Logger Award. Those loggers under consideration have shown their expertise in timber harvesting practices, safety, and forest and business management.

Business Approach The company’s business management has been enhanced in recent years by the addition of a full time business manager, Drew Shaub, Norris’ nephew. The logger decided to hire a business manager as the company continued its growth. Shaub has been a big asset to the company. He

handles payroll, landowner settlements, production assessment, accounting, budgeting, human resources, employee benefits, compensation, assists with timber bids, etc. Norris is very happy with the work he does. “It allows me to share some of the responsibilities of running a company that’s grown over the past several years,” Norris explains. “Drew is constantly finding new ways to make the company more efficient through timber bids, landowner relations, production assessments and cost effectiveness.” Shaub, 30, came aboard in 2010. “It has been a great experience working for a small business and learning the different facets of the company,” Shaub says. “Learning from Wade’s work ethic and management style has been very useful to me.” One of the reasons Wade Norris Logging has been so successful is because Norris is very hands-on with his crew. He has thought about expanding to two crews, but doesn’t think he would see enough difference in production to offset the additional overhead. “If Wade had to split time between two crews.

then quality might be affected.” Shaub observes. “Right now we try spend our time trying to find good wood and making sure we do a good job.”

Private Timber The majority of Norris’ tracts are purchased outright from private landowners, with the remainder acquired through sealed bids. Average tract size is 50 acres, but they’ve worked 200 acres. Most of the landowners who contact Norris request a conservative, improvement-type harvest where mature trees are removed, but great care is also given to select low value, dying and diseased trees too. Although most clients do not want a clear-cut, Norris supports this technique, especially with pine, and as tool for regenerating poor quality stands. When evaluating a tract, Norris often advises the landowner to postpone harvesting if the timber is healthy and remains a sound investment. One of the reasons Norris has done so well with private landowners is his ability to merchandize to the fullest. Last year, Wade Norris Logging hauled to

Stihl chain saws and skilled operators take down many valuable hardwoods the crew encounters. Foremost Authority For Professional Loggers 



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roughly 20 different mills. “A lot of loggers only haul to a few mills, but Wade will say, ‘I’ll take your cherry here, your walnut here, your poplar here and it may cost me more because I’m hauling farther, but we’re going to get more money because we’re working on a percentage basis, so we’ll both make more,’” Shaub explains. “We probably have over 50% repeat business because of that.” The logging awards have helped build the company’s reputation even more. “That gives us a lot of word of mouth advertising because it shows people that you do a good job,” Shaub says. “Wade has worked so hard to keep a good reputation by doing good work and it’s definitely a reputation-based business, especially when you’re mainly dealing with private landowners.” Norris also gets a marketing boost from a web site, wadenorrislogging. com, that provides information about the company and some testimonial letters and references. Big hardwoods have been bringing good money the last few years, Norris notes, but he knows that things can change very quickly. “I’m not as concerned about white oak going down because the stave market is so good and everything we’ve been reading says the stave market’s going to be good for several years,” he explains. “What can hurt us now is the red oak pricing because it has weakened, and we have more red oak in this area than we do white oak.” On a typical job, the loader operator sorts cherry, walnut, white oak, red oak, poplar, hickory, white gum. sycamore, elm and beech. In developing an effective harvest

Employee group, from left, includes David LittleJohn, Drew Shaub, Christopher Golden, Pedro Castro, Cirenio Garcia, Benjamin Norris, Joel Aleman, Wade Norris, Calvin Norris, Christopher Hosea

plan. Norris carefully evaluates both the site and stand condition. When possible, he uses existing trails and roadways. If road construction is necessary, he installs them on ridges. Norris looks for alternative routes rather than crossing streams, but if it’s unavoidable, all effort is made to create crossings that prevent soil and debris from getting into the water. This often means crossing at right angles, using culverts, and avoiding steep approaches. “We have to take a map and show the skidder drivers where to stay on the ridges and where to drag the wood to,” Norris explains. “At the end of the job we write all that down, draw a map and put it in the certification file; we’re checked on that.” When closing a tract, Norris knows that proper closure is extremely important. The post-harvest cleanup in-

cludes smoothing landing sites and skid trails. Norris uses a 700J John Deere dozer to make water diversions to prevent erosion and checks to ensure that no tops have fallen across boundaries. Crossings are cleaned out and grass seed and straw are put down on adjacent areas. The company is graded on every job it performs by a state forester. Norris records the grade and files it in the company’s certification folder. “We can get fined for a lot of different things, and one of them is water quality,” Norris says. “We try to avoid getting dirt in running streams and are very conscioustious with our stream crossings.”

Employees Employees (the company employs 14) usually arrive on site at 6:30 a.m.

Relatively new International tows hardwood-laden Pitts trailer. 22




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John Deere 437D loader (2012) shares duties with a 2013 Prentice 2384B.

and leave at 4:30 p.m. Equipment operators are Calvin Norris (Wade’s uncle), Christopher Hosea, Benjamin Norris (Wade’s father), Joel Aleman and Christopher Golden. Timber cutters are Teodoro Garcia, Pedro Castro and Cirenio Garcia. Truck drivers are Larry Adkisson, Christopher German and Greg Rainey. A strong core of employees has benefited the business greatly. “One good thing about the core is that you can take someone who doesn’t have a ton of logging experience and the core guys can help train them and let them slowly get adjusted to Wade’s style of logging,” Shaub explains. The company offers a retirement plan to all employees, matching contributed funds. During 22 years of business, there have been no severe accidents. Safety equipment includes hardhats, chaps, ear and eye protection and boots. Employees are First Aid and CPR trained and they attend monthly safety meetings. As noted in the nomination form for Norris’s TFA honor, timber cutters use the hinge cutting technique, a safety enhanced measure. The training was directed by a certified representative of Forestry Mutual Insurance Co. Foremost Authority For Professional Loggers 

Equipment John Deere equipment dominates the equipment lineup, which includes 548G and 648G grapple skidders. The company recently purchased a 2013 Prentice 2384B loader at a JM Wood auction in Montgomery, Ala. It also runs a 2012 437D John Deere loader and 2004 384 Prentice loader. A 2010 930H Cat wheel loader is also in the lineup. Norris owns three International trucks and a Kenworth T800. A 5500 Chevrolet service truck supports the job. Other gear includes a 700J John Deere dozer, 843K John Deere feller-buncher, 200 DLC John Deere excavator and Case 586-E forklift. The company purchased a new John Deere skidder and two of the International trucks in 2014. The addition of the trucks means Norris Logging now self-hauls 75% of its output, with subcontractors handling the rest. Trucks are paired with Pitts trailers Most maintenance is done at the company’s orderly, well-stocked and well-ventilated shop. There is a designated two-week period every winter for special maintenance. Since Norris is a certified master logger, everything they

do to a piece of machinery has to be noted and kept in a file. “If we put a water pump on a skidder it’s recorded and it goes in our certification file,” Norris explains. “You’re not going to find any leaking equipment on our job.”

Running Ahead The best thing going for the company right now is its solid reputation and relationships with landowners. “They’re all satisfied and going forward I just want to keep doing good quality work,” Norris says. Norris has been a member of TFA for most of his logging career. His wife and co-owner Tammy has been a key part of the business and has had an active role since the company was formed. Norris donates yearly to the Log A Load for Kids campaign while also supporting March of Dimes and other noteworthy causes. He also sponsors a Little League baseball team. One of Norris’s biggest passions besides logging is running. He has run numerous marathons, including the Boston Marathon twice as well as marathons in New York City, Chicago, Nashville, Memphis, Jackson and Little Rock. TH SEPTEMBER/OCTOBER 2015 23


