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Hallie Nolan Architecture Portfolio Academic Work

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Contents

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Resume

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Degree Project & Design Thinking Cahokia Power Plant, Sauget, IL

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Interstitial Livelihoods: Co-working and Co-living in Downtown Fort Worth, TX

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Urban Vitals: Integrating Healthcare with a Green Urban Neighborhood Kansas City, MO

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Symbiotic Habitat: Urban Housing for the Entrepreneurial Cottagewood & 63rd St, Chicago, IL

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Parasitic Restructuring: The Gray Box Missouri Western State University, St. Joseph, MO

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Here, Here: The Casteller Barcelona, Spain

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Transforming the Urban Reef: A Livable, Resilient, and Inclusive Urban Neighborhood Johannesburg, South Africa

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16 Kingsbury Place St. Louis, Missouri 63112 952.250.7856 hallienolan@wustl.edu

Education

Master of Architecture & Urban Design Dual Degree Candidate Washington University in St. Louis St. Louis, Missouri December 2018 Bachelor of Art History Bard College Annandale-on-Hudson, New York 2015

Study Abroad

Kigali, Rwanda Summer 2018

Johannesburg, South Africa Summer 2018 Copenhagen, Denmark Winter 2018 Barcelona, Spain Summer 2017 Rome, Italy Winter 2015

References

Heather Woofter Director, College of Architecture, Graduate School of Architecture Washington University in St. Louis St. Louis, Missouri Phone: 314-935-3324 Email: woofter@wustl.edu Adrian Luchini Interim Chair of Graduate Architecture Washington University in St.Louis St. Louis, Missouri Phone: 314 935 6251 Email: luchini@wustl.edu Lance Cage Chief Operations Officer AECOM Buildings + Places St. Louis, Missouri Phone: 314 220 0965 Email: lance.cage@aecom.com

Interests

Sam Fox "Foxes" Intramural Co-Ed Soccer Team Lead Youth Counselor CMC Soccer Camp Volunteer Stray Rescue of St. Louis

Hallie Nolan Experience

Architectural Intern, Luchini AD, St. Louis, Missouri August 2018-Present Assisted in early stages of Project Development and responsible for all project proposal drawings. Projects are on-going. Teaching Assistant, Senior Capstone, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri, Spring 2018 Responsible for assisting and guiding undergraduate seniors in their thesis project. Graduate Assistant, Adrian Luchini, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri, Summer 2017- Present Assist with the compilation, design, and publication of student and faculty work. Research Assistant, Catalina Freixas, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri Spring 2017- Present Responsible for the collection, organization, analysis, and synthesis of relevant research during the beginning stages of a research-based algorithm to assist with design thinking. Teaching Assistant, 318 Graduate Core Studio, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri Spring 2017 Research Assistant, Catalina Freixas, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri Summer 2016- Spring 2017 Research based design solutions for workplace optimization and new modes of working in the healthcare administrative sector. Marketing Coordinator, HOK, St. Louis, Missouri Summer 2015 Architectural Intern, Stan Allen Architects, Elizaville, New York March 2014-June 2014 Interiors Library Summer Intern, HOK, St. Louis, Missouri Summer of 2012 and 2013

Accomplishments

Elected Graduate Architecture Representative for the Learning Culture Committee Awarded by the Association of Women Faculty the 2018 Graduate Student Award to recognize academic excellence and leadership potential among women students. Elected Graduate Architecture Council (GAC) President Spring 2017 to Spring 2018. Elected GAC Vice President of Student Engagement Spring 2016 to Spring 2017.

Exhibitions & Conferences

The Art Wall, Washington University in St. Louis, The Office of Socially Engaged Practice, Graduate Architecture Council, The Gephardt Institute AIA Deans Forum/Large Firm Round Table, Tulane University, Fall of 2017 AIAS Grassroots Leadership Conference, Washington D.C., July 2016 Segregation by Design [Creative Exchange Lab, St. Louis History Museum, Washington University in St. Louis], Ongoing

Skills

Adobe Creative Suite [Illustrator, InDesign, Photoshop], AutoCAD, Google Sketch-Up, Rhinoceros 6, Maxwell, V-Ray, Microsoft Office, Intermediate Revit, ArcMap GIS, Model Building, Research based Design, Research and Writing, Concept Development, Leadership, Collaboration, Organization 5


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Barcelona

The word Castell means Castle and this project creates a space for the assembly and disassembly of human castles, which is the sign of a successful Casteller.

