Page 1

for Prim ar y

B

Little Genius is a new two-level series of illustrated grammar books for

Little Genius Grammar for Primary B

mar m a Gr

for Prim r a a m ry m a r B G

very young learners. Children follow the humorous adventures of Brad and Maddie, the ingenious twins, while taking their first steps in English grammar and structure.

Little Genius includes: simple and amusing cartoon stories presenting key grammar areas in context carefully controlled language so that it’s always familiar to students grammar presented in small manageable chunks a wide variety of illustrated exercises carefully graded to build young learners’ confidence step by step • regular revision units which help students consolidate what they’ve learned • a wordlist at the back of the book

Student’s Book

• • • •

Components: Student’s Book Teacher’s Book with overprinted answers load Down w the ne ar ramm

hG Englis App! Genius

Zandra Daniels


for Prim r a m ar m y a r B G

s

L

e G n e l i u t it

Contents Unit

Page

Unit

Page

1 Personal pronouns, to be

2

11 Some, any

46

2 Plurals, this / that, these / those

6

12 How much / many?

50

3 Have got, possessive adjectives

10

Revision 2

54

4 Present continuous

14

13 Was, were, there was / were

56

5 Possessive ’s, whose?

18

14 Past simple: regular verbs

60

6 Can

22

15 Past simple: irregular vebs

66

Revision 1

26

16 Comparative, superlative

70

7 Present simple

28

17 Going to

74

8 Imperatives, let’s

34

18 Will

78

9 Must

38

Revision 3

82

Wordlist

84

Irregular verbs

87

10 There is / are, prepositions of place, where?

42

Zandra Daniels


1

Personal pronouns, to be Brad, look!

Let’s go!

Ouch!

He’s strong but he isn’t very brave.

Yes, I am. Thank you. You’re very brave and strong!

Are you OK?

Affirmative

Negative

Question

Short answers

I am (I’m) you are (you’re) he is (he’s) she is (she’s) it is (it’s) we are (we’re) you are (you’re) they are (they’re)

I am not (I’m not) you are not (you aren’t) he is not (he isn’t) she is not (she isn’t) it is not (it isn’t) we are not (we aren’t) you are not (you aren’t) they are not (they aren’t)

Am I? Are you? Is he? Is she? Is it? Are we? Are you? Are they?

Yes, you are. / No, you aren’t. Yes, I am. / No, I’m not. Yes, he is. / No, he isn’t. Yes, she is. / No, she isn’t. Yes, it is. / No, it isn’t. Yes, you are. / No, you aren’t. Yes, we are. / No, we aren’t. Yes, they are. / No, they aren’t.

• When we are talking, we often use the short form of the verb to be.

I’m ten years old.

Mark’s funny.

We’re happy.

• In negative sentences, we add not after am / are / is.

I’m not ten years old.

You aren’t brave.

She isn’t my sister.

• When we ask a question, we put am / are / is at the beginning of the sentence, then a personal pronoun (I, you, he, she, it, we, they), a name or a noun.

Am I tall? •

Is Anna ten years old?

When we answer a question with ‘yes’, we don’t use the short form.

A: Are they friends?

2

Are the boys hungry?

two

B: Yes, they are.


1

Personal pronouns, to be

1

Read and circle. 1 He / We is tall.

2 You / He is brave.

3 It / You are happy.

4 We / She are hungry.

5 I / We am clever.

6 You / It is small.

7 It / They are old.

8 I / He is funny.

9 She / I is sad. 2

10 She / They are beautiful.

Read and write. 1 The tree is very tall. 2 Marcus is ten years old. 3 William and I are happy. 4 The girls are at school. 5 You and Jenny are clever. 6 The houses are beautiful.

It is very tall. .............................................................................. He is ten years old. .............................................................................. We are happy. .............................................................................. They are at school. .............................................................................. You are clever. .............................................................................. They are beautiful. ..............................................................................

She is brave. .............................................................................. It is black and white. 8 The dog is black and white. .............................................................................. He is strong. 9 The man is strong. .............................................................................. It is small. 10 The cat is small. .............................................................................. 7 Samantha is brave.

3

Write am, is or are. are brothers. 1 We

2 I

is very clever. 3 Andrew are my friend. 5 You is small. 7 The mouse

8 Tim and Ann

am

at home. 4 The books are new. fast. 6 Beth and I are are

young.

three

3


1 4

Personal pronouns, to be

Look and write.

1 the man: young / old 2 the car: big / small 3 the balloons: red / blue 4 the little girls: sad / happy 5 the woman: tall / short 6 the dog: fast / slow 5

4

The man is young. He isn’t old. .................................................................................. The car isn’t big. It’s small. .................................................................................. The balloons are red. They aren’t blue. .................................................................................. The little girls aren’t sad. They’re happy. .................................................................................. The woman is tall. She isn’t short. .................................................................................. The dog is fast. It isn’t slow. ..................................................................................

Ask and answer. 1 you / ten years old? ✓ A: Are you ten years old? B: Yes, I am.

2 they / sisters? ✗ A: Are they sisters? B: No, they aren’t.

3 she / at school? ✗ A: Is she at school? B: No, she isn’t.

4 it / a bike? ✗ A: Is it a bike? B: No, it isn’t.

5 I / clever? ✓ A: Am I clever? B: Yes, you are.

6 he / a teacher? ✓ A: Is he a teacher? B: Yes, he is.

four


1

Personal pronouns, to be

6

Look, choose and write. new

7

short

slow

thirsty

1 Maddie / hungry? A: Is Maddie hungry? B: No, she isn’t. She’s thirsty.

2 Brad / fast? A: Is Brad fast? B: No, he isn’t. He’s slow.

3 the boys / tall? A: Are the boys tall? B: No, they aren’t. They’re short.

4 the car / old? A: Is the car old? B: No, it isn’t. It’s new.

Answer the questions. 1 Are you at school? 2 Is your teacher tall? 3 Are your friends clever? 4 Is your classroom big?

Yes, I am. / No, I’m not. ......................................................................... Yes, he/she is. / No, he/she isn’t. ......................................................................... Yes, they are. / No, they aren’t. ......................................................................... Yes, it is. / No, it isn’t. .........................................................................

Yes, they are. / No, they aren’t. 5 Are your mum and dad at home? ......................................................................... Yes, it is. / No, it isn’t. 6 Is your English book funny? ......................................................................... five

5


2

Plurals, this / that, these / those

Is that a dinosaur?

No, it isn’t! Dinosaurs are extinct.

Help! These teeth are big!

These legs are small. Plurals Regular plurals

Irregular plurals

Singular

Plural

Singular

Plural

a dinosaur a table a toy a bus a glass a potato a photo a baby a knife

dinosaurs tables toys buses glasses potatoes photos babies knives

a man a woman a child a person a foot a tooth a mouse a fish a sheep

men women children people feet teeth mice fish sheep

• If we want to talk about more than one person, animal or thing, we usually add the ending -s.

a girl ➞ two girls a boy ➞ six boys • When words end in -s, -ss, -sh, -ch or -x, we add -es.

a glass ➞ two glasses a brush ➞ two brushes

6

six

• When words end in -o, we add -s or -es.

a radio ➞ three radios a tomato ➞ two tomatoes • When a word ends in -y and has a consonant before the -y, then we delete the -y and add -ies.

a fairy ➞ five fairies • If a word ends in -f or -fe, then we delete the -f or -fe and add -ves.

a wolf ➞ two wolves a wife ➞ two wives • Some words do not form the plural with -s / -es / -ies / -ves. The plural form is different for each of these words.

a child ➞ two children a mouse ➞ two mice a fish ➞ three fish


2

Plurals, this / that, these / those

This / that, these / those Affirmative

Negative

Question

Singular

Plural

Singular

Plural

Singular

Plural

This is ...

These are ...

Are these ...?

Those are ...

These are not ... (These aren’t ...) Those are not ... (Those aren’t ...)

Is this ...?

That is ... (That’s)

This is not ... (This isn’t ...) That is not ... (That isn’t ...)

Is that ...?

Are those ...?

• We use this when someone or something is near us. We use that when someone or something is far away from us. The plural of this is these. The plural of that is those.

This is a robot.

These are robots.

That is a monster.

Those are monsters.

• When someone asks Is this …? or Is that …?, we answer Yes, it is or No, it isn’t. When someone asks Are these …? or Are those …?, we answer Yes, they are or No, they aren’t.

A: Is this a mouse? A: Are those rings?

B: Yes, it is. B: No, they aren’t.

• When someone asks What’s this? or What’s that?, we answer It’s a / an … . When someone asks What are these? or What are those?, we answer They’re … .

A: What’s that? A: What are these?

1

B: It’s a camera. B: They’re dresses.

Write the plural in the correct group. baby banana boy brush bus child desk fairy fox knife lady leaf mouse party person potato radio tooth wife wolf -s

-es

-ies

-ves

Irregular

bananas

brushes

babies

knives

children

boys

buses

fairies

leaves

mice

desks

foxes

ladies

wives

people

radios

potatoes

parties

wolves

teeth

seven

7


2 2

Plurals, this / that, these / those

Write the plural. babies 1 They’re two years old. They’re feet are small. (foot) 2 Your

. (baby)

glasses

are clean. (glass) children ? (child) 4 Are Vicky and Nick your 5 Are the tomatoes good? (tomato) 3 The

6 Where are the 3

8

apples

? (apple)

Look and write This,That,These or Those.

1

This That

is a small bag. is a big bag.

2

Those These

are strawberries. are cherries.

3

That This

is an old car. is a new car.

4

These Those

are potatoes. are tomatoes.

eight


2

Plurals, this / that, these / those

4

Look, ask and answer.

Is this 1 A: B: No, it isn’t.

Are these 3 A: B: No, they aren’t.

Is this 5 A: B: No, it isn’t. 5

Are those 2 A: B: Yes, they are.

foxes?

books?

Is that 4 A: B: Yes, it is.

a leaf?

a dog?

Are those 6 A: B: Yes, they are.

dinosaurs?

a robot?

Answer the questions. ’s 1 A: What this?

B: It’s a tree. B: They’re robots.

2 A: What

are

these?

3 A: What

are

those?

4 A: What

’s

that?

B: They’re John’s toys. It’s B: my computer.

5 A: What

’s

this?

B:

6 A: What

are

these?

7 A: What

’s

that?

B: They’re elephants. It’s B: a wolf.

8 A: What

are

those?

B: They’re knives.

It’s

her brush.

nine

9


3

Have got, possessive adjectives But it’s got wheels and lights and a fridge!

What have you got there, Brad?

Has Maddie got a bag like this?

It’s my school bag, Miss.

Yes, she has. Her bag hasn’t got a fridge but it’s got a TV!

Have got Affirmative

Negative

Question

I have (I’ve) got you have (you’ve) got he has (he’s) got she has (she’s) got it has (it’s) got we have (we’ve) got you have (you’ve) got they have (they’ve) got

I have not (haven’t) got you have not (haven’t) got he has not (hasn’t) got she has not (hasn’t) got it has not (hasn’t) got we have not (haven’t) got you have not (haven’t) got they have not (haven’t) got

Have I got? Have you got? Has he got? Has she got? Has it got? Have we got? Have you got? Have they got?

• We use have got to show that something belongs to us or to talk about what we look like. We use have got with I, you, we and they. We use has got with he, she and it.

I’ve got a computer.

She’s got green eyes.

• We put not after have / has to form the negative (have not got / has not got). The short form is haven’t got or hasn’t got.

They haven’t got pets.

He hasn’t got a toy dragon.

• When we ask a question, we put have / has at the beginning of the sentence.

Have you got a brother?

Has Jenny got a watch?

• We don’t use got in short answers.

A: Have the children got a nice teacher? A: Has Pete got a car?

10

ten

B:Yes, they have. B: No, he hasn’t.


Have got, possessive adjectives

Possessive adjectives

1

Singular

Plural

my your his her its

our your their their their

• Possessive adjectives show who owns something. We always use a noun after a possessive adjective.