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Steady Improvement, Steady Success Northeast logging business research leads to results in program known as SWAT. TINKMagaw


oggers constantly race through their long days dealing with one issue after another. Their fastpaced world does not allow much time for reflection. However, through an innovative program developed in the Northeastern U.S., they have the opportunity to stop, take a deep breath and view their businesses “from 30,000 feet” and with an analytical eye. The program, known as SWAT (Strengthening What’s Already There) is a full day workshop that helps logging contractors raise the bar of their business performance, and is based on the results of an in-depth study of the most innovative and successful loggers in the Northeast. Through a series of presentations and exercises, logging contractors identify areas for improvement and/or innovation and then create an action plan to implement them. Some of the topics shared with business owners include: 1) traits of successful logging contractors; 2) reverse calculations of logging costs; 3) throughput accounting PATH 2.0 spreadsheet; 4) process improvement; 5) production bottlenecks; and 6) the people side of production. The original study, Characteristics of Successful and Innovative Logging Contractors in the Northeast U.S., was funded in 2013 by Northeastern States Research Cooperative and grew from the seed of an idea that was planted years ago in a little town in upstate New York. This collaboration was born from a desire to understand why some loggers were thriving while others were merely surviving, and to uncover what set them apart.

time. That’s where the idea was born to conduct research to gain a more indepth understanding of what the most successful loggers were doing to distinguish their businesses. Two of the symposium organizers, René Germain, Professor of Forest Management at SUNY, College of Environmental Science and Forestry, and Steve Bick, Forest Economist at Northeast Forests, LLC, huddled with the University of Maine’s Jeff Benjamin and Wendy Farrand, forest industry consultant-writer- speaker, to discuss some things loggers had shared at the meeting that day. These were real life hard decisions they had to make to keep their companies going during the severe economic downturn and amid the never ending hurdles thrown at them by their industry. Benjamin, Bick, Germain and Farrand shared a common passion to help strengthen the wood fiber supply chain. A plan was then set in motion to uncover this valuable information and bring it back to the logging contractors in the form of a workshop.

The Study Through a survey, the team set out to identify the most innovative and successful logging contractors in the region. This survey was sent to mill

owners, foresters, log buyers and others who had constant contact with logging companies. Those surveyed were asked to list and rank the companies and give reasons why they considered the contractors to be set apart. There were 18 contractors selected: five each from Maine and New Hampshire, six from New York and two from Vermont. It should be noted that some loggers so identified declined to be part of the study. In an effort to level the playing field as much as possible the team considered the size and history of each business, types of harvest systems, job types and whether or not the contractor had formal training in forestry. Information was gathered through a series of very personal and strictly confidential interviews. Asking logging contractors to share their most innovative and successful business ideas was not easy. The team had to gain their trust by reassuring them that their specific ideas for their businesses would not be shared, but their approaches to innovation and success would be. These interviews were eye opening, telling and emotional. (What often goes unnoticed by many within and without the industry is that behind those hardhats and equipment are professionals who are striving to improve

Conception Of SWAT In the fall of 2011, a logger’s symposium was held at Lyons Falls, NY in which industry stakeholders came together to focus on key issues facing the forest products industry at the 24




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all areas of their lives.) The questions were all-encompassing, touching on every aspect of a logging business, from preventative maintenance to how employee issues are handled, the accompanying stress level, and relationships with others within the supply chain. Interview periods lasted up to three hours and were conducted in a conversational manner, allowing for a relaxed style for gathering data.

Appreciation For Ins, Outs Hours upon hours of recorded interviews were gathered and transcribed. Steve Bick of had the arduous task of all data to paper. He spent approximately 50 hours listening to recorded interviews. As hard as this job was, it gave him new appreciation for the ins and outs of what logging contractors deal with on a daily basis. It also revealed how the smallest fluctuation in an industry variable can impact the profit of a logging business, leading Bick to observe: “What really struck me when I started to look at the financial performance of loggers is what a fine line it is between making a profit, just getting by, or actually losing money. Small changes in product prices or production rates can have a big impact. I wish foresters and landowners understood this when they ask loggers for all those little extras.”

Improvement, Success Loggers love the woods, the equipment and the excitement of moving their product to market. Unfortunately, the love of a business does not guarantee success, but continuous focus on certain aspects of a business increases its chances of success. This research uncovered the common characteristics that successful loggers share. The one commonality between all successful loggers is their unwavering commitment to continuous improvement. “It’s one thing to say you are going to improve, it is another to continuously focus on it,” Benjamin emphasizes. All contractors in the study constantly challenge the process—the harvest system, trucking, accounting, and employee engagement. They are always looking for ways to do things better, faster and with fewer resources. They are constantly analyzing ways to increase margins and improve working conditions. Foremost Authority For Professional Loggers 

The SWAT program helps participants identify areas for improvement/innovation and create an implementation plan.

This thread of continuous improvement ran through the following four common themes that arose after interview data were analyzed. Forest Operations Management— This is what matters to most top performers, regardless of the harvest system. Diligent maintenance of equipment shrinks downtime, keeping productivity high. This degree of success adds to the pride felt in a job well done. This sense of pride feeds the confidence of the crew and support staff, creating a never ending cycle of continuous improvement. One contractor said, “At night when you are driving out you can look and say, we did something today, a nice job and I’m proud of that.” General Business Practices—A main ingredient for success in this area is a sharp awareness of key financial indicators. This knowledge feeds that success. Maintaining a healthy business means adhering to strict money management practices. Another contractor noted: “The day I have to take a line of credit to buy firewood or put money back in my machine, I’m not managing my business correctly. What am I doing wrong in those 10 months that I can’t survive for two months?” This line of thinking, along with the appreciation that capital and good

credit will help fuel investment in innovation, helps keep overachieving contractors on track. This allows for diversification to exist from a point of strength. Diversification allows for lower operating costs by spreading out the fixed costs of doing business. Working With People—Low turnover undergirds business stability and adds dollars to the bottom line. Awareness that people are the core of their business success is crucial. One contractor put it this way when talking about valuable input from his operators: “It makes them feel a part of the team. If you are not part of the team, then how can you be a team player?” These contractors work to create a sense of trust were ideas can be shared without judgement, and thus stoke the fire of innovation. These business owners constantly work to strengthen their external relationships as well, notably with foresters, landowners, and other industry stakeholders. Stress and logging go hand in hand, and having an outlet to deal with that stress was noted by some of the contractors. Relief comes through hunting, fishing, and traveling, and hiring good people. Outreach, Service—Loggers tend to be givers. Even though they all typiSEPTEMBER/OCTOBER 2015 25


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cally have limited time, top-tier contractors find ways to give back to their communities and stay involved in industry organizations. Many actively serve on local or state boards, and some serve as town government officials. Involvement leads to contacts and every contact knows at least one person who may want to sell timber. The importance of family was evident throughout all interviews. Even though this was not part of the original questionnaire, it came up time and time again. Successful loggers work hard to maintain a home life and work balance. They not only respect their valued family time, but that of their employees as well. “I’m not going to ask people do things I don’t want to do. I’m going to spend time with my family,” remarked one contractor. A happy employee is a safer, more productive employee. After analyzing the data, Farrand and Benjamin outlined the workshop that would both reveal good data and establish a process that participants could use to identify areas for improvement and/or innovation. Farrand felt strongly that the workshop should



be named to convey that successful loggers should build on the strong fundamentals they already have in place. “Loggers are resilient; they are flexible and they are survivors,” noted Farrand, “We wanted to provide them a system that would help them improve in any given area of their business.” Farrand came up with Strengthening What’s Already There, or SWAT.

PATH To Success One of the workshop tools is the PATH Program (Planning and Analysis in Timber Harvesting). It was created by Bick in 2010 and is basically a highly formatted Microsoft Excel spreadsheet designed to help contractors track and manage their costs. Creating PATH allowed Bick to simplify something he had been doing with loggers all along. “I had been teaching loggers how to do these calculations by hand in workshops for years, and I was frustrated with how much time it took. I wanted to simplify the calculations and shift the focus to analysis and comparisons that could help loggers make decisions about operations

and investments,” he stated. One of the goals of this project was to calibrate PATH by putting an emphasis on hourly machine costs, harvest system balance and productivity, and an analysis of process improvement data. By sharing a comprehensive overview of this program loggers see how easy it can be to analyze their own data and make decisions crucial to a culture of continuous improvement.

