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COSMOS ATLAS

MEDICINE EARTH Wei -Ting (Jonathan) Kao


During the past several years, my great interest in general science has driven me to participate in activities and contests in fields of medicine, earth science, space science, etc. Also very much interested in layout design and publishing, I decided to design this booklet myself to show you all the things that have fascinated me in the past years. In the following pages, you will see my efforts and accomplishments in a variety of science-related activities along with the world that I have seen as I traveled with my family. I hope that you enjoy my booklet about myself as much as I did in all these experiences.


AWARDS Dec.2009

Taiwan High School Students Creative Science Essay Contest ◆ Excellence Award ◆ Topic: Energy-Saving Air Flow and Window Plan for Buildings: An Eco-Window Design Based on Energy Cycle

Oct.2009

Tsing Hua University Chemistry Contest ◆ Special mention award

2007

The 40th Taipei High School Student Science Fair ◆ Symbol of Excellence Award ◆ Received special mention from judges Fuhsing Science Fair

2007

1st place in the field of Chemistry

EXPERIENCES 2006-2010

Research Assistant (manuscript preparation) during 2006-2010 summer and winter vacation on long-term medical research project led by Professor Teh-Ia Huo from National Yang-Ming University School of Medicine, Taipei and Taipei Veterans General Hospital. Research paper is published on Liver International, 2009 (“Diabetesmellitus as an independent prognostic predictorand its association with renal dysfunction in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma”) and Clinical Transplantation, 2010 (“Selecting an optimal cutoff value for creatinine in the model for end-stage liver disease equation”)

Jul.2009

HASSE Space School Program ◆ In-depth tour in Johnson Space Center ◆ Classes and discussions with top scientists in NASA (Deputy Chief and Flight Medicine Clinic William J. Tarver, Senior Systems Safety Engineer David Fuller, Space Suit Designer Heather Paul, Program/Management Specialist of International Space Station Program Peggy L. Carruthers) ◆ Member of the Red Team that won the X-prize, Best Mars Lander Award and the Space School Innovation Award

2008-2009

Academia Sinica one-year biology research program for select high school students, one of 150 selected out of 1000 national applicants


MEDICINE Research Assistant on long-term medical research project For the past four years, I have been working with Dr. Huo Deh-Ia of National Yangming University as a research assistant in projects which his team is working on. Starting as a 9th grader, I have been assigned to do manuscript preparation and data collection while the actual theories of the projects were too deep for me to understand. I read through tons of medical reports and case histories to look for the data needed and organized them. While working with the projects, the first thing to do was to understand what the reports are about and learn to read the forms of the records. To make the results trustworthy, the projects needed informa-


tion of lots and lots of patients. For example, the paper Selecting an optimal cutoff value for creatinine in the model for endstage liver disease equation on Clinical Transplantation used data from 1438 patients for analyzing and calculation. To complete this task, many assistants (researchers in the hospital) and I read through mountains of records. It was really tiring, but I enjoyed the time spent there and learned a lot.


MEDICINE Not until I finished the 11th grade biology courses did Dr. Huo start explaining more theoretical details to me. The paper on Clinical Transplantation was about MELD, an equation used to determine which patients with liver cancer are in higher priority of receiving donated livers. The MELD considers three different values of the patients. By definition, the minimal values are 1.0. When calculating, however, because patients who have problems with other organs may have some values unusually high, there is a rule that if any of the values is higher that 4.0, we use 4.0 to calculate. The paper is about whether it is correct to use 4.0 as maximum. Using the data that we collected, the results were that using 5.5 as maximum was better than using 4.0.


MEDICINE The second paper, Diabetes mellitus as an independent prognostic predictor and its Association with renal dysfunction in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma, is on the journal Liver International. The purpose of this project was to understand the relationship between diabetes mellitus and hepatocellular carcinoma, or liver cancer. Through examining the patients, Dr. Huo found out that diabetes mellitus is likely to decrease the lifespan of liver cancer patients, but didn’t know if those two diseases are directly related. We collected data of 1713 liver cancer patients. After analyzing and calculating the data, we found out that there was a clear relationship, but way more complicated than we expected, in which diabetes mellitus and cirrhosis cause a few other problems, and together they decrease the patient’s lifespan.


