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Inspired by Scarcity Life during wartime

Hanae Shimizu


Extend


Extend


Food

Butter extender United Kingdom and United States

World War II

- 1 package of plain gelatin - 1 lb. of butter (softened) - 2 cups of milk - 1 teaspoon of salt Mix them in a bowl with hot water. Pour the mixture into a small rectangular plastic container and refrigerate it until it becomes solid. Originally introduced as a temporary recipe to get through

serious food shortage, extended butter is produced and sold as lowfat butter today.

- Book Robert Opie, The Wartime Scrapbook: On the Home fromt 1939 to 1945, pi global publishing limited, 2005 - Book Richard Panchyk, World Wr II for Kids: A History with 21 Activities, Chicago Review Press, 2003


Divide


Divide


Food

Mars chocolate campaign Mars, United Kingdom World War II

Even if the chocolate is cut into smaller pieces, as long as the actual amount does not change, the satisfaction for the eater is multiplied psychologically.

- Book Mike Brown & Carol Harris, The Wartime House: Home Life in Wartime Britain 1939-1945, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2001


Cut Down


Cut Down


Transportation

Scooter bike with a small front tire Netherlands 1944-45

If you don’t have enough rubber to make a bike tire, just make it smaller. What a simple solution! It is said that these newly invented vehicles were not exactly comfortable to ride on.

- Book Gerjan Heij, Het dagelijks leven in de jaren ‘40, Terra, 2008 - Book Johannes van Miert, Oorlog en bezetting : Nederland 1940-1945 in woord, beeld en geluid, Kosmos-Z&K, 1995


Multiuse


Multiuse


Furnishing / Military

Mattress life preserver United States World War I

“THEIR MATTRESSES WILL SAVE

fiber from a tropical tree called

THEM. Besides providing restful

kapok. Since the kapok fiber is very

accommodations, these mattresses -

light and water resistant, it was first

belonging to recruits at the Newport

used for flotation devices in 1902.

Naval Training Station - are also

It was banned in 1904 for being

efficient life preservers.” (Illustrated

flammable and losing buoyancy, yet

World June 1917) Are you brave

it kept being used during the first

enough to dive into the sea with

half of the 20th century. That is why

this life preserver? These mattresses

the life preserver was called “kapok”

would have been stuffed with the

during World War II.

- Website Modern Mechanix, http://blog.modernmechanix.com/2009/12/04/war-sidelights/ - Website Raven Rescue; The History of the PFD, http://www.ravenrescue.com/index.php/resources/the-history-of-the-pfd/ - Website Mexconnect; Did you know? Mexico’s kapok trees aided the U.S. war effort , http://www.mexconnect.com/articles/1246-did-you-know-mexico-skapok-trees-aided-the-u-s-war-effort


Substitute


Substitute


Commodity

Ceramic metal houseware Japan and other countries

Because of serious metal shortage, many metal houseware was often replaced by ceramicware, which was plentiful even in wartime.

- Exhibition Permanent Exhibition, Setogura, 2010 - Book Seto: Seto government 70th aniversary magazine - Website Invitation to Douguology: ceramic substitution, http://www.studio-mira.com/Douguology/KOZA%20Bbox02.html


- Website Wartime ceramic catalog, http://touseizufu.exblog.jp/ - Website Imperial army and navy: Commodities after the war, http://www13.ocn.ne.jp/~seiroku/daiyouhin.html - Website Invitation to Douguology: ceramic substitution, http://www.studio-mira.com/Douguology/KOZA%20Bbox02.html


Imitate


Imitate


Fashion

Liquid Stockings United Kingdom and other countries

World War II, after 1940

Nylon stockings were introduced to women in the US on May 15th, 1940. However, because of nylon and silk shortage, a substitution was soon needed. Women were advised to cover their legs with liquid paint and draw a seam up the backs of the legs with an eyebrow pencil. “Beauty goes to extremes ... here’s a tip for

stockingless legs. If you can’t buy stocking make-up, sponge the legs with a few grain of permanganate of potash dissolved in warm water. Be sure to test on the sole of one foot first because it won’t wash off for days. Do this before a special occasion on which you want to look your nicest.”

- Book Mike Brown & Carol Harris, The Wartime House: Home Life in Wartime Britain 1939-1945, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2001 - Website Smithsonian’s History Explorer: Leg Silque Liquid Stockings, http://historyexplorer.americanhistory.si.edu/artifacts/resource.asp?id=1214 - Website Kitsch-Slapped: After Stocking Panic, Women Made-Up, http://www.kitsch-slapped.com/2009/11/after-stocking-panic-women-made-up/


- Website Kitsch-Slapped: After Stocking Panic, Women Made-Up, http://www.kitsch-slapped.com/2009/11/after-stocking-panic-women-made-up/ - Website Modern Mechanix: Cream Replaces Silk Stockings, http://blog.modernmechanix.com/2007/04/15/cream-replaces-silk-stockings/ - Website corbis IMAGES, http://www.corbisimages.com/


Protect


Protect


Transportation

Armored car United States World War II

“Every automobile in the United States is potentially an armored car, under a plan recently proposed to aid the national defense program. The scheme would provide tanklike bodies of half-inch steel which could be speedily mounted on the chassis of standard cars. Swarms of these ‘minute man tanks,’ the proponents claim, would prove an invaluable

aid in combating invaders and parachute troops” (Popular Science December, 1940).

- Website Modern Mechanix; Bulletproof Body Turns Any Auto into an Armored Car (Dec, 1940), http://blog.modernmechanix.com/2006/11/28/ bulletproof-body-turns-any-auto-into-an-armored-car/

Inspired by Scarcity (Latest)  

During times of crisis such as World Wars I and II, the world found itself seeking new ways of dealing with scarcity. Unusual materials and...

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