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Menezes Continues Perfect Brazil Start Daniel Alves’ remarkable volley helped Brazil secure a combative 2-0 victory over Ukraine, continuing Mano Menezes’ 100 per cent start as coach. The Barcelona full-back’s superbly struck volley - reminiscent of Marco van Basten’s strike in UEFA EURO 1988 - set the 2014 FIFA World Cup™ hosts on their way at Pride Park, before Alexandre Pato extended their advantage after the break. Despite a gutsy performance from Ukraine, A Selecao showed greater strength at the back and flair going forward to extend their winning run under Menezes to three matches. Brazil were missing several star names for the friendly international that was watched by a mere 13,088 in Derby, despite being the first senior international fixture at Pride Park since England played Mexico in 2001. Those that turned up in search of a Ukraine victory had their hopes dashed prior to kick-off after captain and talisman Andriy Shevchenko was ruled out with a thigh injury. Brazil, meanwhile, deployed an all European-based starting XI, with the likes of Robinho, Pato and Alves providing the backbone in a relatively inexperienced squad. They dominated the opening exchanges on a bitter night in Derbyshire, although it was Ukraine who came closest to breaking the deadlock. Oleksandr Aliev’s thunderous 30-yard free-kick threatened to deceive Victor, but the Gremio goalkeeper

managed to block the 13th minute shot with his face. However, the Brazilians soon turned on the style. AC Milan team-mates Pato and Robinho produced some precise interplay in the middle of the park, before the latter whipped in a superb cross to Alves at the back post. He met the cross with a crashing volley that flew across the goal and nestled in at the far post, taking a slight deflection on the way. And Menezes’ side came close to doubling their advantage ten minutes later. Pato’s blend of strength and stepovers helped him wriggle free in the 18-yard box, only for the post to deny the striker and Carlos Eduardo to blaze over the rebound. As half-time approached, Ukraine looked resurgent and thought they had equalised on the stroke of half-time, only for Aliev’s strike to be ruled out for an earlier infringement. The Eastern Europeans continued to press after the break and substitute Ihor Khudobyak saw a 50th minute drive rebound back off the post. However, Yuriy Kalitvintsev’s side failed to capitalise on their pressure and Brazil’s extra skill and nous eventually paid dividends in the 64th minute. Eduardo made amends for his earlier miss by providing a super cross for Pato, who turned on a sixpence to net a 64th minute winner to help the five-time world champions to a comfortable victory.

Daniel Alves

FIFA Studying Goal-line Technology Proposals PARIS (AFP) – World football’s ruling ing meetings in Cardiff on October 20, body FIFA are currently poring over a raft although no decision on the issue will be of proposals that could finally end years of made until the IFAB general assembly on goal-line controversy. March 4, 5 and 6, also in Cardiff. FIFA initially asked 17 companies to FIFA have previously rebuffed all submit proposals for goal-mouth technolo- demands to use video technology to gy that would allow resolve contentious referees to deterrefereeing deciFIFA have previously mine, almost immesions, despite it diately, whether the being successfully rebuffed all demands to implemented in ball has crossed the goalline. sports such as use video technology to other According to the tennis, cricket and International Footrugby union. resolve contentious ball Association Their rationale Board (IFAB) on has been that it refereeing decisions. Monday, only 13 would disrupt the different submisfree-flowing movesions were made to FIFA by the end of ment of the game. last week. However calls for goalline technology FIFA general secretary Jerome Valcke have increased, especially in the wake of a said here Monday that FIFA would seek to glaring World Cup blunder in South Africa create a system that could alert the referee when a goal scored by England midfielder as soon as the ball crosses the goalline, for Frank Lampard against Germany was disexample via a transmitter “on his watch”. allowed. The IFAB, which determines the rules If Lampard’s goal had stood, England of the game, could raise the matter dur- would have pulled level 2-2 in the match.

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UN Concerned at Reported Weapons Distribution Ahead of Elections New YorkThe United Nations peacekeeping mission in Haiti today voiced concern at reports that arms are being distributed as the impoverished and earthquake-devastated country prepares to hold elections next month.

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Surprises Revealed in Wake of Massive Haiti Quake Identifying the fault responsible for Haiti's massive Jan. 12 earthquake seemed like an openand-shut case After the temblor, the well-known Enriquillo fault was quickly blamed, but new data reveal a more complicated picture.

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Aid Still Not Reaching Earthquake Survivors As the hurricane season approaches Haiti, nine months after the devastating earthquake, two million are still living in primitive conditions in refugee camps, the Jesuit Refugee Service reports.

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Art & Culture Wyclef Jean Named Assistant Professor

After the goal was disallowed Germany went on to win 4-1, while England were sent crashing out of the tournament. FIFA president Sepp Blatter said on

August 11: “I have said if we have an accurate and simple system then we will implement (it), but so far we have not had a simple, nor an accurate system.”

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Charles Henri Baker in West Palm Beach, Florida October 1, 2010.

Charles Henri Baker To Reinstate Army if Elected By Garry Pierre-Pierre Haitian Times Staff On November 28, Haitians will go to the polls to choose their next president. Nineteen candidates have made the cut to run. Over the next month, The Haitian Times will interview about seven of those candidates and will endorse the best person we think will lead the country in the next five years. In this first installment, we present Charles Henri Baker. BROOKLYN – If he is elected president of Haiti, Charles Henri Baker said his first act will be to sign a decree restoring the country’s armed forces that was disbanded in 1995. As he made this pronouncement at a packed hall in Flatbush, the crowd cheered the move. Baker, one of 19 candidates for the presidency of the troubled Caribbean nation was in the New York area last weekend, touring Brooklyn and New Jersey with stops in South Florida in between. Baker, who calls himself a planter, touched on all of the sensitive points that are near and dear to Haitian-American hearts like double citizenship for more than three millions Haitians who live overseas. He also said that his

administration would actively recruit Haitian professionals who are needed to help rebuild the country in the aftermath of a terrible earthquake that flattened most of the capital city of Port-au-Prince. He also pledged to reform the country’s education system by building more schools, at least one in each city, commune and other rural areas. He said he is also looking to

“When we address the problem of security, we will begin to grow again.” build hospitals and roads and other infrastructure. However, Baker, did not mention where he would find the money to create the army, which was a huge financial burden for the country and an institution that was used more to destabilize the country politically rather than protect it from foreign invaders. Still, this move is widely supported by

Haitians who view the army as a strong symbol of sovereignty and an institution worth bringing back, no matter the cost. Haiti’s army which was known as Forces Armeés D’Haiti, or FADH, was disbanded when Jean Bertrand Aristide returned from exile from the United States in 1995. Aristide was overthrown by the military despite having handpicked officers he thought were loyalist to the high command. But when the business elite became disenchanted with Aristide fiery rhetoric, his commander in chief, Gen. Raoul Cédras led a bloody coup that toppled the priest turned president. Cédras went into exile in Panama when Aristide returned with the assistance of 20,000 foreign soldiers and then he summarily disbanded the army. Baker said that a need for an army is even more pressing in light of the earthquake that ravaged Haiti. Had there been an army in place, he said, soldiers would have been able to rescue more people and have the skills to remove debris that still engulfs Port-auPrince. see BAKER on page 13


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préparatifs à de vastes fraudes électorales.

Ouest

Port-au-Prince

La Mission des Nations Unies pour la Stabilisation en Haïti (MINUSTAH) se dit préoccupée concernant des affirmations relatives à la distribution d'armes à feu dans certaines communes du pays. La MINUSTAH en appelle à toute personne qui serait en possession de telles informations de les partager avec la Police Nationale d'Haïti (PNH), la Police des Nations Unies (UNPOL) et avec la Mission d'Observation Electorale OEA/CARICOM, afin de leur permettre de faire la lumière sur la provenance et la destination de ces armes. « La MINUSTAH invite enfin toutes les candidates et tous les candidats aux élections présidentielles, législatives et sénatoriales à réfléchir inclusivement à l'avenir d'Haïti, avec les Haïtiens, et à faire campagne sur leur vision du futur, leurs capacités, et sur des programmes efficaces pour redonner espoir aux Haïtiens », informe le communiqué. Rappelons que L'ex Premier ministre du président Préval, Jacques Edouard Alexis avait révélé que le pouvoir en place est en train de distribuer des armes à feu à ses partisans , dans certaines régions du pays ,dans le cadre des

**** Des électeurs et des candidats affichent leur scepticisme vis-à-vis des sondages réalisés au cours de ces derniers mois. Alors que les 6 candidats arrivés en tête lors des deux sondages sont relativement satisfaits, la majorité des candidats à la présidence et au sénat critiquent les résultats de ces enquetes du Brides. Plusieurs candidats et dirigeants de partis politiques dont, Jean Henry Ceant ( Renmen Ayiti) et Genard Joseph ( Solidarité), estiment que les résultats des sondages du Bureau de Recherches en Informatique et en Développement Economique et Social (BRIDES) ne reflètent pas la réalité. Les dirigeants du regroupement Lavni de Yves Christalin ont également critiqué les résultats du sondage l'assimilant à du copier-coller d'enquête réalisée dans les pays développés. Selon M. Christalin ces sondages traduisent la méconnaissance des réalités du pays par ses élites. Les deux sondages du Brides avaient été commandités par le Forum Economique du Secteur Privé (FESP). Wyclef Jean, qui entend jouer un rôle important dans la campagne électorale, est également sceptique vis-à-vis du sondage. Le candidat exclu de la course présidentielle craint une tentative de manipulation de l'opinion. Cet avis est partagé par de nombreux électeurs potentiels. Des résidents de la capitale ne font pas foi aux résultats des sondages. La majorité des Portau-Princiens, interrogés lors d'un microtrotoir de radio Métropole, sont méfiants vis-à-vis des sondages réalisés en Haïti.

En fait les haïtiens doutent de la crédibilité des institutions impliquées dans la collecte des données. Un résident de la capitale assure que les résultats d'un sondage fiable ou non influeront le vote des citoyens. Selon les deux derniers sondages du Brides, 6 personnalités se détachent du groupe des 19 candidats. Il s'agit de Myrlande Manigat, Jude Célestin, Charles Henry Baker, Michel Martelly, Jacques Edouard Alexis et Chavannes Jeune. **** Un employé de Caritas Suisse a été abattu vendredi dernier à Port-au-Prince. La victime avait quelques minutes auparavant effectué une transaction dans une banque commerciale. L'identité de l'individu âgé de 27 ans n'a pas été révélée par les autorités. Le porte-parole de Caritas, Grégoire Praz, révèle que la victime, chauffeur du délégué de Caritas Suisse, venait d'encaisser un chèque de 2.000 dollars sur mandat de Caritas pour changer la batterie de la voiture. M. Praz a soutenu que le malfrat n'avait pas pu s'emparer de l'argent car le chauffeur s'était enfermé dans la voiture.Les autorités policières haïtiennes auraient ouvert une enquête sur ce crime. Des dispositions visant à mieux protéger les employés de Caritas n'ont pas encore été appliqués. En dépit de cet assassinat, Caritas entant poursuivre son œuvre humanitaire en Haïti. L'organisation vient de débuter la reconstruction de 1.700 maisons à Gressier, à l'ouest de Port-au-Prince. Ces derniers jours une certaine recrudescence des actes de violence est enregistrée dans la région métropolitaine.

October 13-19, 2010

**** Le coordonnateur de l’Union Nationale des Normaliens Haïtiens (UNNOH), Josué Mérilien, a annoncé lundi une série d’activités de protestation contre le décès samedi de l’enseignant Jean Louis Philbert (35 ans) grièvement blessé la veille lors d’une intervention de la police devant le siège du Ministère de l’Education Nationale à Port-au-Prince pour disperser une manifestation d’enseignants à laquelle il prenait part. M. Mérilien indique que le Parquet du Tribunal civil de la capitale a été saisi afin de mettre l’action publique en mouvement contre la policière qui, dit-il, a ouvert le feu sur l’enseignant, alors que d’autres versions de l’incident font plutôt état d’une grenade lacrymogène qui aurait atteint la victime à la tête. Le responsable syndical a toutefois précisé qu’une autopsie sera pratiquée afin d’établir la cause exacte de la mort de l’enseignant. La série de manifestations annoncées a commencé lundi avec un sit-in devant le siège de l’Ecole Normale Supérieure à Port-auPrince. La prochaine étape devrait être un nouveau sit-in vendredi prochain devant le siège du Ministère de l’Education Nationale et de la Formation Professionnelle. L’indignation est également à son comble du côté de nombreux autres syndicats d’enseignants dont le Corps National des Educateurs Haitiens (CONEH), la Fédération Nationale des Techniciens en Education et Culture (FENATEC) et le Groupe see A TRAVERS HAITI on page 23

Apprendre l’orthographe du “kreyòl” (III) Du côté de chez Hugues

par Hugues St. Fort

Dans cette troisième partie, je continuerai la brève histoire de l’orthographe du « kreyòl  » que j’avais commencée la semaine dernière. De passage en Haïti en 1943 et en 1944, Frank Laubach, un éducateur américain spécialisé en alphabétisation, s’intéressa aux travaux de McConnell et lui proposa de changer le sh et le u qui devinrent ch et ou. Leur orthographe se répandit rapidement dans certains milieux et fut connue sous le nom d’orthographe Laubach. Les intellectuels haïtiens réservèrent un accueil plutôt déplorable à la nouvelle orthographe proposée par McConnell et Laubach à travers laquelle ils ont cru voir une «  tentative d’américanisation culturelle  » d’Haïti. Charles-Fernand Pressoir en particulier, reprocha à l’orthographe Laubach son parti-pris de l’usage des voyelles du « gros créole » et son refus de faire cas des voyelles antérieures arrondies. Dans son livre « Comment écrire le créole d’Haïti » (1980), le linguiste Yves Déjean rapporte la conclusion suivante de Pressoir  : l’orthographe de McConnell conviendrait à des «  sauvages de l’Australie ou de quelque coin perdu  », mais n’est pas de mise « dans un pays à traditions français-

es » comme Haïti. Soixante-cinq ans après, un certain nombre d’Haïtiens continue à associer par ignorance l’orthographe officielle du «  kreyòl  » à une pénétration culturelle américaine à cause, disent-ils, de la présence des « k », des « w » et autres lettres dominantes dans l’alphabet anglais. Alors que c’était uniquement une orthographe phonologique basée sur l’alphabet phonétique international (API). Il faut rappeler cependant que plusieurs intellectuels de l’époque manifestaient beaucoup d’intérêt à la question de l’analphabétisme en Haïti. Charles-Fernand Pressoir, Christian Beaulieu et Lélio Faublas faisaient partie de ces intellectuels et se mirent à la tâche. Ils éliminèrent l’accent circonflexe sur le «  a  », le «  e  » et le « o », accent circonflexe qui jouait le rôle de la nasalisation et remplacèrent ces 3 lettres par trois digraphes empruntés à l’orthographe française  : an, in, on. Pour éviter toute confusion avec les suites a + n et i + n, ils se servirent du trait d’union pour séparer « a » de « n » et « i » de « n ». Le digraphe « ou » reçut la double valeur de la voyelle /u/ et de la semi-voyelle /w/. Déjean (1980) fait une critique très sérieuse de l’emploi excessif du trait d’union chez Pressoir qui écrit par exemple  : a-k, a-p-ré, é-lé-t-ri-k, so-lè-y, zé-tou-a-l, etc. Il reproche aussi à Pressoir de faire usage d’une « apostrophe qui n’a rien à voir dans un système d’écriture phonologique et il en fait un emploi irrégulier ». De toute façon, Pressoir et ses alliés comprirent la nécessité de construire un système graphique

systématique et régulier basé sur l’API. Ils procédèrent donc à certains aménagements dans l’orthographe inventée par McConnell qui devint alors l’orthographe Pressoir et fut utilisée pendant un certain temps pour la majorité des écrits officiels produits par les gouvernements haïtiens. Certains écrivains haïtiens se servirent aussi de l’orthographe Pressoir. C’est le cas de Félix Morisseau-Leroy (FML) et de ses premiers recueils de poèmes intitulés « Diacoute » (Dyakout) vers le milieu des années 1950 ou encore l’adaptation par le même FML du classique de Sophocle Antigone (1953). La première version du premier roman écrit en créole, « Dezafi », le chef-d’œuvre de Frankétienne (1976), fut écrite selon l’orthographe Pressoir. Il faut aussi citer parmi les œuvres importantes écrites selon l’orthographe Pressoir le remarquable texte de l’anthropologue haïtien Michel-Rolph Trouillot Ti difé boulé sou istoua ayiti (1977). Il a fallu attendre la fin des années 1970 et le début de l’année 1980 pour qu’un groupe de linguistes français de l’université René Descartes à Paris se réunisse avec une équipe d’éducateurs haïtiens de l’Institut Pédagogique National (IPN) pour produire un nouveau système graphique du créole haïtien (Orthographe IPN) qui devint l’orthographe officielle du « kreyòl ». Depuis les années 1940, il y a eu énormément de débats autour de l’orthographe du «  kreyòl  ». Les causes de ces débats sont diverses  : l’ignorance de certains principes élémentaires de la science linguistique et de l’histoire de l’orthographe

du « kreyòl », les idéologies de la langue (créole urbain vs créole rural ; kreyòl swa vs kreyòl rèk)  etc. Mais, malgré le ridicule combat d’arrière-garde que mènent encore certains individus qui refusent les évidences de la science linguistique et préfèrent se draper dans un faux nationalisme, il est bon de se rappeler que de plus en plus de locuteurs haïtiens apprennent l’orthographe officielle du créole haïtien. Cependant, à en juger par la très mauvaise qualité de l’orthographe de ceux qui écrivent en « kreyòl », il est clair que beaucoup reste à faire. J’espère que cet ensemble que je rédige depuis maintenant 3 semaines et que je vais prolonger d’une semaine contribuera à servir d’entrée en matière à un sujet qui a soulevé beaucoup de passions. A ce sujet, j’aimerais faire le point sur une question mal comprise par certains internautes. Certains d’entre eux ont pris l’habitude depuis quelque temps de se servir de l’orthographe créole du nom du pays en question (Ayiti) pour former le nom des habitants qui y vivent et qui deviennent donc «  Ayitian  » en anglais ou «  Ayitien » en français. Ils ont tort. Je voudrais signaler ceci  : que ce soit en anglais, en français ou en espagnol, on écrit toujours le nom du pays qui occupe la partie occidentale de l’île d’Hispaniola  : Haïti. Le terme «  Ayiti  » n’est absolument pas l’orthographe unanimement adoptée en français, anglais, ou espagnol pour désigner ce pays. Que ce soit en anglais, en français ou en espagnol, see HUGUES on page 3