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“To be, is to be HERE� Summer 2017

The HERE of Barcelona is a presence that is always present. The act of being here is what makes a place manifest out of being. The X is the mark of my perspective and my experience for what is happening at each moment. The circumstantial evidence allowed for the awareness of place and the ability to interpret an essence of the space into a culture-based place and a place-based culture. 01_Collage of the site specific essence 02_Reducing the information to the lines formed by my collage of the site and then expanding them past the boundary of the page. 03_The form created by lifting the restriction of the page size 04_Catalogue of the shapes/negative space in the expanded form. 05_Reducing the information to the intersections formed by my collage of the site . 06_Reducing the mark of the intersection from a cross to a circle to inform column or lighting placement.

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The form begins to float above the castellers making them appear as the structure supporting the cloud of program above.

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Catalogue of the location of the intersections, mentioned above, which was then mirrored into 3D space and lines from these dots were extruded. The shapes from the new form were extruded to typical room height, three meters, and then shifted along to the point at which the extruded lines intersected in space. This form began to inform the volume modeled in the image to the left. This was the first study model, made from bristol, and it begins to use a stepping and stacking system to create the space. Also, the idea of a canopy to house the castellers instead of a traditional interior space begins to emerge.

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Top Floor Plan

Ground Floor Plan

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The ground floor is designed with a palette of wall typologies clad in Barcelona specific imagery in order to create a new image that has nothing to do with the originals and instead creates new site specific imagery. The ground floor also serves as the castellers’ main practice and event space. The wall typologies inform the use of the space while also providing a permeable boundary for the castellers to practice. 01_a standard tile clad wall

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02_ a large pocket door within the wall in order to create and recreate spaces as needed 03_a translucent screen wall that lights up from within to provide illumination during the evening for increase security and atmosphere 04_the perch, bench, and reclining wall as urban furniture for on-lookers and visitors to occupy in any way they see fit.

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Spatial Framework model created out of Barcelona postcards and basswood . 15


ROOF +23.05 m

LEVEL 1 +16.75 m

PLATFORM 2 + 13m

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The main event space is on the top floor, twenty three meters above ground level. This results in the secondary program hanging from what acts as the canopy for the castellers. This is important because now the castellers, human castel, is the only program touching the ground as though they are supporting the canopy above. The design is the manifestation of the literal and inventive operating together in order to work in a contemporary way within an old town. The top floor has subtle shifts in floor and ceiling heights to create different types of space that can flex based on the event. It is also intended to be higher than the top of Barceloneta like it is a cloud levitating above.

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Degree Project Degree Project is the final studio of the program. It is a self-lead design studio based on the research completed on a topic of your choice during Design Thinking. My project is located in Sauget, Illinois, just across the river from Downtown St. Louis. This project deals with memorials, monuments, and memory.

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Presence Fall 2018

The Cahokia Power Plant was built in 1923, three years before the founding of Monsanto Village, today’s Sauget, Illinois. The plant played a major role in the industrialization and development of St. Louis by providing coal powered electricity to the city as well as the region. It was also heralded for its architectrual accomplishments as a symbol of, “the titanic forces of nature controlled by the genius of man.” The true place of this structure and site is that of a monument or memorial to St. Louis’ industrialization and the destructive creation of capitalism. From here I am working towards developing the appropriate intervention for experiencing the presence of the site. *This project is ongoing


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Gateway Arch

East St. Louis

Sauget

Cahokia


CAHOKIA POWER PLANT, SAUGET, IL

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04 As a siting strategy I used isovists to diagram site construction and sight construction. I first began by identifying the internal logic of the site and sight to create an abstract grid. 01_Existing site 02_Site/Sight abstract grid based on the internal logic of the ground plane

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03-08_The individual isovists based on points of conversion and intensity of site and sight gridlines This strategy helped inform the placement of the exterior intervention and circulation/approach of the users. 06

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The Site Plans (left) show the covered path of the user’s approach through the coal mounds of the site to further expose them to the current industrial practices of St. Louis The first and second level of interior trapeze help visitors navigate the building from heights previously unseen by human visitors. The scale of the building lends itself to the scale of the sacred so the intervention is minimal in appearance however it gives the user an opportunity to explore and reveal the architecture of St. Louis’ industrial revolution.

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This section details further how the interior netting is connected to exsisting trusses. The netting is connected to 2 inch steel rope allowing the netting to change shapes and elevations for alternative views and vantage points for the user. This space is meant to be playful and create a heightened sensoral experience of the building.


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The renders begin to show how the trapez space will be used by visitors from above and below. The smaller more human scale spaces will then be used as gallery, exhibit, and event spaces. The axon (right) demonstrates how the exsisting structural elements of the building are being used to support the trapeze netting to allow for new ways of circulating the massive structure.


