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Vol.8 , No. 1108 Thursday, December 08, 2011 22 Maghar, Nanaksahi Calendar 543

U.S.-Canada Business booming Today, the United States and Canada enjoy the largest bilateral trade and investment relationship in the world. Total trade and investment between the United States and Canada topped $1.1 trillion in 2010, and those numbers are growing. The United States and Canada are each other’s largest export market, with roughly 20 percent of all U.S. goods exports destined to Canada. U.S. exports to Canada already support 1.7 million jobs, and in 2010 U.S. exports to Canada grew more than U.S. exports to the rest of the world. Canada is the top export destination for 36 U.S. states. We share common infrastructure, including bridges, tunnels, pipelines, and electricity grids, and our supply chains are integrally linked, with a single good often crossing the shared border multiple times during its production cycle. Recognizing these dynamics, on February 4, 2011, President Barack Obama and Prime Minister Stephen Harper announced two initiatives to ensure that the vital economic partnership that joins our two countries continues to be the cornerstone of our economic competitiveness and security as we together face the challenges of the 21st century. Since the Leaders’ announcement, representatives from across the United States Government have worked with their Canadian counterparts to formulate the Beyond the Border (BTB) Action Plan and the Regulatory Cooperation Council (RCC) Action Plan being unveiled today. Together, these initiatives build on our well-established bilateral cooperation on trade, investment, emergency preparedness, security, and defense. BTB and RCC are complementary and promote transparency, efficiency, and the free and secure flow of people and trade across our borders while maintaining and expanding our already robust relationships that keep people, goods, and services safe and secure.

Minority Liberals survive first confidence vote TORONTO — Ontario's minority Liberal government passed 69 to 37. has survived its first confidence vote in the legislature. The Progressive Conservatives opposed the A vote on the Nov. 22 throne speech -- which laid out motion, while the Liberals and the NDP supported it. the government's priorities for the current session -If the throne speech was voted down, it would

have triggered the defeat of the government and likely another election. The Opposition Tories also tried to amend the speech with a legislated wage freeze for public sector workers, but their motion was defeated.


02

Courageous Journalism

December 08, 2011

Sikh Press Special

Maharaja Dalip Singh The military history of the First Anglo-Sikh War which now broke out has often been told. The complex nature of politics at the court of Lahore is revealed by the peace settlement, under which the Khalsa army was defeated but its nominal commander Tej Singh rewarded by the British.

The complex and strange life of Dalip Singh, almost theatrical in the way that it subdivides into different scenes and acts, compresses into the life of a single individual all the tensions and violence brought about the clash of two great cultures. It contains the sadness and dignity of human being trying to act decently towards each other, despite being caught up in this clash and, on one side at least, an almost complete misunderstanding of the other's position. Dalip Singh (1838-1893), the last Sikh ruler of the Punjab, was the youngest son of Rani Jindan, a junior queen of Ranjit Singh, and came to the throne at age of five in 1843 after a series of bloody coups and counter-coups left no other contenders. At first, the young boy catapulted on to the throne cannot have been aware of the struggles behind the scenes. The first year of his life were played out against the rich background of the court and the beautiful Mughal places of Lahore. He enjoyed falconry and had the best horses and elephants to ride. Everyday costumes and trays of jewels were brought for him to choose from. He received a royal education with two tutors, one for the Persian of the court and the other for the Gurmukhi of the Guru Granth Sahib. He was taught to shoot with the gun and bow, and trained in command by being given a troop of sixty boys. The love of his mother and her brother Jawahar Singh, who played a particularly affectionate role in the boy’s life, surrounded him. It must have seemed a kind of heaven to the boy, but the brutalities of the politics soon invaded. Jawahar Singh had been removing his rivals and following a proBritish line that alienated the Khalsa Army, who summoned him before them on 21 September 1845. Although accompanied by Rani Jindan and Dalip Singh, he was killed before their eyes, despite the separate pleas of his sister. The child was horror-struck and in later life often recalled his fear and shock, describing how he had been in his uncle’s arms and realized he might be next. The military history of the First Anglo-Sikh War which now broke out has often been told. The complex nature of politics at the court of Lahore is revealed by the peace settlement, under which the Khalsa army was defeated but its nominal commander Tej Singh rewarded by the British. The other major figure in the Sikh government, Gulab Singh Dogra, had negotiated the peace and was made the independent Maharaja of Kashmir. The British had won because the Sikh state was divided. By the terms of the Treaty of Byrowal in December 1846, a council of Regency (including Rani Jindan) was set up and a British resident and garrison imposed as a temporary measure until Dalip Singh came of age. At first sight the treaty seemed very generous, protecting the young Maharaja until his state could be handed over to him intact, although reduced in size. In reality the British began to dismantle the Sikh State. Henry Lawrence, who ruled the Punjab as resi-

dent, was charmed by the boy and personally kind to him, organizing activities and magic lantern parties. However, the Maharaja’s first recorded political act enraged Lawrence. At the Annual Hindu festival Dussera in 1847 Dalip Singh publicly refused, despite British instructions, to mark Tej Singh as his commander-in-chief. Lawrence and Henry Hardinge, the governor general, were convinced, probably correctly, that Rani Jindan had put him up to it. Lawrence acted swiftly. He asked the young prince to ride with him late at night; it was impossible to refuse and when Dalip Singh asked to return to the palace, Lawrence told him that he was to spend the night in the Shalimar Gardens. The next he learnt that his mother had been seized in his absence and placed under house arrest, and that he was forbidden to have any contact with her. Both other and son were devastated, Rani writing to Lawrence: "Restore my son to me, I cannot bear the pain of separation - my son is very young. He is incapable of doing anything. I have left the kingdom. I have no need of a kingdom - there is no one with my son. He has no sister, no brother. He has no uncle, junior or senior. His father he has lost. To whose care has he been entrusted?" Although it is possible to conclude that the governorgeneral and Henry Lawrence, as well as his successor, his brother John Lawrence took the Treaty of Byrowal seriously but it is clear that Rani Jindan felt that they had no intension of upholding it. In desperation she wrote, 'why do you take possession of the kingdom by underhand means? Why do you not do it openly? On the one hand you make a show of friendship and on the other hand you have put us in prison. Do justice to me or I shall appeal to the London Headquarters.' Lord Dalhousie, the governorgeneral who replaced Hardinge, had absolutely no time for indirect rule, and his new resident, Frederick Currie, was partially responsible for igniting the complex chain of events that led to that Second Anglo-Sikh War. While rebels claimed to be fighting in Dalip Singh's name, no evidence was ever provided to show that he had any part in the revolt. Isolated in the palace, he can have had little idea of what was going on. Nevertheless, the rebellion gave Dalhousie the legal fig-leaf he needed and, despite the fact that the British had sworn to uphold Dalip' throne against rebellion, now they disposed him and Punjab was formally annexed. The boy was sent into internal exile to a town called Fatehgarh in a care of new guardian, Dr John Login. He left behind his throne, his palaces, much of his personal fortune and his country, never to return. Fatehgarh was a remote provincial town near Kanpur and an admired centre of Christian missionary activity in North India, with churches, orphanages, schools, a carpet factory and a village of Indian Christian converts. Dalip's extensive household was part-European and part-Indian, shared with his sister-in-law and her son. He was allowed elephants and hawks, and had a guard of honor made up of Sikhs and Skinner's Horse. Rumors were spread by Dalhousie about Dalip's mother, who had fled to Kathmandu. Dalhousie described Dalip Singh as 'a brat begotten of a bheeshtee' in his private correspondence, while at the same time writing to the young maharaja: 'Believe the strength and sincerity of the regard in which I shall ever feel towards you, and to remain, now and always Your Highness's sincere and affectionate friend'. the boy knew enough to agree with his guardian Login that it was all true and claimed that in Lahore he had thought of executing her, though an Urdu letter sent back to Lahore suggests a different story. In it, Dalip, now about fourteen, asked eagerly for information about his mother. Her personal influence was to remain very strong throughout his life, with no sign of animosity between the two. In Fatehgarh Dalip became a Christian. Login and his wife had taken on the role of the father and

mother in boy's life and were devout Christians. Two British boys were his closet friends, and one of them was a son of missionary. The British textbooks he studied were full of Christian messages. He was an intelligent young man, with sudden burst of curiosity for all sorts of things, above all people. It would have been surprising if Dalip had not been affected- and one of his servants, Bhajan Lal, was a Brahmin convert to Christianity and read him from the Bible. The strange feature of the conversion, which was reported at length by Bhajan Lal, is that the points which seemed to have convinced Dalip Singh that Christianity was to be preferred were all connected with Hinduism. He asked former Brahmin about the Hindu Scriptures, the benefits of bathing in the Ganges and the merits of giving cows to Brahmins. He wanted to take tea with his best British friend, Tommy Scott, which would have had momentous significance in Hindu eyes as he would thereby have lost caste. All these points involved Hinduism, not Sikhism, as he was later to point out on reconverting. Dalip Singh's conversion may have been genuine, or maybe regarded as the result of psychological pressure, or perhaps it was a political act. However, there is no doubt that he himself forced the pace, setting up the faithful tea party with Tommy Scott and overriding the resistance of his servants and sister-in-law, and hesitation of the British. It was decisive act which changed his whole situation. Whatever his motives, he acted with customary generosity in supporting financially all the mission schools in the area. Dalhousie had earlier refused requests to allow the young prince to visit Britain, reflecting his concern about the number of Indian ex-rulers turning up in London and appealing direct

to the queen or the Home Government. Dalhousie was placed at the conversion because it appeared to destroy any possible political threat from Dalip and opened up the possibility of marriage with Princess Victoria Gouramma, the recently baptized daughter of the disposed Raja of Coorg, which would have created a highly influential family of Indian Christian ex-rajas. Thus, on 19 April 1854 Dalip Singh set sail for Britain. Dalhousie had given him a Bible inscribed 'This holy book in which he (Dalip) has been led buy God's grace to find an inheritance richer by far than all earthly kingdoms is presented with sincere respect and regarded by his faithful friend'. Dalip later referred to this note in a manner that showed its irony, in coming from the 'friend' who had cost him his earthly kingdom, had not escaped him. On arrival he quickly gained a royal audience and was an immediate success with Queen Victoria, who kept him close on state occasions despite opposition from some British grandees and continental diplomats. She invited her into her family circle at Osborne where she sketched him several times playing happily with her children, and Prince Albert photographed him. Bazaar incidents still surround him, however, perhaps none more so than during the painting of the Winter halter portrait. While the maharaja stood in his full costume on a plinth, a brief conversation held between the queen, Prince Albert and a nervous Mrs Login. To the latter's astonishment, at a signal a party of yeoman warders in full uniform entered the room, escorting an official carrying a box. The queen called the maharaja over and shadow him the newly recut Koh-inur diamond, which he took to the window to inspect. (Cont.. to page no 6)


