Page 1

Join the young inventor Eugenius, his robot Dax and his friends and have fun discovering English grammar and structure!

Student’s Book

Grammar Genius is a series of beautifully illustrated books of grammar reference and practice, taking students from Beginner to Intermediate level. Thanks to its thoroughly researched syllabus, it can be used alongside any coursebook used at this level.

m 1 a m r a r Genius

Zandra Daniels

Grammar Genius features:

G

G

Grammar Genius 1

m 1 a m r ra Genius

• grammar presented through loveable cartoon strips in simple, amusing contexts that motivate young learners • grammar structures taught in short, learner-friendly steps • detailed, clear and easy-to-follow reference sections • a wide variety of carefully graded practice exercises • writing and speaking tasks at the end of each unit • special 'be a genius' boxes with helpful tips • regular revision units • a unit-by-unit wordlist at the back of the book • extra interactive CD-ROM with additional practice exercises

9 789963 687886

Zandra Daniels with in ter ac

ISBN 978-9963-687-88-6

HAMILTON HOUSE ELT

Components Student’s Book with interactive CD-ROM Teacher’s Book with overprinted answers Test Booklet Interactive Whiteboard Software Real life grammar presentations can be downloaded from www.youtube.com/hamiltonhouseelt

OM D-R C e tiv


Contents Unit 1

Subject pronouns, present simple of to be

4

2

Articles, plural nouns

8

3

There is, there are, prepositions of place

14

4

Demonstratives

18

5

Imperative, let’s, object pronouns

22

Revision 1: Units 1–5

26

Possessive ’s, whose, possessive adjectives and pronouns

28

7

Have got

34

8

Can, must

38

9

Countable and uncountable nouns, some, any 42

10

Quantifiers, how many, how much

48

Revision 2: Units 6–10

54

11

Present simple

56

12

Adverbs of frequency, prepositions of time

62

6

2

Page


Contents Unit

Page

13

Present continuous

66

14

Present simple and present continuous

70

15

Comparison of adjectives

74

16

Adverbs of manner

80

Revision 3: Units 11–16

84

17

Have to

86

18

Past simple of to be

90

19

Past simple of regular verbs

94

20

Past simple of irregular verbs

100

21

The future

106

22

Questions

112

Revision 4: Units 17–22

118

Spelling rules

120

Irregular verbs

122

Wordlist

124 3


Subject pronouns, present simple of to be

1 1

2

Hi, I’m Ginny!

Hi, I’m Ginny!

OK! Ready!

No, you aren’t. You’re Dax. A/W 01-02 You’re a robot.

A/W 01-01

3

Is he a robot, Ginny?

No, I’m not. I’m a A/W 01-03 boy. I’m Eugenius.

Subject pronouns

4

Singular

Plural

I you he she it

we you they

4

You’re a genius, Eugenius!

A/W 01-04


1 • We use subject pronouns instead of a noun or a name. The girls are in class D4. They’re in class D4. Eugenius is ten years old. He’s ten years old. • In the singular, we use he or she for a person and it for a thing or an animal. Emma is tall. She’s tall. The car is red. It’s red. • But when an animal is our pet, we use he or she. That’s Rex. He’s a very clever dog. • In the plural, we use they for people, animals and things. Emma and George are cousins. They’re cousins. Rex and Daisy are my pets. They’re my pets. The shoes are small. They’re small.

1

Circle the correct answer.

1

Tom is eleven years old. She / He is in class E5.

2

This is Alice. She / It is English.

3

Peter and I are at home. They / We are in the garden.

4

Look at that giraffe. It / She is very tall!

5

My brother is very tired. It / He is hungry, too.

6

The bikes are here. They / You are in the garage.

To be Affirmative

Negative

Full form

Short form

Full form

Short form

I am you are he is she is it is we are you are they are

I’m you’re he’s she’s it’s we’re you’re they’re

I am not you are not he is not she is not it is not we are not you are not they are not

I’m not you aren’t he isn’t she isn’t it isn’t we aren’t you aren’t they aren’t

Question

Short answers

Am I? Are you? Is he? Is she? Is it? Are we? Are you? Are they?

Yes, I am. / No, I’m not. Yes, you are. / No, you aren’t. Yes, he is. / No, he isn’t. Yes, she is. / No, she isn’t. Yes, it is. / No, it isn’t. Yes, we are. / No, we aren’t. Yes, you are. / No, you aren’t. Yes, they are. / No, they aren’t.

• The verb to be has three different forms: am, is and are. I am ten years old. She is my friend. They are happy. • We often use the short form of the verb, especially when we are speaking. I’m ten years old. She’s my friend. They’re happy. • There are two short forms for is not and are not. He is not a teacher. He isn’t a teacher. He’s not a teacher. We are not cousins. We aren’t cousins. We’re not cousins.

5


2

Complete. Use am, is or are. 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1

6

is It ................ a very old car.

10

are Henry and Ian ................ in the car. is George ................ my brother. am I ................ a student. are We ................ ten years old. is Becky ................ in London. are The books ................ in my bag. are You ................ my best friend. are Ben and Alex ................ from Australia. are You ................ very tall!

3

Write negative sentences. Use full forms.

1

David / a teacher David is not a teacher. ..................................................................

6

Louise / busy Louise is not busy. ...............................................................

2

we / tired We are not tired. ..................................................................

7

this room / very big This room is not very big. ...............................................................

3

I / hungry I.................................................................. am not hungry.

8

he / a doctor He is not a doctor. ...............................................................

4

they / in my class They are not in my class. ..................................................................

9

they / from London They are not from London. ...............................................................

5

you / funny You are not funny. ..................................................................

10

Peter / in his room Peter is not in his room. ...............................................................

4

Rewrite the sentences. Use short forms. 3

Mary is not happy today. Mary isn’t / Mary’s not happy today. ...............................................................

4

Mrs Cooper is my teacher. Mrs Cooper’s my teacher. ...............................................................

5

You are a good driver. You’re a good driver. ...............................................................

6

I am not at home. I’m not at home. ...............................................................

7

You are not short. You aren’t / You’re not short. ...............................................................

8

It is not very cold. It isn’t / It’s not very cold. ...............................................................

1

They are friends. They ’re friends. ..................................................................

9

He is late. He’s late. ...............................................................

2

We are at the supermarket. We’re at the supermarket. ..................................................................

10

They are not at school. They aren’t / They’re not at school. ...............................................................


5

Write questions and short answers.

be a We can’t use the short form of to be in affirmative short answers. A: Are you hungry? B: Yes, I am. ✓ (Yes, I’m. ✗)

3

they / ready? Are they ready? A: ............................................................. they are B: Yes, .................................................... .

4

I / in your team? Am I in your team? A: ............................................................. you aren’t B: No, .................................................... .

1

Chris / with you? Is Chris with you? A: ............................................................. is B: Yes, he ................................................... .

5

she / from the USA? Is she from the USA? A: ............................................................. she isn’t B: No, .................................................... .

2

you / Samantha? Are you Samantha? A: ............................................................. I’m not B: No, .................................................... .

6

we / late? Are we late? A: ............................................................. you / we are B: Yes, .................................................. .

6

Write about you. Then stick your photo in the box.

Let’s write!

Hi! downloads games wallpapers e-mail

Stick your photo here.

Students ’ own answers I’m ............................................................... . I ...................................................... years old. I ........... from ............................................... . I .............. in class ........................................ . My school .................................................... . My teacher’s name ...................................... . My best friend’s name ................................ .

I ........... a genius!

Let’s talk!

7

Work with a partner. Ask and answer.

1

you / ten years old?

2

you / happy today?

3

you / hungry?

4

your best friend / here?

5

I / your best friend?

6

my shoes / nice?

7

what / your favourite subject?

8

what / in your bag?

Are you ten years old? Yes, I am.

7


Articles, plural nouns 1

2 Look, Dax! The car is ready!

Can I be a car, too?

No, silly! You’re a robot.

Oh, I’m a silly robot.

A/W 02-01

No, you aren’t! Look. How many screws are there in my hand?

3

Four.

A/W 02-03

See? You’re an intelligent robot! A/W 02-04

Articles

8

A

An

The

a boy a mouse a lemon a red car a hot drink

an apple an egg an iguana an umbrella an intelligent robot

the classroom the blue bag the sun the Nile the UK

Adam France tennis English dinner


A, an • We use the indefinite article (a, an) with singular nouns. We use a before nouns which begin with a consonant and an before nouns which begin with a vowel (a, e, i, o, u). a present a test a computer an insect an elephant an orange • We use a/an when we’re talking about something or someone in general. There’s a book on your desk. There’s an orange in that bowl. • When there is an adjective before the noun, we choose a or an depending on whether the adjective begins with a consonant or a vowel. an umbrella Ö a red umbrella a Τ-shirt Ö an orange Τ-shirt

The We use the definite article (the) with singular and plural nouns. We use the: • when we are talking about specific people or things. Is this the new sofa? The children are in the garden. • when we are talking about something unique. The Εarth goes round the sun. • with the names of oceans (the Atlantic Ocean), rivers (the Nile), seas (the Caspian Sea), deserts (the Sahara), mountain ranges (the Himalayas) and the names of some countries like the United Kingdom (the UK), the United States (the US), the Netherlands. • with musical instruments. I can play the guitar.

Zero article We don’t use a, an or the: • with people’s names (Diana), continents (Europe), countries (France), cities (Athens), languages or nationalities (German). Vassili is Russian. Madrid is in Spain. • with sports (basketball), games (chess), subjects (Maths) or meals (lunch). Basketball is great! Let’s have lunch. • with adjectives which are not followed by nouns. This story is funny. It’s hot in here.

1

Complete. Use a or an.

be a

3

Before deciding whether to put a or an, look at the first letter of the word after the gap. It’s a book. It’s an old book.

4 5 6

1

a very big box! That’s ........

7

2

an aeroplane? Is that ........

8

a carton of milk here. There’s ........ an easy exercise. It’s ........ a pilot? Is he ........ an insect, right? An ant is ........ an old film. That’s ........ a good singer. She’s ........

9


2

Complete. Use a, an or – .

1

a new computer. He’s got ........ – good. That cake isn’t ........

2 3 4 5 6

an expensive watch. This is ........ – fantastic! Your bike is ........ an orange T-shirt. I’ve got ........ – funny! You’re ........

decorative photo TBC (02-09)

8

– tall. My brother is ........ a great idea! That’s ........

3

Complete. Use the or – .

1

the moon! It’s beautiful! Wow! Look at ........ – breakfast. ........ The Let’s have ........ the cornflakes are on ........ table.

5

7

4

– History. It’s a very interesting I like ........ subject. the piano. My sister can play ........

4

Complete. Use a, an or the.

7

2 3

1 2

8

UK. They’re on holiday.

3

Remember: when talking about something in general, use a/an. When talking about something specific, use the.

4

a sandwich. A: Let’s make ........ B: I’m not hungry. the sandwich good? A: Is ........

5

B: Yes, it’s very good. Thank you. an empty box in ........ the A: Is there ........

the blue pen? A: Where’s ........ the B: It’s on ........ desk, over there. a pen? A: Have you got ........ a B: Yes. There’s ........ red pen in my bag.

Complete. Use a, an, the or – .

1

a big brown bag on ........ the There’s ........ table. It’s for you. – Hawaii is ........ an island in ........ the ........

6

4

10

garage? B: Yes, there’s one next to my bike. the big red box? A: Where’s ........ the B: It’s in ........ living room.

6

The Thames is ........ a river in ........ – ........ England. – Is this your new dress? It’s ........

– American. He’s from My cousin is ........ – Chicago. ........

7

beautiful! the a sandwich for you in ........ There’s ........

an excellent idea! Yes! That’s ........

8

5

Pacific Ocean. 3

– football your favourite sport? Is ........ – Anna and ........ – Nick are in ........ the ........

be a

5

2

6

– Brian. Is ........ – Hello, this is ........ Mr Saunders there? The CD is in ........ the CD player. ........

fridge. – tennis. Let’s play ........


6

Read and circle the correct answer. Dave: Hi, I’m 1 Dave / the Dave.

Dave: I’m from 5 London / the London.

Eric:

Eric:

Hi! I’m 2 Eric / an Eric and this is Kim. She’s 3 friend / a friend.

Dave: Thanks. Have you got7 a bike / the bike?

Dave: Where are you from, Kim? Kim:

Wow! That’s 6 fantastic / a fantastic bike, Dave!

I’m from 4 US / the US. What about you?

Eric:

Yes. But it’s 8 very old / a very old .

Plural nouns Regular nouns -s

-es

-ies

-ves

cat Ö cats table Ö tables bee Ö bees radio Ö radios

bus Ö buses brush Ö brushes beach Ö beaches potato Ö potatoes

country Ö countries cherry Ö cherries story Ö stories lady Ö ladies

leaf Ö leaves wolf Ö wolves wife Ö wives knife Ö knives

Irregular nouns man Ö men woman Ö women child Ö children person Ö people

tooth Ö teeth foot Ö feet mouse Ö mice sheep Ö sheep

fish Ö fish deer Ö deer

• We make regular nouns plural by adding -s, -es, -ies, or -ves. (See Spelling Rules on page 120.) cat Ö cats bus Ö buses story Ö stories wolf Ö wolves • Irregular nouns do not follow any rules. They must be learnt. foot Ö feet man Ö men person Ö people fish Ö fish

7

Write the plural of the words in the box in the correct column. baby cake day dress foot leaf life loaf lorry person radio sheep story tomato toothbrush -s

-es

-ies

-ves

Irregular

cakes .......................... days ..........................

dresses .......................... tomatoes ..........................

babies .......................... lorries ..........................

leaves .......................... lives ..........................

feet .......................... people ..........................

radios ..........................

toothbrushes ..........................

stories ..........................

loaves ..........................

sheep ..........................

11


8

Complete. Use the plural of the words in brackets.

1 2

wolves No, those are .................... . They aren’t dogs .................... . (wolf, dog) knives forks How many .................... and ....................

3

are there? (knife, fork) children are in the garden. (child) The ....................

4 5

books There are eighty .................... on these shelves .................... . (book, shelf) tomatoes and ten We’ve got two .................... olives .................... for the salad. (tomato, olive)

7

strawberries are in that bowl and The .................... cherries the .................... are in the fridge. (strawberry, cherry) people There are twenty-five .................... in the

8

room. (person) eyes Mark’s .................... are green. (eye)

9

Complete the table.

6

10

Singular

Plural

Singular

Plural

a mouse .......... an ice cream ..........

mice four .................... ice creams three ....................

a fish .......... a .......... country

fish six .................... countries twelve ....................

a .......... church an .......... orange

churches eight .................... oranges five ....................

an e-mail .......... a .......... potato

e-mails fourteen ................... potatoes eleven ....................

a .......... leaf

leaves three ....................

an umbrella ..........

umbrellas nine ....................

Rewrite the sentences in the plural.

be a Remember: Adjectives don’t have a plural form. The boys are tall. ✓ (The boys are talls. ✗)

12

5

The story is interesting. The stories are interesting. ...............................................................

6

He’s an old friend. They’re old friends. ...............................................................

1

The box is heavy. The boxes are heavy. .................................................................

7

It’s a funny photo. They’re funny photos. ...............................................................

2

She is a good singer. They’re good singers. .................................................................

8

The boy is hungry. The boys are hungry. ...............................................................

3

The exercise is easy. The exercises are easy. .................................................................

9

The sandwich is ready. The sandwiches are ready. ...............................................................

4

It’s a fantastic book. They’re fantastic books. .................................................................

10

It’s a new computer. They’re new computers. ...............................................................


11

Read and circle the correct answer.

Dax is 4..... . He’s got 5..... and big ..... . He’s only two weeks old!

Eugenius is 1..... . He’s a genius! He’s got 2.....! He can make 3....., too! A very intelligent

B a very intelligent

C the very intelligent

2

A great ideas

B a great ideas

C greats ideas

3

A robot

B robots

C the robot

4

A robot

B the robots

C a robot

5

A long arm

B longs arms

C long arms

6

A feets

B feet

C foot

Let’s write!

What’s in your classroom? Make a list. a board ..............................

..............................

.............................. Students’ own ..............................

..............................

answers ..............................

..............................

..............................

..............................

..............................

Let’s talk!

Play a game with a partner. Student A: Make sentences with the phrases in A. Student B: Say if the sentences are true or false. You get one point for each correct answer. Now swap roles and do the same with the phrases in B. 1 2 3 4

The Sahara is a desert. True. Correct. One point.

B

A

Sahara / is / desert Paris / is in / Australia Eiffel Tower / is in / USA Spain / is in / Europe Answers: 1 True 2 False 3 False 4 True

13

1

1 2 3 4

New York / is in / UK Nile / is / river Acropolis / is in / Athens Rome / is in / Asia Answers: 1 False 2 True 3 True 4 False

12

6

13


There is, there are, prepositions of place 1

Look! There’s a mouse on the shelf!

No, Dax! There isn’t a mouse on the shelf!

2 Oh! Are there two mice under the chair?

A/W 03-01

3

A/W 03-02

Dax! There’s a mouse behind you!

There’s a mouse in the box! Ha!

4 Help!

A/W 03-03

A/W 03-04

There is, there are Affirmative

14

Negative

Question

Full form

Short form

Full form

Short form

there is there are

there’s –

there is not there are not

there isn’t there aren’t

Is there? Are there?

No, there aren’t. This is a silly game, Dax!


• We use there is and there are to describe what exists somewhere. There’s a park near my school. There are two cinemas near my house. • We use there is with singular nouns. There is an apple on the table. There’s a sandwich in the fridge. • We use there are with plural nouns. There are two apples on the table. There are two sandwiches in the fridge. • Be careful. We use there and not it or they in short answers. A: Is there a library in this town? A: Are there books in that box?

B: Yes, there is. ✓ (Yes, it is. ✗) B: Yes, there are. ✓ (Yes, they are. ✗)

1

Circle the correct answer.

1

There’s / There are five oranges in the bowl.

5

There’s / There are a note for you on the desk.

2

There’s / There are a tall tree in the garden.

6

There’s / There are four girls in the photo.

7

3

There’s / There are three pens in my bag.

There’s / There are two T-shirts on your bed.

4

There’s / There are a cat on the sofa.

8

There’s / There are a toy car in the box.

2

Complete. Use there isn’t or there aren’t.

1

5

2

There isn’t a TV in my room. .................... There isn’t a cinema near my house. ....................

3

There aren’t two cars in the garage. ....................

7

4

There aren’t six eggs in this box. ....................

8

3

Write questions and short answers.

1

a bird / in the tree? ✓ Is there a bird in the tree? A: ............................................................. Yes, there is. B: .............................................................

6

three notebooks / in your bag? ✗ Are there three notebooks in your bag? A: ............................................................. No, there aren’t. B: .............................................................

2

two armchairs / in the room? ✗ Are there two armchairs in the room? A: ............................................................. No, there aren’t. B: .............................................................

7

a supermarket / near here? ✗ Is there a supermarket near here? A: ............................................................. No, there isn’t. B: .............................................................

3

a red T-shirt / in the drawer? ✓ Is there a red T-shirt in the drawer? A: ............................................................. Yes, there is. B: .............................................................

8

four bananas / in the fridge? ✓ Are there four bananas in the fridge? A: ............................................................. Yes, there are. B: .............................................................

4

a doll / in that box? ✗ Is there a doll in that box? A: ............................................................. No, there isn’t. B: .............................................................

9

a computer / in your room? ✓ Is there a computer in your room? A: ............................................................. Yes, there is. B: .............................................................

5

twelve girls / in your class? ✓ Are there twelve girls in your class? A: ............................................................. Yes, there are. B: .............................................................

10

twenty photos / in that album? ✗ Are there twenty photos in that album? A: ............................................................. No, there aren’t. B: .............................................................

There aren’t ten books on this shelf. .................... There isn’t a CD in the CD player. ....................

6

There isn’t a restaurant near here. .................... There aren’t four apples in the fridge. ....................

15


Prepositions of place in

in front of

next to

on

behind

near

under

between

at

• We use prepositions of place to describe where someone or something is located. The camera is in the box. Liz is between Jo and Lee. The book is on the desk. The desk is next to the bed. The ball is under the bed. Her house is near my school. Ben is in front of Kim. Mum is at the supermarket. The park is behind the school. • We use at when we are referring to a place or location. at the supermarket at the bus stop at the cinema • We use specific prepositions in the following phrases: { at home, at school, at work { on the left / right, on the first / second floor, on the wall { in bed, in hospital, in an armchair (but on a chair) The boys are at school. The post office is on the left.

4

Look and complete.

A/W 03-08

1 2 3 4

16

near The bike is .................. the blue box. in front of the blue box. The aeroplane is ..................

5

next to the paint. The brush is .................. in The skateboard is .................. the blue

6

box.

8

7

between the red box and The car is .................. the blue box. on The CD player is .................. the shelf. under The newspaper is .................. the paint. behind the blue box. The chairs are ..................


5

Circle the correct answer. A/W 03-09

1

A: The library is in / on your left. B: Thank you very much.

3

A: Come and sit next / near to me. B: In / On this chair? A: No, sit here, in / on the armchair.

4

A: Are the boys at / in home? B: No, they’re at / in school.

5

A: Look at the poster in / on the wall. B: Wow! It’s beautiful!

6

A: Where’s Mr Brown’s office? B: It’s on / at the second floor.

7

A: Where’s your dad? B: He’s at / in work.

8

A: Who’s the girl in that photo? B: That’s Emma. And the boy on / at the right is Ben, her brother.

2

A: Is Diana at / in the kitchen? B: No, she’s in / on bed. She’s ill.

6

Look around you and answer the questions. Write full answers.

7

Let’s write!

1

Is there a door? Where? There’s a door ............................................................

5

Where’s your teacher? ............................................................

2

Is there a window? Where? Students’ own answers ............................................................

6

Where’s your bag? ............................................................

3

Is there a board? Where? ............................................................

7

Where’s your English grammar book? ............................................................

4

Are there chairs? Where? ............................................................

8

Where’s your notebook? ............................................................

Let’s talk!

Play a game with a partner. Student A: Look at the picture in Exercise 4 for one minute and close your book. Where are the hamsters? Tell Student B. Student B: Look at the picture in Exercise 4 and listen to Student A. Give him / her one point for each correct answer.

There’s a hamster in the red box. Correct. One point.

There’s a hamster on the bike. No, there isn’t. 17


4 1

Demonstratives What’s that?

It’s a vacuum cleaner.

A/W 04-01

2

That is a mop and these are dusters. Now you can clean my room!

3

Hey, this is a great idea!

No, it isn’t!

A/W 04-03

18

Affirmative

Negative

Question

Singular

This is Kim’s room.

This is not (This isn’t) Kim’s room.

Is this Kim’s room?

Plural

These are Kim’s glasses.

These are not (These aren’t) Kim’s glasses.

Are these Kim’s glasses?

Affirmative

Negative

Question

Singular

That is (That’s) Ian’s bag.

That is not (That isn’t) Ian’s bag.

Is that Ian’s bag?

Plural

Those are Ian’s books.

Those are not (Those aren’t) Ian’s books.