Building Block After participating in the workshop, loggers have a better understanding of the idea of continuous improvement, the theory of management, the power of people and the value of fine-tuning their business. They also realize that they share many challenges with other loggers. Here is what Whitney Souers, Vice President of Treeline, Lincoln, Me., had to say about participating in the program: “The biggest benefit I got from the SWAT program was the realization that if you are going to make it in business there needs to be constant



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improvement; the best way to measure constant improvement is to have good processing information in place and use that information to benefit the people of the company to help them achieve more day to day. When individuals achieve more, we achieve more collectively as a team/company.” A grant, provided by the Northeastern States Research Cooperative, funded the program twice in New York, Maine, New Hampshire, and Vermont. More than 120 loggers participated. Steve Patten, Program Director for the New Hampshire Timber Owners Assn. and former logging contractor, attended both workshops in his state. He observed: “The human resources tips, cost calculators, troubleshooting and business planning instruction were extremely beneficial to the mechanized timber harvesting members of the New Hampshire Timber Harvesting Council. The workshop was loaded with relevant content and delivered by knowledgeable professionals.” For more information, contact wendyfarrand@gmail.com, ph. 207TH 838-4435.

Foremost Authority For Professional Loggers 



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NearMiss WENDY FARRAND wendyfarrand@gmail.com, 207-838-4435

Runaway Crummy; Lessons Learned Morning arrives a lot faster for the crummy driver than the rest of the crew. Thinking of his wife breathing softly next to him, and his two year old son sleeping in the next room, SG reaches over to silence the alarm before it has a chance to screech. It feels like he just shut his eyes, but really it was six hours earlier that he said good night to his wife and son, and crawled into bed. His days are long as a shovel operator in the dense forests of Oregon. The first to rise, the last to go home, the crummy driver’s day starts with a quiet comradery, and ends with the stories and complaints of issues faced on the job that day. Little did SG know, lying there in the morning darkness, that he would be the sole topic of discussion on the drive to work the very next day. He watches with one eye, as his alarm clock works its way past 2 a.m., and admits to himself that his morning stall is over. His feet hit the floor and, rubbing his face with both hands, he gets up and heads to the bathroom in the dark. Splashing cold water on his face, SG thinks about his logging career. He’s pretty much worked at every job a logger can do in the woods over the past 10 years. He’s faced more danger and close calls than he cares to think about. In true logger fashion, he wouldn’t trade his life in the woods for anything. Ready to leave, he whispers to his wife and gently kisses her on the cheek, grabs his lunch box and heads out the front door. Once out on the porch, he breathes in the misty air and notices flashes of dew clinging to the blades of grass on his front lawn. SG and his little family live in a small country town surrounded by woods, and they love it. For them, the further away they are the better they like it. Waiting for him in the driveway is the company two-ton Chevy service truck that carts the loggers to and from work each day. The job they are pres-



ently working is about two and half hours from his house, so he really doesn’t have much time to waste. He tosses his lunch box onto the seat ahead of him, jumps up into the crummy and shifts his weight into a comfortable position. With both eyes on his mirrors, he slowly backs away, shifts into first gear and makes his way down the street into the darkness. As he downshifts for the stop sign a few miles down the road, SG suddenly remembers he left his paperwork on the kitchen table. Frustrated, he does a three point turn at the intersection and hits the accelerator to head back to the house. Now he regrets taking those few extra minutes in bed; if he could take them back, he would. With a newfound urgency, SG zips down the road, turns into the driveway, which is quite flat, and pops out of the crummy. In a couple of quick steps, he’s back in the house to grab the paperwork. He holds the papers in one hand, hits the kitchen light switch with the other, and steps out onto the porch.

Panic, Pain He notices the movement of headlights, and for a second he’s confused. He is shocked to see the truck moving, heading straight toward him. With his heart in his throat and fueled by a rush of adrenaline, SG jumps off the porch and sprints in front of the truck to get to the driver’s side. He can’t make it, so he instinctively pushes his body into the hood in hopes of stopping the truck’s line of travel. Slipping on the dew-laden grass, in an instant SG finds himself under the crummy, pinned beneath the tie rod and folded in two like a ragdoll. Blood fills his mouth as he tries to call out to his wife; he can only make a gurgling sound. His left arm is pressing tightly against his neck, cutting off his airway. One of his legs is wedged above his head while his left cheek sizzles on the exhaust. As he struggles to breathe, he hears his landlord talking to the 911 dis-

patcher. His wife, now in the driver’s seat, shifts the truck into reverse, releasing the pressure on his neck and the rest of his body. “The ambulance is on its way!” shouts his landlord just before he looks down at SG and promptly faints, hitting the ground hard right next to him. Lights out! After saving his life, his wife goes into full panic mode, screaming, crying and praying. All the commotion has awakened their son, who is now crying in the darkened doorway of their house. SG assures his wife that he is going to be all right, and shoos her off to keep their boy from seeing his blood stained face. The ambulance arrives on the scene in about 15 minutes, and the attendants tend to him and his landlord. SG is rushed to the local hospital, and because of the extent of his injuries is transported to a larger, better equipped hospital in a larger city.

Diagnosis, Surgery SG is diagnosed with third degree burns to his left cheek, a broken hip and a broken femur. After five hours of surgery he is pieced together with rods, pins and stitches. He spends two weeks in the hospital, undergoes prolonged therapy and misses two months of work. He has plenty of time to think about the mishap. Looking back, SG believes the truck would have never reached the porch, but he realizes that the way the brain works in a moment of crisis is a lot different than the way it works when there is time to correctly process information. He is reminded of what he already knew, that haste can make waste or result in injury or death. Now he knows to never, ever trust the landscape, whether on the job or elsewhere, and to keep your vehicle or machine secure. Although his thought his driveway to be quite flat, he knows that even a slight slope cannot be trusted. The safest thing to do is to always set the brake, for carelessness can be costly and painful in TH so many ways.



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From left, Kieran Hegarty, President, Terex Materials Processing; Tony Devlin, TEE Global Business Line Director; and Anders Ragnarsson, Managing Director, CBI

Terex/CBI Union Strengthens Both Major changes in store for CBI’s New Hampshire manufacturing facility.


hen Terex Materials Processing (MP) purchased the assets of Continental Biomass Industries (CBI) in April, many around the industry wondered what kind of direction was in store for CBI, a company that had thrived in the wood, biomass and recycling markets since 1988. Nearly six months since the acquisition, the dust has settled and it’s becoming clear how well CBI fits into the plans of Terex MP, a business segment of Terex Corp. For years, Terex MP was active in the wood processing industry by selling trommels and screens but it was not until 2011 when it finally entered 32


the wood chipper market. Terex MP purchased Woodsman that year, thus launching what is now called Terex Environmental Equipment (TEE). Acquiring the Michigan-based manufacturer was a significant step in TEE’s development but it would take a company of CBI’s caliber to give TEE a mobile product line that could compete worldwide. Otherwise, it would take years to design and manufacture the machines in-house. CBI defined the biomass processing industry with world-class machinery and equipment designed around customer preferences. CBI’s equipment is designed and purpose-built to handle

the demanding materials and various applications within the markets of forestry, construction and demolition debris, municipal solid waste, biofuel, pulp and paper, sawmill, mulch and green waste. “Over the last few years, Terex has looked at a lot of potential acquisitions and one of the main attractions of CBI was its product and brand reputation,” says TEE Business Line Director Tony Devlin. “The throughput and reliability of CBI products is legendary and we really wanted to buy a company that has the best products. The team at CBI is a passionate bunch and that really impressed us. They are very



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Founded in 1988, CBI has spearheaded advancements in machines for grinding, chipping and shredding.

tightly engaged with customers and understanding of their requirements.” “Terex is the perfect partner to take the CBI brand to the next level,” adds CBI Managing Director Anders Ragnarsson. “When you put together Terex’s global talent and established distribution channels with CBI’s strong product development, service and custom design capabilities, I can see very good results for the near future.” Founded by Ragnarsson in 1988, CBI has spearheaded the advancements of grinding, chipping and shredding to make material recovery and recycling profitable for machine owners. For past and current customers accustomed to CBI’s bright yellow machines, Ragnarsson reassures that the colors may change on a few machines but that the company’s commitment to quality will never be compromised. “The level of quality we put into our machines will never change,” Ragnarsson says. “Whether it’s the design phase, structuring the frame or applying the last coat of paint, we will never compromise quality. That’s the way we’ve always done it and that’s the way we’ll continue to do so.” Under the TEE division, CBI is joined by the Ecotec Range and the Tree Care Range. A wide selection of CBI machines will be available to the North American market under the Ecotec Range, which includes industrial grinders such as the CBI Magnum Force 5400B (Terex Biomass Grinder TBG 635), 5800B (TBG 650), 6400B (TBG 660) and 6800B (TBG 680). The TBG 635, TBG 635T and TBG 650 are each powered by the Caterpillar C18, 765 HP diesel engine, while the TBG 660 and TBG 680 are powered by the Caterpillar C27, 1,050 HP diesel engine. As for the chipper line, the CBI Magnum Force 484B (TBC 435) will also be available. The machine models come standard with a Caterpillar C18, 765 HP diesel engine. Each of the grinders and chippers Foremost Authority For Professional Loggers

mentioned will be painted in Terex gray and white and manufactured out of CBI’s Newton, NH headquarters. “One of the main reasons that TEE has been formed is that the biomass and recycling market is large and growing,” Devlin says. “As the world wants to move away from its dependency for fossil fuels and natural resources become more precious, this will mean that developed and developing countries will exploit the potential of biomass energy.”

