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Vol. 44, No. 10

(Founded in 1972—Our 517th Consecutive Issue)


October 2015 A Hatton-Brown Publication

Phone: 334-834-1170 Fax: 334-834-4525 www.southernloggintimes.com



T. W. Byrd Diversified Family Company

SC Pole & Piling Adapting To Markets

Co-Publisher Co-Publisher Chief Operating Officer Executive Editor Editor-in-Chief Western Editor Managing Editor Associate Editor Associate Editor Production Manager Ad Production Coordinator Circulation Director

David H. Ramsey David (DK) Knight Dianne C. Sullivan David (DK) Knight Rich Donnell Dan Shell David Abbott Jessica Johnson Jay Donnell Cindy Segrest Patti Campbell Rhonda Thomas

ADVERTISING CONTACTS DISPLAY SALES Eastern U.S. Kathy Sternenberg Tel: 251-928-4962 • Fax: 334-834-4525 219 Royal Lane Fairhope, AL 36532 E-mail: ksternenberg@bellsouth.net Midwest USA, Eastern Canada



Cork Harvesting How It’s Done

out front: South Carolina’s Chris Anderson may be relatively new to the game of logging, but he’s hardly a rookie. After spending several years working for other loggers and running his own trucking outfit, Anderson was ready a few years ago to start his own crew. Story begins on PAGE 8. (Jay Donnell photo)

Mid-Atlantic Expo NC Show Review

D E PA RT M E N T S Southern Stumpin’ ...................................6 Bulletin Board.........................................24 Morbark Demo .......................................30 Industry News Roundup .......................36 Machines-Supplies-Technology............48 At The Margins .......................................50 Safety Focus............................................52 IronWorks................................................54 Coming Events/Ad Index.......................62

John Simmons Tel: 905-666-0258 • Fax: 905-666-0778 32 Foster Cres. Whitby, Ontario, Canada L1R 1W1 E-mail: jsimmons@idirect.com Western Canada, Western USA Tim Shaddick Tel: 604-910-1826 • Fax: 604-264-1367 4056 West 10th Ave. Vancouver, BC V6L 1Z1 E-mail: tootall1@shaw.ca International Murray Brett Tel: +34 96 640 4165 Fax: +34 96 640 4022 Aldea de las Cuevas 66 Buzon 60 • 03759 Benidoleig (Alicante), Spain E-mail: murray.brett@abasol.net CLASSIFIED ADVERTISING

Bridget DeVane

Tel: 1-800-669-5613 • Tel 334-699-7837 Email: bdevane7@hotmail.com

Southern Loggin’ Times (ISSN 0744-2106) is published monthly by Hatton-Brown Publishers, Inc., 225 Hanrick St., Montgomery, AL 36104. Subscription Information—SLT is sent free to logging, pulpwood and chipping contractors and their supervisors; managers and supervisors of corporate-owned harvesting operations; wood suppliers; timber buyers; wood procurement and land management officials; industrial forestry purchasing agents; wholesale and retail forest equipment representatives and forest/logging association personnel in the U.S. South. See form elsewhere in this issue. All nonqualified U.S. subscriptions are $65 annually; $75 in Canada; $120 (Airmail) in all other countries (U.S. funds). Single copies, $5 each; special issues, $20 (U.S. funds). Subscription Inquiries—TOLLFREE 800-669-5613; Fax 888-611-4525. Go to www.southernloggintimes.com and click on the subscribe button to subscribe/renew via the web. All advertisements for Southern Loggin’ Times magazine are accepted and published by Hatton-Brown Publishers, Inc. with the understanding that the advertiser and/or advertising agency are authorized to publish the entire contents and subject matter thereof. The advertiser and/or advertising agency will defend, indemnify and hold Hatton-Brown Publishers, Inc. harmless from and against any loss, expenses, or other liability resulting from any claims or lawsuits for libel violations or right of privacy or publicity, plagiarism, copyright or trademark infringement and any other claims or lawsuits that may arise out of publication of such advertisement. Hatton-Brown Publishers, Inc. neither endorses nor makes any representation or guarantee as to the quality of goods and services advertised in Southern Loggin’ Times. Hatton-Brown Publishers, Inc. reserves the right to reject any advertisement which it deems inappropriate. Copyright ® 2015. All rights reserved. Reproduction in whole or in part without written permission is prohibited. Periodicals postage paid at Montgomery, Ala. and at additional mailing offices.Printed In USA.

POSTMASTER: Send address changes to:Southern Loggin’ Times, P.O. Box 2419, Montgomery, AL 36102-2419 Member Verified Audit Circulation

Other Hatton-Brown publications: ★ Timber Processing ★ Timber Harvesting ★Panel World ★ Power Equipment Trade ★ Wood Bioenergy


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SOUTHERN STUMPIN’ By David Abbott • Managing Editor • Ph. 334-834-1170 • Fax: 334-834-4525 • E-mail: david@hattonbrown.com

Life In The Fast Lane henever I interview a logger, I always ask about his hobbies when he isn’t working. Usually the answer is hunting and fishing. Occasionally, though, we run into someone who feels the need for a bit more speed. Three examples come to mind. First is Terry Leggett, owner of Terry Leggett Logging & Trucking, Inc. of Pinetown, NC. I wrote an article about Leggett for the show program at September’s Mid-Atlantic Expo in Selma-Smithfield, NC (coverage of that event is on page 34 this issue); since only the people who attended Fauteux and his son Alex, flying high. that show will have had a chance to see that article, I thought I’d summarize it here. Leggett, 56, has devoted most of this adult life to his two passions: logging and drag racing. He started out in his youth racing in the Top Sportsman’s class, which eventually morphed into the Pro Modified class. In the ’90s he ran a Pro Stock car with an IHRA-sanctioned body. His best year was in 1992, when he set a world record at a Darlington, SC track. And he was the sixth person to ever run 200 MPH in a Pro Stock car. After a bad wreck at a Tulsa track in 1995, Legget moved to the Pro X-Treme class in 2005. For the last two years, he has competed in the PDRA Leggett enjoys Pro Mod racing. (Professional Drag Racing Assn.) circuit. He currently races a 1971 Mach 1 Mustang with 4000 HP alcohol injected Alan Johnson Performance engithat gets harder to do,” he says. But, he adds, he neered Hemi with screw-type supercharger. still has several competitive years left in him. Another is Bob Fauteux, 52, owner of Mid Last but not least is a man who races not with Atlantic Tree Harvestors in Aylett, Va. Fauteux a machine but with his own body. Wade Norris, races bikes instead of cars—he’s competed in 45, owner of Wade Norris Logging, LLC of motocross since he was 12 years old, and has Jackson, Tenn., was the 2014 Master Logger of won several senior class championships in his the Year for his state. In his down time, he runs division. Fauteux says that marathons. He says he racing is his biggest pascaught the running bug sion outside family and in 2006 after joining a work. “All my friends do gym to improve his it; it’s a community, it’s a health, and starting lifestyle.” The sport is a working toward his family affair, he says. He goal of qualifying for spent the weekends of his the Boston marathon. youth racing with his He has done so, more brother, and now races than once—though he with his kids. wasn’t there two years Most recently, Fauteux ago when the infamous competed in the Masters Wade Norris running his way to the Boston marathon. bombings occurred. I MX series, which included wrote a Southern tracks in Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, West Stumpin’ about the marathon man in May 2012, Virginia and Pennsylvania. The series a racer is and Jay Donnell wrote an article on his business in dictates what time of the year he races. Back in the March 2015 Southern Loggin’ Times and when he was more active than he is now, he the September/October Timber Harvesting. would race in maybe five or six different series at the same time. After 2013, when he last comCh-ch-changes peted in the Loretta Lynn Amateur National “Life is what happens to you while you’re Motocross Championship, Fauteux says he decided to slow it down just a little. “You have to busy making other plans.” The first time I heard this phrase was from my German professor, Frau keep your physical fitness up in order to comKaren Hyman, when I was a mediocre student in pete, and once your body reaches a certain age



one of her classes at Huntingdon College. She, like many, attributed the quote to John Lennon. Lennon did include the line in the lyrics to his song “Beautiful Boy (Darling Boy),” released on his album “Double Fantasy” in 1980. According to a quick Google search, however, the phrase evidently originated with writer/cartoonist Allen Saunders, and became popularized after it was published in the January 1957 edition of Reader’s Digest. Whoever said it, he or she was right. Case in point: up until the last minute, this issue was going to look entirely different, from the cover on down. Just as we were finishing up the issue, I got a call from the logger whose story I had written and selected as the cover piece. Unfortunately, his company had become entangled in a lawsuit—nothing they had done wrong, mind you, just one of those curve balls the world sometimes throws us—and his lawyers felt it best if he avoids any publicity. The poor logger was really frustrated—he had been very excited about being on the cover, and the lawyers had just told him a few weeks ago that they thought it would be fine. For whatever reason, they changed their minds, and they probably know best. Hey, I flunked out of law school, so I suggested deferring to their judgment. Of course, we understood the situation and immediately agreed to hold the story—the same thing happened to another of my logger stories three years ago. Hopefully the situation will clear up in the logger’s favor soon, and we will get approval to move forward with his article in some later issue. However, for this issue, we were in something of a bind. The magazine was almost completely laid out, and now we had no cover story. Thankfully, Jay Donnell had recently done a story in one of our other magazines (Timber Processing) on South Carolina Pole and Piling, which fit the space perfectly. Jay already had the story on Anderson Logging, which got bumped up to the cover story spot. None of the pictures from either that story or Jessica Johnson’s story on the Byrd family in Florida fit the usual cover photo style, so we got creative—it never hurts to do something different from time to time. Basically, all of the feature articles got shuffled around and redone, but it all worked. The real heroes of this are the people who work in our production department—Cindy Segrest, Shelley Smith, Christy Sparks, Patti Campbell, Stephen Mock and Jacob Grissett—who all bent over backwards to get the extra work done. They’re the ones who actually put all this together every month, usually more in spite of than because of anything we do as editors, so I wanted to acknowledge their stellar work. It is much SLT appreciated.

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New To The Game ■ Chris Anderson is up to the challenge of running his own logging operation.

Timothy Griggs of Carolina Timber Brokers, left, and Chris Anderson, right

By Jay Donnell FLORENCE, SC ★ hen Chris Anderson started Anderson Logging back in 2013 he knew he had all the right tools to create a successful business. Anderson had already spent several years running a loader for different companies in South Carolina and even ran his own trucking company, Anderson Trucking, for several years. As the years passed, he grew tired of operating other people’s machines, so when Timothy Griggs of Carolina Timber



Anderson had his own trucking company for several years before starting Anderson Logging.

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Brokers approached him about starting up his own company, it was a no brainer. “I just like working for myself,” Anderson says. “We’re pretty laid back around here and I think that’s important because I’ve worked for some guys that weren’t all that easy to work for.” Anderson, 32, has been running his business for only two years, but he seems to embrace the challenges that come with hiring crew members and making sure his after tax business profit is on par with his investment. He’s new to the game, but watching him work you would think he’s owned his own company for many years. His employees obviously respect him and they work hard on the job as a result. While Anderson enjoyed running his trucking company, he knew he had the potential to do more. “There’s just not enough money in trucking,” Anderson explains. “When Tim talked to me about running my own logging company I knew that’s what I wanted to do.”

The crew hauls an average 50-60 loads a week, with an even mix of clear-cuts and thinning jobs.