Are those Ian’s books?


4 • We use this, that, these and those to talk about someone or something which is close to us or far away. • We use this to talk about something which is close to us. We use these for the plural. This is my sister. These are my brothers. • We use that to talk about something which is far away. We use those for the plural. That’s a new computer game. Those flowers are beautiful. • When we answer questions, we don’t use this, that, these or those. We use subject pronouns (he, she, it, they, etc). A: Are those your shoes? B: Yes, they are. / No, they aren’t. A: What’s that? B: It’s an MP3 player.

1

Circle the correct answer.

be a

3

That / Those are my shoes.

If we are talking about one person or thing, we use this or that.

4

That / Those is my bike.

5

This / These are my friends, Henry and Pam.

6

This / These is a new DVD.

If we are talking about more than one person or thing, we use these or those.

1

This / These jacket is nice.

7

That / Those are Pat’s parents.

2

This / These flowers are for you.

8

That / Those is a very big boat!

2

Complete the table. Singular

Plural

This game is fantastic! That boy is very tall. ....................................................................

These games are fantastic! .................................................................... Those boys are very tall. Those birds are beautiful. ....................................................................

That bird is beautiful. This ring is very expensive. ....................................................................

These rings are very expensive. These books are very interesting. ....................................................................

This book is very interesting.

3

Write sentences. Eugenius and Dax are at the zoo.

1

D: That’s an elephant. (hippo) No! That isn’t an elephant. It’s a hippo. E: .............................................................

4

D: This is a panda. (koala) No! This isn’t a panda. It’s a koala. E: .............................................................

2

D: These are mice. (hamsters) No! These aren’t mice. They’re hamsters. E: .............................................................

5

D: That’s a zebra. (pony) No! That isn’t a zebra. It’s a pony. E: .............................................................

3

D: Those are snakes. (iguanas) No! Those aren’t snakes. They’re iguanas. E: .............................................................

6

D: Those are tigers. (lions) No! Those aren’t tigers. They’re lions. E: .............................................................

19


4

Write questions and short answers.

1

this / your pen? ✓ Is this your pen? A: ............................................................ Yes, it is. B: ............................................................

4

these / Ginny’s shoes? ✓ Are these Ginny’s shoes? A: ............................................................ Yes, they are. B: ............................................................

2

that / a lamp? ✗ Is that a lamp? A: ............................................................ No, it isn’t. B: ............................................................

5

this / a vacuum cleaner? ✓ Is this a vacuum cleaner? A: ............................................................ Yes, it is. B: ............................................................

3

those / your friends? ✗ Are those your friends? A: ............................................................ No, they aren’t. B: ............................................................

6

these / your glasses? ✗ Are these your glasses? A: ............................................................ No, they aren’t. B: ............................................................

5

Circle the correct answer. 3

No, these / those aren’t my sunglasses.

4

Is this / that your sister?

5

Are these / those presents for Annie?

6

This / That is Stephen’s house.

7

This / That is my room.

8

These / Those aren’t my keys.

be a We use this or these for something or someone close to us. We use that or those for something or someone far away.

1

This / That is my brother’s new printer.

2

These / Those photos are great!

6

Complete. Use this, that, these or those.

A/W 04-04

1

This ............... CD isn’t very good.

A/W 04-05

2

those Mum, are ............... sandwiches for me?

A/W 04-06

3

A/W 04-05

4

20

That Oh no! ...............’s our bus! Run!

5

This ............... is my friend, Ginny.

These aren’t our ............... bikes.

A/W 04-06

6

These dresses are ............... beautiful!


7

Write questions. Then complete the answers.

1 2 3 4 5 6

8

It’s B: .................... my old T-shirt. It’s B: .................... a computer game.

What are those? A: ................................... What are these? A: ...................................

They’re B: .................... chocolate biscuits. They’re B: .................... photos.

What are those? A: ................................... What’s this? A: ...................................

They’re B: .................... DVDs. It’s B: .................... my diary.

Let’s write!

Look and write sentences. Use this, that, these or those.

1 2 3 4 5 6

9

What’s this? A: ................................... What’s that? A: ...................................

This is my workshop. Hi, everyone! .............................................. (my workshop) This is my friend. ............................................... Her name is Ginny. (my friend) That’s Dax. ............................................... He’s very happy today! (Dax) Those are my model aeroplanes. (my model aeroplanes) ............................................... These are my X-ray glasses. ............................................... They’re fantastic! (my X-ray glasses) This is my hand. Look! ............................................... (my hand)

Let’s talk!

Work with a partner. Ask and answer about things in your classroom.

What’s this? It’s a pen.

What are those? They’re books.

21


Imperative, let’s, object pronouns 1

OK, now let’s make the orange juice. Here, take the oranges.

2 Let’s make breakfast.

OK.

A/W 05-01

3

No, Dax! Don’t put them in the coffee machine! Use this!

A/W 05-02

4 Dax!

A/W 05-03

Imperative, let’s Imperative

2 22

Let’s

Affirmative

Negative

Listen to me! Be quiet! Sit down. Turn right.

Don’t close the door. Don’t touch that! Don’t buy this book. Don’t laugh!

Let’s watch a DVD. Let’s go! Let’s visit Bob. Let’s play a game.

Sorry!


• We use the imperative to tell someone to do something or to give them instructions. We form the imperative with the bare infinitive at the beginning of a sentence. Stand up. Come here. Open this box, please. • The imperative is the same when we are talking to one person as it is when we are talking to many people. Come here, Susan. Come here, boys. • We use don’t at the beginning of the sentence to form the negative imperative. Don’t eat that! Don’t stop. • We use let’s when we are suggesting something to someone. Let’s is followed by a bare infinitive. Let’s make an omelette. Let’s go to the cinema tonight.

1

Complete. Use the words in the box. come

listen

look

open

read

turn

wait

write

2

Look ................ at this flower. It’s beautiful! Open It’s hot in here. ................ the window,

6

Turn This is my street. ................ left here. Come to the cinema. The film is ................

3

please. Read ................ this e-mail. It’s for you.

7

very good. Wait ................ for me! I’m not ready!

4

Listen to this CD. It’s great. ................

8

Write ................ your name here.

2

Write negative sentences.

1

Call John now. Don’t call John now. ..................................................................

5

Sit on this chair. Don’t sit on this chair. ..................................................................

2

Open this present. Don’t open this present. ..................................................................

6

Eat that sandwich. Don’t eat that sandwich. ..................................................................

3

Buy that T-shirt. Don’t buy that T-shirt. ..................................................................

7

Wear those shoes. Don’t wear those shoes. ..................................................................

4

Do this exercise. Don’t do this exercise. ..................................................................

8

Use this computer. Don’t use this computer. ..................................................................

3

Complete. Use let’s and the words in the box.

1

go

help

make

run

talk

wait

5

wash 5

2

Let’s go for a walk. Come on! ................... Let’s make a sandwich. I’m hungry. ...................

3

Let’s run We’re late! ...................!

7

4

Let’s help Amy’s got two heavy bags. ................... her.

8

1

6

watch Let’s talk to him. Bob is over there. ................... Let’s watch it. This film is great! ................... Let’s wait for The bus stop is here. ................... the bus. Let’s wash it. The car is dirty. ...................

23


4

Circle the correct answer.

be a

3

We use let’s to suggest something to someone. We use don’t to tell someone not to do something.

This computer game is boring. Come on, don’t / let’s play Monopoly!

4

Don’t / Let’s stand there. Come here.

5

Mrs Stephens can help us. Don’t / Let’s ask her.

6

This film is awful! Don’t / Let’s watch the comedy.

1

Be here at six. And don’t / let’s be late!

2

Don’t / Let’s talk, please. Be quiet.

Object pronouns Object pronouns

I you he she it we you they

me you him her it us you them

5

Complete. Use object pronouns.

1

Your cousin Simon is on the phone. Talk him . to .............

2

24

Subject pronouns

I’ve got a letter for you. Here, take it ............. .

We use an object pronoun instead of an object in a sentence when we want to talk about someone or something we have already mentioned. Object pronouns go after the verb in a sentence. Those clowns are funny. Look at them! Anna is not ready. Let’s wait for her.

5

her Alice is over there. Look at .............!

6

Mike and Gina are at home. Let’s visit them tonight. .............

7

him My dad’s in the garden. Let’s ask ............. about the party.

8

Aha! You’re behind that tree! I can see you .............!

3

us We are at home. Come and see ............. .

4

I can’t carry this box. Can you help me .............?

6

Write sentences. Use object pronouns.

1

Let’s find Christina. Let’s find her. ..................................................................

5

Come with Ian and me. Come with us. ..................................................................

2

Don’t eat those apples! Don’t eat them. ..................................................................

6

I can’t play with Henry and you today. I can’t play with you today. ..................................................................

3

Don’t wait for Tom. Don’t wait for him. ..................................................................

7

Ask Penny. Ask her. ..................................................................

4

Let’s listen to this song. Let’s listen to it. ..................................................................

8

Look at the boys! Look at them! ..................................................................


7

Circle the correct answer.

1

..... use a pen. Use a pencil. A Let’s B Not C Don’t

2

Where’s John? Can you see .....? A him B her C them

3

8

Here’s your sandwich. Put ..... in your bag. A me B him C it

4

Hey! ..... read that letter! It’s not for you! A Don’t B You not C Not

5

..... is here. Come and see her. A Him B Her C She

6

I’m bored. ..... a game. A Play B Let’s play

C We play

Let’s write!

Write class rules. Use these ideas. Can you add two rules of your own? be quiet ✓ listen to your teacher ✓ forget to do your homework ✗ write with a pencil ✓ write with a pen ✗ use your mobile phone in class ✗

CL ASS RULES

Be quiet. ..................................................................... Listen to your teacher. ..................................................................... Don’t forget to do your homework. ..................................................................... Write with a pencil. ..................................................................... Don’t write with a pen. ..................................................................... Don’t use your mobile phone in class. ..................................................................... Students’ own answers ..................................................................... Students’ own answers .....................................................................

9

Let’s talk!

Work with a partner. Student A: Say the phrases in A. Student B: Make suggestions. Use let’s. Now swap roles and do the same with B. B

A

1 2 3 4

We’re late! I’m hungry. It’s cold. I’m tired.

1 2 3 4

I’m bored. I’m thirsty. It’s hot. It’s dark in here.

We’re late! Let’s take the bus.

25


We are tired.

The photos are old.

I’m not ten years old.

The stories are very funny.

Are the books on the shelf?

The knives are over there.

He isn’t from Spain.

The boxes are very small.

Jenny is my cousin.

I’m not ten years old.

Is he in his room?

The sandwiches are very good.

the a The – an – the


There aren’t twenty five CDs on that shelf. There isn’t a cinema near here. There are twelve roses in the vase. Are there three people in that car? Is there a CD player in your room? There’s a cat in this photo.

It is very good. Read it. They are for you. Eat them. We can’t do this. Help us. She is over there. Say hello to her. They are here. Talk to them. He is funny. Look at him.


Possessive ‘s, whose, possessive adjectives and pronouns 1

Whose is this?

2

It’s Ginny’s.

3 What’s your name? Woof!

Possessive ‘s, whose Possessive ’s Singular

Plural

Tina’s mother my friend’s skateboard James’ bike

the girls’ names the children’s toys Amy and Oliver’s bikes

Whose

28

Singular

Plural

A: Whose bag is that? B: It’s my mum’s.

A: Whose keys are these? B: They’re Tom’s.

Is this your dog, Ginny?

No, it isn’t mine. It’s a present for Dax!


• We use ‘s to show who owns something. These are Anna’s shoes. That’s Kevin’s bike. • We add ‘s after a name or a singular noun. Henry’s mother is a doctor. My brother’s eyes are blue. • When a name ends in -s, we can add ‘s or just an apostrophe on its own. James’s computer is new. James’ computer is new. • When a noun is plural, we add an apostrophe after the -s. The boys’ T-shirts are black. The girls’ names are Betty and Lisa. • When a plural noun is irregular and doesn’t end in -s, we add ‘s. The men’s T-shirts are blue. The women’s names are Sarah and Emma. • When we talk about something which belongs to more than one person, we add ‘s after the last name. Betty and Duncan’s parents are teachers. ✓ (Betty’s and Duncan’s parents are teachers. ✗) • When we want to ask who owns something, we use whose with the verb to be. A: Whose MP3 player is this? B: It’s Eva’s. B: Whose shoes are these? B: They’re Mike’s.

1

Complete. Use ’s or ’ .

1

William’s It’s ......................... turn. (William) John’s This is ......................... cousin. (John)

6

That man’s ......................... keys are on the table. (that man) your parents’ car? (your parents) Is this .........................

8

2 3 4

7

9

the boys’ This is ......................... room. (the boys) Chris’ / Chris’s book? (Chris) Is that ......................... my friends’ This is ......................... new house. (my friends) Alice’s Where is ......................... jacket? (Alice)

5

the children’s bikes? Where are ......................... (the children)

2

Rewrite the sentences. Put the apostrophe in the correct place.

1

I’ve got Vivians ticket. I’ve got Vivian’s ticket. ..................................................................

6

We’ve got Francis and Peggys bags. We’ve got Francis and Peggy’s bags. ..................................................................

2

Where are Joannas glasses? Where are Joanna’s glasses? ..................................................................

7

These are the childrens jackets. These are the children’s jackets. ..................................................................

3

Is that Lewis sister? Is that Lewis’ sister? ..................................................................

8

What are those mens names? What are those men’s names? ..................................................................

4

The boys names are Ian and Tim. The boys’ names are Ian and Tim. ..................................................................

9

Annas new dress is beautiful! Anna’s new dress is beautiful. ..................................................................

5

Is this Mr Coxs address? Is this Mr Cox’s address? ..................................................................

10

Bills new camera is great! Bill’s new camera is great! ..................................................................

10

Nick’s I’ve got ......................... phone number. (Nick)

29


3

Circle the correct answer.

be a Don’t confuse whose and who’s. Whose is one word and asks who something belongs to. Who’s is two words (who is). A: Whose bag is this? B: It’s Kelly’s. A: Who’s this? B: It’s Kelly.

3

A: Whose / Who’s pen is this? B: It’s Dylan’s.

4

A: Whose / Who’s that? B: It’s Mr Cooper, my Science teacher.

5

A: Whose / Who’s in the kitchen? B: My mum.

1

A: Whose / Who’s shoes are these? B: They’re Adam’s.

6

A: Whose / Who’s DVDs are these? B: They’re my father’s.

2

A: Whose / Who’s that girl over there? B: That’s Jenny, Eric’s sister.

7

A: Whose / Who’s bike is that? B: It’s Harry’s.

4

Write questions and answers. 3

(cat / this?) (Bess) Whose cat is this? A: ............................................................. It’s Bess’ / Bess’s. B: .............................................................

4

(CDs / these?) (Tony) Whose CDs are these? A: ............................................................. They’re Tony’s. B: .............................................................

5

(car / that?) (my parents) Whose car is that? A: ............................................................. It’s my parents’. B: .............................................................

1

(dog / this?) (Dax) Whose dog is this? A: ............................................................. It’s Dax’s. B: .............................................................

6

(laptop / this?) (my brother) Whose laptop is this? A: ............................................................. It’s my brother’s. B: .............................................................

2

(bikes / these?) (Tom and Ethan) Whose bikes are these? A: ............................................................. They’re Tom and Ethan’s. B: .............................................................

7

(phone / that?) (James) Whose phone is that? A: ............................................................. It’s James’ / James’s. B: .............................................................

Possessive adjectives and pronouns

30

Subject pronouns

Possessive adjectives

Possessive pronouns

I you he she it we you they

my your his her its our your their

mine yours his hers – ours yours theirs


• We use possessive adjectives and possessive pronouns to talk about who something belongs to. That’s my book. That book is mine. • A possessive adjective is followed by a noun. His name is Bob. What’s your phone number? • A possessive pronoun is not followed by a noun. It usually goes at the end of a sentence. Those shoes aren’t mine. That sandwich isn’t yours. • Compare the following sentences: Those are our bikes. (possessive adjective + noun) Those bikes are ours. (possessive pronoun without a noun)

5

Complete. Use possessive adjectives.

1

his Who’s that boy? What’s ................ name? Your ................ computer is very fast, Jenny!

2

5

Our We’re in Brighton. ................ grandparents are here, too.

6

Penny and Sam are in the living room. Their ................ parents are in the garden. Its Look at that dog! ................ ears are

Is it new? 3 4

my I’m Fred and this is ................ brother, Brian. Her Katie’s eyes are green. ................ hair is

7

very long! 8

black.

his George is twelve and ................ brother is eight.

6

Rewrite the sentences. Use possessive adjectives.

1

What’s Peter’s phone number? What’s his phone number? ..................................................................

5

2

My parents’ room is over there. Bill’s new camera is great! ..................................................................

6

3

Nick’s got Sarah’s e-mail address. Nick’s got her e-mail address. ..................................................................

7

Where are the boys’ bikes? Where are their bikes? ..................................................................

4

The cat’s bowl is in the kitchen. Its bowl is in the kitchen. ..................................................................

8

That’s my sister’s camera. That’s her camera. ..................................................................

7

Match.

1

These are her shoes.

c

a

They’re his.

2

These are my sunglasses.

e

b

They’re theirs.

3

Those are his things.

a

c

They’re hers.

4

These are our bags.

f

d

They’re yours.

5

Those are their keys.

b

e

They’re mine.

6

Those are your books.

d

f

They’re ours.

The MP3 player is on Mike’s desk. The MP3 player is on his desk. .................................................................. Ian and Liz’s friends are here. Their friends are here. ..................................................................

31


8

Complete. Use possessive pronouns.

1

ours . (we) This cat isn’t .............

5

2

These are your sandwiches; they aren’t theirs . (they) ............. mine . It’s my The yellow jacket isn’t .............

6

3

(she) 7

sister’s. (I) 4

yours . (you) These sunglasses are .............

9

Circle the correct answer.

1

This is David’s mum. Her / Hers name is Emma.

2

Give Bill and Simon their / theirs hats.

3

These chairs are our / ours.

4

These photos are her / hers.

5

Where are our / ours friends?

6

The big box is my / mine.

7

This is your / yours room.

8

Are these brushes your / yours?

10 1 2

8

You’ve got your tickets but we haven’t ours . (we) got ............. theirs . (they) The blue car is .............

decorative photo TBC (06-05)

Complete. Use possessive adjectives and pronouns. A: Is that Irene? her sister, Kath. B: Yes. And that’s ............. yours A: Hi. My name’s Jim. What’s .............?

4

A: Is this your pencil case? mine . It’s Paula’s. B: No, it isn’t .............

5

A: Are those your books, boys? ours . B: Yes, they’re .............

6

A: Is Adam here? his B: Yes, he is. That’s ............. bike over there.

B: I’m Alex. 3

A: Are you in your room? our B: No. We’re in the garden with ............. friends.

11

Rewrite the sentences. Possessive adjectives

Possessive pronouns

This is your T-shirt. These are our glasses. ....................................................................

This T-shirt is yours. ....................................................................

Those are her things. This is my bag. .................................................................... That is his camera. ....................................................................

These are their pens.

32

his Ask Pete. The computer is ............. . (he) hers . Give Mary these pens. They’re .............

These glasses are ours. Those things are hers. .................................................................... This bag is mine. That camera is his. These pens are theirs. ....................................................................


12 1

Circle the correct answer. Is this pen mine or .....? A you’re B your

6 C yours

Is that ..... house? A they’re B their

C theirs

2

I’ve got ..... book. It’s in my bag. A she B her C hers

7

Are these the ..... jackets? A children’s B childrens’ C childrens’s

3

Is this ..... MP3 player? A John’s B Johns’

8 C John

Give me that! It’s .....! A my B mine

..... camera is this? A Whose B Who’s

C Whose’s

The small blue car is ..... . A we B our

C ours

4 5

13

9 10

What are the ..... names? A students B student’s C students’ Mr Thomas is ..... father. A Sams B Sam’s C Sams’

Let’s write!

Answer the questions about you and your best friend. Write full answers. 1

What’s your name? What’s your best friend’s name? My name is ............................................................ My best friend’s name is ............................................................

5

Where is your house? His / Her house? ............................................................ ............................................................

2

What colour are your eyes? What about your best friend’s eyes? Students’ own answers ............................................................

6

What are your parents’ names? His / Her parents’ names? ............................................................ ............................................................

What colour is your hair? His / Her hair? ............................................................ ............................................................

7

What’s your favourite subject? His / Her favourite subject?

What’s your favourite game? His / Her favourite game? ............................................................ ............................................................

8

............................................................ 3

4

14

C our

............................................................ ............................................................ Where is your school? His / Her school?

............................................................ ............................................................

Let’s talk!

Work with a partner. Ask and answer about things in your classroom.

Whose bag is this? It’s Nick’s.

Is that Mark’s pen? No, it isn’t. It’s Helen’s.

33


Have got I’ve got a dog! It’s got four legs. It’s got small ears. It’s got a short tail and ...

1

2

3 Oops!

Affirmative

3 34

My dog hasn’t got a tail!

Negative

Don’t worry, Dax. I can fix it.

Question

Full form

Short form

Full form

Short form

I have got you have got he has got she has got it has got we have got you have got they have got

I’ve got you’ve got he’s got she’s got it’s got we’ve got you’ve got they’ve got

I have not got you have not got he has not got she has not got it has not got we have not got you have not got they have not got

I haven’t got you haven’t got he hasn’t got she hasn’t got it hasn’t got we haven’t got you haven’t got they haven’t got

Have I got? Have you got? Has he got? Has she got? Has it got? Have we got? Have you got? Have they got?


• We use have got with I, you, we, they. We use has got with he, she, it. They have got a cat and two dogs. She has got blue eyes. • We often use the short form (‘ve got or ‘s got), especially when we are speaking. They’ve got a cat and two dogs. She’s got blue eyes. • We don’t use got in short answers, only has or have. A: Has he got a bike?

B: Yes, he has. ✓ (Yes, he has got. ✗)

• After question words and phrases like what, how many, etc, we use the question form of the verb. What have you got in that box? ✓ (What you have got in that box? ✗) • We use have got: { to show that something belongs to someone. We’ve got a new television. He’s got a laptop. {

{

1

to describe people, animals or things. I’ve got black hair. My cat’s got blue eyes. to talk about a health problem. He’s got a headache. I’ve got a cold.

Rewrite the sentences. Use short forms. 2

They have got four children. They’ve got four children. ..................................................................

3

Ian has not got a brother. Ian hasn’t got a brother. ..................................................................

4

I have not got the keys. I haven’t got the keys. ..................................................................

5

She has got a headache. She’s got a headache. ..................................................................

6

We have got the tickets. We’ve got the tickets. ..................................................................

7

Our dog has not got long ears. Our dog hasn’t got long ears. ..................................................................

8

They have not got a camera. They haven’t got a camera. ..................................................................

1

Katie has got a new bike. Katie’s got a new bike. ..................................................................

2

Complete. Use ’ve got or ’s got.

1

6

2

’ve got We .................. a dog. ’s got Tom .................. the sandwiches.

3

’ve got They .................. a shop in Horton Street.