This is my book. • We use his when something belongs to a man or a boy. We use her when something belongs to a woman or a girl. We use its for animals or things. The plural of his / her / its is their.

Write have or has. 1 The red car has got two doors. 3 She has got a pink school bag. 5 I have not got a scooter.

2

Write ’ve got or ’s got. 1 We ’ve got new skateboards. 3 He

’s got

two sisters. 5 They ’ve got long hair. 7 I ’ve got brown eyes.

3

3

Have you got a watch? 4 We have not got the book. 6 Has he got a brother?

2

2 Marianne ’s got a dog. 4 You ’ve got a nice T-shirt. 6 It

’s got

8 Tom

a garden. ’s got the camera.

Write. 1 Nick / a robot ✓ 2 we / a car ✗ 3 they / a new teacher ✓ 4 you / a big family ✓ 5 the room / a window ✗ 6 that boy / a helmet ✗

Nick’s got a robot. .............................................................................. We haven’t got a car. .............................................................................. They’ve got a new teacher. .............................................................................. You’ve got a big family. .............................................................................. The room hasn’t got a window. .............................................................................. That boy hasn’t got a helmet. .............................................................................. eleven

11


3 4

Have got, possessive adjectives

Look, ask and answer.

1 Brad / a green school bag? A: Has Brad got a green school bag? B: No, he hasn’t.

2 the black and grey bag / a TV? A: Has the black and grey bag got a TV? B: No, it hasn’t.

3 Maddie / a red school bag? 4 the school bags / wheels? A: Has Maddie got a red school bag? A: Have the school bags got wheels? B: Yes, she has. B: Yes, they have. 5 the teacher / long hair? A: Has the teacher got long hair? B: No, she hasn’t. 5

Write My,Your, His, Her, Its or Their. 1 I’ve got blue eyes. are blue.

My

3 It’s got blue windows. windows are blue.

eyes Its

5 He’s got a brown school bag. His school bag is brown. 7 We’ve got a small garden. Our garden is small.

12

6 they / a drink? A: Have they got a drink? B: Yes, they have.

twelve

2 You’ve got a black T-shirt. Your T-shirt is black. 4 She’s got a pretty nose. Her nose is pretty. 6 They’ve got a white car. Their car is white. 8 I’ve got a new skateboard. My skateboard is new.


Have got, possessive adjectives

6

Look and write His, Her or Their. His eyes are green. 1 2

Her

3

Their hair is brown. Her school bag is purple.

4 5 6 7

3

His

eyes are brown.

school bag is black.

Their T-shirts are white.

Read and write. 1 This is my sister.

Her name is Jade.

(name: Jade) His bike is blue. (bike: blue)

2 James hasn’t got a red bike. Its arms are long. 3 This is a robot. 4 Look at Nick and Fred.

(arms: long) Their T-shirts are big. (T-shirts: big)

Our dog is white. (dog: white) 5 We haven’t got a brown dog. 6 You are happy. Your computer is new. (computer: new) 8

Read and write. 1 Ben: ten eyes: blue, hair: blond a bike, a skateboard

Ben is ten years old. His eyes are blue and his hair is blond. He’s got a bike and a skateboard.

2 Anna: seventeen eyes: green, hair: brown a camera, a scooter

Anna is seventeen years old. Her eyes are green and her hair is brown. She’s got a camera and a scooter.

3 Tom and Linda: twelve eyes: black, hair: short a PC, an MP3 player

Tom and Linda are twelve years old. Their eyes are black and their hair is short. They’ve got a PC and an MP3 player. thirteen

13


4

Present continuous

What are you doing?

I’m testing the ‘Pet Wash’ machine.

What is it doing now?

Look! The machine is washing Buster.

It’s drying him.

Oops!

That’s the programme for girl dogs, Maddie!

14

Affirmative

Negative

Question

I am (I’m) playing you are (you’re) playing he is (he’s) playing she is (she’s) playing it is (it’s) playing we are (we’re) playing you are (you’re) playing they are (they’re) playing

I am not (I’m not) playing you are not (you aren’t) playing he is not (he isn’t) playing she is not (she isn’t) playing it is not (it isn’t) playing we are not (we aren’t) playing you are not (you aren’t) playing they are not (they aren’t) playing

Am I playing? Are you playing? Is he playing? Is she playing? Is it playing? Are we playing? Are you playing? Are they playing?

fourteen


Present continuous

4

• We use the present continuous to describe something that is happening now. • We form the present continuous with the verb to be (I am, you are, he is, she is, it is, we are, you are, they are) and the main verb with an -ing ending.

I’m doing my homework.

They’re playing a game.

• When we add -ing to a verb, the spelling can change: • When the verb ends in -e, we delete the -e and add -ing.

ride ➞ riding •

dance ➞ dancing

When the verb ends in a consonant and before that there is a vowel (a, e, i, o, u), then we double the final consonant and add -ing. The word open is different and we don’t double the final consonant.

stop ➞ stopping

swim ➞ swimming

open ➞ opening

• We form the negative by adding not after am / is / are.

She isn’t working.

They aren’t wearing T-shirts.

• When we ask a question, we put am, is, are at the beginning of the sentence.

Are you listening to music?

Is he sleeping?

• In short answers, we don’t repeat the main verb.

A: Are you taking a photo? A: Is she sleeping?

1

B: Yes, I am. B: No, she isn’t.

Write am, is or are. 1 I am wearing my new T-shirt. 3 We are having a picnic. 5 They are dancing in the garden.

2

2 You are eating my sandwich! 4 Louise is hiding behind that tree. 6 The dog is chasing the ball.

Write the short form. 1 We are writing a story. 2 She is making orange juice.

We’re writing a story. ...................................................................................... She’s making orange juice. ......................................................................................

4 They are having fun.

I’m coming with you! ...................................................................................... They’re having fun. ......................................................................................

5 He is sailing his boat.

He’s sailing his boat. ......................................................................................

3 I am coming with you!

fifteen

15


4 3

Present continuous

Write. 1 We are playing football. (play) 3 I am making a sandwich. (make)

are doing their 5 The boys homework. (do) 7 You are swimming in the sea. (swim)

4

2 She is sleeping on the sofa. (sleep) is wearing a hat. 4 David (wear) 6 They are having a lesson. (have) 8 I am reading (read)

a good book.

Look, ask and answer.

1 A: Are the children sitting under a tree? (the children / sit) B: No, they aren’t. 2 A: Is Maddie taking a photo? (Maddie / take) B: Yes, she is. 3 A: Are the girls wearing hats? (the girls / wear) B: Yes, they are. 4 A: Is Buster chasing Missy? (Buster / chase) B: No, he isn’t. 5 A:

Is Brad eating

a sandwich? (Brad / eat)

6 A: Are the boys playing football? (the boys / play)

16

sixteen

B: Yes, he is. B: No, they aren’t.


Present continuous

5

Look at the picture in exercise 4 and write. Brad isn’t wearing a blue T-shirt. 1 Brad / wear a blue T-shirt ........................................................................ 2 Maddie / play volleyball 3 the boys / drink orange juice 4 Buster / sleep 5 the girls / eat a sandwich 6 the children / watch TV 7 it / rain

6

4

Maddie isn’t playing volleyball. ........................................................................ The boys aren’t drinking orange juice. ........................................................................ Buster isn’t sleeping. ........................................................................ The girls aren’t eating a sandwich. ........................................................................ The children aren’t watching TV. ........................................................................ It isn’t raining. ........................................................................

Read and write. 1 I’m in my room. (I / play football ✗ – I / do my homework ✓) I’m not playing football. I’m doing my homework. 2 We’re at school. (we / have a lesson ✓ – we / have a picnic ✗) We’re having a lesson. We aren’t having a picnic. 3 You’re at the beach. (you / ride your bike ✗ – you / swim ✓) You aren’t riding your bike.You’re swimming. 4 She’s at the cinema. (she / watch a film ✓ – she / cook ✗) She’s watching a film. She isn’t cooking. 5 I’m in the garden. (I / read a book ✓ – I / read a comic ✗) I’m reading a book. I’m not reading a comic. 6 It’s hot. (they / wear coats ✗ – they / wear T-shirts ✓) They aren’t wearing coats. They’re wearing T-shirts. 7 It’s midnight. (he / sleep ✓ – he / surf ✗) He’s sleeping. He isn’t surfing. 8 It’s one o’clock. (we / have breakfast ✗ – we / have lunch ✓) We aren’t having breakfast. We’re having lunch. seventeen

17


5

Possessive ’s, whose? Look! That’s Aunt Kelly’s house! But whose car is that?

It isn’t Aunt Kelly’s car and it isn’t Uncle Ed’s. They’re at work. Call the police, Maddie! You’re very clever children! Well done!

Possessive ’s • We use an apostrophe and s (’s) at the end of a name or a noun to show who owns something.

Brad’s book

Gina’s T-shirt

the boy’s hat

• When a name already ends in -s, we only add an apostrophe after the -s.

James’ mum

Tess’ dress

• When more than one person owns something, and the word already ends in -s, we only add an apostrophe after the -s.

the girls’ desks

the students’ tests

• When more than one person owns something, and the word does not end in -s, we add apostrophe and s (’s).

the children’s classroom

the men’s shoes

• We use the word whose and is or are to ask who owns one or more things.

A: Whose car is this? A: Whose shoes are these?

18

eighteen

B: It’s John’s car. B: They’re the boys’ shoes.


Possessive ’s, whose?

1

Read and write ’s. This is Maddie’s skirt. ............................................................................. Is he the boy’s father? .............................................................................

1 This is Maddie skirt. 2 Is he the boy father? 4 Are these Maria gloves?

It’s Nina’s camera. ............................................................................. Are these Maria’s gloves? .............................................................................

5 Where’s the cat bowl?

Where’s the cat’s bowl? .............................................................................

3 It’s Nina camera.

2

Read and write ’s or ’. 1 This is the girls bathroom. 2 Where are the children toys?

This is the girls’ bathroom. ............................................................................. Where are the children’s toys? .............................................................................

4 These are my friends bikes.

Is this the teachers’ room? ............................................................................. These are my friends’ bikes. .............................................................................

5 The women hats are red.

The women’s hats are red. .............................................................................

3 Is this the teachers room?

3

5

Find and write. 1 that girl

T-shirt

good

2 the children

shoes

long

3 your friends

hair

green

4 Chris

photos

dirty

5 the boys

eyes

blue

6 Jane

names

Tom and Brian

1 That girl’s hair is long. 3 Your friends’ shoes are dirty.

2 The children’s photos are good. 4 Chris’ T-shirt is blue.

5 The boys’ names are Tom and Brian.

6 Jane’s eyes are green. nineteen

19


5 4

Possessive ’s, whose?

Look and complete the questions.

2

1

3 4

1 3 5 5

5

Whose laptop is it ? Whose CD player is it ? is it Whose camera ?

Ask and answer. 1 A: Whose room 2 A: Whose boots 3 A: Whose bike

is it

?

are they ? is it ?

is it ? 4 A: Whose camera 5 A: Whose gloves are they ? is it ? 6 A: Whose ball 7 A: Whose CDs are they ? 8 A: Whose photos are they ?

20

twenty

2 4 6

6

Whose bags are they ? Whose shoes are they ? Whose earrings are they ?

B: It’s Jenny’s. B: They’re the girls’.

(Jenny)

B: It’s my friend’s. B: It’s Uncle Jim’s.

(my friend)

(the girls) (Uncle Jim)

B: They’re the children’s. (the children) B: It’s the dog’s. (the dog) B: They’re the boy’s. (the boy) B: They’re Chris’.

(Chris)


5

Possessive ’s, whose?

6

Look, ask and answer. Uncle Ed Aunt Kelly

Brad

Maddie

T-shirt

1 A: Whose T-shirt is it? B: It’s Maddie’s.

necklaces

2 A: Whose necklaces are they? B: They’re Aunt Kelly’s. sunglasses

3 A: Whose sunglasses are they? B: They’re Uncle Ed’s.

T-shirt

4 A: Whose T-shirt is it? B: It’s Brad’s.

bag

5 A: Whose bag is it? B: It’s Maddie’s.

shoes

6 A: Whose shoes are they? B: They’re Aunt Kelly’s. twenty-one

21


6

Can

Maddie! Look! I can swim very fast! Can you stop?