Courageous Journalism

December 08, 2011

03

THE SIKH TURBAN (For comtinuity see previous issue) The foolishness of her deduction was confirmed by the lack of evidence to support it. In none of the cases . . . was there even the slightest tangible hint that their actions were spurred by alienation from mainstream Quebec society. . . . In each case the ethnicity factor was purely incidental. The State of the Multicultural Union In the United States, “as in other industrialized democracies, we are seeing the ‘return of assimilation.’” In Detroit, Michigan, home to a sizable Muslim population, a Muslim woman’s case was dismissed after she refused to remove her veil. The judge, Paul Parah, explained that he needed to see the woman’s face in order to assess her truthfulness, an argument similar to the one made by Britain’s Jack Straw, who claimed that the Muslim veil hindered effective communication. A court in Florida upheld a state law requiring an individual’s full face to be shown on his or her driver’s license photo. A Muslim woman who wanted to wear her veil for her license photo, sued, arguing in the main that the state law infringed upon her First Amendment right to free exercise of religion. In ruling against the Muslim woman, the court wrote: We recognized the tension created as a result of choosing between following the dictates of one’s religion and the mandates of secular law . . . . However, as long as the laws are neutral and generally applicable to the citizenry, they must be obeyed.[Moreover, the law] did not compel [her] to engage in conduct that her religion forbids—her religion does not forbid all photographs. On October 24, 2006, in one of the leading newspapers in the world, The Washington Post, a columnist argued that Muslim women in America should not wear a full-faced veil in public because “it [is] considered rude, in a Western country, to hide one’s face.” While what is considered “rude” is inherently subjective (and thus may be based on bias, unfounded stereotypes, or class distinctions), the columnist nevertheless expressed the underlying notion that Western society is uncomfortable with certain articles of faith and that it is incumbent, therefore, on religious minorities to shed this attire rather than continue insulting the host majority—a line of thinking again consistent with recent statements made by British leadership. The editors of The Washington Post, one day later, struck a different tone. Responding to the European fixation and discomfort with the Muslim veil, the editors noted: It’s hard to believe that veils are the biggest obstacle to communication between British politicians and the country’s Muslims; and it’s even harder to imagine Mr. Straw raising similar objections about Sikh turbans or Orthodox Jewish dress. True, the Labor Party MP was reflecting—or maybe pandering to—the concern of many in Britain about the self-segregation of some Muslims. But veils . . . are not the cause of that segregation, much less of terrorism. Attacks on Muslim custom by public officials are more likely to reinforce than to ease the community’s alienation. As noted in the previous section, Sikh Americans have struggled with the legal system to uphold their religious rights. What if Congress banned the wearing of conspicuous articles of faith, including Sikh turbans, in public schools? The Supreme Court has never ruled on such a question. While the legal remedies, particularly constitutional protections, available to Sikhs if legislation similar to that passed in France was enacted in the United States are unclear, there is reason for optimism following recent Supreme Court pronouncements. The First Amendment of the United

States Constitution provides that “Congress shall make no law . . . prohibiting the free exercise [of religion].” The Free Exercise Clause has been interpreted to generally mean that, “the government is prohibited from interfering with or attempting to regulate any citizen’s religious beliefs, from coercing a citizen to affirm beliefs repugnant to his or her religion or conscience, and from directly penalizing or discriminating against a citizen for holding beliefs contrary to those held by anyone else.” In the 1963 case of Sherbert v. Verner305, the Court identified “strict scrutiny” as being the appropriate standard by which to examine a Free Exercise claim. Accordingly, for the government to prevail in a Free Exercise claim, it would have to prove that the law is supported by a “compelling state interest” and that alternative forms of

prohibited teachers in public schools from wearing any religious dress while engaged in the performance of duties as a teacher. The Supreme Court of Oregon held that the religious dress statute did not violate, among other things, the First Amendment, stating “If such a law is to be valid, it must be justified by a determination that religious dress necessarily contravenes the wearer’s role or function at the time and place beyond any realistic means of accommodation.” The court maintained that by excluding teachers whose dress is a constant visual reminder of their religious commitment, the law seeks to respect the right of free exercise of the students. Although the court admitted that Cooper had not been trying to proselytize to her students, it felt that the repetitive and constant nature of her appearance could have more of a proselytizing effect than she imag-

regulation that are less restrictive of the Free Exercise right are unavailable. 307 It would therefore seem that Sikhs, who wear their turban as an expression of their religious identity, generally enjoy the highest level of protection under the First Amendment for the manifestation of their faith. After Sherbert, however, “the Court has started to move toward a narrower conception” of the free exercise clause. In 1990, in Employment Division, Department of Human Resources of Oregon v. Smith, the Court upheld a state statute that prohibited the use of peyote for religious purposes by Native Americans, ruling in part that the law was generally applicable, neutral on its face, and evidenced no intent to discriminate against particular religious groups. Although the Court did not expressly overturn Sherbert, it limited Sherbert’s ruling to cases regarding the denial of unemployment compensation: “even if Sherbert possessed any vitality beyond the unemployment compensation field . . . we would not apply it to require exemptions from a generally applicable law.” As one legal commentator noted, the Employment Division decision leaves “religious conduct little protection from the effect of a law that is neutral and generally applicable.” Since a ban on conspicuous articles of faith in public schools would not intentionally target Sikhs, and Sikhs would thus be seeking an exemption from generally applicable policy, one would suspect that any First Amendment right that they could claim to allow them to wear the turban may fail under the Employment Division standard. A state court case in which the appeal was dismissed by the United States Supreme Court, Cooper v. Eugene School District, highlights the limitations of religious dress statutes enacted for public employees when applied specifically to Sikhs. Janet Cooper was a public school teacher, who converted to Sikhism and began to wear a white turban and white clothes while teaching her sixth and eighth grade classes. She was disciplined and her teaching license revoked as a result of a state statute that

ined, and therefore her Sikh regalia should not be permitted in schools. To those that doubt the weight of a State Supreme Court decision such as Cooper, it should be noted that the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit relied on Cooper in 1990, following the Supreme Court’s dismissal of the appeal, in reaching its analysis of a case brought by Muslim public school teacher under Title VII. Accordingly, as one commentator noted, prevailing case law “suggest[s] that states can prohibit public school teachers from wearing religious garb in the interest of preserving religious neutrality without violating the free exercise rights of teachers as long as the prohibition applies equally to all religious dress and does not target or burden one religious group over others.” It may not be surprising, then, that some argue that a ban on conspicuous articles of faith in public schools is “not completely unthinkable in the United States,” and that the religious rights of a turbaned Sikh public student after 9/11 are “tentative” at best. In 1993, however, Congress passed the Religious Freedom Restoration Act (RFRA), which was designed to reinstate the “compelling interest” Sherbert test for free exercise claims. The RFRA states that the “Government shall not substantially burden a person’s exercise of religion even if the burden results from a rule of general applicability,” unless the government demonstrated that the burden is “in furtherance of a compelling governmental interest” and “is the least restrictive means of furthering that compelling governmental interest.”326 In 1997, the U.S. Supreme Court, in City of Id. at 312-13. Interestingly, Cooper’s decision to manifest her faith at school could have been recognized by the court as an educational benefit, namely of teaching her students about the diversity of the society they inhabited and, as such, teaching them to appreciate and respect those who may not appear to be the same as themselves. The court, however, assumed that visible religious minorities that are active in their communities are in essence imposing their faith on others by simply adopt-

ing the symbols of their own personal beliefs. Boerne v. Flores, declared that RFRA was unconstitutional as applied to individual states. However, it held that it is still applicable to First Amendment violations alleged against the federal government. In 2006, the Supreme Court may have marked an expansion of free exercise protection. In Gonzales v. O Centro Espirita Beneficente Uniado Do Vegetal, a church that uses hallucinogenic tea in religious ceremonies claimed the enforcement of the Controlled Substances Act infringed on the church’s free exercise rights. The Court unanimously sided with the church, noting that the government must “demonstrate a compelling interest in uniform application of a particular program by offering evidence that granting the requested religious accommodations would seriously compromise its ability to administer the program,” and rejecting the government’s “slippery-slope concerns that could be invoked in response to any RFRA claim for an exception to a generally applicable law,” namely, “If I make an exception for you, I’ll have to make one for everybody, so no exceptions.”330 The Court indicated that a case-by-case approach to evaluating exemptions to generally applicable religious laws was appropriate, as was the case in the 2005 decision of Cutter v. Wilkinson. Acknowledging that “there may be instances in which a need for uniformity precludes the recognition of exceptions to generally applicable laws under RFRA,” the Court did not find that the Controlled Substances Act was immune from exemptions “given the longstanding exemption from the Controlled Substances Act for religious use of peyote, and the fact that the very reason Congress enacted RFRA was to respond to a decision denying a claimed right to sacramental use of a controlled substance.” rejected a state interest in ensuring homogeneity of American children and achieving assimilation in public schools. The Court stated, “The fundamental theory of liberty upon which all governments in this Union repose excludes any general power of the state to standardize its children[.]” To the extent that a government interest may be based on fear of fundamental Islam, that interest may be construed as discriminatory animus or perpetuating stereotypes, which would not please the Court either. Assuming that the federal government can proffer a compelling state interest, which is highly unlikely, Sikhs may be able to obtain an exemption from a ban on conspicuous articles of faith without having to run into the “slippery slope” concern of the government in part because of the fact that Sikhs have been permitted to wear turbans in the United States since their arrival. An interesting situation arises, however, if Sikhs are presented with the option of covering their hair, for example, with a school hat as opposed to the Sikh’s turban. In this instance, a Sikh’s case against the ban may not be as strong because he is still given an option to cover his kes. D. Conclusion- In sum, the debate regarding whether conspicuous articles of faith are permissible in Western society due to security and/or more pragmatic concerns, such as enabling accurate identification and facilitating effective communication, is primarily a European phenomenon focused on Muslims and Muslim religious clothing. From this analysis it is evident that a number of sophisticated countries are engaged in this debate, and that serious infringements of the ability of Muslims, Sikhs, and others to wear insignias of their faith have occurred in the years following the 9/11 terrorist attacks. (Cont..to next issue)