The Haitian Times

October 13-19, 2010

Oxfam Urges Aid be Earmarked for Haitian Agriculture

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More than half of Haiti's population live in rural areas and derive their incomes, sparse but life-sustaining, from farming. Yet between 2000 and 2005, only four per cent of the government budget was earmarked for agricultural development, and only 2.5 per cent of foreign aid was directed there. International aid organization Oxfam this week published a report calling for a ”radical shift” in the way aid and sup-

”For decades the Haitian government and international donors have neglected agriculture, despite its importance to Haitian lives.” port are dispersed in the country, urging foreign governments to prioritize farming and back Haiti's $772-million agricultural reconstruction plan. ”For decades the Haitian government and international donors have neglected agriculture, despite its importance to Haitian lives,” said Philippe Matthieu, Oxfam country director in Haiti at a news conference at Oxfam-Quebec's Montreal offices yesterday. ”If Haiti is to be built back better, the international community” must

A peanut farmer in Haiti.

support the plan. ”We must reconstitute life on a new foundation.” Previously, the Haitian government pushed for the ”Taiwan-ization” of the economy, supporting low-cost, low-paid manufacturing plants, said Eric Faustin, general director of the Regroupement des organismes canado-haitiens pour le developpement, leaving the country's more than 5 million peasant farmers, 90 per cent of

whom live on less than $2 a day, to their own devices. Last January's earthquake sent another 600,000 back to their rural homelands, further stressing the system. The study's author, Marc Cohen, urged donor nations providing food aid to buy local produce as opposed to shipping it in from their countries, robbing farmers of their livelihood. Oxfam also called on the United States to abandon its policy of

subsidizing American rice farmers who undercut Haitian producers -Haiti is the third-largest market for U.S. rice growers after Japan and Mexico. First, however, international donors including Canada have to honour their pledges and make sure they're earmarked for agriculture. ”The people of Haiti can't eat promises,” Cohen said.

UN Concerned at Reported Weapons Distribution Ahead of Elections said in a statement. MINUSTAH called on all candidates in New York- The United Nations peace- the presidential, legislative and senatorial keeping mission in Haiti today voiced elections to think of the country’s future concern at reports that arms are being and programmes that will restore hope to distributed as the impoverished and earth- the people. quake-devastated country prepares to hold The 28 November polls will take place elections next month. as the country is still The mission, known reeling from Januby its French acronym ary’s quake, which “These allegations MINUSTAH, called on killed an estimated anybody with knowl200,000 people and edge of any such distri- which recur every time displaced about 1.3 bution to come forward others. there is an election with- million and share it with the M I N U S TA H , national and UN police out further specifics are which now has nearand with international ly 12,000 military election observers. and police personemerging again.” “These allegations nel deployed around which recur every time the country, has been there is an election on the ground since without further specifics are emerging mid-2004 after then president Jean-Beragain,” Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon’s trand Aristide went into exile amid violent Special Representative Edmond Mulet unrest. The Haitian Times Newswires

Hugues continued from 2

c’est l’orthographe « Haïti  » qui est toujours utilisé. Ce n’est pas «  Ayiti  ». On peut certainement écrire « Ayiti » quand on écrit en créole ou alors, si l’on veut à tout prix s’en servir en anglais ou en

français, il faudra se résigner à le mettre entre guillemets pour bien signifier que c’est une orthographe étrangère à la langue utilisée. Depuis l’institution de l’orthographe officielle de la langue créole (1980), l’image du « kreyòl  » s’est beaucoup améliorée dans la conscience lin-

Special Representative Edmond Mulet in Haiti earlier this year.

guistique de certains locuteurs haïtiens. Mais il ne faudrait pas croire que c’est l’orthographe qui a fait du « kreyòl  » une langue. L’orthographe joue un rôle dans le processus de standardisation et de normalisation générale du «  kreyòl  » qui fonctionnait déjà comme langue à part entière dans

le corps social haïtien et dans la conscience linguistique de chaque locuteur haïtien. Mais, beaucoup reste à faire en ce qui concerne le choix de la variété qui sera choisie plus ou moins explicitement par les autorités politiques, littéraires, éducatives, sociales…du pays. La semaine

prochaine, je présenterai la 4ème et dernière partie de cet ensemble qui n’est plus donc un triptyque, comme j’avais pensé le faire. Dans cette dernière partie, je présenterai le système graphique officiel du « kreyòl ». Contactez Hugues St.Fort à Hugo274@aol.com


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The Haitian Times

Immigration Advocacy Goes Local As the prospect of Congress passing an overhaul of immigration law wanes, immigration advocacy groups are shifting their sights from the U.S. Capitol and focusing on their local communities. They are forming neighborhood committees to help legal and illegal immigrants navigate deportation proceedings and learn English. They lobby local police and government officials to resist harsh enforcement and warn neighbors of immigration raids. ”The new front of progress is definitely at the local level,” says Stephen Fotopulos, executive director of the Tennessee Immigrant and Refugee Rights Coalition. Francisco Pacheco, East Coast coordinator for the National Day Laborer Organizing Network, says the local efforts are a way to maintain the cohesion seen during marches against Arizona's immigration law this year and larger protests in 2006. ”The problem was that thousands of people would go to the events, and when it was finished, people would say 'What do we do now?' and they would go home,” Pacheco says. Bob Dane, a spokesman for the Federation for American Immigration Reform, which advocates lower levels of immigration, says people who support tighter immigration controls have also gone local as Congress avoids immigration legislation. In the first half of the year, 44 states passed 191 immigration laws that included restrictions to public benefits for illegal immigrants, penalties for businesses that hired them and sanctions against human trafficking, according to the National Conference of State Legislatures. Dane says a large number of municipalities have fol-

lowed suit. ”The open-borders groups are now beginning to see that the battle has shifted from (Washington, D.C.) to localities,” Dane says. Local actions: • The Illinois Coalition for Immigrant and Refugee Rights created 21 family support networks this spring to set up a safety net for immigrant families whose relatives get deported, leaving spouses and children behind. Executive director Joshua Hoyt says the group is still pushing for immigration legislation introduced by Sen. Robert Menendez, D-N.J., but realized communities should be the focus in the meantime. ”We said, 'We have to figure out a way to organize ourselves to provide support at the same time we challenge the policies,' ” Hoyt says. • In Washington, OneAmerica, a statewide civil rights groups, has established nine community groups. Executive director Pramila Jayapal says they have begun regular discussions with local politicians and police agencies to ensure that the plight of immigrants is understood. • In Arizona, about 15 ”neighborhood defense committees” were created in recent months, and organizers are getting requests to open more around Phoenix. Arizona lawmakers passed a law that would have required police officers to determine the immigration status of suspects stopped for another offense if there was ”reasonable suspicion” they were in the country illegally. It was blocked by a federal judge in July; Republican Gov. Jan Brewer has appealed. Opal Tometi, whose Puente Arizona organization helped create the committees,

says they serve several functions: They train illegal immigrants to know their rights when they are stopped by police. They work with lawyers to navigate deportation proceedings. They offer English classes and arrange for doctors to treat people nervous about going to hospitals. They send out video teams to monitor for civil rights violations when police or Immigration and Customs Enforcement agents perform immigration raids. Roy Beck, executive director of NumbersUSA, which advocates lower levels of immigration, says he is troubled by illegal immigrants monitoring police to alert neighbors of their operations. ”That really crosses into a whole different type of political activity,” Beck says. ”It's very counterproductive to the cause of these immigrant groups, because it'll

October 13-19, 2010

cause them to seem more foreign and less American.” Alma Mendoza, a single mother of three in Sunnyslope, Ariz., a suburb of Phoenix, says her neighbors were suspicious when she first approached them about joining the committees. Mendoza, who directs the Sunnyslope committee, says illegal immigrants try to keep a low profile in Arizona, and even legal residents are cautious to protect friends or relatives who are illegal immigrants. ”At first, people didn't trust us. They said people wouldn't respond, that it was too hard to organize this group of people,” says Mendoza, 37, a Mexico native who is now a legal U.S. resident. ”Now in each meeting, we have forty, fifty people. They're thanking us for worrying about the community.”

Feds Charge 26 New York Business Owners in Unauthorized Worker Ring Twenty-six New York City business owners have been charged in a ”complex criminal scheme” that smuggled Chinese aliens into the U.S. to work at restaurants and other establishments, federal officials tell FoxNews.com. James Hayes Jr., Homeland Security Investigations (HSI) Special Agent in Charge for New York, said the aliens were often held in unsanitary conditions, received inadequate compensation. The eight-month investigation culminated on Wednesday and Thursday with arrests at the establishments, which were located in the city's Chinatown neighborhood. The defendants allegedly participated in various facets of the alien smuggling industry, including: transportation of illegal aliens from China to the United States; laundering the proceeds of illegal alien smuggling from the United States to China; and employing illegal aliens. Of the 26 defendants charged, 23 were arrested this morning, and three -- Mao Ping Li, also know as”Jackie Li,” Yi Min Ren, and Moi Ha Chek, also known as ”Christine” -- remain at large. ”We anticipate at least one more [arrest],” Hayes told FoxNews.com. According to indictments unsealed yesterday and the record of the case, six defendants, smuggled or conspired to smuggle aliens from China to the United States from April through October 2010.

The smugglers typically charged approximately $75,000 to smuggle each alien into the United States. Those fees were often collected from the family members of the aliens. Three more defendants were charged in additional indictments with money laundering in connection with the movement of money from the United States to China. The defendants, who operated in connection with commercial money transmittal businesses, knew or had reason to know they were laundering the proceeds of alien smuggling, for the purpose of concealing the movement of the proceeds or avoiding transaction reporting requirements, the documents said. Eighteen defendants allegedly harbored illegal aliens for the purpose of commercial advantage or financial gain, some operating employment agencies in Chinatown and referring illegal aliens to restaurant owners and managers for a fee who in turn employed the illegal aliens. ”The targets of this investigation are business owners and smugglers who allegedly sought to enrich themselves by depriving their employees of basic human rights and freedoms guaranteed under our Constitution,” he said. ”The human smugglers and money remittance business owners are alleged to have funneled funds into and out of the United States in furtherance of this complex criminal scheme and in

Manhattan U.S. Attorney Preet Bharara

violation of U.S. Banking laws.” The arrested defendants were expected to be presented in Manhattan federal court Thursday. ”These defendants allegedly trafficked in human beings, making money off the backs of illegal immigrants and treating them like chattel,” Manhattan U.S. Attorney Preet Bharara said in a statement Thursday. It was unclear how long the operation had been in existence. Hayes said the arrests marked the agen-

cy's single-largest investigation of employers believed to have hired and utilized unauthorized workers in New York City. In fiscal year 2010, ICE officials arrested a total of 22 individuals in related crimes in New York City. ”We think this is a vulnerability,” Hayes said. ”We believe this is a priority for us and we think there could be other businesses whose business model is to exploit foreign workers to make profits.” “As this investigation reinforces, criminal worksite enforcement investigations of egregious employers remain a priority of ICE Homeland Security Investigations in New York City and throughout the country,” he added in the statement. If convicted of the charges alleged in the indictments two of the defendants face a maximum sentence of fifteen years and a mandatory minimum sentence of five years in prison; two others face a maximum sentence of ten years in prison and a mandatory minimum sentence of three years in prison; and one more faces a maximum sentence of ten years in prison. The money laundering charges carry a maximum sentence of twenty years in prison. If convicted of the charges alleged in the indictments, the employment agency and restaurant owner defendants face a maximum sentence of ten years in prison.


The Haitian Times

October 13-19, 2010

Surprises Revealed in Wake of Massive Haiti Quake

5

Identifying the fault responsible for Haiti's massive Jan. 12 earthquake seemed like an open-and-shut case After the temblor, the well-known Enriquillo fault was quickly blamed, but new data reveal a more complicated picture. The magnitude-7.0 earthquake involved not one, but three faults, which sent tsunami waves crashing onto shore by an unusual chain of events, according to two studies published today (Oct. 10) in the journal Nature Geoscience. Despite the massive size of the quake - more than 200,000 people died, more than 1.5 million were left homeless and damage totaled between $9 billion and $14 billion - enough energy remains stored underground to unleash an earthquake that is even larger, said Gavin Hayes, a study team member and geophysicist with the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) in Golden, Colo., and Synergetics Inc. in Fort Collins, Colo.

Dog that Saved Lives in Haiti Gets National Honor

LOS ANGELES – A once-abandoned dog that helped save lives after the Haiti earthquake and a three-legged cat that inspired a series of children's books have received national honors. The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals announced its dog and cat of the year awards Monday. Both are one-time California castoffs. Pearl, a 4-year-old Labrador retriever, was abandoned at a shelter, then trained and sent this year to Haiti with a rescue team from the Los Angeles County Fire Department. The county's seven rescue teams helped bring 12 people to safety. Cat honors went to Henry, a stray, injured kitten found near San Diego in 2004. After his leg was amputated, he inspired the children's books that have generated more than $50,000 for animal causes.

”We can't ever predict an earthquake,” Hayes told OurAmazingPlanet. ”But we can use this for hazard assessment and say this region has a high likelihood of a large earthquake, and plan for whatever we're building in this region.” Piecing together the puzzle About 85 percent of the energy from the earthquake came from a previously unknown fault, now called the Leogâne fault, Hayes and his colleagues found. Earthquakes typically occur along faults, which are cracks in the rocky plates of the Earth's crust. The Earth's plates move relative to one another, most of the time at an imperceptibly slow pace - on average plates move between 0.4 and 4 inches (1 and 10 cm) per year, which is about as fast as fingernails grow. In the case of the Haiti quake, scientists expected that the Caribbean and North American plates had slid past one another in an east-west direction to cause the quake. The earthquake actually occurred at the boundary of the Gonave microplate, which sits between the North American and Caribbean plates, and the Caribbean plate,

After the temblor, the well-known Enriquillo fault was quickly blamed, but new data reveal a more complicated picture. where numerous faults slipped, including a relatively small slip at the originally blamed Enriquillo fault. Despite the complex web of faults, very little deformation is visible on the surface, one of the studies found. ”If we were to come back in several hundreds' year time, we wouldn't find it,” Hayes told OurAmazingPlanet. Tsunamis surprise Just as surprising as the complexities of the quake, is that it triggered several small tsunamis. ”What's strange - and Haiti is a good example - is that from a technical perspective, this shouldn't happen,” said Matthew Hornbach, a team member on the second study and a geophysicist at the University of Texas in Austin. Strike-slip fault systems, such as the

one that runs through Haiti, are not usually associated with tsunamis. Usually, a fault that moves up-and-down will move the seafloor and produce massive waves; strike-slip fault systems slide side-toside when two plates butt heads. The Haiti quake, however, triggered massive underwater landslides that, along with a small amount of ground motion, made the waves, Hornbach said. Globally, 3 percent of tsunamis are caused by slides. In Haiti, slide-triggered tsunamis may be 30-percent more frequent, Hornbach said. The country's coastal setting, high sedimentation due to extreme wet and dry seasons dumping material down the mountains, and infrequent earthquakes that would release the coastal build-up of sediment are all causes of the slides. These unstable coasts could set off tsunamis even during smaller earthquakes. ”All of sudden, tsunami warning systems can't account for these events,” Hornbach said. ”This makes it much more difficult to predict.” The story was first published in Livescience.com.