Help! I can’t stop!

Thanks, Maddie!

22

Affirmative

Negative

Question

Short answers

I can sing you can sing he can sing she can sing it can sing we can sing you can sing they can sing

I cannot (can’t) sing you cannot (can’t) sing he cannot (can’t) sing she cannot (can’t) sing it cannot (can’t) sing we cannot (can’t) sing you cannot (can’t) sing they cannot (can’t) sing

Can I sing? Can you sing? Can he sing? Can she sing? Can it sing? Can we sing? Can you sing? Can they sing?

Yes, you can. / No, you can’t. Yes, I can. / No, I can’t. Yes, he can. / No, he can’t. Yes, she can. / No, she can’t. Yes, it can. / No, it can’t. Yes, you can. / No, you can’t. Yes, we can. / No, we can’t. Yes, they can. / No, they can’t.

twenty-two


Can

6

• We use can to express ability. Can always stays the same.

I can speak Spanish.

She can play tennis.

They can sing.

• We put not after can to form a negative sentence. Can and not become one word: cannot. The short form is can’t.

We cannot sleep.

You can’t ride a bike.

• When we want to ask a question, we put can at the beginning of the sentence, then the personal pronoun, noun or name (e.g. I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they, the bird, John) and then the main verb.

A: Can you dance?

1

2

B: Yes, I can.

Find and write. 1 you

play the violin

2 he

read

3 we

swim fast

4 I

speak Italian

5 she

surf

6 they

ride a horse

1 You can swim fast. 3 We can surf.

2 He can speak Italian. 4 I can ride a horse.

5 She can play the violin.

6 They can read.

Write. 1 Brad / play the guitar ✓ 2 Maddie / play the guitar ✗

Brad can play the guitar. ................................................................... Maddie can’t play the guitar. ...................................................................

4 Maddie / surf ✓

Brad can’t surf. ................................................................... Maddie can surf. ...................................................................

5 Brad and Maddie / speak German ✗

Brad and Maddie can’t speak German. ...................................................................

3 Brad / surf ✗

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23


6 3

Can

Look, ask and answer. Lou

Maddie Fred

Ben

Karen

Diana Brad Paul

1 Maddie / sing? A: Can Maddie sing? B: Yes, she can.

Tim

She’s very good.

2 Brad / play the saxophone? A: Can Brad play the saxophone? B: Yes, he can. He’s OK. 3 Diana / play the violin? A: Can Diana play the violin? B: No, she can’t. She’s terrible! 4 Ben and Fred / play the drums? A: Can Ben and Fred play the drums? B: No, they can’t. They can’t find the drumsticks. 5 Karen and Lou / sing? A: Can Karen and Lou sing? B: Yes, they can. They’re great! 6 Paul / play the guitar? A: Can Paul play the guitar? B: No, he can’t. His arm is broken.

24

twenty-four


Can

6

4 Read, choose and write.

cook

have

not play

not take

not wear

ride

run

swim

1 Can you cook (you) lunch? I’m hungry. 2 They can’t play football. They can’t find the ball. 3 You can swim here. The water is good. 4 I can’t take a photo. I haven’t got a camera. 5 Can we have (we) a picnic? It’s a beautiful day. can run very fast. 6 He 7 They can’t wear shorts today. It’s very cold. 8 Can you ride (you) a bike? 5

Complete the table (✓ or ✗) about you and a friend. Then write. I

swim ski cook play the piano play football fly a plane Students’ own answers I can ....................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................. .................................................................................................................................................. .................................................................................................................................................. .................................................................................................................................................. twenty-five

25


1

Revision 1

Write the plural. 1 policeman

policemen

2 robot

robots

3 watch

watches

4 fairy

fairies

5 child

children

6 wolf

wolves

tomatoes

8 table

tables

7 tomato

2

3

Look and write this is, that is, these are or those are. 1

This is

2

Those are

these are a new book and old books. that is clocks and a watch.

3

These are

leaves and

this is

4

This is

a dog and

these are

5

Those are

apples and

that is

2 he / a sister ✗

an orange.

We’ve got a new camera. .............................................................................. He hasn’t got a sister. ..............................................................................

4 they / a big house ✗

Have you got a red pen? .............................................................................. They haven’t got a big house. ..............................................................................

5 I / three cousins ✓

I’ve got three cousins. ..............................................................................

3 you / a red pen V

26

foxes.

Write. Use have got. 1 we / a new camera ✓

4

a tree.

Write. Her 1 3

Their

5

His

twenty-six

jacket is green. (she)

2

Your

cat is black. (they)

4

Its

eyes are brown. (he)

6

Our

hair is long. (you) tail is short. (it) teacher is young. (we)


Units

5

1-6

Write. Use the present continuous. is reading 1 Chris a book. (read) 2 Are they watching TV? (they / watch) 3 I am not wearing my coat. (not wear) is taking photos. (take) 4 Gina 5 Are you reading my book? (you / read) 6 We

6

are not going

to the cinema. (not go)

Complete the questions and answers. 1 A: Whose is this bike? B: It’s Damien’s.

(Damien)

Whose is this house? 3 A: Whose are these toys? 4 A: Whose is this dog? 5 A: Whose are these shoes?

(James)

2 A:

6 A: Whose are these glasses?

7

B: It’s Tessa’s. (Tessa) B: They’re the boys’. (the boys) B: It’s that woman’s. (that woman) B: They’re James’. B: They’re Dad’s.

(Dad)

Write. Use can. 1 I / play the drums ✗

I can’t play the drums.

2 they / ride a bike V

Can they ride a bike?

3 Sharon / swim ✓

Sharon can swim.

4 Harry / dive ✗

Harry can’t dive.

5 this machine / fly V

Can this machine fly?

6 we / speak French ✓

We can speak French.

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27


7a Present simple (affirmative) That’s right! Brad plays football but I always stay at home.

Wednesdays are great! I go to the park with my friends and we play football.

But you love sports, Maddie!

• We use the present simple to describe something that we do often, a habit or a permanent situation.

Affirmative I run you run he runs she runs it runs

She does her homework every day. I often go to the cinema. They live in London. • In the third person singular (he, she, it): • we usually add -s to the verb.

we run you run they run

walk ➞ walks •

dance ➞ dances stay ➞ stays when the verb ends in -ss, -sh, -ch, -x or -o, we add the ending -es. brush ➞ brushes watch ➞ watches fix ➞ fixes do ➞ does when the verb ends in -y and has a consonant before the -y, then we delete the -y and add -ies. fly ➞ flies study ➞ studies

• When we want to say when or how often we do something, we often use time words and phrases like these: • always, often, sometimes, never • • •

in the morning, in the afternoon, in the evening every day, every morning, every Monday on Tuesday, on Saturdays

• The words always, often, sometimes and never go between the pronoun / name / noun and the verb.

We sometimes go to bed at eleven o’clock. • When we use a time phrase, it goes at the beginning or the end of the sentence.

In the afternoon I play with my brother.

28

twenty-eight

We have pizza every Friday.


Present simple (affirmative)

1

7a

Write the verbs in the correct group. carry catch cry dive eat fly go kiss make mix play study -s

2

-es

-ies

dives

catches

carries

eats

goes

cries

makes

kisses

flies

plays

mixes

studies

Write. 1 Mum gets up at seven. My sister and I get up at eight. sit on that chair. 2 Jenny sits on the sofa. I plays

the drums. 4 Peter makes model planes. Paul and Fred make model trains. 5 Tania swims in the big pool. Suzie swims in the small pool.

3 We play the guitar. Andy

6 We watch TV in my bedroom. Diana watches TV in the living room. 3

Write. 1 Marcus usually wears his jeans to school. (wear) 2 I brush my teeth in the morning and in the evening. (brush) reads

comics every afternoon. (read) 4 Veronica studies every day. (study) go to the cinema at the weekend. (go) 5 We always at home on Sundays. (stay) 6 Anna and Ben stay 3 Keith

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29


7a 4

Present simple (affirmative)

Read and circle. 1 Always / In the evening we watch TV or read a book. 2 John never / on Mondays wears a hat. 3 Natasha sometimes / on Sundays cooks lunch. 4 I drink milk always / every day. 5 We run in the park often / in the morning. 6 Dennis has a piano lesson often / on Tuesday. 7 I often / every day take photos of my pets. 8 Kelly always / every Saturday has breakfast at eight o’clock.

5

Look, choose and write. make

play

read

sit

sleep

stay

watch

wear

On Sunday afternoons … stay 1 Brad and Maddie

at

home.

reads

2 Maddie 3 Brad

plays

a book. computer games.

sits

on the floor. 5 Mum and Dad watch TV. 6 Buster and Missy sleep on 4 He

the sofa. 7 Mum makes popcorn. 8 Dad wears his favourite T-shirt. It’s green.

30

thirty


7b Present simple (negative, question) Is Brad at home?

What do you do?

No, he doesn’t stay at home on Wednesdays. He plays football. I don’t go out but I have a great time!

I play games on Brad’s computer, I listen to music on his MP3 player and I eat his biscuits!

Negative

Question

Short answers

I do not (don’t) play you do not (don’t) play he does not (doesn’t) play she does not (doesn’t) play it does not (doesn’t) play we do not (don’t) play you do not (don’t) play they do not (don’t) play

Do I play? Do you play? Does he play? Does she play? Does it play? Do we play? Do you play? Do they play?

Yes, you do. / No, you don’t. Yes, I do. / No, I don’t. Yes, he does. / No, he doesn’t. Yes, she does. / No, she doesn’t. Yes, it does. / No, it doesn’t. Yes, you do. / No, you don’t. Yes, we do. / No, we don’t. Yes, they do. / No, they don’t.

• To form the negative of the present simple, we put do not / does not before the main verb. The short form is don’t / doesn’t. In negative sentences, the main verb doesn’t have an -s / -es / -ies ending.

We like this film. ➞ We don’t like this film. She cooks dinner every evening. ➞ She doesn’t cook dinner every evening. • When we ask a question, we put do / does at the beginning of the sentence. In questions, the main verb doesn’t have an -s / -es / -ies ending.

You like my new T-shirt. ➞ Do you like my new T-shirt? He gets up at seven o’clock. ➞ Does he get up at seven o’clock? • We don’t repeat the main verb in short answers.

A: Do they speak German? A: Does she drive a car?

B: Yes, they do. B: No, she doesn’t. thirty-one

31


7b 6

Present simple (negative, question)

Read and circle. 1 Do / Does you like chocolate cake? 2 Mary don’t / doesn’t ride her bike to school. 3 We don’t / doesn’t watch TV in the morning. 4 Do / Does he wear glasses? 5 Do / Does they live in a house or a flat? 6 My dad don’t / doesn’t take good photos.

7

Write. 1 Peter doesn’t wear shorts. (not wear) don’t go to the beach every weekend. (not go) 2 We 3 I don’t get up at ten o’clock! (not get up) 4 Diana doesn’t live in London. (not live) 5 They

don’t wash

their car every week. (not wash)

doesn’t run

fast. (not run) 7 My cat doesn’t drink milk. (not drink)

6 Bob

8

Complete the questions. 1

Do you go out

on Fridays? (you / go out)

2

Does Lisa like

the colour green? (Lisa / like)

3 Does your dog sleep on your bed? (your dog / sleep) Do they read every day? (they / read) 4 5 Does this model aeroplane fly ? (this model aeroplane / fly) Do you eat

6 7

32

Do they dance

thirty-two

at home on Sundays? (you / eat) at parties? (they / dance)


7b

Present simple (negative, question)

9

Look, ask and answer.