“When you put together Terex’s global talent and established distribution channels with CBI’s strong product development, service and custom design capabilities, I can see very good results for the near future.” — Anders Ragnarsson “We’re in the process of establishing a Terex Ecotec dealer network in North America and the addition of CBI machines to the product offering has generated a significant amount of interest,” says Art Murphy, the North American sales director for Terex Ecotec. “We’re ramping up production to meet additional dealer inventory demands and we’re well on our way to having dealer coverage throughout North America,” Murphy adds. As for the CBI division, grinders such as the Magnum Force 8800 and the Regrind Pro XL 406 will be continued as well as the grinder/chipper combinations of the 5400 Multiflex and 8400. New models such as the CBI 7544 Flail & Disc chipper and the AirMax material separator will be available as well. CBI will meet the high-capacity, full-feature needs of recycling, wood processing and biomass

customers, including custom-engineered solutions, where appropriate. CBI products will be represented by a direct sales force, which will work in collaboration with TEE and other Terex distribution to maximize market potential. Major changes are expected for CBI’s facility in Newton as well. As it stands now, the facility operates at 64,000 sq. ft. with 32,000 sq. ft. designated for machine production. CBI shop foreman Paul Crinklaw, a 23year CBI employee, is actively involved in discussions focused on upgrading the facility. There are hopes to begin the construction later this year. “I’ve seen this company steadily develop since I first came on board,” Crinklaw says. “There have been talks about building a new weld shop that would also be conjoined by a new paint shop. Together, those shops would make for a 32,000 sq. ft. facility. Also, we’d be converting space within the existing production shop into two new manufacturing bays for increased productivity. “Our labor force would increase because of that,” he continues. “It’s funny because I remember when this place wasn’t much more than a few pickup trucks. I never thought I’d get to see CBI get to where it is today and I’m glad I can be a part of it. We’re excited about meeting the Terex standard.” Terex, which has invested approximately $4 billion in more than 40 strategic acquisitions since 1994, carries more than 18,000 employees across the globe. The lifting and material handling solutions company operates in five separate business segments, including aerial work platforms, construction, cranes, material handling and port solutions and materials processing. Industries that Terex’s business segments cater to are construction, infrastructure, manufacturing, shipping, transportation, refining, energy, utility, TH quarrying and mining. This article was submitted by Terex. SEPTEMBER/OCTOBER 2015



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It All Started Over A Cut In Pay Logger Dennis Wagner’s dispute with PCA continues in northern Minnesota.

t a recent timber auction in the small town of Cotton, Minn., bidding for rights to harvest a 109 acre tract of aspen soared to three times the appraised value, and that wasn’t the end of it. Just as the auctioneer said “going once, going twice,” logger Dennis Wagner raised his hand and pushed the price up one more time against the only bidder still in, Packaging Corp. of America, which owns the giant paper mill, formerly owned by Boise, in International Falls. Wagner, a wealthy, outspoken figure in the state’s timber industry, says he likes to put in last second bids. He thinks it forces others to ponder the money at stake and hopefully decide to drop out. “When it goes that long,” he says, “you try everything.” For nearly two years, Wagner and Packaging Corp. of America (PCA), have tried to outbid and outsmart each other in a feud that’s distorted wood prices in northern Minnesota, drawn the ire of other loggers and caused anxiety in International Falls, where residents worry about the mill’s future. “They’re trying to run me out of business,” Wagner said. “Don’t tell me they’re not. Everybody knows it.” PCA declined several requests to discuss the situation. “We have no comment,” a spokeswoman said via e-mail. The dispute began when PCA bought the Boise mill in 2013 and told loggers they would have to take a cut in pay for the wood they sell to it. Wagner, who has built a fortune in logging, construction and concrete and is also the mayor of tiny Ranier next to International Falls, refused and began trucking Minnesota wood to a mill in Wisconsin. PCA’s Boise mill needs hundreds of thousands of cords each year to trans34


Photo: Minneapolis StarTribune


Dennis Wagner: “They’re trying to run me out of business.”

form into white paper and often bids at auctions against the very loggers who supply it. At nearly every auction since Wagner went his own way, PCA has had representatives square off with him for logging rights, and usually won. In the process, wood prices in northern Minnesota have climbed well above state and national averages. “Yeah, there’s tension,” said one logger who is frequently at the auctions and asked not to be identified. “It’s just not good for the industry; it’s not good at all.” Paper mills must keep their costs low or they get shut down, said Bob Anderson, the mayor of International Falls and a former Boise employee. Wagner is a key player in the community and employs a lot of people, Anderson said, but for him to send local timber to Wisconsin is not in the community’s best interests, especially as

the mill fights to survive in a lowgrowth industry. “They both have got their position, but we need cooperation more than we need people staking out their positions, and hopefully they can work together,” Anderson said.

The Feud Wagner went crosswise with the paper mill when PCA in 2013 bought Boise Inc., the former paper unit of Boise Cascade that was sold to an investment firm in 2008. PCA cut 265 jobs in International Falls and promptly told area loggers they’d earn about $3 less per cord they sold to the mill at the beginning of 2014. The timber industry had just emerged from a recession that helped permanently close several mills in Minnesota. Margins for loggers were



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already thin. Some weren’t even making a profit. “The fact was, we were all making no money cutting wood for Boise Cascade,” Wagner said. “For nine years we never got a raise, except for a fuel adjustment here or there. Nobody could do it anymore. They were living on equipment depreciation.” For the new owners to cut prices as soon as they took over seemed draconian, and not just to Wagner. Other loggers grumbled, but the business is local, and loggers are leery of collective action, loyal to the mill, and most of them lacked the means to run afoul of their primary customer. Wagner, who says logging represents less than a tenth of his business interests, could afford to challenge the mill. So he did. He informed PCA he wouldn’t sell it wood at that price and started trucking his timber 250 miles to a siding factory in Hayward, Wis. He told the International Falls newspaper the mill’s new owners were loyal only to their shareholders and profiting at loggers’ expense. “He said what a lot of loggers were

Foremost Authority For Professional Loggers

thinking, but loggers are reluctant to speak up against a mill they supply for fear of being blacklisted,” said Scott Dane, director of Associated Contract Loggers & Truckers of Minnesota.

Bidding War Despite their struggles, mills hold most of the cards in the relationship with the people who harvest trees. Because most raw timber isn’t valuable enough to justify long-distance shipping, logging is a regional business, with most loggers tied to specific nearby mills. Mills bid on uncut timber on the open market against loggers, and they set the prices loggers are paid for the timber they cut down. Also, if a mill wins a tract at an auction, it generally hires one of those same loggers to harvest it. PCA, is based in Lake Forest, Ill., and whose main business in the U.S. and China is cardboard boxes, posted a $393 million profit in 2014. When it reported a record second-quarter profit last week (midyear), executives said wood costs were even with last year, paper output was slightly higher, but

the price it was getting for paper was down. PCA is investing in a new turbine generator to make the International Falls mill more productive. Wagner says the company is bidding him out of the market at almost all the oral auctions he attends. He’s able to win some sealed bid auctions, where nobody knows what anyone else is bidding, but he’s only won two oral auctions out of hundreds in the past two years. His inventory of uncut timber has shrunk from about two years’ worth to about a year’s worth.