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Gray Box

Missouri Western State University, in St. Joseph, Missouri has a growing School of Fine Arts and a need to redistribute and increase the school’s capacity.


Parasitic Restructuring Spring 2017 This comprehensive design studio investigated the transformation of an existing School of Fine Arts and the opportunities afforded by the union of its current context with unique programmatic demands. Endeavoring to harness unfound potential, flexibility was a central theme in shaping this design solution particularly as it relates to the design of a Black Box theatre. This project proposes the removal of circulation from the interior of the building to the exterior in the form of parasites in order to allow for the reallocation and redistribution of space.

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Different layouts of stage, seating, and lighting solutions for black box theaters.

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P A R A S I T E

O N E

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P A R A S I T E

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P A R A S I T E

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T H R E E


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This project focuses on the opportunities allowed for program in relationship to circulation, and how circulation can occur outside of the building. The strategy being employed is the act of latching on to the existing built structure in the form of parasites. Three different parasites occupy the space outside of the building, one for each department, Music, Dance, and Theatre, Cinema, and Studio Arts. The parasites start to become about more than circulation when space specific program is tucked into the spaces the parasites are creating.

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F L O O R 150 100

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S E C O N D

F L O O R


Symbiotic Habitat Fall 2016

As a part of the last Core Studio, 419 deals exclusively with different site specific housing typologies and strategies. The southside of Chicago is an undeserved area with a predominately African American population. In addition to the social implications of working here, there is also the presence of Chicago’s elevated train and the neighborhoods’ relationship with transit. My concept was to build multiple smaller complexes with a total of five units, with first floor of commercial space to serve as economic incubators for the neighborhood. The commercial space mixed with housing would provide less traditional options for working, like live-work, which wasn’t a possibility before. These units were scaled to match the existing housing units on the site and would fill in the vacant lots to stimulate the neighborhood. This building typology could then be adapted to serve other underprivileged neighborhoods as an incision of socially relevant development.

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URBAN DESIGN !

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[un]leveraged/ [un]accessed opportunity Christine Doherty + Tom Klein Bryan Arias + Hallie Nolan Jennifer Abi Saad + Ian Miley Yueying Lu + Weitu Zeng

$600 MILLION

FTA FUNDING

$650 MILLION LOCAL FUNDING $15 billion

PUBLIC-PRIVATE INVESTMENT SINCE 1993

$400 million

stl city TAX INCREMENT FINANCING

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$400 million

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2018 U.S. NATIONAL BUDGET

$80 million

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stl city TAX INCREMENT FINANCING

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$150 million

stl city TAX INCREMENT FINANCING

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Urban Vitals Fall 2018

Kansas City is looking to introduce a new Bus Rapid Transit system to improve transportation opportunities in disadvantaged neighborhoods along Prospect Ave. The project site is at 63rd & Prospect Avenue, south of downtown Kansas City. It is located adjacent to a regional hospital campus, which becomes the anchor for the proposal. The life expectancy of the neighborhood population is 63 years, while adjacent neighborhoods have life expectancy of 79 years immediately to the north, and 83 years immediately to the south. The project seeks to address this disparity, while also considering now the new BRT stops could not only provide access to transportation, but also promote health and well-being. * Group Project with Danielle Bagwin

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The first step to reintegrating the regional hospital into the urban fabric was addressing its large and internally focused campus. This reactive healthcare system can be seen in the first diagram. By returning to the original grid of the site while also redistributing the hospital’s program throughout the site is how this project proposes to improve the health and well-being of those living in the neighborhood. The proposal introduces new opportunities for residents to be physically active as well as increases access to healthcare at each BRT stop. This project now integrates health and well-being into the character of the neighborhood rather than imposing it on the residents, a majority of which do not have any type of healthcare.

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These three axons show where all of the BRT stops occur on the site. From the north it is 59th & Prospect, 63rd & Prospect, and Meyer & Prospect. 59th & Prospect is designated as the heart, stroke, and cancer care district because of the existing aging and majority African American population, who have an increased chance of experiencing heart disease and strokes. 63rd & Meyer is the women’s and psychiatric care district. This location is central to the site due to the idea that it “takes a village” to accommodate raising children and addressing mental illness. Meyer & Prospect is the location of emergency care in order to leverage the existing emergency care center and its infrastructure.

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59th & Prospect

63rd & Prospect

Meyer & Prospect

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This sectional model was developed in order to better understand how the site changes between the three proposed BRT stops. This is important to better understand how to program and design the public amenities in the Healthy Loop and their spatial relationships to the rest of the neighborhood.