Brad

Maddie

Mr Jones

Mrs Jones

like pizza

get up at six o’clock

play football

1 Maddie / play football? A: Does Maddie play football? B: No, she doesn’t.

2 Mrs Jones / like pizza? A: Does Mrs Jones like pizza? B: No, she doesn’t.

3 Brad and Maddie / get up at six 4 o’clock? A: Do Brad and Maddie get up at six o’clock? B: No, they don’t.

Brad and Mr Jones / play football? A: Do Brad and Mr Jones play football? B: Yes, they do.

5 Maddie and Mr Jones / like pizza? 6 Mr Jones / get up at six o’clock? A: Do Maddie and Mr Jones like pizza? A: Does Mr Jones get up at six o’clock? B: Yes, they do. B: Yes, he does. 10 Answer the questions.

1 Do you get up at seven o’clock? 2 Do you live in a big house?

Yes, I do. / No, I don’t. ............................................................... Yes, I do. / No, I don’t. ...............................................................

Yes, he/she does. / No, he/she doesn’t. ............................................................... Yes, we do. / No, we don’t. 4 Do you and your friends walk to school? ............................................................... Yes, I do. / No, I don’t. 5 Do you like football? ............................................................... Yes, they do. / No, they don’t. 6 Do your mum and dad watch TV? ............................................................... 3 Does your friend live a big house?

thirty-three

33


8a Imperatives Hey, Maddie! Look at this fantastic machine!

Push the green button, please.

Oops!

No! Don’t push the red button!

The red button is for basketballs!

Affirmative

Negative

Run! Open the box.

Don’t run! Don’t open the box.

• We use the imperative when we want to tell someone to do something. • We put the verb at the beginning of the sentence.

Open your books!

Wash your hands.

• When we want to tell someone that they must not do something, we put don’t before the verb.

Don’t go to the park.

Don’t laugh!

• When we want to be polite, we put the word please at the beginning or the end of the sentence.

Please come with me!

34

thirty-four

Make the sandwiches, please.


Imperatives

1

8a

Read and circle. 1 Make / Don’t make the sandwiches, please. I haven’t got time. 2 Wear / Don’t wear that hat. It’s horrible! 3 Go / Don’t go home now. Come and sit here. 4 Run / Don’t run! We’re late for school! 5 Paint / Don’t paint this chair. Here’s the paint and a brush.

2

Read, choose and write. get up

go

read

sit

take

1

Go

to the park with your brother.

2

Sit

here. This chair is for you.

3 4 5

Get up ! It’s eight o’clock! Read this book. It’s great! Hide

6 Please 3

hide

behind the tree! take my photo. Here’s the camera.

Write.

☺ = please 1 Don’t buy this CD. 2 Don’t run, please. 3 Don’t eat this sandwich. 4 Don’t swim here.

It isn’t good. (buy this CD ✗) Walk with me. (run ✗ ☺) It’s for Dad. (eat this sandwich ✗) There are sharks. (swim here ✗)

5 Don’t go to the cinema, please. Stay here. (go to the cinema ✗ ☺) (take photos ✗ ☺) 6 Don’t take photos, please. thirty-five

35


8b Let’s It’s Mum’s birthday today. Let’s do something special! I’ve got an idea!

Let’s go for a ride, Mum!

OK What a surprise! Thank you!

Happy birthday, Mum!

Let’s go to the cinema. Let’s play a game!

36

thirty-six

When we want to suggest doing something together with someone, we begin the sentence with Let’s followed by the verb we want to use.


Let’s

4

5

8b

Read and circle. 1 A: There’s a football match on TV.

B: Let’s watch it / eat it.

2 A: I love this song!

B: Let’s go out / dance.

3 A: I’m hungry.

B: Let’s do our homework / make sandwiches.

4 A: It’s my birthday today.

B: Let’s have a party / go to school!

5 A: Look at the snow!

B: Let’s make a snowman / go to the beach.

Write. Let’s go home. 1 The shops are closed. (go home) 2 I’m tired. Let’s sit under this tree. (sit under this tree) Let’s go for a swim. (go for a swim) 3 It’s very hot today. Let’s play a game. (play a game) 4 I’m bored. 5 We’re thirsty.

Let’s drink water.

6 I’ve got two cameras. 6

(drink water) Let’s take photos. (take photos)

Read, choose and write. cook spaghetti go for a ride go to the supermarket read it

run

Let’s cook spaghetti. 1 I’m very hungry. .............................................................................................................. Let’s go to the supermarket. 2 We haven’t got milk. ..................................................................................................... Let’s read it. 3 This is a fantastic book. ................................................................................................ Let’s run. 4 We’re late for school. .................................................................................................... Let’s go for a ride. 5 I’ve got a new bike. ........................................................................................................ thirty-seven

37


9

Must We must go now, Brad. We mustn’t be late for the bus. Oh, no! I’ve got an idea!

I must find my shoes! This is fun! We must do it again!

38

Affirmative

Negative

I must go you must go he must go she must go it must go we must go you must go they must go

I must not (mustn’t) go you must not (mustn’t) go he must not (mustn’t) go she must not (mustn’t) go it must not (mustn’t) go we must not (mustn’t) go you must not (mustn’t) go they must not (mustn’t) go

thirty-eight

• We use must to say that it is important that someone does something.

You must do your homework. She must buy milk. • We use must not to say that it is important that someone does not do something, or that something is not allowed. The short form is mustn’t.

We mustn’t be late. You mustn’t eat in the classroom.


Must

1

Write. 1 we / get up at seven 2 he / cook dinner for his friends 3 she / wear a uniform at school 4 I / do my homework now 5 they / read this book 6 you / buy a new jacket

2

9

We must get up at seven. ........................................................................... He must cook dinner for his friends. ........................................................................... She must wear a uniform at school. ........................................................................... I must do my homework now. ........................................................................... They must read this book. ........................................................................... You must buy a new jacket. ...........................................................................

Read and write. Brad

Maddie

Monday

Saturday

go to the dentist

cook dinner

go to the supermarket

Wednesday

Friday

Dad

make sandwiches for the school picnic

Tuesday

Thursday

Mum um

study for the Geography test buy a new sofa

wash Buster

clean the house

must go to the dentist 1 On Monday Mum ........................................................................................................ . must cook dinner 2 On Monday Dad ......................................................................................................... . must make sandwiches for the school picnic 3 On Tuesday Maddie .................................................................................................... . must go to the supermarket 4 On Wednesday Mum and Dad ................................................................................ . must study for the Geography test 5 On Thursday Brad and Maddie ............................................................................... . must wash Buster 6 On Friday Brad ........................................................................................................... . must buy a new sofa 7 On Friday Mum and Dad .......................................................................................... . must clean the house 8 On Saturday Brad, Maddie, Mum and Dad .......................................................... . thirty-nine

39


9 3

Must

Look, choose and write. drive fast ✗ eat her salad ✓ go to the dentist ✓ run ✗ take photos ✗ wear a helmet ✓

40

1 He mustn’t run.

2 They must wear a helmet.

3 She must eat her salad.

4 She must go to the dentist.

5 They mustn’t take photos.

6 He mustn’t drive fast.

forty


Must

4

9

Read and write. bus drivers / drive fast children / listen to their parents students / do their homework they / ride their bikes without a helmet we / clean our home every week you / eat salad every day you / play with fire young children / drink coffee young children / go to bed early young children / watch scary films MUST must listen to their parents. 1 Children .......................................................................................................... must do their homework. 2 Students .......................................................................................................... must clean our home every week. 3 We .......................................................................................................... must eat salad every day. 4 You .......................................................................................................... children must go to bed early. 5 Young ..........................................................................................................

MUSTN’T drivers mustn’t drive fast. 6 Bus .......................................................................................................... mustn’t ride their bikes without a helmet. 7 They .......................................................................................................... mustn’t play with fire. 8 You .......................................................................................................... children mustn’t drink coffee. 9 Young .......................................................................................................... children mustn’t watch scary films. 10 Young ..........................................................................................................

forty-one

41


10

There is / are, prepositions of place, where? There are only five nails in the box. I need six.

Where are the nails, Brad?

They’re in the tool box.

There’s a nail under the table. Hey, where is my picture?

Maddie!

It’s behind the door.

There is / are Affirmative

Negative

Question

Short answers

there is (there’s) there are

there is not (there isn’t) there are not (there aren’t)

Is there? Are there?

Yes, there is. / No, there isn’t. Yes, there are. / No, there aren’t.

• We use there is / there are to say what exists in a place. • We use a singular noun after there is. We use a noun in its plural form after there are.

There’s a cake on the table.

There are four trees in our garden.

• In negative sentences, we put not after there is / there are. The short form is there isn’t / there aren’t.

There isn’t a painting on that wall.

There aren’t three people in the car.

• When we ask a question, we put is / are at the beginning of the sentence, before there.

Is there a cat on the sofa?

42

forty-two

Are there two beds in this room?


There is / are, prepositions of place, where?

10

Prepositions of place, where? in

under

behind

on

in front of

next to

• Prepositions like in, on, under, in front of, behind and next to show us where someone or something is. • We use Where is …? (Where’s …?) when we are looking for a person, animal or thing. When someone asks Where is …?, we answer He’s / She’s / It’s … .

A: Where’s the cat?

B: It’s under the bed.

• We use Where are …? when we are looking for more than one person, animal or thing. When someone asks Where are …?, we answer They’re ... .

A: Where are the children?

1

B: They’re in the kitchen.

Write There is or There are. There are fifteen children in 1 my class. There are 3 the students. There is 5

eight desks for one desk for our

teacher. 2

2

There is

a computer on the teacher’s desk. There are books in the 4 bookcase. There is a board near the 6 teacher’s desk.

Write there isn’t or there aren’t. 1 There’s a tree in the garden but there isn’t a tree house.

2 There are five glasses on the table. There aren’t six glasses.

3 There are ten men in the room. There aren’t eleven men.

4 There’s a toy elephant on the bed there isn’t a toy lion. but

5 There are two cats on the sofa. There aren’t four cats.

6 There’s a king in the castle but there isn’t a queen.

7 There’s a computer in my room there isn’t a TV. but

8 There are seven books on the desk. There aren’t nine books. forty-three

43


10 3

44

There is / are, prepositions of place, where? Look, ask and answer.

1 a green sofa A: Is there a green sofa? B: No, there isn’t.There’s a brown sofa.

2 a blue T-shirt A: Is there a blue T-shirt? B: No, there isn’t. There’s an orange T-shirt.

3 four glasses A: Are there four glasses? B: Yes, there are.

4 three paintings A: Are there three paintings? B: No, there aren’t. There are two paintings.

5 a red school bag A: Is there a red school bag? B: Yes, there is.

6 five books A: Are there five books? B: Yes, there are.

forty-four


There is / are, prepositions of place, where? 4

10

Look, choose and write. behind

in

in front of

next to

on

under on

1 Buster is

the chair.

2 Maddie is behind the tree. 3 Evan is in front of the door. 4 Brad is

under

5 Nina is next to in 6 Missy is 5

the table. the tree. the basket.

Find, ask and answer. 1 Nick

on the table

2 paintings

under the bed

3 my shoes

behind Oliver

4 the milk

in that bag

5 Zoe’s CDs

on the wall

6 the popcorn

next to the TV

1 A: Where’s Nick? B: He’s behind Oliver. 3 A: Where are my shoes? B: They’re under the bed.

2 A: Where are the paintings? B: They’re on the wall. 4 A: Where’s the milk? B: It’s on the table.

5 A: Where are Zoe’s CDs? B: They’re next to the TV.

6 A: Where’s the popcorn? B: It’s in that bag.

forty-five

45


11

Some, any There are some pancakes on the table. They’re for you.

Yummy! Oh no! There’s some honey but there aren’t any pancakes now!

There isn’t any chocolate sauce. Have we got any honey, Mum?

Yes, we have. It’s in the cupboard.

Affirmative

Negative

Question

There are some chairs. There’s some juice.

There aren’t any chairs. There isn’t any juice.

Are there any chairs? Is there any juice?