04

Courageous Journalism

December 08, 2011

The living dead economy by D. Suba Chandran

Private Health Service Dr. Solomon Naz ( 416-661-7272+3) The Ministry of Immigration has been always complex and indefinable subject in itself. Beside the fact that the new immigrants suffer in getting their credentials accredited and accepted and getting suitable jobs in their profession, even they suffer immensely in getting their health coverage. Soon as they land on Pearson International with their kids they are told that they are without any medical cover as long as they do not clear three months as their initial stay in Ontario. Consequently they are advised to buy a private health cover at an immense price for them and for the children.Let us see some quotations that tell us about the cost that a new immigrant goes through to get his medical health coverage in order. One of the quote that we got for an individual to be covered for three months before the activation of his OHIO goes like this.premium for an individual for three months is $2.40 per day. If he wants a family packet that includes his spouse ,add an other $2.40.children under age are included under a family package scheme. That simply means that for three months a couple will have to pay at least $ 450 for three month coverage. Imagine the double tragedy.! On one hand that family is being exploited by the bad system and above all that money is going in private Insurance companies’ coffers. Look at the staggering figures that goes to private hands. Imagine we do process 5000 applications every year. A rough estimate says that$2,250,000 will go to the private medical insurance companies. What about if OHIO itself takes that premium and charge the immigrant for three months and make revenue for themselves! The Ministry of health will have that revenue in its own department. We do fail to understand why the Ministry wants private companies to be involved in that scam. Even the quotes that we gave vary with the maximum risk coverage you take. If you ask us in detail that coverage varies with health risk with the package of risk factor of $10,000-30,000- 40,000-50,000 and 100,000 . the premium you pay for that coverage will go higher.Some of them who come as dependents; as parents or spouse may have some economic leverage or survival kit from their relative. Imagine the difficulties faced by the people who come under independent or professional category. There is an excellent health system of Ontario, called OHIO that provides free health services to Ontarians. We have full credits for these services. Yet the exploitation that creeps inside the system sends irks and pains.Some times there are no problems , yet the systems under their short sightedness short circuit them and create problems for themselves and for their people. It is quite an inhuman act to treat the new comers who want to make Canada their home. We do think that in their life long history of settlement they will remember this episod with some bitter truth. Dr. Solomon. Naz ( 416-661-7272 ext 4 )

The longer the economic crisis goes on, the less credible sticking plaster solutions become. Four years in, Europe is heading into a nasty recession, China is flirting with a hard landing, the Governor of the Bank of England is warning of a systemic banking crisis and the British Chancellor (Finance Minister) George Osborne has announced spending cuts that will continue for the next six years. The United States is the one part of the world where the news has been better recently, with signs of life returning to the housing market and a welcome fall in unemployment. What's happening in America — where the Federal Reserve has used two rounds of quantitative easing (QE) to boost the money supply and announced its intention to keep interest rates low — has encouraged the belief that recovery will eventually come, provided the policy response is big enough for long enough. What lies ahead It remains to be seen whether this is indeed the case, since there have been false dawns galore since the financial system froze in 2007. The real strength of the U.S. economy will be revealed early next year, when tax breaks supporting consumption and investment are removed and when the world's biggest economy starts to feel the impact of the slowdown on this side of the Atlantic. An alternative way of looking at the crisis goes like this. We now inhabit a world of the living dead: a Eurozone that will not collapse but cannot be reformed; banks that are kept alive by gigantic quantities of electronically generated cash but do not lend; homeowners who are sitting in homes worth more than they paid for them but are able to stay put because interest rates are so low and lenders have no desire to crystallise losses, and policy that is neither one thing nor the other. There is a story, almost certainly apocryphal, that John Maynard Keynes and Friedrich Hayek used to discuss the state of the world while on air raid warden duties on the roof of King's College Chapel in Cambridge during the Second World War. Were they alive today, the great economists would — from their different perspectives — no doubt have harsh things to say about the way the global economy is currently being managed. Hayek would say that the zombie-like state of affairs has been due to the refusal to allow banks that lent irresponsibly to go bust. His analysis of the crisis would be that too much easy money led to too much unproductive investment. While not cavilling at the suggestion that spending should be maintained during a slump, Hayek would argue that the aim of policymakers should be to return to a situation where production was sustainable and profitable. If that meant letting banks go under, then so be it. If nature's cure took time, then so be it. Since the crisis began, policymakers in the West have prided themselves on avoiding the mistakes made by Japan in the 1990s. Hayek would say that western leaders have repeated the big policy error made by the Japanese — allowing over-leveraged banks crippled by non-performing loans to stay in business — with the same baleful results. The banks The U.S. did allow one bank to go bust, when it failed to save Lehman Brothers in September 2008. Market mayhem ensued, amid fears that other banks would go under as well, and there was a complete change of approach. Banks were recapitalised courtesy of the taxpayer and provided with unlimited quantities of cheap money to keep them afloat. Hayek would say that this was merely a sticking-plaster solution, albeit the biggest and most expensive piece of sticking plaster the world has ever seen, and would point out that last week — more than three years after the Lehman bankruptcy — the only thing that had changed was that the centre of the problem was no longer the U.S. but Europe. Italian banks are even more dependent on their financial lifeline now than they were in 2008; last week's coordinated action by six of the world's leading central banks was prompted by evidence that Wall Street was no longer prepared to lend money to European banks. Sooner or later, Hayek and his followers would say, there has to be a purging of the system to remove the rottenness, and what has happened over the past few years is merely deferring the inevitable. Interestingly, it is not only free-market economists that believe in the power of creative destruction. The term, although (Cont.. to page no 9)

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05

December 08, 2011

Courageous Journalism

Julian Assange’s WikiLeaks and Spy Files Julian Assange’s WikiLeaks has just released the Spy Files –a new ‘treasure trove’ of almost 300 documents about an industry which has created programs for mass surveillance that can infect the computer systems, of an entire country, which monitor & record every phone call etc., made in that nation by Dr. Amarjeet Singh Julian Assange, the founder of WikiLeaks told the London-based Guardian newspaper last Friday, that, “We are all aware of traditional spy stories of intelligence agencies like MI5 bugging the phones of one or two people. In the last ten years, something else has happened. We now see mass surveillance, where computer systems of an entire country are infected by surveillance programs, where every phone call of a nation can be, and are, recorded by a company.” Julian Assange said the above while talking, to Pratap Chatterjee, an investigative journalist, who is a senior fellow at the Centre for American Progress, based in Washington, D.C. and whose articles appear in the London-based Guardian and other newspapers. Pratap Chatterjee has written extensively about contractors employed in the ‘war on terror’ and has also written two books on the subject: Iraq, Inc (2004) and Halliburton’s Army (2009) Pratap Chatterjee’s article with his byline, headlined,“THE NEW CYBER-INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX SPYING ON US – WikiLeaks’ Spy Files reveal the frightening scale and ambition of the industry now devoted to surveillance of all our daily lives,” was published in the London-based Guardian newspaper last Friday – December 2, 2011. In the article Chatterjee wrote, that,” We live digital lives now, flitting from Facebook to YouTube, checking our iPhones and BlackBerries, and chatting with our loved ones on Skype. Very few of us worry too much about tweeting our personal opinions on politics or chatting with a new social network ‘friend’ on the other side of the world, whom we barely know and often forget in a matter of a few hours or days. Yet all these interactions have become fodder for a new industry that secretly vacuums up the data and preserves it forever on high-end servers that hold many petabytes (a million gigabytes) of information. This industry offers new tools to search that data and reconstruct our past, and even our real-time movements via our mobile phones, in a way that could well come back to haunt us.” WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange asserts that: “These companies sell to state intelligence agencies the ability to spy on the entire population at once.” WikiLeak’s just released ‘the Spy Files’ – a ‘treasure’ trove of almost 300 documents from these companies - shine a light into this terrible industry. Pratap Chatterjee’s GUARDIAN article goes on to say that, “At the Bureau of Investigative Journalism, where I work, we trawled through these documents, and tracked down yet more material which our research team – Matthew Wrigley, David Pegg, Christian Jensen and Jamie Thunder – used to create an online database that will soon cover over

160 companies in some 25 countries. It’s worth spending some time browsing through this material because what this new industry offers to do is nothing short of Orwellian. (Ed. Note: Orwellian is a byword for any totalitarian or manipulative social phenomenon opposed to a free society. Orwellian also refers to the 1949 dystopian novel, ‘Nineteen eighty four’ written by British author Eric Arthur Blair, pen name George Orwell who was born in 1903 and died in 1950.) Previously, we had all thought, why would the government be interested in me, or my brother? My business is not interesting; I am not a criminal. Now these companies sell to state intelligence agencies the ability to spy on the entire population at once and keep that information permanently. In five or six years’ time, if your brother or someone becomes of interest to the ‘company’ or the government, they can go back in time and look to see what you said or what you emailed. For example Glimmerglass, a company in Hayward, California, offers ‘non-intrusive intercepts of any fiber asset’ such as ‘submarine landing stations’, which their slide presentation demonstrates. Eric King, a human rights adviser to Privacy International, told me that means that, Glimmerglass equipment can help government agencies secretly tap into the undersea cables that convey all the data and phone traffic between continents.” WikiLeaks has also released a brochure from SS8 of Milpitas, California, touting its Intellego product that allows security forces to ‘see what they see, in real time’ including a ‘target’s draft-only emails, attached files, pictures and videos’. Yet others, like Blue Coat of Sunnyvale, California, sell web filtering tools that allow countries to block websites ‘to meet cultural and regulatory requirements’ – a tool much sought after by authoritarian governments to make sure that citizens do not access dissident sites. Not too long ago, Syria bought some Bluecoat machines via a reseller in Dubai - the company is not allowed to sell directly to Syria because of US sanctions. Government authorities and the makers of these products argue that there is an urgent need for these tools – to track down criminals and terrorists, to block child pornography and computer viruses – a practice known as ‘lawful interception’. This is big business for i2, a company based in McLean, Virginia, which sells two major products – CopLink and Analyst’s Notebook – software that allows law enforcement to make sense of reams of data”. Government Computer News, a magazine, ran a story earlier this week about the ‘Digital Dragnet’ – extolling the benefits of data analysis. The magazine quoted Bob Griffin, the CEO of i2as