Operations The company usually harvests 50-60 loads a week on flat and sometimes hilly terrain. They clearcut half the time and thin the other half. When Southern Loggin’ Times visited, they were clear-cutting a 60-acre tract on private land in Society Hill, SC. They were nearly done with the clear-cut after being on the tract for just three weeks, a short time for a crew the size of Anderson Logging. But they pride themselves on being fast and efficient. Anderson estimated only five loads remained by the time SLT was on hand. On this particular tract, the crew was producing 60-70 loads a week. The company’s next job will be a thinning job not too far from Society Hill. Timothy Griggs owns Griggs Forestry and has been a big help to Anderson. He’s also a timber dealer for Carolina Timber Brokers. He and his partner, Richard Howard, have helped Anderson tremendously as he has made his way into the logging business. “I’ve been doing this for about 15 years,” Griggs says. “We’ve got one crew in South Carolina and two crews in North Carolina.” When Anderson Logging arrives on a new tract they’ll put landings out ahead of time and they will build the roads if they need to, but often when they’re cutting for Griggs Forestry, Griggs will build the roads himself. Griggs, 39, graduated from Clemson with a degree in forestry and is a registered forester in South Carolina. “Chris has done a great job for us,” Griggs says. “I knew he

Standing, left to right: Scotty Anderson, Michael Randolph, Bernie Perkins, Jr.; kneeling, left to right: Timmy Moody, Clyde Mcdowell, Chris Anderson

Anderson runs all Caterpillar/Prentice machines in the woods.

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The logger uses two Cat 525C skidders, ’12 and ’14 models.

would have what it takes to run his own logging operation.” When leaving a site, the company makes sure to leave everything as clean as possible. Often it depends on who they’re cutting for, but occasionally they have to get the thumbs up from the landowner in order to move on to a new tract. Usually working about 45 minutes away from their shop in Florence, employees arrive on site at 7 a.m. and leave at 6 p.m. They don’t work weekends so it’s full-bore


Monday through Friday. Employees are granted personal time for sickness and family emergencies. They can get a production bonus if they get 50 loads in a week and each man receives $100 if that happens. The bonus creates an incentive for Anderson’s employees to be working as hard as they can at all times. Anderson Logging has solid relationships with all of its mills. Softwood pulpwood and hardwood pulpwood goes to Domtar in Ben-

nettsville and WestRock in Florence. Chip-n-saw and saw timber goes to New South (Canfor) in Camden or Darlington, about 40 miles away from Florence. Chip-nsaw can also go to CM Tucker Lumber in Pageland. The company experiences a little turnover like most logging companies, but unlike many logging companies they have older and experienced truck drivers so that hasn’t been an issue for Anderson during the two years he’s been in business.

OCTOBER 2015 ● Southern Loggin’ Times


He knows how important it is to have reliable truck drivers because he used to own a trucking company himself. Andersons’ wife, Danielle, keeps the books for the company. His brother, Scotty Anderson, runs a 2012 Cat 525C skidder. William Johnson runs a 2014 Cat 525C skidder, Timmy Moody operates a 2011 Prentice 2570 cutter, Clyde McDowell runs a Cat 559B loader and Michael Randolph, Bennie Perkins (Andersons’ father-in-law)

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and Timmy Moody Sr. are truck drivers. Anderson Logging has had no problems with safety in its first two years and the crew always makes sure to communicate with each other when they feel like they’re not being as safe as possible.

Equipment While running mostly Cat and Prentice equipment in-woods, Anderson owns four trucks includ-

ing a 2014 International, a 2004 and two 2001 Freightliners. All of the trucks pull Evans trailers. When Anderson ran Anderson trucking, he had only two trucks, but having four has been a big help to his logging operation. “I think it’s important to have your own trucks,” he says. “I just think it can save you a lot of money in the long run.” Their main equipment dealer is Blanchard Machinery in Florence and they work with salesman Denny Campbell. “He’s a really

good guy and it’s been great working with him,” Anderson says. “Cat has been great because we haven’t had many breakdowns and the guys from Blanchard Machinery will come out for anything. If I call them about something they’ll usually be here on the same day. They have really good service.” The company does most of its maintenance and repairs in the woods in order to keep costs down, but they’ll sometimes do a little maintenance at the shop in Flo-

rence. The 2014 Cat 525C skidder is still under warranty so Blanchard Machinery will send someone out to the logging site to change the oil, make repairs, etc. Oil is changed every 500 hours and each machine is greased once a week on all the other equipment. They run Primex tires on all of the equipment. Anderson’s estimated business investment is $900,000 and annual expenses on repairs, maintenance and supplies can get up to $200,000. The company hasn’t experienced any problems with vandalism and doesn’t expect to have any problems in the future because of the areas in which they typically work.

Issues/Future In many parts of the Southeast, people are seeing fewer loggers around, but Timothy Griggs sees it differently. “I’m actually seeing more loggers around here,” Griggs says. “Some of them are getting bigger.” One of the biggest challenges for Anderson Logging as of late is that many mills in the area have recently put them on quotas. “It seems like almost everyone has put us on quotas recently,” Anderson explains. “It’s been really tight, but we’re hoping it will straighten out.” While Anderson is still new to owning his business, he likes where his company is right now and he knows that expanding isn’t always the right thing to do considering the current economic climate and the headaches that can come along with running two crews. “I just don’t want to expand to two crews because it seems like it would be a big hassle,” he says. “I like the way things are working for us right now and I don’t want to mess with it. In five years I just want us to be where we are right now.” Anderson notes that it’s hard to work for other people sometimes and it’s important to treat employees with respect. He hopes that his employees are enjoying working for him. “I’m definitely making more money than I would be working for somebody else,” he says “I just try to treat my employees the way I know I’d want to be treated.” Anderson attributes his work ethic to his wife and two daughters. “My two girls, Brianna and Summer, are very important to me,” Anderson says. “I’m just trying to raise them right and give SLT them things I never had.” Contact Chris Anderson by email: Andersontrucking2014@ outlook.com 12

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Full Throttle ■ The Byrd boys focus on never sitting still, but stick to what they know—logging. By Jessica Johnson BRANFORD, Fla. lorida’s Byrd fami★ ly has been in logging since the early 1950s, though a lot has changed since then. Now the family operates in-woods crews, a fuel plaza, a power


equipment dealership, a milk dairy and a starters and alternators vehicle repair shop. Brothers Jack, J.W., Earl and Paul inherited the business from their parents 40 years ago. The youngest of the four, Paul Byrd, 58, played tour guide when Southern Loggin’ Times visited the impressive home base of the operation. He was constantly dropping little hints to the entire picture of

the operation. A humble guy, Byrd said it all just grew from the logging crew his mother and father started. Paul says when his father passed away in 1975, the family was farming and running one logging crew, but made the choice to move away from farming and focus their energies on logging. “We got the opportunities to move forward and add

The Byrd family is sold on John Deere, running mostly Deere machines on their nine crews.


OCTOBER 2015 ● Southern Loggin’ Times


crews, we’ve just kept moving forward,” he explains. Currently, T.W. Byrd and Sons Logging owns and operates nine in-woods crews and runs 40 trucks. The downturn of 2008 hit Byrd hard, and one crew did shut down for five months. “That was one of the hardest things I’ve ever had to do, lay some of my men off,” Paul says. Though with pride in his

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The Byrds have 40 trucks in the fleet—a mix of Mack, Kenworth and Peterbilt—and 50 trailers.

voice, he says he was able to hire them all back and operates the business just as they did before the downturn. Worrying about his men is just one of the human elements about Paul Byrd. He’s always conscious about the members of the crew and says that most of the 27 employed in the woods are like family. Though with four brothers and a sister, many employed by the business actually are family! In addition to the siblings, there are 11 Byrds of the next generation in the business. “Our whole family works in our business. Not on every crew, but all but one crew has a family member who helps manage that crew,” he explains. It makes management a lot easier on him.

Turnkey Operations Byrd says that with the exception of one, all crews are set up the same. The three-man crews primarily cut pine plantations using a shear head on a feller-buncher. One crew, which Byrd calls the pond crew, cuts some pine but primarily cypress and other hardwoods. Four crews are on contracts with Foley Land and Timber. Five crews are on tracts purchased by Paul’s son, Trey, the company’s head timber buyer. On purchased tracts, Byrd offers a turnkey operation: The company performs everything from cutting to site prepping, cruising, buying, clean-up and replanting. For the Byrds the key to their success has been a lot of hard work and honesty, Paul says. “We take pride in what we do and we try to

Brothers and sister, left to right: Jack, Benita, J.W., Earl and Paul Byrd

With nine crews in the company, Paul (far right) says most of the employees are like family.

let that show. We have a lot of repeat customers.” In fact, thanks to the popularity of word of mouth advertising in their rural area, Paul reports that many customers won’t let anyone else cut their wood. The crews try to cut within 100 miles of the home base in Branford, and will haul wood up to 150 miles. “If there is a mill in south Georgia or Florida, we haul to it,” Paul says with a chuckle. The main markets are WestRock, GP at Buckeye and Palatka and Rayonier at Fernandina Beach. In order to make the long hauls work, Byrd reports that the mills have to step up to the plate, so to speak, if they want the wood. So far, he hasn’t had too many problems. ➤ 16

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Iron Lineup Most in-woods equipment is John Deere purchased from Beard Equipment. Paul says he likes John Deere for the service after the sale, and they’ve run John Deere machines since 1989—though they do still run four Tigercat bunchers. “We love Tigercat bunchers,” he says, “but our closest dealer is in Thomasville, Ga., which is about 125 miles from us. It’s not feasible for us to have to pay them to work on something when Beard is 30 miles.” Once pieces go out of warranty, Byrd has four mechanics on staff to repair machines. The mechanics will rebuild engines, transmissions, “anything you can think of,” Paul says. The head mechanic is Paul’s nephew, and if it’s something simple he will fix in the woods. Otherwise, equipment is hauled to the shop for repairs, and a spare buncher, skidder and loader are available. Byrd’s crews run only two sawheads—the rest are shear head machines. Byrd likes the pincher machines better because they are easier on the land in the area and cheaper to run. Sawhead teeth are constantly getting chewed up, he says, thanks to the sandy nature of the soil. Byrd will purchase John Deere feller-bunchers


The Byrds have several Tigercat cutters in the mix, mostly shears.

OCTOBER 2015 ● Southern Loggin’ Times


and the mechanics will put the Tigercat pincher heads on themselves. Why do it this way? Paul says it is how the family has always cut. “We were running some John Deere heads, but we get better service out of the Tigercat heads. It’s so much easier to site prep.” Most current equipment is fairly new, and they try to rotate on a fouryear basis—though when the recession hit, they held on to a lot of equipment to run it, run it, run it, until it practically quit. Like many, once the markets picked back up and everything started moving again, the Byrds bought a bunch of equipment to replace the aged. Now, they stick to the four-year rotation schedule. It’s especially important on the higher production crews. The trucking line up is Mack, Kenworth and Peterbilt, and while the crews make use of 40 trucks, ten are lease haulers. The company used to be all Mack, but lately, Byrd has found the KWs get better fuel mileage—and by purchasing the KWs with glider kits, DEF fluid is not a concern, though the company does run seven trucks with DEF. Paul says the DEF fluid isn’t a huge problem, but it’s just the typical sensor aggravation with all trucks. “It’s not a big deal but it

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always takes the computer to figure out which sensor has gone out to cause a code on the dash,” he says. Out of the 50 trailers in the mix, most are shop built, with a few Big Johns and Pitts. Byrd has two welders on staff who build and work on trailers. Shop built trailers are made with a heavier beam, since the trucks are hauling a lot of double bunk wood cut in 20 ft. lengths. They have had trouble with beams in other brands flexing, while the shop built trailers withstand the tension. Including all


the trailers, trucks and in-woods equipment, Paul estimates the total investment is about $12 million.

Back Office

Along with company trucks, Byrd hires 10 contractors.

