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No Bottled Water Studio Drinking fountain critique No Bottled Water Jennifer Dengler ‘Calla’ From the start of the design Jennifer clearly states she will be focused on a water fountain that is designed to easily fill water bottles. This is based on her research where she found people didn’t use them due to hygiene reasons. This has developed the design as height issues have changed as the user doesn’t need to bend over and drink and can stand in front waiting for the water to pore in. The location is for universities so students can save money buy not needing to buy water and reduce consumption of plastic bottles. The end design is very elegant and attractive as traditional designs are focused around taps and sinks the form was inspired by a combination of a calla lily and swans neck. This helps to redefine what a drinking fountain/tap should look like, hopefully changing perceptions of what the drinking fountains can be. As the waste water is meant to slide down the side of the fountain to the drain, it appears the drain can be closer to the base, as water can easily follow shapes of the surface. As the shape is very rounded lots of water would drip around the whole of the fountain, but as the button is higher than where the water would hit it won’t get wet. Been able to see excess water means people can easily understand its use. The form clearly stands out from its surroundings making it easily identifiable, using forms inspired by nature makes it feel natural and inviting to use, as the design is very clean. There could be somewhere to put your belonging as it requires two hands to use as one holds the button on the side down while the other holds the bottle, or there could be something which holds the bottle upright as it fills. As there is only one way to use the fountain (like a tap) the design doesn’t have to take up to much space. It looks as though there is only one button on the left side, this can make it difficult for people who are left handed and would find it more comfortable holding the bottle in their left hand and button in their right. The height of the fountain is ideal as the arm is slightly raised upwards, which makes the arm feel more comfortable and stable.

No Bottled Water Studio Drinking fountain critique No Bottled Water Chris Hayes-Kossmann ‘Fill- Up Fountain’ ‘Fill-up’ drinking fountain, is large in size so it can be easily spotted and recognised from a distance. This design though uses a lot more materials and therefore makes it heavier and more costly. It stands 2 meters tall, taller than people most of this height is only for visual purposes. This isn’t necessary as the design is for indoors and therefore users can easily remember where they are, the unique blue colour would easily make it stand out and be more memorable than its surroundings. The design discourages people from using the drinking fountain to drink form directly as the roof where you place your head is intimating and you would feel closed in, however as the design was mainly for filling up bottles this doesn’t matter. The handle and basin height make it wheelchair accessible. Using OEM fixtures, helps to reduce the manufacturing costs, the gal-dipped 1.2mm exterior used maintains weather resistance. It has a small footprint of 400mmx300mm for its large height. Chris says his design inspiration comes from strait lined construction of coke machines, not pushing aesthetics to become gaudy or sculptural. It fits in with current drinking fountain designs on the market.

No Bottled Water Studio Drinking fountain critique No Bottled Water Nathan Hollins ‘H-Cube-O’ Research into drinking fountains around RMIT, has lead the design down the path of refilling drinking bottles. Nathan asked questions about why people didn’t use them their response was hygiene issues. The solution it seems it a taller fountain and one predominately designed to fill up bottles. The location it seems is people want it indoors closer to the classrooms and out of the weather so they don’t get wet. The H-Cube-Design is very visual pleasing and clean looking to use, though having so many open and exposed areas might prove difficult in the out door environment as bugs, and spiders make this their home. In seeing if the distance of the falling water is too great, as the wind may effect the direct and blow it off course into the fountains, it would have to be operational to see this but I do have concerns about the height waste water falls to the drain. Material choice of treated pine is interesting, as often old water fountains use this and get covered in water, the material seems to old up well in the elements outside. Though with the precision of the blocks there needs to be high tolerances as the wood will expand and contract especially soaked in water, and then dried out in the heat. The overall design seems to use a lot of extra material, though this makes the design appealing this means it would be difficult and heavy to move into place for instillation. It also makes the product more expensive with more materials used. Having so many corners and sharp edges may also prove to be problematic as safety issues arise, people can easily get injured on them and the wood splinters along these edges. As a visually appealing product there are no other drinking fountains on the market which has the same aesthetics, the use of wood and metal is commonly used outside in landscaped gardens and areas in Australia. Therefore it would easily fit into the iconic image of Australian landscaped outdoors. Looking like a big wooden puzzle it provides interest in trying to construct how it was pieced together. Measurements: Having the drinking fountains drain at 550mm is really short and difficult, if the user had a disability and had trouble holding the water bottle while filling, or didn’t have any free hands the drain is just above their knees. If you are holding the bottle right up to the tap it is a lot more comfortable though the arm bends slightly downwards for an adult height which makes the bottle harder to hold. It would be better if there was somewhere to rest the bottle that wasn’t so low (the drain) as people rest the bottles on something and feel more comfortable in doing so.

No Bottled Water Studio Drinking fountain critique No Bottled Water Bronwyn Menzies “The party fountain” The manufacturability of the drinking fountain seems very strait forward, as the shapes are not very complex and strait forward. The martini glass tap is made from cast aluminium, the base is hot dip galvanised sheet, folded steel pipes for the framework and stainless steel for the mouthpiece/tap. Having a few different parts mean that if something is damaged it can be replaced easily. Though using so much metal it can heat up within the sun, making it hard of difficult to use. The larger shape means it’s easy to spot from a distance but as the materials are quite thin it still means it’s lightweight. Having somewhere to rest the bottle while it is being filled is beneficial making it easier for those with disabilities and the elderly. The tap is easy to use requiring only to be pulled downwards to start the flow of water. As it is very humorous it wouldn’t work in all places as some people will see it as a joke. The aesthetics are very industrial, which can mean clean and sanitary but can also be off putting to other users. The height seems appropriate for adults, and is accessible for those in wheelchairs, but young children wouldn’t be able to reach the tap at all. It seems pretty vandal resistant though larger smooth surfaces are appealing for people to graffiti, this may be why large flat surfaces know have perforated holes in them making it harder to tag and also mean the tag is less visually appealing.

