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Harrison Daily Times

Thursday, November 7, 2013 www.harrisondaily.com

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LUCRETA ADAMS, 95, Yellville Lucreta Davenport Adams, age 95, of Yellville, passed away Tuesday, Nov. 5 (2013) at Twin Lakes Therapy and Living Center in Flippin. Lucreta was born Oct. 20, 1918, in Maumee, to the late James Ira and Rushia (Keeling) Davenport. She was a retired postmistress, a member of Yellville United Methodist Church, and was the 2008 Turkey Trot Grand Marshal. She is survived by her son, John C. Adams and his wife, Mable, of Cotter; her daughter, Judy Doshier and her husband, David, of Yellville; her daughterin-law, Linda Adams, of Harrison; two sisters, Ann Davenport McFarland, of Houston, Texas, and Kathleen Davenport Nichols, of Ozark, Mo.; nine grandchildren; 17 great-grandchildren; and two great-great-grandchildren.

Lucreta was preceded in death by her husband, John William Adams; two brothers; one sister; and her son, Donald J. Adams. Visitation will be from 6 to 8 p.m. Thursday, Nov. 7, at Burns Funeral Home in Yellville. Funeral service will be at 2 p.m. Friday, Nov. 8, at Burns Funeral Home Chapel, with the Rev. Donnie Hudson officiating. Interment will follow in Layton Cemetery in Yellville. Pallbearers will be Glen Adams, Steve Gilley, Jason Adams, Allen Patton, Travis Doshier, Jeff Oxford, Loren Jackson, and Greg Greer. Honorary pallbearers will be the Staff of Twin Lakes Therapy and Living Center. Memorials may be made to Yellville United Methodist Church.

Nation’s poor at 49.7M Higher than official rate WASHINGTON (AP) — The number of poor people in America is 3 million higher than the official count, encompassing 1 in 6 residents due to out-of-pocket medical costs and workrelated expenses, according to a revised census measure released Wednesday. The new measure is aimed at providing a fuller picture of poverty, but does not replace the official government numbers. Put in place two years ago by the Obama administration, it generally is considered more reliable by social scientists because it factors in living expenses as well as the effects of government aid, such as food stamps and tax credits. Administration officials have declined to say whether the new measure eventually could replace the official poverty formula, which is used to allocate federal dollars to states and localities and to determine eligibility for safety-net programs such as Medicaid. Congress would have to agree to adopt the new measure, which generally would result in a higher poverty rate from year to year and thus higher government payouts for aid programs. Based on the revised formula, the number of poor people in 2012 was 49.7 million, or 16 percent. That exceeds the record 46.5 million, or 15 percent, that was officially reported in September. The latest numbers come as more working-

age adults picked up low-wage jobs in the slowly improving economy but still struggled to pay living expenses. Americans 65 and older had the largest increases in poverty under the revised formula, from 9.1 percent to 14.8 percent, because of medical expenses such as Medicare premiums, deductibles and other costs not accounted for in the official rate. There also were increases for Hispanics and Asian-Americans, partly due to lower participation among immigrants and non-English speakers in government aid programs such as housing aid and food stamps. African-Americans and children, helped by government benefits, had declines in poverty compared with the official rate. “This is a real incongruity, when 1 in 6 people face economic insecurity here in the richest country in the world,” said Joseph Stiglitz, a Columbia University economist and former chairman of the White House Council of Economic Advisers who has argued for more government action to alleviate income inequality. “When so many citizens are worse off year after year, with food insecurity and health care insecurity, there’s no way you can say that’s a successful economy.” Last week, more than 47 million Americans who receive food stamps saw their benefits go down, while Congress began negotiations on further cuts of up to $4 billion annually to the program.

Among states, California had the highest share of poor people, hurt in part by high housing costs and large numbers of immigrants, followed by the District of Columbia, Nevada and Florida. Under the official poverty rate, more rural states were more likely to be at the top of list, led by Mississippi, Louisiana and New Mexico. Some other findings: • Food stamps helped lift about 5 million people above the poverty line. Without such aid, the overall poverty rate would increase from 16 percent to 17.6 percent. • Working-age adults ages 18-64 saw an increase in poverty from 13.7 percent based on the official calculation to 15.5 percent, due mostly to commuting and child care costs. • Child poverty declined from 22.3 percent to 18 percent under the new measure. Under both measures, children still remained the age group most likely to be living in poverty. • By race, Hispanics and Asians saw higher rates of poverty, 27.8 percent and 16.7 percent respectively, compared with rates of 25.8 percent and 11.8 percent under the official formula. In contrast, AfricanAmericans saw a modest decrease, from 27.3 percent to 25.8 percent based on the revised numbers. Among nonHispanic whites, poverty rose from 9.8 percent to 10.7 percent. “The primary reason that poverty remains so high is that the benefits of a growing economy are no longer being shared by all workers as