OCTOBER 2015 ● Southern Loggin’ Times


With a sizable woods crew, plus purchased tracts, load tickets and other truck paperwork, plus general bookkeeping, the ladies of the company office have a lot on their plate. Paul’s sister Benita runs the office, and she runs an efficient and tight ship. With the crews averaging 500 loads a week, 50 weeks a year, keeping up with tickets alone is a full time job—so she relies on two additional secretaries to help her out, with one dedicated to payroll as second-in-command and one dedicated to truck paperwork. Benita keeps track of everything: the GPS on the trucks, fuel consumption, payroll, you name it. Waters & Co. CPA does all accounting work. “They are always telling us if we are losing money or making it,” Paul says with a smile. Bitco (Bituminous) provides workers’ comp insurance, and Paul says while they have had accidents in the past, it’s been so long he can’t actually remember when it was. Randolph Padgett is in charge of the company’s safety programs. Before, Paul was trying to run the safety programs himself, but when Padgett wanted to retire from RockTenn but still work a few days a week, it was a match made in heaven. Padgett works three days a week going out to each crew once every three months, shutting everything down and having a discussion about a particular safety topic. All Byrd’s employees have one week paid vacation and five paid sick days. The men on the crews are paid hourly and the company offers health insurance. Paul says they try to do everything possible to entice their men to stay working in the woods for them, and it has worked out well. Many on the crews have been with the company a long time, including a few that have worked for over 30 years and are still going strong. There’s a lot going on at T.W. Byrd & Sons at any given time, with all the siblings in charge of a different aspect of the business— whether it be the milk dairy, the logging crews or the timber buying. Paul says they try to control as much as they can when it comes to the business. “If we use it, we are going to try to be in connection with it somehow. I feel like if we do it ourselves then we know where we are going, we know where we need to cut corners, we SLT know our costs.” Contact Paul by email: pbyrd57@yahoo.com

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Logs Into Poles n Ongoing success of South Carolina pole operation begins in the woods.

By Jay Donnell LEESVILLE, SC ne thing that South Carolina ★ Pole and Piling, Inc. learned from the recession is to have an operation that can adjust quickly to market opportunities. As the recession unfolded, the company quickly (and unfortunately) learned it was a good barometer of the construction industry. Sales started dropping immediately in the summer of 2007 and continued to decline. Their response, instead of sticking solely with their traditional production of large white poles, was to start exporting pine logs, hardwood logs, and getting more into the small piling industry. They also became more particular with their pole sizes, finding special sizes they could move since the whole range of sizes was not moving. Today, according to owner Sam Coker, markets overall continue to come back, and the company is positioned

to take advantage with improved production facilities.




A family affair, left to right, Will, Sam and Hollis

OCTOBER 2015 ● Southern Loggin’ Times


The pole and piling business first requires expertise in the woods, and Sam Coker brought that to the table when he founded SC Pole and Piling 30 years ago in 1985. Sam, 66, graduated from Clemson University with a degree in forestry and then worked for 11 years at Southern Wood Piedmont, a subsidiary of ITT. He cruised timber and procured poles and was involved in the startup of a pole mill. He entered the business himself, purchasing land that had been the site for a sawmill, and which was on a ridge with the Sand Hills and their longleaf and slash pines to the south and the Piedmont and its healthy stands of loblolly and shortleaf pines to the north. He purchased two old pole mills from his former employee. Coker took a big risk financially, basically putting all his equity and more into the venture, when he

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Pole log procurement is challenging and time-consuming.

moved his family from Augusta, Ga. to Lexington, SC. At first, the company was only producing a small number of poles, but Coker’s experience established some early momentum and today he proudly works with his sons, Hollis and Will, and an experienced employee count of 28, as they serve primarily wood preservative operations in the Eastern and Southeastern U.S. and Canada. They have 23 acres that Coker owns and leases to the company and another 53 acres for future expansion.

Operations The company is well known, especially upstate, by timber suppliers, timber dealers and loggers. “They all know us and they’ll call us when they think they’ve got poles,” Coker says. “We go give them a price, agree on a delivered price per ton and then we’ll mark it for them. They want to deliver to us because poles usually bring the best price. They are the ‘cream of the pine timber crop.’” Coker employs three foresters who have all been with him for many years. They procure and mark poles not only for SC Pole & Piling, but also for United Wood Treating in Whitmire, SC, of which Coker is half owner. The combined operations are marking and procuring up to 80-90 loads a week. That’s a lot of timber to cover in a week because normally they’re only pole marking 20% of the trees in a given tract of timber, and therefore having to cover considerable ground and many tracts to procure for three mills. “The name of the game is procuring the right sizes that are needed by the power companies,” Coker says, noting the power companies buy their poles semi-annually, annu-

Shop-built buggy moves log into peeling machine.

Peeler outfeed also has buggy transport.

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Poles get a closer look on the classing deck.

ally or even with two-year and three-year contracts. They provide a range of sizes they’ll need and take bids from wood treating companies. Pole trees are all about size and quality. There are several standard pole lengths, even up to 110 ft. for the big transmission poles, and each of those have several diameter classes, which means there are a considerable number of sorts at the SC Pole & Piling pole yard. The small piling market that SC Pole & Piling has enjoyed as of late requires mainly 16, 20, 25 and 30 ft. poles with 8 and 10 in. butt diameters. Coker has noticed fewer loggers in the area, but notes that most log-

ging companies are becoming larger. “The gradual elimination of small size logging companies has hurt us because we can’t take very much high production,” Coker explains. “We get filled up real quick. If we get 100 loads ahead on the barky yard we start worrying about bugs.” He says during the warm months they have three weeks to get the bark off. Flathead borers (Pine Sawyer beetles) will get into the wood and one hole will cull a pole. “You’ve got a perishable product out there that you really have to monitor,” Coker says. “The loggers are so big now that they flood us out if they’re cutting

poles,” Coker adds. “If they get cut off at sawmills or pulp mills they’re going to flood in here and it’s hard for us to regulate that. Probably the hardest thing and what we pay the most attention to is how much material we have in each size and whether we’ve got too many barky poles and are they going to go bad on us.” The company owns one truck, primarily for going into the woods and retrieving long poles, as most loggers don’t want to haul much over 70 ft. Sometimes they’ll let a logger borrow one of their extendable 60 ft. trailers. The Leesville operation brings in

Caterpillar wheel loaders work the log deck.


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an average of 58 loads per week. After the wood comes in it’s unloaded and piled with a 966 Caterpillar wheel loader (the operation also operates prototype Cat 938 wheel loaders). Once the barky pole’s turn in the rotation comes it’s put into the big pole mill by a Volvo L90G wheel loader. The pole mill is an Efurd HD peeling machine made by Pierce Manufacturing. SC Pole & Piling has shop-built infeed and outfeed buggy transports. “It’s unlike anybody else’s,” Coker notes. They have one buggy on the infeed that’s powered and in front of it is a trough that has a chain in it and it moves at the same rate as the buggy and also elevates the pole to lift it up to the mill. The mill and buggy wheels are almost in tandem as they spiral the pole through the two-headed mill. A knotter head takes most of the bark off and trims the knot swell down. The finishing head puts the smooth surface on the pole, which moves onto the outfeed buggy and is immediately dumped into a 70 ft. trough where a cutoff saw removes butt flare. Kickers push the poles onto the classing deck and three employees measure, class, and look out for defects as some poles might need to be cut back or hand scraped. They have an overhead measuring cable and the top man has to measure the top to make sure it’s big enough to make the class pole it needs to be. Several years ago the operation also put in a small pole mill for manufacturing small pilings from smaller diameter trees. They converted a 628 Morbark debarker into a pole mill. Having separate small and large pole mills has streamlined production. In 2014 the company put in a natural gas fired dry kiln made by BOLDesigns out of Lenoir, NC. They also have an older IrvingtonMoore (now USNR) dry kiln that was updated with a new USNR biomass burner several years ago. A constant challenge is getting rid of the waste wood. About half of their waste is utilized in the biomass burner. As for their waste cutup blocks, the most economical thing they’ve found to do is simply to stockpile them at the corner of the yard and annually bring in a grinder operator to reduce them and transport the fiber. The company ships poles up and down the East Coast, from south Florida to Nova Scotia. The Canada market opened up for them right before the recession and it’s grown. “We’re trying to ship more by rail, but we don’t own a rail siding,” Coker explains, adding that a nearby NS rail service is only a block away and they’ll load about three cars per week.

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Lookinig Ahead “We’re just trying to stay ahead of the curve and keep our heads above water,” Coker adds. “We’re not trying to diversify too much, but I could see us sawing some pine timbers with a little sawmill for added production that could also be sold to our same treating customers. That’s a way we could expand or we could get into the bark and mulch business. However, anything we do outside of what we’re doing right now is going to take away from our time spent on doing what we do best.” Coker believes their woods expertise has been a key to their success. “You’ve got to have the expertise in the woods and we’ve probably got 80 years of combined experience in wood procurement. What’s so different about pole procurement over saw timber or pulpwood is we’re not just buying raw material (wood) that’s going to be sawed up and manufactured to size. When we’re in the woods we’re selecting quality and size standing which takes expertise.” Sam’s two sons, Will and Hollis, have worked for the business for several years and will most likely take over the company one day.

South Carolina Pole and Piling is celebrating its 30th anniversary.

Sam’s wife, Kay, does the bookkeeping for the company. Coker has been active in the wood products industry. He served as chairman of the South Carolina Forestry Assn. and has been on the board three times. He also serves on the state board of the South Caroli-

na Forestry Commission. The company is a member of the Southern Pressure Treaters’ Assn. and the Treated Wood Council. Coker was chairman of the biomass committee for the forestry association at one time and looked into getting into the biomass indus-

try. South Carolina’s power companies did not commit to it, he says. “If our power companies had committed to it, it would have been a different story,” he says. “Our state is heavily involved in nuclear power, which now has become the SLT most expensive.”

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Social Security: Ponder This How many people have died before they collected a dime from Social Security? How many died soon after they began “drawing?” How many have lost a spouse and could only draw part of what he/she had paid into the program? Want to see your Congressional reps do the Washington two-step? Ask the questions above. What is wrong with the government’s calculation of available Social Security funds, and the sustainability of the program, is that it does not acknowledge the people who died before they ever collected what they had paid into the program. Where did that money go? Remember, both you and your employer paid into Social Security. The amount totaled 15% of income before taxes. If you averaged $30,000 per year over your working life, that amounts to about $220,500. Read that again. The government did not contribute a single penny. You and your employer paid into a government fund to ensure that you would have a retirement check from that money. It was not intended to be put there so the government could spend it on something else. Today the government, including the Congress, is calling money we put into the fund an entitlement once we reach the age to start getting it back. If you calculate the future invested value of $4,500 per year—the total contribution of you and your employer—at a simple 5% interest (usually less than what the government pays on the money it borrows), you’d have almost $893,000 after 49 years. If you took out only 3% per year, you’d receive $26,787 per year and it would last more than 30 years. And that’s with no interest paid on the final amount on deposit! If you bought an annuity and it paid 4% per year, you’d have a lifetime income of $2,976

per month, or $35,712 per year. Social Security is not an entitlement. It is retirement income paid for in cash. Just because the government borrowed the money for other spending doesn’t make Social Security benefits some kind of handout! Consider the benefits for members of Congress: free healthcare, outrageous retirement packages, numerous paid holidays, three weeks of paid vacation, and unlimited paid sick days. Now that amounts to welfare. The government likes to call Social Security an entitlement even though most of us have been paying into it all our working lives, and now, when it’s time to collect, the government claims the program is running out of money. Why did the government borrow from the Social Security fund in the first place?