• Some nouns can be counted. These nouns have a singular and a plural form.

book ➞ books

child ➞ children

apple ➞ apples

• Some nouns cannot be counted. These nouns only have a singular form.

bread juice

46

forty-six

cheese chocolate cocoa coffee flour honey ice cream milk popcorn rice spaghetti sugar tea water


11

Some, any

• We use some when we want to talk about more than one person, animal or thing, without saying exactly how many.

There are some pens on the desk. • We use some when we want to talk about a quantity of something that we cannot count, without saying exactly how much.

There’s some coffee in the kitchen. • We use some in the affirmative.

We’ve got some great CDs.

There’s some milk on the table.

• We use any (not some) in negative sentences and questions.

There aren’t any eggs in the kitchen. There isn’t any water in the pool. Are there any people in the shop? Is there any water in the glass?

1

Look and write.

1 There are some doughnuts on the plate. (doughnut)

2 There are some pencils pencil case. (pencil)

some milk 3 There’s jug. (milk)

4 There’s some sugar cupboard. (sugar)

5 There are some glasses the table. (glass)

in the

on

in my

in the

6 There’s some popcorn in the bowl. (popcorn) forty-seven

47


11 2

Some, any

Write some or any. 1 She’s got some flowers for her mum.

3 They’ve got

some

5 There isn’t the fridge.

any

ice cream. apple juice in

7 There aren’t any strawberries at the supermarket. 3

48

2 There are farm. 4 I haven’t got

some

sheep on this

any

sugar.

6 There aren’t any plates in the cupboard. 8 There’s some honey in the bottle.

Look, ask and answer.

1 spaghetti A: Is there any spaghetti? B: Yes, there is.

2 milk A: Is there any milk? B: Yes, there is.

3 biscuits A: Are there any biscuits? B: Yes, there are.

4 apples A: Are there any apples? B: No, there aren’t.

5 doughnuts A: Are there any doughnuts? B: No, there aren’t.

6 bananas A: Are there any bananas? B: Yes, there are.

7 popcorn A: Is there any popcorn? B: No, there isn’t.

8 juice A: Is there any juice? B: No, there isn’t.

forty-eight


Some, any

4

Write. 1 T-shirts / under my bed ✗ 2 oranges / in the kitchen ✓ 3 ice cream / in the fridge V 4 chairs / in the living room ✓ 5 honey / in the cupboard ✗ 6 flowers / in the garden V 7 water / in the glass ✗ 8 tea / in the kitchen ✓

5

11

There aren’t any T-shirts under my bed. ............................................................................... There are some oranges in the kitchen. ............................................................................... Is there any ice cream in the fridge? ............................................................................... There are some chairs in the living room. ............................................................................... There isn’t any honey in the cupboard. ............................................................................... Are there any flowers in the garden? ............................................................................... There isn’t any water in the glass. ............................................................................... There is some tea in the kitchen. ...............................................................................

Write. Use some or any. Have we got any orange juice 1 A: we’ve got some apple juice B: No, but

? (we / have got / orange juice) . (we / have got / apple juice)

Are there any CDs on the shelf? (there are / CDs) 2 A: There are some DVDs B: Yes, there are. , too. (there are / DVDs) Have you got any popcorn ? (you / have got / popcorn) 3 A: I’ve got some cookies . (I / have got / cookies) B: No, I haven’t, but There aren’t any pencils in the cupboard. (there aren’t / pencils) 4 A: Are there any pens B: Oh no! ? (there are / pens) Is there any chocolate in this cake? (there is / chocolate) 5 A: B: Yes, there is. There are some strawberries, too. (there are / strawberries) We haven’t got any ice cream . (we / haven’t got / ice cream) 6 A: Have we got any doughnuts ? (we / have got / doughnuts) B: Oh no! There isn’t any milk in the bottle. (there isn’t / milk) 7 A: there is some milk B: No, but in that jug. (there is / milk)

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49


12 How much / many? This is Brad and Maddie’s new painting box.

How much paint have we got?

How many chairs are there?

Two litres of blue paint and two litres of white paint.

Four.

Look. You push this button and …

… you’ve got one blue chair!

And one blue cat!

How much orange juice is there? How much paper is there?

How many children are there? How many chairs are there?

• We use How much …? to ask about the quantity of something that cannot be counted. How much is followed by a noun in the singular form.

How much water is there in the soup? • We use How many …? to ask about the quantity of some things that can be counted. How many is followed by a noun in the plural form.

How many books have you got?

50

fifty


How much / many?

12

• When someone asks us How much …? (for things that cannot be counted), we answer using units of measurement like kilo, litre, gram, bottle, packet, jug, glass, cup, bowl, bar, piece.

a kilo of meat a litre of water a gram of salt a bottle of milk a packet of rice a jug of water a glass of orange juice a cup of coffee a bar of chocolate a piece of bread • We can count these units of measurement.

A: How much milk is there?

1

2

B: There are two litres of milk.

Read and circle. 1 How much / many windows has that house got?

2 How much / many CDs have you got?

3 How much / many sugar do you want in your tea?

4 How much / many paint can we buy?

5 How much / many brothers has Julia got?

6 How much / many tigers are there in the zoo?

7 How much / many milk do they drink every day?

8 How much / many orange juice do we need?

Write How much or How many. 1

How much

got? How many 3 in the room? How much 5

popcorn have we people are there water do you

drink every day? How many T-shirts have the 7 children got?

2

How many

doughnuts are there in the box? How much orange juice is 4 there in the fridge? How much sugar do you 6 want in your coffee? How many apples are there 8 in the kitchen?

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51


12 3

How much / many?

Look, choose and write. bar

glass

grams

jug

kilo

litre

packet

1 a

litre

of coke

2 a

packet

3 a

kilo

of sugar

4 a

bar

of chocolate

6 a

jug

of water

8 a

glass

5 300

7 a

52

cup

fifty-two

grams

cup

of cheese

of coffee

of flour

of orange juice


How much / many?

5

12

Look, ask and answer.

1 plates A: How many plates are there? B: There are four plates.

2 potatoes A: How many potatoes are there? B: There are ten potatoes.

3 cola 4 orange juice A: How much cola is there? A: How much orange juice is there? B: There are two litres / There’s one B: There’s a/one jug of orange juice. bottle of cola. 5 salad 6 glasses A: How much salad is there? A: How many glasses are there? B: There are two bowls of salad. B: There are four glasses. fifty-three

53


Revision 1

2

Write. Use the Present simple. make 1 You yummy cakes, Mum! (make) Do they go to the cinema 3

swim 2 I in the sea in the summer. (swim) likes cheese 4 Kate

at the weekend? (they / go) 5 Liam doesn’t watch TV in the morning. (not watch) 7 Does she brush her teeth every

sandwiches. (like) don’t live in that house. 6 We (not live) 8 Do you play the piano?

day? (she / brush)

2

(you / play)

Read, choose and write. not go 1

not wear

Open

open

play

the door, please!

Don’t wear this T-shirt. play a game. 5 Let’s 3

3

watch 2

Don’t go

to the kitchen! watch TV.

4 Let’s 6

Run

! We’re late!

Write. Use must or mustn’t. 1 they / not take photos here 2 I / study for a test 3 you / go to the dentist 4 she / not dive after lunch 5 he / go to bed early 6 we / not wear shorts 7 I / buy a new computer 8 you / not be late

54

run

fifty-four

They mustn’t take photos here. .......................................................................... I must study for a test. .......................................................................... You must go to the dentist. .......................................................................... She mustn’t dive after lunch. .......................................................................... He must go to bed early. .......................................................................... We mustn’t wear shorts. .......................................................................... I must buy a new computer. .......................................................................... You mustn’t be late. ..........................................................................


Units 7-12

4

Write. Use there is or there are. 1 2 3 4 5

5

There aren’t any chairs in the kitchen. ✗ There is a pen in my bag. ✓ There isn’t an aeroplane in the sky. ✗ There are four giraffes in this zoo. ✓ Are there any apples on the table? V

Look, choose and write. behind

in

in front of

next to

on

under on the desk. 1 The computer is 2 The bag is under the desk. in the pencil 3 The pencils are case. 4 The bookcase is next to the bed. 5 The bike is in front of the bookcase. 6 The robot is behind the clock.

6

Read and circle. 1 There aren’t some / any biscuits in the cupboard. 2 How much / How many glasses have we got? 3 There are some / any people in the shop. 4 How much / How many sugar do you want? 5 Is there some / any cake for me? 6 How much / How many milk is there? fifty-five

55


13 Was, were, there was / were It was warm and sunny yesterday. There weren’t any clouds in the sky. There was only a hot-air balloon. There were two boys in it. There was also a big hole in the balloon!

Brad and Maddie were very fast. Five minutes later, the balloon was on the ground. The boys were happy. Brad and Maddie were happy, too. They were on TV!

Help!

Was, were Affirmative

Negative

Question

Short answers

I was you were he was she was it was we were you were they were

I was not (wasn’t) you were not (weren’t) he was not (wasn’t) she was not (wasn’t) it was not (wasn’t) we were not (weren’t) you were not (weren’t) they were not (weren’t)

Was I? Were you? Was he? Was she? Was it? Were we? Were you? Were they?

Yes, you were. / No, you weren’t. Yes, I was. / No, I wasn’t. Yes, he was. / No, he wasn’t. Yes, she was. / No, she wasn’t. Yes, it was. / No, it wasn’t. Yes, you were. / No, you weren’t. Yes, we were. / No, we weren’t. Yes, they were. / No, they weren’t.

• The past simple of the verb to be is was for I / he / she / it and were for we / you / they.

The library was next to the school.

We were tired last Sunday.

• In negative sentences, we say was not / were not.

I was not at school yesterday.

Anna and George were not good students.

• When we ask a question, we put was / were at the beginning of the sentence followed by a personal pronoun (I, you, he, she, it, we, they), a name or a noun.

Was it a good film?

Was Anna at the party?

Were the boys hungry?

• We can only use the short form (wasn’t / weren’t) in negative sentences.

I was not with Amy. ➞ I wasn’t with Amy.

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fifty-six


Was, were, there was / were

13

There was / were Affirmative

Negative

Question

Short answers

there was

there was not (there wasn’t) there were not (there weren’t)

Was there?

Yes, there was. / No, there wasn’t. Yes, there were. / No, there weren’t.

there were

Were there?

• The past simple of there is / there are is there was / there were.

There was an apple tree in the garden. There were three people in the boat. There wasn’t a driver in the car. There weren’t any books on the shelves. Was there a dog in their garden? Were there any kites in the sky? • In short answers, we use there and not it or they.

A: Were there any sandwiches in the canteen?

1

2

B: Yes, there were.

Read and circle. 1 Miranda was / were at the cinema on Friday.

2 You was / were late for school yesterday.

3 We was / were very tired yesterday.

4 I was / were at the supermarket with my mum.

5 Tom and George was / were hungry at breakfast.

6 Peter was / were Angie’s neighbour.

7 It was / were a beautiful day.

8 They was / were good friends.

Write was or were. Yesterday at six o’clock … 1 Maddie was in her room. 3 Brad was at the bookshop. 5 You were at the cinema. 7 The boys were in the garden.

2 Mrs Green was in the park. 4 They were at the dentist’s. 6 I was in the kitchen. 8 We were in the living room. fifty-seven

57


13 3

Was, were, there was / were

Write the negative. 1 John / happy with his test 2 Paul and Ann / at the match 3 the key / on the table 4 I / hungry 5 we / late for school 6 it / a big room

4

John wasn’t happy with his test. ............................................................................... Paul and Ann weren’t at the match. ............................................................................... The key wasn’t on the table. ............................................................................... I wasn’t hungry. ............................................................................... We weren’t late for school. ............................................................................... It wasn’t a big room. ...............................................................................

Look, ask and answer. yesterday morning

1 he / hungry? A: Was he hungry? B: Yes, he was. 2 he / at home? A: Was he at home? B: No, he wasn’t. 3 it / cold? A: Was it cold? B: No, it wasn’t.

last Saturday

4 the girls / sad? A: Were the girls sad? B: No, they weren’t. 5 they / at the cinema? A: Were they at the cinema? B: Yes, they were. 6 the film / funny? A: Was the film funny? B: Yes, it was.