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RAINWATER COLLECTION

STORMWATER RUNOFF

GOOGLE FIBER DISTRIBUTION WIFI

BIOSWALES PERMEABLE SURFACE

WATER DISTRIBUTION

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This section perspective shows the different techniques being applied to the street scape and bus stops in order to better address issues of environmental health and well-being. The stations, bioswales, and permeable surfaces collect rainwater and stormwater runoff in order for it to be filtered, stored, and redistributed. Kansas City is also one of multiple cities already equipped with Google Optic Fibre so the project proposes the distribution of this fibre in order to increase WiFi access. The goal of these interventions is to create a more equitable community that is promoting health and well-being in order to address the current disparities.

RAINWATER RUNOFF COLLECTION 61


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Metropolitan Design Fort Worth, TX Spring 2018

Downtown Fort Worth is covered in surface parking and parking garages as tall as fifteen stories. The proposed site is adjacent to the Intermodal Transit Center and Phillip Johnson’s Convention Center. This collage is based on a site visit and is my interpretation of intensities on the site. The images show snapshots walking through the site which currently serves as surface parking and service entries for hotels, businesses, and the convention center. This intensity of temporal boundaries as well as car-centric infrastructure leave this site unactivated.

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ional

adit he tr

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Starting with documenting the site in linear strips, as seen above, this project strives to address the edges and boundaries that are the realities of the 300,000 sq ft of surface parking.

umb

een th

the gr

logy

typo

By capturing these edges and boundaries as voids I began to work around the voids along the same linear axis as the site collage. The program is places framing the voids in order to activate them, and uses the shape of the void to create connectors between the new program elements.

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+80’ +76’

+62’

+48’

+34’

+20’

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The new program aims to target a new and diverse demographic for Downtown Fort Worth, people interested in live/work with an entrepreneurial spirit. This will introduce new modes of working and new modes of living to the area. Downtown Fort Worth will begin to operate as a place to live, work, and play with additional programs placed through the buildings as well as through the use of ample green space, as connectors, bridges, and open spaces.

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This plan diagram shows the treatment of the ground surface with landscape and how it reiterates the linear characteristic of the site and my position towards it. The ground plan was broken down into linear strips and then landscaping would be applied throughout to begin to inform where the entrances, program, service, and circulation begin to take place throughout the buildings.

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This section as well as the accompanying detail sections show the relationships between the buildings, green space, streetscape, and green infrastructure. The detailed sections specifically highlight the varying typologies of green infrastructure, from green walls, roofs, balcones, and green houses.

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Transforming the Urban Reef

super dumps chemical extraction plants

mine dumps trash dump informal mining homeless informal settlements formal recreation informal recreation reprocessing/ extraction vegetation divider light industry office

Rural

85km Suburban

Suburban

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reef typoligies

Urban

My project begins by acknowledging Johannesburg’s history of exploitation and exclusion through the mining landscape. Looking regionally at the reef, I categorized it into three typologies, Rural, Suburban, and Urban. Setting up the Urban Reef as a typology for development, the city can reclaim the historic yet derelict mining landscape adjacent to the central business district to create a livable, resilient, inclusive, equitable, and vibrant downtown neighborhood. This will create new forms of productivity and growth for downtown by making it a livable world class city while attempting to reconcile the atrocities of the city’s past, present, and future relationship with extraction.

informal settlements vegetation informal recreation informal mining mining

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crown mines + fordsburg 350 acres 175 acres of potential green space

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approximately 1,000 acres of mining landscape within 2 km of the CBD

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Within 2 kilometers of the Central Business District of Johannesburg there are 1,000 acres of derelict and ownerless mines with their adjacent mining landscape. If this area can be reclaimed to serve the purpose of creating multple typologies of an inclusive, resilient, and livable urban neighborhood from the urban reef typology.

Vision 2050 The neighborhood of Fordsburg, along with the city of Johannesburg, will reclaim the historic yet derelict mining landscape in order to become a livable, resilient, and inclusive urban neighborhood. Through remediating the currently unproductive and hazardous mining landscape Fordsburg will gain multiple new amenities focused on reversing inequities to serve local residents with the capacity to benefit the greater Gauteng region. The already vibrant community of Fordsburg will grow to be a more dense urban neighborhood of social, economic, and environmental productivity. The transformation of the Urban Reef will further strengthen the identity of the neighborhood and contribute to the growth of Johannesburg as a truly livable world class city.