8

4

’ve got You .................. a beautiful house. ’ve got I .................. an idea!

9

5

7

10

’s got She .................. an MP3 player. ’s got This car .................. two doors. ’ve got a new computer. They .................. ’s got He .................. brown eyes. ’ve got a lot of friends here. We ..................

35


3

Look and write sentences. William

Ellie

Fred

Peter

1

Ellie / blonde hair Ellie hasn’t got blonde hair. ..................................................................

5

William and Ellie / one child William and Ellie haven’t got one child. ..................................................................

2

William / red hair William hasn’t got red hair. ..................................................................

6

they / a cat They haven’t got a cat. ..................................................................

3

the dog / a red ball The dog hasn’t got a red ball. ..................................................................

7

Ellie / short hair Ellie hasn’t got short hair. ..................................................................

4

the twins / toy trains The twins haven’t got toy trains. ..................................................................

8

William / a beard William hasn’t got a beard. ..................................................................

4

Look at the picture in Exercise 3. Write questions and short answers.

1

William / brown hair? Has William got brown hair? A: .............................................................. No, he hasn’t. B: ..............................................................

5

William / a moustache? William got a moustache? A: Has .............................................................. he has. B: Yes, ..............................................................

2

Ellie / a red T-shirt? Has Ellie got a red T-shirt? A: .............................................................. No, she hasn’t. B: ..............................................................

6

Ellie / long hair? Ellie got long hair? A: Has .............................................................. Yes, she has. B: ..............................................................

3

the twins / red hair? Have the twins got red hair? A: .............................................................. Yes, they have. B: ..............................................................

7

they / a parrot? they got a parrot? A: Have .............................................................. they haven’t. B: No, ..............................................................

4

the dog / short ears? Has the dog got short ears? A: .............................................................. No, it hasn’t. B: ..............................................................

8

the twins / toy cars? the twins got tοy cars? A: Have .............................................................. they have. B: Yes, ..............................................................

5

Tick (✓) the correct sentence.

1

Have they got a pet? They’ve got a pet?

4

They’ve got not a big house. They haven’t got a big house.

Penny’s got my book. Penny is got my book.

I’m got £150. I have got £150.

What has he got in that bag? What has got he in that bag?

How many CDs you have got? How many CDs have you got?

2 3

36

5 6


6

Read and complete. Use one word in each space.

Dear Eugenius, Here is a photo of the family in our new house in Sydney, Australia. got ’s It’s a beautiful house! It’s 1 .............. a very big garden. And it 2 .............. ’ve got a swimming pool, too! We 3 .............. got a new pet. It’s an iguana! we 4 And of course, ..............’ve got Mandy, our dog. Your cousins haven’t got 5 .............. many new friends yet. But they’re very happy here. Love, Aunt Ellie Have you got Aunt Jane’s e-mail address? Please send it to me. PS 6 ..............

7

Let’s write!

Read and write about Eugenius and Ginny. Name: Eugenius Age: 10 Hair: short, blonde Eyes: brown Pets: no (but: a robot, Dax) Name: Ginny Age: 10 Hair: short, black Eyes: blue Pets: a cat, Fifi (no robot!)

8

Hello! I’m Eugenius and I’m ten years old. 1 I’ve got ....................... short blonde hair. 2 I’ve got I haven’t got a ....................... brown eyes. 3 ....................... I’ve got a robot! His name is Dax. pet but 4 ..................... Ginny is my friend. She’s ten years old, too. 5 She’s got short black ........................................... hair. 6 She’s got blue ........................................... eyes. 7 She’s got ........................................... a cat. Her name is 8 hasn’t got Fifi. Ginny ........................................... a robot.

Let’s talk!

Work with a partner. Ask and answer. In your family, who has got ... 1

dark hair?

2

long hair?

3

brown eyes?

4

a bike?

5

a computer?

6

a pet?

7

a car?

8

lots of CDs?

In your family, who has got dark hair? My mum and dad have got dark hair.

37


Can, must 1

2 Look! I can fly!

Dax! Be careful!

3

And I must fix this!

4 Are you OK, Dax? Can you get up?

Yes, I can. But now I must clean this up!

Can Affirmative I can run you can run he can run she can run it can run we can run you can run they can run

3 38

Negative

Question

Full form

Short form

I cannot run you cannot run he cannot run she cannot run it cannot run we cannot run you cannot run they cannot run

I can’t run you can’t run he can’t run she can’t run it can’t run we can’t run you can’t run they can’t run

Can I run? Can you run? Can he run? Can she run? Can it run? Can we run? Can you run? Can they run?


• We use can/can’t to talk about ability. • Can is followed by a bare infinitive and does not change. I can swim. She can speak French. They can’t play football. • We use can on its own in short answers without repeating the main verb. A: Can David dance? B: Yes, he can. / No, he can’t. • After question words and phrases like what, how many, etc, we use the question form. What can she do? ✓ (What she can do? ✗) • In negative sentences, we usually use the short form (can’t), especially when we are speaking. I can’t help you. They can’t come with us. • We use can to ask permission to do something or to give someone permission to do something. We use can’t to refuse someone permission to do something. You can go home now. You can’t stay here. Can I open the window?

1

Look at the table and write sentences. Use can or can’t.

Eugenius Ginny Dax

fly

fix things

use a computer

play football

dance

1

Eugenius / use / a computer Eugenius can use a computer. ..................................................................

5

Dax / dance Dax can’t dance. ..................................................................

2

Ginny / fix / things Ginny can’t fix things. ..................................................................

6

Ginny / use / a computer Ginny can use a computer. ..................................................................

3

Dax / fly Dax can fly. ..................................................................

7

Eugenius / dance Eugenius can’t dance. ..................................................................

4

Eugenius and Ginny / play / football Eugenius and Ginny can play football. ..................................................................

8

Eugenius and Ginny / fly Eugenius and Ginny can’t fly. ..................................................................

2

Look at the table in Exercise 1 and write questions and short answers.

1

Ginny / use / a computer? Can Ginny use a computer? A: ............................................................. Yes, she can. B: .............................................................

4

Ginny / fix / things? Can Ginny fix things? A: ............................................................. No, she can’t. B: .............................................................

2

Dax / fly? Can Dax fly? A: ............................................................. Yes, he can. B: .............................................................

5

Eugenius and Ginny / play / football? Can Eugenius and Ginny play football? A: ............................................................. Yes, they can. B: .............................................................

3

Eugenius / dance? Can Eugenius dance? A: ............................................................. No, he can’t. B: .............................................................

6

Dax / dance? Can Dax dance? A: ............................................................. No, he can’t. B: .............................................................

39


3

Write questions and short answers.

1

I / go / to the cinema? ✓ Can I go to the cinema? A: ............................................................. Yes, you can. B: .............................................................

4

I / use / the phone? ✓ Can I use the phone? A: ............................................................. Yes, you can. B: .............................................................

2

I / take / your MP3 player? ✓ Can I take your MP3 player? A: ............................................................. Yes, you can. B: .............................................................

5

we / ride / our bikes here? ✗ Can we ride our bikes here? A: ............................................................. No, you can’t. B: .............................................................

3

we / put / our bags here? ✗ Can we put our bags here? A: ............................................................. No, you can’t. B: .............................................................

6

we / leave / now? ✗ Can we leave now? A: ............................................................. No, you can’t. B: .............................................................

Must Affirmative I must go you must go he must go she must go it must go we must go you must go they must go

Negative

Question

Full form

Short form

I must not go you must not go he must not go she must not go it must not go we must not go you must not go they must not go

I mustn’t go you mustn’t go he mustn’t go she mustn’t go it mustn’t go we mustn’t go you mustn’t go they mustn’t go

Must I go? Must you go? Must he go? Must she go? Must it go? Must we go? Must you go? Must they go?

• We use must to express obligation. We must be quiet. You must listen carefully. • We use mustn’t to talk about things we are not allowed to do. You mustn’t talk in the library. We mustn’t park here. • We use the question form of must to ask if it is necessary to do something. The question form is not often used. Must I eat this? Must we do this now? • Must is followed by a bare infinitive and does not change. I must do my homework. He must leave.

4

Complete. Use must or mustn’t.

1

must Where’s Peter? We .................. find him. mustn’t We .................. be late. Hurry up!

4

must Lee .................. do her homework today. She can’t do it tomorrow.

6

2 3

40

5

must Ι .................. go home now. It’s late! mustn’t We .................. make a noise. Be quiet! mustn’t go near that dog. It’s You .................. dangerous.


5

Write sentences. Use must or mustn’t.

1

we / take / the dog for a walk ✓ We must take the dog for a walk. ..................................................................

2

you / use / your mobile phone here ✗ You mustn’t use your mobile phone here. ..................................................................

3

I / do / this exercise ✓ I must do this exercise. ..................................................................

4

you / run / in the street ✗ You mustn’t run in the street. ..................................................................

5

we / study / for our test ✓ We must study for our test. ..................................................................

6

you / press / that button ✗ You mustn’t press that button. ..................................................................

6

Complete. Use can / can’t or must / mustn’t.

1

can’t A: I 1 .................. skate. Is it difficult? can B: No, it isn’t. My brother 2 .................. skate and he’s five years old!

3

A: Come on! Let’s go to the park. can’t B: I’m sorry. I 5 .................. come with 6 must you. I .................. stay here.

2

mustn’t ride your bike here! A: You 3 .................. It’s dangerous! Can B: OK, Mum. 4 .................. I ride my bike in the park?

4

must A: We 7 .................. call Jim now! This is very important! can’t B: We 8 .................. call him! We haven’t got his phone number!

7

Write about you.

Let’s write!

Write two things that you: • can do well. I can .............................................................. Students’ own answers .............................................................. •

8

can’t do. .............................................................. ..............................................................

must do on weekdays. .............................................................. ..............................................................

mustn’t do at school. .............................................................. ..............................................................

Let’s talk!

Work with a partner. Ask and answer. 1 2 3 4 5 6

swim? speak Spanish? use a computer? drive a car? play basketball? fix things?

Can you swim? Yes, I can.

41


Countable and uncountable nouns, some, any 1

Phew! It’s hot today! Is there any orange juice?

2 Oh!

What’s wrong? Are you OK?

No, but there’s some lemonade in the fridge.

3

4 I’m hot!

Well, there isn’t any lemonade ... but there’s someone in the fridge!

Dax!

Countable and uncountable nouns

42

Countable nouns

Uncountable nouns

apple biscuit bottle child cup

bread cheese water meat money


• Countable nouns can be counted and have a plural form. one apple Ö two apples one cup Ö three cups one child Ö four children • Uncountable nouns cannot be counted and do not have a plural form. bread ✓ milk ✓ cheese ✓ (two breads ✗ three milks ✗ four cheeses ✗) • When we want to say how much there is of an uncountable noun, we can use other words. a bottle of lemonade a cup of tea a glass of water a kilo of sugar

1

a packet of flour a piece of cake a slice of pizza a tube of toothpaste

a can of cola a bowl of popcorn

Write the words in the box in the correct column. air

bed butter camera egg girl honey house juice kite lemonade meat milk orange park soup

Countable nouns bed ................................... camera ................................... egg ................................... girl ................................... house ................................... kite ................................... orange ................................... park ...................................

2

Uncountable nouns air ................................... butter ................................... honey ................................... juice ................................... lemonade ................................... meat ................................... milk ................................... soup ...................................

Look and complete. Use the words in the box. bottle

can

cup

glass

kilo

piece

slice

tube

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

1 2 3 4

a tube of .......................... toothpaste a bottle of .......................... orange juice

5

a glass of .......................... milk a kilo of .......................... sugar

7

6 8

a cup of .......................... coffee a slice of .......................... bread a can of .......................... cola a piece of .......................... chocolate

43


Some, any Countable nouns

Uncountable nouns

Affirmative

We’ve got some biscuits.

We’ve got some bread.

Negative

We haven’t got any biscuits.

We haven’t got any bread.

Question

Have we got any biscuits ?

Have we got any bread ?

• We use some in affirmative sentences: { with countable nouns in the plural. There are some people in the room. There are some cherries in that bowl. {

with uncountable nouns. There’s some lemonade in the fridge.

I’ve got some ice cream for you.

• We use any in negative sentences and in questions: { with countable nouns in the plural. We haven’t got any strawberries. Have we got any bananas? {

with uncountable nouns. There isn’t any milk in the fridge.

Is there any orange juice?

• With singular countable nouns, we use a / an in affirmative and negative sentences and in questions. I’ve got a fork. I haven’t got a knife. Have you got a spoon?

3

Complete. Use a, an or some.

1

some There are .................. people on the boat. α My brother has got .................. new

2

5 6

that bag.

camera. 3

8

a Here’s .................. photo from my birthday party. an A fly is .................. insect, right?

be a

3

We haven’t got some / any toothpaste.

We use some in affirmative sentences. We use any in negative sentences and questions.

4

Let’s buy some / any ice cream.

5

Have we got some / any yoghurt?

6

These are some / any photos in the box.

some There’s .................. cold water in the

7

fridge.

44

some Here are .................. flowers from our garden. some There’s .................. food for the dog in

4

an That’s .................. old T-shirt.

4

Circle the correct answer.

1

Have we got some / any cherries?

7

Is there some / any juice for me?

2

She’s got some / any cousins in Australia.

8

Here, have some / any cake.


5

Write negative sentences and questions.

1

There’s some salt in the soup. There isn’t any salt in the soup. .................................................................. Is there any salt in the soup? ..................................................................

5

We’ve got some butter for the cake. We haven’t got any butter for the cake. .................................................................. Have we got any butter for the cake? ..................................................................

2

He’s got some money. He hasn’t got any money. .................................................................. Has he got any money? ..................................................................

6

Mum has got some biscuits for us. Mum hasn’t got any biscuits for us. .................................................................. Has Mum got any biscuits for us? ..................................................................

3

There are some chairs in the room. There aren’t any chairs in the room. .................................................................. Are there any chairs in the room? ..................................................................

7

There’s some tea in that cup. There isn’t any tea in that cup. .................................................................. Is there any tea in that cup? ..................................................................

4

There are some plates in the cupboard. There aren’t any plates in the cupboard. .................................................................. Are there any plates in the cupboard? ..................................................................

8

They’ve got some friends in Spain. They haven’t got any friends in Spain. .................................................................. Have they got any friends in Spain? ..................................................................

6

Complete. Use a, some or any.

1

any orange juice? A: Have we got 1 ............. 2 a B: No, but there’s ............. bottle of apple juice in the fridge.

3

a A: Let’s buy 5 ............. can of cola. any B: We can’t. We haven’t got 6 ............. money!

2

any sugar in this A: There isn’t 3 ............. bowl. It’s empty. some sugar in the B: There’s 4 ............. cupboard, next to the coffee.

4

any A: Are there 7 ............. biscuits in that box? some cake over B: No, but there’s 8 ............. there, on the table.

Something, anything People

Things

Places

Affirmative

someone / somebody

something

somewhere

Negative

anyone / anybody

anything

anywhere

Question

anyone / anybody

anything

anywhere

• We use someone / somebody and anyone / anybody when we talk about people. • We use something and anything when we want to talk about things. • We use somewhere and anywhere when we want to talk about places. • We use someone / somebody, something and somewhere in affirmative sentences. There’s someone here. Let’s go somewhere. • We use anyone / anybody, anything and anywhere in negative sentences and questions. There isn’t anyone in the classroom. Is there anything in the bag?

45


7

Circle the correct answer.

1

There isn’t someone / anyone in Jason’s room.

2

Put that heavy box somewhere / anywhere. Here, put it on the desk.

3

We can’t buy something / anything with £1!

4

I can’t find my glasses somewhere / anywhere!

5

I’ve got something / anything for you. Here it is.

6

Is there someone / anyone in the house?

7

There’s someone / anyone in the garden.

8

Have you got something / anything in that box?

8

Complete. Use the words in the box. anyone (x2)

1 2

anything (x2)

anywhere

something for Mary. Can you We’ve got .................. give it to her? somewhere special on your Let’s go ..................

A/W 09-06

someone 5 6

4

anything for me in that bag, Is there .................. Mum? anyone with you? Or are you Is ..................

7 8

46

Circle the correct answer.

1

He’s got ..... in his hands. A something B anything

anywhere tonight. We We can’t go .................. must stay at home. anything . It’s very dark in I can’t see .................. anyone in the shop. It’s There isn’t .................. closed. someone on the phone. I think There’s ..................

it’s Peter’s friend.

alone?

9

somewhere

here.

birthday! 3

something

6

I can see ..... over there. Is it Jill? A anything B someone C anyone

C anyone

2

There’s ..... coffee in that cup. A a B some C any

7

There’s ..... letter on your desk. A a B some C any

3

There aren’t ..... photos in the album. A a B some C any

8

I haven’t got ..... computer games. A a B some C any

4

Is there ..... sandwich for me? A a B some C any

9

There’s ..... juice in that bottle. A a B some C any

5

Can I have a ..... of water, please? A packet B glass C slice

10

I’ve got a ..... of cola in my bag. A tube B can C packet


10

Read and complete. Use the words in the box. a an any (x4) anyone anything anywhere some (x3) someone something somewhere Eve:

something Come on! Let’s do 1 ..................! I’m bored! somewhere . Let’s go Amy: OK. Let’s go 2 .................. to the cinema. anywhere . We Eve: We can’t go 3 .................. any 4 haven’t got .................. money.

some Great! And let’s make 9 .................. some popcorn. And 10 .................. sandwiches, too. any Amy: We can’t make 11 .................. sandwiches. We haven’t got 12 any .................. ham.

some Amy: I’ve got 5 .................. money. I’ve got £2. anything Eve: Amy! We can’t buy 6 ..................

Eve:

with £2! Wait! I’ve got an .................. idea. Let’s watch a 8 .................. DVD. 7

Eve:

Amy: Shh! What’s that noise? Listen! someone in the house! There’s 14 .................. Let’s call the police! anyone in the Eve: There isn’t 15 ..................

Amy: OK!

11

We can make cheese sandwiches. any cheese? Have we got 13 ..................

house, silly! That’s Rufus, my dog!

Let’s write!

You and your friend want to have a party. Look at your shopping list and tell your friend what to buy.

cola ✓ orange juice ✗ popcorn ✓ lemonade ✗ ice cream ✓

chocolate milk ✗ plastic cups ✓ balloons ✗ biscuits ✓ crisps ✗

(Friend’s name) Hi ................................... ,

Please buy some cola. Don’t buy any orange juice. ............................................................................ some popcorn. Don’t buy any lemonade. Buy .................................................................... Buy some ice cream. Don’t buy any chocolate milk. ............................................................................ Buy some plastic cups. Don’t buy any balloons. ............................................................................ Buy some biscuits. Don’t buy any crisps. ............................................................................

Thanks!

12

Let’s talk!

Imagine you are on a picnic. What food have you got with you? Make a list. Then ask and answer with a partner. Students’ own .............................. answers ..............................

..............................

..............................

..............................

..............................

..............................

..............................

..............................

..............................

Have you got any apples? No, I haven’t. But I’ve got some bananas. Have you got any ...?

47


Quantifiers, how many, how much 1

You’ve got a lot of strawberries here! And lots of sugar!

2 How much sugar? And how many strawberries?

They’re for my new jam machine. Put a little sugar and a few strawberries in here.

3

48

4

Dax!

Countable nouns

Uncountable nouns

Affirmative

We’ve got a lot of / lots of eggs. We’ve got a few eggs.

We’ve got a lot of / lots of milk. We’ve got a little milk.

Negative

We haven’t got many eggs.

We haven’t got much milk.

Question

How many eggs have we got? Have we got many eggs?

How much milk have we got? Have we got much milk?

250 grams of sugar and twenty-five strawberries.


Many, much We use many with countable nouns and much with uncountable nouns. We usually use many and much in negative sentences and questions. There aren’t many students in my class. Are there many students in your class? We haven’t got much food in the house. Have we got much food in the house?

A lot of, lots of We use a lot of / lots of with countable and uncountable nouns. We usually use them in affirmative sentences. A lot of and lots of have the same meaning and are used in the same way. She’s got a lot of / lots of toys. There’s a lot of / lots of milk in that bottle.

A few, a little We use a few with countable nouns and a little with uncountable nouns. We usually use them in affirmative sentences. There are a few apples in the fridge. We’ve got a few strawberries. There’s a little popcorn in that bowl. We’ve got a little ham.

How many, how much • We use how many and how much in questions. We use how many with countable nouns and how much with uncountable nouns. A: How many students are there in your class? B: Twenty-five. A: How much money has he got? B: £150. • When someone asks us How much … ? or How many … ?, we often answer using much / many / a lot without repeating the noun. A: How many CDs have you got? B: Not many. / A lot. A: How much money have you got? B: Not much. / A lot. A: Has he got many friends? B: No, not many. / Yes, a lot! A: Have we got any milk? B: No, not much. / Yes, a lot!

1

Circle the correct answer.

be a In order to choose whether to use much or many, look at the noun which follows. If it is a countable noun, use many. If it is an uncountable noun, use much.

1

We haven’t got many / much time. We must hurry.

2

There aren’t many / much people here.

3

There isn’t many / much sugar in your tea.

4

There aren’t many / much books on this shelf.

5

She hasn’t got many / much friends.

6

There isn’t many / much coffee in the cupboard.

7

They haven’t got many / much DVDs.

8

I haven’t got many / much money.

9

There isn’t many / much popcorn in this bowl.

10

There aren’t many / much exercises on this page.

49


2

Complete. Use many or much. 2 3

much food in the house. There isn’t ............. Let’s go to a restaurant. much homework for Have we got .............

tomorrow? 4 5 6 7 A/W 10-05

8 9

1

many houses in this There aren’t ............. village.

10

Complete. Use how many or how much.

1

How many ...................... hamburgers can you eat?

2 3

How much salt is there in this soup? ...................... How many windows are there in the ......................

4

room? How much cheese have we got? ......................

6 7 8

many photos in that book? Are there ............. many friends in London? Have you got ............. much salt in the salad. There isn’t ............. many songs for my MP3 I haven’t got .............

player.

3

5

many games on this There aren’t ............. computer. much lemonade. We haven’t got .............

much coffee in that cup. There isn’t .............

How many hamburgers can you eat?

How many bags can you carry? ...................... How much flour have we got? ...................... How much honey is there in the jar? ...................... How many pencils are there in the ......................

drawer?

4

Write questions. Use how many or how much.

1 2

How much milk have we got? A: ............................................................. B: We’ve got a lot of milk. How many people are there in the car? A: .............................................................

3

B: There are five people in the car. How many eggs have you got? A: .............................................................

4

B: I’ve got six eggs. How much time have we / you got? A: .............................................................

5

B: We’ve got a lot of time. How much rice is there in that bowl? A: ............................................................. B: There’s a lot of rice in that bowl.

50

7

How many T-shirts have you got? A: ............................................................. B: I’ve got ten T-shirts. How many brothers has he got? A: .............................................................

8

B: He’s got three brothers. How much cheese have we got? A: .............................................................

9

B: We’ve got lots of cheese. How many apples are there in the fridge? A: .............................................................

10

B: There are five apples in the fridge. How much water is there in the bottle? A: .............................................................