Lunch With 85-Year-Old One day I had lunch with some old friends. Jim, a short, balding golfer type, about 85-years old, came along with them. When the menus were presented, my friends and I ordered salads, sandwiches, and soups, except for Jim, who said, “A large piece of apple pie, heated please.” I wasn’t sure my ears heard him right, and the others were aghast, When Jim continued, completely unabashed....“along with two large scoops of vanilla ice cream.” We tried to act quite nonchalant but when our orders were brought out, I didn’t enjoy eating mine. I couldn’t take my eyes off Jim as I watched him savoring each bite. The other guys just grinned in disbelief as they silently ate their lunches. The next time I went out to eat, I called Jim and invited him to join me. I lunched on a white meat tuna sandwich, while he ordered a choco-

Past & Present

late parfait. Since I was chuckling, he wanted to know if he amused me. I answered, “Yes, you certainly do, but you also confuse me. How come you always order such rich desserts, while I feel like I must be sensible in my food choices?” He laughed and said, “I’m tasting all that is possible for me to taste. I try to eat the food I need and do the things I should in order to stay healthy, but life’s too short, my friend. I hate missing out on something good. This year I realized how old I was. I’ve never been this old before, so, while I’m still here, I’ve decided it’s time to try all those things that for years I’ve been ignoring.” He continued, “I haven’t smelled all the flowers yet. There are too many trout streams I haven’t fished. There’s more fudge sundaes to wolf down and kites to be flown overhead. “There are too many golf courses I haven’t played. I’ve not laughed at all the jokes. “I’ve missed a lot of sporting events and potato chips and cokes. “I want to wade again in water and feel ocean spray on my face. “I want to sit in a country church once more and thank God for His grace. “I want peanut butter every day spread on my morning toast. “I want un-timed long distance calls to the one I love the most. “I haven’t cried at all the movies yet, or walked in the morning rain. I need to feel wind on my face. I want to be in love again. “So, if I choose to have dessert, instead of having dinner, then should I die before nightfall, I’d say I died a winner, because I missed out on nothing. I filled my heart’s desire. “I had that final piece of pie before my life expired.” With that, I called the waitress over. “I’ve changed my mind, “I said. “I want what he’s having, only add some more whipped cream!”

Biology Exam

Donny Reaves, who does business as Donald E. Reaves, LLC, Coleman Falls, Va., recently sent SLT this snapshot that represents the older and newer sides of his hardwood operation, often found working on family land. At left is Donny with his mother, Loraine (a young 93), and son, Roy. The little John Deere 440A, much like the first skidder Donny’s dad bought in ’68, is overshadowed by the 2015 Tigercat 620E skidder Donny bought earlier this year from “uncle Binky Tapscott” at Forest Pro Inc., Scottsville, Va. Donny says the loaded ’73 Ford was purchased new by his dad but notes it is used primarily as a spare these days. Also, see Donny’s new Pitts trailer on page 64.


Students in an advanced biology class were taking their mid-term exam. The last question was, “Name seven advantages of mother’s milk.” The question was worth 70 points or none at all. One student was hard put to think of seven advantages. He wrote: 1) it is the perfect formula for the child; 2) it provides immunity against several diseases; 3) it is always the right temperature; 4) it is inexpensive; 5) it bonds the child to mother, and vice versa; 6) it is always available as needed. And then the student was stuck. Finally, in desperation, just before the bell rang indicating the end of the test, he wrote: 7) it comes in two attractive containers and it’s high enough off the ground where the cat can’t get it. He got an A.

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Harvesting Cork n A look at the manual procedure as done in Portugal

ork is an extremely light, cominvolves the felling of a tree. western Mediterranean, where conpressible, elastic and flexible Instead, cork trees are gently ditions ideal for their growth material, practically impervious stripped, leaving a strange but fasciabound. Trees may be found in to moisture, and to liquid and gaseous clusters or may be scattered. nating landscape of denuded trunks. substances. It has a very high coeffiAll of this takes some time. Cork cient of friction; is a poor conductor trees can live for more than 200 The Harvest of electricity, sound and heat; and has years but are not considered ready Unlike other forms of forestry, an exceptional shock-absorbing for giving up their bark until they the production of cork never capacity. It also resists many chemiare at least 25-years-old. Even then, cal substances and has virtually unlimited durability. Of course, it is also used as a bottle stopper (think wine). Have you ever wondered where cork comes from? The answer is most likely to be Spain or Portugal, where well over half of the world’s cork is harvested. Cork, which comes from the cork oak (Quercus suber L.), is in fact the national tree of Portugal, which claims nearly one-third of the world’s total cork oak area, estimated at 5.3 million acres. Portugal produces about half of the world’s annual cork harvest of approximately 310,000 tons. The cork oak finds its Most of the world's cork comes from Spain and Portugal. most suitable habitat in the



OCTOBER 2015 ● Southern Loggin’ Times


the first two harvests do not produce cork of the highest quality, and it isn’t until the trees are in their 40s that they produce premium cork. Again, even then, they will be harvested only every nine years. A tree, in its lifetime, can be harvested (the process is known as extraction) about 15 times. Little wonder then that in Portugal and Spain the propagation of the trees and the production of cork has become an inter-generational industry, with farmers tending a crop from trees planted by their great-great grandfathers. The bark must be extracted without causing any lasting harm to the tree; otherwise, nine years later they will be useless. Extraction takes place in the summer when the tree is least susceptible to damage. The poor cork which is produced as a result of the first two harvests is known as male cork. Later extractions provide what is known as gentle cork, which is what you will screw out of the

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wine bottle, the contents of which it helps to flavor.

Strength, Gentleness

Bark must be peeled gently from cork oak so that it can regrow.

The cork oak is the national tree of Portugal.

Multigenerational family farms harvest cork every nine years after the tree has matured.

Extractors must be skilled, making two cuts to the tree. The first is horizontal and is cut around the tree. This is known as the necklace and the incision is made at a height around three times the circumference of the tree.  Then a series of vertical cuts, called openings or rules, is made. This is the point at which extractors must use the most strength but at the same time be gentle. They push the handle of the ax in to the rulers and pry the cork away. If the cuts are too deep, or done carelessly, there is a risk that the tree’s cell layer will be damaged. This layer is responsible for the development and growth of the tree’s periderm, or bark. Damage this and the tree will produce poor or no cork in the future. It may even die. So strength and gentleness must be used in equal measure during the extraction. Once the cork is extracted it is stacked in layers and allowed to dry before being processed. Despite the recent predilection for using alternatives, fully 60% of the cork extracted is used for bottle stoppers. Cork is an essential component of a number of other things, including the centers of baseball and cricket bats. Cork is also a great material to use for insulation. It is non-allergenic and easy-to-handle and if it does catch fire, its fumes are not toxic like man-made insulation materials.  The different segments of woodwind instruments are fastened together by pieces made from cork. Not only that, but the baton used by a concert conductor will most likely also be made out of this versatile material. Cork has many other uses, too, including components of the fairings and heat shields of spacecraft.  Portugal has 500 cork-related factories, which employ about 20,000 workers. This industry produces stoppers, discs, different types of floats, shoe soles, printing paper, cigarette tips, bath mats, table mats, hat bands, fishing rod handles, and different kinds of packing. Cork wool is produced for cushions and mattresses, and granulated cork is employed chiefly as insulating material in ship-building, as a protective packing for fruit and eggs, and as tubing for plastic substances. Yet, ultimately, the fascination is in its production, which leaves so many trees stripped and bared to the elements and which gives the landscapes of parts of Spain and Portugal such a unique appearance. SLT

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Morbark Steps Up Again By Jay Donnell WINN, Mich. orbark, Inc. held its annual Demo Days August 20-21 and ★ attracted several hundred customers and dealers from throughout the world. Morbark demonstrated eight machines and hosted an extensive tour of its sprawling factory. Attendees were treated to breakfast on the first morning at headquarters as chairman Lon Morey and president Jim Shoemaker, Jr. updated everyone on the state of Morbark. Attendees then toured the 1.1 million sq. ft. factory and observed station-by-station manufacturing of various equipment lines. After the factory tour customers and dealers went out to the Morbark proving rounds, just a few miles away from headquarters, and had the chance to walk around eight different machines and ask questions to the Morbark representatives stationed at each piece of equipment. Shoemaker noted that Demo Days isn’t exclusive to existing customers but as importantly is open to potential customers. “About half of the customers here don’t run our equipment,” he said. “It gives us the opportunity to listen to them and it also gives them an opportunity to see what the differences are. We’re confident in our ability to shine in an environment like this and, quite frankly, we have.” On Friday, attendees enjoyed a pancake breakfast at Morbark headquarters and then it was off to the proving grounds to watch Morbark’s equipment take center stage with live demonstrations. Close to 350 people were in attendance. Active equipment included: the


More than 350 attendees viewed the live demonstrations on the second day of the event.

HT1042 slow-speed shredder, Beever M20R forestry, 30/36 NCL track whole tree drum chipper, 40/36 NCL whole tree drum chipper, rebuilt 50/48 NCL whole tree drum chipper (2004 model), 3200 Wood Hog horizontal grinder, 6600 track Wood Hog horizontal grinder and the 1300B tub grinder. Several new developments were in the product mix on display. The HT1042 slow-speed shredder demonstrated was the first production machine with a more aggressive 30 hammer pattern and the product itself is just now available for sale. The 30/36 drum WTC track machine is based on a standard product, but this unit was the first track machine to incorporate the design changes (sloped infeed, bottom feed roller, larger top roller, t4 engine) from the wheeled 30/36s. The 40/36 micro chipper has been in production for about two years now, but the machine demon-

Morbark acquired the Boxer Equipment product line in late 2012.


strated was the first one with 800 HP. The chipper is known for its efficient feed system due to a staggered knife configuration and contains fewer moving parts, reducing maintenance. John Foote, vice president of sales and marketing, commented, “Morbark is the industry leader for several reasons. We have an extensive dealer network across the United States and contractors come to us because they know they’re going to make money with our equipment. It lasts longer than any other equipment in the field.” The day concluded with a Texas style barbecue at the site of the demonstration. Thomas Prince of Forestry Resources, a large mulch production operation with locations in southern Florida, was pleased with the event. “I think the Morbark team has done a really good job and we’ve been treated really well,” he said. “You get to meet a lot of peo-

ple, that’s the best thing about it.” Princes’ operation runs a Morbark grinder. “It’s been excellent,” he added. Demo Days is a longstanding tradition at Morbark and the Morbark team continues to make it better every year. “Our company is absolutely committed to continuous improvement,” Shoemaker said. “Every year our shops looks just a little different and the team is always looking for ways to improve. It’s the same with Demo Days.” Shoemaker was impressed with the variety of attendees from throughout the world, especially the Southern Hemisphere. “We’re learning a lot from our customers,” he said. “It’s always great to talk to the people who actually run the equipment and make a living doing it. We’ve been able to unveil some new products very successfully. It SLT all bodes well for Morbark.”

Customers, both current and potential, got a chance to inspect products up close.

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Chipper Show ■ At the 2015 Mid-Atlantic Expo visitors were treated to perfect weather and a variety of equipment. By Jessica Johnson ith a record 3,500 folks in attendance, the crowd in Selma-Smithfield, NC for the 2015 Mid-Atlantic Logging & Biomass Expo, held September 18-19, was upbeat about market conditions and new equipment rollouts. “I did not hear anything but positive comments. The weather was beautiful; the attendance was out-


standing, and we had higher vendor participation than ever; it was a huge success!” Expo Coordinator Jack Swanner said. From the compact layout design, with limited walking hazards and easy access to highways, many milling about echoed Swanner’s positive review. Landowners Mary Earp Worley and Nancy Crews Earp are currently in discussions about having the show again in the same

general area in 2017. Caterpillar, John Deere, Tigercat and John Woodie Enterprises showed live harvesting equipment, with many static booths displaying trailers, parts and other services, like chain saws and insurance options. Even Smokey the Bear made an appearance at the NC Forest Service Booth. One interesting note was the amount of chipper and tire participants. Eight different chipper manufacturers, Barko, Trelan, Morbark, Bandit, CBI, Terex, Vermeer and

Caterpillar was out in full force with a live demo, a loader contest and static machines—including ones sold at the show and in the days leading up to the show.

Peterson all had equipment on display. There were also more than a half dozen tire manufacturers and/or dealers on hand, an increase from previous years. Located on the SLT Facebook page, the Logger News Online e-newsletter, and on the SLT website you can find exclusive coverage of the 2015 edition of the MidAtlantic Logging & Biomass Expo, which includes exhibitor interviews, attendee interviews and some prodSLT uct demonstrations.

John Woodie Enterprises' live booth featured a Barko loader contest that drew steady crowds, as well as demos of Barko and TimberPro machines.