saying that: “When we started this more than ten years ago, we talked about things like information-sharing and gathering as much data as you could,” Griffin said. “In those days, people would look at you like you’re a green banana. Why would I want to share information? Why would I want to bring information from business licenses or hunting and fishing licenses into the policing environment? Police authorities are excited about the potential: Jason Scheiss, analytical services division manager at the Durham police department in North Carolina, told Government Computer News that they were hoping to expand the data-collecting to include data on water and sewage billing, visitor logs from parks and recreation facilities and correlate it with the daily jail list. “So we could say, ‘Hey, look here. All of these crimes only occur when this one guy’s not in jail,’” Jason Scheiss told the Government Computer News magazine. Chatterjee goes on to add in his Guardian article that, “therein lies the rub: apart from the massive violation of individual privacy, or the risk of abuse by corrupt officials, these tools could easily allow security agencies to jump to the wrong conclusion. Indeed, these tools have the potential to make computer cables as dangerous as police batons. He quotes Assange as saying that, “What we are seeing is the militarization of cyberspace. It’s like having a tank in y your front garden”. Pratap Chatterjee concludes his article by saying that, “You have been warned and you have a choice: you can avoid the wonderful world of the internet (unlikely, since you are reading this online) and (> http://www. guardian. co.uk/commentisfree/cifamerica/2011/de c/02/cyber-industrial-complex-spying <) digital data (virtually impossible if you pay for electricity or go camping) – or you can join the movement to say there need to be limits to how government authorities use our information against us. And if you choose the latter, check out WikiLeaks and Privacy International”. Some intelligent and computer savvy observers are of the view that, “There are very few websites now that do not work hand in hand with tracking and analytics companies, logging every hit, every page, every link clicked, more or less ringing the doorbell of these unknown organizations and leaving a calling card with your address (IP) and exact time, your every movement on the web can be tracked, doubleclick, ostensibly for ads, was one of them in the earlier days of the web but probably google is the worst offender, or most prolific now, their google-analytics is everywhere, but even fetching little graphics and buttons from external sites, twitter, facebook and friends all silently log where you go and what you read on quite unrelated sites”. They suggest that, “Adblock Plus and

Ghostery are essential downloads if you want to avoid the spivs and spies. Ghostery is probably the most important, in that it blocks the companies tracking where you go on the web. For some strange reason, many people aren’t quite so offended by the advertising crap”. Another intelligent observer is of the opinion that, “The introduction of thumbprint recognition to allow access to your gadgets is less to do with your personal security and more to do with positively identifying exactly who is using what, when and where. It will probably be standard in a few years, unless iris recognition replaces it...and so it goes on, this relentless march of watching you...Orwell would have had every reason to go into smug mode. Look how google put your home on the web for all and sundry to view....and there are some seriously shady, sundry types. Had camera vans with ‘police’ written on them been seen doing this, there would have been an uproar. Those who believe “if you’ve got nothing to hide you’ve got nothing to fear” are going to be most surprised when they fi nd every text, email, comments on boards like these, phone calls, facebook comments, every site they ever visited etc., is laid bare before them”. However some observers are of the view that, ‘There is no such thing as a security program that cannot be removed. There are websites that explain how to do this. The first thing that anyone who buys a new computer should do is remove all the ‘trial’ programs that come bundled with the deal. There are very few websites now that do not work hand in hand with tracking and analytics companies, logging every hit, every page, every link clicked, more or less ringing the doorbell of these unknown organizations and leaving a calling card with your address (IP) and exact time, your every movement on the web can be tracked, doubleclick, ostensibly for ads, was one of them in the earlier days of the web but probably google is the worst offender, or most prolific now, their google-analytics is everywhere, but even fetching little graphics and buttons from external sites, twitter, facebook and friends all silently log where you go and what you read on quite unrelated sites. Some experts advise that, “Adblock Plus and Ghostery are essential downloads if you want to avoid the spivs and spies. Ghostery is probably the most important, in that it blocks the companies tracking where you go on the web. For some strange reason, many people aren’t quite so offended by the advertising crap. It seems the bottom line is, that the new cyber-industrial complex is spying on us - each one of us. Khalistan Zindabad

Civility and sagacity demand that CM should appologise for the ugly incident of slapping the womenn teachers by the Akali Sarpanch in Mukatsar : Bir Devinder Singh Patiala- It’s appalling that a Sarpanch of the Akali party in the Mukatsar District of Punjab has slapped and physically manhandled one of the female teachers who all had gone there to submit a memorandum to the C.M Punjab S. Parkash Singh Badal. The shameful incident is repeatedly being highlighted by the National electronic media today since morning, showing the visual of the horrendous incident whereby some female teachers are being repeatedly slapped by the Sarpanch, reportedly to be a close ally of the Chief Minister’s family. This shameful incident has brought shame to the entire state. Such an

barbaric act of a naked brutality against women teachers in Punjab by an Akali Sarpanch deserve to be condemned by all. To organize protest against the government or the chief Minister or the MP of the area is a democratic right of the agi-

tating teachers who are fighting for their legitimate demands for quite some time. The erring Sarpanch should be arrested forthwith under the relevant provisions of the law. If the Chief Minister’s conscious has still retained some grains of civility and sagacity he should immediately tender an apology to the aggrieved women teachers and also order a flawless strict punitive action against the erring Sarpanch, failing which all political parties in Punjab should take up this issue at an appropriate level in a befitting manner so that the erring sarpanch is brought to justice as early as possible.


06

December 08, 2011

Courageous Journalism

Memorandum Giani Gurbachan SinghJi Jathedar, Sri Akal Takhat Sahib We urge Sri Akal Takhat Sahib to reconsider bestowing of Panth Ratan on Parkash Singh Badal and call Sarbat Khalsa to determine if Parkash Singh Badal, a political personality, is deserving candidate for Panth Ratan. Only a non-controversial personality deserves prestigious Panth Ratan and not a controversial and political personality like Badal. Badal’s nomination for Panth Ratan has already divided the Sikh nation all across the world and never in the history bestowing of Panth Ratan has been controversial like this before. This alone requires that Panth Ratan should not be conferred upon Badal without Sarbat Khalsa. Badal has a long history of betraying Sikh nation, from patronage of Nirankaris in the 70s to patronage of Dera Sacha Soda. In 1984 thousands of Sikh soldiers deserted Indian Army on the call given by Parkash Singh Badal and several hundred were killed. Badal later abandoned those Sikh soldiers and never rehabilitated them although he has

Panth Ratan to Parkash Singh Badal

been chief minister twice since then. In 1997 Badal won the elections

1984 to 1997, however, he never fulfilled sponsible for the killing of Sikhs. his promise. Instead Badal is openly reThroughout his political career Parkash Singh Badal has continuously defied principles of Sikhism for political gains. So much so, that to fulfill his political ambitions Badal has unceremoniously removed last two Jathedars of Sri Akal Takhat Sahib, Bhai Ranjit Singh and Giani Joginder Singh Vedanti. Recently Parkash Singh Badal has welcomed BJP leader Advani who openly supported military action on Sri Harmandir Sahib in June 1984 resulting in demolition of Sri Akal Takhat Sahib and death of thousands of Sikhs. Above are some from the long list of anti-Panth actions of Badal which brings into question and controversy his nomination for Panth Ratan. We urge you to declare Parkash Singh Badal’s religious and Panthic contribution specially his contribution to the cause of Sikh nation’s struggle for right to self determination and separate identity of Sikhism. on the promise of prosecuting the police warding notorious police officers -All India Sikh Students Federation officials who were responsible for tortur- Sumedh Singh Saini, Mohd. Izhar Alam President, Karnail Singh ing and killing thousands of Sikhs during and Paramdeep Singh Gill who are rePeermohammad

Sanjiv Bhatt refuses to receive award with ‘tainted’ Jagdish Tytler Gujarat IPS officer Sanjiv Bhatt and noted journalists Zafar Agha have declined to receive the Maulana Mohd Ali Jauhar Award as a mark of protest against honouring of Sikh riot accused Jagdish Tytler with the same award.Delhi-based Maulana Muhammad Ali Jauhar Academy had announced to honour eight people at India Islamic Cultural Centre here in New Delhi on December 10.“I told them that I cannot accept an award or share a platform with Mr Tytler,” Bhatt told a group of activists, who had requested him to stay away from the function.Almost 40 writers and activists in a signed appeal have also urged other awardees including chief election commissioner S Y Qureshi, chief income tax commissioner Mohd Najeeb Ashraf Chaudhri, chairman, Deoband Nagar Palika Parishad Maulana Mohd-

Haseeb Siddiqui, poet Nusrat Gwalliori, and Mumbai- based social activist Begum Rehana AR Andre to reject the award.The appeal says awarding a riot accused with an award named after Maulana Mohammad Ali Jauhar, a prominent figure of the Indian freedom movement, will be misuse of the name of the distinguished personality of Indian and Muslim history. The Maulana was the sixth Muslim president of the Indian National Congress and also a leader of the Khilafat movement.“The undersigned appeal to the other seven awardees to not accept the award as a mark of protest against honouringTytler, whose contribution in the 1984 anti-Sikh pogrom has been

recorded by severalfact-finding reports, including those by PUCL and PUDR,” the activists saidin a statement. They say that awarding a minority riot accused with an award named after Maulana Mohammad Ali Jauhar will be misuse of the name of a distinguished personality of Indian and Muslim history.“It is sad that the name of Maulana Mohd. Ali Jauhar (1878-1931) is being misused. He was a key figure of the Indian freedom movement, a leader of the Khilafat movement and the sixth Muslim to be President of the Indian National Congress. We are sure this is not how he would have liked his name to be remembered, and that he would not have approved of being used to white-wash the sins of a politician who was part of communal violence and mayhem in the capital of India,” they said.