6

B: There’s a lot of water in the bottle.


5

Circle the correct answer.

1

There are a lot of / much e-mails for me today.

5

There’s a lot of / many rice in the cupboard.

2

There aren’t lots / many oranges on that tree.

6

Are there a lot / many parks in your town?

3

There isn’t a lot / much ice cream in the bowl.

7

We’ve got lots of / many homework!

8

4

John’s got lots of / much cousins.

There isn’t a lot / much sugar in the bowl.

6

Complete. Use how many or how much. Then circle the correct answer.

1 2

How much A: ...................... butter have we got? B: Not many. / Not much. How many sweets have you got? A: ......................

3

B: A lot. / Not much. How many pancakes are there? A: ......................

4

B: Not many. / Not much. How much tea have we got? A: ......................

6

How many sandwiches are there? A: ...................... B: A lot. / Not much. How much soap have we got? A: ......................

7

B: Not many. / Not much. How much jam have we got? A: ......................

8

B: A lot. / Not many. How many balloons are there? A: ......................

5

B: Not many. / Not much.

B: Not many. / Not much.

7

Complete. Use a few or a little.

be a Use a few with countable nouns. Use a little with uncountable nouns.

4 5

a few Look. There are ...................... empty seats over there. a few I’ve got ...................... old comics in that

box. 1

a few Please get ...................... bottles of soda from the supermarket.

2

a little Let’s listen to ...................... music. a little We’ve got ...................... cheese. Let’s

3

6 7

a little There’s ...................... cola in that bottle. a few Let’s buy ...................... balloons for the

party. 8

a little I’ve got ...................... money. We can buy two tickets.

make two sandwiches.

8

Circle the correct answer.

1

There are a few / a little apples on the kitchen table.

5

We’ve got a few / a little time. Let’s go for a short walk.

2

Can I have a few / a little orange juice, please?

6

There are a few / a little posters on the wall.

3

We’ve got a lot of / a few butter, I think.

7

There’s a lot of / a few salt in this soup!

4

There are lots of / a little bananas in that bowl.

8

Let’s make a few / a little strawberry jam.

51


9

Rewrite the sentences. Use a few or a little.

1

We haven’t got much cola in the fridge. a little cola in the fridge We’ve got ............................................... .

4

James hasn’t got much money. a little money James has got ......................................... .

2

There aren’t many photos in that box. a few photos in that box There are ................................................ .

5

I haven’t got many CDs. a few CDs I’ve got ................................................... .

3

She hasn’t got many friends here. a few friends here She’s got ................................................. .

6

There isn’t much ketchup in the bottle. a little ketchup in the bottle There’s .................................................... .

10

Look and write sentences. Use a lot of, a few or a little.

1

flour There’s a lot of flour. ..................................................................

5

butter There’s a little butter. ..................................................................

2

milk There’s a lot of milk. ..................................................................

6

apples There are a lot of apples. ..................................................................

3

oranges There are a few oranges. ..................................................................

7

olive oil There’s a little olive oil. ..................................................................

eggs

8

tomatoes There are a few tomatoes. ..................................................................

4

There are a lot of eggs. ..................................................................

11

Complete. Use the words in the box. few

52

how many

how much (x2)

little (x2)

lot (x2)

many

much

1

How many sandwiches can you eat? A: 1 .................. 2 lot B: A ..................! I’m very hungry! What about you? many A: Not 3 .................. . Two or three.

3

little A: Don’t worry. I’ve got a 7 .................. money. Now, are you ready? B: Yes, I am. Let’s go. We haven’t got 8 much .................. time.

2

How much orange juice is there? A: 4 .................. few B: There are a 5 .................. bottles of orange juice in the fridge. And there’s little a 6 .................. lemonade, too.

4

How much popcorn have we got? A: 9 .................. 10 lot B: A ..................! There are four big bowls of popcorn on the kitchen table.


12

Circle the correct answer.

1

Have you got ..... questions? A many B much C lot of

7

There’s ..... of ice cream for everyone. A lots B lot C a little

2

There are a ..... people at the bus stop. A many B lots C lot of

8

I’ve got ..... computer games. A much B lots C a few

3

How ..... honey have we got? A many B much C little

9

There isn’t ..... cheese in the fridge. A much B lots C little

4

Here’s a ..... cocoa. A few B lot

10

How ..... cousins have you got? A many B much C few

C little

5

Is there ..... butter in these biscuits? A many B much C few

11

We can buy ...... things with £25. A much B a lot of C a little

6

There are ..... magazines on the desk. A much B a few C a little

12

There’s ..... tea in the pot. A many B lots C a little

13

Let’s write!

Draw a table with food. Then write sentences. Use many, much, a few, a little or a lot. Students’ own answers There isn’t much ............................................. .

There aren’t many ........................................... . There’s a lot ..................................................... . There are ......................................................... . ............................................................................ ............................................................................ ............................................................................ ............................................................................ ............................................................................ ............................................................................ ............................................................................ ............................................................................

Let’s talk!

14

Work with a partner. Ask and answer.

1

sandwiches / can you make in ten minutes?

2

money / can you spend in one week?

3

books / can you read in one month?

4

cola / can you drink in one day?

5

chocolate / can you eat in one day?

6

grammar exercises / can you do in ten minutes?

How many sandwiches can you make in ten minutes? Not many.

53


my Our Her their Its your

Whose books are these? They’re the children’s. Whose bag is this? It’s Ellie’s. Whose CDs are these? They’re my friends’.

Those bikes aren’t theirs. This T-shirt is hers. That car isn’t ours. These books are yours.

Whose keys are these? They’re my sister’s. Whose bike is this? It’s Charles’ / Charles’s.

Those keys are his. This pen isn’t mine.


We haven’t got any milk. Has your brother got a camera? I’ve got a new mobile phone. She’s got green eyes. They haven’t got three children.

How much How many How many How much can’t come

How many

can use

How much

Can we take can dance can’t find

mustn’t must must mustn’t mustn’t


Present simple 1

2

Woof needs new batteries.

Well, in the morning we go for a walk in the park. Then Woof plays in the garden. I don’t play with him because I tidy your room!

Dax, you ask for new batteries every day! What do you and Woof do?

3

4

OK! Stop! Here’s a box of batteries. Have fun!

In the afternoon we jump on the trampoline. Then ...

Affirmative I work you work he works she works it works we work you work they work

5 56

Thanks!

Negative

Question

Full form

Short form

I do not work you do not work he does not work she does not work it does not work we do not work you do not work they do not work

I don’t work you don’t work he doesn’t work she doesn’t work it doesn’t work we don’t work you don’t work they don’t work

Do I work? Do you work? Does he work? Does she work? Does it work? Do we work? Do you work? Do they work?


Form • We form the present simple with the subject and the main verb. In the affirmative, the verb ends in -s in the third person (he, she, it). (See Spelling Rules on page 120.) I live in London. Harry lives in Cambridge. • In the negative, we add do not (don’t) before the verb for I, you, we, they and does not (doesn’t) for he, she, it. In the negative, the verb does not end in -s. We don’t go to school on Saturdays. Brenda doesn’t play the guitar. • In a question, we put do at the beginning of the sentence for I, you, we, they. We put does for he, she, it. In a question, the verb does not end in -s. Do you play football? Does your brother work in a bank? • In short answers, we use do / don’t or does / doesn’t on their own. We do not repeat the verb. A: Do they visit their grandparents every week? B: Yes, they do. A: Does Gina go to school by bus? B: No, she doesn’t. • After question words and phrases like what, where, etc, we use the question form of the verb. What does he have for breakfast? Where do you buy these cakes?

Use We use the present simple to talk about: • a habit, something we do often. I take my dog for a walk every day. • permanent situations. We live in a flat. • general truths. The sun sets in the west.

Time expressions We often use time expressions with the present simple such as every day / week / month, on Mondays / Tuesdays, on Monday morning / Tuesday afternoon / Friday evening, in the morning / afternoon / evening, at night, at the weekend, once / twice / three times a week / month / year, etc. I don’t get up early on Saturdays. We visit them three times a year.

1

Put the verbs in the third person singular. Then write them in the correct column.

1

smile

2

push

3

catch

4 5 6

smiles ............... pushes ...............

7

kiss

8

fry

9

try

catches ............... tries ...............

10

closes close ............... carries carry ...............

cry

cries ...............

11

sit

sits ...............

stay

stays ...............

12

fix

fixes ...............

kisses ............... fries ...............

Verb + -s

Verb + -es

Verb + -ies

smiles ............... stays ...............

pushes ............... catches ...............

tries ............... cries ...............

closes ............... sits ...............

kisses ............... fixes ...............

fries ............... carries ...............

57


2

Complete. Use the present simple.

be a

4

Remember: in the third person singular, we use the ending -s. Ι work Ö he works

5

1

go goes I ................ to bed early. Mark ................ to bed late. (go)

2

open Those shops ................ at nine. This shop opens ................ at ten. (open) play We ................ football on Saturdays. Sam plays ................ basketball. (play)

3

watch TV every day. My brother I ................ watches ................ TV at the weekend. (watch) get up at eight on Sundays. John We ................ gets up at ten. (get up) ................ do I ................ my homework in the does afternoon. She ................ her homework in the evening. (do) work My parents ................ in a bank. My works sister ................ in a shop. (work)

6

7

drink I ................ milk every morning. He drinks ................ tea. (drink)

8

3

Complete. Use the present simple.

1

6

2

lives Jake ................ on a farm with his family. (live) go out with my friends on I ................

8

3

Saturdays. (go out) speaks English and German. Christina ................ (speak)

9

4

7

drives to work every day. My dad ................

(drive)

teaches History at our Mr Barnes ................ school. (teach) walk We ................ to school. (walk) visit They ................ their uncle every week. (visit) brush I ................ my teeth every night.

(brush) 10

writes to her friend every Sarah ................ week. (write)

5

play All my friends ................ volleyball. (play)

4

Match and write sentences. Use the present simple. What do they do on Saturdays?

1

get up at ten

2

listen to music

3

go to the sports centre

4

have pancakes for breakfast

5

jump on the trampoline

6

read a magazine

7

watch cartoons on TV

8

run in the park

1 2 3 4

58

Eugenius gets up at ten. ................................................................... Dax and Woof listen to music. ...................................................................

5

Ginny goes to the sports centre. ................................................................... Eugenius has pancakes for breakfast. ...................................................................

7

6 8

Dax and Woof jump on the trampoline. ................................................................... Ginny reads a magazine. ................................................................... Dax and Woof watch cartoons on TV. ................................................................... Eugenius runs in the park. ...................................................................


5

Complete. Use the present simple.

be a

3

Remember: in negative sentences, the verb does not end in -s. She doesn’t work here. ✓ (She doesn’t works here. ✗)

4

don’t buy CDs every week. (not buy) I ................... don’t live here. Kim and Michael ...................

5

(not live) don’t work very hard. (not work) You ................... doesn’t eat fish. (not eat) Tania ................... doesn’t rain a lot in the summer. It ...................

6 1 2

doesn’t play with toy cars. My brother ................... (not play) don’t have lunch at two o’clock. We ...................

7

(not rain) doesn’t drink coffee. Christine’s father ................... (not drink)

8

(not have)

6

Write sentences. Use the present simple.

1

Mr Wilson teaches French. (English) He doesn’t teach French. .................................................................. He teaches English. ..................................................................

4

He sells books. (computers) He doesn’t sell books. .................................................................. He sells computers. ..................................................................

2

They play basketball. (football) They don’t play basketball. .................................................................. They play football. ..................................................................

5

This machine makes tea. (coffee) It doesn’t make tea. .................................................................. It makes coffee. ..................................................................

3

Samantha goes to bed at eight. (nine) She doesn’t go to bed at eight. .................................................................. She goes to bed at nine. ..................................................................

6

We live in Oxford. (London) We don’t live in Oxford. .................................................................. We live in London. ..................................................................

7

Look at the table and write questions and short answers. Use the present simple.

Eugenius Eugenius’ parents Ginny Ginny’s sisters

like classical music

play the guitar

buy CDs

listen to the radio

1

Eugenius / play / the guitar? Does Eugenius play the guitar? A: ............................................................. Yes, he does. Β: .............................................................

4

Eugenius / buy / CDs? Does Eugenius buy CDs? A: ............................................................. No, he doesn’t. Β: .............................................................

2

Ginny’s sisters / buy / CDs? Do Ginny’s sisters buy CDs? A: ............................................................. No, they don’t. Β: .............................................................

5

Eugenius’ parents / like / classical music? Do Eugenius’ parents like classical music? A: ............................................................. Yes, they do. Β: .............................................................

3

Ginny / listen / to the radio? Does Ginny listen to the radio? A: ............................................................. No, she doesn’t. Β: .............................................................

6

Ginny / like / classical music? Does Ginny like classical music? A: ............................................................. Yes, she does. Β: .............................................................

59


8

Write questions. Use the present simple.

be a Use the question form of the verb after question words and phrases. Where does she live? ✓ (Where she lives? ✗)

where / you / keep / the glasses? Where do you keep the glasses? A: ............................................................. B: In that cupboard.

5

what / he / have / for breakfast? What does he have for breakfast? A: ............................................................. B: Toast.

1

where / she / live? Where does she live? A: ............................................................. B: She lives in Paris.

6

how often / they / visit / you? How often do they visit you? A: ............................................................. B: Every week.

2

what / you / do? What do you do? A: ............................................................. B: I’m a doctor.

7

what time / he / get up / on Sundays? What time does he get up on Sundays? A: ............................................................. B: At half past ten.

3

where / she / go / after school? Where does she go after school? A: ............................................................ .

8

how often / you / see / them? How often do you see them? A: ............................................................. B: Every day.

B: She goes to the sports centre.

9

Complete. Use the present simple.

1 2

play Matt and Lisa ...................... tennis on Saturdays. (play) meet My friends and I ...................... at the

3

weekend. (meet) Do they stay at home on weekdays? ......................

4

(they / stay) Does she wear glasses? (she / wear) ......................

5 6

A/W 11-08

tidies Chris ...................... his room every day. (tidy) don’t know his name. (not know) I ......................

8

closes The shop ...................... at eight o’clock. (close) doesn’t eat meat. (not eat) Sarah ......................

10

Read and circle the correct answer.

7

Anna: How many books 1 read you / do you read every month?

Anna: He 4 read / reads three books every week!

Mike:

Mike:

Well, I haven’t got much time, so I 2 don’t / doesn’t read many; usually one or two.

Anna: Me too. 3 Do / Does you know Harry, Liam’s friend? Mike:

60

4

Yes. Why?

Really? Does he 5 buy / buys twelve books every month? That’s a lot of money!

Anna: Well, he 6 don’t / doesn’t buy all the books. He 7 get / gets some from the library, too.


11

Read and complete. Use the present simple.

Hi everyone! live My name is Ella and I’m eleven years old. I 1 ....................... love (live) in London and I 2 ....................... (love) music and sport. likes I’ve got a brother, Ben. He’s fourteen and he 3 ....................... plays (like) music, too. He 4 ....................... (play) the drums and I play buy 5 ....................... (play) the guitar. We 6 ....................... (buy) listen 7 lots of CDs every month and we ....................... (listen) to music every day after school. Pop music is my favourite. I doesn’t listen (not listen) to pop music; think it’s great. Ben 8 ....................... doesn’t like loves 9 he ....................... (not like) it. But he 10 ....................... (love) rock music.

You can e-mail me at: ella1210London@abcgis.com

12

What about you? Have you got any hobbies? What do you do (you / do) after school? 12 ....................... Do you like ....................... (you / like) pop music?

11

Let’s write!

Write about your weekends. Use your own ideas or choose from the list. get up early / late play (football / tennis / etc.) listen to music go (to the cinema / park / etc.) visit (a friend / an aunt / etc.) tidy my room play computer games do my homework watch TV go to bed early

13

On Saturdays I get up .................................................................................... Students’ own answers .................................................................................... .................................................................................... .................................................................................... On Sundays .................................................................................... .................................................................................... .................................................................................... .................................................................................... ....................................................................................

Let’s talk!

Work with a partner. Ask and answer.

1

you / like / sport?

2

you and your friends / listen / to pop music?

3

what time / you / go / to bed on weekdays?

4

you and your parents / watch / TV every day?

5

what / you / do / in your free time?

6

how often / you / go / to the cinema?

Do you like sport? Yes, I do. I like football and basketball.

61


Adverbs of frequency, prepositions of time 1

3

Can you fix my computer, Eugenius?

2

Hey! What about me? I always watch TV in the afternoon! I watch my favourite show at half past three!

Sure. It’s usually very easy.

Here you are. It’s ready.

4

No, Ginny. He doesn’t always fix everything! Look at me!

Thank you, Eugenius! You always fix everything!

Adverbs of frequency

6 62

Always

We always have dinner at eight.

Usually

I usually get up at half past seven.

Often

We often visit Uncle Rob on Sundays.

Sometimes

He sometimes goes to school by bus.

Never

My friends never call me after eight.


• We use adverbs of frequency to talk about how often something happens. Here are some adverbs of frequency: always, usually, often, sometimes, never. Adverbs of frequency are often used with the present simple and usually go before the main verb. She usually has cereal for breakfast. He sometimes phones me after school. I don’t always go to school by bus. Do you often play tennis? • Adverbs of frequency go after the verb to be. We aren’t usually tired in the evening. Are you always at home on Sundays? • Remember that never is only used in affirmative sentences. She never plays golf. ✓ (She doesn’t never play golf. ✗)

1

Put the words in the correct order.

be a

3

Remember: adverbs of frequency go before the main verb, but after the verb to be.

always / at seven / I / don’t / get up I don’t always get up at seven. ...................................................................

4

usually / busy / he / on Fridays / is / ? Is he usually busy on Fridays? ...................................................................

1

fish for dinner / have / they / sometimes They sometimes have fish for dinner. ...................................................................

5

she / usually / go / to bed late / doesn’t She doesn’t usually go to bed late. ...................................................................

2

Jo / often / does / on Sundays / work / ? Does Jo often work on Sundays? ...................................................................

6

drives / Mum / never / me to school Mum never drives me to school. ...................................................................

2

Rewrite the sentences. Put the adverb in the correct place.

1

I don’t drink tea. (usually) I don’t usually drink tea. ...................................................................

4

2

Is your cat hungry? (always) Is your cat always hungry? ...................................................................

5

My mum tidies my room. (sometimes) My mum sometimes tidies my room. ...................................................................

6

3

3

She’s late. (never) She’s never late. ................................................................... Do they have parties? (often) Do they often have parties? ...................................................................

We wear jeans. (usually) We usually wear jeans. ...................................................................

Write sentences. Use the correct adverb. ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ = always

✓ ✓ ✓ = usually

✓ ✓ = often

✓ = sometimes

✗ = never

1

Mark / go / to bed after ten ✓ Mark sometimes goes to bed after ten. ...................................................................

4

they / not watch / TV on weekdays ✓ ✓ ✓ They don’t usually watch TV on weekdays. ...................................................................

2

I / listen / to my teacher ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ I always listen to my teacher. ...................................................................

5

Bob / tell / the truth ✗ Bob never tells the truth. ...................................................................

3

you / play / computer games? ✓ ✓ Do you often play computer games? ...................................................................

6

she / be / tired in the evenings ✓ ✓ She’s often tired in the evenings. ...................................................................

63


Prepositions of time In

On

At

in 2007 in (the) winter in July in the morning in the afternoon in the evening

on Thursday on Sundays on Friday morning on 15th May on my birthday on Christmas Day

at half past two at midnight at noon at night at the weekend at Christmas

• We use prepositions of time to talk about when something happens. • We use in: { with years, seasons and months. in 2006 in (the) summer in September {

with parts of the day. in the morning in the afternoon

in the evening

• We use on: { with the days of the week and dates. on Monday(s) on my birthday on Christmas Day on 4th June { to refer to part of a particular day. on Monday morning on Friday afternoon on Sunday evening • We use at: { for the time. at nine o’clock {

with the following phrases: at night at the weekend

at noon

at Christmas

at midnight at Easter

4

Circle the correct answer.

1

I usually do my homework at / in the afternoon.

5

She gets up early on / in Sundays.

6

Jenny’s birthday is on / in February.

2

She plays tennis at / on the weekend.

7

Ηe finishes work at / in five o’ clock.

3

We always visit them at / on Sundays.

8

4

Be back at / in midnight, OK?

In my country schools close for three months on / in the summer.

5

Complete. Use in, on or at.

1

Do you always do your homework in the evening? .........

5

at night. The cat usually stays out .........

6

2

at noon. They have lunch .........

3

on 7th March. Ron always has a party ......... on her birthday. We always go out .........

7

She always visits her granny for a few in January. days ......... at half past six. Bye. See you .........

8

in the morning. Dad walks the dog .........

4

64

at half past six


6

Read and circle the correct answer.

..... early on weekdays. I have breakfast and then I go to school. I come home from school ..... half past two. I have lunch and then I do my homework. I always do my homework 3 ..... the afternoon. In the evening I listen to music or watch TV. 4 ..... miss my favourite show 5 ..... Thursday evenings! 6 ..... to bed early – at half past nine or ten o’clock. 1 2

7

1

A I usually get up

Β I get usually up

C I get up usually

2

A in

Β on

C at

3

A in

Β on

C at

4

A I don’t never

Β Never I don’t

C I never

5

A in

Β on

C at

6

A I always go

Β Always I go

C I go always

Let’s write!

Look at Exercise 6 and write about what you usually do on weekdays. Students’ own answers On weekdays I usually ..........................................................................................................................................

.......................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................... ..........................................................................................................................................

Let’s talk!

Do the quiz. Then interview a partner.

How fit are you?

Do you always go to bed early?

How often do you do these things? Tick the boxes! always = ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ sometimes = ✓

usually = ✓ ✓ ✓

No, I never go to bed early. I usually go to bed at ...

often = ✓ ✓

never =

Ö go to bed early Ö walk to school Ö ride a bike or skate 0–5 points: Oh no!

Ö eat fruit or vegetables

6–11 points: OK

Ö go for a walk after lunch

12–18 points: Great!

Ö have dinner before eight always / usually = 3 points

often = 2 points

sometimes = 1 point

never = 0 points

8

65


Present continuous 1

I’m not running. I’m jogging.

What are you doing? Why are you running?

2

It’s good exercise. Why?

3

4 Look! I’m jogging, too!

Dax! Watch out! Ouch!

Affirmative

6 66

Negative

Question

Full form

Short form

Full form

Short form

I am eating you are eating he is eating she is eating it is eating we are eating you are eating they are eating

I’m eating you’re eating he’s eating she’s eating it’s eating we’re eating you’re eating they’re eating

I am not eating you are not eating he is not eating she is not eating it is not eating we are not eating you are not eating they are not eating

I’m not eating you aren’t eating he isn’t eating she isn’t eating it isn’t eating we aren’t eating you aren’t eating they aren’t eating

Am I eating? Are you eating? Is he eating? Is she eating? Is it eating? Are we eating? Are you eating? Are they eating?