Logger Shop/Ryan’s Equipment was one of the many highlights in the static area, with parts and machines on display.


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On Saturday, many brought their families, and the bigger kids were treated to an animatronic Smokey the Bear.

Pre-registration helped streamline the entrance process; Saturday was a packed house!

Tigercat's booth was never quiet and Swamp Logger Bobby Goodson was spotted multiple times milling about, posing for pictures and talking with fellow attendees.

A representative from St. Jude's Children's Research Hospital was on hand Saturday to accept a donation from John Woodie Enterprises, which included proceeds from the Barko loader contest.

Barko had a strong presence at the show through its own display and via dealers Jewell Equipment and John Woodie Enterprises.

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INDUSTRY NEWS ROUNDUP As We See It: Long-Term Solutions, Not Short-Term Gains By Myles Anderson gricultural products come in many shapes and sizes but despite this variability they have important things in common, Anderson such as providing liveli-



hoods to many families living in the rural parts of our country. Whether the crop is soybeans or logs, they have little value without a dependable method to get the product to market. While the production of

agricultural products is mostly found in rural areas, the majority of markets are found in the more urban areas. Most agricultural producers rely on truck transportation and there is little to compare to the frustration when a product, especially one with a short shelf life, is ready

OCTOBER 2015 ● Southern Loggin’ Times


for market and trucks are not available to haul it. Many industries have been concerned for some time about the loss of trucking infrastructure and the impact it has on their business model. I would like to add my perception to this discussion. Whether we talk about an owner-operator or a company running a fleet of trucks, I believe the underlying issue impacting infrastructure and availability is one and the same. There are numerous serious issues impacting trucking operations, such as return on investment, dependability of new trucks, state and federal regulations, price volatility, and for fleets, availability of qualified drivers. In most cases the trucks hauling agricultural products are the image that the public has of our industry. While these trucks reflect our industry they also represent the greatest potential liability for any company. It is relatively easy to get into the trucking business—basically with a small investment and a willingness to work hard. If you enjoy 75-hour work weeks behind the wheel, have a fair share of patience, and a mechanical aptitude, then it might be just the occupation for you. However, you can’t forget about the constant maintenance and the occasional breakdowns to add to this work week commitment. Owning a business involves both good and bad days and one always needs to be aware, regardless of how hard you work or how efficient you are, there is always someone cutting a corner somewhere to do it cheaper. It is imperative to truly understand the cost of running a truck or a business and be willing to say ‘no’ when the rate doesn’t cover your costs. There are three components that make up trucking expenses: fixed costs, variable costs and profit (risk). Variable costs are simple to account for and include fuel, tires, maintenance, parts, and the driver. Fixed costs are much different and vary from region as they are directly related to how much the truck can be operated in a given year. If you happen to operate a log truck in the western U.S., you have a truck that is specifically designed to haul logs and is difficult to convert to other uses. Other parts of the country utilize 5th wheel tractors that can be hooked up to any trailer and provide better opportunities to extend the operating season. There are many issues impacting a trucker’s ability to operate a long productive season,

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especially in the forest products industry. Bottom line, the more hours a truck can operate in a given year the lower the fixed costs are. Profit (risk) is an important part of the cost analysis. A prudent operator will not assume all the risk and hope there is some profit at the end of the job. A prudent operator will know his cost per hour for tires, fuel, insurance, repairs, the impact of loading and unloading delays, etc. This operator will ensure his price per hour includes a return on investment,


which allows him to operate without putting himself or the public in jeopardy. The operator will put the necessary time into a cost analysis so he knows exactly what his costs are. A prudent operator will not sign a contract when the job does not make economic sense. A wise old logger once told me, “If you are losing money on every load, you’re not going to make it up with volume.” The rural portions of this country have been blessed with many honest, ethical, hardworking business people.

We all need to be prudent business people as well. The entire forest products industry relies on a healthy trucking infrastructure and the burden to ensure a healthy trucking infrastructure in the future falls on the entire forest products industry. We should all be working together for long-term solutions rather than shortterm gains.

Bragg, Calif. The American Loggers Council is a non-profit 501(c) (6) corporation representing professional timber harvesters in 30 states. Visit amloggers .com or phone 409-625-0206.

Anderson is the current president of the American Loggers Council and he and his father Mike own and operate Anderson Logging, Inc. based in Fort

A Monroe County, Alabama circuit court jury and judge awarded seven timber dealer-logging companies a combined $8.1 million in late August in a civil lawsuit they brought against Alabama River Group Inc. and its former principal, George Landegger, for default on payments due from contracts in 2010. This was one of the largest settlements in Monroe County history. The defendants of the case have indicated they are appealing the decision. The attorneys for the timber dealers presented a case that Alabama River Group (Alabama Pine Pulp and Alabama River Pulp) misrepresented itself to the government in order to receive matching money from the then newly implemented Biomass Crop Assistance Program (BCAP), but in the end left the dealers in a financial bind. The dealers alleged they entered into purchase contracts with various landowners for fuelwood at a higher than current market rate based off guaranteed contracts with ARG for a higher than market rate per green ton—all projected on payments ARG would receive from the Farm Service as part of BCAP. The BCAP, implemented in 2009, offered financial assistance to producer facilities that qualified based on usage of woody biomass in their facilities. The assistance was supposed to come in matching payments at a rate of $1 for each $1 per dry ton paid by the producer or conversion facility in an amount up to $45 per dry ton. According to the dealers, ARG said it would set up the purchase of their delivered green tons at a lower than current market rate, but add incoming BCAP matching payments, which would actually raise the per green ton price significantly above current market value. Furthermore, the dealers said ARG was explicit in the payment arrangement: the dealers would be paid the amounts agreed upon, even if ARG did not receive its BCAP matching payment. ARG apparently qualified initially as a conversion facility under the program, but its black liquor byproduct (for steam production) was not listed as part of BCAP and the matching payment program fell apart on ARG. The

OCTOBER 2015 ● Southern Loggin’ Times


Wood Suppliers Win Big In Alabama

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Earl St. John, Jr., Was Logging Leader, Champion Michigan logging legend and logger activist Earl St. John, Jr., whose impact on the U.S. logging industry was profound and whose various business successes were considerable, was eulogized September 17 at St. John Neumann Church in Spalding, Mich. Burial followed at Spalding Township Cemetery. St. John, 79, died of health complications on September 13. St. John’s last public appearance evidently occurred on September 11 at the Great Lakes Logging & Heavy Equipment Expo in Escanaba, Mich. A fourth generation logger who was born in a Earl St. John, Jr. small log cabin, St. John cut, peeled and stacked pulpwood by hand in his high school years. Following a hitch in the military, he founded St. John Forest Products, Inc. in 1962 and developed it into one of the nation’s premier logging entities, at one time employing upwards of 100 across multiple crews. In recent years he had largely turned management of the company over to his son, Tom. St. John was an innovator who embraced the emerging technology of the day, including whole tree chipping, feller-bunchers, grapple skidders, stroke delimbers and, in more recent years, the cut-to-length system. After serving in various leadership capacities on state and/or regional logging organization boards and committees, St. John was the first logger to serve on the board of the American Pulpwood Assn., forerunner to the Forest Resources Assn. He resigned after an affiliated group, the American Forest & Paper Assn., adopted the then controversial Sustainable Forestry Initiative (SFI) with little logger input. Meanwhile, St. John, an outspoken critic of traditional wood procurement practices and policies, helped form the American Loggers Council, partly in protest over the way SFI was developed and partly over the way it was implemented. He served as the ALC’s first president, leading it through the critical developmental stage. He was a giving community leader who accumulated some 30,000 acres of property, mostly timberland, in Upper Michigan. He also served for two terms on Federal Reserve Board Region Nine, probably another first for a logger. St. John was honored on two occasions by Timber Harvesting, first with dealers said they were never told of this development by ARG as the dealers bypassed other business opportunities. The Monroe Journal reported, apparently using an example in the case, that ARG, working from a market green ton price of $36, reduced it $6 to $30, and then calculated a


BCAP matching payment of $11.25, bringing the total payment per green ton to $41.25, which would give dealers a $5 boost above current market value. But the dealers never received the enhanced rate. Each of the seven timber dealerlogging companies were awarded $1 million in punitive damages, and

its Pacesetter Award in 1983 and in 1999 was recognized as its Logging Business of the Year. In 1987 he was singled out for Northern Michigan University’s Distinguished Citizenship Award, given annually to those who provide “unselfish support for civic, social and cultural activities.” Aware that his ancestors had been taken advantage of by the established logging industry culture of their day, and having felt the prevailing subservient sting himself early in his career, St. John was driven to succeed and to help elevate the status of loggers overall. He also often took the time and money to help educate the public about the positive side of timber harvesting. Here are some observations from those associated with St. John: Danny Dructor, Executive Vice President of the ALC: “Earl was a leader and visionary in our industry. He not only was instrumental in the formation of the American Loggers Council but also became a mentor to many up-and-coming loggers throughout this country. Earl spoke his mind and was always well spoken. Those of us fortunate enough to know Earl came to greatly respect and appreciate him.” Keith Olson, Executive Director of the Montana Logging Assn., who worked closely with St. John during the ALC’s formative period: “We’ve lost a champion.” Richard Lewis, retired president of the Forest Resources Assn.: “I will always remember what a strong and passionate advocate he was for the logging profession during the time he served on the APA Board of Directors.” DK Knight, Executive Editor of Timber Harvesting: “It was always an honor for me to be in Earl’s company. One of the highlights of my career was spending 32 hours with him on his turf in 1983 and getting to know him better. He put me at ease with his smile, outgoing nature, and wit. A second highlight was honoring St. John Forest Products as the TH Logging Business of the Year in 1999. Many loggers have local, state, and/or regional impact. Earl had national and international impact.” Survivors include his widow, Rosemary (they were married for 67 years); two sons, Tom and John; three sisters; one brother; six grandchildren and 11 great-grandchildren. The family is considering establishing a scholarship in St. John’s name to help encourage young people to enter the logging industry and related fields. Funds so designated can be sent to St. John Forest Products, P.O. Box 130, Spalding, MI 49886. varying amounts of compensatory damages ranging from $77,000 to $344,000. Those companies include Ayres Forestry, BAR Forest Products, Conecuh Timber, Dry Creek Loggers, Pea River Timber, Pineville Timber and The Timber Company. Georgia-Pacific purchased the

OCTOBER 2015 ● Southern Loggin’ Times


Alabama River and Alabama Pine pulp mills in July 2010.

Malcolm Sibley Named LA Outstanding Logger Louisiana Forestry Assn. (LFA) and Louisiana Logging Council

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named Malcolm Sibley of Livingston as its 2015 Louisiana Outstanding Logger. He received the award at the annual convention in Lake Charles. Sibley is a Louisiana Master Logger who has more than 50 years experience, first as a timber buyer and company logging supervisor and later as a logging contractor. He graduated from Southeastern University with an ag business degree. He has four crews of his own and two other crews working under him.

He has 23 woods employees and five in the office for Triple S Logging and KS Tmber. The judging team included Dr. Mark Gibson and Dr. Clyde Vidrine of Louisiana Tech University School of Forestry, Chad Knight with the U.S. Forest Service and Eddie Jarreau, the 2014 Outstanding Logger. Forester Bill Jenkins nominated Sibley for the award. “He is just a natural,” Jenkins says, recalling how Sibley was a land manager for

Crown Zellerbach and later supervised the company logging crews. Sibley and his wife Johnice have two daughters, a son and several grandchildren. His son, Kendall, is a crew foreman as well as his grandson Kody Sibley. His wife is the office manager and she is assisted by their two daughters, Leann and JoLynn, and two granddaughters, Erin and Lyndsey. Sibley is also a longtime member of the Livingston Parish School

Board where he currently serves as president.