No Bottled Water Studio Drinking fountain critique No Bottled Water: Paul Trembath The material choice Hebel is interesting as I do not know a lot about this product I have a few concerns about its application to drinking fountains. There seems to be a waterproofing membrane applied afterwards for outdoors and when in contact with water. Special rendering and mortar are also needed this can make the installation more expensive. I am not sure how easily it is to damage/carve into the blocks and vandals may take advantage if it is still soft. Melbourne has a huge problem with graffiti, so the rough exterior might be appealing for people to tag. Current graffiti removal would damage the fountain. Using multiple blocks is a good idea if it was more modular you could make the drinking fountain taller and shorter for different locations, though this design doesn’t seem to encourage this at all because of the different curves and angles. If the old blocks are really easy to remove I have concerns about vandals as Paul has said his modular design means only the broken piece needs to be removed and replaced. It seems very labor intensive in its construction, and time consuming waiting for this to dry which isn’t to appealing to councils if they are to build them on site. The insulating properties are beneficial making the water cool inside. As it seems from reading Paul’s poster Hebel can easily be inscribed so different councils can apply their logos. It’s quite a large design for simply filling up bottles but this is not a bad thing as it can easily be seen from a distance. The large smooth flat area on top is good for placing objects and bags while the user is filling up the bottles. The maintenance hatch at the back makes it easy to fix internal problems. Though it is very obvious in the design as it is using different materials, metal and doesn’t sit flush with the curves, this makes the visual athletics less pleasing. Using natural looking materials like stone might make the people more include to use it as it feels clean, and inviting. As the water flows down the front side of the fountain the collected in a drain towards the base, there would be some interesting athletics almost like a water fall. I would image though there would be lots of water splashing off the fountain and onto the person in front or the ground around the base of the

No Bottled Water Studio Drinking fountain critique No Bottled Water Daniel Waugh ‘Spray’ Drinking fountain A high level of technical knowledge is applied to the design of ‘Spray’, all parts have been considered along with how they connect both above and below the ground. An instillation page shows all the requirements to hold a larger drinking fountain in place, and what has been designed to prevent vandalism and withstand high public use as much as possible. A maintenance hatch means all working parts under ground can easily be accessed and maintained, I presume that they where put underground to prevent being damaged. The unique size of the drinking fountain means it is highly visible from a distance, and the unique visual style means it will be easily recognised making them easy to find and locate. It would be valuable to see how people would interact with such a lager size drinking fountain and would this be overwhelming to smaller people. Allowing up to 6 people to fill their drinking bottles form the water fountain means people wouldn’t have to wait that long, though it would be nice to see some research and theories as to the demand and how many would be put around the city. Is this design to make it more convenient to fill up drink bottles, and where are previous drink bottles being filled? If it is with taps, then is there really a need for a drinking fountain that can only be used to fill water bottles. The 6 different heights so solves the problem of the vast sizes of people using them, along with how people in wheelchairs can reach and use them. Research undertaken seems to be predominately focused on the technical side of how other designs function, and their requirements for maintenance this has been evident within the final design. Some of the points needing to be addressed are what happens to the water when it’s windy and falls from a large distance, will it still fall in the small drains designed underneath to catch waste water. Does the button used on the side need to be continually hold down during use, as it can be difficult to fill a bottle with one hand. People are often holding other items while they are filling bottles up. What type of environment is a large drinking fountain suited to? This design is not really making less drinking bottles been consumed. There also seem to be no way of drinking using only your mouth as the heights are designed to be at the chest of the user.

No Bottled Water Studio Drinking fountain critique No Bottled Water Mayuko Yoshida “MIZUKI” The research of the project comes through strongly, as there is one side of the fountain to drink from and the other to fill up bottles. The aesthetics also strongly communicate this as there are no other designs similar and it doesn’t resemble a tap/fountain in its traditional sense. The metaphor of Mizuki which is young seedling in Japanese, its meaning is about rich nature, water and greenness. Mizuki drinking fountain aesthetics are pleasing and look clean and easy to use. As it has a slender design there isn’t an excess of materials used, reducing costs and weight. Mayuko says that her fountain is based on a water timer so the user doesn’t have to continually hold down the button. As there are no technical drawings with height measurements, only the overall height it’s difficult to judge the usability, though it seems that it can be used by children as well as adults. It also seems the third leaf is for placing the water bottle on so you don’t have to hold it to fill. Its thin design is big enough to spot from a distance but maintains its elegant figure and form. The material choice isn’t stated though I am presuming it is cast aluminum. Its form resembles nature and plants and looks good in a street environment or in parks and gardens. I am not to sure about the distance the water falls into the drain think that there will be a lot of water splashing when it his the ground, but allowing users to visualize how much water they use and waste, is important for Melbourne and the reduction of water waste. It looks like the waste water from the side used to fill up bottle water is collected on the bottom leaf and drained away internally.

No Bottled Water Studio Drinking fountain critique

No Bottled water