13 Form • We form the present continuous with the verb to be (am / is / are) and the main verb ending in -ing. (See Spelling Rules on page 120.) Be quiet. The baby is sleeping. Ben and Adam are watching TV. • In a negative sentence, we add not after am / is / are. He is not listening to music. They are not working. • There are two short forms for is not and are not. He isn’t listening to music. He’s not listening to music. They aren’t working. They’re not working. • In questions, we put am / is / are before the subject. Are you doing your homework? Is Emma studying for her test? • In short answers, we only use the verb to be and do not repeat the main verb. A: Is she cooking dinner? B: Yes, she is. • After question words and phrases like what, where, etc, we use the question form of the verb. What are they doing? ✓ (What they are doing? ✗)

Use We use the present continuous to talk about: • something which is happening now, at the moment when we are speaking. Listen! The birds are singing! • something which is happening for a short time or temporarily. Kevin is staying with his grandparents this month.

Time expressions Some time expressions which are often used with the present continuous are: now, right now, at the moment, today, these days, this week / month, etc. She’s doing her homework at the moment. He’s staying with us this week.

1

Complete. Use the present continuous.

be a

5

Remember: some verbs are spelled differently when we add -ing.

6

is doing her homework. (do) Sarah ..................... am washing I can’t come to the phone. I .....................

7

my hair! (wash) are having lunch at the moment. We .....................

1

is smiling at you! Look! The baby ..................... (smile)

2

are waiting for the bus. (wait) They .....................

3

is staying with us for a My cousin ..................... few days. (stay) are sitting on my chair. (sit) You .....................

4

(have) 8 9

is raining . (rain) Oh no! It ..................... is talking to Mike is over there. He .....................

Mr Andrews. (talk) 10

The boys are in the garden. They are playing football. (play) .....................

67


68

2

Look and write sentences. Use the present continuous.

1

Eugenius / eat / popcorn (put / his tools in a box) Eugenius isn’t eating popcorn. .................................................................. He’s putting his tools in a box. ..................................................................

4

Eugenius and Ginny / sing (listen / to music) Eugenius and Ginny aren’t singing. .................................................................. They’re listening to music. ..................................................................

2

Eugenius’ dad / dance (sing) Eugenius’ dad isn’t dancing. .................................................................. He’s singing. ..................................................................

5

3

Ginny / stand / on a box (stand / on a chair) Ginny isn’t standing on a box. .................................................................. She’s standing on a chair. ..................................................................

Dax / play / with Woof (clean / the shelves) Dax isn’t playing with Woof. .................................................................. He’s cleaning the shelves. ..................................................................

6

Ginny / carry / a box (paint / the wall) Ginny isn’t carrying a box. .................................................................. She’s painting the wall. ..................................................................

3

Look at the picture in Exercise 2 and write questions and short answers. Use the present continuous.

1

Eugenius’ dad / carry / a box? Is Eugenius’ dad carrying a box? A: ............................................................. Yes, he is. B: .............................................................

5

the Snack Machine / work? Is the Snack Machine working? A: ............................................................. Yes, it is. B: .............................................................

2

Ginny / sit / on a chair? Is Ginny sitting on a chair? A: ............................................................. No, she isn’t. B: .............................................................

6

Ginny / paint / the wall? Is Ginny painting the wall? A: ............................................................. Yes, she is. B: .............................................................

3

Eugenius and Ginny / listen / to music? Are Eugenius and Ginny listening to music? A: ............................................................. Yes, they are. B: .............................................................

7

Dax and Ginny / sing? Are Dax and Ginny singing? A: ............................................................. No, they aren’t. B: .............................................................

4

Dax / clean / the Snack Machine? Is Dax cleaning the Snack Machine? A: ............................................................. No, he isn’t. B: .............................................................

8

Eugenius / talk / to Dax? Is Eugenius talking to Dax? A: ............................................................. No, he isn’t. B: .............................................................


4

Write questions. Use the present continuous.

1

what / you / do? What are you doing? A: .............................................................. B: I’m cleaning my room.

4

2

where / he / go? Where is he going? A: .............................................................. B: To the cinema.

5

why / she / wash / the car? Why is she washing the car? A: .............................................................. B: Because it’s dirty.

3

why / you / laugh? Why are you laughing? A: ..............................................................

6

what / he / reading? What is he reading? A: ..............................................................

what / they / watch? What are they watching? A: .............................................................. B: The football match.

B: A comic.

B: Because this story is very funny.

5

Read and complete. Use the present continuous.

1

A: Hi, Sam. It’s Nick. Adam’s here, too. are you doing (you / do)? What 1 ........................ am doing B: I 2 ........................ (do) my homework. What about you? am watching (watch) TV and A: I 3 ........................ is eating (eat) a sandwich. Adam4 ................... He’s very hungry!

6

Let’s write!

Where are you right now? What are you doing? What about your friends and family? Write sentences. 4

............................................................

2

I’m ............................................................ My best friend is ............................................................

5

............................................................

3

Students’ own answers ............................................................

6

............................................................

1

7

isn’t working A: Anna, my computer 5 ........................ (not work)! am not using B: Use my laptop. I 6 ........................ (not use) it at the moment. A: Can I sit at your desk? am studying (study) B: No, sorry. I 7 ........................ for my English test.

2

Let’s talk!

Imagine it’s Sunday. Choose five activities and complete the table. Then ask and answer with a partner. have a bath have breakfast have dinner

listen to music play α game read a book

sleep tidy my room watch TV

7.30 a.m.

..................................................................

11.00 a.m.

..................................................................

4.00 p.m.

..................................................................

6.00 p.m.

..................................................................

9.00 p.m.

..................................................................

It’s 7.30 a.m. What are you doing? I’m sleeping!

69


Present simple and present continuous On Friday evening ...

1

On Saturday morning ...

It’s eleven o’clock and Eugenius is working! What is he doing? He usually goes to bed at ten o’clock!

2 Now he’s watching TV! He never watches TV on Saturday morning! He and his dad always wash the car!

3

Wow! Eugenius really is a genius!

70

Present simple

Present continuous

Affirmative

He usually watches TV in the afternoon.

He’s watching TV at the moment.

Negative

They don’t play basketball every day.

They aren’t playing basketball right now.

Question

Does she always wear T-shirts?

Is she wearing a T-shirt today?


Present simple • We use the present simple to talk about: { a habit. He brushes his teeth every morning. { permanent situations. Chris and Ann live in London. { general truths. Penguins eat fish. • Some common time expressions used with the present simple are: every day / week, on Tuesdays, on Monday morning / afternoon / evening, in the morning / afternoon / evening, at night, at the weekend, once / twice / three times a week / month, etc. My dad walks to work every day. We visit them three times a year. • We also use adverbs of frequency (always, usually, often, sometimes, never) with the present simple. I usually go to bed early. He never goes out on Sundays.

Present continuous • We use the present continuous to talk about: { something that is happening now, at the moment when we are speaking. He’s brushing his teeth at the moment. { something which is happening for a short time or temporarily. Dad isn’t working this week. • Some time expressions which are often used with the present continuous are: now, right now, at the moment, today, these days, this week / month, etc. Jenny is wearing jeans today. Τhey aren’t working at the moment.

1

Circle the correct answer.

1

Janet is having breakfast every morning / at the moment.

4

We’re staying at home in the evenings / today because it’s raining.

2

Michael plays football with his friends every day / right now.

5

Samantha phones her grandmother three times a week / now.

3

My parents never go to the supermarket on Mondays / today.

6

They’re having a French lesson four times a week / right now.

2

Circle the correct answer.

1

They don’t usually go / aren’t usually going to the cinema on weekdays.

4

Sam and Becky have / are having dinner right now.

2

I read / am reading a very interesting book these days.

5

We don’t do / aren’t doing anything at the moment.

3

I always wear / am always wearing my glasses.

6

He has / is having tennis lessons every Saturday.

71


3

Choose and complete.

1

(drink, am drinking) drink I ....................... three glasses of milk every am drinking one right now. day. I .......................

2

(wears, is wearing) wears He often ....................... jeans. He is wearing ....................... jeans today, too.

3

(has, is having) is having Jo ....................... a shower at the has moment. She ....................... a shower every morning.

4

(play, are playing) are playing in the park at The boys ....................... play the moment. They ....................... in the park every afternoon.

5

(phones, is phoning) phones She ....................... Liz every day. She is phoning her right now. .......................

6

(walk, are walking) are walking to school today. We We ....................... walk often ....................... to school.

4

Complete. Use the present simple or present continuous.

1

washes He ....................... his car every week. (wash) Does she live in a flat? (she / live) .......................

2 3 4

is talking David ....................... to Jane right now. (talk) are making a lot of noise! Please You .......................

6

flies His father is a pilot. He ....................... aeroplanes. (fly) are you laughing This isn’t funny! Why ..........................?

7

(you / laugh) drink I never ....................... coffee. (drink)

5

8

be quiet! (make)

5

isn’t raining at Let’s go to the park. It ....................... the moment. (not rain)

Look at the table and write sentences. Use the present simple or present continuous. What do they usually do on Sunday mornings? What are they doing today? On Sunday mornings

Eugenius Eugenius’ parents Eugenius’ teacher Ginny Ginny’s sisters Ginny’s parents

72

Today

listen to music

fly a kite with Dax

stay at home

visit their friends

mark her students’ homework

clean her house

surf the Internet

watch a DVD

play computer games

make a cake

go to the sports centre

paint their kitchen

1

Eugenius Eugenius usually listens to music but today he’s ................................................................... flying a kite with Dax. ...................................................................

4

Ginny Ginny usually surfs the Internet but today ................................................................... she’s watching a DVD. ...................................................................

2

Eugenius’ parents Eugenius’ parents usually stay at home but ................................................................... today they’re visiting their friends. ...................................................................

5

Ginny’s sisters Ginny’s sisters usually play computer games ................................................................... but today they’re making a cake. ...................................................................

3

Eugenius’ teacher Eugenius’ teacher usually marks her students’ ................................................................... homework but today she’s cleaning her house. ...................................................................

6

Ginny’s parents Ginny’s parents usually go to the sports centre ................................................................... but today they’re painting their kitchen. ...................................................................


6

Read and complete. Use the present simple or present continuous.

1

Do they always visit (they / always / A: 1 ........................... visit) their grandparents on Sundays? do . They B: Yes, they 2 .......... 3 usually have ........................... (usually / have) lunch with them. A: And what about today? are watching B: Today they 4 ........................... (watch) the football match with their friends. aren’t having They 5 ........................... (not have) lunch with their grandparents.

7

do you usually do A: So, what 6 ........................... (you / usually / do) in the evenings? watch (watch) TV. B: I 7 .............. are you doing (you / A: And what 8 ........................... do) right now? am listening B: I 9 ........................... (listen) to music am doing and I 10 ........................... (do) a puzzle. am getting 11 A: I ........................... (get) ready for stay up bed. I’m tired. I never 12 ...............

2

(stay up) late on weekdays.

Let’s write!

Imagine that today is a holiday. What do you usually do on schooldays? What are you doing today? Complete the table. Then write sentences. Time

On schooldays

Today

8 a.m.

..........................................................

..........................................................

11 a.m.

..........................................................

..........................................................

5 p.m.

..........................................................

..........................................................

8 p.m.

..........................................................

..........................................................

10 p.m.

..........................................................

..........................................................

On schooldays I at eight o’clock but today .................................................................................................................................... Students’ own answers .................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................

8

Let’s talk!

Work with a partner. Ask and answer. 1

watch TV: every day? right now?

2

wear jeans: every day? today?

3

have an English lesson: three times a week? at the moment?

4

play computer games: every day? right now?

5

listen to music: every day? at the moment?

6

practise your English: every day? right now?

Do you watch TV every day? Yes, I do. Are you watching TV right now? No, I’m not. 73


Comparison of adjectives 1

3

Wow! This robot is fantastic! And it’s very fast, too.

I’m faster than it, too! I’m the fastest robot in the world! Look!

Adjective

2

Ha! I’m better than this robot!

4 Sorry!

Comparative

Superlative

stronger bigger nicer easier more beautiful

the strongest the biggest the nicest the easiest the most beautiful

better worse

the best the worst

Regular forms strong big nice easy beautiful

Irregular forms good bad

7 74

Yes, you are, Dax. You’re the best robot in the world!


Comparative form • We use the comparative form to compare two or more people, animals or things. Oliver is stronger than Paul. • When an adjective has one or two syllables, we make the comparative form by adding the ending -er. We usually put than after the adjective. (See Spelling Rules on page 121.) The red Τ-shirt is cheaper than the blue T-shirt. • When an adjective has more than two syllables, we put the word more before the adjective and the word than after it. Exercise 4 is more difficult than Exercise 6.

Superlative form • We use the superlative form to compare people, animals or things to show which is the ‘most’ of something. Oliver is the strongest boy in our class. • When the adjective has one or two syllables, we form the superlative form by adding the ending -est. We put the before the adjective. (See Spelling Rules on page 121.) This is the cheapest T-shirt in the shop. • When the adjective has more than two syllables, we add the most in front of it. This is the most difficult exercise in the book!

1

Complete the table. Adjective

Comparative

Adjective

Comparative

fast

faster ............................... hotter ...............................

large

larger ...............................

funny long

pretty

older ............................... prettier ...............................

funnier ............................... longer ...............................

warm

warmer ...............................

ugly

hot old

nicer ............................... uglier ...............................

nice

2

Complete. Use the comparative form of the adjective.

1

more exciting Board games are .............................. than crossword puzzles. (exciting) more expensive than a bike. A car is ..............................

2

6

more comfortable than the The sofa is .............................. chair. (comfortable) more beautiful I think that Jenny is ..............................

7

than Lisa. (beautiful) more intelligent than cats? Are dogs ..............................

5

(expensive) 3 4

more interesting than that This book is .............................. one. (interesting) more popular In my country football is .............................

than basketball. (popular)

(intelligent) 8

more difficult Is German .............................. than French? (difficult)

75


3

Look and write sentences. Use the comparative form of the adjective.

1

4

Maths test / Science test (difficult) The Maths test is more difficult than the ........................................................... Science test. ...........................................................

red T-shirt / yellow T-shirt (small) The red T-shirt is smaller than the ........................................................... yellow T-shirt. ...........................................................

5

cat / dog (lazy) The cat is lazier than the dog. ...........................................................

ring / earrings (expensive) The ring is more expensive than the ........................................................... earrings. ...........................................................

6

blue bag / green bag (heavy) The blue bag is heavier than the green bag. ........................................................... ...........................................................

2

3

4

brown shoes / black shoes (big) The brown shoes are bigger than the ........................................................... black shoes. ...........................................................

Complete the table. Adjective

Superlative

Adjective

Superlative

fast

the fastest ............................... the hottest ...............................

large

the largest ............................... the funniest ...............................

long

pretty

the oldest ............................... the prettiest ...............................

nice

the longest ............................... the nicest ...............................

warm

the warmest ...............................

ugly

the ugliest ...............................

hot old

funny

5

Complete. Use the superlative form of the adjective.

1 2

the most popular This is .................................. cake in the shop. We sell fifty cakes a day! (popular) the most intelligent person in our She’s ..................................

3

class. (intelligent) the most beautiful painting in This is .................................. the gallery! (beautiful)

76

...........................................................

5

the most interesting story in the This is .................................. book. (interesting) the most careful My mum is .................................. driver

6

in the world! (careful) the most comfortable chair in the That’s ..................................

4

room. (comfortable)


6

Write sentences. Use the superlative form of the adjective. A/W 15-12

3

today / hot / day of the year Today is the hottest day of the year. ..................................................................

4

Ben / noisy / student in our class Ben is the noisiest student in our class. ..................................................................

5

this / difficult / exercise in the book This is the most difficult exercise in the book. ..................................................................

6

this / good / story in the magazine This is the best story in the magazine. ..................................................................

1

this / dangerous / snake in the zoo This is the most dangerous snake in the zoo. ..................................................................

7

he / bad / singer in the family He is the worst singer in the family. ..................................................................

2

George Saw / funny / actor in the film George Saw is the funniest actor in the film. ..................................................................

8

football / popular / sport in my country Football is the most popular sport in my country. ..................................................................

7

Tick (✓) the correct sentence.

1

My granny is the shorter person in the family. My granny is the shortest person in the family.

4

His room is bigger than yours. His room is biggest than yours.

5

Real flowers are prettier than plastic flowers. Real flowers are the prettiest than plastic flowers.

2

My brother is taller than me. My brother is the taller than me.

3

Your house is the more beautiful house in the street. Your house is the most beautiful house in the street.

✓ ✓

6

The VR3 camera is more expensive than the DG5 camera. The VR3 camera is most expensive than the DG5 camera.

8

Complete. Use the comparative or the superlative form of the adjective.

1

(old) older than The library is .............................. the church. the oldest The post office is .............................. building in our town.

4

(exciting) more exciting than Football is .................................. volleyball. the most exciting sport Basketball is .................................. in the world!

2

(difficult) more difficult than Art. Science is .................................. the most difficult subject Maths is .................................. in the world!

5

(good) better than Amy’s voice is .................................. Liz’s. the best Kim’s voice is .................................. voice in the choir.

3

(funny) funnier than Vivian’s story is .................................. Henry’s story. the funniest Jack’s story is .................................. story in the class.

6

(cheap) cheaper than This MP3 player is .................................. that MP3 player. the cheapest This is .................................. MP3 player in the shop.

77


9

Complete. Use the comparative or the superlative form of the adjective.

1

healthier than A glass of juice is ............................... a cup of hot chocolate. (healthy)

4

2

The food is awful! The sandwiches are worse than ............................... the pizza! (bad) the most talented actor in the He’s ...............................

5

3

the most exciting holiday of my This is ............................... life! (exciting) the highest That’s ............................... mountain in

our country. (high) faster than My computer is ............................... yours. (fast)

6

world! (talented)

10

Look at the table and write sentences. Use the comparative or the superlative form of the adjectives. tall

Eugenius Ginny Dax

strong

intelligent

lazy

●●●

●●

●●●

●●

●●

●●

●●●

●●●

1

(tall) Ginny / Dax Eugenius / Ginny / Dax

Ginny is taller than Dax. ..................................................................................... Eugenius is the tallest. .....................................................................................

2

(strong) Dax / Ginny Eugenius / Ginny / Dax

Dax is stronger than Ginny. ..................................................................................... Dax is the strongest. .....................................................................................

(intelligent) Ginny / Dax Eugenius / Ginny / Dax

Ginny is more intelligent than Dax. ..................................................................................... Eugenius is the most intelligent. .....................................................................................

(lazy) Dax / Eugenius Eugenius / Ginny / Dax

Dax is lazier than Eugenius. ..................................................................................... Dax is the laziest. .....................................................................................

3

4

11

Read and circle the correct answer.

1

A: Do you like the black T-shirt? B: Yes, it’s 1 ..... . But it’s 2 ..... expensive than the white T-shirt. Actually, it’s 3 ..... expensive T-shirt in the shop! A: Yes, but it’s also ..... T-shirt in the shop!

1

A nice

B the nicer

C nicest

2

A more

B most

C the most

3

A more

B the more

C the most

4

A cooler

B the cooler

C the coolest

5

A more

B most

C the most

6

A better

B the best

C best

7

A good

B best

C the better

8

A from

B than

C of

4

2

A: Do you like The Sound? B: Yes! They’re 5 ..... popular band in my country. A: I think Hello is 6 ..... song on their new CD. B: It’s 7 ..... . But Go now is better 8 ..... Hello. A: Yes, but Go now is not on this CD!

78


12

Read and complete. Use one word in each space. the youngest person in his family. He Eugenius is 1 ........... hasn’t got any brothers or sisters but he’s got two good the most intelligent friends: Ginny and Dax. Eugenius is 2 ........... boy in his class. He loves Maths and Science. He thinks most interesting subjects in the world! they are the 3 ........... than Eugenius. She’s Ginny is three months younger 4 ........... got two twin sisters, Emma and Jo. They are older than Ginny: they’re fifteen years old. Ginny loves ........... more interesting than Maths and Science,’ she says. History. ‘It’s 6 ........... the laziest robot in the world! He loves TV. He thinks it’s Dax is a robot. He’s 7 ........... 8 more ........... exciting than housework. 5

13

Let’s write!

Draw or find photos of two animals. Compare them. You can use these ideas.

tall / short big / small beautiful dangerous friendly intelligent

14

are than .................................................................................................... Students’ own answers .................................................................................................... .................................................................................................... .................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................

Let’s talk!

Work with a partner. Ask and answer about your classmates.

1

tall

6

lazy

2

short

7

noisy

3

young

8

quiet

4

old

9

cheerful

5

funny

10

strong

Who is the tallest person in the class? ... is the tallest. Who is the ...?

79


Adverbs of manner 1

2 Wow! I’m helping Eugenius with his new invention!

Well done, Dax! You learn very fast.

OK, Dax. Now push this down slowly and carefully.

3

4 So, this is a great new invention! Right, Eugenius?

I’m not a great inventor. I’m just a robot.

This? Oh no, it’s nothing. It’s for my CDs.

8 80

Regular forms

Irregular forms

Adjective

Adverb

Adjective

Adverb

quick nice easy beautiful

quickly nicely easily beautifully

hard fast good

hard fast well

I’m a genius! Dax and Eugenius, the great inventors!


• We use adverbs of manner to describe how something is done. Walk slowly. Claire sings beautifully. • We form adverbs of manner by adding -ly to the end of an adjective. (See page 121 for Spelling Rules.) slow Ö slowly nice Ö nicely beautiful Ö beautifully • Some adverbs of manner are formed differently: fast Ö fast hard Ö hard good Ö well Dax learns very fast. Marianne works hard. She sings well. • Adverbs of manner usually go after the verb in a sentence. Please listen carefully. • But if the sentence has an object, the adverb goes after the object and not after the verb. Please read this carefully. ✓ (Please read carefully this. ✗)

1

Complete the table. Adjective

Adverb

Adjective

Adverb

quiet

quietly ............................... rudely ...............................

hard

hard ............................... sadly ...............................

well ............................... politely ...............................

lazy

seriously ............................... fast ...............................

simple

happily ............................... slowly ...............................

dangerous

rude good polite serious fast happy slow

2

sad

lazily ............................... quickly ...............................

quick wonderful beautiful

4

A/W 16-05

2

dangerously ............................... beautifully ...............................

Complete. Use adverbs. 3

1

simply ............................... wonderfully ...............................

We don’t eat junk food. We try to eat healthily ..................... . (healthy) noisily The boys are playing very ..................... today! (noisy)

fast Don’t walk so ..................... . Wait for me! (fast) well I’m not feeling ..................... . (good)

5

Remember: you must read this carefully ..................... . (careful)

6 7

Be careful! Those glasses break easily .....................! (easy) hard She works ..................... . (hard)

8

badly They always play ..................... . (bad)

9

Why is Dave looking at me angrily .....................? (angry)

10

She can help you. But you must ask nicely her ..................... . (nice)

81


3

Tick (✓) the correct sentence.

be a

5

Remember: an adverb shows how something is done, while an adjective describes something or someone.

1

82

I’m speaking serious now! I’m speaking seriously now!

2

This bag is heavy. This bag is heavily.