December 08, 2011

Courageous Journalism

07

Maharaja Dalip Singh With a gesture worthy of the most polished Renaissance courtier the maharaja presented the diamond back to the queen, saying how much pleasure it gave him to be able this time to make the gift in person. The friendship between Queen and maharaja was sealed, and he was even able to skate over the lethal depths that the news of the Indian Mutiny of 1857 brought. He learnt to sample all the pleasures of a British gentleman. He had estates in Scotland, apparently dressing himself and his household in kilts, and also in Yorkshire; he liked shooting and photography and he traveled on the continent. In 1859 Dalip Singh returned to India in order to rescue his new ageing mother from political exile in Nepal. While he was in Calcutta he was besieged by exmembers of his court and, more dangerously, by hundred of soldiers from Sikh regiments visiting him. He could find nowhere to settle his mother, his own movements were curtailed by the government, and he was seriously worried that over-enthusiastic Sikhs would compromise him. The visit was unhappy and painful experience. Mother and son returned to London. The Rani made considerable attempts to adapt attempting to wear British dress, going to church, encouraging him to take British wife. And he was delighted to be reunited with her; commissioning portraits and sculptures of her hands in marble. Then in 1863 she died. She had, however, made him remember the past. Following a return to India for her cremation, the maharaja was determined not to remain alone. Finding a wife was no easy matter. He had already alarmed Lady Login by telling her of his plans to propose to one of her relations, but finally chose, by correspondence from a Cairo mission school, a part German, part Ethiopian girl who spoke only Arabic. Her name was Bamba Muller. He took her home to his newly acquired estate at Elveden, selected and purchased for him by the India office. He transformed the rundown estate into an efficient, modern game preserve, and the house into a semi-oriental place. With halls decorated with glass mosaic in the fashion of a Shish Mahal and dominated by the huge oil paintings of Ranjit Singh in darbar or at the Golden Temple of his brother Sher Singh in regal splendor, and with sculptures of past glories and cases of jewels, the whole place was a powerful reminder of his former status. He lived with his wife and growing family, the sons wearing a variety of costumes but frequently photographed in Sikh clothes, and with uncut hair. He invited Edward, Prince of Wales to highly successful shoots; Sikh visitors would discreetly come and go. Dalip loved Elveden and rebuilt the church, cottages and a school. At the height of his troubles the threat of his leaving the village panicked the rector into describing the effect that this would have on 'the afflicted, the aged and the extreme poor', 'for the school, clubs and

charities, hitherto entirely supported by His Highness, will be supported by him no more'. The new home had brought new expenses and as father of three boys and two daughters, he had to look to his future. His treaty pension was controlled by the India office and at first all he wanted was an increase, a settlement of his existing debts and to see the fund's accounts. The queen asked the India office to look into the matter favorably. The maharaja agreed to his accounts being examined to see if he had been extravagant, and all looked set for a reasonable compromise. The queen supported him, as did many of his high society friends and others but India office was flatly hostile. In 1886 the Duke of Grafton wrote to the India office, 'the truth is, they have spent the money and have no funds to fall back on and so fear an investigation'. Dalip Singh's grievance about the loss of his kingdom re-emerged. The stakes rose on both sides with the India office successively suggesting that he was a spendthrift and a gambler, and that he kept mistress, before running to Dalhousie's old libel that he was a bastard. In the face of the India office's determined resistance and the increasing note of the challenge by the maharaja, Queen Victoria was forced to distance herself. In 1882 the maharaja went public with a letter to 'The Times'. Almost as explosively, he began to realize how far he had been misled over the teachings of Guru Nanak as these were progressively revealed to him by his relatives. Rani Jindan had reminded him of the rumors that had circulated amongst Sikhs that her son had been mentioned in prophecies by Guru Gobind Singh, and he began to think of reconverting. Finally, in 1886, he made up his mind to return to India and place himself as the prophesied moral head of the Sikh people, revitalizing the religion and purifying it of Hindu influences, especially caste. He published a public message in the papers so that effect and set sail. He had stopped at Aden, where the Indian government's authority began, and was accused of issuing a disloyal proclamation. Difficulties were put in the way of his receiving Pahul, or re-initiation into Sikhism. Dalip challenged the viceroy, Lord Dufferin, to substantiate the charge of disloyalty but his government refused, being keen to keep the matter out of court. They did however allow the Pahul to go ahead and Dalip Singh once more became a Sikh. Unable to proceed to India from Aden, he sent his family back to Elveden but could not himself bear the humiliation of returning. Instead, he went to Paris and from there wrote that he would be content with his private estates in Punjab, and a seat on the Council of

People are being squeezed by inflated auto insurance premiums QUEEN’S PARK – NDP Consumer Services critic and Bramalea-Gore-Malton MPP Jagmeet Singh has questioned the government on the Auditor General’s report findings which revealed that Ontario residents are paying through the nose for auto insurance, the highest in Canada despite the lowest accident rates “…the Auditor reveals that the government has dropped the ball on following up on fraud, but is protecting juicy profits for insurance companies. Is the Minister ready to re-evaluate his plan in light of the evidence that it just isn’t working?,” he asked during Question Period at Queen’s Park today. The Auditor General has re-

vealed that premiums would be much lower for consumers if the insurance industry was not guaranteed a 12 per cent return on equity, otherwise known as profit, based on a formula devised in 1996. “Instead of defending drivers the government is protecting companies making profits so high one reporter called them “juicy”. They are juicy and everyday people in communities like Brampton are the ones getting squeezed. The government could take a positive step today by changing the formula that guarantees big profits for companies and high rates for drivers. Will the Minister do that?,” said Singh.

India. This appointment would be to enquire into a amend the petty grievance of the natives of India, which believe me are like thousands of little fires ready to be blown into a great conflagration at any moment by th merest accident, and I shall be more than content to serve England loyally and undertake to establish Her Empire on the foundation of justice - No one (though I say it myself) knows so well as I do both the English and the Indians by the particular circumstances of my life. No viceroy would agree to this. In Paris Dalip Singh entered the world of intrigue. His own agent, Thakur Singh, a founder member of Singh Sabha, the major Sikh reform movement, had created a large undercover movement in the Punjab. The Patrick Casey of the Fenians contacted him - traveling on Casey's passport, Dalip went to Russia. On the way, a Berlin railway station, a British agent picked his pocket and he lost most of his money. In Russia he was supported by the leader of the anti-British party and newspaper editor Katkoff, and met Jemal alDin al-Afghani, an agent dedicated to the pan-Islamic anti-colonial movement. The maharaja was thus at the centre of a web that included Sikhs, Irish republicans, Russian, Afghans and Egyptian agents. With them he created a master plan in which a combined Russo-Afghan force would invade India, precipitating revolts by the Sikh regiments and mutinies amongst the Irish. The surviving Sikh rajas would join them while the Bengalis sabotaged the railway system. Meanwhile, Egyptian nationalists would cut the Suez canal. However the Russian were more interested in using Dalip as a pawn to persuade the British government to pressure anti-Tsarist dissidents in London than in grandiose geopolitical adventures. The web soon unraveled: his principal Russian backer Katkoff died, Thakur Singh too died (or was poisoned) in Pondicherry, and Dalip's secret correspondence with In-

dian rulers was traced. With hardly any money of his own, deserted by his Russian backers, and with his Indian organization broken, Dalip had no political influence left. In Britain Princess Bamba died, and maharaja's family was in trouble. He returned to Paris where he suffered a massive stroke. While ill, he was visited by his eldest son Prince Victor and those of his British friends who had remained faithful to him, and taken care of his children. The queen was holidaying in Nice, and it was these friends who arranged for her to have one last meeting with the maharaja. According to the queen it was a highly emotional meeting in which the obviously very sick man broke down and asked for forgiveness. He was buried at Elveden in 1893 and amongst the wreaths was one from queen Victoria and another from the Prince of Wales. The maharaja's loyal circle of British friends thought that his attempt to regain his throne and his reconversion to Sikhism was the result of madness. However convenient a diagnosis for them, it hardly stands up in hindsight. Thakur Singh's organization in India was quite real, and Dalip was perhaps the first Indian nationalist to attempt to reconcile the different interests of the princes, nonprincely India and Sikhs, Muslims and Hindus. His attempt to build up an anticolonial alliance showed an awareness of the need to organize internationally, but he had only come to this point after finally realizing that all other avenues were closed to him. Perhaps it was the Indian office which showed the greatest lapse of judgment in denying resolutely any partnership in the real government of India even to the most loyal and most anglicized Indian, and insisting, as Dalhousie once wrote, that any India, no matter how well received in London, would have to leave his slippers outside the door of the viceroy's office in India.


08

December 08, 2011

Courageous Journalism

India: Over 14,000 people killed in custody in 10 years More than four persons per day were killed in police and judicial custody in India between 2001 and 2010. The total of 14,231 persons includes 1,504 deaths in police custody and 12,727 deaths in judicial custody from 2001-2002 to 20092010 as per the cases submitted to the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC). The New Delhi-based Asian Centre for Human Rights in its report, Torture in India 2011, released today said that a large majority of these deaths were a direct consequence of torture in custody. These deaths reflect only a fraction of the problem with torture and custodial deaths in India as not all the cases of deaths in police and prison custody are reported to the NHRC. Further, the NHRC does not have jurisdiction over the armed forces and the NHRC also does not record statistics of torture not resulting into death.“The failure of the Ministry of Home Affairs to introduce the Prevention of Torture Bill drafted by the Rajya Sabha Select Committee headed by Ashwani Kumar, the current Minister of State for Planning, in December 2010 in the Parliament session beginning on November 22 demonstrates India’s lack of political will to stamp out torture,” said Suhas Chakma, ACHR Director.During 2001-2010, Maharashtra recorded the highest number of

deaths in police custody with 250 deaths; followed by Uttar Pradesh (174); Gujarat (134); Andhra Pradesh (109); West Bengal (98); Tamil Nadu (95); Assam (84); Karnataka (67); Punjab (57); Madhya Pradesh (55); Haryana (45); Bihar (44); Kerala (42); Jharkhand (41); Rajasthan (38); Orissa (34); Delhi (30); Chhattisgarh (24); Uttarakhand (20); Meghalaya (17); Arunachal Pradesh (10); Tripura (8); Jammu and Kashmir (6); Himachal Pradesh (5); Goa; Chandigarh and Pondicherry (3 each); Manipur, Mizoram and Nagaland (2 each); and Sikkim and Dadra and Nagar Haveli (1 each).“About 99.99 per cent of deaths in police custody can be ascribed to torture and occur within 48 hours of the victims being taken into custody. Though Maharashtra has a total population of 112 million in comparison to 199 million in Uttar Pradesh according to 2011 census, the fact that 76 more persons were killed in police custody in Maharashtra shows that torture is more rampant in police custody in Maharashtra than Uttar Pradesh,” said Chakma.During 2001-2010, 12,727 deaths in judicial custody took place. Uttar Pradesh recorded the highest number of deaths in judicial custody with 2171 deaths, followed by Bihar (1512); Maharashtra (1176); Andhra Pradesh (1037); Tamil Nadu (744); Punjab (739); West Bengal (601);