Goals 1. Provide world class public amenities that address inequities in healthcare, education, housing, and recreation 2. Create a walkable, accessible, and connected urban neighborhood between Fordsburg, downtown, and the reclaimed landscape 3. Fully remediate the mining landscape and create a socially, economically, and environmentally productive green space

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Amenities + Anchors New amenities and anchors include a technical college, a nursing school, a hospital, and an Idea Store. An Idea Store is the modernization of a library. It serves as classrooms, after school care, adult classes, and community center as well as a library. The addition of these amenities begin to address the issues of equity, inclusion, and livability in Fordsburg.

Pocket Parks This highlights the introduction of pocket parks, plazas, and community gardens into Fordsburg by repurposing vacant and derelict lots. These green spaces serve as extentions of the large ecologcal amenity now being offered by the reclaimed and remediated mining landscape to the south of the neighborhood. By introducing these small scale amenities this neighborhood is now a more resilient urban neighborhood.

Main Reef Spine Today, most of the businesses and buildings on Main Reef turn their backs to the historic mining road, also the longest road in the southern hemispere. I propose returning the frontage to Main Reef and populating it with retail, restaurants, cafes, bars, and public pedestrian plazas with major transportation stops to further activate the space.

District The overall district plan shows all of the elements coming together to create one cohesive urban neighborhood.

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remediate remediate the mining landscape through phytoremediation using plants that can survive in alkaline soil, the top soil found in mining landscapes

restore revive the stream and remove the concrete channel in order to take advantage of it as a water source for recreation

Green system new green spaces to battle the heat island effect, manage air, noise, and water pollution, and generally improve citizens’ quality of life. improve vacant lots, including gardens, fruit trees, and monuments.

walkability + connectivity privledge the pedestrian by making streets more walkable. repair or add street lighting for safety . connect the new green spaces with small scale green improvements in the streetscape to form a green network

implement green create small scale pocket parks on vacant parcels, add green buffers along sidewalks to visually connect parks, increase number of urban trees

permanence provide formal shops and stalls for informal traders already present in neighborhood, provide additional market space by closing street to traffic

building typology introduce new building heights to the neighborhood. Building forms that emerge from the landscape with green roofs or walls.

amenities improve and support exisiting educational, recreational, and healthcare facilities + provide new opportunities to access all three. Incorporate education and healthcare as two main anchors

densify infill vacant lots in fordsburg, provide student housing + affordable housing + temporary housing, + market rate housing along the edges of the new green space + adjacent amenities.

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Remediate

Remediate the mining landscape through phytoremediation using plants that can survive in alkaline soil, the top soil found in mining landscapes.

Restore

Revive the stream and remove the concrete channel in order to take advantage of it as a water source for recreation

Go Green

New green spaces to battle the heat island effect, manage air and noise pollution, and generally improve citizens’ quality of life. Improve vacant lots by adding gardens, fruit trees, and monuments determined by the community.

Walkability + Connectivity

Privilege the pedestrian by making streets more walkable. repair or add street lighting for safety. Connect the new green spaces with small scale green improvements in the streetscape to form a green network

Implement Green

Create small scale pocket parks on vacant parcels, add green buffers along sidewalks to visually connect parks, increase number of urban trees

Permanence

Provide formal shops and stalls for informal traders already present in neighborhood who wish to formalize, provide additional market space by closing street to traffic. Provide urban furniture for other informal traders to utilize as storefronts if they can’t formalize their business

Building Typology

Introduce new building heights to the neighborhood. Building forms that emerge from the landscape with green roofs or walls but also buildings that submerge themselves back into the landscape as activity and development begin to cross over Main Reef

Amenities

Improve and support exisiting educational, recreational, and healthcare facilities + provide new opportunities to access all three. Incorporate education and healthcare as two main anchors

Densify

Infill vacant lots in fordsburg, provide student housing + affordable housing + temporary housing, + market rate housing along the edges of the new green space + adjacent amenities.

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Detailed Plan | Pedestrian Plaza + Street Typologies This detailed plan of the Idea Store main pedestrian plaza reclaims a derelict pedestrian island along Main Reef and extends the adjacent block to connect the retail storefronts to the open space. The different surface treatments and raised surfaces serve to limit vehicular traffic and prioritize the pedestrian over the car. The tree lined streets and streets with a median help to collect storm water and provide shade to reduce the urban heat island. The streets are all shared. There will be new green and blue streets introduced to the neighborhood as parking and the car become obsolete. The rain garden lined streets will collect the increasing and more severe rain storms caused by climate change, preventing flooding and aiding in on-site water collection and management.

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Profile for hallienolan

Architecture + Urban Design Selected Works  

This is a collection of my academic work during my graduate studies in the Master of Architecture and Master of Urban Design programs at Was...

Architecture + Urban Design Selected Works  

This is a collection of my academic work during my graduate studies in the Master of Architecture and Master of Urban Design programs at Was...

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