3

Listen to the teacher careful. Listen to the teacher carefully.

6

This isn’t a safe car. This isn’t a safely car.

7

She always speaks polite. She always speaks politely.

✓ ✓

8

This sleeping bag is very warm. This sleeping bag is very warmly.

9

Pablo speaks English perfect. Pablo speaks English perfectly.

4

She’s very angry! She’s very angrily!

4

Circle the correct answer.

1

Let’s finish this exercise quick / quickly . Then we can go out and play.

2

Don’t go near that dog! It’s dangerous / dangerously!

They’re playing good today. They’re playing well today.

10

I hate loud music! I hate loudly music!

5

I’m a very good / well cook.

6

He can’t understand you. You must speak slow / slowly.

7

This is a very simple / simply question. You can answer it.

8

That’s a very funny / funnily story.

3

Henry sings terrible / terribly!

4

Becky dances beautiful / beautifully.

5

Complete. Use the correct form of the word.

1

5

2

quietly The children are playing ..................... . (quiet) beautifully . (beautiful) My sister sings .....................

3

terrible Mark is a ..................... cook. (terrible)

7

4

Our teacher always explains things very clearly ..................... . (clear)

8

6

✓ ✓

✓ ✓

✓ ✓

sad It is a very ..................... film. (sad) careful Be .....................! The floor is wet!

(careful) Damien is a musician. He plays the well guitar very ..................... . (good) simple It’s a very ..................... game. (simple)

6

Rewrite the sentences. Use adverbs.

1

She’s a careful driver. She drives carefully. ...................................................................

4

They’re bad players. They play badly. ...................................................................

2

They’re fast runners. They run fast. ...................................................................

5

You’re a wonderful singer! You sing wonderfully! ...................................................................

3

He’s a slow swimmer. He swims slowly. ...................................................................

6

She’s a good writer. She writes well. ...................................................................


7

Read and circle the correct answer. Eugenius spends a lot of time in his workshop every day. He is very 1 clever / cleverly and he often makes very 2 useful / usefully things. He always works 3 hard / hardly but he never works 4 quiet / quietly! He always makes a lot of noise. And he’s very 5 untidy / untidily, too! Dax often helps Eugenius with his work. He always listens to Eugenius very 6 careful / carefully and he also learns very 7 quick / quickly. Dax often sings very 8 loud / loudly when he works. He’s a 9 terrible / terribly singer but this is not a problem for Eugenius. He listens to 10 loud / loudly music on his MP3 player, so he can’t hear Dax at all!

8

Let’s write!

Write about you. Write one thing that you:

9

• can do well. I can well. ............................................................

• usually do quickly. ............................................................

• do badly. Students’ own answers ............................................................

• usually do slowly. ............................................................

• do terribly. ............................................................

• always do carefully. ............................................................

Let’s talk!

Play a game with a partner.

Five, one, three.

Student A: Close your book. Say three numbers from 1 to 6. Student B: Listen to Student A’s numbers, look at the table and make a sentence. If it makes sense, give Student A one point.

They sing beautifully. This makes sense. One point for you.

Do this five times. Then swap roles and do the same. Now count your points and find the winner! Α 1 2 3 4 5 6

Β I We Monkeys Fish They Aeroplanes

1 2 3 4 5 6

C sing swim talk eat fly move

1 2 3 4 5 6

slowly. fast. beautifully. loudly. well. quickly.

Six, two, four. Aeroplanes swim loudly. This doesn’t make sense. No points for you!

83


Do you watch At don’t

at

does Lisa do works in loves doesn’t eat On buys

on

don’t buy

in

Do they like do

Gina is smiling at you.

He never drinks tea. I don’t usually call her in the evening. Does Ted always go out on Sundays?

We aren’t staying at our aunt’s house. Are you talking to me? This machine isn’t working. Why is he leaving?

We sometimes go to school by bus. Are they often late?

The boys are listening to music in Tim’s room.


easier than the worst more expensive than the biggest shorter than the most exciting

terribly beautiful slowly

isn’t wearing careful

quickly

drives difficult

hard lazy

don’t see

fast clever

Does Eric play Are you doing watch are you walking is studying

easily shy


Have to 1

Come on, Eugenius, get up! It’s nine o’clock.

2

I have to brush my teeth! I have to get ready for school!

Nine o’clock? Oh no! I’m late!

3

You have to brush your teeth but you don’t have to get ready for school!

4

Because it’s Saturday! We don’t have to go to school today!

Why not?

Affirmative I have to go you have to go he has to go she has to go it has to go we have to go you have to go they have to go

8 86

Negative

Question

Full form

Short form

I do not have to go you do not have to go he does not have to go she does not have to go it does not have to go we do not have to go you do not have to go they do not have to go

I don’t have to go you don’t have to go he doesn’t have to go she doesn’t have to go it doesn’t have to go we don’t have to go you don’t have to go they don’t have to go

Do I have to go? Do you have to go? Does he have to go? Does she have to go? Does it have to go? Do we have to go? Do you have to go? Do they have to go?


Have to • Have to is followed by a bare infinitive. Negative sentences and questions are formed with do / does and don’t / doesn’t. I have to go home now. He has to study for a test. We don’t have to get up early. She doesn’t have to come with us. Do we have to leave now? Does she have to stay at home? • We use have to to say that something is necessary. In affirmative sentences, we can also use must. We have to finish our project today. We must finish our project today. • We use don’t have to to say that something is not necessary. She doesn’t have to do her homework now. She can do it later.

Mustn’t and don’t have to In negative sentences, mustn’t and don’t have to are used in different ways. We use mustn’t to say that something is not allowed. We use don’t have to to say that something is not necessary. We mustn’t stay here. (= It’s important that we don’t stay here.) We don’t have to stay here. (= It isn’t necessary for us to stay here, but we can if that’s what we want.)

1

Complete. Use have to or has to.

1

have to We .................... stop now. has to Nathan .................... phone his cousin

2

5

has to make dinner now. Patricia .................... has to He .................... stay at home and study

6

for his test. have to do this now. It’s very You ....................

4

in London. 3

2

Our neighbours are on holiday and I have to feed their cat. ....................

important.

Look at the table and write sentences. Use the correct form of have to.

get up at seven go to school by bus walk to school do homework every day go to bed at nine

Tom

Alice

Ted and Liz

1

Tom / get up / at seven Tom doesn’t have to get up at seven. ...................................................................

4

Tom / do his homework / every day Tom has to do his homework every day. ...................................................................

2

Ted and Liz / walk / to school Ted and Liz don’t have to walk to school. ...................................................................

5

Alice / go / to school by bus Alice doesn’t have to go to school by bus. ...................................................................

3

Alice / go / to bed at nine Alice has to go to bed at nine. ...................................................................

6

Ted and Liz / get up / at seven Ted and Liz have to get up at seven. ...................................................................

87


3

Look at the table in Exercise 2 and write questions and short answers. Use the correct form of have to.

1

Alice / get up / at seven? Does Alice have to get up at seven? A: ............................................................. No, she doesn’t. B: .............................................................

4

Tom / go / to bed at nine? Does Tom have to go to bed at nine? A: ............................................................. No, he doesn’t. B: .............................................................

2

Tom / go / to school by bus? Does Tom have to go to school by bus? A: ............................................................. Yes, he does. B: .............................................................

5

Ted and Liz / get up / at seven? Do Ted and Liz have to get up at seven? A: ............................................................. Yes, they do. B: .............................................................

3

Ted and Liz / walk / to school? Do Ted and Liz have to walk to school? A: ............................................................. No, they don’t. B: .............................................................

6

Alice / do / her homework every day? Does Alice have to do her homework every day? A: ............................................................. Yes, she does. B: .............................................................

4

Complete. Use the correct form of have to.

2

has to finish James ..................................... his homework. (finish) don’t have to go I ..................................... to bed now.

3

(not go) Does she have to wear a uniform at .....................................

4

school? (she / wear) do they have to be What time ..................................... at

5

home? (they / be) doesn’t have to come with us. Luke .....................................

1

(not come)

5

7

Do you have to play ..................................... the piano every day? (you / play) has to leave Sarah ..................................... at six

8

o’clock. (leave) have to help We ..................................... Mike and

9

Adam. (help) don’t have to wait You ..................................... for them.

10

You can go. (not wait) does he have to stay at home? Why .....................................

6

(he / stay)

Read and complete. Use the correct form of have to. Jon:

has to Sue 1 ........................ go home. She can’t come with us.

Ann: Really? Why? has to Jon: She 2 ........................ make the posters for the school concert. doesn’t have to do that. I can Ann: She 3 ........................ do it on my computer. Jon:

Great! But can you do it today? have to We 4 ........................ give them to Mrs Fox tomorrow morning. do I Ann: No problem. What 5 ............ have to ................... write on the posters? Jon:

88

Here’s the text. But please be have to very careful. You 6 ........................ check everything very carefully before you print the posters.

don’t have to worry about Ann: Oh, you 7 ........................ that! I always check everything carefully! Now, how many posters 8 do have to ............ we ................... give Mrs Fox?

Jon:

Twelve.

Ann: OK. Now let’s tell Sue that she can come with us!


6

Complete. Use don’t have to or mustn’t.

be a

You don’t have to wash the car. You can watch TV.

Remember: mustn’t = it’s important that we don’t do something; don’t have to = it isn’t necessary for us to do something.

Thanks!

2

don’t have to wash the car. You You ........................ can watch TV. mustn’t We ........................ tell anyone about

3

this. It’s a secret. mustn’t You ........................ talk like that. It isn’t

4

polite. don’t have to finish this project now. I ........................ 8

5

I can finish it next week. don’t have to go to school today. We ........................ It’s Sunday.

9

1

6 7

mustn’t Hurry up! We ........................ be late! don’t have to cook. We can have a We ........................

10

sandwich.

7

Put that sandwich in your bag! You mustn’t ........................ eat in the classroom! don’t have to wait for us. We can You ........................ come later. mustn’t You ........................ swim in that river. It’s dangerous.

Let’s write!

Write about you. Write two things that you:

8

• have to do today. I........................................................... have to Students’ own answers ...........................................................

• don’t have to do today. ........................................................... ...........................................................

• usually have to do on weekdays. ........................................................... ...........................................................

• don’t have to do on Saturdays. ........................................................... ...........................................................

Let’s talk!

Work with a partner. Ask and answer. Student A: Look at A. Ask Student B questions. Student B: Answer Student A’s questions. Now swap roles and do the same with B.

Yes, I do.

B

A

Do you have to get up early on Sundays?

1

get up early on Sundays?

1

study for tests every week?

2

wash your clothes?

2

walk to school?

3

tidy your room every day?

3

clean your room?

4

wear a uniform at school?

4

do any homework today?

89


Past simple of to be 1

Is this you, Dad?

3

Yes. I was in a rock band when I was seventeen.

Were you famous?

2 Were there any girls in the band?

No, there weren’t.

4 Cool, Dad! Hmph! They weren’t famous because they were terrible!

No, we weren’t. But we were good! Listen.

Affirmative I was you were he was she was it was we were you were they were

9 90

Negative

Question

Full form

Short form

I was not you were not he was not she was not it was not we were not you were not they were not

I wasn’t you weren’t he wasn’t she wasn’t it wasn’t we weren’t you weren’t they weren’t

Was I? Were you? Was he? Was she? Was it? Were we? Were you? Were they?


Was, were • We use the past simple of to be to talk about things that existed or happened in the past. We use was for I, he, she, it. We use were for we, you, they. I was at home last night. They were in Rome last week. • The short form is only for negative sentences. David was not / wasn’t in his bedroom. We were not / weren’t happy. • We don’t repeat the whole sentence in short answers. A: Were you at home at eight o’clock? B: Yes, I was. / No, I wasn’t.

There was, there were • The past simple of there is / there are is there was / there were. There was a note for you on the table. There were clouds in the sky. There wasn’t any milk in the bottle. There weren’t any e-mails for you. Was there a cinema in this town? Were there many people at the party? • Remember that we use there and not they in short answers. A: Were there any e-mails for me?

B: Yes, there were. ✓ (Yes, they were. ✗)

1

Complete. Use was or were.

1

were at John’s house yesterday. We ............... was She ............... ten years old in 1998.

2 3 4

6 7

was Ben ............... Peter’s best friend at school. were here at four o’clock. They ...............

8 9

5

was There ............... a red notebook in my bag.

2

Look at the table and write sentences.

10

were four people in the car. There ............... was I ............... late for school on Friday. were the tallest student in You ............... your class. were for me! Hey! The sandwiches ............... was Art ............... my mum’s favourite subject.

Where were they on Saturday? at 4.00

Eugenius Dax and Woof Ginny

at 6.00

at 8.00

in his room

in the garage

at the cinema

in the park

in the garden

in the living room

at the sports centre

at a friend’s house

in bed

1

Eugenius was at the cinema at four. He wasn’t at the cinema. ................................................................... He was in his room. ...................................................................

4

Eugenius was in his room at six. He wasn’t in his room. ................................................................... He was in the garage. ...................................................................

2

Ginny was at a friend’s house at four. She wasn’t at a friend’s house. ................................................................... She was at the sports centre. ...................................................................

5

Dax and Woof were in the park at eight. They weren’t in the park. ................................................................... They were in the living room. ...................................................................

3

Dax and Woof were in the garage at six. They weren’t in the garage. ................................................................... They were in the garden. ...................................................................

6

Ginny was at the sports centre at eight. She wasn’t at the sports centre. ................................................................... She was in bed. ...................................................................

91


3 1

Write questions and short answers. Use was, wasn’t, were or weren’t. Sarah / at the party? ✗ Was Sarah at the party? A: .............................................................. No, she wasn’t. B: ..............................................................

No, she wasn’t.

2

you / at home at four o’clock? ✓ Were you at home at four o’clock? A: .............................................................. Yes, I was / we were. B: ..............................................................

3

that book / interesting? ✓ Was that book interesting? A: .............................................................. Yes, it was. B: ..............................................................

4

they / late for school yesterday? ✗ Were they late for school yesterday? A: .............................................................. No, they weren’t. B: ..............................................................

5

your father / at work at five o’clock? ✓ Was your father at work at five o’clock? A: .............................................................. Yes, he was. B: ..............................................................

7

you and Ken / in London last month? ✓ Were you and Ken in London last month? A: .............................................................. No, we weren’t. B: ..............................................................

6

your sister / with you at the cinema? ✗ Was your sister with you at the cinema? A: .............................................................. No, she wasn’t. B: ..............................................................

8

Tina’s dress / nice? ✗ Was Tina’s dress nice? A: .............................................................. No, it wasn’t. B: ..............................................................

4

Look at the table in Exercise 2 and write questions and answers.

be a When there is a question word or phrase in a question, we begin with that. It is followed by was or were and the subject. Where were you at six?

3

Ginny / at six? Where was Ginny at six? A: .............................................................. She was at a friend’s house. B: ..............................................................

4

Dax and Woof / at four? Where were Dax and Woof at four? A: .............................................................. They were in the park. B: ..............................................................

1

Eugenius / at four? Where was Eugenius at four? A: .............................................................. He was in his room. B: ..............................................................

5

Eugenius / at eight? Where was Eugenius at eight? A: .............................................................. He was at the cinema. B: ..............................................................

2

Dax and Woof / at eight? Where were Dax and Woof at eight? A: .............................................................. They were in the living room. B: ..............................................................

6

Ginny / at four? Where was Ginny at four? A: .............................................................. She was at the sports centre. B: ..............................................................

5

92

Was Sarah at the party?

Rewrite the sentences in the past.

1

We aren’t tired. We weren’t tired. ...................................................................

5

The film isn’t very interesting. The film wasn’t very interesting. ...................................................................

2

There’s a mouse in the kitchen! There was a mouse in the kitchen! ...................................................................

6

Are there any e-mails for me? Were there any e-mails for me? ...................................................................

3

Peter and Jane are at home. Peter and Jane were at home. ...................................................................

7

They aren’t busy. They weren’t busy. ...................................................................

4

Why is she sad? Why was she sad? ...................................................................

8

There’s some lemonade in the fridge. There was some lemonade in the fridge. ...................................................................


6

Read and complete. Use was, wasn’t, were or weren’t. was Tom is Eugenius and Ginny’s friend. It 1 ............... his 2 was birthday last Saturday and there ............... a party for him m wasn’t at Tom’s house at the sports club. The party 3 ............... because his house isn’t very big and Tom has got lots of were forty-five children at the party! friends. There 4 ............... were there, too. Eugenius and Ginny 5 ............... weren’t any chairs. The room was very big but there 6 ............... were There 7 ............... only two tables with food and drinks. weren’t any decorations on the walls but there There 8 ............... were lots of balloons. Tom is captain of the school football ll 9 was team, so his birthday cake ............... a big football. It 10 was was ............... delicious! It 11 ............... a great party and Tom m 12 was ............... very happy.

7

Let’s write!

Write about your last birthday party. Use these ideas. When was it? Was it a big party? Where was it? How many people / children were there? Were there any decorations? Was there any food?

Was the cake good? Was it a good party?

My last birthday party was ................................................................................................ Students’ own answers ................................................................................................ ................................................................................................ ................................................................................................ ................................................................................................ ................................................................................................ ................................................................................................ ................................................................................................

Let’s talk!

8

Work with a partner. Ask and answer.

1

how old / be / you / in 2006?

2

where / be / you / yesterday evening?

3

where / be / your best friend / yesterday evening?

4

when / be / your last holiday?

5

what / be / your dad’s favourite subject at school?

6

where / be / you / on Sunday morning?

7

who / be / your best friend / in 2007?

8

what / be / your favourite song / last year?

How old were you in 2006? I was ... years old.

93


Past simple of regular verbs 1

2

Why not?

Did you watch the dance show last night? It was great!

Because Dax watched the show with me!

Yes. But I didn’t watch all of it.

3

4

He loved it. He danced and jumped around the room.

Affirmative I walked you walked he walked she walked it walked we walked you walked they walked

9 94

And then he landed on the TV! We must buy a new one now.

Negative

Question

Full form

Short form

I did not walk you did not walk he did not walk she did not walk it did not walk we did not walk you did not walk they did not walk

I didn’t walk you didn’t walk he didn’t walk she didn’t walk it didn’t walk we didn’t walk you didn’t walk they didn’t walk

Did I walk? Did you walk? Did he walk? Did she walk? Did it walk? Did we walk? Did you walk? Did they walk?


Form • We form the past simple of regular verbs by adding the ending -ed . (See page 121 for Spelling Rules.) They watched a DVD last night. Nora tidied her room. • The negative of the past simple is formed by putting did not (didn’t) in front of the bare infinitive of the verb. The verb does not have an -ed ending. They didn’t watch a DVD last night. Nora didn’t tidy her room. • The question form of the past simple is formed by putting Did at the beginning of the sentence and using the bare infinitive. The verb does not have an -ed ending. Did they watch a DVD last night? Did Nora tidy her room? • In short answers, we use did or didn’t and do not repeat the verb. A: Did you answer all the questions? B: Yes, I did. / No, I didn’t. • After question words and phrases like what, where, etc, we use the question form of the verb. Where did they stay? What did she cook for dinner?

Use We use the past simple to talk about: • something which happened at a particular time in the past. I brushed my teeth ten minutes ago. • situations which existed in the past. They lived in Spain many years ago. • habits which we had in the past. My mum played tennis three times a week when she was young. • things which happened one after the other in the past. I finished my project and then I played chess with my brother.

Time expressions We use the following time expressions with the past simple: yesterday, yesterday morning / afternoon / evening, last night / week / month / year, ten minutes / hours / weeks / months ago, in 2007, on 12th June, etc. I stayed at home last night. We painted the kitchen two weeks ago.

1

Complete the table. Infinitive

Past simple

Infinitive

Past simple

change

changed

close

closed

slip

slipped

enjoy

enjoyed

study

studied

snow

snowed

fix

fixed

try

tried

laugh

laughed

paint

painted

travel

travelled

finish

finished

95


2

Complete. Use the past simple.

1

lived Aidan in the USA many years ago. (live) You remembered my birthday! Thank you! (remember) listened We to the doctor very

2 3 4

3

carefully. (listen) cried Lisa because she was very sad. (cry)

liked

5

They (like)

6 7

clapped We all at the end of the show. (clap) waited I at the bus stop for an

8

hour. (wait) The rain stopped

our idea very much.

an hour ago.

(stop)

Look and write sentences. Use the past simple. What did they do yesterday?

4

1

Tom and Nick / watch / a DVD Tom and Nick watched a DVD.

2

Patricia / phone / her friend Patricia phoned her friend.

3

Anna and Becky / play / tennis Anna and Becky played tennis.

4

Charlie / wash / his father’s car Charlie washed his father’s car.

5

Samantha / tidy / her room Samantha tidied her room.

6

Adam / visit / his grandmother Adam visited his grandmother.

Write negative sentences. Use the past simple.

be a

3

Remember: in negative sentences, the verb doesn’t end in -ed.

4

I washed my T-shirt. (my jeans) I didn’t wash my jeans.

We cleaned the kitchen. (the bathroom) We didn’t clean the bathroom.

1 2

We played a board game. (chess) We didn’t play chess.

5

He looked at you. (me)

6

He didn’t look at me.

96

She opened the door. (the window) She didn’t open the window.

We waited for Sam. (Nick) We didn’t wait for Nick.


5

Look and write sentences. Use the past simple. What did Eugenius and Ginny do on Saturday? Eugenius

Ginny

1

Eugenius didn’t fix his bike.

5

Ginny didn’t finish her English project.

2

He didn’t tidy the garage.

6

She washed her hair.

3

He phoned Ginny.

7

She studied for her History test.

4

He visited Tom.

8

She didn’t check her e-mails.

6

Write questions and short answers. Use the past simple.

be a

4

you / enjoy / your holiday? ✗ A: Did you enjoy your holiday? Β: No, I / we didn’t.

5

he / answer / the phone? ✗ A: Did he answer the phone? Β: No, he didn’t.

6

I / press / the wrong button? ✓ A: Did I press the wrong button? Β: Yes, you did.

Remember: in questions, the verb doesn’t end in -ed.

1

2

3

you / study / for the Maths test? ✓ A: Did you study for the Maths test? Β: Yes, I did.

the children / play / in the garden yesterday? ✗ A: Did the children play in the garden yesterday? 7 Β: No, they didn’t. she / open / her presents after the party? ✓ A: Did she open her presents after the party? Β: Yes, she did.

8

7

Write questions. Use the past simple.

1

what / she / cook / for dinner? What did she cook for dinner?

5

why / you / wash / the curtains?

6

2

where / they / stay? how many questions / he / answer? How many questions did he answer?

when / she / call you? why / you / close / the window? Why did you close the window?

7

Where did they stay?

4

they / help / you? ✗ A: Did they help you? Β: No, they didn’t.

When did she call you?

Why did you wash the curtains?

3

the rain / stop / before the match? ✓ A: Did the rain stop before the match? Β: Yes, it did.

when / they / paint / the house? When did they paint the house?

8

what time / he / finish / work? What time did he finish work?