Haiti Quake Survivors Get Fresh Start Five university students from Haiti, some who were buried in rubble after that country's devastating earthquake, are getting a new start at the University of Winnipeg. The university held a Creole breakfast Friday morning to welcome the students and $50,000 to help them stay and study in the city. ”We have been welcomed like kings and queens,” said student Jean Widny Pervil, who was joined at the breakfast by countrymates Vanessa K. Laurent, Helena Vickaina Lafleur, Jaquet Duval, and Samy Archille.

Pervil was about to take an luckiest students,” he said. ”We exam in Haiti when his university receive more than a full scholcollapsed around him on Jan. 12. arship — love, comprehension, ”I've seen people bleeding all understanding and compassion.” Neil Besner, the U of W's vice over, I've seen people without any hands, without any head. People screaming, shouting. 'We feel that we are the It's like everyone become crazy,” he said. 'We feel that we are the five luckiest students.'— five luckiest students.'—Jean Jean Widny Pervil Widny Pervil Many Haitian students have been accepted at univeristies around the world and his president for students and intergroup is thrilled to be in Winni- national affairs, said the univerpeg, Pervil said. sity decided it had to do some”We feel that we are the five thing after seeing footage of the

magnitude 7.0 quake — centred just 15 kilometres southwest of the capital of Port-au-Prince — that ravaged the country. The Haitian government reported that an estimated 230,000 people had died and about three million were affected. ”Some of these students were buried alive, they were pulled out of the rubble. So we thought we should try and do something to help some of them complete their education,” said Besner. The university is covering a ”significant” amount of the costs for the students, including airfare, tuition, residence fees, meal plans

and counselling, according to a news release. However, a public appeal for more money is necessary to cover the costs for clothing, books and school supplies, medical supports, monthly allowances and the eventual return airfare to Haiti. The students are expected to be in the city for at least two years. Pervil wants to finish a business degree then return to Haiti and help his people. The stoy was first published on cbc.ca.


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The Haitian Times

EDITORIALS/OPINIONS

The Young March Toward Cynicism On Monday, pledges to attend Jon Stewart's ”Rally to Restore Sanity” reached 200,000 on Facebook. It has come to cynicism, only two years after Barack Obama won the presidency with an historic youth mandate. This president, greeted with idealism unlike any since Kennedy, is now burdened by cynicism unlike any since Carter. The pessimism is so palpable that parodists are marching for America to, well, lighten up. Two political satirists could galvanize a larger march than any activist, movement or politician this year. Only a fellow television personality, conservative Glenn Beck, might have rallied more. And just as Beck's rally captured the older, conservative and impassioned, this rally will capture the younger, liberal and discouraged. About six in 10 young adults view politics more cynically than they did two years ago. More voters under age 30 say it does not matter which party controls Congress than support either party in control, according to a September Rock the Vote poll. Into this breach come Stewart, Steven Colbert and a rally that symbolizes our cynical time. The scene itself begs parody. The children and grandchildren of the liberals who took to the National Mall to fight for civil rights or against the Vietnam War will march on October 30 for no right and against no wrong. They will stand for being nice (and for the fun of it). Stewart wants to rally the ”70 to 80 percent of the population” that disagrees but is not disagreeable (or crazy). ”Unfortunately, the conversation and the process is controlled by the other 15 to 20 percent,” Stewart said on his ”Daily Show,” echoing the moderates enduring lament. This event began as a parody of the Beck rally. It has become one more reminder of Stewart and Colbert's influence. They are brilliant satirists, dependably refreshing alternatives to political spin. They make news appetizing, like sprinkling vegetables with sugar. And they humble a chattering class that takes itself far too seriously. But they also take little seriously. They

are comedians. They find the joke in politics. And all politics comes to feel like a joke. They don't mean to personify a cynical age and a cynical youth. But they do. Stewart, in fact, may make his audience more cynical. College students exposed to the ”Daily Show” are less likely to trust government and more likely to rate both the Democratic and Republican candidates more negatively, according to a 2006 study by East Carolina University political scientists Jody Baumgartner and Jonathan Morris. Of course, Stewart and Colbert are only as funny as their material. It's the establishment that has allowed itself to become a joke. A majority of Americans have significant trust in only three of 16 major institutions (the military, small business and police) according to Gallup. The least trusted: big business, health maintenance organizations and Congress. But we expect youth to still believe. And on some measures, like their expectations to earn more next year, they remain optimistic. But their optimism has become watered down. Cynicism is creeping within the young. Psychologists Kali Trzesniewski and M. Brent Donnellan, of the University of Western Ontario and Michigan State University respectively, studied the psychological profile of nearly a half-million Michigan high-school seniors from 1976 to 2006. They found that they were no more egotistical than '70s teens. But they were more cynical. Obama once gave the young something to believe in. They still support Obama more than any other age. But he has lost as much support with the young as with the old. And Obama cannot look to youth to save his majority. In midterm contests, the young are far less likely to turn out than the old. Obama will hold a town hall with young voters on Thursday. He's visiting more campuses of late. He's struggling to reignite the spark. But what are they to be excited about? Young adults have the highest unemployment rate since the Great Depression.

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October 13-19, 2010

Six Years On… Haiti is a U.N Problem Under The

Radar

By Max A. Joseph Jr.

If one took care to exclude the impenitent collaborators who are basking in their subservient role in administering the country, the solution to Haiti’s woes have been beyond the control of ordinary Haitians, many of whom are systematically hunted down, murdered, ostracized and humiliated since the start of the occupation (2004-?). Even Mother Nature is cooperating with the occupiers, as Hurricanes Jeanne (2004), Fay, Gustav, Hanna, Ike (2008) and the January 12, 2010 earthquake that killed 2% of Haiti’s population demonstrate. Sheer coincidence, may be. The ramifications are nonetheless too palpable to ignore as the international community’s selfassigned nation-building role could ultimately endanger Haiti’s very existence. Even the premise of the endeavor, (Haiti being a threat to international peace and security), is ludicrous, if not malicious. Recently Rwanda’s Paul Kagame elaborating on the western powers’ paternalism in Africa summed it up this way: “They criticize the good things we do (Africans) and try to hold us responsible for the bad things they do.” He further added “Africans are capable of forging their own destiny; we don’t need the lessons that we’re always being given.” In Haiti’s case, the western powers seem no longer content to criticize or give lessons as the unlawful occupation of the country attests, they are bent on imposing their will by any means, using the most preposterous argument and brutal tactics to that end. While the international community is slow in delivering its promised aid for the reconstruction, the United Nations is sending more soldiers and police officers in Haiti to neutralize any upheaval that is likely to occur. Complicating matters is the fact that the corrupt and servile political class remains silent on the U.N occupation by choice. Taking a principled stand against the occupation means forsaking their personal aspirations, something that members of this particular group will never do. In the process, they are lending credence to the notion put forward by the international community that Haiti needs supervision or protection from them. A presidential candidate, senator Jean Hector Anacacis, looking to endear himself with the occupiers, proposes reconstructing the decommissioned Haitian Armed Forces (FA d’H) and creating a secret service agency that would bolster security and create a safer environment for foreign investors. Another candidate Charles Henry Baker laments on his website “the full range of political rights and civil liberties guarantees by the Haitian Constitution remains precarious as there is a lack of any legitimate security force’ (he is passionate about the restoration of the defunct Haitian Armed Forces). How precisely these absentminded approaches correlate with solving the problems of the 1.3 million homeless

living and dying in inhumane conditions in squalid camps since the January 12 earthquake may baffle economists and historians for years. With turncoats like Préval, Anacacis and the facilitators of the February 29, 2004 invasion and occupation of Haiti, one needs to ask whether the Haitian revolution was a mirage or a genuine attempt by men of valor to do away with institutionalized injustice. As for Préval’s contemptuous attitude toward the Haitian people, it was evident in the aftermath of the January 12 disaster when he failed to address the traumatized nation for a month, preferring instead to give interviews to foreign media and lamenting about the collapse of his palace, presumably the one he inherited from his father. With a leader like Préval, the Haitian people certainly do not need enemies, hence the prevailing view in the international community that Haitians are responsible for their torments. At this juncture, the revolutionary spirit that embodied the likes of Mackandal, Boukman, Biassou, Toussaint, Dessalines and Christophe, to name a few, has vanished into thin air. To think that 20% of the Black population of Saint Domingue (present-day Haiti) perished for a righteous cause that many of their descendants consider irrelevant to their existence is an insult to the Negroid race. In sabotaging the commemorations of the bi-centennial of a hard won victory over injustice and arrogance, Haiti’s political class along with the foreign-born or affiliated elite have shown their true colors and ought to be designated “special enemies of the nation.” Unless the presidential candidates take a stand on the issue, the electorate should boycott the November 28 vote which is a mockery of Democracy. This particular election will legitimize the Security Council mandated-occupation of the country and nullify the principle of auto-determination enumerated in the United Nations Charter. Considering the occupiers’ effective control of Haiti with the explicit support of local collaborators and because the Haitian people are factually prevented from deciding or addressing their own future, participation will amount to voting under duress. Because a year in politics is an eternity, the redundant assertion that Haitians are responsible for their torments is no longer valid after 6 plus years of occupation of Haiti by MINUSTAH. Whether the international community cares to admit it or not, Haiti’s problems have been its responsibilities since February 29, 2004, and the argument that whatever has been achieved between 2004 and 2010 is now buried under the rubbles is patently disingenuous and totally ridiculous. In that regard, the international community can either admit defeat or claim victory and make an honorable exit. Evangelization, coercion and occupation can never obliterate our national character, which was built on a core principle: rejection of all forms of subjugation. Like its predecessors, the republic of NGOs will inevitably crumble in the most unexpected way. Contact Joseph at djougan@yahoo.com


The Haitian Times

October 13-19, 2010

Mysterious Death, Not so fast Ilio's

Odyssey

By Ilio Durandis

The saying goes like this, “An Ayiti moun pa mouri kòz natirel,” in Haiti there is no such thing as natural death. According to some people, every death in Haiti can almost be traced to some sort of mystical power. A car got into an accident, people would blame it on the mystics. Someone got sick and died; they would blame it on voodoo or evil power. And on and on the song goes. It seems that we are one of the few people on this planet who don’t believe that death is a natural process. Unfortunately, one very important aspect of why people often die without any clear explanation in Haiti is being overlooked. We have a silent killer in our midst that no one is willing to talk about, mainly because it’s another way to enrich a few. I have been working in the biopharmaceutical industry for more than 10 years, and from my experience I have become to understand and appreciate why developed countries have so many regulations protecting their citizens against unregulated medicines. For example, on average, it can take more than a decade from the discovery of a new compound to the time it becomes a commercialized product that sick patients can take. The main reason for such long delay is usually tied up with safety study that are put in place to ensure that new drugs are safe and the side effects are well understood before it can be mar-

keted to people. In Haiti, we have an unregulated market, where everything from anyone is readily available to the public at large. In the 21st century, many people are still stuck in practicing non-scientific medicine, and often times at the detriment of those they love most. It is not my intention to demonize the practice of folk medicine that has been practiced in Haiti for years, but rather to point out some of the clear dangers that such practices along with the negligence by the Haitian scientific community present to the people. It is time that we address this silent killer in our society. Haitians have one of the lowest life expectancies in the western hemisphere—and not all of it should be blamed on the impoverished conditions of the people. We have a systemic negligence across the board, where people in position of authorities refuse to do their job and show very little concern for people’s lives. Scientifically speaking, almost everything that we ingest can be toxic, which means they can cause serious damage to our health. When people have to ingest pharmaceuticals that are not well labeled, or that the dosage is not known, it can be fatal. In Haiti, it is very common for people to buy medicines in bottles that are not clearly marked what they contain. For example, I have at my house a bottle of Madère, which was recently purchased in Haiti. The label simply says it’s Madère, and the company that produces, but I have no idea what the active ingredients are, what it should be used for and how, at what dosage, and no expiration date, let alone to find information on the inactive ingredients or where to call if I have any question.

This is a recipe for death. Those medicines are sold on the streets, by small vendors, who themselves have no idea what they are selling. Drugs that should be kept at cool temperature often can be found on the streets under the harsh sun, which has the potential to degrade the active ingredients and create complex mixture before it is even sold. Now, if you add the layer of drugs interaction, which is the mixing of different prescription or over-the-counter drugs, the potential for danger is even greater. For example, how common do you think it is for a sick person in Haiti to take a penicillin, an aspirin, and sometimes drink a little of tea from let’s say Annona muricata leaves or “fèy Korosol”, all at the same

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time without any knowledge if these things can be mixed; surprisingly, this is rather a very common occurrence in Haiti. Now, it does not matter how one dies, death is death, regardless of how you look at it. A country that is on the verge of redefining itself needs all the human capacity that it can get. We need to put a valuable premium on the life of every single individual. It is in our national best interest to seek ways to minimize death that could be prevented. Even our best pharmacies are not practicing sound quality management of how they dispense drugs to patients. There are no such things as quality control that see Medicine on page 23

Which Obama Will Emerge After the Storm? Barack Obama after the storm. Washington's political elite is talking about it. The Republican wave is only a matter of size and scope, barring an October surprise. And yet, while the storm clearly looms over the horizon, Obama's reaction remains a mystery. Will Obama triangulate à la Bill Clinton? Double down with liberals? Will he seek to retake the political center? Obama must win back independents to win reelection. The more interesting question is, therefore, how can Obama retake the electoral middle ground? Many analysts have framed the question around Clinton. And Clinton's past indeed provides one potential roadmap. Republicans won the House in 1994 for the first time in four decades. Democrats were both shocked and awed. ”The president is relevant here,” Clinton told reporters in early 1995. It was a president protesting too much. Yet Clinton soon proved relevant with the Oklahoma City bombing. And in time, he resurrected his presidency by returning to the perception that initially won him the presidency. Clinton returned home. Not to the place called Hope. He returned to the moderation of the New Democrat platform. He took up Republican causes and took on Democratic sacred cows. The president who pushed healthcare reform and gays in the military was gone. This Clinton was fighting for a balanced budget and welfare

reform. He was once more the centristreformist. Americans understood where Clinton was going because they knew where he had been. Presidents can go home again. But it will be a more difficult trip for Obama. Obama's home, his core character, remains vague. He was elected during Democrats most ascendant moment. The GOP era imploded. Obama needed only be ”change you can believe in.” Obama was the anti-Bush in so many respects: white to black, Republican to Democrat, south to north, folksy to urbane, ineloquent to professorial, Texas ranch to Chicago's Hyde Park. The old Ford F-150 was traded in for a shiny Prius. But Democrats have discovered that this remains an F-150 country (it's still the best selling automobile in America). And a Prius cannot suddenly become a pickup truck. Obama cannot remake himself by becoming someone else. Instead, he must be true to the image that won independents on Election Day. Locating that Obama is difficult. Obama's persona was kept deliberately ambiguous. We witnessed this strategy, most clumsily, when Obama said it was ”above my pay grade” to determine when a baby has human rights. Yet, writ large, Obama's disciplined obscurity worked. Constituencies projected their ideals onto him. They believed. It's been said that ”anger always comes

from frustrated expectations.” This is why the Rorschach politician has not only struggled as president, but faces a difficult struggle to revive his presidency. Political faith is a fragile port. It awaits the charismatic politician. People easily anchor their ideals onto him. But if the politician's anchor falters, he will quickly lose the people and soon find himself adrift, unable to connect as he once did. Obama is now a man without a port. He must re-anchor. He needs a new narrative that emerges from his first narrative. Great presidents push policy proposals that flow from the persona that won the office and principles worthy of that office. Obama was elected to ”turn the page” and begin a new chapter. He came to be seen as a liberal from earlier chapters. By 2010, Democrats were haunted by revived stereotypes (tax and spend liberal). By summer, a majority of independents told Gallup pollsters that Democrats were ”too liberal.” Obama's ambiguity has been filled in, and in a bad way. He can rebound. But he must build upon his image, rooted not in 2008 but 2004. The Obama of the Democratic convention: ”There's not a liberal America and a conservative America -there's the United States of America.” This is the Obama that Doug Schoen, a centrist pollster, believes can comeback. Schoen was part of a small circle of advisors who helped Clinton recover from 1994. ”I don't think Obama has a home to

return to, but he sure as hell must build himself a new home,” Schoen said. ”Clinton's attitude was, I'm way out of position. I've got to get back to where I was during the campaign. He basically said look, I've got to get back to the center,” Schoen continued. ”Obama's got to say, I've listened. I'm going to negotiate with these people. They've had their voice heard. I'm going to take as much of their agenda and create a bipartisan agenda.” It's the practical move. Congress will be more polarized next cycle. Obama will need Republicans to win legislation. It's the ideal time to bridge red and blue America. Partisanship can become his antagonist. But will this president choose issues that transcend partisan fault lines? If he did, will enough Republicans meet him half way? If the recent past is prologue, it's tempting to answer ”no” on both accounts. But what's the alternative? Obama goes for more liberal change. Washington only changes for the worst (it can get worse). Nothing gets done. Partisans further entrench. The middle is further disillusioned. And the once-idealistic candidate leaves America only more jaded for his presidency. That's one way to respond to a wave. Yet there's also the other way. It's the way America once saw Obama. And that Obama would have tried to rise with the wave, rather than let it take Washington under.