58

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Was, were, there was / were

5

13

Find and write. 1 a new student

in the cupboard

yesterday

2 a mouse

on my desk

yesterday evening

3 some cookies

in Brad’s class

in the morning

4 three pens

in front of your house

last week

5 a big car

on the tree

yesterday morning

6 some apples

in the kitchen

yesterday afternoon

1 There was a new student in Brad’s class yesterday morning. 2 There was a mouse in the kitchen yesterday. 3 There were some cookies in the cupboard yesterday afternoon. 4 There were three pens on my desk in the morning. 5 There was a big car in front of your house yesterday evening. 6 There were some apples on the tree last week. 6

Read and write. Brad:

Look at this photo of our old house! was The sofa 1 big! (be) wasn’t big. (not be) Maddie: The sofa 2 were 3 We little! (be) Was

there a TV in the living room? (there / be) Maddie: No, 5 there wasn’t . But there was a TV in the kitchen. 6

Brad:

4

(there / be) 7 Were we

three years old in this photo? (we / be) Maddie: Yes, 8 we were . Brad:

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59


14a Past simple: regular verbs (affirmative) Last Saturday Brad and Maddie stayed at home. They watched a scary film on TV. The film finished at eleven.

Suddenly, there was a noise. Brad looked at Maddie. Who was in the kitchen?

The story continues on page 63.

Affirmative I watched you watched he watched she watched it watched we watched you watched they watched

• We use the past simple to talk about something that happened at a particular time in the past.

I finished my homework at eight o’clock. We played football yesterday. • To form the past simple with regular verbs, we add -ed to the verb.

walk ➞ walked

cook ➞ cooked

fix ➞ fixed

• If the verb ends in -e, we just add -d.

dance ➞ danced

like ➞ liked

• If the verb ends in -y and there is a consonant before the -y, we delete the -y and add -ied.

study ➞ studied

carry ➞ carried

• If the verb ends with a consonant and before that consonant there is a vowel (a, e, i, o, u), then we double the final consonant and add -ed.

stop ➞ stopped

drop ➞ dropped

• We often use time words and phrases with the past simple to show when something happened. • • •

yesterday yesterday morning, yesterday afternoon, yesterday evening last night, last week, last month, last year, last Monday

• Time words and phrases go at the beginning or the end of a sentence.

He visited his aunt last Friday.

60

sixty

Yesterday afternoon I played tennis.


Past simple: regular verbs (affirmative) 14a

1

Write the verbs in the correct group. carry hurry

climb close dance enjoy hate lock love stay study tidy

-ed

2

-d

-ied

climbed

closed

carried

enjoyed

danced

hurried

locked

hated

studied

stayed

loved

tidied

Write.

closed

1 Sam

all the windows. (close)

visited

2 We

an art gallery last Friday. (visit) studied for the History test. (study)

3 Natasha

liked their new house. (like) 4 The children 5 I enjoyed the film. It was fantastic! (enjoy)

3

Read, choose and write. play

stay

1 I

talked

2 I

tidied

3 Frank

talk

tidy

watch

to Jane on the phone last week.

my room yesterday afternoon. played football with his friends last Saturday.

4 They watched TV yesterday evening. 5 We stayed at home on Sunday. sixty-one

61


14a Past simple: regular verbs (affirmative) 4

Read and write. Mrs Jones

Mr Jones

ws ✓ clean the windo and talk to Brad ch er a te Maddie’s

tidy the garage

cook lunch for Friday visit Aunt Lucy

wash the car play golf

en paint the kitch

cleaned the windows

1 Last Monday Mrs Jones

talked to Brad and Maddie’s teacher

2 On Tuesday she

tidied the garage

.

4 On Thursday Mrs Jones

cooked lunch for Friday

.

visited Aunt Lucy

.

6 On Friday Mr Jones

washed the car

.

7 On Saturday he

played golf

.

painted the kitchen

8 On Sunday he Read, choose and write. play

study

tidy

visit

wash

watch

Yesterday was a very busy day. In the morning Maddie and washed tidied I1 Buster and then we 2 our rooms. studied In the afternoon we 3 for our Geography test and visited then we 4 Granny. In the evening Maddie played watched 5 a computer game and I 6 TV.

62

.

3 On Wednesday Mr Jones 5 On Friday she

5

.

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.


Past simple: regular verbs 14b (negative, question) Did you lock the kitchen door?

It’s the popcorn machine! Yes, I did. But I didn’t close the window!

Missy, did you push the button?

Negative

Question

Short answers

I did not (didn’t) watch you did not (didn’t) watch he did not (didn’t) watch she did not (didn’t) watch it did not (didn’t) watch we did not (didn’t) watch you did not (didn’t) watch they did not (didn’t) watch

Did I watch? Did you watch? Did he watch? Did she watch? Did it watch? Did we watch? Did you watch? Did they watch?

Yes, you did. / No, you didn’t. Yes, I did. / No, I didn’t. Yes, he did. / No, he didn’t. Yes, she did. / No, she didn’t. Yes, it did. / No, it didn’t. Yes, you did. / No, you didn’t. Yes, we did. / No, we didn’t. Yes, they did. / No, they didn’t.

• We form the negative of the past simple by putting did not before the main verb. The short form is didn’t. In negative sentences, the main verb does not have an -ed / -d / -ied ending.

I finished my lunch. ➞ I didn’t finish my lunch. • We ask a question in the past simple by putting did at the beginning of the sentence. In questions, the main verb does not have an -ed / -d / -ied ending.

You cooked dinner yesterday. ➞ Did you cook dinner yesterday? • We do not repeat the main verb in short answers.

A: Did you push the button?

B: Yes, I did. sixty-three

63


Past simple: regular verbs 14b (negative, question) 6

Write the negative. 1 Harry / want any ice cream 2 I / finish my breakfast 3 they / lock the door 4 Ann / stay at home last night 5 you / turn right 6 we / talk yesterday 7 Chris / cook the chicken 8 Diana / talk to Nicky

7

They didn’t lock the door. ................................................................... Ann didn’t stay at home last night. ................................................................... You didn’t turn right. ................................................................... We didn’t talk yesterday. ................................................................... Chris didn’t cook the chicken. ................................................................... Diana didn’t talk to Nicky. ...................................................................

Look and write. yesterday evening

1 Mr Jones / tidy the garage Mr Jones didn’t tidy the garage. He watched TV. 2 Mrs Jones / cook dinner Mrs Jones didn’t cook dinner. She washed her hair. 3 Buster / play with Missy Buster didn’t play with Missy. He played with his toy.

64

Harry didn’t want any ice cream. ................................................................... I didn’t finish my breakfast. ...................................................................

sixty-four

yesterday evening

4 Brad / study for a test Brad didn’t study for a test. He cooked spaghetti. 5 Missy / hate her dinner Missy didn’t hate her dinner. She liked it. 6 Maddie / visit Lisa Maddie didn’t visit Lisa. She talked to her on the phone.


Past simple: regular verbs (negative, question) 14b 8

Write questions. 1 I liked the book. (you) 2 Jade opened her present. (Nick) 3 We finished our homework. (you) 4 Tom watched TV. (they) 5 They washed their car. (she) 6 Vicky walked to school. (he)

9

Did you like the book? ................................................................... Did Nick open his present? ................................................................... Did you finish your homework? ................................................................... Did they watch TV? ................................................................... Did she wash her car? ................................................................... Did he walk to school? ...................................................................

Ask and answer. 1 Kate / dance at the party? ✗ Did Kate dance at the party? A: ......................................................... No, she didn’t. B: .............................. She was tired.

2 Jack and Pam / stay with you? ✓ Jack and Pam stay with you? A: Did ......................................................... they did. B: Yes, ..................................... It was fun.

3 you / play tennis? ✗ Did you play tennis? A: ......................................................... No, I / we didn’t. The weather B: ................................. was bad.

4 you / visit the zoo? ✓ you visit the zoo? A: Did ......................................................... I / we did. B: Yes, ...................................... The tigers were fantastic!

5 Ben / climb the big tree? ✗ Did Ben climb the big tree? A: ......................................................... No, he didn’t. He was scared. B: ............................

6 Sandra / cook lunch? ✓ Did Sandra cook lunch? A: ......................................................... Yes, she did. It was fantastic. B: ...........................

10 Answer the questions.

Yes, I did. / No, I didn’t. ............................................................ Yes, I did. / No, I didn’t. 2 Did you play a computer game last night? ............................................................ Yes, he did. / No, he didn’t. 3 Did your dad wash the car last week? ............................................................ Yes, she did. / No, she didn’t. 4 Did your mum cook dinner last night? ............................................................ 1 Did you get up early yesterday?

5 Did it rain yesterday?

Yes, it did. / No, it didn’t. ............................................................ sixty-five

65


15 Past simple: irregular verbs I made this castle yesterday. I used yoghurt pots.

No, I didn’t eat any yoghurt. Mum and Maddie ate it. They love yoghurt!

Wow! Did you eat all the yoghurt?

Affirmative

Negative

Question

Short answers

I went you went he went she went it went we went you went they went

I did not (didn’t) go you did not (didn’t) go he did not (didn’t) go she did not (didn’t) go it did not (didn’t) go we did not (didn’t) go you did not (didn’t) go they did not (didn’t) go

Did I go? Did you go? Did he go? Did she go? Did it go? Did we go? Did you go? Did they go?

Yes, you did. / No, you didn’t. Yes, I did. / No, I didn’t. Yes, he did. / No, he didn’t. Yes, she did. / No, she didn’t. Yes, it did. / No, it didn’t. Yes, you did. / No, you didn’t. Yes, we did. / No, we didn’t. Yes, they did. / No, they didn’t.

• Irregular verbs do not form the past simple with the -ed / -d / -ied endings. Each irregular verb has its own form of the past simple. (See page 87.)

Mary drank the orange juice.

I wrote my name on the test.

• We form the negative of the past simple by adding did not before the main verb. The short form is didn’t. In the negative, the main verb is in its basic form.

He saw her. ➞ He didn’t see her. They made some sandwiches. ➞ They didn’t make any sandwiches. • We ask a question in the past simple by putting Did at the beginning of the sentence. When we ask a question, the main verb is in its basic form.

You bought a new T-shirt. ➞ Did you buy a new T-shirt? Alice went to bed late. ➞ Did Alice go to bed late?

66

sixty-six


Past simple: irregular verbs

1

15

Write. 1 Gerry got up at eleven o’clock yesterday. (get up) 2 I bought a new camera last Saturday. (buy) 3 Brian

drank

4 We

ate

6 Marianne read 7 I 8 You 2

fruit for breakfast. (eat)

had

5 They

saw

three glasses of water! (drink)

fun at the zoo. (have) took some photos at the picnic. (take)

this book last year. (read) Ashley at school yesterday. (see)

Match.Then write. 1 Ryan / sit

c

a because we were late

2 we / run

a

b a lion at the zoo

3 they / eat

e

c in the big armchair

4 I / see

b

d a present for her mum

5 Mr Sloan / write

f

e ice cream at the party

6 Megan / buy

d

f a book about dogs

1 Ryan sat in the big armchair. 2 We ran because we were late. 3 They ate ice cream at the party. 4 I saw a lion at the zoo. 5 Mr Sloan wrote a book about dogs. 6 Megan bought a present for her mum.

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67


15 3

4

Past simple: irregular verbs

Read and write. 1 Harry didn’t sleep in his bed. He slept on the sofa. 3 I didn’t write this e-mail. Ben

2 Vanessa didn’t see Ken at the park. She saw him at school. 4 We didn’t sit on these chairs.

wrote it. 5 They didn’t buy any coffee. They bought some tea.

We sat on those boxes. 6 Paul didn’t drink any orange juice. He drank water.