they were in the quartercentury following the end of World War II,” said Sheldon Danziger, a University of Michigan economist. “Given current economic conditions, poverty will not be substantially reduced unless government does more to help the working poor and those who are willing to work but cannot find jobs. We must also expand the reach of our safety-net programs.” Economists long have criticized the official poverty rate as inadequate. Based on a halfcentury-old government formula, the official rate continues to assume the average family spends one-third of its income on food. Those costs have declined to a much smaller share, more like one-seventh. In reaction to some of the criticism, the Obama administration in 2010 asked the Census Bureau to develop a new poverty measure, based partly on recommendations made by the National Academy of Sciences. The goal is to help lawmakers better gauge the effectiveness of antipoverty programs. For instance, the new measure finds that if it weren’t for Social Security payments, the poverty rate would rise to 54.7 percent for people 65 and older and 24.5 percent for all age groups. Refundable tax credits such as the earned income tax credit helped lift 9 million people above the poverty line. Without the credits, child poverty would rise from 18 percent to 24.7 percent.

How unemployment may not be so bad WASHINGTON (AP) — The jobs report for October due out Friday may be bleak. It might even be scary. The unemployment rate could jump by the most in three years. Hiring may slow from an already weak pace. Don’t panic. The ugly figures will reflect the government’s partial shutdown, which coincided with 16 days in October. The trends for the job market will likely reverse themselves in coming months. “It’s going to be a very messy report, and I don’t think we think should take it at face value,” said Jennifer Lee, an economist at BMO Capital Markets. Economists warn that the unemployment rate could surge as high as 7.5 percent from 7.2 percent in September. That would be the steepest one-month rise since 2010. The number of jobs added in October could slow to roughly 120,000 from the 148,000 added in September. That isn’t healthy. In the first nine

months of this year, the average job gain was 180,000. The shutdown will be mostly to blame. But its effect on the data won’t be easy to tease out. Economists have all but thrown up their hands trying to forecast Friday’s figures or to suggest what they might mean. However the numbers turn out, the distortions mean the monthly jobs data will be less useful in gauging the economy’s health than they normally are. “We have much less confidence in these numbers than usual,” economists at Bank of America Merrill Lynch wrote in a note for clients. Why the confusion? Consider how the jobs report is compiled: It’s derived from two separate surveys. Each survey will be affected differently by the shutdown. One is a household survey. Government workers ask adults in a household whether they have a job. Those who don’t but are looking for one are counted as unemployed. That’s how

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the unemployment rate is calculated. The other is a payroll survey. The government asks mostly large companies and government agencies how many of their employees worked or received pay, typically during the second week of the month. This survey produces the number of jobs gained or lost. Suppose you’re a federal worker who was furloughed by the shutdown. The payroll survey would consider you employed. But the household survey would count you as unemployed. Why the disparity? Because furloughed federal employees received back pay for the time they didn’t work. So for the purposes of the payroll survey, they were employed. The same is likely true for government contractors who were temporarily laid off. Many were probably paid for at least part of the time covered by the payroll survey. So the payroll survey will consider them employed.

That’s why October’s job gain isn’t expected to drop much. The household survey takes a different approach: It will count both the federal workers and the contractors as unemployed because they weren’t working during the survey period. The shutdown furloughed about 450,000 federal employees in the second week of October. If the number of unemployed rises by that much in October’s jobs report, the unemployment rate could reach 7.5 percent. There will be other distortions. Some people with private employers might have been affected. Examples would be employees of hotels and restaurants near national parks that were closed. Those workers might have been temporarily laid off, thereby boosting the unemployment rate. Yet as long as they were paid for even one day of work during the survey period, the payroll survey would count them as employed.