Roiled Market The feud has distorted the timber market around International Falls. The average price for a cord of aspen at auctions in Littlefork, where the Minnesota Dept. of Natural Resources sells timber on land near the Canadian border, has risen $15, or 57%, this year to $40 a cord, according to the DNR. That price is 30% higher than the statewide average. And as the auction in Cotton showed, that effect is spreading south and east. Wagner’s last-second tactic



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paid off: he won the 109 acre tract with a bid of $75 a cord. Several loggers present at the auction declined to go on the record. They were afraid to run afoul of PCA, or be labeled gossips. One feared that if northern Minnesota landowners heard about auctions reaching more than $70 per cord, they’d come to expect those prices. Mostly, other loggers just wish Wagner and PCA would reconcile, so things can quiet down. “PCA made a mistake, you know,

or whatever. I’m hauling my wood up there right now, and everybody makes mistakes,” one logger said. “Wagner’s a wealthy man, but he’s got millions; PCA’s got billions.”

Larger Forces The hostility isn’t the only factor driving up prices. Demand for aspen, a key species for paper mills, is rising in both Minnesota and Wisconsin. Loggers complain that private landowners

aren’t selling enough timber. Wood was up around $70 a cord before the collapse of the housing market in 2007. The price dropped to $20 or so, and landowners are staying on the sidelines, waiting for prices to recover more, said Scott Dane. “We’ve got a void created by the lack of private wood availability. The mills in Minnesota for the most part are all short of wood based on what their inventory should be.” Wisconsin, where Wagner ships the timber cut by his crews, lost a lot of loggers in the recession. Mills there are even more desperate for supply. Futurewood Corp., a firm based in Hayward, Wis., paid quadruple the appraised value for one tract of land auctioned in Cotton. Aspen that can be cut in the summer, when the ground is too soft for loggers to work in large swaths, is especially valuable because loggers have to stay busy in the warm months in order to pay the bills while the winter stockpiles at mills start to run thin, said D.J. Aderman, president of Futurewood Corp. “The next five years we’re not going to have as much aspen available as we’ve had in the past,” he said.

Wagner’s Feelings Wagner,admits to feeling conflicted about challenging the old Boise mill. “I logged for these guys for 40 years, and my dad logged for them 30 years before that,” he said. “I understand that they’re critical to this town.” He worries that others will hold him partly responsible if PCA cuts back in International Falls or lays off more workers. Meanwhile, he’s running out of wood to cut. In Cotton, he says he was able to outbid the mill because the land was closer to his customer in Hayward, reducing some transportation cost. He came up empty at an auction in June, and one of his men got nothing at an auction in July. He said the mill is now listening to other loggers, “treating them like kings.” He says he’d be willing to negotiate. “I’ll come back and sell wood to you tomorrow morning. It’s just that I need a profit in it,” Wagner said. “It’s good for you if your customer is making money too. That’s sustainability.” TH Note: This article originally appeared in the August 3 issue of the Minneapolis Star Tribune. 36




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DownTime Smithers

Maxed Out

In the great days of the British Empire, a new commanding officer was sent to a jungle outpost to relieve the retiring colonel. After welcoming his replacement and showing the usual courtesies (gin and tonic, cucumber sandwiches, etc.) that protocol decreed, the retiring colonel said, “You must meet my Adjutant, Captain Smithers. He is my right-hand man, and really the strength of this office. His talent is simply boundless.” Smithers was summoned and introduced to the new CO, who was surprised to meet a humpbacked, one eyed, toothless, hairless, scabbed and pockmarked specimen of humanity, a particularly unattractive man less than three feet tall. “Smithers, old man, tell your new CO about yourself,” said the retiring officer. “Well, sir, I graduated with honors from Sandhurst, joined the regiment and won the Military Cross and Bar after three expeditions behind enemy lines. I’ve represented Great Britain in equestrian events, and won a Silver Medal in the middleweight division of the Olympics. I have researched the history of...” The colonel interrupted, “Yes, yes, never mind that Smithers. He can find all that in your file. Tell him about the day you told the witch doctor to buzz off.”

Signs To Make You Smile In a gynecologist’s office: “Dr. Jones, at your cervix” In a podiatrist’s office: “Time wounds all heels” On a septic tank service truck: “Yesterday’s meals on wheels” At an optometrist’s office: “If you don’t see what you’re looking for, you’ve come to the right place” On a plumber’s truck: “We repair what your husband fixed” On another plumber’s truck: “Don’t sleep with a drip. Call your plumber” At a tire shop: “Invite us to your next blowout” On an electrician’s truck: “Let us remove your shorts” In a non-smoking area: 38


“If we see smoke, we will assume you are on fire and take appropriate action” On a maternity room door: “Push! Push! Push!” At a car dealership: “The best way to get back on your feet—miss a car payment” Outside a muffler shop: “No appointment necessary. We hear you coming” In a veterinarian’s waiting room: “Be back in 5 minutes. Sit! Stay!” At the electric company: “We would be delighted if you send your payment; however, if you don’t, you will be” In a restaurant window: “Don’t stand there and be hungry, come on in and get fed up” In the front yard of a funeral home: “Drive carefully. We’ll wait” At a propane filling station: “Thank heaven for little grills” At a Chicago radiator shop: “Best place in town to take a leak”

Texting For Mature Citizens FWB—Friends With Bifocals LOL—Living On Laxitives BFF—Best Friend Farted BYOB—Bring Your Own Bran OMG—Oh My Gas WTF—Wet The Futon TTYL—Talk To You Louder :)—Great Bowel Movement!

20 Year Anniversary A woman awakes during the night to find that her husband is not in bed. She puts on her robe and goes downstairs to look for him. She finds him sitting at the kitchen table with a hot cup of coffee in front of him. He appears to be in deep thought, just staring at the wall. She watches as he wipes a tear from his eye and takes a sip of his coffee. “What’s the matter, dear?” she

whispers as she steps into the room. “Why are you down here at this time of night?” The husband looks up from his coffee, “It’s the 20th anniversary of the day we met.” She can’t believe he has remembered and starts to tear up. The husband continues, “Do you remember 20 years ago when we started dating? I was 18 and you were only 16,” he says solemnly. Once again, the wife is touched to tears. ”Yes, I do,” she replies. The husband pauses. The words were not coming easily. ”Do you remember when your father caught us in the back seat of my car?” “Yes, I remember, she answers, lowering herself into the chair beside him. The husband continues. “Do you remember when he shoved the shotgun in my face and said, “Either you marry my daughter, or I will send you to prison for 20 years?” “I remember that, too,” she replies softly. He wipes another tear from his cheek and says, “I would have gotten out today.”

Great Senior Moment A very self-important college freshman was attending a recent football game. He took it upon himself to explain to a senior citizen sitting next to him why it was impossible for the older generation to understand his generation. “You grew up in a different world, actually an almost primitive one,” the student said, loud enough for many of those nearby to hear. “The young people of today grew up with television, jet planes, space travel, man walking on the moon and spaceships visiting Mars. We have nuclear energy, electric and hydrogen cars, and computers with light-speed processing.” He paused to take another drink of beer. The senior took advantage of the break in the student’s litany and said, “You’re right, son. We didn’t have those things when we were young, so we invented them. Now, you arrogant little twerp, what are you doing for the next generation?” The applause was deafening.



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Dust&Rust Readers are encouraged to send historical items.

In 1950 short pulpwood ruled in the South and International Harvester Co., using some clever ad copy, played to it with its small truck lineup. At lower right, note the products built by IH at the time.





