Gulf 360: State of the Gulf of Mexico

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Land Cover and Land Use Land cover categorizes natural (forests, wetlands, grasslands) and manmade (cities, croplands) features. When quantified and observed over time, it provides important information to resource managers. Land use describes how humans use biophysical or ecological properties of land. It includes the alteration and/or management of land for settlements, forestry, agriculture, or other purposes, including uses that exclude humans from land, such as in the designation of protected areas or reserves for conservation.

Dunes at Padre Island National Seashore, Texas. Credit: S. Flory

Percent Land Cover by Type

TYPE

coastal belt

United states

Mexico

Cuba

Cropland

17.8%

14.1%

19.7%

42.3%

Forest

51.0%

Grassland/Shrubland

21.9%

18.9%

24.6%

24.9%

Wetlands

2.5%

5.1%

0.1%

0.7%

Urban

0.3%

0.6%

0.1%

0.7%

Water

6.5%

10.9%

2.5%

3.3%

Mexico

Mexico Cuba 53.0%

Cuba

Cuba

28.1%

Human Activities

Mexico United States United States United States 50.4%

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