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The Haitian Times

October 13-19, 2010

CChheecckk UUss OOuut t! !

T h e New N e w HaitianTimes.com H a i t i a n T i m e s . co m The The Haitian Times website has more features and functions than ever before. •Daily local and international news updates •Online Forum •Comments on Articles •Advertising packages for small businesses

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The Haitian Times

October 13-19, 2010

Sean Penn Receives Donation Aid Still Not Reaching Earthquake Survivors From Bill Clinton No Less

Bill Clinton shakes hands with Sean Penn.

Sean Penn’s good deeds over at Haiti receives another nod of approval from former U.S. president Bill Clinton himself, in the form of a $500,000 donation to the actor’s J/P Haitian Relief Organization. According to the former president, the money will help provide healthcare, education, and job training to tens of thousands of people displaced by the January earthquake that hit Haiti. Penn was quoted as saying, “The support of President Clinton and the Clinton Foundation is an extraordinary boost in our organisation’s ability to continue its work

in Haiti…From the beginning the Clinton Foundation staff and leadership have generously shared expertise and essential logistical support.” The actor’s group runs a refugee camp in Port-au-Prince and is working to relocate its 55,000 residents. The organization also provides medical services, counseling, and educational seminars. Penn also praised his predominantly Haitian staff for earning Clinton’s faith and accomplishing “heroic and vital services.” The story was first published on worldcorrespondents.com.

Well-Known Christian Bands Launch Haiti Relief Tour In Albany ALBANY, GA (WALB) - Several wellknown Christian bands performed Saturday at Life Christian Center International. Headliners Building 429 kicked of their  30 Seconds to Change  tour to help victims of earthquake ravaged Haiti. Openers,  Abandon and Mike's Chair, stirred up the crowd as they jammed to inspirational songs. Before the concert, band members  played basketball for special needs kids in Albany. ”A lot of times there are meet-and-

greets where people walk in, sake your hand, and get autographs,” said Building 429 lead singer, Jason Roy. ”We just figured, we're all athletes and we love hanging out and having fun. This is an easy way for us to get to know people without the whole musician fan thing. This is just people hanging out.” Building 429 wants to eventually sponsor 4,000 children in Haiti. So far, they've helped 1,500. For more information on their mission, click here.  

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As the hurricane season approaches see what's inside the tents. That is what is Haiti, nine months after the devastating becoming more and more horrible in all its earthquake, two million are still living in dimensions: lack of hygiene, hunger, and primitive conditions in refugee camps, the the injured who have had limbs amputated Jesuit Refugee Service reports. or have even been operated on the skull Sonia Adames, Director of the Jesuit and the hips. With an impressive heat of Service for Refugees and Migrants in the 97 degrees Fahrenheit. In Haiti, there are Dominican Republic of Entreculturas, told only two seasons, summer and 'hell,' and a Spanish newspaper: ”only 15% of the now we're in 'hell,' with a humid heat that school-age populais really just hellish, “The media has not tion is receiving any with a sun that beats education and there down on a deforestexplained how more are still corpses still ed country.” under the rubble.” The owners of the people are dying slowly land ”A tragedy like where the tents that earthquake had were set up at the because of their living an impact around time the emergency the world. So many are now starting to conditions.” deaths in just an reclaim their propinstant attracts everyerty, and ”we need one's attention,” said Sonia Adames, ”but to move these people,” said Sonia. Haithe media has not explained how more tians are asking a question that remains people are dying slowly because of their unanswered: ”Where is the multi-billion living conditions.” dollar aid?” Sonia Adames said that the ”Nine months after the earthquake, the IDP camps have only received aid through time necessary before giving birth, there organizations and NGOs that were preshould have already been a movement of viously present in Haiti, both from the reconstruction. Life in the camps is dete- churches in general and civil society. “But riorating, the hurricane season has begun, such aid cannot cover the entire cost of the and the unsanitary conditions in all the tragedy,” she said. refugee camps, which 'house' up to 6,000 The story was first published by Indepeople, will increase...The media does not pendent Catholic News.


10 8

The Haitian Times

Paj Kreyòl Ayisyen

Dèyè Malad la malad sal! Pawòl Gen Pawòl Avèk Wozvèl Jan — Batis Emisyon Ranmase (Radyo Karayib) semenn sa a, samdi 9 oktòb 2010, pa t twò diferan ak emi­syon lòt semenn anvan yo: on seleksyon envite pami gran jakèt k ap brase (nan) politik peyi a, on ani­ma­tè ki pa ka pran desizyon si l vle jwe wòl gid deba, distribitè pawòl osnon si l vle nan kon­pe­ tisyon ak envite yo, anpil pawòl kafou­yay ki pa pèmèt pyès moun konprann ni aprann anyen, moun ki pa t envite, responsab emisyon an pèmèt yo fè dezòd debake nan emi­syon an osnon rele nan telefòn pou yo pale—men kòm se on gran mès politik, vle pa vle, nou toujou branche, depi si­yal entènèt la pa tonbe! Sa k di­feran, se jan mwen menm m reyaji konnye a lè m tande on seri de pawòl k ap pale nan emisyon an, pawòl ki fè m oblije di “Malad la malad sal!” Nan emisyon samdi a, m konte te gen pou pi piti 6 envite: 4 senatè: Youri Latòti, Jozèf Lanbè, Woudi Erivo ak Evalyè Boplan; yon depite: Sorèl Jasent; yon pwofesè: Chal Pwasè Women). M tande youn nan envite yo, Senatè Erivo, k ap di se Ayisyen ki denigre peyi yo plis, sitou

Ayisyen nan dyaspora a, Ayisyen k ap viv nan gwo metwopòl tankou Boston, kote madanm li ye nan mo­man l ap pale a, Ayisyen Monreyal, Nouyòk, Mayami, Chikago, Pari… Ayisyen sa yo pa janm rate on okazyon pou yo pale peyi a mal, pou yo di jan sa pa bon ladan l. M plis reyaji sou pawòl sa a paske nan lavèy, kidonk vandredi 8 oktòb, m te nan on chita pale ak kèk edikatè ayisyen, e se menm kalite pawòl la m te tande: Ayisyen k ap viv deyò se yo menm ki toujou ap pale on bann koze negatif sou peyi a. Moun ki pale jan de pawòl sa yo, se an jeneral moun ki gen on fonksyon yo ranpli nan peyi a, ki gen on reskonsablite nan kèlkeswa nivo a, e ki anpeche moun di yo pa regle anyen serye. Yo envante tout eskiz pou yo jistifye sa k fè yo pa renmèt anyen. Pi bèl eskiz la, se gade dèyè: se pa jodi a ba­gay yo konsa, depi 200 zan sa pa janm chanje. Patizan moun sa yo repete menm pawòl al tou, kit se te patizan pre k ap jwi pouvwa a nan tout sans, kit se te patizan lwen ki pa sanble yo gen anyen y ap defann—men moun sa yo gen pozisyon militan la­gòch yo ki fè yo kwè fòk yo de­fann tout pouvwa yo panse ki (ta dwe) panche a goch, menm si yo wè pouvwa a se yon pouvwa ti zanmi ki pa pote anyen pou mas pèp la. Menm moun ki pa sou pouvwa, ki gen rèv nan kè yo pou yo ta okipe on pozisyon nan peyi a on jou fè menm kalkil la—yo pa p di anyen ki twò

depa­se paske yo pa ta renmen pou lè yo pran pouvwa a, ap fè gagòt pa yo, pou moun vin kritike yo tou. Yo aprann leson yo: Baton k bat chen nwa a, se li k toujou bat chen blan an! Lè on politisyen vini ak pawòl ‘se pa pati pa l la ki reskonsab jan bagay yo ye nan moman l ap pale a pas­ke sa te toujou konsa depi 200 zan’, se on bèl taktik: pifò moun pa gen kapasite pou y al gade ki jan sa te ye anvan. Yon moun ki ta eseye di sou tèl tèl gouvènman sa pa t konsa, y ap tou­jou fè l konprann se selon enterè pa l l ap pale, paske se te gouvènman ki te an favè l. Men po­li­tisyen an, li menm, lè l t ap konbat gouvènman ki te la an­van an, li pa t sèvi ak koze ‘depi 200 zan’ an… Se pa on ti koze an jwèt. Se on pawòl ou konn kou­ri, ou pa konn kache. Si bagay yo konsa depi 200 zan, tout pati politik ki kandida pou l pran ba direksyon peyi a konnen egzakteman nan ki eta peyi a yo. Ki eskiz yo genyen pou yo pa devlope on pwogram serye on fason pou yo toujou pare lè okazyon an parèt pou yo pran pouvwa a ak on pwogram serye? Amwenske sa pa enterese yo pou yo fè anyen serye pou peyi a. E pou ki rezon on peyi oblije gen dirijan nan kondisyon sa a? Pou ki rezon kandida oblije fè kanpay, mande sitwayen pou y al vote pou yo? Pou ki rezon nou eli yo menm? Èske se pou bèl figi yo? Èske se pou n fè tèt nou plezi nou mete moun pa nou sou pouvwa—konmkwa pito

October 13-19, 2010

se nou pase se yo? Lè on politisyen deklare se pa gouvènman an (gouvènman l ap sipòte a) ki pou fè tout bagay, sa l vle di? Ki wòl gouvèn­man an? ­Èske se pa gouvènen, bay direksyon, defini règ jwèt la, on jan pou l pèmèt tout sektè nan peyi a mache nan sans enterè tout peyi a? Èske wòl gouvènman an se pa devlope on sistèm ki pou pèmèt on seri sektè kle fè pou peyi a sa Leta li menm li pa gen mwa­yen pou l fè? E opozisyon an? Li gen wòl li tou: pouse lide ki mache ak plan li t apral reyalize si se li k te sou pouvwa a. Si li mal ranpli wòl li, li enkonpetan menm jan ak gouvènman an. Se pa opozi­syon an sèlman ki gen privilèj kritike a… E sosyete sivil la li menm? M tande yo di souvan li pa fè travay li? Ki travay li? Kilès ki ba l manda? Sosyete sivil la pa nan klas politik la, li pa t al nan eleksyon… Si moun ki pran responsablite dirije peyi a gen on plan klè pou yo fè peyi a mache, yo ka defini wòl sosyete sivil la epi fòse l patisipe… Lè politisyen ki al nan eleksyon, ki gen pretansyon pou yo dirije on vil, on depatman, on peyi pa vle admèt se responsablite pa yo pou yo pote chay la, lè yo pa asepte pou moun di yo yo pa p fè travay yo, gen rezon pou nou di … malad la malad sal— paske li malad nan tèt! Kontakte Wozvèl Jan-Batis nan rorojb@netzero.com

New Data Details Loss of Jobs in NY over 15 Years ALBANY (AP) -- A think tank's new analysis details New York's loss of jobs over 15 years and finds the net loss stood at more than 148,000 jobs, the most of any state. In his plea deal, Hevesi, a Democrat, admitted that about $1 million from a pension-fund investor went to fund trips for him and his family and fund campaign contributions to him and others. Hevesi's arrest marks the culmination of a three-year investigation by the state Attorney General's Office into alleged corruption at the state Comptroller's Office under Hevesi. He faces up to four years in state prison after pleading guilty to a felony charge of

receiving reward for official misconduct. He also agreed to cooperate with the ongoing investigation. Sentencing is scheduled for Dec. 16. ”Alan Hevesi presided over a culture of corruption and violated his oath as a public servant,” Attorney General Andrew Cuomo, the Democratic candidate for governor, said in a statement. ”He was solely charged with protecting our pension fund, but he exploited it for his personal benefit instead. With his guilty plea, we can now focus on the process of restoring public trust in government.” Hevesi, 70, resigned in late 2006 in another scandal, in which he pleaded guilty to using state workers to chauffeur

New York Attorney General Joins Foreclosure Probe NEW YORK (AP) - New York Attorney General Andrew Cuomo asked several major lenders Tuesday for more information on the latest allegations of false statements accompanying foreclosure proceedings. Cuomo, who is also a Democratic gubernatorial candidate, is joining a slew of attorneys general nationwide, who have in the last two weeks launched investigations or called on the banks to halt foreclosures in their states. The banks' action follows growing evidence that mortgage lenders have been

using flawed court papers and ”robosigners,” or people who sign hundreds of documents without verifying the facts, to evict homeowners. Cuomo said he wants more information from Bank of America Corp., JPMorgan Chase & Co., Wells Fargo & Co. and GMAC Mortgage. BofA has already halted foreclosures in all 50 states, while JPMorgan Chase, GMAC and PNC Financial have stopped foreclosures in 23 states. Wells Fargo hasn't suspended any foreclosures so far.

his ill wife. Cuomo's investigation has found an expansive system of payoffs to people close to Hevesi in exchange for business in the state's pension fund, one of the largest public pension funds in the country. As part of the plea deal, Hevesi acknowledged receiving nearly $1 million in gifts in exchange for giving a $250 million investment in Markstone Capital Partners L.P. from the state's pension fund. The gifts came from Elliott Broidy, a principal in the company and a close friend and campaign fundraiser for Hevesi. Broidy pleaded guilty in December 2009 to a felony Alan Hevesi charge of rewarding official misconduct. In his statement to the court, Hevesi said, ”I knowingly accepted and agreed to accept benefits from Broidy for having improperly favored Markstone for New York State

Common Retirement Fund investments, in violation of my fiduciary and other duties as a state public official and the sole trustee of the New York State Common Retirement Fund.”


October 13-19, 2010

Laraque’s New Battle To Assist Haiti

The Haitian Times

11

Green Party Members Trying To Help Ex-NHLer Win Blades Members of the Green Party of Canada are getting ready to cast their votes this weekend in what could turn out to be a nail-biting election. ”I’ll be one of the voters,” says Marlene Wells, a member of the party’s federal council. ”I’ll be supporting Georges Laraque. He is such a nice man,” the Stellarton resident said. Laraque, a former NHL player known for his toughness is the Green Party’s deputy leader, will be looking for all the votes he can get when he competes in CBC’s hit series Battle of the Blades on Sunday. The show, in its second season, pairs eight female figure skaters with ex-NHL hockey players who compete to win a $100,000 prize for the charity of their choice. Every vote counts because each week one duo is eliminated. Laraque, who last played with the Montreal Canadiens, is paired with figure skater Anabelle Langlois, who just competed in the Vancouver 2010 Olympic Games. Born in Montreal to Haitian parents, Laraque has decided to donate the prize money to a hospital he is helping build in Haiti with Word Vision and the NHL Players’ Association if he wins. More information on the hospital project can be found at www.georgeslaraque.com. ”I didn’t want to do (Battle of the Blades) in the beginning,” Laraque said, noting that at six-foot-three and 275 pounds, he is not exactly the figure skating type. ”It is only when they told me that they would show footage of the hospital and the building and all that stuff that I swallowed my ego and I decided to do it,” he said from Toronto. Eliminated contestants get $25,000 toward their charity. ”It’s fun. It’s a new challenge. It gives me an opportunity to put Haiti back in the

Students to Arrive From Quake-Ravaged Haiti President Abdoulaye Wade had planned to send a plane to Haiti Oct. 10 and return on Wednesday with 160 Haitian university students whose studies were interrupted by the devastating earthquake there in January, a government official said Friday. Mr. Wade, left, originally offered free land in Senegal to Haitians left homeless by the disaster because, the spokesman said, he considered them sons and daughters of Africa since their ancestors, too, had been taken to the Caribbean as slaves. Both countries are also former French colonies. The talk of free land has stopped. At a speech last month at the United Nations, Mr. Wade invited the students and said he planned to begin bring Haitian families to Senegal next year. The story was first published by AP.

news,” he said. ”It gives me a chance to remind the people that (the country) is still going to need help in the next five to 10 years.” Laraque, who received 12 stitches to the side of his head last week when he was cut by Langlois’ skate blade during a practice, said publicity around the show is also good for the Green Party. On the show ”I talk about everything I represent,” Laraque said. ”Just like any other political party, it is all about publicity. Right, and it’s free coverage. . . . You are talking about — including the Internet — over three million (viewers) every week.” A section on the Green Party of Canada website is dedicated to Battle of Blades. Green Party members have received emails reminding them to Georges Laraque tune into the show and show their support for who is also the chief executive officer for Laraque. ”I don’t know if there’s an official the party’s Central Nova riding. ”I will be cheering him on. He is going movement within the party but we are certainly supporting our own. I will say that to be great.” Although he won’t be able to with my Green pals on Twitter, we’ll tweet watch the whole show because of his work that Georges is on next, and whatever, and load, law student Michael Dewar, says if you want to vote for Georges this is the he will definitely watch the highlights on number that kind of thing,” said Wells, YouTube and cast a text vote for Laraque.