Jharkhand (541); Madhya Pradesh (520); Karnataka (496); Rajasthan (491); Gujarat (458); Haryana (431); Orissa (416); Kerala (402); Chhattisgarh (351); Delhi (224); Assam (165); Uttarakhand (91); Himachal Pradesh (29); Tripura (26); Meghalaya (24); Chandigarh (23); Goa (18); Arunachal Pradesh (9); Pondicherry (8); Jammu and Kashmir and Nagaland (6 each); Mizoram (4); Sikkim and Andaman and Nicober Island (3 each); and Manipur and Dadra and Nagar Haveli (1 each).The number of deaths in police custody recorded from conflict-afflicted states like Jammu and Kashmir and Manipur do not reflect the gravity of the situation. The NHRC registered only six deaths in police custody in Jammu and Kashmir from 2001-02 to 2010-11, while only two cases of deaths in police custody were recorded from Manipur during the same period. This is despite the fact that on March 31, 2011 Jammu and Kashmir Chief Minister Omar Abdullah in a written reply before the Legislative Council stated that 341 persons had died in police custody in the state since 1990. Custodial rape remains one of the worst forms of torture perpetrated on women by law enforcement personnel and a number of custodial rape of women takes place at regular intervals. NHRC recorded 39 cases of rape from judicial

and police custody from 2006 to February 28, 2010.Maoists remain the worst violators of human rights including torture and they have been responsible for brutal killing of their hostages after abduction. Often the hostages were killed by slitting their throats or beheading. The suspects were tried and handed over death sentences or subjected to torture through the socalled “Jan Adalats” (Peoples’ Courts) in full public view to instill fear among the people.“India is yet to realise the cost of not having anti-torture law in compliance with UN Convention Against Torture (UNCAT) that led to rejection extradition of Kim Davy, the prime accused in the Purulia arms drop case by the Danish High Court in June 2011; the direction of a British Court in July 2011 to depute a human rights expert to visit the prisons in Gujarat to examine the prison conditions before it grants extradition of Mohammad Hanif Umerji Patel, alias Tiger Hanif, the alleged mastermind of the 1993 bomb blast in Surat; and cancellation of the extradition of Abul Salem by the Portuguese High Court in September 2011 on the ground that he was tortured in custody following extradition. That torture is nonderogable even in war and a crime against humanity is yet to be recognized by India,” said Chakma.

$4.3 million contract for Peel Memorial demolition awarded AIM Waste Management Inc. awarded work Brampton – William Osler Health System received Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care approval to award AIM Waste Management Inc. a contract to complete enabling works for the Peel Memorial redevelopment project. Enabling works includes demolition of the buildings and preparing the site for construction of the new Peel Memorial.“We are very pleased to be moving forward

with this important step in the rebuilding of Peel Memorial and revitalization of this downtown site,” said Matthew Anderson, Osler President and CEO. “It is an exciting time for our organization and our community with the Peel Memorial and Etobicoke General Hospital redevelopment projects moving forward – these redevelopments along with continued growth at Brampton Civic are critical to

New Camera gets to heart of diagnostic best practices

Etobicoke – Etobicoke General Hospital (EGH) is now home to one of the most important cardiac diagnostic tools available in the medical world – a new state of the art Gamma Camera, worth over $1 million. A Gamma Camera is used in nuclear cardiac diagnostics, and involves injecting the patient with a safe radioactive material and using this specialized camera to locate blockages or other cardiac issues. This new state-of the art and latest model Gamma Camera is one of only a handful currently in the province. This new camera uses considerably less radioactive isotopes for diagnostic imaging than other types of equipment. “Given the concerns of the global medical community regarding shortages of isotopes for use in various types of diagnostic equipment that efficiency is an important feature of this new equipment. It’s also very exciting for EGH to have this state of the art camera, one of the first in the

province,” says Dr. Cara Willems, Chief, Division of Nuclear Medicine, Etobicoke General Hospital. “This new camera technology also decreases the amount of time for a patient being scanned, which saves time for physicians and patients,” adds Umesh Gandhi, Charge Technologist, Nuclear Medicine, Etobicoke General Hospital. Many advances in technology have resulted in greater clarity of diagnostic images. This new Gamma Camera provides more accurate and clearer images for medical professionals to assess and diagnose cardiac disease for patients. Like all equipment needs for hospitals, fundraising efforts of the William Osler Health System Foundation pays for the important equipment our physicians, clinicians and staff use for patients every day. The Foundation raises funds through the generosity of community and corporate donors, community events and the sale of items in the hospital gift shops.

meeting the health needs of our community today and well into the future.”“These projects moved quickly through the approval phases as a result of the strong advocacy, commitment and support of our local MPPs,” added Anderson. “We want to thank them for their support and look forward to continuing to work with all our funding partners towards making these new facilities a re-

ality in our community.”In August 2011, 15 companies submitted applications through a request for qualification (RFQ) to pre-quality to be part of the enabling works request for proposal (RFP) process. Eight of these companies were qualified to participate in the RFP process. AIM Waste Management Inc. was the preferred bidder chosen through the RFP.“


December 08, 2011

Courageous Journalism

9

Sikh Kirtan and Hindu Dance at the Interfaith Concert in Washington attended by hundreds

Washington, December 5, 2011 - More than 1,000 persons experienced the sacred songs, dances or chants from five world religions in the heart of Washington, the America’s capital. The magnificent building of the Washington National Cathedral was filled with sweet sound of spiritual music of Sikh Kirtani Jatha and many other faith traditions during the 32th Interfaith concert organized by the Interfaith Conference of Metropolitan Washington (IFC). In addition to Sikhs, The Mormon Choir of Washington, the dancers from the United Hindu and Jain Temples Association, the Howard University Chapel Choir (representing the Protestant faith community), the choir of Temple Sinai representing the Jewish religion and the Washington Revels, a musical group of many ethnic groups in Washington participated inthis multilingual and multi faith unique program. The Sikh Kirtni Jatha consisted of 25 men and women who donned spotless white dress with kesri satin palla ( scarf) around their necks with Sikh insignia ‘Ek Onkar’ looked very majestic. In a melodious tune composed by Dr. Rajwant Singh in Raag Dhanasari, accompanied by talented Tabla maestro Bhai Sucha Singh, they sang in perfect harmony a

hymn composed by ninth Guru Teg Bahadur ji. “ Kahe Re Ban Khojan Jai.’ Ravi Singh started the musical presentation with an alaap on Sitar in Raag Dhanasari and Jaswinder Singh gave a fitting vocal response in the same raag and sang at higher notes. Bhai Gurdarshan Sang led the singing with sargam and Dr. Rajwant Singh explained that the hymn is written by the ninth Guru of the Sikhs who stood for religious freedom in India and was executed in 1675 for his stand. The melody and mood were perfectly blended to leave indelible impression on the audience. The translation of the shabad was made available to the audience in a program booklet distributed by the IFC. Sikh Jatha entered the hall with a banner of EkOnkar carried by Navjeet Kaur. This is the 24th time that Sikhs participated in this annual program led by Guru Gobind Singh Foundation. Natannanjali Dance Group presented “Ananda Nartana Ganapatim” choreographed by Lakshami Swaminathan. Swaminathan runs Natannanji School of Dance in Maryland with the objective of teaching and promoting Bharatnatyam, a classical dance form from the Southern India and its origin is traced back through the centuries to the temples of Ancient

Major Kamaljeet Kalsi Receives Bronze Star Medal

New York - The U.S. Army's first turbaned Sikh soldier in over 30 years returned home from Afghanistan and received a Bronze Star Medal for his service. Major Kamaljeet Singh Kalsi received the Bronze Star Medal for "exceptionally meritorious service as an emergency medicine physician" while deployed in Afghanistan during the first half of the year. The Bronze Star Medal is the fourth-highest combat award in the U.S. Armed Forces. In support of the award, an official recommendation from Major Kalsi's superiors cites his resuscitation back to life of two patients who were clinically dead on arrival; his "expert" emergency care of over 750 soldiers and civilians;

coordination of 5 mass casualty exercises; and his general "commitment and leadership above and beyond that of his general duties." To his credit, Major Kalsi even set up campwide Internet access for over 200 soldiers at Camp Dwyer in Helmand, Afghanistan, where he was deployed. After his service, he was promoted from Captain to Major. "It continues to be my honor to serve my country," said Major Kalsi. "I look forward to service as duty calls." The Sikh Coalition is proud of Major Kalsi's record of accomplishment and service in the U.S. Army. His receipt of the Bronze Star Medal makes clear that Sikhs can serve with excellence while maintaining their articles of faith.