Read, choose and write. not eat not see

not get up not make not read not sit not sleep not take

1 I didn’t take any photos because I didn’t have my camera. 3 She didn’t eat pizza because

2 They didn’t sit in the garden because it was cold. 4 We didn’t get up at seven o’clock

she wasn’t hungry. 5 You didn’t see him because he was behind the door. 7 He didn’t make any sandwiches

because we didn’t have school. 6 She didn’t sleep well because the bed wasn’t good. 8 I didn’t read the book because

because there wasn’t any bread. 5

Write questions. 1 George made a sandwich. (you) 2 I bought a jacket. (Ben) 3 We had a picnic. (they) 4 Jade took a photo. (Ann) 5 They wrote a book. (you) 6 I sat on the sofa. (they)

68

I didn’t have it.

sixty-eight

Did you make a sandwich? ...................................................................... Did Ben buy a jacket? ...................................................................... Did they have a picnic? ...................................................................... Did Ann take a photo? ...................................................................... Did you write a book? ...................................................................... Did they sit on the sofa? ......................................................................


Past simple: irregular verbs

6

15

Look, ask and answer. last Saturday

7

1 Brad / buy a new hat? A: Did Brad buy a new hat? B: Yes, he did.

2 Mr Jones / take a photo? A: Did Mr Jones take a photo? B: Yes, he did.

3 Maddie / read a book? A: Did Maddie read a book? B: No, she didn’t.

4 Mrs Jones / make a cake? A: Did Mrs Jones make a cake? B: Yes, she did.

5 Missie / sleep on the chair? A: Did Missie sleep on the chair? B: No, she didn’t.

6 Buster / sit on the sofa? A: Did Buster sit on the sofa? B: No, he didn’t.

Answer the questions. 1 Did you see your friends yesterday? Yes, I did.

2 Did you eat a sandwich last night? No, I didn’t. I ate pizza.

3 Did you read a book last night? Students’ own answers

4 Did you go to school yesterday? Students’ own answers

5 Did you get up at seven o’clock yesterday? Students’ own answers

6 Did you drink any orange juice this morning? Students’ own answers

7 Did you have spaghetti for dinner last night? Students’ own answers

8 Did you swim in the sea last Saturday? Students’ own answers sixty-nine

69


16a Comparative

Brad is stronger than Maddie!

Maddie is cleverer than Brad!

• When we want to compare two people, animals or things, we use adjectives in their comparative form. We put than after the adjective.

Your bag is heavier than my bag. Anna is prettier than Chelsea. • The comparative has the following rules: •

We add -er to most adjectives with one or two syllables.

tall ➞ taller •

clever ➞ cleverer If the adjective ends in -e, we just add -r. nice ➞ nicer strange ➞ stranger

Comparative

fast

faster

big

bigger

brave

braver

pretty

prettier

good

better

bad

worse

If the adjective has one syllable, ends in a consonant and before that consonant there is a vowel (a, e, i, o, u), then we double the final consonant and add -er.

big ➞ bigger

70

Adjective

hot ➞ hotter

If the adjective has two syllables and ends in -y, then we delete the -y and add -ier.

heavy ➞ heavier pretty ➞ prettier The adjectives good and bad do not follow the rules above. good ➞ better bad ➞ worse

seventy


Comparative

1

Complete. Adjective

2

16a

Comparative

Adjective

Comparative

1 short

shorter

7 light

lighter

2 ugly

uglier

8 fat

fatter

3 hot

hotter

9 scary

scarier

4 good

better

10 young

younger

5 noisy

noisier

11 slow

slower

6 fast

faster

12 pretty

prettier

Write. The brown box is heavier than the blue box. 1 the brown box / heavy / the blue box ...................................................................... Ted is stronger than his sister. 2 Ted / strong / his sister ...................................................................... 3 you / light / Henry 4 Olivia / happy / Mark 5 today / hot / yesterday 6 this book / bad / that book

3

You are lighter than Henry. ...................................................................... Olivia is happier than Mark. ...................................................................... Today is hotter than yesterday. ...................................................................... This book is worse than that book. ......................................................................

Read and write. 1 Graham: twelve years old / Sam: ten years old (old, young) is older than Sam . Sam is younger than Graham . Graham 2 Keisha: 150 cm tall / Zara: 158 cm tall (short, tall) Keisha is shorter than Zara . Zara is taller than Keisha . 3 Athens: 26oC / London: 12oC (hot, cold) Athens is hotter than London . London is colder than Athens . 4 the red car: 120 km/h / the blue car: 100 km/h (fast, slow) The red car is faster than the blue car . The blue car is slower than the red car . seventy-one

71


16b Superlative

This is the fastest flying machine in the world! Brad is the worst pilot in the world!

• When we want to compare more than two people, animals or things, we use adjectives in their superlative form.

Jean was the prettiest baby in the family. This is the noisiest street in the town. • The superlative has the following rules: •

We put the before most adjectives and add the ending -est.

Adjective

Superlative

fast big brave pretty good bad

the fastest the biggest the bravest the prettiest the best the worst

tall ➞ the tallest •

clever ➞ the cleverest If the adjective ends in -e, we add -st. nice ➞ the nicest strange ➞ the strangest If the adjective has one syllable, ends in a consonant and before that consonant there is a vowel (a, e, i, o, u), then we double the final consonant and add -est.

big ➞ the biggest

72

hot ➞ the hottest

If the adjective has two syllables and ends in -y, then we delete the -y and add -iest.

heavy ➞ the heaviest pretty ➞ the prettiest The adjectives good and bad do not follow the rules above. good ➞ the best bad ➞ the worst

seventy-two


Superlative

4

Complete. Adjective

5

6

16b

Superlative

Adjective

Superlative

1 brave

the bravest

7 bad

the worst

2 pretty

the prettiest

8 good

the best

3 short

the shortest

9 heavy

the heaviest

4 thin

the thinnest

10 hot

5 slow

the slowest

11 young

6 happy

the happiest

12 big

the hottest the youngest the biggest

Write. 1 Keira is the smallest person in her family. (small) 3 Park Street is the longest

the best 2 Mrs Payne is teacher in the school. (good) 4 Today is the happiest day

street in the town. (long) the oldest 5 Shere Khan is tiger in the zoo. (old)

of my life! (happy) 6 Spot is the fattest in the pet shop. (fat)

puppy

Read and write. 1 Martin is slower than Ben. Chris is slower than Martin. (fast, slow) Ben is the fastest. Chris is the slowest. 2 The black bag is smaller than the purple bag. The red bag is smaller than the black bag. (small, big) The red bag is the smallest. The purple bag is the biggest. 3 The strawberry cake is better than the apple cake. The chocolate cake is better than the strawberry cake. (bad, good) The apple cake is the worst. The chocolate cake is the best. 4 Jade is heavier than Mary. Alicia is heavier than Jade. (heavy, light) Alicia is the heaviest. Mary is the lightest. seventy-three

73


17

Going to Is Buster going to sleep in there?

I’m going to make a new kennel for Buster.

Er …

Affirmative

Negative

Question

I am (I’m) going to study you are (you’re) going to study he is (he’s) going to study she is (she’s) going to study it is (it’s) going to study we are (we’re) going to study you are (you’re) going to study they are (they’re) going to study

I am not (I’m not) going to study you are not (you aren’t) going to study he is not (he isn’t) going to study she is not (she isn’t) going to study it is not (it isn’t) going to study we are not (we aren’t) going to study you are not (you aren’t) going to study they are not (they aren’t) going to study

Am I going to study? Are you going to study? Is he going to study? Is she going to study? Is it going to study? Are we going to study? Are you going to study? Are they going to study?

• We use going to to talk about things that we have planned to do in the future.

We are going to visit Uncle Fred.

She is going to play tennis for the school team.

• We use the verb to be (am / is / are), going to and the main verb in its basic form.

They are going to live in Brighton. Is he going to walk home?

We aren’t going to watch TV.

• We don’t repeat the main verb in short answers

A: Are they going to come for dinner?

B: Yes, they are. / No, they aren’t.

• With going to, we often use time expressions and phrases, like: • • •

74

tomorrow, tomorrow morning, tomorrow afternoon, tomorrow evening, tomorrow night next week, next month, next year, next Monday on Tuesday I’m going to visit Mark tomorrow. They’re going to play football next Tuesday.

seventy-four


Going to

1

Write. is going to play 1 Tom the drums in the school band. (play) 3 They are going to visit an art

2 We are going to have fun at the zoo! (have) 4 Mr Peters is going to talk to

gallery next week. (visit) 5 Beth is going to cook lunch for us on Friday. (cook) 7 I am going to see this film

us next Monday. (talk) 6 James is going to help me. (help) 8 I am going to paint the living

tomorrow. (see) 2

room next weekend. (paint)

Read, choose and write. look

3

17

open

play

sleep

stay

wear

1 We are going to play a computer game in my room. 3 The teacher is going to look

2 They are going to sleep early this evening. 4 It is hot. I am going to open the

at our homework tomorrow. 5 Diana is going to wear her new glasses.

windows. 6 He is going to stay on Saturday night.

at home

Write. 1 They aren’t going to play the guitar. (not play) 3 He isn’t going to talk to you.

2 We aren’t going to swim in the sea. It’s cold. (not swim) 4 She isn’t going to watch TV. It’s

He’s angry. (not talk) 5 You aren’t going to have homework next Friday. (not have) 7 It isn’t going to rain tomorrow.

late. (not watch) 6 I ’m not going to dance . I’m very tired. (not dance) 8 They aren’t going to buy any

(not rain)

sweets. (not buy) seventy-five

75


17 4

Going to

Write. 1 Paul / get up at eight o’clock ✗ – he / get up at seven o’clock ✓ Paul isn’t going to get up at eight o’clock. He’s going to get up at seven o’clock. 2 Ken and I / play tennis ✓ – we / play football ✗ Ken and I are going to play tennis. We aren’t going to play football. 3 Tina and Fay / go to the cinema ✗ – they / visit Emma ✓ Tina and Fay aren’t going to go to the cinema. They’re going to visit Emma. 4 I / wear jeans and a T-shirt ✓ – I / wear my school uniform ✗ I’m going to wear jeans and a T-shirt. I’m not going to wear my school uniform. 5 we / cook dinner ✗ – we / have dinner at a restaurant ✓ We aren’t going to cook dinner. We’re going to have dinner at a restaurant.

5

Ask and answer. 1 John / paint his room? ✓ A: Is John going to paint his room? 2 they / visit the zoo? ✓ A: Are they going to visit the zoo? 3 you / stay at home tomorrow? ✗ A: Are you going to stay at home tomorrow? 4 Nadine / open her presents? ✓ A: Is Nadine going to open her presents? 5 it / rain on Saturday? ✗ A: Is it going to rain on Saturday?

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seventy-six

B: Yes, he is. B: Yes, they are. B: No, I’m not. B: Yes, she is. B: No, it isn’t.


Going to

6

17

Look, ask and answer.

1 Brad / read a book? A: Is Brad going to read a book? B: No, he isn’t.

3 Mr and Mrs Jones / watch TV? A: Are Mr and Mrs Jones going to watch TV? B: No, they aren’t.

2 he / play a computer game? A: Is he going to play a computer game? B: Yes, he is.

4 they / buy some food? A: Are they going to buy some food? B: Yes, they are.

5 Maddie / eat a sandwich? A: Is Maddie going to eat a sandwich? B: Yes, she is.

7 Buster and Missy / go for a walk? A: Are Buster and Missy going to go for a walk? B: No, they aren’t.

6 she / do her homework? A: Is she going to do her homework? B: No, she isn’t.

8 they / have their dinner? A: Are they going to have their dinner? B: Yes, they are. seventy-seven

77


18 Will Will I meet him?

Who’s this?

Yes, you will. You’ll meet him next year.

It’s my friend Eugenius. He’s a genius. He makes fantastic machines! He’ll be famous one day.

Affirmative

Negative

Question

Short answers

I will (I’ll) walk you will (you’ll) walk he will (he’ll) walk she will (she’ll) walk it will (it’ll) walk we will (we’ll) walk you will (you’ll) walk they will (they’ll) walk

I will not (won’t) walk you will not (won’t) walk he will not (won’t) walk she will not (won’t) walk it will not (won’t) walk we will not (won’t) walk you will not (won’t) walk they will not (won’t) walk

Will I walk? Will you walk? Will he walk? Will she walk? Will it walk? Will we walk? Will you walk? Will they walk?