ROLLER-CHRISTESON FUNERAL HOME 519 N. Spring St., P.O. Box 100 Harrison, Ark. 72602-0100 (870) 741-3113 For funeral information, visit www.rollerfuneralhomes.com

Funerals Tomorrow Name Lucreta Adams, Yellville

Time 2 p.m.

Location Burns Funeral Home, Yellville

Deaths There will be a memorial service for Nolan Andrews, William Andrews and Kayla Willis-Andrews at 5 p.m. Saturday, Nov. 9, at Burns Funeral Home, Yellville.

The Harrison Daily Times is pleased to publish death notices of reasonable length at no charge to the family. Expanded obits, with more detail and information, may be purchased as paid advertising through a funeral home or by calling Lynn Blevins at the newspaper at (870) 743-0610.

KAYLA MARIE WILLIS-ANDREWS, 21, Yellville Kayla Marie WillisAndrews, 21, of Yellville, died Monday, Nov. 4. Memorial service will be at 5 p.m. Saturday, Nov. 9, at Burns Funeral

Home, Yellville. The daughter of James and Shila (Russell) Willis Sr. was born June 1, 1992. She was the mother of Gavin Lee Brown, of the home.

NOLAN ANDREWS, 14, Yellville Nolan Lee Sackett Andrews, 14, of Yellville, died Monday, Nov. 4 (2013). Memorial service will be at 5 p.m. Saturday, Nov. 9, Burns Funeral

Home, Yellville. The son of Douglas and Tammy (Langendenfer) Andrews was born Aug. 23, 1999, in Great Falls, Mont.

WILLIAM ANDREWS, 12, Yellville William Tel Sackett Andrews, 12, of Yellville, died Monday, Nov. 4 (2013). Memorial service will be at 5 p.m. Saturday, Nov. 9, at Burns Funeral

Home, Yellville. The son of Douglas and Tammy (Langendenfer) Andrews was born Dec. 5, 2000, at Great Falls, Mont.

Lawmakers vote to allow gay marriages SPRINGFIELD, Ill. (AP) — Historic votes Tuesday in the Illinois Legislature positioned that state to become the largest in the heartland to legalize gay marriage, following months of arduous lobbying efforts by both sides in President Barack Obama’s home state. Under the measure, which the state House approved 61-54 before sending it on to the Senate for technical changes, gay weddings could be held in Illinois starting in June. The bill heads next to Gov. Pat Quinn, who has pledged to sign it but didn’t immediately indicate when. Fourteen states plus Washington D.C., allow same-sex marriage. Most recently, New Jersey, Minnesota and Rhode Island have legalized it. The road to the Illinois vote was long with stalled attempts earlier this year, something that frustrated activists in the state where Democrats lead the House, Senate and governor’s office. Chicago Democratic Rep. Greg Harris, who is the sponsor of the bill, decided not to bring the bill for a vote in May because he said he simply didn’t have the support. Then the U.S. Supreme Court ruled to strike down a provision of the federal Defense of Marriage Act, something he said resonated with lawmakers. Backers also launched a furious campaign, hiring a lobbyist from the state’s largest union, the former head of the Illinois Republican Party and field organizers spanning the state. “To treat all our citizens equally in the eyes of the law we must change this,” Harris said on the floor. “Families have been kept apart.” Debate lasted more

than two hours, and the final roll call was met with hearty cheers and applause. Supporters’ speeches echoed themes of equality and civil rights with mentions of Obama, Martin Luther King Jr. and Matthew Shepard, a gay college student whose 1998 death sparked numerous hate crime bills. Polls show support for gay marriage has surged since 1996, when Gallup found that 27 percent of Americans backed it. Now Gallup finds the majority support giving gay and lesbian couples the right to marry. “Today the Illinois House put our state on the right side of history,” Quinn said in a statement. “Illinois is a place that embraces all people and today, we are an example for the nation.” However, opponents of the legislation — which included some of the most powerful religious leaders in the state — have said marriage should remain between a man and a woman. A group of Chicago areas pastors vowed to line up primary challengers against some Chicago area lawmakers who voted yes. “This issue is not just about two adults and their emotional relational and financial commitment to another,” said Rep. Tom Morrison, a Palatine Republican. “Redefining marriage has far reaching implications in our society.” Three Republicans joined those voting in favor, including former House Minority Leader Tom Cross of Oswego who had not revealed how he’d vote ahead of Tuesday. The representative stepped down from his leadership position earlier this year and is seeking statewide office as treasurer.


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