97


8

Complete. Use the words in the box. ago (x2)

1 2 3 4

last (x2)

minutes

morning

morning . I washed the car yesterday last We didn’t play tennis week. ago He visited us two months . They didn’t want to come with us last night .

night 5 6

yesterday minutes

ago. I didn’t walk to school yesterday .

Jenny called five

7

She stayed at a friend’s house last Saturday.

8

The game finished an hour

9

Rewrite the sentences in the past simple.

1

We visit them every summer. (last summer) We visited them last summer.

5

I invite her to my party every year. (last year) I invited her to my party last year.

2

Does she wash the dishes every day? (yesterday) Did she wash the dishes yesterday?

6

We don’t use the computer every day. (yesterday) We didn’t use the computer yesterday.

3

He doesn’t play football every Saturday. (last Saturday) He didn’t play football last Saturday.

7

Do they paint the kitchen every year? (last year) Did they paint the kitchen last year?

4

Do you lock all the doors at night? (last night) Did you lock all the doors last night?

8

Do you walk to school every day? (yesterday) Did you walk to school yesterday?

10

Read and complete. Use the past simple.

Hi, Ian

didn’t answer I’m sorry I 1 (not answer) your e-mail on Sunday. I was didn’t check very busy and I 2 (not check) my e-mails. In the morning tidied didn’t help 3 I (tidy) my room. Dax 4 (not help); he 5 wanted (want) to watch his favourite programme on TV! Then, studied in the afternoon, I 6 (study) for my Science test and then 7 helped I (help) my dad in the garden. Then Ginny and I visited 8 played (visit) our friend, Tom. We 9 (play) Big 10 didn’t like Money – it’s a new board game. I (not like) it very much. Did you stay What about you? 11 (you / stay) at home on Sunday? Did you watch (you / watch) the football match on TV? It was great! 12

Best wishes, Eugenius

98

ago

.


11

Read and circle the correct answer.

Hi, Eugenius Yes, of course I watched the match 1 ! But I 2 it at home. Grandpa Andrew invited us all to his house. It was a great game! The bad news is that I didn’t pass my driving test 3 . I was very nervous and I didn’t 4 at a ‘Stop’ sign. I must take the test again in May. Anyway, 5 you download those photos from my website last week? 6 them? E-mail me soon. Bye for now, Ian

12

1

A a Sunday ago

B on last Sunday

C last Sunday

2

A didn’t watch

B didn’t watched

C not watched

3

A a week before

B the week ago

C last week

4

A stop

B stopping

C stopped

5

A were

B did

C do

6

A You liked

B Did you liked

C Did you like

Let’s write!

Write about you. When did you last: • •

wash your hair? I washed my hair

brush your teeth?

play a computer game?

watch a good film on TV?

listen to music?

Students’ own answers

13

phone a friend?

Let’s talk!

Work with a partner. Ask and answer about last week.

1

visit a friend?

4

talk to your best friend?

2

watch TV?

5

practise your English?

3

study for a test?

6

work on a school project?

Did you visit a friend last week? No, I didn’t. Did you ...?

99


Past simple of irregular verbs Thanks, Dax! I love chocolate!

1

2 Ouch!

I made a chocolate cake for you yesterday.

3 Did you put any eggs in the cake?

Yes, I did. The recipe said, ‘Add four eggs.’ So I took four eggs and I put them in the cake.

Affirmative I ate you ate he ate she ate it ate we ate you ate they ate

1 0 10 100

Negative

4

Yes, but you didn’t throw away the eggshells! They’re in the cake!

Question

Full form

Short form

I did not eat you did not eat he did not eat she did not eat it did not eat we did not eat you did not eat they did not eat

I didn’t eat you didn’t eat he didn’t eat she didn’t eat it didn’t eat we didn’t eat you didn’t eat they didn’t eat

What’s wrong?

Did I eat? Did you eat? Did he eat? Did she eat? Did it eat? Did we eat? Did you eat? Did they eat?


• We do not form the past simple of irregular verbs by adding -ed. Each irregular verb has its own form of the past simple. (See the Irregular Verbs list on pages 122-123.) come Ö came go Ö went give Ö gave We went to school by bus yesterday. She gave me a CD. • Remember that: { in the negative, we use did not / didn’t before the bare infinitive. I didn’t see them yesterday. She didn’t say anything. { in questions, we put did at the beginning of the sentence and we use the bare infinitive. Did you wear your black T-shirt? Did she send you the e-mail? { in short answers, we don’t repeat the verb. A: Did they take many photos? B: Yes, they did. / No, they didn’t.

1

2

Complete the table. Infinitive

Past simple

Infinitive

Past simple

do

break

buy

did .......................... bought ..........................

know

broke .......................... knew ..........................

make

made ..........................

go

went ..........................

eat

ate ..........................

write

wrote ..........................

drive

drove ..........................

come

came ..........................

Write the past simple of the verbs in the box in the correct column. carry dance finish hear read speak stand stay stop try wear win Regular verbs

Irregular verbs

carried .......................... danced ..........................

stayed .......................... stopped ..........................

heard .......................... read ..........................

stood .......................... wore ..........................

finished ..........................

tried ..........................

spoke ..........................

won ..........................

3

Complete. Use the past simple.

1 2

told I ......................... Jodie about the party four days ago. (tell) sent My cousin ......................... me a postcard

3

from New York last week. (send) saw We ......................... Michael at Tina’s birthday party on Saturday. (see)

5

paid Patricia’s dad ......................... for our tickets. (pay) gave My friend ......................... me this

6

computer game. (give) was I ......................... at the sports centre

4

at half past eleven. (be)

101


4

Write sentences. Use the past simple. 2

we / meet / outside the cinema We met outside the cinema. ..................................................................

3

Mark / buy / a new CD player yesterday Mark bought a new CD player yesterday. ..................................................................

4

I / come back / at six o’clock I came back at six o’clock. ..................................................................

5

Rachel / have / lunch with us Rachel had lunch with us. ..................................................................

6

we / get up / two hours ago We got up two hours ago. ..................................................................

7

I / put / the book on the shelf I put the book on the shelf. ..................................................................

8

he / drive / very carefully He drove very carefully. ..................................................................

1

their house / have / a big garden Their house had a big garden. ..................................................................

5

Read and complete. Use the past simple. went Last summer Ginny, Eugenius and their families 1 ................ flew 2 (go) on holiday together. They ................. (fly) to Corfu, had a Greek island. Eugenius and Ginny 3 ................. (have) a 4 made wonderful time there. They ................. (make) some new spent friends and they 5 ................. (spend) a lot of time at the swam beach every day. They 6 ................. (swim) in the clear blue sea, they played games with their new friends and they 7 ate were ................. (eat) lots of ice cream. They 8 ................. (be) 9 came really tired when they ................. (come) back home. slept They 10 ................. (sleep) for fourteen hours!

6

Complete. Use the past simple. Ginny’s dad, Mr Lewis, wants a healthier lifestyle. But he doesn’t always do the right things. Here’s what he did last Saturday.

1 2

3

102

didn’t get up early. He ..................... got up He ..................... at half past ten. (get up) didn’t drink eight glasses of water. He ..................... drank He ..................... three cups of coffee. (drink) didn’t have salad for lunch. He He ..................... had ..................... pizza. (have)

4

5 6

didn’t go for a run in the park. He ..................... went He ..................... to a café with Mrs Lewis. (go) didn’t eat fruit. He ..................... ate He .....................

chocolate. (eat) didn’t sleep for eight hours. He He ..................... slept ..................... for five hours. (sleep)


7

Look and write sentences. Use the past simple.

1

Eugenius / drink / milk (iced tea) Eugenius didn’t drink milk. .................................................................. He drank iced tea. ..................................................................

4

she / eat / ice cream (popcorn) She didn’t eat ice cream. ................................................................... She ate popcorn. ...................................................................

2

he / read / a comic (a book) He didn’t read a comic. .................................................................. He read a book. ..................................................................

5

Eugenius’ parents / buy / a computer (a TV) Eugenius’ parents didn’t buy a computer. ................................................................... They bought a TV. ...................................................................

3

Ginny / go / to the sports centre (to the cinema) Ginny didn’t go to the sports centre. .................................................................. She went to the cinema. ..................................................................

6

they / put / it / in the kitchen (in the living room) They didn’t put it in the kitchen. ................................................................... They put it in the living room. ...................................................................

8

Complete. Use the past simple.

1

4

2

Did you write ........................... this note yesterday? (you / write) Did Peter give you his phone number? ...........................

5

Did he take ........................... the children to the zoo yesterday? (he / take) Did Cassie leave her umbrella here last ...........................

3

(Peter / give) Did they pay ........................... for my sandwich, too?

6

night? (Cassie / leave) Did you sit ........................... next to Nick at the cinema? (you / sit)

(they / pay)

9

Write questions and short answers. Use the past simple.

1

he / find / his glasses yesterday? ✓ Did he find his glasses yesterday? A: ............................................................. Yes, he did. Β: .............................................................

4

they / win? ✗ Did they win? A: ............................................................. No, they didn’t. Β: .............................................................

2

you / sleep / well last night? ✗ Did you sleep well last night? A: ............................................................. Did you sleep well last night? Β: .............................................................

5

I / say / the wrong thing? ✗ Did I say the wrong thing? A: ............................................................. No, you didn’t. Β: .............................................................

3

she / make / this cake in the morning? ✓ Did she make this cake in the morning? A: ............................................................. Yes, she did. Β: .............................................................

6

you / buy / any milk yesterday? ✓ Did you buy any milk yesterday? A: ............................................................. Yes, I / we did. Β: .............................................................

103


10

Write questions. Use the past simple. Zoe is Eugenius’ cousin. Last week her class visited the National History Museum.

1

what time / the school bus / leave? What time did the school bus leave? A: ............................................................. Β: At nine o’clock.

2

what / the children / see / at the museum? What did the children see at the museum? A: ............................................................. Β: They saw lots of dinosaurs.

3

how many photos / Zoe / take? How many photos did Zoe take? A: ............................................................. Β: A lot!

5

what time / they / leave / the museum? What time did they leave the museum? A: ............................................................. Β: At one o’clock.

4

what / she / buy / at the museum shop? What did she buy at the museum shop? A: ............................................................. Β: A toy dinosaur.

6

where / they / go / after that? Where did they go after that? A: ............................................................. Β: They went back to school.

11

Read and complete. Use the past simple.

Hi, Eugenius

visited Guess what? My class 1 ........................ (visit) the National History Museum drove last Tuesday. I was a bit late in the morning but Mum 2 ........................ (drive) 3 didn’t miss me to school, so I ........................ (not miss) the bus. didn’t visit We 4 ........................ (not visit) all the rooms in the museum but we saw bought lots of dinosaurs. We 5 ........................ (buy) some things at the museum shop. 6 wanted didn’t find I ........................ (want) to buy a dinosaur pencil but I 7 ........................ 8 got (not find) one, so I ........................ (get) a toy dinosaur. I had a great time! did you tell (you / tell) Ginny about my party yesterday? By the way, 9 ........................ 10 did she say (she / say)? Can she come, too? What ........................

Love, Zoe

12 1

I met Jake the day ago / yesterday.

4

2

They drove to Manchester for Kim’s birthday last year / before a year.

My mum started work at ten on Friday / the last Friday.

5

I visited Rome the summer ago / last summer.

My father took us to the theatre last / yesterday night.

6

He got up five minutes before / ago.

3

104

Circle the correct answer.


13

Rewrite the text in the past simple. Katie

visits

her

cousin

Lisa

on

Saturdays. They watch their favourite programme on TV and then they play their favourite game on Lisa’s computer. In the afternoon Lisa’s dad takes them to the theatre. Katie goes back home at half past five. She does her homework and then she listens to some music. She has dinner at eight. After that, she has a shower and she brushes her teeth. She goes to bed at half past ten.

14

on TV and then they played their ............................................................. favourite game on Lisa’s computer. In ............................................................. the afternoon Lisa’s dad took them to ............................................................. the theatre. Katie went back home at ............................................................. half past five. She did her homework and ............................................................. then she listened to some music. She ............................................................. had dinner at eight. After that, she had ............................................................. a shower and she brushed her teeth. She ............................................................. went to bed at half past ten. .............................................................

Let’s write!

Write about your last holiday. You can use these ideas. Where did you go? When?

Students’ own answers .............................................................................

Who did you go with?

.............................................................................

Where did you stay? What was it like there?

.............................................................................

How did you spend your day? What did you eat and drink? What time did you get up / go to bed? Did you make any new friends?

15

Katie visited her cousin Lisa last Saturday. ............................................................. They watched their favourite programme .............................................................

............................................................................. ............................................................................. ............................................................................. ............................................................................. ............................................................................. .............................................................................

Let’s talk!

Work with a partner. Ask and answer about yesterday.

1

what time / you / get up?

2

you / make / breakfast?

3

you / go / to school?

4

what / you / have / for lunch?

5

what / you / do / after lunch?

6

you / watch / TV?

7

you / play / a game?

8

what time / you / go / to bed?

What time did you get up yesterday? I got up at half past seven.

105


The future 1

2 What are you going to do with those?

What can I make with these? Oh, I know! I’ll make a breakfast machine! It will make breakfast and take it up to Mum’s room. I’m sure she’ll love it.

I’m going to make something special for Mum. It’s her birthday next week.

3

Three days later ...

Quick! Let’s test it! Mum is coming back in five minutes!

4

Hmm... OK, I’ll fix it. Dax, can you clean this up, please?

Future simple Affirmative

106

Negative

Question

Full form

Short form

Full form

Short form

I will go you will go he will go she will go it will go we will go you will go they will go

I’ll go you’ll go he’ll go she’ll go it’ll go we’ll go you’ll go they’ll go

I will not go you will not go he will not go she will not go it will not go we will not go you will not go they will not go

I won’t go you won’t go he won’t go she won’t go it won’t go we won’t go you won’t go they won’t go

Will I go? Will you go? Will he go? Will she go? Will it go? Will we go? Will you go? Will they go?


Form • We form the future simple with will and the bare infinitive. Will always stays the same and its short form is ‘ll. She will help you. They’ll be tired after their trip. • In the negative, we put not after will. The short form is won’t. He will not pass the test. They won’t like the film. • In questions, we put will at the beginning of the sentence followed by the subject and the verb. Will she give us the money? Will he like my present? • In short answers, we use will or won’t and don’t repeat the verb. A: Will they help us? B: Yes, they will. / No, they won’t.

Use We use the future simple: • to make a prediction, to say what we believe will happen in the future. Here, we often use phrases like I think, I’m sure, I know, I’m afraid. I think they’ll come to the party. I’m sure she’ll love this game. • when we decide to do something at the time of speaking. A: What do you want to drink? B: I’ll have a glass of orange juice.

Time expressions When we talk about the future, we often use the following time expressions: tomorrow, tomorrow morning / afternoon, next week / month / year, on Friday, tonight, in 2027, in the future, etc. I’m sure he’ll call you tomorrow.

I’m afraid we won’t win the game next week.

1

Write sentences. Use the future simple.

1

the children / not eat / all the salad The children won’t eat all the salad. ...................................................................

4

I / not find / any tickets for the concert I won’t find any tickets for the concert. ...................................................................

2

he / be / late He’ll be late. ...................................................................

5

she / not remember / my name She won’t remember my name. ...................................................................

3

we / win / the match We’ll win the match. ...................................................................

6

they / have / a good time at the party They’ll have a good time at the party. ...................................................................

2

Read and complete. Use the future simple.

1

won’t help A: I’m afraid Peter 1 ..................... (not help) us. He’s very busy. ’ll ask B: I 2 ..................... (ask) Tony. 3 Will he say A: ..................... (he / say) yes? What do you think? B: I don’t know. Let’s ask him now.

2

Will Emma like (Emma / like) my A: 4 ..................... present? will B: Yes, she 5 ..................... . She’ll love it! 6 won’t like But she ..................... (not like) Jack’s present. It’s Lee Fox’s new CD – and Emma hates rock music.

107


Be going to Affirmative

Negative

Question

I am (’m) going to walk you are (’re) going to walk he is (’s) going to walk she is (’s) going to walk it is (’s) going to walk we are (’re) going to walk you are (’re) going to walk they are (’re) going to walk

I am not (’m not) going to walk you are not (aren’t) going to walk he is not (isn’t) going to walk she is not (isn’t) going to walk it is not (isn’t) going to walk we are not (aren’t) going to walk you are not (aren’t) going to walk they are not (aren’t) going to walk

Am I going to walk? Are you going to walk? Is he going to walk? Is she going to walk? Is it going to walk? Are we going to walk? Are you going to walk? Are they going to walk?

Form • In the affirmative, we use am / is / are going to and the bare infinitive. He is going to phone his parents tomorrow. We’re going to sell the house. • In the negative, we put not after am / is / are. I am not going to stay at home. They aren’t going to come with us. • To form a question, we put am / is / are at the beginning of the sentence, followed by the subject, going to and the verb. Are they going to buy a new car? Is he going to leave? • In short answers, we don’t repeat going to or the verb. We only use am / is / are. A: Are you going to invite them to your party? B: Yes, I am. / No, I’m not.

Use We use be going to to talk about things which we have planned or decided to do in the future. I’m going to ask Ben to come with us. She’s going to stay with us.

3

Complete. Use be going to.

1 2

are going to leave They ................................... early in the morning. (leave) are going to watch We ................................... a DVD in the

3

afternoon. (watch) is going to buy Liam ................................... a new MP3

4

player next week. (buy) are going to play The boys ................................... a video

5

game at Paul’s house. (play) am going to stay I ................................... at home this weekend. (stay)

108

7

is going to visit She ................................... her cousins in Spain in September. (visit) is going to have My brother ................................... a party

8

on his birthday. (have) am going to wear I ................................... my blue dress to

9

Dave’s party next week. (wear) are going to paint We ................................... the kitchen

10

next month. (paint) is going to take Sam’s mum ................................... us to

6

the theatre next Saturday. (take)


4

Read and complete. Use be going to. are going to move Some of the children in Eugenius’ class 1 ................................. (move) to a 2 aren’t going to be different town in the summer. They ................................. (not be) at this school next year. They are all good friends and they want to remember their year together, so last Wednesday they decided to make a class video. But they 3 are going to play ................................. (not make) a simple video of the children in class or in 4 are going to make (make) a real film! Tom, Alice and the playground. They ................................. 5 are going to write is going to direct Ginny ................................. (write) the script and Fred 6 ............................... is going to film (direct) the film. Eugenius 7 ................................. (film) the children with his 8 is going to make camera and then he ................................. (make) copies for everyone. ‘We’re sure it will be a great film!’ they say. They’re all very excited.

5

Match and write sentences. Use be going to. What are they going to do on Saturday afternoon?

1

Eugenius

a

watch a DVD

2

Ginny

b

go to the sports centre

3

Emma and Jo

c

study for a test

4

Dax

d

visit a friend

5

Mr and Mrs Smith

e

play tennis

6

Tom and Alice

f

stay at home with Woof

1

Eugenius / play / tennis Eugenius isn’t going to play tennis. .................................................................. He’s going to study for a test. ..................................................................

4

Dax / go / to the sports centre Dax isn’t going to go to the sports centre. .................................................................. He’s going to stay at home with Woof. ..................................................................

2

Ginny / study / for a test Ginny isn’t going to study for a test. .................................................................. She’s going to watch a DVD. ..................................................................

5

Mr and Mrs Smith / stay / at home Mr and Mrs Smith aren’t going to stay at home. .................................................................. They’re going to visit a friend. ..................................................................

3

Emma and Jo / visit / their friends Emma and Jo aren’t going to visit their friends. .................................................................. They’re going to play tennis. ..................................................................

6

Tom and Alice / watch / a DVD Tom and Alice aren’t going to watch a DVD. .................................................................. They’re going to go to the sports centre. ..................................................................

6

Look at Exercise 5 and write questions and short answers. Use going to.

1

Eugenius / watch / a DVD? Eugenius going to watch a DVD? A: Is ............................................................. he isn’t. Β: No, .............................................................

4

Ginny / go / to the sports centre? Is Ginny going to go to the sports centre? A: ............................................................. No, she isn’t. Β: .............................................................

2

Mr and Mrs Smith / visit / a friend? Are Mr and Mrs Smith going to visit a friend? A: ............................................................. Yes, they are. Β: .............................................................

5

Dax / stay / at home with Woof? Is Dax going to stay at home with Woof? A: ............................................................. Yes, he is. Β: .............................................................

3

Tom and Alice / study / for a test? Are Tom and Alice going to study for a test? A: ............................................................. No, they aren’t. Β: .............................................................

6

Emma and Jo / play / tennis? Are Emma and Jo going to play tennis? A: ............................................................. Yes, they are. Β: .............................................................

109


7

Put the words in the correct order. you / do / on Sunday / what / going / to / are / ? What are you going to do on Sunday? ...................................................................

to / when / your cousin / going / is / call you / ? When is your cousin going to call you? ...................................................................

stay / he / where / is / to / going / ? Where is he going to stay? ...................................................................

CDs / buy / you / how many / are / to / going / ? How many CDs are you going to buy? ...................................................................

what time / they / going / are / be / here / to / ? What time are they going to be here? ...................................................................

you / when / are / to / going / see him / ? When are you going to see him? ...................................................................

go / you / where / are / to / going / ? Where are you going to go? ...................................................................

tell him / she / what / going / is / to / ? What is she going to tell him? ...................................................................

Present continuous Affirmative

I am meeting my friends tomorrow.

Negative

She is not visiting her cousins next week.

Question

Are you going to the cinema tonight?

• We use the present continuous to talk about things which are happening now at the moment of speaking or things that are temporary. Look. It’s raining. We’re staying with our grandparents this week. • We can also use the present continuous to talk about the future. We use it to talk about things which we have planned to do and which we are sure will happen. We usually talk about a particular time in the future. I can’t come with you tomorrow. I’m taking Jennifer to the station at ten.

110

8

Write sentences. Use the present continuous.

1

they / leave / for Canada next week They’re leaving for Canada next week. ..................................................................

6

Dennis / work / next weekend? Is Dennis working next weekend? ..................................................................

2

I / meet / Henry at half past two I’m meeting Henry at half past two. ..................................................................

7

3

she / not take / the dog to the vet tomorrow She isn’t taking the dog to the vet tomorrow. ..................................................................

we / have / dinner with Paul and Anna tonight We’re having dinner with Paul and Anna tonight. ..................................................................

8

they / not come / with us tomorrow They aren’t coming with us tomorrow. ..................................................................

4

you / go / to the party on Saturday? Are you going to the party on Saturday? ..................................................................

9

when / she / come back / from Spain? When is she coming back from Spain? ..................................................................

5

I / not play / tennis tomorrow afternoon I’m not playing tennis tomorrow afternoon. ..................................................................

10

my dad / not work / tomorrow My dad isn’t working tomorrow. ..................................................................


9

Read and complete. Use one word in each space. E = Eugenius

D = Dax

going E: Mum’s present is 1 .................. to be ready tomorrow. are D: What 2 .................. you going to do on her birthday? ’ll E: I don’t know. I think we 3 .................. go out for a meal. to D: Are you going 4 .................. invite me,

too? E: Of course! Wait! I’ve got an idea! We can have a small family party at ’ll home! And I 5 .................. ask Ginny to come, too. going D: Perfect! Are you 6 .................. to have a birthday cake?