Excellence Award Taiwan High School Students Creative Science Essay Contest Topic : Energy - Saving Air Flow and Window Plan for Buildings: An Eco-Window Design Based on Energy Cycle


I

f opening windows can bring health and energy, will people not open them? When we design buildings, we should build a close relationship between energy and the environment, and take advantage of the variety of energy flow in nature. This is why we need to change the way we think and build a brand new sense of design. Just imagine this: windows like air holes, houses like trees, cities like forests. We need to imitate nature when constructing our cities and windows should connect but not separate us from nature. It’s not just about going green, but about maintaining the energy flow between cities and nature! We cannot immediately abandon the present energy system. We need to start with mixing different systems, and along with the improving technology, gradually enter the eternal energy system of nature. The saying “man can conquer nature” still works only if we redefine it. As we can use technology to break the balance of Earth’s energy flow, we can also use technology to rebuild it and put artificial designs and nature’s energy system close together once more. derived from the paper "(Energy - Saving Air Flow and Window Plan for Buildings: An Eco-Window Design Based on Energy Cycle)"

EARTH


The idea of diaphragm in designs: if we use many small diaphragms to form the window figure on the right; every unit is an adjustable small system, making the huge system also adjustable. In this way, we can adjust the system’s combination according to the environment’s needs.

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Producing properly-designed eco-friendly windows seems to cost a lot, and the key to lower the cost is creativity. Changing the opening location of windows can raise their efficiency in exchanging air and taking heat out of buildings.

EARTH


HASSE Space School Program

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A program designed for students to get to know the top space science, and help them explore their talents in engineering and managing. In-depth tour in Johnson Space Center. Classes and discussions with top scientists in NASA.

I was a member of the Red Team that won the X-prize, Best Mars Lander Award and the Space School Innovation Award.


COSMOS


HASSE Space School Program During summer vacation in 2009, I attended the 15th HASSE Space School program in Johnson Space Center, Houston. I was really excited about the program because it was a perfect opportunity for me to see the top science technology in the world for myself and meet astronauts and the world's greatest scientists. With HASSE, I not only attended classes but also did lots of research, projects and presentations with teammates. We met with scientists and engineers in NASA such as David Fuller, Heather Paul and Peggy L. Carruthers. As a member of the Red Team, I participated in the projects about rocket science and rover designing. I am very proud that we won the Best Lander Design and HASSE Innovation Prize. David Fuller : Senior Systems Safety Engineer Heather Paul : space suit designer of the Constellation Program Peggy L. Carruthers : Program/Management Specialist of the International Space Station Program.


COSMOS


Germany、South Africa、Switzerland、Spain、Monaco、France、Italy、Greece、Turkey、Japan、Sing

ATLAS South Africa、Zambia、Zimbabwe、USA、Canada、Australia、New Zealand、Austria、Germany、Swi


gapore、China、Hong Kong、Zambia、Zimbabwe、USA、Canada、Australia、New Zealand、Austria

As a Chinese saying goes, “read ten-thousand books, travel ten-thousand miles”, we should not only learn from books and other people but also go to different places and experience things by ourselves. My parents have always enjoyed traveling, and because of that, my sister and I have been visiting different countries since we were little. During the past fifteen years I have traveled to a lot of places, including Japan, China, Australia, Singapore, America, Canada, Turkey, Italy, Spain, Greece, France, Austria, South Africa, Zambia and many other countries. I have been thankful for having the opportunities to go to so many places as their cultures have inspired me a lot and gave me a better global perspective. I wish to keep on traveling to more places, and eventually to be able to share what I will have seen with others. tzerland、Spain、Monaco、France、Italy、Greece、Turkey、Japan、Singapore、China、Hong Kong


ATLAS


Wei -Ting (Jonathan) Kao


Science Booklet