”I was pretty excited that he is on it,” said Dewar, the Green party’s candidate for Halifax in the next election. ”It is a great opportunity to get exposure.” The story was first published in the chronicleherald.ca.

UN Projects for Haiti on Gender-Based Violence and Education Win Approval United Nations initiatives aimed at tackling gender-based violence in Haiti and improving the country’s educational system are among 18 new projects approved today to help the Caribbean nation recover from January’s devastating earthquake. The new projects, totalling $777 million, were approved today by the Interim Haiti Recovery Commission (IHRC), co-chaired by Prime Minister Jean-Max Bellerive and former United States president Bill Clinton, who is currently the UN Special Envoy for Haiti. Among them is a $10 million project from the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) to support the Haitian Government and civil society in addressing gender-based violence. Another UNICEF project, worth $25 million, will support a plan to assess the status of primary school facilities, improve available education infrastructure databases, and clear debris from damaged or destroyed schools. It also aims to construct 200 semi-permanent learning facilities, assist in developing standards for permanent primary school construction, and build 10 pilot primary schools. The IHRC, which was set up in April to coordinate and oversee the recovery and

A girl stands next to her tent after it fell down due to heavy rain at a camp for earthquake survivors.

reconstruction campaign, has approved a total of 49 projects to date. The 7.0-magnitude quake which struck Haiti on 12 January claimed more than

200,000 lives and left 1.3 million more people homeless. Countless buildings, including Government facilities, hospitals and schools, were also destroyed.


12

The Haitian Times

October 13-19, 2010

October 13-19, 2010

The Haitian Times

13

Charles Henri Baker To Reinstate Army if Elected

Election Projection

Brides Second Presidential 2010 Polls

According to Brides the election polls’s sample takes into account 10% of 11,967 of election zones. A total of 1,198 located in urban and rural areas in the same proportions so that the 144 municipalities in the country are represented. Electorate sample based on sex, age, and geographic zone Rép ar tition de l'echantillo n p ar s exe, ag e, su ivan t le s d ép ar tem en ts g éo g r ap hiq ue s. A ge du Répondant Département Ouest

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Moins de 20 ans 83 50.9% 80 49.1% 163 100.0% 3 37.5% 5 62.5% 8 100.0% 19 61.3% 12 38.7% 31 100.0% 10 76.9% 3 23.1% 13 100.0% 16 76.2% 5 23.8% 21 100.0% 35 44.9% 43 55.1% 78 100.0% 14 40.0% 21 60.0% 35 100.0% 17 54.8% 14 45.2% 31 100.0% 14 66.7% 7 33.3% 21 100.0% 8 57.1% 6 42.9% 14 100.0%

20-29 ans 436 47.6% 480 52.4% 916 100.0% 70 53.4% 61 46.6% 131 100.0% 84 54.2% 71 45.8% 155 100.0% 49 53.3% 43 46.7% 92 100.0% 50 79.4% 13 20.6% 63 100.0% 161 54.6% 134 45.4% 295 100.0% 73 55.7% 58 44.3% 131 100.0% 84 49.4% 86 50.6% 170 100.0% 40 42.6% 54 57.4% 94 100.0% 42 52.5% 38 47.5% 80 100.0%

30-49 ans 433 52.0% 399 48.0% 832 100.0% 41 47.7% 45 52.3% 86 100.0% 84 61.8% 52 38.2% 136 100.0% 55 55.6% 44 44.4% 99 100.0% 44 53.7% 38 46.3% 82 100.0% 138 46.2% 161 53.8% 299 100.0% 96 58.9% 67 41.1% 163 100.0% 132 54.1% 112 45.9% 244 100.0% 72 66.1% 37 33.9% 109 100.0% 60 70.6% 25 29.4% 85 100.0%

50 ans et plus 217 51.8% 202 48.2% 419 100.0% 17 54.8% 14 45.2% 31 100.0% 36 52.2% 33 47.8% 69 100.0% 21 43.8% 27 56.3% 48 100.0% 16 59.3% 11 40.7% 27 100.0% 54 59.3% 37 40.7% 91 100.0% 31 60.8% 20 39.2% 51 100.0% 68 66.0% 35 34.0% 103 100.0% 32 42.7% 43 57.3% 75 100.0% 17 54.8% 14 45.2% 31 100.0%

Feminin                    Deuxième  Sondage  du  BRIDES   sur  les  élections  de  2010_Résultats  pour  les  Présidentielles     Total

Non déclaré 59 36.9% 101 63.1% 160 100.0% 2 66.7% 1 33.3% 3 100.0% 16 47.1% 18 52.9% 34 100.0% 0 .0% 3 100.0% 3 100.0%

Total 1228 49.3% 1262 50.7% 2490 100.0% 133 51.4% 126 48.6% 259 100.0% 239 56.2% 186 43.8% 425 100.0% 135 52.9% 120 47.1% 255 100.0% 126 65.3% 67 34.7% 193 100.0% 4 392 33.3% 50.6% 8 383 66.7% 49.4% 12 775 100.0% 100.0% 4 218 50.0% 56.2% 4 170 50.0% 43.8% 8 388 100.0% 100.0% 5 306 41.7% 54.6% 7 254 58.3% 45.4% 12 560 100.0% 100.0% 12 170 54.5% 53.0% 10 151 45.5% 47.0% 22 321 100.0% 100.0% 1 128 50.0% 60.4% 1 84 ENSEMBLE DU PAYS 50.0% 39.6% Répartition de s éventuels e le cte urs (m é nages ) qui ont l'INTENTION DE 2 212 PARTICIPER AUX ELECTIONS s uivant le candidat à la Pr és ide nce pour le que l 100.0% 100.0%

Page 18  

WHOLE COUNTRY Sample of the potential electors (households) who shows interest into the elections and based on the candidate for whom they will vote for next November 28.

s eraie nt prê ts à voter le 28 nove m bre prochain. BRIDES, 5 se ptem bre 2010.

Mirlande MANIGA T (RDNP) Charles H. BA KER (RESPE) Mic hel MA RTELLY (Repons peyiz an) Jacques E. A LEXIS (MPH) Chav annes JEUNE (A CCRHA ) Jude CELESTIN (INITE) A uc un Non déclaré Y von NEPTUNE (Ay is yen pou A yiti) Wils on JEUDY (Fòs 2010) Y ves CHRISTA LLIN (LA V NI) J. Henry CEA NT (Renmen A yiti) Jean H. A NA CA SIS (MODEJHA ) Garaudy LAGUERRE (WOZO) Leslie V OLTA IRE (Platef orme A nsanm Nou Fò) Génard JOSEPH (G. Solidarité) Josette BIJOU (Indépendant) A xan D. ABELLA RD (KNDA) Eric Smarcki CHA RLES (PRNH) Léon J. JEUNE (KLE) Necker BLOT (Platf òm 16 Dec ) Total System Total    

Frequenc y 936 700 693 328 317 315 178 98 84 60 57 53 49 45 43 31 18 14 13 10 4 4046 314 4360

Baker meets with the media in Haiti.

Baker

BAKER BIOGRAPHY

continued from cover

There are others who see the army as more a nuisance than a nest for Haiti. “The Haitian army has and will continue to be for the foreseeable future a figment of Haitians’ imagination,” said Jocelyn MCalla, a policy analyst and a supporter of Leslie Voltaire, another presidential candidate. “For the better part of the last 206 years, Haiti has never had anything more than a police force. Those who claim otherwise are misled or misleading the people of Haiti into a false sense of pride and security. There is no future for a Haitian army.” Security remains a primary platform for ils

V alid Percent 23.1 17.3 17.1 8.1 7.8 7.8 4.4 2.4 2.1 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.1 .8 .4 .3 .3 .2 .1 100.0

* Published by BRIDES

Baker in the municipal square of Croix des Bouquets on 10-17-05

“Haiti is not for sale under any means. We are looking for real, concrete, non-exploitative relationships with our international donors.” Baker, he told the Brooklyn audience. He also said that Haiti has suffered from a lack of agricultural production that has rendered the country economically impotent. “Security is our biggest need. We’ve lost thousands of jobs and many lives from the insecurity. When we address the problem of security, we will begin to grow again. We will help the Haitian peasant immediately and provide them with the means to produce more food. We will open agricultural credit banks to increase production and efficiency. Through agriculture, we can create jobs throughout the country, and bring down the cost of living since much of our food is currently imported.” Baker said that he is best positioned to

lead a post-earthquake nation because, saying that his background in agriculture and industry he understands the public and private sectors intimately and will work with international community in a transparent basis. “Haiti is not for sale under any means. We are looking for real, concrete, nonexploitative relationships with our international donors,” he said in a press release.

“The time for corrupt business and political activities within the country too must end for a new beginning. It is my desire that the reconstruction period of Haiti be not as brief as the one experienced by the African Americans in America. Haiti, despite its destruction by natural and manmade forces, has the capability and strength to become once again “the Pearl of the Antilles.”

Charles Henri Baker, born in Bourdon, Port-au-Prince, Haiti, 50 years ago, is running today for the office of President of the Republic of Haiti. He has been married since 1975, he is the father of four children and is also a grandfather. He holds a degree in Business Administration from St. Leo College in Florida , and is an avid soccer player, who was once center back of the Bolide Club of Port-au-Prince. He was also a first dan, black belt karate instructor. At 21, Baker was the manager of a 41-hectare farm, the Habitation Dujour in Croix des Bouquets, where sugar cane, banana and tobacco are grown. Under his visionary leadership, it quickly expands to 80 hectares, and becomes the largest Flue cured tobacco farm in the country. His designation as Assistant Leaf Growing Manager at the “Comme Il Faut” company gives him the opportunity to travel throughout the country, to see it up close (option: to really get to know it) and to fall in love with it. In late 1988, he ventured into the assembly industry, and worked with a number of large corporations, created some 350 jobs in Haiti. In 2001, he was elected Vice Chair of the Association of Industries of Haiti (ADIH). Very early, he develops an interest in politics, declares his opposition to the dictatorship, gets involved with political parties and emerges as a leader of the Civil Society movement during the historical GNB mobilization. He also openly voices his disappointment with the transitional government. For more information on Baker, please visit www.haitiantimes.com to view his entire address in Brooklyn on Friday October 8, 2010.


14

The Haitian Times

October 13-19, 2010

The

Prescription By Dr. Gerald W. Deas

Face Book, Face Look— Let’s Face It It is interesting how a simple concept like Facebook, created by Mark Zuckerberg, became a national media frenzy on the Internet. The new movie, The Social Network, has become one of the most popular films of the year. What seems most attractive to the human mind may also have a negative impact. Just consider how it is when you look at someone’s face, either in the present or from a photo of the past, it can produce feelings of affection or stir up negative thoughts. When we look at ourselves in a mirror, we examine and interpret what we see. We may strike a pose that we believe will be more pleasant to others. On the other hand, a person looking at you for the first time might see something completely different, and perhaps want to avoid you as a friend. Have you noticed how some folks want to hug you even on a first meeting or shy away from you, possibly due to your face? I am sure that there will be a great need for psychologists and psychiatrists to treat many of those who have viewed Face Book as part of their media diets. Consider the following comments from many wellknown persons concerning the face: A beautiful face is a silent commendation —Francis Bacon We judge men’s abilities less from what they say or do, then what they look. Tis the man’s face that gives him weight. His doings help, but not more than his brow —Charles Buston He had a face like a benediction —Maguel DeCervantes Saavedra If we could but read it, every human

Henry David Thoreau

being carries his life in his face and is good-looking, or the reverse, as that life has been good or evil. On our features the fine chisels of thought and emotion are eternally at work —Alexander Smith Truth makes the face of that person shine who speaks and owns it —Robert South A cheerful, easy, open countenance will make fools think you a good-natured man, and make designing men think you an undesigning one —Phillip Dormer Stanhope Look in the face of the person to whom you are speaking if you wish to know his real sentiments, for he can command his words more easily than his countenance —Phillip Dormer Stanhope We are all sculptors and painters, and our material is our own flesh and blood and bones. Any nobleness begins, at once, to refine a man’s features; any meanness or sensuality to imbrute them —Henry David Thoreau Trust not too much to an enchanting face —Virgil He had the sort of face that, once seen is never remembered —Oscar Wilde A graceful presence bespeaks acceptance —John Collier You are only what you are when no one is looking —Robert Chambers (Bob) Edwards Beware, so long as you live, of judging men by their outward appearance —Jean de La Fontaine I recommend that you read a wonderful book by Naomi R. Tickle titled, You Can Read A Face Like a Book: How Reading Faces Helps You Succeed in Business and Relationships. The author relates how the study of the face is about 2,700 years old. It has intrigued and puzzled scientists for years. The Chinese were the first to use face readings to diagnose medical conditions. The structure of the face was used to determine personality and also to predict the time in a person’s life when he would reach his greatest potential. In her book, Ms. Tickle observes that full lips denote the ability to love talking and a generous nature. A square chin reveals a person is good at debating. This science is known as physiognomy (pronounced fisee ah nuh me). For more health tips and access to an online community of physicians and other healthcare professionals visit: DrDeas.com

Discovery of Protein Structure May Help Fight Cancer, HIV

Scientists have discovered the structure that transmit outside signals to the inside of a receptor protein known to play roles of cells. Many drugs already target this in cancer growth and HIV infection. The group of proteins because they control finding paves the way for understanding fundamental processes such as cell growth how the receptor, nicknamed CXCR4, and hormone production. works, and finding a way to control its Researchers have long known CXCR4 activity, the researchers said. activates the immune system and spurs ”No one knew what the structure of the cell movement. It can enable cancer cells receptor looked like,” to grow and spread, which is a key step in when other cell sigfinding a way to stop nals aren't workits action, said study “By knowing what the ing properly, and researcher Raymond C. it helps HIV infect CXCR4 receptor looks white blood cells Stevens of the Scripps Research Institute in by allowing the like, one can block its California. virus to bind and Stevens and other enter into cells. binding site.” scientists spent three The imaging years using an imaging technique revealed technique called X-ray that the protein is crystallography, and shaped like two found CXCR4's molecules form pairs. The wine glasses that touch in a toast, and has pairs are what allow the receptor to receive inhibitors for signaling at its sides, Stevens signals from outside the cell. said. ”By knowing what the CXCR4 receptor Now, drug researchers need to find a looks like, one can block its binding site,” way to manipulate CXCR4 in order to Stevens told MyHealthNewsDaily. This hamper its ability to spur cancer growth would be similar to filling a keyhole with and HIV infection, Stevens said. glue to disable a lock, he said. The findings were published online Oct. CXCR4 is part of a family of proteins 7th in the journal Science.


October 13-19, 2010

HEALTH

The Haitian Times

15

No Heart Benefit Seen From Folic Acid Supplements MONDAY, Oct. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Despite reducing levels of a protein associated with heart disease, supplements containing the B vitamin folic acid don't reduce the risk for cardiovascular disease, death or cancer, according to a new largescale analysis of studies on the issue. Folic acid helps prevent devastating neural tube birth defects such as spina bifida. Since it also lowers blood levels of the protein homocysteine, which is linked with heart and blood vessel disease and other ills, some scientists hoped that the powerful vitamin might lower the risk of heart disease, stroke or cancer. The current meta-analysis suggests that even taken at high doses, folic acid supplements don't have that effect. The report is published in the Oct. 11 issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine. ”Vitamins are necessary to prevent diseases of deficiency like scurvy and rickets, but more is not necessarily better and may be harmful,” said Dr. Jeffrey A. Tice, assistant professor of medicine in residence at the University of California, San Francisco and author of an accompanying journal editorial. To examine folic acid supplements' possible role in preventing cancer, heart disease or stroke, a team led by Robert Clarke, from the University of Oxford in England, collected data on 37,485 people who took part in eight trials comparing the value of folic acid supplements against placebo. These trials represented all the large randomized studies available that

were designed to lower plasma homocysteine levels for the prevention of cardiovascular disease. Over five years, there were 9,326 major coronary events, including strokes and new heart procedures. In addition, 3,010 patients developed cancer and 5,125 people died, according to the report. Even though those taking folic acid saw a 25 percent reduction in homocysteine levels, they were just as likely to have a heart attack or stroke as those receiving a placebo. In fact, 24.9 percent of these adverse events were among those taking folic acid and 24.8 percent were among those receiving placebo, the researchers found. There was also no significant difference between the groups in the likelihood of developing cancer (8.7 percent versus 8.2 percent) or dying (13.8 percent versus 13.6 percent), Clarke's group noted. The researchers acknowledged that some benefit in taking folic acid might emerge after five years -- the length of the study period -- but said that was unlikely because most heart-protective benefits from medications tend to emerge within a few years of treatment. However, the researchers found no harmful effects from taking folic acid in multivitamin supplements or in folatefortified foods. (Because getting enough folic acid before and during pregnancy prevents most neural tube birth defects, many cereals and other foods are fortified with folic acid.)