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Morbark Steps Up Again JAY DONNELL Morbark, Inc. held its annual Demo Days August 20-21 in Winn, Mich. and attracted several hundred customers and dealers from throughout the world. Morbark demonstrated eight machines and hosted an extensive tour of its sprawling factory. Attendees were treated to an excellent breakfast on the first morning at headquarters as ChairMorbark representatives fielded all questions. man Lon Morey and President Jim Shoemaker, Jr. updated everyone on the state-of-Morbark. Attendees then toured the 1.1 million sq. ft. factory and observed station-by-station manufacturing of various equipment lines. After the factory tour customers and dealers went out to the Morbark proving rounds, just a few miles away from headquarClose to 350 came to Demo Days. ters, and had the chance to walk around eight different machines and direct questions to the Morbark representatives stationed at each piece of equipment. Shoemaker noted that Demo Days isn’t exclusive to existing customers but as importantly is open to potential customers. “About half of the customers here don’t run our equipment,” he said. “It gives us the opportuMorbark Chairman Lon Morey, left, and President Jim Shoemaker, Jr. were feeling good about Demo Days. nity to listen to them and it also gives them an opportunity to see what the differences are and we’re confident in our ability to shine in an environment like this and quite frankly we have.” On Friday, attendees enjoyed a pancake breakfast at Morbark headquarters and then it was off to the proving grounds to watch Morbark’s equipment take center stage with live demonstrations. Close to 350 people were in attenWhole tree chippers were part of the mix. dance. Active equipment included: the HT1042 slow-speed Several new developments were in shredder, Beever M20R Forestry, 30/36 the product mix on display. The NCL track whole tree drum chipper, HT1042 slow-speed shredder was the 40/36 NCL whole tree drum chipper, first production machine with a more rebuilt 50/48 NCL whole tree drum aggressive 30 hammer pattern and the chipper (2004 model), 3200 Wood Hog product itself is just now available. horizontal grinder, 6600 track Wood The 30/36 drum WTC track maHog horizontal grinder and the 1300B chine is based on a standard product, Tub Grinder. but this unit was the first track machine 42


to incorporate the design changes (sloped infeed, bottom feed roller, larger top roller, Tier 4f engine) from the wheeled 30/36s. The 40/36 micro chipper has been in production for about two years now, but the machine demonstrated was the first one with 800 HP. The chipper is known for its efficient feed system due to a staggered knife configuration and contains fewer moving parts, reducing maintenance. John Foote, vice president of sales and marketing, commented, “Morbark is the industry leader for several reasons. We have an extensive dealer network across the United States and contractors come to us because they know they’re going to make money with our equipment. It lasts longer than any other equipment in the field.” The day concluded with a Texas style barbecue at the site of the demonstration. Thomas Prince of Forestry Resources, a large mulch production operation with locations in southern Florida, was pleased with the event. “I think the Morbark team has done a really good job and we’ve been treated really well,” he said. “You get to meet a lot of people; that’s the best thing about it.” Prince says his operation runs a Morbark grinder. “It’s been excellent,” he added. Demo Days is a longstanding tradition at Morbark and the Morbark team continues to make it better every year. “Our company is absolutely committed to continuous improvement,” Shoemaker said. “Every year our shops look just a little different and the team is always looking for ways to improve. It’s the same with Demo Days.” Shoemaker was impressed with the variety of attendees from throughout the world, especially the Southern Hemisphere. “We’re learning a lot from our customers,” he said. “It’s always great to talk to the people who actually run the equipment and make a living doing it. We’ve been able to unveil some new products very successfully. It all bodes well for Morbark.”



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EquipmentWorld Tigercat Completes $12 Million Expansion

New Tigercat plant opens in Paris, Ontario.

Tigercat Industries opened the doors of its new $12 million production facility to the public on July 23. Hundreds, including employees and their families, toured the 127,000 sq. ft. building in Paris, Ontario. The plant houses production of swing machines and cut-to-length attachments, including the 200 series loaders and the 800 series track-type feller-bunchers, harvesters and loggers. To conserve energy, the building features light sensor skylights, bay door windows, and motion detector lights. The building’s roof incorporates a white rubber membrane that reflects UV rays and helps reduce heating and cooling costs. There are six overhead cranes in each bay, with room for more if needed. Specialized concrete was used for the floors to support the heavy machines manufactured there.



“Tigercat is a growing global company and this investment to expand our production capabilities is a great testament to the commitment we have to our customers and to serving them better,” states President Tony Iarocci, who was Tigercat’s first employee when the company started in 1992. The company now has nine southern Ontario locations, a large parts distribution and training center in Georgia, a sales and distribution facility in Sweden, and a dealer network that spans the globe. Iarocci notes, “We export 75% of what we produce. Tigercat has produced over 16,000 machines, and in a

time of economic turmoil has managed to gain market share. The only thing holding the company back was its inability to produce more machines. The demand was there last year and we could have produced more, and now we can.”

Wallingford’s Links With GB Group GB Group PTY Ltd., Victoria, Australia, announces a new agreement that makes Wallingford’s Inc. the exclusive distributor in the U.S. of GB harvester and slasher bars. Thomas Beerens, Managing Direc-



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EquipmentWorld tor of GB Group, comments, “We at GB are honored to be represented by such an internationally respected manufacturer and distributor. Wallingford’s policy of continuing to innovate and improve the quality of their product will also ensure, by the two of us working together, that GB has an opportunity to offer better product for the current demand and to further develop our products to meet the future needs of the U.S. logging industry.” Wallingford’s Inc. has been serving the logging community since 1975. John Wallingford states, “We are very excited to be part of the GB Global distribution group and are confident in the brand as recognized by our customers. Formally one of the market leaders here in the United

States, GB has survived the global financial crisis. With this behind them we intend to make GB the number one brand of choice.” The GB Group has been expanding its range of guide bars, sprockets, and accessories. Its full range of guide bar options include ¾ in. and .404 pitch bars with replacement nose, double ender bars, as well as replacement nose tips and drive sprockets. Visit gbbarsusa.com.

Rotobec Opens Second U.S. Service Center Rotobec opened a second U.S. service center and broke ground for an expansion of its manufacturing facility in Littleton, NH.

Located in Dallas, Rotobec USA South has opened to serve California, Nevada, Utah, New Mexico, Arizona, Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, Louisiana, Arkansas, Mississippi, and Tennessee. Address is 1225 E. Crosby Rd., Suite B17, Carrolton, TX 75006. Ph. 972-242-9514 According to Rotobec, the Littleton expansion will allow the company, which marks its 40th anniversary this year, “to maintain our service excellence for our customers by reducing lead and ship times for parts and providing a closer proximity for service. Storage of parts and grapples at a closer location will also generate reduced freight costs thanks to a closer FOB point.” The plant, which opened in 1986,

KW T880s Deliver Comfort For BC’s San Jose Logging For the first time in his 30-year career, Delbert Ritchey is driving a truck that has a seat that isn’t rubbing the upholstery off the back of the cab. “I’m a fairly big guy, about 6 feet, 280 pounds,” informs Ritchey, senior driver for San Jose Logging Ltd. in Williams Lake, BC, Canada. “It’s nice to be able to pull my seat forward a little inDelbert Ritchey likes stead of having to push it the T880’s comfort. all the way back.” Comfort is paramount when reward for that investment is a more you’re behind the wheel for up to 15 productive and satisfied driver.” hours a day. Twice a day Ritchey The company fleet consists of four pilots a Kenworth T880 over reKenworth T880s and three T800s. source roads that traverse open range They typically pull super-B trailers and switch back through the Cariboo (140,000 lb. GCW) on routes that Mountains in BC’s central interior. rarely exceed 120 miles a day. As During daylight hours, the operating much as half that distance is off-highconditions are among the toughest in way, with grades as steep as 27%. Canada. They’re even worse at night, “The physical nature of the work when Ritchey makes one of his runs. makes it hard to keep younger drivers “It’s an extremely demanding job around and it’s also tough on the older and the competition for skilled drivers guys like me who enjoy the life and in the region is intense,” says Darren want to stay at it as long as possible,” Getz, whose family has owned San says Ritchey, who turns 60 this year. Jose Logging since 1957. “It takes a At 82.7 in. wide, the T880 cab is team of dedicated people all pulling 10 in. wider than its predecessor and on the same tug-of-war rope to suchas 23 in. of room between the seats. ceed, and our drivers are on the front Four inches of extra space behind the lines of that effort. The Kenworth seats let Ritchey adjust the seat the T880 is a premium product and our way he likes and still have enough Foremost Authority For Professional Loggers

room to hang up a coat behind him. In the footwell the T880 uses firewall-mounted hanging pedals instead of floormounted pedals—ideal for drivers who wear work boots. Another subtle touch involves the T880’s grab handles, which are mounted inside the door frame, away from the mud, ice, and cow manure that spray up from the resource roads. Getz, meanwhile, is focused on the T880’s entire package: its productivity, safety features, and ease of maintenance. San Jose typically replaces its trucks with new units every three years and has its own shop to maintain them. It specs the T880s with disc brakes all around for better stopping performance on grades and slippery ground. Eaton UltraShift® PLUS automatic transmissions eliminate the clutch pedal and allow for smoother, more precise shifting, especially at low speeds on tough grades. They also allow drivers to keep both hands on the wheel. “We sweat details that we know are important and have done so through three generations of family ownership,” Getz notes. SEPTEMBER/OCTOBER 2015



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EquipmentWorld Check out the latest: timberharvesting.com

will be expanded by 23,000 sq. ft. Completion is expected by next March.