Perforex Starts Apprentice Program Perforex Forest Services has begun its first-ever paid apprenticeship training program for truck drivers and logging equipment operators. The seven selected apprentices will undergo 12-month, paid classroom and on-the-job training and certification. Partnering with Perforex in the Perforex Apprenticeship Program are RoyOMartin and Central Louisiana Technical Community College in Alexandria. Apprentices receive full compensation and benefits during training. Upon successful completion of the program, students will have the skills necessary to achieve a Commercial Driver’s License and become a certified Timber Harvesting Equipment Operator. Graduates will then begin working for Perforex Forest Services on a full-time basis. Based in Woodworth, Perforex Forest Services joined the RoyOMartin family of companies in 2012.

Highland Pellets Orders Astec Line Astec Industries, Inc. has received a down payment to build, deliver and install the first production line of a new wood pellet production facility for Highland Pellets, LLC at Pine Bluff, Ark. The $30 million agreement with Highland Pellets includes the option to add additional production lines. Astec expects to deliver


OCTOBER 2015 ● Southern Loggin’ Times


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the first production line no later than early 2016. Highland Pellets earlier revealed it wants to produce up to 500,000 metric tons of pellets. Highland Pellets reports it has rail and truck delivery options to Port Arthur, and that its site is cleared for construction.

Wood Energy Event Will Spotlight Chipping Organizers of the fourth Wood Bioenergy Conference & Expo announce that one of the themes of the event will be entitled CHIP CHIP HOORAY! and emphasize speakers and exhibits that address technologies

and developments in in-woods chippers, grinders, mulchers, biomass processing accessories, and transportation to markets. “It’s a natural addition to our event,” states Rich Donnell, conference co-chairman, and editor-inchief of Hatton-Brown Publishers, Inc., which is the primary media host of the event and publisher of Southern Loggin’ Times, Timber Harvesting and Wood Bioenergy magazines. “Our previous events certainly have touched on elements of in-wood technologies, but we’ve been asked many times to provide a more significant discussion forum for it, and here it is.” Donnell says numerous technical topics of growing importance come

immediately to mind, including chip size (smaller and larger), chipper throwing capacity, chipper feed systems, and also urban wood residue supply. Donnell says CHIP CHIP HOORAY! will complement the other main themes of the Wood Bioenergy Conference & Expo, namely wood pellets (industrial and heating), and biomass power generation. Wood Bioenergy Conference & Expo will be held once again at the Omni Hotel at CNN Center in Atlanta, Georgia, USA, April 5-6, 2016 in the Grand Ballroom North. The event will attract 400 attendees, spotlight 75 exhibitors and feature 50 speakers. For exhibitor information, contact Fred Kurpiel, e-mail: fredkurpiel@ aol.com.

Wallingford’s Links With GB Group GB Group PTY Ltd., Victoria, Australia, announces a new agreement that makes Wallingford’s Inc. the exclusive distributor in the U.S. of GB harvester and slasher bars. Thomas Beerens, Managing Director of GB Group, comments, “We at GB are honored to be represented by such an internationally respected manufacturer and distributor. Wallingford’s policy of continuing to innovate and improve the quality of their product will also ensure, by the two of us working together, that GB has an opportunity to offer better product for the current demand and to further develop our products to meet the future needs of the U.S. logging industry.” Wallingford’s Inc. has been serving the logging community since


OCTOBER 2015 ● Southern Loggin’ Times


1975. John Wallingford states, “We are very excited to be part of the GB Global distribution group and are confident in the brand as recognized by our customers. Formally one of the market leaders here in the United States, GB has survived the global financial crisis. With this behind them we intend to make GB the number one brand of choice.” The GB Group has been expanding its range of guide bars, sprockets, and accessories. Its full range of guide bar options include ¾ in. and .404 pitch bars with replacement nose, double ender bars, as well as replacement nose tips and drive sprockets. Visit gbbarsusa.com.

McMurtrey Joins Tigercat Team Based in Elmira, Ore., Nate McMurtrey will focus on providing after-sales technical support to Tigercat’s expanding customer base in the Pacific Northwest. He has been working on product support for heavy-duty equipment for over a decade with numerous qualifications in engine diagnostics troubleshooting and repair as well as electronic engine control troubleshooting.

Yancey Bros. Teams With Bandit Industries Bandit Industries has added Yancey Bros. Co. in Georgia to its dealer network. In business for more than 100 years and with more than 20 dealer locations, Yancey Bros. will offer Bandit’s complete lines of whole tree chippers, forestry mowers, and The Beast horizontal grinders. ➤ 46

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Bandit also announced that Southland Machinery in central and northern Alabama will represent Bandit small equipment including hand-fed chippers and stump grinders. FMI Equipment will represent Bandit in eastern Washington, northern Idaho and western Montana.

Plum Creek Divests Hardwood Tracts Plum Creek Timber Co., Inc. has sold 98,000 acres of timberlands in west-central Florida to Hancock Timber Resource Group for $120 million. Plum Creek stated that although the lands were well-managed, the significant hardwood component of the property didn’t fit well with the company’s broader Southern timberland portfolio. Hancock Timber reported that the timberlands, stocked primarily with southern pine plantations as well as hardwoods, are largely contiguous blocks and located in Levy County. “These highly productive timberlands are an excellent investment opportunity for our clients and we’re very pleased to be able to acquire them,” says Hancock Timber Resource Group President Brent Keefer.


Log Trucker Shows Bravery Under Fire Northeast Georgia log trucker Don Dahis face, the truck driver was ordered by vis has experienced lots of twists, turns and the gunman to ram the barricade, but jams in 34 years behind the wheel but he Davis, 58, refused. According to family never dreamed he’d face the dire situation members, this led to a scuffle in which that jolted him while on the job August 28 Davis put his foot underneath the acceland led to multiple gunshot wounds. erator and Arnold tried to remove it. According to reports written by Joe Arnold allegedly shot Davis in the leg Johnson and appearing on Online Athens, a and pushed the accelerator to the floor, service of the Athens Banner-Herald, crashing through police vehicles as offiDavis was preparing to leave the A&L cers opened fire. Logging job in rural Oglethorpe County Family members said Davis was shot with a load of logs when a gunman, Ryan Davis lived to talk about it. seven times in one shoulder, one hand and Arnold, on the run from authorities, both legs, and Arnold was incapacitated emerged from the woods with a rifle and climbed on a by at least one gunshot wound. Both were hospitalized. skidder. Seeing Davis’ rig, Arnold commandeered it and Davis, who resides in the Madison County commuDavis, forcing Davis to head toward a nearby highway. nity of Ila, underwent surgery and was released from Earlier, authorities had responded to a domestic dis- the hospital after only four days and continues a painful turbance involving Arnold and his former girlfriend, recovery from his wounds, which may leave one hand Haley Hill, and surrounded his residence, unsuccesspermanently impaired. He faced additional surgery. fully negotiating for Hill’s release. Arnold, 23, bolted Arnold was released from the hospital and jailed. with Hill in tow, forced her into his pickup truck and He was initially charged with feticide, kidnapping drove away. with bodily injury and multiple counts of aggravated While being chased by sheriff’s deputies and state assault. Murder and numerous other charges are troopers, Arnold allegedly shot Hill and pushed her expected when the case is presented to a grand jury. out of the moving truck. After firing at chasing offiHill, 23, was pregnant when shot. Her baby was cers, Arnold abandoned his truck near the Wilkes dead upon delivery at Athens Regional Medical CenCounty line and made his way to the logging site. ter the day of the shooting. She was subsequently Meanwhile, officers had formed a roadblock on the declared brain dead and kept alive by life support sysdirt road leading from the logging site. With a gun in tems to preserve her organs for donor recipients.

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Komatsu America Corp. reports it is the first forestry OEM in North America to offer a complete line of Tier 4 Final wheeled harvesters. The new Komatsu 901, 911, 931 and 951 represent a new generation

of harvesters, with breakthrough improvements in operator comfort, convenience, performance and productivity. The operator comfort and convenience transformation begins with a new cab design and operating environment. The modern design features first-class ergonomics, high-end automotive fit and finish, and a MaxiXplorer control and information system with seven new software options and a more powerful computer. “This first-in-the-forest lineup is Tier 4 Final and a whole lot more,”

says Steve Yolitz, manager, marketing forestry, Komatsu America. “From operator comfort and convenience to machine performance and productivity, these harvesters are the new benchmark in the category,” Yolitz said. The machines feature Tier 4 Final low emissions engines, new higher lift capacity H-series parallel cranes with 360° cab/crane rotation and four-way cab/crane leveling. An innovative 3PS three-pump hydraulic system design produces higher hydraulic working flows, and a new Hydrostatic Transmission

(HST) generates higher torque. The new modern cab design increases the front line-of-sight visibility by +62% upward and +17% downward, and features 360° cab/crane rotation, four-way cab/crane leveling, improved climate control, and lower noise levels. Storage has been improved including two new food/beverage cooling and warming boxes. The advanced MaxiXplorer control and information system has seven new software options for improved productivity and reporting. An AM/FM/CD/MP3 stereo system with USB, Bluetooth and handsfree microphone is standard, and the optional MediaZone media hub provides the operator with an audio/media system. The new harvesters feature Komatsu’s new 3PS three-pump hydraulic system. One hydraulic pump and circuit is dedicated to the transmission for maneuvering the machine. The other two pumps are for the hydraulic working flow and are split into two circuits that can be operated separately or together at different pressures, depending on the working function and oil requirements. Visit komatsuamerica.com

Bandit Microchipper

Bandit Industries’ proportional drive infeed option on its larger drum-style whole tree chippers is the ticket item for microchip applications. With a proportional drive option, the feed system automatically slows as the engine lugs, decreasing the rate material is fed into the drum. This action tends to produce smaller chips, and keeps a constant flow of material into the drum housing, which is perfect for microchip operations. Microchips from a Bandit are the most preferred by pellet mills— nearly all are 3⁄8 in.-minus and most are 1⁄4 in.-minus. Bandit’s Card Breaker system reduces oversized material and is easy to install and remove. Bandit’s new proportional drive provides a continuous flow of material through the chipper and adds to the quality of the microchip. And if markets change, it is simple to convert a Bandit microchipper to produce a 3⁄4 in. fuelwood chip. Bandit’s new patent-pending Clean Feed System increases production because of the system’s superior pulling and crushing 48

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MACHINES-SUPPLIES-TECHNOLOGY power, and it nearly eliminates the discharge of chips under the feed system, increasing yield by as much as 5%. Visit banditchippers.com.

Freightliner/Allison The Freightliner 122SD can now be spec’d with Allison 4700 rugged duty series (RDS) and oil field series (OFS) automatic transmissions. The combination of the 122SD with Allison’s vocational transmissions is ideal for tough offroad applications. Better performance comes from such features as 2nd reverse, which offers a second “deep reverse” in addition to the standard reverse; automatic shifts, which automatically and smoothly make the right shift at the right time; and greater startablity, which uses less torque to launch and go. Both transmissions are available with Detroit DD13, DD15 and DD16 and Cummins ISX heavy-duty engines. “Our severe-duty customers have demanding jobs that require powerful, heavy-duty solutions that won’t compromise productivity,” says Mary Aufdemberg, director of product marketing for Freightliner. “Allison’s specialized transmissions meet those exacting requirements and, when paired with the 122SD, provide a smart solution for extreme jobs.” Visit freightlinertrucks.com.

tor with a USB flash drive. In the cab, TimberNavi features a high-resolution 10.4 in. touchscreen display. This display provides operators quick visibility to real-time data, including current machine location, terrain information and distance to the nearest deck or landing. The clarity of the maps enables operators to view the entire jobsite at a glance.

Increased Jobsite Awareness: On the jobsite, TimberNavi provides operators maximum visibility to the land they’re harvesting. Operators receive visual alarms based on the customizable buffer zones set around cut block boundaries and points of interest. The measuring tool supports easy calculation of harvest areas and skid distances, allowing operators to adjust cut pat-

terns to ensure jobsite and fuel efficiencies Intregration: TimberNavi is seamlessly integrated in the machine as part of the John Deere ForestSight suite of technologies. When ordered as a purpose-built, factory installation, TimberNavi can be financed and delivered with the purchase of a new machine. Visit johndeere.com/Timbernavi.