”One-third of adults in the United States and one-quarter of those in the United Kingdom report taking daily multivitamin supplements containing folic acid,” the authors write. ”Although the lack of any other benefits [other than preventing neural tube defects] is disappointing (albeit fairly definitive), the lack of any significant adverse effects on vascular events, cancer incidence, cancer mortality and overall mortality provides reassurance about the safety of population-wide folic acid fortification,” they added. But, Tice cautioned, high-dose folic acid therapy does not reduce the risk for strokes, heart attacks or cancer.

He also suggested that consumers be cautious about high-dose supplements. ”High doses of other vitamins with a strong scientific rationale for long-term health benefits, such as the antioxidants vitamin E and beta carotene, are now known to be harmful,” Tice said. ”Be wary of the current enthusiasm for vitamin D and omega-3 fatty acids until large randomized studies are completed,” he added. ”The best way to optimize your health is to exercise regularly, eat a nutritious diet, avoid smoking and maintain a healthy weight.”

Could Excess Computer, TV Time Harm Kids Psychologically? (HealthDay News) -- Pre-teens who spent more than two hours a day in front of the TV or computer were at greater risk of having psychological problems than youngsters averaging less screen time, even if the kids also tended to be physically active, new research finds. The study, published online Oct. 11 and in the November print issue of Pediatrics, found that the risk of psychological difficulties increased by about 60 percent when kids between 10 and 11 years old spent more than two hours daily watching TV or

playing on the computer. ”Children who spent more than two hours per day watching television or using a computer were at increased risk of high levels of psychological difficulties,” regardless of how physically active they were, study lead author Angie Page, from the Centre for Exercise, Nutrition and Health Sciences at the University of Bristol in England, and colleagues found. Still, the experts stressed that the study can't discern whether media exposure causes psychological woes in kids, or

whether troubled children simply prefer spending time in front of computers or the TV. Previous studies have linked excessive TV viewing with childhood obesity, and both TV and computer use have been associated with psychological problems and an increase in sedentary time, according to background information in the study. Page said the researchers decided to undertake this study because while it's known that physical activity is good for both physical and mental health in chil-

Students Learning Abroad Increase Drinking SEATTLE – Students who go abroad while in college are likely to increase or even double their alcohol intake while they're away, a new study has found. Drinking increased most dramatically in Europe, Australia and New Zealand, the study by researchers at the University of Washington found. Students reported drinking more when they perceived their fellow travelers were drinking more heavily, and those who planned to make drinking part of their cultural immersion did so. The study published in the current issue of Psychology of Addictive Behaviors looked only at drinking habits of students who went abroad from the University of

Washington, but UW graduate student Eric Pedersen said he would expect to get similar results at other universities. ”I don't think this is just a UW problem,” said the psychology student, who noted, however, that his study sample included more women than the national average for studying abroad and the students he looked at were more diverse ethnically than the national average. His research did not pinpoint why students drink more while they study abroad, but the results don't necessarily indicate binge drinking. Pedersen says a drink or see DRINKING on page 23

dren, it wasn't clear if high physical activity levels could compensate for the adverse effects associated with high TV and computer use. The study included more than 1,000 children between the ages of 10 and 11. The youngsters were recruited from 23 schools in Bristol, and all of the children self-reported their TV and computer use. The researchers had all of the children complete a Strengths and Difficulties see COMPUTER on page 23


16

The Haitian Times

New York Manhattan

October 13-19, 2010

COMMUNITYCALENDAR

-Helen B. Atkinson Health Center will be having mammogram check every First Monday of each month from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. In front of CHN's Helen B. Atkinson Health Center, 81 W. 115th Street, New York. These Mammograms will only be for women ages 40 and older, with or without insurance who are New York City residents. Mobile mammogram unit provided by American Italian Cancer Foundation. To Make An Appointment: Call (212) 426-0088

& 11th Avenue in Manhattan) Haitian music, dance and art will fill all three floors of the stunning arts complex. Central Harlem Health Revival (CHHR), Patricia Butts, Co-Chair, CHHR and First Lady, The Abyssinian Baptist Church, Dr. Olajide Williams, Harlem Hospital, Council Member Inez E. Dickens, DJ Envy, the Cold Crush Brothers and invited guests: Congressman Charles B. Rangel, Assemblyman Keith L.T. Wright and Senator Bill Perkins. WHAT: Health Walk – It’s A Health Thing! & 5th Anniversary Health Festival DATE: Sunday, September

-The Men's Health Clinic at Helen B. Atkinson Health Center will offer Primary health care services for men in a male-centered environment every first and fourth Saturday of every month from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m at the CHN's Helen B. Atkinson Health Center, 81 W. 115th Street, New York. To Make An Appointment: Call (212) 426-0088 A free festival of Haitian music, dance and art will take place on Saturday, October 16, 2010, 12 p.m.—6 p.m. Affirmation Arts and Haiti Cultural Exchange invite the community to experience and celebrate the rich cultural heritage of Haiti at Selebrasyon!, a free, all-day festival that will bring the sights and sounds of Haiti to Manhattan’s west side. An event for all ages, Selebrasyon! revolves around Saving Grace: A Celebration of Haitian Art, an exhibition that consists of more than 50 artworks including sculpture, paintings, and works on paper. Most of the artwork has never been seen outside of Haiti, and two pieces were recovered and restored from the January 12, 2010 earthquake. The program is as followed: Haitian Jazz Bands Markus Schwartz and Lakou Brooklyn, as well as Buyu Ambroise & The Blues in Red Band, featuring soulful jazz singer Melanie Charles. Artist Workshops for children of all ages conducted by Haitian artists Klode Garoute, Cybil Charlier, Shakespeare Guirand and others. Storytelling by Jennifer Celestin of classic Haitian tales. Haitian Dancers performing lively works to traditional Haitian music. Film Screening of “Maestro Issa,” a 52-minute documentary tracing the evolution of Haitian music in the 1930's and 1940's through the career of a Haitian musician of Lebanese origin. Gallery Tours by Saving Grace: A Celebration of Haitian Art curator Gérald Alexis and Affirmation Arts director Marla Goldwasser. Events will take place at Affirmation Arts, 523 West 37th Street, New York, NY 10018 (Between 10th Avenue

26, 2010 ● 1:00p.m. for a press Conference at 2:45p.m. at 148th Street and Bradhurst Avenue. A Festiva lwill directly follow the 5th Anniversary Health Festival. Celebration of Haitian Art is on display at Affirmation Arts from October 1—November 24, 2010.

Queens

The Queens Museum of Art, at New York City Building, located at Flushing Meadows Corona Park Queens, invite people to its celebratory 5th Anniversary Cocktail Reception on October 7th at 6pm. The museum provides convenient access, either on site or nearby, to everything visitors from the publishing and editorial industry might want or need, from restaurants, hotel rooms and entertainment, to a quick trip to the Flushing Meadow Park. For more information about V Book Fair Expo New York 2010 please contact:  (917) 2383155 Waldo Guevara at 516.884.2037.

BROOKLYN

The United Community Centers, a Brooklyn, New York non-profit, needs your help in spreading the word to garner the public’s vote to become one of five organizations to receive $20,000 in project sponsorship through the Tom’s of Maine’s “50 States for Good” initiative. Focused on grassroots projects that bring positive, lasting change to communities, the “50 States for Good” program also asks organizations to share what their volunteer needs are to help get important projects started or to broaden their reach. If named a winner, United Community Centers will use the funds to expand their healthy living project by implementing a new curriculum that will train the twenty-four youth in their paid internship program to cook nutritious meals using fresh, local produce. Following the training, the young people will take the lead in organizing six Community Meals. for information contact Susan Dewhirst at sdewhirst@ tomsofmaine.com or call (207) 467-2406. Miami Florida Charles Buford, a disabled veteran and his organization Make a Wish Veterans are leading a global humanitarian effort on Tuesday, September 28th 2pm sharp Mr. Charles Buford This year, Charles Buford will be hosting Christmas for Haiti. Mr. Buford and his organization are gathering sleeping bags, toys for the children, tents and many other needed supplies. Two airplanes have been donated by Florida Air Transport and an airdrop will take place on Christmas Eve with receiving agents already in place. For contact information visit www.christmasforhaiti.org

to The Haitian Times For more information visit

www.haitiantimes.com


October 13-19, 2010

BUSINESS

The Haitian Times

17

Not Many Early Bonuses for Wall St Banks NEW YORK (Reuters) – Large Wall January 1, tax cuts enacted by President Street banks are unlikely to accelerate George W Bush will expire. The most bonus payouts, even if doling out bonuses notable change for high-earners will be in December would cut the tax bills of a decrease in the top marginal tax rate to employees, compensation experts said. 39.6 percent from 35 percent now. Paying out bonuses early would likely Paying an employee in December instead be a public relations disaster for a sector of January could allow the bank to spend already blamed for the economic down- a few percentage points less in compensaturn, they said. tion, with employees still taking home Morgan Stanley said the same amount as they on Monday it was not would had they received considering moving up their pay a few weeks Many industry bonus payouts, becomlater. Or banks could observers expect a share some of their saving one of the first large Wall Street firms to disings with employees. wave of Wall Street miss the possibility. But banks are not Only 36 percent of ”reputationally out of layoffs in the coming the woods yet to the U.S. financial services employees expect to be point where they can months. paid even part of their be gaming the system,” 2010 bonus before the said Cornelius Hurley, end of the year, accorda professor and director ing to data released on Monday by finan- of Boston University's Morin Center for cial job board eFinancialCareers.com. Banking and Financial Law. But many analysts and commentators Many industry observers expect a have speculated Wall Street firms might wave of Wall Street layoffs in the coming look to pay out early bonuses. months. ”It's a buzz. There's clearly a fear of ”It's very hard to justify laying off taxes changing,” said Anton Schutz, presi- workforce at the same time as accelerating dent of Mendon Capital Advisors. bonuses. It's a public relations disaster,” Banks have typically paid a large piece said Steven Eckhaus, a compensation lawof compensation in the form of a year-end yer with Katten Muchin Rosenman LLP. bonus, which is usually paid in January. Boutique banks, private equity firms This January is unusual, though. On and other relatively small, privately-held

companies have the most flexibility to give their employees an early payday, but only 8 percent of employees at big banks expect early payouts, said Constance Melrose, managing director of eFinancialCareers North America. Bank bonuses, which run to millions of dollars for top staff, became a hot-button issue when the government bailed out banks at the height of the financial crisis. The U.S. government is still closely

scrutinizing the banking industry and enacted in July the sweeping Dodd-Frank financial reform law to regulate many industry practices. Citigroup Inc and Goldman Sachs Group Inc declined to comment on their schedules for paying 2010 bonuses. Representatives for JPMorgan Chase and Co, Wells Fargo & Co and Bank of America Corp were not immediately available for comment.

Foreclosure American Airlines Recalling 800 Employees Halt Could Hit Investors WASHINGTON (Reuters) – A U.S.wide foreclosure moratorium could penalize investors and make new home loans more expensive and harder to obtain, an investor group and industry experts warned on Monday. Temporary pauses in foreclosures have expanded among major lenders as the courts, lawmakers and state attorneys general investigate whether banks supplied shoddy paperwork to support evictions of delinquent borrowers. While homeowners may cheer efforts to get tough with banks, an increasing number of analysts warn that that a blanket ban on foreclosures could further hobble the economy. A major securities lobbying group said on Monday that a U.S.-wide foreclosure moratorium would be ”catastrophic.” The Securities Industry and Financial Markets Association said foreclosure processing mistakes should be fixed but said dramatic nationwide action could unjustly impose losses on investors in the housing market. ”It is imperative, however, that care be taken in addressing these issues to ensure that no unnecessary damage is done to an already weak housing market and, in turn, that there is no further negative impact on see FORCLOSURE on page 23

Dallas – American Airlines is recalling about 800 furloughed employees, about 1 percent of its work force, as it adds flights on international routes. CEO Gerard Arpey announced the jobs as American launched a new trans-Atlantic business with British Airways and Spanish airline Iberia. American is working on a similar alliance with Japan Airlines across the Pacific. ”This is exactly the kind of growth we're looking for, and my hope is that trends like this will continue,” Arpey said at a news conference in London. Arpey said that a recent rebound in business traffic and growing signs that the United States would avoid a double-dip recession were encouraging to the airline

industry, ”but I would have to describe the recovery as fragile.” American will recall 250 pilots starting in November and 545 flight attendants starting this month. The airline last recalled pilots in 2009 and flight attendants in 2008. The moves will reduce the number of furloughed pilots at American to about 1,730 and out-of-work flight attendants to 805, the company said. American has 73,000 employees, including 7,800 pilots and 14,755 flight attendants, according to a spokesman. American Airlines President Thomas Horton said the recalls were partly the result of increased international flying, especially out of New York's Kennedy

Airport. Traffic on American Airlines rose 5.6 percent last month compared with September 2009. The biggest increases were on international routes. The news on jobs came as American, BA and Iberia announced four new routes as part of their joint business venture. They said trans-Atlantic flying would bring in $7 billion to $8 billion in annual revenue between the three. The airlines received approval from U.S. and European regulators to work together on setting prices and schedules, which otherwise would violate antitrust laws. The airlines said they will finally be able to compete fairly with other airlines including Delta, Air France-KLM, United and Lufthansa, which already enjoy immunity from antitrust laws on international service. British Airways combined with Iberia this year to create Europe's third-largest airline. While Wednesday's service alliance lets BA and American create a virtual merger of their trans-Atlantic service, an actual combination would be barred by U.S. law, which strictly limits foreign ownership of U.S. airlines. American, BA and Iberia have placed code-shares on more than 2,600 additional flights, meaning travelers will be able to buy tickets for all three airlines on any of the carriers' websites. The airlines say this will give passengers the ability to shop for cheaper fares and more flights. Shares of American parent AMR Corp. rose 10 cents to close at $6.21 Wednesday.


18 8

The Haitian Times

October 13-19, 2010

Compiled by Ralph Delly

Tabou Combo to Celebrate 40 Years in Zenith, Paris

Welcome Professor Wyclef Jean

Wyclef Jean has been appointed Assistant Professor at Brown University in the department of ”Africana Studies” officials said. The star of hip-hop was expected Oct. 11 at the University campus. This department includes African studies and Afro-Caribbean Diaspora. ”I consider the time I'm going to be at Brown as a period of learning and thinking. I hope to make a real contribution to the rich intellectual community of the University and its initiative to Haiti in particular, ”said Wyclef Jean. The rapper's activities at the university will be related to his charity work in Haiti and will take the form of lectures, discussions with students.  

Mikaben and Wife Kathy Welcome Their First Child Mikaben and his wife Kathy have welcomed their first son into the world last week. Their son, Gabriel Benjamin weighed 6 pounds, 13 ounces, and is 20 inches long. Both the mother and Gabriel are doing fine. This is the first child for Mikaben, and the singer plans to spend some time at home with his wife and son before touring for the rest of the year.

Philip Dodard Exposed at the International Triennial of the Caribbean Three paintings by artist Philip Dodard are exposed at the International Triennial of the Caribbean, held in Santo Doming. The three masterpieces, ”The memory in motion”, ”Abyss of schoolchildren” and ”The Rising soul” were created following the earthquake of January 12 and inspired by the tragedy that struck the country. The emblematic work, ”The Rising Soul” describes body dumped in a vacuum. The painting reflects the drama of January 12, all the suffering and pain of the victims in this work. The artist creates the light from a white gold, gray and black, both colors of the table refer to the idea of night darkness of space.  

CARIMI Nominated for the “Trophées des Arts AfroCaribbéens”

Centre for Study and International Cooperation Pays Homage to Luc Mervil

At its 52th Annual General Meeting under the theme ”The humanitarian emergency in another way: the example of Haiti,” the Center for Study and International Cooperation has thanked his former president and sponsor, Luck Mervil, for his years of engagement with the CECI. Mervil had spent six years traveling the world to meet women, men and children from Asia, Americas, Africa and of course Haiti where he tirelessly works to improve their living conditions. It has been six years of shared values of solidarity and fairness between Luck and the center which is a school of international cooperation.