India, where it was performed as a ritualistic form of worship. . According to Lakshmi Swaminathan, “This style is intricately bound with Hinduism, in particular with Hindu myths and customs.” LaDalle D. Leffall Jr. Senior Professor of Surgery and leading physician in the Washington Medical community and his philanthropist wife ,Ruthie, was the honoree at this year’s concert for her involvement in DC Prep, Children’s Defense Fund, Black Student Fund, National Gallery of Art and her presidential appointment to the board of Peace Corps. “Community is created by diversity and that in diversity is the unity that can change the world,” noted Rev. Clark Lobenstine, its Executive Director, in his closing comments at the Concert, “and this Concert is our best way of exemplifying this.” Dr. Rajwant Singh, Secretary of Guru Gobind Singh Foundation, Washington, said, “It provided an opportunity for Sikhs to showcase our musical tradition and our rich heritage. We have to be part of these celebrations to make the world a better place for our generations to come” Sarabjit Singh Sidhu, Chairman of Guru Gobind Singh Foundation, said, “Our organization has made this participation a top priority because it

gives our community a much needed exposure. , The whole event was very thrilling. Ravi Singh, President of a healthcare IT company and a member of the Sikh group, said, “Every time I have visited and performed at the National Cathedral with the GGSF Kirtan group, it is a new experience. Though each religion is performing and presenting their hymns, dances, and songs, it all starts to sound like one uplifting prayer in the Basilica of the National Cathedral, the one who is the Ek Onkar, the one God, the one Supreme Soul.” “With all the religions coming and performing together truly brings about the melting pot theory to realization and that there is unity in diversity. I think the interfaith conference and the effort by all the participating religions is bringing about better understanding and harmony amongst all of us. Being a Sikh and carrying the message of Guru Nanak Dev Ji to the world outside is always a humbling experience.” Inderjit Singh, Executive Director of GGSF and a member of the Sikh group, said, "It is important that we reach out and build bridges with the wider community in the area. We are often misunderstood and lay people do not have enough exposure of our tradition.


10

Courageous Journalism

December 08, 2011

Auto Section

2012 Chevrolet Cruze Small Chev Cruzes along as rivals scramble All things considered, the 2012 Chevrolet Cruze is a good little car. Every time Chevrolet introduces a new compact, and relegates another nameplate to oblivion, I wonder if it ever hopes to achieve continuity in the market segment. First there was Cavalier, and it was a rampaging success for over 20 years; then for seemingly no reason whatsoever, the company replaced it with Cobalt. And once Cobalt had fallen on its face after five years, the company comes out with Cruze. Search available trim options for the 2012 Chevrolet Cruze Now you could argue that Cruze is a world car, whereas Cobalt wasn’t, but I’ll fire back that when you have a Chevy Cavalier, a Vauxhall Cavalier and several other nameplates from Europe to Australia of basically the same car … it’s a world car, too. Regardless, Cruze replaced the ho-hum Cobalt and it was an immediate success both in showrooms and on race tracks. Not only was it named 2011 Canadian Car of the Year by the Automobile Journalists’ Association of Canada (AJAC), it captured its class in the 2010 World Touring Car Championships (its second year) and thoroughly dominated the 2011 season. Cruze is one of those cars that just feel right – it’s the right size for getting in and out of cities without wasting too much gasoline, and it’s the right size in which to fit a family of four on an extended trip. We even managed to squeeze in a fifth for a short jaunt to a birthday celebration (the most uncomfortable part was trying to buckle up rear seatbelts). The upholstery and touch surfaces are durable fabric covered with a solid qual-

ity feel to them, unlike many of its rivals who still make do with plastic coverings. And how come Chevrolet can reclaim storage cubbies from dashboard expanses (such as the covered one atop our Cruze’s centre stack) and some competitors can’t even do a divot where the ashtray would have been? Its trunk fits a couple weeks’ groceries or a couple golf bags or a family’s overnight bags, depending on how it’s being used at any specific time. And the driver’s office is easy to tailor to different sized users, with plenty of foot and head room (the same goes for the front passenger). Instrumentation and controls are nicely laid out and attractive to look at. And, they work very well once you stop being overwhelmed by the sheer number of buttons and switches. The engine in our mid-range LT test car is a turbocharged 1.4l i t r e four-cylinder that barely makes more horsepower than the 1.8litre “four” housed in the base LS trim. The top of the line LTZ also gets the blown engine, as does the ECO version. Now, it seems to me that if you want to pay more to get a sportier Cruze, you should get a

Real vs. fake Christmas trees

Real Christmas trees are the environmentally friendly choice Today marks the annual Christmas Tree Presentation to the Lieutenant Governor of Ontario. Each year, the Ontario Forestry Association (OFA) donates a Christmas tree and hosts a corresponding lighting ceremony. The trees are generously provided by Somerville Nurseries Inc. of Everette, Ontario. Students in the OFA's education programs, including Ontario Envirothon and Tree Bee Champions, will be recognized for their achievements and will present the tree to the Lieutenant Governor during the lighting ceremony. Attached is a photo of last year's tree. As stores stock up on Christmas decorations and play the jingles, it reminds Canadians that Christmas is around the corner. As an enjoyable family tradition, many of us like to put up Christmas trees in our homes. Likewise, many of us ask ourselves, "Should we get a real tree this year?" The Ontario Forestry Association thinks you should, as it is the environmentally friendly choice. Christmas trees in Canada are grown on farms specifically for the Christmas season. When trees are harvested, Christmas tree farmers plant new seedlings to grow trees for the future holiday season. More than 500 farmers produce over one million Christmas trees each year. Not only do these trees serve the consumer, but it also provides habitat for wildlife and retains soil and water, preventing seasonal runoff. Christmas tree plantations are carbon sinks, soaking up carbon dioxide emitted by cars, planes and our homes. Furthermore, one acre of planted Christmas trees produces oxygen for 18 people every day! The trees are 100 per cent biodegradable, and after Christmas the trees are mulched and are used in munic-

ipal parks. Pharmaceutical companies in Ontario also extract ingredients from tree needles for flu vaccines. On the other hand, the manufacturing and transportation of nonbiodegradable fake Christmas trees requires large amounts of fossil fuels. In addition, they are not biodegradable and increase waste in the landfills. When it comes to decorating your tree, be sure to use LED lights. LEDs use 90% less electricity than traditional incandescent seasonal lights, and lasts up to 10 times longer! Contrary to popular belief, Christmas trees are relatively easy to get. If you live in a city, many large grocery stores and hardware stores carry them. If you want to get hands on, go to a Christmas tree farm to choose and cut your own tree. Lastly, don't forget about the sweet aroma from real Christmas trees. Nothing can beat the familiar scent that only nature can provide. If you are convinced a real Christmas tree is your choice, here are a few tips on how to choose and take care of your tree. Choosing a real Christmas tree: - The most common trees used during the holidays include pine, fir, and spruce. Spruce tend to lose their needles first, fir are somewhat slower. - Upon deciding the type and size of Christmas tree, make sure your tree is fresh. A freshly cut tree will last longer and its needles will stay on the branches, instead of your floor. - While checking the lot for a fresh tree, make sure that the trunk has some sap coming out of it. - Look for a tree that does not have brown needles. The needles of pine and spruce should bend and not break. They should also be hard to pull off the branches.

more powerful engine than those who wish to pay more for a more fuel-efficient Cruze. Don’t get me wrong, it isn’t a bad little tyke – it makes 25 more lb.-ft. of torque than the 1.8, and does it much lower in the rev range (148 @ 1850 rpm, rather than 123 @ 3800), which means it’s got some gallop from a standstill, but it runs out of giddy-up at about 4800 rpm where horsepower peaks. The 1.8 makes just two less hp (136 vs. 138) and does it at 6300 rpm, which means you have to wind it up. The other side of the coin, though, comes up fuel savings. The LT and LTZ versions get by on less gas than does

the LS, though the Eco surpasses them all. Incidentally, manual or automatic transmission models are rated the same, which is not the case with the LS or Eco.So, you get an economical car (with a pretty good launch) that can transport four or five (depending on their size and the trip length) for between $15,500 and $26,000. Like I said – all things considered, that’s a pretty good little car.


December 08, 2011

Courageous Journalism

11

Kangna-Sanju War escalates Kangna Ranaut is refusing to finish dubbing for Rascals. The actress recently left the studio midway demanding extra monetary compensation for David Dhawan's comic caper. Sources state the actress was signed for Rs 75 lakh (which has already been paid to her) as well as an additional Rs 5 lakh. She is now demanding for Rs 10 lakh more. Incidentally, Rascals has been produced by her estranged pal Sanjay Dutt (who also stars in the film) along with Sanjay Ahluwalia and Vinay

Choksey. Ahluwalia confirms, "Kangna has left her dubbing incomplete for the movie. She suddenly decided to walk away after dubbing for a while. We are lodging a complaint with the Cine And TV Artistes Association (CINTAA)." Sources add that the actress' demand for a fee hike at this juncture is unjustified. "She was not the original choice for the film. But as Dutt's manager Dharam Uberoi was also handling her work at that

time, she was roped in for the project. For the Thailand schedule, her family members and trainer accompanied her, which was all accommodated. Her demand for a fee hike now is most unwanted. This is her way of harassing the makers." As reported in 'Sanju gets even with Kangna' (Hitlist, September 6), Kangs found herself missing from the title track of the film featuring the rest of the cast, including Dutt, Ajay Devgn and Lisa Haydon. The film's music launch and her name does not fig-

ure in the invites. Even for an earlier event of the project, she was uninvited. At one time, she was extremely close to Sanjay and Maanayata Dutt. But when Kangna started making statements about her proximity to them, it left them flummoxed. Wonder if this refusal to dub is her way of getting back.

Salman would never groan in pain: Hazel Keech British Indian actress Hazel Keech, who made her Bollywood debut with blockbuster “Bodyguard”, says Salman Khan never revealed that he was suffering from pain while shooting for the movie. Salman left for the US before the film could hit the screens and underwent an eight-hour operation in Pittsburgh for a nerve problem that was causing exruciating pain in his head, jaws and cheeks. “The operation went off well, but the pain is still there so he would be going for another operation. But even if he is in pain, he is never going to speak of it. He is such a brave person,” Keech told IANS in an interview. Hazel flew down to Mumbai from London with stardust in her eyes, but gave up all hopes of making a career in acting in India. She was returning when she got the “Bodyguard” offer. “I was not getting any work, so I was planning to go back to London. The day I was about to leave, I got a text message from Atul Agnihotri and he asked me to meet him. I met him, we spoke for over twoand-a-half-hours and then he selected me,” said the 24-year-old, who has worked in Tamil film “Billa”. Salman, who she had met in London while he was shooting for “London Dreams”, had passed on her number to Agnihotri who has co-produced the blockbuster with Reliance Entertainment. Hazel started her career as an actor at a very tender age by doing small roles in Hollywood films. She worked in three editions of “Harry Potter”.