Yancey Bros. Teams With Bandit Industries Bandit Industries has added Yancey Bros. Co. in Georgia to its dealer network. In business for more than 100 years and with more than 20 dealer locations, Yancey Bros. will offer Bandit’s complete lines of whole tree chippers, forestry mowers, and The Beast horizontal grinders. Founded in 1914, Yancey Bros. touts itself as the nation’s oldest Caterpillar dealer. It operates 23 facilities in Georgia and is headquartered in Austell, an Atlanta suburb. Bandit also announced that Southland Machinery in central and northern Alabama (stores in Montgomery, Leeds and Anniston) will represent Bandit’s small equipment, including hand-fed chippers and stump grinders. Based in Spokane, Wash., FMI Equipment will represent Bandit in eastern Washington, northern Idaho and western Montana.

Ponsee Names Wahlers As Top 2014 Dealer Ponsse has selected Wahlers Forsttechnik GmbH as as the Ponsee forest machine dealer of 2014. Established in 1935, the family-owned company has acted as a Ponsse dealer in Germany since 1993. Ponsse uses sales and services results as a basis when selecting its dealer of the year. Another factor in the selection process is feedback received on R&D, administration and finances, as well as production and service. Wahlers was also merited for its ESW (Effective and Safe Workshop) results in Ponsse’s development and auditing system for maintenance services. Wahlers Forsttechnik has service centers in Uffenheim in southern Germany and in Stemmen in northern Germany, as well as five smaller service centers. The company employs more than 80. Recently the company has invested in the development of its service range and extensive selection of spare parts.





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InnovationWay Freightliner/Allison Match The Freightliner 122SD can now be spec’d with Allison 4700 rugged duty series (RDS) and oil field series (OFS) automatic transmissions. The combination of the 122SD with Allison’s vocational transmissions is ideal for tough offroad applications. Better performance comes from such features as 2nd reverse, which offers a second “deep reverse” in addition to the standard reverse; automatic shifts, which automatically and smoothly make the right shift at the right time; and greater startablity, which uses less torque to launch and go. Both transmissions are available with Detroit DD13, DD15 and DD16 and Cummins ISX heavy-duty engines. Visit freightlinertrucks.com.

DelFab 3-Wheeled Feller-Buncher The DelFab Co. announces the return of an updated 3-wheeled feller-buncher to the forestry market. DelFab was the factory under contract with Komatsu through 2008 for the manufacture of the Valmet 603. DelFab has modernized this machine to meet market demand. The DF703 boasts a 130 HP, 4-cylinder Cummins Tier III engine with updated controls and cooling system that is built to operate in hot climates. The carrier is ideally suited for DelFab’s own DF718 Hot Saw with 18” capacity. The machine boasts plenty of hydraulic capacity to accept processing heads, directional-felling heads, shear



heads, or mulching attachments. Productivity, comfort, safety and serviceability are central of the updated design. Advantages of these 3-wheel units include fuel consumption below 5 gallons per hour; easy and low-cost transport from job to job. Visit delfab.com.

Deere TimberNavi Mapping Solution Now available from John Deere is TimberNavi, a fully integrated mapping solution for L-Series skidders and wheeled feller-bunchers and M-Series tracked feller-bunchers. It provides owners and operators maximum visibility to the land they’re harvesting, helping them to be more efficient and productive. TimberNavi increases the operator’s spatial understanding of the jobsite, terrain information, harvesting areas and points of interest on a map. TimberNavi delivers three primary benefits: It is simple to use both on and off the machine. In the office,



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InnovationWay TimberNavi saves time by simplifying the map creation process. Leveraging the digital maps within industry leader, ESRI ArcGIS for Desktop, the foreman or site manager can quickly create a custom map of the jobsite. He can then customize it by adding points of interest for the operator such as tree types, power lines, cut block borders, harvesting areas and more. Once complete, map information can easily be transferred to the TimberNavi monitor with a USB flash drive. In the cab, TimberNavi features a high-resolution, easyto-use 10.4 in. touchscreen display. This display provides operators quick visibility to real-time data, including current machine location, terrain information and distance to the nearest landing. The clarity of the maps enables operators to view the entire jobsite at a glance. On the jobsite, it provides operators maximum visibility to the land they’re harvesting. Operators receive visual alarms based on the customizable buffer zones set around cut block boundaries and points of interest. The measuring tool supports easy calculation of harvest areas and skid distances, allowing operators to adjust cut patterns to ensure job and fuel efficiencies. TimberNavi is seamlessly integrated in the machine as part of the John Deere ForestSight suite of technologies. When ordered as a purpose-built, factory installation, TimberNavi can be financed and delivered with the purchase of a new machine. Visit johndeere.com/Timbernavi.

tion, the feed system automatically slows as the engine lugs, decreasing the rate material is fed into the drum. This action tends to produce smaller chips, and keeps a constant flow of material into the drum housing, which is perfect for microchip operations. Bandit’s new patent-pending Clean Feed System increases production because of the system’s superior pulling and crushing power, and it nearly eliminates the discharge of chips under the feed system, increasing yield by as much as 5%. “It’s like giving yourself a 5% raise. Plus you eliminate the mess.” Visit banditchippers.com.

Doosan Safety Videos Doosan introduces its first safety training videos for heavy equipment owners, operators, rental companies and dealers who own or operate articulated dump trucks (ADTs), crawler and wheel excavators or wheel loaders. The videos demonstrate proper operating procedures and maintenance tips. Each video is 20 minutes and can be viewed in English, Spanish or French, on one DVD. These videos are available for purchase on a single DVD from your local Doosan heavy equipment dealership. Visit doosanequipment.com.

Bandit Feed Enhancements Bandit Industries’ proportional drive infeed option on its larger drum-style whole tree chippers is the ticket item for microchip applications. With a proportional drive opForemost Authority For Professional Loggers




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SelectCuts As We (ALC) See It

Why Are We Loggers? MYLES ANDERSON As my presidency of the American Loggers Council comes to a close this month, I want to sum up the many issues I have addressed over the past year. While loggers may relate to this specifically, all facets of the wood products industry should be cognizant of what is happening around them. I often ask myself, “why am I a logger?” Maybe a better question is why does anyone decide they want to be a logger? Anderson After doing it for a while, why do we continue and not go down another career path? Many people we went to school with and many of our associates believe a five day, 40 hour week job is grueling. In our business, we’re lucky if we get away with an occasional 12-



hour day. When you do get home before dark, in the back of our minds we wonder what we forgot to do that resulted in such a luxury. We all remember times when the yarder or loader broke down and we worked late into the evening to get it ready for the next day. We came home later than normal, dirty and tired, only to meet our wife at the back door with that look on her face and the comment, “you could have called me.” If it isn’t concern for our safety, it is the amazement that we would choose to fix a piece of equipment over going to a child’s sporting event or recital. Logging is a hard business; most wives would agree being married to a logger is nearly impossible. For those of us that don’t mind working long hours and are lucky enough to have a wife who is understanding, we still face a few more challenges. While most of our neighbors live in wood houses, they have a serious problem with cutting down trees. It seems we are forever explaining the resilience of the forest and the

need to manage it. I like to say that if we don’t manage the land, Mother Nature will and the current fires in the Pacific Northwest are a good example of that type of management. When our neighbors don’t approve of cutting down trees, the regulators jump on the bandwagon with good intentions, but the cumulative impact of these regulations is never really considered. This is another challenge for loggers, and in the state of California, the system has all but ground to a stop by regulation. A discussion of the challenges faced by loggers is not complete without talking about the people we log for. We all have worked for some of the finest people who are fair, respectful and honest. We as the logging industry must remember to thank them every chance we have and do all we can to help them survive in a tough industry. We have also all worked for other landowners that seem to stay awake at night, trying to come up with ways to make our lives miserable. When a landowner acts unethically it is not done in a vacuum; the environmental