TimberNavi Mapping Now available from John Deere is TimberNavi, a fully integrated mapping solution for L-Series skidders and wheeled feller-bunchers and M-Series tracked feller-bunchers. It provides owners and operators maximum visibility to the land they’re harvesting, helping them to be more efficient and productive in the woods. TimberNavi increases the operator’s spatial understanding of the jobsite, terrain information, harvesting areas and points of interest on a map. TimberNavi delivers three primary benefits: Ease of Use: TimberNavi is simple to use both on and off the machine. In the office, TimberNavi saves time by simplifying the map creation process. Leveraging the digital maps with ESRI ArcGIS for Desktop, the foreman or site manager can quickly create a map of the jobsite. He can then customize it by adding points of interest for the operator such as tree types, power lines, cut block borders, harvesting areas and more. Once complete, map information can easily be transferred to the TimberNavi moniSouthern Loggin’ Times


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AT THE MARGINS Make The World Your Market By Tom Trone John Deere Forestry

cedar, pine, oak; you name it. At the base level, I have logs. However, each species has a different potential value depending on the end user. These logs can then take other forms. I can convert them into chips to sell instead of just logs. Those chips can be sold to other markets and even other countries. Perhaps there is scrap liquid that can be extracted and sold? Lectin can be added to metal to make it more pliable, and has a very high value. If I continue to grow and add my own sawmill to the mix, I can cut my logs as timbers, crossties or lumber to sell. The point I am trying to make is that there are a lot of different ways to use that simple log in a variety of market segments. Do these opportunities require

bout four years ago, Russell Stites came to the realization that higher production was no longer the key to success in the woods. “The more production you move, the quicker you fill your quota” way of doing business wasn’t how he wanted to operate. Stites saw an opportunity to expand his business model and diversify his offerings. He had a vision, shifted his mindset, began looking at new business models and never looked back. Today, Stites, president and owner of Pro South Companies, Booneville, Miss., is working smarter, not harder, by focusing his business on the value he can add. In addition to his logging and trucking crews, he’s added a storage wood yard that lets the team continue to work year round, worked to get FSC certification to certify the tract they cut, and most recently, added a sawmill so they can bring in the majority of their own raw Russell Stites looks beyond the trees. material to run and sell. “Our production is actually lower capital? Yes. Is there is risk involved? now than it was in years past, but Of course. But, those who adapt and we sell more in a variety of ways,” seek out these opportunities, like he explains. “The product is worth Stites, are the ones who are going to more and gives my workforce the stay in business. opportunity to put their unique skill “As much as people complain set to use in new applications.” about it, I enjoy the challenges and A mistake many loggers make is constant changes that go with the not looking beyond the trees like industry,” says Stites. “I like finding Stites has successfully accomsolutions and making them work.” plished. Looking beyond the trees It starts with awareness that you means thinking about all of the are capable of taking control of potential customers and the log tak- your business. People are always ing other forms to squeeze more going to need products made of margins and more volume. This for- wood, but there’s opportunity and ward thinking approach of mergrowth in this industry beyond trachandising and expanding your ditional logging operations. Look at business model through diversifica- the world and observe what is being tion is one way I believe loggers demanded and the factors influenccan enable their business to be susing that demand. Stay focused on tainable over the long term. your business, but adapt and change SLT I often say if I was younger, I as the conditions require. Trone is Director of John Deere’s would go into the forestry business because there are ample opportunities North American forestry business, and is responsible for all sales and marketavailable. If you keep your eyes and ing activities as well as product developears open, the world is your market. ment. Over his career, he has owned and Not convinced? Let’s start simoperated several businesses. He is also a ple: the log. lecturer at the University of Illinois If I cut down a tree, I can sell it as where he has taught the subjects of ena log. I can then take it one step furtrepreneurship, business strategy, orgather by identifying the species— nizational development and leadership.



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Driver Injured In Load Trimming Mishap BACKGROUND: On a clear, cool, winter day in the South, a log truck driver was waiting for his truck to be loaded with pine pulpwood. His truck was at the landing on a pine plantation clear-cut operation. PERSONAL CHARACTERISTICS: The 44-year-old truck driver had been a contract log hauler for approximately 20 years. He had hauled for this logging operation for about six months and had been trained in the knowledge of its safety rules. UNSAFE ACTS: This logging operation’s safety procedure was for the loader operator to blow the “all clear” horn when he had completed loading the log truck. This was the signal that it was safe for the truck driver to begin trimming


and binding the load. However, the truck driver was in a hurry, and he began trimming the load, using a pole saw, on the loader operator’s blind side (the far side of the trailer) before the truck was fully loaded and before the loader operator had blown the horn. ACCIDENT: A pine pulpwood tree fell from the loader’s grapple and landed on the far side of the log truck where the driver was trimming his load. The tree struck the driver on his shoulder and leg as it fell. INJURY: The tree broke the driver’s shoulder, left leg, and two vertebrae. The driver also received several lacerations. He lost 4 to 6 months of work time while he underwent several surgeries and

physical therapy. His total hospital stay was three weeks. RECOMMENDATIONS FOR CORRECTION: During loading, the driver should stay in a designated “waiting area” that is located well away from the

OCTOBER 2015 ● Southern Loggin’ Times


loading operation but in clear view of the loader operator. If the driver is not at the designated location, loading should stop. Truck drivers must learn and obey all logging operations’ safety policies, which in this case required that the driver not begin trimming the load until the “all clear” horn has been sounded. Many operations find that it is safer to have the driver pull the loaded truck out of the loading zone before trimming and/or binding the load. On the logging job, all truck drivers (and on-the-ground workers) should wear personal protective equipment including hardhat, safety glasses, and high visibility vest when out of the cab. Supplied by Forest Resources Assn.

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CAT 559B DS (00PR65029), 2011, 3789 HRS, CAB, AC, CTR DELIMBER, GRAPPLE ....CALL

CAT 545C (054500304),2006, 9787 HRS., CAB, AC, 35.5-32, DUAL ARCH GRAPPLE, WINCH ..............................................................$99,500

CAT 573C (0RJT00256), 2012, 3477 HRS., CAB, AC, 30.5L-32, SH56B SAW ......$208,500

CAT 559B DS (00PR65341), 2012, 6356 HRS., CAB, AC, PITTS TRAILER, CTR DELIMBER, GRAPPLE............................................$172,500

SCREEN DOPPSTADT SM720 (W0962121781 D07286), 2009, 2475 HRS., 7’ 20’’ DRUM W/ 3/4 ‘’ PUNCH PLATE, 435/50R19.5 ............$250,000

PET 4300 (43021679), 2006, 5598 Hrs.......................................$105,000


DEERE 843J (DW843JX623003), 2009, 3772 HRS., CAB, AC, 30.5R32, CENTER POST HEAD ........................................................CALL HYDRO-AX 321 (7121), 1998, 10000 HRS., CAB, AC, 24.5-32 TIRES W/CHAINS, 20’’SAWHEAD.......................................$33,500

PRENTICE 2470 (PB19355), 2007, 11342 HRS., CAB, AC, SH50 SAW .................$82,500 TIGERCAT 726 (7260852), 1997, 10000 HRS., CAB, AC, 30.5-32, 22’’ SAWHEAD ......$56,000 TIMBCO TL735B (13110408), 2008, 5669 HRS., CAB, AC, QUADCO HEAD HOT SAW ............................................................$289,500

CHIPPERS PET 4300 (43021679), 2006, 5598 HRS. ............................................................$105,000 PET 4300 (43-07-1704), 2010, 5500 HRS. ...........................................................$125,000

DOPPSTADT SM720 (W0962121781 Cat 545C (054500304), 2006, 9782 D07286), 2009, 2459 Hrs., 7’ 20’’ Hrs, Cab, AC, 35.5-32, Dual Arch Drum w/ 3/4 ‘’ Punch Plate, Grapple, Winch .................... $99,500 435/50R19.5.........................$250,000

PRENTICE 2470 (PB19355), 2007, 11275 Hrs., Cab, AC, SH50 Saw ...............................................$82,500



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Want To Place Your Classified Ad In IronWorks? Call 334-699-7837, 1-800-669-5613 or Email: class@southernloggintimes.com

Call or email: Charles Woolard


252-946-9264 office 252-945-0942 cell

Washington, NC Email: easterneq@earthlink.net

Go to www.eebinc.com for details and pictures plus other equipment for sale

2011 Deere 437D Knuckleboom Loader STK# LU193409; 8,422 hrs $115,000

2011 Deere 648H Log Loader STK# LU636990; 8,742 hrs $88,000

2012 Deere 653K Feller Buncher STK# LU645108; 4,743 hrs $116,000

2011 Deere 643K Feller Buncher STK# LU633291; 7,617 hrs $94,000

2010 Deere 848H Skidder STK# LU629834; 13,292 hrs $85,000

2011 Deere 643K Feller Buncher STK# LU633291; 8,499 hrs $94,000

2008 Deere 748H Skidder STK# LU616549; 9,791 hrs $175,000

2012 Deere 748H Skidder STK# LU642185; 5,808 hrs $124,000

2013 Deere 843K Skidder STK# LU653837; 3,393 hrs $179,000

2004 JOHN DEERE 2554 Track Loader 2014 JOHN DEERE 843K with single 2012 TIGERCAT 234 log loader, saw & with live heel and Rotobec 4552 grap- post FD22 sawhead, 1440 hours, delimber hookup, 8600 hours, 2-axle ple; 4400 original hours, has not been 73/44/32 tires ......................$215,000 trailer .....................................$93,000 used for swamp ...................$125,000

2014 TIGERCAT T250D super duty, FPT 2003 BARKO 395ML Log Loader, JD 2002 TIGERCAT 845B with 5702 sawN67 engine with 1600 hours; tri-rail engine, 7356 hours; Rotobec grapple, head, Recon Cummins w/1000 hours; U/C; warranty .......................$287,000 saw & delimber hookups........$35,500 undercarriage also replaced ............................................$125,000

2007 CAT 545C D/Arch grapple, winch, 2007 MORBARK 22RXL Chiparvestor, 2011 TIGERCAT 860C with 5702 sawCummins QST 100H0HP 8500 hours; head, Cummins QS9 300HP, 5500 hours; 10200 hours; 30.5x32 tires ..............................................$79,500 4-knife chipper, reversing fan, new 36" tri-rail undercarriage ..........$275,000 deck chain .......................... $198,000




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Want To Place Your Classified Ad In IronWorks? Call 334-699-7837, 1-800-669-5613 or Email: class@southernloggintimes.com




On Sight or My Location Call Jim @ 843-833-1665


Cat 518 & Cat 518C skidders in TX, LA area Call Kent 936-699-4700 r_kentjones@yahoo.com



SN# DZ-001060, fits 160 Barko, excavator attachments included, good condition ......................$6,000







WELDING and FABRICATION, Heavy Equip. Repair, Log Trailers, LowBoys, Loader Booms, Brakes, Springs, Bolsters, Standards, Fifth Wheel Plates & King Pins




OCTOBER 2015 ● 59

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Want To Place Your Classified Ad In IronWorks? Call 334-699-7837, 1-800-669-5613 or Email: class@southernloggintimes.com

2012 843K–22" Deere Felling saw; 30.5x32 tires; New saw teeth, hours: 5,307 ....................................$134,500

2011 TIGERCAT 724E–5700 Sawhead; 30.5x32 tires; Tier 3 engine; hours: 8,863; ..............................$134,900

2004 TIGERCAT T240B–High Rise Cab; Slasher Saw Package ..............................................................$99,500

2010 DEERE 648H–Dual Arch; Torque Converter; 60.5x32 Tires; hours: 9,300.................................$89,500

2013 tigercat 620D–Warranty good until July 2016; Dual Arch; 30.5x32 Tires; Turn around seat; hours: 3,065.................................................................$199,500