TOP 10 SONGS

1. Kreyol La - vagabon 4 life 2. Gary D Perez - Fidel 3. WOW - Doudou Bang 4. P Andrey & Jim Rama - Désizyon 5. Belo - Lakou Trankil 6. Francis MAÏV - Vivre avec toi 7. Jhon Clark - Ki lè N'ap Fè l' 8. Mayer Morissette - Feeling yo 9. Jean Philippe Martély - Bel Kreati 10. Barikad Crew - Banm afèm To send in your request, log on to haitinetradio.com

Compas lovers at Tabou Combo’s 40th anniversary celebration on November 6 will be celebrating a very special time in the history of the band at the Zenith, in Paris. Tabou will celebrate with other artists and bands six years before releasing a new album. The band left behind a tradition of discipline and more than that, a legacy of great achievements by all of the 40 years band members who performed across the world with them. Promotion for this anniversary is already on the way; the event is expected to be sold out at the end of this month.

Courtesy of Haitinetradio.com

The Fifth Annual Arts and Afro-Caribbean to be held November 8 at the gatehouse Awards will pay homage to Aimé Césaire. This year Haitian band CARIMI has been selected to receive the prestigious award for best group at the ceremony which will take place at the Chatelet Theater in Paris. Hundreds of personalities related to entertainment, politics will walk the red carpet for the Arts and Afro-Caribbean Awards, which celebrated literature, music, and movies. Les Trophées des Arts Afro-Caribbean award recognizes a touring professional artist or group who has had a significant and lasting impact on the concert industry in a year. If won, the award will give the band the incentive to continue to advance the success of Caribbean music.

Display of Photos of Devastated Haiti Marks Upcoming Park City Fundraiser

Park City this week will participate in the continuing rebuilding of Haiti and will have an opportunity to study a set of photos from the earthquake-stricken nation. A not-forprofit organization that provides architectural services to communities and people in need as well as other nonprofits had scheduled a fundraiser in Park City at the Alpine Coffee House located inside the Kimball Art Center. The Salt Lake City-based not-forprofit, known as COMMON studio and founded in 2009, is made of architects or intern architects who want to design a school and an orphanage in Haiti. The money raised at the Park City event will help finance the design work. One of the organization staff took the approximately 20 photos of quake damaged Haiti that will be on display during the event. The group wants the facilities to be built in Croix des Bouquets.    

Prince of Wales’ Foundation for the Built Environment Will Restore Part of Haiti’s Historic Capital

Everyone from Ben Stiller to Bill Clinton has promised to help, but now Haiti’s homeless have a new would-be savior. Nine months after Port-au-Prince and its residents were


ART&CULTURE

October 13-19, 2010

The Haitian Times

19

Rebuilding Haiti, One Sale At A Time A new line of handcrafted products made by Haitian artists is the newest addition to the department store Macy's. As Haiti continues its struggle to rebuild from the earthquake, this new collection of home decor is part of an effort to help re-establish Haiti's once-thriving market in art and crafts. As part of Macy's rollout of the ”Heart of Haiti” collection in Miami, a troupe of Haitian dancers swooped and twirled to music provided by singers and drums — not the usual sight in the housewares department. Back To Work, Ready For The Holidays The Heart of Haiti collection is the result of a collaboration that, along with Macy's, involves groups that work with Haitian artists and the William J. Clinton Foundation. The products were designed, crafted and delivered over the course of just three months — lightning fast in the world of retailing. With the holidays approaching, timing is everything, says Melissa Goff, Macy's vice president of media relations in the Southeast region. ”Right now is the best time for a product to sell at retail,” she says, ”because we're going into a heavy gifting period. These are great gifts.” Artist Pascale Faublas helped design and paint papier-mache trays, masks and other items in the collection. She also co-founded an association of artisans in Jacmel, a city on Haiti's southern coast that was hit hard by the earthquake. ”We are working on rebuilding ourselves first. This action for example here today with Macy's is one step in that sense — to get the artisans back to work,” Faublas says. Unusual Retailing At the end of June, Macy's put in an order for 20,000 products. The company says it hopes to break even or make a small profit from selling the items on its website and at 25 stores across the country.

Macy's did something else unusual in retailing: It paid cash upfront for the collection, which quickly put money into the hands of the artists. The retailer was helped by two nonprofit organizations, Fair Winds Trading and the BRANDAID Project, which has long worked with Haitian artists. Fair Winds Trading and Macy's already had success with another project. Over the past five years, with help from the nonprofit, Macy's has sold 85,000 baskets handmade by thousands of women in Rwanda. When the groups approached artists in Haiti, things quickly fell into place. ”Haiti is such a deeply creative, wildly creative place,” says Willa Shalit, founder and CEO of Fair Winds Trading. Imagination, Experience And Savoir Faire The Clinton Bush Haiti Fund stepped in with a timely $50,000 grant that rebuilt one of the things artisans like Pierre Satyr badly needed — a place to work. Satyr is a papier-mache artist. Before the earthquake, he had his own workshop, making masks and figures based on Jacmel's Carnival tradition. With help from Fair Winds Trading's designers, he crafted bowls, trays and masks that would appeal to Macy's customers, using only, he says, ”my imagination and my experience also and my savoir faire.” Among the other Haitian artists whose work is featured in the collection is Serge Jolimeau. A star among Haitian artists, Jolimeau is a master metalworker from Croix-des-Bouquets, a town with a metalworking tradition that goes back to the 1930s. Through an interpreter, he told an audience at Macy's in Miami that his process begins with recycled metal drums that are cleaned, flattened, cut and shaped. The results are filigreed bowls, picture frames and wall hangings that draw on nature and

Showbiz

continued from page 18

devastated by a powerful earthquake which killed more than 230,000 people, the Prince of Wales has responded to a plea for greater assistance from the Haitian government and deployed his architecture charity to help rebuild the capital’s historic centre. The Prince’s Foundation for the Built Environment will lead the planning of a makeover of the capital’s old quarter, with the prince’s aides travelling to the island to start the design process in December.  

Montserrat Annual Festival Will Be Renamed in Honor of “The Mighty Arrow”

In honor of Montserrat-born soca icon, Alfonsus “Arrow” Cassell, who passed away on September 15, 2010, the island, has renamed its annual Montserrat Festival Arrow Festival. The announcement was made over the weekend by Minister Rueben Meade at the Montserrat Cultural Festival. Arrow was buried last month on the lawn of his home in Lime Kiln. On December 28, 2010, Soca International will honor “The Mighty Arrow” with performances by Caribbean favorites, including Edwin Yearwood, Burning Flames, Shurwayne Winchester, Rupee, and many more.

religion, including voodoo. ”Speaking of voodoo,” Jolimeau told the audience, ”whether you like it or not, if you're Haitian, voodoo is in your blood.” The artists say that if American custom-

ers respond, they are hoping to get orders from other U.S. retailers. And they are already working on ideas for a Macy's collection in the spring. The story was first published in npr.org.


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The Haitian Times

October 13-19, 2010

Eating Disorders: When Food is a Problem My articles are usually about my love for food and the joys that I derive from eating, cooking, or sharing my life with loved ones over meals. Thus, sometimes I forget that food itself, as beautiful and joyous as it is, can present problems for many people. In the late 80’s and 90’s bulimia and anorexia made their way into the limelight with actress Tracy Gold (She’s that young woman who played the older sister on the show Growing Pains). But many other food related illnesses have also made their way into the headlines. While anorexia and bulimia were more rampant among middle and upper class white girls and women, these illnesses have crept into mainstream America over the last few years. Our relationships with food are shaped very earlier on. Till this day, I find it difficult to leave food on my plate. Growing up, my mom’s motto was, clean your plate. And honestly back then, with the scarcity of food, it was hard not to clean your plate. However, living in a country like the US, it is important for us to develop new relationships with food. It is not necessary to eat all the food presented to you at a restaurant (do you see how big are some of those portions at some restaurants?). The US is a country of abundance and excess, and that is manifested through food as well. Thus, as individuals growing up in the world conscious of how much alcohol we drink, we do need to be mindful of our eating habits. Not all people who drink alcohol become alcoholics, but some do. It’s a combination of people’s genetic predisposition, personality, character and external pressure that either activate or prevent disorders. While women are the prominent sufferers of eating disorders, a small number of men do experience them with over-

eating being the prominent one. Below are 3 examples of eating disorders I think we need to take a closer look at. Anorexia Those suffering from anorexia have a tremendous fear of being fat or being perceived as fat. Because of this they tend to diminish their eating to minimal and almost deadly levels. It is easier to identify anorexia than some other eating disorders because the individual pretty much starves themselves, and it reflects in their appearance and weight. While weight control is the way this illness is manifested, it has been classified also as a mental disorder where the individual feels the need to control and utilizes food as a way of doing this. Or perhaps they feel out of control and this is the one area where they do feel control. Some of the behavioral signs can be: obsessive exercise, calorie and fat gram counting, starvation and restriction of food, self-induced vomiting, the use of diet pills, laxatives or diuretics

to attempt controlling weight, and a persistent concern with body image. Bulimia Men and women suffering from bulimia will eat a large quantity of food in a relatively short period of time and then take laxatives or do self-induced vomiting -- because they feel overwhelmed in coping with their emotions, or they want to punish themselves for something they feel they should unrealistically be blamed for. This can be in direct relation to how they feel about themselves, or how they feel over a particular event or series of events in their lives. Low Self esteem is a prominent trait among most bulimics. Most bulimics, unlike anorexic experience cycles of eating and purging, while anorexic tend to be very controlled eaters, well non eaters, bulimics do eat, but they do find ways to rid themselves of the food they eat. Often time, they are not excessively thin; actually they often are overweight, because of their irregular eating patterns. Compulsive Over Eating People suffering with Compulsive Overeating have what is characterized as an ”addiction” to food, using food as a way to hide from their emotions, to fill a void they feel inside, and to cope with daily stresses and problems in their lives. People suffering with CO tend to be overweight, and they are usually aware that their eating habits are abnor-

mal, but find little comfort because of society's tendency to stereotype the ”overweight” individual. Words like, ”just go on a diet” are as emotionally devastating to a person suffering with compulsive overeating as ”just eat” can be to a person suffering anorexia. A compulsive overeater is at risk for a heart attack, high blood-pressure, cholesterol, kidney disease and/or failure, arthritis and bone deterioration, and stroke because of their weight. They feel guilty for not being good enough, shame for being overweight, and generally have a very low selfesteem... With a low self esteem and often constant need for love and validation he/she will turn to obsessive episodes of binging and eating as a way to forget the pain and the desire for affection. While some people are overweight because they simply like food and eat too much, often time some people use food as a way of coping with emotions, and that is when the problem arises. I think often time we are not mindful of the reasons we do things, and that can make a world of difference. I remember when I was 17 I baked a cake and then sat down and ate the whole thing while watching TV. I didn’t really feel horrible about it. I knew it was unhealthy, but I also understood that I really just liked the cake and was being greedy. If I did that every Friday, or twice a week, then, I would definitely see it as problematic.

Nadege Fleurimond is the owner & business manager of Fleurimond Catering, Inc., www.fgcatering.com, an off-premise catering firm serving the NY/ NJ/CT/MA areas. She is also the author of a Taste of Life: A Culinary Memoir, a humorous and heart warming compilation of recipes and funny anecdotes. (http://www.nadegefleurimond.com) For questions and comments you may write her at nadege1981@gmail.com.

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October 13-19, 2010 December 2-8, 2009

HTCLASSIFIEDS To an ad ad in in THE THE CLASSIFIEDS Section, call call(718) (718)230 230 ——8700 8700 To place place an CLASSIFIEDS Section,

LEGAL NOTICE LEGAL NOTICE

NOTICE OF FORMATION Of limited OF liability company (LLC). NOTICE FORMATION OF Name: South 4COMPANY. Realty LLC. LIMITED363 LIABILITY Articles of Organization filed NAME: 2865 CONEY ISLAND with Secretary of New AVENUE LLC.of State Articles of York (SSNY) onwere 07/29/2009. Organization filed with Office location:of Kings County. the Secretary State of New SSNY designated agent of York (SSNY) on as 12/14/05. LLC against The upon latest whom date ofprocess dissolution is it12/31/2045.Office may be served. SSNY shall mail location: KingsofCounty. copy process SSNY to: THEhas LLCbeen 199 designated agentBROOKLYN, of the LLC LEE AVENUEas#471 upon11211. whomPurpose: processanyagainst NY lawful it may be served. SSNY shall purpose. mail a copy of process to the LLC, c/o Stuart Goldstein, 150 Great Neck Rd.,– Great Neck, SUPREME COURT COUNTY OF New York 11021, which is also KINGS the registered agentNATIONAL address. DEUTSCHE BANK Purpose: COMPANY, For any lawful TRUST AS purpose. AND CUSTODIAN TRUSTEE FOR MORGAN STANLEY ABS CAPITAL INC, MSAC 2007-HE3, Articlesagainst of Organization filed Plaintiff with the SSNY on 6/25/09 for WENDY GILMORE; CHARLES SAINTWELL GILMORE, et WEALTH-BUILDING al Defendant(s). AND INFORMATION CENTER, Pursuant to a Judgment of LLC, 1405 and Brooklyn Ave 6G, Foreclosure Sale entered on Brooklyn NY 11210. September 15, 2010. I, the undersigned Referee will sell at public auction in Room 274 NOTICE OFCounty FORMATION OF of the Kings Courthouse, LIMITED LIABILITY 360 Adams Street, COMPAGNY. Brooklyn, N.Y. NAME 754day GRAND STREET, on the :4th of November, LLC. Articles of Organization 2010 at 3:00 p.m. Said premises were filed with the Secretary known as 591 Lafayette Avenue, of State ofN.Y. New11216. York (SSNY) Brooklyn, Tax on 09/10/09. date account number: The SBLlatest #: 1784of dissolution is 12/31/2050. 89. Approximate amount of lien Office location:plus Kings County. $ 688,674.21 interest and SSNY has been designated as costs. Premises will be sold subject agent of the LLC upon whom to provisions of filed judgment process may No. be and termsagainst of sale. it Index served. SSNYElena shallMakau, mail a copy 25958-07. Esq., of process to the LLC, 220 Referee. Montauk Street, Valley Stream, Fein Such & Crane, LLP Attorney(s) New York 11580. Purpose: For for Plaintiff any lawful purpose. 1800 First Federal Plaza Rochester, N.Y. 14614 Notice of FORMATION Formation NOTICE OF ooff 6715 Bay L O APkwy., DINGD O CArt. K5 LLC ARCHITECTURE LLC. of Org filed PLLC, Sec’ya Prof. of State Arts. of Org. filed with the Office SSNY (SSNY) 11/2/09. location: Kings County. SSNY designated as agent of LLC upon whom process against it may be served. SSNY shall mail copy of process to c/o Domenico and Anna Aulisa, 24 Bayridge Parkway, Brooklyn, NY 11209 Purpose: any lawful activities. Notice of formation of LLC ALWAYS AT SEA PRODUCTIONS, LLC128 St. Marks Avenue Brooklyn, NY 11217. Notice of Formation of Golden 88 Realty LLC, Art. of Org. filed Sec'y of State (SSNY) 10/8/09. Office location: Kings County. SSNY designated as agent of LLC upon whom process against it may be served. SSNY shall mail copy of process to 6820 15th Ave., Brooklyn, NY 11219. Purpose: any lawful activities. JWGF ENTERPRISES LLC, a domestic Limited Liability Company (LLC) filed with the Sec of State of NY on 10/23/09. NY Office location: Kings County. SSNY is designated as agent upon whom process against the LLC may be served. SSNY shall mail a copy of any process against the LLC served upon him/her to Richard Gordon, 291 Warren St., Brooklyn, NY 11201. General Purposes

on 10/12/2005. Office location: adoption Kings County. SSNY has been designated as agent upon whom A BABY IS itOUR DREAM: process against may be served. We'reshall Lorimail & aSteve, loving SSNY copy ofa process couple who's longing NY to to: 184 Kent Ave., Brooklyn, adopt! We care changed about you. 11211, Address to Please call 1-800-982-3678. 649 Morgan Ave 1F, Brooklyn Expenses NY 11222paid. on 03/21/2006 and changed to 319 Bedford Ave #3 Brooklyn, NY 11211 autos Wanted on 10/03/2007. Purpose: To Practice VEHICLE: The Profession Of DONATE RECEIVE Architecture $1000 GROCERY COUPON. NOAH'S ARC SUPPORT NO KILL SHELTERS, RESEARCH SUPREME COURT –COUNTY TO ADVANCE VETERINARY OF KINGS THE CORNERSTONE TREATMENTS FREE FOUNDATIONPlaintiff against 70 TOWING, TAX DEDUCTIBLE, HANSON PLACE HOLDING, LLC NON-RUNNERS ACCEPTED et al Defendant (s). Pursuant to a 1-866-912-GIVE Judgment of Foreclosure and Sale entered herein and dated May 25, 2010, I, the undersigned Business oppoRtunity Referee will sell at public auction at the Kings County Courthouse, ALL CASH VENDING. Do 360 Adams Street, Room 224, you earnNY$800 a day? Brooklyn, on thein 14th day YourOctober, own local route. of 2010candy at 3: 00 PM Includessituate, 25 Machines and premises lying an being in Candy. the Borough of Brooklyn, County AllKings, for City$9,995.888-771of and State of New 3496bounded and described as York, follows: BEGINNING at a point on the southerly side of Hanson Helpdistant Wanted Place, 80 feet easterly from the corner formed by the AIRLINES ARE intersection of theHIRINGsoutherlyTrain side of with theAviation easterly forHanson high Place paying side of South ElliotCareer. Place; being a Maintenance FAA plot 100 feetprogram. by 20 feet by 100 approved Financial feet feet. aid byif20 qualifiedHousing Said premisesCALL knownAviation as 70 Available. Hanson NY Institute Place, of Brooklyn, Maintenance Approximate amount of lien $ (888)349-5387 876,700.00 plus interest & costs. Premises will be sold subject to provisions land of filed judgment and terms of sale. Index Number 16585/07. FRANK ClOSEOUT PELLEGRINI, NC MOUNTAINS ESQ., SALE!Referee Cabin shell, 2+ acres KRISS & FEUERSTEIN LLP private, with great view, very Attorney (s) for Plaintiff& large big trees,waterfalls 360 Avenue, suite publicLexington lake nearby, $99,500 1200, New York, NY 10017 Bank financing. 866-2750442