10

11

are E: Yes, we 7 .................. . A chocolate cake. My favourite! OK, I must leave now. am I 8 .................. meeting Ginny at six. are 9 We .................. going to the cinema. is Tom 10 .................. coming with us, too.

D: OK. Can I watch TV? E: Yes, of course you can. Bye now!

Let’s write!

Write about you. 1

Write three things that you think will happen in the future. Use will. .................................................................................................................................. .................................................................................................................................. ..................................................................................................................................

2

Write three things that you are planning to do this year. Use be going to. .................................................................................................................................. .................................................................................................................................. ..................................................................................................................................

3

Write three things that you are doing next week. Use the present continuous. .................................................................................................................................. .................................................................................................................................. ..................................................................................................................................

Let’s talk!

Work with a partner. Ask and answer about next weekend. Use be going to.

1

stay at home

2

go to the cinema

3

visit a relative

4

meet your friends

5

study for a test

6

watch a football game on TV

Are you going to stay at home next weekend? No, I’m not. I’m going to ...

111


Questions 1

2

What are you doing?

3

I’m playing a computer game.

Your favourite TV programme started ten minutes ago.

Dax:

Why are you playing this computer game?

Eugenius:

Because I like it.

Dax:

Who’s the man with the white beard?

Eugenius:

He’s a wizard.

Dax:

What do wizards do?

Eugenius:

They do magic.

Dax:

Can you do magic?

Eugenius:

Yes, I can. I can make you disappear from this room.

Dax:

How will you do that?

4 What? When? And why am I still here? Bye!

Yes / No questions Is Rebecca here? Are there any people in the room? Have you got a computer? Can I open the window? Do Dan and Betty watch TV every afternoon? Is Brian doing his homework? Were Ian and Lucy at the party? Did you see him last night? Will she help us? Are they going to buy a new car?

12 11 112

Yes, she is. / No, she isn’t. Yes, there are. / No, there aren’t. Yes, I have. / No, I haven’t. Yes, you can. / No, you can’t. Yes, they do. / No, they don’t. Yes, he is. / No, he isn’t. Yes, they were. / No, they weren’t. Yes, we did. / No, we didn’t. Yes, she will. / No, she won’t. Yes, they are. / No, they aren’t.


• Yes / No questions are questions which can be answered with a yes or a no. They begin with an auxiliary (helping) verb followed by the subject. Is he happy? Are the boys at home? Was she in her room? • Remember that when there is an auxiliary verb and a main verb in the sentence, the word order is as follows: auxiliary verb Ö subject Ö main verb. Are they watching television? Can your dog do tricks? • In short answers, the main verb is not repeated. A: Does Jane like pizza? B: Yes, she does. A: Did you go to school by bus? B: No, I didn’t.

1

Circle the correct answer.

1

Is / Does David go to the gym every day?

6

Was / Did Beth here ten minutes ago?

2

Did / Do you see Ken last week?

7

Do / Have we got any tomatoes?

3

Can / Is he speak Japanese?

8

Are / Do you talking to me?

4

Do / Does they like chocolate?

9

5

Will / Are our team win the game next week?

Is / Does Aunt Ann going to visit us tomorrow?

10

2

Complete. Use one word in each space.

1 2

Are A: .............. you going to stay at home? B: Yes, I am. Has A: .............. Samantha got a dog?

3

B: Yes, she has. Did A: .............. they go to the concert?

4

B: No, they didn’t. Does she know your brother? A: ..............

5

B: No, she doesn’t. Will A: .............. I pass the test?

Are / Do you have to finish this today?

7

Can A: .............. Hector help us? B: No, he can’t. Am A: .............. I right?

8

B: No, you aren’t! Were they at home yesterday? A: ..............

9

B: No, they weren’t. Do A: .............. I have to do this now?

6

10

B: Yes, you will!

B: Yes, you do! Is A: .............. Pete at home? B: No, he isn’t.

3

Write short answers.

1

A: Is Mike having a birthday party next week? ✓ Yes, he is. B: .............................................................

5

A: Were there many people at the party? ✗ No, there weren’t. B: .............................................................

2

A: Did you close the window? ✓ Yes, I / we did. B: .............................................................

6

A: Can I use your computer? ✓ Yes, you can. B: .............................................................

3

A: Has Stephen got a brother? ✗ No, he hasn’t. B: .............................................................

7

A: Does he have to leave now? ✓ Yes, he does. B: .............................................................

4

A: Do you speak German? ✗ No, I / we don’t. B: .............................................................

8

A: Is there any juice in the fridge? ✗ No, there isn’t. B: .............................................................

113


4

Write questions.

1

A: Jo is going to move to London. (Kim) Is Kim going to move to London, too? B: .............................................................

2

A: Jade went to the cinema. (Henry) Did Henry go to the cinema, too? B: .............................................................

3

A: Chris walks to school. (Adam) Does Adam walk to school, too? B: .............................................................

4

A: They’re leaving tomorrow. (we) Are we leaving tomorrow, too? B: .............................................................

5

A: Nick can speak Russian. (Eric) Can Eric speak Russian, too? B: .............................................................

6

A: Ella has got a dog. (Becky) Has Becky got a dog, too? B: .............................................................

7

A: Luke has to stay at home. (Peter) Does Peter have to stay at home, too? B: .............................................................

8

A: My brother’s going to buy a new computer. (you) Are you going to buy a new computer, too? B: .............................................................

Is Kim going to move to London, too?

9

A: I was busy. (your sister) Was your sister busy, too? B: .............................................................

10

A: They had a good time. (you) Did you have a good time, too? B: .............................................................

Wh- questions What are you doing? Where does he live? When did they leave? Why is she crying? Who is that boy over there? Whose shoes are these? Which T-shirt do you like? How did you do that? How old is William? How often do they play football? How many CDs did you buy? How much money have we got?

I’m studying for my English test. In a small village. On Saturday. Because she didn’t pass her test. It’s Ben, Erica’s brother. They’re mine. The black one. It’s easy. Press this button. He’s eleven. Every day. Four. Thirty euros.

• Wh- questions begin with a question word or phrase, like what, where, when, how, etc. We use these questions to ask for specific information. They cannot be answered with yes or no. A: Where are the toys? B: Under the bed. • The question word or phrase goes at the beginning of the sentence. It is followed by an auxiliary verb and the subject. Why is he sad? Who are you? • If there is an auxiliary verb and a main verb in the sentence, the word order is as follows: question word / phrase Ö auxiliary verb Ö subject Ö main verb. Where are they going? What did he say?

114


5

Complete. Use the words in the box. how many

how often

what

when

where

2

How many books did you buy? A: .................... B: Three. Who A: .................... is that man?

3

B: It’s Mr Fox, our Science teacher. Whose A: .................... book is this? 7

4

B: It’s Kelly’s. Why A: .................... are Michael and Stephen laughing? B: Because they’re watching a comedy.

8

1

6

Complete. Use question words.

1 2

How much money do you need? A: .................... B: £15. Why A: .................... is he leaving?

3

B: Because he’s tired. Whose A: .................... book is this?

4

B: It’s mine. When A: .................... did they wash the car? B: Yesterday.

7

Put the words in the correct order.

1

Lisa’s / is / how old / cat / ? How old is Lisa’s cat? ..................................................................

2

do / they / what / have / usually / for breakfast / ? What do they usually have for breakfast? ..................................................................

3

that boy / looking / why / is / at me / ? Why is that boy looking at me? ..................................................................

4

are / names / on the list / whose / ? Whose names are on the list? ..................................................................

5

make / you / when / did / this cake / ? When did you make this cake? ..................................................................

6

lemons / got / we / how many / have / ? How many lemons have we got? ..................................................................

7

go / your brother / does / how often / to the gym / ? How often does your brother go to the gym? ..................................................................

8

are / going / how / to / fix this / you / ? How are you going to fix this? ..................................................................

5 6

who

whose

why

Where A: .................... is John? B: He’s over there, next to Alex. What A: .................... did you give Jane for

her birthday? B: A book. How often does she visit you? A: .................... B: Three times a year. When A: .................... did you see him? B: On Friday.

6

How many CDs have you got? A: .................... B: 153. Where A: .................... did he go?

7

B: He went to the park. How A: .................... old is your brother?

8

B: He’s fifteen. Who A: .................... is the girl on the left?

5

B: It’s Nikki, Katie’s cousin.

115


8

Write questions.

1 2

did they come back A: When ................................................? B: They came back on Tuesday. children have they got A: How many ........................................?

3

B: They’ve got two children. dog is this / that / it A: Whose ...............................................?

4

6

did you buy A: What .................................................? B: I bought a pair of jeans and a T-shirt. did he sell his car A: Why ..................................................?

B: It’s Angela’s dog. are you / we going to stay A: Where ...............................................?

7

B: He sold his car because he needed the money. milk have we got A: How much ........................................?

B: We’re going to stay in a hotel near the beach.

8

B: We’ve got two cartons of milk. do you see him A: How often ........................................? B: I see him every day.

9

Circle the correct answer. Then match.

1

A: Are / Do you coming with us tomorrow?

d

a

B: Yes, I have.

2

A: Who have / did you see at the gym?

b

b

B: Nick and Pat.

3

A: Did / Are you phone her?

g

c

B: Yes, I was.

4

A: Where are / do you live?

h

d

B: Yes, I am.

5

A: Have / Do you got a computer?

a

e

B: At half past nine.

6

A: Why did / were you close the window?

f

f

B: Because it’s cold.

7

A: Did / Were you at home at five o’clock?

c

g

B: Yes, I did.

8

A: What time have / did you get up?

e

h

B: In London.

10

Write questions.

1

How many sandwiches did he eat? A: ............................................................. B: Five! He ate five sandwiches!

2

3

Do you speak French? A: ............................................................. B: No, I don’t speak French but I speak Spanish and German. Where did they go? A: .............................................................

4

B: They went to the cinema. Why are they running? A: .............................................................

5

B: They’re running because they’re late. Can she come with us? A: .............................................................

6

B: No, she can’t come with us. Have you got a dog? A: .............................................................

7

B: No, we haven’t got a dog but we’ve got a goldfish and an iguana. Are they leaving on Friday? A: .............................................................

8

B: No, they aren’t leaving on Friday. They’re leaving today. How much money have you got? A: ............................................................. B: Not much. I’ve got £20.

116

5

How many sandwiches did he eat?

9 10

Did she call you (at six)? A: ............................................................. B: Yes, she did. She called me at six. Who’s this / that (boy)? A: .............................................................

B: It’s my brother, Tom.


11

Read and complete. Use one word in each space. E = Eugenius

D = Dax

E: Bye, Phil. I’ll call you later. Who is Phil? D: 1 ........... E: He’s a friend. How old is he? D: 2 ........... E: He’s thirteen. Does he go to your school? D: 3 ........... E: No, he doesn’t. Where did you meet him? D: 4 ...........

12

E: No, he hasn’t got green eyes! Dax! 7 What ........... is wrong with you?

E: In the park. We play football together. he a good player? D: Is 5 ...........

D: Nothing’s wrong with me! Why are you asking all these E: 8 ...........

E: Yes, he’s a very good player. Has he got green eyes? D: 6 ...........

D: Because I’m bored! Come on, let’s do something!

questions?

Let’s write!

Imagine that this is your school’s website. Write a questionnaire to help new members give some information about themselves. You can ask any questions you like.

New members: Tell us a few things about you! Answer these questions:

13

1

How old are you? ........................................................

5

........................................................

2

Students’ own answers ........................................................

6

........................................................

3

........................................................

7

........................................................

4

........................................................

8

........................................................

Let’s talk!

Work with a partner. Ask and answer. Student A: Look at your questions in Exercise 12. Ask Student B. Student B: Answer Student A’s questions.

How old are you? I’m .... .

Now swap roles and do the same.

117


phoned had

have to make Does Paul have to get up don’t have to do

checked saw stopped

has to work

made Do we have to stay doesn’t have to call

wrote started

I bought some fruit yesterday.

He was at home yesterday evening.

They didn’t win the game.

There weren’t many people in the room.

Where did you find this CD?

When was your birthday?

Ben phoned me at six o’clock.

The film wasn’t very good.

What time did they come back?

We were in the park at half past four.

She didn’t say anything.

Were Sandra and Tom with you?

Did he like your present?


We aren’t going to give him our phone number. Do you know Jack Barnes? He’s going to buy a new skateboard next week. They’re going to move to Belgium. When are you going to tell Ann about the party? I’m not going to help them.

Are they going to buy a new car?

Did she visit the Science Museum? Have we got any coffee?

Is your sister going to come with us? Are there any oranges?

When are you going to call them? Why did he leave early? Where do they live? How old is he? How much apple juice have we got? What is she wearing?


Spelling rules Plural nouns We make plural nouns as follows: •

When nouns end in -ch, -s, -ss, -sh and -x, we add -es at the end. class Ö classes brush Ö brushes box Ö boxes

When nouns end in -o, we add -s or -es at the end. photo Ö photos piano Ö pianos tomato Ö tomatoes

When nouns end in -f or -fe, we remove the -f or the -fe and add -ves at the end. leaf Ö leaves knife Ö knives wife Ö wives

If a noun ends in -y and there is a consonant before it, we remove the -y and add -ies at the end. story Ö stories baby Ö babies country Ö countries If, however, there is a vowel before the -y, we just add -s at the end. boy Ö boys day Ö days toy Ö toys

Present simple In the third person singular affirmative (he, she, it): •

we add -es to verbs which end in -ch, -ss, -sh, -x, and -o. watch Ö watches finish Ö finishes fix Ö fixes

when a verb ends in a consonant and -y, we delete the -y and add -ies. carry Ö carries study Ö studies fly Ö flies when a verb ends in a vowel and -y, we leave the -y and just add -s. play Ö plays say Ö says buy Ö buys

Present continuous •

For verbs which end in -e, we delete the -e before adding -ing. give Ö giving dance Ö dancing live Ö living

If a verb has one syllable and it ends in one vowel followed by a consonant, we double the final consonant before adding -ing. swim Ö swimming stop Ö stopping sit Ö sitting But if the verb ends in a consonant and before that there are two vowels, we don’t double the consonant before adding -ing. eat Ö eating read Ö reading rain Ö raining

If the verb has two syllables, and the final syllable is stressed, double the final consonant before adding -ing. begin Ö beginning But if the final syllable is not stressed, we do not double the final consonant. open Ö opening

120

For verbs which end in -l, we double the -l before adding -ing. travel Ö travelling


Spelling rules Comparison of adjectives •

For adjectives which end in -e, we add -r to make the comparative, or -st to make the superlative. nice Ö nicer Ö nicest large Ö larger Ö largest

If an adjective has one syllable and ends in a single vowel followed by a consonant, then we double the consonant and add -er or -est. big Ö bigger Ö biggest hot Ö hotter Ö hottest

If an adjective ends in -y, we delete the -y and add -ier or -iest. heavy Ö heavier Ö heaviest easy Ö easier Ö easiest

Adverbs of manner We usually make adverbs by adding -ly to an adjective. But there are some different ways to form them: •

If an adjective ends in -y, we delete the -y and add -ily to make the adverb. easy Ö easily angry Ö angrily

Remember that when an adjective ends in -l, we still add -ly to make the adverb. wonderful Ö wonderfully ✓ (wonderfuly ✗) beautiful Ö beautifully ✓ (beautifuly ✗)

Past simple To form the past simple of regular verbs we add -ed. •

When the verb ends in -e, we add -d. dance Ö danced live Ö lived arrive Ö arrived

When a verb ends in -y and before that there is a consonant, we remove the -y and add the ending -ied. cry Ö cried study Ö studied carry Ö carried When there is a vowel before the -y, we just add -ed. play Ö played enjoy Ö enjoyed stay Ö stayed

If a verb only has one syllable, and it ends with a vowel followed by a consonant, we double the final consonant before adding -ed. clap Ö clapped stop Ö stopped drop Ö dropped If the verb ends in -w or -x, we don’t double the final consonant. snow Ö snowed fix Ö fixed mix Ö mixed

When a verb ends in -l, we double the -l before adding -ed. travel Ö travelled

121 211


Irregular verbs

122

Infinitive

Past simple

Past participle

be

was / were

been

become

became

become

begin

began

begun

break

broke

broken

bring

brought

brought

build

built

built

buy

bought

bought

catch

caught

caught

choose

chose

chosen

come

came

come

cost

cost

cost

cut

cut

cut

do

did

done

draw

drew

drawn

drink

drank

drunk

drive

drove

driven

eat

ate

eaten

fall

fell

fallen

feed

fed

fed

feel

felt

felt

find

found

found

fly

flew

flown

forget

forgot

forgotten

get

got

got

give

gave

given

go

went

gone

grow

grew

grown

have

had

had

hear

heard

heard

hide

hid

hidden

hit

hit

hit


Irregular verbs Infinitive

Past simple

Past participle

hold

held

held

keep

kept

kept

know

knew

known

leave

left

left

let

let

let

lose

lost

lost

make

made

made

meet

met

met

pay

paid

paid

put

put

put

read

read

read

ride

rode

ridden

ring

rang

rung

run

ran

run

say

said

said

see

saw

seen

sell

sold

sold

send

sent

sent

show

showed

shown / showed

sing

sang

sung

sit

sat

sat

sleep

slept

slept

speak

spoke

spoken

spend

spent

spent

stand

stood

stood

swim

swam

swum

take

took

taken

teach

taught

taught

tell

told

told

think

thought

thought

throw

threw

thrown

understand

understood

understood

wake

woke

woken

wear

wore

worn

win

won

won

write

wrote

written

123 3


Wordlist excellent

office

expensive

poster

busy

fork

restaurant

clever

fridge

toy car

cousin

heavy

T-shirt

driver

holiday

favourite

insect

funny

intelligent

garage

interesting

bus

genius

island

diary

giraffe

knife

duster

hungry

lady

jacket

late

leaf

lamp

pet

loaf

model aeroplane

ready

ocean

mop

student

olive

parent

subject

pilot

printer

team

present

ring

tired

river

sunglasses

screw

vacuum cleaner

shelf

workshop

silly

X-ray

Unit

Unit

1

2

Unit

ant

sofa

beach

strawberry

bee

toothbrush

board

tower

awful

bottle

wife

bored

brush

wolf

boring

Unit

church

124

5

breakfast

CD player cherry

4

Unit

3

carry coffee machine

cornflake

armchair

comedy

country

doll

dark

desert

drawer

dirty

dinner

library

forget

Earth

note

juice

easy

notebook

laugh


Wordlist mobile phone over there

Unit

8

Unit

quiet

dangerous

cocoa

stand

difficult

gram

stand up

fix

jam

thirsty

fly

jar

touch

get up

ketchup

turn

hurry up

machine

important

magazine

noise

olive oil

press

pancake

ride

pot

study

rice

weekday

short

well

soap

use wait walk wash wear

Unit

6

10

town

address

Unit

camera fast

bread

grandparent

butter

key

9

village

Unit

11

can

bank

cheese

battery

closed

brush

cup

catch

cupboard

classical music

flour

cry

glass

early

honey

farm

lemonade

fry

age

meat

Have fun!

beard

packet

keep

blond

piece

kiss

cold

plate

late

dark

salt

push

headache

slice

sell

moustache

special

set

parrot

spoon sugar

sports centre

swimming pool

toothpaste

teach

tail

tube

tidy

ticket

yoghurt

trampoline

kitchen laptop MP3 player pencil case Science turn

Unit

7

12 125 25 25


Wordlist choir

rude

comfortable

runner

cereal

cool

sad

drive

crossword puzzle

safe

fit

earring

serious

granny

exciting

simple

midnight

friendly

terrible

miss

healthy

untidy

noon

high

wet

truth

housework

wonderful

vegetable

large

writer

Unit

12

lazy

Unit

13

mountain

Unit

noisy

bath

popular

check

clean

post office

concert

paint

pretty

feed

smile

real

neighbour

tool

strong

print

Watch out!

talented

text

twin

uniform

Unit

14

electric guitar

ugly voice

Unit

warm

18

captain

flat kite

Unit

mark

16

decoration delicious

match

at all

famous

practise

break

great-grandfather

puzzle

clear

surf the Internet

explain feel

Unit

invention

bus stop

inventor

change

actor

junk food

clap

band

loud

curtain

board game

move

download

building

musician

driving test

careful

perfect

enjoy

cheap

polite

invite

cheerful

quick

land

Unit

126

17

15

19


Wordlist lock

recipe

script

nervous

shower

vet

remember

throw away

sign slip wash the dishes website

Unit

21

Unit

22

disappear

arrange

goldfish

clean up

gym

copy

list

direct

member

cafĂŠ

excited

need

eggshell

hate

pair

go for a run

meal

pass

iced tea

move

What’s wrong?

lifestyle

plan

wizard

meet

playground

postcard

relative

Unit

20

127


First published by Hamilton House Publishers, 2012 Hamilton House Publishers Ltd 2 Prespas Street Nicosia 1082 Cyprus E-mail: enquiries@hamiltonhousepublishers.com Website: www.hamiltonhousepublishers.com Text, design, artwork and characters © Hamilton House Publishers, 2010 ISBN: 978-9963-687-88-6 Student’s Book ISBN: 978-9963-687-87-9 Teacher’s Book All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise without the prior written permission of the publishers. Any person who carries out any unauthorised act in relation to this publication may be liable to criminal prosecution and civil claims for damages. Acknowledgements The publishers and authors would like to thank all the schools and teachers that took part in the testing and piloting of the original material. Their feedback and comments were invaluable in the development of this course. Illustrations by: Carmen Pérez Colour by: Isabel Cervelló / Comicup Clipart and photos from: http://www.clipart.com, http://www.dreamstime.com, http://www.photos.com, http://www.123rf.com


Join the young inventor Eugenius, his robot Dax and his friends and have fun discovering English grammar and structure!

Student’s Book

Grammar Genius is a series of beautifully illustrated books of grammar reference and practice, taking students from Beginner to Intermediate level. Thanks to its thoroughly researched syllabus, it can be used alongside any coursebook used at this level.

m 1 a m r a r Genius

Zandra Daniels

Grammar Genius features:

G

G

Grammar Genius 1

m 1 a m r ra Genius

• grammar presented through loveable cartoon strips in simple, amusing contexts that motivate young learners • grammar structures taught in short, learner-friendly steps • detailed, clear and easy-to-follow reference sections • a wide variety of carefully graded practice exercises • writing and speaking tasks at the end of each unit • special 'be a genius' boxes with helpful tips • regular revision units • a unit-by-unit wordlist at the back of the book • extra interactive CD-ROM with additional practice exercises

9 789963 687886

Zandra Daniels with in ter ac

ISBN 978-9963-687-88-6

HAMILTON HOUSE ELT

Components Student’s Book with interactive CD-ROM Teacher’s Book with overprinted answers Test Booklet Interactive Whiteboard Software Real life grammar presentations can be downloaded from www.youtube.com/hamiltonhouseelt

OM D-R C e tiv

Grammar Genius 1 Student's book  
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