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SelectCuts community, regulators and all their neighbors know it and any hard-earned trust that may have been achieved is out the window. As we all know in our industry, trust is important, hard to achieve, and easy to lose. Again, why are we loggers? I believe it is because we enjoy the challenge, because we do something that many can criticize but few can actually do. We enjoy actually accomplishing something every day and associating with people who have a strong work ethic. In a world where so many people sit in offices answering a phone or some other equally boring job, our job is never boring. Another question that must be asked is why we see so few people coming into this industry. While there are many simple reasons, I believe it also has to do with the attitude and expectations of the new breed of large forest landowners. Timberland historically was owned by people who respected it and had a long-term vision of forest management. More often than not, today timberland is considered a commodity and managed by accountants. In some instances the owning entity has little or no connection with the ground, shows no respect for the people who do the work on it and don’t seem to understand or chose to ignore how their management decisions impact the land and the communities that depend on it. Issues like these help keep a logging business owner from staying optimistic about the future, and this in turn trickles down to employees. The trend of loggers being considered as nothing more than a line item on the profit/loss ledger will exacerbate logging infrastructure weakness going forward. Loggers daily face various issues, which range from safety, productivity, transportation, and finding work, to name a few, but in the end those who call themselves loggers always find a way to get the job done. This can-do spirit is not found in every occupation and in most cases cannot be taught. I feel very fortunate to have grown up with and continue to work side-by-side with loggers, both in my home state and across the nation. While some may call me crazy, I believe that managing a renewable resource regardless of its challenges is the right thing to do and it is just another reason why I am proud that I chose to be a logger.

Perforex Forest Services Starts Apprentice Program Perforex Forest Services has begun its first-ever paid apprenticeship training program for truck drivers and logging equipment operators. The seven selected apprentices will undergo 12-month, paid classroom and on-the-job training and certification. Partnering with Perforex in the program are RoyOMartin and Cen- ➤ 54

Anderson is president of the American Loggers Council and he and his father Mike own and operate Anderson Logging, Inc. based in Fort Bragg, Calif. The American Loggers Council is a non-profit 501(c) (6) corporation representing professional timber harvesters in 30 states. Visit amloggers.com or phone 409-625-0206.

Foremost Authority For Professional Loggers




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2008 Deere 748H ...................$82,500 2007 Prentice 2384 ................$75,000 2007 Prentice 2470 ................$31,000

2008 Prentice 2470 ................$53,000 2002 Tigercat 718 ..................$36,900 2009 Tigercat 718E ................$90,000 2005 Tigercat 720D ...............$70,000 2007 Tigercat 720E ................$80,000 2011 Tigercat 720E ..............$131,000 2005 Tigercat 724D ...............$75,000 2007 Tigercat 724E ................$93,000 2014 Tigercat 724E ..............$200,000 2004 Tigercat 822 ................$135,000 2005 Timberking TK340 ........$35,900


2010 CAT 529DS ....................$56,500 2001 Tigercat 230B ...............$25,000 2002 Tigercat 230B ...............$50,000 2010 Tigercat 234 ..................$96,875 2010 Tigercat 234CS ...........$125,000 2005 Tigercat 240B ...............$40,000 2006 Tigercat 240B ...............$52,500 2007 Tigercat 244 ..................$72,900 2005 Tigercat 250 ..................$60,000


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SelectCuts 51 ➤ tral Louisiana Technical Community College in Alexandria. Apprentices receive full compensation and benefits during training. Upon successful completion of the program, students will have the skills necessary to achieve a commercial driver’s license and become a certified timber harvesting equipment operator. Graduates will then begin working for Perforex Forest Services on a full-time basis. Based in Woodworth, Perforex Forest Services joined the RoyOMartin family of companies in 2012.

SWPA Honors Early Leader, Names Loggers Of The Year Southeastern Wood Producers Assn., which serves members in Georgia and Florida, marked its 25th anniversary at its annual meeting in early June, honoring an early organizer-leader and recognizing respective loggers of the year from Georgia and Florida. Gathering at the World Golf Village at St. Augustine, Fla., SWPA presented its Long Haul Award to former Florida

logger Clyde Barber for his vision and tireless work in setting up the association’s framework in 1990. Not given each year, the Long Haul Award “recognizes the highest level of appreciation for those who have had a significant impact in furthering the SWPA mission for loggers,” according to SWPA Executive Director Tommy Carroll. Owned by Rodney Schwab and Gary Brett since 1995, M.A. Rigoni, Inc., was singled out as the Florida Logger of the Year. With 41 employees, the 55-year-old Perry-based company operates on the principles of “whatever is true, honorable, and right.” Its three chipping crews and six contract logging crews produce about 600 loads a week. Triple J Logging was named the Georgia Logger of the Year. Based in Summerville, the company was established in 2001 by James, Jason and Josh Dawson, who have since welcomed Jamye Dawson into the fold. Employing more than 40, the company emphasizes safety and participates in local forestry awareness events. It keeps three log-

Logger Billy Brady Eulogized July 19 Billy Ray Brady, 69, owner of Circle Lane Contractors, Shubuta, Miss., was eulogized July 19 at Shubuta Baptist Church. The logging businessman died July 16 after a brief illness. A third generation logger, Brady’s logging career spanned 48 years. He cofounded Brady Brothers Timber Co. with his brother, Tommy, in 1967. They also operated a sawmill at Shubuta for more than a decade. In early 2001 the brothers opted to dissolve their business, with Billy Ray founding Circle Lane Contractors that year. The company had operated two crews since 2005.


EventsMemo Listings are submitted months in advance. Always verify dates and locations with contacts prior to making plans to attend.

October 2-4—Ohio Forestry Assn. Paul Bunyan Show, Guernsey County Fairgrounds, Cambridge, Ohio. Call 614497-9580; visit ohioforest.org. October 6-8—Arkansas Forestry Assn. annual meeting, Arlington Hotel, Hot Springs, Ark. Call 501-374-2441; visit arkforests.org. October 7-9—North Carolina Forestry Assn. annual meeting, Marriot Resort Spa at Grande Dunes, Myrtle Beach, SC. Call 800-231-7723; visit ncforestry.org. October 7-9—National Hardwood Lumber Assn. Annual Convention & Exhibit Showcase, Omni Hotel, Nashville, Tenn. Call 901-377-1818; visit nhla.com. October 21-23—Alaska Forest Association annual meeting, Best Western Landing, Ketchikan, Alaska. Call 907225-6114; visit akforest.org. October 20-22—Mississippi Forestry Assn. annual meeting, The Mill Conference Center, Starkville, Miss. Call 601-354-4936; visit msforestry.net. November 8-11—Pacific Logging Congress annual convention, Hilton Waikoloa Village Resort, Waikoloa, Hawaii. Call 425-413-2808; visit pacificloggingcongress.org. 54

ging-chipping crews busy and has two logging organizations under contract. Guest speaker at the concluding banquet was Kevin Thieneman, President of Caterpillar Forest Products, who touched on today’s high tech logging equipment and applauded the recent passage of federal trans-Pacific trade legislation.


Easy Access to current advertisers! http://www.timberharvesting.com/advertiser-index/ This issue of Timber Harvesting is brought to you in part by the following companies, which will gladly supply additional information about their products. American Logger’s Council Bandit Industries Barko Hydraulics Bayer Material Science BITCO Insurance Cat Forest Products Cleanfix Reversible Fans John Deere Forestry Demo International Doosan Infracore Construction Equip. Duratech Industries Forest Chain Log Max Manac Morbark Olofsfors Pemberton Attachments Peterson Pacific Pettibone Prolenc Manufacturing Seppi Southstar Equipment Terex Environmental Equipment Tigercat Industries TraxPlus Wallingford’s Waratah Forestry Attachments Western Trailer

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