“I am with the entertainment industry since the age of 12. I used to do small roles in Western films. When I was in school, I did ‘Harry Potter’. Gradually, I started getting bigger roles. I worked in the second, third and fourth editions of ‘Harry Potter’. I played one of the students,” said Hazel. Though she’s a second lead in Salman-Kareena Kapoor starrer “Bodyguard”, she is happy she could exhibit her acting skills. “Technically, I was the second lead but the story is such that I am there in almost 80 percent of the film. It was such an important role,” she said. Born to a English father and an Indian mother, Hazel came to India five years ago and easily gelled with the culture here because as she says she grew up in a very traditional Indian home, courtesy her mother and grandmother. “My mom is a Hindu and my nani (maternal grandmother) who stays with us there, is very traditional and wears sari every day, does pujas. So, eventually the culture at home was totally Indian. When I came to India, it’s just a different country but the culture was same that I grew up in,” she said. She has only one regret — her name was changed to Rose Dawn by the first modelling agency she had

worked with. “I am born as Hazel. Rose is not my name. When I came five years ago, the modelling agency I started with decided to change my name. They changed my name to Rose. I left that agency after a year. I never changed my name or spelling after that,” said Hazel. Asked if she would continue doing both western and Indian films, she said: “I am an actor. Wherever I’d get to do my craft, I’d be doing. I won’t restrict myself to any one language or genre.”

Papa don't preach Dads will always remain overprotective about their little girls. So it comes as no surprise that Shatrughan Sinha is unhappy with daughter Sonakshi’s late night shoots for Shirish Kunder’s Joker. He has apparently given her a deadline of 1 am to be home. However, it seems Sona is not taking her dad’s diktat very seriously. Says Kunder, “Sonakshi doesn’t have any issue at all doing late night shoots. At least, she hasn’t come and told me about it. If this problem is addressed to me, I will take special care as the director and producer of the film.” The director is also clueless about Shatrughan’s 1 am deadline. “I have not been informed of any deadline set for Sonakshi by Mr Sinha.

We have been shooting a lot of night sequences. Sometimes we shoot till sunrise. We want a lot of dramatic light in the film, which is not possible to create during the day. In fact, 40 per cent of our shoot is still remaining and most of it is at night,” he says. However, a crew member of UTV Motion Pictures insists, “It’s a known fact that Shatrughan Sinha is very protective of his daughter. Being an actor himself he understands the unpredictable shooting hours, but as a dad he is not very pleased with her continuous late night shoots. He has asked her to be home by 1 at night. The actress knows that her dad is just hyperventilating, so she hasn’t felt the need to inform her producers about this as yet.”

Here’s why Aarti Chabria opted out of a film with Akshay Remember Aarti Chabria? Koi baat nahi ¦ if Now the makers were not comfortable to you don’t. This actress share the script with was apparently offered her. So she had to opt an action-oriented role out.Yeh kya baat hui? in an Akshay Kumar Why can’t they share film. the script with someThough she was more one who will be a than excited to work part of the film? Bewith Akki, she insisted cause she is a lady? on reading the script. Not acceptable.


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December 08, 2011

Courageous Journalism

Body Butter for Beautiful Winter Skin Butter Milk Kadi

Ingredients 2 cups butter milk (thick) 1 cup water ½ cup coconut gratings 4 green chillies 1 small piece haldi 1 tsp jeera 3 tsp ghee ½ tsp mustard seeds 1 sprig curry leaves salt to taste

Method rind coconut gratings with haldi smoothly. While removing masala put green chillies and cumin. Grind for another 2 minutes. Put enough water to bring the kadi to desired consistency. Put salt. Keep it to boil. Then put thick butter milk. Again bring to boil. Take out from flame. Season with mustard and curry leaves in ghee.

he best bet for women in the winters is body butter. Not only has it become increasingly popular, there are several advantages associated with body butter other than just moisturising your skin. It is crucial to opt for a body butter that not only suits your skin type but also improves your skin texture and tone while hydrating your body. Celebrity make-up expert, Reema Sablok, says, “The best part about body butter is the smell that makes your skin look nourished. If you feel that the body butter is too thick for your skin, mix it with a little water and it'll be perfect with texture blended well with the smell.” Choosing your body butter Since body butters are heavier in consistency than body lotions, it is crucial to look for the right ingredients for your skin type. Prianka Kumar, make-up expert, says, “It is extremely important to keep in mind that body butters are only to be applied to areas on your body other than the face, since facial tissues are relatively thinner and the thick consistency can lead to breakouts and allergies.” Shea body butter: Found mostly in central Africa, the fruit of the karite or shea tree is used to make shea body butter. This substance is completely organic and contains cinnamic-acid esters which are known to provide protection against harmful sun rays and smooth the skin. For skin type: If you have a dry skin, choose a one that is oil based and heavy in texture. Organic body butter: This body butter is eco-friendly and is created using organic butter or natural butter with natural and sustainable ingredients. For skin type: If you have an oily skin, it is best to choose organic body butter, since this is light in texture. Lavender body butter: Made from

How to Choose the Right Perfume for Winter No woman is completely dressed without a fragrance on her. The changing season means new perfumes to compliment the cooler weather. Different seasons have different fragrances. Summer and spring are all about light, floral fragrances. Come winter and it’s time to go musky, woody and oriental. While summer fragrances are meant to make a woman feel calm and cool, winter’s all about sexy heat. Training Manager, Fiona Caroline, Parfum Christian Dior, Mumbai, says, “During the winters, heavy clothing and the fall in the temperature does not emanate the fragrance as easily as it would in the summer or the spring season. Winter perfumes depend on one’s body chemistry. If your skin is dry and dehydrated, your body needs a fragrance which has an essence that is warm and intense, as compared to other seasons. Fragrances linger well on skin that is not dry and enhances the staying power of the fragrance.” Choosing what perfume to wear can be confusing. To make it easier, here’s an option: If you have a carefree nature, opt for musky fragrances. It would match your mood. The romantics should go for the fruity ones. The effect of perfume works distinctly for each women. Select those perfumes which remind you of the season. Celebrity make-up expert, Reema Sablok, says, “The effect of perfume works distinctly for each woman. The same scent will produce a dif-

ferent result on each person. What smells good on one person may smell entirely different on your body.” Test not more than three different brands at one go, else the different aromas may confuse your nose. When choosing a winter perfume scent, select those scents which remind you of the season. Know your scent > Give yourself five minutes between smelling each perfume to give the fragrance a chance to settle down. > If you spray the perfume on your wrist, do not rub your wrists together, this will destroy some of the top notes. > It’s a fact that the same perfumes smells differently on individuals. This is because of our body chemistry, which reacts with the components of fragrance. Choosing winter perfumes Scents are known to evoke seasonal fragrances and moods. Sablok, says, “Winter perfumes should have rich scents along with sweet notes like amber, vanilla and cinnamon. There are various perfumes which combine sweet fragrances like oranges, caramel, lemon, honey and fruits.” What’s your fragrance? Woody: An ideal choice for cooler months and evenings, earthy tones are the feature of woody fragrances. These perfumes usually feature such scents as sandalwood, patchouli and cedar to give a rich and natural fragrance. Woody perfumes are easy to

wear and versatile. Greens: Where woody perfumes capture the essence of forests and woodland, green perfumes have tones more reminiscent of cut grass and crisp spring growth. Lighter and suitable for casual wear as well as evening and business wear, these are generally funky and contemporary and can be worn for all occasions. Oriental: These perfumes are the strongest of all. With sensual overtones and rich undertones, this scent makes for quite heavy blends, but they are complemented by the fine scents of sweet vanilla, musk, sumptuous flowers and oriental resins. Most oriental perfumes have a wonderful crossing-over of qualities from all the other categories from the spicy fruit tones to warm woody tones and this makes them a superb choice for corporate environments, evening events and special occasions. Floral: These have strong overtones of flowery fragrances. Overtones like rose, jasmine and lavender work perfect for the winter season. These scents are feminine without being overpowering and are suitable as a day wear. Fruity: Fruity fragrances are spicy and fresh. They are quite youthful in their scent and apt for cool weather. In the winters, they invoke a sense of warm desserts and cider. They are an excellent choice for women who like classic fragrances but also want to add a little flair.

lavender essential oil, this is a body emollient. Lavender body butter is used to prevent excessive dryness of the skin by infusing it with moisture. In addition, this one is the preferred type of butter used for massaging. For skin type: Since you have an amalgamation of oily T zone and normal

skin elsewhere, flower based body butter is great for those with a combination skin. Cocoa body butter: The healing properties are what make cocoa butter popular among women. It consists of anti-oxidants that preserve the skin against the free radicals. Cocoa butter is especially beneficial to those who have stretch marks and scars. The butter is quickly absorbed by the skin and it melts readily at body temperature upon application. For skin type: For those with combination skin, it is ideal can ideally use cocoa body butter. It is neither too oily nor too dry. Chocolate body butter: This body butter is best to apply before bedtime. The smell of the chocolate is known to soothe your senses before bedtime

while hydrating your skin over the night. Known to be the most decadent body butter, its effects are amazing especially if you are looking to even out your skin tone. The chocolate content helps in eliminating free radicals that destroy the skin cells. For skin type: Chocolate body butter is ideal for normal and dry skin types. ango body butter: Native to Asia, and known for its exquisite flavour and smell, this body butter is enriched with vitamin A, E and beta carotene. This butter contains natural emollient properties, high oxidative ability and wound healing properties. It has a protective effect against UV radiation. For skin type: Mango body butter has relatively thick consistency and is ideal for those with intense dry skin. It also known to reduce the signs of ageing. Keep in mind > Read the label to know the ingredients. > Body butters are specifically formulated for various skin types like normal, dry and oily. > Consider the condition of your skin before buying body butter. For example, if you have a sensitive skin, choose body butter that is non-comedogenic. > Consider your lifestyle. If you have to spend most of your time outdoors, choose one with a SPF. > Kumar, says, “There is a stark difference between body lotion and body butter. Body lotion can be used throughout the year, whereas, body butter is only meant to be used during the winters.” > Body butter is supposed to be applied in less quantity than you would apply a body lotion. About one tablespoon of body butter for the legs and half of that for the hands and arms.


08 Dec 2011