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22 8

The Haitian Times

HEALTH&BEAUTY

A Better You

By Onyi

Nwosu

Stressed to the Nines

I hate junk mail, spam, forwards, chain letters...etc. As soon as I see the letters FW or FWD I hit delete.  If I get email from someone I don't know, delete; email from my forward-happy, afraid-of-breaking-chain-letters friend, delete.   But the other day I got an email forward from a friend that doesn't normally forward emails, so I figured it must be something good.  Unlike most forwards, this one actually resonated with me.   It started off with a lecturer holding a glass of water and asking the students how much it weighed.  Students answered with varying

weights, but the lecturer stated that the weight wasn't important. If he had been holding the glass for 10 seconds the weight would be relatively insignificant.  But if he had been holding the glass for 24 hours,

someone may need to call a doctor. He went on to relate the glass of water to stress. Stress starts to affect people in terrible ways when they hold onto the stress for long periods of time.   Just like the glass of water stress can be relatively insignificant if you're only holding onto it for short periods of time.  But if you hold onto stress for too long you start to feel the weight of that stress. I thought this was a great analogy because when the subject of stress comes up I always respond that I don't get stressed.  But from reading that email forward, I realized that I do get stressed; I just don't hold onto the stress long enough for it to have any real effect on me. This may be beating a dead horse but stress can and does have detrimental effects on our health.  These include hypertension, depression, diabetes, hair loss, obsessivecompulsive disorder, anxiety disorder, sexual dysfunction, heart disease, obesity and ulcers...to name a few. I know it's tough to let go of the things that stress you out (job, kids, co-workers, parents, money, big projects, little projects, spouse, ex-spouse, stalker) but you have to find a moment or two to just let go.  You can do anything from taking a few deep breaths to taking a month-long vacation.  And don't be afraid to ask for help with your stress.  Just talking about it can help.  See if you can get someone to share the load with you, even if it's temporary.   If I asked you to carry a glass of water for a whole day, you shouldn't worry about how much your arm is going to hurt.  You can always put the glass down and pick it back up.   Do yourself a favor and do the same with your stress.   Put it down for a little while.  You can always pick it up later (after your arm stops hurting). Until next time, cheers to a better you!

October 13-19, 2010

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HAIT Aquarius

Jan. 20 - Feb. 18

Your sweetheart may seem upset today and unlikely to want to talk about it, Aquarius. This could prove frustrating for you, since you don't like to be kept in the dark. Take care to avoid giving in to the temptation to push. This won't make your partner any more likely to share, and it could drive a wedge between you. Just hang in there and let your friend talk when the time is right.

Pisces

Feb. 20 - March 19

Vague aches and pains could have you feeling a little under the weather, Pisces. You may not be able to discern why you have these pains, since there's no apparent reason. Don't assume the worst. Your condition is probably just due to a little intensified nerve strain and extra stress. Take it easy and relax today. Go back to your usual routine tomorrow.

Aries

March 20 - April 18

Expect some delays, upsets, and unexpected turns when it comes to romance today, Aries. Jealousy may rear its ugly head, as you may at some point get the impression that your beloved is noticing someone else. Bear in mind that there's a strong chance that these impressions are illusory, and that the truth may be totally different from the way things seem. Take care to stay focused. Reserve judgment until you know the facts

Taurus

April 19 - May 20

Changes may be taking place on the home front, Taurus, perhaps unexpected repairs or someone moving in or out. Your household could seem frenetic and disorganized until the dust settles, which doesn't sit well with your love of peace and quiet. Whatever needs to be done is best accomplished one step at a time, with your mind focused on the results. It will help you stay sane!

Gemini

May 21 - June 20

An unexpected and perhaps not altogether welcome call could come your way today, Gemini. It could come from someone you don't particularly care for or someone who has some disconcerting news to report. Whichever it is, you will probably just have to deal with it. However you may feel about the caller or what he or she has to report, you will probably consider it important to have the conversation.

Cancer

June 21 - July 22

Worries about money that may have preoccupied you for the past day or so could prove unfounded, Cancer. This should come as a real relief to you, although it may be difficult to grasp at first. Your mind is still getting in the way of accepting it. Go over your correspondence and bank records as many times as you want. The answer should be the same - all is better than you thought.

Leo

July 23 - Aug. 22

A temporary separation from your romantic partner could have you agitated, Leo. Are you worried that your friend has forgotten you? This is probably an overreaction, but your insecurities are getting the better of you. Find a distraction. Have faith. Phone calls from your friend should prove reassuring. Perhaps the only way to get past this is to stay busy until your partner returns.

Virgo

Aug.23 - Sept.22

Are things getting a little bit crazy, Virgo? Too many tasks and too many people vying for your attention could have your nerves stretched as taut as violin strings. Try to get outside for a while. Treat yourself to a nice lunch or do a little shopping. Take a good long nap. Whatever seems so urgent isn't worth sacrificing your peace of mind. Try to stay focused!

Libra

Sept.23 - Oct. 22

A rush of creative inspiration could take you temporarily away from your social life today, Libra. At some point you could be working as if there were no tomorrow, perhaps worrying that you will forget it if you don't get it all down now. It's no use telling you to slow down. Be sure to keep sufficient snacks on hand, and do take occasional breaks. Work hard and good luck!

Scorpio

Oct. 21 - Nov 20

An impromptu party may take place at your house today when some unexpected but welcome visitors turn up at your door. Expect the conversation to alternate between lots of laughs and discussion of some pretty serious subjects. The gathering could continue well into the night if you let it, but don't let it continue past the point of enjoyment. You can always do it again another time.

Sagittarius

N o v. 2 2 - D e c . 2 1

Is a new neighbor moving in nearby, Sagittarius? This person could come from a very interesting locale, so you might want to get to know him or her. Don't expect to be able to do this today. This person may be in and out throughout the afternoon and too busy with settling in. Drop some cookies off some time over the next few days, however. You will be glad you did.

Capricorn

Dec. 22 - Jan 19

Have you been spending too much lately, Capricorn? Today you could be feeling the effects of it. You may have to wait to make a purchase that you've wanted for a long time, and this could be frustrating. Don't worry about it, though. You will get through this unscathed, and the item will still be in the store when you have money again. Relax

495 Flatb


The Haitian Times

October 13-19, 2010

Forclosure continued from 17

the economy,” SIFMA Chief Executive Tim Ryan said in a statement. Investors who buy mortgage-backed securities free up money that can be used by lenders to make new loans. The market for such securities nearly dried up during the height of the 20072009 financial crisis but the instruments have rallied since March 2009 as investors bet depressed prices more than account for losses that will come as homes backing bad loans are liquidated. Moody's Corp warned on Monday that most residential mortgage-backed securities could see losses increase because of delays in foreclosures. Moody's said in its weekly credit outlook that foreclosure delays would impose higher carrying costs on loans and reduce the ultimate recovery amount once the properties are liquidated. Bank of America, the nation's largest mortgage servicer, said on Friday it would temporarily halt foreclosures nationwide as it reviews its foreclosure processes. JPMorgan and Ally Financial Inc's GMAC Mortgage have announced partial moratoriums, but some other leading mortgage servicers have said they have no plans for a systematic halt. Disclosures that some big mortgage processors filed affidavits without proper scrutiny in thousands of foreclosure cases has drawn calls from some prominent lawmakers and civil rights groups for foreclo-

Computer continued from page 15

questionnaire, which is designed to measure psychological difficulties, such as hyperactivity, inattention, social problems and conduct issues. ”The difficulties measured by this questionnaire are not subtle things,” noted Dr. Alan Mendelsohn, an associate professor of pediatrics at the New York University School of Medicine in New York City. ”These are big-deal issues, like hyperactivity, difficulty with peers and friends, poor conduct and antisocial kinds of behaviors.” Overall, most children reported spending between an hour or two a day on TV and computer use for entertainment. On average, boys were moderately to vigorously active for an average of 83 minutes per day, versus 63 minutes for girls, according to the study. The study found that children who spent more than two hours a day watching television or using a computer were more likely to have reported psychological difficulties than children who spent less time in front an electronic screen. Kids who watched more than two hours of TV a day had a 61 percent increased risk of psychological difficulties, while those who spent more than two hours on a computer were 59 percent more likely to have psychological difficulties. When children weren't very active throughout the day, the risk of psychological difficulties went up even more. The risk of psychological problems for sedentary children who watched more than two hours of TV was 70 percent, and for those who spent more than two hours on the computer, the odds were increased 81 percent.

sures to be halted in all 50 states. But President Barack Obama has so far declined to back such calls, despite polls showing that voters angry about the sluggish economy and high jobless rate are set to punish his fellow Democrats in the November 2 congressional elections. White House adviser David Axelrod said on Sunday he was ”not sure” about a national halt to foreclosures. ”Our hope is that this moves rapidly and that this gets unwound very, very quickly.” Jim Gaines, an economist with the Real Estate Center at Texas A&M University, said investors in mortgage-backed securities are facing increased risk from the push for foreclosure moratoriums. He said these investors previously had peace of mind that the value of the underlying property would help cover their investment risk, but the investors cannot get at that value if a moratorium holds up foreclosures. Gaines said if investors in the secondary mortgage market start viewing mortgagebacked securities as riskier, that could lead to higher borrowing costs for future homeowners. ”What we've added is an element of legal and political risk to the mortgage market that will ultimately get priced in,” Gaines said.

Drinking

continued from page 15

so each night with dinner could add up to the 10 drinks a week European visitors reported on average. ”In general drinking is an issue on college campuses. When you take that and put it in a foreign country there's potential for more consequences,” Pedersen said. He noted, however, that most students who study overseas, including those who drink, do not get in trouble while they're abroad. Of the several thousand University of Washington students who study abroad each year, 177 answered a questionnaire before they went away and when they returned. On average, those students doubled their drinking while abroad, but most returned to an average of three to five drinks a week when they returned to Seattle. A subset of students who traveled to the Middle East and other places where drinking is not as prevalent reported their intake decreased while abroad. Students who were less than the legal drinking age in the United States increased their drinking while abroad by about 170 percent, the study found. The overall increase was about 105 percent. Henry Wechsler, a lecturer at the Har-

Medicine continued from page 7

Surprisingly, being highly physically active didn't offer much protection against psychological difficulties if children already clocked more than two hours of screen time each day. The risk of psychological difficulties was still increased by about 50 percent for the highly active group when they spent more than two hours watching TV or using the computer, according to the study. ”For parents, the key take-away is that TV and computer use may interfere with children's emotional well-being,” said Mendelsohn. However, he noted that the study wasn't designed to tease out whether there is a cause-and-effect relationship between screen time and psychological problems, or if troubled youngsters are simply more likely to spend more time with TV and computers. ”We don't know if it's the psychological problems that cause kids to become withdrawn, or if there's something harmful to TV and computer use,” said Carolyn Landis, a licensed clinical psychologist and an associated professor of pediatrics at Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital in Cleveland. ”But, if your child wants to spend more than two hours a day -- not including homework -- on the computer, I would consider that a potential red flag that something might be wrong. Kids might be depressed and are saving themselves from face-to-face interactions by using the computer,” said Landis. ”It's also important to know that you can have a really active, athletic child, but it's still not OK for them to spend three hours a day on the computer,” she said.

can validate what people are taking when they buy a prescription drug in Haiti. The pharmacies are not equipped to hand out medicines that are well labeled and with clear instructions. A population that is by-large illiterate often is left at the mercy of a brief oral instruction from a qualified pharmacist to know how they should use a prescribed drug. Haitians are slowly and silently being killed by the unregulated pharmaceutical industry in Haiti. On a business stand-point, some people are making money from medicinal treatment in Haiti. Whether it is a few, selling off rare leaves or entrepreneurs who own pharmacies, a group of people are taking full advantage of Haiti’s unregulated market at the expense of people’s lives. This crisis is a big problem, if you agreed that each life is precious and worth

A Travers Haiti continued from 2

d’Initiative des Enseignants de Lycées (GIEL) et une autre branche de l’UNNOH. En conférence de presse lundi à Port-auPrince, les dirigeants de ces associations ont dénoncé l’action de la police contre une manifestation dont le but était noble, à savoir la scolarisation universelle. **** Le séisme dévastateur ayant frappé Haïti le 12 janvier était géologiquement bien plus complexe que les observations scientifiques initiales ne l’avaient jugé, a révélé dimanche une double étude parue dans la revue scientifique britannique Nature Geoscience selon laquelle l’île d’Haïti ou Quisqueya (Haïti et la République Dominicaine) serait exposée à de sérieux risques de tsunami. Les recherches ont montré que la secousse de magnitude 7 était accompagnée d’une série de petits raz-de-marée,

23

vard School of Public Health, who was not involving in Pedersen's research, said the finding that location is an important element in shaping drinking behavior is consistent with his department's research. ”We found that college students in the United States tend to drink at the levels of young people in the states where the colleges are located. What seems to be added here is that being away from the home environment of the college may create a 'spring break' atmosphere,” he said. Since an increase in college student deaths related to drinking in the late 1990s, more research has focused on student drinking. This study points to more areas that need to be examined, said Bob Saltz, senior scientist of the Berkeley, Calif.based Prevention Research Center. He was not associated with this research. Saltz said the next step is to use this information to find ways to prevent students from getting in trouble with drinking while studying abroad. He said several recent studies have found success at decreasing student drinking while in the United States. He would like to hear more about these students and their drinking: Were they having a beer with lunch or a glass of wine with dinner, or was it something more?

protecting. We have been talking about a new Haiti ever since the earthquake, and yet those responsible to protect human lives have continued to look the other way, when it comes to address issues like this one. There is no reason in this day and age for anyone to be buying medicines that are not properly labeled. It would be wise to set aside some of the reconstruction money to launch a campaign aim at educating the people about the effect that drugs can have on their health, and it is definitely time for the Haitian government to create an agency that will be charged of regulating the use of drugs within the country. Sometimes we are quick to blame all deaths on the voodoo mystics, but more often than not, the killer is silently under our nose and inside our homes. Next time, someone tries to convince you to take something out of a container that is not labeled; I would advise that you think twice and thoroughly before ingesting it. Life is too precious to leave to chance.

une menace qui était sous-estimée jusque là. Nature Geoscience affirme que les mouvements violents provoqués par un tremblement de terre d’une telle puissance seraient incapables d’entraîner à eux seuls un tsunami. D’autre part, de nombreux glissements de terrain se sont produits aussi bien en surface qu’au-dessous de la mer. Ces phénomènes ont été donc à l’origine des raz-de-marée sur la côte ouest d’Haïti où les vagues ont atteint jusqu’à 75 cm de hauteur. Des mini-tsunamis ont été aussi enregistrés au nord et au sud de l’épicentre du séisme qui se situait près de Léogâne (35 km au sud-ouest de Port-au-Prince) à quelques kilomètres sous le niveau de la mer. Ces activités se sont concentrées sur la faille dénommée Enriquillo-Plaintain Garden qui relie deux petites plaques tectoniques des Caraïbes. D’où la conclusion de l’étude selon laquelle Haïti est davantage exposée à ce type de tsunamis à cause des caractéristiques de ses côtes.

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