Yes, you will. / No, you won’t. Yes, I will. / No, I won’t. Yes, he will. / No, he won’t. Yes, she will. / No, she won’t. Yes, it will. / No, it won’t. Yes, you will. / No, you won’t. Yes, we will. / No, we won’t. Yes, they will. / No, they won’t.

• We use will to make a prediction, to say what we believe will happen in the future.

I will see you tomorrow. • We use will and the main verb in its basic form. Will always stays the same. The short form of will is ’ll.

She will talk to her mother. ➞ She’ll talk to her mother. • In the negative, we put will not before the main verb. The short form is won’t.

They will not go out next weekend. ➞ They won’t go out next weekend. • When we want to ask a question, we put will at the beginning of the sentence.

He will visit us on Saturday. ➞ Will he visit us on Saturday? • The main verb is not repeated in short answers.

A: Will she bring her camera?

78

seventy-eight

B: Yes, she will. / No she won’t.


Will

1

Write. 1 it / snow next weekend 2 they / invite Lucy to their party 3 she / close the shop early 4 you / be a famous footballer one day 5 we / take some great photos 6 he / watch the programme on TV

2

18

It will snow next weekend. ................................................................... They will invite Lucy to their party. ................................................................... She will close the shop early. ................................................................... You will be a famous footballer one day. ...................................................................... We will take some great photos. ................................................................... He will watch the programme on TV. ...................................................................

Read, choose and write. Use the short form. be famous one day be tired tomorrow study this weekend

be hungry at eleven o’clock enjoy this film wear the red T-shirt

’ll be hungry at eleven o’clock 1 Brian doesn’t want to eat breakfast. He ............................................................... . ’ll be tired tomorrow 2 Tabatha doesn’t want to go to bed early. She .................................................... . study this weekend 3 Ann and Sam’s History test is on Monday. They ’ll ................................................. . ’ll enjoy this film 4 Tom and Damian love the cinema. They ............................................................... . ’ll be famous one day 5 Chris is a fantastic guitarist. He .............................................................................. . ’ll wear the red T-shirt 6 My white T-shirt is dirty. I .......................................................................................... .

3

Write. 1 We will not help her. (not help) 3 Sandra will not like your new jacket. (not like) 5 It will not be cold tomorrow. (not be)

2 They will not visit the art gallery. (not visit) 4 You will not be here tomorrow. (not be) 6 I will not sit

here. (not sit) seventy-nine

79


18 4

Will

Write the short form. 1 They will not swim in the lake. 2 You will not fly to London. 3 I will not go to the library. 4 He will not go to bed late. 5 We will not have a picnic. 6 It will not be sunny tomorrow.

5

They won’t swim in the lake. ............................................................................. You won’t fly to London. ............................................................................. I won’t go to the library. ............................................................................. He won’t go to bed late. ............................................................................. We won’t have a picnic. ............................................................................. It won’t be sunny tomorrow. .............................................................................

Read, choose and write. enjoy 1 We

have

not come

’ll play

not cook

not stay

play

football after school.

2 You won’t cook dinner tomorrow. 3 They won’t stay in a hotel. ’ll enjoy the film. 4 She 5 George will have fun. 6 Peter won’t come with us. 6

Write questions. 1 you / study French next year? 2 they / go to the cinema on Friday? 3 we / meet your new friend? 4 Henry / buy the tickets? 5 I / have time for my homework? 6 Diana / visit us one day?

80

eighty

Will you study French next year? ......................................................................... Will they go to the cinema on Friday? ......................................................................... Will we meet your new friend? ......................................................................... Will Henry buy the tickets? ......................................................................... Will I have time for my homework? ......................................................................... Will Diana visit us one day? .........................................................................


Will

7

18

Find, ask and answer. 1 go to Paris 2

go to the sports centre stay at a friend’s house

3

study for her Geography test 4

visit an art gallery visit his granny

5 6 1 Brad / go to the sports centre? A: Will Brad go to the sports centre? B: No, he won’t. He’ll visit his granny.

2 Maddie / go to Paris? A: Will Maddie go to Paris?

3 Mr and Mrs Jones / stay at home? A: Will Mr and Mrs Jones stay at home? B: No, they won’t. They’ll go to Paris.

4 Evan / go to the cinema? A: Will Evan go to the cinema?

5 Nina / watch TV? A: Will Nina watch TV?

6 Mr and Mrs Green / visit the shops? A: Will Mr and Mrs Green visit the shops? B: No, they won’t. They’ll visit an art gallery.

B: No, she won’t. She’ll study for her Geography test.

B: No, she won’t. She’ll stay at a friend’s house.

B: No, he won’t. He’ll go to the sports centre.

eighty-one

81


3

Revision 1

Write. Use the Past simple. Bill was at home last night. ..................................................................... There was a cake in the fridge. .....................................................................

1 Bill / be at home last night 2 there / be a cake in the fridge

We weren’t tired yesterday. ..................................................................... Was Sharon in the car last night? .....................................................................

3 we / not be tired yesterday 4 Sharon / be in the car last night? 5 there / not be any presents for me 6 there / be a mouse in the kitchen?

2

There weren’t any presents for me. ..................................................................... Was there a mouse in the kitchen? .....................................................................

Read, choose and write. Use the Past simple. drink 1 We

like

not buy

liked

not lock

see

watch

the chocolate cake. It was yummy!

2 You didn’t lock the door last night. drank three cups of tea. 3 Beverley 4 We didn’t buy any flour. 5 Dan and James watched TV yesterday evening. saw elephants in India. 6 She

3

82

Ask and answer. Use the Past simple. 1 Angela / visit her cousins? ✓ A: Did Angela visit her cousins? B: Yes, she did.

2 he / talk to his teacher? ✓ A: Did he talk to his teacher? B: Yes, he did.

3 the boys / eat the pizza? ✓ A: Did the boys eat the pizza? B: Yes, they did.

4 it / rain last weekend? ✗ A: Did it rain last weekend? B: No, it didn’t.

eighty-two


Units 13-18

4

Write. Use the comparative or the superlative. 1 I am stronger than Oliver. (strong) 2 Nick’s granny is 3 Monday was

the oldest person in the family. (old) hotter than Sunday. (hot)

4 Samantha is prettier than her sister. (pretty) 5 You are the noisiest person in this class! (noisy) better than strawberry ice cream. (good) 6 Chocolate ice cream is

5

Write. Use going to. 1 Jade / help us ✓ 2 you / see him tomorrow V 3 I / read this book ✗ 4 Jack / go to bed early ✓ 5 the girls / swim in the lake V 6 you / wear this T-shirt ✗

6

Jade is going to help us. .............................................................................. Are you going to see him tomorrow? .............................................................................. I’m not going to read this book. .............................................................................. Jack is going to go to bed early. .............................................................................. Are the girls going to swim in the lake? .............................................................................. You aren’t going to wear this T-shirt. ..............................................................................

Read, choose and write. Use will. cook 1 She

invite

make

will make

not stay

not study

some sandwiches for the picnic.

2 I won’t stay in a hotel in the summer. 3 Will they invite us to their party? (they) will cook dinner for their mum and dad. 4 They 5 We

won’t study

for our test tomorrow.

eighty-three

83


Wordlist 1 Personal pronouns, to be brave strong funny clever old hungry beautiful fast young balloon sad short slow thirsty classroom

2 Plurals, this / that, these / those dinosaur extinct leg tooth toy bus glass knife person foot sheep brush radio fairy wolf wife monster ring camera desk fox

84

eighty-four

lady leaf clean strawberry cherry

3 Have got, possessive adjectives wheel light fridge like dragon watch scooter skateboard T-shirt garden aunt window helmet drink arm long blond PC MP3

4 Present continuous test pet wash machine dry programme homework game ride work wear sleep

take a photo picnic hide behind chase story juice have fun sail boat sofa lesson volleyball rain room beach swim watch cook coat surf comic breakfast) lunch

5 Possessive ’s, whose? uncle work call police Well done! skirt glove bowl bathroom dirty laptop earring CD player necklace sunglasses


Wordlist

6 Can fast Spanish violin Italian guitar German saxophone drum find drumstick broken shorts It’s very cold. ski fly plane

7 Present simple That’s right! stay home live go to bed carry catch cry dive kiss mix study get up model plane model train pool bedroom living room jeans brush weekend floor

favourite have a great time biscuit like dinner chocolate glasses flat walk

8 Imperatives, let’s fantastic push button basketball talk there laugh time horrible we’re late paint shark birthday something special go for a ride Happy birthday! surprise match song today snow snowman shop closed tired it’s very hot go for a swim I’m bored spaghetti

9 Must This is fun! again buy uniform jacket dentist clean salad helmet driver parent without fire scary

10 There is / are, prepositions of place, where? nail tool box painting bookcase board king castle queen basket

11 Some, any yummy pancake sauce honey cupboard bread cheese cocoa flour rice eighty-five

85


Word Wo W Wordlist orrd dllis ist sugar tea kitchen doughnut plate pencil case jug farm shelf cookie bottle

12 How much / many? paint litre soup meat salt want zoo need

13 Was, were, there was / were it was warm it was sunny yesterday cloud sky hot-air balloon hole later ground library kite canteen neighbour bookshop

86

eighty-six

key student little

14 Past simple: regular verbs finish suddenly noise continue fix drop climb enjoy hurry lock tidy art gallery busy turn right chicken present

15 Past simple: irregular verbs yoghurt pot fruit armchair e-mail

16 Comparative, superlative pretty heavy strange

ugly noisy light pilot street town thin puppy

17 Going to kennel team band help angry sweet restaurant go for a walk

18 Will genius famous one day meet bring snow invite footballer programme guitarist lake fly hotel study sports centre


Irregular verbs Infinitive

Past simple

be

was / were

buy

bought

come

came

do

did

draw

drew

drink

drank

drive

drove

eat

ate

fly

flew

get up

got up

give

gave

go

went

have

had

know

knew

make

made

put

put

read

read

run

ran

see

saw

send

sent

sing

sang

sit

sat

sleep

slept

swim

swam

take

took

think

thought

wear

wore

win

won

write

wrote eighty-seven

87


First published by Hamilton House Publishers, 2012 Hamilton House Publishers Ltd 2 Prespas Street Nicosia 1082 Cyprus E-mail: enquiries@hamiltonhousepublishers.com Website: www.hamiltonhousepublishers.com Text, design, artwork and characters © Hamilton House Publishers, 2012 ISBN: 978-9963-687-93-0 Student’s Book ISBN: 978-9963-687-91-6 Teacher’s Book All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise without the prior written permission of the publishers. Any person who carries out any unauthorised act in relation to this publication may be liable to criminal prosecution and civil claims for damages. Acknowledgements The publishers and authors would like to thank all the schools and teachers that took part in the testing and piloting of the original material. Their feedback and comments were invaluable in the development of this course. Illustrations by: Carmen Pérez Colour by: Comicup


for Prim ar y

B

Little Genius is a new two-level series of illustrated grammar books for

Little Genius Grammar for Primary B

mar m a Gr

for Prim r a a m ry m a r B G

very young learners. Children follow the humorous adventures of Brad and Maddie, the ingenious twins, while taking their first steps in English grammar and structure.

Little Genius includes: simple and amusing cartoon stories presenting key grammar areas in context carefully controlled language so that it’s always familiar to students grammar presented in small manageable chunks a wide variety of illustrated exercises carefully graded to build young learners’ confidence step by step • regular revision units which help students consolidate what they’ve learned • a wordlist at the back of the book

Student’s Book

• • • •

Components: Student’s Book Teacher’s Book with overprinted answers load Down w the ne ar ramm

hG Englis App! Genius

Zandra Daniels

Little Genius 2 Grammar  
Little Genius 2 Grammar  
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