2007 PETERBILT 378–ISX Cummins eng; 11R 24.5 Tires; Aluminum wheels; Tandem axle; 40,000 lb. rear axle weight; 10 Fuller trans; Air ride susp; miles: 593,660 ............................................................................$57,500



Call or visit our website: www.tidewaterequip.com SKIDDERS 2011 CAT 563 ................................... $104,500 2009 Deere 643J ................................ $75,000 2011 Deere 643K.............................. $168,300 2012 Deere 643K.............................. $115,000 2010 Deere 648H................................ $74,500 2007 Tigercat 610C............................ $65,800 2005 Tigercat 620C............................ $66,000 2014 Tigercat 620E .......................... $230,000 2004 Tigercat 630C.......................... $115,000 2005 Tigercat 630C............................ $65,000 2013 Tigercat 630D.......................... $245,000 2003 Tigercat 635 .............................. $92,500

FELLER BUNCHERS 2008 Deere 748H................................ $82,500 2007 Prentice 2384 ............................ $75,000 2008 Prentice 2470 ............................ $53,000 2008 Prentice 2570 ............................ $56,000 2002 Tigercat 718 .............................. $57,500 2006 Tigercat 718 .............................. $65,000


1998 Tigercat 720B ............................ $28,000 2005 Tigercat 720D............................ $70,000 2007 Tigercat 720E ............................ $80,000 2009 Tigercat 720E ............................ $90,000 2010 Tigercat 720E .......................... $107,900 2011 Tigercat 720E .......................... $131,000 2005 Tigercat 724D............................ $75,000 2007 Tigercat 724E ............................ $93,000 2010 Tigercat 724E .......................... $125,000 2014 Tigercat 724E .......................... $200,000 2004 Tigercat 822 ............................ $135,000 2005 Timberking TK340..................... $35,900

2010 BANDIT 2590............................$157,500 2001 MORBARK 5600...................... $175,000 2009 MORBARK 40/36 NCL DRUM CHIPPER ....................................... $219,500 2009 MORBARK 40/36 NCL DRUM CHIPPER ....................................... $243,750 2010 MORBARK 40/36 NCL DRUM CHIPPER ....................................... $225,000


Assortment of tires and rims for ....Deere/Tigercat CTR 314 and 400 Delimbers .........................................$1,000 to $18,000 Tigercat Shears and Saws .....$2,500 to $20,000

2002 Tigercat 230B ............................ $50,000 2010 Tigercat 234 .............................. $96,875 2010 Tigercat 234CS ....................... $125,000 2005 Tigercat 240B ............................ $40,000 2006 Tigercat 240B ............................ $52,500 2007 Tigercat 244 .............................. $72,900 2005 Tigercat 250 .............................. $60,000


PLEASE COME SEE US AT OUR NEW PARTS LOCATIONS: – Waycross, GA (912) 282-9284 – Statesboro, GA (912) 601-9924 – Elizabethtown, NC (910) 876-7058

View our web site for over 200 listings with newly reduced prices and pictures 2687



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Want To Place Your Classified Ad In IronWorks? Call 334-699-7837, 1-800-669-5613 or Email: class@southernloggintimes.com




Save Big On Your Replacement Cutter Teeth Riendeau Machining Replacement Teeth can save you up to 75%!

(turned down, tax liens, bankruptcies)

To learn more about our Made in the USA cutter teeth visit us at

• Purchases • Refinance • Start-up Business


• Preferred Good Credit Plans • Rough Credit Plans

www.riendeaumachining.com or call us at (603) 915-0623

• Loans Against Your Existing Equipment for QUICK CASH! 2-Hour Approvals! Low Monthly Payments Little or No Down Payments

15 Years In Business CALL NOW

985-875-7373 Fax: 985-867-1188

Email: coastalcapital@bellsouth.net Personal Service






I OFFER same day while you wait OR 2-day service on straightening and balancing all types of Feller Buncher sawdisks. Tooth holder repairs. Complex or severely bent sawdisks no problem, approx. 14years experience CALL CARLTON CARVER CARVER SAWDISK REPAIR Washington NC • (252) 945-2358

VISIT US ONLINE: www.southernloggintimes.com

TIGERCAT 6-SERIES 1444D BOOM/ARCH CYL ................$1,000 J/D H-SERIES F380705 RH BOTTOM GUARD ....................$100 CAT 5-SERIES: NEW 3J-5190 BLADE CAP..............................$200

CONTACT: 478.550.2330 - Keith 478.256.4063 - Gary



HARDWOOD OPERATION IN NORTH WEST TENNESSEE SEEKING TO FILL THE FOLLOWING FULL TIME POSITIONS: • Forester for Hardwood Timber and Log Procurement • Operations Manager for logging crew and equipment • Hardwood Tree Harvester Operator For more information please call 731-536-4690 or e-mail janstoreysawmill@bellsouth.net Mail resumes to: Storey Sawmill & Lumber Co., Inc., PO Box 247, Troy, TN 38260; Or email to janstoreysawmill@bellsouth.net



• 14 640H JD Skidder, s/n 1DW640HXPED657290 .................$180,000 • 01 640GIII JD Skidder, s/n DW640GX578636 .........................$100,000 • 03 Prentice 384, s/n P58960 ........$140,000 w/CSI DL-4400 Saw, s/n 440211336 w/97 Pitts Loader Trailer, s/n 1PEKB3824VP970546 • 04 JD 700H Dozer w/Winch, s/n TO700HX92 ....................................$95,000 • 06 JD 650J Dozer w/Winch, s/n TO650JZx131071 ...........................$75,000 • 10 JD 650J Dozer w/Winch, TO650JX178481.............................$95,000 .....................................................$685,000 If all pieces purchased as one unit $500,000




Day 334-312-4136 Night 334-271-1475 or Email: johnwpynes@knology.net


To buy or sell forestry, construction, utility or truck equipment, or if you just need an appraisal, contact me, Johnny Pynes with JM Wood Auction. Over 25 years experience.



We can save you money on Saw Teeth. Hundreds of satisfied A NOW CCEPTIN G customers. Rebuilt Exchange or New. We specialize in rebuildCREDIT ing Koehring 2000, Hurricana, Hydro Ax split teeth and all CARDS other brands. Call Jimmy or Niel Mitchell. Quantity Discounts! 7180


4275 Moores Ferry Rd. • Skippers, Virginia 23879 PH./FAX (day) 1-434-634-9836 or Night/Weekends • 1-434-634-9185


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A D L I N K ●

ADVERTISER Alliance Tire Americas American Logger’s Council American Truck Parts Bandit Industries Barko Hydraulics BITCO Insurance Carter Enterprises Carter Machinery Caterpillar Forest Products Cleanfix Reversible Fans Cooper Forestry Equipment John Deere Forestry Doggett Machinery Service Eastern Equipment Brokerage Employer’s Underwriters Equipment & Parts Firestone Agricultural Tires Flint Equipment Forestry First Forestry Mutual Insurance Hawkins & Rawlinson Hydraulic & Pneumatic Services Ironmart Jewell Machinery Kaufman Trailers Mike Ledkins Insurance Agency LMI-Tennessee Magnolia Trailers Manac Maxi-Load Scale Systems Moore Logging Supply Morbark Nokian Tyres Oakley Equipment Olofsfors Pemberton Attachments Peterson Pacific Pitts Trailers Puckett Machinery Quadco Equipment Quality Equipment & Parts River Ridge Equipment Roberts Equipment Service S E C O Parts & Equipment Southern Insurance Southern Loggers Cooperative Southern Tire Mart Stribling Equipment Tidewater Equipment Tigercat Industries Todd Sieber TraxPlus Tri-State Auction & Realty VPG Onboard Weighing Vulcan On-Board Scales W & W Truck & Tractor Wallingford’s J M Wood Auction

Easy access to current advertisers! www.southernloggintimes.com/adindex.html Don’t forget to bookmark this link! PG. NO.


12 62 44 1,25 32-33 42 49 57 11 44 52 5 58 58 42 56 2-3 16 54 39 29 57 55 23 17 51 53 47 63 38 42 37,48,52 13 60 19 46 18 64 56 40 59 41 60 51 48 44 31 58 60 7 54 36 43 53 10 45 46 50

800.777.9926 409.625.0206 888.383.8884 800.952.0178 715.395.6700 800.475.4477 205.351.1461 800.868.4228 919.550.1201 855.738.3267 423.338.5470 800.503.3373 225.368.2224 252.946.9264 256.341.0600 903.238.8700 515.242.2300 404.691.9445 803.708.0624 800.849.7788 888.822.1173 904.688.2247 888.561.1115 540.483.5394 866.497.7803 800.766.8349 800.467.0944 800.738.2123 418.228.2018 877.265.1486 888.754.5613 800.831.0042 844.564.7877 256.766.6491 519.754.2190 800.393.6688 800.269.6520 800.321.8073 601.969.6000 800.668.3340 386.754.6186 855.325.6465 318.576.3636 800.733.7326 601.932.4541 318.445.0750 601.939.3888 800.682.6409 912.638.7726 519.753.2000 501-425-2834 601.635.5543 800.334.4395 800.638.5111 800.237.0022 843.761.8220 800.323.3708 800.447.7085

ADLINK is a free service for advertisers and readers. The publisher assumes no liability for errors or omissions.


February 2016

6-8—Arkansas Forestry Assn. annual meeting, Arlington Hotel, Hot Springs, Ark. Call 501-3742441; visit arkforests.org.

25-28—Appalachian Hardwood Manufacturers Annual Meeting, Naples Beach Hotel & Golf Club, Naples, Fla. Call 336-885-8315; visit appalachianwood.org.

7-9—North Carolina Forestry Assn. annual meeting, Marriot Resort Spa at Grande Dunes, Myrtle Beach, SC. Call 800-231-7723; visit ncforestry.org. 7-9—National Hardwood Lumber Assn. Annual Conv. & Exhibit Showcase, Omni Hotel, Nashville, Tenn. Call 901-377-1818; visit nhla.com.

March 2016 9-11—Hardwood Manufacturers Assn. National Conference & Expo, The Worthington Renaissance, Sundance Square, Fort Worth, Tex. Call 412-244-0440; visit hmamembers.org.

April 2016

20-22—Mississippi Forestry Assn. annual meeting, Starkville, Miss. Call 601-354-4936; visit msforestry.net.

5-7—Kentucky Forest Industries Assn. annual meeting, The Brown Hotel, Louisville, Ky. Call 502-6953979; visit kfia.org.

21-23—Texas Forestry Assn. annual meeting, Hilton College Station, College Station, Tex. Call 936-632-8733; visit texasforestry.org.

May 2016

November 6-7—Sawdust and Splinters, Shirard Gray Estates, Magnolia, Miss. Call 601-876-9635; email contact@sdsfest.com; visit sdsfest.com. 11-13—South Carolina Forestry Assn. annual meeting, Marriot Resort at Grande Dunes, Myrtle Beach, SC. Call 803-798-4170; visit scforestry.org.

13-14—Expo Richmond 2016, Richmond Raceway Complex, Richmond, Va. Call 804-737-5625; visit exporichmond.com.

June 2016 10-11—Southeastern Wood Producers Assn. annual meeting, James H. Rainwater Conference Center, Valdosta, Ga. Call 800-468-3571; visit swpa.ag.

September 2016 19-21—Council on Forest Engineering annual meeting, Four Seasons Hotel, Vancouver, BC, Canada. Call 304-206-1884; visit cofe.org. Listings are submitted months in advance. Always verify dates and locations with contacts prior to making plans to attend.


OCTOBER 2015 ● Southern Loggin’ Times


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Profile for Hatton-Brown Publishers, Inc.

SLT 1015 Digimag  

The October 2015 issue of Southern Loggin' Times magazine.

SLT 1015 Digimag  

The October 2015 issue of Southern Loggin' Times magazine.